By: Autumn Grady &Morgan Bazemore
Table of Contents 1. U2 –
2. Marilyn Monroe –
3. Disneyland –
4. Princess Grace –
5. California baseball –
6. Hula Hoops –
7. Children of Thalidomide –
8. Psycho –
9. Birth Control –
• The 1960 U-2 incident occurred during the Cold War on 1 May 1960, during the presidency of Dwight Eisenhower and during the leadership of Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev, when a United States U-2 spy plane was shot down over the airspace of the Soviet Union. • The United States government at first denied the plane's purpose and mission, but then was forced to admit its role as a covert surveillance aircraft when the Soviet government produced its intact remains and surviving pilot, Francis Gary Powers, as well as photos of military bases in Russia taken by Powers. Coming roughly two weeks before the scheduled opening of an East–West summit in Paris, the incident was a great embarrassment to the United States and prompted a marked deterioration in its relations with the Soviet Union. • Powers was convicted of espionage and sentenced to three years of imprisonment plus seven years of hard labor, but he was released on 10 February 1962 during a prisoner-exchange with Russian officer Rudolf Abel.
• Actress • Marilyn Monroe soars to popularity with five new movie, including The Asphalt Jungle and All About Eve, and attempts suicide after the death of friend Johnny Hyde who asked to marry her several times, but she refused respectfully. Monroe later married Joe DiMaggio in 1954, but for only a brief time. • Rumored to have relations with JFK and Robert Kennedy • Died under mysterious circumstances, possible drug overdose
• • • •
July 17, 1955 First of Walt Disney's theme parks Anaheim, California Walt Disney came up with the concept of Disneyland after visiting various amusement parks with his daughters in the 1930s and 1940s, and decided to build his own.
Princess Grace 1956
• After embarking on an acting career in 1950, at the age of 20, Grace Kelly appeared in New York City theatrical productions as well as in more than 40 episodes of live drama productions broadcast during the early 1950s "Golden Age of Television". • In October 1953, with the release of Mogambo, she became a movie star. She died after a stroke on September 14, 1982 when she lost control of her car and crashed. Her daughter Princess Stephanie was in the car with her but survived the accident. • In June of 1999, the American Film Institute ranked her No. 13 in the list of top female stars of American cinema.
• Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants move to California to become the Los Angeles Dodgers and San Francisco Giants. • 1st major league teams west of Kansas City • After the Dodgers moved to California, they won the 1959 Words Series
Hula Hoops 1959
â€˘ A hula hoop is a toy hoop that is twirled around the waist, limbs, or neck. It was invented in 1958 by Arthur K. Melin and Richard Knerr. Traditional materials for hoops include willow, rattan (a flexible and strong vine), grapevines and stiff grasses. Today they are made of plastic tubing.
Children of Thalidomide 1959
• Thalidomide drug to give to pregnant women to reduce morning sickness and other symptoms. • Prevented the growth of the fetus causing hideous birth defects in 10,000+ children around the world • Born in the late 1950's early 1960's
• Psycho: An Alfred Hitchcock thriller, based on a pulp novel by Robert Bloch and adapted by Joseph Stefano, which becomes a landmark in graphic violence and cinema sensationalism. The screeching violins heard briefly in the background of the song are a trademark of the film's soundtrack. • Famous for the shower scene – Norman Bates comes in and stabs Janet Leigh
Birth Control 1965
â€˘ Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, refers to methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy. Planning and provision of birth control is called family planning. Safe sex, such as the use of male condoms can also help prevent transmission of sexually transmitted infections. â€˘ Contraceptive use in developing countries has cut the number of maternal deaths by 44% (about 270,000 deaths averted in 2008) but could prevent 73% if the full demand for birth control were met. Because teenage pregnancies are at greater risk of poor outcomes such as preterm birth, low birth weight and infant death, some authors suggest adolescents need comprehensive sex education and access to reproductive health services, including contraception. â€˘ By lengthening the time between pregnancies, birth control can also improve adult women's delivery outcomes and the survival of their children.
â€˘ In the early 1980s, the majority of cocaine being shipped to the US was coming through the Bahamas and Dominican Republic. Soon there was a huge glut of cocaine powder in these islands, which caused the price to drop by as much as 80%. Faced with dropping prices for their illegal product, drug dealers made a decision to convert the powder to "crack", a solid smokeable form of cocaine, that could be sold in smaller quantities, to more people. It was cheap, simple to produce, ready to use, and highly profitable for dealers to develop. As early as 1981, reports of crack were appearing in Los Angeles, San Diego, Miami, Houston, and in the Caribbean.