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How companies and university can work together in order to prepare better engineers for the industry Prof. Dr. L谩szl贸 Palkovics, head of the department

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Motto Why is it important to have close co-operation with the industry?

We do not educate scientists, but prepare engineers for the industry

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Agenda

Case study: experience of Knorr Bremse in Hungary Forms of involvement of the industry in education Close co-operation in externally funded projects Industry research laboratory on the university “Knowledge center” – joint co-operation form Exchange of personal, special solution during the crises Summary – verification of the efficiency 3

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Agenda

Case study: experience of Knorr Bremse in Hungary Forms of involvement of the industry in education Close co-operation in externally funded projects Industry research laboratory on the university “Knowledge center” – joint co-operation form Exchange of personal, special solution during the crises Summary – verification of the efficiency 4

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Motivations of Knorr Bremse to Found R&D in Hungary Milestones of Knorr-Bremse Developments in Hungary

1969 23.11.1989

Establishment of joint venture – KB-SZIM

01.01.1990

Actual production start

15.03.1993

Knorr Bremse buys out the rest of the shares (100%)

3.1995

Hungarian top management

01.08.1995

R&D Center is established in Budapest for electronic development

01.11.1995

R&D group in Kecskemét is established

01.01.1996

KB Hungary gets the Eastern-European market responsbility

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Licence contract with KB – Brake systems for IKARUS

1999

New building R&D Center

2003

EBS Release Responsibility


Motivations of Knorr Bremse to Found R&D in Hungary Case study: experience of Knorr Bremse in Hungary

• • • • • • • • •

High level university system – world wide accepted schools for vehicle system dynamics in Hungary Original ideas leading to innovative products Proper attitude of engineers, high efficiency Lower development costs Long term scientific cooperation between Knorr Bremse and research places in Hungary Availability of highly qualified personal (in contrarily to Western Europe that time, mid of nineties) Active personal contacts between Germany and Hungary in the past The cultural issues do not make any barrier in front of a successful cooperation Government level support for strategic field such as R&D

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Advantages of close co-operation – Company perspective Case study: experience of Knorr Bremse in Hungary Research and development group of KB was co-located with the university

• • • •

The university environment can provide a well protected and very stimulating environment for starting research and development companies at the beginning The company profits a lot from the infrastructure, knowledge base, and the co-operation with the research staff As a technical marketing among the students and research staff is very beneficial (they know what is Knorr Bremse R&D) Provides a very good platform for future scientific co-operation

but

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The difference in target settings between the university (academic) research and industry development has to be clearly 7understood.


Right Decision in 1994 – KB’s R&D is a Success Story` Evaluation of the Actual Status – The R&D Institute became an integral part of the KB world-wide R&D organization, and handled as one of the most flexible and dynamic unit – The engineering activities in Budapest are fully accepted in the organization – The efficiency of the engineering work is on the same level as anywhere in the company – at lower cost, with much higher organizational flexibility – The cultural issues, which raised some problems at the beginning have disappeared – The Institute became a company wide R&D service organization – Fully embedded in the Hungarian research and development community through our intensive co-operation with the local universities, institutes, suppliers. – Based on our experience in this field, several persons of the KB’s R&D management play 8 important social roles in the Hungarian R&D community 8


Experiences of Other Companies Close link between company and university – common practice

• Győr (engine, vehicle manufacturing) • Veszprém (mechatronics, fuels and lubricants) • Budapest (vehicle technology, electronics) • Kecskemét (material sciences, vehicle assembly)

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• Miskolc (driveline systems, mechatronics)

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Agenda

Case study: experience of Knorr Bremse in Hungary Forms of involvement of the industry in education Close co-operation in externally funded projects Industry research laboratory on the university “Knowledge center” – joint co-operation form Exchange of personal, special solution during the crises Summary – verification of the efficiency 10

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Opportunities and Fields of Co-Operation Forms of involvement of the industry in education • • • •

• • • 11

Direct involvement in the education – invited lecturers from the industry The companies provide opportunities for practical semesters University sends students to companies as working students, reading for diploma or PhD University provides technical support for companies in a form of a direct project work financed by the company in different fields: – Basic research – Applied research and technical expert support – Measurements, process support, etc. – Product development for SMEs Joint application for community funded projects (local, government level, EU) Companies support the university with equipment 11 Stipendium for students on different levels


Agenda

Case study: experience of Knorr Bremse in Hungary Forms of involvement of the industry in education Close co-operation in externally funded projects Industry research laboratory on the university “Knowledge center” – joint co-operation form Exchange of personal, special solution during the crises Summary – verification of the efficiency 12

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Co-operation in Community Financed Projects Most important rules and conditions of a successful project work •

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The best form of co-operation is the research consortium with the characteristics: – Each participant contracts the supporting organization directly – Rules of co-operation, control of IP rights is described in consortium agreement – The partner follow same rules and principles regardless of their type (university, industrial partner) – Defined and practiced project control, primarily (but not exclusively) lead by the industry partner Impact: – Valuable, more practice relevant results from the university side – Consequent know-how transfer among the participants – Leading (coordinating) role of the industry partner results in better understanding of the requirements set by larger companies for SMEs 13 and universities


Co-operation in Community Financed Projects Defined Process of Project Based Co-operation

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Long Term Partnership in Community Financed Projects Example: Involvement in EU FP Projects Fully redundant brake system Conditions for platooning

Fail-safe brake system architecture w/ pneumatic back-up How to write software for distributed electronic system ESP wit steering intervention (in steer-by-wire environment) How to integrate software into a vehicle level electronic environment New redundant communication

+

PLC New architecture for trailer – standalone compressed air generation 15

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Vehicle and environment – intelligent transport and low energy demand systems

• • • •

Scalable electronically driven air-supply unit (compressor, management and storage) for the remaining consumers Electro-mechanic suspension both for primary as well as for secondary suspensions. Electrically actuated transmission and clutch Full electronic steering


Agenda

Case study: experience of Knorr Bremse in Hungary Forms of involvement of the industry in education Close co-operation in externally funded projects Industry research laboratory on the university “Knowledge center” – joint co-operation form Exchange of personal, special solution during the crises Summary – verification of the efficiency 16

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Giving Organizational Frame to the Co-operation Engineering Promotion Program leads to joint laboratory •

A new program was initiated in order to relief the capacity situation in the pre-development and provide trained and already experienced manpower for complex engineering programs The program is based on university resources (mostly PhD and higher level graduate students, and some selected graduate students), with the following characteristics: – The topics will be defined (practice relevant research themes), tracked and managed by KB, – Complete financing is provided by KB for the research, more support for the practical realizations, – The individuals, proving their capabilities will have the opportunity to continue their carrier at KB after receiving their PhD degree (or even before) – The program provides a direct link to external knowledge and resources 17

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Giving Organizational Frame to the Co-operation Structure of the research laboratory

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Agenda

Case study: experience of Knorr Bremse in Hungary Forms of involvement of the industry in education Close co-operation in externally funded projects Industry research laboratory on the university “Knowledge center” – joint co-operation form Exchange of personal, special solution during the crises Summary – verification of the efficiency 19

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Concentration of Competencies – Knowledge Centers Know-how consolidation process

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Advanced Vehicle and Vehicle Control Knowledge Center Participants in the AVVC Knowledge Center

External supporters Participants

Large Companies

Small Ventures

University

21 Research Institute

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Homologation and legislation


Process Based, Industry-Like Operation Defined Business Management Process, ISO Certification

Management Project management

Finance

Utilities

Data

Communication and marketing Marketing and market research

Business plan

External relationship

Spreading the results

Product development Basic research

Innovation

Series production

Quality management

Individual application

Production preparation

Business process plan Strategy plan

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Planning processes

Law

Inspection based on performance indicators

Human resource management

Resource management


Efficient Platfom for Co-operating with the Industry Forms of Co-operation and Services •

• • •

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Direct contract for diverse type of activities: basic research, applied research and development, measurements on components and vehicles, calculations, etc. Providing engineering services out of a large pool (over 50 emplyees) Participation in local and international projects Representation of companies in R&D projects in cse they do not have the capacity Product development (especially for SMEs) Participation in legislative bodies


Agenda

Case study: experience of Knorr Bremse in Hungary Forms of involvement of the industry in education Close co-operation in externally funded projects Industry research laboratory on the university “Knowledge center” – joint co-operation form Exchange of personal, special solution during the crises Summary – verification of the efficiency 24

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University Supports the Industry in Difficult Times Special Government Program - Save engineers

Structure of the subsidy

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Primarily pre-development and research projects are subsidized when university is involved • People are employees of the university for a certain time period • Subsidy provides full coverage of the personal costs of the 34,5 people in 2010 Impact: • The university have access to highly qualified people from the industry for a certain time at no cost • The company does not loos this persons, but can re-hire them when the situation becomes stable again


Agenda

Case study: experience of Knorr Bremse in Hungary Forms of involvement of the industry in education Close co-operation in externally funded projects Industry research laboratory on the university “Knowledge center” – joint co-operation form Exchange of personal, special solution during the crises Summary – verification of the efficiency 26

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Justification for the Common Activities Knorr-Bremse: intensive R&D headcount development

199

224

181 Bud

181 Bud

43 Kec

197

166 +27 166

224

156 Bud

142 Bud

43 Kec

41 Kec

43 Kec

Budget 2008

Outlook 2008 as of 05.2008

FC05 2008

+30 126

126 Bud +39

87 Bud

Baseline 103 01.04.2006

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27

39 Kec Jahresende 2006

+1

40 Kec Jahresende 2007

+3

Plan 2009


28 103

20

15

Work experience 86 12

3 8

4

28 Type of experience 4 5

39

24

9

3

2

1

Scientific activities

R&D

Scientific Student Conference

PhD

Experience at other automotive companies

With experience at Knorr-Bremse

More than 3 years of experience

Less than 3 years of experience

Fresh Graduate

Number of applicants

Justification for the Common Activities Recruitment analyses 228 35

132

109 5

total

employed

Traineeship at KB

university student

How companies and university can work together in order to prepare better engineers for the industry  

How companies and university can work together in order to prepare better engineers for the industry

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