Speed of Movement “It appears that the velocity of the movement...plays a key role in improving high-velocity performance capabilities and possible neural mechanisms of adaptation” E.F Coyle , 1981
The Sprinting Implication Sprinting is primarily a high velocity action, so strength training at high speeds should result in greater improvement of sprinting performance than training at lower speeds. A longitudinal study by Loturco et al. (2015) supported this hypothesis, demonstrating that a high velocity strength program resulted in proportionally a greater improvement in 5, 10 and 20 metre sprint times compared with a lower velocity training program.
Intent to produce force quickly. There is some evidence to suggest that the actual speed of the action is less important than the cognitive intention of the athlete. That is to say, there will be improvement in high velocity strength when the athlete intends to perform training at maximal velocity, regardless of the actual movement speed (Behm & Sale, 1993). See Balshaw et al. (2016) for an excellent explanation of the proposed neural factors
The Coaching Application The velocity that an execise is performed can be manipulated using the following methods: •
Reducing the weight of the training implement. There is some evidence to suggest that exercises conducted between 30 and 60 percent of the athlete’s 1RM are the most effective for improving high velocity strength and
involved in this. Young (2006) also advises that sprinters will also still benefit from a general non-specific resistance program and that a sprinter’s program should include more than exclusively high-velocity exercises. General resistance training is likely to aid injury prevention and facilitate the development of highvelocity strength.
improving sprinting performance (Young, 2006; Thomas et al., 2007; Mora-Custodio et al., 2016).