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preaching caused him to be expelled from the city. In that year the Emperor Claudius himself had ordered that, because of their chronic riots ‘at the instigation of a Chrestus’ all Jews be expelled from Rome. Many poorer Jews were eventually allowed to stay, but all their synagogues were closed. Also expelled along with St. Peter were Aquila and Prisca. These travelled to Corinth where they stopped and settled. St. Peter himself continued on to Jerusalem. St. Peter’s passing visit in 49 seems to have been the occasion for the formal founding of the church in Corinth. As with Antioch, and for the same reasons, the Corinthian church always remembered St. Peter (rather than St. Paul) as its founder. No doubt the home of Prisca and Aquila hosted this first and chief church in Corinth.* 25

It seems that in his absence St. Peter left in charge in Rome one St. Linus. Traditionally St. Peter’s first Successor, this St. Linus was not a Jew but an Italian from Tuscany. Henceforth the church in Rome was mostly nonJewish. 26

St. Peter’s absence from Rome was to last seven years. In 50, after the Council in Jerusalem, he travelled north to Antioch. He then used this city as his base for the evangelisation of cities in ‘Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia’. As with St. Philip the deacon in Samaria and along the coastal plain of Palestine, the first evangelisation of towns in these provinces was carried out by teams of disciples led by a deacon who preached, instructed and baptised. These missionary deacons were then soon followed up by St. Peter to administer Confirmation and to ordain ‘elders’. If we assign a year as having been dedicated to the evangelisation of towns in a particular province, then it seems that Pontus was evangelised by his deacons in 50 with St. Peter confirming in 51. Similarly St. Peter came to Galatia in 52, Cappadocia in 53, Asia in 54, and finally Bithynia in 55.* 27

It seems that St. Peter had ordered St. Paul not to evangelise in these regions. Early in his second Mission (that of 50 to 53), after revisiting his foundations in southern Galatia, St. Paul found himself ‘forbidden by the Holy Spirit’ and ‘the spirit of Jesus’ from evangelising in the provinces of either Asia or Bithynia. Instead he crossed over the northern Aegean Sea to evangelise in Macedonia and Greece. 28

On 13 October 54 Claudius died and was succeeded as Emperor by Nero. It had become customary for a new Emperor to win popularity by revoking the less popular edicts of his predecessor. In 55 St. Peter came to Corinth to await news on the revocation of the expulsion edict of 49. This edict was revoked in due course, and that autumn or in the spring of 56 St. Peter returned to Rome. 29

Upon his arrival back in Rome St. Peter returned to his work of evangelising the city. He also sent out disciples to evangelise other cities of Italy. Thus was St. Paulinus the first episcopos of Luca (Lucca), St. Romulus of Faesulae (Fiesole), and St. Apollinaris of Ravenna. All these were disciples

How the Apostles Wrote the New Testament  
How the Apostles Wrote the New Testament  

This survey of how the New Testament came to be written is also a chronicle of the first 40 years of the history of the Christian Church. It...

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