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48

ZTRCON

dii

,l,lq,,d,lO,W{,!4!f Zircon ,i;,yr/,$rt -trrfu*Jil;t/;VQ4t/+,-u^q,/,Ja/,tcfu'"a4 qa do lr *i 4 c o r ++w$-h ra c t /1-4J( 14 a

4ia*i4e[r'.'tq,ry/'[u4;''1i?a!qFi,lu]<*

,#i;:;'i;:;t1,";;';.4,,onnJri,liir*, a,rt dd o it

4t t ftAa ;t zta/ t(+1, s{- .rw 6, {s u

t

-+WV'!*,

'14t!*,t/)61t''rr-,offigoU{'tofi, !:

i qp ll*

ct t -

!4tt t tg,7, irl,

ay'.'

t; o :

i /, Cr* J> *

-1,iqolitrafla,-it{,-babt

-a=/illt'u t*ry'ct

li 7v i Lt: 1r 6.

(, ,. Zn t r lt Ztt f .u

CJ)

i

t

t-,

w

SILICA

HARDNESS

Specif

lc GravltY dPA;t

,r' MELTING POINT P"T;4 REFBACTM INDEX

-1i1"y31,ti,o;16t

it6,,i $,4J:r.Tiytdrill'te I

i/.,;

Zirconium

I

rar Goonr

.&' -,

-+l


49

c;{J:qv.[Li'7rrpV,7,,t*

J.

ry,

{t, Atb

Hyacinths

-P*-/ ur, + Q L-l-/,f b 6v7! S L L, tl.' tfu -4u,'lfi ,X'i - r

g*

-4cd,sde

,j?fs 4F* qfot u /)fr 4t S

tt7r)*l/(

g;t

t -t I

1

P

Pratinum

qi qcf rq 1w/-; u,/i /to1yr,Shq{t6,yO* t + f. t o n.,iv{,145a rs, S

/U{ smot<crcss Flah Powder -+f?rtPt*gq&Jyl /-ytr/rP,b6**.7Qetrr4\d-A'/))r1pSp,

tb

r

d u w /; {V Yr}' ! *"2, t

cP<

t

J,l-b &fr

-

O:,:ff*;) *

a " ,

r-(ii,

o-?, 4

o-

aito)'! 2)4 < -,,/

('

l{P

cra1r4h,;4ez*ttk4r/4/,t-1,/d"1,;le-atv 1); $r,, ft *{t64r. +f v'rp u ( W-t +i?4 b

-

t

/Uvrt-{ul,/g/,1,!q1{3-ti!-"7r-16,t+€f L?J J'V rr i,hlu q t k,/,t6 /,t't/r1 iv gadfufrltu -+6?1,i-d&&tt*(d"utp,al,G.rl-r+r-.r6r, W d*.5'. + *i e w rt? ry y t;'vdJ fu vt stt;6rz g*,'t.rf/tyihd;an-1V16)/r(;ult4-qitt;r-4r-1 t.

t

6;Lt.>,]-n+/ffilp-qtJ3-Liu1y11e,74l'!-lrt;

,r/*tuo1;.-arivo(,lf-+d4-l.t,at:ca;-+rk

'

-r1€,,J.*!4&t-+ loi 4 4P p 3-ti ot >t (/; V, Lbr,w fu -, ;{O V .p.itaL/gtryt}4d.1-ez,f (fitt{iOl/oq'riryt t

r

|


r I

I

_50 I

u

i * & q' q' |

"

z - r,'

w-

S'

J

(

t;lutr'tt t; ;

( d6 !7y'C4

r

aftzy.w4qiul-c;,/dU*tiy'@'--(aisL/a4ui

I

.t:-lL.r(!:#-f{{*o,l';tfu uot21fu *-lt tpt c' ,M { d,zg tuluo f ' +t /vy ;,fu a' Q iLz. 4 u

u

t

t

f WiH{l/4q''1iin"t''/cttttt4d.t"uo4p'12!it-, -4LvV_t2-ctt1)

CATS EYE

W

I I I I

i

I I

I

W|'46t-qan

)ffi

car EYc

-

Ai,{i,fi/'fuJ'

a?,fr ,*vlt o ; {q.=/;-'- H 4 Q?: !" t *.,nl4tv4?,,6,-gL:ot/crt+ttdL/P1,/l'"t{&,ZP ,

-


0st

,/. 4rr

flr,V,

*7

$ g,

i, l,/r -, o ff O 6 t*3, -

-*dy1t, -*ts ay 1r

REFRACTTVE

INDBX

sPECIFIC GRAVITY

qr,?,,,

-

-

Oxygcn

HARDNESS ,;Y

q{q P ,

{l-

SILICA

-t->iV

(D211 ?rt: t t dfr ZDyt 1r -

tl'Vtt/ir,

kl-i^o. t'i'tc't

J

cffiO,i

c Pzs'rY.-'3 $ S

\ o) # it,!..- _{J/ _

+bA(J,

lo:s.t

I -,r4(t'

-*t[Lqyc-,-{* -+tii!t,Or;r- -*{4 1 iqa{r e oi 4)+ rfr, -,-fifr -{y&lrt"r+/-_ ib

-

4*isz

qL/Fa1fl)tcfd,r/,aQt

I *') 3 ial /,' - w.t -,jtqvl,j,r-oy

lW

-uu,-i6$t6iy;.- g i,fr,A 4O) tD4' cP6d -t t-,.,t

-+\*t'-''ubu-V-?-t

"- utoL.,

bzf&r rif - r r? -, -

4rt irtt-.rif-r

1


05?

/,yl-1r,or2/o)rti+lopoiLa.al!/attafr -:g/|rrp

-ib,z/r;,ytf -q4;s;r--,ylt')tOf '4bbulp't'e,t( d - +e |

uDfuL6a * sdpt 1 4z lo 1,y &) fi? (/ -

-

1

f ; a l,*r/u t I a 16rt t4t i,' "iir t,

# u' lZ 2 lo aorl/, 2 i,ali - Z W u4/u f, -, dt i6/

tg(q.zLufittacro!,>t7z;t(u/t.Zi4,ai-/z.z-/n,

-c-6!6ydtr>)il.{,r{-p/ctDBi;g' u t?t(oFtf- a Oytt Lfo), rt 1 a/,,, E (tL4 -, #0,, t

/-:vgv:Ss{1u4if Yy-a2.!,,1-?rl4otur>21ov,C1L i,.dyr-<u0t;yLinlr;avpaui- 'L- t- .i:igi.e -t- -

oUt)oatdly,oiaJtaCt;i--4ye/sy1a"th;z6WldOt

,l"tdb-i!rQ1;z.y46wwf -+r/=sLbdc)FstfJo?y',a-

-4{,tr'-aif/"1',;rtyr-(4,rt/o,iurfJ (,i iy'qqi'

r

$1, gy qtba/go,67' t h 6:7 r 4>;4

$r(nVr;,rpit;lrlc-yos j)r,r!ia);l/4A$rtt-1fu

"t(:y,*.)'tt+c4)r7Cu1uiy/orrqo4-+Q,g -

4 vd*a1P4 3 f I *u yJ o aa /*t h '

& .*-*if*

+


053

I

I

I

)i, il

t-t

l,f t.t/ l.Y

l.( l.A l.q

cbl*{-J-tt(i.)> /,1'

Py.-,, a6 ?Y -,' Ar dn 'Yl at ,-"/i -rn .{, or17'-(>

-ry

-v.46/ +/

J;'il' 4;vt

-va

-r,t

t( .r.r

.}'r -t

th( t./

-v

g7t)t -r

1bh.4t -,

ytr -\,fr(t

-

z.

t2*-/- -

h

r.b

ll(,

,l,v -rn

/.t gF -q Lr ,/P -l'

llt

/trot., -r,

t(

tlf

llA

lr. Vl

rrf

v( lro ll',{

L,f -r.

4,l- -r' fi.,u 'ott/(

-v1

-r,

^r ,ltsr 'rr ^o tl Jri g;-r

\v7.$

-rr, -ra

>/3'6i -rt

&a(

t.

11

,*-ff_

4t, -tr

ti -t( *-w

{9

I

i

I

-u

ul$ -g ./t 1t ,.y'{;t -tt

qY

I

6/, -( qtj -a

L'

I

I l

I

l

rA

i


0ss

H

SPINEI,

sPiner

c/ir21[v,lttafq/,

d$rttg

spark

tfr'v,t$,jt{4"r'

Ft4wray;octfiy-q4:er

$lutu!L,te.+fr,,1f-,tte;ila-7(!,(i4a-1as4i6v,' "il-tfrl::fr,r+*),6+d,"Gr,vtlrt".7ii/*aufr v4s,4 W at' aQ t" fifflJi Oi" nlob'' ct u; -

f /

+W,4?,

-.rr=i-Q4c)9Xrt,t4,-d|r€du'l/--1t/r,{t}

?'*(i"to'"n'*'?y;rp '

-,+i;Vl!4ct$,t;t*,a -*ttl 6t*, Jt +, Urt U2 r 4' Upt" j''S' a!' gf)' irf -//r/ddA&rBt;(J>d.ty'/a,s';, L,

-,'z $ a:{ -t )rt ,P Mcgnesie NI-' Aluminium (ft''; -'i"l" ,)i.der4 r. a2r,f,ft +,j+ ftfi{(/1: *,,t 4', t Ltd -,4/; ;t Y r, 1.,)e v 4x

t

I

-at/

_,,,>j,v - zts

^

HARDNESS {

SPECIFIC OXAVffgffO:: - En trar REFRACTM tXOeX ,/ -

(t>

yt26

-',q'rr-tirlr\rfitfiifii,tit4-tF' -$,'J,,ekd Spinct ,y-V-,


0s5

-uD3o//LlL6ri . Ut

& 6i il/t

t

1!

V

.uu&;-/

parace

spincr

ttmand i nc spincl

&ytr-,

rty,j,l4., - t"

spinct *Vgy

_n

saphirc spiner 6*-y-]6.

-.

ccti

-Wt,3ri/$r42 Ptoonnsres soitat _a "$qrLt$ . UuJ>aM Bates spinet Uly*rfuy_,,

'r/t,trifJrl

iqo,,4t/fu/4t*

tttu-:,!:yA, *YIL"u/;(

a-n1/eScl*t$< Temur Spincl ,F6t1-, //,y u L {y,lt 4, q,W z- ttt (tp u * }i t it ei t 4r q 4,1"t u qv 4 t (1 g cqe,,; {; ba $.6 t

t

-

-

e- pio'

Liir

t

O

c{t & Wf E ;, t q,!t t

t t tt

b

4 e-

a $. r..

9-';'1+&!e,--n(l;tt Brack princo Pq4-r 64qtPL senor pedro -\vU./ut- era4;{atbt bF r $t a(y b ! 6 q s u'a tt 4 {q4c,t* (; W, eâ&#x201A;Ź. +a'/r*4 o S V 4zfi sg ts - 7 #*(,tW,'% e, Wi., 4 t,' q* (; y@t ; 6t t

-

6/,Lrtii,!,ddr(11eoat:Jy#;#;':;'ilO' -+unsu{,*aiO%"ep

(,lu e t' + -iUtx?) r + * /.toi' 6 )i a. 6 ofu ,/y(* -?,7ig,tl,tt-,Cy',.bq),$);ieo*bl-+a,#.i*Ufu t-+

eu(?h?.4{q,r/tto4i4Jv*L',+i,,},i,y'!Jr4r;

-1o::*4t-/t/'/}lt1yr;t/4/rr/st-a,/i"ti,ata


()5 7

-4;lr,{cr:hJ,-+u/Urtrtrr,}'-;i:iet'-rrfirt/ %r,f 4, ei tJ4' cln' - I u, Jkdry- +id-o| -

-

b

{

-(a,t;F;ztt$tg;i-ot)

tulifkt{ii-'g2rsJt@lsp9lQ,)!bG11, &rr/c;d,tuai!4-(4sr$W+4g-b!r'w.1e6t l*7-it/ttte,r)t?t(c,il*76rtv,6t[t14aa:7tl!UU&;I

ap:-/vLyrvpy-=laLl4Zyrpfut,-,1#* etWgt-,t$/6rw/.ok//b/rdq/ypr.Vy'&t

#-irfoydf{f

s!.afltu,,Ltra*su7va-A3u6}(e

{lt-AgArc*e@ew1z.-.}b:6/gap'#,y1y.rr{/ A/41 t t fi - 0.- ()- 6- O&tyr(, f,py-i,i*,Lot![/,=ystztU/,t*wf.birL/oq(2fi i lyh i,v c a V-rt f. t,vi,( ; o !-haftt gq :b t.,i. :.r 3 + * +rr,' i rl U *l p; rqfir, gg,$,;.b,tftt tV t

1

t

oj !du'

tr X 4q.9r,/ + yt_y,fq y" ? {* r, (: " "

,4ks14$-aiya{tt1i1r,,.d49.l)rutl"W!,rr4*/;a;/

4[o/

Ksrimnnreni

ovtdfu**ly-aEqr-l']

1,r;;!tiia-9*,..r-ri{lr,(*rSbut*,t4/.ut>7t}o;z-!'7

e,@_-er,t{*u;*9.*,!4Urlrt"t*f

:f :ffi,N

dit-

I


0iE CORUNDUM

ai, I

I

{i/4*/urtr

corundum

Si>(ggtfur,

4P|+Z4,rv,tts,**

a-Q29_11!.9-pi9.<44g/r.,rt&tt;{crcrgil,4od-

Abbt/"rtJtlr;'uruaii1t4/rrrfu u;t4-dfrta4, fr q,1ilt$ z-1 ql t" ) r"; E \sr &dW +l o, e.*. fi-

V,Sot>;6y-gifq,St;lvf tg,z;7.r;-ly*..,-ta4"t-arit7 '

+4 di a + t

(e=

n

S,

qoia* z tf r,7 qiy

-teffGty.ddJ,

4";;,,!tt, qt+ (J, 4U du, J, 4, p,:tyac4z,9; t"

t

-+E

-,,lZrP{r(b,*n

4qn

Alumunium

/7Y

I

ztt q ,/ lt ae lt<,1

SII ICA

i),-t

t-

+

-r'.ilt

HARDNE$I

SECIFIC

GBAVTTY

,f

,fr;,

REFRACTM INDEX

-qdif tqrl-t+.:do91u+@Wi,,w-,(6, -+a{,-i;drr": J!- ,

-+a(lr7a - ,i-r

frr,gaaffiil+rr{3rop,r,r*,ffik#:.


059

'

#(,12{.,+,y',Alklt,va(op1f-*rr;6f

lSr/1Z1rt_*-tULt'wf-,*S,qcttbTot/,D,o1-r,;ar, .

(Litr

AQUAMA

{o:a,l-t14,'l tpe : ct * t

"4l1t

t

f

lri . ! r */V, b t/6t :_ ay

"u/fi Aquamarine

at !.- aQ

u ; c-

!,./rt,

a;,/tq6/,frg,

W.t,zg)V f r;, C.,l fa

t l tlPj - .i it1

ga

fiUl* r d g7) *1 e fp 2 aq -

t

r,

,;,,a.;;g.f.n1*6,urt/,Lig j/,1*1aa/trU jutJ

,);Al-r*ff;rff;#

V;,.,,tw4&aq*.fu t{,'w-"j{Jt4-aclrF-e$tzr,4,{*ty;ur,=1a

U-'yigrlq;42(-Q;**,;ofi _7;u{rg,J XJt,ytfutittrtiu,,,4;;iJrripls,-+y,gri,lo -t t\*t"{a(/rl*-+r,r 01fr

tit<

SILICA

Q.,

-.allol

Aluairium

â&#x201A;Ź,-,

Bcrylim

1<

4rr, *rt

.r 6

HARDNESS

-,

-r rgilt {


(.r60

Z.P Y1z. SPeclflc GravltY X/tl;'. z-ts 1 16/, RBFRAcTIYB INDD( . ,a6-, Ul \(&7.$r'Or;r- Gotdcn Aquemuim u-/t/t ftr-t f

oftr{.'/&q|/

Marganitc Aquemerinc

gy'/Afi'ttz-

.g,,-?eV)d1tgi./oytydwi-'tu'fi Grugli

utJiviq-,.,igoq- t . w Jtgl 67& -, tfo6rq( fiv - r - t J'r;z-i{ - ri,t1ltlat$/ - r t

r

U

Q,u,,t

t

$Qr,

rtlw U,A4fcy/q'Sl> 4iiU -, tP b t/: f -+utr/tl).e'r'$;awt4

tiv. ct! orrn'. iu, eyg,' 1t' 2 ^, r aeD

t$-&{tia -$7Fa

d ylu y/"

/ iL {t,, ^ 64,!A."r{ig (fo tlu r r | r q d) 4,4t? vo, 1 a(t g.,/N, rs - + i " i1

u vs t

r

1

r

-41,eLldgle't't+Jt*u4{'ilP4Ats'>v Ar/+'oas*/d,"4>1)rrrei-A1y',>,t-,*/Vd tAnJ,-7t4,,!j7cZQ'*t.d{st-a?o(a,1t}'ti,bt

*U/d;."Jf 4/;ctttnth$'o'k-APL/'a,'t ,l^,:t-!4q/l;r*rtf ."N,s;*,o*thrlty)0,u9.P. # I it,,/le,bt 4{f*t?e d'u; i 6zil$uil1-.rtrg44yO,f -L*4tsi-;1-r,iwf -,fl,r,Y w &$i- qlt r C+rnd, Ai,,i',P c 0',try4 -

t

r'

-'giy4/udu,;.ra-*11;p',uqj-4fi i4q{

I(


061

/iut\v,,,/rrt.,rrl2grrrpr:,f nley-&iil.u*rqv;fcsr,

-piffi t-'tpat4/trt/,/*trtEiy-.rl/f C,-;(14u:Qt4a461a7-#/,,p(4r,-;,f,lV ,f tzfl(o,,'qd@tcP.-(Li,rLc/at2rpra.r'7ut?,tt-ri d-firt'tnOf EZffr.//Wnye!(rte/,rtr7o-.)i,,tr

f i{e4/eyr&tA-elrwtaeo'6/iug4treyir

tlfi t;,/,Ssfrpr/Ad-*-srtbr-r-i-*i.1;(uU'r -'a-d4t,&-ted{,i*.4t!piltesa4,rw7-*t*, e4lt-+ct j,-at(ou./,tg,tqliJ*{d=4i|ryQai -(r3t'648-.ant dJig,,rt -i,r, e-,t i,fge jy urrt ?. & Q44* 4.4r,,t/vrb/o,dPr,!t>y154)t4,ly4/wJ//.fl6( -

lt / gn rlra& dtoj !- 1q 11 ii, it,A + Cv * q*,-,y - -pw, a Mftlir" h /,li tcp) atj rldc _

r

TOURMALINE

0,

-

6/;

V=.7,{,4,>/;-- Tourmatine ri;A,t

J,rtt,

u;uuk**,/4)Lv:t()Yfr trc)t;dt7"St,--qf;r*7;'1 t z,yt b: tgLfi + b*t ${* n,*t Zlf'c. o(a- ffi urt tr&Prrcil-?.csta-td9,'uli-apr)itlohett?( -

r


()i'?

J$t;

q g,/e i.t =Z Zu/ - *,r, w, doft.t

$rt

d.t- G rVF 6!, 6, 1o..r

g-d,-r|/st 4lZ4* e//,r;

t

-d-,c\tPt*+{,4gP'w (u*wdx v.ay+,/t tr

urrra vioret

; dy'i 6-l $t

Rayr 4ul

fuaf* e' {s r' w1i; 6 / ,ll /U rA - 4Z r,Ji, p {.7 - t o 6rtt $ rl &f) -4d* y), du{,,Lf , a.M, /L/ 1 aV,).Jt L. a L1 r r*, -

rc1.t

;

t

r

Ji6t{sep)pr6/rytdy,rrrPlir{Jtgrfu"{t6,W

-*iq,/,Jr{,{,#r|4ff"rqzy-"ti

//

f. t^

//

t.

r'D"

//

g

q

6

//

rr

4

I

-t,->bl,n

F

11, <t?d HARDNESS Zts ltl. SPEcIFIC GRAvITY,IFO;, 1t: lt16 REFnACTM TNDEX ,-(


061

-7C4{J:1W:Utfi)ue''Rob"nir"

eW-t,S-r(6t

-+[V:yo/d.q,l;lr.rtr,t!y',tAbl,fre-{i[4afiaur 4.CSur.7uqg$vqra,J,rfut rndicolirc Uo{),r_

-+q

-]

1,

-+aa-Jlii

Bluc *{nC. +ttvttSbeQf.SU{C,,zi.

Brazilian

Berin

c/rr.-" Aphrizitc tLl f -e-it"gg,:,/,qc),;l!.,,,

-4r,(J-,4!r,q?,-

t a I q,, !, l1rl t

-

-

Dravirc Utlri - a

id?l,lrr,

Shorl JrL - t

r; {17.arr/ct - qZ,i uK3, (aa a p 6

+w $ t c{v,t t

t

r,#ef;f:;%,

t

-,

.14b;>/,t"'rJyrqf:;(JtTrtr[t_;fr-6/;t-p +V V* u U/.:,!a- e'{4,*; y* - (7s I gr,, j _ t qur{ ff/v, - (Ji7;(J o 4 - v " a fr1 -

|

t,

yu

&4tVohu,{clrrt+,frtcg[ldVrF,uha.,{oiq,;-O-?.e,-itr,;/cfr(Liu-l,a/,zyulttyy4.d/u:$ryet -i * 2 /,t O | 0 t/2. e c/- (.il (/. t, - J-/.,r, C r;D L -

r

-

_

avf)*urrt"-?i,t$.4!toq}JLdOr,nf+rrTzua .,)y/2.yt-(4rrL/rtrti@t$:t*t4ty,pxZJ:d,y-- frt3?oâ&#x201A;Ź)2,1od,y0/,t2


0(i.t

+h,q$ *; &ri, /$ t' gl u,C oi'c 4 s fi-ta L, aAitn i v +tW,tl.4'r' ol&'uqod11' .7(4:1)l4id4t-i,l L

t

-

BEBYI,

4tj

4.Q{tia. gtAQe'rfuit'

BcrYl

')/t't'd'*"'

-

#frr:#Xffisffi e/.,4$,P;r'faut\c:a1/fii/fr tt{r'w.'t''7i4,ra

6'qr-l;U(+v.q{ Bcryni.m (t-t+6.4$'>lr.a a,!,twi,r,f fu!4n?.6q+trl;'>to'LYnY{1';'

i,,*tau,ido;nl,'Ar4,,-/4*tt//ryo.tz+-rtyd,W

uiiVn',oalr*ft"

v**;&rb+

d c' &'i+ " Y< 6' o'ta: s)\ L 6 qrv ot ttrbJt, $ia 4 d*r t-nfub l,l,)tPdtr,t t

$t

-

+

6f,41 Srr,-,,

t

"{*

r' rinl{r't' 7 aq (/o')i$ (&, 1fri fr, + ti i,/o,rr rt v 1 rq 4t 4 taTSl'r;, . a tre,"-g

i

r

+aV7ggrQilJt

,a.$,*l-t*Q,rluCrr*{r{iugot:{/4ltc*i< - 1 g vbfiqa.,rt Z4,tlqY-(, PJ +Yl 4' & + bad

l(

fu-t


06t5

4

]q ,r/ ,**(,

A

amnmium ,t-fjt-y

SILICA tU -. -f *: L>2|e/

LD .a,, ,O HA&DNESS ,f ,/t 1y-,p .:SPffiSE ,GI[AVtrTtr ,$"?:r;it tt lt1

:*EICRI*CT{VB .INDEX -

+;?l*(tT3by-tyLil

,/i

-*nctP;Urzr-

l

-atvl&ayia- gt/rlt-f -

1qd-t, a.W r -,4t;/,,, -r

-fl,\fi(Jt:.,;a-uj6r/-Y

_,,Hbrflv

-+dl;d.,aLtq/t;/4t

-'dvr?lu/ji,*f- + d

{r r" jo, zu,Zp76?., 5 k ),tdv,

tp

$r 1 - ; z- /*, 2,a"1 - 4tw o Vz;17 1tu), oi -C, * r{d= 2, a2 tuphla't uf. 6 ltun i,t - zi,/ t

-

-

z-,

t

-

v

/t-$/t^rrou:1qf,pl,ygiPa.<=Frtlr/,7v1r,/,/,

<tvtf iAa{(,r,-4*t*ta#A*iZyt+*sFdvu

-+{lPt$'tr-'

-',/tiC/

O(w'4t*-M;,cA"A-- aa-fia

;


0(r[r

,,1-i

iyl 6friy i W -

c;c, to - zriu.u

rh/

e V-

+W

u"-i, -+b)

i.#/'PtudyJrrlt/,sL4/f +r;o))(.t2./-1,#eV b

"rrrUrrru|)ffi0''

''#r,

{$4fuv/.cWrtgoGor,iu',;{/a}"w/,rr'1i9u\b/

'iitfi,etrtrp$+,ir,

{o(o?}u"

'+t/,1'rfel,4tf ALEXAI!DRTTE

'*tj?fi, a-(dbtq,+

Arexanlritc

liy!;fi$ntVlr

c;'st(:uh4ntz4yddLlo.{lSttnrr-1(*tdltVsrz (-, /2* z s lg ( t

7

b o, t

&{do'

V,

{A,a,*b:1p, LD t')/

tft( w n y3+, ba L/,,[ J rPfu?,t-g; * & t & -

q

(

oilL#6/"t-1fu.4utt'o2fi-ir7$lufl,{g<gr-s.)l ,!qt,pui'4-[d]un,.,$ftatttqr,furttd7d-(ofi, .4;r7a(p,b1*e4;r4Q-,g4eg.oLfu.qui/:sa./

il

o ;,{V, rr

ffG t 6, -f, qrydq,f,er4+d?dl,&$f,QdJr(irr;/-+;u:,,

q,fi: o4

f,!

r,

rQ r a-

t,>

4ye7i-4{:tuqttf*Ac(3,r/,6:,-#/**,-hl't '+QJ+-!P/J>i4tfi'2,-,*bJri'afi /''l(


l)()1

-t,Llff 4 tqt*

Berylliunr

*.

// A..r

Alumunium

'7t,

rl

.

Iron

[)

-r sllt

Z.t

it

f

HARDNESS

d

// f rtl // ltlo

Specific Gravity,,/Frl;o REFRACTTVE

tNDEx

"J L\,f*L"q*,fi./i" ).*ttia-ei'U!UQ!7.u2 sibcrian Alcrandrirc -r(t:t -1QJa34pt tfpr-+qfJ, -

-airrlctVti;4atidi{QrrttO7ld,,:ri,iq,:{e - tu|y t,1fit,, d4o * uv4 q -;N ig, -, *(d tt'

Y.(-i-b:slf.V4l)ldtidldfr t.S-c-u Lrg46rc,*,t?z.(tt isiy.lijvtfi ti,#/,rLtt,er,r l,y'Jt, 7 *fi ua fi t 7 -l*,, alrt t utpulo) I y

y

-

t

,PlQf 1,.,u"t/gv/tf.*tllrbutT-*,4a,{ap4:tplLa ,tlc/-/*,utt j;1,r11)t4//,yr14ia-(;itt/r,,rttqy-,Lrt/ -

+fV

4 il'Elo y- *t v

u,

qlt

*, LL u)


-! t)68

AMETIIYST

taa

&dLt /*

.q/,rt.W;r, .

Amethyrt

$<,rtl;$,fri,

p:.tttfr YlytttJ>(/+vyQotP.tt!trt-(J4fr*4* $U.J.#t s;;r figt ;,3 t! f6, " err;7 nl.>f; (n

$

ttp"fi {-t)gJlav1.{'i,tiry-y,-,/,2;'L/u.;t/.,1

aw

11*pe<f.&2fi &$24/idfezyu/4&t

zpb,ql.rta,rlri-1fffb-Wt/tl;/ge,>Ctl!r/,rt

ti,7c.;/6roi.,/ur,*//-t*yt(#)A,iiY4tWrf 'gta-,id.u/Jyr'tUctu,V1b1s-elr:tZSaqal ov:ae'o ii,,t-4

O

arlq u d4 -q1,fif'

'$/'o.a-{,lwy,lZpu!zdnZli;qye.7249 -nr(.Ll-t)X=4+zc/D

-,->6Gt$tA d-+W-Wu4*d,lAr,)uttb-t7tia/'id?')?-

{.c/o)4A-tw}*o{et;6{t-at>!.d-tol -

z-,

fw qlart 1ftu

t*{ Q&r +t?4H4

,Duirrlp1Ya,fite{ri2id

4 t

+

Mangancsc

sILtcA

&

\q

ffii -{i'' Q

// dtr t orYgcn d /1 'lY Mangancrc ,e


069

Zt:

4

//

,;/t.iv

HARDNBSS

Yl h

SPECIFIC GR.AVTTY

t I td( // tclf

REFRACTIVE

INDEX

"T FolN'r a'fi$ , tr ir n'

I,IELTTNG -

U4*I6;I

-'I

* zw iaj w - *y'l -*l-**-Vt{ - ryY-Y

a-i,t,

t

- ,l\t-r. *rr-fVL*

-er(*a-atVZ

{r k4r'f t, .. t crb/t i P - ti V.*o'4P{uo u:, ( +r/,Y W rtu * ;Y f 0" - g! Y $:y' f4t ' (= y, .

7

v

y';

v

y{a tle-

|

; - +v,tr!,

t'

1

t

r

3t rt,,,i-,7. gtsUy*ac/o

r

t

t

u -* LJ, y a

a'W t* y*

ev,$rrc,/4f ,{ry.*ltv.rlr,/+lV-*ic'$4w-q'51 * /* i, ori,, * u {r" - w t a'',4 [r, il{ q' /* ,- ir1 P l, {Va, t}uL i PA', vi * p:,!J{y & nl t

t

"

to

.

'a,-tXola;t; ,

/t,

-,&ffv

a

4l*,/t -

P X d t; v w*d );

g4n,/o

t

* +,tf* t;'ffsa

e at"t s t 611WdP&:+

r

*Ptry,f

)oott-+tLddttaolL4$N'fi-tflzovvo;1 fzf O rrt E o ri i* 4f t! d1 i! p tef,y* -u/ u2qir'4t c o €r.:i,- 4;4rf i1tt+i4\14 (a/J -qiL;4JufrlilSt"tbcr '-

t

t

I


070

PERIDOT

bir* oiV6yra,Sr6bkt{ Pcridot 4r-Ac*l,kl UlflO't -(i - q 4 otivinc ri,lrtotr)t!r;,j,"- elVl$t d-o+.rt;lZ,-,,|,;rd.;E{r/1fieyltrtf1,7rly1,r/utz,A df44leS4lS,/*;*t-LtL&.(y44qL$,tttg,!t.Q

,#;,f "4'/-+;Vyy4uatqztspa1; 1,;.,,tr=)lrrt,/1aCd,1tat:t1etL?1Jfi

+ q16Vl)LyfA

iu;aalrb:atrL4t:rz-,fi (zrL,rtzbA/4-2,4.*Lfu p A6d M4 s -

;,;;Utf, ! f*e d

+'6

-, --(76tUdtL-?9,

- {V,! u,t-, qv.t - ia!r,62 p aiy!! iiP,rr, -

-

rj,'

)16. 4lY /1 t,A

4st.lt6 t1 Y lfO o * t,l(

ct; 6r* J,

4 9 -:i trr,i-

1

v)

-,ei4ptig' g$-t

Mcgncsie

Iron SILTCA

W-r

Q-,

-r -*lt ,? Speclflc Gravlty CN6; BEFRACTIVE TNDBX ,_r HANDNBSS


orl

-1.,,,fr1d;t i-, (6, --rf4(J>7aJt 6rru olivine,Jt/;t-, . #Si afu6jr-J,(;L:vrfuah 67 ceyrons a X - v

-'LfVd/ ::ttrtcff

-ar/rv-idz4aQtrjv4t1f

'6vrr.,.orbir;n-,iir2,lUogq,agrrr/q;--;qrry/u{#A;;

nt,;;uvrql,c/t).,{o!!J}4-+-rtil4,r/d-.bsLrt - z[u(*;1fiysr4i4.,.i Li,r Lll uu4 {r/-tfi t

fg'

r,>

-,#,1v tz

c-> t Lv u

frL)t (,y u* t

( t +-y q # (n zlsr I 45 {, NJ,T P e -t-,/, ! ryfufi o,i-,; l,- qJt ->pr. e 1v at;

t

yn

u

-

t

t

e

'biu-t{*;fat,'1-a,{rl"t/ull-fu

'QSs/c1,urf

)'A t

Lr' "4' +tV Yt td 6:7r:r rli D c gtt;r,i' J G ; - 2 1$' Lt-i -z- lD fl lu 4,z tr 4t try* ru4Pc t t,

*

t

t

-q-ro17fi(fq,g TUNZITE

uf

e6fu!udud7,,,'kf+ xuozic Ay'qAJ,fr-Ar ,th/.,yaz41a'tor/.-6;617-it!.alj$1'1iyL{e96t

",rfi.-(.rP,({'q9yg,4ty'-7'te-'2-a,+Pr/=o.'d


072

,frr,&.*z-F--1.-l4Ia^aAr{PiYp+r,$

a4q!y;.,tc!,{*SZ4{vz/fr&Wff â&#x201A;Ź.e ,

Q

tl

r 11.U1, Pink

4t*S*'i-) -tfu"Etl *3)

-{//Pffit(t'Auf,t-ar.';fi Q,J,4

a->|fi

,t: /, ll

(

l(r o vtt ( tr (

SILICA

(='-"

Aluoonir

qh

Lithia

w

,t

Clrolrc

4

J t

a,-*V (t:'1 1 o , f /t^

HARDNES.T

,$t,

g ui.,1,

r 6itt4

r

;!

1/tt t ,*.

u,

Gravity r/y'rSb

Speciflc

INDEX ,,7 i, /* r' ulJ 6l+ i *,, r0 artw cV- p 7t;'/rsif- a;(ut; fu) q; N,EFRAfiIVB

21116

6i,-

4f.

F

l#

S

,i{o,,u,-rg-,4rr-*rdf-#,,J#/-ru{;; * qfu ,t rt t+, W. "tuart t n,r'1.t I (/ y'.tl / -

t

t

D

e)A/r$t-*rJr.s**r;ttl1t2/"y4*ri.,ttCXe+,y(g ase.

2-

v -/-

i- {4- pt !- :-*(,

-D

-

t

St{rLtr4t(

clrtry-4{t;rr**at4p{ti-ryirx{<rQ?t$d/rt,ibrl 4r1,o4-rnb,14$lzy',,v7e,j/vy2tul$+rta.slat,y1


073

I +n I 6l, / ( ultyor*w I b tf- a,,> q61 Uo{!-+i?yw{Ir,tq,/,<,rlu}ddr4.r-:i, /t,

r

t

I

u

"'N,,&drrt4?rStrttl&4*r^-(>+ia;Viy,a,r*gQ

-2ir

I

-l

CITRINE

sr? -a,,{eScqt4,a4{'citrine,t},trrr!$*, v & ;,rd';Prn u, iy,Ufrr e- fu A LJ,f,y y, fi t.

p

t

t

Qs.,/.n,wia{a.t;U/;|1r44".a,;iez$p-,fi i, 4PGfl,+)4VzpL,:taA/,*-ba-+il*r,,fr*du,.+ d"*g!1-$idfi.?!lrrl7fieygqo9r",V{q.1df.g1u + ct ) Ho/1/*L : t)A a !,,$ (.r - tl'4/At>' n / tea $ u 6r.,), r,) a i ygy,4t 9, a, a, cz -

t

a)

-, -$ - qvr{o-frlitsrL*

S

"

_,o:{/(){ 4^.

srlrcA

,t2 't(

orygcn

*( sii .*i

-.*p

(t>

<

HAR,DNESS

-;-

o

, r, la SPECTFIC GRAI,ITY cfy'c;, t7 t 16d REFRACTIVE INDEX t'l

l-

i


07+

-';f7'i atYa(e;fi/tcet)g1tt1igfi 'f,r"ta:'thto)efrcfl hlr t d,l'iii,t t/tt a' 4'"/q4r + h; e i,y

lp yg

i

*,teU'Jlfir,wt/Ss/ery,yr,-v/'vuf'*!:"!"'

'

-

+iV ''-r

'

{1,+Q#(1/or.1.t

* r*LL},, we'4' lt -f.

rrrt

t'fi

"/'4!

GARNEf,

'Lit

(

Grroct d;dt6jA{ALtt rlVgl4,rt4,Pfu' ' Rubr,Y'J,r t*, 4'E ;;,fr,;;, rniv, act capc

-Y

4o qy', t' r!

UbAt tfure)rytl(Proav' itVt{i,YrrtotP.t

u

dv',1 t' 6 Y'

.' vv'

S

u$

-'-l

.'ii'ofi'ai,vtf.*lA,qf w{.*!t+/ -tXQu6cr-4PiptPw


075

vl

vq,

r

),.e, y6t (

t2 lvfuit"t

Y7,

./

lvfiegneeium

:n),

t-. /A 1",

Almunium STLICA

^

Titanium

fJ*

Chrorns

,,*, Irun

Zts it

Ox,ido

-*,fib 6

?r(,7 ?, t,.o

HARDNESS

sPECrFrc GBAVTTY

F

dio;, REFnA(rrvB rNDBx J

*flir u{Ja

hrropc

-,_rrLlpl hv{q)?..edrt

"frllJro/-/uu1y'ett

-z.t{r&.*i a

L4fiy, -+r,?d,/t6i-lwv7{a(st:il&t{it,,;G l2yl4e/ spcsscrt ,e $pcsartirc &98 el ,-drSf

Albanda

Alm$dilG ,Atyr)i fr t

q$ i+fi,tqe S,;/Ufo/u r, e utD t

ee"Wf-q1,fu,q+ i;.$ta(*-6fl

Dandraan

t

4:vq q B^yrRrA

-??uhf't{

Andradih

4lrht

1s

rliBfi6icbr'/1ljlu "{orb,A,P/,t,

r#{i,t+'t2&1;asstf,r'- Dcmantiod fuiq) Gl - tltPw t-.Lf r,&6,- it {d*gp*


476

,,t4{"apnf'r4o14"- u'Iverovitc Aball

tq

qt!Ya'>Os*-;z;,7t^ttdblur'u'verovLu;-!)r'; -+,-,'/afLl{4artw{.styrap/ unlr dA-

'

schodrolomito l"lUtd <+ -*&{{8, 6/ft+W4clt*s67475rf+V-,O1rr:tEtV

tPrycfqw4r4"tfq4?lii4W-4'4""4' sexdin

_aff1.Q.w+

(f.Gj7t"t4 *44a8",Q' P 2 -' $a u flv Q&4at)1lrl.u!, Goldcn Fteecc 46/+t/Uttb)'[e,.r c)

;t

";&tUtrtuuYa':!'if:'!'i*t::':!::

lfre/;;;i;;i.,t'

1r o; ld,*tiiitw rv t -?trc

":r;;,;ii+',*t{a)b+'t*e.rF,c;4 ,ii+tf"f*Q/asi,r'1r/oyv,tyn{'*'e1'/'i/on d;bdurrP4-T.bfiaieceY,to-1iU,a/a-$7t;tu2i

'$w'io'q4/Y

$V -j /clr /"/ \u a aloprf' 4 & ),wfr6' -',;{' *p i b./4,/, 4 ! cn --lgp {Ltq'4' uw4!10.b -

y,,1t

,rr4ffi

{ut,J,il}*dErt;t,2iC,/.-U',f

*,

:nt q itr e, "il/q/cr4- 1!

-uyr-#*F6,{"rt

-q{+**

t(f.+oo yg) *'fii',

o.6-,P'*b-.il,r"t{-)-E}-o-V-e'Sa/rr;P{A-'aE


077

'f1=!u)*,2fi ds1,'1ttfuigvTorro-q"7u/Wbiplr,r'iuztl"lrtiu.,lot!uy'ept;f.e),U/*uy

â&#x201A;Źoi-;a6taglz-4laqui4ofi.e*t-Vu1-(zf,rt/otg

eu{dyr(6,uit-gi2lbv{pna-pr(s5:tbtit6.1,->1@t

--tuutia!ildobt+V.*oE ju/,:))*.+bttlrr/6* oe.lo"qll,r.>ut4Lt){ioDyl6e;aarp,l*,

Jaga.a1l'{,Qd-'-.,l(btafrfrtriiyt$1*d+dV ,1f -gto;z-!,>,f/,ytcy'.ctctp4-1,f,a1.*t;d,-.0,,

_q#=,,."i+@|+*:

, CRY

STAt

)*

crystal

,rPy.qa./,

g>/){rS,gA/,rt

(ytat;4r,*tvr;;4,5;r.-q{,*,7niru1fiS-.GggtaVv1qiuy'uua,.su/Q-7y,iu"--tty!,F, I Wr',41 a b:ti o!,tfic- +W rrlrrytv,+ p,l *t e

-

+,t WPb6' fifu

-t e, S ?.,.2./,

lu h,Jj

-1*.u:1t1-tl(tv-ai!up2

-

,ffi-

*o/ ku"t

1 rt 11i- uty) u $41u 3,, it r-,

r<rt.

1

4,

a.Vys - 6)z-1ts


tJ18

-t,n,klv/

sILICA 6' OxYgcn A -r->lV

'4 l',u tt 6f trt Z.ts

HARDNESS {

t

rt Ytll SPECIFIC CRAVITY '*41; t, t s66 REFRACTIVB 1HDEX '/ _r

iaf,tj aal 4wt

a.qcryb,+r{+-tfo9,

dtt'

(6 F,y: j{)t'-t

t

#fi&Ofr , -{ft(e1Wfirt

jrl,tL-r

-a$11it,llovytoPd/"tt"'&"

fHl-.,'-v

'4q

1fd,uill;V'fi;t'

I

4l$" o04t blh4lt )., 4 | b,' $7 tg,t *, 4 ,t ! t o c 4ii st t' fudt rr (;/dD /-,'r Of/d74dy-i' G

11

t

.ae,t;*',:t)/t!.,tfi 6t.&,//,;fi&,75af uu3t' .

ut,tt ebi )e4 * q, q

y'clt'A


079

-r,l?C -7iluo)orra-t0t44/u,,rr-aL%i'./,!Lr"1,r:tt,ia. '?'Y-rfqtr'lY' t"V

t.

a*rt4;,,**t'

t

r/iV.o

t'

-,dV,I/ 4J/*t 4 t +v+.

-,*ot/ -

(lirr L/,:tt t'1 . y v

fi (py

,tt,/,,nyy, Lrii, rl yy w1r t. 7 i fl!$t! | uga, "

yil

Ju;44,/ogrz/1p:tcj1.-t/rptJy.7ilzy'i1gtov'4

-qarq7/dob67* OPAL

J;l t

{u!14t/-"rtostsgtsstt opsl Sr1dfirA/iyt

i*Zf; -&"ry;atpc-7,i-{su*;,/-alidtfci1t+iV "&tfvw,o:,rtafi (r7it'tig;ettb4giici&{d,f

qti,/.tii-fi,rl//&'+dbfidi/r1,,#-ta-,?<Lr-;

-t,7iz-P-t-qzqo@4r,=,,.{tt1;gQ,,vFriyi,,rl/afifi Z-7'16+4,4.A!',u,"ar{r-*tacur$u7';a-p.,dtui

(F,S-4,4;u1t-+l?,t-1btdri,az,{zq(4:>t*z.srt


080

u3

4t

e a t i;

rc\

*t gP-;utt t

.d*ftu,

r

-

6

$, jsal C, 22;,

ry

4l.!t

;u

r

U(

f tfl /+ sfl.*: &t /1[Lt{*"t *rt (. v

*t-+.luriuyrd,4itlt1a:p2,liuz.stLFJi-,t:9Saz.C-'

r4*p*(/nl'+=.#(&u-+Q (3,a.r.,wti -e-tLtf 1.

-,

+,t:td{-tdil

t

2

t4 } v 4t' -' ot'$ O{

t

?, q, itrtce (-r-.watn ,l! - t ?, t at{& g Lt u tlth -r', (rd f S

t

-

t

-t.Zit Pj) 61dt

?t: Ytqa P? l) o'l

HARDNESS

g

tdtl;' 1 INDBX tf

SPeclflc Gravlty REFRACTIVE

'M*g\,lafitr+&l,rY<orv?pi8';!fia

-

z

-*Qpqiyd,{/8-4t grn,Pt )p.,i rlo yfi ' q (t;uf't*ls - t fi

-{1J*A. ,tt+t;?i'Kn't,

t

Firc

oPal ,};t,7i't

I


081

e.pp1dAtLJbd,-r@i

wood

.,. .7v{,'40\fJrt4

opal j1)t-y +{vSua

Btack

d-lu8?l7Q#>W,r'.-

opat t};,p-r

commrn

opal &;tSV-n

e'denrftd*,y;4 opat |rF-^ Asare opal u?,*a?-,

'aft,a-altuilJt{gt

Jaspar

/'ftJ;,/4,;,;-fiyu, -{lOM*trit'1;r(rfl . -qr:;c'*l . -zc|LC.,,gai+,-

-ar4(J>{7

n;0U

Girasot

zt:{,7bi.r Ji4u_t

opol <[t627-z Hyriro opat Jp*)yyn oPat Mcniriro cptlutl - I Rcsin

Cecholongo

,/rt-o4.tl;:i1)lt(24

.

-4*&

Opt btd,U/-

opet *rLy/_,t

+T,f-( / -

r

Bsroins roy

aej{y'r@;td/.dlo.

-ith,u,$f,iYg,yaV,4

'r,{,v+A,_fi -2,>tryfu V.Z;w,foiXfeAdz,t,

blrr,guau(J)V,f.e,rtf; -

7yft[n$g/'lVCi/,4t

w r2a$q r d, ..

(t,)q! t

ttt

yfu V/,t

v

*


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rt 4j

v'fraQiU()t,ry g4dVzn (trc(qSt ; u-

Gt{e; f,f yi t ct P.v t') c' rt y C4 t;C b iU {66 i,ty'ur'y;->7n"-,f /&db),,i-.1-l/g,zn,t,r1 os

t

,t

/i

V.

t +O-*-larr\ltU /u=t t - *fi,Ar

W L t ts il>Q112

/

g

iy 1y,ao 9L t, + - -, - rffd;ffI -,{y ps -* 61 () -/. J LE -r o}!r" (u 2s1{..u \D b

+.-- 1!7 Lr;. -

1, 1

t*

O - d t) 1a s - g 1a; - Ul (, I l:,f.ir:{rr,tcfii-7'r/-arrf'(u,r*,a,Ql. jr6:!r.,ttir.,.,!) ay'.t

p 2 - "/

L'

1t,s

-

+rt( -*,16i6?"--,il.) -

u)oq ),r1

Yd

stlrcA t

Almunium /r't

i,o,,, soda 'i* ,4 tr

Chromium O/ I

8-,n

lrd lt

f

SPECTFIC ORAVITY

L)) ft(f

4r'

-,db EARDNB.S

10

REFRAcTTvE

-

'z't'9;(JY'a -wre/>SGuw/J,;

@cl:o

rNDEx

-f

aiitlft;.,_*r

Oriental Jade Nephrite Jadc

(it

tJtui?-, '6f'-q/-r


098

:tr:4qf${,e,uttdtl'r/qf f 0*o!4tut,q(A

b;t7d,/a,14-/-4,r9-S$zri/ar;tffi -{/b(t. Att{o6<Ftrtttl!!,i"ti:u+ey'F"e.*d,r!/ ddr*+ r.i. di q,,. 6 ur, 66 y4lyt r;, /;aa -, r

u, di,lo q 6rf rfb,t, t

A;{o#fu1

Dt

r

;74 tt

b

t + t

O+

A

t/tte'l*i1f'3Ort2elotiiln-B)e<-7f-t(U"ra

t e V* &dtP tna.

a

o

r

i E fb,t e y LJ $ t t

r4,r- L^!!- y i t

f: 1{/'$./;u,

rtd

q

crr,pa-

+ Zt ro

ot Ua 1

6$d,l,'

dd

r

7

r, 1 t

Cb

Qt

i

(|

r

n

rtr u

xfiY/tg'

i tqnrr#ido

n D ynasty

F

(*1,

r

cbou Dynar w .

-

tt tfe*i V{,, ult a e - a q!c) n u

4,f-oU,

t; &

N

v

orra - f,

4, d,&, t+4qfutfi(F

It'r\-e,ft*?--+ep;l4r/ir;':!ij:',;e hryfu ,,r.e/sruq,.U-rfr o/1"g7,,Qg;rrt*t/v3t


099

lSuttDzl.+iV+,/.+4ttl,4ntvp./u',.76w,fi ', z*-Jt26!,tu;iyVptu;l,2lAytf t;4fvU//&lu,-r'?, jr,)z)tltttilt4,{.1lrd:n'1t.70./qrobd7,;(i/tdqvL

t

g

rv,/,1!

;,f t, r or*

-ffitr'frj i (P

,f rt J<1,ett t t)/)' b;W * (t p 1) ae a v p,s > tr b. - - q- < - t itltldut ry(/ez q'/fll - bf L,

t

r

,/ 4Z: r{u /t,r ?42 /o \,iv tI u /a -

,,o 4

2

/g

r

/

t 4 o ?r' /e,.'

L, r

t

z' ( I :/,'

Y'

t, -

W'

r

/ f,: t

7

s'

r, - <r,

t71, r r

/; $ 6 L,t lP k Z:*, u' /1ir/v.a;U/low{-+* ('+4 tt/tt *-/,1 r, ,Li da1 lt Ct, d qy7/u/ y',*? r. 1 ^y ff)

t

o

fu6ew ,:

t

{gyt,/*! al i

va.

2('

t

iuidv

c,,fr.

i

r;

r

a1Q

/r

',yU44

c) El,

4, ; i, 4,/--,

r. a fuyt-qtt't t

t

g/ c) / af.n,

iy,-{ t u1

4t

Wak4, -az;t':.1{.-r5.1-+CVyl,pJ

rf iP vt&#

g rcr) ya

S

+

SUN STONE

cPrtU#fQ/, z z put - +tq y,4 t

t

-s:Ia

PY sun

stone ,!fo,AA!"ft-n,

/iJ, o2{-A i//ar

v

4{i

{.tt e

,P!q*7,1;t'=it/.c/,-=t'u.4P!i;:r;1.1?t41s,r, l,*/*,ta t z r:

C r - ?A

lt' -1.:, 4.- tV /4

-

7

0,

4,

4.


100

6;tot-fulgZ,ru!'glZaota.p{o!,'*;{u/t/,;tJl-qg,

-*4*

i i! - *,{,r t

; 4;4c1 c, t,

i

/&

u, Y,, 2, blr,}

-r.2fi) f

tlr

+0,-Y. J', +,. - + th {Jti<1

t'

6;

_,rtF6d

,.r2

r( SILICA 4, t l1 r d Atumunir 6!t 1r,

tl ,a

4

Soda

l;/

tt2r\t

4rt I tl I t a' ,/ I , OI

HARDNESS ,r cravity dlcl;, RBFRACTIVE INDEX ,-T Speclftc

-t,jfi{ 1wyQyq4,l'i{i1it1'tgVao}a*4?A,!f :na*)r?r/ttt!it?b,g/ddj.*,W.rto*Wlrizr;,\r" ,

-ai:u.4i

$vw.*,elorurr-+il?rt!,,,"r*;{ff -+("?",,'4/u**+t'9."9/l'-7{4 lb

-,#,9v

/t g ;* g.lL!/- "t41 t r-, blrt p rv :

t

-

$4,r

t

,lyi24rSvZryog*sVlbut(.g4ytti!,rlop -

(1, $!/"t,

a, 4

y,rrl dl*, /


10t

-+&oy'Ab67r;(7trUt'r)tduJt4,r-;ruo-la),i/t ' +V*.' Jt +t t+uWlrt; w { Vd"r

JI

"

MooN

sroNg

&rr

'4"

Plz

-<

stone dr'o4*/aj4{"rt 4y,V,,,;*f/n7u7{#r{rru;ctlt3ul-4',{*'b{,t,

'fu'Ff.4q.h

Moon

.tq,'!;,4,,,,gtV-ai'f /6;ts.,4rrtut7$g,zi/,tt4,.-4

1t;4trurao4-,/tlt,lty'?-+riVl/r;o,(qtQ,tltin

,t-*1/vtut,;,/*Jfr,/+',,;td4i.+t,4oyo*,r;

(fi Vt/*}4t/ottiz,tutr-,!/-.*y'rrrtt,lar;6toL

-tr#-)/or'28-,fit-*

tt

t

'W-ut

-, lly yg,qtrh,fj **- -,,--1, .";-rj t i /, E,$ 6*|-, rt $ (:i t (|, lr, 1rt, Ofir * L

'

a

if

,*o &.,ir*,at,$

*

4 tl , ' sILIcA

*r' ,t . I t 6( , t 2 al

,/

lA

t

//

rt

rj

/

at

t

-*bdL !

-'*6A'/ *

Aluminium llt

r4

a -zilt

HARDNESS

spEctFlc cRAvtTY REFRAcTIvE tNDBx

*

r cf/ci'

*r

'


10L

-,d$,E .

l:fAu1a4d,r$de yuJu-J,/r.{;6*,-

;, |Lit

ceJ,ea -1

.u,J*,j,il-,Y,u., ,tt

7\ cf bqc =,*, t

t

-(J,,9*'is.lir6+ -r rrA fid(C$fu -, cr*ll - ( t

-1,2?i=r-wg!/z-n,,aWr,ofi::::fft#I' -

,.,j,fj i y

7r/'Jt/,^z' !, - + A w /L?,

t

*rl, 4, rft;- o*l.op'' -

C - ., ", i,4 v

!/4

/,fr. lfu,FCi +,y A,4 o ),,4 i b,e.,r r + W, V E -

'

{,Wut,t.(ljo,l/g4q,rtw7O/6yyr*UJffi

+ %E 0'-/s " I . y, u'! 6!' d;J 4 i., tit, cioyray. t a t

S

;tf ,,L6.t,ctv:rr.;,t(5,6(7'1i:dtfiif **4;*'' -ut:ttutsQ!-lti;rti, BtooD stoNE

.4/S'ty.r1O*'t

rrw Brood

stonc

c S

{Sa*4*r,""A

+

Oj-j+Wi-64u,

csilas?,;tr-zi:4qu,trtld_irPrticlitcf c

.D

btafaful&$fu

r

t - +&, ; ; fot PL 4 z aa, Wd - 4,e t

t


10']

{a"'t+=r ,Q6MdVn-bt4-,r-.y&;/*tra,flyQ$-il ,=4"'i(!ah-4,-t-'(P[,]:ert'-"/*s1ltfu

J,i/-.rlJE;t"fr ifi -o{r,(4tiilet*z*r41:>tt7$a a, jyr.-f /,:ti'4r.aq1*,a,,Jf,f ,iL?u{-tA,r{u*/ $., to 4t V'F,4ga,i/e,,,ftaYs, /a 6 cU - u rfr .'; ',*-*.,),/a,'t{v(u4-o;{fr ,-,tot".t4tbl/frgeDt a;t-,)gtvzfi ,td.lSut$,fr *7,rA*1/**{iur u

-

utlJ,

-,.-tfi6;16rJ

,C fa tt d( 2 fi rr

8-t yy <a ,lv

a

/t

lt

oly

SIn-icA

*

orygcn Titanium

SPECTFTC GRAVITY

dFct;'

HARDNBSS d

/2 ld. .

REFRACTIYE INDEX

MELTTNC FOINT

rJ

P!fi4.tl

;UP tld

-16,zaty'/rttq/urti,-7f i,t-t)//ctrqtr-4f/62.


10-{

e

t;.t ro -

,i.

ltiu

r;rrf ;a 4,

1f; oo u

t

*,

; - <-b?1y/,.,,

;,Xy

;.it. tOP, O.V(pl- at;/r S/*-

-42,--/u/Jp)gryd/2.,8/--d/y-a/;e

-,Jdv

&r r.tra- -t

t

vU Ja b'rt ),r?u 1€yt t;- ffg -

1

t

/-.+)Jr,il;cr!/*yr:a*-=/rrtfiel-%irf t/*ttd*,

/,1\iZ-,iU(/,p,ge-u/).u,(-arl,!L0,,-/i,u, +Jtort LlTtaqq,!,rt + yl dpl s!3 !.,.y) t,,s u' n (r4q ? -

l./t

qrtt4.

t

V

-+,/,l,Ue;oltfi 6cttJ,cri.e,e.r'dctv));;-l *rY* +

J?,! a/

Wufufut-+yltdrlt'"?g7{,5ya,},A.-4+

(4P fi

-f /z/

/' 6,,1 - ", uj& d Qi- s a4*- a"tsu d 1 t.. + 4 (S tu,f t;,4t,4u{u;ot t r.rk &t

#

e(P

z*&,ru/1p)a.6pe.br*./ga.LJit/,)Vot), fia.a;eltt;r$rtVo./fi ttbt4./e276_tt/a$41r;1, /,rtirzt,ll-+,:,1;iL.,tt-743;1r,s,.,ni,$4OC* c

'

,o

-gAr*oac*rtglrt6r) rct(,#) &t v ( a*, u(.i f3, Vr,,** -, ;3 -7$4Scz;tt .+a,"f-Qu&


r05

-t,->iL/ Ztt

ltlt)

Ltt

r t('l lt ao

EI

(V

Spccific GravitY

cf4dt

REFRACTIVB INDBX r

-

1

f

rl* ff t - c/.,i.,, (v ) - 1.1i4.t/1: - (' ) -' f ,i t -+6'r

l

tll tst t',

Sll''tf/+,f-ps-,pbtflf 2 {t a ;/;nfigt a-L:ttt2{t;V*i31i1-&t?(?/i

d4 /4 7, t

HARDNBSS

v,r,

t,

t

s;* *,pli ct, 4r t$r,fl:O>-lrrdd4ePl+4bt fuFse/+ q"b t - r {ro. t a':

r1i?a/&#t4c.fu1$oP4iit,ru4** -+0u 4,/,IAya*)vsrt6/tuzSU,>;z/n)iTtbt-t.2p-t"

---;ffiyff;,{

4v/,pu,ut-a(opcf 2/t;c.a;1nr$/,it|"1tb7ot-(Li,/fi ,/uu.z){ t- u 4 g.t/c- t! - g ! - * t l, e (4fi,,f, 1t4 t*-fttst ;;Aa-(Lifrt u.{alitu4rr-tlt!;A d4r4.,t17r/rf i,rrt, t?.. ,

ii

o,,, k t:rl f r1,y. -r,!r*r,'i -qotuq!,/it;.n4tr?u t

;,fi//**,*

,=7-Q{SrQ4142/S4'ii//,r;frp;t.i944,1y,,+.f

-{vyya/oz.a

.i* 8


106 CHRYSOPRAS}-

+

ilVi-

'P*"

/

&.,trc*14 chrysoprasc /llftttiJ,ftu, a. u6,,) q;/ *t #.JVe rtr,: iji1 q/3 v'rtu,f i'' -

,\btWi(Jtsi14tt1c..u1r',11,?'ttl-/v'r{*,ata it, L sr rh $ ol ta,v t4 i t t' r,tfi,fi"fAt t' ?A

-q{,'v?

4;fi

,,rr/a,/.i,/,tv.a/'-fu.,{,*)rsrYaohsv&t

iz,/utanol/sdlt;tlr;1tt1/<ti/-.{:{,7q**vl

{

,-6 q> rrri ia,,,.* rg 4 a ; u,v S (12 ti L 9(" u! t p :,1,7 r ayft V/4w:, w4'F, a=- il; I T o

tkY

ot;rJ/,ut-rr1-{X,-,sr.-(t*t#4.-u;!$f

u**r*_,-iln -r r--9,

-rfluVoirt\rt,1y,,lug7i,/.lcCr;9a{,A/Ar:. *:ffi flr-ra-71*.J,{,!cl-/,;-4r)h+rtr+&dul' -

+L?

-.otfr(jUI 2Q (rrl t1 t?11 t1 ((t e

4rr.1 la

Magnosium

Ltf,

P,

Iroa

stLtcA

HARDNESS

vt

e

-c \:>rl-/

r


t07

L ttr | , Yd

GRAVITY

SPECTFIC

REFRACTTVE

tii'

,oy4st):

INDEX

-{

-,;$;':tv

a tf; u vftc

* f "p ,1;r:bt/fi a@,<Lr/)butf -(L|r!,./o4qoesTbc.tt/s,t {r,)

z.

t

e

gi't

g1

trs, U'

r

t

-4|W,ltc4tbt6b:i -1 ? (t'

o&,tjL,{tt'(t67ao'go/sL.rw1ol|4(}ye'* -

.HRS,BERYL

ohr,,l.q

asl*bt{dr7rr,:,

-r

i/i(t?

Chrsoberyt

dalf.r4t!;Cftfr,ft

q,--*Af(o,t,'t,frrL,k7'4{Y+6?tt,,rn.S(l ta / <ri 4b: c.,! (,- - L{$;t =tr i 4,r, + + lQ frz -

[tP, ol4 oL t; lrv r 1a

/u 9

1p,; *-*la-

z-fu u a e rr ! /

-r'J) fVJ 61";y Y1! 6 7, 7 $ 6 o ;, qL{,,t o, } P, Lp;y/;;e"f r,y,4;-,6t"ft-4ievi4{4+;V1y C,,t

t

u

-2 -aw

-,ottil(

,4 tqrf Beryttium i: //

n- 1

't

.

Atmunium (j, ('/

a


t08

-r.->iV

HARDNESS

Qt r' tO ,,/ f l.d tt It

SPECIFIC CRAVTTY

,t' ,t/et;t

REFRACTIVE INDEX

,f /

-,#ov s(ajag-*a'z.rttt6<iClFf,f l'rtqC/ut;>ft.,f

t

-atri4cir;$ve$1rr(/i,yL/cti,-'46rJ-or.dL-rEj)DreutQow'(;.a

,dl-l1v!r/ql-'Gitttbg7, . rpttru t\)n, X, s,t4sV)6,-!ai4tq

1rv,

Kidney Stonc

y$)tt(*; '

t

+

dP0rt6'l''4{rr' zrtfivg4 r 4 {, 6),/q n't &ob $i

Kidney

L4"4v.,t

*I,p

stone

2u;6!-ai'!u4J7y-f.ll7Lirtruz't2^r'auQ\et 4 oA#,-.

7ae lo 1)7.6,g ${w

4qu$ a() i fd14

rr

W4 -qtu4Jrz&a+;(($ a fr cig' ir4 - t 17. $t !{ t l-L:t fV

e

+QVJ)feb6tLbu(i41*::3:;, 2), ftO

HARDNBSS

{

4,, ( sPEclFrc oRAVmx o*oit Zt> Itl

REFRACTIVE INDBX

J

.7iv.t!dv1a.o7cr,a7rSt-dt&L{lllLrLr/t-'(rr7e'. -+WdZttsPn?,-a,f lr1qduuf V,tv&.

-Lj4r*5L-rurfi w,,lr'(,/da;9ttrxi)il'

t


t09

wtd (* k,?, t {t 4. - + 6 V e /u'rt/' */z' o e ltki ll4 4/.i416/q P,l;s4t$1f,fr+D btb.,z ,, auy',A*i

/fi

t

ud=q

a

"--

-

a

a

i'u.4

g,/, ) fti*

e z t{/d

,Cy,iLVG*t,h(#i-(2ttrf1a4"$*/Swo7' ,t't,,$tr#r{u4t!c}tat-,,(rPa.''l'/27/''/'$1'iy'f . YW rt} tuf,; i /,li utqv i l,{4' - 7 t4/a!g * /'ti,Sr' - +& ft*ou yo-(g *,3, ft$,lt ; q,(s -, cl -

?;tt t

t

-q[,r;-iy1,O*r{4/ou'asb}'a(1b4''6;t)* el)Zg l,zpP t Q dUT a4t t ql ot u trC, -r #C V t

1

l

!:/u.,tu,tvzQt/cyto,+)Li;V4*!.L1trct4!a/ '

,wut!-

ai1vt,/o4u4u4+'!'

g! -B' 4-qS;/ctrt't 1;

,tt,t-+L'irltt/c)taurpupfu t/e/\,fu i!1s/gauZ

'41,/an//;;,'

oua. g J u /(, e, J f, t ct U - e, u!i6r' o + t

44

-+'P/W'}(vlg4t MONAZITE

,lVt;eSt;gLt\t4

'21;Vt Monazitc

*t"

8';sifil;/'/7;t'

,y'i;rr;r',)-r*i.,t-6,4afid>,,a.,Pi.tut-*"&

6,*-S-i,4rlr.,4ffi t-nit"',''4ofi w;-rt'iv1,)Pt clt Au qv'n-fii,2.(tg71y !$:a16" t rn:,'l: (:r'7- + 14rr+Ci((/tu'lort6'V'fi,-(rt#r//4a)rytl-a


110

crrli/gr+;4/4/.Yt1i/,rst:t*[y*a'(*i*-4'q(

*r{{,i*;',

3

r-tl-i(ri' 14{'4 {*

t

v'* f

:,:#,

q. @r' o/,,{y'O fut tPo'4'/*' t*,_,Yffi;fr - +e,; &?r Lv {p4 C U- !; S

*

va- nrt7. t',

)alql. , Yi

Cerianite

/,

Thorium

I

gtLt

w

SILICA

ti -t',ilt

,r d/rt;'

HARDNESS

Lt:6td

SPECIFIC GRAVTTY

t, 6t ( t1 | t lt

,rr

REFRACTM INDEX

'wq-/J,'t4Qol$a)V,(,f.+F.e -7tY1ffc4rY-f'J'

-'dllLl/ )-Vl,ttY,tutr-A*,,ilb,Pl.,ob-e4/gval,UOtZt-?

tt4,yttt6.tt1/.-{,Si*otiu,,t}k,-i,+at\qw{tl

;

gp4oi t;')sal' fii ; tl 6t' 7 7Y e : e L{t" ;, $ we(arav.* 3-t F i 77oF iff+.?;t"P4,ri1' "$i,V t', /o, + ii,;' - ri ; o, v i, ir;, at* o r), /: y,te r d)u ( L' o 2 /d u t q fu / u> \" i-'ty s -

4rt;,a*

d

r

i

ir,

1

o

t

t

i

ft

*

ur

S

'+At:flv -

*, i' vt ua/. a) t t d) \ 4 ;v fi iP rctV, t

.rr}"

t


111

/1.rlt{4,c-,!/4u*Ei,/ Eridanus -;kirV,u*fu ,4o\n/,tbtt(ltryr/a1s4'"a19vog ?nt, &Llfl.

qi -

e <s

Etcctrun- ttct!; iQ lo

*

4(it'

!!tt $itw, ),t yul4

<' r;

i;

Qovdl

{,;qo | } 7ar *

o

Y/i''{, W

Dt t u

ua

r

-nr1dfr*'P't'i''-''; n l"oa$ -' o (iS t t{t e9; -+LV

*fu,|-bdlv/,it671rrsttnf1,"t'Wi4f-lp;rvs-(1s1'.1 Ambcr darkcnr with ages/+)P$fuVrli/vrra64rttfiiSZ -e/

-rr..>p/

G^ro 4r,,0

Carbon

yfl'ta

OxYgen

;i

fi.

Hvdrogcn

Succinic Acid

&( dJ,bil

t

,Sr

\,,-Qzr

e,*utw,r,r/rt--ttttttttqLreLldeDil*ld{dtJt

y!/+u,rl*rqdf-*Au/a7*t/*4"4o$'/t'dr -+t'7tt'tr'2-'u{?/Pbr/}ez':6tornite


I

1?-

-: '*['t

1r,?ta

HARDNESS

+/' t,,

sPEcIFIc GRAVITY t-FrDt

2.2

I

I

6r

REFRACTIVE

)fiPro. f*,/-

17

t

MELnNG

,r

INDBX ,/

porNr

iu{A'

- * {ta {/,ylr 4 t\ o G +,,ic-4 laect ;, -1i?lo2'*,>wY

qt&Z.A4 iw6,u a

,tr

-

{i

u

Ambcr

Batric

-{r,6,*iJrswrwlriY (4, U 4 lJl. a0, c 1fa

{Jvp-,(ir -Q)

tt, L

tt"tl-+st\*:l7U\(;,'rre

Romrnirn Ambor

-ff)

itu L g /r4 t gld8t p4 /4 r*ial .g&ptb2'ArA,ft4f&<-4fi4 Burmcsc Ambcr -(ft) Lu ct! 4t #Zi fl g; w*fi //,lt * r - n2), li.iz s, i!.ts

-

o

Lu

1

,//.,/,,{t+u.1$t4.c7n"^"Ilf{;j.il .

+

@

* o a,)t + rw *r j i{/<a

U*ft"tt

yi/A',*i4,r* u,r;,{. y'4% tr v qt "

4Y

-,

r,

- t rJ4 b Lflf y yA 6 /., ; u K$, {,v a1a 2

t

t

1

y..eqtt,)r,rirl6,/ .

-,r1

g ZVtfr i

ls

Lt t-

Fozcrinc,i?Z Sfitl*fi/-trl S"u /d yr] 6h. L rr,1c,t vui,f 96

a\\Q,r

/

r

rt.+ rrt

V

t/7 $Wv j w6i4iua. ay l

{y'r,.rrrtttilqtiufu$iltr)}urt,}',t-t(u;lttr'.Lfy{C -ntJarlrtloLt-,1fui'


113

Qqi@

,7r t t. q'

r,po

l,, ti

/4o

q7L,,

V/lt - r., -d,*A,

-,,1;r*

t)w?.Ot;;-Vfi;t;r*Z6/t1ll'u,il'!/orr$r.4rrpp .alWfioptrv-ils*cru/,,/,4n,(,1,,r(1u,,//-,rg,s; ,S*-{:xe,'w44l1t-,L$'t.t{t*/oi-+r'w}/o jtry du4s/e\r!u$vt-1a+,;a.u1l)W(,at--ilil/,;1;,:r

,/.lf.l/Zrtt1 jvtrr(r-4!,qiogyac;(rybulUaui

-+6e"r -

?4v4- /Ay,', *

I'dfi

-

attb/<vs. P

illra

1',,-rn fi!t4{c

Qlr 1v s - l!, t 2 ;y'4y r {_t s t: - ( 1t

1

t

1

-aigrtrr!z-

e-/,i)n* tD- y4ilt rcr a. /o*t (F t ErA - r v t Ar'rt-f b4,k(6,*!;u)rtQ\1,'/4,s,!(f ,?6,,fuu. t

u

t

-

u

f4vt) P dr i Lt 1 tl*;{,f; 4-6tr,yqi;, t (

g*,go)6rlatUttt-aibqtpLrtf*a\irytyvo/;ra61rqg Crncor

4t4;t'/

g

luiLr-U"l t:ur1-Wr"?lttcrgwiV{du$,.o{r&/4artirf tiVt6k( g ) (,fb,' o yfr o &t tlQ * + o6 t t G4 i,,ga ls $ t

r

t

/14*f/.ntpxa(!uaTddpteaqoaallaqtfu {l-}f4t*rf9rff7cA(flfultty/,_drV"+6.,*H 4.erirytVt-r)tPiWfrriia1e ,p"{WA.+ffi**,

I

I

I


114

ar\f uv1{4{cr(,;h,>1trt/1-yl,fs'',ar,';;*t4;4

)a,,;i4*iri*ty/#,+(t'gwuJv'd/,lsroy4n'-t

r*

tl) ;i //rt F,,vz 4rl/,"r' -' t/ r,J/ t

"* f,y,-airr:lJ-1ty'to./nb11ut'utrat/'ttei'/*L4att1/ ",p

U

t

b f /"

t

a ;u) 6),.'Y'

UAr,fU;!';ffjft

"

/iu)'-'{0V $jUarwabfcl.-+Yh7Ltt16/uwt , , ,

t{ctfi ' a, *e lar +,- t,/ t,ltf -,ft1ru/g,tir;arP J'l-t- t " -f

't''(6/aifil,vL a \c-*w.of{U.w1ru1js1-qrfi ';<{ov4//f'fi

taauvlvQfr,-,1Jt//r,4$;7too4"r-1rt-i-;zfii'.-,t+ ot/-q ( )tt t ,w4,;!toilft >vt/S';/o1gtu/'*u1'*d'v (Li,rL - d + e p {c },/a, fu vfro O ; /y Ei U e +4Q' L,!t t lt .r a/, o/t r 4' qrS,!,{i t

t

.

t

l

ld A<rp1 - i ut'r;

/

uw

t'

q

i

f

iu1k/

q'i S

A'aft v' +C ? !:y# 1

'

c rV. rlu,/,i/rt (Lr uPb u'? F' +f? l! d

{"r,/c,,A'7yvfu{!ar-v$*{t1yyut'et""t4tv-:')fr -+eie)b

,ily

.t,

{"

iLt,d.tli./ttr.Ad.otPu$/4ttd4,-(w66'6ht' f/fi1)ircr<n7 ' rrt ; t- 4{,fo *7-;' e r - ttt rl " to-1 ;;;; ; e li n;, q,q, v,P Y# +Wn u 4nt1 ;

i

t

i#


i15

d

a [1l E7 0 6 ;t t 6tt1pt, alfrlcr t' z 1iy ; 5; a p. 2 a|> 9,r*${,-/ b srt {*t

tt -

*

t

$i

t

& tU., c)

qd

?,

}

frrrf,i-rv(-qiluqlwr'v,r,iz1z,L',!la4{vtJt frtr - 1cq ; w q'lt /-i /ii V 4, i -A/' 9,u" / t

EuCo,*,fi{/7.lan/7'{rn'C-(t,.,'fi1.-'y/

: t ) Z;r1 s, E V, y'2,/ / fl, L'>"r' V.'-/* 4 4 /V */-f,z c,l,P /,; ; Ly q t . trl/h Yirt<t * t - f hz t.6lr ra -/u Jrr. q,t -.y, t/-4$/{1ut 2 q2.,7 Lz-- r L 4/A I z @c e'-=3 : .r1 !'-' 984 t - fi c- ut., lJr, JrY c,: rr I { t

Y

r

.

t

g

'

4

-

q6tLo!,

w' do -

/'

/i*4

d.;Qo2

-r-4,

3W

t

*W-V',/. -$ L/"i-t' o''w /-X> ur

t

-o'->iS

2-D

<

// ytj )1 | t dl

?,

t.

.

-;-/ (u

HARDNESS

SPECIFIC ORAVITY

cf/,1;;

REFRACTM INDEX

tw dd;, ia**,,{. aq u c*& --J :', ,**.,*;r,li{ii?:( -, v

tv-4,/r-/pU+{7te-a6/1;,,*6[Yd 2Q-q1s.'?tb/ztz,'ratiu.-/=?--4r/erz/oil1z/


il6

;fr//,t ;/g!7

;

e

|

212-

1 pe)tl 2 Z 3g ! (; o t'it

t

,i/"/,tot/:,rt;ury'/d,./&6o1,1,/r1i9(ti*

trr,fi t'/t-!/+r/{4tt,('la;iJfiu.*t6i

'aewvPQlt*l

-,40y

*u/dcpFo\c*zet1/r'cl-1fiuw64fi. p 4 il u,-l n v a'v/"*u' t- qAh u, li u i r,u /1 t

r;

9

,y1oV),t.!OlLrvta192*.eYf.e=u,jt;r1-/Li,f

t

l#(

,ttl*-,)(W-e-#*Gr!./uttu,f Z4Drrtl',//', -ftLQtirrat;d

o/,ao,Jy t (t

d:7, d

r Vt $

7

d

vr'4

c

s(

y$a -+tvyl +

*rk

EARNELTNE

/

Cltsst "hr,ru,1;17

carnorinc

iq(g2$,ft!t

,$'dy,fr!rWio4t,+i4,1*e9-,14,*! ,l,rr',)llgq,?!'Z/P,,;*,Jd-Nai4bett t!,t;/u1/a6-v"v.cfie.aAgk/f Gp,Eu;Ll'q .orr:r)/,5rtHA746u.+4;tu,.Fr1t47$3ctil{e

),yf,ly*At'l/-rl'rtnlL'-/",;/lrtrft ruJt*7'Ji u' 4E " ai,,/,uqV ^"t /o'lSvn *gli A


111

-rsLl,tflL{tt

J

t;^.iu6{1uW[ervd,auf Otli,pJ$>i.tst11ii/tlt)

crJ."t+,!-(qd6-;ou3,Srst-+CV!te.4)/:r/y"'pb-

-Eut;'JarGrt* -r | .-:;r: -(fZVLtPt,glcrr

a

to) n. ttY

Iron Oxido

/t/,

Almunium

SILICA

l<

P

t'

; rZilr, *r'

Z

)/

l' t Yd

,

It

,r

HARDNESS

6f -,

oravity t/i0;o REFRACTIVE tNDEx "j Spccific

cr,L/fd | $

r

d- !

+rzp64 -: P,

!J;*i:!,;, D4$uu:o;- Ut oV b, (J)

-+r'/,Pil,;*

dllti,4t- $,', [M>

L t?,,D,t2/r1aoUotItt a

,

I

s*'-y -

y

-'dlsd 2,!*s

,1L,v;14!,tac?"iv/o7o+./,d rr,

-,,/li6/

/$e: a64nt fi qou" d i v- arrtS F-rt&

-qr46.fo,r.;to*ie.ur,,2/r.;,,iltotqivy'"-r;4u,b*Y


119

-,#Ctt

-Oi,rL#4u{oye1;lurt=itrt-.lbruadU.ut

/,f.*r,

tlt

ut urf-

1ee /t,, i

-ge-t

:

tp e1 y (n

-(Zi,//ct|<ul -t ,t,r/r/1. /,i't,,t ,r/S: - 1 itxLy 4176, r,t ttd, ow4, 0) !./t,,, (y'( Q t

-,}r

SCHORL aa

-

y,/,.rc)W(tQ/-,llVACrv

schorl /.l4,Sr/tfr11t

dtdi-ag4&ydcrr,'a;4'u6,rJ,,tv4'"4{,s4x)t 1$tb-rQ/1LDrcftiJr.P4tr+fu (O*f 'tato-lficta c t/s w e., 6 b t u $ t tt; (v;i(1t .>7 $) <y t' +(4,1 1 *f4ciul4-v.z-!/st,tltz&-LlttLtfi rrof:trLtl+p 1

{tqfitlqv/d}:-,,/eA*+v1)Pt(rlErrt/UtDt-t6.,i /At''-+c: - .7,P @ P.6. * a' tli ; P. *u !n.. : r-{() ,V q,,V i,l, +ir,p fiAt qy,4rr alfc t

rfi

-

{1d

PJ,? f- +4'v4!w't

-rgV

Lr!f 1r? n4 7r,

4r,.

.

Calcium

G",

Iron

lt

q

SILICA

-,a}U

QDLl

6

Z,tt (t y 2.'

t,d,

HARDNESS Soccific Gravitlr -

r

,fy'o;

6tnFg

"/


1

re -t

-zq(J>t(t**-,c(b4- +b

r0l

Ld1?,7r/''â&#x201A;Ź.t-,-4-, it)r,ro,,r/arl'*.t;r(v/4u*i6//+JP-,tHg&Y hzTi r' -ffi fr +fu C AU ;;ttq a u av $ tult(

-7qrL.6r*z.ro,r,/3/,f

t

r

,

r

1

,F-ua,,,itYi,{-c'rrt+(au.{rAY"')4u'*Q&f (qU, aY /{ r1**, / - t IFa .t v/"i t {v w ! ri, t,r,i -, ;,Pli d,),t,i,-d* f+ S ;+ 6 *N f E i-u'/"//S c /ab L1'L{S ; - +'z tabt d a' w,,fi ;n ;'a tz t d(+,?r. &/ d(e*t' tr

',

t

6

g

t

t

-

r

t

"r

Aidox$e-gt*t.l4reSufliitup. 1tto7r, t otta),duq, lZil ?. " + {+r-* 4'qcf*{ ,t

t

t

-+t/)'//i*

.,a&.ytc76t;u,*i1t',{t'r,rt;1UuLt'a't/+d'7 -uilt( a,a-

t.f6/ +Y/xA,i 1y- +t =y 4 el/:?r!rt lat-b. 14*/ i* r'r i "$f,.y- q,ft' n*| 1r,,1 ;* + A,-{e

o ta

//, l, +CL Vlt l\t t*

t

1p- ;1./*v - t J t

-

C

-

1 uii ;r, 2, 6/- ativ d rUn4L

q''.t i3r7' t

1; a1;


r20

g;1.ttM?4fi/.-4t;tt@t@j2tte&;uw(f

V,-r$glU

;-i,-?-eSu/ctutu;;!6ttp!02*/gY{.**ir!,trt,ri - 1 nfu! /rtt Ult t/ e- et g i+;- i,- Jl rl - d ; - l; (4,r,rt, r, o i* /p,n /, i lzlad?* u Uiu tf f 7* t

.

',

g

t

u

A(/lnoy(sotltt4{'t-t/,'{/shU//'Z-t',rt'. i{y-7-toSs4Ss,oo-,9(+fdptfiilatut$r ' { Y Y,7.'s,2;L7Y' Q' /t"./ o)' o b' 6l' P ._,i" sARDoNyx ct

1

,/r!,1_

e(VE ttd-,{ lrdonyr dn,$/,/4un fin-;ii({r;u/.',A),?otzAPtrto,4*{e.+4 ,,tt,tlit't,?.'4.q#ait+tqwtltrbr1l,r+.(pp

.,n*/

,t€Aadrt,;7w,u4';ilYf;:;;:ft t! n. +tV 7 ti q o -,o{16( , go,Jt4,7i17

.

4

tt

rr

6?

r, stLlcA 4,

t

? Orygco d

-r,zit Ztt I

0 f 2't( t1 t si,7

,r

HARDNESS

SPECTFIC

CRAVITY ,,P$t

REFRACTIVB

INDEX

-f


121

,t!:,tfi1.a/J./!/oi;Zr/*O:tt)t[a!.>rfiy -q,,{n,U,rtgurl ru,,ior, 7) z

ez LqWr

t

-

7 e *y't: t,YAt

* (f t

-'.{ev

a ty,, w

tt

ffi

-*,**#Ga/syt4u{,ei trt{?+t*4{7,+3rltgrctv;,2-,-arr'4tdtt/Jzf ,'),1,{c6ftdzyLy4oc,,*

--F.

CHALCEDONY

0:i7(

I

d I luiSVt,'q{ chatcedony Ae fq,$hg, oic/uyb,!-y',oiL,lorlt{,ott;"a4ricl*4i_t,.f,t (4-7; tlc t4 [ ia4 iqh $4 u lv4 u e /o;t. oi7, y t

-

iV{ *' I y' * i,fft tly+ y

g

;t r(,,,t duldf,F

a{s

Eu,:-

;-i*

t,l du,. il l (rut t w $ur- i, u D

/y&t:a(a.6uaid,ryu-rfr7.q,=g:p,tSLutctda 't v

Zq u. /' .

/

a

1( (rrt r)4,; t, *rr +6+ *r -i. tt,

-aO(Pctp7r,/tu{&etP,rdcv< -t"t&-+bAt<*t{t, jaafi;s-*->gfu'56fit-,g '+&,fr$,t!'

I


12',)

-re6 Ltl

Celcium

tt

Iton

-t,.*L,-z

{i

lrs

ktt,

StLlCA

^. // lL t I

r

HARDNESS

Irq sPEcrFrc oRAvt?T' dAilt Iro REFRAcfIvB INDBI r'

//

t. l?

11

,

MELTIHO POINT

I,,,YJ$

a dt *\ 6t 4/. aiyyr;u't) /44a S 6t

., )cpb{s/-cJ Uhbande<i Carnclian ,*/-, -'qqfJfuutt)pvq

-+i?*,tthdtc - Lf

I U 6 /, 6l() vto €4/4 Lr

Agatc

*-r

Onysc

c?n-t

-,$64o9tbtPttl0/t/Vt sardonYx u!t)'v -a -,t - iW flrft cri 4 4 chrvsoprarc clr'z

-(iitrt/,fC. 4 -

4t )p ui/ s. t P /g:

+rlr!rt A //

#tj,t

rt

t

$ I sl'24 utbt7r

lr,, b . + a,- l r i lrt t,' + 7 hz 4 /,/,rl' (i1y !'/s' c /,ti'L:!ut/Sv/{av,!),ur(-frg*9t/,it4t'7slzt

?. A ..

r

-

S

1r,ir:fuW//t|,)Sv/ficrr(Lirt/ou't{4t'E'!4 .ib?


l

123

i

l

4p

S)w nfl lblsqr,

QD..

1i

y

-

tV

ll dq,v/.,'

7

11,

a

t

tui,g

&! I ( t -?i -ni -

l

*

v!I

r

"rdfr,y" ,irtd*-*zu./rh&_grr,,i,lp*ifrlrrntii

=tt-ilfu

.,fuurd4iilorJ.

+rj

?Jlrtctlctg,,,,7,

i

4"

SERPENTINE

Sv6tattQ{ scrpcnrinc qr,tqV,lcl/ty'y, -! n*4: 2q P.t t [ht,, Ll., o' i. iS; rJzr- +,** *UtitirAlir-t:t/os;lrDZ-oa4.tp, jbyryfi e,:-,4

-Ji*C.r{J?--,4Q,1Z-4h#r4tiu6i4-+W6n*r'

(+'-6-t4#;*+iyfiC.,l-.trfJn/rr.A-qiv.q -

pvloltb-

-r4,

-.*1tt-aitUtlt$,Jt6;r.tr*!-rl_(r->it)r.1jL6;,7r_f1

(r"l

4 // (r t, /t lytg

-,**a( 4..t

SILICA

gll

Magncrium

it

Water

-,

;

Yt6 ,,/

Yr

lA

, tt(

HARDNESS

SPECIFIC GRAVITY REFRACTIVB INDEX

-lit

(,-)> cfy'"t;,

*c

{


124

a i t/gb .

t

fi 'r

eo n t t,ri ei u (y L' q qP"w

1

t

'*VW#ru'

dta, t +i: V Yl-y' rto

t

(a

--"t)'

utt

"I7fi '' ,-rF"

'uitl)

BPIDOTE i

*l

a4iyia'/. fi a<s

-,Kgb

c'lqrSv(4rt

EPidoTc

d,b -'i4t <' 1 r5P.,3!*

C4,f$/

Tourorlioc

'+dP''+

/vt-*Vt,S,1Yrr,zs{Jt/;-t-;r-,}ffia-t8t f,o,-dgf.rdi,/lv,*'>';1fi774otttr. <-i4/.,fu " -rr' 6't/S;a';d'7' -'

o$ct{

i{kr

4

lf ri

-) fftb

4 Y(t ,"I

Y1t

yr

Iro n

e4

Calcium

,

Alumunia

q

SILICA

t;*t (*-

-+,giV lt: 1s O. HARDNBSS { SPccificGravitY rdai' Zl:ft ( ,-/ Srt: 11 cf RTFRACTIVB ^OO e lVfl- t 2t rvi C/: frtl/uufiut -t *qV t

-

YYL,

";V

brf/,l Y' t/t'"' ff:ff*O'


l

12s

l

l

DIOPSIDB

b

lt

,b

)/VVl)

gertd{

*;h +

I

*vr$trctvpJ,h/'

,"a!i,1,.;,!W,ro:w/urt-7Q2c.,!Su-(i(tt-,â&#x201A;Ź.!, -1w$at $agAOil1Y{ ulit ;,,qe{ru',{4 J,ely0ra Calcium -

24oat

SILICA

1

t

* otJil;tt/ t1

4-

itnta

Magnesium

ilfr'

t.iotf

Chromc

b) I

Ltt

?'fi( ?rtt

I

l cF

a&lt

RBFRACTM INDBJry'

uQ/o4et!u/ic{4Y,f:1{t?-v*n-t+gd V b . t 4 tt b n sit ((yu:\ifTa!6t }rylbfli w-'}f (/ |/d1' 4 r"',P v' + -

-

->

-

I

I

HARDNESS r Specific Gnviry ,F lA

110

l

I

-

"4

-Orrf,ttt'!r,',i e;w7;--/i?zI?/,lttrprz,art-,

Iiffi?,Hrr4+rv ,x+d"y,y'7rafftftufi-eil!,/..(


126

I

IDOCRASE

tr +

ii'cr

-* Idoc.r i/)tjiS;fr,f, gt o,P. } f Fgt 7., 1*- *,{7t' t J', I i 24 /4 / {4 ri./{**' q v4 J-i / E 64i 9,r .,,t1ui,6,

r

t;

t' rb

-+{-t-idu*il,il,t"t+(drpP

*09.,a,!,",ifrtf [t6:.,i-4g/t/ct-*;<-'*'9!

-+V

paidg.' tfiaatlsbt,/rt $Ut {

-+,lt€

l

4 r, o ,u4artn 4 ft"r

cooPer ;'tf Alumunia vy'' SILICA 4-

6i F a7-zy.t tl,./i C+- e, -

gfftWfi'tt - t #tJ:tt .7yW"rff,tt€-',ry1,

afu4/urot

I

",F'

t!.t{,

*'

4t4e


t i I

127

I

I

d'x +

II

I

gbt,gtit:g_ofi td.,t4.fuo#E4ltr,;/oto,.(qj/sr,.

* <F."r,lL

;,y x-( $44ye- p;,1,1,4,2,t ot z tP ryu-vi (a t 4,* tu 5's fL,rs; r:Ur#oafi t, lt {edfi c

t r,

t

tvfud ** si%rAQh6-,olf i"t;wc,,,,cqr,vwtlurt;,674htu; $b 67:t z u t, $444 $ )a;; e < *ti4Saog;l2 -,{ a/q-tg.uldJilv-glzdtl,tt'wulu.,up$Wy/fmf/ -,!tl,Q'6:iNtttt-4t-#1fu t-4.*y.,itgz-.,t*Vr,tr?,tn 4 6 ri yr, u yfii - q#i utt ri i * /t &c*/"t d i t; -

"1

t

"4 zeiiligatu{i?E4d4b,p(1.7-(trl\a\&}iA,!a '

'r,,.{*o!}',y'oioYlr"tiW;r,U.UW"#r(ilO; $nlbUbJteluL:t0*4,,Jfitr9garP,l#A,ct,,-t e fu-f , q, c r fp,t 7a7r.qw a {q? S ti 6/asa r &1 d.'l',7 4(!; -> t! oy' q,?,t, Uu {*f-?d L t t,r; r

y,

t

r

"11.94 uhrt (+t p4- -,{",,

Wrt,* fi r,p/,, Ur-/,$,y'lt,f --*/,LrrotrhLtta,/;*pTdiyr;, dp,-u;ri9.&/,tfirilrbtultur^i'd{,-to,otl,.& , a.,

g

y

F+ i;i su,,&. dr,i V d*o fidu *A {ct d.,.y t4fif ft bb l,iir v- e J2,., ( elt r&l fu tz cp,fi

t

- u;,

t

c

I

I


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