The Latest on Montesquieu A.K.A. “Famous Political Thinker” Montesquieu was born in the Aquitaine, region of France on January 18, 1689, during the Age of Enlightenment. He was born to a wealthy family. His soldier father also had noble lineage. Montesquieu was placed in the care of a poor family during his childhood. His mother died when he was seven years old, and at age 11, he was sent to the Oratorian College de Juilly near Paris to study literature, the sciences and other precepts of a classical education. He went on to take up law at the University of Bordeaux and began working in Paris after graduation. Montesquieu returned to Bordeaux in 1713 when his father died. His major ideas/works was The Spirit of Laws, which was published in 1748. In 1721, he gained fame with the publication of the Persian Letters. Published his Defense de L’Esprit in 1750. He was famous for/ known as “The Political Thinker of the Enlightenment.” Montesquieu established the idea of a separation of powerlegislative, executive and judicial.
The effect Montesquieu had on the Enlightenment was The Spirit of Laws, had an enormous influence on how government show work, eschewing classical definitions of government for new delineations. With him establishing the idea of separation of powers, effectively propagated liberty. Also the Catholic Church put
Spirit on its list banned books, the work influenced England’s Declaration of the Rights of Man and the U.S. Constitution. Finally, two of his famous quotes were, “There should be weeping at a man’s birth, not at his death.” This quote simply means that you shouldn’t be crying when a person dies, but when a person is born because regeneration is a beautiful thing. The other quote is, “The less men think, the more they talk.” This quote simply means that people are always talking so much that they never really listen, but you can learn a lot from listening to others. This could also means that people should think before they say, because sometimes speaking before you think can put you in some “hot water.”