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Unmanned Aircraft System y Integration g into the United States National Airspace System: An Assessment on the Impact p of Job Creation in the Aerospace Industry Congressional Staff Briefing July 26, 2010 U.S. Senate and Capitol Visitors Center Presented by: Lindsay Voss AUVSI Research Analyst

Focus ocus Points o ts ƒ AUVSI Study Background ƒ Study Scope, Methodology and Definitions ƒ The UAS Industry Today ƒ Challenges ƒ The UAS Road Ahead ƒ Economic Impact of UAS Integration ƒ UAS Fl Flying i B Beyond d the h Mili Military ƒ Law Enforcement: A Near-term Civilian UAS Application ƒ Recent UAS Success Stories Beyond Iraq and Afghanistan ƒ Why focus on UAS integration? ƒ How do we ensure success for the future? ƒ About AUVSI

AUVSI U S Study Background ac g ou d ƒ AUVSI completed its first advocacy study in May 2010 ƒ Requested by Congressman Buck McKeon (R-CA), Co chairman of the Congressional UAV Caucus Co-chairman ƒ The purpose of AUVSI’s “Jobs Impact Study” was to assess how increasing demand for UAS will impact economic growth by addressing the following: • The benefits and success of UAS in the military • UAS applications beyond the military •

Factors restraining UAS market growth in the commercial and civilian sectors

• The impact on job growth as UAS are progressively integrated into the NAS • An assessment on the types of jobs created

Scope, Methodology et odo ogy a and d Definitions e to s ƒ Study focuses on the U.S. unmanned aircraft systems market ƒ Research coverage is limited to the commercial/civilian UAS sector ƒ Information was collected from a combination of secondary and primary resources ƒ Study participants included: • • • • • •

UAS Manufacturers Federal Agencies g Law Enforcement Agencies UAS Service Providers Economic Development Boards Universities

ƒ Definition of civil versus commercial ƒ Definition of a primary UAS job versus a secondary jjob

UAS: U S A Promising o s g Industry dust y ƒ UAS are a promising sector of the aerospace industry and have gained widespread attention for the benefits they are providing in the battlefield • UAS provide intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) 24/7 in Iraq and Afghanistan • The U.S. U S Air Force is currently flying 41 combat air patrols (28 Predator, 12 Reaper, 1 Global Hawk) • Over the last decade the Army has experienced more than 4 4,200 200 percent growth in UAS operational tempo • The Army surpassed one million flight hours in April 2010 • U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) spending for UAS is expected to total $25.4 billion between 2010 and 2015

But ut there t eea are eC Challenges… a e ges ƒ Unmanned aircraft are operated on an extremely limited basis in the U.S. ƒ The operation of UAS for civilian and commercial applications has been limited due to the following: • Regulatory hurdles impeding access to the NAS • Safety concerns • Cultural issues • Cost factors • Radio spectrum access • Insurance/liability concerns ƒ Some progress is being made for the operation of small UAS (sUAS) platforms, but widespread use of these systems in the NAS could be delayed beyond 2015.

UAS U Sa and d tthe e Road oad Ahead ead ƒ Assuming UAS access to airspace issues are addressed in a reasonable timeframe, the following diagram depicts UAS integration into th NAS progress through the th h 2025

Small UAS integration with fewer restrictions and a streamlined authorization process.


UAS operations will slowly be integrated into additional airspace classes. Could see larger UAS systems performing more commercial missions.

MUAS and SUAS use is common practice. True commercial UAS customers begin to emerge. Larger, tier two systems are slowly being integrated into the NAS.

2020 UAS Integration into the NAS 2015-2025 Timeline


AUVSI U S Study Findings: d gs Economic co o c Impact pact O Overview e e ƒ The AUVSI Jobs Impact Study found that more than 23,000 jobs could be created over the next 15 years by the progressive integration of UAS into the NAS UAS Jobs Created by UAS NAS Integration

















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ƒ Job creation will be far reaching – For example, even insurance companies could augment their workforces to cover increased UAS operations



ƒ Secondary markets include subsystems providers and components manufacturers will benefit from growth in UAS demand



ƒ In addition to the 23 23,000 000 jobs created directly in the UAS industry, in government and within universities/colleges, thousands of employment opportunities will emerge in the secondary markets

UAS Jobs Created by NAS Integration


ƒ These jobs would equate to more than $1.6 billion in worker earnings over the same time period and span across industry, academia and government

AUVSI Studyy Findings: g Job Creation Overview ƒ The chart at right provides some of the job positions that will be created as the result of UAS integration into the NAS ƒ Employment opportunities in industry will range from manufacturing positions to technical engineering career fields – but there will be demand for a wide range of skill sets from research scientists to advertisers ƒ Colleges and Universities are already anticipating increasing interest from students about pursuing careers in the UAS industry ƒ The University of North Dakota, Embry-Riddle and Northland Community and Technical College are a few examples of higher education institutions offering UAS related degree and certification programs ƒ Government employment position could also be created as civilian agencies develop and/or augment existing UAS program staff and as regulatory personnel are added to support increased UAS operations in the NAS

Types of Jobs Created by UAS Integration Manufacturing Technicians

Regulatory Personnel Regulatory Personnel

UAS Operators

Air Traffic Controllers

Payload Operators 

Program Managers


Support Staff/Administrators

Data Analysts

Maintenance Specialists



Sales/Market/BD Staff


UAS U S Flying y g Beyond eyo d tthe e Military ta y ƒ Unmanned Aircraft are viable for a broad range of civilian and commercial applications ƒ Security and public safety are two of the most wide spread non-DoD UAS applications to date ƒ However, the potential uses for unmanned aircraft stretch beyond defense, safety and security ƒ UAS are also being used for environmental research, crop monitoring, land surveying and damage assessment ƒ Eventually unmanned aircraft could provide aerial coverage at sporting events, deliver mail and serve as affordable alternatives to satellite for the communications industry ƒ These applications are only the tip of the iceberg, many more uses for UAS have yet to be identified

Non‐Military UAS Applications  Border Surveillance 

Pipe/Power Line Surveillance

Suspect Tracking 

Agricultural Applications 

Traffic Monitoring 


Di t Response/Relief Disaster R /R li f

M i Production Movie P d ti

Damage Assessment

Aerial News Coverage

Atmospheric/Weather Research

Mail/Freight Transport 

Critical Infrastructure Monitoring

Flood Mapping 

Damage Surveying 

Real‐estate Mapping 

Aerial Photography 


Wildlife Monitoring 

Sporting Event Coverage

Law a Enforcement: o ce e t An Up a and d co coming gU UAS S Application pp cat o ƒ According to the Department of Justice (DoJ), in the U.S. there are: • 12,766 local police departments • 3,067 sheriff’s departments • 341 tribal law enforcement agencies

ƒ There are many more state departments of public safety, federal law enforcement agencies and campus police departments ƒ According to the DoJ, only 1 in 5 large agencies (> 100 sworn officers) operated at least one fixed wing or rotary wing aircraft in 2007 ƒ There is demand from law enforcement for UAS technology- both from those with aviation units and those without

ƒ In 2007 departments with aviation units spent an estimated $300 million on aircraft p purchases, maintenance and fuel ƒ Manned police helicopters can cost between $500,000 and $3 million. Operating costs run between $200 and $400 per hour ƒ Aeryon Lab’s Scout UAS costs between $10,000 to $50,000 to purchase depending on the mission package k ƒ According to the Ontario Provincial Police, the department flew 7 homicides missions with an FIU301 UAS saving an estimated $20,000 $20 000 over a conventional charter service ƒ UAS operations are cost effective for law enforcement applications

Recent ece t U UAS S use by Law a Enforcement o ce e t Agencies ge c es Texas Department of Public Safety: Wasp

Mesa County Sheriff’s Department: Draganflyer X6

Miami-Dade Police Department: T-Hawk MAV

Utah Highway Patrol: Leptron UAS

San Diego County Sheriff’s Department: SDSU UAS

Saskatoon Police Service: Draganflyer X6

Ontario Provincial Police: Draganflyer X6

Other Ot e Recent ece t UAS U S Success Sto Stories es Non-Military UAS Success Stories Border Surveillance

CBP Predator Operations – More than 2,000 hours flown in 2009 

Arctic Research 

Research to assess the effect of the katabatic winds relation to sea ice formation  ‐ 2009

Fire Response  i

ScanEagle l operations to map wildfire progression in Alaska – ldf l k 2009 

Disaster Response 

Global Hawk, Predator and Skylark UAS assist with humanitarian relief efforts in Haiti – 2010

Flood Plain Surveillance 

UND operated a ScanEagle UAS to monitor Red River flooding – 2010 

Wildlife Monitoring 

University of Florida monitored waterfowl and alligators in the Everglades – 2009

Severe Storm Research 

University if Colorado is conducting research on supercell thunder storms with an Tempest UAS‐ 2010  

Atmospheric Research 

NASA flew a Global Hawk UAS to collect atmospheric data such as air pollution levels – 2010 

Crop Monitoring 

Monitoring of grave vineyards and pistachio crops in California

Why y focus ocus o on U UAS S Integration? teg at o

ƒ Economic development opportunities

ƒ Technological T h l i l Ad Advancementt

ƒ Increased Public Safety and Security

ƒ Maintaining a U.S. Competitive Advantage

How do we ensure success for the future? Growth in the UAS market will drive technological and economic development

ƒ AUVSI is working to ensure continued industry growth by: •

Promoting increased collaboration between Government, Industry and Academia

Supporting Public Education

Educating the commercial and civilian UAS customer base

UAS Community Collaboration Academia


Ensuring resources are provided to sufficiently address the issues at hand such as increased UAS access to the NAS

ƒ Working together as a community will ensure that the UAS market k t and d unmanned d aircraft i ft technology t h l reach h th their i full f ll potential

UAS Industry

About bout AUVSI U S The World’s Largest Non-Profit Organization Devoted Exclusively to Unmanned Systems

Founded in 1972 Mission: Promote and support the unmanned systems community through communication, i ti education d ti and d lleadership d hi Representing 6,000 members from 55 countries and 2,100 organizations in the fields of government, industry and academia Global Network: AUVS-Australia and Unmanned Systems Canada Promoting and supporting the thriving unmanned systems communities in Australia and Canada 24 Chapters Worldwide in the United States, United Kingdom, Israel and S. Korea

AUVSI’s U S s Advocacy d ocacy Activities ct t es Major Initiative: Safely Integrate UAS into the NAS ƒ Working with Members of Congress to educate and inform on the importance of these issues ƒCongressional C i l UAV C Caucus ƒ Congressional Robotics Caucus ƒ House Aviation Subcommittee ƒ House and Senate Appropriations Committees ƒ House and Senate Armed Services Committees p and Infrastructure Committee ƒ House Transportation ƒ House Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs

AUVSI’s U S s Advocacy d ocacy Activities ct t es Major Initiative: Safely Integrate UAS into the NAS ƒ Supporting FAA Reauthorization on Capitol Hill ƒ Member of ASTM F-38, RTCA SC-203, EUROCAE WG-73 working towards standards development ƒ Working closely with the FAA’s UAPO to open communication between FAA and the unmanned aircraft systems industry

AUVSI’s U S s Advocacy d ocacy Activities ct t es Relationships with Regulatory and Federal Agencies ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Civil Aviation Administrations (CAA) – Various Countries ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) EUROCAE Department of Defense (DOD) and Ministries of Defence (MOD) Department of Transportation (DOT) Department of the Interior (DOI) Customs and Border Patrol (CBP) National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Standards Organizations (ASTM, RTCA, SAE) Other Stakeholders (AOPA, NATCA, ATCA, NTSB) And many, many more…

Supporting Suppo t g Integration teg at o Efforts o ts ƒ Through the legislative process, AUVSI can advocate for increased resources for the UAPO to accelerate safe access to the NAS ƒ AUVSI can collect, analyze and disseminate relevant industry data to support the rule-making process process, a streamlined CoA process and standards and safety assessments ƒ AUVSI can serve as the industry facilitator to solicit and collect feedback ƒ Through a series of regular workshops, AUVSI can provide a platform for ongoing education efforts ƒ Leveraging our global affiliates and chapters, AUVSI can provide an international perspective on global UAS initiatives

Contact Co tact Information o at o Gretchen West Executive Vice President AUVSI +1 571 255 7771 Mario Mairena Government Relations Manager AUVSI +1 571 255 7783 Lindsay Voss Research Analyst AUVSI +1 571 255 7788

Connecting the Unmanned Systems Community Across the Globe


An Assessment on the Impact of Job Creation in the Aerospace Industry