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17 January 2013 Volume 97 Issue 12

15

5

MAKING

AFRICA WELL(S)

12

21


2

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Emily Muthersbaugh HEAD LAYOUT EDITOR Ricky Barbosa

2

INTRODUCTION campaign inciting an increased interest in service, or is it capturing the energy and momentum already directed toward service in our community? Why the swelling interest?

HEAD COPY EDITOR Cedric Thiel HEAD PHOTO EDITOR Josh McKinney

Emily Muthersbaugh

CONTENT DIRECTOR Philip Duclos

NEWS EDITOR Jaclyn Archer

Editor-in-Chief

RELIGION EDITORS Rob Folkenberg Nick Ham COLUMNIST Rebecca Brothers CREATIVE WRITING EDITOR Kayla Albrecht OPINION EDITORS Elliott Berger Grant Gustavsen FEATURE EDITORS Braden Anderson Elizabeth Jones James Mayne Christian Robins CULTURE EDITOR Grant Perdew DIVERSIONS EDITOR Eric Weber TRAVEL EDITOR Megan Cleveland HEALTH & WELLNESS EDITOR Karl Wallenkampf

Last week, President McVay extended an invitation to students to gather and discuss the mission and vision of Walla Walla University. More specifically, students were invited to discuss what the university is passionate about and what it is uniquely qualified to do. WWU holds four core values: Excellence in Thought, Generosity in Service, Beauty in Expression, and Faith in God. When talking about the future of the university and where they would like to see it invest its energy and resources, students singled out the second value: Generosity in Service.

Yesterday, ASWWU launched a 40 Days of Service campaign to challenge students to integrate service into their lives over the next 40 days. As the campaign begins, it seems to be entering our community at a particularly relevant time. Last Tuesday, humanitarian entrepreneur Jon Talbert described the snowball effect of serving boldly in your community, inspiring others to join. Last Thursday, students met with the president expressing initiative to further pursue generosity in service. This increase of interest causes me to ask: Is the 40 Days of Service

Service is accessible. Anyone can serve. And for a university and community home to increasingly diverse religious and political views, service acts as the greatest common denominator. Service brings people together. When people become service oriented, bridges are built among the serving and the served. Service honors the community; service honors the individual. In service, we can be human in the truest sense.

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY EDITOR Spencer Cutting FOOD EDITOR Amy Alderman SPORTS EDITORS Trevor Boyson Tye Forshee THE HEEL EDITOR Julian Weller STAFF WRITERS Amy Alderman Casey Bartlett Hilary Nieland Annie Palumbo Daniel Peverini LAYOUT DESIGNERS Allison Berger Alix Harris Greg Khng Cory Sutton COPY EDITORS Amy Alderman Rebecca Brothers Carly Leggitt Ryan Robinson DISTRIBUTION MANAGER Alex Wickward OFFICE MANAGER Heather Eva SPONSOR Don Hepker EDITORIAL BOARD Braden Anderson Jaclyn Archer Elliott Berger Philip Duclos Rob Folkenberg Grant Gustavsen Elizabeth Jones James Mayne Emily Muthersbaugh Christian Robins Julian Weller AD SALES MANAGER Brenda Negoescu aswwu.ads@wallawalla.edu

Photo by Darin Berning

Context

3–7

News ASWWU/Admin Week in Review Week in Forecast

Photo by Greg Khng

Perspective Scholars Abroad Column Creative Writing Opinion Snapshots Religion

8–13

Photo by Kevin Ford

Feature 14–17

40 Days of Service Making Africa Well(s)

Photo by Amy Alderman

Life 18–24

Culture Diversions Science Health & Wellness Foodie Sports EWB in Action

If you are interested in contributing to The Collegian, contact our page editors or the editor-in-chief at: aswwu.collegian@wallawalla.edu. The Collegian is boosted by regularly incorporating a wide range of student perspective. Cover Photo Credit: Kai Kopitzke, Kai Kopitzke, Cory Sutton, Amy Alderman The Collegian is the official publication of ASWWU. Its views and opinions are not necessarily the official stance of Walla Walla University or its administration, faculty, staff, or students. Questions, letters, and comments can be mailed to aswwu.collegian@wallawalla.edu or emily.muthersbaugh@wallawalla.edu. This issue was completed at 2:37 a.m. on 17 January 2013.

The Collegian | Volume 97, Issue 12 | 204 S. College Avenue | College Place, WA 99324 | collegian.wallawalla.edu


NEWS

Martin Luther King Jr. Day Annie Palumbo

Staff Writer

Hilary Nieland Staff Writer

On Monday, Jan. 21, Walla Walla University will pause to commemorate Martin Luther King Jr. Day. As part of the university’s observance, WWU will welcome Dr. Charles Joseph for two presentations. Charles Joseph’s first presentation will take place Monday, Jan. 21, at 11 a.m. in the University Church. Joseph’s presentation is entitled “My March With Martin Luther King Jr.,” and will recount his work with the activist. Joseph will also speak on his work in civil rights during the 1950s, ’60s, and continuing through the ’90s in Alabama and Mississippi, and his work in Chicago’s poor black and Latino neighborhoods as a community organizer with a young Barack Obama. The second presentation will be held at 7 p.m. in the Fine Arts Center Auditorium. Entitled “Faith and Social Engagement,” the presentation will include a panel discussion hosted by WWU psychology Professor Austin Archer, and will feature Dr. Joseph; WWU Professors Pedrito Maynard-Reid and Terrie Aamodt; WWU student newspaper editor, Emily Muthersbaugh; the Whitman College assistant dean for student engagement, Noah Leavitt; and Reverend Adam Kirtley. First cousin once removed to Rosa Parks, Joseph was born on July 30, 1936, in Centerville, Ala. After completing a bachelor’s degree in chemistry and agriculture from Oakwood College, he went on to earn a Master of Divinity from Andrews University, and a Doctor of Divinity from Vanderbilt University. Joseph has worked as a Seventhday Adventist pastor from 1962 onward. He also served as president of the Lake Region Conference of Seventh-day Adventists from 1977 to 1986. Joseph began his on behalf of minorities and the poor in the late 1950s. While in graduate school, Joseph pastored a poor,

black Seventh-day Adventist church in Greenwood, Miss. He was also employed as a bus driver and was frustrated by the glass ceiling that denied blacks the opportunity to obtain administrative positions within the Chicago transit system. As a result, Joseph called upon the city of Chicago to ameliorate the issues of inequality. In the 1960s, as an active member of the National Urban League, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, and the Congress of Racial Equality, Joseph helped advocate for the desegregating of public housing, improved childcare facilities, and the Head Start Program, while agitating for the voting rights of black citizens. He also contacted members of Congress urging their support of the civil rights initiatives of SNCC and CORE. While in Greenwood, Joseph was directly affected by legislation which denied blacks the right to vote. While attempting to register, a clerk demanded Joseph recite, from memory, parts of the state constitution. Frustrated, he asked the clerk to do the same and was therefore detained. When released, he was denied an official arrest record so that he would not be able to contest the unlawful detainment. Joseph also participated in several famous protest marches and demonstrations, including the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, the 1965 Selma to Montgomery March, the 1966 March Against Fear, and the 1968 Poor People’s March. Joseph worked with Earle Moore, another minister in the South Central Conference, fundraising for the purchase of a van and medical supplies for a mobile clinic which would provide medical care to poor, African-American communities and serve those injured during civil rights marches and demonstrations. Throughout the 1960s, Joseph also met and worked with Martin Luther King Jr., Andrew Goodman, Stokely Carmichael, H. Rap Brown, John Lewis, A. Philip Randolph, Ralph Abernathy, Andrew Young, and Fred Shuttlesworth. Joseph was able to overcome immense op-

position from various positions, including the Adventist Church, which opposed the use of Adventist facilities for civil rights activities. He was shot at while driving from Greenwood, Miss. to Itta Bena, Miss., and later received a phone call from the shooters stating they would try again. Because of frequent, violent threats, Joseph’s wife left the state until he moved to Jackson and the danger lessened. Even in Jackson, however, his family was attacked. While away in Nashville, a group of people drove by his residence and repeatedly fired bullets into his home. Other commemoration events taking place throughout the valley include Whitman College’s week-long recognition of Martin Luther King Jr. On Monday, Jan. 21, at 2 p.m., Blue Mountain Action Council AmeriCorps will partner with Whitman and the Walla Walla Fire Department to host a fire safety and prevention expo in Reid Campus Center’s Young Ballroom. The expo, intended to address neighborhoods with high incidences of residential fires or at-risk populations, is taking place on MLK Day because, according to Whitman’s online newsroom report, MLK Day is “the only federal holiday designated as a national day of service, calling on Americans from all walks Photo by Charles Joseph of life to work together to provide solutions to our most pressing national problems.” At 4 p.m., a candlelight peace march will leave from Reid Campus Center’s foyer and will continue through downtown Walla Walla. On Jan. 22, at 7 p.m., Whitman Professors Lisa Uddin, Catherine Veninga, and Erin Pahlke will explore the implications of what it means to teach civil rights in Walla Walla in 2013. On Jan. 23, Rebecca Walker — writer, feminist, and daughter of Alice Walker — will speak on issues of race, gender, sexuality, and power. The entire schedule for the week and more information can be found at whitman.edu/newsroom/news/ whitman-commemorates-martin-lutherking-jr-day-with-week-of-campus-activities.

CONTEXT BY THE

3

NUMBERS

1.3

MILLION

Combined hours flown by the 787 Dreamliners before they were grounded by the FAA.

42

Age of Robert Gleason, executed for three known murders in Virginia.

9

Best Picture nominations released by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.

$17.8

MILLION Cost of an inflatable room to be added to the ISS for astronauts’ homes.


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CONTEXT

ADMIN

SENATE UPDATE

Student Representation Several committees exist within Walla Walla University in order to keep the university running smoothly, to plan for the future, and to make sure students have the best experiences possible. Many of these committees have student representatives as members. If you ever have ideas, suggestions, or concerns, you can contact your student representatives and they will help make your voice heard. There are several representative positions open. If there is a committee that interests you and you want to get involved and represent your fellow students, contact ASWWU President Emily Oliver at emily.oliver@wallawalla.edu.

AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT COMMITTEE Works to make sure that students with disabilities have equal access to education and that the university is compliant with the Americans With Disabilities Act. 1 Position Open

New Business F.L. 14 — ­ Atlas ShopKeep Cash Register F.L. 15 — ­ Atlas Renovation F.L. 16 — ­ Packages for SMs and ACA Students G.L. 17 — ­ Governing Documents Table of Contents P.L. 74 — ­ Alix Harris for ASWWU Designer P.L. 75 — ­ Concurrent Position — Alix Harris P.L. 76 — ­ Chelsea Moon for Fundraising Team

CAMPUS LIFE COMMITTEE Discusses ways to improve the campus through things such as parking-lot lights and emergency-call posts. Open Positions: 2 female dorm 2 male dorm 1 village married

STUDENT REPS.

Emily Oliver, Jason Birkenstock

COMPUTER USERS’ COMMITTEE Looks at computer usage throughout campus and addresses any issues. Recent topics have been updating the responsible computer use policy as well as discussing the possibility of requiring students to purchase laptops.

STUDENT REP.

Thomas Blum

DIVERSITY COUNCIL COMMITTEE Works to make students of different ages or races, international students, and students with disabilities more comfortable on campus

STUDENT REPS.

Emily Oliver, Katie Wilson

P.L. 77 — ­ Jon Anderson for Assistant to the MVP P.L. 78 — ­ Alec Thompson for Atlas Assistant

FACULTY SENATE

Old Business F.L. 10 — ­ Recycling Bins for Conard Hall F.L. 11 — ­ Rock Wall Improvements

Similar to Student Senate, it carries the authority of the faculty. A current issue being addressed is a proposition to set a standard for professors requiring selfpublished materials in their classes.

FINANCIAL AID & SCHOLARSHIP COMMITTEE Decides the university’s policy concerning the distribution of scholarship and grant money.

F.L. 12 — ­ ASWWU Conference Room Imporvements F.L. 13 — ­ New Camera for the Portland Campus

STUDENT REPS.

STUDENT REP.

Jason Birkenstock, Cedric Larson, Elliott Berger

Jono Pratt

G.L. 13 — ­ Social Department Budget G.L. 15 — ­ Portland Campus Social Vice President G.L. 16 — ­ Portland Campus Spiritual Vice President P.L. 73 — ­ Nathan Loewen to be a Mechanic for the Tread Shed

Key: F.L. | Financial Legislation G.L. | Governance Legislation P.L. | Personnel Legislation

LIBRARY COMMITTEE Advises on issues such as library budget and renovation. A recent project is deciding on a plan for the library over the next 5–10 years.

STUDENT REPS.

Emily Muthersbaugh, Rebecca Brothers

SPIRITUAL LIFE COMMITTEE Has a hand in all formal religious and spiritual activities and issues on campus.

STUDENT REP.

Matthew Randall

In

GRIEVANCE COMMITTEE Protects the rights of students, faculty, and staff. If an injustice has been committed and the conflict cannot be resolved privately, the injured person can file a written complaint with the chair of the committee, Linda Ivy. The committee will work toward a solution and prevent any retaliation by either party.

Du ship, riety STUDENT REPS. Emily Oliver, Jason Birkenstock the th On Kristi looke “It’s h regret UNIVERSITY relatio MASTER PLANNING the e COMMITTEE ing to Discusses and plans the future of WWU. servic Current topics of discussion include the replacement of the gym floor and Ale installing a median on College Avenue. which vice i with STUDENT REP. Emily Oliver And t enoug Ser matel


NEWS

PERSPECTIVE

The Future of Education Annie Palumbo

Staff Writer

Now that Dr. Julian Melgosa, chair of the School of Education and Psychology, has returned from sabbatical, preparations for changes within the department are in full force. Beginning fall 2013, education certification students will be required to spend 450 hours in the classroom, time that is spread over three quarters. Until approximately two years ago, the state of Washington required 280 clinical hours for teacher certification, but in an effort to give teachers more experience in the classroom, the minimum number of hours has been increased to 450. Student teaching

will be done over three quarters: In the first two quarters, students will take classes at the university, while during the third quarter, student teachers will focus solely on their classroom experience. Melgosa stresses that the education department wants to give students an advantage as they approach their future careers. By spending 450 hours in the classroom, both elementary- and secondary-education majors will be better prepared to join the workforce. Changes will also include enhancements to curriculum and instruction classes. The department aims to help students better prepare for the assessment process they face as graduation draws near. These changes were put in place by the state two years ago, and the deadline for the education departments to implement the changes is

fall 2013. Walla Walla University began implementing the changes last spring and will work to improve through next fall and onward. Education teacher candidates will be given more assistance with their Teacher Performance Assessment, the Washington state-certification requirement. Student teachers will work on their TPA over the first one or two quarters, while their third will be focused fully on work in the classroom. These adjustments in undergraduate teacher training will teach graduating elementary and secondary teacher candidates to meet the needs of all students. The needs of struggling students are different from the needs of those who excel, and with these adjustments, Walla Walla University aims to help future teachers be more fully prepared to face these challenges.

Inside Week of Worship Jaclyn Archer News Editor

Daniel Peverini Staff Writer

During this winter’s student Week of Worship, the WWU community heard from a variety of student speakers as they expounded on the theme “Abiding in Service.” On Monday, Jan. 14, students heard from Kristina Rhuma and Alex Scott. Rhuma looked honestly at the the difficulty of service. “It’s hard, but ... it’s never the hard things we regret,” said Rhuma, citing grades, sports, and relationships as endeavors “worth the reward in the end.” Rhuma pointed to the joy of helping to bring others to Christ as the reward for service. Alex Scott spoke about the attitude of love which underlies service, emphasizing that service is not an act but a method of interacting with the world. “At its root, service is love. And the love of Jesus is deep, and rich, and big enough for all of us.” Service Tip: Service may be hard, but ultimately it is not an act but an attitude born of

our internalization of Christ’s love for us. Chelsea Moon and Macie Sattlemeyer spoke Tuesday, Jan. 15. Moon highlighted the greatness of small acts of service, calling the attention to Matthew 5:14–16. “We can do these acts every day,“ Moon said, “and once we start, it becomes easier and more natural.” Sattlemeyer spoke about service through financial gifts, pointing out that it is “the love of money,” not money itself, which is the root of evil. For Sattlemeyer, money is “the root of all service.” Service Tip: Start giving now, while we have little, and it will be easier to give when we have much. Emily Muthersbaugh and Karly Joseph spoke yesterday, Jan. 16. Muthersbaugh focused on the effect service has on those we serve. “In service, we demonstrate to others that they are valued ... because they are a human being.” To Muthersbaugh, service is about the unconditional affirmation of value received by those served; she concluded, “Service is not a perpetuation of doing, but a validation of being.” Joseph emphasized the nature of servanthood. “There is a big different between doing

community service and being a servant,” said Joseph, encouraging the student body to help alleviate the loneliness of others, to open our hearts to others, and to share the gift of love Christ has given us. Service Tip: Connect intentionally with the people around us. Serve by alleviating the emotional needs of others by sharing, without condition, the love God has given us. Week of Worship isn’t over. Today we hear from Ryan Spady and Michael Moore II. Mindy Schreven and Jeff Fischer speak Friday morning, and Austin Hummel will speak for vespers at 8 p.m. On Sabbath, Shelby Shotwell and Ryan Thornton will speak for First Serve at the University Church, and Matthew Randall will speak for Second Serve.

OPEN

ASWWU POSITIONS: ASWWU TV Manager ASWWU Webmaster Photo Editor Assistant to the Head Photo Editor Collegian Opinion Editor

5

CONNECT Annie Palumbo

Staff Writer

CONNECT — Christian Outreach to Neighbors, Nurturing an Experience with Christ Today — is an outreach program that runs in collaboration between marketing and enrollment services and the student missions office. CONNECT was started several years ago by students who were interested in outreach in the Pacific Northwest. They spent their weekends going to churches, leading music, or coordinating entire services. They paid out of their own pockets, but eventually the students approached the chaplain’s office to ask if they would be willing to help with travel costs. At the time, there wasn’t enough money, so marketing and enrollment offered to foot the bill. Currently, Macy McVay is the MES coordinator and Karsten Cook is the SM coordinator. They organize outings separately, but meet regularly to discuss upcoming projects. Together they average four events per quarter. Two such projects took place last weekend when Cook took two students to the Washington Conference Youth Rally, where they set up a Walla Walla University booth and led in special music. McVay took a group of 11 to Portland Adventist Academy, where they led vespers at a home with 60 academy students in attendance. On Sabbath they led church service at PAA. Both McVay and Cook would like to see CONNECT grow into something where groups of students are sent out on a regular basis to churches in the Northwest, thus extending the Walla Walla University community throughout the North Pacific Union Conference. They are eager to see more departments on campus involved in supporting similar ministries. If you are interested in becoming involved with this valuable service opportunity, email connect@wallawalla.edu for more information.


AN

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CONTEXT

WEEK IN

REVIEW Photo by Kai Kopitzke

Vespers:

Photo by Ivan Cruz

Walla Walla Adventist Forum:

Paddy McCoy

Dave Thomas

11 January

12 January

WWU Chaplain Paddy McCoy spoke about famous rivalries and the sovereign power of Jesus.

Photo by Kai Kopitzke

Week of Worship

Week of Worship

15 January

16 January

Chelsea Moon discussed how love changes people and lets God’s love shine, and Macie Sattelmayer presented the viewpoint that money is the root of all service.

Emily Muthersbaugh discussed how we are not human “doings,” but instead are human “beings,” and Karly Joseph reminded the audience that they are never alone with God in their life.

Dr. Thomas presented “Fundamentalism Revisited: Friend or Foe?”, discussing the benefit of fundamentalism and how to apply it in society and religion.

Photo by Kai Kopitzke

Week of Worship 14 January Kristina Rhuman inspired the audience through student missionary experiences to always have hope, and Alex Scott challenged listeners to live a Christian lifestyle of love and service.


CONTEXT

7

WEEK IN

FORECAST Photo by Kai Kopitzke

Photo by Kai Kopitzke

Thursday | 17 JAN

Friday |

Week of Worship: Ryan Spady & Michael Moore II

Week of Worship: Mindy Schreven & Jeff Fischer

46° 39°

11:40 a.m. ce es to University Church style

Saturday |

18 JAN 59° 32°

11:40 a.m. University Church

Week of Worship Vespers: Austin Hummel 8 p.m. University Church

Photo by Flickr User Dipfan

Sunday |

20 JAN 48° 36°

Presidential Inauguration

48° 32°

Week of Worship First Serve: Shelby Shotwell & Ryan Thornton 9:30 a.m. University Church

Week of Worship Second Service: Matthew Randall 11:45 a.m. University Church

Photo by Alex Barcelo

Monday |

19 JAN

21 JAN 52° 30°

Photo by Bradley LaLonde

Tuesday |

22 JAN

Martin Luther King Jr. Day Student Missionary CommUnity: Charles Joseph Application Party 11 a.m. University Church

Faith & Social Engagement 7 p.m. FAC Auditorium

6 p.m. MAC

46° 28°

Saturday (cont.) Atlas Open Mic & Art Show 7 p.m. The Atlas

Mega Tournament 8 p.m. Winter Educational Complex

GregCruz Khng Photo by Ivan

Wednesday |

23 JAN

45° 30°


8

PERSPECTIVE

SCHOLARS ABROAD

Comfortable

Huanchaco!

Costa Rica

Peru

Karalee Rhuman

Robbie Hill

It took about three weeks to come to the conclusion that signing up to be a missionary in Costa Rica was a big mistake. Belize was obviously the place for me. Two weeks before we boarded the plane for Belize, Rachel Liem, Bianca Lopez, and I were in our small room in Monteverde, Costa Rica, waiting for Jeanne Vories to reply to our eager and desperate request to go to a new place for the next two months. All the schools in Costa Rica go on summer break during December and January, and there would be nothing for us to do. A week later we got our destination and our ticket, and a week after that we were anxiously boarding our plane for The King’s Children Home, an orphanage in Belmopan, Belize, with about 70 kids.

Photo by Karalee Rhuman

Our time there quickly flew by. We stayed busy feeding, changing, putting babies to sleep, as well as tutoring, playing games, and going to the market with the kids. It was much easier for me to develop relationships with these kids since they all spoke English, and I was so eager to speak to people and spend time getting to know them. I grew close to several of the kids there in just a few weeks, learning their background and hearing their incredible stories. I began to fall in love with the place.

“But then it sort of just hit me: I did not sign up for comfortable. That’s not what this experience is about.”

Before I knew it, time was running out, and I only had a week left. I couldn’t figure out what it was that drew me in. It was so much easier there. So much more comfortable.

It was much easier to adjust to this English-speaking country, with the nice house we stayed in (with comfortable beds and a nice kitchen, in comparison to the one in Costa Rica), the friendly people, the warm air, our own food, the adorable children in the home, and the beautiful sights we were able to see. It was like a dream.

But then it sort of just hit me: I did not sign up for comfortable. That’s not what this experience is about. I began to realize that the goodness and fullness we see in life come out of our perspective, and our perspective begins with a choice.

Comfortable — that’s the perfect word to describe it. I wasn’t out of my element. I was loving the kids, the English, our house, our own food, sunshine, scenery, lack of bugs, and the short traveling distances in Belize. It was all so good. Not an inch of my being wanted to return to our small room in Monteverde with an electric stove (that shocks me every time we use it) and convince myself to call it a kitchen. I did not want to eat beans and rice every meal (the two worst foods on the planet), to bundle up from the wind and rain, or to begin again the struggle to understand the language.

Today, I choose to gratefully embrace life with a passionate heart ... wherever it may lead me.

As the days passed, I came closer to becoming an illegal alien in the country in which I have been serving for the past five months. As a student missionary in Peru, I obtained a tourist visa when I entered the country covering a maximum of 183 days, which is less than my planned stay of eight months. Fortunately, all you have to do is leave the country for 24 hours to renew the visa, so my fellow SMs and I decided to make the most of our trip. After some searching the Internet, we found Huanchaco, a little fishing-turnedsurfing town with plenty of culture. This trip would give us the unique opportunity to be travelers as well as SMs.

of Chan Chan, ate the best tamales I’ve ever had, frequented the local bakery for apple strudel, enjoyed spicy chicken wings at a burger joint run by a proud New Yorker, and went surfing day after day. In the end it is not these great experiences that I will remember most, but the relationships that were formed during our stay. We spent New Year’s with the family learning a bit of their culture, helped them move a pile of bricks in front of their hostel, and later

“As a student missionary, it is sometimes difficult to see the impact you have on the people you serve.”

We loved Huanchaco from the start. We stayed with an extremely nice family that ran a hostel, and they showed us everything to do in the town. We went fishing in reed boats using half a bamboo stalk for a paddle, visited the ancient ruins

celebrated Hayden’s birthday (one of the other SMs) by getting food and pie for the whole family. As a student missionary, it is sometimes difficult to see the impact you have on the people you serve, but I believe that through the relationships you develop you can truly show the life of Jesus Christ.

Photo by Robbie Hill


COLUMN & CREATIVE WRITING

9

Have I Got News for You

e ever apple Rebecca Brothers at a Columnist rker, e end I will As I’ve noted before, the holiday season s thatholds many oddities. The proliferation of spentfamily newsletters is one such quirk. These a bitwonders of the written word are remarkable a pilenot only in their ability to convey family latermilestones (such as deaths, weddings, and

lt

PERSPECTIVE

new jobs), but also in the picture they paint of conventional family life. If these newsletters are anything to go by, the average American family spends most of its time traveling abroad, producing picture-perfect offspring, and undertaking home remodels of epic proportions. In extreme cases, families can appear to be the next Curies or Medicis, collectively making contributions that rival the moon landing or the discovery of penicillin. Their newsletters run something like this: “In 2012, Sarah completed her M.D., Ph.D., D.V.M., M.Eng., D.D.S., and M.R.S. degrees summa cum laude. James

f the or the ry, it mpact but I s you fe of

and Susan traveled to Egypt and discovered the Ark of the Covenant. Thomas spent a year as a novice monk in Myanmar. Hannah gave birth to quadruplets and returned to fulltime work as an investment banker within 12 hours.” Newsletters like this are exciting

their family newsletter might say. “Rick is no longer unemployed, and Amy learned how to change a flat tire. In October, the road in front of our house was resurfaced. We spent a weekend at the Oregon Coast during flood season and now have a renewed appreciation

“Imagine the fictitious Smith family, which prefers to spend its Saturday nights playing Dutch Blitz instead of engineering the liberation of Tibet.” to read but depressing to answer. Imagine the fictitious Smith family, which prefers to spend its Saturday nights playing Dutch Blitz instead of engineering the liberation of Tibet. “2012 was a good year for the Smiths,”

for sandbags” — important milestones in the Smiths’ life, to be sure, but probably paling dramatically next to the news of Nobel Prizes and solo trans-Pacific crossings that come to the mailbox in a steady stream.

As a low-adventure person myself (“In 2012, Rebecca changed her minor and learned how to operate a freight elevator. She has high hopes for a lawsuit-free 2013.”), I sympathize wholeheartedly with those whose adventures rank markedly below climbing Mt. Everest but marginally above visiting Walmart after 10 p.m. (although I’ve heard that even this activity sometimes warrants taking out extra insurance beforehand). How are we supposed to respond to these high-adventure families? I like to combat jealousy by imagining what those family newsletters would be like if they were written 150 years ago. “In 1862, Sarah completed eighth grade and now has her own school,” the revised missive might say. “James and Susan dug a new well. Thomas decided to sell his wheat in Sowell Springs instead of Mertonville.” I’m not sure why this exercise is helpful — perhaps because the revised version of events is less impressive by modern standards and thus easier to relate to — but it’s certainly a simpler course of action than working toward a Nobel Prize or freeing Tibet myself.

The Prophet Joshua Haddock Contributing Writer

If there were a prophet for our forefathers, Why shouldn’t there be one for my time and place? I had a friend who thought he might be a Prophet. We both went to college, in the deep, deep South. He never studied a thing. He just scoured his Bible every night, and prayed he would not sleep So that he could keep reading the hardy word. We looked up to him, this prophet of my youth. Though he stood six inches beneath my chin, His chest was twice as broad. He held the Scriptures Like an axe and swore to us that miracles Were afoot. I can’t remember the last time I believed in anything, not since the Prophet. At parties, when food was low, he prayed to stretch,

Expand it, like the fish and loaves. There was

Of our dormitory, after pulling every fire

Always enough, although I never went back

Alarm on campus. We all gathered on the stairs

For seconds, not wanting to test the Holy Ghost.

And watched him prophesy. Before long the cops

I prayed to God, who soothed my doubts. Which is why

Showed up, and he preached fire and brimstone,

When my Prophet went to Atlanta, to save

Threatening heavenly flames if we opposed him.

Nineveh from its sins, I also went.

No flames came for us. Just a few taser shots

He would have run through storms; instead we took my car. For the Prophet. A Prophet has no respect He prayed for blind cops, and drove faster than our

In the town of his birth. They hauled him off

Airbags or angels were good for. The only

To an institution. We all tried to pray,

Miracle that night was that we weren’t killed.

But the Spirit had gone out from our midsts.

On the way back he was tired from preaching. Asked the Holy Spirit to drive for him so He could sleep. We’ll never know if the Spirit Listened or not. I took the wheel instead. It turned out his Jesus was coming that night. The Prophet needed rest, but he’d be up Praying and preaching till dawn. He climbed on top


10

PERSPECTIVE

Question I asked the our newest theology faculty member, Brent Berglin, “Why do you do what you do?” This is a paraphrase of his response:

Response Why do I do what I do? That comes back to a personal calling at a certain time of life, along with Providence. When you experience God leading at a certain point in your life, you have to act on that. You know when you have to push too hard on a door or when a door simply closes, you have to start looking for the open doors. Somebody eventually asked me to be a youth pastor at a church. This happened just two weeks after asking God to lead in my life. All of my plans fell through, my girlfriend broke up with me, the job I thought I had lined up didn’t work out, and, even though I turned down this request from a church to be a youth pastor, eventually it led me to my calling. So eventually I came here to Walla Walla University and enrolled in Greek. Greek changed everything for me. Everyone told me Greek was going to be the hardest class I would take in my life. And so I worked, and eventually I realized: Wow! I’ve never learned anything this well in my life. My understanding of the Bible expanded too. So I went into pastoral ministry because of Providence, Scripture, and my passions, all of which coalesced into this plan for my life. And so I am now here at Walla Walla University teaching Greek.

RELIGION

Fundamentalism Revisited Nick Ham

Religion Editor

So there I was, sitting in Chan Shun 154 on a Saturday. Which, normally, to me, wouldn’t make any sense at all, but given that an icicle formed on my shower head and my hands went numb in about a tenth of second when I stepped outside at three, the lecture hall of Chan Shun wasn’t the worst place to be. It was one of the best places, really; Dave Thomas presented a talk entitled “Fundamentalism Revisited,” exploring the meaning, cause, benefits, and detriments of fundamentalism. The crowd was so large we used steps for seats. After a brief introduction from Alden Thompson and some laughter from the audience, Thomas got right to it. Carefully explaining that while the word fundamentalist and idea behind it was coined in twentiethcentury America, its use has expanded over time to include other religions and philosophies, notably the more extreme groups within Islam today. Fundamentalist thought typically holds to basic principles: For example, within Christianity are the virgin birth, resurrection, miracles, inerrancy of scripture, atonement through Christ’s sacrifice. But possibly more interesting than Christian fundamentalism’s base principles is explor-

ing the reason this form of thought arises in the first place. A fair assessment explains fundamentalism as a byproduct of modern life, and in many ways it is a reaction. Specifically, it is a reaction to the secularization theory which, oversimplified, holds that within time, through reason, religion and religious thought would disappear entirely. Confidently, Thomas explained that on the global level fervent religion remains on the rise, the opposite of secularist expectations given a general increase in education (aside from in Western Europe and most of the first world). The connected nature of the global society itself fuels fundamentalism because access to new and different ideas can cause change. In ancient and current cultures, modern change is not anticipated or appreciated. There is pride in living in the same way your father and your father’s father lived before you. The change modern society brings about can cause a crisis of meaning and purpose in cultures set in their ways, a sense of loss, and it can spark radical reactions wishing to force a return to the slightly romanticized “good old days.” This loss of meaning, place, safety, and sure footing results in a fear. When humans react to fear, the response is usually desperate and not entirely rational. As an example, Thomas kept bringing up a picture he showed early on in the presentation of the bear at the door. When something scares us, we run from it or we try to fight it. Simi-

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larly, fundamentalism can quickly take on a distinctly violent or defensive flavor. And this brought up a Reinhold Niebuhr quotation which can be summarized: When you’re not sure, you’re doubly sure. This is thought worth considering because, likely, being cer- Ev tain of the uncertain leads to dangerous andone ignorant decisions. textb stude The presentation placed fundamentalists to en in one place and Seventh-day Adventists in of $6 a different place, which, to an extent, may be room true. But the other students in the audience no o and I were rightly curious about Adventists reaso removing themselves from the category of publi fundamentalist, even Adventists attending classr Adventist Forum. Thomas pointed out that poin our denomination’s name in itself points to to st a fundamentalist way, emphasizing the Sabmeth bath and the Second Coming. After all, in to st the Christian Beliefs course here at Walla mate Walla University, it is the 28 fundamental beregar liefs, along with other texts, that are taught. is allo Adventist Forum is a legitimate step away Sel from the definition of fundamentalist, and it dang has been for a long time. Based on the general teach reaction to the talk and the questions raised afterward, a certain curiosity, rather than fear, came through about the subject. Simply being willing to discuss different worldviews and to challenge the current views held in a given culture appears to be completely opposite of a fundamentalist point of view.

— Brent Berglin

Have a good question? Email robert.folkenberg@wallawalla.edu.

REAL QUESTIONS Photos by Kai Kopitzke


OPINION

PERSPECTIVE

Writing Textbooks for Dummies

Textbooks Are Not One Size Fits All Grant Gustavsen

Opinion Editor

Textbooks have long been a flawed instrument of teaching. Among the biggest problems with textbooks is that they don’t always meet the specific needs of a particular class. Textbooks are not “one size fits all.” Textbook contents may not be relevant to what is being studied in a particular class, but because it’s a closer fit than anything else that has been published, students are forced to purchase and study the required text. In an article for U.S. News and World Report, Jason Koebler listed a few reasons why teachers might consider writing their own textbooks: “For niche courses … for

which a suitable book doesn’t exist; to selfpublish supplementary material for a class; or because sudden curriculum changes can put widely used textbooks out of date.”

“[Textbooks] don’t always meet the specific needs of a particular class.” Another major problem with textbooks is that they are often horrendously overpriced. We’re all tired of laying down hundreds

Entertainment Weekly names Prince Harry most eligible bachelor.

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Strip poker pays off.

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Self-publishing materials can be dangerous if not done correctly. When teaching from personal materials, it is

It is possible for self-published materials to be the most effective teaching materials. Most teachers create their own tests, so why not allow them to write their own textbooks? Self-published material may be amazing in the classroom, but there can be problems. Peer-reviewed materials escape nearly all errors by the sheer number of editors, thus being more accurate and effective. Creating a textbook is a lot of work for even a team of experts, much less a handful of people. When multiple-

It is possible to receive the best of both worlds by an increase in diversity. My favorite textbooks are the ones with many authors, experts in their fields commissioned to write a section or a chapter. Having multiple authors allows the book to convey the concepts of a single subject through explanations diverse enough for every learning style to understand. In my view, there are only advantages in peer reviewing published works. The margin for error is much smaller, and the material may come through much more effectively. I believe all teaching material should be peer reviewed to allow the highest chance of success for the student.

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Ever since dinosaurs walked the planet, one thing has remained true: Every year, textbooks have never failed to crush a student’s budget. I am always thrilled to enroll in new classes and pay upward of $600 to carry 50 pounds back to my room, aren’t you? Unfortunately, we have no other choice — but perhaps for good reason. There are many people who selfpublish their own materials for use in the classroom, which brings up an interesting point: If the people are wrong, who’s there to stop them, or what if the teaching method is inefficient? In my opinion, to stay away from these issues, teaching material must be peer reviewed and regarded as “the best one can buy” before it is allowed in the classroom.

editor books have a better chance to teach effectively and less of a chance to make a mistake, why not take advantage of the situation? Common practice of publishing unreviewed material would be like running a government free of a checks-andbalances system. Although it may get the job done, there is no telling whether the most efficient method is being pursued.

Lance apologizes to Oprah. Tiger is scheduled for Conan next week.

Biden recommends gunsafety measures. Where is Dick Cheney when you need him?

Man arrested for giving people wedgies.

of dollars for a Pearson or McGraw–Hill product that, for some classes, we may only open a few times throughout the quarter. Alternative purchasing options, such as rentals and e-books, are often no better. Self-published textbooks, without a major publishing house commanding huge profits, would be considerably cheaper (assuming the professor isn’t planning on making a living off royalties from his or her own textbook). The only cost involved would be that of printing. Textbooks free of overhead, administrative costs, and publisher markups would be considerably less expensive for students. Education is already massively expensive, and curbing the cost of textbooks would be a good start for making higher education more affordable.

Court rules his term will be brief.

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Opinion Editor

COLLEGIAN WISDOM

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Elliott Berger

possible that some details may have been overlooked by the author or concepts may be missing or not explained clearly. Skipping around the hoops designed to give students the best material available becomes all too easy. Certainly the selfpublisher may have full confidence in his/ her material’s authenticity, but I believe that no one person should be making that decision. There is no Writing Textbooks for Dummies manual; everyone teaches differently, and it is possible the reader may only pick up a handful of points from one author.

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Facebook develops search engine. Zucks way more than Google.

$18,000 dollar painting found at Goodwill. Big Monet!


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SNAPSHOTS @hoenesboi

@asen_joy_vette

Photo by Ivan Cruz

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@livibug

@007chelseabond

#thecollegian Submit your pictures to us via Instagram by tagging #thecollegian.


SNAPSHOTS

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Photo by Ivan Cruz

Photo by Kai Kopitzke

Photo by Ivan Cruz

Photo by Kai Kopitzke

Photo by Ivan Cruz


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40 DAYS OF SERVICE

Serve, Together. $60,000

for the homeless” project. After CommUnity next week, hopefully you’ll find a chance to participate. The 40 days idea hopes that a hunger for more service has come upon you, or, if you simply thrive by being involved and want to do more, that you’ll have to take initiative, and this page is here to help make that easier and to highlight some of what’s happening as these 40 days progress.

Nick Ham

Religion Editor

Welcome — this page is dedicated to the 40 days project attached to student Week of Worship. Do yourself a favor: Stop reading this section of the page and give the illustrations on this page a good, long, and drawn-out glance. Each week, in addition to the Mission Mozambique progress update will be a column which will highlight service opportunities and will also list the necessary contact information to plug into any number of those projects. So now, if you’re extra curious about what this page will entail for the next five weeks, please continue and I’ll share a bit more information.

Why participate at all, though? Well, because you need to for that shiny golden ticket to your eternal cloud and flawlessly tuned harp, of course. Actually, I imagine each one of us can find a slightly different motivation, but in the ideal, it’s really about jumping into a cause larger than yourself and focusing on more than just your own needs. The original 40 days challenge focused on spending time with God every day for 40 days in an intentional way. Each year reiterates this in a different way: fasting, prayer, and now service. It’s reconnecting with God, but it doesn’t end at that point; service expands this re-

This is about keeping the 40 days of service on your radar. We’ll be highlighting the Portland mission trip and few other projects. Matt Randall and the ASWWU spiritual team will make it easy to participate through the “assembly line

connection with God to the people that surround us, potentially strengthens community, and certainly builds new bridges. Service is tangible, an explosion of and reflection of the love in our lives. It’s easy to lose track of what’s happening over the 40 days. It’s not uncommon over a long day to forget a commitment, especially ones that are extra — ones that don’t have a grade or a paycheck at the end of them. Certainly the service opportunities and the stories on this page will assist you in staying involved, or at least informed. The scope of your participation can be minimal and still meaningful. To quote Mother Teresa, “We ourselves feel that what we are doing is just a drop in the ocean. But the ocean would be less because of that missing drop.” This is your chance to make an impact. We sincerely hope you do.

Mozambique Match: How your dollar grows.

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15,000+ people have clean water. Because of you. 1000

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$6,000 builds and maintains one well.

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You donate money to Mission Mozambique.

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Donors* match your dollar 2:1 to make 3 dollars.

goal is 4 Our 10 wells.

*Wilkinson Bread Co. & anonymous donors.

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Mission Mozambique Progress

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Photos by

Philip Duclos

Content Director

Water shortages are not something that concerns the average American. With an abundance of drinking fountains in public places, water handed out on street corners by individuals or charitable organizations, and the ability to buy bottled water at nearly any store, Americans often forget what it means to be thirsty. Any time we are thirsty, water is available to us either immediately or close at hand. However, water shortage is a harsh fact for many of the world’s occupants and unsanitary water is potentially even worse.1

water is also a major contributing factor in the lack of sanitation which results in high mortality rates. Data from 2010 shows that only 47 percent of the population had improved water (water which comes from a reliable and sanitary source). Conditions have improved in the past 20 years; however, the rate at which they have improved has been slow. It is this condition which has prompted ASWWU to create a service project to drill wells in Mozambique. Each year, ASWWU has done goodwill projects around the world. During the winter quarter of 2010, A S W W U raised money to combat sex trafficking. In 2011, it sponsored No More Thumbprints, a campaign to increase literacy abroad. In 2012, it sponsored Coloring Without Lines in order to supplement the College Place School District’s funding. This year, ASWWU has started a fundraiser to drill wells in Mozambique to help combat short-

“Americans often forget what it Mozambique: Home to 23.5 million people, means to be this 300,000-plussquare-mile east Afrithirsty.” can country has only 456 square miles of irrigated land.2

52.02 years — the life expectancy at birth of the average Mozambican.3 Although due to a high infant mortality rate (76.85 deaths/1,000 births) and a high HIV/AIDS rate (11.5 percent), life expectancy for Mozambicans does not drastically improve after childhood.4 Lack of clean

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47% — 2010 45% — 2005

42% — 2000

38% — 1995 36% — 1990

*Percentage of Mozambicans with clean water access.


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QUICK FACTS ON MOZAMBIQUE: Official Language: Portuguese Currency: Metical

50 percent of the population lives on less than $1 per day. 6 percent of the population advances to secondary education. 309,496 square miles (roughly twice the size of California). 2.2 percent of Mozambique’s area is water.

Pebane: Mital Bairro Baixo A

ages of potable water. Due to already abundant donations, ASWWU’s original goal of five wells has been increased to 10.

Maganja de Costa: Minas Aquas Quentas

The importance of access to clean water cannot be underestimated. Because we live in a society with first-world amenities, we often forget that 1.1 billion people do not have access to clean water,5 declared by the United Nations to be a universal human right.6 Recognizing this, ASWWU is striving to do its part to help bring clean water to thousands in Mozambique.

Photo by Kevin Ford

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1. Waterborne illness contributes to 1.8 million deaths per year, according to the World Health Organization: who.int/water_sanitation_health/diseases/burden/en/index.html. 2. Data from 2003 via the CIA World Factbook: cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mz.html. 3. Ibid. 4. Ibid. 5. un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/ RES/64/292. 6. United Nations Resolution 64/292, un.org/ g a / s e a rc h / v i e w _ d o c . a s p ? s y m b o l = A / RES/64/292.

The Adventist Development and Relief Agency is drilling the wells which ASWWU is sponsoring. ADRA is a humanitarian organization which works in more than 120 countries, “providing food and water, establishing livelihoods, promoting health, responding to emergencies, supporting families, and protecting the vulnerable.”1 The well-drilling process has four steps: 1. Needs Assessment—ADRA examines the need of different communities for clean water sources.

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In Mozambique, there is a goodly amount of water — the problem is that it is 30–100 meters underground. Hand pumps generally only work to a depth of 100 meters. This is not a problem in Mozambique, however, because the average well ADRA drills is only 50 meters deep. 2. ADRA Mozambique transports its drilling equipment to the site. The setup involves compressor and water trucks for powering the drilling rig. The water truck is used

in sandy southern Mozambique to make the ground firmer for drilling. In northern Mozambique, the ground is largely granite. 3. After the drilling rig finishes, the pump and concrete crew follows. Once the well is set up, celebrations are held. 4. Maintenance crews come through at minimal cost (for which ASWWU is providing funding) and keep the well and pump up to date and in working condition. 1. adra.org/site/PageNavigator/about_us/ faqs_general.


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Isabelle Steven VanOrden Contributing Writer

As I walked down the hallway of our ADRA office in Maputo, Mozambique, I saw a woman dusting the conference room. Her dress looked like it had been dipped in mud up to her chest, and as I passed the room, a terrible stench startled my senses. As she looked over at me, her eyes were dark yellow (a sign of kidney disease or other illness), and it looked as if she could barely move. I had asked my secretary a couple weeks previously to find us a housekeeper, and she found this poor woman whose name was Isabelle. Isabelle’s husband had died a couple months before, which left the family starving and sick, and my secretary had taken pity on her. I asked Isabelle if I could visit her home because I wanted to make sure her children were OK. To get to her hut, I had to wade in four feet of mud and water due to the rains. There was no clean water in the area, but everyone was drinking, bathing, and washing their clothes in the muddy water. When we finally arrived at Isabelle’s hut, it was damp and moldy inside; her young children were sitting in the dark shivering. My heart sank. I couldn’t help but weep at such a heart-wrenching sight. The only possession she had in the hut was a cooking pot — that was it. Everything else was stolen from her place while she was at work.

More information on what ADRA does: adra.org/site/Page Navigator/about_us/ faqs_general.

much more than that. Mozambique is a place where millions walk miles each day just to get clean water for their families. For others, it is a place to socialize and share stories of what is happening in their villages and lives. It is common to see dozens of women washing clothes, bathing babies, and filling water jugs from a local well. Without these wells, Isabelle’s story is a very common one. I am very proud of the fundraising activities that ASWWU is doing for the people of Mozambique, and it gives me great joy to see our students taking the lead in helping the poor, healing the sick, and spreading the good news of Jesus Christ.

I knew Isabelle and her children would not survive much longer under these conditions. I realized the most important thing to do at this point was to move her closer to a clean water source. Food, medicine, and adequate housing were the next things to address. With some money I had raised from my church in Seattle, we bought Isabelle a new cement-block home close to a clean water source, where she and her family would be healthy. The wages she earned from ADRA would take care of the rest. While attending a WWU faculty-and-staff meeting last quarter, a group of students from ASWWU came and spoke to us about their fundraising efforts for an ADRA well-drilling project in Mozambique, Africa. Having worked there in the late ‘90s, I realized immediately the thousands of lives that would be saved and the suffering that would be alleviated because of the work WWU students were doing. The absence of a well — or even worse, a dirty, contaminated well — can take the lives of thousands, if not millions, of people. Many die from a lack of water or from diseases contracted from dirty water. There are approximately 30 different infections people can get from drinking contaminated water. Clean water in this part of the world means life, and drilling wells provides

Photo by Kevin Ford


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LIFE

CULTURE

Yo

The Rise and Return of the Vinyl Grant Perdew Culture Editor

This growth may not seem very big, but statistics show that vinyl sales in the U.S. There is something turning on the tables rose 68 percent from 2010 to 2012. That is of the entertainment industry. The needle of an insane amount of people purchasing exculture has found a new groove that is rispensive music that the younger generation ing quickly. From college dormitories to hip could so easily download online. So who is youth gatherings, this all-but-extinct music to blame? The hipster? Everyone knows they medium has been returning lately — and are obsessed with vinyl and always preachI’m not referring to CDs. The vinyl record, ing about how the sound quality is so much which helped define the golden era of rock better (which is true, by the way: Newly in the 60s and 70s, has made a cool comecut records with today’s technology have a back. Some of the fans are oldies soaked fuller, warmer feel and sound that possibly in nostalgia for their youth, but increasing only audiophiles can recognize, but it’s true). It’s not just the young hipsters that have started accumulating, but also stereophiles that prefer the sound quality, art lovNumbers reflect 2010 record sales ers that enjoy collecting the giant album art, and The Beatles 35,000 sold boomers that desperately Abbey Road want their youth back.

A FEW MIND-BLOWING,

TOP-SELLING VINYLS Commonly considered to be one of the greatest albums of all time, the English rockers released this as their last record before their dissolution in 1970. The number of Abbey Road vinyl sales in 2010 was nearly double that of all the other top albums. Listen to “Come Together.”

Arcade Fire

18,800 sold

The Suburbs Winner of Album of the Year at the 2011 Grammy Awards, the Canadian indie rock band has been adored by fans and music lovers everywhere. Critic Andrea Warner summarized the disc as, “A perfect actualization of the suburbs as metaphor for the classic American dream.”Listen to “The Sprawls ii.”

Beach House

LOCAL FOCAL

numbers of the iPod generation are collecting LPs and giving them a spin on their new (or their dad’s old) turntable.

13,000 sold

Teen Dream All of these vinyls sold are in the hands of ubiquitous hipster collectors, but for good reason. The third studio album by the indie pop duo was even hailed by the press as one of the best albums of 2010. Their third album Bloom made the list of top vinyls sold in 2012. Listen to “10 Mile Stereo.”

Vinyl has never really been dead, it’s just been overlooked with the rise of cassettes, CDs, iPods, and now streaming music services like Spotify and Grooveshark. But MP3

The Garden Vegan Café

OK, so as terrible as Eric makes veganism sound over there —>, The Garden is a delicious place for anyone to get a good meal. This is a fantastic café full of wholesome and delicious food. If you’re a cheese or (dare I say it) meat lover, you won’t even notice what you’re lacking. Opened in July 2011 next to the Patisserie downtown, The Garden features sandwiches, paninis, soups, rice bowls, smoothies, fresh juices, and much more. Give it a shot. If you’re not a purist, you can always head on down the street afterward and load up on bacon. Open: Mon–Fri 11 a.m.–7:30 p.m. Weekends 11 a.m.–4 p.m.

makes the portability of CDs obsolete. For the musicophiles that need physical copies, they aren’t satisfied with just files. Vinyls are highly “cherishable.” Having something you can interact with during actual listening sessions makes the music more important and esteemed. It no longer becomes some sounds in the background, but the main focus, like watching a movie.

The music industry has happily jumped on the bandwagon. The sale of vinyls is a source of revenue that doesn’t easily lend itself to illegal downloads. To appeal to the younger generation, records are created in different shapes and bright colors, and Michael Jackson 14,200 sold usually Thriller even come No need to hide it. If you collected with an music in 1982, you definitely MP3 code bought this record by the king so one of pop. The video for “Thriller,” purchase interestingly enough, was included in the Nation Film provides Registry list of “culturally, historically, or aesthetically both the significant films.” Listen to “Beat It.” digital and

Pink Floyd

10,600 sold

The Dark Side of the Moon The themes of the English rocker’s album include conflict, greed, the passage of time, and mental illness. An immediate success when released, it has stayed highly ranked among fans and critics. Also, for an exciting experience, listen to this album on repeat with The Wizard of Oz. Smells like conspiracy. Listen to “Time.”

vinyl copies. Vinyls are fascinating: How a simple cut material can produce full sounds with a needle is baffling to me. But it’s like they say, most things sound better on vinyl, even with the cracks and pops. It creates an atmosphere of nostalgia and warmth. Also, interestingly, upwards of 50 percent of recorded music has only ever been released on vinyl. There must be large caches of records hidden away somewhere waiting to be heard again. Should you start buying vinyls? Yes, and not because it is apparently the “cool” thing to do right now (unless you like that reason), but because high-quality physical versions are the best, and that’s what vinyls are. Listening to records is a communal experience. It feels better to listen to vinyl. It’s definitely more social. If you want to start collecting, check online for your favorite albums on Amazon or eBay, or head down to Walla Walla’s own Hot Poop, a local record and music store. Together we can save the music industry the old-fashioned way.

The XX

10,200 sold

XX The English indie pop group’s debut album was self produced and it made the list. Containing many elements of post punk, indie pop, and R&B, it has been used during NBC’s coverage of the Olympics, and it was even sampled by Rihanna for her album Talk That Talk. Listen to “Intro.”

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DIVERSIONS

LIFE

19

You Asked For It Veganism: It’s Not That Great The Advice You Need to Hear

I’ve noticed a problem on campus, and it needs to be addressed: vegans. I think Diversions Editor they’re great people, their desserts are a little weird but whatever. What I really have a problem with is the Elitist Vegan. They’re kind of like homeless people. You see them every day — you just don’t talk to or touch them. These are the vegans who constantly say things like, “Oh, I can’t eat that, I’m a vegan,” or, “It’s so hard being vegan, but it’s the only healthy way to live.” OK, Elitist Vegans, listen up. PETA and all the dolphins thank you for denying yourself everything delicious in the world. But I, on the other hand, say enough is enough. I eat bacon. There, I said it, and it’s delicious. I also eat ice cream, and if I want a cheeseburger I’ll eat one too, because guess what — I’m a honey badger. So you have fun eating your kidney bean salad with a side of selfloathing; I, on the other hand, am going to do some panhandling — steaks are expensive. …

Eric Weber

Eric, I would like to know what girls on campus can do to get guys to man up and finally ask us out. I feel like they’re more into making use of their skis than making use of the time they could be having with us. Why, if they’re interested, would they rather eat their millionth sushi plate in the caf with me than put their brains and cars to good use? Please tell me this is just a Walla Walla–winter phase and that spring will thaw out their creative minds. — Bored Britney Dear Bored Britney, There is a misconception that men are emotionless droids. They’re not. Guys are scared of rejection, and the last thing their self-confidence needs is a big fat “NO” when they ask you on a date. I’m assuming there is one guy in particular you’re talking about; so B.B., here’s my advice: Woman up. Be a little more forward and let him know you’re interested. Susan B. Anthony didn’t do all that work for nothing. Keep in mind, skiing could be his man time; don’t encroach, but show interest. If no progress is made after all of this, he’s either ignorant or not interested. Move on and get a cool hobby, like Nazi hunting.

EASY

OH, YOU HAVE SWAG?

Need advice? Send me an email at eric.weber@wallawalla.edu and we can anonymously work this out together.

THAT MUST LOOK GREAT ON A RESUME.


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LIFE

SCIENCE & TECH AND HEALTH & WELLNESS

Hearing Renewed Spencer Cutting Science & Tech Editor

Currently, most hearing loss in humans is permanent. The reason for this is because the sensory hair cells in the cochlea, the cells that actually transmit vibration in your ear to neural impulses, don’t grow back when they’re damaged. As a result, hearing loss gets worse and worse as you age. The only treatments currently available are hearing aids and cochlear implants. While these do work, repairing sensory hair cells would be a much better solution. Thankfully, it now seems that that exact

treatment should be possible. Researchers from Harvard Medical School and the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary published an article in Neuron in which they stimulated the growth of new hair cells from nearby support cells.1 They accomplished this feat in a rather clever way. In order to change the support cells into different types of cells, they had to change what genes they were expressing. Every cell in the body contains the entire genome, but any cell with a specific role only expresses, or uses, a small group of them. The group of genes that a cell uses is determined by the transcription factors (proteins that stimulate gene expression) that a cell is exposed to. Put simply, certain proteins can change what a cell does.

In this case, the researchers found that certain transcription factors would change support cells into hair cells but are normally kept inactive by a molecule called Notch2. All they had to do was inhibit Notch, and the support cells would become hair cells. Before doing any animal studies, they identified an effective inhibitor in vitro3. Once the researchers had a good inhibitor, they we able to partially reverse hearing loss in mice. After dissecting the mice, they were able to show that the improved hearing was in fact due to an increase in hair cells, and that the new hair cells were formerly support cells. The project results show that hearing loss from sensory hair damage can actually be reversed. What’s more, they were

able show that they could control the auditory frequency at which they improved the hearing of the mice by changing where in the cochlea they injected the drug. This means that in the future, if this eventually becomes a clinically viable treatment, their drug could even be used to repair frequency-specific hearing loss. 1. “K. Mizutari, M. Fujioka, M. Hosoya, N. Bramhall, H.J. Okano, H. Okano, and A.S.B. Edge, “Notch Inhibition Induces Cochlear Hair Cell Regeneration and Recovery of Hearing after Acoustic Trauma,” Neuron 77:1 58–59, 9 Jan. 2013.” 2. Notch appears in many contexts, and is an important molecule in cell signalling and embryonic development. 3. In vitro literally means “in glass.” In this context it means that they did experiments to see how strongly different compounds inhibited Notch outside of the context of a living creature

Dear Cheese: It’s Not Me, It’s You Karl Wallenkampf Health & Wellness Editor

In his book Eat to Live, Joel Fuhrman, M.D., creates a six-week eating plan which he states can “unleash a biochemical and physiological makeover that will change you forever.”1 I usually sneer at words like these, but my friend Larkin O’Shea actually did follow the advice in this book and his six-pack-plus-two is none too shabby. This plan will seem extreme, but there are some excellent reasons for it. I know that I balked at the absence of fruit juice; after all, it was just about the only drink I could have when I went with no-sugaradded last quarter (which I will continue this quarter). His reason is sound though. “Juicing fruits allows you to quickly consume three times the calories without the fiber to regulate absorption.”2 If you press me, he does state that freshly squeezed fruit juices still contain most of their nutrients; however, nothing whatsoever compares to actually eating the fruit whole — which is really the purpose of the plan: to eat whole foods.3 The absence of animal products

wasn’t too horrible for me, being a vegetarian, but dairy is a hard loss. However, “[T] here is a strong association between dairy lactose and ischemic heart disease … [and] a clear association between milk consumption and bladder, prostate, colorectal, and testicular cancers.”4 Dairy also contains dioxin, which “the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency admits is a prominent cause of many types of cancer in those consuming dairy fat, such as butter and cheese. Cheese is also a powerful inducer of acid load, [which] increases calcium loss further.”5 His recommendation: “the more … healthy green vegetables (both raw and cooked) you eat, the healthier you will be and the thinner you will become.”6 His plan is simple, which I quote from page 284 of his book. There are three sections: foods that you can consume unlimited amounts of, limited amounts of, and none of: UNLIMITED: ■ All raw vegetables (goal: 1 lb. daily) ■ Cooked green and non-green nutrientrich vegetables (goal: 1 lb. daily; nongreen nutrient rich vegetables are egg-

plant, mushrooms, peppers, onions, tomatoes, carrots, and cauliflower) ■ Beans, legumes, bean sprouts, and tofu (goal: 1 cup daily) ■ Fresh fruits (at least four daily; the cafeteria has apples, oranges, and bananas all day, and pineapple, cantaloupe, and honeydew for breakfast) LIMITED: ■ Cooked, starchy vegetables or whole grains (not more than one serving, or 1 cup, daily; butternut and acorn squash, corn, white potatoes, rice, sweet potatoes, bread, cereal) ■ Raw nuts and seeds (1 oz. max. daily) ■ Avocado (2 oz. max. daily) ■ Dried fruit (2 Tbsp. max. daily) ■ Ground flaxseeds (1 Tbsp. max. daily) OFF LIMITS: ■ Dairy products ■ Animal products ■ Between-meal snacks

■ Fruit juice ■ Oils If you think you will be hungry, you won’t be: you can eat unlimited amounts of green veggies and the like. You will crave old foods, yes, but those cravings can be broken, as mine were for sugar last quarter. You may think his advice and my attempt to follow it are extreme, but only time will tell. Fuhrman’s mastery of nutrition and the 54 pages of the nutritional studies he cited have me convinced. If you want any more information, or want to read the book itself, contact me. On Mar. 1, demand from me my own testimonial … or wait until the spring break beach pictures. 1. Joel Fuhrman, Eat to Live: The Amazing Nutrient-Rich Program for Fast and Sustained Weight Loss (New York: Little, Brown and Co., 2012), 277. 2. Fuhrman, 285. 3. Fuhrman, 38-39. 4. Fuhrman, 142. 5. Fuhrman, 143. 6. Fuhrman, 96.


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Warm Winter Beverages Amy Alderman Food Editor

It’s officially bone-chillingly cold outside, and I have found myself to be cold for upward of at least a month now. Therefore, I have come up with a new “don’t leave home A.S.B. without it” checklist, which consists of

ear f n

LIFE

FOODIE

Merino-wool socks, a down feather jacket, insulated mittens, and last but not least, a travel mug full of a piping-hot beverage. When I was in San Francisco last year, I had the opportunity to visit Ghirardelli Square, where I purchased a Lombard Street Hot Cocoa. Needless to say, it was delicious. If you can’t find the specific kind of Ghirardelli chocolate which I have listed,

you may substitute it with an equal amount of milk or dark chocolate of your choosing. Did you know that there is quite a difference between loose leaf tea and tea bags? Although both products originate from the same plant, loose leaf tea is comprised of hand-picked buds, large leaf pieces, or a combination of the two. Tea bags usually consist of the fannings

(dusts) or smaller pieces of tea leaves, of a lesser quality, giving off a harsher flavor but providing a quicker cup of tea. Tea tip: If you like your tea strong, don’t steep it for longer than the suggested time as it will become bitter. Instead, add more tea leaves to the water and steep for the recommended amount of time.

Lombard Street Hot Cocoa1 4 Ghirardelli Milk and Truffle SQUARES™ chocolates (substitute: 2+ oz. of milk or dark chocolate) 8 oz. steamed milk (substitute: soy or almond) Steam milk to approximately 145–175°F. Place four pieces of chocolate in the milk and stir with spoon until melted completely. Serve immediately. 1. “ghirardelli.com/sites/default/files/locationsevents/Ghirmenu_Oct2012.pdf.”

Photos by Amy Alderman

Loose Leaf Tea 2–3 tsp. loose leaf tea 8 oz. water Heat water to required temperature. Add corresponding amount of tea per water equivalent. Steep for allotted time. Serve immediately.

Apple Cider, Anyone?

Tea Type2 Temp (F) tsp./8 oz. Steep (mins.) White

175°

3

4–5

Green

175°

2

45 sec–1 min

Oolong

195°

2

3

Black

195–205°

2

2

Mate

208°

3

5–6

Rooibos

208°

3

5–6

Herbal

208°

3

5–6

2. Table adapted from teavana.com/tea-info/how-to-make-tea.

If you’re looking for a healthier alternative, try this apple cider: 4 cups apple juice, 5 whole cloves, 4 cinnamon sticks, 3 whole cardamom pods, 1-inch piece of ginger, ½ tsp. lemon zest, and ½ orange (thinly sliced). Add all ingredients into a pot, except the orange, and simmer on medium-low heat for approximately 20 minutes, adding the orange in during the last five minutes. Strain cider and serve immediately.


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SPORTS

Aloof Brothers Trevor Boyson

News Former Oregon coach Chip Kelly is now officially with the Philadelphia Eagles. Canadian Football league coach Marc Trestman just received the Chicago Bears coaching job. Notre Dame’s Manti Te’o lied about losing his girlfriend this season, revealing his story of inspiration to be a hoax.

Sports Editor

The world can be a cruel, cruel place. Business, likewise, can often be heartless. All sports teams are businesses. The decisions that are most significant to an organization often happen away from the playing field or the locker room. Owners have the right to do what they want with their teams. Sadly, those choices sometimes stray from a sole desire to win for the fans. Sacramento fans have found themselves on the losing end of one of these situations and at the mercy of the Kings’ owners: the Maloof brothers. The Kings’ history under the Maloof reign has been troubled to stay the least. At one point, they wanted to build a new arena for their team, paid for by a tax hike for the local citizens. Talks of moving the team to Las Vegas and Anaheim have come

and gone, leaving fans on pins and needles, unsure if their beloved team will even be around the next season. Most recently, there are talks of selling the Kings to Seattle investors looking to move the franchise to the Northwest city. But a wrinkle in the story has developed. The Maloofs are not only looking to sell the team and have it moved to Seattle, but they also want to retain a say in how the franchise is run. It’s hard to believe. They want control over a team in which they would, at most, own only a small percentage. It would give them the profit of selling the team while providing the fun venue to run a basketball team. You can’t have your cake and eat it too, Maloof brothers. You’re a cancer to the sports world. Treat your loyal fans with some respect. The business world of sports can indeed coexist with doing the right thing. You can run a profitable team while treating the fans rightly. There are too many examples to mention.

It won’t be more than a minor victory if this current deal falls through. Given the chance, the Maloof brothers will simply be at their shenanigans again. Their blatant disregard for fans, and the irreparable damage it continues to do to the Kings’ fanbase — even tarnishing the NBA — proves that they don’t belong in the sports business. The Kings franchise will only be safe when the Maloofs don’t own a shred of the team — no matter the city in which they’re based. Until then, they will attempt to squeeze every ounce of life out of the franchise and its fans. Sacramento’s story is an unsettling reminder that we, as fans, are quite literally spectators: interested parties with absolutely no say in the matter. But, as in life, just because you have the ability to do something that damages others doesn’t mean that it’s the right thing to do. The mayor of Sacramento is working with local investors to try to purchase the team to keep it in town. Let’s hope it works out.

No “We” in Elite Trevor Boyson

Sports Editor

Elite usually refers to a group: The cream of the crop, the top dogs in the game. Elite is reserved for a select few, who set themselves apart as something special. But when game time rolls around on Sunday, there will only be one elite quarterback: Tom Brady. When most quarterbacks are compared in the playoffs, it always seems to come down to playoff experience. It’s the “X Factor.” Playoff experience, especially playoff wins, indicate a quarterback who can lead a team to greatness. Stats, teammates, and coaching all matter, but on that gridiron in crunch time, the man you want at the helm of your team is the one who’s done it before. But get this: None of the other quar-

terbacks have even been to the Super Bowl. Tom Brady? He’s been to five. Oh, and did I mention that he won four of them? In smashing on the Texans, Tom Brady eclipsed all-time great Tom Montana with 17 playoff victories to put him first of all time. If he wins this year, he’ll be tied for

“Tom Brady is a complete competitor.” first with the aforementioned Joe Montana and Terry Bradshaw. He’s already in the class of the best all time, not to mention the best in the game today. We didn’t expect this from the Patriots this year. We said the weak pass defense of the Patriots would keep Brady away from

the big stage this year. Apparently, if you score enough points, you’re golden. Tight end Rob Gronkowski got injured this year, and we said that shot their chances at a deep run in the playoffs. Well, they made it, and I would argue they’re the favorites to win it. To see how much Brady means to this team, just look at the numbers from this last game against the Texans: 344 yards, three touchdowns, and a passer rating at 115. Honestly, it’s unreal. When some quarterbacks struggle, or look up at they scoreboard and see themselves behind, they fold. Not Brady: One capable of blowing a game wide open from the get-go, or inducing a laser-focused rage to battle back from the brink of defeat, Tom Brady is a complete competitor. I, for one, simply can’t wait to see what he produces this weekend.


LIFE 23

EWB in Action A New Start It is a new year, and EWB-WWU is off to a brand-new start. Our most recently completed project in Honduras was a success, providing classroom space for approximately 250 students. The best part is that the cost per student per year to construct these classrooms was just $7.05. We were also able to provide electricity to the classrooms, which enables the communities to teach adulteducation classes in the evenings for up to 500 adults. Help Us Find Our Next International Project (Speak Spanish?) We are currently in the process of choosing a new international project. We have put together a research team to take point on this search and have come up with some promising options. We currently have contacts in Ecuador and Guyana, are working with the Peace Corps in Peru and Costa Rica, and are working on getting contacts with ADRA and other well-founded service organizations. Additionally, we are working with contacts in about 10 other EWB clubs, but we still need all the help we can get. Our research team is in need of Spanish translators: If you can read, speak, and/or write in Spanish, please contact Bryce Hill, EWB project VP, at bryce.hill@wallawalla.edu. If you also know of a small community in a third world country that is need of engineering expertise, please let us know. Help point EWBWWU in the right direction. Local Project on the Go Our local project at SonBridge is kicking off. The SonBridge Community Center is devoted to providing help and valuable resources — medical care, dental care, education, and referrals to social services — to the underserved. Help us help SonBridge better serve our community. This local project entails construction and design work. Nathan Curry (senior mechanical engineering major), who is the project manager for this endeavor, is putting together a team. If you are interested in gaining valuable reallife experience while serving your community, please contact him at nathan.curry@wallawalla.edu. Once he has assembled a team, the members will start creating “as-builts,” which are CAD (computer-generated) drawings of the structure as it is. If you would like to contribute other non-engineering skills to help this project run smoothly, please do not hesitate to contact him. For more information on how to get involved, you can contact Caitlin Lupo at caitlin.lupo@wallawalla.edu and Michael Slusser at michael.slusser@ wallawalla.edu. Read more about us at ewb-wwu.org.

OPEN SENATE DISTRICTS DISTRICT 2

Sittner South

DISTRICT 3

Meske/Married

DISTRICT 7

Hallmark/Faculty Court/ University-Owned Housing

DECLARATION OF CANDIDACY Allison Berger for District 6: Mountain View/Birch Apartments


“The best thing since sliced bread.”

Verbatim SUPER JEWEL QUEST “Think about being a unicorn.” — Kraig Scott, on correct singing

“Where do fish have fins? I don’t know.” — Ron Jolliffe

“I just told a story about your mother; I’m sorry you missed it.” — Linda Emmerson, to a tardy student

“He actually goes on cougar hunts, and not the woman kind. I have a picture if you want to see.” — Amy Alderman, on dating a geographer

“Who are we judging? I’d hate to miss an opportunity.” — Cedric Thiel

Questers, this week takes the form of straight-up scavenger hunt. No riddles, really. Just good sleuthing skills. The first jewel may require patience. Email me when you’ve found a jewel, and I’ll give you a great prize!

This first jewel is hid in a place that you know, but its clue’s taped beneath the bench, right by the hole:

tinyurl.com/heeleye2.

Its location, like this jewel’s, is plain if you look. In plain English it’s written inside of this book:

LB

2331 M482.

This next clue as well, not a riddle at all. Go to Conard Courtyard and look where water falls.

Which professor would make the best Luchador? “Nestler. It’s his quirky personality. He could develop a good persona. ... ” Manny Rodriguez

“Pedrito. He’s my man.” Cheyenne Nation

“Does it have to be a professor? How about Blackwelder?” Steve Miceli

“The only person I can think of is Monte. ... ” Kaitlynn James

“Jon Dybdahl.” Kevin Ellis

Hear something funny? Report it! julian.weller@wallawalla.edu

Julian Weller The Heel Editor

For our first CommUnity this quarter, Jon Talbert spoke on the importance of service to Christianity. In The Case for God, Karen Armstrong agrees, writing that just as you can’t fully appreciate a symphony by looking at sheet music, you can’t appreciate an ideology without practicing it. James 2:20 says, “Faith without works is dead.” So there. The problem is that modern life enables communities to dissolve. With the ability to ship things around the world, we don’t need marketplaces. Rather than needing certain people for certain skills, we’re

taught to do many of the same daily tasks the same way. We can all read, write, go to Walmart, and commute a long way to work alone. Cars unbind us from the constraints of distance, so we don’t even need to talk to anyone in town. I like technology, but these are tangible downsides. Even geographically we’re further apart than ever because most of America was built after the Industrial Revolution. Munich has 1.4 million people across roughly 120 square miles. Seattle is far more spread out, with 621,000 people across 143 square miles. In terms of density, you are 54 percent less likely to meet a hottie on the empty streets of Seattle than in Munich (assuming each city is equally attractive. Your odds are probably worse than that, sorry). It is easier now than ever to not participate in a community, which makes it easier than ever to

live separately from each other’s troubles. Spread farther apart and more isolated from each other, community doesn’t happen as naturally. It’s harder to help each other out. In older cultures, there were at least some provisions in place to help the needy in a community. Widows were married to brothers-in-law. Lepers were … ostracized. … It wasn’t perfect. But as Talbert’s talk and Armstrong’s book reminded me, the best thing a religious community can do is fill in the holes enabled by modernity. The Longest Table is more than getting free food. Once a community is assembled, it’s easier to assess its needs. In high school, none of my friends cared about my beliefs, they were interested in bonfires at my house, and improv in my church basement. Jack Johnson knows — we’re better together.

Without stimuli, communities, like people, can stagnate. As confirmed by my friends and my mom, being at home too long is awful if you don’t stay busy. Your restlessness is exacerbated by your mother walking into your room three hours before any reasonable person on vacation can be expected to wake up, trying to talk to you about your day. You groan and flail your arms. You tie your covers in a knot around your head. It’s important to find balance between individuals and their communities, private and public life, and the expectations they have of each other. On one hand, maybe I should vacuum; on the other hand, get out of my room, it’s only nine! Those ideas — balance, community, and culture — are some I’ll be pursuing in coming weeks. In the meantime, this week, do something new, something old.


Volume 97, Issue 12