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Courtroom Dictionary

      Alfredo  Turquie  Salame   1o  c  



Courtroom Phrases  

As jurors you are not to be swayed by sympathy. Bail should be continued. Call your next witness. Can you tell the jury … ? Could you briefly describe … ? Could you describe the appearance of (a package, etc.)? Counsel, lay a foundation. Defendant will be remanded. Don’t belabor the point counselor. Don’t discuss the case.


1. Objection: to  be  in  disapproval  or  opposition     2. Justice:  Is  a  treatment  of  just  behavior   3. Jail/prison:  a  place  were  people  are  legally  punished   4. Guilty/innocent:  The  responsible  specific  thing   5. Judge:  an  official  who  decided  cases  in  a  court   6. Lawyer/law:  A  person  who  studies  laws,  and  the  system  of  rules   7. Charges:  an  amount  as  price  from  someone  of  a  service   8. The  accused:  People  who  are  charge  or  in  a  trial   9. The  defense:  the  action  of  resisting  an  attack   10. Witness:  A  person  who  sees  and  event   11. Fair  trial:  An  essential  right  in  all  countries   12. Officer:  A  person  that  has  a  position  of  authority   13. Prosecution:  Legal  proceeding  against  someone   14. The  verdict:  The  decision  on  an  issue.   15. Case:  A  particular  situation   16. Constitution:  A  body  of  principles  of  each  state   17. Jury:  A  body  of  people  who  give  a  verdict  in  a  case   18. Court:  A  tribunal  give  by  a  judge   19. Evidence:  the  available  facts  or  information  to  decide  if  its  true  or  valid   20. Testify:  Evidence  as  a  witness  in  a  court  


The Arrest  -­‐  What  leads  to  a  person  being  arrested?  What  is  an  arrest  warrant  and   what  does  it  contain?   A  person  being  arrest  leads  to  a  person  who  is  not  acting  according  to  the  law   application  allowed   An  arrest  warrant  is  a  document  issue  by  a  legal  document  to  make  an  arrest.     It  contains:  Be  signed  by  the  court,  be  direct  to  a  municipal  officer,  Name  of  the   defendant,  offensive  charge     Booking  and  Bond  -­‐  Investigate  the  different  types  of  bonds  and  what  does  a   bondsman  do?   A  bondsman  is  a  person  who  guarantee  money  or  properties  as  a  fee  for  the  persons  that   are  accused  in  court.   Types  of  bonds:  Unsecured  Bond,  Cash  Bond,  Property  Bond,  Surety  Bond,  Federal  Bond,   and  Immigration  Bond    

The Arraignment  –  Describe  this  process.     1. Read  the  charges  of  the  defendant     2. Ask is the defendant has a criminal defense lawyer 3. Ask the defendant to enter a plea 4. Reduce bail or release the defendant 5. Set the dates for future proceeding in the case     Plea  Bargain  –  When  is  a  plea  deal  offered?  What  happens  after  this  is  offered?   Why  can  a  plea  bargain  be  beneficial?   It is generally offered before trial. After the peal deal is offered the court finishes. It could be beneficial because you can get less time in jail.   Preliminary  Hearing  –  What  happens  during  a  preliminary  hearing?     They  talk  about  what  the  problem  is,  sometimes  cop  and  witnesses  are  brought   and  are  put  in  front  of  the  judge  and  questioned.         Pre-­‐trial  Motions  –  What  are  these  and  what  is  their  purpose?

Are arguments  made  before  a  criminal  case  goes  to  jail,  this  is  also  made  after  a   preliminary  hearing,  the  purpose  is  to  find  evidence  before  someone  goes  to  jail.   The  Trial  –  Give  a  brief  description  of  the  process  of  a  trial.  (Mention  jury  selection,   opening  statements,  the  presentation  of  the  case,  the  closing  statements  and  the   deliberation  of  the  jury.)   It  is  usually  made  by  a  letter  randomly,  the  opening  statements  are  important  supplier  to   the  persuasion  process  at  trial,  Closing  statements  are  to  get  to  conclusions  of  the   arguments  (one  for  each  lawyer),  deliberation  of  the  jury  are  the  discussion  of  the  final   punishment.      

Sentencing –  What  may  you  face  if  found  guilty?  How  does  a  judge  choose  the   sentence  given?   If  you  are  found  guilty  you  go  to  jail  and  pay  a  fine,  the  judge  choose  the  sentence   giving  by  his  criterion  and  laws     Appeal  Process  –  Explain  what  this  means.     When  the  person  accused  disagrees  with  it  demands  it  is  called  appeal  process     ­‐bonds/­‐case-­‐ stages/arraignment/default.aspx  


Exposition: They  were  all  gather  together  in  a  courtroom,  in  New  York   This  day  was  the  hottest  day  ever.   They  were  all  white.   They  began  to  argue  about  an  18  years  old  boy,  who  was  said  he  had  killed  his  father.   They  decided  to  vote  if  he  would  go  to  the  electric  chair  or  not.   Example:” All right, gentlemen. Let's take our seats.”   Protagonist:  Juror  8   Antagonist:  Juror  3   Setting  time:  1950s,  WWII  was  over,  the  death  penalty  was  allowed,  black  people  doesn’t   have  the  same  rights.   Setting  place:  New  York,  courtroom   Internal  conflict:   External  conflict:  Man  vs.  Man     Raising   Action:       -­‐ They  all  get  into  a  first  voting  and  11  of  12  votes  in  favor  to  send  him  to  the  electric  chair,   one  brave  and  intelligent  architect  voted  against.   -­‐ They  all  began  to  argue  and  the  8  juror  keep  saying  that  the  kid  was  not  guilty  he  just  say   that  he  doesn’t  know         -­‐ The  began  to  gave  proves  about  how  guilty  the  kid  is,  like  he  scream  “I  am  going  to  kill   you”  to  his  father.  And  that  he  just  bought  a  very  strange  knife,  which  was  the  same  with   the  one  that  the  father  was  killed.   -­‐ They  keep  trying  to  convince  the  8  juror,  but  they  cant.   -­‐ The  juror  8  decided  to  get  into  a  voting,  and  if  he  propose  that  if  one  person  out  of  11   votes  against  they  keep  arguing,  but  if  not  the  kid  will  go  immediately  to  the  electric  chair     Example: “That's eleven for guilty. Okay. Not guilty? (NO. 8's hand is raised.) One. Right. Okay. Eleven to one, guilty. Now we know where we are.”   Climax     -­‐  They  get  into  a  second  voting  and  one  old  and  brave  man  voted  against  of  killing  this  kid   -­‐  They  keep  arguing  and  trying  to  convince  two  jurors  of  killing  this  kid   -­‐  They  have  a  small  break  and  try  to  convince  in  any  way  possible  the  juror  #8.   -­‐    One  juror  saw  a  picture  of  his  son  and  began  to  think  different   Example:  “NO. 8: I want to call for a vote. I want eleven men to vote by secret ballot. I'll abstain. If there are still eleven votes for guilty, I won't stand alone. We'll take in a guilty verdict right now.”         Falling   Action   -­‐ The  juror  #9  and  #8  finally  convince  the  other  jurors  that  this  kid  was  not  guilty  of  the   death  of  his  father.   Example:  “Not  Guilty”       Resolution   -­‐ The  juror  #9  gave  proves  and  this  is  how  this  two  brave  jurors  save  this  kid.   -­‐ The  time  make  this  murder  impossible  to  be  seen  by  the  witnesses  because  the  train     passed  and  it  is  impossible  to  see  the  house  of  the  kid,  and  also  the  old  man  cant  listen  to   the  shooting  of  the  father  because  of  the  sound  of  the  train   Example:  “It takes a great deal of courage to stand alone”  

Book vs  Movie   How  are  they  alike?     -­‐  What  they  say,  is  the  same  script   -­‐  The  actions  are  the  same   -­‐  Both  say  that  it  was  the  hottest  day  ever  in  New  York  City   -­‐  The  characters  are  the  same   -­‐  The  story  is  the  same   -­‐  In  both  version  they  get  into  two  voting        


How are  they  different?   Movie  version   -­‐  In  the  movie  I  watch  how  the  jury  room  was  and  I  thought  it  was  different  as  I  picture  it  when  I   read  the  book.   -­‐  In  the  movie  the  kid  was  18  years   -­‐  When  I  saw  the  movie  I  realized  that  all  was  in  black  and  white   -­‐  In  the  movie  I  knew  that  all  the  jurors  where  white       Book  version   -­‐  The  narrator  describe  the  setting  as  a  hot  day  in  a  jury  room  with  pencils,  dozen  of  chairs,  and  a   conference  table   -­‐  In  the  book  the  kid  was  16  years   -­‐  The  version  of  the  book  makes  me  imagined  that  it  was  all  in  colors   -­‐  In  this  version  I  would  never  imagine  that  all  the  jurors  where  white              What  version  do  you  prefer  and  why?   I  prefer  the  movie  version  because  I  prefer  to  watch  the  things,  actions  and  characters  the   way  they  are  instead  of  having  to  imagine  all  these  the  way  they  are  not.  I  also  like  to   watch  the  movie  because  this  way  I  get  a  lot  more  concentrated  than  I  get  by  reading  the   book.  

Physical description:   Tall,  black  hair,  young,  tiny,   handsome,  white,        


Direct Characterization:      

Juror #8  

Thoughts, actions,  words:   He  thought  that  the  kid  might  be  innocent.     “There  were  eleven  votes  for  guilty.  It's  not  so  easy  for  me  to  raise  my  hand  and   send  a  boy  off  to  die   Without  talking  about  it  first.”  Here  we  can  see  how  this  juror  is  brave  of   standing  alone  voting  against  of  sending  this  kid  to  the  electric  chair.  Also  he  is   just,  comprehensively  and  very  intelligent.       “I'm  saying  that  it's  possible  that  the  boy  lost  the  knife  and  that  someone  else     possible”.  He  likes  to  analyze  the  facts   stabbed  his  father  with  a  similar  knife.  It's   before  saying  something  is  true.     “You're  probably  right.”  He  gives  second  chances  to  the  people  and  listens  to  the   ideas  of  all  the  jurors  with  a  lot  of  respect.     “It's  not  enough  for  me.”  He  doesn’t  get  influence  easily  with  the  ideas  of  the   other  jurors;  he  began  being  brave  and  ended  the  same  way        

Other feelings,  thoughts,  toward   them:   He  is  very  strong  and  brave   because  it  take  a  lot  of  courage  to   stand  alone  against  11  people     points  against   arguing  the  same   your  thoughts.  He  is  also  very   secure  about  himself  because  of   the  way  he  stands  and  talks.  And   he  is  also  very  patient.  

12 Angry Men  

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