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VOLUME 01 = ISSUE 09

APRIL 2018

PRICE RS 65/-

INDIAN CULTURE = INDIAN ART = INDIAN LIFE = INDIAN FOOD


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A TO Z INDIA

APRIL 2018


FROM THE EDITOR

Event

TN Budget 2017-2018

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Spiritual Leader :

Mata Amritanandamayi’s Divine Yatra 2018

Festival :

Sita Navami

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Festival :

Sri Ramanuja Jayanti

Temple

Ananthapura Lake Temple, Kasargod

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Inside 3

‘A TO Z INDIA’ magazine covers the Indian through his creative life, customs, traditions, languages, marriage, work life, history, art, foods and so much more. This magazine gives detailed insight of the Indian man from an angle uncovered by others. Turn to find out what it is really like to immerse yourself in a completely different culture. - INDIRA SRIVATSA, Editor.

A TO Z INDIA

EDITOR : Indira Srivatsa SUB - EDITOR : Srivatsa Reporters: Srinivasan, Shivsankar PHOTOGRAPHER: Padmanabhan DESIGN & LAYOUT: N.Ramesh Kumar Communication Address: E 002, Premier Grihalakshmi Apartments, Elango Nagar South, Virugambakkam, Chennai - 600092. TALK TO US 91 - 9600159740 91- 9444084809

APRIL 2018


Calendar

April 2018

01 Sunday

19 Thursday

Vinayaka Chaturthi, Rohini Vrat

20 Friday

Shankaracharya Jayanti

08 Sunday Kalashtami

21 Saturday

Skanda Sashti, Ramanuja Jayanti

12 Thursday

Varuthini Ekadashi, Vallabhacharya Jayanti

22 Sunday

Bhanu Saptami, Ganga Saptami

13 Friday

Pradosh Vrat

23 Monday

Masik Durgashtami, Bagalamukhi Jayanti

24 Tuesday

Sita Navami

03 Tuesday

Vaishakha Begins North, Bank's Holiday, Easter Sankashti Chaturthi

14 Saturday Masik Shivaratri, Solar New Year, Mesha Sankranti, Baisakhi, Puthandu, Ambedkar Jayanti 15 Sunday

Darsha Amavasya, Vishu Kani, Pohela Boishakh

16 Monday Vaishakha Amavas 17 Tuesday

Amavasya,

Somvati

Chandra Darshan

18 Wednesday Parashurama Jayanti, Akshaya Tritiya, Varshitap Parana, Matangi Jayanti, Masik Karthigai 4

Jayanti,

Surdas

25 Wednesday Mahavir Swami Kevalagyan 26 Thursday Mohini Ekadashi, Parashurama Dwadashi, Thrissur Pooram 27 Friday

Pradosh Vrat

28 Saturday

Narasimha Jayanti, Chhinnamasta Jayanti

29 Sunday

Kurma Jayanti, Purnima Upavas

30 Monday Vaishakha Purnima, Buddha Purnima, Chitra Pournami

A TO Z INDIA

APRIL 2018


Budget

Here Are The Main Highlights From TN Budget Announcement 2018 Which Was Presented By OPS Tamil Nadu Deputy Chief Minister O Panneerselvam presented the 2018-19 budget in the state Assembly. This is the first budget of the Tamil Nadu government after last year’s merger of Chief Minister K Palaniswami and Deputy Chief Minsiter O Panneerselvam-led AIADMK camps.

Highlights of Tamil Nadu budget

Total revenue receipts, including Central transfers, are estimated at ₹1,76,251 crore during 2018-19.

The state’s own tax revenue is estimated to be ₹98,693 crore.

It is estimated to increase to ₹1,12,616 crore in the budget estimates for 2018-19.

The revenue expenditure during 2018-19 is estimated at ₹1,93,742 crore, which shows a growth of 11.22% over revised estimates 201718.

The revenue deficit is expected to be ₹17,491 crore and the fiscal deficit is estimated to be ₹44,481 crore in the budget estimates 2018-19.

The fiscal deficit to GSDP ratio is estimated at 2.79% as per the budget estimates 2018-19, which is well below the 3% fiscal norm.

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During the period from July 2017 and February 2018, the State has received ₹632 crore as GST compensation from the government of India, Mr. Panneerselvam informs Assembly.

A sum of ₹786 crore has been provided for State Disaster Response Fund for 2018-19.

A comprehensive flood management plan for North Chennai and South Chennai has been prepared at an estimate of ₹2,055 crore and submitted to Centre for support.

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The subsidy earmarked for 2018-19 budget estimates is ₹75,722.76 crore, whereas the revised estimate for 2017-18 is ₹70,662.74 crore.

The economy is slowly picking up which is evident from the increase in GSDP growth rate in real terms, from 4.85% in 2012-13 to 8.03% in 2017-18 despite the temporary setbacks in between.

The trends in expenditure are steady except for the hike in salaries and pensions due to the implementation of Seventh Pay Commission recommendations.

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A TO Z INDIA

APRIL 2018


Spiritual Leader :

Mata Amritanandamayi’s Divine Yatra 2018

13-16 March, Delhi – Bharata Yatra 2018 30 years ago, on March 5th, 1988 at 6:45AM, Amma arrived by train in Delhi for the first time. Back then, Amma had 20 programs spread across the city in various locations. March 13th was particularly unique day, she spent half a day at the BSF camp in Delhi where 1000 Jawan officers of the parliamentary forces received her blessings.

the country, empower women, and create a peaceful, harmonious society. Narendra Singh Tomar, Minister of Panchayat Raj, Rural Development and Mines, was also there to dedicate the Jivamritam Project to the people of the Village Nagli Chandi, in the Mathura District. He handed the Project Certificate for the first unit to Ishwar Dayal, GramPradhan of the village.

This year, 30 years since that first arrival in Delhi, Amma visited the city for a total of six days, two of which were for the Delhi Brahmasthanam Festival. During the festival, Amma delivered a satsang, sang a set of bhajans, and lead all in a manasa puja, instructing the crowd in Hindi. Priyanka Singh Rawat, MP, was present to welcome Amma with words of kindness, “Amma’s presence and love gives all of us so much of solace and strength.” Priyanka also asked Amma for her support and blessings, requesting that she bless all the initiatives that the government has taken on to strengthen 6

A TO Z INDIA

APRIL 2018


Self-Help Groups were also launched in the States of Haryana, Rajsathan, Uttarakhand, and Uttarpradesh, in an effort to make women in the villages more selfreliant. Working capital grants were also given to them as part of an initiative to aid them in developing economic independence. Amma distributed saplings and seeds to AYUDH members, encouraging them to work in organic gardens. The AYUDH Delhi wing is currently working to promote and advocating the cause of environment protection, greening Delhi by adopting the Delhi Development Authority (DDA) parks, planting trees there, and working to maintain them. Addressing the gathering of devotees, Amma pointed out that as long as we are unable to bring our mind under our control, sorrow will continue to hunt us down. However, once the mind comes under our control, no problem or tragedy can devastate or paralyze us. Each action, thought, and emotion has its own vibration, Amma said. Love, lust, hate, fear, compassion all are different vibrations that have the capability to affect the world around us. On both days of the festival, Amrita Vidyalayam children presented various cultural programs. AYUDH

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members also ran a food stall to raise funds for their charity work. Being the capital city, many officials came to receive Amma’s darshan. Amma was also invited to Vice President of India, M Venkaiah Naidu’s house where she met with many of the Delhi dignitaries. “Sri Mata Amritanandamayi Devi is a great inspiration for people who want to do something for society.” M Venkaiah Naidu said of Amma during the meeting. {news } With all the festivities and meetings of Delhi concluded, the second leg of the 2018 Bharata Yatra came to an end, but Amma’s travels would not end there. Amma departed Delhi for her Malaysia and Singapore program, where devotees patiently awaited her arrival.

A TO Z INDIA

APRIL 2018


Festival :

Sita Navami Sita Navami, also known as ‘Sita Jayanti’ or ‘Janaki Navami’ is an important Hindu observance that is dedicated to Goddess Sita, who was married to Lord Rama. This day celebrates the birth day of Devi Sita and is observed on the ‘Shukla Paksha’ (the waxing phase of moon) ‘Navami’ (9th day) tithi in the lunar month of ‘Vaishaka’ as per the Hindu calendar. It is believed that Devi Sita was born during Pushya Nakshatra. As per the legends, Lord Rama was also born on the same tithi in the ‘Chaitra’ month and the celebrations of Rama Navami take place a month in advance of Sita Navami. Married Hindu women devotedly worship Goddess Sita on this day and ash Her blessings for long life and success of their husbands. Sita Navami is celebrated with immense fervour and gaiety all over India. Rituals during Sita Navami: On Sita Navami, Hindu devotees especially married women worship Devi Sita along with Lord Rama and Lakshmana. A small puja mandap is set and decorated with colourful flowers. The idols of Lord Rama, Devi Sita along with Lakshmana, King Janaka and Mata Sunayana are placed in this mandap. As Goddess Sita emerged from a ploughed land, Goddess Earth is also worshipped on this day. Worshipping Sita and Lord Rama together brings happiness and peace in marriage. devotees perform the puja by making various offerings in the form of til (sesame seeds), rice, barley and fruits. Special ‘Bhog’ is prepared for the occasion that is distributed as Prasad after completion of Aarti. Women observe a strict fasting on this day known as Sita Navami Vrat. complete fast is observed during the day and not a still grain of food is taken until the completion of puja rituals. It is believed that performing the Sita Navami Vrat brings virtues like modesty, motherhood, sacrifice and dedication in a person. Married women mainly keep this fast for the long life of their husbands. 8

On this day, special rituals and prayers are held in Lord Rama and Janaki temples all across the country. Rituals like Sringar Darshan, Maha Abhishekam and Aarti are performed in all these temples. Recitals of Ramayana, followed by bhajan programs are also held at various places. Few temples even take out processions with the idols of their deity on a chariot, while chanting ‘Jai Siya Ram’ and singing devotional songs all the way. Significance of Sita Navami: Sita Navami holds great religious significance for Hindu devotees. It is considered that Goddess Sita is an avatar of Goddess Lakshmi. She is known to be the mother of all mortals and other living creatures. Devi Sita was an adopted daughter of King Janak and was also popularly called as ‘Janaki’. Lord Rama married Goddess Sita in a ‘Swayamvar’ that was organized by Maharaja Janak in his kingdom, Mithila. Goddess Sita was always recognized for per patience and dedication towards her husband, Sri Rama. Married women pray to Devi Sita on this auspicious day to be bestowed with Her virtues of purity and sincerity. They seek the blessings of Goddess Sita to remain a ‘Sumangali’ that is, dying before their husbands. By performing the puja rituals and vrat on Sita Navami, it is believed that one will be blessed with a joyful and contended married life.

A TO Z INDIA

APRIL 2018


Festival :

Sri Ramanuja Acharya Jayanti (21 April, 2018)

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espect to the South Indian philosopher Ramanuja Acharya. It was Ramanuja who advocated that worship of Lord Vishnu is the best and the viable method of attaining Moksha or salvation. Tamil calender is consulted every year to decide on the exact date as to when the celebrations are to be initiated. Usually Ramanuja Acharya Jayanti falls in month of Chaitra and it usually falls on Thiruvathirai Nakshatra. Ramanuja Acharya was revered as most knowledgeable Acharya who advocated the philosophy and ethics of Vaishnavism. The Acharya was born in 1017 CE at Sriperumbudur in Tamil Nadu. His birth name was Ilaya Perumal and the revered Acharya continued to spread the light of vision throughout his life. Promoter of Intellectual Form of Bhakti Shri Ramanuja Acharya promoted the intellectual form of Bhakti by guiding his followers on a distinct path away from the Advita principals. Shri Ramanuja was a great philosopher and thinker, as is evident from his philosophical works namely Vedartha Samgraha, Shri Bhasya and Bhagavad Gita Bhasya. It was Ramanuja Acharya who propagated the thought that devotees can choose their own method of worship and reach the highest level of devotion through Bhakti. As Shri Ramanuja Acharya was a devoted Bharamin his suggested means are usually accepted as a way of attaining Moksha. He was better known as a preacher who guided the devotees on the path of Nirvana and helped his devotees attain Nirvana. Due to the unique nature of his work he is not only remembered by his followers but also by thinkers and philosophers who have deep understanding of the Hindu culture and its traditions. His works hold much relevance today and are consulted by the scholars, whenever the need arises. 9

Celebrations The greatness of Sri Ramanuja Acharya can be understood from the fact that he is worshiped throughout the country. Devotees throughout Southern and Northern parts of India make special celebrations for the day. On this auspicious occasion a traditional holy bath is given to the ‘Uthsava Murti’ or statue of Sri Ramanuja Acharya. Special prayers and recital sessions on teachings of Sri Ramanuja Acharya are held on this day. Cultural celebrations too are held in temples across the country on Shri Ramanuja Acharya Jayanti. Recital of Upanishads is also considered auspicious on this day as Shri Ramanuja Acharya was deeply involved in creation of these Upanishads. In Sothern part of India special arrangements are made by devotees in Tamil Nadu to celebrate the day in a big way. The houses are specially decorated for the day and devotees ensure that they make a round of the temple to seek blessings from Shri Ramanuja Acharya on his jayanti.

A TO Z INDIA

APRIL 2018


Temple

Ananthapura Lake Temple, Kasargod Ananthapura Lake temple is positioned in Ichilampady, a village of Ananthapura, Kasargod District in the state of Kerala, India. This is the only lake temple in Kerala and is believed to be the original seat of Lord Anantha Padmanabhaswamy. The temple is known as the moolasthanam, the original source, of the Sri Anantha Padmanabha Swamy Temple of Thiruvananthapuram, the capital of Kerala State, which is in the far south. The scenery surrounding the temple is a treat to the eye, creating a sense of peace and solitude. Sprawling hillocks sets the background and the temple is surrounded by vast grass lands. The Sreekovil is surrounded by a rectangular lake. The Temple Gopuram, the temple edifice, and the Sreekovil are connected by a small bridge. On the

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outer walls of the Sreekovil there are marvellous and ancient mural paintings on Puranic themes. To protect these paintings an outer wall was constructed around the Sreekovil in recent times. ARCHITECTURE The temple is raised in a unique structural aspects in the middle of the serene lake. The lake is gifted with a perennial supply of pure spring water.The lake of the temple measures around 2 acres of the area. The temple has an excellent collection of wood carvings. These carvings depict the legendary stories of Dasavataram. HISTORY The legend says that the great sage Divakara Muni Vilwamangalam performed several poojas here. He

A TO Z INDIA

APRIL 2018


was also lucky enough to provide shelter to the Lord who was in the guise of a mischievous little boy. The history says that Lord Padmanabhaswamy went all the way to Thiruvananthapuram through the cave in the right corner of the lake. The significant feature of the temple is the Vegetarian Crocodile in the temple pond which is said to be around 150 years old. This is considered as the Guardian Crocodile and is named as Babia. Babia accepts only the offerings from the devotees. Usually it is a special gruel made of rice and molasses. The temple authorities report that the crocodile hasn’t even harmed the fishes in the pond. PUJA TIMINGS The temple is open for devotees from 5.30 AM to 12.30 PM and from 5.30 PM to 7.30 PM. FESTIVALS The major festival of this temple is the Vaarshikothsava celebrated during the 14th of Malayalam month Kumba. The best month to visit the temple is April. SPECIAL RITUALS The daily poojas are performed at 7.30 pm, 12.30 pm and 7 pm. The poojas performed in the temple include Karthika pooja, Panchakajjaya, Kumkumarchana, Pushpanjali, Karpooraarthi, Haalupayasa, Kalasha Japa, Shani Japa, Tambila, Vidhyarambha and Annaprashna.

HOW TO REACH By Road

Info on the deity – Specific to the temple deity

By Rail The nearest rail head is the Kasargod Railway station at a distance of 15 kms from the temple.

The presiding deity of the temple is Lord Vishnu. The deities in the temple were made up of 70 medicinal materials also called as Kadu-Sharkara-Yogam. These idols were replaced by Panchaloha metals. The deity is seen in a sitting posture with a fiveheaded serpent King. 11

The temple is 12 kms away from Kasargod. The main bus stand is at a walkable distance of 650 m from the temple. Buses, auto-rickshaws and taxis are available almost all the time to reach the temple.

By Air The nearest airport is the Mangalore International Airport at a distance of 560 kms from the temple.

A TO Z INDIA

APRIL 2018


Tradition

Thali: The sacred weapon Thali is Lord Brahma. Thali is Lord Shiva. That is to say Thali is both creator and destroyer. When tied to a girl’s neck, thali promotes her to wifehood and when removed from her neck it demotes her to widowhood. Thali simply means a pendant. Suspended from a strong yellow string and tied to the bride’s neck on the auspicious hour of the marriage day, the thali is a symbol – an insignia that proclaims to the world that the wearer is married. She is someone’s property to be respected thereafter and not to be ogled at anymore. Thali is the guardian of the wearer; a sort of fence as the Tamil saying goes. To every woman thali is precious, as precious as her loving husband. Temple goers invariably touch their thali with the Kumkum offered by poojaris as prasad. Married women who value their thali perform ‘Sumangali pooja’ for strengthening the life span of their thali. When they prostrate before elders to receive their blessings and good wishes, they are blessed with the words ‘Theerka Sumangali Bhava’, meaning ‘Let you lead a long married life’, which only tells indirectly ‘Let your husband be hale and hearty forever so as to make you happy’. Tamil society had not heard of the thali culture for centuries. Sangam literature remains dumb to the word ‘thali’ and no poet makes any reference to it till

the finish of the 10th century. It was only during the 11th century a religious poet named Katchiyappa Sivachariar made a passing reference to ‘Potrali’ (meaning thali made of gold) in his Kanthapuranam, a book of poems on Lord Murugan. The eminent poet Seikizhar of Periyapuranam fame sang in detail of the custom of tying thali round the bride’s neck. Kamban, the great cham of Tamil literature, in his epic Kambaramayanam had devoted several verses to glorify thali. Both Seikizhar and Kamban belonged to the 12th century. And the thali came into vogue. As the Tamil society began to divide itself in the name of gods, thali too began to take different shapes. The followers of Shiva have three horizontal lines on their thali and the followers of Vishnu have three vertical lines. The introduction of caste system further divided the Tamils and each caste began to have its own design for the making of thali. The best-known example is the twin thali worn by the brahmin ladies. Be it what it may, thali belongs to the Tamil culture and society. Even today in spite of cultural invasions from different unwanted quarters, thali has not lost its value and significance. No marriage is complete without this half-a-sovereign of gold and every married Tamil woman takes very great pride in allowing the thali to adorn her neck.

- P. Raja 12

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APRIL 2018


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Cõªð¼ñ£¡ °‡«ì£îó˜èœ Þ¼õ¬ó ܃° õóõ¬öˆî£˜. e÷ ê£î‹, ðôè£óƒè¬÷ ꣊H´ñ£Á Üõ˜è¬÷ ðEˆî£˜. Üõ˜èœ Þ¼õ¼‹ Ü´ˆî Cô GIìƒèO«ô«ò ܈î¬ù àí¾ õ¬èè¬÷»‹, ðôè£óƒè¬÷»‹ «õèñ£è F¡Á b˜ˆ¶ M†ìù˜. î£èˆ¬î îE‚è ªðKò ܇죂èO™ Þ¼‰î î‡a¬ó ñì‚ ñì‚ â¡Á °®ˆîù˜. ªðKò Ü‡ì£‚èœ â™ô£‹ Üõ˜èÀ‚° CPò ì‹÷˜èœ «ð£™ Þ¼‰îù. ܉î î‡a˜ Üõ˜èÀ‚° «ð£îM™¬ô. î£è‹... î£è‹... â¡Á èˆFù£˜. ÜŠ«ð£¶ Cõªð¼ñ£¡, î¡ ¬è¬ò ¬õˆ¶ ܃° å¼ ïF¬ò à¼õ£‚Aù£˜. ܉î ïF c¬ó °®ˆ¶ °‡«ì£îó˜èœ î£è‹ îE‰îù˜. Cõªð¼ñ£¡ î¡ ¬è¬ò ¬õˆ¶ à¼õ£‚Aò ܉î ïF “¬õ¬è’’ ÝJŸÁ. ÞîQ¬ì«ò õ¼ì£õ¼ì‹ ªè£‡ì£ìŠð´‹ CˆF¬ó F¼Mö£ 18 Ü¡Á ªî£ìƒè Þ¼‚Aø¶. 27 Ü¡Á ºˆF¬ó ðF‚°‹ Gè›õ£ù eù£†C ²‰«óvõó˜ F¼‚è™ò£íˆ¬î è£í «è£J™ àœ«÷»‹, ªõOJ½‹ ô†ê‚ èí‚è£ù ð‚î˜èœ Fó‡´ îKêù‹ ªêŒ¶ Ü‹ð£O¡ ܼ¬÷ ªðÁõ˜.

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APRIL 2018


Móî‹

Cˆó£ ªð÷˜íI Þš¾ôA¡ ð£õ ¹‡E ðô¬ù ÜPò Cõªð¼ñ£¡ ð£˜õF «îMJ¡ Íô‹ îƒèŠðô¬è ªè£‡´ õó„ ªêŒ¶ ÜF™ CˆFó‹ ܬñˆî£˜. Þî¬ù 致 ÜFêJˆî ð£˜õF Þ‰î CˆFóˆ¬î «ðê ¬õ‚è CõQì‹ «õ‡®ù£˜. Cõ‹ ñ‰Fó àð«îê‹ ªêŒ¶ ܉î CˆFóˆFŸ° «ð²‹ ê‚F¬ò ªè£´ˆ¶ Cˆó¹ˆFó¡ â¡ø ªðò¼‹ ¬õˆî£˜. Þ‰î CˆFó ¹ˆFó¡ (Cˆó°Šî¡) Cˆó£ ð¾˜íI FùˆF™ ÜõîKˆî£˜. ܇ì êó£êóƒèO½œ÷ º¡ù£œ èí‚°è¬÷»‹, Hó‹ñ£ Mwµ ºîô£ùõ˜èÀ¬ìò ð£õ ¹‡Eò èí‚°è¬÷»‹ Fùº‹ îñ‚°ˆ ªîKM‚°‹ð® àˆîó¾ HøŠHˆF¼‰î£˜. Üî¡ð® CˆFó ¹ˆFóù£˜ èJ¬ôJL¼‰¶ ªè£‡´ èí‚°è¬÷ â¿Fõ‰î£˜. å¼ êñò‹ «î«õ‰Fó¡ îù‚° ñ‚膫ðÁ «õ‡´ªñ¡Á î¼ñƒèœ ðô ¹K‰¶ Þ¬øõ¬ù «ï£‚A Þ‰Fó£E»ì¡ îõ‹ ¹K‰î£˜. Cõªð¼ñ£¡ è£ñ«î¬õ ܬöˆ¶, Þ‰Fó¡ Þ‰Fó£E îõˆ¬î â´ˆ¶¬óˆ¶Š H¡ù˜, CˆFó¹ˆFó¬ó Þ‰Fó‚°Š ¹ˆFóù£èŠ Hø‰¶, Üõ¡ èõ¬ô¬ò b˜‚°ñ£Á ܼœ¹K‰î¼Où£˜. ܃éù«ñ CˆFó¹ˆFóù£˜ è£ñ«îÂM¡ õJŸP™ àFˆ¶ ð£õ ¹‡Eòƒè¬÷Š 𰈶 õ‰î£˜. Þ‰î CˆFó¹ˆFó ï£òù£˜ è¬î Cˆó£ ð¾˜íI Ü¡Á ÝôòƒèO™ ð®‚èŠð†´ Ü¡ùî£ùƒèœ ï¬ìªðŸÁ õ¼A¡øù. CˆF¬ó‚ è¬î, CˆF¬ó‚ è…C âù¾‹ õöƒèŠð´‹. Þ‰î «ï£¡¬ð ♫ô£¼‹ CøŠð£è ªè£‡ì£´õ˜èœ CˆF¬ó ï†êˆFó‹, ªð÷˜íI FùˆF™ Ü™ô¶ å¼ ï£œ º¡ - H¡ù£è õ¼õ ܉î ñ£îˆFŸ° CˆF¬ó ñ£î‹ â¡Á ªðò˜. CˆFó °Šî¬ù «õ‡®‚ªè£‡´ ªð¼‹ð£½‹ ªð‡è«÷ Móî‹ «ñŸªè£œA¡øù˜. Cˆó£ ªð÷˜íI FùˆF™ CˆFó °Šî¬ùŠ«ð£ô ñ£‚ 16

«è£ô‹ «ð£†´, ã´, ⿈î£E ¬õˆ¶ M÷‚«èŸP ̬ü ªêŒ¶ ªð£ƒèL†´ õNð´õ˜. ð£õƒèOL¼‰¶ M´ð쾋, ïóèˆFŸ° «ð£è£ñL¼‚辋 Þ‰î Móî‹ «ñŸªè£œA¡øù˜. Þ‰î ï£O™ ñóí«îõQ¡ M«êû HóFGFò£ù Cˆó°Šî‚° M«êû õN𣴠ªêŒòŠð´Aø¶. 嚪õ£¼ õ¼ìº‹ Cˆó£ ð¾˜íI FùˆF™ ªêŒòŠð´‹ Þ‰î ̬üò£™ «ñ™ àôA™ àœ÷ «îõ˜èœ F¼ŠFò¬ì‰¶ ñQî˜èO¡ ªêò™è¬÷ I°‰î ðK¾ì¡ b˜ñ£Q‚Aø£˜èœ. Cˆó °Šî‹ ñý£Šó£‚ë‹ «ôèm¹ˆó î£Kí‹. Cˆó£ óˆù£‹ðóî£ó‹ ñˆòvî‹ ú˜õ «îUù£‹ â¡ø Cˆó°ŠîQ¡ v«ô£èˆ¬î Fò£ù‹ ªêŒ¶ bð‹, Éð‹ ñŸÁ‹ Ì‚è÷£™ ܘ„CŠð¶ì¡,  ªêŒî îõÁè¬÷ ñ¡Q‚è ñùî£ó H 󣘈î¬ù ªêŒò «õ‡´‹. õ£ê¬ùŠ ªð£¼œ èô‰î ê£î‹ ¬ï«õˆFò‹ ªêŒò «õ‡´‹. «ñ½‹ Þ‰î ï£O™ àŠ¹, ð²‹ð£™, îJ˜ Þ¬õè¬÷ c‚A  Móî‹ Þ¼Šð¶ì¡ ã¬ö âOòõ˜èÀ‚° Ü¡ùî£ù‹ ªêŒ¶ Þ¬øõQ¡ ðKÌóí ܼ¬÷Š ªðÁ«õ£‹.

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APRIL 2018


èô£„ê£ó C¡ù‹

Ü¡ùÌóQ ò‰Fó‹ bó£î èì¡, õÁ¬ñ, èwìƒèœ cƒAì Ü¡ùÌóE èì¡ð†´M†ì£ô ñùF™ ܬñF Þó£¶. ⊪𣿶 èì¡ ªè£´ˆîõ¡ «è†ì õ‰¶ M´õ£«ù£ â¡ø Ü„ê à혾 õ‰¶ õ£†´‹. ¬ìò îKˆFó‹ è£óíñ£è«õ èì¡ ªî£™¬ôèœ ãŸð´A¡øù. èì¡ ªî£™¬ô Üè¡ø£™ ñ†´«ñ  ¬ìò õ£›M™ º¡«ùø º®»‹. ïñ¶ èì¡èÀ‹, îKˆFóº‹ cƒè Ü¡ùÌóE ïñ‚° àîõ º¡ õ¼A¡ø£œ. æ‹ yg‹ ÿ‹ æ‹ ï«ñ£ ðèõ«î Ü¡ù̘«ù ññ HKîSî Ü¡ù‹ «îU ²õ£è£ ªõœO Ü™ô¶ î£Ióˆ î膮™ õ¬ó‰¶ ªè£œ÷ «õ‡´‹. Ü¡ùÌóE ò‰Fó‹ õ÷ó H¬øJ™ «ó£AQ I¼èYKì‹, àˆFó‹, ²õ£¶Œ ÞõŸP™ âî£õ¶ å¼ ï†êˆFó‹ õ¼‹ ï£O™ Þ‰î ò‰Fóˆ¬î HóFw¬ì ªêŒò «õ‡´. ºîL™ ò‰FóˆFŸ° ÜH«ûèè‹ ªêŒ¶ H¡¹ Éð‹ 裆® G«õîùŠªð£¼†è÷£è «îƒè£Œ 17

ðö‹ ªð£ƒèœ ðöƒèœ Ì‚èœ ð¬ìˆ¶ Íôñ‰Fóˆ¬î Fù‹ 108 à¼‚èœ iî‹ 11 ï£†èœ ªüH‚è CˆFò£A Ü¡¬ù Ü¡ùÌóEJ¡ ܼœ ðKÌóíñ£è A¬ì‚°‹ Üî¡Hø° â™ô£Mîñ£ù èì¡ ªî£™¬ôèœ Ü¬ùˆ¶‹ cƒA ï™õ£›¾ õ£öô£‹. ÞŠð® º¬øò£è ¬èò£™ â¿F ̬ü ªêŒî ò‰Fóƒèœî£¡ êKò£è «õ¬ô ªêŒ»‹. º¬øò£è ̬ü ªêŒî ò‰Fóƒèœ ï‹Iì‹ àœ÷ù.

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APRIL 2018


Ý»˜«õî î£õó‹

¶ˆF ‘¶ˆF ñô¬ó Gî‹ ¶Œ‚A¡ø «ð˜èÀ‚° ªñˆî M‰¶¾‹ ªð¼°‹ ªñŒ°O¼‹ êˆFò«ñ õ£ò£™ M¿Ióˆî ñ£Á I¼ñôÁ‰ «îò£ñF ºèˆî£Œ ªêŠ¹’ ¶ˆFŠ Ìõ£™ óˆî õ£‰F GŸ°‹. è£ê «ó£è‹ cƒ°‹. ²‚Aô (M‰¶) M¼ˆF à‡ì£°‹, «îè‹ °O˜„C ܬ컋 â¡Á `ÜèˆFò˜ °íð£ì‹’ ¶ˆFJ¡ «ñ¡¬ñ¬òŠ ð¬ø꣟ÁAø¶. ¬ìò º¡«ù£˜èœ ñ¼ˆ¶õ °íƒèœ G¬ø‰î ð™«õÁ W¬óè¬÷ àí¾Š ªð£¼÷£è ðò¡ð´ˆF õ‰îù˜. Ü¬îŠ «ð£¡ø CøŠ¹õ£Œ‰î W¬ó õ¬èè¬÷  ÜFè‹ è‡´ªè£œõ«î Þ™¬ô. â‰îŠ ðó£ñKŠ¹‹ Þ™ô£ñ™ õ÷˜‰¶, â‡íŸø Dr. ªê‰F™ è¼í£èó¡ Cˆî ñ¼ˆ¶õ˜«ï£Œè¬÷Š «ð£‚°‹ W¬ó õ¬èèœ ðô àœ÷ù. ÜõŸÁœ º‚Aòñ£ù å¼ W¬ó õ¬è `¶ˆF.’ Üî¡ CøŠ¹è¬÷Š ðŸP MõK‚Aø£˜ Cˆî ñ¼ˆ¶õ˜ ªê‰F™ è¼í£èó¡... ‘¶ˆF‚ W¬ó’ ð¼ˆF Þùˆ¬î„ ꣘‰î å¼ °Á…ªê®. Þ ‘ÜFðô£’ â¡ø ñŸªø£¼ ªðò¼‹ à‡´. Þ¬î ݃AôˆF™ ‘Indi18

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APRIL 2018


¶ˆF‚W¬ó Æ´ : ¶ˆF‚W¬ó - 200 A C¡ù ªõƒè£ò‹ - 100 A «õè¬õˆî ¶õó‹ 𼊹 - 3 ¯vÌ¡ I÷°ˆ Éœ - 1/2 ¯vÌ¡ Yóè‹ - 1 ¯vÌ¡ ô‡ªíŒ - 3 ¯vÌ¡ ¶ˆF‚W¬ó ñŸÁ‹ CPò ªõƒè£òˆ¬îŠ ªð£®ò£è ïÁ‚A‚ªè£œ÷¾‹. H¡ù˜ õ£íLJ™ ô‡ªíŒ áŸP, ÜF™ Yóèˆ¬îŠ «ð£ì¾‹. ïÁ‚A¬õˆF¼‚°‹ W¬ó ñŸÁ‹ ªõƒè£òˆ¬î õ£íLJ™ «ð£†´ õî‚辋. Hø°, «î¬õò£ù Ü÷¾ c˜ áŸP «õè¬õ‚辋. ï¡ø£è ªõ‰î H¡ù˜ ¶õ¬ó, I÷°ˆÉœ «ð£ì¾‹. «î¬õò£ù Ü÷¾ àŠ¹ «ê˜ˆ¶ Þø‚Aù£™, Ý«ó£‚Aòñ£ù Æ´ îò£˜. Þî¬ù„ ê£îˆ¶ì¡ ªïŒ èô‰¶ ꣊H†´õó Íô‹ ªî£ì˜ð£ù ܬùˆ¶Š Hó„¬ùèÀ‹, ªð‡èÀ‚° à‡ì£°‹ ªõœ¬÷Šð´î½‹ cƒ°‹.

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APRIL 2018


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î…ê£×˜ ªðKò «è£J™ 1,000 ݇´è¬÷‚ è쉶 îINùˆF¡ ªð¼¬ñI° ܬìò£÷ñ£è àò˜‰¶ GŸAø¶ î…¬ê ªðKò «è£J™. âˆî¬ù«ò£ ÞòŸ¬è„ YŸøƒèœ, ܉Gò˜èO¡ ð¬ìªò´Š¹èœ... ܬùˆ¬î»‹ A, è£ôˆF¡ ꣆Cò£è è‹dó‹ °¬ôò£ñ™ GŸ°‹ î…¬ê ªðKò «è£JL™ ó£üó£üQ¡ 1032- ‹ ݇´ êîòMö£ Þ¡Á (29.10.2017) ªî£ìƒA ÷ õ¬ó ïì‚Aø¶. î…¬êŠ ªðKò «è£J™, ãó£÷ñ£ù ÜŸ¹îƒè¬÷ˆ î¡Âœ«÷ ªð£F‰¶ ¬õˆF¼‚Aø¶. ¹M Ü„C¡ ꣌¾è¬÷‚ èEˆ¶, Iè ¸†ðñ£è Ü®ˆî÷ˆ¬î ܬñˆ¶, ޼裟ð¬ì ¸†ðˆF™ ªî£ìƒA, èùI™ô£î 埬ø‚è™ô£™ «è£¹óˆ¬î õ®õ¬ñˆ¶ GÁˆFJ¼‚Aø£˜èœ «ê£ö„ CŸHèœ. ¹MJ¡ ²öŸC‚«èŸð ùˆî£«ù îèõ¬ñˆ¶‚ªè£œÀ‹ õ¬èJ™ à¼õ£‚èŠð†ì Þ‚«è£JL¡ 膴ñ£ù ¸†ð‹ àôè õ™½ï˜è¬÷ â™ô£‹ MN»ò˜ˆF Mò‚è¬õ‚Aø¶. 嚪õ£¼ è™L½‹ è¬ôïò‹. 嚪õ£¼ CŸðˆF½‹ æó£Jó‹ è¬îèœ. õN𣆴‚°Kò Ýôòñ£è ñ†´‹ Ü™ô£ñ™, õƒAò£è, è¬ô‚Ãìñ£è, êÍè G˜õ£èˆ¶‚è£ù 弃°Ã´ ¬ñòñ£è M÷ƒAJ¼‚Aø¶ Þ‰îŠ ªðKò «è£J™. Þ¬î Þó£üó£«ü„õó‹ â¡Á °PŠH´A¡øù Þƒ°œ÷ 虪õ†´èœ. è™ô¬í c˜ î¿M„ªê™½‹ F¼„²ŸÁ ñ£O¬è, ªï®¶ò˜‰î F¼õ£J™èœ, õ£¡ èJô£òñ£è«õ M÷ƒ°‹ Mñ£ù‹, ÞòŸ¬èJ¡ ܈î¬ù Ü‹êƒè¬÷»‹ ܵ‚èñ£è„ ²ñ‰¶ªè£‡®¼‚°‹ CŸðƒèœ. âù Hóð…êˆ îˆ¶õˆF¡ 膴ñ£ù ªñ£Nªðò˜Šð£è Þ¼‚Aø¶ Þ‰î‚ «è£J™. 20

装C¹óˆF™ ó£üC‹ñŠ ð™ôõù£™ è†ìŠð†ì ¬èô£êï£î˜ «è£J™î£¡ ªðKò «è£J™ â¿õîŸè£ù Ýî£ó‹. Ü‚«è£JL¡ ÜöA½‹ è¬ôJ½‹ ñòƒAŠ«ð£ù ó£üó£ü¡, î¡ î¬ôïèK™ ÜŠð®ò£ù å¼ è¬ô‚«è£J¬ô â¿Šð «õ‡´‹ â¡Á M¼‹Hù£¡. Üî¡ M¬÷¾î£¡ ÞŠªðKò «è£J™. î…¬ê ªðKò «è£J™ à¼õ£‚舶‚°Š ðô ËÁ «ð˜ ¶¬í G¡P¼‚Aø£˜èœ. 嚪õ£¼ è™L½‹ 嚪õ£¼õK¡ à¬öŠ¹ Þ¼‚Aø¶. ªð£¼œ ð¬ìˆ«î£˜ ªð£¼œ î‰î£˜èœ. Þ™ô£«î£˜ è™ î‰î£˜èœ.

♫ô£K¡ ªðò¼‹ 虪õ†´èO™ Þì‹ ªðŸP¼‚Aø¶. Cô õ¼ìƒèÀ‚°ˆ F¼ŠðE ªêŒî«ð£¶ F¼„²ŸÁ ñ£O¬èJ¡ ÜvFõ£óˆF™ ãó£÷ñ£ù º‡´‚èŸèœ A¬ìˆîù. 嚪õ£¼ è™L½‹ 嚪õ£¼õK¡ ªðò˜ ªð£P‚èŠð†´œ÷¶. ªð£¡ùœO ªè£´ˆ«î£˜ ºî™ è™ ªè£´ˆ«î£˜ õ¬ó âõK¡ ªðò¼‹ õóô£ŸP™ M†´Š«ð£ŒMì‚

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Ã죶 â¡ðF™ ó£üó£ü¡ 裆®ò Ü‚è¬ø Mò‚è¬õ‚Aø¶. Þ‚«è£J½‚° ãó£÷ñ£«ù£˜ ðƒèOŠ¹„ ªêŒF¼‰î£½‹ I辋 °PŠHìˆî°‰îõ˜èœ 12 «ð˜. Üóê¡ ó£üó£ü¡, î¬ô¬ñˆ î„ê¡ °…êóñ™ô¡, Üõù¶ àîMò£÷˜èœ Gˆî M«ù£îŠ ªð¼‰î„ê¡, è‡ìó£Fˆî ªð¼‰î„ê¡. ªð¼‹ ªè£¬ì õöƒAò ó£üó£üQ¡ ê«è£îK °‰î¬õ, ð™«õÁ 膴ñ£ùŠ ðEèO™ ðƒªè´ˆ¶‚ªè£‡ì ó£üó£üQ¡ «êù£ðF A¼wí¡ ó£ñ¡, G˜õ£è ÜFè£K ªðŒ¬è´‚ Aöõ¡ ªî¡ùõ¡ Í«õ‰î «õ÷£‡, ó£üó£üQ¡ °¼ñ£˜èœ ßê£ù Cõð‡®î˜, ê˜õ Cõ ð‡®î˜, ñè¡ ó£«ü‰Fó¡, «è£JL¡ î¬ô¬ñ‚ °¼ ðõùŠHì£ó¡, 虪õ†´è¬÷Š ðFŠHˆî ÞóM ð£¼À¬ìò£¡..! î…¬êŠ ªðKò«è£J¬ô‚ 膮ò¶ ò£˜ â¡ð¶ ðŸP ªï´ƒè£ô‹ ꘄ¬êèœ Þ¼‰îù. î…¬ê¬ò ݇ì èKè£ô¡ bó£ «ï£ò£™ îMˆîî£è¾‹, Þ‰îŠ ªðKò «è£J¬ô‚ 膮 Þƒ°œ÷ Cõèƒ¬èˆ b˜ˆîˆF™ Í›Aªò¿‰î «ï£Œ b˜‰îªî¡Á‹, ‘Hóèbvõó ñ裈Iò‹‘ â¡ø Ë™ ªê£™Aø¶. ‘A¼I è‡ì «ê£ö¡’ â¡ø èKè£ôQ¡ ð†ìŠ ªðò¬ó Þ Ýî£óñ£è„ ²†®‚裆®ò¶ ܉î Ë™. Ý󣌄Cò£÷˜ T.».«ð£Š, ‘裴ªõ†®„ «ê£ö¡ â¡ðõ«ù ªðKò «è£J¬ô‚ 膮ù£¡’ â¡Á â¡Á â¿Fù£˜. 1886-‹ ݇®™, q™w â¡ø ªü˜ñ£Qò 21

ÜPë˜ Þ‚«è£JL™ àœ÷ 虪õ†´è¬÷ ÝŒ¾ªêŒ»‹ ðEJ™ ÞøƒAù£˜. ÝÁ ݇´è£ô bMó à¬öŠH™ 虪õ†´è¬÷Š ð®ªò´ˆ¶ Ý󣌉î q™w, 𣇮ò °ô£êQ õ÷´ˆ î…ê£×˜‚ ßøˆ¶ˆ î…ê£×˜  â´ŠH„ê F¼‚èŸøO ÿó£üó£pvõó‹ â¡ø õK¬ò º¡¬õˆ¶, ‘ªðKò «è£J¬ô‚ 膮òõ¡ ó£üó£ü «ê£ö«ù’ â¡Á àÁFªêŒî£˜. î…¬ê ªðKò «è£J™ ܬñ‰F¼‚°‹ ð°F ²‚裡 ð£¬øèœ Gó‹Hò¶. ÞŠð® å¼ ²‚裡 ð£¬ø GôˆF™ Þšõ÷¾ àòó‹ ªè£‡ì å¼ «è£J™ âŠð® GŸAø¶..? ܶ Ü‚è£ôˆ îIö˜èO¡ 膴ñ£ù ¸†ðˆF¡ CøŠ¹. Þ¶ °Pˆ¶, «è£J™ªî¡ù¡ ªñŒñ¡ è†ìì‚è¬ô è¬ô뼋, Ý󣌄Cò£÷¼ñ£ù ªî¡ù¡ ªñŒ‹ñ¡ MKõ£èŠ «ð²Aø£˜. “ªðKò «è£JL¡ Mñ£ù‹ Ièˆ Fø¬ñò£ù ªî£N™¸†ðˆF™ ܬñ‚èŠ ð†´œ÷¶. ²‚裡 ð£¬ø GôŠðóŠH™ 350 Ü®‚°ˆ ªî£†® «ð£¡ø ð°F¬ò à¼õ£‚AJ¼‚Aø£˜èœ. «ñŸ°ˆ ªî£ì˜„C ñ¬ôŠð°FJ™ Þ¼‰î 裆ì£ÁèO™ Þ¼‰¶ ñí¬ô‚ ªè£‡´ ܈ªî£†®J™ ªè£†®J¼‚Aø£˜èœ. Üî¡ «ñ™ ñó‚裙 õ®M™ Ü®ˆî÷‹ ܬñˆ¶ èùñ£ù è™ ªð£¼ˆF î¬óñ†ìˆ¶‚°‚ ªè£‡´ õ‰F¼‚Aø£˜èœ. ܶõ¬ó 埬ø„ ²õó£è‚ ªè£‡´ õ‰¶ î¬ó‚° «ñ«ô Þó†¬ì„ ²õó£è‚ ªè£‡´«ð£Œ «è£¹óñ£è àò˜ˆFJ¼‚Aø£˜èœ. A†ìˆî†ì î…

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ê£×˜ î¬ôò£†® ªð£‹¬ñJ¡ õ®õˆF™ Þ¼‚Aø¶ Mñ£ù‚ 膴ñ£ù‹. ÞŠ ªðò˜, ‘¬ìùI‚ ݘ‚Aªì‚ꘒ. Þî¡ CøŠ¹ â¡ùªõ¡ø£™, ÌIJ¡ ݆숶‚«èŸøõ£Á «è£¹óº‹ ܬꉶ ùˆ îèõ¬ñˆ¶‚ªè£œÀ‹. Üîù£™  â™ô£ ÞòŸ¬è„ YŸøƒè¬÷»‹ °ŠH®ˆ¶ GŸAø¶. ªðKò «è£J™ Þ¬øõ¬ù `Ýìõ™ô£¡’ â¡Á ªê£™õ£˜èœ. îIöèˆF™ â‰îŠ ð°FJ½«ñ Þ™ô£î î¬ôò£†® ªð£‹¬ñ î…ê£×K™ ñ†´‹ âŠð®‚ A¬ì‚Aø¶ â¡ø «èœM‚°Š ðF™, Ü‰îŠ ªð£‹¬ñJ¡ ªð¼õ®õ‹î£¡ ªðKò«è£J™ â¡ð¶î£¡...” â¡Aø£˜. ªðKò «è£JL¡ Hóî£ù ¸¬ö¾ õ£J½‚°‚ Aö‚A™ à¬ìò£˜ ꣬ô Þ¼‚Aø¶. àœ«÷ Ü‚Q«îõ˜ ê‰GF Þ¼‚Aø¶. Þ‰î à¬ìò£˜ ꣬ôJ™ 240 Cõ«ò£Aò˜èœ îƒA, å¼ ï£¬÷‚° å¼ «õ¬÷ ñ†´‹ ꣊H†´ õ£›‰F¼‚Aø£˜èœ. Üõ˜èœ 10 «ð˜ ªè£‡ì °¿õ£èŠ HK‰¶ 24 F¼Mö£‚è¬÷ ïìˆFòî£è¾‹ 虪õ†´ˆ îèõ™èœ ªîKM‚A¡øù. Þ‰î‚ «è£JL™ àœ÷ ªêŠ¹ˆF¼«ñQèœ ðŸPò ðô ªêŒFèœ Þ‰î à¬ìò£˜ ꣬ôJ™ 虪õ†´è÷£èŠ ðF¾ªêŒòŠð†´œ÷ù. 嚪õ£¼ ɵ‹ ¹ˆîèƒè¬÷Š«ð£ô ⿈¶è÷£™ G¬ø‰F¼‚A¡øù. «èó£÷‰îè õ£ê™, ó£üó£ü¡ F¼ñ‡ìð‹, F¼„²ŸÁ ñ£O¬è, Ü‚Q «îõ˜. âñó£ê£, ðKõ£ó Ýôòˆ¶Š Hœ¬÷ò£˜, àñ£ ðó«ñvõKò£˜... â¡Á ðô ªðò˜èœ 虪õ†´èO™ Þ싪ðŸÁœ÷ù. Ýù£™, CõLƒè‹ â¡ø ªðò˜ â‰î ÞìˆF½‹ Þ싪ðøM™¬ô â¡ð¶ °PŠHìˆî°‰î¶.

22

“ºèŠH™ àœ÷ 䉶 î÷ƒè¬÷‚ ªè£‡ì «èó÷£‰îè¡ F¼õ£JL™ ºî™î÷‹ îMó, ñŸø¬õ ªêƒèŸè÷£™ è†ìŠð†ì¬õ. °ìõ£J™ ð£ô²óñEò¡Þ‰î„ ªêƒèŸèœ CøŠð£ù ªî£N™¸†ðˆF™ îò£K‚èŠð†ì¬õ. ÜìŠðñó‹, ñ£ñó‹, 贂裌 ñó‹, î£E‚裌 ñó‹ ÝAòõŸP¡ ð†¬ìè¬÷»‹, FKðô£ âùŠð´‹ 贂裌, P‚裌, ªï™L‚裌 ÝAòõŸ¬ø»‹ èû£òñ£‚A, ñ‡E™ áŸP, 䉶 ñ£îƒèœ ¹O‚èŠ ¹O‚èŠ H¬ê‰¶, ªêƒèô£è ÜÁˆ¶, ²†´, å¼ ñ£î‹ ÝøM†´, î‡aK™ áøM†´, ï¡° àôó„ªêŒ¶ Üî¡ Hø«è 膴ñ£ùˆF™ ðò¡ð´ˆîŠð†´œ÷¶. 1,000 ݇´ êKˆFóˆF™ î…¬ê¬ò 䉶 º¬ø Ìè‹ðƒèœ A»œ÷ù. ܬùˆ¬î»‹ A èùè‹dóñ£è GŸAøªî¡ø£™, ¸†ðñ£ù 膴ñ£ù«ñ è£óí‹. î¬óJL¼‰¶ 216 Ü® àòó‹ ªè£‡ì Þ‰î‚ «è£¹ó‹ 13 Ü´‚°èœ à¬ìò¶. ° ð†¬ì õ®M™, ªõŸPìñ£è‚ ËH„ ªê™½‹ Þî¡ à„CJ™ 12 Ü® àòóºœ÷ èôê‹ ªð£¼ˆîŠð†´œ÷¶...” â¡Aø£˜ õóô£ŸÁ ÝŒõ£÷˜ °ìõ£J™ ð£ô²ŠHóñEò¡. ñ£L‚°èÀ‹, ïõ£ŠèÀ‹, ²™î£¡èÀ‹ ðôº¬ø î…¬ê ªðKò «è£J¬ô„ Ŭøò£®ù˜. Hªó…²‚è£ó˜èÀ‹, ݃A«ôò¼‹ dóƒAè¬÷¬õˆ¶ˆ î蘈îù˜. 30 ݇´èÀ‚°‹ «ñ™ CŠð£ŒèO¡ Ãì£óñ£è Þ¼‰î ªðKò «è£J™ ðô °î™è¬÷„ ê‰Fˆî¶. Þ¼‰¶‹ Üî¡ è‹dóˆ¬î ò£ó£½‹ C¬î‚è ÞòôM™¬ô. Üîù£™î£¡ ܶ Þ¡Á‹ ªðKò «è£Jô£è Þ¼‚Aø¶.

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APRIL 2018


A TO Z, INDIA, English & Tamil Monthly

R.Dis No. 757 / 2017

A TO Z INDIA ENGLISH & TAMIL MONTHLY MAGAZINE

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APRIL 2018

APRIL 2018  

TN Budget 2017-2018; Spiritual Leader: Mata Amritanandamayi’s Divine Yatra 2018; Festival: Sita Navami; Festival: Sri Ramanuja Jayanti; Temp...

APRIL 2018  

TN Budget 2017-2018; Spiritual Leader: Mata Amritanandamayi’s Divine Yatra 2018; Festival: Sita Navami; Festival: Sri Ramanuja Jayanti; Temp...

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