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ava SVC Chicago TEC E ly06 04.04.2008 17:17 Seite 1 C

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NEW:

TECHNOLOGIES

ARACOLORS + FUNCTIONAL THIN FILM LAYERS Improved individual coating solutions for a wide range of applications

materials

technologies

cleaning

A brand new and unique thin film coating technology leads to super brilliant colors on metals, glasses, ceramics, plastics,…. by deposition of a couple of thin film layers – some of them with a thickness of a few nanometers – onto the product surface under controlled conditions.

bonding

These Nano Color Coatings show very good mechanical, chemical or thermal properties which can improve characteristics of the product (surfaces) significantly.

Additional features like easy-to-clean behaviour, scratch resistance or anti-fingerprint properties can be integrated.

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SVC CHICAGO 2008 BY ARA COATINGS

The intensive and unique colors appear due to the interaction of the impinging light with the thin layers.


ava SVC Chicago TEC E ly06 04.04.2008 17:17 Seite 2 C

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NEW:

TECHNOLOGIES

ARACOLORS + FUNCTIONAL THIN FILM LAYERS Unique benefits: • • • •

Available in all colors – even black or white is possible Long time stable – no aging or bleaching of the colors Laquer like, very intensive colors Colorshift (up to 4) / no colorshift possible

materials

technologies

cleaning

Attractive applications: • Decoration of jewellery, watches, glasses, ceramic tiles, pens • High temperature diffusion barriers with specific optical properties for aerospace operational areas • Reduction of calcification in sanitary facilities • Long time stable marking on automotive and other parts • Biocompatible protective topcoat in cosmetics • Easy-to-Clean properties on glasses and mirrors • Sensors by using colorshift properties • Special effects for the technical and architectural glass industry

bonding

please ask for details

Contact AVALUXE International GmbH

Waldstromerstrasse 59 Germany 90453 Nuremberg

E-Mail:info@avaluxe.de Web: www.avaluxe.de

Tel.: +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 100 Fax: +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 199

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SVC CHICAGO 2008 BY ARA COATINGS

TOP HIT OF TODAY: WHITE


AVA ROL RECY Messe250x100 ly5 09.07.2008 13:48 Seite 3 C

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METALS ARE ESSENTIAL

METAL RECYCLING IS CRUCIAL Metals and alloys are the start of an intricate value chain, Recycling is the logical conclusion.

AVALUXE RECYCLING brings its knowledge and efficiency to complete the circle. You can focus on your core business. AVALUXE RECYCLING SOLUTIONS • Value-recovery for you helping sustain your processing • Protecting the environment • Mitigating your risk

used metals

recycling

raw materials

services

AVALUXE RECYCLING GMBH RECYCLING SOLUTIONS

www.avaluxe.de

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ava INT PR cleaning07 ly06 31.07.2007 11:39 Seite 1 C

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Cleaning Service > 2007

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ava INT PR cleaning07 ly06 31.07.2007 11:39 Seite 2 C

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welcome to

I N T E R N AT I O N A L

Cleaning Service services

expertise technologies

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Cleaning Service > 2007

cleaning


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agenda

INTERNATIONAL

1. Cleaning Service cleaning

2. Services Delivered

services

3. Services Delivered Cleaning Technologies Surfaces Technologies Surfaces Technologies Precious Metals

expertise

4. Analytical Capacities 5. Measurable Benefits technologies

6. Cooperation Avaluxe International GmbH, OMC Scientific, Williams Advanced Materials

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Cleaning Service > 2007

Parts cleaning Precious Metal Reclaim & Chamber Service


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Services Delivered

INTERNATIONAL

Cleaning Services cleaning

Parts cleaning

Precious Metal Reclaim & Chamber Service

expertise

technologies

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Cleaning Service > 2007

services


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Services Delivered cleaning

INTERNATIONAL

Cleaning Processes

Parts Management

• • • •

• Disassembly, Assembly, Test

Mechanical Chemical Electrolytical CO2

• Parts Repair • Parts Replacement

expertise

technologies

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Surface Technologies

Other Services

• Twin Wire Arc Spray • Anodizing • Electropolishing

• Total Logistics • In house recycling of precious metals • DPS Etc, Implant, Diffusion, Photolithography

Cleaning Service > 2007

services


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INTERNATIONAL

cleaning

expertise

technologies

Probedruck

Cleaning Service > 2007

services


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Cleaning Technologies cleaning

INTERNATIONAL

Mechanical • •

Dry and Wet Blast Abrasive cleaning using Al2O3 and Polymer Media

Wet Chemical expertise

technologies

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• • • • • •

Acid etching Alkali Etch Solvents Neutral Claeners Ultrsonic Claening Ultrapur DI Water

Cleaning Service > 2007

services


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Surfaces Technologies

INTERNATIONAL

Twin Wire Arc Spray cleaning

• •

Al, SS, Custom coatings Base Materialscan incl. Al, Cu, SYS, Ti, Custom

Anodizing Electropolishing • expertise

SS and Ti

Passivation Nickel Plating

technologies

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Cleaning Service > 2007

services


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Surfaces Technologies

services

expertise

technologies

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Twin Wire Arc Spray •

A coating of metal / alloys is applied to the surface

Surface roughness is increased

Variety of finishes possible

Al Arc Spray increases life time of shielding by reducing particulate generation and allowing greater thickness of depositions and because it aids chemical cleaning

Cleaning Service > 2007

cleaning

INTERNATIONAL


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cleaning

services

expertise

technologies

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Recycling of precious metals from Shields and other parts

Very high reclaim efficency (mid 90`s%)

Inhouse refinery

Or us local refining partner

INTERNATIONAL

Cleaning Service > 2007

Precious Metals


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Measurable Benefits cleaning

• • •

Kit lifetime Extensions - KWhr increases up to 30% Non aggressive recipes Parts are cleaned gently - no damage

Improved operations times reduced maintenance times

• • •

Faster vacuum recovery 10 - 30% Save space Precious metal management

INTERNATIONAL

expertise

technologies

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Cleaning Service > 2007

services


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Analytical Capacities

INTERNATIONAL

Internal Analytical Capacity

services

expertise

technologies

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• Particulates (Surface and Airborne) • Organics (Gravimetric) • Ionics (AA OES, IC, UV Spectrophotometer

Exernal Analytical Capacity • • • • • •

EDAX XPS ToFSIMS ICP-MS GC-MS FTIR

Cleaning Service > 2007

cleaning


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Cooperation

INTERNATIONAL

>> cleaning

Avaluxe International GmbH,

expertise

technologies

OMC Scientific, Williams Advanced Materials

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Cleaning Service > 2007

services


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Cooperation

cleaning

INTERNATIONAL

OMC Scientific is an industrial leader in outsourced parts cleaning and chamber services to a variety of industries with facilities in:

Limerick, Ireland and expertise

technologies

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Louny (Laun) Czech Republik 1800 m2 facility 200m2 chemical area 160m2 clean area

Cleaning Service > 2007

services


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Thanks for attention

INTERNATIONAL

Contact cleaning

services

AVALUXE International GmbH

President

Waldstromerstrasse 59 D-90453 Nürnberg

Mobil: +49 (0) 151 124 600 06 E-Mail: cpernagidis@avaluxe.com

Tel.: +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 100 Fax: +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 199 Web: www.avaluxe.com

expertise

Peter Schiffl

AVALUXE International GmbH

Managing Partner

Waldstromerstrasse 59 D-90453 Nürnberg

Mobil: +49 (0) 160 9095 4994 E-Mail: pschiffl@avaluxe.com

Tel.: +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 100 Fax: +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 199

technologies

Web: www.avaluxe.com

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Cleaning Service > 2007

Christos Pernagidis


ava INT PRO Nickel E ly05 21.02.2008 11:58 Seite 1 C

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INTERNATIONAL

New: NiCr 80/20 rotatable targets Technology: EXTRUDED Advantages:

cleaning

Tighter grain structure

Grain structure is uniform along the length and thickness of the tube

Without a backing tube, there is no issue of delamination

Extruded is higher strength. It is less likely to warp in the cathode when not rotating

Density is homogenious all over the length and thickness

Less arcing

Excellent quality of coating layer

bonding

technologies

NiCr 80/20 extruded rotatable target.

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ROTATABLE TARGETS BY SOLERAS

materials


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INTERNATIONAL

New: NiCr 80/20 rotatable targets Technology: EXTRUDED Microstructure:

cleaning

Uniform structure, grain size predominately 5.0 per ASTM E-112 with grains as large as 3.0 and small as 7.0. That corresponds as follows: 3.0 = 1.50 mm

5.0 = 0.065 mm

7.0 = 0.032 mm

bonding

technologies

materials 0,5 mm

Enlarged: 200 x

0,125 mm

Enlarged: 100 x

0,25 mm

Contact AVALUXE International GmbH

Waldstromerstrasse 59 Germany 90453 Nuremberg

E-Mail:info@avaluxe.com Web: www.avaluxe.com

Tel.: +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 100 Fax: +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 199

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ROTATABLE TARGETS BY SOLERAS

Enlarged: 50 x


welcome to:

Š

Specialty Materials

Responsible Services

Contacts

Customer Knowledge Wide Range of Experiences

Specialty Materials > 2006

I N T E R N AT I O N A L


Š

Responsive Services

What we do: Overview Who we are: Management Team

Contacts

Our Expertise Customer Knowledge

Our Presence Wide Range of Experience

Our Program

Specialty Materials > 2006

Agenda

INTERNATIONAL


Š

What we do: Overview Responsive Services

INTERNATIONAL

Avaluxe International supplies finest materials from carefully selected, reliable sources

Contacts

Customer Knowledge

Wide Range of Experience

Avaluxe International recycles used materials Avaluxe Technologies maintains a portfolio of specialized technologies like: Manufacturing of Nano Powders Nano-Tech Color Coatings


Š

Who we are: Management Team

Contacts

Customer Knowledge

Wide Range of Experience

Worldwide, Avaluxe International has a unique team of: Executives, Managers, Development and Manufacturing Engineers Each member of the team as an extensive background dealing with materials, the manufacturing processes surrounding materials or deposition technology The Avaluxe management team has many years of experience in production management on the supplier as well as on the customer side of operations

Specialty Materials > 2006

Responsive Services

INTERNATIONAL


©

Who we are: Management Team

INTERNATIONAL

Responsive Services

Contacts

Customer Knowledge

Wide Range of Experience

M.S. in Materials Science

14 years of experience in Thin Film Technology as: • Functional Manager in manufacturing of coating materials (cast/powder technology) • General Sales Manager Founding partner of Avaluxe International

Specialty Materials > 2006

Pernagidis Christos


©

Who we are: Management Team

INTERNATIONAL

Responsive Services

Contacts

Customer Knowledge

Wide Range of Experience

M.S. in Economics

• more than 12 years of experience in upper management • on the Board of Directors of several companies • leading positions in marketing, sales and project management • leading start-ups in Germany and U.S. Founding partner of Avaluxe International

Specialty Materials > 2006

Schiffl Peter


©

Our Expertise

INTERNATIONAL

Responsive Services

Contacts

• in technology and business

• as supplier • in development and production

Knowledge of Customer Requirements • from long term contacts

Customer Knowledge

Wide Range of Experience

Contacts to Suppliers • close, personal relationships • in the US, Europe, Asia, including the former Soviet Union

Insights into Trends and Developments

Committed to responsive Service

Specialty Materials > 2006

Wide Range of Experience


Š

Partners Avaluxe International HQ:

Nuremberg, Germany

Offices: Mt Vernon, Il, USA and Mountain View, Ca, USA

Specialty Materials > 2006

Our Presence

INTERNATIONAL


Š

Our Program Thin Film Coating Materials Responsive Services

Contacts

Customer Knowledge

Arc Cathodes Sputter Targets planar Cylindrical / Rotatable Targets Evapuration Materials

Powders of Metals and Metal-Oxides, High - Purity Powders, Ceramic Powders Cr, Ferro-Metals, Steel-Refining Elements and their Alloys Refractory Metals and their Alloys

Wide Range of Experience

Ta, TaW and Nb for Chemical Processing Equipment Precursors for Super Alloys Materials - Recycling

INTERNATIONAL


Š

Planar Targets / Cathodes for PVD Coating

INTERNATIONAL

Responsive Services

Architec tural Glass Photovoltaic Flat Panel Displays Web Coating

eg: Ti, Sn, ZnSn, Cr, Nb, NbZr, TiOx. Mo, NiCr, Zn, ZnOAl2O3, Zr eg: ITO, Cr, CuGa,CuInGa, Al2O3, Mo, NiCr, Ti, ZnAl eg: ITO, Mo, Cr, AZO, Nb2O5 eg: ITO

Contacts

Wear, Tribology and Decorative Coatings eg: AlTi, TiAl, Cr, DLC, Nb, NiCr, Ta, Ti, V, Zr Customer Knowledge

MEMS, Semiconductors and Data Storage eg: Cr, Mo, Nb,NiCr, Ta, Ti,V

Precision Optics and Ophth almics Wide Range of Experience

eg: Al2O3, Hf, HfO2, Nb, Nb2O5,Ta, Ta2O5, Ti3O5, Zr

Biomedical Applications eg: Cr, Nb, Ti

Aerospace Industry

Specialty Materials > 2006

Large Area Coating


Š

Responsive Services

Contacts

Customer Knowledge

Wide Range of Experience

Wide range of materials, formats, purities Independent Sources of raw materials and safety of supply Chrom and Cr Alloys Copper and Cu Alloys DLC Inconel Indium and In Alloys Molybdenum Niobium Nickel and Nickel Alloys like: NiCr, NiCrAl, NiV7 SiAl and other Si Alloys Tantalum and Ta Alloys Tin and Sn Alloys Titanium and Ti Alloys Vanadium and V Alloys Zinc and Zn Alloys (eg.:ZnAl and Zirconium

Conductive NbO sputter targets ITO Conductive TiOx sputter targets ZnO/Al2O3 sputter targets

ZnSn

Specialty Materials > 2006

Planar Targets / Cathodes for PVD Coating

INTERNATIONAL


©

Rotatable Targets

INTERNATIONAL

from Solares

Production Technologies

Responsive Services

Contacts

Ag Al Cr

collar

Sprayed

Hipped

Extruded

• • •

• •

Cu CuGa CuInGa In InSn

Customer Knowledge

Wide Range of Experience

Mo Nb Ni SiAl Sn Ti Zn

collar

ZnAl ZnSn Zr

collar collar

collar

• • • • • • •

Vacuum Cast

• • • •

• • • •

• • •


Š

Responsive Services

Contacts

Customer Knowledge

Wide Range of Experience

Specialty Materials > 2006

Sn Rotatables with Collar New!

INTERNATIONAL


Š

Responsive Services

Contacts

Customer Knowledge

Wide Range of Experience

Specialty Materials > 2006

Rotatable with Collar Used!

INTERNATIONAL


Š

Responsive Services

Advantages: Increases target utilization to up to above 90%

Contacts

Customer Knowledge

Wide Range of Experience

Long life time (Sn: 60.000 to 70.000 kWh) Allows to improve production line speed up to 10% and more by reduced debris generation and reduced arcing Reduces tool cleaning and maintenance times Targets can be regenerated by recasting with collars remaining in place (lower costs)

Specialty Materials > 2006

Patented Collar

INTERNATIONAL


Š

Responsive Services

Contacts

Customer Knowledge

Wide Range of Experience

Avaluxe International can help recycle spent targets and other scrap materials. Regardless of the state, shape or original supplier. Avaluxe may be interested in buying spent materials. Please contact us!

Specialty Materials > 2006

Recycling of used Materials

INTERNATIONAL


Š

Many Thanks Avaluxe International GmbH Headquarters: Contacts

Starckstrase 14 90453 Nuremberg, Germany Tel.: +49 (0) 911 632 606 9 Fax: +49 (0) 911 632 607 4 E-Mail: service@avaluxe.com Web: www.avaluxe.com

Customer Knowledge

USA Offices: Wide Range of Experience

15 547 E. Salem Church Road Mt. Vernon, Il, 62 864 Tel.: 1 618 755 990 1 Fax: 1 618 755 990 2 E-Mail: vwaters@avaluxe.com

32 Starlite Ct. Mountain View, CA, 940 43 Tel.: 1 650 938 077 6 E.Mail: dmeyer@avaluxe.com

Specialty Materials > 2006

Responsive Services

INTERNATIONAL


AVA ROL RECY Messe250x100 ly3 02.07.2008 14:47 Seite 1 C

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AVA ROL RECY Messe250x100 ly3 02.07.2008 14:47 Seite 2 C

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METALLE SIND UNVERZICHTBAR

METALL RECYCLING IST UNVERZICHTBAR Metalle und Legierungen stehen am Beginn einer weit verzweigten Wertschöpfungskette.

AVALUXE RECYCLING bietet Ihnen Nachaltigkeit und Effizienz für das wettbewerbsfähige Handeln in unserer Schlüsselindustrien

Metallschrotte

Recycling

Rohmateriallien

Service

AVALUXE RECYCLING GMBH LÖSUNGEN ZUR WERKSTOFFRÜCKGEWINNUNG

www.avaluxe.de

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INTERNATIONAL

About us AVALUXE supplies Materials, Services and Technologies for the Hi-Tech Industry. materials

AVALUXE is located in Nuremberg, Germany, and has offices in the US in Illinois and California. AVALUXE was founded five years ago and has experienced strong and continuous growth. Today the company has a highly-qualified technical staff of 9 people and a wellstaffed, experienced front office of 4 people for dealing with customers‘ requests.

We specialize in:

bonding

cleaning

Materials

Services • Precision Cleaning and Surface Treatments for products, parts and equipment of the Hi-Tech Industry, especially for particle-sensitive environments. • Highly efficient and reliable Target Bonding • Recycling and Reclaim of used materials Technologies • Nano Color Coatings for decorative and functional improving of surfaces based on sputter technologies • Improved Plasma Atomization for the economic fabrication of micron- and nano-sized powders of metals, alloys and compounds of composition, sizes and characteristics which are beyond the abilities of established technologies

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technologies

About us > 2008

• Coating and Evaporation Materials for PVD, Rotatable and Planar Sputter Targets as well as in • Powders, Ingots, Rods of various shapes and purities, and in • W, Ta and Nb semi-finished products and parts


ava INT PR Markt08 ly05 05.09.2008 22:39 Seite 3 C

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AVALUXE INTERNATIONAL GMBH

I N T E R N AT I O N A L

Marktführerschaft und exzellente Leistung

Mehrwerte schaffen, Ihren Nutzen steigern!

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Für Sie transferieren wir Ihre Anforderungen auf exakt den richtigen Lieferanten. Gemeinsam erarbeiten wir für Sie die beste Lösungen und steigern so Effizens und Werthaltigkeit.


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AVALUXE INTERNATIONAL GMBH

I N T E R N AT I O N A L

Marktführerschaft und exzellente Leistung

Kompetenz Der Kunde im Focus!

Das Avaluxe-Team bestehend aus Ingenieuren, Technikern und bereichspezifischen Fachleuten verfügt zusammen über annähernd 100 Jahre Erfahrung mit Materialien!

• Herstellung von Materialien, Targets • Technologie von Beschichtungs Anlagen • Entwicklung von komplexen Schichtsystemen

• Umfassenden, freien Zugriff auf TOP Lieferanten weltweit, somit jederzeit Zugriff auf passende Fertigungstechnologien

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AVALUXE INTERNATIONAL GMBH

I N T E R N AT I O N A L

Marktführerschaft und exzellente Leistung Schlagkräftiges Team mit derzeit 16 Mitarbeitern

Kompetenz

Umfassende Verfügbarkeit, durch weltweites Netzwerk Hohe Reaktionsgeschwindigkeit, flexibles Management Freundlicher Service, enger Kundenkontakt jeweils bestehend aus mindestens 4 Augen

Service

Eingangstest aller Sendungen, gegebenenfalls nach spezifischen Kundenerfordernissen 100% Rückverfolgbarkeit

Direkte und kompetente, Ansprechpartner!

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Kommunikation, wir sprechen: Deutsch, Englisch, Italienisch, Mandarin, Hindi


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AVALUXE INTERNATIONAL GMBH

Marktführerschaft und exzellente Leistung

I N T E R N AT I O N A L

• Recycling

• Bonden

Kompetenz • Edelmetalle

Service • Hochleistungs Reinigung

Produkte Umfassendes Produktportfolio an Materialien

• Edelmetall Rückgewinnung

• Schichtentwicklung

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AVALUXE INTERNATIONAL GMBH

I N T E R N AT I O N A L

Marktführerschaft und exzellente Leistung

Kontakt

AVALUXE International GmbH Waldstromerstrasse 59 Germany 90453 Nuremberg

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Tel.: Fax:

+49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 100 +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 199

E-Mail: Web:

info@avaluxe.com www.avaluxe.com


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INTERNATIONAL New: Physical Vapour Deposition Boron Nitride vs. Glass Bonded Mica

Advantage: AVALUXE is dedicated exclusively to hexagonal boron nitride (hBN). In some ways this outstanding ceramic material resembles graphite. Because of this, and since it is white in color, it is often referred to as "white graphite". What makes this material unique is its unusual combination of properties: • can be easily machined • is neither toxic nor harmful to the environment • has excellent lubricating and non-stick properties • is not wetted by most metallic melts • withstands acids and numerous other chemical agents • resists very high temperatures - in air up to approx. 950°C - under inert conditions/vacuum to approx. 2500 °C • shows outstanding thermal cycling resistance • is a good heat conductor but, unlike graphite, ... • ... is a superb electrical insulator

cleaning

bonding

technologies

materials

These precision parts are available in virtually all grades, either as semifinished or as finished goods, manufactured on state-of-the-art machining centers - exactly to our customers' individual requirements. A substantial part of our production of HeBoSint(r) components goes into the plasma industry. Most renowned manufacturers of systems for physical vapour deposition (PVD ARC) are likely to furnish their equipment with insulators made by AVALUXE BNP. Consequently we are shipping these special parts all over the world, either through the OEMs or directly to the end users.

Boron Nitride by AVALUXE If you have questions related to the use of hexagonal boron nitride in PVD (physical vapour deposition) please feel free to contact us by phone or e-Mail. Our technical experts will try to come up with answers and will gladly give you further information. YOU ARE ALSO WELCOME TO VISIT OUR HEADQUARTERS IN NÜRNBERG.

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Boron Nitride vs. Glass Bonded Mica

Due to our cooperation with several raw material suppliers, we are able to offer an unusually wide variety of boron nitride products, ranging from an ample spectrum of HeBoFill(r) powder materials over HeBoCoat(r) suspensions and sprays to HeBoSint(r) sintered parts, which we produce in our headquarters in Germany.


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INTERNATIONAL New: Physical Vapour Deposition Boron Nitride vs. Glass Bonded Mica

Knowledge: cleaning

Hexagonal Boron Nitride (hBN) is widely used for the insulators that constrain the electric arc in physical vapour deposition equipment (PVD ARC process). Owing to its superb temperature resistance, thermo shock stability, thermal conductivity and its outstanding dielectric properties, hBN is generally viewed as the ideal material for this application.

bonding

Nevertheless, some PVD systems are still being furnished with insulators made of glass bonded mica, a material that has been around for a number of decades1. In this leaf-let the properties of two prevalent types of glass bonded mica are compared with those of HeBoSint(r), AVALUXE's sintered hBN ceramic materials. The comparison is based on tests performed by two institutes of Germany's renowned Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft: The IFAM carried out thermogravimetric balance measurements under high vacuum

technologies

materials

The IKTS investigated the electrical properties.

The test results can be summarised as follows:

HeBoSint O 820 is AVALUXE's material best suited for PVD ARC applications.

HeBoSint O 820 is clearly superior to glass bonded mica

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Boron Nitride vs. Glass Bonded Mica

On the following pages some summary test results are presented. Full details would go beyond the scope of this brochure, but are available from AVALUXE upon request.


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INTERNATIONAL New: Physical Vapour Deposition Boron Nitride vs. Glass Bonded Mica

Heating Cycles For the thermogravimetric balance measurements the materials were subjected to two heating cycles of one hour each at max. 600°C as shown at left2. Weight losses were determined, outgassed substances, however, were not further analysed.

cleaning

bonding

Weight Loss Significant weight loss occurred with glass bonded mica right from the start; Material 1 weight loss actually increased during the following heating cycle. Weight loss of all HeBoSint(r) brands was within the lowest detectable limits. No further weight loss was noted with HeBoSint(r) O 820 after first heating cycle.

technologies

materials

Electrical resistance of glass bonded mica was shown to be significantly lower over the temperature range examined than that of HeBoSint(r) O 820. Material 1 ceased to perform at 400°C due to softening.

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Boron Nitride vs. Glass Bonded Mica

Heating Cycles


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INTERNATIONAL New: Physical Vapour Deposition Boron Nitride vs. Glass Bonded Mica

Dielectric Strength (25°C) Dielectric strength of HeBoSint(r) O820 was shown to be far higher than that of both materials tested. This property is very important for insulating components used in high voltage applications such as PVD ARC.

Thermal Shock Resistance

cleaning

bonding

technologies

Thermal shock resistance of ceramic materials depends to a great extent on the following parameters: materials

• •

density (the lower, the better) thermal conductivity (the higher, the better) thermal expansion (the lower, the better) maximum temperature of use (the higher, the better)

Due to its favorable characteristics HeBoSint(r) O820 clearly outperformed both types of glass bonded mica. This is summarized in the graph.

Contact AVALUXE International GmbH

Waldstromerstrasse 59 Germany 90453 Nuremberg

E-Mail:info@avaluxe.com Web: www.avaluxe.com

Tel.: +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 100 Fax: +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 199

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Boron Nitride vs. Glass Bonded Mica

• •


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METALLE SIND UNVERZICHTBAR

METALL RECYCLING IST UNVERZICHTBAR Metalle und Legierungen stehen am Beginn einer weit verzweigten Wertschöpfungskette.

AVALUXE RECYCLING bietet Ihnen Nachaltigkeit und Effizienz für das wettbewerbsfähige Handeln in unserer Schlüsselindustrien

Metallschrotte

Recycling

Rohmateriallien

Service

AVALUXE RECYCLING GMBH LÖSUNGEN ZUR WERKSTOFFRÜCKGEWINNUNG

www.avaluxe.de

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METALS ARE ESSENTIAL

METAL RECYCLING IS CRUCIAL Metals and alloys are the start of an intricate value chain, Recycling is the logical conclusion.

AVALUXE RECYCLING brings its knowledge and efficiency to complete the circle. You can focus on your core business. AVALUXE RECYCLING Recycling solutions: value-recovery for you helping sustain your processing, protecting the environment, mitigating your risk.

used metals

recycling

raw materials

services

AVALUXE RECYCLING GMBH RECYCLING SOLUTIONS

www.avaluxe.de

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METALLE SIND UNVERZICHTBAR METALL RECYCLING IST UNVERZICHTBAR Metalle und Legierungen stehen am Beginn einer weit verzweigten Wertschöpfungskette.

metallschrotte

Wesentliche Branchen wie die Kfz Industrie, die Chemie, die Elektronik oder der Maschinenbau benötigen permanent Metalle und Legierungen. recycling

rohmaterialien

Dabei verfügt Europa kaum über nennenswerte eigene Vorkommen, annähernd 100% der metallischen Rohstoffe werden importiert.

service

Vor diesem Hintergrund kommt dem Metallhandel und dem Recycling in Deutschland eine besondere Bedeutung zu.

AVALUXE RECYCLING bietet Ihnen Nachhaltigkeit und Effizienz für das wettbewerbsfähige Handeln unserer Schlüsselindustrien.

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RECYCLING 2008 AVALUXE

Die idealerweise komplette Wiederaufbereitung und Wiederverwendung der nach dem Produktionsprozess verbleibenden Restmetalle oder Legierungen ist die logische Konsequenz.


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AVALUXE RECYCLING GMBH – LÖSUNGEN ZUR WERKSTOFFRÜCKGEWINNUNG Verwertete Materialien und Leistungen:

metallschrotte

recycling

• • • • • •

Titan Zirkon Tantal Kupfer Indium-Zinn-Oxid Germanium

• • • • •

Niob Molybdän Titan-Aluminium Nickel-Chrom Hafnium

• • • • •

Chrom Wolfram Aluminium-Chrom Indium Silizium

rohmaterialien

• bzw. deren Legierungen in unterschiedlichsten Formen service

• Wendeschneidplatten und Hartmetallwerkzeuge aus Wolframkarbid, Hartmetallbruch • Teile aus HSS und Hartmetall-Schleifschlämme aus der Werkzeugherstellung • Microbohrer aus Hartmetall

Kontakt AVALUXE Recycling GmbH

Waldstromerstrasse 59 D-90453 Nürnberg

E-Mail:info@avaluxe.de Web: www.avaluxe.de

Tel.: +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 100 Fax: +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 199

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RECYCLING 2008 AVALUXE

Wir bieten Ihnen Komplettlösungen an und machen aus Schrotten Rohstoffe. Wir führen diese Materialien der fachgerechten Wiederaufbereitung zu.


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INTERNATIONAL

Bernard Serole Patent Owner

New: TECHNOLOGY 2008

Improved Plasma Atomization Technology

01 Probedruck


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Improved Plasma Atomization Technology INTERNATIONAL

Provides Cost-effective manufacturing of Nano and Fine Powders • Powders and powder-based products are a growth market • New applications regularly appear for powders

TECHNOLOGY 2008

• The market for finer powders will grow even faster and gain more importance than the powder market overall

Principle Probedruck

Upper part of Nozzle

02


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Improved Plasma Atomization Technology INTERNATIONAL

Measurable Benefits:

• Finer powders of metals, alloys and compounds - low single digit micrometer to about 30 nanometer - at improved economy • Higher purity • More spherical particles • Narrow particle size distribution • Better controlled stochiometric and sub-stochiometric compounds • Powders of high melting or highly reactive elements like: W, Mo, Ti, Zr

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TECHNOLOGY 2008

The Improved Plasma Atomization Technology - which uses many common components and can be easily adapted to existing atomization equipment-overcomes the limitations of today's atomization and provides:

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Improved Plasma Atomization Technology INTERNATIONAL

Measurable Benefits:

Powders created by Improved Plasma Atomization Technology have significant advantages as raw material for sintering: • Higher purity, higher surface activity and surface energy

• Higher strength of green material • Shorter sintering times at lower pressure and lower temperature

TECHNOLOGY 2008

• Higher compression rate, higher density of end products

04 Probedruck


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Improved Plasma Atomization Technology INTERNATIONAL

Measurable Benefits:

Powders created by Improved Plasma Atomization Technology have significant advantages as pigments in inks and paints:

TECHNOLOGY 2008

• True spherical nano-scale powders have a striking appearance compared to the currently used powders of 20 micrometer and more

05 Probedruck


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Environment

But decreasing viscosity in the generation of finer powders is limited by the economic and physical constraints of operating at higher temperatures. Other means of lowering viscosity as used in currently established technologies to unfavorable surface structures and surface contamination if pushed to the limits required to produce finer powders. Current economic considerations limit powder sizes to about 6 micrometer for Al and about 4 micrometer for Inconels.

TECHNOLOGY 2008

Results of conventional atomization are limited by the viscosity of the melt.

06 Probedruck


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Improved Plasma Atomization Technology INTERNATIONAL

Implementation

In addition, for the generation of compound powders the positive enthalpy gives the reaction a high yield and the reaction supports the heating, decreasing the costs of energy. Improved Plasma Atomization Technology is clean, energy-efficient and safe. It uses a low DC voltage from standard power supplies, is fully confined and has no emissions. Based on the polarity of the electrical arc, only the melt is evaporated. No impurities are added from evaporation or wear of the equipment. The Improved Plasma Atomization Technology can be operated on any scale from R&D and small to medium batches (10 kg) to continuous mass production (60 to 500 kg/h, typically 200kg/h).

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TECHNOLOGY 2008

The Improved Plasma Atomization Technology utilizes an electric arc. The arc will generate the required environment necessary for melting, evaporating or superheating and ionization of vapors. Injected with one or more gases, this plasma leaves a de-Laval-nozzle at Mach 2 to Mach 4.

07


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Improved Plasma Atomization Technology INTERNATIONAL

Implementation II

A typical set-up of the Improved Plasma Atomization Technology uses 30 V, 1000 A. The current is typically supplied by a commercial MIG/TIG welding power supply. Sometimes DC is used with a superimposed RF signal.

TECHNOLOGY 2008

While normally a stream of molten metal is acting as cathode, the current can also be applied to continuously fed solid rods/wires (1 to 4 mm, typically 2.5 mm in diameter) allowing the atomization of materials which have melting points too high or which are too aggressive in the molten state for established methods. E.g. powders of W, Mo, Ti, Zr can be produced. Also, the electric arc can burn on a continuously fed stream of powder e.g. Si.

Many common components of existing atomization equipment can be used. Existing installations can be retrofitted easily. Lower Side Probedruck

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Improved Plasma Atomization Technology INTERNATIONAL

Experience

It is being used on a production scale by several customers in Europe and Asia with outstanding results and significant advantages like cost saving effects. Powders have been produced from Ni and Ni-alloys, Al and Al-alloys, Cu and Cu- alloys, Ag as well as other materials. Powders for Al foam sandwiches have been produced with superior properties (no visible porosity at 0.7g/cm3). Powders have been produced as Oxides and Suboxides as well as Nitrides and Carbides, e.g. oxides of Bi, Zn, InSn and specifically ITO on a large scale.

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TECHNOLOGY 2008

The Improved Plasma Atomization Technology has been developed and improved for more than 20 years and is today a mature technology covered by a continuous line of patents.

09


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Improved Plasma Atomization Technology INTERNATIONAL

Experience

Compounds typically have particle sizes of 30 nm and a BET surface of 40m2/g.

Powders of Aluminum nitride by Improved Plasma Atomization Technology can be expected to be sintered without binders. Silicon monoxide powder has been economically produced on a large scale by Improved Plasma Atomization Technology.

TECHNOLOGY 2008

Purities of 5N have been realized.

10 Probedruck


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Improved Plasma Atomization Technology INTERNATIONAL

Applications

• Micronic and nano-sized metal- and alloy-powders • Powders of Refractory Metals and their alloys

• Highly reactive nano powders for low energy sintering, easy to handle green states and excellent homogeneity of final product

TECHNOLOGY 2008

• Low cost production of oxide- and nitride-powders of high purity from metals and compounds

11 Probedruck


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Improved Plasma Atomization Technology INTERNATIONAL

Service

We provide: • Computer design of the de-Laval-nozzle for a specific material + software package for calculating the nozzles • Technical support for industrial installation and pilot line production • Training • Consulting

TECHNOLOGY 2008

• Licensing for the Improved Plasma Atomization Technology.

12 Probedruck


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Improved Plasma Atomization Technology INTERNATIONAL

Product Example 1 Oxides

For sintering applications, these powders will yield: • Strong greens • Low sintering temperatures • Excellent homogeneity and purity

TECHNOLOGY 2008

A typical production of 200 kg/h at: 150 standard-m3/h of argon – oxygen at 10 bars, plasma of 250 Amps x 30 volts. The powders are 5N pure and have 30nm spherical grains and a BET of 40 m2/g

13 Probedruck


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Improved Plasma Atomization Technology INTERNATIONAL

Product Example 2 Nitrides

• • • • • •

20 nm particle size Free of oxigene Completely reacted BET ca 40 m2/g Higher compressibility Strong green stated, pressed under 50 kg/mm2 • Easy and cheap sintering • Elimination of the binders may be possible Probedruck

TECHNOLOGY 2008

Industry standard fabrication methods for Al nitride yield powders which are difficult to consolidate and are sintered at 1700 °C with additions such as Y2O3 and CaOA. Nitride powders fabricated by Improved Plasma Atomization Technology have superior properties:

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Improved Plasma Atomization Technology INTERNATIONAL

Product Example 3 Metals and Alloys For economic reasons, today‘s manufacturing of powders is limited to grain sizes of 6 to 8 micrometer for Al alloys and 4 micrometer for Inconel, Ni based and Co based alloys.

• Smaller grain sizes: down to approx. 30nm • Clean and spherical particles • Narrow distribution of particle sizes

TECHNOLOGY 2008

The Improved Plasma Atomization Technology will produce economically:

15 Probedruck


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Improved Plasma Atomization Technology INTERNATIONAL

Product Example 4 Refractory & Active Metals and Alloys Using the Improved Plasma Atomization Technology allows the fabrication of powders of: • Mo and Mo alloys

• Zr and Zr alloys For these materials, the process is modified: a rod of 1 to 4 mm, typically 2,5 mm diameter, is moved continuously at a speed of up to 3 m/s towards the plasma.

TECHNOLOGY 2008

• Ti

Solid Feeding

• W

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Improved Plasma Atomization Technology INTERNATIONAL

thank you contact: AVALUXE International GmbH

Attn.:

Peter Schiffl

Phone.: +49 (0) 9141 / 8744 778 Fax: +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 199 Mobil: +49 (0) 160 90 95 49 94 E-Mail: pschiffl@avaluxe.de Web: www.avaluxe.de

TECHNOLOGY 2008

Waldstromerstrasse 59 Germany – D-90453 Nürnberg

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©

INTERNATIONAL

NEW: Target Bonding cleaning

Our achievements We supply bonded sputter targets with exceptional reliability and a very strong bonding strength based on our new bonding technique.

The measurable advantages of the new bonding are: •

it tolerates improved mechanical and thermal load, allowing sputter rates of up 50% higher and accelerated production

there is no debonding or breakage of targets in process, no associated contamination of tools

high thermal and electric conductivity, minimized rise of target and backing plate temperatures during bonding process

it is performed at room temperature leaving no residual stress from bonding

bonds basically all materials with melting point above 250 C°

bond is free of lead

high dimensional accuracy of bond, exceptional parallelism of target and backing plate for homogeneous layers

bonding

technologies

materials


©

INTERNATIONAL

NEW: Target Bonding All kinds of sputter targets and materials can be bonded. The bonding technology utilizeds Nanofoil® from RNT, USA Nano bonding has been successfully established and is used in volume production by many customers: •

for a wide range of materials like metals, their alloys, oxides, or carbides

with up to 50% higher power densities/sputter rates compared to solder or elastomer bonding

Grafics courtesy of RNT

Contact AVALUXE International GmbH

Waldstromerstrasse 59 Germany 90453 Nuremberg

E-Mail:info@avaluxe.com Web: www.avaluxe.com

Tel.: +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 100 Fax: +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 199


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OVERVIEW: Rotatable Targets Glass / Large Area Material

Sprayed

Hipped

INTERNATIONAL

Extruded Vacuum Cast materials

X

X

Al

X

X

Cr

X

X

Ag

collar

X technologies

In

X

InSn

X

Nb

X

NiCr

X

cleaning

SiAl Sn

X collar

X

X

X

X bonding

X

Zn

collar

X

X

ZnAl

collar

X

X

ZnSn collar

X

X

Zr

X

Contact AVALUXE International GmbH

Waldstromerstrasse 59 Germany 90453 Nuremberg

E-Mail:info@avaluxe.com Web: www.avaluxe.com

Tel.: +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 100 Fax: +49 (0) 911 / 64 1551 199

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ROTATABLE TARGETS BY SOLERAS 2/2008

Ti


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OVERVIEW: Rotatable Targets Photovoltaics Sprayed

Hipped

Extruded Vacuum Cast

Sintered / bonded materials

Wafer Based Al Cu SiAl

X X

X X X technologies

CIGS Mo ZnO ZnO:Al2O3

X

X

Development

Development

Development

Development

CuGa CuIn CuInGa ZnAl

X X X X

cleaning

X bonding

CdTe Al Cr CdSn CdIn CdTe ITO Sn Mo NiV ZnTe

X X

X X

X X X X X X

X

X X X

a-Si Ag Al Mo NiV SiAl ZnO ZnO:Al2O3

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X X

X

X X X X X

X

Development

Development

Development

Development

ROTATABLE TARGETS BY SOLERAS 2/2008

Material

INTERNATIONAL


AVALUXE PRODUCTS