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AtÚbambXns\ A\mNmcsa¶pv Bt£]n¨p, ]pÑn¨v, ]n´Ånbncp¶ Nn´mioew amÁn bphXeapd tPymXnj ^e `mK \nÀ®b§sf DÄs¡mÅp¶Xn kt´mjap −v. A\mZnImew apX {Kl, \£{X, {KlW, ]©mwK ^e\nÀ®b§fneqsSbpw, XXzmht_m[¯neqsSbpÅ ImeKW\bneqsSbpw, \½psS ]qÀÆoIÀ, \ne\nÀ¯n, \ntj[\ntj[§tfbpw, IpXÀ¡§ tfbpw AXnPohn¨v, imkv{XmhKmlt¯msS NÀ¨ sN¿s¸Sp¶ tPymXnjimkv{Xw temIP\XbpsS N£pÊmbn {]IoÀ¯n¡ s¸SpIXs¶ sN¿pw. tIcfob tPymXnj ]mTy{Ia¯n N{µm[njvTnXamb cmin ^e§fpsS ^e`mK§Ä A]{KYn¨v IqdpIfpsS ^e§Ä {]h Nn¨ncn¡p¶ Cu amÀ¤tcJ DÄs¡m−v Xn· ]cnlcn¡phm\pw, \· hÀ²n¸n¡phm\pw \ap¡p km[n¡s«. \£{X§sf ASn Øm\am¡n s]mXpkz`mhhpw, Hmtcmtcm amk§fntebpw A\p`hkm²yXIfpw, ]cnlmcImcy§fpw, cXv\[mcW \nÀtZyiy §fpw CXn DÄs¡mÅn¨n«p−v. Cu hÀjw BZyw apX sabvamkw IqSnbpÅ kabw hsc s]mXpsh k¡À½ §Ä¡p hÀ²\hpIfpw kXzKpW{][m\ amb Imcy§fn P\{i²bpw, kmaqlnIambn Ass[cyhpw kPP\§Ä¡p A`nhr²nIfpw A\p`hs¸Spw. Pq¬amkw apX epÅ Ime¯v A[mÀ½nIXbpw hymPamb IÀ½§fpw \S ¯p¶hÀ kaql¯n HÁs¸Spw. A[nImc Øm\§Ä¡pw A[nImcnIÄ¡pw tbmKyX hÀ²n¡p¶Xpaqew B`y´c Iel §Ä¡v Ipdhphcpw. kam[m\ PohnXw A\p`hs¸Spw. Pehn`h §Ä¡v hÀ²\, hnZqcØe§fnepffhÀ¡v km¼¯nIm`nhr²n F¶nh D−mIpw. ]nXrP\ hntcm[§fpw Zm¼Xy Iel§fpw lrZbkw_Ôamb hnjaXfpw hÀ²n¡pw. A[nImc hntI{µo IcW§Ä {]Xo£n¡mw. km¼¯nIØm]\§Ä A[: ]Xn¡pw. sshjvWh {]oXnIc§fmb k¡À½§fpw kpIrXIÀ½ §fpw kaql¯n IqSpXe\p`hs¸Spw. hr²P\§Ä¡v IqSp X ]cnc£Ww D−mIpw. ]pcpj·mÀ¡v 2010 s]mXphmbn DbÀ¨ A\p`hs¸Sp¶XmWv.

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1.

taS°qdv. AizXn, `cWn, Im¿ØnI 15 \mgnI Cu Iqdn P\n¨hÀ s]mXpsh `mKyhm·mcpw kz{]bXv\ ¯m PohnX¯n DbÀ¨ A\p`hs¸Sp¶hcpamWv. _p²n iànbpw {]hÀ¯\£aXbpw ØntcmÕmlhpw £am ioehp apÅ C¡q«À im´{]IrX¡mcmWv. hn\bhpw kXykÔXbpw amXrImKpW§fpw aqew C¡q«À kÖ\k½Xn t\Spw. Iem, hnt\mZ, ImbnI, {Iakam[m\ cwK§fnepÅhÀ¡v {]ikvXnbpw ]pckv¡mceÏnbpw A\p`hs¸Spw. bpàn¡p ap³Xq¡w \ÂIn {]bXv\n¡p¶ ChÀ Bßm`nam\nIfmWv. km¼¯nI AØncX, am²yØkz`mhw, hyànXz \ncq]Wkz`mhw, ap³tIm]w, FÃm htcmSpapÅ ASp¸w, Kpcp¡³amtcmSpw ]qÀÆoItcmSpapÅ _lpam\w, Øncamb CÑmiàn Imcy§Ä sh«n¯pd¶p ]dbp¶ kz`mhw F¶nh ChcpsS {]tXyIXIfmWv. {]mtbmKn I]cnÚm\w, AhKmltijn, Imcy{]m]vXn F¶nhaqew kmaq ly {]hÀ¯\§fn tbmKyXbpw {i²bpw AwKoImchpw ssIhcn¡pw. Nn«bmb {]hÀ¯\£aXbpw t\XrXzKpW§fpw aqew PohnX¯n Akqbmhlamb t\«w ssIhcn¡pw. ap³tIm ]hpw, [rXnbpw aqew A_²§Ä kw`hn¡pw. s]mXpsh ]Ým ¯m]w {]ISn¸n¡p¶ Xc¡mcmWv. Øncamb klmbnIfpw `rXy ·mcpw IpdhmIpsa¦nepw klmbnIfpw, D¶X·mcpw aqew Hu¶ Xyw hcpw. ss]XrI ]mc¼cy k¼¯pIÄ aqew DbÀ¨ ssIhcn ¡pw. krjvSn]chpw Bkq{XnXhpamb Imcy§fn AWnbdbn {]hÀ¯n¡phm\pÅ Xm¸cyapÅhcmWv Cu Iqdn P\n¨hÀ. Ffp¸w kt´mjn¡p¶ C¡q«À¡v [mcmfw kplr¯p¡fp −mIpw. Iq«pI¨hS§fn AØncXbpw hnhmltijw ]ptcmK Xnbpw ZriyamIpw. BtemN\¡pdhpaqeapÅ A_²§f \p`hs¸Spw. bm{Xmioew IqSpXepÅhcmWv. km¼¯nI {IaoIc W§fn Ak´pãn¡p km²yXbp−v. kz´amb {]hÀ¯\ ssien cq]oIcn¡p¶ C¡q«À al¯mb hy ànXzapÅhcmWv. A{im´]cn{iaw aqew hnZym`ymk¯nepw IÀ½cwK§fnepw hnP bw t\Sp¶hcmWv C¡q«À. PohnX¯n AanXamb thKX ImWn¡p¶ C¡q«À kzX{´Nn´mtijnbpÅhcmWv. Krl¯n t\mSpw kzP\§tfmSpw IqSpX Xmev]cyw ImWn¡p¶ ChÀ¡v kzP\hntcm[hpw IqSpXembn A\p`hs¸Spw. `rXy·mÀ, hml\ §Ä, teml§Ä, ^mÎdnIÄ, ImÀjnIImcy§Ä, KpcpP\§Ä, Huj[§Ä, s]mXp Imcy§Ä, ]«mf t]meokv hn`mK§Ä F¶nhbpambn _Ôs¸« {]hÀ¯\§fn hnPbhpw {]ikvXn bpw t\Spw. t\Xr Xz]camb D¯chmZnXzhpw tk\m\mbIXzhpw A`nhr²n{]Z§fmWv. Iem]cambn DbÀ¨ t\Spw. \nÀ½mW {]hÀ¯\ cwK§fn t\«ap−mIpw. XSاsf AXnPohn ¡m\pw, Imcymhkm\w hsc CSs]Sphm\papÅ ChcpsS tijn {]iwk\obamWv. ZoÀLmbpÊv, `mKyw, ssZhm[o\w, {]Xm]w F¶nh \ne\nev¡p¶hcmWv. PohnX¯ns³dbpw {]hr¯nIfp tSbpw BZyL«w hnjaXIfpw {ItaW A`nhr²nbpw A\p`hn ¡pw. s]mXsh \mUohyqlP\yamb AkpJ§\p`hs¸Spw. Cu Iqdn P\n¨ kv{XoIÄ s]mXsh hnhmltijw kam[m\ PohnXa\p`hn¡pw. kÕ´m\ KpWapÅhcmWv. hnimJw Ah km\s¯ 15 \mgnI, A\ngw, Xrt¡«, hrÝnI¡qdv. Aãacmin ¡qdmIbm ip`Imcy§Ä¡p hÀÖyamWv. taS¡qdn P\n ¨hÀ¡v s]mXphmbn amWnIyw (rubi) sNdp hncensemgnsI [cn¡p¶Xpw, iqen\ob{´w [cn¡p¶Xpw, AizXn \£{X¯n P\n¨hÀ¡v sN¼hngw (red coral) tamXnchncentem Nq−phnc entem [cn¡p¶Xpw, sshUqcyw (turquicise) [cn¡p¶Xpw, `cWn \£{X¯n P\n¨hÀ¡v t\À¯ ]pjycmKw (topas) sNdp hncensemgnsI [cn¡p¶Xpw, h{Pw (daimound) sNdphncentem \Sphncentem [cn¡p¶Xpw, ImÀ¯nI\£{X¯n P\n¨hÀ¡v h{Pw (daimound) sNdphncentem \Sphncentem [cn¡p¶Xpw, amWnIyw(rubi) sNdphncensemgnsI [cn¡p¶Xpw, A`nImayamWv. 2010  ap³]nÃm¯ hn[w KpW§fpw, \à Imcy§Ä¡v IqSpX [\w Nnehp sN¿p¶Xpaqew ]ptcmKXnbpw A\p`hs¸Spw.

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2.

FSh°qdv. Im¿ØnI 45 \mgnI,tcmlnWn, aIocyw 30\mgnI

Cu Iqdn P\n¨hÀ s]mXpsh _p²nam·mcpw `mKyhm·mcpw kz{]bXv\¯m PohnX¯n DbÀ¨ A\p`hs¸Sp¶hcpamWv. _p²niànbpw Bkq{XnXamb {]hÀ¯\ £aXbpw Øntcm Õmlhpw £am ioehpapÅ C¡q«À im´{]IrX¡cmWv. kXykÔXbpw amXrImKpW§fpw aqew C¡q«À kÖ\k½Xn t\Spw. Iem]camb tbmKyXbpw, {]mb¡qSpXepÅhcpambpÅ klhmkhpw aqew, ChÀ¡v ]IzX IqSpXembncn¡pw. hnt\mZ, ImbnI cwK§fnepÅhÀ¡v {]ikvXnbpw ]pckv¡mc eÏnbpw A\p`hs¸Spw. kz´w {]bXv\s¯ DbÀ¯n¡mWn¡p¶ {]IrX¡mcmb ChÀ Bßm`nam\nIfmWv.km ¼¯nI ØncX, am²yØ kz`mh¯nepw, am\knIam bpw ]£]mXkz`mhw, aÁp Å hÀ¡p KpWw Ipdhmbnt¯m¶p¶ Imcy§fn \n¶p t]mepw t\«ap−m¡p¶ {]Ir Xw, hyànXz \ncq]Wkz`mhw, ap³tIm]w, FÃmhtcmSp apÅ ASp¸w, Kpcp¡³amtcmSpw ]qÀÆoItcmSpapÅ _lpam\w, Øncamb CÑmiàn F¶nh ChcpsS {]tXyIXI fmWv. {]mtbmKnI]cnÚm\w, AhKmltijn, Imcy{]m]vXn F¶nhaqew kmaqly {]hÀ¯\fn tbmKyX ssIhcn¡pw. Nn« bmb {]hÀ¯\ £aXbpw t\XrXzKpW§fpw aqew Akqbm hlamb t\«w ssIhcn¡pw. ap³tIm]hpw, [rXnbpw aqew A_²§Ä kw`hn¡pw. s]mXpsh ]Ým¯m]w {]ISn¸n¡p¶ Xc¡mcmWv. Øncamb klmbnIfpw `rXy·mcpw IpdhmIp sa¦nepw klmbnIfpw, D¶X·mcpw aqew Hu¶Xyw hcpw. ss] XrI ]mc¼cy k¼¯pIfpw {]hr¯nIfpw aqew DbÀ¨ ssI hcn¡pw. krjvSn]chpw Bkq{XnXhpamb Imcy§fn AWnbd bn {]hÀ¯n¡phm\pÅ Xm¸cyapÅhcmWv Cu Iqdn P\n ¨hÀ. ho−phnNmcanÃm¯ FSp¯pNm«w A_²§Ä hcp¯pw. Ffp¸w kt´mjn¡p¶ C¡q«À¡v [mcmfw kplr¯p¡fp−mIpw. Iq«pI¨hS§fn AØncXbpw hnhmltijw ]ptcm KXnbpw ZriyamIpw. ktlmZc§Ä aqew KpWtZmj an{i^e ambncn¡pw A\p`hs¸SpI. bm{Xm ioew IqSpXepÅhcmWv. km¼¯nI{IaoIcW§fn Ak´pãn¡p km²yXbp−.v kz´ amb {]hÀ¯\ssien cq]oIcn¡p¶ C¡q«À al¯mb hyàn XzapÅhcmWv. A{im´]cn{iaw aqew hnZym`ymk¯nepw IÀ½ cwK§fnepw hnPbw t\Sp¶hcmWv C¡q«À. kzX{´Nn´m tijnbpw Dulmt]mlhpw IqSpXepÅhcmWv. Krl¯nt\mSpw kzP\§tfmSpw IqSpX Xmev]cyw ImWn¡p¶ ChÀ¡v kzP\ hntcm[hpw A\p`hs¸Spw. `rXy·mÀ, hml\§Ä, `£Ww, teml§Ä, ^mÎdnIÄ, ImÀjnI Imcy§Ä, ]qÀÆoIk¼¯v, Huj[§Ä F¶nhbpambn _Ôs¸ « {]hÀ¯\§fn hnPbw t\Spw. Ubdn^mw, Iem]camb {]IS\§Ä, am²yØkz`mhw ImWn¡p¶ {]hr¯nIÄ, \nbaw, \oXn\ymbw, GP³kn GÀ¸mSpIÄ, ]qÀÆoIk¼ ¯v F¶nhbpw t\«§fp−m¡pw. aqew, ]qcmSw, D{XmSw BZys¯15 \mgnI, [\p¡qdv. Aãa cmin¡qdmIbm ip`Imcy§Ä¡p hÀÖyamWv. Cu Iqdn P\n¨hÀ¡v s]mXphmbn C{µ \oew (yellow sapphire), lapees laloosi F¶o cXv\§Ä sNdphncentem \Sphncentem Nq−p hncentem [cn¡p¶Xpw, almkpZÀi\ b{´w [cn¡p¶Xpw, ImÀ¯nI \£{X¯n P\n¨hÀ¡v h{Pw (daimound) sNdp hncentem \Sphncentem [cn¡p¶Xpw, amWnIyw (rubi) sNdp hncensemgnsI [cn¡p¶Xpw, tcmlnWn, \£{X ¯n P\n¨hÀ¡v N{µIm´w, ap¯v (pearl) F¶nh sNdphncentem tamXnc hncentem [cn¡p¶Xpw, aIocyw \£{X¯n P\n¨hÀ¡v sN¼hngw (red coral) tamXnchncentem Nq−phnc entem [cn¡p¶Xpw, acXIw (emarald) sNdphncentem tamXnc hncentem [cn¡p¶Xpw, A`nImayamWv. 2010  \qX\amb {]hÀ ¯\§Ä aqew KpWm\p`h§fpw, DbÀ¨bpw A\p`hs¸Spw.

3


3.

anYp\°qdv. aIocyw 30 \mgnI,XncphmXnc, ]pW¿Xw 45\mgnI

Cu Iqdn P\n¨hÀ s]mXpsh `mKyhm·mcpw kz{]bXv\¯m PohnX¯n DbÀ¨ A\p`hs¸Sp¶hcpamWv. _p²niànbpw {]hÀ¯\£aXbpw ØntcmÕmlhpw £am ioehpapÅ C¡q«À im´{]IrX¡mcmWv. hn\bhpw kXy kÔXbpw amXrImKpW§fpw aqew C¡q«À kÖ\k½Xn t\Spw. Iem, hnt\mZ, ImbnI cwK§fnepÅhÀ¡v {] ikvXnbpw ]pckv¡mceÏnbpw A\p`hs¸Spw. bpàn¡p ap³Xq¡w \ÂIn {]bXv\n ¡p¶ ChÀ Bßm`nam\nIfmWv. km¼¯nI AÿncX, am≤yÿ kz`mhw, hy‡nXz \ncq]Wkz`mhw, ap≥tIm]w, F√m htcmSpap≈ ASp∏w, Kpcp°≥amtcmSpw ]q¿∆oItcmSpap≈ _lp am\w, ÿncamb C—mi‡n F∂nh ChcpsS {]tXy IXIfmWv. {]mtbmKn I]cn⁄m\w, AhKmltijn, Imcy {]m]vXn F∂nh aqew kmaqly{]h¿Ø\fn¬ tbmKyX ssI hcn°pw. Nn´bmb {]h¿Ø\£aXbpw t\XrXzKpWßfpw aqew Akqbmhlamb t\´w ssIhcn°pw. ap≥tIm]hpw, [rXnbpw aqew A_≤߃ kw`hn°pw. s]m Xpsh ]›mØm]w {]ISn ∏n°p∂Xc°mcmWv. ÿncamb klmbnIfpw `rXy∑mcpw Ipd hmIpsa¶nepw klmbn Ifpw, D∂X∑mcpw aqew Hu∂Xyw hcpw. ss]XrI ]mcºcy kº ØpIƒ aqew Db¿® ssIhcn°pw. krjvSn]chpw Bkq{Xn Xhpamb Imcyßfn¬ AWnbdbn¬ {]h¿Øn°phm\p≈ Xm¬∏ cyap≈hcmWv Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿. Ffp∏w kt¥mjn°p∂ C°q´¿°v [mcmfw kplrØp°fpmIpw. Iq´pI®hSßfn¬ AÿncXI fpw hnhmltijw ]ptcmKXnbpw ZriyamIpw. bm{Xm ioew IqSpXep≈hcmWv. kmºØnI {Iao IcWßfn¬ Ak¥p „n°p km≤yXbpv. kz¥amb {]h¿Ø\ ssien cq]oIcn°p∂ C°q´¿ alØmb hy‡nXzap≈hcmWv. A{im¥]cn{iaw aqew hnZym`ymkØnepw I¿ΩcwKßfnepw hnPbw t\Sp∂hcmWv C°q´¿. PohnXØn¬ AanXamb thKX ImWn°p∂ C°q´¿ kzX{¥Nn¥mtijnbp≈hcmWv. KrlØn t\mSpw kzP\ß tfmSpw IqSpX¬ Xmev]cyw ImWn°p∂ Ch¿°v kzP\hntcm [hpw A\p`hs∏Spw. `rXy∑m¿, hml\߃, teml ߃, ^mŒdnIƒ, Im¿jnIImcy߃, KpcpP\߃, Huj[߃ F∂n hbpambn _‘s∏´ {]h¿Ø\ßfn¬ hnPbw t\Spw. t\XrXz]camb DØchmZnXzhpw tk\m \mbIXzhpw A`nhr≤n{]ZßfmWv. Iem]c ambn Db¿® t\Spw. \n¿ΩmW {]h¿Ø\ cwKßfn¬ t\´apmIpw. Zo¿Lmbp v, `mKyw, ssZhm[o\w, {]Xm]w F∂nh \ne\nev°p ∂h cmWv.. c‡kw_‘hpw \mUohyqlP\yamb AkpJß\p`hs∏Spw. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n® kv{XoIƒ hnhmltijw kam[m\ PohnX a\p`hn°pw. hnjvWphnt\hpw KW]Xntbbpw inht\bpw `Pn°p∂Xv \∑ h¿≤n∏n°pw. D{XmSw 45 \mgnI, XncpthmWw, Ahn´w 30\mgnI, aIc°qdv. A„acmin°qdm Ibm¬ ip`Imcy߃°p h¿÷yamWv. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿°v s]mXphmbn tKmtaXIw (beryl),

aqua mmaraine, F∂o cXv\߃ [cn°p∂Xpw, Zp¿§m]camb b{¥w [cn°p∂Xpw, aIocyw \£{XØn¬ P\n®h¿°v v sNºhngw (red coral)tamXnc hncentem Nq- phncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, acXIw (emarald) sNdphncentem tamXnc hncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, Xncp hmXnc, \£{XØn¬ P\n®h¿°v C{µ \oew (yellow sapphire), sNdphncentem \Sphncentem Nq- p hncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, tKmtaXIw (beryl), [cn°p∂Xpw, ]pW¿Xw \£{XØn¬ P\n® h¿°v a™ ]pjycmKw (yellow topas) sNdphncensemgnsI [cn°p∂Xpw, acXIw (emarald) sNdphncentem tamXnc hnc entem [cn°p∂Xpw, A`nImayamWv. 2010 ¬ taeptZymKÿcptS bpw apXn¿∂hcptSbpw B\pIqeywaqew ]ptcmKXn A\p`hs∏Spw

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4.

I¿°nSI°qdv. ]pW¿Xw 15\mgnI, ]qbw, Bbneyw.

Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿ s]mXpsh `mKyhm∑mcpw kz{]bXv\Øm¬ PohnXØn¬ Db¿® A\p`hs∏Sp∂hcpamWv. _p≤ni‡nbpw {]h¿Ø\£aXbpw ÿntcm’mlhpw £am ioehpap≈ C°q´¿ im¥{]IrX°mcmWv. hn\bhpw kXy k‘Xbpw amXrImKpWßfpw aqew C°q´¿ k÷\kΩXn t\Spw. Iem, hnt\mZ, ImbnI cwKßfnep≈h¿°v {] ikvXnbpw ]pckv°mceœnbpw A\p`hs∏Spw. bp‡n°p ap≥Xq°w \¬In {]bXv\n °p∂ Ch¿ Bflm`nam\nIfmWv. kmºØnI Aÿn cX, am≤yÿ kz`mhw, hy‡nXz \ncq]Wkz`mhw, ap≥tIm]w, F√mhtcmSpap≈ ASp∏w, Kpcp°≥amtcmSpw ]q¿∆oI tcmSpap≈ _lpam\w, ÿncamb C—mi‡n F∂nh ChcpsS {]tXyIX IfmWv. {]mtbm KnI]cn⁄m\w, AhKmltijn, Imcy{]m]vXn F∂nhaqew kmaqly{]h¿Ø\fn¬ tbmKyX ssIhcn°pw. Nn´bmb {]h¿Ø\£aXbpw t\XrXzKpWßfpw aqew Akqbm hlamb t\´w ssIhcn°pw. ap≥tIm]hpw, [rXnbpw aqew A_≤߃ kw`hn°pw. s]mXpsh ]›mØm]w {]ISn∏n°p∂ Xc°mcmWv. ÿncamb klmbnIfpw `rXy∑mcpw IpdhmIp sa¶nepw klmbnIfpw, D∂X∑mcpw aqew Hu∂Xyw hcpw. ss]XrI ]mcºcy kºØpIƒ aqew Db¿® ssIhcn°pw. krjvSn]chpw Bkq{XnXhpamb Imcyßfn¬ AWnbdbn¬ {]h¿Øn°phm\p≈ Xm¬∏cyap≈hcmWv Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿. Ffp∏w kt¥mjn°p∂ C°q´¿°v [mcmfw kplrØp°fpmIpw. Iq´pI®hSßfn¬ AÿncX bpw hnhmltijw ]ptcmKXnbpw ZriyamIpw. bm{Xmioew IqSpXep≈hcmWv. kmºØnI {Iao IcWßfn¬ Ak¥p„n°p km≤yXbp- v. kz¥amb {]h¿Ø \ssien cq]oI cn°p∂ C°q´¿ alØmb hy‡nXzap≈hcmWv. A{im¥]cn{iaw aqew hnZym`ymkØnepw I¿ΩcwKßfnepw hnPbw t\Sp∂hcmWv C°q´¿. PohnXØn¬ AanXamb th KX ImWn°p∂ C°q´¿ kzX{¥Nn¥mtijnbp≈hcmWv. KrlØn t\mSpw kzP\ß tfmSpw IqSpX¬ Xmev]cyw ImWn°p∂ Ch¿°v kzP\hntcm[hpw A\p`hs∏Spw. `rXy∑m¿, hml\߃, teml ߃, ^mŒdnIƒ, Im¿jnIImcy߃, KpcpP\߃, Huj[߃ F∂n hbpambn _‘s∏´ {]h¿Ø\ßfn¬ hnPbw t\Spw. t\XrXz]camb DØ chmZnXzhpw tk\m \mbIXzhpw A`nhr≤n {]ZßfmWv. Iem]cambn Db¿® t\Spw. \n¿ΩmW {]h¿Ø\ cwKßfn¬ t\´apmIpw. Zo¿Lmbp v, `mKyw, ssZhm [o\w, {]Xm]w F∂nh \ne\nev°p∂hcmWv.. I^P\yamb AkpJß \p`hs∏Spw. intcmtcmKßfpw lrt{ZmKßfpw A\p `hn°pw. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n® kv{XoIƒ ZmºXy Iela\p`hn°pw.. hnjvWp hnt\hpw `KhXntbbpw `Pn°p∂Xv \∑ h¿≤n∏n°pw. Ahn´w Ahkm\sØ 30\mgnI, NXbw, ]qtcmcp´mXn BZysØ 45 \mgnI Ipw`°qdv A„acmin°qdmIbm¬ ip`Imcy߃°p h¿÷yamWv. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿°v s]mXphmbn AtLmcw b{¥w [cn°p∂Xpw, a™ ]pjycmKw (yellow topas), carbuncle topas,golden topas, F∂nh [ cn°p∂Xpw, ]pW¿Xw \£{X Øn¬ P\n®h¿°v a™ ]pjy cmKw (yellow topas) sNdp hncen semgnsI [cn°p∂Xpw, acXIw (emarald) sNdphncentem tamXnc hncentem [cn °p∂Xpw, ]qbw \£{XØn¬ P\n® h¿°v h{Pw (daimound) sNdp hncentem \Sphnc entem [cn °p∂Xpw, C{µ \oew (yellow sapphire), sNdphncentem \Sphnc entem Nq- p hncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, Bbneyw \£{XØn¬ P\n®h¿°v amWnIyw (rubi) sNdp hnc ensemgnsI [cn°p∂Xpw, acXIw (emarald) sNdphncentem tamXnc hncentem [cn°p ∂Xpw, A`nImayamWv. 2010¬ BZyw {]Xn_‘ßfpw Ahkm\ ßfn¬ {Iam\pKXamb `mKym`nhr≤nbpw A\p`hs∏Sp∂XmWv.

5


5.

Nnß°qdv. aIw, ]qcw ,D{Xw 15 \mgnI

CuIqdn¬ P\n®h¿ s]mXpsh Xo£vW kz`mhw, ÿntcm ’mlw, apJ{]k∂X,`mKyw F∂nhaqew PohnXØn¬ Db¿® A\p`hs∏Sp∂hcpamWv. _p≤ni‡nbpw {]h¿Ø\ £aXbpw £am ioehpap≈ C°q´¿ im¥{]IrX°mcmWv. hn\bhpw kXyk‘Xbpw amXrImKpWßfpw aqew C°q´¿ k÷\kΩXn t\Spw. kmºØnI AÿncX A\p`h s∏Spsa¶nepw kz{]b Xv\ Øm¬ tbmKyX ssIhcn°pw. Xm¬°menI Imcy߃°v ap≥ Xq °w sImSp°p∂ kz`mh°mcmWv. Iem, ImbnI, hnt\mZ, cwK ßfnep≈h¿°v {]ikvXnbpw ]pckv°mceœnbpw A\p`hs∏Spw. ]q¿∆oI hnizmkmNcWßfn¬ ZrVhnizmkap≈ C°q´¿ bp‡n °p ap≥Xq°w \¬In {]h¿Øn°p∂hcmWv. am≤yÿ kz`mhw, hy‡nXz \ncq]Wkz`mhw, ap≥tIm]w, F√mh tcmSpap≈ ASp ∏w, Kpcp° ≥amtcm Spw ]q¿∆oItcmSpap≈ _lp am\w, ÿncamb C—mi‡n F∂nh ChcpsS {]tXyIXIfmWv. {]mtbm KnI]cn⁄m\w, AhKmltijn, Imcy{]m]vXn , klm bnIƒ aqew Db¿® kmaqly{]h¿Ø\ßfn¬ ap≥Xq°w, ka{]mb °mtc°mƒ tbmKyX, amXrkvt\lw, \n mcImcy߃ aqew hntcm[w, s`uXnI kpJt`mKßtfmSv AanXmk ‡n, F∂nh bp≈ kz`mh°mcmWv. Nn´bmb {]h¿Ø\£aXbpw t\XrXz KpWßfpw aqew Akq bmhl amb t\´w ssIhcn°pw. ap≥tIm ]hpw, [rXnbpwaqew A_≤߃ kw`hn°p∂ Ch¿Bflm`nam\n IfmWv. ÿncambklmbnIfpw `rXy∑mcpw IpdhmIpsa¶nepw klmbnIfpw, D∂X∑mcpw aqew Hu∂Xyw ssI hcn°pw. ss]Xr I ]mcºcy kºØpIƒ aqew Db¿® ssIh cn°pw. krjvSn]c hpw Bkq{XnXhpamb Imcyßfn¬ {]h¿Øn °phm\p≈ Xm¬∏ cyap≈ C°q´¿ Ffp∏w kt¥mjn °p∂hcmWv. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿°v [mcmfw \√ kplrØp °fp- mIpw. Iq´pI® hSßfn¬ AÿncXIfpw hnhmltijw ]ptcmKXnbpw Zriy amIp∂ C°q´¿ ]›mØm]w {]ISn ∏n°p∂ Xc°mcmWv. kmº ØnI {IaoIcWßfn¬ Ak¥p„n°p km≤yXbp- pv .A {im¥ ]cn{iaw aqew hnPbw t\Sp∂ hcmWv C°q´¿. Ch¿°v kzP\ hntcm[w IqSpX embn A\p`hs∏Spw. hnZym`ymkØnepw I¿Ω cwKßfnepw kzX{¥Nn¥m tijnbpw, PohnXØn¬ AanXamb ]cn{`ahpw Im Wn°p∂ C°q´¿ alØmb hy‡nXzap≈hcmWv. `rXy ∑m¿, hml\߃, Huj[ ߃, Im¿jnIImcy߃, F∂nh bpambn _‘ s∏´ {]h¿Ø\ßfn¬ IqSpX¬ hnPbw t\Spw. t\Xr Xz]camb DØchmZnXzhpw tk\m \mbI Xzhpw A`nhr≤n{]ZßfmWv. Iem]cambn Db¿® t\ Spw. ssZh hnizmkhpw ssZhoIImcyßfpw aqew Db¿® bp≈hcmWv. `mKyw, ssZhm[o\w, {] Xm]w F∂nh \ne \nev°p ∂hcmWv. ZmºXy hntcm[w A\p`hs∏Spw. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n® kv{XoIƒ hnhml tijw kam[m\ PohnX a\p`hn°pw. ]pcpj k¥m\߃ Ipd™hcpw kv{Xo k¥XnIƒaqew IqSpX¬ KpWa\p `hs∏ Sp∂hcpamWv Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿. \mUohyqlP\yamb AkpJ߃, ]nØ tcmK߃, XzIv tcmK߃, F∂nh A\p`h s∏Spw. \J߃°pw ]√pIƒ°pw Ffp∏w hnjaXIƒ _m[n

°pw. `{ZImfntbbpw Zp¿§m`KhXn tbbpw `Pn°p ∂Xpw KW]Xo{]oXnIcßfmb hgnhmSpIƒ \SØp∂Xpw `mKym`nhr≤n {]ZßfmWv. ]qtcmcp´mXn Ahkm\sØ 15\mgnI, D{X´mXn, tch Xn ao\°qdv. A„acmin°qdmIbm¬ ip` Imcy߃°p h¿÷yamWv. CuIqdn¬ P\n®h¿°v s]mXphmbn sNºhngw,(red coral) ]hngw (coral), tamXnc hncentem Nq- phncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, ssh jvWh b{¥ßƒ [cn°p∂Xpw, aIw \£{XØn¬ P\n®h¿°v acXIw (emarald) sNdphncentem tamXnc hncentem [cn°p ∂Xpw, sshUqcyw (terquicise), cXv\w [cn°p∂Xpw, ]qcw \£{XØn¬ P\n® h¿°v h{Pw (daimound) sNdphncentem \Sp hncentem [cn°p ∂Xpw, amWn Iyw (rubi) sNdp hncensemgnsI [cn°p∂Xpw, D{Xw \£{XØn¬ P\n®h¿°v amWnIyw (rubi) sNdphncensemgnsI [cn°p∂Xpw, acXIw (emarald) sNdphnc entem tamXnc hncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, A`nImayamWv. 2010¬ ]ptcmKa\mflIamb {]h¿Ø\߃°p≈ Ahkcßfp- mIpw. {i≤m]q¿∆w ImcyßfnenSs]tS- XmWv.

6


6.

I∂n°qdv. D{Xw 45 \mgnI,AØw,Nn{X 15\mgnI

Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿ s]mXpsh _p≤ni‡nbpw kXyk‘ Xbpw amXrImKpWßfpw £amioehpw ÿntcm’mlhpw e÷mioehpw ]pe¿Øp∂hcmWv. hy‡n]camb I gnhpIfpw Db¿®Ifpw aqew PohnXØn¬ Db¿® A\p`hs∏Sp∂hcpamWv. PohnXØn s‚ a≤yImeØv Nn´bmb {]h¿Ø\£aXbpw t\XrXzKpWßfpw aqew Akq bmhl amb t\´w ssIhcn°pw. kpJm\p`h߃ IqSpX¬ A\p`hn°s∏Spw. im¥{]IrX °mcpw hn\bkz`mh°mcpamb C°q´¿ k÷\kΩXn t\Spw. Iem ]camb IgnhpIƒ , hy‡nXz \ncq]Wkz`mhw, kq£vaX, Imcy {]m]vXn, t¢i߃ kln°phm\p≈ tijn, _lpam\w, ÿncamb C—mi‡n F∂nh ChcpsS {]tXyIXIfmWv. kmaqly {]h¿Ø\ßfn¬ tbmKyX ssIhcn°pw. _lpapJ hy‡nXzw, {]mtbmKnI]cn⁄m\w, AhKmltijn, Imcy {]m]vXn, {]h¿Ø\£aX, kz¥amb {]h¿Ø\ssien, A{im¥ ]cn{iaw, A\pIcWmflIamb {]h¿Ø\ ssien, Zo¿L ho£Ww, kzX{¥Nn¥mtijn, ssZhm[o\w, {]Xm]w, Hu∂Xyw , F∂nhaqew Imcy£aXbpw, {]h¿Ø\ hnPbhpw \ne \nev °p∂hcmWv. KrlØnt\mSpw kzP\ß tfmSpw AI∂p Pohn t°- nhcpw. ÿnc amb klmbnIfpw `rXy∑mcpap≈ C°q´¿ krjvSn]chpw Bkq{XnXhpamb Imcyßfn¬ IqSpX¬ _‘s∏Sp∂hcpw {]h¿Ø\ßfn¬ hnPbw t\Sp∂hcpamWv. Ch¿°v kzP\hn tcm[hpw ITn\amb {]Xn_‘ßfpw A\p`hs∏Spw. klmbnIfpw, D∂X∑mcpw aqew Ak¥p„n°p km≤yXbp- v. bm{Xmioew IqSpXep≈hcmWv. t\XrXz ]camb DØc hmZnXzhpw,cmPIob ÿm\ßfnep≈ {]h¿Ø\ßfpw aqew Db¿® ssIhcn°pw. Kpcp°≥ amtcmSpw ]q¿∆oI tcmSpap≈ hntcm[hpw ap≥tIm]hpw,A\p`h s∏Spw. [rXnbpw B temN\°pdhpw aqew A_≤߃ kw`hn°p∂Xv IqSpX¬ {i≤n° Ww. ss]XrI ]m cºcy kºØpIƒ aqew kmºØnIÿncX, hnZym`ymkØnepw I¿Ω cwKßfnepap≈ hnPbw, F√mXc°mtcmSpap≈ ASp∏w,. Ffp∏w kt¥mjn°p∂ {]IrXn, kz`mhip≤n, `mKyw, kz{]b Xv\Ømep≈ ]ptcmKXn, hnizÿcmb `rXy∑m¿, km ºØnIamb {IaoI cWtijn, F∂nhaqew Db¿® t\Sp∂hcmWv Ch¿. {]I kvXnbpw ]pckv°mceœnbpw {]Xo£n°mw. a\xkam[m\w Ipd hmIpsa¶nepw,hntcm[ßsf AXnPohn°phm≥ km[n°pw. hnhml tijw Iq´pØchmZnXzØnep≈ Imcyß fn¬ ]ptcmKXn ZriyamIpw. AanXamb thKX PohnXØn¬ ImWn°p∂Xv hnj aXIƒ hcpØpw. Iq´pI®hSßfn¬ AÿncXbpw hnjaß fpa\p`hs∏Spw. Zo¿Lmbp v, `mKyw, `qanem`w, hml\em`w, Iq´psI´v F∂nh aqew Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿ kam[m\PohnXa\p`hn°pw. ]q¿∆oI kºØv A\p`htbm Kyam Ipw. GP≥kn G¿∏mSpIƒ, ¢dn°¬ tPmenIƒ, Im¿jnIImcy߃, hml\߃, F∂nh A`n hr≤n{]ZßfmWv. am≤yÿ kz`mhw, ap≥ tIm]w, ]cn{`aw, [rXn, F∂nhaqew hnjaXIƒ hcpw. Zo¿LIme ]≤XnIƒ kmº ØnI]cambn A\pIqeamWv. cmPIobÿm\ßfnse {]h¿ Ø\߃ Db¿®hcpØpw. ^mŒdn Iƒ, KpcpP\߃, Huj[߃ F∂nhbpambn _‘s∏´v hn jaXIƒ A\p`hs∏Spw. hnjvWp hnt\hpw KW]Xn tbbpw `Pn°p∂Xv \∑ h¿≤n∏n°pw. AizXn, `cWn, Im¿ØnI 15 \mgnI taS°qdv. A„acmin°qdmIbm¬ ip`Imcy߃°p h¿ ÷yamWv. Cu Iqdn¬

P\n®h¿°v s]mXphmbn acXIw (emarald), jedveradot, F∂nh sNdphncentem tamXnchncentem [cn °p∂Xpw, almkpZ¿i\w b{¥w [cn°p∂Xpw, D{Xw \£{X Øn¬ P\n®h¿°v amWnIyw (rubi) sNdp hncensemgnsI [cn°p ∂Xpw, acXIw (emarald) sNdphncentem tam Xnc hncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, AØw \£{XØn¬ P\n®h¿°v N{µIm¥w, apØv (pearl) F∂nh sNdphncentem tamXnc hnc entem [cn°p ∂Xpw, Nn{X \£{XØn¬ P\n®h¿°v sNº hngw,(red coral) tamXnc hncentem Nq- phn centem [cn° ∂Xpw, acXIw (emarald) sNdphncentem tamXnchncentem [cn°p ∂Xpw, A`nImayamWv. 2010¬ FXn¿∏pIsf AXnPohn°phm\pw ]ptcmKXn A\p`hs∏Sp hm\pw Ignbp∂Xp aqew ]e \∑bpw A\p`hs∏Spw.

7


7.

Xpem°qdv. Nn{X Ahkm\sØ 30\mgnI, tNmXn,hnimJw 45\mgnI

Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿ s]mXpsh `mKyhm∑mcpw `mKnIambn kz{]bXv\Ømepw _m°n ssZhm[o\Ømepw PohnXØn¬ Db¿® A\p`hs∏Sp∂hcpamWv. _p≤ni‡nbpw {] h¿Ø\ £aXbpw ÿntcm’mlhpw £am ioehpap≈ C°q´¿°v KpW ߃ ]et∏m gpw hnjaXIƒ kr„n°pw. kXyk‘Xbpw amXrImKpWßfpw C°q´¿°v IqSp X¬ AwKoImchpw k÷\ kΩXnbpw \¬Ipw. Iem]chpw hnt\mZkw_‘hpamb cwKß fnep≈h¿°v {]ikvXnbpw ]pckv°mceœnbpw A\p`hs∏Spw. bp‡n°p ap≥Xq°w \¬In {]bXv\n °p∂ Ch¿ Bflm `nam\nIfmWv. kmºØnI AÿncX, \ncq]W kz `mhw, ap≥tIm]w, Xm¬°menIamb ASp∏w, Kpcp°≥amtcmSpw ]q¿∆oI tcmSpap≈ _lpam\w, ÿncamb C—mi‡n, \∑Xn∑IfpsS hnthN\kz`mhw F∂nh ChcpsS {]tXyIXIfmWv. {]mtbm KnI]cn⁄m\w, ap≥]cnNbw D]tbmKs∏SpØn bp≈ {] h¿Ø \tijn, Imcy{]m]vXn F∂nhaqew {]h¿Ø\ afießfn¬ tbmKyX bpw hnP bhpw ssIhcn°pw. Nn´bmb {]h¿Ø\ £aXbpw t\XrXzKpWßfpw \ne \n¿Øp ∂Xn\v hnjaXIƒ kw`hn°pw. PohnXØnepw I¿ΩcwKßfnepw Akq bmh lamb t\´w ssIhcn°pw. ap≥tIm]hpw, [rXnbpw aqew A_≤ßfpw hntcm[ßfpw kw`hn °pw. ÿncamb klmbn Ifpw `rXy∑mcpw IpdhmIpsa¶nepw {]_ecmb klmbnIfpw, D∂Xcmb `rXy ∑mcpw aqew Hu∂Xyw ssIhcpw. ss]XrI ]mcºcy kºØpIƒ aqew hnhmZßfpw hntcm[ßfpw A\p `hn°pw. . krjvSn]chpw Bkq{XnX hpamb Imcyß fpsS BZy L´ßfn¬ AWnbdbn¬ {]h¿Øn°phm\p≈ Xm¬∏cy ap≈hcmWv Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿. Ffp∏w kt¥mjn°pIbpw shdp° s∏SpIbpw sNøp∂ C°q´ ¿°v [mcmfw kplrØp°fpw hntcm[nIfpw. D- mIpw. Iq´p I®hSßfn¬ AÿncXbpw hnhmltijw ]ptcmKXnbpw Zriy amIpw. bm{Xmioew IqSpXep ≈hcmWv. kmº ØnI {IaoIcW ßfn¬ Ak¥p„n°p km≤y Xb- pv. kz¥ amb {]h¿Ø\ ssien cq]oIcn°m≥ {ian°p∂ C°q´¿ alØmb hy‡nXz ap≈hcmbncn°pw. A{im¥ ]cn {iaw aqew hnZym`ymk Ønepw I¿ΩcwKßfnepw hnPbw t\Sp∂ hcmWv C°q´¿. Pohn XØn¬ AanXamb thKX ImWn°p∂ C°q´¿ kzX{¥ Nn¥m tijn bp≈hcmWv. Krlw, kzP\߃, KpcpP\߃, taeptZymKÿ¿ F∂nhaqew hnjaXIfpw hntcm[hpw IqSpX¬ A\p`hs∏Spw. `rXy∑m¿, hml\߃, A\ytZi߃, PtemXv]∂߃, `£W km[\߃, hkv{X߃, Im¿jnIImcy߃, A\ytZi߃, Huj[߃ F∂nh bpambn _ ‘s∏´ {]h¿Ø \ßfn¬ hnPbhpw kmºØnI]ptcmKXnbpw A\p`hs∏Spw. t\Xr Xz] c amb DØchm ZnXzhpw kXyk‘Xbpw tk\m\mbIXzhpw aqew A`nhr≤n ZriyamIpw. Iem ]cambn Db¿® t\Spw. \n¿ΩmW {]h¿Ø\ cwK ßfn¬ t\´ap- mIpw. Zo¿Lmbp v, `mKyw, ssZhm[o\w, {]Xm]w F ∂nh \ne\nev°p ∂hcmWv.. I^P\y ß fmb AkpJß\p`hs∏ Spw. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n® kv{Xo Iƒ hnhml tijw kam[m\ PohnX a\p`hn°pw. AhXmchnjvWp `P\hpw `KhXo{]oXnbpw B\pIqey ߃ h¿≤n∏n°pw. hnjvWp {]kmZ kn≤n Icß fmb k¬°¿Ωßfpw Zm\[¿Ωßfpw \SØp∂Xv KpWw hcpØpw. Im¿ØnI 45 \mgnI, tcmlnWn, aIocyw 30\mgnI FSh°qdv. A„acmin°qdmIbm¬ ip`Imcy߃°p h¿÷yamWv. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿°v s]mXphmbn

acXIw (emarald), eye light, sNdphncentem tamXnc hncentem [cn°p ∂Xpw, imt‡b b{¥w [cn°p∂Xpw, Nn{X \£{X Øn¬ P\n® h¿°v sNºhngw,(red coral) tamXnc hncentem Nq- p hncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, acXIw (emarald) sNdphnc entem tamXnchncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, tNmXn \£{XØn¬ P\n ®h¿°v tKmtaXIw (beryl), [cn°p∂Xpw, apØv (pearl), sNdp hncentem tamXnc hncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, hnimJw \£{X Øn¬ P\n®h¿°v a™ ]pjycmKw (yellow topas) sNdphnc ensemgnsI [cn°p∂Xpw, h{Pw (daimound) sNdphncentem \Sphncentem [cn °p∂Xpw, A`nImayamWv. 2010¬ {]Xo£n°p ∂ e£yw ssIhcn°p∂Xn\v {]Xn_‘ßsf AXnPohnt°- n hcpw.

8


8

hr›nI°qdv. hnimJw Ahkm\sØ15 \mgnI, A\ngw,Xrt°´

CuIqdn¬ P\n®h¿ s]mXpsh _p≤ni‡nbpw {]h¿Ø\£aXbpw \ne\n¬°p∂h cmWv. PohnXØn¬ `mKyØn\pw, Hu∂XyØn\pw, {]h¿Ø\afießfnepw Db¿® Xm gv®Iƒ A\p`hs∏Sp∂hcpamWv. ÿntcm’mlhpw hn\bhpw kXyk‘Xbpw _lpam \hpw £am ioehpap≈h¿ k÷\ kΩXn t\Spw. Iem, hnt\mZ, ImbnI cwKßfn¬ Xm¬∏ cyap≈ C°q´¿°v {]ikvXnbpw ]pckv°mceœnbpw A\p`hs∏Spw. hy‡nXzØn\p ap≥Xq°w \¬In {]bXv\n°p∂hcpw Bflm`n am\nIfpamWv Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿. kz{]bXv\Øm¬ kmaqly {]h¿Ø\ßfn¬ tbmKyX ssIhcn°pw. am≤y ÿ kz `mhw, hy‡nXz \ncq]Wkz`mhw, ap≥tIm]w, A\mhiyImcyßfnse A`n\n thiw, Kp cp°≥amtcmSpw ]q¿∆oI tcmSpap≈ hntZzjw, A\y∑mcpsS tZmj߃ am{Xw ImWp ∂ kz`mhw, C—mi‡n, hmIvkma¿∞yw, F√mhtcmSpap≈ ASp∏w, kmºØnI Aÿnc X, F∂nh ChcpsS {]tXyIXIfmWv. {]mtbm KnI]cn⁄m\w, AhKmltijn amXr ImKpW߃ F∂nhaqew. C°q´¿ Akq bmhlamb t\´w ssIhcn°pw . ÿnc amb ap≥tIm]hpw, [rXn bpw aqew A_≤߃ kw`hn°pw. s]mXpsh ]›mØm]w {]ISn ∏n°p∂Xc°mcmWv. `rXy∑mcpw klmbnIfpw, IqSpXep - mIpsa¶nepw, F√m hn`mK ßfn¬\n∂pw FXn¿∏pIƒ A\p`h s∏Spw. a¡p≈hscFfp∏w kt¥mjn∏n°p∂ C°q ´¿°v [mcmfw kplrØp°fp- mIpw. ss]XrI ]mcºcy I¿Ωßfpw kºØp Ifpw aqew Db¿® ssIhcn°pw. bm{Xmioew IqSpXep≈hcmWv. Bkq{XnXamb Imcyßfn¬ ]n∂Wnbn¬ {]h¿Øn°phm\p≈ Xm¬∏cyap≈hcmWv. ho- phnNmcan√m Ø{]h ¿ Ø\ßfpw, kzbwIrXm\¿∞ tZmjßfpw aqew Zp¿∫eXIfpw, Iq´pI® hSßfn¬ AÿncXbpw ZriyamIpw. hnhmltijw ]ptcmKXn bpw kz¥amb {]h¿Ø \ßfpsS hnPbhpw {]Xo£n°mw. A{im¥]cn{iaw aqew hnZym`ymkØnepw I¿Ω cwKßfnepw hnPbw t\Sp∂hcmWv C°q´¿. kzX{¥Nn¥mtijn Ipdhmbp≈ hcmWv. KrlØn t\m Spw kzP\ßtfmSpw AI∂pIgntbAhkc߃ IqSpXemIpw. kmº ØnI{IaoIc Wßfn¬ Ak ¥p„n°p km≤yXbp- pv. {]h¿Ø\afieØn¬ t\XrXz ]camb DØc hmZnXzhpw tk\m\mbIXzhpw ZriyamIpw. Iem]cambn Db¿® t\Spw. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n® kv{Xo Iƒ hnhml tijw kam[m\ PohnXa\p`hn°pw. _‘s∏´ {]h¿Ø\ ßfn¬ hnPbw t\Spw. `mKyw, ssZhm[o\w, {]Xm]w F∂nh°v hr≤n£b߃ A\p`hs∏Spw. A`n hr≤n {]ZßfmWv.

Ch¿°v kzP\hntcm[hpw _‘phntbmK hnjaXIfpw IqSpXembn A\p` hs∏Spw. KpcpP\߃, kzP\ ߃, F∂nhcpambn _‘s∏´hnjbßfn¬ A\pcRvP\ tØm sS {]h¿Øn°phm≥ {ian°Ww. A\ytZikw_‘amb {]hrØnIƒ, \ho\amb Imcy ߃, Huj[߃, [mXpkw_‘amb Imcy߃, kmlknIImcy߃, t\XrXz{]h¿Ø\߃, F∂n hbpambn _‘ s∏´ {]h¿Ø\ cwKßfn¬ t\´ap- mIpw. c‡kw_‘amb AkpJ ߃, Kp ly tcmK߃, lrt{ZmKw, ss]ØnItcmK߃ F∂nh A\p `hs∏Spw Zp¿§m`KhXn, IpSpw_ ]camb Bcm[\mtZhXIƒ, \mK߃, F∂o tZh{]oXnIƒ hcpØp∂Xpw hy‡n]camb Nn´ Ifpw, IrXy\njvTIXIfpw \ne\n¿Øp∂Xpw KpWw h¿≤n∏n°pw.. aIocyw 30\mgnI,XncphmXnc ]pW¿Xw 45\mgnI, anYp\°qdv. A„acmin °qdmIbm¬ ip` Imcy߃°p h¿÷yamWv. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿°v s]mXphmbn ]pjycmKw (topas), golden topas, F∂nh sNdp hncen semgnsI [cn°p∂Xpw, sshjvWh b{¥ßƒ [cn°p ∂Xpw, hnimJw \£{XØn¬ P\n ®h¿°v

a™ ]pjy cmKw (yellow topas) sNdphncensemgnsI [cn°p∂Xpw, h{Pw (dai mound) sNdphncentem \Sphncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, A\ngw \£ {XØn¬ P\n®h¿°v amWnIyw (rubi) sNdphncen semgnsI [cn °p∂Xpw, C{µ \oew (yellow sapphire), sNdp hncentem \Sp hncentem Nq- p hncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, Xrt°´ \£{X Øn¬ P\n®h¿°v sNºhngw (red coral) tamXnchncentem Nq- phnc entem [cn°p∂Xpw, acXIw (emarald) sNdphncentem tamXnc hncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, A`nImayamWv. 2010 ¬ kzP\ ßfpw, _‘p°fpw aqeap≈ B\pIqeyw {]Xo£n°mw. hy‡n] camb KpW߃ h¿≤n°pw. 9


9

[\p°qdv. aqew, ]qcmSw, D{XmSw BZysØ15 \mgnI

CuIqdn¬ P\n®h¿ s]mXpsh ss]XrIkzØp°ƒ aqew KpWw A\p`hs∏Sp∂hcpw `mKyhm∑mcpw _p≤ni‡nbpw {]h¿Ø\ £aXbpw ÿntcm’mlhpw kXyk‘Xbpw amXrImKpWßfpw aqew kz{]bXv\Øm¬ PohnXØn¬ Db¿® t\Sp∂hcmWv. bp‡n°p ap≥Xq°w \¬In {]bXv\n °p∂ Ch¿ Bflm `nam\nIfmWv. Iem cwKßfnep≈ h¿°v {]ikvXnbpw ]pc kv°mc eœnbpw A\p`hs∏Spw.. kmºØnI AÿncX, ap≥ tIm]w, Kpcp°≥amtcmSpw ]q¿∆oItcmSpap≈ _lpam\w, ÿnc amb C—mi‡n F∂nh ChcpsS {]tXyIXIfmW.v {]mtbm KnI ]cn⁄m\hpw Adnhpw IqSpXep- mIpw. im¥{]IrXnbpw hn\ bhpw £am ioehpap≈ C°q´¿ k÷\kΩXn t\Spw. Imcy {]m]vXn aqew kmaqly{]h¿Ø\ßfn¬ tbmKyX ssIhcn°pw ap≥tIm]hpw, [rXnbpw aqew A_≤ ߃ kw`hn°pw.. am\knI sZu¿∫eyw IqSpXep≈ C°q´¿ Nn´bmb {]h¿Ø\ £ aXbpw t\XrXzKpWßfpw aqew Akqbmhlamb t\´w ssIhcn°pw. {]mb°qSpXep ≈hcpambn IqSpX¬ klhmkw A\p`hn°pw. Ffp∏w kt¥mjn°p∂ C°q´¿°v[mcmfwkplrØp°fp- mIpw. kzX{¥Nn¥mtijnbp≈hcmWv. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿.. KrlØn t\mSpw kzP\ß tfmSpw IqSpX¬ Xmev]cyap≈hcmWv. hnZym `ymk Ønepw I¿ΩcwKßfnepw hnPbw t\Sp∂hcmWv C°q´¿. Iem]cambn Db¿® t\Spw. \n¿ΩmW {]h¿Ø\ cwKßfn¬ t\´ap- mIpw. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n® kv{XoIƒ PohnXØn¬ hnhml tijw IqSpX¬ DØchmZnXz߃ GsddSp°pw. IpSpw_]cambn \√XmWv. hnja߃ kln°phm\p≈ tijn IqSpXep- mIpw. bm{Xmioew IqSpXep≈hcmWv. hnZym`ymkw, I®hSw, hml\w, ¢dn°¬tPmen Iƒ, Bkq{XnXhpamb Imcy߃, kmºØnIImcy߃, hnt\mZ Imcy߃, F∂nhbpambn _‘s∏´ {]h¿Ø\ßfn¬ hnPbw t\Spw. klmbnIfpw,

D∂X∑mcpw aqew Hu∂Xyw hcpw. Iq´p I®hSßfn¬ Aÿnc Xbpw AekXbpw _m[n°pw. hn hml tijw ]ptcmKXn ZriyamIpw. k¥m\tlXpIambn at\mhnja ߃°v A[nImcap- v. Iq´pØchmZnXzØnep≈ Imcyßfn¬ hntcm[ Øn\p km≤yXbp- v. kz¥amb {]h¿ Ø\ssien cq]o Icn°p∂ C°q´¿ alØmb hy‡nXzap≈hcmWv. F∂nh ZriyamIpw. hy‡nXz \ncq] Wkz`mhw, A{im¥]cn{iaw kmaqlntIm∂a\Øn\pth- n {]h¿Øn °p∂ {]mb°qSpXep≈hcpsS a\xt¢iw, F∂nh A\p`hs∏Spw.

kz`mh°mcmWv.

]nXrim]w,

ap≥tIm]w aqew hnjaXIƒ {]Xo£n°Ww. kzbwIrXm \¿∞߃ A\p`hs∏Spw. Po hnXØn¬ AanXamb thKX ImWn °p∂ kz`mh°mcmWv C°q´¿. hnhmlPohnXw A \pIqe ambncn°pw. ]pcpjk¥m\߃ aqew KpWm\p`hßfp- mIpw. c‡kw_‘hpw \mUo hyqlP\yßfpamb AkpJß\p`hs∏Spw. DZc tcmK {]IrXn°mcmWv. ]nXr{]oXn Ic ßfmb BNcW߃ \SØp∂Xpw inh`P\w sNøp∂Xpw, AhXmchnjvWp{]oXn hcp Øp∂Xpw {]Xn_‘߃ bYmhn[n ]cnlcn°p∂Xpw KpWw sNøpw. hnjvWp {]kmZkn ≤nIcßfmb k¬°¿Ωßfpw Zm\[¿Ωßfpw \SØp∂Xv hnjaXIƒ ]cnlcn°pw. ]pW¿ Xw 15\mgnI, ]qbw, Bbneyw. I¿°nSI°qdv. A„acmin°qdmIbm¬ ip` Imcy߃°p h¿ ÷yamWv.

Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿°v s]mXphmbn amWnIyw (star rubi) sNdphncensemgnsI [cn°p∂Xpw, imkvXm b{¥ßtfm AizmcqV b{¥tam [cn°p∂Xpw, aqew \£{X Øn¬ P\n®h¿°v acXIw (emarald) sNdphncentem tamXnchnc entem [cn°p∂Xpw, sshUqcyw (terquicise), cXv\w [cn°p ∂Xpw, ]qcmSw \£{XØn¬ P\n®h¿°v, a™]p jy cmKw (yellow topas) sNdphncensemgnsI [cn°p∂Xpw, h{Pw (daimound) sNdphnc entem \Sphncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, D{XmSw \£{XØn¬ P\n®h¿°v, amWnIyw (rubi) sNdp hncensemgnsI [cn°p∂Xpw, h{Pw (daimound) sNdphncentem \Sphncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, A`nImayamWv. 2010 ¬ ]pXnb DZyaßfpw kplr Øp°fpw aqew KpWm`nhr≤n ZriyamIpw.

10


10

aIc°qdv. D{XmSw 45 \mgnI, XncpthmWw, Ahn´w 30\mgnI,

CuIqdn¬ P\n®h¿ s]mXpsh kz¥wIpSpw_mwKßtfmSv IqSpX¬ ASp∏w ]pe¿Øp ∂ kz`mh°mcpw `mKy\yq\X A\p`hs∏Sp∂hcpamWv. KrlmXpcXzw IqSpX¬ A\p` hs∏Spw. kz{]bXv\Øm¬ PohnXØn¬ Db¿® _p≤ni‡nbpw {]h¿Ø\£aXbpw ÿntcm’mlhpw £am ioehpap≈ C°q´¿ im¥{]IrX°mcmWv. hn\bhpw kXyk‘Xbpw amXrIm KpWßfpw D≈hcmsW¶nepw C°q´¿ AhktcmNnX ambn {]h¿Øn ®v k÷\kΩXn t\Spw. Iem, hnt\mZ, ImbnI cwKßfn¬ {]tim`n°pw. {]ikvXnbpw ]pckv°mceœnbpw A\p`hs∏Spw. bp‡n°p ap≥Xq°w \¬In {]bXv\n °p∂ Ch¿ Bflm`nam\nIfmWv. kmºØnI AÿncX, am≤yÿ kz`mhw, hy‡nXz \ncq]Wkz `mhw, ap≥tIm]w, F√mhtcmSpap≈ ASp∏w, {]mtbm KnI]cn ⁄m\w, AhKmltijn, Imcy{]m]vXn F∂nhaqew kmaqly{]h¿Ø\fn¬ tbmKyX ssIhcn°pw. Nn´bmb {]h ¿Ø\£aXbpw t\XrXzKpWßfpw aqew Akq bmhl amb t\´w ssIhcn°pw. ap≥ tIm]hpw, [rXnbpw aqew A_≤߃ kw`hn°pw. s]mXp sh ]›mØm]w {]ISn∏n°p ∂Xc°mcmWv. Kpcp°≥amtcmSpw {]mb°qSpXep≈htcmSpap≈ hntcm[w A\p`hs∏ Spw. ÿncamb klmbnIfpw `rXy∑mcpw Ipdhm Ipsa¶nepw klmbnIfpw, D∂X∑mcpw aqew Hu∂Xyw hcpw. ss]XrI ]mcºcy kº ØpIƒ aqew hnjaXIƒ A\p`hs∏Spw krjvSn]chpw Bkq{XnXhpamb Imcyßfn¬ kPohambn {]h¿Øn °phm\p≈ Xm¬∏ cyap≈hcmWv Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿. Ffp∏w kt¥mjn°p∂ C°q´¿°v [mcmfw kplr Øp°fpmIpw. Iq´pI®hSßfn¬ AÿncXbpw hnhml tijw ]ptcmKXnbpw Zriyam Ipw. bm{Xmioew IqSpXep≈hcmWv. kmº ØnI{Iao IcWßfn¬ Ak¥p„n°p km ≤yXb- pv. kz¥amb {]h¿Ø\ssien cq]o Icn°p∂ C°q´¿ alØmb hy‡nXz ap ≈hcmWv. A{im¥]cn{iaw aqew hnZym`ymkØnepw I¿ΩcwKßfnepw hnPbw t\Sp∂ cmWv C°q´¿. PohnXØn¬ CS°nsS G¡°pd®nepIƒ A\p`h s∏Spw AanXamb thKX ImWn°p∂ C°q´¿ A_≤ ßfn¬ s∏Sphm\p≈ km≤yX IqSpXemWv. kzX{¥Nn¥mtijn bp≈hcmWv Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿. kz KrlØnt\mSpw kzP\ß tfmSpw IqSp X¬ Xmev]cyw ImWn°p∂ Ch¿°v kzP\ hn tcm[hpw A\p`hs∏Spw. `rXy∑m¿, hml\߃, teml߃, ^mŒdn Iƒ, Im¿jnIImcy߃, Huj[߃ F∂nhbpambn _‘s∏´ {]h ¿Ø\ßfn¬ hnPbw t\Spw. t\XrXz]camb DØc hmZnXzhpw tk\m\mbIXzhpw A`nhr≤n {]ZßfmWv. Iem]cambn Db¿® t\Spw. \n¿Ωm W {]h¿Ø\ cwKßfn¬ t\´ap- mIpw. Zo¿ Lmbp v, `mKyw, ssZhm[o\w, {]Xm]w F∂nh \ne\nev°p ∂hcmWv.. c‡ kw_‘ amb Akp Jß\p`hs∏Spw. Kply tcmK߃°v km≤yX bp- v. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n® kv{XoIƒ hnhml ti jw kam[m\PohnXa\p`hn°pw. hnjvWp {]kmZkn≤nIcßfmb hgnhmSpIfpw, `KhXotkh bpw k¬°¿Ωßfpw Zm\[¿Ωßfpw \SØp∂Xv KpWw hcpØpw. aIw, ]qcw ,D{Xw 15 \mgnI Nnß°qdv. A„acmin °qdm Ibm¬ ip` Imcy߃°p h¿ ÷yamWv. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿ °v s]mXphmbn h{Pw (daimound) sNdphncentem \Sphncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, D{XmSw \£{XØn¬ P\n®h¿°v, amWnIyw

(rubi) sNdp hncen semgnsI [cn°p∂Xpw, h{Pw (daimound) sNdphncentem \Sp hncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, XncpthmWw \£{XØn¬ P\n ®h¿°v, amWnIyw (rubi) sNdp hncensemgnsI [cn°p∂Xpw, apØv (pearl), sNdphnc entem tamXnc hncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, Ahn´w \£{XØn¬ P\n®h¿°v C{µ \oew (yellow sapphire), sNdp hncentem \Sphncentem Nq- p hncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, sNº hngw,(red coral) tamXnc hncentem Nq- phncentem [cn°p ∂Xpw, A`nImayamWv. 2010¬ kmºØnIm`nhr≤nbpw Krl]c amb ]cnh¿Ø\ßfpw A\p`hs∏Spw.

11


11

Ipw`°qdv. Ahn´w Ahkm\sØ 30\mgnI, NXbw,]qtcmcp´mXn BZysØ 45\mgnI

Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿ s]mXpsh `mKyhm∑mcpw kz{] bXv\Ømepw kzP\ßfmepw PohnXØn¬ Db¿® A\p`hs∏Sp ∂hcpamWv. _p≤ni‡nbpw {]h¿Ø\£aXbpw ÿntcm’m lhpw £amioehpap≈ C°q´¿ anX`mjnIfmWv. hn\bhpw kXyk‘Xbpw amXrImKpWßfpw aqew C°q´¿ k÷\kΩXn t\Spw. hy‡n]cambn At[mapJØzw ImWn °p∂ {]IrX°m cmWv. am≤yÿ kz`mhw, hy‡nXz \ncq]W kz`mhw, kXyk ‘X, kmºØnI ÿncX, F√mhtcmSpap≈ ASp∏w, Kpcp°≥am tcmSpw ]q¿∆oI tcmSp ap≈ _lpam\w, ÿnc amb C—mi‡n F∂nh ChcpsS {]tXyIXIfmWv. AhKml tijn, Imcy {]m]vXn F∂nhaqew kmaqly{]h¿Ø\fn¬ tbmKy X ssIhcn°pw. Nn´ bmb {]h¿Ø\£aXbpw t\XrXz KpW ßfpw aqew t\´w ssIhcn°pw. ÿncamb k lmbnIfpw `rXy ∑mcpw D- mIpw. . Ffp∏w kt¥mjn°p∂ C°q´¿°v [mcm fw kplrØp°fp- mIpw. ss]XrI ]mcºcy kºØpIƒ aqew Db¿® ssIhcn°pw. krjvSn]c hpw Bkq{XnXhpamb Imcy ßfn¬ Hu∂Xyw hcpw. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿°v Iq´pI®h Sß fn¬ ]cmPbw kw`hn°pw. hnZym`ymkw, Ie, ImbnI cwKß fnep≈h¿°v {]ikvXn bpw ]pckv°mceœnbpw A\p`hs∏Spw. bp‡n°p ap≥Xq°w \¬In {]bXv\n°p∂ Ch¿ Bflm`n am\nI fmWv. {]mtbm KnI]cn⁄m\w, A\p`hs∏Spw. klmbnIfpw, D∂X∑mcpw aqew ]ptcmKXn ZriyamIpw. AhnthI hpw [rXnbpw aqew A_≤߃ kw`hn°pw. s]mXpsh ]›mØm ]w {]ISn∏n °p∂Xc°mcmWv. ]n∂Wnbn¬ {]h¿Øn °phm \p≈ Xm¬∏cy ap≈hcmWv Iq´psI´pIfn¬ AÿncXbpw hnhm ltijw A`nhr≤nbpw A\p`hs∏Spw. Zqcbm{XIfn¬ hnja XIƒ IqSpXep≈hcmWv. kmº ØnI{I aoIcWßfn¬ k¥p „n bp- mIpw. kz¥amb {]h¿Ø\ssien cq]o Icn°p∂ C°q ´¿ alØmb hy‡nXzap≈hcmWv. ]cn{iaw aqew hnZym`ymk Ønepw I¿ΩcwKßfnepw hnPbw t\Sp∂hcmWv C°q´¿. PohnX Øn¬ hnjaL´ßfn¬ hnthItØmsS {]h¿Øn°p∂ C°q´¿ kzX{¥Nn¥mtijnbp≈hcmWv. KrlØnt\mSpw kzP\ß tfmSpw IqSpX¬ Xmev]cyw ImWn°p∂ Xc.°mcmWv. `rXy ∑m¿, hml\߃, teml߃, ^mŒdnIƒ, Im¿jnIImcy߃, KpcpP\߃, Huj[߃ A∂]m\mZnIƒ, hkv{Xw, F∂nh bpambn _‘s∏´ {]h¿Ø\ßfn¬ hnPbw t\Spw. t\XrXz]camb DØchmZnXzhpw tk\m \mbIXzhpw A`nhr≤n{]ZßfmWv. Iem]cambn Db¿® t\Spw. \n¿ΩmW {]h¿Ø\ cwK ß fn¬ t\´ap- mIpw. `mKyw, ssZhm[o\w, {]Xm]w F∂nh \ne\nev°p ∂hcmWv.. \mUohyql P\yamb AkpJß\p`hs∏Spw. lrt{ZmK km≤yX bp≈hcmWv. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n® kv{XoIƒ hnhml tijw hnjaXIf \p`hn °pw. ]q¿∆oI kºØv A\p`htbmKyamIpw. Krl em`w, `qan em`w, hml\em`w, kmaqlntIm∂a\w F∂nh A\p`hs∏Spw. amXrIm]camb KpWß fp≈hcmWv. hnjvWp {]kmZkn≤nIcßfmb k¬°¿Ωßfpw, A∂]q¿tÆizco `P\hpw KpWw hcpØpw. D{Xw 45 \mgnI,AØw, Nn{X 30\mgnI I∂n°qdv. A„acmin °qdmIbm¬ ip` Imcy߃°p h¿÷yamWv. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿°v s]mXphmbn sh≈]pjy cmKw (white

topas) sNdphncensemgnsI [cn°p∂Xpw, sh≈ ]hngw (white coral) tamXnc hncentem Nq- phncentem [cn°p ∂Xpw, Ahn´w \£{XØn¬ P\n®h¿°v C{µ \oew (yellow sapphire), sNdphncentem \Sphncentem Nq- p hncentem [cn°p ∂Xpw, sNºhngw,(red coral) tamXnc hncentem Nq- phncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, NXbw \£{XØn¬ P\n®h ¿°v amWnIyw (rubi) sNdp hncensemgnsI [cn°p∂Xpw, tKmtaXIw (beryl), [cn°p ∂Xpw, ]qtcmcp´mXn \£{XØn¬ P\n®h¿°v a™]pjycmKw (yellow topas) sNdp hncensem gnsI [cn°p∂Xpw, apØv (pearl), sNdphncentem tamXnc hnc entem [cn°p ∂Xpw, A`nImayamWv. hy‡n]chpw kmºØnI hpamb Db¿®aqew 2010 am\knIamb kt¥mja\p`hs∏SpØpw.

12


12

ao\°qdv. ]qtcmcp´mXn Ahkm\sØ 15\mgnI, D{X´mXn, tchXn

Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿ s]mXpsh ss]XrIkzØp°ƒ aqew KpWw A\p`hs∏Sp ∂hcpw kz{]bXv\Øm¬ PohnXØn¬ Db¿® A\p`hs∏Sp∂hcpamWv. _p≤ni‡nbpw {]h¿ Ø\£ aXbpw ÿntcm’mlhpw £am ioehpap≈ C°q´¿ im¥{]IrX°mcmWv. hn\bhpw kXyk‘Xbpw amXrImKpW ßfpw aqew C°q´¿ k÷\kΩXn t\Spw. ap≥ tIm]w, F√m htcmSpap≈ ASp∏w, Kpcp°≥amtcmSpw ]q¿∆oI tcmSpap≈ _lpam\w, ÿncamb C—mi‡n F∂nh ChcpsS {]tXyIX IfmWv. {]mtbm KnI]cn ⁄m\w, Ah Kmltijn, Imcy{]m]vXn F∂nhaqew kmaqly{]h¿Ø\fn¬ tbmKyX ssIhcn°pw. Nn´bmb {]h¿Ø\£aXbpw t\XrXzKpWßfpw aqew t\´ap - mIp∂hcmWv. Iq´p I ®hSßfn¬ Aÿnc Xbpw AekXbpw _m[n°pw.hnizmkh©\°v ]m{Xo`hn°pw. _lpapJhy‡nXzw, {]mtbm KnI]cn⁄m\w, AhKmltijn, Imcy{]m ]vXn, {]h¿Ø\ £aX, kz¥amb {]h¿Ø\ssien, A{im¥ ]cn{iaw, A\pIcWmflIamb {]h¿Ø\ ssien, Zo¿Lho£ Ww, kzX{¥Nn¥mtijn, ssZhm[o\w, {]Xm]w, Hu ∂Xyw , F∂nh aqew Imcy£aXbpw, {]h¿Ø\ hnPbhpw \ne \nev °p∂ hcmWv. KrlØn t\mSpw kzP\ß tfmSpw AI∂p Pohnt°- n hcpw. Andnhp IqSpXep≈ ]ecpw i{Xp° fmbn `hn°pw. Kzbw IrXm\¿∞߃ A\p`hs∏Spw. ]ckv]cw _‘s∏´ Imcy߃ aqew hnjaXIƒ A\p`hs∏Spw. `mKyw, ssZhm[o\w, {]Xm]w F∂nh \ne\nev°p ∂hcmWv.. krjvSn]chpw Bkq{XnXhpamb Imcyßfn¬ kPohambn {]h¿Øn °phm\p≈ Xm¬∏ cyap≈ hcmWv Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿. ss]XrI ]mcºcy kº ØpIƒ aqew hnjaXIƒ A\p`hs∏Spw kzP\߃, taeptZymKÿ¿ F∂nh¿ aqew hnjaXIfpw hntcm[hpw IqSpX¬ A\p` hs∏Spw. `rXy ∑m¿, hml\߃, A\ytZi߃, PtemXv]∂߃, `£W km[\߃, hkv{X ߃, Im¿jnIImcy߃, A\ytZi߃, Huj[߃ F∂nh bpambn _ ‘s∏´ {]h¿Ø\ß fn¬ hnPbhpw kmºØnI]ptcmKXnbpw A\p`hs∏Spw. t\XrXz]camb DØchmZnXz hpw k Xy k‘Xbpw tk\m\mbIXzhpw aqew A`nhr≤n ZriyamIpw. ZmºXy PohnXw hnjaXIƒ h cpØpw. H∂ne[nIw Imcyßfn¬ Htc kabw CSs]Sm\p≈ tbmKyXbp ≈hcmWv. kv{XoIfpw klmbnIfpw aqew hnjaXIƒ A\p`hs∏Spw. k¥m\ßfpambn sX¡n ≤m cWaqew AI¬® A\p`hnt°- n hcpw. I^{]IrXßfmb tcmK߃ aqew hnjaßfp - mIpw. sskv{XW tcmK߃ IqSpX¬ _m[n°p∂ Xc°mcmWv. DZc kw_‘amb tcmK߃ Ffp∏w _m[n°pw. `KhXo {]oXnIcßfmb hgnhmSpIfpw IpSpw_]camb Bcm[\mKpWßfpw hnjvWp`P\hpw KpWw h¿≤n∏n°pw. Nn{X Ahkm\sØ 30\mgnI, tNmXn,hnimJw 45\mgn I Xpem°qdv. A„acmin°qdmIbm¬ ip` Imcy߃°p h¿ ÷yamWv. Cu Iqdn¬ P\n®h¿°v s]mXphmbn apØv (pearl), sNdphncentem tamXnc hncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, Zp¿§mb{¥w [cn°p∂Xpw, ]qtcmcp´mXn

\£{XØn¬ P\n®h¿°v apØv (pearl), sNdphncentem tam Xnchncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, a™ ]pjycmKw (yellow topas) sNdphncensemgnsI [cn °p∂Xpw, D{X´mXn \£{XØn¬ P\n®h¿°v v C{µ\oew (sapphire), sNdphncentem \Sphncentem Nq- p hncentem [cn °p∂Xpw, acXIw (emarald) sNdphncentem tam Xnchncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, tchXn \£{XØn¬ P\n®h¿°v v acXIw (emarald) sNdp hncentem tamXnchncentem [cn°p∂Xpw, sNº hngw,(red coral) tamXnc hncentem Nq- phncentem [cn°p ∂Xpw, A`nImayamWv. 2010 Bcw`Øn¬ BtcmKy]cambpw, kmº ØnI]cambpw B\pIqeyw IpdhmIpsa¶nepw Pq¨ apX¬ hy‡amb Imcy{]m]vXn A\p`hs∏Spw.

13

Sanchara 2010  

Kerala Astrology

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