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insafresearchwinsafresearchwin Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf Insaf Research Wing Insaf Research Wing ginsafresearchwinginsafresearch Central Secretariat Street No. 84, Sector G-6/4, winginsafresearchwinginsafresea Islamabad, Pakistan. Tel: 92-51-2270744 rchwinginsafresearchwinginsafre Fax: 92-51-2873893 Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

IRW Finding solutions for a better Pakistan

irw@insaf.pk

searchwinginsafresearchwingins afresearchwinginsafresearchwin ginsafresearchwinginsafresearch Public Opinion on winginsafresearchwinginsafresea Society, Politics, Governance & rchwinginsafresearchwinginsafre Sovereignty searchwinginsafresearchwingins afresearchwinginsafresearchwin ginsafresearchwinginsafresearch winginsafresearchwinginsafresea rchwinginsafresearchwinginsafre searchwinginsafredisciplinejusti cehumanityequalityfaithpietydis ciplinejusticehumanityequalityin “For the first time, PTI members and non-members conducted survey in urban and rural areas of federal capital of Pakistan.�

January 31, 2013

Project Director: Atif Abbas Committee: Surveying Dossier # 003 Version # 001

Report : About The Survey

Insaf Research Wing

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Insaf Research Wing (IRW) is a part of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (movement for justice - a political party, PTI). IRW was created in 2009 to carry out research in order to find solutions for problems in Pakistan. The foremost goal of IRW is to keep people of Pakistan and PTI informed and prepared. The wing is composed of committees. Each committee addresses issues related to its field of expertise. The committees defined as of yet are (i) Economics & Finance (ii) Energy (iii) Science & Technology (iv) Health (v) Education (vi) Environment (vii) Anti-Corruption (viii) Surveying (ix) Socio-Political (x) Foreign Affairs (xi) Strategic Thinking. The research reports/papers are either commissioned by the central executive committee of PTI or committee members of IRW. PTI members can also suggest IRW to consider researching on a matter they find important. IRW welcomes any contributions in the form of scholarly work addressing important issues. Nevertheless, after the author(s) sends the document it is peer reviewed before getting published. In the process of peer review the document is technically analyzed and scrutinized. The procedure is necessary to maintain quality control. However, varying opinions & ideas are not penalized. Apart from working on research reports/papers which shed light on problems and provide basic solutions, IRW undertakes the task of preparing extensive policies for PTI. These detailed and in-depth policy documents are a combination of input from several professionals who are well versed in the subject. IRW also serves as a check on the reigning government’s policies. The Wing does not follow a preset ideology while carrying out research. IRW does not endorse any opinion presented in a published report/paper as an official position. Likewise, several research reports/papers on a similar subject published by IRW can have contradictory recommendations though it should be noted that these point of views are sole responsibility of the author(s). Very rarely when there is a complete consensus on a certain research report/paper within IRW only then it is recommended to PTI for official perusal. Any published document by the wing does not constitute it as an official position of PTI unless otherwise stated. Insaf Research Wing works at a national level but its members are located throughout the world bringing in the much needed international experience. IRW practices an open membership policy valid for all Pakistanis regardless of religion or race. Nevertheless, members of other nationalities from international organizations interested in helping Pakistan are always welcome to join IRW.

Published reports of IRW can be accessed at PTI’s website www.insaf.pk. The headquarter of IRW is located at PTI’s Central Secretariat, Street No. 84, Sector G-6/4, Islamabad, Pakistan. Copyright © 2013 by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf All rights reserved. The contents of this report/paper cannot be reproduced without prior permission of IRW.

Insaf Research Wing

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DEDICATED TO THOSE FIGHTING FOR

JUSTICE

“Do not give up and do not be downhearted. You shall be uppermost if you are believers.” (Surat Al ‘Imran: 139)


Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Table of Contents THE TEAM .................................................................................................................................................................................. 5 THE PROJECT............................................................................................................................................................................. 6 PHASES OF THE PROJECT.......................................................................................................................................................... 7 DATA COLLECTION ............................................................................................................................................................ 8 ISLAMABAD CHAPTER – REPRESENTATIVES ................................................................................................................. 8 YOUTH WING (YW_ISLAMABAD) .............................................................................................................................. 9 INSAF STUDENTS FEDERATION (ISF_ISLAMABAD) ................................................................................................... 11 WOMEN WING (WW_ISLAMABAD) ........................................................................................................................ 11 INSAF PROFESSIONALS FORUM (IPF_ISLAMABAD) ................................................................................................... 12 INSAF LAWYERS FORUM (ILF_ISLAMABAD) .............................................................................................................. 12 MEMBERS & NON-MEMBERS PTI (ISLAMABAD) ......................................................................................................... 13 STUDENTS (ISLAMABAD).............................................................................................................................................. 14 DATA CLEANING ............................................................................................................................................................... 14 DATA ENTRY...................................................................................................................................................................... 14 DATA ANALYSIS ................................................................................................................................................................. 14 MANY THANKS ....................................................................................................................................................................... 15 ABOUT THE AUTHOR ............................................................................................................................................................. 15

Insaf Research Wing

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

The Team Concept (of) -- Theoretical Framework (of) -- Project Director: Atif Abbas Facilitators: Ghulam Abbas and Shagufta Jabeen Research Associates: Gulfam Khan Khalid and Hasham ud din Qazi Program Coordinator: Sardar Azhar Tariq Khan Data Collection Coordinators: Chaudhry Tariq Aziz, Nafeesa Inayat Khattak, Umer Saqaf, Sohail Satti, Muhammad Banaris Chaudhary, Shahzad Asif, Sulaiman Malik, Hassan Bokhari and Farrukh Dall Enumerators: Javed Iqbal Mehsood, Saghir Khan, Muhammad Shahnawaz Khan Lodhi, Syed Javaid Bokhari, Farzana Shaheen Abbasi, Sobia Athar, Saba Afzal, Saima Danyal, Rubina Daud, Hajmeera BiBi, Samina Ahmad, Hafeez Ullah Khan, Saira Faisal, Bakhtawar Malik, Uzma Haider, Zia Ullah, Tahir Khan Yousafzai, Niqqab Shah, Hamayun Khan, Tahir Arif, Mian Shakeel, Khalid Mehmood Awan, Shahzad Manzoor, Usman Kiyani, Chaudhary Awais Aftab, Shahzad Alam, Saddiq Rehman, Nouman Khan, Naureen Ibrahim, Anjum Israr, Shahzad Arbi Satti, Ahsan ul Haq Satti, Ahmad Iqbal, Muhammad Farooq, Zaffar Haider, Yasir Ali and Anayat Shinwari Research Assistants: Diya Rehman, Chaudhry Afzaal Akram, Zaheer Abbas and Shakaib Ahmed Maulai Data Entry Coordinator: Gulfam Khan Khalid Team Members: Syed Farrukh Mehmood, Omair Idress, Waseem Ahmed, Muhammad Kaleem Ullah, Ayesha Gull, Muhammad Ali Ishaque, Ranjhan Touqir, Umar Mumtaz, Qazi Syed Rafaqat, Arslan Zafar, Syed Zain Abbas Bukhari, Muhammad Uzair, Sayyed Abdullah, Sulman Manzoor, Arbab Mehdi, Rehman Zaheer, Asim Shehzad, Sulaman Khan, Toseef Ahmad, Ali Shan, Rameez Fida and Umer Naeem

Insaf Research Wing

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty Vision was to engage human resource of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) in Union Councils in research in order to document viewpoint of citizens on the four indicators: Society, Politics, Governance and Sovereignty. The Project Political parties are public platforms, which claim to revolutionize this politically fractured economically crippled - socially fragmented Muslim nuclear state through their policies do not document opinion on issues-affairs even within the party to know what and how majority of the party workers/citizens think for whom they craft policies. Citizens viewpoint is the ‘information’ required to analyze and formulate policies, which lead to decision making. In our politics, policies are being made (though not implemented) for a common man without knowing his perspective – this creates a demand to gather data by starting process of conducting surveys for more comprehensive policy-making hence, for better decisions. To reach public in a different style, gather their opinion scientifically and share it worldwide, I presented a game plan (November 2010). To set trend and shape culture of surveying, I implemented different plans. The idea was to utilize human capital of the party on-ground for research and for that, people were introduced to the concept – I invited them to contribute. I made it people’s project - involved more and more people to make them the credibility factor of the survey. Those who don’t even support the party volunteered in documenting public opinion. I engaged students in research - involved them in two phases of the project; students who are neither associated with this party nor its federation of students participated. I started working on the game plan in September 2010; to engage people for data collection I implemented three plans. Target sample size was +1, 000. Plan-A was to engage Regional Organizer’s (RO) in Union Councils (UC) in data collection – it wasn’t successful {year 2011}. Plan-B was, introduce concept of research to entities (wings-federation-forums) of the party {year 2012} and involve students in ‘research in politics’ whose energies are utilized only in activism. The plan was partially successful. Plan-C, I involved my friends - especially those teaching in universities. Distributed 2,420 questionnaires with guidelines document and introductory letter; number of photocopies of those documents, 14,865. Number of filled questionnaires collected 1,495 and considered 897. Data collection period: September – December 2011 and January – December 2012. Cost on the project is between twenty to twenty-five thousand rupees. No one has ever collected and collated primary data from a political platform on voluntarily basis. The research project brought various people and different teams on one platform, unique example of teamwork; collaboration of Insaf Research Wing (IRW) : Women Wing (WW) + Youth Wing (YW) + Insaf Students Federation (ISF) + Insaf Professionals Forum (IPF) + Insaf Lawyers Forum (ILF) + PTI members and Insaf Research Wing

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

non-members. For the first time, PTI members and non-members conducted survey in urban and rural areas of federal capital of Pakistan.

Phases of the Project Phases of the project are:     

Design of Research Instrument Data Collection Data Cleaning Data Entry Data Analysis

Research instrument (questionnaire) was designed, pretested, translated then pretested, photocopied and packed by me; data was collected by RO’s, members, students and my friends. I distributed and collected the questionnaires. I cleaned the data, which was entered in four phases. I shall analyze the data and present it. The duration (in months) of phases of the project is presented in Figure-1.

Figure-1: Survey Phases – Duration

Insaf Research Wing

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Data Collection Islamabad has twenty rural and twenty four urban UC’s (total 44); survey was conducted from September to December 2011 and January to December 2012. Most of the urban area was covered but not the rural area as planned; two thousand four hundred and twenty questionnaires in Urdu were distributed. The number of questionnaires distributed, collected and considered, shown in Figure-2. Figure-2: Number of Questionnaires :: Distributed-Collected-Considered

Islamabad Chapter – Representatives Year 2011 [Plan-A], in April one thousand two hundred and eighty questionnaires were given to RO’s. In December (2011), collected one hundred and seventy nine filled and some unfilled questionnaires from former President NA-48; considered one hundred and twenty three questionnaires. General Secretary lost eight hundred and thirty two questionnaires. Figure-3: Regional Organizers (Islamabad) – Survey (Plan-A_2011) Coordinator, Amir Mughal

Insaf Research Wing

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Year 2012 [Plan-B], on March 14 former President Zone-1 was given hundred questionnaires. He returned forty eight filled questionnaires and remaining unfilled; considered twenty five questionnaires.

Figure-4: Team Zone-1 (Islamabad) – Survey (Plan-B_2012) Coordinator, Chaudhry Tariq Aziz

Youth Wing (YW_Islamabad) January 20, 2012 [Plan-B], Youth Wing (YW) was given four hundred and eighty questionnaires for conduction of survey only in rural area, 20 union councils. Collected three hundred and twenty four questionnaires; considered only eighteen. YW didn’t return remaining questionnaires.

Figure-5: Youth Wing (YW_Islamabad) – Survey (Plan-B_2012) Coordinator, Sohail Satti

Insaf Research Wing

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

June 11 (2012), RO’s-Rawat were given hundred questionnaires; collected sixty four - didn’t receive remaining questionnaires.

Figure-6: PTI-Team_Rawat (Islamabad) – Survey (Plan-B_2012) Coordinator, Muhammad Banaris Chaudhary

July 22 (2012), two members of YW were given hundred questionnaires for conduction of survey in rural area – they lost all the questionnaires.

Figure-7: YW_Members (Islamabad) – Survey (Plan-B_2012) Members, Kashir Chaudhary & Waqas Abbasi

Insaf Research Wing

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Insaf Students Federation (ISF_Islamabad) February 08 (2012), Insaf Students Federation (ISF) was given six hundred questionnaires for conduction of survey in urban UC’s. Afterwards, Senior Vice President (SVP) told that federation can conduct survey (only) in universities of Islamabad in one week. After that, I didn’t get any response from him. Only, team of Umer Saqaf, Zia Ullah, Tahir Khan Yousafzai and Niqab Shah conducted the survey by organizing two camps in male campus of their university. They got short of survey forms and photocopied the questionnaire from their own pocket. They also placed questionnaires in membership-camp. Collected around two hundred and eighty unfilled questionnaires from a member-ISF; SVP lost remaining questionnaires. Figure-8: Insaf Students Federation (ISF_Islamabad) – Survey (Plan-B_2012) Coordinator, Umair Kujar

Women Wing (WW_Islamabad) January 18 + June 13 (2012), Women Wing (WW) was given two hundred and forty questionnaires for conduction of survey among female citizens in rural and urban UC’s; collected seventy seven questionnaires – received some unfilled questionnaires. Figure-9: Women Wing (WW_Islamabad) – Survey (Plan-B_2012) Coordinator, Nafessa Inayat Khattak

Insaf Research Wing

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Insaf Professionals Forum (IPF_Islamabad) April 26 (2012), Insaf Professionals Forum (IPF) was given ninety questionnaires for conduction of survey in urban UC’s; collected thirty - didn’t receive remaining (unfilled) questionnaires.

Figure-10: Insaf Professionals Forum (IPF_Islamabad) – Survey (Plan-B_2012) Coordinator, Sulaiman Malik

Insaf Lawyers Forum (ILF_Islamabad) September 06 (2012), Insaf Lawyers Forum (ILF) was given fifteen questionnaires for conduction of survey; collected twelve filled questionnaires.

Figure-11: Insaf Lawyers Forum (ILF_Islamabad) – Survey (Plan-B_2012) Coordinator, Farrukh Dall

Insaf Research Wing

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Members & Non-members PTI (Islamabad) Contribution of people (PTI members and non-members) presented in Table-1.

Table-1: Members & Non-Members PTI (Islamabad) – Survey (Plan-C_2012)

Union Councils Targeted [Rural+Urban]

Questionnaires Given on

# of Questionnaires Given

# of filled Questionnaires Collected Considered

Hasham ud din Qazi (member PTI)

(U)

Shahzad Asif

(U)

-

40

24

24

{returned remaining}

-

50

40

39

{returned remaining}

Saddiq Rehman (member IPF) Shahzad Arbi Satti (former Press Secretary, Chairman PTI) Hassan Bokhari

(U+R)

(R)

{He himself photocopied}

June 29

-

11

11

{& 7 unfilled}

50

30

17

{returned remaining}

(U)

October 30

90

30

29

{returned remaining}

Uzma Haider

(U)

-

20

Anjum Israr (member IRW)

(U)

-

20

Muhammad Farooq

(U)

-

Zaffar Haider

(U)

November 13

18

18

09

04

{returned remaining}

50

{returned remaining}

07

09

09

{returned remaining}

Yasir and Anayat

(U)

-

40

32

29

Mian Muhammad Javed

(R)

June 07

115

00

-

Insaf Research Wing

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Students (Islamabad) On February 20 and September 25 (2012), students (non-members) were given five hundred and ninety four questionnaires - collected three hundred and seventy filled; considered one hundred and eighty four questionnaires. Some students photocopied the questionnaire from their own pocket. Figure-12: Students (STD_Islamabad) – Survey (Plan-C_2012) Coordinator, Gulfam Khan Khalid

Data Cleaning The process of cleaning the data took around six months; respondents were contacted (on their email address and/or phone number) for verification. Enumerators were investigated – some were shown the questionnaires for confirmation. Filtered questionnaires, which were falsely filled, fake and cannot be verified. From 1,495 filled questionnaires collected, 897 questionnaires were considered for data entry.

Data Entry Data entry was completed in four phases. In first two phases, students entered the data - the process was coordinated by Gulfam Khan Khalid. In third phase, I myself entered the data; in fourth phase, I checked the data ‘entered’ – not only removed the errors but extracted fake questionnaires.

Data Analysis Analysis will be based on Descriptive Statistics and data will be presented in graphs.

Insaf Research Wing

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Many Thanks Many thanks to all the volunteers for their assistance, participation and contribution in this research project; you have opened a new chapter in political history. I appreciate your efforts and patience. I would like to express my gratitude to my parents – their support made me reach at the last phase of the project. Special thanks to my two friends, Gulfam and Hasham – for their assistance. God bless you all. About the author Atif Abbas:- Research Scholar, work experience in management consultancy, print media and embedded systems. Graduate of Peoples Open University in Commonwealth Executive Master of Business Administration and of COMSATS Institute of Information Technology in Computer Engineering. [E-mail, A2: atieph@yahoo.com]

They said: “Glory be to You! We have no knowledge except what You have taught us. You are the AllKnowing, the All-Wise.” (Surat al-Baqara, 32)

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Report on Survey: Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty