Page 1

ImgvN-∏mSv

hnPp hn \mb¿

Ncn-{X-Øns‚ Pn∂v Pn∂ t]mbn, tamcnse ]pfnbpw t]mbn. ]t£ Ncn{Xw Cu c≠v tZi-ßsf CS°nsS kµ¿in-®n´v Pn∂ns‚ Nncn kΩm-\n-°p-∂p. Imc-Ww, hn`-P\w F∂ `qXL-´-Øns‚ Ncn{X bmYm¿YysØ C∂pw hkvXp-\n-jvT-ambn kao-]n®p ]cn-l-cn°m≥ Ccp Iq´¿°pw Ign-bp-∂n-√. As√-¶n¬ ]ns∂ S¨I-W-°n\v Fgp-Xnbpw ]d™pw ]gn®pw ]S-sa-SpØpw ]S-sh-´nbpw ]g-Inb "hn`-P\'Ønt∑¬ Ncn{X Kth-j-I-s\m-∂p-a-√mØ Pkz¥pw Hcp ]pkvX-I-sa-gp-Xn-°-f-bp-tam, kwK-Xn-bpsS 62-˛mw ]nd-∂m-fn\v? Pn∂ns‚ Ifn-bm-tWm-∂-dn-bn-√, aplΩ-Zen Pn∂bpw At±-l-sØ-∏‰n ]pkvX-I-sa-gpXn B∏n-emb Pkz¥v knwKpw XΩn-semcp ckn-I≥ kmay-ap-≠v. Zo¿L-Imew {]h¿Øn-®p-t]m∂ cm-jv{Sob {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ ImX-en-t\mSv Ib-dn-bp-c-kn ]pd-tØ-°p≈ hgn kwLSn∏n-®-h-cmWv c≠m-fpw. B hgn-I-fpsS Zni hyXy-kvX-am-sW∂p am{Xw. _n.-sP.-]n-bpsS h¿Kob cmjv{Sob-Øn¬\n∂v Xmc-X-tay\ aX-\n-c-t]£-am-sbmcp Ncn-{X-t_m-[-Øn-te-°mWv (]p-d-ta-s°-¶n-epw) Pkz¥v ]cn-Wan-°p-∂-sX-¶n¬, C¥y≥ \mjv\¬ tIm¨{K- € ns‚ hymP sk≥{Sn- k tØm-Sp-ckn t\sc h¿Kob cmjv{So-bØn-te-°mWv Pn∂ \oßn-b-Xv. ]Sn™m-d≥ B[p-\n-I-X-bpsS P\n-X-I hn-Ømb en_-d-en-k-Øns‚ lrZ-b-cmin-bp≈ c≠p t]sc kw_-‘n®v Cu ]cn-WXn {]Ir-Xn-]c- a- m-bn-cpt∂m F-∂Xp thsd Imcyw. kz¥w auenI {]IrXsØ cmjv{So-bØ - n\p th≠n am‰n-sh-

Pn∂bpw Km‘n-Pnbpw

c≠m-bn-c-Øn-sbmºXv

sk]v‰w-_¿ ]sØmºXv


t°-≠n-h∂ - h - c- mWv c≠mfpw F∂p ]dbm≥ Ign-bpw. ^yqU¬ cmP-c-‡hpw ssk\n-Ii - o-eh - p-ap≈ Pkz-¥v, Hcp heXp-]£ I£n-bnse "en_-d¬ s\tKmtjy-‰¿' tdmfn-eqsS A[n-Im-c-cm-jv{Sob-Øn¬ CS-ap-≠m-°n. skIyp-e-cnÃmb ka¿Y≥ h°o-em-bn-cp∂ Pn∂, C¥y≥ tZiob {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ GI]£ob _pƒtUm-knw-Kn¬\n∂v aXmSn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ kzbw-\n¿W-bm-hI - miw km[n-s®-SpØv Hcp ]pXp cmjv{S-Øns‚ ÿm]-I-\m-bn. kmay-߃ AhnsS Xocp-∂p. Pn∂ Ncn{X ]pcp-j-∑m-cpsS KW-Øn¬ s]Spw. Pkz-¥v, AXn-sem-cmsf ]Tn°m≥ {ian® cmjv{So-b-°m-cpsS KWØn-epw. F¶nepw Pkz-¥ns‚ Cu {iaØn¬ Ncn-{X-Øns‚ hen-sbmcp Nncn ]Xn-bn-cn-∏p-≠v. c≠v cmjv{S-߃°p t\sc-bp≈ Ip©≥Nn-cn. Imc-Ww, C¥y-bn¬ Pn∂ hn√-\m-Wv; ]mIn-kvXm\n¬ alm-\mb cmjv{S-]-nXmhpw. Pn∂ aqew HtcI tZio-bX sh´n-ap-dn-°-s∏s´∂p ]gn-]-d-bp∂ C¥y≥ cmjv{So-b°m¿°v Cu a\p-jy≥, kz¥w hn√\n ad-°m-\p≈ kuI-cy-{]-Z-amb D]m-[nbm-Wv. ]mIn-kvXm-\n-I-fm-I-s´, kz¥w cmjv{S-ap-≠mbn Bdp ]Xn-‰m-≠v Ign™n´pw AXn-s\mcp kzIob sFU‚n‰n-bp-≠m-°p-∂X - n-ep≈ ]nSn-∏p-tISp adbv°m≥ cmjv{S-]n-Xm-hns‚ anØn´p Ifn-°p-∂p, Pn∂ Blzm\w sNbvX bmYm¿Yy-߃ `wKn-bmbn Im‰n¬ ]d-Øns°m-≠v. Pn∂ t]mbn, tamcnse ]pfnbpw t]mbn. ]t£ Ncn{Xw Cu c≠v tZißsf CS-°nsS kµ¿in-®n´v Pn∂ns‚ Nncn kΩm-\n-°p-∂p. Imc-Ww, hn`-P\w F∂ `qX-L-´-Øns‚ Ncn{X bm-Ym¿YysØ C∂pw hkvXp-\n-jvTa- mbn kao]n®p ]cn-lc- n-°m≥ Ccp Iq´¿°pw Ignbp-∂n-√. As√-¶n¬ ]ns∂ S¨I-W°n\v Fgp-Xnbpw ]d™pw ]gn®pw ]Ssa-SpØpw ]S-sh-´nbpw ]g-Inb "hn`P\'Ønt∑¬ Ncn{X Kth-jI - s- \m-∂pa-√mØ Pkz¥pw Hcp ]pkvX-I-sa-gpXn-°-f-bp-tam, kwK-Xn-bpsS 62-˛mw ]nd∂m-fn\v? AXpw, Cu Hc-®p-X≠ - n¬ kmt¶-XnI tZio-bX F∂ GIam{X AP≠ ]pe¿Øp∂ kz¥w ]m¿´nsb sh´n-em-°n-s°m≠v? Pkz-¥-ns\ ]pdØm°n-s°m≠v ]m¿´n {]iv\w ]cn-lcn-°p-Ib - √ - , Cu Ncn{X bmYm¿YysØ Bbn-cØn \m\q‰n ap∏Xv

IqSp-X¬ {]iv\`- c- n-Xa- mbn \ne-\n¿ØpI-bm-sW-∂-XmWv ck-I-cw. H∂m-a-Xv, Pn∂-bpsS ]p\¿hm-b\ \n¿h-ln-°pI hgn Cu _n.-sP.]n {]ap-J≥ C¥y-bnse {][m-\-s∏´ c≠v cmjv{Sob {]ÿm-\-߃°pw C´p-sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂Xv cmP-Io-b-amb Atemk-c-X-bm-Wv. _n.-sP.-]n°pw AXns‚ {]Xy-b-imkv{X ImX-emb B¿.-F-kv.F-€n\pw Pn∂ t]mse NXp¿Yn-bmWv Ph-l¿emepw. Xs‚ ]pkvX-I-Øn¬ Ph-l¿em-ens\ {]Xn-bm-°n, Pn∂-bpsS Bt]-£nI \nc-]c- m-[nXzw ka¿Yn°p-Ib - mWv Pkz¥v sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂X - v. Pn∂sb A∆n[w tamNn-∏n-®Xv sX‰msW∂v ]d™v {KŸ-Im-cs\ in£n°p-tºmƒ Ph-l¿emens\ `wKy-¥-tcW \ymbo-I-cn-°p-I-bmWv B¿.-F-kv.F-kv. Pn∂sb tamNn-∏n-°p-∂Xv A-hsc kw_-‘n-t®-St- Ømfw cmjv{So-ba- mbn Bfl-l-Xym-]-c-am-Wv. ImcWw lnµpXz cmjv{So-b-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\w-Xs∂ kmwkvIm-cn-I-amb Hc-]-c-Xz-tØmSp≈ (km-¶¬]n-Itam bmYm¿Yytam Bb) a’-c-Øn-em-Wv. B {]Xn-tbmKn-ÿm-\Øv apkvenw-Isf {]Xn-jvTn-®p≈ Ifn°v B`y-¥-c-amb bp‡nbpw Dbncpw In´m≥ ]‰nb D]m-[n-bmWv ]mIn-kvXm\pw AXns‚ in¬]n-bpw. Phl¿em-en-t\m-Sp≈ FXn¿∏v hcp-∂Xv XnI®pw B`y-¥-c-amb cmjv{Sob ImcW-Øm-em-Wv. kwLv]-cn-hm-c-Øns‚ Xo{h lnµp-Xz-Øn\v arZp-lnµp-Xz-tØmSp≈ {]oW-\-\-b-ß-fn¬ ]cnN ]nSn°p∂ {]ÿm-\-amWv tIm¨{K-kv. _n.-sP.-]n-bpsS Cu Nn¥m-ssh¢_yw apX-em-°m≥ ]‰nb ]cp-h-Øne√ tIm¨{K-€pw. Pn∂sb Ip‰-ap-‡\m-°p-∂-tXmsS hn`-P-\-Øn¬ Ph-l¿em-ens‚ {]Xn-ÿm-\-Øn\v B[n-Imcn-IX ssIh-cpw. am{X-a-√, C¥y≥ apkvenw-Iƒ°p th≠n Pn∂ Db¿Ønb cmjv{So-bm-hi - y-߃ \ncm-Ic- n-®Xv tIm¨{K-€m-sW∂p kΩ-Xn-°p-∂Xn\p Xpeyhp-am-hpw. AXv, h¿Ø-am\ cmjv{Sob-Øn\pw `mhn°pw H´pw ]¥n-b-√. Pkz¥v [nj-Wm-im-en-bmb FgpØp-Im-cs- \m-∂p-a√ - . F∂m¬ Cu {]tab-Øn¬ At±lw \S-Øn-bn-cn-°p∂ hkvXp-XI - f - psS Iq´n-∏n-∂¬ Iui-e] - q¿h-am-Wv; Ct∂mfw Hcp cmjv{So-b-°m-c\pw C¥y-bntem ]mIn-kvXm-\ntem Ign-bm-Ø-Xv. hn`-P-\-Ønse hy‡n-KX daZm≥ Ccp-]-Øn- HºXv

hkvXp-X-Iƒ Xpd-s∂-gp-Xnb GI cmjv{So-b-°m-c≥ A_p¬ Iemw BkmZm-bn-cp∂p (India Wins Freedom). AXn¬ At±lw Ph-l¿em-en-s\bpw Pn∂-sbbpw Hcp-t]mse ]qin-bn-´p-≠v. Km‘n-bpsS Imcy-Øn¬ Hcp-Xcw Km‘nb≥ thZ\ \Sn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Km‘nsbt∏mse C{X k¿h-kzo-Im-cy-\mb i‡n-cq]w F¥p-sIm≠v B \n¿Wm-bI - L - ´- Ø - n¬ ]cm-Pb - s- ∏-s´∂v A]-{K-Yn-°m≥ Bkm-Zns‚ Km‘n-`‡n XS-€-am-bn-cn-°mw. Bkm-Zns‚ t\c-dnhpw ASp-Ø-dn-hp-an-√mØ Pkz¥pw ^e-Øn¬ sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂X - v, C¥y-bnse c≠v apJy cmjv{Sob {]ÿm-\-ß-sfbpw Htc {]Xy-b-imkv{X X´-I-Øn-em°pI F∂-Xm-Wv. kq£va sshZ-Kv[yap≈ ikv{X-{Inb th≠n-hc- pw Cu sIWn-bn¬\n∂v c≠v I£n-Iƒ°pw Xebq-cm≥. AXn\p ]mßp≈ Hcp Xebpw c≠n-SØpw Ct∏m-gn-s√-∂-XmWv h-kvXp-X. AXp-sIm≠v "]t´-ens\ Ah-tlfn®p' F∂ AS-hp-\bw hgn {KŸ-Imcs\ ]pd-Øm-°n-s°m≠v _n.-sP.-]nbpw, "CsXms° _n.-sP.-]n-bpsS B`y¥c hngp-∏e - ° - ens‚ `mKw' F∂ ]pIad sIm≠v tIm¨{K€pw {]iv\w ]qgvØn-sh-°p-∂p. Ncn{Xw Nncn XpS-cp-∂p. Hcp \nanjw \ap°v Cu Ifn-bpsS tI{µ-amb Zn√n-bn-te°v sN√mw. GXp da-Zm≥ amk-Ønepw {][m-\-a-{¥nbpsS HutZym-KnI hk-Xn-bn¬ C-^vXzm¿ k¿°-kp-I-fpsS Hcp ]Xn-hp-≠v. 60 sIm√-ambn apd sX‰n-°mØ Cu \mS-I-Øn\v Hcp t{]mt´m-tImƒ ]Zhn Xs∂ ssIh-∂n-cn-°p-∂p. hyXykvX apkvenw kwL-S-\-I-fn¬\n∂v t\mºp apdn-°m≥ t\Xm-°ƒ sXm´v ap√, ap{InIƒ hsc £Wn-Xm-°-fm-sb-Øp-∂p. a{¥n-am¿, cmjv{Sob aq∏-∑m¿, A[n-Imc Z√mƒam¿, Fw.-]n-am¿ XpSßn C{µ-{]ÿ-Ønse i‡n-cq-]ß - f - p-ambn tXmƒtN¿∂v s\mbºv apdn-°m≥ Hcp almh-k-cw. kXy-Øn¬ CsXmcp s\mb-ºv ap-dn-°¬ Xs∂bmWv; A[n-Imc cm-jv{So-bØ - ns‚ icn-bmb X´-Iß - f- n¬-\n-∂v AI-‰n-\n¿Ø-s∏-Sp-∂h - ¿°v B≠n-semcn-°¬ B t\mºn¬ \ns∂mcp Xpd! cmPysØ 13 iX-am\w hcp∂ ap-kvenw thm´ns‚ t]cn-ep≈ A[n-Im-c-°-fnbn¬ PohnXw kpc-`n-e-am-°p-∂-Xm-scms°tbm Ah-sc√mw Cu da-Zm≥ sa\phn¬ IqSp-∂p. 15 tImSn apkvenw-I-fpsS t]cn-ep≈ Cu C^vXzm¿ k¿-°kv Hcp


{]Xo-Ia- m-Wv. Chn-sS-bmWv "hn`-P\'sØ ho≠pw \nin-X-ambn ]cn-tim-[n-t°-≠-Xv. Pn∂ BZyw ]d™ {]Im-ca- mWv Imcy߃ \oßn-bn-cp-∂-sX-¶n¬ C∏-d™ k¿°kv th≠n-h-cp-am-bn-cpt∂m? AXm-b-Xv, C¥y≥ bq\n-b\p th≠Xv s^U-de - nÃv bq\n-b\ - m-W,v tI{µ `cW kwhn-[m-\-a-s√-∂v. `c-W-Iq-S-Øn-t∑¬ A[n-Im-c-sa√mw tI{µo-I-cn-°p∂ kwhn-[m-\-Øn\p th≠n-bmWv tIm¨-{Kkv A∂p a¿°S apjvSn ]nSn-®Xpw Km‘nsb IqSn \ncm-I-cn-®p-sIm≠v hnPbn-®-Xpw. atX-X-cXzw Dd-∏n-°m-s\∂ a´n-ep≈ cmjv{Sob KnΩn-°p-Iƒ A¶pcn-°p-∂Xv B _nµp-hn¬\n-∂m-Wv. ImcWw, s^UdenÃv kwhn-[m-\-am-bn-cp∂p C¥y hcn-®n-cp-∂-sX-¶n¬ C¥y°m¿°v t_m[-]q¿hw aX-k-ln-jvWpX \Sn-t°≠ KXn-tI-Sp-≠m-hp-am-bn-cp∂n√. {][m-\-a-{¥n-am¿ {]Z¿i\ k¿°kv \S-Øn-bn´v thtWm \m´p-Im¿ ]n¥n-t`m-P\w sNøm≥? a\p-jy¿°p kzbw tXm∂n H∂n-®n-cp-∂pÆmw. A-sXmcp "kw`h'ambn ImtW≠ Imcy-ta-bn√mØ km[m-cW kwkvIm-c-am-tb-t\. tImf-\n-`-c-W-Øn¬\n∂v kzmX{¥yw In´n Bdp ]Xn-‰m≠v Ign™v k®m¿ I-Ωn‰n Fs∂mcp Nc-°ns‚ Bh-iyta D-≠m-Ip-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. F¥p-sIm≠v C¥y≥ apkvenw-Iƒ kmaq-ln-I, kmºØnI ]n∂m-°° - m-cmbn C∂pw InS-°p∂p? k®m¿ sshZycv Nne ]cn-lmc {Inb-Iƒ ]d-™p. AXp tI´m¬ Hm¿a-hcn-I, ]≠v `q´m-\nse Pbn¬ kµ¿in® A¥m-cmjv{S sdUvt{Imkv kwLw \¬Inb in]m¿i-bm-Wv. lnam-e-b-ØWp-∏n¬ aqSn-\n¬°p∂ `q´m≥ Pbn-ense ]p≈n-Iƒs°√mw \nXyhpw Hcp t\cw NqSp-sh-≈Ø - n¬ Ipfn. in]m¿i tI´ Pbn¬ hm¿U≥ sR´n! Abmƒ°p-t]mepw Cu Ipfn°p kuI-cy-ap-≈Xv amk-Øn¬ c≠p XhW am{Xw! efnX-ambn ]d-™m¬, GsXmcp Bi-¶bpsS t]cn-emtWm Pn∂ HSp-hn¬ KXnsI´v hn`-P\w Bh-iy-s∏-´-Xv, AtX Bi¶ C∂v bmYm¿Yy-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p. AXns‚ em£-WnI {]Xo-I-amWv {][m-\a- {- ¥n-bpsS C^vXzm¿ k¿°-kv. cmjv{So-bm-[n-Imcw GsX-¶nepw kap-Zmb-Øn\v Xe-sbÆw sIm≠v as‰mcp kap-Zm-bØ - n-t∑-ep≈ ta¬ss° A\p-kcn-®m-hc- p-sX∂v s^U-de - n-Ãp-If - mb Pn∂bpw Km‘nbpw ]d™p. tI{µo-IrX

A_p¬ Iemw BkmZv Ph-l¿em¬ s\lvdp k¿Zm¿ h√-`mbn ]t´¬

Km‘nkt∏-Sn-Iƒ Pn∂sb ]Øp sIm√w cmjv{Sob h\-hmk-Øn¬ hsc-bm-°n. ]n∂oSv Xncn-®p-h∂ Pn∂-bmWv X{¥w am‰n-b-Xv; s^U-d-en-khpw HSp-hn¬ aX-hm-Zhpw ]pd-sØ-SpØXv. kXy-Øn¬ Ph-l¿em¬ {]`r-Xn-I-fpsS cmjv{Sob X{¥-Øn\v A\p-cq-]-amb X{¥-Øn-te°v Pn∂-sb∂ ap≥ aX-\n-c-t]£ en_-d¬ ]cn-W-an-s®-Øp-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. tÉv F∂ B[p-\nI i‡n-cq-]sØ {]W-bn® Ph-l¿emepw Iq´cpw AXv \ncm-I-cn-®p. ]Sn-™m-d≥ B[p-\n-I-XbpsS hnØmb tÉn-k-amWv "`mc-Xin¬]n' I≠ `mcX ssien. AXv km[y-ambn-°n-´m≥ AXp-hsc AI-∂p-\n∂n-cp∂ ]t´-ens\ Iq´p-]n-Sn-®p. A-tXmsS Pn∂-bpsS Bi-¶-Iƒ Cc-´n-®p. ImcWw 1946-˛se sXc-s™-Sp-∏nse A\p`-hw. AØ-hW F√m apkvenw ko‰pIfpw t\Sn-bn´pw eoKn\v `c-WØn-encn-°m≥ th≠ AwK-_-e-ap-≠m-bn-√. Hscm‰ apkvenw hnPbn C√m-Xn-cp-∂n´pw tIm¨{K-kn\v k¿°m-dp-≠m-°m-\p≈ `qcn-]-£-ap-≠p-Xm-\pw. AXp-sIm≠v shdpsX s]mXp-sX-cs- ™-Sp-∏n¬ a’cn-®-Xp-sIm≠v Imcy-an-s√∂pw kz¥w kmaq-ln-I, kmº-ØnI hn[n \n¿Wbn-°p-∂-Xn¬ C¥y≥ apkvenw-Iƒ°v Hcp-Xcw kzbw-\n¿W-bm-hI - miw D≠mbn-cn-°-W-sa∂pw Pn∂°p t_m[y-ambn. Cu t\c-\p-`h - hpw XpS¿∂p≈ Phl¿em¬ I-º\nbpsS ISpw-]n-Sp-Ø-hpamWv AXp-hsc s^U-d¬ kwhn-[m\-Øn\v hmZn-®p-t]m∂ Pn∂sb s]mSp∂s\ ]mIn-kvXm≥ F∂ Bi-b-Ønte°v X≈n-hn-´-Xv. kXy-Øn¬ ]mIv hmZw Pn∂-bp-tS-X-s√∂v F√m-h¿°pa-dn-bmw. Pn∂ AsX-Sp-ØXv kzm-X{¥yw In´p-sa∂p h∂ \n¿Wm-bI k‘n-bn¬ Hc-h-km\ X{¥-sa∂ \nec≠m-bn-c-Øn-sbmºXv

°m-Wv. eoKn\v Nne {]hn-iy-Iƒ th≠n-bn-cp-∂p, tI{µ a{¥n-k-`-bn¬ Hcp \n›nX iX-am\w ko‰p-I-fpw. AX-\ph-Zn-®n-cp-s∂-¶n¬ hn`-P\w F-s∂m∂p≠mhp-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. Ph-l¿em¬˛˛]-t-´¬ A®p-X-≠ns‚ ssII-fn-e-I-s∏´p Ign-™n-cp∂ tIm¨{K-kn-t\mSv Ah-km-\X - {- ¥-sa∂ \ne-°mWv Pn∂ ]mIn-kvXm≥ hmZw D∂-bn-®-sX∂p hy‡w. At∏mgpw A®p-X≠v hg-ßn-bn√. {_n´ojv k¿°m-dns‚ Xm¬]-cyhpw Xtem-Sepw IqSn Ph-l¿em-ens‚ Cu \ne-]m-Sns\ ZrV-s∏-SpØn F∂Xp as‰mcp hiw. Cu Iodm-ap-´n°v Km‘n \¬Inb {]i-kvX-amb ]cn-lm-c-hpw˛ Pn∂sb {][m-\-a-{¥n-bm-°p-I˛ \n€mc-am-bn-X-≈n. 1942\p tijw tIm¨{K€-n\ - p-≈n¬ Km‘n {Iam-\p-KX - a- mbn A\y-h-XvI-cn-°-s∏-Sp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p F-∂Xv CtXmSp tN¿Øp-hm-bn-t°≠ B¥cnI bmYm¿Yy-am-Wv. c≠mw temI-bp≤w Xocp-∂t- XmsS {_n´o-jp-Im¿ C¥y hnSp-sa∂v t\ctØ Dd-∏m-bn-cp-∂X - m-W.v ]ns∂-bp-≈Xv kzX{¥ C¥y-bpsS cmjv{Sob `cW kwhn-[m-\Ø - ns‚ cq]h-XvI-c-W-am-Wv. Ph-l¿emepw Iq´cpw tI{µo-IrX tÉv F∂ cq]w \n›-bn®p-I-gn-™n-cp-∂p. B _pƒtUm-knw-Kn\v Km‘n GXn-cm-Wv. 1902-˛¬ Xs∂ kzcmPv kw_-‘n® \ne-]m-Sn-eqsS Km‘n \bw hy‡-am-°n-bn-cp-∂p˛ ]Sn-™msk]v‰w-_¿ ]sØmºXv


d≥ B[p-\n-I-X-s°-Xn-cmb \bw. kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw Imcy-tØm-S-Sp-Ø-t∏mƒ "hb-k≥' iIp-\-∏n-g-bm-Ip-sa∂v IW°p-Iq-´n. hn`-P-\-Im-eØv Km‘n ]pdta°v alm cq]nbpw ]m¿´n-°p-≈n¬ tIh-e-samcp \ng¬cq-]hpw am{X-amb Ncn{Xw thsd-Xs∂ hni-Zo-I-cn-t°-≠Xm-Wv. Cu Km‘n-t∏Sn Pn∂-°pap-≠mbn-cp∂p F∂-XmWv as‰mcp hkvXp-X. {]iv\w P\-Iob cmjv{So-b-Øns‚ t]cn-ep-≈X - m-Wv. H∂m-aX - v, Pn∂ P\-߃°n-S-bn¬ {]h¿Øn®v Ah-cpsS Btµm-f-\-Øn¬ s]Sm≥ H´pw CjvS-s∏´ hy‡n-b√ - . ]Sn-™m-d≥ en_-d¬ aqeyß-fp≈ ]cn-jvIm-cn-bmb a\p-jy≥. aXsØ cmjv{So-b-hpambn Ie¿Øp-∂Xn¬ ISpØ FXncv. bp‡n°v ]c-a{]m-[m\yw \¬Ip∂ \ymb-hm-Zn. ]m¿esa-t‚-dn-b≥ a\-€ns‚ DS-a. P\-ßsf Cf°p-I-b-√, Ah-cpsS {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ XΩn-ep≈ ]m¿e-sa‚dn kwhm-Z-ß-fneqsS cmjv{SsØ \bn-°W - s- a-∂X - mWv {]mY-anI \ne-]m-Sv. aX-Øn\v cmjv{Sob-Øn¬ {]k-‡n-tb-bn-s√-∂-XmWv c≠mw \ne-]m-Sv. Km‘n C∏-d-™-Xn-s‚sb√mw t\¿hn-]-co-Xw. At±lw {Km-aamb {Kma-sa√mw \S∂p P\-ßsf Cf°n-b-t∏mƒ Pn∂-bpsS jqkn¬ Hcp a¨Xcn ]pc-≠n-´n-√. ]m¿e-sa‚-√, {Kma-amWv P\-hn[n \n›-bn-t°-≠-sX∂ Km‘n-b≥ \ne-]mSv Pn∂°v Abp-‡nI-ambn tXm∂n-b-Xn¬ H´pw AXn-i-ban- √ . HSp- h n¬ Km‘nkt∏- S n- I ƒ Pn∂sb ]Øp sIm√w cmjv{Sob h\hm-k-Øn¬ hsc-bm-°n. ]n∂oSv Xncn®p-h∂ Pn∂-bmWv X{¥w am‰n-b-Xv; s^U-d-en-khpw HSp-hn¬ aX-hm-Zhpw ]pd- s Ø- S p- Ø Xv . kXy- Ø n¬ Phl¿em¬ {]`r- X n- I - f psS cmjv { Sob X{¥-Øn\v A\p-cq-]-amb X{¥-Ønte°v Pn∂-sb∂ ap≥ aX-\n-c-t]£ en_-d¬ ]cn-W-an-s®-Øp-I-bm-Wp-≠mb-Xv. Achpw Achpw tN¿∂-t∏mƒ hn`-P\w F∂ In∂-c-am-bn. A\-¥-c-Km-an-Iƒ ChnsS {i≤nt°-≠Xv Cu c≠v cmjv{Sob ]£ßfpw ]cm-P-b-ß-fm-sW∂ A\p-`h bmYm¿Yy- a m- W v . Ph- l ¿em- e ns‚ seKkn C¥y°v X∂Xv i‡n-bp≈ tÉpw Zp¿_e P\-X-bp-sa∂ hne-bmWv. AXn¬ lnµp-˛-apkvenw hnShv {]IS-am-bn. Pn∂-bp-≠m-°nb ]mIn-kvXm\m-Is´ Ct∂mfw \nb-Xm¿Y-Øn-epBbn-cØn \m\q‰n ap∏Xv

_n.-sP.-]n-bpsS Nn¥m-ssh¢_yw apX-em-°m≥ ]‰nb ]cp- h - Ø n- e √ tIm¨{K€pw. Pn∂sb Ip‰-ap-‡\m-°p-∂-tXmsS hn`-P-\Øn¬ Ph- l ¿em- e ns‚ {]Xn-ÿm-\Ø - n\v B[n-Imcn-IX ssIh-cpw. am{X-a-√, C¥y≥ apkvenw-Iƒ°p th≠n Pn∂ Db¿Ønb cmjv{So-bm-hi - y-߃ \ncmI- c n- ® Xv tIm¨{K- € msW∂p kΩ-Xn-°p-∂Xn\p Xpeyhp- a m- h pw. AXv, h¿Ø- a m\ cmjv{So- b Øn\pw `mhn°pw H´pw ]¥n-b-√. s≈mcp cmjv{S-am-bn-´n-√. ]´m-fhpw kq∏¿ ]h-dp-Ifpw AΩm-\a- m-Sp∂ On{ZtZ-ihpw Zcn{Z P\-X-bp-am-W-Xv. Ccp cmjv{S-ß-fm-bm¬ {]iv\-߃ Xocpsa∂v ]d™v hn`-Pn-®n-s´-¥mbn? aq∂pbp-≤-߃, \nXy i{Xp-X, Iivao¿, IÆo¿... ]mIn- k v X ms\ kw_- ‘ n®v {]iv\-߃ IqSp-X¬ k¶o¿W-am-Wv. kzmX{¥y kac Ncn-{X-tØmSv C∂pw B P\X ImX-embn s]mcp-Ø-s∏-´n-´n√. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ C¥y≥ tZiob {]ÿm-\-Øn¬ Pn∂bpw a‰pw hln® ]¶v Ah-cpsS tNmc-bn¬ {]th-in-®n-´n√. cmjv{S-sa∂ \ne-bn¬ sFU‚n‰n {]iv\w ]cn-lc- n-°s- ∏-SmsX InS-°p-∂Xn\v Hcp Imc-Whpw AXp-X-s∂. Pkz¥n-s\-t∏mse Hcp lnµpXz cmjv{Sob t\Xmhv ]mIn-kvXms\ AwKo-I-cn-°p∂-Xns‚ Ncn{X {]m[m\yw kXy-Øn¬ ]mIvP\ - X - ° - mWv IqSp-Xe - p-≈X - ˛v kz¥w sFU‚n‰n {]Xn-k‘n ]cn-l-cn-°m\p≈ Ah-k-c-sa∂ \ne-bn¬. ]t£ AXpƒs°m-≈m-\p≈ ]cp-h-Øn-e√ B cmPyw. 1947 BKÃv 11\v Idm-®nbn¬ tIm¨Ãn-‰yp-sh‚ v Akw-ªnbn¬ Pn∂ \S-Ønb {]i-kvX-amb {]kw-Ka- p≠v: ""....You may belong to any religion or caste or creed- that has daZm≥ Ccp-]-Øn- HºXv

nothing to do with the business of state.'' ChnsS \mw ImWp-∂Xv hn`-P\ - t- ijw Pn∂-bn¬ ho≠pw Xe-bp-b¿Øp∂ ]gb Pn∂-sb-bm-Wv˛ en_-d¬ aqeyß-fp≈ ]cn-jvIm-cn-bmb cmjv{S X{¥⁄≥. ]t£ B {]kw- K - t ijw Ct∂m-f-ap≈ ]mIv A\p-`hw t\m°pI. s^U-d-enÃv hyhÿ sImXn-®- Pn∂-bpsS kz¥w ]mIn-kvXm-\n¬ ]uc∑m¿ Xpey- t c- b - √ ˛ \nb- a - ] - c - a m- b nt∏mepw! {]i-kX v a- mb BKÃv 11 {]kwK-Øns‚ IrXyw 61-˛mw ]nd-∂mƒ Zn\Øn¬ (2009 BKÃv 11) ]mIv ]©m_v {]hn-iy-bnse tKmPvd-bn¬ {InkvXy≥ kap-Zm-bsØ apkvenw Xo{h-hm-Zn-Iƒ B{I-an-°p-∂p. apkvenw-Iƒ apkvenwIsf Xs∂ th´-bm-Sp∂ Ncn-{X-Øn-te°mWv ]mIn-kvXm-\nse ]Sn-™m-d≥ AXn¿Øn {]hn-iy-Iƒ FØn-bn-cn-°p∂-Xv. Pn∂-bpsS Xmh-gn-°Y AhnsS Aß-s\; Ph-l¿em-ens‚ Xmh-gn-°Y ChnsS Cß-s\! hn`-P-\-Ønse Ip‰hm-fn-Iƒ Bscms° F∂v A[n-Imc cmjv{Sob AP-≠-bpsS t]cn¬ ]pc-∏pd-Øp-\n∂v hne-]n-°p-Ibpw hcpw-X-eap-d-I-fpsS ]mT-]p-kvX-I-ß-fn¬ hymP Ncn{Xw Ipdn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-tºmƒ h¿Ø-am\ Ncn{Xw Cßs\ Xncp-Øs∏-SmØ sX‰p-I-fpsS tLmj-bm-{Xbmbn XpS-cpw. `qX-N-cn{Xw sI´p-I-YI-fpsS hymP ]pkvX-I-ambn XpS-cpw. AXn¬ Pn∂ns‚ Ifn-sbm-∂p-a-n√.

jinnah viju v nair  

Imgv N- ∏mSv Pn∂bpw Km‘n- Pnbpw c≠m- bn- c- Øn- sbmºXv sk]v ‰w- _¿ ]sØmºXv Bbn- cØn \m\q‰n ap∏Xv daZm≥ Ccp- ]- Øn- HºXv c≠m- bn- c- Øn- sbmº...