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Welcome to the April 2009 quarter edition of Exchange

corresponding round last year, and the number of applicants for advertised AYAD

Magazine.

assignments continues to grow with each intake.

“How will the global financial crisis impact on

Another great initiative worth knowing about in these times of doom and gloom

international volunteering over the next 12 to 18

is the Global Poverty Project which is building the global movement to engage,

months?” This is the thought-provoking question that

educate and catalyse action to tackle extreme poverty and achieve the Millennium

was posed by Flavia Pansieri, Executive Coordinator

Development Goals, with the following objectives:

of the United Nations Volunteers (UNV) Programme

• Reach 50,000,000+ through media and publicity, raising awareness of extreme

to me and others at an international volunteer agency conference in Cambodia late last year.

poverty • Educate 200,000+ through presentations, deepening and reframing their view of extreme poverty

The Australian Youth Ambassadors for Development (AYAD) Program aims to

There is no doubt that, in the face of the ‘GFC’, the role that volunteerism can play

strengthen mutual understanding between Australia and the countries of the Asia

in promoting development is as important as ever. While developing countries in

Pacific region and make a positive contribution to development. The Program

Australia’s region are in a stronger position to withstand the direct impacts of the

The AYAD Program is pleased to be working with project founder Hugh Evans

achieves these aims by placing skilled young Australian (18-30) on short-term

crisis compared to emerging economies in other parts of the world, the slowdown

(one of the key leaders behind the successful Australian MAKEPOVERTYHISTORY

assignments in developing countries in the Asia Pacific region. AYAD volunteers

in growth will translate into reduced employment and incomes for poor households

campaign) and his team to support the Global Poverty Project. For further details

work with local counterparts in Host Organisations to achieve sustainable

which have already seen their real incomes eroded by high food prices. The story

go to the project website www.globalpovertyproject.com.

development outcomes through capacity building, skills exchange and institutional

of Bangladesh AYAD Carly Sheehan (p.16) shows how volunteers can assist

strengthening.

by working with the poorest and most vulnerable households to address the

On a final note I would like to thank all our Australian Partner Organisations,

underlying causes of food insecurity.

returned volunteers and interested members of the public who participated in our

• Engage 50,000+ citizens globally to take direct action on extreme poverty

highly successful annual AYAD Forum event in Sydney on 31st March. Keynote

The AYAD Program provides support to AYADs including living and accommodation allowances, flights, pre-departure training, in-country

While the on-going demand for volunteers in developing countries is clear, there

speakers Tim Costello (CEO World Vision), Dr Rod Watkins (Former CEO Scan

management, insurance, medicals and debrief on return.

is some conjecture over how the crisis will impact on the supply-side. The ‘glass

Optics) and Michelle England (Returned AYAD) contributed to a lively discussion

half empty’ view is that people will be less inclined to make the commitment

on health and disability – development perspectives. On this topic, check out the

The AYAD Program is an Australian Government, AusAID initiative and is fully

to volunteer as their attention turns to domestic economic problems and fears

great story of AYAD Caroline Mills (p.20) who is using her own experiences as an

funded by the Australian Government’s overseas aid agency, AusAID. AYAD is

about job security. The alternative, more optimistic view is that the strength of

‘outsider’ to bring occupational therapy to children with autism in China.

managed by Austraining International, a South Australian international project

volunteerism will prevail as people increasingly recognise that volunteering allows

management company.

them to make a contribution while gaining a valuable personal and professional

Until the next edition,

development experience (and enhancing their employability). I am pleased to say that current AYAD Program trends support the optimistic view; our most recent

Anthony Rologas

round of public information sessions attracted 50% more registrants than the

AYAD Project Director


Exchange

April - June, 2009

Editor

Orit Bierenboim

Sub Editor

Erin Green

Design:

Agency of New Design

4 White Ribbons in Mongolia

Contributors:

6 The Power of Butcher’s Paper

Emma Farrell

10 Not So High and Dry

Erin Richardson

Ian Cunningham Carly Sheehan

12 Building Communities

Anna Gero

14 Leading the Way

Dan Skehan

Belinda Lawton

Caroline Mills

16 The Deep End 18 Sowing Seeds in the Philippines 20 Integrate/Communicate

Photo credits: Cover & Contents Page – Emma Farrell & Jill Finnane White Ribbons in Mongolia – Erin Richardson The Power of Butcher’s Paper – Emma Farrell & Jill Finnane

22 Australian Partner Organisations

Not So High and Dry – Ian Cunningham

23 Calendar

Leading the Way – Danny Connery / Anna Gero

Building Communities – Carly Sheehan

The Deep End – Belinda Lawton & Bart Verwey Sowing Seeds in the Philippines – Dan Skehan Integrate/ Communicate – Caroline Mills & Yin Li Cover : A young boy and his father on their way to catch

All Content and Images are

AYAD 2009

Mullet in beautiful Kiribati. Left : AYAD Emma Farrell

Exchange Magazine welcomes submissions from

preparing Pandanus leaves

AYADs and alumni (RAYADs), Host Organisations and

for weaving. ( See pg. 7 for Emma’s story )

Australian Partner Organisations. Please contact the AYAD Marketing Manager, Orit Bierenboim at info@ayad.com.au for further information.

Exchange is printed on recycled paper.


Below : Erin with the students at the 65th School in Ulaanbaatar Right : Songinkhairkhan District, Ulaanbaatar

Every year on the 25th of November, women and men in countries all over the world stand together to speak out against violence against women. On this day, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women (White Ribbon Day), we remember the victims of the 1989 Montreal Massacre, in which fourteen female engineering students were brutally murdered by Marc Lepine, who bitterly resented women and women’s achievements, particularly their advancements into traditionally ‘male’ fields. Today, the Massacre is considered emblematic of extreme gender-based violence, and White Ribbon Day is a chance to both remember the victims of the Massacre, and to work together to create a world free of violence against women. Mongolia may be a long way from Canada and the roots of the day, but the issues driving White Ribbon Day are an all too common reality for Mongolian women and girls. According to the statistics, one in three Mongolian women

is subject to some form of physical or sexual violence; ninety-five percent of the perpetrators are male. Despite the prevalence of violence against women, reporting rates are low, social sanctions few, and shelters and other infrastructure either overstretched or non-existent, particularly in Mongolia’s rural areas. Within this context, AYAD Erin Richardson jumped at the chance to work with her colleagues at the Gender Center for Sustainable Development in running a behavioural-change workshop for sixty teenagers at a high school in a poor district on the outskirts of Ulaanbaatar as part of White Ribbon Day. With fellow AYAD Benjamin Rodgers from the Lotus Children’s Center as her male co-facilitator and their Mongolian counterparts Erdenesuvd and Torsaikhan, Ben and Erin adapted the White Ribbon Day Campaign curriculum to the realities of Mongolian life: in a context where violence is a widely accepted part of relationships between women and men, encouraging attitudinal change means going back to basics.

On the morning of White Ribbon Day, the team crammed into a Mongolian taxi - the ubiquitous Hyundai Excel – and rattled through Ulaanbaatar’s dilapidated city streets to the 65th School in the Songinkhairkhan district on the northwest edge of town. Songinkhairkhan is one of Ulaanbaatar’s poorest areas – over 10 percent of its poorest people live in the district – explained by its close proximity to a rubbish dump at which hundreds of locals, including many children, scrounge for recyclables to sell back to vendors. The Gender Center for Sustainable Development has worked with the community in Songinkhairkhan for over five years, with community based activities such

as a Nutrition Center (that provides free training for single parents in hospitality industries and nutrition information to the community) and a free informal school located on the site of the rubbish dump for the children who have no choice but to ‘work’ there. “The first step in changing attitudes towards violence against women in a context in which it is often considered a ‘normal’ aspect of relationships”, Erin says, “is to first unpack – in ways students can understand – the values underpinning gender relations, which are predicated on ideas about ‘traditional’ gender roles. So, after our icebreaker and introductions, we divided our sixty

Mongolia ‘Violence Against Women Factsheet’. Open Society Forum 2006 One study noted by the Asian Development Bank and World Bank noted that less than half of survivors of violence report to the police. (2005) Mongolia: Country Gender Assessment (Manila: Asian Development Bank andWorld Bank), p.43, available at http://siteresources.worldbank.org/mongoliaextn/Resources/Gender_Assessment_ Mongolia.pdf. Gender Center for Sustainable Development, 2006.


students into pairs, and gave them 4 minutes to brainstorm ‘traditional/normal’ roles and behaviours for Mongolian women, and ‘traditional/normal’ roles and behaviours for Mongolian men, respectively.” The results were predictable - even for an observer only recently acquainted with Mongolian culture: women are ‘caring’, make the tea, and take care of the family; men are ‘strong’, unemotional, and make the decisions. “It was not surprising”, Erin notes. “Armed with these lists, we asked the teens to identify which behaviours were the result of ‘biology’, and which ones were not. The students decided that virtually all of the behaviours were based on cultural (therefore changeable), not biological norms.” The goal of the exercise was not to do away with culture, Erin points out, but to demonstrate that the gendered roles - and the associated cultural values attributed to Mongolian men’s and women’s roles - “are not, in fact, as ‘natural’ or immutable as they might appear. From this, we were able

to explain that the cultural justifications for gender inequality, then, are not really adequate justifications at all.” By the afternoon, the sixty teens had worked through games, a discussion about violence and how it affects them, and a ‘snowball survey’ in which they were able to – anonymously – find out how their peers really felt about things like violence, sex, and school. As the thick coal haze from ger (yurt) cooking fires settled over the ramshackle district, the team moved onto the last activity of the day, a “He Said/She Said” scenario on date rape, set in a typical Mongolian ger camp. With Ben and Torsaikhan leading the boys in another room, Erin and Erdenesuvd sat down with the girls to have a frank and open discussion about sexuality, and rape. “It was remarkable”, Erin says. “For many of these girls, the idea that they had the right to say ‘no’ to sex after agreeing to a date, or engaging in some other kind of sexual activity like kissing, was totally alien. Attitudes of victim blame were definitely present, and so for Erdenesuvd

and I, it was really rewarding to empower the girls with the knowledge that they do have a choice, and the simple fact that sex without consent – irrespective of the circumstances – is rape.” Yet there is a long way to go in reaching the goals of White Ribbon Day, Erin concedes: “Gender relations in Mongolia are paradoxical. While discrimination against women may not be as overt as in other Asian countries – women make up the majority of tertiary graduates, for example, and are well represented in the workforce – issues like widespread violence against women and women’s lack of representation in parliament remain extremely concerning. For Mongolians like my colleagues at GCSD who are challenging violence against women, there is much work still to be done.”

5


7 Butchers’ paper is not usually considered an official document, yet on 11

neighbours. President Anote Tong and his eight-person delegation met with

September 2006 a delegation led by the Edmund Rice Centre for Justice

members of the Partnership when he visited Australia in July 2008.

and Community Education took four large sheets of butchers’ paper to the Australian Parliament. The butchers’ paper contained messages from

Fading somewhat into the background however are the humble beginnings

community leaders from the Pacific nation of Kiribati seeking to inform

of the Partnership and these transformative sheets of butchers’ paper. The

Australian parliamentarians and the Australian community to the effects that

historical messages on the butchers’ paper were in fact an outcome of

climate change is having on their islands.

an Australian Youth Ambassador for Development (AYAD) assignment in Kiribati.

The butchers’ paper messages have since been laminated for posterity and inspired the formation of the Pacific Calling Partnership – a consortium

Kiribati is a small atoll nation of 95,000 people whose existence is

of 200 organisations and individuals with the unifying goal of seeking

inextricably tied to the sea. With a total landmass of 33 tiny islands sprinkled

climate justice for low lying Pacific nations. Since its inauguration in 2006,

across 3.4 million square kilometres of the Pacific ocean, the people

the Partnership has conducted numerous forums exploring human rights

of Kiribati have developed a unique and patient understanding with the

dilemmas posed by climate change, led a delegation of youth from Kiribati,

indiscriminate nature of their ocean – an ocean that has provided them a

the Torres Strait, mainland Australia and the Carteret Islands to attend the

plentiful source of nourishment for generations, yet at the same time taken

2007 UN Climate Change Conference in Bali; conducted youth leadership

so many loved ones away. However, this patient understanding is steadily

programs and immersions tours between Australia and Kiribati; and become

being eroded as human-induced climate change alters the natural dynamics

a driving force in developing creative educational resources including a

of their oceanic existence.

musical cd to raise awareness of climate justice issues for our Pacific


Left – Working and weaving Middle – Fishing for sharks in the deep waters near the island. Right – One of the messages to come out of the climate change workshop Far Right - Participants of the climate change workshop composing their messages

A sense of international responsibility for the plight of nations such as

holiday (and with only a days notice) to participate in a workshop on

Kiribati that are most vulnerable and less able to cope with the impacts

climate change and the environment. During the workshop, participants

of climate change, was the primary motivation for Australian Youth

debated issues raised in a locally made film by Linda Uan of Nei Tabera

Ambassador, Emma Farrell, to travel to the remote outer islands of Kiribati.

Ni Kai Video Unit, called Kiribati and Global Warming – A Message for the

With the support of her Australian Partner Organisation, the Edmund Rice

World. After feeling depressed and then inspired by the messages in the

Centre for Justice and Community Education, Emma spent 12 months

film, participants composed messages on large sheets of butchers’ paper

working with up to 400 teachers and community leaders to help set up

and requested that the Edmund Rice Centre deliver them to the Australian

environmental education programs in their schools and communities.

Government on their behalf.

Emma primarily worked with an association of Catholic teachers and

This was a transformative moment that has led to a sustained movement

religious leaders who wanted her to impart practical skills in sustainability

on climate justice and forged new partnerships between communities

and strengthen their knowledge of the effects and strategies to address

in Australia and Kiribati. When Emma started her AYAD assignment she

climate change. Emma sought first of all to get to know the people and to

wrestled with the challenge of how to sustain the outcomes of these

understand and live within the culture and she quickly developed the ability

workshops after she finished her 12 month AYAD assignment. It did not

to converse with communities in the Kiribati language. The workshops she

seem like adequate time to bring about sustainable change, especially for

conducted, mostly in rural areas across several of the Kiribati islands were

communities who have limited capacity to have their voices heard in the

based on permaculture principles and in collaboration with local farmers

international arena. The answer did not involve large amounts of funding

and the Kiribati Department of Agriculture. Participants learned about

or technical expertise but rather time, enthusiasm and carefully crafted

strategies to ensure clean water, create healthy productive soils, grow food

strategic planning to develop long-lasting networks and connect community

sustainability and protect marine and coastal environments.

activists with shared goals across the region. The change was derived from empowering individuals to bring their diverse talents to the table. The AYAD

Out of the 30 workshops conducted over the course of a year, the final

Program played a part in catalysing that change and shares in the credit of

workshop was of particular significance. In March 2006, thirty-four local

the fantastic work being carried out by the Pacific Calling Partnership.

village leaders from the rural island of North Tarawa turned up on a public


Since it began one of the key goals of the Pacific Calling Partnership has been the fostering of Pacific links and developing knowledge about climate change, advocacy and leadership skills among Pacific Islanders living in Australia. This goal took a boost with the employment in mid 2008 of Maria Tiimon who moved to Australia from Kiribati in 2007. Maria has presented the human face of climate change at numerous events since she began work, culminating in her address to thousands of assembled people at the Walk against Warming in Martin Place in Sydney in November 2008. Reaching out to all Pacific Island communities, the Partnership is mentoring interested individuals so they can become more informed about climate change and develop skills in presenting the issues facing their countries to the Australian community. Story and traditional dance make this community education program relevant and dynamic. The year 2009, a crucial year for making decisions about climate change, will see the Partnership taking a determinedly international focus with plans for sending another skills sharing delegation to Kiribati to take part in workshops with people from partner organisations there. The workshops will prepare for another joint Pacific Calling Partnership delegation to go to the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change in Copenhagen in December.

9


N O T

S O

H I G H

A N D

D R Y Bali is not often thought of as a dry island; lush, tropical forests and shady beaches are the usual signposts for the Bali most Australians know. However, the reality, particularly in the eastern regency of Karangasem, is that many people suffer from lack of access to sufficient water to cover basic human needs and when the water is accessible it is not the clean, reliable source appreciated in Australia. Desa Tenganan, an area consisting of 5 villages and approximately 4000 people, is the current focus of a water infrastructure project by Engineers Without Borders (EWB) Australia, Unit Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum (UPSAB, translating to controllers of the clean water infrastructure), local NGO Yayasan Wisnu and the AYAD Program. In the dry season local people can spend over two hours a day collecting water, taking away from time better spent on food and income earning activities. The lack of water also raises serious sanitation issues with so many people trying to eke enough water out of limited resources. These issues raise tensions throughout the community and cause conflict between villages.


Left: Locals constructing a pilot plant for a water treatment system

UPSAB are the local group who manage the water

Ceremonies play a big part in the customs of the

in the village of Dauh Tukad. It translates to “banana

also have the means to deliver better quality water with

infrastructure of Desa Tenganan. Engineers Without

Balinese. Ian has found that a ceremony is a perfect way

warfare” and from what I can gather it involves exactly

greater regularity.”

Borders are assisting UPSAB by providing technical

to take in the culture of a community as well as find a

that!“

support from a team of volunteer engineers in Australia

place in the local community.

in-country volunteers like AYAD Ian Cunningham.

The project has been a real example of how Australian The water project has engaged the wider community

volunteers with the support of Australian organisations

“We have attended a lot of colourful, fascinating

and major construction work commenced in March,

like the AYAD Program and Engineers without Borders

and by partnering with the AYAD Program to provide and sometimes obscure ceremonies. These include

undertaken almost entirely by local volunteer labour. The

can help facilitate community development. Ian has

The Australian based volunteers are involved in a pilot

weddings, funerals and mass cremations, tooth filing

project encompasses not only building infrastructure

enjoyed his time so much and been so inspired by the

project for EWB to demonstrate how engineers in

ceremonies and village purifications.”

to help deliver clean water to the community but also

determination of the community that he will be staying

assisting in improving the UPSAB organisation. The

on beyond his assignment to continue working - and to

One of the more interesting ceremonies was Tenganan’s

project is almost entirely driven by the local community

try his hand at banana warfare.

“makare karean” which culminated in the males of the

and their needs, following a bottom-up approach where

The in-country volunteers provide on the ground

village (play) fighting with spiny pandanous leaves and

the community learn to provide for their own needs.

training and technical support. AYAD Ian Cunningham

cane shields, after which they all sit around and treat

is assisting UPSAB with the water situation by helping

each others’ scratches and drink and eat together. Ian

Ian has noted “there has been a noticeable change in

with technical, planning and management aspects of the

knows the value of participating in these events both

the UPSAB with their confidence to manage the system

water system upgrade. Ian is an Environmental Engineer

from a community involvement standpoint and because

and real efforts to engage the local community in taking

and very happy in his current position:

they can be just plain fun:

ownership of their water system. They have overhauled

For more information on the project, please visit

their management and now have people responsible

www.ewb.org.au

Australia can work pro-bono for development projects, much the same as the legal industry already does.

“I love my assignment! One day we might be walking

“I was ‘lucky’ enough to be involved in the makare

for water allocation, water quality, finances and

through rice terraces, villages and jungle trying to

karean and I came off fine from the fighting. The worse

maintenance who in turn will be training other people in

find a pipeline and then the next meeting with local

bit was actually the combination of bare feet and the

the community to assist them. They can now manage

communities, listening to their concerns and educating

stage, which was littered with the spiny leaves. The

the water they have a lot more effectively and in the

them that there is a choice for something different.”

next one I am looking forward to is ‘perang pisang’ held

near future and with a little capital investment, they will

9 1


Leading the way The United Nations Development Programme

While the shift from rural to urban may be seen as a

(UNDP) in Apia, Samoa, is a Multi-Country

positive move for many Samoans, with better access to

Office (MCO) and responsible for developing

many services, these kinds of shifts can raise a number

and implementing projects in Samoa, the Cook

of issues both in terms of the physical environment and

Islands, Niue and Tokelau. Anna Gero began

social and cultural norms.

her AYAD assignment as Regional Disaster Management Advisor in March 2008 at the MCO,

Vaitele has been the industrial zone of Samoa, hosting

and has been fortunate to get her hands dirty

factories, scrap metal yards, light and heavy industry

in several interesting projects aimed at better

and the brewery for Samoa’s own beer, Vailima. Over

coordinating the disaster response in the Pacific –

time people have settled (sometimes without formal

as well as some projects that have expanded her

title) alongside these properties and, as there had been

The UNDP’s interest is in the governance and human

human–rights based approach to governance including

experience in the development field! As her time on

no planning for these influxes, the results have included

rights issues in Vaitele. Traditionally, villages are governed

improved institutional and technical capability to plan

assignment comes to a close, Anna is working hard

damage to their health, as well as to their social and

within a set structure that is almost autonomous from

and manage land uses, further development and

on the initial phase of a pilot project to address

cultural well-being.

central government. Each village has a council, or fono,

the promotion of peace and harmony with all parties

made up of matais (chiefs) from each family. The village

represented. This will be achieved through pilot work

In traditional village settings the government can rely

fono is like the parliament for the village. From the village

to develop a Sustainable Management Plan primarily

on systems centered around the fa’asamoa (Samoan

fono, a pulenu’u, almost equivalent to a village mayor,

facilitated by the PUMA. Samoa is a deeply religious

Vaitele is a village on the western periphery of Apia,

way of life - customs and norms practiced at household

is elected. The pulenu’u receives a salary from the

society, and churches play a central role in society. It

Samoa’s capital. It is a village currently undergoing rapid

level) for consensus building; maintaining basic social

government and is responsible for upholding the laws

is expected that the churches will play a key role in the

urbanization, as people from all over Samoa move closer

justice; providing harmony with development; assisting

passed within the village council as well as liaising with

proposed alternative governance system in Vaitele.

to the urban center for medical services, education,

with community services/support; having strong respect

government when necessary. The women’s committee,

business opportunities, community services and

for the environment and basic lawfulness. However,

and the Government Women’s Representative (equivalent

Working with Samoan government counterparts has

employment. I am working with the Planning and Urban

without such platforms in Vaitele, the community and

to the pulenu’u) collaborate with the village fono with

been great. PUMA aim to recruit a Team Leader for

Management Agency (PUMA), a government agency

Government have faced problems. Crime rates are high,

regard to these laws. The laws a village may enforce

the project, someone with a wealth of experience to

within the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment

as is the unemployment rate, the population is dominated

can relate to curfews (including daily sa, or prayer time),

guide the team through the process of developing the

to develop a Sustainable Management Plan with

by youth and the accustomed social values and norms

behaviour of youth and tidiness and cleanliness of the

Sustainable Management Plan. I asked the Project

adequate planning mechanisms and a new governance

are not being enforced at the village level as they would

village. Some villages have weekly inspections of not only

Director, who also happens to head PUMA, what he

structure for this region.

be in a village setting.

the outside of people’s properties, but also inside their

saw as the key objective for the project – “The Vaitele

fales (houses)!

Sustainable Management Plan will be a land use and

the growing urbanisation of previously rural populations in the Pacific.

This type of urbanisation is occurring throughout the

For some there is little opportunity to pursue traditional

Pacific, and, as such, this project is seen by the UNDP

income earning such as subsistence or cash-crop

Since Vaitele lacks this governance system, there is the

an overarching guide to future equitable physical, social

and partners as a pilot in which lessons may be learned

farming because of the small land holdings. Vaitele is

potential for the already present problems of crime and

and resource use and development in Vaitele”. He added

and implemented in neighbouring countries.

also physically dislocated from other urban villages and

conflicts between families to escalate into significant

later that he was eager to provide the people of Vaitele

distant from many of the services an urban center like

issues requiring more attention from central government

with a workable plan in which all stakeholders have the

Apia usually provides.

law enforcers and the police. This project will have a

opportunity to contribute.

urban development policy document that aims to provide


I have been lucky to also work closely with an expert from UNDP’s regional Pacific Center in Fiji. Nurina Widagdo is the Program Specialist for Governance, and says that: “Concurrent with the development of the Sustainable Management Plan will be the development options for a new governance system, which could be applied in the Vaitele area to reflect its unique urban development form.� Work is already underway for the Vaitele Pilot Project. A recent field trip to the area demonstrated the locations of where industry, agriculture, schools, the brewery and domestic housing sit side by side. An old quarry is soon to be transformed into sporting fields, with new laws prohibiting the dumping of rubbish, which has plagued the area for years. Additional UN agencies are keen to assist with technical expertise and guidance and the government hope to engage other international donors as part of the partnership. A detailed workplan and budget has been developed through the hard work of government counterparts and initial funding has been disbursed to set up the office and purchase a dedicated vehicle to assist in transport for community members to attend workshops and seminars. Although I will not see the full implementation of this exciting project, I have been fortunate to be involved in the initiation phase and am optimistic that after my departure, the project will go on to achieve its objectives and provide the people of Vaitele with a positive plan for the future of their village.

3


A year working on drowning prevention programs across Asia turns into an opportunity for Returned AYAD Belinda Lawton to strengthen partnerships between her host organisation in-country and Australian icon, The Royal Life Saving Society with excellent results. The ending to the AYAD year was abrupt, filled with a week of hugs and tears, long hours and a battle against the clock to round off the work started a year before. I came home with the unsettling feeling that I hadn’t yet completed the circle; somehow the predetermined end date had ended up feeling like desertion rather than the highly planned exit that months of preparation had promised. The AYAD Program encourages you to immerse yourself in the local culture and in your new workplace. When it works well, the bonds you form with the people and the country of your placement mean you leave part of your heart behind when you return. It also makes it impossible to leave the job behind in the way you would moving between jobs in Australia. I simply couldn’t forget the reality that for every child that is getting access to the injury prevention projects supported by my host organisation, The Alliance for Safe Children, in Thailand, Bangladesh and Vietnam, tens of thousands of children remain at constant risk because their families lack the skills and knowledge to keep them safe. I caught myself more than once compiling a mental list of what more could and should be done, including specific experiences that I felt should be shared more widely to ensure the project kept growing and strengthening. An unofficial debrief on return to Sydney with my Australian Partner Organisation, the Royal Life Saving Society - Australia, only added to the list of ideas. Together we came up with a list of short-term goals that could support Royal Life Saving’s ongoing efforts to help reduce child drowning in Asia and nurture their partnership with The Alliance for Safe Children and


Besides sharing information, the Development Internship was also an opportunity for the Royal Life Saving Society – Australia to review more than a decade of international involvement. A key aspect of the Development Internship was researching and writing a report on what activities Royal Life Saving had already undertaken internationally. The gamut of Royal Life Saving’s activity includes formalised partnerships such as its Australian Partner Organisation status with AYAD; responses to individual requests for assistance from not-for-profit organisations throughout Asia and the Pacific; and targeted assistance through industry bodies such as the International Life Saving Federation. Above : Left to Right : Belinda experiences some Bangladesh culture : Belinda with staff at The Centre for Injury Prevention and Research, Bangladesh : First Aid Training

Professionally, the most rewarding aspect was writing grant applications for the Centre for Injury Prevention and Research, Bangladesh. That list formed

bamboo structure in one of dozens of village ponds; the Thai primary school

the drowning prevention programs in Bangladesh and Thailand, knowing

the basis of an application for a month-long AYAD Development Internship

aged children shyly showing their injury prevention textbooks which were

that any additional funds would ensure children who would have otherwise

based at their head office.

produced with the assistance of The Alliance for Safe Children; the grieving

missed out on survival swimming classes could be given the skills that might

faces at a community meeting called to discuss a recent injury-related death

just save their lives. On a personal level, the Development Internship also

Part of the Development Internship was to share knowledge with key staff at

in the slums of Dhaka, Bangladesh; the delighted laughter of children in the

opened a great career opportunity. After a year developing my knowledge on

Royal Life Saving about the progress of the projects and ongoing research.

crèche showing off their new safety knowledge; the animated discussions of

drowning prevention strategies, I was delighted to accept a role at the end

Cultural differences meant that progress updates that would help the

the first aid staff in the slum areas of Dhaka practicing CPR for the first time

of my internship working with the team in the national office of the Royal Life

Australian team plan and prepare came through infrequently, so there was

on manikins.

Saving Society – Australia.

Each year across Asia, it is estimated that 350,000 children die from drowning. Studies in Bangladesh have shown 17,000 children drown annually, mostly within a few metres of their family’s back door.

While the office in Sydney might be a long way away from the field sites in

less time to sit and map out strategic responses. Nuances that are often missed on email or in crackly phone conversations from the field could be far better shared in person. Starting the internship quite quickly after getting home made sure all my experiences were still fresh. While the instinct to hold on to electronic copies

Bangladesh, Thailand and Vietnam, undertaking the Development Internship allowed me to carry at least part of the bonds I formed through AYAD home. Ultimately what I discovered through the year in-country and the Development Internship was that AYAD isn’t a destination; it is a journey that

of some key documents did prove useful, it was the personal contact with

In Australia, the water safety knowledge that is often attributed to common

people I’d met in the field which brought the statistics and facts to life in

sense is actually the result of public awareness and education campaigns

a way that was meaningful. Treasured memories were the most engaging

that have been run by Royal Life Saving for over 110 years. Without access

way to convey what was happening on the ground: the smiling faces of the

to the kind of information and skills that Australians take for granted,

Bangladesh children lining up for their first swimming lessons in a rough

children’s lives will continue to be lost in Asia, year after year.

continues to shape my life.

5


Below : School children practicing their chants the day before the embankment building Right : A mother participates in the embankment building

AYAD Carly Sheehan discovers the true meaning of building community in the diligence, pride and hard work of the local people in flood-ravaged Bangladesh. Here she shares her story: Having enough food on the table is one of the cornerstones of food security in the developing world. But in Bangladesh many of the poorest and most vulnerable have struggled to save their crops from annual floods and ensure enough income to feed their communities throughout tough years. The CARE Bangladesh food security program, Strengthening Household Ability to Respond to Development Opportunities (SHOUHARDO), looks to address the underlying causes of food insecurity by reaching some of the poorest and most vulnerable households in four regions of Bangladesh. I was placed with CARE Bangladesh as a Regional Documentation Officer, tasked with investigating and reporting on the both successful community changes and any unexpected challenges of the SHOUHARDO Program, for use with donors and importantly, for internal learning. While my base was in Chittagong, the second biggest city in Bangladesh in the south, my work also took me to the remote north east, which experiences flooding for up to six months of the year. On a map, Kewarjore union (a collection of villages) is just 24 kilometres off Kishoreganj District. In reality, due to inaccessible roads and poor transportation systems, it is a 40 minute drive from the town and then a 3-4 hour journey by boat (or a one hour speed boat ride if you’re a bideshi (foreigner) like me).


A quarter of all residents in Kewarjore work as

The day itself was one of the most special of my time in

embankment, and one village that constructed a

sharecroppers, tending the land for absent landowners,

Bangladesh. Different groups – school children, women’s

particularly impressive 7.5km permanent embankment.

and taking a share of the profits. For many years, these

empowerment groups, and different villages – were all

What is most remarkable is that these embankments

residents have struggled to save their rice paddies from

given strips of coloured cloth, to identify themselves

were conceptualised and completed, by the initiative

the early flooding of the Dhoulai River. In Kewarjore,

and their working area. These groups marched proudly

and voluntary work of thousands of people, within a

the only source of income for many households is the

to their designated areas, carrying banners, playing

month and a half.

one annual rice harvest. When crops are destroyed by

instruments, chanting and laughing, excited about the

the floods many are forced to turn to money lenders to

day’s festivities. Members of the communities who were

My Bengali counterpart Sharmin and I investigated the

supplement their income, at which times interest rates

unable to contribute physical labour were organised to

impacts of two embankments that were constructed

are increased due to demand. Theft and domestic

prepare food, care for young children, and fetch drinking

on the Kewarjore model, and were amazed at the

violence incidences also increase during these hard

water. Each village had raised enough funds to purchase

enthusiasm and dedication shown by the communities.

times, and there are reports that some households sell

livestock to slaughter, which ceremoniously took place

At one of the villages I was told a story of an elderly

the labour of their young sons to receive the bride’s

beside the embankment. A private breastfeeding area

man who was so committed to the embankment that

dowry.

was established for lactating mothers, and the local

he proclaimed that if should die while working on the

government doctor was organised to provide medical

embankment, that his family and community should not

services by the organising villagers.

stop the work to perform his funeral rites, as it was more

In October 2005, after a devastating flood which had destroyed over 12 million taka (AUD$1 = 45 taka)

important to finish the construction. Thankfully, he lived

worth of crops, the SHOUHARDO program began to

I was lucky enough to be invited to observe the

implement activities in Kewarjore union. As the harvest

embankment building for myself, and couldn’t

usually takes place in April, in 2006 the SHOUHARDO

believe that over 8,000 people could be organised

What seems like such a simple idea has revolutionised

Program put a plan into motion that would see a

to work together to build a 7.2km embankment. The

the rural north east of Bangladesh, and I was very

temporary embankment constructed that was big

atmosphere was one of celebration and fun, and it

proud to be part of an organisation that worked so

enough to delay flood waters to provide enough time

was an inspiring day to be part of. The labour was

effectively with communities, to not only provide financial

to harvest the crops, before being washed away. In

backbreaking – using picks and shovels, the villagers

support, but also the skills, knowledge and drive for the

2006 and 2007, the communities joined together with

dug and dug at the soil, and then carried it in baskets on

communities to provide for themselves sustainably in

CARE Bangladesh to raise funds and provide labour to

their heads to dump in piles, forming the embankment.

future. The people of Bangladesh, among the poorest in

construct these embankments, which saved 250 million

The embankment took five days to be completed, and

Asia, continually impressed me with their determination

taka worth of crops from flood damage.

at its completion, the observers from other villagers

to provide better lives for their children, and were so

were challenged to make their own workplans for

generous with what little they had.

In 2008, the villagers of Kewarjore, who were extremely

to see the construction completed.

embankment building.

pleased with the past results of embankment building,

Spending 12 month as an Australian Youth Ambassador

decided to share this knowledge with people from other

This process, of not only motivating other communities,

for Development really opened my eyes to the

villages. With the help of CARE Bangladesh, observers

but strongly encouraging them to make commitments

inequalities of the world, but also to the similarities of

from 29 villages were brought to Kewarjore to speak

to follow suit, proved to be a successful model.

people, no matter what their financial standing, race or

with the village committee and witness the embankment

The Kewarjore experience was harnessed by 35

religion.

building.

communities, including one village that built a 10km

7


When AYAD Dan Skehan went on

With the increasing costs and with elevated

assignment to the Philippines he knew he

rice prices, farmers are trying to produce

had three main tasks to achieve: to develop

more food from their land with less input

a sustainable agricultural manual, to train

costs. Through sustainable agricultural

his counterparts and to research alternative

training, it is hoped that they will be able to

marketing systems for sustainable

achieve both food security and higher family

agricultural produce. This work alone would

income.

be a challenge to achieve but in living and working in the Philippines he discovered that

Dan’s key tasks have been to develop these

there was so much to give, to share and to

trainings and enhance their effectiveness.

learn and that his work there would include

Achieving this has meant working with both

so much more than he originally believed.

the local farmers receiving the trainings and his counterparts at PAGBAG-O to share

Dan has been working as a sustainable

his training skills and sustainable agriculture

agricultural officer for his host organisation

knowledge.

PAGBAG-O, a sustainable agriculture NGO based in Dumaguete, Negros Oriental.

Dan has particularly enjoyed working with

PAGBAG-O’s key focus is providing

the farmers who his host organisation are

education and training to farmers through a

training to become ‘farmer technicians.’

network of community organisations.

Running these training workshops with his host organisation has been a great experience. Dan says:


Left: Local farmers pose for a photo after a training session Right: Dan with the participants of his training session

“It is so refreshing to host a training session, where the number of participants is greater than expected and where everyone has a genuine thirst for learning.”

Early in his assignment Dan conducted a

and evaluation process for his counterparts

Recently AusAID and the AYAD Program

One of the underlying questions behind

training needs analysis with his counterparts,

as well as assist them to deliver better

ran a workshop in the Philippines for Host

Dan’s AYAD experience was “am I equipped

to make sure that the trainings he delivered

impact reporting. Thus pleasing both his

Organisations. The aim of this workshop

and able to work in development?” After

were relevant and needed. The outcomes

host organisation and external funders.

was to look at ways in which the Program

such an enjoyable and fulfilling year, the

could work with local Host Organisations in

answer Dan has found is yes.

of this meant that not only has he delivered trainings about sustainable agriculture but

Outside of work, Dan has also enjoyed

the long term through strategic partnerships.

also other training such as computer training

getting into the community of Dumaguete,

PAGBAG-O was a participant at the

Through action planning, these farmers will

and Myers Briggs personality testing. He has

Negros Oriental. Negros is a beautiful place

workshop and is now working with the

take home their learnings and use them on

even run training programs in training!

known as ‘the city of gentle people’ and

AYAD Program to develop a long-term

there is a lot to see and do.

relationship through targeted strategic

the farm. It is hoped that these local farmer technicians will then go out and continue

Miguel Cabilao, Dan’s counterpart, is now

to train other local farmers in the future

proficient at developing training materials

Getting to know some of the locals led to

to ensure the long term sustainability of

for delivery to farmers in PAGBAG-O’s 17

a Christmas party for the street kids, which

In response to this workshop PAGABAG-O

improved agricultural practices in the area.

member people’s organisations ensuring the

saw about 75 children under 15, have a day

is looking at its future and how it wants to

ongoing sustainability of the training arm of

at the beach with games, food and even a

grow and develop. Dan is now preparing

PAGBAG-O’s work.

surprise visit from Santa. Thanks to some

to go back to PAGBAG-O as a capacity

friends, there was even a doctor on hand

development officer to continue to support

But Dan’s training work didn’t end there. Similar to most AYAD assignments, training

planning.

colleagues is central to Dan’s assignment.

Given Dan’s background in project

to give a check up to all of the children, for

and improve the other training arms within

By improving the internal practices at

management, he has also been able to

some of which it was their first time. The day

the organisation and undertake some

PAGBAG-O Dan would be helping to ensure

enhance the monitoring and evaluation

was a great success and for some was the

strategic planning, which will hopefully lead

the organisation’s ongoing effectiveness and

methodologies used within his organisation.

first time they had the chance to experience

to fiscal self-sustainability.

survival.

This has helped to simplify the monitoring

the giving that Christmas can be.

9


Intergrate / Communicate AYAD Caroline Mills is making sense of sensory integration, using her own experiences as an ‘outsider’ to bring occupational therapy to children with autism in China. From my studio flat on the 15th floor I can see the whole neighbourhood. Liantiang, Luohu district, Shenzhen, China. In the distance, I see Wutong Mountain, the highest in Shenzhen. It’s a typical Chinese suburb, filled with busy markets, people I can’t talk to and buzzing neon signs I can’t read. My balcony looks over the rehabilitation centre of the Shenzhen Autism Society, the place where I am to spend 6 months on my Australian Youth Ambassador for Development assignment. As well as being the first and only AYAD in the Shenzhen Autism Society, I am the first and only AYAD in Shenzhen. While occupational therapy is a respected profession with a strong support network in Australia, it’s a profession almost unknown in China. With no knowledge of Chinese language before my arrival, I’m isolated; verbally, socially and professionally. Every morning, I make my way down the elevator, past security, past the cooks relaxing from the restaurant next door, past the car wash near the rehabilitation centre. I take in the buzz of a busy city at 9am. As I make my way to the rehabilitation centre I look at my feet, as much to avoid tripping on the broken concrete as to avoid eye contact, hoping nobody speaks to me and reveals my lack of Chinese language skills. The lovely ladies in the Shenzhen Autism Society office smile at me in the morning and I speak the 3 words of Chinese I know before I slink into my cubicle and spend the rest of the day trying to decode the office banter, attempting to make sense of the world around me, the new people, my new environment. I smile and nod at colleagues as they gesture toward me while speaking Chinese. Suddenly, I’m incapable of functioning on my own. My colleagues must act on my behalf, negotiating working conditions, real estate contracts


Photos : Caroline with some of the children taking part in the sensory integration classes.

My only escape from the verbal confusion of the tiny office space is the

But I’m not able to speak to the teachers. I can’t ask them questions, I

sensory integration room. This is where the staff take the children for

can’t read the therapy plans. It’s going to be difficult to establish exactly

‘sensory integration class’. The children arrive in class groups 7-8 at a time

what the problem is. I smile back. I’m trying to think quickly, not betray my

with 5-6 adults for an hour a day. From where I sit, I see children and staff

profession, not appear lazy and not offend the lovely smiling lady standing

are crawling along the floor. There’s a lot of counting and jumping. Some

before me. Chinese people typically smile when things are awkward, or

and phone connection, while I stand by attempting to adjust to my newly

of the children get to ride on small skateboards down a giant ramp before

so I’m told. There’s a lot of smiling happening so this must be incredibly

acquired state of inadequacy. I sigh, as I sign my name on another contract

hitting a soft wall at the end of the room. The children smile and laugh

awkward. “Can I have a meeting with your teachers and a translator?” I ask.

I can’t read and sit through another negotiation I can’t understand. When

before carrying their little skateboard back to the top to do it all again.

I’m determined to ask them what their point of view is on all of this. What

you can’t decode the world around you, when you can’t understand words

do they think sensory integration is? What is their point of view on having

that are said, when you spend the day trapped inside yourself because no

“What do you think of our sensory integration class?” Asks my smiling

a non-Mandarin speaking ‘expert’ advise them and constructively criticise

one understands you, the world is a very different place and it can be a very

counterpart, in very broken English, as she leans over into my cramped

their work? I really want to help them, and I feel crippled by my inability

scary place.

little cubicle. It’s my second day on the job. They’ve identified a deficit

to speak directly to them. I smile again. There are many more awkward

in their ability to deliver services to children. They’ve decided that

situations to come…

When you have autism, life can be like this all the time. Autism is an

sensory integration, also called sensory processing, is where they need

incurable neurological condition present from birth. It is diagnosed based on

help. They’ve also decided that today’s their lucky day. They’ve got an

On day 3, I decide to get involved in sensory integration class. This is

a triad of impairments. Firstly, a communication impairment, which affects

occupational therapist, their first one, all the way from Australia and she will

the day I start to get a response from teachers around me. Looks of

a person’s ability to speak and understand language, leaving some children

fix all the problems with their sensory integration class.

astonishment, respect and confusion. The children crawl along the floor as

with no language at all. Secondly, a social interaction impairment, which

part of their first activity. I spot a child slowly meandering along the floor,

affects a person’s ability to function within a society, interact with others

“Do you have any suggestions for our teachers in sensory integration

lagging behind the rest of the children. I’ve stopped being self conscious

and take in information from people around them. People with autism can

class?” She waits silently for the answer, still smiling. She knows sensory

about it all. I’m crawling along the floor laughing hysterically and the

be poor at reading social cues and often display a lack of empathy. Thirdly,

integration is a particular area of interest in occupational therapy. Best

same child now howls with laughter, while he crawls along beside me. He

repetitive and restricted interests are often displayed in people with autism,

practice in therapy promotes talking with teachers and families, reading

anticipates my every change in direction and imitates my movements. He

which can lead to obsessive behaviours. As I sit in my office, I’m confident

existing plans and establishing what they hope to achieve. Charging in all

doesn’t speak, but gestures for me not to stop. He’s apparently having

in my knowledge of autism. After all, I’ve done this before. Everything else is

guns blazing and attempting to ‘fix’ the problem, is a therapy ‘don’t’.

the time of his life. He’s completely engaged, completely focused and

new and uncertain.

experiencing a very meaningful interaction with another person. A feat which is beyond some children with autism. At the same time he’s successfully


AUSTRALIAN PARTNER ORGANISATIONS completing coordinated motor actions with most of his

People ask me, “What is sensory integration?” The

The AYAD Program works with a diverse range of

• Aceh Research Training Institute

body, involving balance and locomotion. He’s taking it

answer is complex and academic and theoretical

Australian Partner Organisations who provide support,

• ACIAR

all in, and he’s loving it. His nervous system is taking

and based in neurology. Or perhaps it’s very simple.

enthusiasm and expertise to projects in all our partner

• Adventist Development and Relief Agency

in information through a range of different modalities.

It’s a novel foreigner crawling along the floor laughing

countries.

• AIDS Council of New South Wales

The feeling of the floor on his hands, the feeling of

like a fool while a child follows along with absolute

movement as his arms and legs complete the crawling

fascination. He’s simultaneously processing information

Australian Partner Organisations (APOs) are

• Asia Pacific Business Coalition on AIDS

motion, the sound of my voice laughing at him and the

from a number of senses at once, paying attention to

Australian government departments, non-government

• Asia-Pacific Journalism Centre

sound of his own voice replying in turn. Not to mention

one sense over the other as the need arises. This is

organisations (NGOs), educational institutions and

• Attorney-General’s Department

the hilarious movements of the silly foreigner beside

sensory integration, and we all do it every day without

private companies that have or wish to establish links

• Austcare

him. He’s visually fixed on my movements, ready to

realising it. Some children with autism have great

with organisations working in development in the Asia

• Australian Development Gateway

alter his movements to match mine at the first sign of

difficulty in this area. Helping children with autism in

Pacific region.

• Australian Foundation for the Peoples of Asia and the

change. It’s too much fun to look away. When sensory

this one area can improve their ability to process and

integration class is over, I’ve made a new friend. We

understand the world around them, resulting in a better

The benefits of being an Australian Partner

• Australian Human Rights Centre

can’t talk to each other, but apparently, we don’t need

quality of life for children and their families.

Organisation are many and varied including building

• Australian Mekong Resource Centre

new partnerships in our region, providing an amazing

• Australian National University

to. I’m delighted and surprised that my inability to

• ANZ Bank

Pacific (AFAP)

speak Chinese in this instance has been a blessing

So maybe I can help them, despite my poor language

professional development opportunity for staff and

• Australian Red Cross

rather than a curse.

skills. Communication with people, connection with

making a positive contribution to development.

• Australian Rugby Union

people is about more than language. It’s going to be

• Australian Sports Commission

a long, challenging 6 months. Living in a community

If you are interested in learning more about partnering

• Ba Futuru Australia

where I can’t read or understand anything has given me

with the AYAD Program please contact the AYAD

• Bahay Tuluyan Philippines Australia

an invaluable insight into the isolation of autism and I

Partnerships Team at apo.ayad@austraining.com.au

• Baptist World Aid Australia

believe that this newfound insight will help me, and my

or (freecall) 1800 225 592.

• Be A Hero Australia

colleagues, in our work with these beautiful children.

• Birds Australia

The AYAD Program would like to thank our current

• Blue Dragon Children’s Foundation

active APOs for their involvement and support:

• Box Hill Institute of TAFE • Brisbane Institute of Strength Based Practice • Burnet Institute


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• CARE Australia

• Football Federation Victoria

• Manly-Manado Inc.

• TAFE SA

April

• Caritas Australia

• Foundation for Developing Cambodian Communities

• Marie Stopes International Australia

• The Fred Hollows Foundation

1

Wollongong Information Session

2

Gold Coast Information Session

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• Centre for Refugee Research

• Friends of Venilale

• Netball Australia

• Transparency International

• Charles Darwin University

• George Institute for International Health

• Oceania Athletics Association

• Triathlon Australia

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Perth Information Session

• Charles Sturt Universit

• GHD

• OT Australia

• UNHCR

20

Brisbane and Adelaide Information Sessions

• UNICEF Australia

21

Canberra Information Session

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Sydney Information Session

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Darwin Information Session

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Intake 26 assignments online

• GK Ancop Australia

• Oxfam Australia

• Christian Blind Mission International

• Griffith University

• Pacific Asia Tourism

• UNIFEM Australia

• CLAN (Caring and Living as Neighbours)

• Habitat for Humanity Australia

• Permaculture Research Institute

• Union Aid Abroad (APHEDA)

• Commonwealth Ombudsman

• Hassall and Associates

• Philippines Australia Studies Centre (PASC)

• UniQuest

• Constitutional Centre of Western Australia

• Health Communication Resources

• Plan International Australia

• Uniting International Mission (UIM)

May

• Deakin University

• Hope Worldwide

• Public Interest Law Clearing House (PILCH)

• University of Adelaide

9-10

Debrief (Sydney)

(tbc)

APO/RAYAD Networking Event (Perth)

• Department of Agriculture and Food (WA)

• Humane Society International

• Queensland Institute of Medical Research

• University of Melbourne

• Department of Education, Employment and

• iEARN Australia

• Reef Check Australia

• University of Queensland

• Institute for Sustainability and Technology Policy

• Riverine Landscapes Research Lab

• University of Tasmania

• Department of Immigration and Citizenship

• International Centre for Eyecare Education

• Roads and Traffic Authority (NSW)

• University of Technology Sydney

• Department of Primary Industries (NSW)

• International Cricket Council East Asia Pacific

• Royal Australasian College of Physicians

• University of Western Australia

• Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries

• International Fund for Animal Welfare

• Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne

• University of Western Sydney

• International Rugby Board

• Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children

• URS Sustainable Development

• International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics

• Royal Life Saving Society Australia

• Vets Beyond Borders

1-2

• International Women’s Development Agency (IWDA)

• Save the Children Australia

• Victoria University

17-27 Info Sessions around Australia

• Earth Systems

• Interplast Australia and New Zealand

• Scarlet Alliance, Australian Sex Workers Association

• Wetlands International – Oceania

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• Engineers Without Borders

• Interserve Australia

• Scouts Australia

• Women With Disabilities Australia

• Environmental Defenders Office

• James Cook University

• Southern Cross University

• World Vision Australia

• Federal Court of Australia

• Jane Goodall Institute Australia

• Speech Language & Learning: Educational Therapy

• World Youth International

• FIBA Oceania (Oceania Basketball Confederation)

• Land Equity International

• Flinders University of South Australia

• Luminaide

Workplace Relations

(QLD) • Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts

Consultancy • TAFE QLD

June 14-19 Intake 25 PDT July 18-19 RAYAD State Representative Workshop August Debrief (Melbourne) Intake 27 assignments online

September 13-18 Intake 26 PDT

• WSPA (World Society for the Protection of Animals)

These details are correct at time of printing. Please

• WWF - Australia

check www.ayad.com.au for the latest information.

• Youth Challenge Australia

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• Tonga Australian Football Association (TAFA)

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DO YOU HAVE A PASSION FOR CONTRIBUTING TO DEVELOPMENT? au Australia Freecall : 1800 225 592 Telephone : +61 (8) 8364 8500 Email : info@ayad.com.au Managed by Austraining International Pty Ltd Level 1, 41 Dequetteville Tce, Kent Town SA 5067 www.ayad.com.au

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/Apr_June09