A Moveable Feast 51st Food Fair Draws Crowds -p. 2
PHOTO BY CHRISTA MCCONNELL
FLIGHT 9525 “The other 149 passengers...must not be forgotten. “
GENDER TROUBLE “However, many people do not fit neatly within the gender binary.”
RECOVERING FROM A TORN ACL “It’s amazing how someone can ‘forget’ to walk properly.”
FORENSICS AT AU “Chemical assault on developing tissue is a very dangerous thing.”
“I went a little nuts writing musi- “Jesus’ first action as the resurrectcals for my Western Heritage small ed king was to empower those congroups” sidered useless and untrustworthy by the world around them.”
THE STUDENT MOVEMENT
51st International Food Fair Jenna Neil | On Sunday, March 29
Givan Hinds News Editor
from 12-7 p.m. in Johnson gym, the 51st annual food fair took place. There were 82 different countries represented and 18 ethnic clubs. Among these clubs were the Korean Club, Peruvian Club, Brazilian Club, Indian Club, Haitian Club and French Club. Participants could purchase tickets for the food fair at the main entrance of the gym before or after they looked around. Some of the clubs are going to use the money they got for different mission projects. Robert Benjamin, director of International Student Services & Programs, said in an article released by Integrated Marketing and Communication, “We certainly hope that you [came] and experience[d] the variety of international entrees and dishes prepared by about 20 ethnic international student clubs.” Adrienne Samos, a senior religion major said, “It was all right. It wasn’t as great as the food fair
from last year, but being able to experience various foods from different countries is always something I look forward to.” Brad Hotelling, a sophomore sociology major, said, “I think it went well. When I was there, the place was packed with lots of people and tons of great food.” Erica Bradfield, a 2014 graduate of Andrews and community resident said, “It wasn’t as big as it used to be, and as a university that’s rated one of the most international in the country, I find it sad [that it seemed smaller]. However, the participants selling food had a lot of energy and were invested in making sure we tried each of their foods and each and every booth had excellent food.” For more information on the food fair and on how to get involved next year, contact the Office of International Student Services at (269) 471-6395.
PHOTOS BY CHRISTA MCCONNELL
Flight 9525 Crash By Gielle Kuhn
March 24, 2015 9:01 GMT 150 people on board Flight 9525 make their way from Barcelona to Düsseldorf on the Airbus 320 air jet. Their expected flight time is two hours. 9:30 GMT Less than half an hour after take-off, the A320 makes its final contact with air traffic control at 6,175 ft. BBC News reports that the message to air traffic control was a routine petition for permission to continue en route. The plane’s captain leaves the cockpit, presumably to go to the toilet. 9:31 GMT Andreas Lubitz, 27, the plane’s co-pilot, takes control of the plane and begins the jet’s descent. According to data analysis by Flightradar24, autopilot is now manually changed from 38,000ft to 100ft. 9:35 GMT Air traffic controllers try
to contact the pilots, but are left without a response. 9:40 GMT The A320 crashes into a mountain near Seyne-les-Alpes. March 27, 2015 The NY Times reports that Lubitz had a mental illness but did not provide his diagnosis to his employer Germanwings, or its parent company, Lufthansa. Prosecutors say that several doctors’ notes were found in Lubitz apartment, deeming him unfit for work, and that one of the notes had been torn up. The crash starts deep debates on mental illness as it relates to the aviation workforce. Mental health screenings are often not required but volunteered, while physical testing is regular for pilots. While some argue that this crash could change mental health policies to prevent future incidents, others
argue that doctor-patient confidentiality should not be breached. Klaus-Peter Siegloch, head of the German Aviation Association, explains, “The confidence our pilots have in our medical doctors is of high importance. I believe if there is a lifting of doctor-patient confidentiality, then possibly pilots will not trust in medical doctors and that will make the situation worse.” Regardless of mental health policies to be enacted, increased security measures post-crash have been undertaken by some international airlines, including EasyJet, Air Canada, and Norwegian Air Shuttle. New rules include requiring the continual presence of two crewmembers in the cockpit. March 30, 2015 BBC News reports that investigators have reviewed a 30-minute re-
cording obtained from the plane’s cockpit voice recorder, concluding that the plane’s crash was deliberate by Lubitz. He made no distress call, and his breathing was normal throughout the final minutes of descent, despite his colleague pounding on the cockpit door. The captain of the plane was heard trying to regain access to the cockpit by knocking on the door, yet was unsuccessful, since cockpit doors have been strengthened since the 9/11 attacks. Passengers were heard screaming at the very last moments of the flight. French prosecutor Brice Robin believes that their deaths were instantaneous due to the speed at which the plane hit the mountain (430 mph). April 4, 2015 NBC News reports that the search for bodies in the Alps region where the plane crashed has ended. Victims will be identified through 150
sets of DNA found on-scene, and victims’ families will be notified as soon as DNA evidence is matched. Although the spotlight has largely been on Lubitz, the other 149 passengers—including 16 schoolchildren returning from a trip—must not be forgotten.
Strapped Students Splash for Cash
KEVIN MESSINA COUNTS HIS CASH
PHOTO S BY BRANDON INJETY
A Reach-Out! Library “Church members should educate themselves to do this work.” Ministry of Healing p152 We wish that our students leave Andrews with the skills in doing ministry and help us sharing with HIM HIS love for others. We need to make resources available to do this work. This Reach-Out! Library [ a lending, teaching and to explore library ] would offer: manuals
in how to do a particular ministry, Bible study guides (in print, online, and on DVD) readings about witnessing projects. A small reference collection will include a few English Bible translations, a selection in foreign language Bibles (for student missionaries), a set of Spirit of Prophecy books (for new members), commentaries, Bible dictionaries, etc. There also will be magazines, like Message Magazine, Signs of the Times, Liberty, and Vibrant Life,
etc. A handout will introduce us to: online Bible references, online E. G. White books, periodicals and pamphlets. “... we have nothing to fear except as we shall forget the way the Lord has led us, and His teaching in our past history.” LS 196 A special collection of the history of the Seventh-day Adventist Church featuring our beginnings will be available. We will offer classes in how to use
these resources. This Library will be located in the Board Room (basement). We hope to have this Library ready by the end of September 2015 or maybe before. Wolfhard Touchard, Reach-Out! Librarian
Participate in PT Research Study Do you have hip or low back pain? Will you be here over the summer? Please come and participate in a 14-week study at the Physical Therapy Department on campus! This study is looking at exercise and its effectiveness in decreasing pain and increasing hip strength. You must be between 18 and 65 years old. To apply please call Tony
Faraj at (586) 871-4805 or email at email@example.com for more information and to see if you qualify!
THE STUDENT MOVEMENT
AUSA is in the process of updating the AUSA Constitution. It’s been approved by the Rules & Affairs Committee, the AUSA Senate, the
AU Faculty Senate, and now just needs to be passed by you—the AUSA Assembly. This vote will be officially conducted at Thursday
Series on April 16. If you have any questions about these changes, you can ask them at
Open Senate on Monday, April 13, at 8:00 pm in the Rec Center Amphitheater.
THE STUDENT MOVEMENT
male-female gender binary. Transgender people are simply people who, as they grew up, realized that the gender they were assigned at birth doesn’t match the gender they identify as. Transgender people often spend years living with dysphoria, the subconscious discomfort with their assigned gender and the gradual knowledge that they are living in the wrong body. After realizing the source of their discomfort, some transgender people may transition to living as their self-identified gender. This sometimes includes undergoing gender reassignment surgery, but that transition is a personal choice that transgender people may or may not decide to take. Many transgender people change the name they were given at birth
to something that they feel matches their actual gender, and begin going by different pronouns. If a transgender person tells you their preferred name and pronouns, don’t ignore it. Calling a transgender person by the wrong name or pronoun often brings renewed feelings of dysphoria, and is rude to the point of dehumanizing. Genderqueer and agender people, rather than feeling that they should have been born a different gender, feel that neither gender describes them accurately. Although genderqueer is an umbrella term for many forms of nonbinary gender expression, it is most commonly associated with people who feel that the labels “male” and “female” are too narrow to encompass their gender identity.
In the case of genderfluid people, one of the many groups that the term genderqueer encompasses, their gender identity is fluid and goes back and forth between male and female. Like many genderqueer identities, they embrace aspects of both maleness and femaleness. Agender, which is sometimes considered another subset of genderqueer, describes a person who feels neither male nor female. While many genderqueer people would describe themselves as being both male and female at the same time, agender people feel that neither label applies to them. Rather than encompassing both genders, they are not encompassed by either gender. There are many gender iden-
tities that haven’t been touched upon in this article, but they all share the theme of not being limited by traditional concepts of male and female. While the existence of identities such as agender and genderfluid may seem intimidating, nonbinary identities are not an attack on female and male identities but rather a reminder of the complexity of gender identity as based exclusively on genitalia. In the end, people of all gender identities are equally human. Transgender, genderqueer, and cisgender people alike deserve to be called by their preferred names and pronouns, and allowed to reach beyond the stereotypes that come with their designated birth gender.
islation which complicates trans participation in society. From religious groups and institutions, transgender people often receive criticism rather than love for not being satisfied with “how God created them” and for possibly wanting to change themselves. These religious groups, often including family members of trans people, tend to dwell on whether or not the individual is “choosing” to be the way they are, marginalizing what they want or need because they are uncomfortable. Because of this, transgender youths have a susceptibility to homelessness. Unfortunately, transgender people are often not accepted by homeless shelters when they attempt to go to the shelters assigned to people of their gender because of their perceived sex, and from the others because of the way they are dressed. For trans men especially, instances of
sexual assault and rape are quite common. This is especially a problem due to the fact that landlords can easily discriminate against trans people in their establishments by refusing to rent to them, making it even more difficult for a trans person to find a place to live. In addition, trans people face discrimination in the job market by employers who view trans people as figures of disgust or liabilities. Even allies of trans people are often perpetrators of the shaming, by making offhand comments about their trans friends’ bodies or the difficulty of romantic relationships. All of these issues can lead to an intense self-hate of themselves and their bodies, resulting in the exacerbated suicide rates mentioned above. The internet has lately been campaigning in earnest in response to the inflammatory statements of Canadian Senator Donald Plett
regarding the recently proposed amendment to the Canadian Human Rights Act (Bill C-279) extending protection to people regardless of gender identification. Plett has proposed an amendment to the bill which would punish transgender people using the “incorrect sex-specific” facilities, possibly by sending them to “correct sexspecific” prisons. Obviously, this penalty is horrifying to people who would have to face it. The #plettputmehere, #occupotty, and #wejustneedtopee campaigns protest this amendment and other legislation like it. Captioned with these tags, trans men and women post pictures of themselves in the “sex specific” restroom “assigned” to them on social media. The most common incarnation of this is usually a photograph of a trans person standing in front of a mirror with urinals or disgruntled-looking people in the background, asking
“Do I look like I belong here?” One thing college campuses have been doing to make their environments safer and friendlier for trans people is adding unisex restrooms to their campuses. In doing so, administrations can appease those who worry about sex offenders abusing leniency, while not placing trans people in uncomfortable, and possibly dangerous, positions by forcing them to use restrooms that do not match their identity. Individuals can also work to make life easier for trans people in their lives by not making assumptions about trans people, using correct pronouns, and being respectful of their private matters. For more on what allies can do, see this list compiled by GLAAD: http://www. glaad.org/transgender/allies.
we are committed to taking steps forward that will include careful study and the appointment of a taskforce that will help us gain greater understanding of this problem and propose helpful responses to the needs of these young people.
gle sometimes leads to the tragedy of homelessness for LGBT youth.
Niels-Erik Andreasen, President
Outside the Binary Isabel Stafford | In day-to-day life, we tend to classify all people as either male or female. Our bathrooms are labeled as male or female, we have set ideas about what constitutes masculine or feminine behavior, and we have trouble separating our ideas of male and female from the shape of a person’s genitals. Even our language is so strongly gendered that we have no designated gender-neutral pronoun. In short, we live in a society that has a pervasive male-female gender binary. However, many people do not fit neatly within the gender binary. The concept of the gender binary has difficulty encompassing people whose gender identity doesn’t match their designated-atbirth gender, or people who don’t
feel that the labels “male” or “female” can fully encompass their gender identity, or people who feel that the labels “male” and “female” simply don’t apply. In other words, transgender people, genderqueer people, agender people, and anyone else who is not cisgender—meaning that their designated-at-birth gender does not match the gender they identify as—challenge the concept of a gender binary simply by existing. Transgender people probably constitute the largest distinct group of non-cisgender individuals, although the lack of census data and research on the transgender population makes estimation impossible. Although some identify as nonbinary, many transgender people identify as part of the
Trans Challenges Dakota Hall | Transgender people,
people who do not identify with the sex assigned them at birth, are one of the most marginalized groups in society. Apart from their nearly complete lack of representation in popular media—Laverne Cox of Orange is the New Black‘s fame excepted—society is generally ignorant or dismissive of the struggles of transgender people, who face a unique slate of struggles that cisgender people, people who are satisfied with their gender assignment, never have to consider. Even university campuses, thought by the LGBTQ community at large to be a generally safer section of society, still consistently struggle with meeting the needs of transgender people. A 2010 study of LGBTQ students’ perceptions of their campus climates, directed by the Q Research Institute for Higher Education, found that 30-40% of
the surveyed transgender students have experienced harassment about their gender identity, varying depending on their specific gender identity. Because of bullying, sexual harassment, rape, and murder, transgender people struggle to find safe places to be themselves. In the first three months of 2015, seven trans women have already been murdered because of their gender identity, compared to twelve in all of 2014. Society’s view of transgender people causes more than these directly negative effects. As evidenced by the fact that suicide attempt rates among trans people are nearly four times that of cisgender people, life is exceedingly difficult for the trans community. Reasons for this include the rampant misconceptions the public has about transgender people, ostracism from family, employers, and even landlords, as well as leg-
Letter From the President Dear Friends: As you prepare for the end of the school year, I want to update you about a concern that emerged around the time many of you left campus for spring break. For those of you who may be unaware, Andrews University has come under criticism in several media outlets about its response to a request for an on-campus fundraising event.
Let me emphasize that as part of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, Andrews University is committed to help all of God’s children, regardless of gender, race or sexual orientation. This commitment clearly reflects the values of Christ and His calling. The question of whether or not Andrews University views the needs of homeless LGBT youth as an important humanitarian cause is
one that we can answer with a resounding “yes,” just as we believe Jesus would have responded. We recognize the passion a number of our students have demonstrated in support of this issue. We believe that exploring the underlying causes of LGBT homelessness, along with other needs and concerns facing LGBT youth, is important for the University to consider. Today I am sharing with you that
Further, we realize that these needs exist, in particular, because some Christian parents struggle with how to relate to their children as they identify and are honest about their orientation. This strug-
We will keep you informed as we move forward on these issues, but in the meantime, an email address has been set up where you can send thoughts about the process or concerns that you’d like to have addressed. That address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
THE STUDENT MOVEMENT
Healthcare: Is Capitalism at Odds with Us on This One? Avery Audet | Many times I’ve
Erik Vyhmeister Ideas Editor
heard it said that the United States is thriving due to capitalism, and while this may be true, there are times when capitalism is not in our favor. Our healthcare system is the number one area of concern. Hospitals and pharmaceutical companies are just looking to make a profit like anybody, so our physical well-being isn’t necessarily at the top of their priority list. When it comes to the health of our nation, many argue that capitalism puts too much power in the hands of private companies. For instance, what stops a pharmaceutical company from charging $500 for a life-saving pill, necessary for thousands of people to continue to live, when it only costs $50 to produce? If people’s lives are depending on the purchase of this miracle drug, they will pay anything to get their hands
on it, and with private healthcare and medicine, this means a large profit. The Huffington Post sums up pharmaceutical companies very precisely in the following excerpt: “Capitalism drives business, and business drives the need for profits. But somewhere along the line, this newfangled thing called “technology” was supposed to be our saving grace - the means and the materials that would make our lives better, easier, cheaper, and happier. Instead, capitalism has taken hold of technology and turned it against us. By leveraging technology’s ability to lower costs, capitalism has demonstrated that indeed nothing is safe from profitability.” Serving the customer is not necessarily in the company’s best interest, and it isn’t limited to the pharmaceutical sector of medicine/health care either. Hospital services and health insurance also
fall under this umbrella of capitalism. “Why doesn’t the US have free healthcare like Canada? What’s wrong with us? Canada knows how to treat its citizens.” Too many times I’ve heard this complaint about Canada’s healthcare system being way ahead of the United States. But is this really true? Does inexpensive, public healthcare and hospitals really make for the better option? While you may jump to a conclusion immediately solely because on paper it puts more dollars back in your pocket, I’d like to examine the facts further. Sure, saving money sounds great, but is there a catch? It is suggested by a study done by the National Bureau of Economic Research that as a citizen, when it comes to healthcare, you get what you pay for. While the amount of money spent by citi-
zens is exceedingly high in the US, our nation was reported as having much less wait times; when people needed urgent care, they were able to see a specialist immediately, for the most part. Regardless of whether or not you have insurance in the US, many people still cannot deal with the gradually rising monthly payments and premiums. A survey was conducted, and while Canadians scored higher on the overall health index (due to higher obesity and heart disease in the US), the US scored higher on patient satisfaction regarding the care they received, as well as higher on timely assistance. “Available data indicates much longer waits in Canada than in the U.S. to consult a specialist and to have non-emergency surgery like knee re-placements.” It was also noted that, “The U.S. also is endowed with many more MRI machines
and CT scanners per capita.” The direct influence of better (and more) technology is difficult to measure directly, but it appears that “the U.S. health care system is generally more successful in the detection and treatment of cancer.” Cancer is only one of many dangerous medical conditions, but it can’t be treated (or discovered) without proper technology. In the end, no one system is really better in every way than the other. It depends on who you are. The government can’t please everybody. The effectiveness of capitalistic healthcare really depends on if you want free surgery and long wait times vs. short wait times and more effective treatment with through-the-roof prices that will haunt you for a time.
Creek Sanitarium, in 1876. Under Kellogg’s supervision, the Battle Creek Sanitarium grew from accommodating an initial 20 patients to 700 by the time it burned down in 1902. The Battle Creek Sanitarium led to Kellogg’s health food pioneering. An advocate of vegetarianism, Kellogg developed America’s first meatless meats, received a patent for peanut butter, and began to develop early kinds of soymilk—not to mention his breakfast foods, such as granola and, of course, corn flakes. Kellogg’s Battle Creek Sanitarium became a haven of preventative medicine, where Kellogg emphasized a holistic approach
to medicine (with special emphasis on diet, although exercise and fresh air were also cornerstones) and the dangers of alcohol, tobacco, and opium (then widely used as medicine). Kellogg had a falling out with the Adventist church after the fire that destroyed the Battle Creek Sanitarium. His rebuilding of the sanitarium as well as growing pantheistic tendencies eventually led to his disfellowship from the church in 1907. In spite of this split, Kellogg continued to respect Ellen White, and she in turn often defended his gifts and talents— though not his later theological views.
John Harvey Kellogg died in 1943 at 91 years old, having established the American Medical Missionary College (later merged with Illinois State University), and a host of new health foods. His advocacy and further development of Ellen White’s healthcare principles made common many of the healthy lifestyle habits we take for granted today.
about setting broken bones. There are several stories of Vikings who had bones heal improperly, who then re-broke their bones and set them to have them heal better. In Íslendinga saga, a man named Loptr breaks his leg. He was unsatisfied with how it had healed because he had a limp, so he had it broken again and instructed his caretakers how to properly set the bone. Loptr was satisfied the second time around. Vikings could do little about epidemics like smallpox, dysentery, and leprosy. At times, family members would kill their sick relatives rather than deal with them,
because there was really nothing they could do to help with many diseases. In the Ljósvetninga saga, a story is told about a man, Már, who is about to embark on a ship from Iceland to Norway. Some people come to the ship and dropped off his relative who had leprosy, saying that it was his responsibility to take care of him. Már returned to shore with his relative and then returned to the ship without him, saying that he had made arrangements, but in actuality he had secretly murdered his relative so that he wouldn’t be tied down. Vikings used what was available to them, and while we might con-
sider it primitive, it served them well enough to dominate Scandinavia for many years. And that’s all I have to say about that.
Profile: John H. Kellogg Alexi Decker | He’s got one of
those names—the kind you see on granola bars and cereal boxes, the kind that gets an overly-excited, unrealistically photogenic family to endorse Fruit Loops. But although John Harvey Kellogg certainly had a hand in his brother’s cereal/snack company, he was far more concerned with the development of healthy food options than with the marketing of them. Famous for his pioneering books and establishment of the Battle Creek Sanitarium, John Harvey Kellogg is a significant founder of Adventist healthcare. Born to Seventh-day Adventist parents who, early in Kellogg’s
lifetime, moved to Battle Creek, Michigan, Kellogg began to read Ellen White’s extensive writings on healthy living. These writings inspired him to become a doctor and later a surgeon, performing over 22,000 surgeries. A prolific writer, Kellogg also became editor of Adventism’s health periodical (then called the Health Reformer; Kellogg changed its name to Good Health in 1879), a position he held for the next 64 years. Editing Good Health was far from Kellogg’s only role in the fledgling Adventist healthcare field. Kellogg became superintendent of the Western Health Reform Institute, later renamed the Battle
Viking Health Habits Nathan Davis | Let’s take a snap-
shot of what healthcare and medicine were like in another culture and another time. Vikings around the 11th century were generally healthy apart from pestilences and battle injuries. They had good dental health and little decay (lacking modern refined foods and sugar abundance). Like many cultures of the time, the Vikings had their superstitions. They believed that charms and poetry could improve a person’s luck, and by extension their health. In the Egils saga Skallgrímssonar, a story is told about a woman who placed a whalebone charm under her bed with runes
carved into it. But the wrong runes were written on the bone, so her health actually got worse. Once the correct runes were written on the whalebone, her health recovered. The Vikings did practice medical arts as well as magical, though there weren’t many medical specialists. People had to rely on themselves. They knew about many herbs which could help with diseases. They also knew about lancing, which is making a small incision to release pus or pressure in a wound. They knew about cleaning, anointing, and bandaging wounds. They had midwives to help in labor. Finally, they knew
than the symptoms themselves. Rather than getting rid of the pain associated with a sore throat, honey will kill the infection responsible for causing it. Garlic has been used for hundreds of years to bring down a fever, and is mixed with salt to spread over an open wound. Garlic is part of the Allium family, which also contains onions, leeks, and chives. This branch of plants is so named for it’s high concentration of allicin, the chemical compound that gives garlic its unique smell. Allicin acts as an immune booster and promotes the production of certain proteins in the body. My personal favorite unconventional medicine is honey, which has traditionally been used to heal
burns, subdue nausea, and relieve cough and sore throats. Many people who use it are not aware that it is in fact a natural antiseptic. Sore throats are usually the results of some form of infection. Honey eliminates the infection, effectively relieving the sore throat. It will prevent infection in a burn, and help remove the bacteria that aggravate an upset stomach. The above-mentioned examples of naturopathic medicine are just a few of many, and are excellent examples of the legitimacy of the theory of naturopathic medicine. Unfortunately, many humans like to overuse useful things, and too much of anything is injurious. Naturopathy may work exceptionally for small things like runny
nose, cramps, or minor infection, but no amount of garlic is going to cure cancer. An advanced infection needs penicillin, or it will turn gangrenous and require amputation, no matter how much honey one slathers it in. Passing over stronger chemical medication in favor of traditional herbal substances is a mistake in anything but mild cases of illness, but it has all the chemical properties to reinforce the immune system and cure non-threatening sickness with easily and less expensively than conventional medication.
The Purpose of Naturopathy Emily Cancel | When I was young
and got a headache, my grandmother would tell me to lie in the sun drinking a smoothie. As soon as she had time, she would lie me down in her lap and clean my ears with baby oil, saying it would make my headache go away. A current trend in medicine is to utilize such natural remedies and avoid conventional medicine altogether. In some cases that may be a better decision, but in many cases, naturopathic medicine is misused and in turn, misrepresented. To those staunch supporters of conventional medicine, using remedies that one learned from one’s grandmother rather than taking ibuprofen seems like wishful thinking, but whether or not the user is
aware of it, there is some science to many natural medicines. Before the invention of those medicines that are conventional today, there were countless medical practices that we now know probably did more harm than good. Giving children mercury as a medicine, letting blood from a patient in order to strengthen them, or denying them water to cure a fever have become notorious examples of common medical practices that were debunked as medicine advanced. Those that stood the test of time, however, simply became obsolete as medical furtherance resulted in more effective remedies. There is no scientific reason for rubbing a child’s ears with baby
oil and a Q-tip to relieve a headache. That would be purely mental, which is what many infamous herbal remedies are. Echinacea will not cure all your ailments, there is no wonder weight-loss herb, and putting blood on your skin will not make it look ten years younger. Those are the types of bogus home remedies that have gained notoriety through one fad or another and give all forms of naturopathic medicine a bad reputation. Ideally, regularly practicing naturopathy reinforces the immune system so that illness does not occur, or at least occurs less frequently, and one does not need medicine anyways. Naturopathic medicine focuses more on curing the cause of the symptoms rather
PHOTO FROM WWW.EVOLUTIONARYPARENTING.COM
What Is the Anti-vaccine Movement Really About? Erik Vyhmeister | Controversies
over new types of medical treatment are nothing new. When it was first suggested that doctors should wash their hands, people said that it was “crazy talk.” Things that we take for granted as scientific fact – germ theory, the health benefits of fresh air and clean water – shocked the medical world when they were first introduced. The anti-vaccine movement is about as old as vaccines themselves and has had periods of wide support. Much of the recent controversy started when British surgeon Andrew Wakefield published a paper in 1998 that showed correlation between the MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine and autism in children. Following the publication of his study, many doctors tried to replicate his work, but failed. Over the next few years, allegations of pos-
sible financial conflict of interest were investigated and found to be true. Subsequently, Wakefield was accused of falsifying data and then stripped of his medical license. While many proponents of the Anti-vaccine movement are seen as illogical and “irrational”, how much do we really know about what they say? Recent arguments against vaccines are often based on the following reasons: 1. A distrust of doctors and/or medical authority. In an ideal world, doctors are always trustworthy and never make mistakes. This is not always the case, and if your doctor is only interested in their take-home pay, there might be a good reason to be wary of products they prescribe. However, the truth is likely less sinister in that the number of doc-
tors who are “out to get you” is in the minority. If in doubt, seek advice from multiple medical professionals – if they all tell you the same thing, there *might* be something to it. 2. Vaccines have unintended and sometimes dangerous side effects. This is true: they often do have unanticipated effects on people that can cause harm to them. What is often not talked about are the dangers of the disease itself. Typically, there is a small chance of something terrible happening to the vaccinated individual, but the chances of it causing serious detriment are around 5-10 in a million. Not zero, but fairly small. This balanced against the likelihood of the disease causing serious harm (sometimes death), which is
around 60-200 per thousand, depending on the disease. Of course, those numbers only come into play if you actually catch the disease. All things considered, however, one has to weigh the chances – do I willingly subject myself to a small chance of bad things happening, and prevent any further damage (vaccine), or do I accept the probabilities of me getting infected and deal with the fallout, if applicable. The fact that some people choose to gamble shouldn’t come as a surprise. However, when these decisions don’t only affect the vaccinated, serious thought should be put toward the matter. 3. The ingredients. Often times, posters are presented with a list of ingredients included in vaccines that are known to be harmful to the human body.
What is often not presented is that for most compounds, a certain amount of the substance must enter the body for it to be harmful, and for amounts lower than that, it may even be helpful! Take potassium chloride, for example. It’s often used as a salt substitute to avoid ingesting sodium. However, it can be lethal in amounts exceeding 6 ounces at once (for a 150lb person). Our body needs potassium to function, and yet taking too much is, by definition, bad. So in a sense, the anti-vaccine movement is right – there likely are “dangerous” compounds in vaccines, and yet in a sense they’re entirely wrong about them being toxic to us. Many people laugh at the antivaccine movement, and those who are a part of it. They are labeled “pseudo-scientific” and “irratio-
nal,” and some of them may be. However, something that we must always keep in mind is that to someone who doesn’t understand our point of view on some subject, we may be equally “irrational” and “nonsensical.” Any notion of creation or “Intelligent Design” is viewed by much of the ‘western’ world as pseudoscientific, and yet we as Adventists still believe that God created the world. Let this fact be a reminder that when we ridicule minority views, we accept and even endorse our own belittling if we hold minority views. Let us instead seek to understand those we might rather ridicule so we can have productive discussions that foster growth and friendship.
THE STUDENT MOVEMENT
Spring Snack Recipes Rebecca Coleman | The days are
Tim McGuire Pulse Editor
getting warmer! Spring is in the air and pretty soon it will be time for picnics on the grass. Here are a few recipes that will bring sunshine to your taste buds! Chips and Watermelon Salsa 1 cup diced Watermelon 1 avocado peeled, pitted, and coarsely chopped 1/4 cup chopped red onion 2 tablespoons chopped fresh cilantro 2 tablespoons fresh lime juice 1 pinch freshly ground black pepper to taste 1 pinch of salt Peanut Butter Banana Wraps ½ cup creamy peanut butter 4 whole wheat or regular flour tortillas (8 to 10 inches in diameter) ¼ cup honey 2 small bananas, sliced ¼ cup miniature semisweet chocolate chips
Spread tortilla with peanut butter and place bananas and chocolate chips on top. Drizzle with honey and roll. Bagel Chips 3 Bagels ¼ cup melted butter Cinnamon sugar to taste Thinly slice bagels crosswise into thin rounds. Brush tops with melted butter then sprinkle with Cinnamon sugar. Heat oven to 325 degrees and bake slices for 10 minutes. Flip, brush with more butter and sugar. Strawberry Cream Cheese Crackers 10 fresh strawberries sliced 1 tablespoon brown sugar 2 ounces cream cheese 20 round butter flavored crackers Spread cream cheese on crackers. Pour sugar on plate, press strawberry slices into sugar, coating both sides. Place strawberries on crackers. Enjoy! PHOTO PROVIDED BY WWW.AMAZONAWS.COM
Featured Athlete: Dominique Edwards Year: Senior Major: Management Sport: Basketball Interviewed by: Bethany Morrison When did you first find your love for basketball?
In middle school. I found myself playing outside on my hoop and loved how calm it made me and how it distracted me from everything else. After you found your love for basketball, did you end up playing for any teams? If so when and how many?
Three years in high school competitively until they canceled the program my senior year, and one year for the Cardinals.
Although your senior year is coming to an end, do you still make time for your favorite sport?
Not as much as I should. I play intramural basketball. But my focus now would be exercise and keeping fit whatever way I find possible, which I find mostly in running. What’s next for you, as in after college? And will you miss playing ball in college?
After graduation I plan on attending graduate school in New York. Then to go on to law school. I plan on settling down in NY. And I will miss playing basketball mostly from the relationship I’ve made and the friendships. But, I won’t stop playing basketball; it’s one of the few things that gives me peace.
Do you have a favorite NBA player?
Russell Westbrook, because of his composure during the games, his ball handling especially. I’ve always aspired to have good “handles” and watching him is inspiring, his speed in the court and ability to pass his defenders. How do you like being a guard?
It’s my most comfortable position. However, at times a bit discouraging when you get turnovers, but that always made me want to work harder on my dribbling. PHOTO PROVIDED BY DOMINIQUE EDWARDS
NCAA Men’s National Championship Evan Rorie | The lobby of Meier
Hall was crowded this Monday night as Andrews students gathered around the television to watch the NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship game between the Wisconsin Badgers and the Duke Blue Devils. Just days ago we witnessed the Final Four matchup between Duke and Michigan State which resulted in a 20 point blowout by the Blue Devils. However, the biggest upset in this tournament was when the undefeated Kentucky Wildcats, who were projected the go 40-0 in the tournament, lost to Wisconsin with a final score of 6471. The matchup was set and on
Monday the two number oneranked teams faced each other for their last game of the season. The lobby was divided in who they believed would come out victorious in the end, but everyone agreed that it would be a close game all the way to the final buzzer. The game started off very intense; neither of the teams could keep a lead for long as they went back-to-back, bucket-for-bucket. The closeness of the game energized the crowd in the lobby as they continued to cheer and scream for every possession of the game. The game was tied at the half and it was expected to be just as intense in the second half. Ev-
2015 MLB Preview Justin Walker | With the snow fi-
eryone had their own predictions about what would transpire late in the second half, and from that sparked numerous arguments as the game continued. The energy was taken up in the second half, with every possession being a pivotal one for both teams. The Blue Devils started to lose a lead with their star player Jahlil Okafor in foul trouble, forcing him to sit out for most of the second half. However, Freshmen Tyus Jones and Grayson Allen helped keep Duke alive and they ended up defeating the Wisconsin Badgers 68-63. The Duke Devils have now earned their fifth national title.
Recovering From a Torn ACL Name: Frederic Brun Year: Freshman Major: Computing Sport: Basketball Interviewed by: Bethany Morrison When and how did your injury occur?
I believe it was August 30. It was the first day of open gym. I was playing a pick up game. During the game the ball had been stolen from one of my teammates. I chased down that player with the intention of blocking him. I jumped and I landed with my left leg hyperextended. That’s when I heard a pop and felt a sharp pain in my knee. What did you do to rehab?
Well I did a lot of balance exercises for the first semester. It’s amazing how someone can
“forget” to walk properly. This semester I’m doing more strength training.
nights unless I was drugged up!
What was the time frame the doctor gave u to come back?
Since like the third grade.
8 months to a year.
What inspired you to play intramurals?
What was that experience like?
It killed me seeing all my friends being able to play basketball.
Terrible. For about 3 weeks I couldn’t walk, and for 2 of those 3 weeks I took showers every four days because I couldn’t stand on my own. It made me really appreciate just having my legs even though one of them was not in use. There were many times where my friends would go out and do stuff, but I couldn’t go because my massive knee brace wouldn’t fit in the car. I gained a lot of weight because all I was doing was eating and laying in bed. The surgery pains were crazy to point where I didn’t sleep some
How long had you been playing basketball prior to your injury?
How close to 100% do you feel?
I would say 55%. What’s next for you?
Honestly just trying to get back in shape and recovering.
PHOTO BY JOELLE ARNER
nally melting away and the temperatures rising, one can guess that Spring is upon us, and where there is spring, there is baseball. As the season starts up again, I’ve grabbed my trusty crystal ball and got some insight for the 2015 MLB season. AL East: Boston Red Sox: Boston has had a recent habit of going from last to first to falling back to last, with them continuing the cycle as they rise up with a dangerous lineup. The pitching staff is cause for concern too. Toronto Blue Jays: I see Boston winning the division due to their lineup, but make no mistake that this is far from a one-horse race. Beware of our neighbors to the north as they could make a real push toward October baseball. Baltimore Orioles: Last year’s darling team of the regular season suddenly found themselves third best in what will end up being a close division. If their bats can continue their work from last season, don’t be surprised if we have a repeat division winner. New York Yankees: As always, there will be many storylines surrounding the Yankees, but none bigger than that of Alex Rodriguez. The Yankees will also keep a close eye on Masahiro Tanaka after suffering from a torn UCL last year. Tampa Bay Rays: Losing David Price hurts, but not nearly as much as losing future hall-of-fame manager Joe Madden. This will be a lost season as the Rays look to rebuild with some youth. AL Central: Detroit Tigers: The Tigers could end up having the best rotation in baseball if Justin Verlander can get back to his best. If not, they still have more than enough firepower to win the division. Cleveland Indians: The tribe is poised to make a splash in the central this year with what they hope ends with a playoff appearance as their reward. Their hopes will fall on the shoulders of last year’s AL CY Young winner Corey Kluber. Kansas City Royals: The defending AL champs suddenly find themselves finishing third in their own division and could fall even further depending on the White sox. That being said, they still field one of the best defensive teams in baseball. Chicago White Sox: The Cubs weren’t the only team in Chicago making a push for the playoffs this season, as the south siders won’t sit around and let local rivals get all the glory. Unfortunately, the Cubs are in a better position to achieve their goals. Minnesota Twins: It’s going to be a long summer for those who hail from Minnesota, but seasons like this one are a good time to
check out future stars. AL West: Seattle Mariners: Probably the best team on paper in the AL, the Mariners come in as favorites to win the West as they added some pop to their lineup with the addition of Nelson Cruz. Any pitching staff featuring King Felix can be counted on as well. Los Angeles Angels: If the Angels can avoid injuries, they have a real shot at being a contender, but one look at their injury-prone roster and you’ll notice that’s a big If. Oakland Athletics: Even though they inspired the movie Moneyball and should never be doubted for cost cutting moves, one can’t help but think that their best shot at a title was last year. Houston Astros: First off, congratulations to the Astros for no longer being in last place. Secondly much hinges on their lineup, which could easily end up setting the record for most HRs or Ks. Texas Rangers: Things went from bad to worse for this team when news of Yu Darvish being down for the season got out. A team that struggled to be .500 with their ace will struggle to rise from the cellar this year. NL East: Washington Nationals: Without a doubt, the team with the best pitching staff in baseball resides at the top of the NL East. Their lineup is nothing to forget about either. Miami Marlins: Probably the biggest dark horse team this year, as South Florida has been busy this offseason trying to surround Giancarlo Stanton with a competitive team. Late arrival of Jose Fernandez will boost playoff hopes as well. New York Mets: Plenty of reasons for Mets fans to be optimistic for not only this year, but the future as well. Lots of young talent on this team and it starts with their ace Matt Harvey. Atlanta Braves: The trading of Jason Heyward sent a clear message that they were in the midst of rebuilding and this would be a down year. Philadelphia Phillies: Philly has started their rebuilding effort 2-3 years too late and now they are stuck with several big contracts to aging veterans. Buckle up Philly fans, as the rebuilding process is going to take several years. NL Central: St. Louis Cardinals: The reign of the Redbirds lasts for at least one more year as the addition of Jason Heyward solidifies their hold on first place. Pittsburgh Pirates: With their additions, the Cardinals and Cubs made it easy to forget about the Pirates, but they’ve quietly gone about their business and brought back Francisco Liriano to help an
already solid rotation. Chicago Cubs: Perhaps the biggest winners this offseason for landing Jon Lester and Joe Madden. Add to that mix a bunch of promising youngsters and you have a prime candidate for a team on the rise. Still see them a year away from contention despite how much fun it will be to watch. Cincinnati Reds: The Reds have certainly seen better days, but with an aging roster and a lot of money tied up, the Reds weren’t able to do much this offseason. The one highlight this year will be seeing how many bases Billy Hamilton can steal. Milwaukee Brewers: A miracle season that unfortunately faded down the stretch last year caused them to miss the playoffs again. The Brewers will be looking towards the future this season, a great time to bring up some youngsters. NL West: Los Angeles Dodgers: Despite last year’s disappointment the Dodgers are still the class of the West, especially when they get to send Clayton Kershaw to the mound every 5 days. San Diego Padres: This year’s biggest surprise will come to San Diego as the Padres made several stunning moves this offseason, including acquiring former Dodger Matt Kemp, in a bid to enjoy some October baseball. San Francisco Giants: The defending champions will have their work cut out for them as the loss of Sandoval does indeed hurt, but it’s the moves outside the organization that worries me as the NL West has suddenly become tougher. Colorado Rockies: I have this team slotted in at fourth, but they could easily jump up to the second position. The key for this team will be how well their pitching staff holds up as their lineup will cause other teams problems all year long. Arizona Diamondbacks: You can start to see some of the pieces coming together for Arizona, but alas they are still a few years away from truly competing. AL - West: Mariners, Central: Tigers, East: Red Sox, Wild Card: Indians and Angels NL - West: Dodgers, Central: Cardinals, East: Nationals, Wild Card: Marlins and Pirates World Series: Mariners over Nationals in 6
THE STUDENT MOVEMENT
AIM High Name: Josias Flores Class: Junior Major: Religion & Family Studies Interviewed by: Rebecca Myshrall What led you to decide to be a Religion and Family Studies major? Dakota Hall Humans Editor
I did not want to be a pastor. I actually wanted to be a missionary, but my whole life I focused on being a doctor. However, in middle school and high school people started telling me that I was going to be a pastor just like my father. But I kept saying that I was going to be a doctor, and didn’t want to be a pastor. When I came for Freshmen orientation here at Andrews, I was a Biology Pre-Med major, but the first Friday before school starts, Pastor Dwight was speaking about how he became a pastor. While he was speaking, the Holy Spirit started working in my heart, but I tried to brush it off. Then Pastor Dwight pointed to me and said, “You’re going to be a pastor.” At that moment I knew that the Holy Spirit was really calling me. I knew at that moment that God had called me to a special kind of ministry. So, I went and changed my major. What originally led you to apply for AIM?
I wanted a job my freshman year, and I heard about AIM. I applied and was lucky enough to get the job second semester of my Freshmen year. What position did you start out in?
I started out as a Customer Service Representative. I would take calls from different ministries such as Amazing Facts, It Is Written and the Hope Channel. People usually would call for free books, asking for prayer or Biblical advice. We would help them out by sending them books, connecting them to chaplains and praying for them. I am now a Shift Leader. I make sure that we are handling calls the way we are supposed to. I supervise and help the Customer Service Representatives. My favorite part is being able to give people hope, pray with people and impact lives in a positive way. A lot of times people call and are really struggling, and to be able to have someone there to listen to them, offer advice and pray with them really helps. Being able to know that I am ministering to someone, impacting someone’s live and showing God to someone even for a few minutes is a blessing.
Since you are planning on a career in ministry, how has this job helped you?
I have contact with people who are struggling, and it gives me a basis for understanding what kind of struggles people are dealing with. So, when I go out into ministry, I already have an image of what people are struggling with. I’ve seen so many different scenarios, and it gives me a better understanding of what’s really out there and what people are dealing with. It also gives me a basis for counseling because you need to know how to listen and say the right thing at the right time and know how to apply biblical verses to help people. It’s important to know how to connect people to bible studies. It’s a blessing because when I go out into the world, I kind of have an idea of things to say and watch out for. What are your plans for this summer?
I plan on working as a Youth Pastor back home in North Carolina through the Barnabas connection. How did you find out about the Barnabas Connection?
PHOTO BY JOELLE ARNER
Dr. Russell, and I started praying about it. Then when I got home for Christmas break, the youth director at my church came up to me and said, “Josias, we’ve been praying about it, and we want you to come here and work for us. We want you here being a good influence to our youth.” Then I told her about the Barnabas Connection, and I’ve been talking to the Conference, and it looks like it is going to pan out.
What other ministries are you involved in?
I am a Sabbath School director at the Benton Harbor Spanish Church. I’m also working for another organization called Makarios, and we go out and put on programs for different Hispanic churches, specifically for the youth. I am the Pastor of Adelante, and I have been recently elected to be the Evangelism Director of AMA.
They were talking about it in chapel, and then I talked about it with
Far From Home
Investing in Your Future
Kari Logan | Willaglys Senior is a
Name: Luis Moronta Class: Freshman Major: Finance Interviewed by: Sam Fry
have to keep that as a hobby.
What is your major, and what do you want to do with it?
I was on the money on all my votes—I think we have a good group coming in. The president seems pretty serious. It seems like he’s going to get the ball rolling. So, I see good things coming next year.
freshman music major here at Andrews University. She joined us in December, just in time for her very first American winter, “This was my first winter and it was horrible because I didn’t have the correct or special clothes. When I went outside, I fell and I was so cold.” Willaglys is from Venezuela and she says that she was very lucky to be allowed to come and study here with us at Andrews because finding the money for tuition and a plane ticket was difficult, but it was also difficult to go through the government. Though she is not a Seventhday Adventist, Willaglys enjoys going to church and hearing the sermons. She says they are very
PHOTO BY JOELLE ARNER
different from Catholic churches, as we have no saints or mass and they have no Sabbath school, and the content of the sermon is different as well. “I like learning about the Adventist church and different cultures,” she says. Willaglys heard about Andrews University from our conductor Claudio Gonzales whom she met through friends in Venezuela. Here, she studies music with her oboe. “I enjoy playing everything, because I am a musician, so I enjoy playing all music.” She explained that learning the music isn’t the difficult part, it’s understanding the professors. Though she is majoring in music, she is taking a lot of English classes in order to better understand the language. Though she has two cousins in Washington D.C., most of her family is at home in Venezuela. Of being far from home, she says, “My family is not here so sometimes I feel a little alone and sad but I think it was a miracle that I was able to be here.” Willaglys remains optimistic about the next four years that she will be spending here and is enjoying the sunshine on her bike.
I’m a finance major. I’d like to work in corporate finance as a financial analyst at a big corporation. Or, a data analyst—where you analyze how certain things will impact a business. I want to do that for a couple of years, and then transfer to the money management industry so I could be a trader. So, I’d like to work in those two areas: corporate finance and as an equities trader at an investment firm. Do you have any plans for this summer?
What did you think of the results of the AUSA elections this year?
What is your favorite part about Andrews?
I’d say it’s the people. The people here are so great. The cultural diversity is amazing, I think that’s what makes Andrews University great—it’s the quality of the people here.
What is your favorite class that you have taken so far—both related to your major, and in general?
Definitely Fit for Life, because I can apply the things my professor talks about directly to my life. She doesn’t just talk about doing a certain exercise, but about real life stuff like personality development. My favorite class related to my major is Fundamentals of Accounting. It teaches you accounting, which is the basic language of business. If you could change one thing about Andrews, what would it be?
I would like tuition to be lowered.
I’ll probably be working at a summer camp—Berkshire in New York, or at a furniture factory near my home. If you could give one bit of advice to a freshman coming into Andrews this fall, what would it be?
Make sure you choose a major that is going to help you get a job after graduation. I think that’s the most important thing. You have to find a balance between what you love and what is going to get you a job. Sometimes what you love isn’t something you can make a career out of. Sometimes you might just
PHOTO BY JOELLE ARNER
John Rorabeck by Scott Moncrieff Faculty Advisor
Chief Analyst for the Berrien County Forensic Laboratory Why is the Berrien County Forensic Laboratory located on the Andrews University campus?
I’m an employee of Andrews University, and my services are contracted to the prosecutor’s office. This arrangement got started under Dr. Dwain Ford, former chair of the Department of Chemistry, back in 1970. The Controlled Substance Act of 1970 had just been passed, transferring prosecution of drug violations from the Treasury Department to the Drug Enforcement Administration. So it became a law enforcement issue, and they needed laboratories to do that kind of work, and since Andrews was building the Science Complex then and had a chance to dedicate some floor space, they established this laboratory and it’s been in operation ever since, serving the police departments within Berrien County, and a few outside agencies. So you just work with analysis of drug-related materials, not with fingerprints or blood or other criminal evidence?
When we started, it was just drugs. Shortly after that they asked the director to start learning fingerprinting techniques, because many times it would be advantageous to get the prints off drug packaging here, rather than send them out to another lab. So upon request we can preserve prints, and send them on to another laboratory, where the Michigan State Police have experts in fingerprint classification. We don’t do anything in the
way of DNA or ballistics here. Do you also have duties for Andrews University?
I’m an adjunct professor in the Department of Chemistry, and I teach one class, Forensic Chemistry, which is limited to upper-class chemistry majors. You have a machine making quite a bit of noise in the background. What is that?
This is the newest addition to the lab, which we obtained in 2008. It’s a gas chromatograph mass spectrometer. It’s driven by a very powerful vacuum pump, and that’s what’s making most of the noise. What is it for?
It’s a separation technique. The gas chromatograph part will take a complex mixture of chemicals— in our case, drugs—and separate them at the end of a ten-foot column. They come off at different times depending on the column codings. Once they come off the end of the column they go into the mass spectrometer part of the machine, where they are fragmented and the mass of each fragment is determined, so that you get a bar graph type of reading that is characteristic of a single molecule. And that gives us solid evidence as to what that compound was that was put into the instrument. Do you put pills or suspected marijuana products directly into the machine?
We try to do some cleanup of the sample before we put it in the instrument. A fragment of a pill
would be extracted with organic chemicals, so that we are not putting a lot of water into the instrument. The portion of the drug that dissolves in the organic solvent is sufficient to be detected on this very sensitive instrument. How many years have you been doing this?
Well, I was a student here back in the late 70s, and was a student analyst in this very lab. When I graduated with a chemistry degree, I started working for a coroner’s office in Illinois, where I did blood alcohols to drug levels, much the same techniques that I’m working with here, only I had to extract the drugs out of blood, urine, and other autopsy samples first. I spent 25 years doing that type of toxicology. When this position became available I was working in another medical service laboratory, in Ann Arbor. They called me to do this, and my heart was in forensics, so I came back to it. Any interesting drug trends you’ve noticed in your work?
We’ve seen the rise, and then some fall, in synthetic marijuana: chemicals that are dusted onto rather safe plants. They’re sold in a fashion that says they’re not supposed to be smoked, but it leads consumers to believe that they could be, and they are. Also, we’re seeing more of the cannabis edibles. Brownies?
It used to be that we would get brownies and you could see the plant material under the microscope. But now they’ve found ways to take the marijuana plant and
cook it with butter. The chemicals are fat soluble, so they will leach into the butter. Then they strain off the plant material and use the butter as an ingredient which can’t be seen to have drugs in it. It’s also used in making hard candy. I’ve even seen THC in beef jerky. The danger is you can now add as much THC as you want. It used to be that marijuana had about 3% THC. Now it has well over 10% approaching 20%. Now we have people getting severely sick and even have reported deaths from THC. That was unheard of when I was getting into the toxicology realm. We used to say it was impossible to overdose on THC, and we don’t say that any more. What do you find satisfying about this kind of work?
Just knowing that I’m helping to get some of this stuff off the streets, and making Southwest Michigan a safer place to live. Because of my work in the coroner’s office, I’ve seen how drug use can destroy people’s lives and corrode a community. A message that I try to get out, when I talk to young people, is that the myelin sheath is still developing in college-aged students, and increasing the bandwidth of your brain, so to speak. Chemical assault on developing tissue is a very dangerous thing. Since you have drugs stored here, what oversight is there that would prevent you from making improper use of your access?
All the reports we put out have weights listed on them about what has been brought in, and we could
PHOTO BY SCOTT MONCRIEFF
be audited at any time by the Michigan State Police, and we have to be able to account for all the stuff we have stored. What’s something unusual that’s come across your desk?
that were being used by some high school students as marijuana pipes. Presumably they would be less suspect as they looked like part of their sack lunch and perhaps they intended to consume the evidence after it was smoked.
About a year ago I received some cored whole Granny Smith apples
Counsel From A Future Lawyer Name: Alaryss Bosco Class: Junior Major: Political Science, Pre-Law Interviewed by: Rebecca Myshrall What led you to become a Political Science and Pre-Law major?
Having grown up overseas, I was always interested in international politics and international diplomacy. I felt like the best way to apply these interests in a practical way was to major in Political Science. I really want to help people in my career, specifically refugees and victims of human trafficking, and I felt like law school was the best way to achieve that aim. Tell me about the first job you had.
When I graduated high school, I PHOTO BY JOELLE ARNER
wanted to get a job working at a law firm. I applied to many and got a few calls back, and I ended up at this firm called Wisewood Mahony Lawyers. They dealt with personal injuries and a variety of other civil litigation suits. I ended up in their property section, and I worked there for nine months before I came to Andrews. I was an assistant to the law clerks; therefore, I would handle people’s mortgages and do their documents for them. What are your plans for this summer?
I’ve been wanting to try different types of law. I looked into a firm that dealt with employment law and applied for an internship there which I was lucky enough to get. So, I will be working there for two months over the summer.
What are your plans for after you graduate?
what it’s like.
I plan on taking a year off to travel and do humanitarian work, and then apply to law schools overseas.
Lastly, what’s your favorite legal movie?
What advice would you give to a Freshman starting out in PreLaw?
I would recommend taking as many classes as possible that involve writing. Minoring or even majoring in English is a good idea. Also, try to take as many classes as you can that involve logic and reasoning skills because this is a large part of the LSAT. Also, start studying for the LSAT early—it’s a lot more work than most people would anticipate. It would also be beneficial to visit law schools and talk to students there, and they will give you a first-hand look at
I think it would be a toss up between Michael Clayton or The Accused with Jodie Foster.
THE STUDENT MOVEMENT
Arts & Entertainment
AU Theatre Wing Presents Pygmalion
Shanelle Kim Arts & Entertainment Editor
PHOTO BY SCOTT MONCRIEFF
Demetri Kirchberg |A rising pride
of our school is the AU Theatre Wing, a growing club that put on a production of The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde last year. Formed, disciplined, and performed by students, the Theatre Wing has created a new outlet for the arts on our campus. Kicking off Spring on a dramatic note, the troupe did two performances of Pygmalion - a work by the celebrated Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw. Directed by senior undergraduate Stephen Batchelor, this play was one of the high points of campus art this semester. The opening matinee performance was on Friday, March 27, and well past the scheduled starting time, ticket holders were itching to get into the hall. Finally, after forty
minutes, the lights dimmed and the drama began. Along with directing the production, Stephen Batchelor played the male lead of Professor Henry Henry Higgins, a gentleman of London who takes an impoverished cockney girl who sells flowers under his wing as a diction student. This role of Eliza Doolittle was played by Simone Weithers, as she portrayed the transition from gutter girl to lady of the lawn party. Other members of the ensemble included Ryan Comeau as Colonel Hugh Pickering, Katharina Burghardt as Henry Higgins’s mother, and Calvin Parinussa as the slimy and opportunistic Mr. Doolittle. The rest of the cast and crew brought together students from many different disciplines all over campus to create
one work. One of the best triumphs of the show was its beautiful and smartly designed sets. Utilizing rolling walls to shift between multiple scenes was expertly done, and the primary set of Higgins’s house was very convincing and far from sparse, complete with metal spiral staircase to the choir terrace. On the note of the set, there were a few aspects that cannot go unmentioned, such as the simple prop of a green door that proved itself a great feat to not leave swinging. Another was a large roll of tulle that evaded the tries of stage hand to put back in its place, and then was simply left dangling into the set. Small things like these and the corrections being made midscene kept the audience more than
aware that perhaps a bit more polishing was called for before opening night. However, when things were in place, the changing settings were easy to fall into. The performances were, as can be expected from such a mixed ensemble, a hodgepodge of abilities. As leading men, Stephen and Ryan did very well at conveying these very different sides of being a victorian gentleman. Kathe’s embodiment of a 60ish year old lady was remarkably believable. Even with the frequent nods to Audrey Hepburn’s performance, Simone was by far the audience favorite, and rightly so. It was her honest and graceful additions to the show that made Pygmalion more than a nice student play. Set in England, all of the performers had to adopt fit-
serves the other ghosts from Hell, most of whom decide for one reason or another not to stay in Heaven. “I’d rather go back to Hell than go on with you,” says the Big Ghost (David Faehner, Vice President for University Advancement) to his former employee (Senior Theology Major Zackery Babb) who murdered a man while on earth, yet now lives in Heaven and offers the Big Ghost the choice to join the ranks of the Solid, heavenly people. The Intellectual Ghost (L. Monique Pittman, Professor of English) meets her old friend, Richard (Ante Jeroncic, Associate Professor of Religion), who questions the honesty of her beliefs and her
self-proclaimed intellectual innocence. Later, the Narrator finds a spiritual guide in George MacDonald (Joseph Greig, Professor Emeritus). Other Ghosts include the Hard-Bitten Ghost (Keith Mattingly, Dean of College of Arts and Sciences), who mistrusts the beauty and goodness of Heaven; the Mother-Ghost (Frances Faehner, Vice President for Student Life), whose love for her son devolves into idolatrous human affection and keeps her from loving God, despite the best efforts of her sister Regina (Hyveth Williams, Professor of Homiletics); and the Ghost with Lizard (Babb), who finally triumphs over his sin of lust, personified as a lizard (F. Faehner), with
ting accents, which came easier to some than others. While Pygmalion was the inspiration for the musical My Fair Lady, there are certain aspects that have kept the two as separate entities. While the musical portrays this story as a romantic comedy of sorts, the play has always been a more serious commentary on Victorian England, especially on the social classes and the roles of women. The culmination of these themes is in Eliza’s transformation into a woman of society and her decision to leave the poisonous relationship she has built with Mr. Higgins behind in order to chase independance. Straying from this play’s tradition, the end was ambiguous at best. In fact, it seemed to lean towards Eliza choosing to stay with Higgins, completely replacing the significance of her struggle to create autonomy with warm fuzzies. The AU Theatre Wing has proven itself as an asset to our student body, and we should be confident that its place will be lasting here. Rumors of a production of Phantom of the Opera are floating through the grapevine, but no matter what the next work, we know that in the hands of Andrews students, art can thrive.
C.S. Lewis’s “The Great Divorce” WayAnne Watson | Perhaps the
most famous Christian apologist of the 20th century, C.S. Lewis wrote his allegory, The Great Divorce, as a response to the proposed marriage of heaven and hell explored by William Blake. Directed by Senior Religion and Communications major Olivia Ruiz-Knott for her senior honors thesis, this production was a Reader’s Theater, or completely aural, adaptation of Lewis’s original work. Ruiz-Knott presented The Great Divorce to a packed house last Sunday night at the University Towers Auditorium. Brian Strayer, Professor of History, starred as the Narrator who finds himself in an ever-expanding, grey town of eternal dusk that
one of the other passengers, Ikey (Ronald Knott, Director, University Press), calls Hell. As the story progresses, the audience quickly learns that the inhabitants of Hell, including the Narrator, can board a bus to Heaven if they wish, and we follow the journey of the heavenbound passengers to a “radiant abyss” of “cruel light.” When the bus reaches Heaven, the Narrator realizes that he and the travelers from Hell are only ghosts and that everything in Heaven, including the grass and the daisies are “so much solider” than the smudgy shadowland they left behind. In fact,as the Narrator discovers, “Heaven is reality itself.” Over the course of the play, the Narrator ob-
the help of the Angel (Sophomore English and Music Major Alejandra Castillo). As Lewis explains in his introduction to The Great Divorce, read by Ruiz-Knott at the beginning of the performance, this story is not meant to be a ‘factual’ account of the real Heaven and Hell, but only a fantasy. Watching and listening in the audience to the struggles of the characters, however, it was clear we were hearing our own thoughts and pivoting rationalizations ringing out through the auditorium.
Arts & Entertainment
Senior Spotlight: WayAnne Watson Major: Music Interviewed by: Fonda Mwangi What has been your experience here at Andrews?
The winter gets really depressing sometimes, but I love the James White Library and the Howard, the campus diversity, and the vegan-friendly eating options. I also like that we’re in the country, but close enough to go to Chicago for plays and concerts once in a while. In terms of my experience here, I went a little nuts writing musicals for my Western Heritage small groups and watching Dr. Pittman’s face when we performed them, so those were some of the highlights. Most of all, I’ve appreciated learning from teachers who take seriously both their faith and their scholarship and who are generous enough to share how they connect what they do and what they believe with students like me. What inspired you to pursue Music as a major?
I’ve been playing the violin since I was four and when I was coming to college I couldn’t think of another major, so I defaulted to music, with the encouragement of the violin professor, Ms. Trynchuk. Now, I’m grateful for everything I’ve learned from my teachers and friends in the program and I’m so glad I had the opportunity to do music.
Cinderella (2015) Reviewed by: Shanelle Kim Warning: Spoilers ahead!
Can you tell me about your Senior Recital?
It’s still intimidating for me to think about it, but I’m excited to see all of the work my pianist [Edgar Perez] and I have put in come together. For the recital, I’m playing Beethoven Violin Sonata No. 2, Grieg Violin Sonata No. 3, and Fauré Romance in B-flat major. I think all the pieces are really beautiful, so I’m looking forward to sharing them in performance. Also: it’s on Sunday, April 12 at 7:30 pm at the HPAC. Please come! Do you have any senior projects or research?
I’m finishing up my honors thesis on musical borrowing in a cycle of pieces called Las cuatro estaciones porteñas. The cycle is mashup-style arrangement of Piazzolla and Vivaldi’s Four Seasons and, in the project, I analyzed quotations and made a model of the interactions of the two pieces within the arrangement. Come to the Honors Thesis Symposium on Friday and I will try to explain it better. Other than that, I’ve been working on it for over a year and it was a really challenging process for me, but I’ve learned so much about a lot of things I never thought I would need to know. A few weeks ago, my advisor [Prof. Trina Thompson] and I were going over something for the poster session and suddenly I realized in 20 years I won’t
PHOTO PROVIDED BY WAYANNE WATSON
even remember what this project is about. Still, I love it, so I am saying yes in the face of that eventual oblivion.
posed to be for last year, but then this semester happened. For next year, I plan to teach at Taiwan Adventist Academy. After that, I hope to go to medical school.
What are your plans for after graduation?
I need to finally finish my grandma’s Christmas gift. It was sup-
Throwback of the Week: The Shack (2007) Janelle Aguilera | In 2007, Wil-
liam P. Young published a book that changed my life: The Shack. The book was written for Young’s children to explain his relation-
ship with God. Though the story is characterized as fiction, Young does say and believe that all his accounts with God throughout the book were real and true. I’ll leave
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that up to each reader to decide on their own after they’ve read the novel. In the book, years after a family tragedy, Mackenzie Allen Phillips receives a letter that he ends up believing was from God. The letter is an invitation to return to the place of this tragedy. After much deliberation, he feels that he needs to go where the letter calls him and after a struggle with his beliefs, he spends a few days with God the Father, Jesus, and The Holy Spirit. This book opened my mind to experiencing Jesus in a new way. My views of His character and His feelings towards His children became so clear and made me fall in love with Him all over again. Though this book isn’t even a decade old, I think it classifies as a throwback because of how popular and well renowned it was prior to all the controversy that surrounded it. This story is one that touches readers on a deep level. The vivid descriptions and word pictures carry you seamlessly through the plot
development and encourages you to sympathize with the humanity of the characters in the story. There are so many good things about this book, at least if you take it all with a grain of salt. There has been a lot of controversy over whether book captured a unique and creative way in which God could work, or whether it was complete heresy. In the book, Makenzie (or Mac) comes face to face with the trinity in human form. There are many criticisms over how these three were physically portrayed: God as an African-American woman and the Holy Spirit as an Asian woman. I personally think it is silly to dub them as feminist versions of God as so many readers did. My advice would be to pick up a copy. Whether it’s in the interest of seeing the trinity in a potentially different light, or to add to the discussions, it’s a good read either way.
Growing up, my family did not watch many Disney films--in fact, I watched both The Lion King (1994) and Aladdin (1992) for the first time in college. However, the two Disney films we did own—Bambi (1942) and Cinderella (1950)—were watched over and over, especially Cinderella. I remember being absolutely enchanted with Cinderella when I watched it for the first time at five years old, and stuffed it into our VHS player many times after. As I got older, however, the magic of Cinderella faded and was replaced with a fascination with Mulan (1998) and its powerful female lead. It’s with these two things in mind—the glowing memory of a first encounter and the fading of its enchantments—that I watched Disney’s live-action remake of Cinderella (2015). Directed by Kenneth Branagh (Hamlet, Thor) in his signature earnest, excited style, Cinderella is beautiful and visually stunning. The colors are vibrant and rich, and the sets—from Ella’s family’s country house to what will be Cinderella’s castle—are breathtaking. The film takes the magic of the original to a new visual level—the scene in which the Fairy Godmother gets Cinderella ready for the ball is enchanting to watch. Some of the magic of Cinderella also lies in its actors—Lily James makes a wonderful Ella/Cinderella, guileless, brave, and kind without being spineless. Her moments on screen with the Prince (Richard Madden) are tender and they make it almost believable that two people can fall in love after meeting just once. Cate Blanchett is deliciously wicked as Lady Tremaine, a fashionable and dynamic departure from the staid coldness of the original evil stepmother. Sophie McShera and Holliday Grainger as Drisella and Anastasia, respectively, also play their roles delightfully, as two pretty, but empty-headed and ugly-hearted stepsisters to Cinderella. And of course, Helena Bonham Carter brings a quirky and entertaining quality to the role of Fairy Godmother. While the cinematography and
the acting are pleasant to watch, perhaps more thought could have been put into the story itself. Cinderella makes a few attempts at resolving the logical leaps of the original, but they seem almost half-hearted in comparison with the care that goes into the visuals, and while the actors all play their parts faithfully, the story leaves much to be desired in terms of character development. Why does Lady Tremaine hate Cinderella so much? The movie tries to answer this question with the stepmother giving Ella an explicit speech about why she is so cruel to her, and yet the speech makes little sense and only adds to the confusion regarding the motivations of Lady Tremaine’s character. We get hints at depth, with certain glances or facial expressions on her part, but it’s not enough to see the stepmother as more than just a cruel, hateful woman. The film also adds the storyline of the dying King to the Prince’s story, but this does little for the unfolding of the plot and the Prince’s character development. We don’t see enough of the King and the Prince’s relationship, and the King has so little screen time and development that his death—and the advice he gives to the Prince, which is to marry the one he loves—hardly feels effective. There’s also a subplot about the political ambitions of one of the King’s advisors that seems unnecessary, and all these extra moments and added storylines feel like little more than halfhearted, paltry attempts to add depth to the original fairytale. Its failings aside, Cinderella is worth watching for the magical cinematography and the delight the actors take in their roles. For retellings of the tale that manage to work out the kinks of the original story while retaining its magic, I would recommend watching Ever After (1998) or reading Gail Carson Levine’s Ella Enchanted (1997). However, for those seeking the nostalgia and the first-encounter enchantment of Disney’s original animation, Cinderella captures both.
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THE STUDENT MOVEMENT
The Last Word
Melodie Roschman Editor-in-Chief
Between the mountains of homework I was struggling to conquer, the awful cold that made me sleep half the time, and the conspicuous lack of a Passion Play, I nearly forgot that this weekend was Easter. The only signs of it were the colorful eggs and small children wearing fluffy ears that appeared on my Instagram. When it came time to choose a topic for my column for the week, then, Easter wasn’t my first choice. I’m not a pastor, and I figured that enough sermons had been preached. But then something changed my mind: The Hunchback of Notre Dame. On Saturday night, a few of my friends and I spent the evening baking chocolate cake and watching Disney movies. I hadn’t seen Hunchback in years, and was struck by a song I had mostly ignored before: “God Help the Outcasts.” The gypsy dancer Esmeralda is sheltering in the cathedral of Notre Dame, and as she does so she sings a prayer: They tell me I am just an outcast I shouldn’t speak to You Still I see Your face and wonder Were You once an outcast too? God help the outcasts The poor and down trod I thought we all were The children of God. As I have emphasized before, Esmeralda is right: our God is a
THE STUDENT MOVEMENT STAFF
God of outcasts, failures, and victims. He is a God of losers. From homeless shepherds visiting a teenage mother to illiterate fishermen, despised tax collectors, and notorious prostitutes being his chief disciples, Jesus surrounded himself with the people that society made second-class citizens. Nowhere is this clearer than in the story of the crucifixion and resurrection. Jesus had every opportunity to lead a political coup and
of victims, the tendency of the power to abuse the powerless and destroy innocents. In his resurrection, however, he demonstrated his kingdom’s embrace of outsiders. In 1st century Palestine, women had incredibly low status. They could not give testimony in a court of law. A woman had to show proof of adultery to ask for a divorce, but a man could divorce his wife for something as petty as burning
“Our God is a God of outcasts, failures, and victims. He is a God of losers.” become dominant in his society. The people were ready to crown him king. Yet instead he chose an unjust trial from a biased political system more concerned with lynching embarrassing dissidents than serving justice. He chose an excruciatingly painful execution given only to slaves and traitors to the state. He chose a death that stripped him of privilege and exposed him to derision and abject desolation. Through his sacrifice Jesus exposed society’s treatment
the food. A contemporary author, apparently feeling charitable, wrote that a husband should treat his wife “at least as well as his horse.” In the light of all of this, Jesus chose women to be the first proclaimers of his resurrection. At first, the disciples didn’t believe them—Peter’s first reaction was the assertion that they were simply hysterical—but they were proven to be right. Jesus’ first action as the resurrected king was to empower those considered useless and un-
trustworthy by the world around them. This semester, I’ve been taking a class entitled “What Is Other?,” the goal of which is to examine our biases and prejudices, the things that make us separate the world into Us vs. Them, into in-groups and out-groups. I’m struck by the incredible number of ways that we separate ourselves from other people. We call Muslims extremists, the poor entitled and lazy, the LGBTQ depraved and licentious, immigrants invaders bent on destroying our culture. We build ourselves a carefully constructed space and define ourselves by what and who we are not. In class today I read the impassioned tirade of an American conservative arguing that in order to save America from “racial suicide” and the death of civilization as we know it, we need to restore our Anglo-Protestant roots, close our borders and fight against multiculturalism and diversity. Last week, Indiana signed a controversial religious freedom bill into law that allows businesses to deny service to LGBTQ individuals and prevent trans people from using their bathrooms. Is it any wonder that, when you Google questions people ask about Christianity, the top suggestion is “Why are Christians so mean?” And yet Christians claim to follow Christ, God of the outcasts.
of the campus rectangle took on a sinister appearance the morning of March 29 as preparation for the Cadet Corps “sham battle” got under way. Two formidable-looking .30 caliber machine guns which graced the cement bench in the flower garden at the north end of the rectangle were directed northward toward the supposed enemy. These guns were concealed behind a sandbag embattlement and were commanded by Cadets Dean Gross and Jim Kellam. Enemy “bombs” dropping behind the front line were simulated by ten or twelve half-sticks of dynamite set off by electric caps. Connection to all the charges were communicated to the two master batteries which were controlled by “chief dynamiter” Harold Kelley with assistance from Andrew
Haynal. Just behind the “danger zone” was located a Battalion Aid Station, so designated by a ground marker for airplanes (the Red Cross flag). The station was commanded by cadet David McConnell and assistants Foreman and Wolcott. A Collecting Station located a supposed mile to the rear of the Battalion Aid Station was commanded by Cadet Jonathan Penner and assistants Gentsler and Benton. Prior to the demonstration, Captain Clark Smith presented the Medical Cadet Corps for a formal inspection by Major E. N. Dick and Captain R. R. Bietz. Major Dick at present is heading the training program of the Medical Cadet Corps for the General Conference. At the explosion of the first “bomb” the attacking company began to advance behind a smokescreen,
realistically effected by a quantity of ignited red phosphorus. As the fury of the encounter increased and the wounded fell on the field, the Medical Cadets went into action. Casualties were given First Aid by Company Aid men, and were shortly evacuated from the field by litter bearers sent out from the Battalion Aid Station, where the wounded on their return were prepared for further transportation to the collecting station. Each casualty bearing an E.M.T. (emergency medical tag) received prompt attention on his arrival at the Collecting Station and was prepared for the journey back to a base hospital. Skill was manifested by the Cadets in many ways as they applied bandages, splints, and slings to fractured skulls, broken femurs, and splintered clavicles. After the last
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Inspecting Officers Commend Medical Cadets’ Sham Battle April 8, 1945 Staff | The rolling green expanse
Melodie Roschman Editor-in-Chief Givan Hinds News Editor Erik Vyhmeister Ideas Editor Tim McGuire Pulse Editor Dakota Hall Humans Editor Shanelle Kim Arts & Entertainment Editor Joelle Arner Photo Editor WayAnne Watson Copy Editor Bennett Shelley Copy Editor Amy Beisiegel Layout Editor Dori Moore Multimedia Manager Scott Moncrieff Faculty Advisor
volley was fired and the smoke had cleared away, Captain Clark Smith invited the spectators to inspect the two medical stations for closer observation of military hospital technique. The demonstration of the removal of the wounded men from the field of action was planned and directed by the Leadership Training Class of the Medical Cadet Corps. This class is composed of second year cadets. After the afternoon lecture session, Major Dick expressed to the cadets his hearty approval of the demonstration and commended them on their splendid action.