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D E F I N I T I O N : Sequencing instruction is the procedure in which the designer determines the order of instructional content.

F U N C T I O N : The designer decides on the sequence of instruction after the task analyzes and instructional objectives have been defined. The designer must consider the most efficient and effective way to present the content to the learner in order to maximize learning. The MRK Model details two methods for sequencing instruction: Posner & Strike, 1976 and English & Reigelut, 1996. The Posner & Strike method suggests arranging the content around naturally occurring phenomenon or elements. And English & Reigelut’s elaboration theory recommends basing the instructional sequence on the learner’s need to develop task expertise or concept expertise.

STEP

BY STEP:

1. Review the task analysis and use it as an outline for sequencing the content. 2. Look at the objectives grouped by type and performance necessary. 3. Choose the sequencing strategy appropriate for each objective.

POSNER & STRIKE LEARNING RELATED

WORLD RELATED

Student related

Identifiable prerequisite (#1 skill needed before #2) Familiarity (begin with known, move to less familiar) Difficulty (teach less complex before more difficult) Interest (start with most interesting) Development (make sure learner has reached appropriate developmental level prior to the next)

real world, events, people

Spatial (physical organization: top to

bottom, left to right) Temporal (chronological, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, fast to slow, alphabetical) Physical (physical similarities; shape, color, texture i.e. red wines)

CONCEPT RELATED

how people organize the world around them conceptually Class relations (teach the characteristics of the class or group before teaching the parts or members of the class) Propositional relations (show examples, then rule; shows relationships) Sophistication (start with simple; move to complex) Logical prerequisite (begin by teaching the skill necessary in order to understand the next)

ENGLISH & REIGELUTH; ELABORATION THEORY CONTENT EXPERTISE

TASK EXPERTISE

Start with the observable and move to the more complex.

Start with the simplest task and build to the more detailed and involved task.

Instructional Design Job Aids A. Christopher, Fall ‘09

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MRK Job Aids  

The Instructional Designer’s Job Aids have been developed for user ease and according to the Morrison, Ross and Kemp (MRK) model for instruc...

MRK Job Aids  

The Instructional Designer’s Job Aids have been developed for user ease and according to the Morrison, Ross and Kemp (MRK) model for instruc...

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