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Excellence in Estates and Facilities

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 Summary, insights and analysis of the 2014/2015 academic year

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Contacts and Credits

4

7. RESIDENTIAL ESTATE

1. INTRODUCTION SIR IAN DIAMOND

5

2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

6

Residence and Catering income by Institution Income / Expenditure per bed Type of Term Time Accommodation Residential capital expenditure Condition Functional suitability Age Cost to upgrade to B Residential energy consumption

55 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 60

8. SCOTLAND

61

Income Estate Student numbers Capital Expenditure AUDE KPI Total property costs per m² (GIA) AUDE KPI Area per Student and Staff FTE m² (GIA) AUDE KPI Percentage of GIA in condition A and B AUDE KPI Percentage of GIA in functional suitability A and B AUDE KPI Income per m² (GIA) AUDE KPI IRV as proportion of academic income AUDE KPI Maintenance and Capex as percentage of IRV AUDE KPI Carbon emissions scope 1 and 2 per m²

61 62 62 63 63 64 64 65 65 66 66 67

3. THE SECTOR

8

UUK Analysis University Income Rate of change of income Total income by institution Income against estate size

10 11 11 12 14

4. THE UNIVERSITY ACADEMIC ESTATE

15

Size of Estate in the UK Rate of change of estate size University estate size Student and staff numbers Percentage Change in FTE numbers UK, EU and Non-EU students Size of institutions, Student FTE (Taught and Research)

17 17 18 19 19 20 21

5. CAPITAL EXPENDITURE Non-residential capital expenditure, buildings. Total capital expenditure

6. PROPERTY KEY METRICS (INCLUDING AUDE KPIS)

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AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 2

22 23 24

54

9. WALES 25

EFFICIENCY

26

AUDE KPI Total property costs Total property costs, all institutions. Changes in property costs as % of TPC AUDE KPI Area per student and Staff FTE m² (GIA) Research space by research FTE Office space by type of staff Average Office area per FTE Teaching space per taught FTE

29 29 30 31 32 32 35 35

QUALITY

36

AUDE KPI Percentage of GIA in Condition A and B Cost to upgrade to B as % of income AUDE KPI Percentage of GIA in functional suitability grades 1 and 2 Age

37 37

68

Income Estate Student numbers Capital expenditure AUDE KPI Total property costs per m² (GIA) AUDE KPI Area per Student and Staff FTE m² (GIA) AUDE KPI Percentage of GIA in condition A and B AUDE KPI Percentage of GIA in functional suitability A and B AUDE KPI Income m² (GIA) AUDE KPI IRV as proportion of academic income AUDE KPI Maintenance and Capex as percentage of IRV AUDE KPI Carbon emissions scope 1 and 2 per m²

69 69 70 70 71 71 72 72 73 73 74 74

University income tree

75

38 38

VALUE

41

AUDE KPI Income per m² (GIA and NIA) Income per m² for all institutions. Teaching and research income per m² AUDE KPI IRV as proportion of academic income

42 43 44 45

SUSTAINABILITY

46

AUDE KPI Maintenance and Capex as percentage of IRV Capital and maintenance expenditure as a % of income, all institutions AUDE KPI Carbon emissions scope 1 and 2 per m². Energy cost by type Energy cost per unit Cost and consumption per m² Emissions per FTE

46 48 49 49 50 50 52

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Sir Ian Diamond

Contacts Author George Griffith, Head of University Consulting George.Griffith@cbre.com 0117 943 5760, 07795 665 415

Association of University Directors of Estates Compass House, Vision Park, Chivers Way Histon Cambridge CB24 9AD

Kindred Agency AUDE@kindredagency.com 0207 010 0800

Trevor Humphreys, AUDE Chair t.humphreys@surrey.ac.uk 01483 689086

Credits PHOTOGRAPHY Front page University of Wolverhampton

Page 33 Aston University

Introduction Sir Ian Diamond

Page 36 University of Derby

Page 6 Lincoln University

Page 39 Sheffield University

Page 8 University of Hertfordshire

Page 40 Sheffield University

Page 9 University of Derby

Page 41 Sheffield University

Page 10 University of Nottingham

Page 42 Sheffield University

Page 14 University of Reading

Page 44 University of Hertfordshire

Page 15 Sheffield University

Page 47 University of Derby

Page 16 Oxford Brookes University

Page 51 University of Reading

Page 22 University of Hertfordshire

Page 54 University of Hertfordshire

Page 25 Oxford Brookes University

Page 61 University of Edinburgh

Page 26 Sheffield University

Page 68 Swansea University

Page 27 Lincoln University

Last page University of Wolverhampton

Page 34 Aston University

Page 30 University of Derby

AUDE WOULD LIKE TO THANK – Sir Ian Diamond University of Aberdeen George Griffith CBRE Trevor Humphreys University of Surrey Sue Holmes Oxford Brookes University Andrew May University of Hertfordshire Clare Richardson, Bethan Davies, Jennifer Ames and Simon Walter Kindred Agency AUDE executive committee All funding councils Higher education statistics agency British universities finance directors group

Report data written and analysed by Associate Director George Griffith, CBRE Ltd. Email: george.griffith@cbre.com Tel: 0117 943 5760 The Association of University Directors of Estates (AUDE) is the membership organisation for university estates and facilities. AUDE supports estates professionals in providing best value, a high quality student and staff experience and to ensure estates are run in a professional, innovative, efficient and effective manner. Membership of AUDE is organisational, with 156 universities in membership, almost the entire sector. Through networking, training and knowledge sharing, AUDE helps support university estates staff in their jobs and careers. AUDE’s regional groups provide a lively programme of meetings and events, run by the members and for the members. Disclaimer The information contained in this report is for general guidance only. You should neither act, nor refrain from action, on the basis of any such information. You should take appropriate professional advice on your particular circumstances because the application of laws and regulations will vary depending on particular circumstances and because tax and benefit laws and regulations undergo frequent change. Whilst AUDE will do the best it can to ensure that the information in this report is correct,

AUDE shall not be liable for any loss or damages (including, without limitation, damages for loss of income or business or increased liabilities) arising in contract, tort or otherwise from the use of, or inability to use, this report or any information contained in it, or from any action or decision taken as a result of using this report or any such information, or from any errors, omissions or subsequent changes. As a member of AUDE, each member institution shall be deemed to have accepted these terms in full. Non-member individuals, bodies or organisations using the site shall be deemed to have accepted these terms in full.

Copyright All rights in the design, text, graphics and other material in this report, including the arrangement, is copyright of the Association of University Directors of Estates or other third parties. Users may read, download and/or copy the information in whole or in part for the user’s own use in research and education, or other non-commercial purposes. Ownership of the materials rests with the copyright owner.

Advice AUDE does not take any legal responsibility for advice given to representatives of, or, its member institutions in response to a request for help or information.

Images and extensive quotes should not be taken from the AUDE website or other publications without explicit permission. The AUDE logo should not be used without permission.

AUDE will from time to time on a discretionary basis, offer assistance to its member institutions or their representatives, in particular to assist them in working effectively with their professional advisers. Any member institution, or their representative(s), accepting that assistance is deemed to have agreed

It is strictly prohibited to use the materials on our website or from our reports for any purpose other than those listed above without obtaining our prior written permission. Should you require such permission, please contact the Executive Officer of AUDE (executiveofficer@aude.ac.uk).

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that AUDE does not accept responsibility for anything which may be incorrect or inappropriate and members should always consider whether to engage professional advisers accordingly.

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 4

Over the past few years UK higher education has been through a period of great change; austerity, changing higher education policies across the nations of the United Kingdom; and most recently the results of the Referendum on EU membership have all impacted on strategic decisions within individual institutions. The current Westminster Higher Education Bill and the evolving impact of the European Referendum mean that a changing policy environment will continue to be central to the thoughts of all those who work in universities. Yet, despite this turbulent period of policy upheaval one thing remains clear: UK universities continue to deliver world class education, undertake world class, often impactful research and engage with their communities in a multitude of exciting ways. And they do this because, first, UK universities are peopled with brilliant staff and students, recruited from across the world, who are committed to excellence in everything that they do; and second, these people are able to work and study in increasingly excellent facilities that enable innovations in teaching and research that are at the heart of the university endeavour. Indeed, excellent facilities are often enabling features in the recruitment of staff and students and the experience they have. So far so good, but the improvements in facilities have been driven, at a time of austerity, alongside major reductions, across the UK, in the amount of capital funding coming from the public purse; when every university penny is a prisoner; and where maintenance needs are increasing both to keep ageing buildings fit for purpose; and to improve the energy efficiency of current buildings, as seen in the excellent case study from the University of Reading. Given this context, the achievements described in this, the 2016 Estate Management Report are truly wonderful. Over the past few years, as I have been privileged to lead the Universities UK work on efficiencies, and have been continually impressed by the innovative and exciting interventions across the sector. The new main building at the University of Aston is a fine illustration of how space use in higher education is constantly evolving and becoming ever more efficient. And I recognise this takes time. The inspirational case study from the University of Derby, featured in the report, shows precisely what can be done with careful assessment of needs, a clear strategic direction and a consistent delivery across the journey. But sometimes we have little time and I recognise the agility to respond to opportunities that is also apparent in this report. A real feature of the evolution of the higher education estate in recent years has been the manner in which the local community is able to use the estate or in which developments are in partnership with the community, often driving jobs and growth for the region and beyond. These trends are encapsulated in the report by the case studies from the Universities of Sheffield and Hertfordshire both of which, in their different ways, show how great facilities, imaginatively developed can support and enhance higher education’s contribution to the economy and to society. It is also heartening to see this acknowledged at a national level by the Scottish Government’s decision, in 2016/17 to allocate extra funds for maintenance, where those funds can be shown to impact on the local economy. Finally, this report is a wonderful celebration of the quality and commitment of estates staff across the sector. Throughout the report, the evidence of estates scaling the twin peaks of excellence and efficiency is clear. There are statistics that show how well all aspects of the estate are progressing; and I know that no-one is complacent as we move on to ever greater heights. I commend this report to everyone.

Professor Sir Ian Diamond DL FBA FRSE FAcSS University of Aberdeen

1

INTRODUCTION

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The report this year shows how the sector is continually improving its facilities and responding to the efficiency and effectiveness agenda in the backdrop of an ever-changing environment. Student numbers have remained constant since last year, which in itself represents a positive outcome given the demographic shift which sees a declining number of home students for the next five years. Notwithstanding the level of student numbers, teaching income has continued to increase by 6% per annum, as income from research and other income has risen by 12% and 10% respectively. Capital expenditure has also risen to the highest seen in the last decade. Universities have been able to develop, in some instances, long and inter-related capital programmes to address backlog issues and buildings at the end of their lives. We have seen new campuses built, large new complex scientific buildings as well as substantial improvements in the environment for taught students. Total property costs have risen slightly, despite the size of the estate increasing by 110,000m², however the majority of costs have seen no or very marginal increases across the sector. Again this shows the degree of management involved in ensuring that costs don’t escalate as buildings become more highly technical and require more specialist skills to maintain. Again, the metrics included within this report show the condition and functional suitability of the sector’s estate continues to improve. Year on year differences are marginal, but over the decade there have been great strides made. Given the size of the whole estate, even with the capital being spent, it takes time for impacts to be made on the whole estate and backlog maintenance needs to be closely monitored. This is also true for the efficiency metrics, whilst new buildings may have better efficiency metrics (or be more complicated and require higher and more costly servicing levels) it is difficult to see the improvement across the whole sector on a year by year basis. The efficiency of the estate continues to improve with income per m² improving year on year. Environmental sustainability metrics show that carbon emissions have been reducing, both per unit area and also per FTE. The residential estate continues to be a key focus for the sector. An increasing amount of capital is being spent by Universities on university-provided accommodation, and there is substantial evidence of many and varied ways the sector is working with private providers to deliver accommodation. The role accommodation plays in recruitment and selection of institutions, particularly for the parents of students, is vital. Not only is the quality key, but also the level of rent, as affordability becomes even more of an issue. This has given rise to issues in London this year in particular. The situations for Scotland and Wales are slightly different than for the UK as a whole hence we have produced separate sections covering these regions. The difference in government in both countries has impacted on the University sector and these are highlighted in the later sections. With the UK political environment continuing to change, the sector must respond to the challenges presented. These are both in relation to Brexit and the Higher Education and Research Bill currently going through Parliament, that aims to deliver greater competition and choice to promote social mobility, boost productivity in the economy, ensure students receive value for money from their investment in higher education and strengthen the UK’s world-class capabilities in research and innovation. Greater competition will be delivered through new providers being granted degree awarding powers, a continued focus on the student experience and even greater transparency.  The creation of the Office for Students and the use of the Teaching Excellence Framework (TEF) will continue to drive focus on student’s needs.  Also, the possible introduction of two year accelerated degrees and the credit transfer system, all need careful consideration and the physical estate will need to continue to demonstrate it is efficient and effective and highly valued by the student.

2

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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Income in the sector has increased in all areas. Teaching income is up 6%, research income up by 12% and other income (1) up by 10%, which in itself shows how diverse the income is. In total (excluding residential income) the sector generated over £30bn in income over the 2014/15 academic year. Distribution of income remains similar, with a number of very much larger institutions dominating the histogram. We have again shown two histograms, one including income from teaching, research and other income, and one including only the academic income associated with teaching and research1. It is still the largest institutions which generate substantial income from other activity, seven institutions generate over £100m from other income. When looking at academic income only (i.e. Teaching and Research income), there are two institutions which now generate over £1bn from academic enterprise, and 17 institutions which generate over £400million from academic income. About a quarter (39/159) of the total number of institutions generate over £200m, with three quarters of institutions under this figure. The median size of institution is £120m. It is also the largest institutions which dominate the research income. Research income forms a major part of those institutions which generate over £200m in academic income. With the exception of a few specific research institutions, smaller institutions generate much less of their income from research. The relationship between income and estate remains clear. In 2014/15 institutions generated an average of £1,284 per m² GIA. The scatter diagram shows the degree of correlation. As in previous years there is a much higher correlation with the smaller institutions. This is because these institutions are more dominated by teaching income, where space use is much more similar across institutions. The larger institutions which undertake more research may well have quite different spatial demands which results in a different income per m². Brexit The UK’s vote to leave the European Union has shaken virtually every aspect of business in the UK and the higher education sector is no exception. It is impossible to predict the impact it will have on the sector, however there are clearly areas where it is likely to have an impact. There are issues related to recruitment of both EU students at undergraduate and postgraduate levels as well as issues relating to recruitment of EU staff. We are aware that any interim arrangements and key government messages are likely to have a significant impact on issues of choice and funding and need to ensure we work to support our students and staff. Uncertainty in itself is likely to have an impact on recruitment. Construction costs are likely to be more volatile with any changes in currency value. Importation of key components as well as labour will be impacted, and this will have to be factored into the costing models. Regional funding for universities in receipt of it will be at risk, although the Government has agreed to meet any lost funding in this regard.

3

THE SECTOR

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1 NB, ‘other income’ is that which is generated from overseas campuses, wholly owned subsidiary companies and other income such as investment property and share portfolios. Income generated from conference and catering is included within residential income, rather than ‘other income’.

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 8

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The universities UK analysis (available at http://www.universitiesuk.ac.uk/policy-and-analysis/reports/Pages/economicimpact-on-the-uk-of-eu-research-funding-to-uk-universities.aspx) of data for the year 2014-15 – showed that UK universities attracted more than £836 million in research grants and contracts from EU sources. This represented 14.2% of all UK income from research grants and contracts in that year. The UK does disproportionately well in securing EU research funding, securing 15.5% of the funding allocated under the previous EU research and innovation programme. However, the impact on the economy and the pound is already noticeable. Value for Money Value for Money (VFM) has always been important to universities and the role of estates and facilities has been key to demonstrating both sector efficiencies and value. The use of EMR statistics to evidence VFM is standard in most universities and the development of the AUDE KPIs have been part of demonstrating value. Four of these key metrics are likely to be critical to formalising future VFM reports, and they are covered in this report.

Billions Billions

EU research funding generates more than 19,000 jobs across the UK, £1.86 billion for the UK economy and contributes more than £1 billion to GDP, according to new figures published today. 

Income Income £ £

UUK ANALYSIS

University Income

30

UNIVERSITY INCOME University Income

30 25 25 20 20 15 15 10 10 5

• Total property costs • Area per student and staff FTE m² • Percentage of GIA in condition A and B • Income per m²

Teaching income (£)

Research income (£)

2014/15 2014/15

2013/142013/14

2012/132012/13

Research income (£)

2011/12 2011/12

2010/11 2010/11

2009/102009/10

2008/09 2008/09

Teaching income (£)

2007/082007/08

2006/072006/07

-

2005/06 2005/06

2004/052004/05

5 -

Other income (£) Other income (£)

RATE OF CHANGE OF INCOME % increase in income

14%

% increase in income

12% 14% 10% 12% 8% 10% 6% 8% 4% 6% 2% 4% 0% 2%

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% change in research income

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% change in other income

% change in teaching income % change in other income

2014/15 2014/15

2013/14 2013/14

2012/13 2012/13

2011/12 2011/12

% change in research income % change in total income

2010/11 2010/11

% change in total income

2009/102009/10

2008/092008/09

2007/082007/08

2006/072006/07

-4%

2005/062005/06

-4% -2%

2004/052004/05

-2% 0%

% change in teaching income

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Academic income (Teaching and Research) TOTAL ACADEMIC INCOME (TEACHING AND RESEARCH) BY INSTITUTION

Total Income (non-residential)

TOTAL INCOME (NON-RESIDENTIAL) BY INSTITUTION Income (£)

Institutions

Institutions

1,200

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1,000

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 12

800

Teaching income (£)

The University of Oxford University College London The University of Cambridge The University of Manchester Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine The University of Edinburgh King's College London The University of Leeds The University of Sheffield University of Nottingham The University of Glasgow The University of Birmingham The University of Bristol The University of Southampton The University of Liverpool The University of Warwick University of Newcastle-upon -Tyne Cardiff University Queen Mary University of London The University of Exeter University of Durham The University of York The University of Strathclyde The Queen's University of Belfast The University of Leicester The Manchester Metropolitan University Sheffield Hallam University Coventry University University of the Arts, London The University of East Anglia London School of Economics and Political Science The University of Dundee The Nottingham Trent University University of Plymouth The University of Reading Loughborough University University of the West of England, Bristol University of Northumbria at Newcastle The City University The University of Aberdeen The University of Bath The University of Portsmouth Swansea University Liverpool John Moores University The University of Kent University of Ulster Kingston University Leeds Beckett University The University of Surrey University of Hertfordshire The University of Sussex The University of Lancaster The University of Central Lancashire The University of Westminster Heriot- Watt University The University of Greenwich Birmingham City University The University of Salford The University of Brighton Anglia Ruskin University University of South Wales The University of St Andrews De Montfort University Brunel University London Middlesex University The University of Hull The University of Essex The University of Wolverhampton The University of Huddersfield Oxford Brookes University Cranfield University London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Royal Holloway and Bedford New College The University of East London University of Derby The University of Sunderland London Business School Bournemouth University London South Bank University Bangor University The University of Lincoln The University of Bradford Aston University Glasgow Caledonian University University of Bedfordshire The University of Northampton Canterbury Christ Church University Teesside University London Metropolitan University Staffordshire University The University of Keele Edinburgh Napier University Aberystwyth University University of Chester Southampton Solent University Birkbeck College The University of the West of Scotland Edge Hill University Goldsmiths College The Institute of Cancer Research The Robert Gordon University University of Wales Trinity Saint David The University of Stirling Cardiff Metropolitan University The School of Oriental and African Studies Roehampton University University of Worcester The University of West London University of Gloucestershire University of the Highlands and Islands St George's Hospital Medical School Bath Spa University University of Cumbria Buckinghamshire New University Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine The University of Winchester The Royal Veterinary College University for the Creative Arts York St John University The University of Bolton SRUC Liverpool Hope University University College Birmingham Falmouth University The University of Chichester St Mary's University, Twickenham Royal College of Art Glynd r University University of Abertay Dundee Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh The Arts University Bournemouth Glasgow School of Art Harper Adams University Leeds Trinity University Ravensbourne Newman University Conservatoire for Dance and Drama University of St Mark and St John Bishop Grosseteste University Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance Norwich University of the Arts Royal College of Music Royal Academy of Music Guildhall School of Music and Drama Leeds College of Art Writtle College Royal Agricultural University Royal Northern College of Music Stranmillis University College The Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts St Mary's University College Rose Bruford College Courtauld Institute of Art Heythrop College University Campus Suffolk

Millions 600

Research income (£)

400

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Other non-residential income (£)

200

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0

1,800

1,600

1,400

1,200

1,000

800

600

400

200

0 The University of Cambridge The University of Oxford University College London The University of Manchester Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine The University of Edinburgh King's College London The University of Leeds The University of Sheffield University of Nottingham The University of Glasgow The University of Birmingham The University of Bristol The University of Southampton The University of Liverpool The University of Warwick University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne Cardiff University Queen Mary University of London The University of Exeter The Queen's University of Belfast The University of York University of Durham The University of Reading The University of Strathclyde The University of Leicester London School of Economics and Political Science Coventry University The Manchester Metropolitan University Sheffield Hallam University The University of Dundee The University of East Anglia University of the Arts, London University of Hertfordshire Loughborough University University of Plymouth The University of Aberdeen University of Northumbria at Newcastle University of the West of England, Bristol The Nottingham Trent University The University of Lancaster The University of Bath Swansea University The University of Surrey The City University The University of Portsmouth The University of Kent University of Ulster Leeds Beckett University The University of Sussex The University of Central Lancashire Kingston University Liverpool John Moores University Anglia Ruskin University The University of Westminster Heriot -Watt University University of South Wales The University of St Andrews The University of Greenwich The University of Salford The University of Brighton Birmingham City University The University of Essex Middlesex University The University of Wolverhampton Brunel University London The University of Hull De Montfort University Cranfield University Oxford Brookes University The University of Huddersfield London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine The University of East London Royal Holloway and Bedford New College University of Derby Bangor University London South Bank University London Business School The University of Sunderland The University of Bradford The University of Keele Bournemouth University The Institute of Cancer Research The University of Lincoln Glasgow Caledonian University Teesside University Aston University Aberystwyth University Canterbury Christ Church University The University of Northampton Edge Hill University University of Bedfordshire London Metropolitan University Staffordshire University Edinburgh Napier University University of Chester Birkbeck College Southampton Solent University University of the Highlands and Islands The University of the West of Scotland University of Wales Trinity Saint David The University of Stirling Goldsmiths College Cardiff Metropolitan University The Robert Gordon University St George's Hospital Medical School The University of West London The School of Oriental and African Studies Roehampton University University of Worcester SRUC The Royal Veterinary College Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine University of Gloucestershire Bath Spa University University of Cumbria Buckinghamshire New University University for the Creative Arts The University of Winchester Falmouth University York St John University The University of Bolton The University of Chichester Liverpool Hope University University College Birmingham Royal College of Art Glasgow School of Art St Mary's University, Twickenham Glyndw ˆ University Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh University of Abertay Dundee Harper Adams University The Arts University Bournemouth Leeds Trinity University Ravensbourne Guildhall School of Music and Drama University of St Mark and St John Royal College of Music Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance Royal Academy of Music Newman University Conservatoire for Dance and Drama Bishop Grosseteste University Royal Northern College of Music Norwich University of the Arts Courtauld Institute of Art Writtle College Royal Agricultural University Leeds College of Art Heythrop College Stranmillis University College The Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts St Mary's University College Rose Bruford College

Income (£)

Millions

Research income (£) Teaching income (£)

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INSTITUTION RESEARCH & TEACHING INCOME V ACADEMIC ESTATE (GIA)

Total Academic income

Millions

Institution reseach & teaching income v Academic estate (GIA)

1,200

1,000

y = 1284.8x R = 0.87602

800

600

400

200

-

100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 700,000 800,000 Area GIA m2

Page | 11

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4

THE UNIVERSITY ACADEMIC ESTATE

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Thousands The figures also include vacant space and space being held for disposal or demolition which are included within the estates information return.

SIZE OF Size ESTATE IN THE (Net UK (NET AND GROSS) of Estate and Gross)

15,000 25,000

10,000 20,000

5,000 15,000

Non-residential GIA (m )

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2006/07

5,000

2007/08

10,000 2005/06

Area m2

In terms of student and staff numbers, UG numbers remain level (only a reduction of c700 students), research students increased by 10,000 and staff numbers increase by 2,000. This has to be considered against the demographics which are seeing a reduction in the number of young people for the next six or seven years. Maintaining the number of students in the HE sector is clearly a success for the sector. Given the fact that fee levels for home undergraduates have not risen yet, this equates to the fact that teaching income has not grown in the last year.

20,000

2004/05

The histogram showing the range of estate size continues to show the substantial variation in the size of the estates within the sector. For the past two years the rate of increase in estate has been 2% (slightly higher for GIA than for NIA). There are nine institutions with academic estates in excess of 400,000m², and a further eight with an estate between 300,000 and 400,000m². However to understand the distribution, there are 26 institutions with estates over 200,000m² and 134 further institutions with estates smaller than 200,000m². Whilst these may be small in the context of the larger institutions, they are still very substantial estates when put into the context of other business occupiers.

Thousands Area m2

In 2014/15 the NIA for the University estate is 14,270,000m² which is an increase of 200,000m² since 2013/14. (The GIA has increased 466,000m² to 21,411,000m²). This represents a significant increase in the estate (the Shard has a total GIA of 127,000m² and NIA of 85,000m² thus the total academic space in the sector equates to 170 times the space in the Shard).

Size of Estate (Net and Gross)

25,000

Non-residential NIA total (m )

Non-residential GIA (m )

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2004/05

2005/06

-

Non-residential NIA total (m )

RATE OF%CHANGE ESTATE SIZE change inOF Estate

5% 4% 3%

% change in Estate

5% 2% 4% 1%

2014/15

2012/13 2012/13

2014/15

2011/12 2011/12

2013/14

2010/11 2010/11

%change in GIA

2013/14

2009/10 2009/10

2007/08 2007/08

2008/09

2006/07 2006/07

2008/09

2005/06

2% -1%

2005/06

3% 0%

1% -2% 0% -3% -1%

%change in NIA

-2%

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AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 16

-3%

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%change in NIA 0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 16-17

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 17

%change in GIA 22/11/2016 12:51


Estate size m2

800

700

600

500

For more information visit www.aude.ac.uk/emr or contact info@aude.ac.uk, 01509 22 88 36.

0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 18-19

1,800

1,800

FullNUMBERS, Time Equivalents STUDENT AND STAFF FULL TIME EQUIVALENTS Full Time Equivalents

1,600

1,600

1,400

1,400

Full timeequivalent equivalent Full time

1,200 1,200 1,000 1,000 800 800 600

600

400

400

200

200

Research student FTE

Total staff FTE

Teaching student FTE

2014/15

2013/14 2012/13

2014/15 2013/14

2011/12

2011/12 2012/13

Teaching student FTE

2010/11

2010/11

2009/10

2009/10

2008/09

2008/09

Research student FTE

2007/08

2007/08

2006/07

2006/07

2005/06

2005/06

2004/05

-

2004/05

-

Total staff FTE

% Change in FTE

8%

Institutions

PERCENTAGE%CHANGE IN FTE NUMBERS Change in FTE

8%

0% 2% -2%

0%

-4%

Total staff FTE

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 ¡ 18

For more information visit www.aude.ac.uk/emr or contact info@aude.ac.uk, 01509 22 88 36.

2014/15

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

Teaching student FTE

2011/12

2010/11

Research student FTE

2013/14

2011/12

2010/11

Research student FTE

2009/10

Total staff FTE

2006/07

-6%

2009/10

-4%

2008/09

-6%

2012/13

-2% 2007/08

Net internal area

2% 4%

2007/08

Balance space

6% 4%

2008/09

% year change % change onyear yearon year

6%

2006/07

400

300

200

100

0 The University of Manchester The University of Cambridge The University of Edinburgh The University of Oxford University of Nottingham University College London The University of Sheffield Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine The University of Leeds The University of Birmingham The University of Bristol The University of Glasgow The University of Warwick The University of Liverpool King's College London Cardiff University University of Newcastle- upon- Tyne The University of Strathclyde The Queen's University of Belfast The University of Southampton University of Ulster Loughborough University The University of Dundee The University of York The University of Leicester The Manchester Metropolitan University The University of Aberdeen The University of Reading University of the West of England, Bristol University of Durham SRUC The University of Exeter Liverpool John Moores University University of South Wales Queen Mary University of London The Nottingham Trent University Sheffield Hallam University The University of East Anglia Coventry University University of Northumbria at Newcastle The University of Salford University of Plymouth University of the Arts, London The University of Bath The University of Lancaster University of the Highlands and Islands The University of Hull The University of Central Lancashire The University of Surrey The University of Portsmouth The University of Sussex Birmingham City University The University of Brighton The University of Kent London School of Economics and Political Science The University of St Andrews De Montfort University Swansea University University of Hertfordshire The University of Greenwich The University of Westminster The University of Wolverhampton Leeds Beckett University Aberystwyth University Brunel University London Bangor University Oxford Brookes University Heriot-Watt University The University of Essex Kingston University University of Chester Teesside University London South Bank University The University of Bradford The City University London Metropolitan University Cranfield University Staffordshire University The University of Huddersfield Aston University The University of the West of Scotland The Robert Gordon University University of Wales Trinity Saint David The University of Sunderland The University of Lincoln The University of East London Glasgow Caledonian University The University of Stirling Anglia Ruskin University The University of Keele University of Derby University of Bedfordshire Bournemouth University Middlesex University Canterbury Christ Church University Royal Holloway and Bedford New College Cardiff Metropolitan University The University of Northampton Southampton Solent University Edinburgh Napier University Goldsmiths College University of Cumbria Edge Hill University St George's Hospital Medical School University for the Creative Arts Roehampton University The University of West London University of Worcester Glynd r University Liverpool Hope University Buckinghamshire New University University of Gloucestershire The University of Chichester Glasgow School of Art Falmouth University The Royal Veterinary College York St John University University of Abertay Dundee Birkbeck College The School of Oriental and African Studies The University of Bolton Bath Spa University The University of Winchester University College Birmingham The Institute of Cancer Research Conservatoire for Dance and Drama Harper Adams University University Campus Suffolk St Mary's University, Twickenham Royal College of Art Writtle College London Business School Guildhall School of Music and Drama Stranmillis University College University of St Mark and St John Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Leeds Trinity University The Arts University Bournemouth Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance Royal Northern College of Music Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine Leeds College of Art Royal Agricultural University Newman University St Mary's University College Ravensbourne Bishop Grosseteste University Norwich University of the Arts Royal Academy of Music Royal College of Music The Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts Rose Bruford College Courtauld Institute of Art Heythrop College

Thousands

Thousands Thousands

UNIVERSITY ESTATE SIZE

Teaching student FTE

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 ¡ 19

22/11/2016 12:51


UK, EU AND NON-EU STUDENTS

SIZE OF INSTITUTIONS, STUDENT FTE (TAUGHT AND RESEARCH)

Many institutions have focussed effort on expanding their offering to students from outside the EU given the ability to charge unrestricted fees to these students.

Student FTE

400,000 200,000 0 2010/11

2011/12 UK

2012/13 Other EU

2013/14

2014/15

Non -EU

POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS BY DOMICILE MARKER 350,000

Postgraduate students

300,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 0 2010/11

2011/12 UK

2012/13 Other EU

For more information visit www.aude.ac.uk/emr or contact info@aude.ac.uk, 01509 22 88 36.

0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 20-21

2013/14

2014/15

Institutions

600,000

40

800,000

35

1,000,000

30

1,200,000

25

1,400,000

The University of Manchester University College London University of Nottingham The University of Leeds The University of Edinburgh The Manchester Metropolitan University The University of Birmingham Sheffield Hallam University Cardiff University The University of Sheffield Coventry University The University of Glasgow The Nottingham Trent University King's College London The University of Southampton University of Northumbria at Newcastle University of Newcastle - upon -Tyne University of the West of England, Bristol Leeds Beckett University The University of Liverpool The University of Bristol The University of Oxford The University of Exeter Birmingham City University Liverpool John Moores University University of Plymouth The University of Portsmouth The University of Cambridge The University of Warwick The Queen's University of Belfast University of Ulster The University of Central Lancashire University of South Wales University of Hertfordshire The University of Westminster The University of Kent The University of Strathclyde Kingston University University of the Arts, London The University of Brighton University of Durham The University of Salford De Montfort University Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine The University of Wolverhampton Anglia Ruskin University The University of Huddersfield Queen Mary University of London The University of York Middlesex University The University of Greenwich The University of Leicester The University of Hull Swansea University Glasgow Caledonian University The University of East Anglia Oxford Brookes University Loughborough University The City University The University of Sussex The University of Reading London South Bank University Edge Hill University Bournemouth University The University of Bath The University of Aberdeen The University of East London The University of Lancaster Canterbury Christ Church University University of Derby University of Bedfordshire The University of the West of Scotland The University of Surrey Brunel University London Teesside University The University of Essex The University of Sunderland The University of Lincoln London Metropolitan University Southampton Solent University Edinburgh Napier University The University of Dundee The University of Northampton London School of Economics and Political Science University of Chester Staffordshire University The University of Bradford Bangor University Birkbeck College Royal Holloway and Bedford New College Heriot -Watt University The University of St Andrews Cardiff Metropolitan University The Robert Gordon University Aston University The University of Stirling The University of Keele Aberystwyth University The University of West London Goldsmiths College University of Worcester University of Wales Trinity Saint David Roehampton University University of Cumbria Buckinghamshire New University University of Gloucestershire The University of Winchester University of the Highlands and Islands Bath Spa University York St John University The University of Chichester The School of Oriental and African Studies University for the Creative Arts St Mary's University, Twickenham Glynd r University Liverpool Hope University The University of Bolton University College Birmingham Falmouth University University of Abertay Dundee Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh St George's Hospital Medical School Leeds Trinity University University Campus Suffolk The Arts University Bournemouth Cranfield University Newman University Bishop Grosseteste University University of St Mark and St John Ravensbourne Harper Adams University Norwich University of the Arts The Royal Veterinary College Glasgow School of Art London Business School SRUC Stranmillis University College Royal College of Art Conservatoire for Dance and Drama Leeds College of Art Royal Agricultural University St Mary's University College Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance Guildhall School of Music and Drama London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Royal College of Music Royal Northern College of Music Royal Academy of Music Writtle College The Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts Rose Bruford College Heythrop College Courtauld Institute of Art The Institute of Cancer Research Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine

20

Undergraduate students

15

1,600,000

10

UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS BY DOMICILE MARKER

5

The number of Non-EU postgraduates amounts to 141,500 out of a total postgraduate population of 305,000 and represents 46% of total postgraduates; the % of overseas students has remained at 45% for the last five years.

0

Currently the number of Non-EU undergraduates amounts to 142,500 out of a total undergraduate population of 1,392,000 and represents 10% of total undergraduates; the % of overseas students has remained at 10% for the last five years.

Thousands

Research student FTE

Teaching student FTE

Non -EU AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 ¡ 20

For more information visit www.aude.ac.uk/emr or contact info@aude.ac.uk, 01509 22 88 36.

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 ¡ 21

22/11/2016 12:51


TOTAL CAPITAL EXPENDITURE The University sector continues to remain competitive. Individual institutions recognise it is important to ensure the physical environment is appropriate and attractive for their staff and students. As a consequence of this, universities continue to invest in their estate. Capital investment in building (both new-build and all other capital) is in excess of £2.5bn for the second year in succession. Spending in 2014/15 was £2.75bn, an increase of 5.6% and the highest level seen in a decade.. This report highlights investment from 2014/15 noting a continued increase in capital spend. There is a concern at HEIs ability to continue these levels of investment, particularly in a period of continual change and uncertainty. There are also concerns with rising construction costs, general economic uncertainty and the capital markets having less confidence, potentially resulting in more expensive debt. There is a strong concern that such market trends would impact on the ability to deal with major capital investment and historic backlog issues, the latter being a major concern with an increasing aging estate. At the same time, a significant reduction in investment could lead to a loss of competitive edge for the sector internationally. The amount of money available to institutions by way of grants from government is very limited indeed. Institutions are now seeking a variety of different sources of funding for their capital programmes; as noted in previous years, this includes some innovative funding options including bond offers, annuity funding options as well as bank debt. Whilst across the sector the capital expenditure is quite substantial, this is also reflected in the programmes that some institutions are undertaking. There are four institutions which have spent more than £100m in 2014/15, six that spent between £50m and £100m, and 35 institutions which spent between £20m and £50m during the academic year. This excludes any off balance sheet funding invested by University private sector partners in, for example, accommodation projects. As we have discussed here before, some institutions have undertaken very substantial capital programmes that will last in excess of 10 years and deliver many individual projects to achieve the overall aim of the institution. We continue to see (as we suggested last year) institutions investing in their estate. We have suggested this is in part a consequence of the following: • Competition for students and staff, particularly with the lifting of the cap on student numbers, • The need to provide an improved teaching and research environment, • The need to replace end of life buildings and, • The availability and cost of debt. We would suggest that as institutions continue to have a clear hold on their finances, this level of capital expenditure is likely to continue at least in the medium term. We understand most institutions are striving to generate surpluses year on year, and it is this ability to generate a surplus which is enabling institutions to plan for longer term investment plans. This should enable institutions to continue to upgrade and replace building stock as it comes to the end of its life. This is particularly relevant as the large quantity of buildings built during the 1960s and 1970s are increasingly beyond their design life. Many institutions have been addressing the backlog of maintenance and poor suitability that these buildings now present, however there is a substantial amount of buildings of this age to be addressed.

0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 22-23

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 22

1,500

For more information visit www.aude.ac.uk/emr or contact info@aude.ac.uk, 01509 22 88 36.

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

-

2006/07

500

2005/06

1,000 2004/05

CAPITAL EXPENDITURE

For more information visit www.aude.ac.uk/emr or contact info@aude.ac.uk, 01509 22 88 36.

2,500 2,000

Capital expendtiure £

5

Millions

NON-RESIDENTIAL CAPITAL EXPENDITURE, BUILDINGS. 3,000

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 23

22/11/2016 12:51


CAPITAL EXPENDITURE BY INSTITUTION

£ Millions 200

180

160

140

120

100

80

60

40

20

-

Institutions

The University of Cambridge University College London Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine The University of Sheffield The University of Birmingham The University of Manchester The University of Westminster The University of Oxford Swansea University The University of Liverpool The University of Leeds The University of Glasgow The University of Warwick Cardiff University The University of Strathclyde The University of Reading The University of Surrey The University of Exeter University of Nottingham The Queen's University of Belfast Birmingham City University King's College London The University of Lancaster The University of Bath De Montfort University The University of Kent The University of Leicester Queen Mary University of London University of Ulster The University of Wolverhampton University of Hertfordshire The University of Edinburgh University of Bedfordshire University of Derby The University of West London The University of Northampton London Business School The University of East Anglia University of the West of England, Bristol University of Newcastle -upon-Tyne The University of Bristol Heriot-Watt University The University of Essex The University of York The City University The University of Aberdeen Teesside University Coventry University Sheffield Hallam University The Nottingham Trent University London School of Economics and Political Science The University of Brighton The University of Southampton Birkbeck College Anglia Ruskin University Bournemouth University The University of Salford Loughborough University Southampton Solent University Leeds Beckett University The University of St Andrews University of Chester Glasgow Caledonian University The Robert Gordon University Middlesex University The Arts University Bournemouth Brunel University London The School of Oriental and African Studies Edge Hill University University of Durham Bangor University The Manchester Metropolitan University London Metropolitan University Goldsmiths College University of South Wales The University of Bradford The University of Huddersfield Royal Holloway and Bedford New College The University of Dundee Liverpool John Moores University The University of East London Buckinghamshire New University University College Birmingham Cranfield University Kingston University The University of Lincoln The University of Sussex London South Bank University University of Worcester The University of Greenwich University of Wales Trinity Saint David Oxford Brookes University The University of Keele The Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts Norwich University of the Arts Liverpool Hope University University of Plymouth The University of Portsmouth Aston University University of Northumbria at Newcastle Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine Canterbury Christ Church University The University of Hull University of Gloucestershire Royal College of Art The Institute of Cancer Research The University of Central Lancashire The University of Bolton St Mary's University, Twickenham Edinburgh Napier University The University of Chichester Stranmillis University College Cardiff Metropolitan University University of the Highlands and Islands The University of Winchester Royal College of Music Royal Northern College of Music University of Cumbria St George's Hospital Medical School Bath Spa University York St John University The University of the West of Scotland The University of Stirling Aberystwyth University Royal Academy of Music The University of Sunderland Staffordshire University Courtauld Institute of Art Falmouth University Harper Adams University The Royal Veterinary College St Mary's University College London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine The Royal Central School of Speech and Drama Leeds Trinity University Glasgow School of Art The National Film and Television School University of London (Institutes and activities) SRUC Bishop Grosseteste University Plymouth College of Art Guildhall School of Music and Drama Roehampton University University of the Arts, London Leeds College of Art University of Abertay Dundee Writtle College University for the Creative Arts Royal Agricultural University

For more information visit www.aude.ac.uk/emr or contact info@aude.ac.uk, 01509 22 88 36.

0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 24-25

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 24

6

PROPERTY KEY METRICS

(INCLUDING AUDE KPIS)

For more information visit www.aude.ac.uk/emr or contact info@aude.ac.uk, 01509 22 88 36.

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 25

22/11/2016 12:51


AUDE published eight KPIs within four categories. We have used these four categories (Efficiency, Quality, Value and Sustainability) as the main headings to summarise both the AUDE KPIs and the additional ones included in this report which may be of interest to institutions to give a wider view of performance.

120

These metrics have been produced to help institutions understand how the performance of their estate compares to others within the sector.

100

There has been a peak in the cost of insurance. This needs more detailed analysis to understand if this is limited to a few institutions, or is a more widespread phenomenon. In terms of space metrics, these need to be looked at in the context of the growth or otherwise in student and staff numbers, and the relatively small growth in the size of the estate overall. Hence these are relatively stable over time. One figure of note is the increase in teaching space (not offices), i.e. the actual space used for teaching students, has risen in the last four years from just over 2m² per FTE to just below 2.5m². Whilst this may not seem very significant, this is against an overall increase in the number of students. It perhaps reflects the fact that institutions are focussing on student experience and ensuring there is adequate space to undertake all teaching activities.

40

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

0

2007/08

20

2006/07

Total property costs have remained relatively level for six or seven years, with a small increase since last year, with the mean moving up from £95 to £98 per m² in total. This is a strong performance, particularly given the inflationary pressures. Whilst there are some outliers at the expensive end of the spectrum, over 50% of institutions have a total cost per m² of between £75 per m² and £125 per m².

60

2005/06

• Total Property costs per m² • Changes in property costs as a % of total property costs • Space (GIA m²) per FTE (staff and student) • Research space (not offices) per research student • Staff numbers and office space area • Office space per academic staff FTE and per administrative staff FTE The most significant thing to note about all of these metrics is the very limited changes in them over time.

80

2004/05

We have included the following metrics

Property costs £ per m 2

EFFICIENCY

AUDE KPI – TOTAL PROPERTY Total Property Costs £COSTS per m2PER M2 (GAI)

Non -residential porterage costs (£)

Non -residential security costs (£)

Non -residential central post room and internal distribution services costs (£)

Non -residential Externally -provided property management costs (£)

Non -residential Internally -incurred property management costs (£)

Non -residential cleaning costs total (£)

Non -residential repairs and maintenance costs total (£)

Non -residential water and sewerage costs total (£)

Non -residential energy costs total (£)

Non -residential net service charge and miscellaneous PFI and PPP costs (£)

Non -residential insurance premiums and contributions (£)

Non -residential rates paid (£)

We note that additional income is usually generated out of teaching time and running costs include this additional bottom line cost. The sector is also designing and operating buildings to support a variety of activities all year round.

For more information visit www.aude.ac.uk/emr or contact info@aude.ac.uk, 01509 22 88 36.

0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 26-27

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 26

For more information visit www.aude.ac.uk/emr or contact info@aude.ac.uk, 01509 22 88 36.

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 27

22/11/2016 12:51


TOTAL PROPERTY COSTS, ALL INSTITUTIONS.

TOTAL PROPERTY COSTS £/M FOR ALL INSTITUTIONS 2

£ per m2 (GIA)

35% …

30%

25%

… …

20% 15%

10% …

5%

Non -residential water and sewerage costs total (£)

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09

2010/11

2011/12

2012/13

2013/14

2014/15

Non-residential porterage costs (£)

Non-residential security costs (£)

Non-residential central post room and internal distribution services costs (£)

Non-residential Externally provided property management costs (£)

Non-residential Internally incurred property management costs (£)

Non-residential cleaning costs total (£)

Non-residential repairs and maintenance costs total (£)

Non-residential water and sewerage costs total (£)

Non-residential energy costs total (£)

Non-residential net service charge and miscellaneous PFI and PPP costs (£)

Non-residential insurance premiums and contributions (3)

0% Non-residential rates paid (£)

Institutions

350

300

250

Changes in property costsAS as%%OF of TOTAL total property costs CHANGES IN PROPERTY COSTS PROPERTY COSTS 40%

2009/10

Non -residential central post room and internal distribution services costs (£) Non -residential Externally -provided property management costs (£) Non -residential Internally -incurred property management costs (£) Non -residential cleaning costs total (£) Non -residential rates paid (£) Non -residential repairs and maintenance costs total (£) Non -residential security costs (£) Non -residential energy costs total (£) Non -residential net service charge and miscellaneous PFI and PPP costs (£) Non -residential insurance premiums and contributions (£) Non -residential porterage costs (£) …

For more information visit www.aude.ac.uk/emr or contact info@aude.ac.uk, 01509 22 88 36.

0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 28-29

200

150

100

50

0 Royal College of Music Courtauld Institute of Art The Institute of Cancer Research University for the Creative Arts Birkbeck College University of the Arts, London King's College London University College London Heythrop College Falmouth University Royal Academy of Music The University of Edinburgh Southampton Solent University London School of Economics and The University of Westminster Kingston University Middlesex University Brunel University London The University of East London Bath Spa University The School of Oriental and African The Arts University Bournemouth University of the West of England The University of West London The University of Southampton Imperial College of Science The University of Central Lancashire University of Hertfordshire Queen Mary University of London The City University Goldsmiths College The University of Glasgow Newman University Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music Canterbury Christ Church University London South Bank University St Mary's University, Twickenham The Royal Veterinary College Anglia Ruskin University Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh Royal College of Art The University of Sussex Birmingham City University The University of Oxford London Metropolitan University Royal Holloway and Bedford New Royal Agricultural University The University of St Andrews Heriot-Watt University The University of Bath Swansea University The Manchester Metropolitan The University of Warwick University of Worcester The University of Brighton The Nottingham Trent University Edinburgh Napier University University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne The University of Essex University College Birmingham University of Chester The University of Keele The University of Cambridge The University of Liverpool Guildhall School of Music and Drama Leeds Beckett University The University of Leicester Bournemouth University Liverpool John Moores University Aston University The University of York The University of Greenwich Harper Adams University The University of Surrey St George's Hospital Medical School Royal Northern College of Music University of Gloucestershire University of South Wales University of Ulster Aberystwyth University The University of Lincoln The University of Reading The University of Exeter Oxford Brookes University Rose Bruford College Norwich University of the Arts The Liverpool Institute for Performing Bishop Grosseteste University The University of Aberdeen University of Bedfordshire The Queen's University of Belfast The University of Salford The University of Bradford The University of Sunderland The University of Kent Coventry University The University of Huddersfield The University of East Anglia Sheffield Hallam University The University of Stirling Cranfield University The University of Lancaster Loughborough University The University of Sheffield The University of Leeds Buckinghamshire New University University of Derby University Campus Suffolk St Mary's University College Staffordshire University Cardiff University University of Nottingham The University of Wolverhampton The University of Birmingham The Robert Gordon University Glasgow Caledonian University The University of Hull The University of Strathclyde University of St Mark and St John The University of the West of Scotland University of Durham University of Plymouth Leeds Trinity University The University of Manchester University of Cumbria Cardiff Metropolitan University The University of Bristol University of Northumbria at Newcastle Teesside University The University of Chichester University of Abertay Dundee The University of Bolton Bangor University Liverpool Hope University The University of Dundee Glasgow School of Art De Montfort University Writtle College Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine The University of Winchester Edge Hill University Glynd r University York St John University University of Wales Trinity Saint David The University of Northampton Ravensbourne SRUC Conservatoire for Dance and Drama Leeds College of Art London Business School London School of Hygiene and Roehampton University Stranmillis University College The University of Portsmouth University of the Highlands and Islands

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 28

For more information visit www.aude.ac.uk/emr or contact info@aude.ac.uk, 01509 22 88 36.

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 29

22/11/2016 12:51


m2 (GIA) per FTE

area m2

Institutions

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

40

35

0

30

2

25

4

20

6

15

8

10

10

SRUC Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine Writtle College The Institute of Cancer Research University of the Highlands and Islands Cranfield University The University of Cambridge The University of Dundee Conservatoire for Dance and Drama Royal College of Art The University of Oxford Stranmillis University College Glasgow School of Art Imperial College of Science, Technology and … Royal Northern College of Music The University of Edinburgh Guildhall School of Music and Drama Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance Courtauld Institute of Art Leeds College of Art St George's Hospital Medical School The University of Manchester The Royal Veterinary College The University of Bristol The University of Strathclyde The University of Warwick University of Nottingham Loughborough University The University of Sheffield The University of Liverpool Aberystwyth University Royal Academy of Music St Mary's University College The University of Aberdeen Harper Adams University The University of St Andrews The Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts The Queen's University of Belfast London Business School The University of Reading The University of Glasgow Royal College of Music The University of Leicester The University of Birmingham University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne The University of Leeds The University of York London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Heriot -Watt University Rose Bruford College Royal Agricultural University University of Ulster King's College London London School of Economics and Political Science University of Wales Trinity Saint David Bangor University Glyndw ˆ University Cardiff University The University of Lancaster The University of Surrey University College London Aston University The University of Bath The University of East Anglia University for the Creative Arts The University of Bradford The University of Southampton The University of Sussex University of St Mark and St John Brunel University London University of Chester The University of Hull The Robert Gordon University Liverpool Hope University The University of Stirling Staffordshire University The University of Essex The University of Keele The University of Salford University Campus Suffolk University of Durham Queen Mary University of London Teesside University Liverpool John Moores University London Metropolitan University Swansea University University of South Wales University of Abertay Dundee The University of Greenwich Falmouth University The University of Chichester Oxford Brookes University The University of Exeter London South Bank University University of Cumbria University of the Arts, London De Montfort University The University of Portsmouth Goldsmiths College University of the West of England, Bristol The University of Wolverhampton The University of the West of Scotland University of Plymouth The University of Lincoln Royal Holloway and Bedford New College Cardiff Metropolitan University The University of Sunderland Heythrop College Roehampton University The University of Central Lancashire The University of Brighton The City University The University of Bolton The University of Westminster University College Birmingham The University of East London The University of Kent Birmingham City University University of Hertfordshire University of Northumbria at Newcastle The Manchester Metropolitan University University of Bedfordshire The School of Oriental and African Studies University of Derby The Nottingham Trent University Norwich University of the Arts Coventry University Ravensbourne The University of Huddersfield The University of Northampton York St John University Glasgow Caledonian University University of Worcester St Mary's University, Twickenham Kingston University Leeds Trinity University Buckinghamshire New University The Arts University Bournemouth Sheffield Hallam University The University of West London University of Gloucestershire Southampton Solent University Bournemouth University Canterbury Christ Church University Edinburgh Napier University Newman University Bishop Grosseteste University Leeds Beckett University Bath Spa University Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh Anglia Ruskin University The University of Winchester Middlesex University Edge Hill University Birkbeck College

5

0

12

AUDE KPI – AREA PER STUDENT AND STAFF FTE, ALL INSTITUTIONS.

AUDE KPI – AREA PER STUDENT AND STAFF FTE M² (GIA) Space GIA per FTE (staff + student)

For more information visit www.aude.ac.uk/emr or contact info@aude.ac.uk, 01509 22 88 36.

0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 30-31

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 30

GIA per FTE (staff + Student)

GIA per FTE (staff + Student) mean value

For more information visit www.aude.ac.uk/emr or contact info@aude.ac.uk, 01509 22 88 36.

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 31

22/11/2016 12:51


25

CASE STUDY: ASTON UNIVERSITY

20

RESEARCH SPACE (NOT OFFICES) PER RESEARCH STUDENT 25 15

area m2

A new academic workspace The challenge

area m2

20 10

Aston University has an ambitious growth plan and, as three of the five schools will be accommodated within the existing estate, fresh thinking was required to overcome the challenges posed by Aston’s Main Building. The Main Building, designed in the 1920s, has historically comprised many large singular academic offices 20m² to 25m² each with a long and thin configuration. This historical design was imposed primarily by physical building restrictions; particularly the positioning of columns, deep floorplate and central corridor. This set up was extremely inefficient, did not support the University’s growth or environmental strategy and entrenched views of space entitlement.

15 5

10 2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

5

2005/06

2004/05

0

The process and the solution

2014/15

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2004/05

2005/06

Specialist research space per research student

2012/13

0

2013/14

General research (not offices) space per research student

The Biology and Pharmacy groups involved were located disparately on separate floors which produced little cohesive group feeling or identity and there was no facility to encourage interaction to promote research generation. A prime objective was to co-locate research teams and to provide an appropriate workspace that included academics, researchers and postgraduate research students together. The design of the space should encourage interaction, provide the quality expected to showcase to industrial partners and also provide privacy where required whilst allowing access to staff for undergraduate students.

Under Aston’s capital plan much of the Main Building will be refurbished and to pave the way an ‘office concept feasibility study’ was conducted to investigate how to make better use of space within the constraints of the building, including smaller offices. Academics, support staff and postgraduate research students were consciously included in the study to gain a rounded input from those who would ultimately use these spaces.

General research (not offices) space per research student Specialist research space per research student

Several layout options were detailed at the conclusion of the study which aligned to varying staff/researcher ratios which would be used as the blueprint for all future developments. This proved a hugely valuable exercise and set the scene for this first refurbishment whilst also generating champions from the School who then worked closely with the Estates team and the architect through-out the project and helped to bring colleagues on board.

350

3.5

300

3.0

Thousands

4.0

250 350

Millions Office area m2 nia Office area m2 nia

4.0 2.5

Thousands Staff numbers FTE Staff numbers FTE

Millions

OFFICE SPACE BY TYPE OF STAFF

3.5 2.0

200 300

3.0 1.5

150 250

2.5 1.0

100 200

2.0 0.5

50 150 2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

Total office based staff (FTE)

2008/09

Teaching offices NIA (m)

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0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 32-33

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

Support offices NIA (m)

2007/08

2004/05

0.0

0 100

50

Research offices NIA (m)

2006/07

0.5

2005/06

1.0

2005/06

2004/05

1.5 0.0

0

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 32

Research offices NIA (m)

Support offices NIA (m)

Teaching offices NIA (m)

Total office based staff (FTE)

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AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 33

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Office space per FTE 18 16

12 10 8

4

18 16 14

10

2 8

2013/14

2014/15

2013/14

2014/15

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

Office space per academic staff FTE

0

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2005/06

2004/05

Office space per support staff FTE (office based) 2007/08

2

2006/07

4

2006/07

• staff offices have reduced from an average of 19.2m² in this part of the building spanning both elevations to an average of 8.7m². • space per person has reduced from 21m²/person to 6.5m²/person overall. Other departments that have yet to undergo redevelopment are now keen to be next in line having witnessed the benefits of the design and fresh, modern aesthetic; a successful project which we hope to build upon in future developments.

2005/06

0 6

Despite the design necessity for an access corridor the space is now much more efficient;

2004/05

Via a project working group, staff were actively involved in shaping the initial blueprint design to include team specific requirements, staff had a great deal of input into the project and feel that they own the design. The whole process went very smoothly and the response from the users has been overwhelmingly positive.

AVERAGE OFFICE AREA Office space per PER FTE FTE

6 12

Office space m

The Result

Office space m2

The main entrance into the workspace comprises a kitchen and social area which increases the possibility of chance meetings and interaction. The whole area has a clean, bright, professional feel with a high quality fit-out including high specification glazing to address concerns regarding noise transfer.

14

2

The design comprised back to back offices to take advantage of the deep floorplate with a central spine access corridor and shared researcher areas at each end; this provided undergraduate students easy access to staff whilst maintaining privacy for staff and student researchers who share the researcher offices. The inner staff offices have no direct access to windows, however high glazing and restricted height blinds allows light to traverse which renders them light and bright. Staff offices have reduced to 8m² or 10m² dependent upon building elevation and meeting/tutorial rooms were provided based on surveyed usage to support the use of smaller offices.

Office space per academic staff FTE Office space per support staff FTE (office based)

TEACHING SPACE PER TAUGHT FTE Teaching (not offices) space per taught student

3.0

2.5

Teaching (not offices) space per taught student

area m2

3.0 2.0 2.5 1.5

area m2

2.0 1.0 1.5 0.5

2011/12

2012/13

2011/12

2012/13

2014/15

2010/11 2010/11

2013/14

2009/10 2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

0.5

2004/05

1.0 0.0

0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 34-35

2014/15

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2013/14

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 34

2005/06

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2004/05

0.0 AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 35

22/11/2016 12:51


QUALITY

AUDE KPI – PERCENTAGE OF GIA IN CONDITION A AND B

The condition and functional suitability of the University estate remains consistent with last year. It has significantly improved over the decade, however year on year improvements are difficult to measure on an annual basis. It is apparent however that institutions are much more concerned with the provision of an appropriate environment for their staff and students, and as such these remain important measures.

Non-residential building condition assessment condition D (%)

90%

Quality remains a key driver in terms of attractiveness of institutions. The cost to upgrade may include property that is being held for disposal. Cost to upgrade is calculated at an institutional level on a gross meterage basis and may mask costs of improving the estate to a standard required to meet rising student expectations and fully enable HEIs to compete in the increasingly competitive global market.

80% 70%

Non-residential building condition assessment condition C (%)

60% 50% 40%

Non-residential building condition assessment condition B (%)

30% 20% 10%

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

0%

Non-residential building condition assessment condition A (%)

COST TO UPGRADE TO B AS % OF INCOME 25%

% of academic income

20%

15%

10%

5%

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0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 36-37

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 36

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2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

0%

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20

20

20

20

20

20

200

200

200

200

200

AUDE KPI – PERCENTAGE OF GIA IN FUNCTIONAL SUITABILITY GRADES 1 AND 2

CASE STUDY: UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD Advanced manufacturing research in Sheffield City Region

100% 90% 80% 70% 60%

Non-residential functional suitability grade 4 (%)

The challenge

Non-residential functional suitability grade 3 (%)

We needed our facilities to match this reputation.

50% Non-residential functional suitability grade 2 (%)

40% 30% 20%

Non-residential functional suitability grade 1 (%)

10%

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

0%

Over the last 15 years, the University of Sheffield has built an international reputation as the place to come for innovation in advanced manufacturing, with many impressive examples of ground-breaking research resulting in game-changing applications. The University’s Department of Estates and Facilities Management has played a central role in delivering the land and infrastructure to support this achievement.

The process and the solution We began the developments at Catcliffe, near to the M1, with the original AMRC Factory of the Future with Boeing – a 6400m² facility including workshops, laboratories, offices and conference space. Other developments on that site include the Nuclear Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre and the AMRC Training Centre, which offers high quality training for up to 600 apprentices. The incredible success of those first developments meant that we ran out of space on the original site, so in 2014, we signed a deal to secure 50 acres of land at Sheffield Business Park – just over the road – to support our exciting plans to create a critical mass of hi-tech advanced manufacturing businesses along the Parkway corridor. That land purchase was recognised regionally with the award of Deal of The Year by Property Insider for both Sheffield City Region and for Yorkshire as whole. The securing of this volume of land means that an AMRC Research Campus will be developed, with up to 1.25m square feet of accommodation over the next circa 6 years. We’ve developed a masterplan for the entire site to create a hub for developing the next generation of advanced manufacturing industries, with University research centres co-located with manufacturing businesses, sharing knowledge and expertise to bring fundamental change to the regional and national economy.

AGE 100%

Non-residential construction date before 1840 (%)

90%

Non-residential construction date 1840-1914 (%)

80% 70%

Non-residential construction date 1915-1939 (%)

60% 50%

Non-residential construction date 1940-1959 (%)

40% 30%

Non-residential construction date 1960-1979 (%)

20%

Non-residential construction date 1980-1999 (%)

10%

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0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 38-39

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

0%

Non-residential construction date SINCE 2000 (%)

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 38

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AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 39

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VALUE

The results Factory 2050, the first development on the new site, is already complete. This stunning award winning, circular building combines a range of technologies, including advanced robotics, flexible automation, unmanned workspace, off-line printing in virtual environments linked to plug-and-play robotics, 3D printing from flexible automated systems, man-machine interfaces and new programming and training tools.

Income per m² is an important measure of how effectively the sector utilises its estate. It can enable comparisons between different types of institutions, and different activities. There are a handful of institutions which generate substantial income per m² (in excess of £3000/m² net internal) these tend to be very specific research institutions. 75% of institutions generate between £1,000 and £2000 per m², with 50% generating between £1,500 and £2,000 per m². In general the income generated per m² across the estate continues to increase, as institutions generate greater activity from their estate. It is also apparent that income per m² for research has remained relatively flat, compared to that for teaching, which continues to increase.

This is a major capital investment for the University and the anchor project to create a critical mass of innovative, hi-tech, advanced manufacturing and assembly buildings on a new advanced manufacturing research campus. Through independent economic analysis the University’s site at Sheffield Business Park will deliver over 4000 jobs and generate over £210m per annum in GVA (gross value added) to the Regional Economy when fully developed.

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0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 40-41

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 40

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AUDE KPI – INCOME PER M² (GIA AND NIA)

INCOME PER M² FOR ALL INSTITUTIONS

2,000

£ per m2 (NIA)

10

9

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

0

1,800

Thousands

London School of Hygiene and Tropical

1,600

Medicine The Institute of Cancer Research Middlesex University

Income per m 2

1,400

Birkbeck College London School of Economics and Political Science Queen Mary University of London

1,200

Ravensbourne Canterbury Christ Church University Bath Spa University

1,000

The University of East London The Arts University Bournemouth Kingston University

800

University of Hertfordshire The University of Greenwich

600

St George's Hospital Medical School

400

The University of Manchester

The University of Westminster Leeds Beckett University Swansea University Heriot-Watt University

200

University of Gloucestershire Sheffield Hallam University Southampton Solent University Roehampton University The Manchester Metropolitan University

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

-

University of Plymouth The University of Huddersfield Royal College of Music The University of Sheffield The University of Northampton

Total income per m2 GIA

Total income per m2 NIA

University of Bedfordshire The University of Lincoln The University of Sussex Edinburgh Napier University

Inst itu tions

Newman University University of Worcester University College Birmingham The University of Bristol The University of Central Lancashire The Nottingham Trent University Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh University of Northumbria at Newcastle Birmingham City University Royal Academy of Music The University of Bolton Courtauld Institute of Art Glasgow Caledonian University Oxford Brookes University Teesside University The University of Edinburgh Cranfield University The University of Reading Falmouth University The University of Dundee Leeds Trinity University

Page |

The University of Hull

33

Aston University The University of Strathclyde The Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts The University of Essex Cardiff Metropolitan University University of South Wales University of Cumbria University for the Creative Arts The University of the West of Scotland Royal Agricultural University Leeds College of Art

Academic income per m2 NIA

University of Ulster The University of Bradford Harper Adams University The University of Stirling Guildhall School of Music and Drama

Academic income per m2 NIA mean value

University of Abertay Dundee Aberystwyth University St Mary's University College Writtle College SRUC University of the Highlands and Islands

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0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 42-43

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 42

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2.0 2.5 1.5 2.0 1.0 1.5

The result

2013/14

2012/13

2014/15

2014/15

Research income per m2 research space

2013/14

Teaching income per m2 teaching space

2012/13

2011/12

2011/12

2010/11

2010/11

0.0

2009/10

0.0 0.5

2009/10

0.5 1.0 2008/09

• Commercial deals with companies such as Ocado and Regus for office space, • A commercial lease with Santander for an on-campus bank facility, • A commercial lease with the NHS for a GP’s surgery located on campus which also benefitted our students and staff • Letting laboratory space to over a dozen SMEs at our Bio Science facility, • Letting office space to SMEs in our Innovation Centre.

2.5 3.0

2008/09

The University of Hertfordshire took the strategic decision to focus on increasing income on non-core business through the following means:

3.0 3.5

2007/08 2007/08

The process and the solution

3.5 4.0

2006/07 2006/07

As a new university, the University of Hertfordshire cannot rely on legacies or historic investments but instead has had to make the best use of its estate and in particular capitalise on the benefits of a campus with proximity to business and the capital.

TEACHING AND RESEARCH INCOME PER M²

2005/06 2005/06

As the funding for universities becomes more challenging, it is important that institutions consider other ways of boosting income through commercial deals and links with business.

4.0

2004/05 2004/05

The challenge

Thousands Thousands

Generating income for every metre squared

per m2 nia Income Income per m2 nia

CASE STUDY: THE UNIVERSITY OF HERTFORDSHIRE

Teaching income per m2 teaching space

The University of Hertfordshire income/m² GIA was £1,476.91 in 2014/15, an increase of 6% in income per m² between 2012/13 and 2014/15. During the same period, the available commercially let space has only increased by 0.8%.

Research income per m2 research space

At this level of income, the University of Hertfordshire is in the upper quartile of universities for income per m² according to the 2014/15 EMR statistics from HESA.

AUDE KPI – IRV AS PROPORTION OF ACADEMIC INCOME 300%

250% 300% 200% 250% 150% 200% 100% 150%

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2005/06

2005/06

2006/07

2004/05

0% 50%

2004/05

50% 100%

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0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 44-45

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 44

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2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

0%

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SUSTAINABILITY Although the level of capital expenditure in absolute terms has increased since last year to £2.75bn, this represents a small reduction in the percentage of the academic income. However, it is still close to the 14% of academic income suggested as the target for sustained investment. Looking at the spread of expenditure as a percentage of income, there are six institutions which have spent substantially larger proportions of their academic income (i.e. in excess of 25%). These are all smaller institutions which have had major projects. These are typically once in a generation types of expenditure (such as a whole new campus). What is more typical are the 50% of institutions which are spending between 5% and 15% of their academic income on capital expenditure. This should be seen in the light of the more sustained ability to deliver a surplus and the recognised need to constantly invest in the estate to maintain the appropriate level of condition. In terms of environmental sustainability, carbon emissions have been reducing both in terms of Kg per m² and also Kg per FTE. Energy costs, which had recently been a source of considerable concern in terms of their anticipated rises, have fallen slightly, reducing the cost per m² across the sector.

CASE STUDY: UNIVERSITY OF DERBY Planned Preventative Maintenance The challenge In 2006/7 the University of Derby embarked on a full, campus wide condition based survey that formed a major part of the overall commitment to estate property in the 2010 Estates Strategy 3. The importance of having a ‘fit for purpose’ estate provision cannot be underestimated in the long term future and sustainability of the University. Having committed to developing the estate portfolio, it was imperative that we continued to maintain our estate to the highest possible standard and desired condition.

The process and the solution A significant part of this strategy is a commitment to preserving a replacement programme for all the key components of the buildings to ensure that we deliver an effective and efficient operation and a learning environment that contributes positively to a high overall student satisfaction.

AUDE KPI – MAINTENANCE AND CAPEX AS PERCENTAGE OF ACADEMIC INCOME’ (NOT OF IRV) 16%

A Condition Survey of all building stock, including residential and specialist business units was completed, encompassing building elements internally (including fixed units), external facade and all Mechanical & Electrical infrastructure services (including mains incoming services).

14%

The survey assigned a priority rating to help categorise the importance of the element should it fail and so provide an additional metric to assist with financial and logistical planning should costs / resources be prohibitive. Life Expectancy is based on the finite expected life cycle of the element. This is based on industry norms where known and professional experience for estimates. This is further qualified with a physical inspection and a review of how much maintenance has been carried out on the element to date in relation to its prescribed maintenance regime and anticipated life cycle.

12% 10%

The rating assigned to each element is linked to how critical it is to business continuity with categorisation in line with the Universities severity of risk rating criteria used for corporate risk management.

8%

The results

6%

The survey has been used to inform the Planned Preventative Maintenance programme and also produce financial estimates for all building elements that will require replacement within the next five years and on a rolling five year process.

4%

Since the introduction of the planned maintenance programme, the allocated funding and in line with other estate development projects the overall condition of the University of Derby estate has gone from 48.8% condition A/B in 2003 to a sector leading position of 97.4% in 2016.

2%

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

0%

Capex and maintenance as % of total income Capex as % of income Maintenance as a % of income

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0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 46-47

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 46

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CAPITAL AND MAINTENANCE EXPENDITURE AS A % OF INCOME, ALL INSTITUTIONS

AUDE KPI – CARBON EMISSIONS SCOPE 1 AND 2 PER M² 120

0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 48-49

100

80 80

60 60

40 40

20 20

Millions Millions Energy costs Energy costs £ £

2014/15 2014/15

2013/14 2013/14

2012/13 2012/13

2011/12 2011/12

2010/11 2010/11

2009/10 2009/10

450 400 400 350 350 300 300 250 250 200 200 150 150 100 100 50

Non -residential energy costs gas (£)

2014/15 2014/15

2013/14 2013/14

2012/13 2012/13

2011/12 2011/12

2010/11 2010/11

Non -residential energy costs other (£) Non Non-residential -residential energy energy costs costs electricity other (£) (£)

2009/10 2009/10

2008/09 2008/09

2007/08 2007/08

-

2006/07 2006/07

50 -

2005/06 2005/06

Investment as % income mean

ENERGY COST BY TYPE

450

2004/05 2004/05

Investment as % income

2008/09 2008/09

-

2007/08 2007/08

2006/07 2006/07

-

Institutions

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100 2 /m2) Carbon emissions (Kg2/m CO )2 Carbon emissions (Kg CO

60%

50%

40%

The Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts The University of Westminster The Arts University Bournemouth The University of West London Swansea University Norwich University of the Arts University of Bedfordshire Stranmillis University College The University of Northampton The University of Surrey De Montfort University The University of Sheffield University of Derby Birmingham City University The University of Birmingham London Business School The University of Bath University College Birmingham Teesside University The University of Lancaster The University of Wolverhampton Southampton Solent University Birkbeck College The University of Strathclyde University of Ulster The University of Reading The University of Kent University of Chester University of the West of England, Bristol Heriot-Watt University Royal Northern College of Music The University of Essex Bournemouth University The Robert Gordon University The School of Oriental and African Studies The University of Liverpool University of Hertfordshire The Queen's University of Belfast The University of Leicester The University of Exeter Buckinghamshire New University Liverpool Hope University The University of Cambridge Glasgow Caledonian University Royal College of Music University College London St Mary's University College The University of Brighton Goldsmiths College University for the Creative Arts Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine The University of Glasgow The University of East Anglia Royal College of Art The University of Warwick The University of Salford University of Worcester The University of York The City University St Mary's University, Twickenham Brunel University London London Metropolitan University The University of Aberdeen Anglia Ruskin University Royal Academy of Music The University of Manchester The University of Leeds The Nottingham Trent University The University of St Andrews Cardiff University Bangor University The University of Edinburgh London School of Economics and Political Science Courtauld Institute of Art Queen Mary University of London University of Nottingham Coventry University The University of Bradford Loughborough University Leeds Beckett University Edge Hill University The University of Lincoln University of Newcastle -upon -Tyne University of Gloucestershire The University of East London Sheffield Hallam University London South Bank University Royal Holloway and Bedford New College The University of Chichester Middlesex University King's College London Falmouth University The University of Oxford The University of Sussex University of South Wales The University of Bolton Harper Adams University Bath Spa University Liverpool John Moores University The University of Huddersfield The Manchester Metropolitan University The University of Central Lancashire The University of Keele Writtle College Royal Agricultural University The University of Southampton University of Cumbria Bishop Grosseteste University Canterbury Christ Church University Cranfield University Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine Oxford Brookes University Kingston University University of Wales Trinity Saint David The University of Greenwich Leeds Trinity University Newman University Aston University The University of Bristol The University of Hull St George's Hospital Medical School Staffordshire University The University of Dundee University of Durham Edinburgh Napier University University of the Arts, London The University of Winchester The Institute of Cancer Research Rose Bruford College The University of Stirling York St John University Cardiff Metropolitan University Leeds College of Art Aberystwyth University Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance University of Plymouth The University of the West of Scotland Glasgow School of Art University of St Mark and St John University of Abertay Dundee University of Northumbria at Newcastle Guildhall School of Music and Drama The University of Sunderland The Royal Veterinary College University of the Highlands and Islands The University of Portsmouth Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh Glynd r University SRUC Roehampton University Heythrop College London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Conservatoire for Dance and Drama Ravensbourne University Campus Suffolk

30%

20%

10%

0%

Page | 37

120

Investment as % of income

Non -residential energy costs gas (£)

Non -residential energy costs electricity (£)

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 48

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CASE STUDY: READING UNIVERSITY

ENERGY COST PER UNIT 8.0

Carbon Management

8.0 7.0

The challenge

pence pence per Kwh per Kwh

7.0 6.0

Increasing utilities costs and consumption were accounting for an increasing proportion of the University’s expenditure each year; 6% of all non-staff costs at the University.

6.0 5.0 5.0 4.0

Reducing carbon emissions from our operations also has also become increasingly important. The clear links to global climate change fuelled our desire to reduce our environmental impacts, while the sector-wide aim to reduce emissions by 43% by 2020 and the practical consideration of the new CRC scheme were further important drivers.

4.0 3.0

Reducing utilities costs and carbon emissions, while at the same time managing some major estate changes, presented a both a challenge and an opportunity for the University.

3.0 2.0

The process and the solution

2.0 1.0

In 2011, the university set out ambitious plans to reduce its carbon emissions by 35% by July 2016. Through a comprehensive programme of delivery, it identified that a £3.5 million investment (later increased to £4 million) could result in cumulative savings of £18.5 million (later increased to £19.6 million). This required senior level commitment both to investment required and the overarching commitment to delivering this reduction target. Regularly monitoring progress, reporting back and managing the annual reduction programmes have been essential elements in delivering against this target.

2014/15 2014/15

2013/14 2013/14

2012/13 2012/13

Energy cost per unit (pence per KwH)

2011/12 2011/12

2010/11 2010/11

2009/10 2009/10

2008/09 2008/09

2007/08 2007/08

2006/07 2006/07

2005/06 2005/06

0.0

2004/05 2004/05

1.0 0.0

At a time of major estate changes, it was essential to ensure that major capital investments also contributed to this ambitious carbon reduction target. The University has seen a net increase in its student halls’ bedroom space over the last few years, through new on-campus developments replacing the disposal of TWO large off campus sites. Our London Road campus also faced major refurbishment, facilitating the subsequent disposal of our Bulmershe campus.

Linear unit per (pence per KwH)) Energy (Energy cost percost unit per (pence KwH)

The results

Linear (Energy cost per unit (pence per KwH))

By July 2015, our energy efficiency investments of £3.1 million had delivered a 26% cut in our carbon emissions compared to our 2008/09 baseline, saving 44,220 tCO2 and £9.9 million on a cumulative basis for the university. A further £2 million has been achieved for and by our partner organisations on the estate (included in the original baseline emissions/costs).

350

25

350 300

25 20

300 250

20

250 200

15 15

200 150

10

150 100

10 5

100 50

At the time of writing (Feb 2016), the University expects to deliver at least a 30% reduction in its carbon emissions by July 2016; with expected cumulative financial savings of £13.5 million to the University and a further £3.7 million for our partner organisations. This has come from energy efficiency investments expected to total £4.1 million, alongside savings from major estate developments.

5

50 -

Energy cost per m2 (£/m2 GIA)

2014/15 2014/15

2013/14 2013/14

2012/13 2012/13

2011/12 2011/12

2010/11 2010/11

Energy cost per m2 (£/m2 GIA)

2009/10 2009/10

2008/09 2008/09

2007/08 2007/08

2006/07 2006/07

2005/06 2005/06

2004/05 2004/05

-

2 costcost (£ /m(£ ) /m2) Energy Energy

2 ) 2) energy energy consumption consumption (Kwh/m (Kwh/m

COST AND CONSUMPTION PER M²

-

Energy consumption per m2 (KwH/m2) Energy consumption per m2 (KwH/m2)

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Estate changes account for approximately a 5% reduction in total emissions, whilst non-estate changes to July 2015 breakdown (in tCO2 terms) as follows: • Insulation programme – plantroom pipe lagging, roof insulation and draught proofing saving 1,100 tCO2 annually • IT server upgrades – saving 1,200 tCO2 annually • Lighting upgrades – efficient lighting with intelligent sensors – saving 775 tCO2 annually • BMS/controls expansion and upgrades – saving 550 tCO2 annually • Fume cupboard ventilation upgrades - saving 620 tCO2 annually • Heating plant/control upgrades - saving 650 tCO2 annually • Ventilation and air conditioning upgrades – saving 400 tCO2 annually These technical improvements have been complemented by ongoing awareness and behaviour change initiatives. In addition, a new £13 million replacement LTHW district heating network is now complete, which is anticipated to deliver a further annual saving of approx. £400,000 and 1,250 tCO2.

The Green Scorecard The challenge Sustainability is a topic that is open to interpretation and has many grey areas. The Green Scorecard has provided the sector with a new way to examine estates-specific issues in a way that is structured enough to encourage a broad view of the issues but flexible enough to be relevant to most institutions.

The process and the solution The fact that it is the result of such extensive consultation and that it focuses on estates issues has provided the scorecard with a validity that has inspired confidence in those engaging with it. It is what the sector said it wanted and is directly relevant to those using it. An example is that a number of institutions have told us that climate change adaptation had not previously been prioritised but its inclusion in the scorecard has been welcomed as it highlights the fact that it is an issue the wider sector sees as important and on which progress should be made at institution level.

EMISSIONS PER FTE 1,200

The results We have had many conversations with those completing the scorecard in institutions. The self-appraisal nature of the tool is encouraging people to reflect and analyse their own performance, considering where they are on the ‘journey’ of improvement within each indicator (particularly those not supported by existing data). It provides a way of accurately communicating the excellent work that has already been undertaken by many in the sector.

1,000 Carbon emissions (Kg CO2 /FTE)

CASE STUDY: ARUP

800

Looking forwards, peoples’ appraisal of their targets goes also beyond simply asking what is needed to score the next point, but is a deeper consideration of how the topics covered by indicators needs to be applied to their specific institution.

600

It has also provided a new communication tool that encourages discussion – the interpretation of the performance requires an understanding of the context.

400

200

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0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 52-53

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

-

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RESIDENCE AND CATERING INCOME BY INSTITUTION Residence and catering income £

60

50

40

30

The University of Edinburgh The University of Leeds Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine The University of Manchester University College London The University of York The University of Warwick University of Durham Loughborough University University of Nottingham The University of Birmingham London School of Economics and Political Science The University of Bristol Brunel University London The University of Southampton The University of Essex The University of Kent The University of Surrey The University of Sussex The University of Bath Oxford Brookes University King's College London The University of St Andrews The University of Leicester The University of Glasgow Cardiff University University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne The University of East Anglia The University of Exeter Royal Holloway and Bedford New College The University of Liverpool University of Hertfordshire The University of Sheffield Kingston University Leeds Beckett University University of the West of England, Bristol University of the Arts, London University of Northumbria at Newcastle The University of Greenwich The University of Brighton The University of Stirling Swansea University Queen Mary University of London Heriot-Watt University The University of Aberdeen The University of Portsmouth The University of Hull The Manchester Metropolitan University Southampton Solent University Aberystwyth University The University of Lancaster Coventry University The University of Strathclyde The University of Oxford Roehampton University Bangor University The University of Northampton University of Derby The University of Westminster The University of Winchester Canterbury Christ Church University The Queen's University of Belfast University of Plymouth The University of Central Lancashire London South Bank University Cranfield University University of Chester University of South Wales The Robert Gordon University The University of Reading Goldsmiths College York St John University The University of Cambridge Bournemouth University Edge Hill University The University of East London Edinburgh Napier University University of Gloucestershire The University of Wolverhampton The University of Dundee Anglia Ruskin University Birmingham City University Buckinghamshire New University The University of Keele Aston University University of Wales Trinity Saint David The Nottingham Trent University The University of Chichester The University of Lincoln University of Worcester Staffordshire University Falmouth University St Mary's University, Twickenham Bath Spa University Cardiff Metropolitan University Middlesex University University for the Creative Arts The University of Salford Liverpool Hope University The University of Sunderland The University of the West of Scotland University College Birmingham Teesside University Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh Harper Adams University University of Cumbria Sheffield Hallam University University of Bedfordshire The Arts University Bournemouth Leeds Trinity University Glynd r University Royal Agricultural University Glasgow Caledonian University St George's Hospital Medical School De Montfort University The Royal Veterinary College The University of Bradford University of Ulster The University of West London SRUC University of St Mark and St John The City University London Business School Writtle College The University of Bolton Stranmillis University College Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance Bishop Grosseteste University Guildhall School of Music and Drama Liverpool John Moores University The School of Oriental and African Studies Heythrop College Newman University Royal College of Art University of Abertay Dundee Royal Northern College of Music The University of Huddersfield Norwich University of the Arts Glasgow School of Art Courtauld Institute of Art Royal Academy of Music Royal College of Music London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine The Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts St Mary's University College Birkbeck College London Metropolitan University Ravensbourne The Institute of Cancer Research

Institutions

Income generated by the residential estate is significant; with a total income within the sector of approaching £2bn in 2014/15 (this currently includes all residential income as well as conference and catering income). Three institutions generate over £50m per annum, and 16 generate over £30m. The residential estate continues to be a critical part of the Higher Education estate. Not just the space owned and managed by institutions themselves (which accounts for over 330,000 bedspaces) but the increasing number of private sector beds (110,000 bedspaces) and the ‘other rented accommodation’ (520,000 bedspaces). The impact of these beds on local communities is often one of the most sensitive aspects of university/community relations. Institutions have increased their investment in their own accommodation, spending nearly £600m on the residential estate in 2014/15. The percentage of the residential estate in condition A and B remains relatively similar to last year, but has improved over the last decade. The condition of this estate continues to be very significant in terms of recruitment. It is a critical element of particularly for parental support, in university selection. It is also important in support of conference business. Institutions continue to work innovatively with the private sector to provide access to additional accommodation. Institutions are working in a variety of different ways to ensure that students have an equivalent experience whether they are in private sector accommodation, nominated accommodation or within the University’s own accommodation.

0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 54-55

20

RESIDENTIAL ESTATE

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10

0

7

Millions

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INCOME / EXPENDITURE PER BED

0.2 0

Term time accommodation 2014/15

350 2,000

300 250

1,500

200 1,000

150 100

500

50 0

Thousands

2,500

Number of taught students

Number of beds provided

Thousands

Provision of student bedspaces and number of students 400

Other/NA/

Term time accommodation 2014/15 TERM TIME ACCOMMODATION 2014/2015 Not known 8%

Other rented accommodation 31%

Own residence 15%

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

2008/09

Residential number of third party bed spaces

Institution maintained property 20% Other/NA/ Not known Institution 8% Private maintained sector halls property 7% 20%

Other rented accommodation 31%

0

Residential number of bed spaces

Institution maintained property 2014/15

Income per bed

0.4

Other rented accommo Other/NA/ dation Not known

2014/15

Other costs per bed

0

0.6

2013/14

0.2

0.8

2013/14

0 2014/15

2013/14

0.4

2012/13

Maintenance costs per bed

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

Cleaning costs per bed

1,000

1

2012/13

Energy costs per bed

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

0

0.6

2011/12

1,000

2,000

1.2

2011/12

2,000

0.8

1.4

2010/11

3,000

1

2010/11

3,000

Other/NA/ Not known

Own Other residence rented accommo dation Parental guardian Own home residence Private sector halls Parental guardian home Institution maintained Private property sector halls

1.6

2009/10

4,000

1.8

2009/10

4,000

1.2

2

2008/09

5,000

Millions

1.4 No. of students

£ per bedspace

1.6

6,000

5,000

Type of Term Time Accommodation

2008/09

7,000

6,000

1.8

2007/08

8,000

No. of students

7,000

2

2007/08

Residences and Catering costs/income per bedspace

Millions

Type Time Accommodation TYPEof OFTerm TERM TIME ACCOMMODATION

Teaching student headcount

Parental/ guardian home 19%

Own residence 15%

Private sector halls 7%

Parental/ guardian home 19%

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assessment condition B (%)

10%

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

Residential Functional Suitability

100%

Millions

Residential building condition assessment condition A (%)

RESIDENTIAL FUNCTIONAL SUITABILITY

Residential Capital expenditure

RESIDENTIAL CAPITAL EXPENDITURE

Capital expenditure £

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

0%

700

Residential functional suitability grade 4 (%)

90% 80%

600

Residential functional suitability grade 3 (%)

70%

500

60%

400

50%

Residential functional suitability grade 2 (%)

40%

300

30%

200

Residential functional suitability grade 1 (%)

20% 10%

100

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2004/05

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

2005/06

0%

-

Page | 46

RESIDENTIAL CONDITION

RESIDENTIAL AGE

Residential Condition

10%

100%

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

Residential construction date 1960- 1979 (%)

20% 10%

Residential construction date 1980 - 1999 (%)

0%

Cost to upgrade as % of residential income

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2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2007/08

2006/07

2008/09

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2005/06

2004/05

0%

Residential building condition assessment condition A (%)

30%

2014/15

20%

Residential construction date 1940- 1959 (%)

40%

2013/14

Residential building condition assessment condition B (%)

50%

2012/13

30%

Residential construction date 1915-1939 (%)

60%

2011/12

40%

70%

2010/11

50%

Residential construction date 1840 - 1914 (%)

2009/10

Residential building condition assessment condition C (%)

60%

80%

2008/09

70%

90%

2007/08

80%

Residential construction date before 1840 (%)

2006/07

90%

100%

2005/06

Residential building condition assessment condition D (%)

2004/05

100%

Residential Functional Suitability

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 58

Residential

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construction date 1960- 1979 (%)

20% 10%

Residential construction date 1980 - 1999 (%) 2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

0%

to upgrade as%%OF of residential income COST Cost TO UPGRADE AS RESIDENTIAL INCOME 120%

% of academic income

100%

80%

60%

40%

20%

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

2003/04

2001/02

2002/03

0%

Page | 47

ResidentialENERGY energy consumption and emissions per bedBED RESIDENTIAL COST AND CONSUMPTION PER

energy consumption per bed kWh

7,000 2,000

6,000 5,000

1,500

4,000 1,000

3,000 2,000

500

1,000 -

Carbon emissions per bed kg CO2e

2,500

8,000

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

-

Residential energy consumption total (kWh) per bed Residential scope 1 and 2 carbon emissions total (kg CO2e) per bed

8

SCOTLAND

The fee situation in Scotland differs from the rest of the UK with tuition fees for eligible students paid by the student awards agency. Fee levels having reduced in real terms since 2009/10 but despite this Scotland has seen the overall level of income continue to increase. This is largely a result of an ongoing rise in the number of students to around 230,000. In contrast with the UK position capital expenditure in Scotland is decreasing which has resulted in reduced investment in the estate. Scotland exhibits a higher proportion of its estate as being in condition Category C and D. The cost of upgrading to category B as a percentage of insured replacement value and as percentage of academic income is significantly higher than that of the rest of the UK. The KPIs indicate Scotland’s total property costs are significantly lower than those of the UK as a whole, this following a similar pattern to the UK, with significant focus since 2008/09 to reduce costs. Space per student is higher than the UK’s mean, this has an impact on the income per metre squared figure, which, whilst increasing, is substantially lower than the mean for the UK as a whole (£1,400 per m² NIA against at UK mean of £1,800/m² NIA). Carbon emissions continue to reduce from a peak in 2009/10.

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500

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

Non -residential NIA total (m )

Full Time Equivalents STUDENT NUMBERS

3,500

180

Thousands

3,000

140

Full time equivalent

2,500

160

2,000 1,500

120 100 80 60

1,000

40

500

20

Research income (£)

Research student FTE

Other non-residential income (£)

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Size of Estate (Net and Gross) SIZE OF ESTATE

Millions

3,500 3,000

Teaching student FTE

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2004/05

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

Teaching income (£)

2006/07

-

-

2005/06

Millions

INCOME

Income £

2008/09

Non -residential GIA (m )

University Income

Thousands

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

-

Total staff FTE

NOM-RESIDENTIAL CAPITAL EXPENDITURE BUILDINGS

300

250

2,500 Page | 49 200 Capital expenditure £

Non -residential NIA total (m )

sands

180

0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 62-63

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

Total Property Costs £ per m2

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2009/10

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2004/05

Non -residential GIA (m )

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

-

50

2008/09

500

100

2007/08

1,000

150

2006/07

1,500

2005/06

Area m2

2,000

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 62

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100

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Capit

2

50

Condition

2 AUDE KPI – TOTAL PROPERTY COSTS PER M² (GIA) Total Property Costs £ per m

AUDE KPI – PERCENTAGE OF GIA IN CONDITION A AND B 100%

120

Non-residential building condition assessment condition D (%)

90% 100

80% 80

70%

60

60%

Non-residential building condition assessment condition D (%)

50%

Non-residential building condition assessment condition D (%)

40

40%

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

Non-residential building condition assessment condition D (%)

10%

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

Non -residential rates paid (£)

2011/12

Non -residential net service charge and miscellaneous PFI and PPP costs (£)

Non -residential insurance premiums and contributions (£)

2010/11

Non -residential water and sewerage costs total (£)

Non -residential energy costs total (£)

2009/10

Non -residential cleaning costs total (£)

Non -residential repairs and maintenance costs total (£)

2008/09

Non -residential Externally -provided property management costs (£)

Non -residential Internally -incurred property management costs (£)

2007/08

Non -residential central post room and internal distribution services costs (£)

2006/07

Non -residential security costs (£)

2005/06

0%

Non -residential porterage costs (£)

2004/05

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2006/07

2008/09

0

20% 2007/08

30%

2005/06

20

2004/05

Property costs £ per m2

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

-

2005/06

2004/05

0

Page | 52

GIAPER per FTE (staff AND + student) AUDE KPISpace – AREA STUDENT STAFF FTE M² (GIA)

AUDE KPI Functional – PERCENTAGE OF GIA IN FUNCTIONAL suitability SUITABILITY A AND B 100%

16

90%

14

80%

Non residential functional suitability grade 4 (%)

70%

12

Non residential functional suitability grade 3 (%)

60%

area m2

10

50%

8

40%

Non residential functional suitability grade 2 (%)

30%

6

20% 4

10%

2

Non residential functional suitability grade 1 (%)

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

0

2005/06

2004/05

0%

Teaching and Research Income per m 2 (Net and Gross) Condition 100%

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90% 0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 64-65

1,800 Non-residential building condition assessment condition D (%)

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 64

1,600

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2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

AUDE KPI – MAINTENANCE AND CAPEX AS PERCENTAGE OF ACADEMIC INCOME Maintenance and CapEx as a % of academic income

1,800

16%

1,600

14%

1,400

12%

1,200

10%

1,000

8% 800

6%

600

4%

400

2%

200

Page | 53

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

Total income per m2 GIA

2005/06

0%

-

2004/05

Income per m 2

2010/11

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

2 Teaching AUDE and Research Income PER per m KPI – INCOME M² (Net (GIA)and Gross)

2009/10

0%

0%

2008/09

Non residential functional suitability grade 1 (%)

2007/08

10%

2006/07

50%

2005/06

grade 2 (%)

2004/05

20%

Capex and maintenance as % of total income Capex as % of income Maintenance as % of income

Total income per m2 NIA

AUDE KPI – IRV AS PROPORTION OF ACADEMIC INCOME IRV as % of Academic income

300%

Page | 54

AUDE KPI CARBON EMISSIONS SCOPE2 1 AND 2 PER M² 2 Scope 1&2 carbon emissions per m (Kg CO2 /m )

120

250% Carbon emissions (Kg CO2 /m 2)

100

200%

150%

100%

50%

80

60

40

20

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2014/15

2013/14

2012/13

2011/12

2010/11

2009/10

2008/09

2007/08

2006/07

2005/06

2004/05

0%

Maintenance and CapEx as a % of academic income 16% For more information visit www.aude.ac.uk/emr or contact info@aude.ac.uk, 01509 22 88 36.

14%

0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 12% 66-67

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INCOME

University Income University Income

Millions Millions

1,600 1,600 1,400 1,400 1,200

Income Income £ £

1,200 1,000 1,000 800 800 600 600 400 400 200

Teaching income (£)

Research income (£)

2014/15 2014/15

2013/14 2013/14

2012/13 2012/13

2011/12 2011/12

Research income (£)

2010/11 2010/11

2009/10 2009/10

2008/09 2008/09

2007/08 2007/08

Teaching income (£)

2006/07 2006/07

2005/06 2005/06

2004/05 2004/05

-

Other non-residential income (£) Other non-residential income (£)

Size of Estate (Net and Gross) Size of Estate (Net and Gross) ESTATE

1,400 Thousands Thousands

The HE situation in Wales has a number of challenges, (including a demographic shift, funding regime and estate condition), however after a period of limited growth in income between  2009/10 through to 2012/13, the sector in Wales has seen substantial increases for both 2013/14 and 2014/15, with income up to £1.33bn (from £1.18bn in 2013/14).

600 600 400 400 200 200

The mean Income per m² is lower than the UK mean, which highlights the need for increasing efficiency in space utilisation in the light of lower student numbers.

Non -residential NIA total (m )

Non -residential GIA (m )

Non -residential NIA total (m )

2014/15 2014/15

Non -residential GIA (m )

2013/14 2013/14

2012/13 2012/13

The Welsh HE estate has continued to improve in terms of its condition and functional suitability, showing that the capital expenditure is being put to improvements in the estate.

2011/12 2011/12

-

2010/11 2010/11

2009/10 2009/10

Space utilisation is similar to the UK as a whole being close to 10m² per FTE, the change in student numbers since 2011/12 has caused this metric to reduce as student numbers have rediced (without a similar reduction in estate size).

800

2008/09 2008/09

Total property costs have risen to £75/m² after five years (since 2009/10) remaining at £68/m².  This is still substantially lower than the mean for the UK as a whole.

800

2007/08 2007/08

Capital expenditure has been higher for the last two years than ever before in the preceding decade; spending in 2014/15 was £134m down from £155m in 2013/14.

1,000

2006/07 2006/07

Student numbers follow a similar profile to that of the UK as a whole with a peak in 2011/12 (for Wales this was at 99,000 in 2011/12) and with numbers almost stable now at just below 90,000 (although there has been a slight reduction year on year to 2014/15).

1,200 1,000

Area Area m2 m2

The size of the estate in Wales has for the first time decreased by 20,000m² (GIA) to 1,131,000m². There has been estate rationalisation at one or two institutions in the last year.

1,200

2005/06 2005/06

WALES

1,400

2004/05 2004/05

9

200 -

Page | 57 Page | 57

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Total Property Costs £ per m 2 Total Property Costs £ per m

AUDE KPI – TOTAL PROPERTY COSTS PER2 M² (GIA)

£ per m 2 £ per m 2

80

Full Time Equivalents

80

60

Property costs Property costs

60

40 40

Total staff FTE Total staff FTE

2014/15 2014/15

2013/14 2013/14

Teaching student FTE Teaching student FTE

2012/13 2012/13

2011/12 2011/12

2010/11 2010/11

2009/10 2009/10

Research student FTE Research student FTE

2008/09 2008/09

2007/08 2007/08

2006/07 2006/07

Non -

2014/15 2014/15

2013/14 2013/14

2012/13 2012/13

2011/12 2011/12

2010/11 2010/11

2009/10 2009/10

2008/09 2008/09

Non -residential security costs (£) Non -residential Externally-provided property management costs (£)

Non -residential central post room and internal distribution services costs (£) Non -residential Internally -incurred property management costs (£) Non -residential Internally -incurred property management costs (£) Non -residential repairs and maintenance costs total (£) Non -residential repairs and maintenance costs total (£) Non -residential energy costs total (£) Non -residential energy costs total (£) Non -residential insurance premiums and contributions (£) Non -residential insurance premiums and contributions (£)

Non -residential Externally-provided property management costs (£) Non -residential cleaning costs total (£) Non -residential cleaning costs total (£) Non -residential water and sewerage costs total (£) Non -residential water and sewerage costs total (£) Non -residential net service charge and miscellaneous PFI and PPP costs (£) Non -residential net service charge and miscellaneous PFI and PPP costs (£) Non -residential rates paid (£) Non -residential rates paid (£)

12 12 1010

area m 2 area m 2

88 66

44

22

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2014/15 2014/15

2013/14 2013/14

2012/13 2012/13

2011/12 2011/12

2010/11 2010/11

2009/10 2009/10

2008/09 2008/09

2007/08 2007/08

2006/07 2006/07

2005/06 2005/06

2004/05 2004/05

2014/15 2014/15

2013/14 2013/14

2012/13 2012/13

2011/12 2011/12

2010/11 2010/11

2009/10 2009/10

2008/09 2008/09

2007/08 2007/08

2006/07 2006/07

2005/06 2005/06

00

2004/05 2004/05

Millions Millions Capital expendtiure £ £ Capital expendtiure

Non -residential security costs (£)

Non -residential porterage costs (£) Non -residential central post room and internal distribution services costs (£)

FTE (staff student) AUDE KPI – Space AREA GIA PER STUDENT AND++STAFF FTE M² (GIA) Space GIA per per FTE (staff student)

Non NON-RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS residentialCAPITAL capital EXPENDITURE expenditure buildings (£)

Page| | 59 59 Page

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0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 70-71

2007/08 2007/08

Non -residential porterage costs (£)

residential capital expenditure buildings (£)

180 180 160 160 140 140 120 120 100 100 80 80 60 60 40 40 20 20 -

2006/07 2006/07

0

2005/06 2005/06

0

2004/05 2004/05

20 20

2005/06 2005/06

100 100 90 90 80 80 70 70 60 60 50 50 40 40 30 30 20 20 10 10 -

2004/05 2004/05

FullFull time equivalent time equivalent Thousands Thousands

Full Time NUMBERS Equivalents STUDENT

AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 70

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AUDE KPI – PERCENTAGE OF GIA IN CONDITION A AND B

AUDE KPI – TEACHING AND RESEARCH PERGross) M² (GIA) Teaching and Research Income perINCOME m 2 (Net and

Condition Condition

1,600

Non -residential Non -residential building building condition condition assessment assessment condition D (%) condition D (%)

Total income per m2 GIA

Total income per m2 GIA

Total income per m2 NIA

2014/15 2014/15

-

2013/14 2013/14

2002012/13 2012/13

2014/15 2014/15

2013/14 2013/14

2012/13 2012/13

2011/12 2011/12

2010/11 2010/11

2009/10 2009/10

2008/09 2008/09

2007/08 2007/08

2006/07 2006/07

2005/06 2005/06

2004/05 2004/05

0% 0%

2003/04 2003/04

10% 10%

400 200

2011/122011/12

20% 20%

600 400

2010/112010/11

30% 30%

800 600

2009/10 2009/10

40% 40%

1,000 800

2008/09 2008/09

50% 50%

1,200 1,000

2007/08 2007/08

60% 60%

Non -residential Non -residential building building condition condition assessment assessment condition C condition C (%) (%) Non -residential Non -residential building building condition condition assessment assessment condition B (%) condition B (%) Non -residential Non -residential building building condition condition assessment assessment condition A (%) condition A (%)

2006/07 2006/07

70% 70%

1,400 1,200

2005/06 2005/06

80% 80%

1,600 1,400

2 Income per mper Income m2

90% 90%

Teaching and Research Income per m 2 (Net and Gross)

2004/05 2004/05

100% 100%

Total income per m2 NIA

IRV as proportion of academic income

AUDE KPI – PERCENTAGE OF GIA IN FUNCTIONAL SUITABILITY A AND B Functional suitability Functional suitability

100% 100%

AUDE KPI –IRV IRVas ASproportion PROPORTION OF ACADEMIC of academic income INCOME

300%

50% 50%

0%

Page | 61 Page | 61

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0226_Aude annual report_V4.indd 72-73

2014/15 2014/15

0% 2013/14 2013/14

2014/15 2014/15

2013/14 2013/14

2012/13 2012/13

2011/12 2011/12

2010/11 2010/11

2009/10 2009/10

2008/09 2008/09

2007/08 2007/08

2006/07 2006/07

2005/06 2005/06

2004/05 2004/05

2003/04 2003/04

10% 10%

100%

2012/13 2012/13

20% 20%

100%

2011/122011/12

30% 30%

150%

2010/112010/11

40% 40%

150%

2009/10 2009/10

50% 50%

200%

2008/09 2008/09

60% 60%

200%

2007/08 2007/08

70% 70%

250%

2006/07 2006/07

80% 80%

250%

2005/06 2005/06

Non -residential Non -residential functional functional suitability suitability grade 4 (%) grade 4 (%) Non -residential Non -residential functional functional suitability suitability grade 3 (%) grade 3 (%) Non -residential Non -residential functional functional suitability suitability grade 2 (%) grade 2 (%) Non -residential Non -residential functional functional suitability suitability grade 1 (%) grade 1 (%)

2004/05 2004/05

90% 90%

0% 0%

300%

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18% 18%

University income

AUDE KPI – MAINTENANCE AND CAPEX AS PERCENTAGE OF Maintenance and as MaintenanceACADEMIC and CapEx CapEx INCOME as a a% % of of academic academic income income

16% 16% 14% 14% 12% 12% 10% 10% 8% 8% 6% 6% 4% 4%

2014/15 2014/15

2013/14 2013/14

2012/13 2012/13

2011/12 2011/12

2010/11 2010/11

2009/10 2009/10

2008/09 2008/09

2007/08 2007/08

2006/07 2006/07

2005/06 2005/06

0% 0%

2004/05 2004/05

2% 2%

Capex Capex and and maintenance maintenance as as % % of of total total income income Capex as % of income Capex as % of income Maintenance Maintenance as as % % of of income income

100 100 80 80 60 60 40 40

2014/15 2014/15

2013/14 2013/14

2012/13 2012/13

2011/12 2011/12

2010/11 2010/11

2009/10 2009/10

2008/09 2008/09

--

2007/08 2007/08

20 20

2006/07 2006/07

Carbon Carbonemissions emissions(Kg (KgCO CO2 2/m /m2 2) )

120 120

AUDE KPI Scope – MAINTENANCE AND CAPEX AS PERCENTAGE OF IRV Scope 1&2 1&2 carbon carbon emissions emissions per per m2 m2 (Kg (Kg CO2/m2) CO2/m2)

Academic income of HEIs in the UK Size of box represents Academic Income. Colour shows % income generated by research. Page Page || 62 62 For more information visit www.aude.ac.uk/emr or contact info@aude.ac.uk, 01509 22 88 36.

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0–3 AUDE Estates Management Report 2016 · 74

3–6

6 – 19

19 – 25

25 – 34

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34 – 40

40 – 46

46 – 63

63 – 100

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a

es iliti fac

Cele bra tin g

excellence in e sta tes

nd

of ars ye 25

1992

2017 ANNIVERSARY

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AUDE Estates Management Report 2016