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plines. Thus, students are not immediately expected to be able to work with the content introduced in the lecture, but to learn to understand it. Usually lectures are provided for students at the beginning of their studies (in the first and second cycle) and they are open to more advanced students (in the third cycle) as guest lecturers or co-teachers. Tutorials accompany a lecture; they are conducted by student assistants or doctorate students. The lecture’s content or compulsory literature are reflected upon and discussed within small groups of students (8-12) and therefore support a more profound understanding of the lecture. Such settings provide time and space for individual problems and interests. Moreover, a tutorial is designed as a reading or discussion group of students with a special interest in a specific thinker, theory, methodology or issue. Furthermore, tutorials enable students to reflect upon their own research projects, master or doctorate projects. Tutorials take place in actual classes at the university, but can also be organized in online platforms such as moodle. Unlike study groups or seminars, the groups can be very small and focus intensively on methodological approaches, research questions, certain texts or reading material under supervision of a university teacher. The study groups, on the other hand, are offered additionally to compulsory courses and are led by students without the teacher’s supervision and evaluation. Seminars are attended by 25 to 30 students and incorporate elements of a lecture and a tutorial. Seminars usually deal with specialisation in a field (such as empirically-based or theory-based seminars) and require basic knowledge of the subject area from the attendants. Students’ participation (e.g. in discussions, assignments and presentations) is a part of the final evaluation of the student’s performance in the course. Workshops are useful teaching formats where students are able to achieve practical competences such as presentation skills or academic writing skills. Depending on the objectives of the study, cooperation between the university and (private/public) companies or NGOs is highly desirable. It allows students to get access to internships and traineeships, acquire practical skills related to university education, and participate in research projects initiated by a (public/private) company. Such cooperation also enables the formation of common master-doctorate-(public/private) company projects that link students to potential employers. The more common teaching formats (as listed above) are complimented by summer schools (NOISE Summer School, national ones in many coun89

Gender Studies Tuning Brochure  

Tuning Educational Structures in Europe The name Tuning was chosen for the project to refl ect the idea that universities do not look for u...

Gender Studies Tuning Brochure  

Tuning Educational Structures in Europe The name Tuning was chosen for the project to refl ect the idea that universities do not look for u...

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