Page 1

ASthought

#13

project:

architect:

Beit HaLochem / Kimmel Eshkolot Architects


ASthought

#13

project:

architect:

Beit HaLochem / Kimmel Eshkolot Architects

book editor:

Talor Noam


AsThought

Content

architecture from concept to built form Our main goal is to describe the design process, the architectural solutions and the detailing choices of a built work in a chronological order. The dream – that is also the ambition – is to tune at the best the structure of this on-line manual and to spread around its template in order to amplify the power of collecting and publishing in a such huge way that in a few years we could arrive at the largest open source and most browsed utility for architectural students not only in Europe.

Work facts p.............................5 Project description p.............................7 Commission p..........................11 Draft proposals p..........................15 Final proposal p..........................19 series editors: Gennaro Postiglione Maddalena Scarzella

Models p..........................23 Construction drawings p..........................27

research team in Interiors @ Politecnico di Milano ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Building site p..........................31

ASthought architecture from concept to built form

Photo gallery exteriors

p..........................35

http://asthought.polimi-cooperation.org

Photo gallery interiors

p..........................39

follow https://twitter.com/ASthought1 http://vimeo.com/asthought http://www.issuu.com/asthought

Selected essay p..........................47 Office presentation p..........................55 Book editor presentation

book editor: Talor Noam

All rights reserved © Talor Noam All drawings © Kimmel Eshkolot Architects All pictures © Amit Giron This volume has no commercial purposes but only educational goals

Milan 2013

p..........................56


Work facts

Project: Bait HaLochem

image full size

Address:

Sderot Ben Tsiyon Carmel 9, Be’er Sheva. Israel.

Area:

18.000 m²

Volume:

6.000 m³

Type:

Rehabilitation Center

Planned:

2002 – 2008

Built:

2009 - 2011

Client:

INZ foundation

Architect:

Kimmel Eshkolot Architects / Etan Kimmel, Michal Kimmel-Eshkolot, Ilan Carmi, Shachaf Zait

Responsible partner:

Shachaf Zaiti

Structural engineer:

Roy Assaf Engineering

Awards:

The Yacov and Zeev Rechter Prize for Architecture 2011

References:

Domus Israel #13

http://asthought.polimi-cooperation.org/talor-noam-1984/ Project description:

bastard-store-studiometrico

History of Commission: On the outskirts of Be’er Sheva, where the city ends and the desert begins, lies the site of the new building: Beit Halochem (Veterans’ Home). Main architectural ideas: The scorching desert sun and the parched scenery served as inspiration. The structure was designed as an ar

rangement of rock - like volumes grouped together. A thin horizontal roof stretches between them,

forming a courtyard - intimate, inviting and protected - to serve the building’s function: A home for

disabled veterans and their families.

Entrence View @ Amit Goren 6

ASthought

Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot project-name - architect/office name Architects

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Project description

On the outskirts of Be’er Sheva, where the city ends and the desert begins, lies the site of the new building: Beit Halochem (Veterans’ Home).

The scorching desert sun and the parched scenery served as inspiration. The structure was designed as an arrangement of rock - like volumes grouped together. A thin horizontal roof stretches between them, forming a courtyard - intimate, inviting and protected - to serve the building’s function: a home for disabled veterans and their families.

A three-dimensional study of the masses produced a unique syntax, based on contrasts of light and shadow, confinement and expanse, positive and negative. The intense sunlight provides a rich variety of three-dimensional effects through subtle shifts of wall angles. The ”rock” structures contain the more private and intimate functions, while the intermediate spaces serve as public areas and circulation routes. Lightweight

bridges cross over the public areas and connect the masses, while providing a powerful spatial experience to the users.

Within the private massive structures, thick walls provide climatic protection, which is so essential in the Negev desert. In contrast, in the public areas the light roof that caps the building provides shade and protection, and creates a variety of pleasant and relaxing outdoor spaces.

The building furnishes the site with new topographies, allowing for two distinct and inter-connected ground floor levels, as an integral, access-friendly feature ofthe building’s architecture.

project- name - architect/office name Architects Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot

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10

ASthought

project name - architect/office name

11


Commission

PREVIOUS PAGE Panoramic view @ Amit Goren

“Hativat HaNegev” Monument @ Amit Goren project- name - architect/office name Architects Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot

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images

“Hativat HaNegev� Monument @ Amit Goren 14

Aerial View Of The Site @ Amit Goren ASthought

project-name - architect/office name Architects Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot

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Draft proposals

Be’er Sheva - Israeli’s Brutalism Capital

Quarter Quarter Mile @ Talor Noam

Ben Gurion University of the Negev @ Talor Noam project- name - architect/office name Architects Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot

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Minimal Fenestration For Climate Protection @ Kimmel Eshkolot Architects

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ASthought

Light & Shadow @ Kimmel Eshkolot Architects

project- name - architect/office name Architects Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot

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Final proposal

Final proposal @ Kimmel Eshkolot Architects project- name - architect/office name Architects Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot

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Full 3D @ Kimmel Eshkolot Architects

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Entrence 3D @ Kimmel Eshkolot Architects

ASthought

Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot project- name - architect/office name Architects

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Models

NEXT PAGE Model Detail @ Kimmel Eshkolot Architects

captions captions captions project name -Zait/Kimmel architect/office nameArchitects Bait HaLochem - Shachaf Eshkolot

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images images

Complete Model @ Kimmel Eshkolot Architects

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Complete Model @ Kimmel Eshkolot Architects

ASthought

project- name - architect/office name Architects Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot

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Construction drawings

Section Plans @ Kimmel Eshkolot Architects

project- name - architect/office name Architects Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot

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(1) Main Pool (2) Overflow Gutter (3) Floor Tiles (4) Floor AC Grill (5) Air Plenum (6) Wooden Deck (7) Overflow gutter with wooden deck (8) Infant Pool (9) Mosaic Cladding (10) Steel Columns (11) Sliding Doors (12) Steel and aluminum system anchoring the sliding door and glass facade (13) Glass-Plate Facade (14) Glass-Plat Construction (15) Linear wooden ceiling: 60/180 cm panels, with isolation on top (16) Steel construction (17) Roof shielding from aluminum plates and isolation (18) Gutter (19) Aluminum Plates (20) Peripheral Steel Beam

Typical Section Details @ Kimmel Eshkolot Architects

Climate Protection Using Thermal Mass @ Kimmel Eshkolot Architects

Skylight Openings @ Kimmel Eshkolot Architects

@ Kimmel Eshkolot Architects 30

ASthought

project-name - architect/office name Architects Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot

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Building site

i

m

a

Building Site @ Amit Goren

project-name - architect/office name Architects Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot

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Building Site @ Amit Goren 34

Building Process @ Amit Goren ASthought

project-name - architect/office name Architects Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot

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Photo gallery exteriors

Kid’s Pool @ Amit Goren project- name - architect/office name Architects Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot

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images

LEFT Two Type Of Concrete, UP Bridges, DOWN The Tard @ Amit Goren 38

ASthought

project- name - architect/office name Architects Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot

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Photo gallery interiors

Indoor Bridges @ Amit Goren

NEXT PAGE Indoor Pool @ Amit Goren Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot project- name - architect/office name Architects

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captions captions captions 42

ASthought

project name - architect/office name

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Window @ Amit Goren

Patio @ Amit Goren project-name - architect/office name Architects Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot

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Concrete wall @ Amit Goren 46

Indoor Pool @ Amit Goren ASthought

project- name - architect/office name Architects Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot

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Selected essay

City of Refuge

Concrete. On the Southwest corner of the Negev Brigade intersec-

Bait HaLochem, Be’er Sheva.

tion, on a plot opening up to the infinite desert, of the kind that

By: Omri Oz Amar

can be seen only in the Negev, ”Beit Halochem” (veterans’ home)

From: Domus Magazin, issue 13, may 2011, pg. 83-91.

has recently been built. Far from any other structure, surrounded by yellow loess, staring across the desert and the monument.

Gray. Be’er Sheva: parched and dusty even on a bleak winter day.

The building, meant to serve the public of disabled IDF veterans

A slow-moving city, sending its neighborhoods into wadis which

and their families from the area, is constructed entirely of

stretch toward the desert. Its canonical buildings blend the yellow

concrete, cast in sharp lines, clear and clean. The design of the

tint of dust with the grayness of bare concrete. The University, City

structure is simple: two stories integrally connected at several

Hall, Soroka Hospital, and ”Negev Center”, are all located on the

points, with five ”rock like units” of concrete, enabling vertical

main road of the city, all constructed of bare concrete.

circulation and elevators.

Someone arriving in Be’er Sheva from the west encounters traffic

The simplicity of the plan is evident. Since the entire structure is

circles decorated with fighter planes; from the south, an armored

adapted for veterans of different disabilities - blind, deaf and those

car from a distant war. In-between lies the city, which only two

confined to wheelchairs, visual clarity of movement is mandatory.

years ago, during Operation Cast Lead, suffered rounds of Grad

The points connecting the two interlocking levels, those ”rocky”

missile attacks. The Negev Brigade intersection, located at the

concrete monoliths, with rough surfaces of poured concrete, also

northeast entrance of the city, is also reminiscent of war - named

express a constructive and visual truth.

for the Negev Brigade monument by sculptor Dani Karavan, a landmark visible far and wide.

Each rock-like unit contains spaces for some of the various func-

The monument, a memorial as well as a huge environmental

tions of ”privacy” that the compound provides: from babysitting

sculpture which implores one to enter its spaces and experience

children of patients to clinics for body and soul. In expanses

it from within, embodies the two images: both the gray concrete

between the ”rocks”, like a deep river gorge, which becomes

and the terror of war. It is built of bare concrete, full of pathos and

narrower and sometimes expands, are scattered spaces for public

tenderness just as the desert itself. Like the desert it holds dust

functions: exercise room, indoor swimming pool and gathering

wherever the cement has eroded and, as the desert, the monu-

areas.

ment too overlooks the city.

Architect Shachaf Zait, who was architect-on-site, notes that

project- name - architect/office name Architects Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot

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”rocks” and ”gorges” symbolize the desert image surrounding the

respect to the Negev Brigade monument, located at a distance of

building. They represent a meeting of tenderness and hardness, of

only five hundred meters. Walking from the sculpture to the con-

dryness and spring water, accompanied by a diversion of diffract-

crete structure and back again to the sculpture one is impressed

ing sunlight. The designers transformed concrete into an ideal ma-

by the informed and constructive honesty, by the tenderness and

terial for design. Liquid in the beginning and rock-hard at the end,

stiffness, especially compassion and protection, evident both in

convenient for processing, visually uniform, and associated with

Beit Halochem as well as in the monument.

the architectural heritage of Be’er Sheva.

The ubiquitous use of concrete in the entire country and Be’er Sheva in particular, points to concrete as a perfect fusion of content,

Refuge. Concrete is a material with an organic character. It can be

construction and shape. All these features coalesce to produce a

shaped and molded according to requirements of the designer

physical and psychological refuge for disabled war veterans.

and it responds to erosion processes. It embodies softness and vulnerability, a kind of human dimension, and a capacity to be a refuge. The Negev monument reflects those qualities in an astounding manner. Not everyone is aware of the vulnerability of concrete and the defenselessness of home buyers. Most see its strength, and interpret its rigidity as controlling and dominating. We were inspired by the notion that ‘a cover of concrete and cement’ that dominates every tract of land, leads to an ideology of control over empty spaces. We were taught that bare concrete, direct and crude, is as insolent and insensitive as a Sabra (native Israeli). Even structures built of concrete did not always express its softness. There they are, cast in rigid patterns and oversized dimensions, while at the same time taking away from concrete its sincerity and construction potential they purport to show. In contrast, throughout Israel’s history, in spite of these attempts, we encounter concrete in simple daily use inside our homes - as safe rooms and as shelters that are routinely used for art classes in schools, for store rooms of old furniture and, in times of war, as playrooms for children in apartment buildings. These represent protecting and compassionate spaces we are building for use in our local and violent reality.

In this sense, use of concrete in Beit Halochem reflects closure with

NEXT PAGE The Yard @ Amit Giron 50

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images

captions captions captions 52

captions captions captions ASthought

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images images

PREVIOUS PAGE Rear Rntrence @ Amit Giron 54

ASthought

ON THIS PAGE Restng Area @ Amit

Pool @ Amit Goren project- name - architect/office name Architects Bait HaLochem Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot

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office presentation

Kimmel-Eshkolot Architects is an Israeli architecture firm, founded in Tel Aviv, Israel in 1986, by Etan Kimmel and Michal Kimmel-Eshkolot. Kimmel clusters is an Israeli architectural firm responsible for planning public and private projects many in Israel. The firm was founded in Tel Aviv in 1986 by Eitan Kimmel and Kimmel container - clusters. Early years the firm participated in the reconstruction and renewal of the historic Neve Tzedek neighborhood of Tel Aviv. Over the clusters Kimmel had several international design competitions architects Israel’s major public buildings, including: the expansion of the government complex in Jerusalem, Jerusalem Davidson Center, National Museum of Natural History Collections at the University of Tel Aviv, and a future Hall of Memory Fallen of Israel on Mount Herzl. In 2011, Kimmel clusters won the Rechter Prize for Architecture Home Design dogma Warrior Beersheba important architectural design of an accessible environment for disabled various kinds. “ Award judges commented on the building that he “displays architectural excellence from the exception to the individual and is an important example of an environment for architectural design accessible to those with disabilities of various kinds.” The project also won “Project of the Year” contest of writing - magazine “AI” and the EU. In 2012 it was reported that the Ministry Kimmel clusters, along with the Nitzan architects faint and Liran Chechik, won the competition to design a new building in Netanya Municipality.

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ASthought

project name - architect/office name Bait HaLochem - Shachaf Zait/Kimmel Eshkolot Architects

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book editor presentation

Talor Noam, 1984, Born and raised in Be’er Sheva, Israel. Consider the desert as the beginning point and not as a limit - It can be the starting line and not the finish one. David Ben Gurion was the first prime minister and defense minister of Israel, loved the Negev and its expanses and his dream was to make the desert bloom and settle. This days, making the desert bloom, and keeping David Ben Gurion spirit means curiosity and desire to initiate and invent. An architecture student in Italy that want to combine the two strategic - the European one and the Mediterranean one.

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ASthought

Ast013b Beit Halochem, Be’er Sheva - Israel  

by Talor Noam

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