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PnóbneqsS XIÀóSnbpó tZiob hn{Kl§Ä Friday, 28 August 2009

JmZÀ ]memgn ""C´ym almcmPy¯nsâ Hmlcn hm§n ]pXnb cmPyapïm¡nb apÉnwIÄ ]nsóbpsa´n\v ChnsS h«an«p\nð¡póp? Ahtijn¡póhcpw cmPyw hn«pt]mIpIbmWv thïXv. Ahkcsam¯mð Ahsc ]mInkvXm\ntet¡m \Sp¡Sentet¡m XÅnhnSWw. Dfp¸nñmsX `mcX¯nð Xsó X§WsaópÅhÀ lnµpkwkvImc¯nð CgpInt¨cWw. CgpInt¨Àómð Xsóbpw HómwXcw ]ucXzw XoÀ¨bmbpw AhÀ¡hImis¸«Xñ'' þBÀ Fkv FÊnsâbpw AXnsâ XWenð hfcpó _n sP ]nþ inhtk\þ _PvdwKvZÄþ hnizlnµp ]cnj¯mZnIfpsSbpw {]Xybimkv{X ASn¯d Cu apÉnw hntZzjañmsX asämópañ. {InkvXym\nItfmSpapïv AhÀ¡v XoÀ¯mð Xocm¯ ]I. Fóð Hómas¯ i{Xp apÉnwIÄ Xsó. hnjanñm¯ aqÀJ³ ]m¼pïmhptam? apÉnw i{XpXbnñm¯ kwL]cnhmcapïmhptam? hmPvt]bv kÀ¡mdnse hntZiImcya{´nbpw kwL]cnhmÀ IqSmc¯nse ImcWhcnsemcmfpamb Pkz´v knwKv Xsâ Pnó, C´ymhn`P\w, kzmX{´yw Fó ]pkvXI¯neqsS XIÀ¯ncn¡póXv C´ymhn`P\¯nsâ apdnhpIÄ DW§msX Im¯pkq£n¨v AXnð \nóv hntZzj¯nsâ tcmjmán ]SÀ¯ns¡mïncn¡pó kwL]cnhmÀ ASn¯dsbbmWv. AXpsImïmWv 669 t]PpÅ Cu ]pkvXI¯nð Nne Pnóm\pIqeþ]t«ð hncp² ]cmaÀi§fpsïó tI«dnhnsâ am{Xw _e¯nð Pkz´v knwKns\ _n sP ]nbnð \nóv ASn¨p]pd¯m¡m³ knwebnse Nn´³ss_TIv [rXnIm«nbXv.

Pnó¡v \evInb KpUvkÀhokv F³{Sn ]t£, s]mdp¯psImSp¡mhpó ]m]amWv. 2005 PqWnð Fð sI AZzm\n PnóbpsS J_dnSw kµÀin¨ tijw At±ls¯ alm\mb atXXchmZn Fóv hnfn¨Xv ]mÀ«n {]knUâv Øm\¯p\nóv cmPnsh¸n¨mWv _n sP ]n ]cnlcn¨Xv. C¯csamcp alm A]cm[w sNbvXbmsf ]mÀ«n ]nóoSv {][m\a{´n Øm\¯ncn¡m³ tbmKyX t]mepapÅbmfm¡n hmgv¯pIbpw sNbvXp. Pkz´v knwKn\p C¯csamcp cmPn]co£bneqsS ISópt]mbmð aXnbmbncpóp. Fómð At±lw sXm«pIfn¨ncn¡póXv khÀ¡sdt¸mse kwL]cnhmdnsâ Bcm[y]pcpj\mb kÀZmÀ hñ`mbv ]t«ens\bmWv. C´ybpsS Dcp¡pa\pjy³ Fóv kÀhcmepw hnfn¨mZcn¡s¸Spó cmPy¯nsâ {]Ya B`y´ca{´n ]t«ð. tIm¬{KÊpImc\mbmWv Pohn¨Xpw acn¨Xpsa¦nepw ]t«enñmbncpsó¦nð Cóo ImWpó C´yt]mepw bmYmÀYyamhpambncpónsñópw Iivaocpw sslZcm_mZpw aäpw C´ytbmSv tNcpóXn\v ]nónð ]t«ð sNbvX tkh\w AZznXobamsWópw IcpXpóhcnð kLcn]mchpw apónepïv. am{Xañ, ]t«ensâ tkh\§Ä DbÀ¯n¡m«póXnð tIm¬{KÊpImÀ ]cmPbamsWópw At±l¯nsâ bYmÀY ]n³apd¡mÀ X§fmsWópw kwL]cnhmcw BWbn«phcnIbpw sN¿póp. KpPdm¯nsâ Ip{]kn²\mb apJya{´n \tc{µtamUn Adnbs¸SpóXpt]mepw "tOm«m ]t«ð' Fó t]cnemWv. C´ym hn`P\¯nsâ Hómw {]XnØm\¯p\nóv apl½Zen Pnósb amän PhlÀemð s\lvdphns\ ]Ic¡mc\m¡póXv ImhnkwL¯n\v ]dªp\nð¡ms\¦nepamhpw. Fómð Pkz´vknwKv hn`P\¯nsâ Ipätaev]n¡póXv s\lvdphns\m¸w km£mð C´ybpsS Dcp¡pa\pjy³ ]t«ens\bmWv. ]t«ensâ t]À kwL]cnhmcs¯ F{Xam{Xw {]tIm]n¸n¨pshóXn\v sXfnhmWv hmÀ¯ tI« am{Xbnð KpPdm¯nse tOm«m]t«ð kwØm\¯v Pkz´v knwKnsâ ]pkvXIw \ntcm[n¨Xmbn {]Jym]n¨Xv. KpPdm¯v kÀ¡mdnsâ hàmhv Pbv\mcmb¬ hymkv tamUn¡pthïn ]dªnX§s\bmWv: ""alm\mb tZiobhmZnbmWv kÀZmÀ ]t«ð. A¯csamcmÄs¡Xnsc Fs´¦nepw FgpXnb ]pkvXIw Cu kwØm\¯v hnð¡m³ k½Xn¡nñ.'' AZzm\nbpsSbpw tamUnbpsSbpw kz´w kwØm\amWv KpPdm¯v. tamUn tOm«m ]t«emsW¦nð

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PnóbneqsS XIÀóSnbpó tZiob hn{Kl§Ä Friday, 28 August 2009

AZzm\n ]mÀ«n¡mÀ¡nSbnð Adnbs¸Sm\m{Kln¡póXv teml]pcpjv (Dcp¡v a\pjy³) Fó t]cnð XsóbmWv. cïv "cmPykvt\lnIÄ' C´ymhn`P\¡mcsâ t]cnð Adnbs¸SpóXv F§s\ hniZoIcn¡m\mhpw? AXpw ]XnämïpIfmbn kwLv]mfb¯nð \nebpd¸n¨ HcmÄ FgpXnb ]pkvXIapbÀ¯nb hnhmZ§fpsS ]Ým¯e¯nð. 2003epw KpPdm¯nð Hcp ]t«ð hnhmZapbÀóncpóp. Aóv kCuZv Bew Fó \mSIIr¯nsâ Hcp DÀZp \mSIw kwØm\¯v \ntcm[n¡s¸«p. auem\ A_pðIemw BkmZnsâ C´ym hn³kv {^oUw Fó ]pkvXI¯nð \nópÅ Hcp ]cmaÀiw \mSI¯nepsïóXmbncpóp ImcWw. ]cmaÀiw asämópañ: ""Hcp ]cn[nhsc C´ym hn`P\¯n\v ImcWam¡nbXv kÀZmÀ ]t«ensâ \ne]mSpIfmbncpóp'' FómWv BkmZv FgpXnbncpóXv. Fómð C¯hWs¯ hnhmZw Ffp¸w I¯nbacpsaóv tXmópónñ. cmPy¯n\I¯pw ]pd¯pw hn`P\s¯¡pdn¨pÅ NÀ¨IÄ ]p\cpÖohn¡pIbmWv. Pkz´v knwKnsâ ]pkvXIw F¯nbmepS³ XoÀópt]mhpóXmWv ]mInkvXm³ DÄs¸sS D]`qJÞ¯nsemómsIbpÅ ]pkvXIt{]anIfpsSbpw Ncn{Xmt\zjnIfpsSbpw k¦Sw. Cu NÀ¨ ]ptcmKan¡pótXmsSm¸w kwL]cnhmc¯nsâ {]Xybimkv{X ASn¯dbpw ZpÀ_eambns¡mïncn¡psaóXmWv {it²bamb Imcyw. hn`P\¯nsâ D¯chmZn¯w BÀs¡ó hnhmZw hn`P\\mÄ apXð XpS§nbXmWv. apl½Zen Pnósb¡pdn¨pÅ ]cntim[\IÄ¡pw ]XnämïpIfpsS ]g¡apïv. Hcp Imcyw hyàamWv: Iym_n\äv anj³ hn`P\ ]qÀh C´ysb apÉnwIÄ¡v `qcn]£apÅXv, lnµp¡Ä¡v `qcn]£apÅXv Fó coXnbnð hÀKoIcn¨ncpóp. Cu kwØm\§fpsS Hcp tIm¬^Utdj³ cq]oIcn¡pIbpw hntZiImcyw, Id³kn, ssk\yw Fónh tI{µ`cWIqS¯nsâ Iognem¡Wsaópw Iym_n\äv anj³ \nÀtZiw sh¨p. Cu \nÀtZiw Pnó¡v kzoImcyambncpóp. Fómet±lw, Hcp D]m[nsh¨p. tI{µ `cWIqS¯nð apÉnwIÄ¡pw lnµp¡Ä¡pw Xpey {]mXn\n[yw thWw. apkvenw P\kwJy lnµp¡sf At]£n¨v IpdhmbXn\mð Cu \nÀtZiw PhlÀemð s\lvdphn\v kzoImcyambnñ. tI{µ¯nð Xpeym[nImcanñm¯ `cW]¦mfn¯w Hcp kapZmb¯nð A[at_m[apïm¡psaóv Pnóbpw iTn¨p. Iym_n\äv anj³ \nÀtZiw kzoIcn¨ncpópsh¦nð C´ym hn`P\saó Xocmim]w Hgnhm¡mambncpópshó Imcy¯nð Ncn{XImcòmcmcpw hntbmPn¡pónñ. apl½Zen Pnóbpw Bhiy¯ne[nIw sXämbn hnebncp¯s¸« hyànXzamWv. 1876 Unkw_À 25\v P\n¨ At±lw s]mXp{]hÀ¯\amcw`n¡póXv C´y³ \mjWð tIm¬{KÊnemWv. 1914ð apÉnweoKnð AwKXzsaSp¡pt¼mgpw At±lw 9 hÀjt¯mfw tIm¬{KÊnð AwKXzw XpSÀópshómWv Ncn{Xw ]dbpóXv. tIm¬{KÊpambn klIcn¨p \o§pó apÉnwIfpsS Hcp thZnbmbmWv apÉnweoKv Gsd¡mew {]hÀ¯n¨Xv. CÉmanI A\pjvTm\§fnsemópw A{X IrXy\njvT ]peÀ¯mXncpó Pnó 1920Ifnse Jnem^¯v {]Øm\¯n\p t]mepw FXncmbncpópshóv \ap¡dnbmw. C´ybnð \nóv thdn«vt]mImsX Xsó apÉnwIÄ¡v kzbw \nÀWbmhImiapÅ Hcp tZiw Fó Bibw Nu[cn dÒ¯pñbpw aäpw apÉnweoKnð DbÀ¯nbt¸mÄ t]mepw Pnó B A`n{]mbs¯ \JinJm´w FXnÀ¡pIbmbncpóp. At±lw Imw{_nUvPnð ]Tn¡pt¼mgmWv 1930ð AhnsS¯só hnZymÀYnbmbn Nu[cn dÒ¯enbpw kplr¯p¡fpw Cu Bibw Pnó¡v ap¼nð AhXcn¸n¨Xv. Pnósb Hcp kð¡mc¯n\v hnfn¨psImïpt]mb tijamWv AhÀ ]mInkvXm³ Fó Bibw ]dªXv. Fómð CtX¡pdn¨v ]nóoSn Pnó ]dªXv, ""F\n¡v kð¡mc¯nð hnf¼nb I¡bnd¨n cpNn¨p. Fómð {]tXyI apÉnw tZihmZw Zln¨nñ'' FómWv. 1940ð _wKmfpw ]ôm_pw aXmSnØm\¯nð hn`Pn¡m³ {ian¨t¸mgpw FXnÀ¸nsâ ap³]´nbnð PnóbpïmbncpópshóXmWv IuXpIIcw. ]nóosS§s\ At±lw ]mInkvXm³ hmZhpambn cwK¯phóp. B AhØbnte¡v Imcy§Ä sImïpsNsó¯n¨Xv Fs´ms¡bmWv. AXnsâ ]nónse Ip_p²nbpw ZpÈmTy§fpw BcpsS Xebnð \nómWv hóXv. kXykÔambn

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PnóbneqsS XIÀóSnbpó tZiob hn{Kl§Ä Friday, 28 August 2009

]cntim[n¡s¸tSï Imcy§fmWv Chsbñmw. GähpsamSphnð hn`P\w bmYmÀYyambt¸mgpw XnIª atXXchmZnbpw lnµpþapÉnw sFIy¯nsâ hàmhpambmWv \mw Pnósb ImWpóXv. 1947 BKkvXv 11\v At±lw ]mInkvXm\nItfmSmbn sNbvX {]kwKw PnóbpsS \ne]mSv hyàam¡pópïv. B {]kwK¯nsâ cXv\¨pcp¡w C§s\ hmbn¡mw: ""]mInkvXm\nð \n§Ä¡v A¼e¯ntem ]Ånbntem atäXv Bcm[\meb§entem t]mhm³ kzmX{´yapïmbncn¡pw. \n§Ä GXv aX¡mc\msWóXv ]mInkvXms\ kw_Ôn¨v {]iv\añ. aX¯nsâ t]cnð hnthN\w Im«pó Nne cmjv{S§fpïv. FómenhnsS aX¯nsâtbm PmXnbpsStbm hÀK¯nsâtbm t]cnð hnthN\apïmhnñ. Htc cmjv{S¯nse Xpey ]ucòmcmbncn¡pw \½tfhcpw. ]mInkvXm³ Hcp \ne¡pw aX]ptcmlnXòmcmð `cn¡s¸Spó aXm[njvTnX cmPyamhm³ t]mhpónñ. lnµp¡fpw {InkvXym\nIfpw ]mgvknIfpamb \nch[n t]À ChnsSbpïv. Ahscñmw ]mInkvXm\nIfmWv. atäXv P\hn`mK¯n\papÅXpt]msebpÅ ]ucmhImiw AhÀ¡papïmhpw.'' AXpsImïmWv hnPbe£van ]Þnän\pt]mepw C§s\ FgptXïnhóXv: ""]mInkvXm³ apÉnweoKn\v \qdv KmÔnamcpw Ccp\qdv A_pðIemw BkmZpamcpapïmbncpópsh¦nð ]mInkvXm³ Dïmhpambncpónñ. tIm¬{KÊn\v Hscmä Pnó Dïmbncpsó¦nð C´y hn`Pn¡s¸Spambncpónñ.'' PnóbpsS kz]v\§Ä ]pecpó ]mInkvXm³ ]nóoSv cq]s¸t«m. Csñóv am{Xañ, 1948 k]vXw_À 11\v Pnó acWs¸«v amk§Ä¡Iw Xsó B cmPyw PoÀWXbpsS ]mXbnte¡v \o§n¯pS§nbncpóp. CóXv ]«mfta[mhnXz¯nsâbpw P\m[n]Xy¡im¸nsâbpw `q{]`p hmgvNbpsSbpw CÉmansâ t]cnepÅ PnlmZv hnfn¡mcpsSbpw Idp¯ apJamWv ImgvNsh¡póXv. aXhnthN\¯nsâ cq£Xbnte¡v C\nbpw B cmPyw F¯ns¸«n«nsñ¦nepw Hcp aX¯nsâ B[n]Xyw {]iv\§sfms¡ ]cnlcn¡s¸Spsaó [z\n FhnsSbpw {]ISamWv. `qcn]£amfpIfpw AXv sNhnsImSp¡pónsñ¦nð t]mepw. \ap¡v Pkz´v knwKnte¡v Xsó hcmw. apÉnwIÄ hn`Pn¨psImïpt]mb ]mInkvXm³ Hcp aXm[njvTnX cmPyamsWópw AXpsImïp Xsó C´y Hcp lnµpcmjv{SamIWsaópw hnjen]vXamb {]NmcWw \S¯póhcmWv kwL]cnhmc§Ä. lnµp¡sf hnImcw sImÅn¡m³ hn`P\wt]mse asämcmbp[w thsdbpïmbncpónñ. ]Xn\ôv tImSntbmfw hcpó cmPys¯ \yq\]£§fpsS ]ucmhImi§Ä \ntj[n¨pw Ignbpsa¦nð sImsómSp¡nbpw Bcm[\meb§Ä XIÀ¯pw aptódns¡mïncn¡pó B kL¯n\v XpSÀ¨bmb Xncn¨SnIfmWv CubnsS e`n¨psImïncn¡póXv. lnµpcmjv{S¯nsâ BhiyIX P\§Ä¡v t_m[ys¸Spónñ. cmat£{Xw Hcp XhW A[nImc¯nte¡v hgnXpdsó¦nepw P\w AXnth[w sXäpXncp¯ensâbpw hnthI¯nsâbpw ]mXbnte¡v Xncn¨phcpó BthiIcamb ImgvNbmWv F§pw ImWpóXv. AXnsâ Gähpw henb sXfnhmbncpóp C¡gnª temIk`m sXcsªSp¸v. {]mtbmKnI cmjv{Sob¯nð h³ XIÀ¨ t\cn«psImïncns¡bmWnt¸mÄ {]Xybimkv{X ASn¯dbpw shñphnfn¡s¸SpóXv. Pkz´vknwKnsâ ]pkvXIw XoÀ¨bmbpw CXnte¡pÅ hgnXpd¡ð XsóbmWv. P\m[n]XyhmZnIfpsSbpw tZikvt\lnIfpsSbpw a\Êv IpfnÀ¸n¡pó Cu kw`hhnImk§Ä¡v apl½Zen Pnó Xsó ImcW¡mc\mhpópshóXv Hcp Ncn{XIuXpIw XsóbmWv. H¸w ]mT]pkvXI§Ä hgnbpw Hu]NmcnI Ncn{XImcòmÀ hgnbpw Bcm[n¡m³ \nÀ_Ôn¡s¸« \½psS tZiob hn{Kl§Ä XIÀóSnbpIbpw XpdópIm«s¸SpIbpw sN¿pópshóXpw IuXpIIcamb ImgvN Xsó.

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