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The National Assembly

clergy and other people such as the peasants. On June 17, this group began to call itself the National Assembly.

By: Hunter Collins Well the Nation Assembly has been dated on June 17, 1789 to

Initially, the Assembly announced, and for the most part probably believed, itself to be operating in the

deal with France financial crisis,

interests of King Louis xlv as well as

but promptly fell to do so over its

those of the people. In theory, royal

own structure. Its members had

authority still prevailed and new laws

been elected to represent the first

continued to require the king's consent.

estate the second estate and the

No longer interested in advice, Louis

third estate. But at the opening

XVI, under the influence of the country

session on June 17, 1789 they were

of his council resolved to go in state to

informed that all voting would be

the Assembly, annul its decrees,

by the states not "by head", so their

command the separation of the orders,

double represent was to be no

and dictate the reforms to be effected

reason in terms of power. They

by the restored Estates-General. On

refused this and proceeded to meet

June 19, he ordered the Salle des États,

separately. The representatives of the Third Estate began to meet on their own. They called themselves the

Communes. Those kinds of people

the hall where the National Assembly met, closed, and remained at marly for several days while he prepared his address. On the morning of June 20, the deputies were shocked to discover the

are called the common people in

doors to their chamber locked and

their time. They proceeded with

guarded by soldiers. Immediately

their “powers" independently of the

fearing the worst and anxious that a

other bodies, from June 13 to June

royal coup was imminent, the deputies

17 they were joined by some of the

congregated in the king's nearby indoor

nobles and the majority of the

tennis court, where they took a solemn


collective oath never to separate, and to

absolutism. In September 1789 he

meet wherever circumstances demand,

began to publish the newspaper Ami

until the constitution of the kingdom is

du people which became popular as a

established and affirmed on solid

militant organ of revolutionary

foundations.

democracy. The newspaper published articles that systematically deafened the goals of developing the for revolution and exposing those who used betrayal of the revolution and exposing those who used false hypocritical phrases to conceal their desire to delay the revolutions further development. Marat and Robespierre, the leaders of the Jacobins, directed the preparations for the up rising of May 31 to June 2, 1793 which overthrew the Girondins. Sever illness prevented Marat from

The Stabbing of Marat By: Autumn Barnett Jean Paul Marat was born May 24, 1743 in Boudry, Switzerland. He died in July 13, 1793 in Paris. He was a leader of the great French Revolution, scholar and journalist. Marat settled in France when he was 16 years old until 1765 he studied the natural and philosophical sciences at Bordeaux and Pairs. When the revolution began Marat left his scientific occupations and devoted himself to serving people in pamphlets written in 1789 he developed the idea of the need to unite all progressive social forces for the struggle against

taking part in the work of the Convection after the Jacobin dictatorship was established. However even while he was ill, he continued to issue his newspaper . Marat was murdered by c. Corday. His funeral was turned into a spectacular political demonstration. This is a hero and he inspires people even today to be strong and don’t give up. even though his life was cut short his newspapers will still be


remembered.

The Storming of the Bastille

holiday, formally known as the FĂŞte de la FĂŠdĂŠration (Federation Holiday). It is usually called Bastille Day in English. The 3rd estate has taken over the bastille from the 2nd estate, arming themselves for war. As we took over the bastille and killed many guards and the prison commander and ran around

By: Nate Hopewell storming of the Bastille occurred in Paris, France on the morning of 14 July 1789. The medieval fortress and prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the centre of Paris. While the prison only contained seven inmates at the time of its storming, its fall was the High point of the French Revolution. In France, Le qua torze juillet (14 July) is a public

the city with there heads on pikes.


The storming of the Bastille and the subsequent Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen was the third event of this opening stage of the revolution. The first had been the revolt of the nobility, refusing to aid King Louis XVI through the payment of taxes. The second had been the formation of the National Assembly and the Tennis Court Oath. 98 attackers and one defender had died in the actual fighting. The successful insurrection at Paris spread throughout France. In accord with principles of popular sovereignty and with complete disregard for claims of royal authority, the people created a parallel structure of municipalities for civic government and militia for

civic protection. In rural areas,many went beyond this: some burned title-deeds and no small number of ch창teaux, as the "Great Fear" spread across the countryside during the weeks of 20 July to 5 August, with attacks on wealthy landlords impelled by the belief that the aristocracy was trying to put down the revolution.

Cartoon:


Letters to the Editor Keeley Rather “Referring

to the recent stream of executions of people belonging to the third estate, my family has been terrified that the authorities will be coming for us soon. The arrests and executions have been seemingly random, so we have reason to be worried for our safety. It is as if the higher estates are punishing the entire lower class without reason at all, even though we are the ones to work and pay taxes to the government and the church. I sincerely wish for something to soon bring peace upon our nation

again.” --Submitter wishes to remain anonymous “My father was recently sent to be executed by the guillotine, under circumstances that he was caught trying to steal away some food from a local market for our family, and though he was committing a crime, I still believe something should be done about the poverty within the country. Had my family had access to the provisions necessary to our lives, then my father would not have risked his life so the rest of the family could keep theirs. Something must be changed for our nation to be whole once more.” --Anthony Bonnefois, from Versailles “I happen to believe that everyone is overreacting to this predicament. The people who are being executed are the only ones at fault for their untimely deaths. They are the ones who broke the law, and they have been punished accordingly. God would not let


innocent individuals die without proper reason.” --Marquis Fontaine, from Paris

Tennis Court Closed By: Jake Daugherty

The tennis court located in the Saint-Louis district of the city of Versailles, near the Palace of Versailles is closed until further notice. This is due to the 1st and 2nd estate to allow the 3rd estate into the Estates-General meeting. They busted down the door, and made a pledge to not leave until a new constitution has been drawn up. “We do not agree or like these laws, it is a disgrace to the hard work and effort that

the 3rd estate puts into this country”, said Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, the leader of the “National Assembly”. The following morning we were shocked to discover that the chamber door was locked and heavily guarded by French soldiers. They then took an oath stating, “not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established". While the King is still mourning over the recent death of the Dauphin (the king’s eldest son) the newly drawn up constitution resides untouched. The 3rd estate or “National Assembly” remains aside in the indoor tennis court until


this new constitution is almost complete to completely finish. They took an oath, and will not break it, not even by force. The soldiers still remain to guard the doors and help the 3rd estate. The deputies will not do anything about it, and the 1st and 2nd estates are not happy about this. They do not want the change of the constitution because of their easy way of life. So the tennis court is closed until further notice.


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