Aurianna Tur vold
INDUSTRIAL DESIGN PORTFOLIO 2016
I grew up in a family of passionate occupational therapists. The exposure and involvement with people of all abilities has shaped my life and career focus. While studying at Savannah College of Art and Design my focus revolved around finding solutions to the problems my friends and family with special needs were experiencing. My work is supported by scientific research, but has stemmed from my ethnographies. This is why I design, to improve the lives of others. I strongly believe when science and design are in tandem possibilities are without bounds. My greatest passion is to be an advocate for human centered design that eliminates barriers and maximizes independence while keeping an empathic approach in every aspect of the process.
6 FREE STAND
90 B U C KL E- R O O
92 S O U ND S H ORT SPORT
LITT LE STEPS
96 C LO UD
FREE STAND SENIOR PROJECT 2016
While designing for eSpecial Needs, the leading retailer for adaptive equipment, rehab equipment and therapy products, I had the privilege of observing consultations and fittings for some of their clients. I was familiar with many of the products as I grew up in a family of occupational therapists and had been a respite care provider for years. However, looking at the products with fresh eyes I grew eager to improve and rethink the designs. Many of these products are relied upon to assist in daily routines; they must be intuitive, ergonomic and fit seamlessly into the individualâ€™s life. What struck me the most through my ethnographic research was the complications clients experienced with a few of their best selling products. For example, the most popular stroller for adults with mobility limitations accommodated up to 250 lbs and provided excellent postural support; however, to perform the transfer into the stroller an average-sized person had to perform multiple steps and required multiple people to do so. The alternative being the assistance of one person and a mechanical lift.
eSpecial Needs also sold a variety of standers and routinely had parents and therapists come in to have them properly fitted for their child. A parent, who had previously purchased the companyâ€™s best pediatric stander, came in to show us a picture of the modifications he made with some supplies from the hardware store. His sonâ€™s stander was extremely comfortable, easily adjustable, and offered the versatility of prone, upright and supine standing, but it lacked practicality. His son utilized the stander 1-4 hours daily and would tolerate his time in the stander well if he was in motion, otherwise he would cry. The stander had caster wheels with locks, but to move the stander his father had to bend down (it was only a few inches taller than his 2 year old son), grasp the spine of the stander with one hand and awkwardly push and steer it. Tired of a cramped hand and sore back his father designed and built an integrated caregiver stroller handle out of dowel rods, pvc and clamps. Free Stand is inspired by parents and therapists who transform into designers when a need is identified or a problem is encountered.
THE BENEFITS OF STANDING
Research on the Free Stand Project began with a deep dive into the science behind standing and why it is important for all individuals. With countless scientific documentation as support, I continued contextual and ethnographic research to determine areas of opportunity. My key insight was the lack of opportunity for independence when using these products. Most individuals who use standing devices have to rely on the assistance of multiple people or a mechanical lift with the assistance of one person. With a significantly higher price tag there are standers that do not require such assistance, however, these are often unobtainable due to the high cost.
Standing improves respiration and voice control
Standing enhances circulation and blood pressure
Standing enables eye-to-eye interaction
Standing aids digestion, bowel function and bladder drainage
Standing facilitates the formation of the hip joint in early development
Standing improves skin integrity by relieving pressure encountered during sitting
IDEATION Determining the key user and developing a design direction The four common types of standers are pictured on the right. The SIT-TOSTAND design aligned with my focus of maximizing the independence of the individual. Moderate core strength and stability is required with this design.
MAKING A DIFFERENCE WITH OPEN SOURCE
is a global network of volunteers who are using their 3D printers, design skills, and personal time to create free 3D printed prosthetic hands for those in need â€“ with the goal of providing them to underserved populations around the world. Today the community numbers in the thousands and has delivered prosthetic hands in 37 countries.
At Michigan Technological University
researchers have compiled economic data on the effectiveness of open source hardware in the laboratory and the process looks promising. A professor and his group created customizable 3-D print-ready models using open source CAD software and off-the-shelf motor parts. They posted the designs and codes on Youmagine and Thingiverse; within ten months, they had 1,035 downloads. The professor and his team estimate the return on investment for this case study is between 460 percent and 12,000 percent.
PROTOT YPE DE VELOPMENT Determining the necessary movement for a person to safely transfer from the seated position to a standing position was the main focus during the initial phases. The most beneficial support to this development was applying human factor methods of research, observation and testing. The correct movement arose from prototyping with various lifts, pulleys, and motors. Once determined, I implemented a reliable linear actuator motor that allowed a predictable and secure experience for the user. The next step was to input my findings into SolidWorks and designing a prototype to be CNC/laser cut.
ASSEMBLY + + =
TWO 8’ X 4’ furniture-grade PLYWOOD SHEETS (to be LASERCUT or CNC) LINEAR ACTUATOR with REMOTE ordered from AMAZON HARDWARE ordered from MCMASTER CARR
$248 IN BUILD MATERIALS
For the final concept to be a success, the build needed to be simple and understandable, requiring minimal materials and hardware, at a significant reduction in price. The goal of FREE STAND is to bring awareness and encourage others to explore the possibilities of an open sourced platform.
The foot plate was the only component made adjustable to accommodate a variety of people for testing purposes.
*WORK TABLE/DESK Easily scalable surface to be used while standing.
ROTATING ARM Holds primary weight of individual while motor rotates arm upward - lifting individual to the desired upright position.
SIDE TABLES Allows user set down or store items.
KNEE SUPPORT* Holds and positions legs below the knee with padded supports - ensuring weight is distributed evenly and in the correct places.
FOOT PLATE* Prevents foot from wanting to slide forward, keeping the individual secure with correct allignment.
BACK PLATE Supports the back of motor - reinforced with an additional sheet of interlocking plywood on each side.
LINEAR ACTUATOR Purchased from Amazon with a 330 pound weight limit, a comfortable speed of .22 inches/second and wireless remote.
FRONT PLATE/SEAT Supports the front of motor - drives rotating arm. Hinged for smooth transition. Reinforced with an additional sheet of interlocking plywood.
SIDE SUPPORTS Provides a secure connection between housing and base - functions as an interlocked L-bracket.
FREE STAND * A DIFFERENT VIEW ON HOME STANDERS The position and/or scale of these components would be determined by measuring the individual and adjusting the file prior to CNC or laser cutting. This reduces any unnecessary adjustable parts and showcases the opportunities for innovation and customizablity.
CUE AURIANNA TURVOLD. JUSTIN MONTAN. MICHAEL HUH.
• Home Interior Products • Industrial/Life Science Design • Medical/Scientific Machinery • Bathroom Fittings/Appliances • Medical/Scientific Machinery
Meet Grant, an 8 year old who loves jumping on his trampoline and going to the River City Rascals baseball games. Grant was diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder at age 3 and receives therapy 6 days a week (ABA, Occupational, Music and Speech).
His loved ones want the best for him and work hard to provide him with the best resources. Grantâ€™s parents worry about his independence in the future as he needs a great deal of assistance with most tasks. This project is dedicated to Grant and his future.
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People in the United States are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder each year.
Studies have shown that people with Autism Spectrum Disorder are more responsive to learning environments that incorporate technology due to their mechanical inclinations.
the robot is highly effective at reaching and motivating children with autism who have difficulty interacting with humans or who are uncomfortable practicing and using social skills with people. Anxiety and emotional dysregulation inhibit learning. When children are engaged and comfortable, theyâ€™re better able to learn. Recent research has shown that children working with a therapist and Milo are engaged 70-80% of the time compared to just 3-10% of the time with traditional approaches.
Research and Implementation To ensure that CUE would be effective, our team turned to the expert opinions at Matthew Reardon Center for Autism (MRCA) and other professionals highly knowledgeable and experienced with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Our team began volunteering at the MRCA after our first meeting with their CEO and Director to better our understanding of ASD and explore implementation and testing at their facilities. We received positive feedback and extremely helpful insights that influenced our final design.
DR. TEMPLE GRANDIN
C U E
CUE THE VOICE
Calm voice directs individual to tasks. Counting can be included in settings within the app.
MAX temperature can be set to prevent injury. Multiple flow options set by activity and duration.
Projected Capacitance Glass Ceramic (waterproof). Controller located under face.
JOURNEY MAP CREDIT: JUSTIN MONTAN
Touch to wake CUE
Each year there is an increasing rate of people diagnosed with autism. Roughly 70% of people with autism live with their aging parents. Many organizations are working hard to facilitate group home environments that allow parents to feel assured that their child is receiving the best quality of living. CUE educates and empowers its users with positive verbal and visual feedback during bathroom tasks while providing parents and caregivers peace of mind.
Inspired by loved ones with Autism Spectrum Disorder, CUE is the new face of independence. With a focus on hygiene, CUE walks its users visually and verbally through bathroom tasks such as brushing teeth, face washing, shaving, washing hands and toileting.
Each person is unique in their abilities, so CUE is able to accommodate everyoneâ€™s specific needs. Through the app, a caregiver can easily customize all the necessary components of CUE to ensure the highest level of success. CUEâ€™s settings allow for multiple users with individualized profiles, making this product ideal for group home environments.
CUEâ€™s set tings quickly and simply from the app
+ Auditory and Visual Cues
Task Determines Flow of Water
Life jacket Aurianna Turvold. Matt Grello. Lydia Batchelder. Theo Gough.
MISSION As a team we were driven to create a life jacket that assists those who need additional postural support.
Meet Tyler. During a high
school football game he suffered a C5 spinal cord injury. After 8 years of intensive therapy, Tyler has made mobility gains in his trunk, shoulders, arms and hands. He continues to rely on phyiscal assistance and equipment for all mobility and the performance of self care, work and leisure tasks. He loves aquatic therapy and activities. ALO + is designed for him.
• Adapted life jackets lack back support • Postural support is crucial to staying balanced and comfortable • Current adapted products do not allow independent security and fastening for people with decreased fine motor abilities
HOW IT WORKS
Our design pulls the shoulders back and provides optimal lumbar support. With a ratchet system in the front an individual with limited dexterity can easily fasten and secure themselves by flexing their wrist.
The majority of children donâ€™t receive their first wheelchair before four years of age. Typically by the age of 9 months a child should be independently mobile within their environment interacting with their toys and peers.
“WE NEED TO GET THESE CHILDREN OUT OF THEIR STROLLERS AND MOVING WITH THEIR PEERS.” - EARLY INTERVENTION SPECIALIST / OCCUPATIONAL THERAPIST
SK E TCH + PROTOTYPE
has an adjustable hight and pivot so anyone can push the Short Sport. It is also removable by pressing on the blue lever located below.
POSITIONING Raised caster wheels allow the child to easily reach down and pick up their toys.
Squeeze blue buttons and the abduction pommel (center) slides for optimal pelvic positioning.
• Cups on the market are too large for small hands to hold; limiting independence • Cups on the market are difficult for small children to lift due to weight of fluid • Due to spill- proof design trends, most toddler cups do not support typical developmental progression of oral motor skills
SK E TCH + PROTOTYPE
The first lid has a wide lip and is closest to a sippy cup without the harmful effects that sippy cups provide to infants. This lid provides contours that support proper lip closure.
The final lid is closest to a regular cup, providing a typical rim with the addition of liquid flow regulation.
Three progressive flow inserts fit into cups 1 and 3.
The lid provides a hole for a straw. The specific straw provided is designed to accomodate additional therapeutic accessories on the market.
The final product
comes in a set that progresses the user through the developmental transition from bottle to cup. The body holds a maximum of 3 ounces of fluid to drastically reduce the weight.
BUC KLE-ROO Internship 2016 St. Louis, MO. - In production -
CLOUD WOOD and METAL DESIGN
1700â€™s to 2016
Cloud stemmed from a 9 person forging and wood carving collaborative studio. The studio class was promoted with these questions: â€œWhat would happen if a blacksmith and carpenter from the 18th century woke up in 2016? What would they design now? What would they be inspired by? As a team we developed a vision that manifested into a dining experience revolved around tradition and community. Individually we pitched designs based on our overarching questions. I chose to design and fabricate the chandelier. My design consisted of 36 spanish cedar lap joints for the frame and 1,200 wooden cubes that hung on stainless steel wire and were suspended by cold forged aluminum stop sleeves.
A D D IT IO NA L WORK : SKE TC HES,RE N DERINGS A ND INSTA LLATION