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KINDERGARTEN SYSTEM DESIGN Design process-2 By: Atul kumar


SYSTEM A system is a collection of parts which interact with each other to function as whole .

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Overview| system design

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


content| system design Overview

Child and Learning How does child learn Learning environment child understanding of his or her learning

Education in India

Kindergarten

Stakeholder Scenario analysis scenario analysis opportunity mapping

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Design | Process Internet article goal

newspaper

understanding the system network and their component

understanding existing business model

observationinteraction picture interviews

Breaking the component living and non living

Insight from primary and secondary data

business Mapping out the areas that are Political components and most critical Economicalunderstanding the Social relationship and Techno interaction Legal external

new area to look for

mapping out new system

Tool and technique Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


PROJECT BRIEF

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Education Scenario

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


GLOBAL EDUCATION SCENARIO Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Global education

| scenario

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Global education

| scenario

Early Childhood Development interventions cut across all UNICEF programme areas Ensuring that children develop to their full potential requires interventions in programmes for child a.survival and development, b. education, HIV/AIDS, child protection, and c. social policy and partnerships

UNICEF’s work to support community and family care practices that impact the lives of young children not only use health and nutrition interventions but also add early stimulation and interaction

Education for the 21st Century UNESCO’s mission has been to contribute to the building of peace, poverty eradication, lasting development and intercultural dialogue, with education as one of its principal activities to achieve this aim. The Organization is committed to a holistic and humanistic vision of quality education worldwide, the realization of everyone’s right to education, and the belief that education plays a fundamental role in human, social and economic development.

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Global education

| snapshot

Source: Euro monitor International from national statistics/UNESCO

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


History of education in India

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


“The highest education is that which does not merely give us information but makes our life in harmony with all existence” ` Rabindranath Tagore

.

www.savethechildren.in/what-we-do/education.html

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


History of education

| India Nalanda was a Buddhist center of learning founded in Bihar. It has been called "one of the first great universities in recorded history

Nalanda, being the biggest centre, handled all branches of knowledge, and had up to 10,000 students at its peak.

The first millennium and the few centuries preceding it saw the Flourishing of

higher education at Nalanda,

Takshashila University, Ujjain, & Vikramshila Universities(bihar) Each university specialized in a particular field of study. Takshila specialized in the study of medicine, while Ujjain laid emphasis on astronomy

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Education

| India

Sector Overview •The Indian education system is divided into the core and non-core segments. The core group consists of primary, secondary and higher education, while the non-core segment focuses on segments such as pre-schools, vocational training and coaching institutes

The Indian education sector can broadly be classified as such: -K-12 (kindergarten plus 12 years of schooling)and HEI (higher education institute)

-Public education and private education -Formal (K-12 and HE level education )and non-formal education (pre-schools (1.5-3 years), coaching classes, multimedia/IT to schools and colleges, vocational training and the books market )

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Government school

| Private school Public K12 schools – short on efficiency public education system faces serious challenges including a lack of adequate infrastructure, insufficient funding, a shortage of staff and scarce facilities

Absence of quality public schools and growing awareness about importance of quality education as also increasing consistent shift towards private schools ability and willingness of Indians to pay.

Source :IDFC - SSKI INDIA Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Education system | India

Education system Pre- school

Education at this level is not compulsory. The Montessori system is especially popular at the pre-school level

Private play school

Catering for children between the age of 18 month and three

kindergarten

Divided into lower kindergarten(3-4 year old) and upper kindergarten(4-5 year old)

Primary school

First to fifth standard/class/grade (6 to 10 year-olds)

Middle school

Fifth to eighth standard/class/grade (for 11 to 14-year-olds)

Secondary

Ninth and tenth standard/class/grade (for 14- to 16-year-olds)

Higher secondary

11th and 12th standard/class/grade (for 16- to 17-year-olds). This is when students choose an academic area on which to focus

undergraduate

Specialised 4 year courses such as medicine and engineering can be longer

postgraduate

A two and half -year course Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Type of school |

India

Type of school

Public/government schools

Most schools in India are funded and run by the government. However, the public education system faces serious challenges including a lack of adequate infrastructure, insufficient funding, a shortage of staff and scarce facilities

Private schools

Since many government schools do not provide adequate education, Indian parents aspire to send their children to a private school

International schools:

There are international schools in all major cities. They are attended by expat and Indian children

National open schools:

Provide education up to the higher secondary level for children whose schooling has been interrupted and have been unable to complete formal education

Special-needs schools

provide non-formal education and vocational training to children with disabilities

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Education Governing Bodies

Education Governing Bodies The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)

This is the main governing body of education system in India. It has control over the central education system. It conducts exam and looks after the functioning of schools accredited to central education system.

The Council of Indian School Certificate Examination (CISCE)

It conducts two examinations 'Indian Certificate of Secondary Education' and 'Indian School Certificate'. Indian Certificate of secondary education is a k-10 examination for those Indian students who have just completed class 10th and Indian school certificate is a k-12 public examination conducted for those studying in class 12th.

The State Government Boards

Apart from CBSE and CISCE each state in India has its own State Board of education, which looks after the educational issues

The National Open School

It is also known as National Institute of Open Schooling. It was established by the Government Of India in 1989. It is a ray of hope for those students who cannot attend formal schools.

The International School

It controls the schools, which are accredited to curriculum of international standard.

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Stakeholder

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Parents | Important mentor • The child career plan solely depend on her or his parent till the time the child is not active in taking her or his own career decisions

• A child passes most of his time with his parents and learns from his parents and the environment provided to him by his parents in home. • If parents pay attention to their children, they make more scholastic achievements than those who are ignored. If parents take care of following things, they can improve the education of their children

The one thing that has never changed in education if the role that a parent plays in a child’s learning

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Teacher | Game changer

The role of a teacher is to suggest and not to impose .she or he does not actually train the child mind but she or he shows the child how to perfect the instrument of knowledge and help and encourage the child in process Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


sibling | Important mentor The elder brother or sister guider their young ones in education. children learn life skill by sharing, communication, and respect to elder from their sibling A sibling is a brother or sister, who share ups and downs with them

sharing, caring ,game, paying ,fighting parents depends on siblings for taking care of the younger ones

For a child, his or her sibling become the first friends

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Child and learning

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


HOW DOES CHILD LEARN

As children play, they learn to solve

problems, to get along with others and to develop fine skills which needed to grow and learn. Children are involved in many different kinds of activities designed to help young learners explore, discover and grow.

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Child understanding | own learning Every child involves his or her own kind of intellectual ability and their own way of verifying knowledge and their own kind of creativity A variety of intelligence and form of knowing comes into play in a child while learning , articulating her or his understanding of a knowledge

Every child have different learning behaviour which help him or her to understand certain theme

A child ability to perceive or understand the world around her or him is solely depended on her or his ability and sometimes also can be trained

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Learning | environment The environment experience that a child receive decide their learning behaviour and their learning The learning take place as the teacher and children interact in an environment In classroom children are free to explore, observe, diagonse, ideate and create. An open environment would sharpen the skill of an individual which help her or him to learn

Environment influence how children play, learn and get along with others.�

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Insight| secondary data Cognitive Ethical

Child and community development

communi cation

intellectual

School

individual

-an environment - interaction - share and caring - connectivity - explore

Children

Teacher Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


KINDERGARTEN

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


About

| kindergarten

kindergarten learning experience that being with our playgroup, aim at preparing for primary school education which began with motivation and fun factor. In kindergarten, children learn and grow in all developmental domains—social, emotional, physical, and cognitive—in order to achieve success in formal school and in life. Another reason why kindergarten is important is because it allows the child to become accustomed to a school environment.

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


MAJOR PLAYER | kid zee the largest

Market share 12%

kid zee

3% 4% 5%

34%

euro kid apple kid shemrock

12%

kangaro kid tree house 30%

other

Largest player at 34% of organized market and 7% of total market Source: Company, IDFC-SSKI Research Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Preschool

|

market

The market is currently highly fragmented and unorganized in nature, increasing prosperity is driving a shift towards the organized segment The preschool market to grow on the back of low penetration, and organized supply creating awareness about the importance of preschool education

Market to expand 3x to $1bn by 2012 The total preschool market to touch $1bn (on a low base of ~1,700 schools and 200,000 students) by 2012.

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Preschool| market

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Preschool| market

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


KID ZEE

SMART SCHOOL

SHEMROCK

kindergarten PODAR JUMBO KID GANDHINAGAR

EURO KID

MOTHER PRIDE

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Kid zee | PROFILE kindergarten

Kid zee

model

(Franchisee model)

Address

Kudasaan , gandhinagar

Admission

Playgroup, nursery, jr.kg, sr. kg

Contact person

Pornima /pallavi

Teacher

4no.

Nanny

2 no.

children

32 no.

Medium

Hindi -English

Transportation(kid)

maruti van (private )

Teaching tool

Picture, field trip, rhymes, movie, spoken

Report

Milestone report –parent-teacher meeting

Training

Teacher training –kid zeeAhmedabad –

Training duration

5 days –update – children behaviour

Admission fee

20,000/-playgroup Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


PESTLE ANALYSIS

| kindergarten

PEST Analysis is a simple and widely used tool that helps you analyze the Political, Economic, Socio-Cultural, and Technological changes in your business environment. This helps you understand the "big picture" forces of change that you're exposed to, and, from this, take advantage of the opportunities that they present.

POLITICAL Changes to curriculum with short lead times To be self financing

ECONOMICAL parents to raise funds for optional activities The risk of highly valued, key staff moving on to more ‘up and coming’ schools Cost of providing resources: Staff – teaching & support ,Basics – books/ paper

SOCIAL Social networking - blogs, facebook, twitter

TECHNOLOGICAL Move from paper based books to ebook

Integration with local community Demographic changes may affect likely children rolls or the nature of children needs

LEGAL Change to school opening hours Health & safety legislation

Teacher can update her self on teaching through new technology

ENVIRONMENT A new highway layout near the school may create new dangers for pupils

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


STAKEHOLDER| VIEW

` Parents

+

Teacher

+

Community

They are open to innovation in the child education scenario

They spend more time to judge their student and less time to understand a student.

It is the closest environment for the child to learn and grow

Parents decide which school and which board

The teacher are failing to cope up with the modern and innovative ways of teaching technique

community built school and school should build community

They are ready to be a part in child learning process

They don't look upon as a employment but creating awareness of education and better learning environment

community involvement with school in creating better learning environment

They want their child to get good education and good performance

children performance depend upon the teacher own level of understanding about the children

community knowledge about innovation education is minimal

They spend more time to judge their student and less time to understand a student. Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


System

| components :

interest

what method they use to make the learning very motivated/fun.....

Learning

care

Innovated way of teaching

trained Child behaviour

Modern

motivation

Child mind

Teacher training

Child psychology Behaviour pattern

TEACHER

Parent vehicle

Cleaning

Rickshaw puller

Caring

NANNY

TRANSPORTATION

TECHNOLOGY

Preparing food

vendor

vendor manufacture

colourful toys

kindergarten system: system of learning at an age

school vendor

store

books

parents school

BABY

bag

dress

Friends school knowledge Interact Teacher Staff and teacher

store

supplier

water bottle

supplier

HR sales

Accountant

TOOL/SYSTEM

group.....

Toys

Designer team

media

partner

Form/material

ENVIRONMENT

print

internet TV ads Other investor investment Website newspaper developer Pamphlet Word of mouth equipment paper quality

Social media friends society

investment

society

schools people talk land

cost

space

area target children

Peer friends

Group activity Table /chair library

touch

knowledge mind observe

each other

Indoor pantry

location playground environment

Business scene

banner

hard

Soft

interact

PLAY outdoor educated

outdoor

children

Marketing team owner

designer Interact play

Interactive board

indoor T.v/monitor

INTERACT friends

MANAGEMENT

modular

chair/table

recruit

promotion

school

Design for children

Interior classroom Sleeping room

market food

Pesticide

inventory

design

interact nature children

Storage space

designer developer investment

booklet

U.I printing

inventory

quality Components vendor

storage

Sub-Components

System and components


system| interaction kid zee

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Scenario analysis

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


scenario| analysis

OBSERVATION

Scenario analysis PATTERN STUDY

OPPOURTUNITY

THEORY STUDY

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Kindergarten | flow chart

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Class room | Scenario Observation

Metal rack Wooden bench Local made

1.

2.

Bags lying on floor Student sitting on floor

3.

4. Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Common Issues Identified | Design Intervention

No proper sitting area for children

Wooden bench

In most of the cases the student are sitting on the ground floor while teacher are interacting with student and not able to concentrate on all the children. No personal own space.

children are made to sit on the local wooden bench which is also ergonomically is not made as per children due to this some children prefer to sit on the ground floor and also from the safety point of view

Design intervention : There could be some sort of sitting arrangement where children can sit and write and have their own space and also teacher can give time to all the student equally

Design intervention : Arrangement for good quality of sitting bench which is ergonomically good make them feel their own space and environment .

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Common Issues Identified | Design Intervention

Metal rack inside the class room metal rack inside the classroom which is not safety for the children and could hit the small children .

4. Bags are not kept in proper place

Design intervention : There could be some sort of sitting arrangement where children can sit and write and have their own space and also teacher can give time to all the student equally

Design intervention : Arrangement for good quality of sitting bench which is ergonomically good make them feel their own space and environment .

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Scenario Observation

No proper space to keep the shoe

No proper place to keep the bag

Not able to find shoe

No proper sitting arrangement

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Common Issues Identified | Design Intervention

No proper place to keep the shoe Children keep their shoe outside the house and sit on the floor open their shoe .No proper sitting area for children and for the nanny

Lot of confusion while wearing shoe Lot of time it get confused where you kept the shoe and get lost in the shoe .

Design intervention :

Design intervention :

There could be playful shoe rack with sitting area on it where children come and enjoy keeping their own shoe rather than forcefully . It will also help nanny to sit and make them wear the shoe

With playful shoe rack there could be number system where you get know his or her shoe is in particular rack so that anyone can make them wear .

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Scenario Observation

No space

No space for reading and playing

Not reachable height

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Common Issues Identified | Design Intervention No section for reading and playing There is no section of reading room Where children can read or do something by own . Children need space

Creating interesting playful space for the kid As it look the space for playing kid is not much and also not very interesting where children can enjoy and learn .

Design intervention :

Design intervention :

Create an environment where children can read as well as play and do some creative things.

Create an playful space where children feel free to play and interact with each other

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Scenario 2 Pattern study

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Student | Teacher

INTERACTING

PLAY ZONE

MAKING THEM LEARN

1.

2.

Class room

HELPING

CARING

Class room - playgroup

3.

Transportation van

4.

1.Teacher at play zone area 2.Teacher at class room- JR.KG 3. Teacher teaching at class room 4. Teacher helping children at transportation Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


peers | Interaction

Children interact with toy

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Understanding the interaction pattern

Nanny is running behind the children

Teacher helping kid with their school bag.

Trying to understand and play with the toy

Putting his finger in the mouth trying to speak to her


Seeing and trying to learn

Teacher giving instruction to the children and helping them

Kids playing around with toys

Trying to touch and bend the basket and the other boys trying to see what he is doing


Sensory |mapping

CHILD BEHAVIOUR TOUCH ,SMELL SOUND ,TASTE SIGHT, TEXTURE

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Insight From the above behaviour pattern study the insight what I got and understood ,that child are more sensitive and like to feel

,touch ,smell,

texture the things , so trying to create an environment

where

learning can be based on all the sensitive behaviour so that child learn fast and able to grasp the things very fast. So Trying to create an environment where he or she can interact ,have

fun and also be motivated

so that the learning become more

enjoyable

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Interactive model

PLAY SOUND

TEXTURE

CHILDREN Interaction

TOUCH

Interact

SMELL

Model is Based on the child sensitivity

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Scenario -3

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


David Kold

|

EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING THEORY DOING/ HAVING AN CONCRETE (EXPERIENCE ) EXPERIENCE

FEELING

Learning to ride a bicycle: Reflective observation - Thinking about riding and watching another person ride a bike. Abstract conceptualization - Understanding the theory and having a clear grasp of the biking concept. Concrete experience - Receiving practical tips and techniques from a biking expert. Active experimentation - Leaping on the bike and have a go at it.

WATCHING

PLANNING/TRYING OUT WHAT YOU ACTIVE (HAVE LEARNED) EXPERIMENTATION

DOING

REFLECTIVE OBSERVATION ( REVIEWING / REFLECTING ON EXPERIENCE )

THINKING ABSTRACT CONCEPULASATION ( CONCULDING /LEARNING FROM EXPEREINCE)

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Howard Gardner |

Bodily-kinesthetic seven distinct intelligences which students possess different kinds of minds and therefore learn, remember, perform, and understand in different ways,� according to Gardner (1991).

Musical

we are all able to know the world through language, logical-mathematical analysis, spatial representation, musical thinking, the use of the body to solve problems or to make things, an understanding of other individuals, and an understanding of ourselves Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Opportunity | mapping

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


Thank you Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013

Atul kumar |National institute of design| Design projecct-2|system design|2013


System mapping | kid zee

Qualified 4 NO .

8-9 kid

Preparing food

Parents vehicle

private van

Caring

TEACHER

TRANSPORTATION

Cleaning

2 nanny

Look at

experienced

NANNY

Worked before vendor

manufacture

school

toys

Kid zee

BABY dress

bag

Friends school Interact

water bottle

Toys

TOYS

knowledge

Teacher

ENVIRONMENT

MANAGEMENT

PARENTS vendor

MENTOR

parents school supplier

store

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Design project -2 ( system design) kindergarten  

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