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SCAPE land and design in the Upper Midwest



The AWARDS ISSUE Minnesota’s best landscape architecture

PLUS: Solar Power versus Trees Pro-bono design

a publication of the Minnesota Chapter of the American Society of Landscape Architects

MN_Scape_Spr09.indd 1

3/24/2009 8:14:11 AM

8:14:11 AM

On the Cover:

Each year, MASLA gives awards for the best works of landscape architecture by Minnesota designers.


year, thirteen projects were honored in five categories.

The Speckman House, by Coen + Partners, received the lone Merit Award for Residential Design. Every winner is here in __SCAPE, beginning on page 20.

image courtesy Coen + Partners


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issue #11



MASLA’s Annual Design Awards

Recognizing excellence in landscape architecture




Which is better, solar panels or shade trees?

by Colin Oglesbay

At the Edge

Two recent projects highlight volunteerism in landscape architecture.

by Carrie Ann Christensen


In Other Words

3 4

Valued Places



Can’t See the Forest for the PVs




: Book Trees and Shrubs of Minnesota :Website The 1%

Carver Park Reserve Noerenberg Gardens


g S

ver Your


__SCAPE is published twice each year by the Minnesota Chapter of the American Society of Landscape Architects (MASLA). __SCAPE is FREE (in limited quantity). To subscribe, go to and click on _SCAPE. Then, type your information into the subscription box. Send general MASLA inquiries, including sponsorships to: MASLA International Market Square 275 Market Street, Suite 54 Minneapolis, MN 55405 612-339-0797 FAX 612-338-7981 Send general __SCAPE inquiries, letters to the editor, and article queries to: Adam Regn Arvidson, editor 4348 Nokomis Avenue Minneapolis, MN 55406 612-968-9298 issue #7

MASLA Executive Committee Gina Bonsignore, president Joni Giese, past president

Richard Murphy, president-elect Dana Schumacher, secretary Jean Garbarini, treasurer Mike McGarvey, trustee

Katie Lechelt, director of public relations Ben Sporer, director of programs

Anna Claussen, director of education and prof. dev.

Frank Fitzgerald, co-director of awards and banquet Chris Behringer, co-director of awards and banquet Karyn Luger, director of communications

_SCAPE Editorial Adam Regn Arvidson, editor Kalle Butler, associate editor


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Awards season always gets me a little excited. As you

In fact, extra congratulations are due one local firm this

award winners, which are detailed in these pages (as we

national accolades: Coen + Partners.

may know, MASLA recently announced its 2009 design

do each year). As this issue goes to press, National ASLA

year, whose two MASLA award winners also took home

also just made its Honor Award selections public.

In all, there were 33 submittals to the program this year,

It is of course thrilling to see the images, the photos, the

third. Compare that to the national program, which this

carefully rendered plans. More than that, though, awards

programs always read, to me, like proof of the breadth of the landscape architecture profession. Play the “What Do

and 13 projects were recognized. That’s more than one-

year gave out 49 certificates (more than usual) and still barely scratched 10% of the submittals.

These Things Have in Common” game with our award

Granted, a 10% award rate would limit the local program

the fact that they were designed by landscape architects.

still there: are local awards programs too lenient? Does

winners, and the only thing that seems to connect them is

Try it: what do these things have in common?

to between 3 and 5 winners per year, but the question is the high number of winners dilute the power, the recognition of the program overall?

Harley Davidson and Cold Spring Granite?

What do you think? Send me an e-mail.

An island park in Saint Paul, and a residence in Highland

But whatever your opinion is, enjoy this year’s winners,

Yup, all designed by landscape architects -- and all recipi-

Read on!

A highway in Wyoming and open space in Arkansas? Park, Saint Paul?

ents of 2009 MASLA awards.

and check out the national ones, too, at

Adam Regn Arvidson, ASLA

Write for


We are always looking for article ideas and motivated writers. See your name in print. Take an in-depth look at something you’re interested in. Share your expertise. We need • media reviews: websites, magazines, books, lecture series.... • topic articles: business, law, nature, art, design • new ideas for columns and recurring features.

Contact Adam Arvidson, editor: issue #11 612-968-9298


In Other Words

Items of interest in the broader printSCAPE... research. He traveled the state to find the best photothe current distribution maps found within each species description. Smith is especially excited about the historic Public Land Survey maps and hopes that people will be

review by Adrienne Bockheim

amazed by the interesting ecological information they

Published by the Minnesota Department of Natural

says, “but based on the ecological and geological history

Resources, Trees and Shrubs of Minnesota is described as “a complete guide to species identification.” However, with

provide. “The patterns are not random or accidental,” he of Minnesota.”

its wealth of historic information, geographic data, and

I found the life-size leaf drawings to be the most helpful

kind of information needed on 250 different native tree,

field, the drawings would allow me to collect leaf samples

vivid photographs, you’ll find it to be a reference for any shrub, and woody vine species.

feature. While the book is too large to lug out into the and easily identify them at a later time.

I asked author Welby Smith what made his guide

Identification, however, is just one aspect of this thick

point out that his book is part of a long tradition of native

as an encyclopedia for landscape architects interested in

different from other Minnesota guides. He was quick to

tree and shrub guides, but that this one includes groups of plants that are often overlooked, such as hawthorns and



are difficult to identify.

Other unique features of




previously unpublished historic



Survey maps showing pre-settlement


distribution around the

state, life-size drawings of the leaves of the most challenging


to identify, and over 1000 date-specific color photographs, taken by the author himself. Smith’s




for is

evidenced by his six years of intense field

reference book. Smith hopes that his book might serve incorporating more native plants into their work. The

distribution maps could guide and inspire landscape architects what



explore plants

might be appropriate at

a particular site, or just to learn more about their ecology and history.

While this heavy book

might look like just another


no matter what level your






shrubs, I doubt you’ll

find this one collecting dust on a shelf.

University of Minnesota

Press, Minneapolis, 2008. $59.95

SCAPE spring 09


Trees and Shrubs of Minnesota

graphs and visited every county several times to verify





The 1% review by Carrie Ann Christensen Are you interested in ways of getting your firm hooked

up with pro-bono projects? There are several ways in which the spirit of volunteerism can carry you and your

firm forward in tough economic times. Sponsored by

the San Francisco-based non-profit design firm Public

Architecture, The 1% ( is a unique on-line tool for building networks



design firms and non-profits

in need of design. It challenges firms to dedicate 1% of their time and resources to pro bono work.

The 1% operates much like a




(similar to Facebook). You fill out a profile about your firm or

organization, then you can search

other profiles to see if there is a good match for your firm’s skill set or organizational needs. At

its most basic, the website offers

one more way to get your name out there as a firm interested in

doing socially and environmentally conscious work in the field.

The strength of the website

is that it is a mobilizing tool that is well designed and

The site does raise some questions. Is 1% really enough?

movement, and it certainly is in the sense that it is creating

time to this kind of work? And while several examples

user-friendly. The 1% even goes so far as to call itself a momentum to design for those truly in need. It’s a great

example of community building because it doesn’t control its own content; rather it provides an easy way for the

design community to share information and find appropriate pro-bono projects. This roots the 1% movement in

listed on the site relate to landscape architecture and there

are certainly some landscape architecture firms participating, the language of the site is largely geared toward architecture firms.

the actual skills of designers and the actual needs of non-

Nevertheless, if you’re looking for volunteer projects,

and clear graphic organization, makes thew website easy

you want to be part of this movement, or even just because

profits. In addition, the clean design, with bright colors COURTESY THEONEPERCENT.ORG

Why not challenge firms to donate 5% or even 10% of their

to navigate.

issue #11

whether to make a difference in your community, because you need something to keep you busy, The 1% is a great resource. I’d definitely recommend a visit.

whips whips

Valued Places In 2001, the Minnesota Chapter of the American Society of Landscape Architects published Valued Places: landscape architecture in Minnesota. This glove-box sized guidebook profiles 52 sites in the Land of Lakes, each of which has benefitted from design, care, or stewardship by landscape professionals. Here are a few west metro parks worth checking out this spring....

Carver Park Reserve Carver Park Reserve lies on the northern edge of Carver

The Lowry Nature Center is an excellent place to learn

by Three Rivers Park District.

staff there are trained experts in many aspects of wildlife

County. It is part of a system of parks owned and operated

more about the park wildlife and natural systems. The education and host numerous school field trips throughout

Within this wildlife-rich park reserve lies an abundant

the year. The award-winning creative play area puts a fun

opportunity to observe waterfowl. A vast land area of

spin on the lessons learned. The nature center, built in

over 3,400 acres is home to more than 150 of the 200 bird

1969, is also a noted facility: it was the first environmental

species found in Carver County, including the trumpeter

education center of its kind in the state.

swan. The park offers excellent opportunities for bird watching from the many walking and biking trails.

Some highlights of your visit could include seeing the

wetland, forest, and open meadows afford natural habitat

sanctuary that flank Lundsten Lake, or visiting the

Rolling topography and upland transition areas between

Fred E. King bird observation blind and waterfowl

and a wilderness feeling for trail and wildlife enthusiasts

historic Wendlein Grimm Farmstead where our nation’s

alike. t. Bo

Park also offers excellent in-line skating

Lake Minnetonka Regional Park




Lake Minnetonka


Parley Lake Group Camp

Stone Lake


Grimm Farm Historic Site

Horse Trail Parking

Springview Group Picnic/Camp




Zumbra 3

Shorebird Pond Parking

Schutz Lake

Trail Parking

by Graham Sones

RD Maintenance Facility




loops, and overnight camping and reserved




Lundsten Lake

Zumbra 1

Sunny Lake

Mown trails provide an

picnicking are also available.

Zumbra 2

Lake 2

paved circuit.

The Nature Center offers shorter walking

To E x

Lake Zumbra

or bicycling opportunities on a 7.5-mile outstanding natural hiking experience.


GRIMM RD Crosby Lake

Parley Lake



Hiking Trails - 30.2 mi. Biking Trails - 9.2 mi. Dog Trails - 1 mi. Horse Trails - 9 mi. Paved Hiking/Bike Trail - 9.2 mi. Paved Hiking/Bike/Dog Trail - .6 mi. Regional Trail Access Unpaved Hiking Trail - 6.2 mi. Unpaved Hiking/Horse Trail - 9 mi Unpaved Hiking/Dog Trail - .4 mi

Trail Parking

 Road Private Property Service Road - No Access

11 Carv

Victoria Street



Lake Auburn Campground Lowry Nature Center

Boat Launch - Paved (Auburn) Unpaved (Steiger, Zumbra)

Reservation Picnic/Group Camp

Dog Off-leash Area (fee applies)

Reservation Picnic/Camp/Non-Sheltered

Entry Station


Fishing Pier

Scenic Overlook


To Hopkinses) (15.5 mil assen h n a Ch


RT Tra il

King Blind

Stieger Lake a i on


Lundsten Lake To Waconia

Lake Auburn

sR eg

Lake Auburn

Fred E. King Sanctuary

11 To Chaska

oH er T


op k



SCAPE spring 09


To S

first winter-hardy strain of alfalfa has its roots. Carver


Noerenberg Gardens Nestled among the many bays that define Lake

Twenty separate gardens make up the formal area of the

unique place that provides a front row experience to it all.

the Noerenbergs brought from Europe. Nearly 10,000

Minnetonka, Noerenberg Memorial County Park is a The one-time 74-acre family estate was donated to Three

Rivers Park District (then Hennepin Parks) in 1972 by the late Lora Noerenberg Hoppe in memory of her parents

Frederick and Johanna. This “special use park,” as it is officially classified, is characterized by its obligation to

that history. A trust fund was set up to ensure a special funding source for development and operational needs

unique to this park. In addition, it is managed exclusively

estate. The Daylily Garden is made up of original stock flowers are planted each year in the tradition of an era

of opulence, estate charm, and grace. Labels are used in

keeping with formal tradition, and also for educational purposes. An elegant boathouse has an upper level that

reaches out beyond the shoreline and offers unobscured views of the grandeur of Lake Minnetonka. by Graham Sones

by the park district forester, who must maintain a vision for the park as stipulated by the former owner.

Frederick Noerenberg attained his wealth by establishing

the local brewery, which featured Grain Belt beer. The estate was well appointed, with a large Victorian-style home, carriage house, boat house, pump house, hay and

horse barns, and a water tower. All of the structures remain today except the home, which was razed according to the wishes of the family. In 1987 a plaque was placed on the

home site within a memorial arbor that was constructed using period-appropriate pillars. Frederick’s evergreen

grove, consisting primarily of Scotch Pine, stands in memory of the Black Forest he remembered as a boy in Germany.

Planning Your Visit Carver Park Reserve is located between Highways 5 and 7 in Victoria. Noerenberg Gardens is on North Shore Drive in Orono. Visit for maps and more information. issue #11

topic: nature

Can’t See the Forest for the PVs Understanding Trees vs. Solar Technology in Sustainable Design Practices

SCAPE spring 09


by Colin Oglesbay


he sun is the literal center of our existence. The

time it can be harnessed to produce significant energy.

life on Earth via photosynthesis and drives the planet’s climate and weather. This immense ball of fire

array in pursuit of electrical generation in space. Their

energy of our beautiful star supports almost all

and flame transmits its energy across 92 million miles of dark, cold space in just over 8 minutes, warming the

Earth at a rate of 1,000 watts per square meter on a nice

In 1954, Bell Laboratories created the first photovoltaic

initial attempts were really nothing more than scientific curiosities described as solar batteries and were way too

expensive to provide any practical use. Regardless, Bell

Labs’ technology provided the basic logic for the modern

As homeowners become more aware of sustainable design, they are starting to seek out ways to tap into the sun’s natural capital. sunny day. That energy can be harnessed via a variety of processes, both natural and synthetic. Plants capture the

energy via photosynthesis, while humans are increasingly capable of capturing the energy via solar cells for direct heating and electrical generation.

As homeowners become more aware of sustainable

design, they are starting to seek out ways to tap into

this natural capital. Many of my clients are beginning to question whether they should cut down trees and mount photovoltaic panels, commonly known as PVs. As a professional landscape designer and sustainable architect,

I constantly seek to find the balance between natural and synthetic solar design strategies, but those answers don’t always come easily. Of course, with a little bit of know-

how, some sound science, and a smidge of technological research, you can get to the bottom of which is better for the planet: the lovely shade tree or the cool and sexy PV.


o what is a PV exactly, and how does it benefit

the environment? In essence, a PV converts the

silicon solar cells that shine black and blue on rooftops today.

In a nutshell, the solar cell directly converts light into electricity on an atomic level using silicon as a semiconductor, exactly like those little chips in our

computers. The reason silicon works so well for both applications is because we can easily control electrical

charges through it. Additionally, silicon is the second most common element on the planet and can be manufactured

from sand, making it cheap and readily available. As sunlight strikes the photovoltaic cell, a small amount is absorbed while most is reflected away. The absorbed light

enters into the crystalline silicon, exciting molecules and causing electrons to break free, bouncing off the crystals.

These wound-up little electrons create tiny amounts of

electrical charge as they bounce back and forth. Modern PVs mix in other reactive compounds with the crystalline

silicon to promote further agitation and, ultimately, more juice.

sun’s light into energy, allowing a homeowner to

A residential solar array is composed of silicon-based

created from solar resources. Its invention began with the

formed into panels mounted to the roof with aluminum

replace electricity from coal-based sources with electricity

French physicist Edmund Bequerel, who in 1839 found

cells (usually about 40) captured between glass and brackets. Solar cells require sun exposure and need to

With a little bit of know-how, some sound science, and a smidge of technological research, you can get to the bottom of which is better for the planet...the lovely shade tree or the cool and sexy PV. that specific reactive materials produced more electrical

be aimed south to maximize their efficiency. The more

hundred years and the significant work of a couple guys

needed. With high-efficiency natural gas or propane heat

currents when they were exposed to light. Skipping a

like Hertz, Tesla and Einstein, you reach the period where this process is understood to a depth where for the first issue #11

energy you want to produce, the more panels that are

fuelling most water heaters and furnaces, the average Minnesota home uses about 3,500 kilowatt hours (kWh)

University, each PV panel requires about 1,060 kWh of

topic: nature

energy to produce each typical unit, or 2,161 pounds of

of electricity. To accommodate this amount of energy with

PVs in Minneapolis, we’d need to stack 3 to 4 kilowatts

(KW) worth of solar panels, or between 55 and 70 square feet on a roof aimed towards solar south.

A typical 3 to 4 KW system, properly designed, will

generate from 3,000 to 4,000 kWh of relatively clean

electricity annually. Currently, most electricity comes from

carbon dioxide.


o in the end, what do all of these equations and facts mean? PVs are a very real tool in the search for

cleaner methods of generating energy. But should

they be employed at the expense of trees?

A tree performs a variety of functions that benefit the environment. The average tree kicks out enough oxygen

Typical 3 to 4 KW residential solar array. coal plants, with every kWh of energy creating between

to support two people.

contributes to green house emissions. A typical Minnesota

from the air every year, which equates to roughly 2.4

home generates approximately 3.6 tons of carbon dioxide per year from its various electrical gadgets: microwaves,

ceiling fans, cell-phone chargers, etc. By installing a PV system like the one described above, a typical home could

eliminate the power it draws from dirty coal plants for about 25 years. That would keep nearly 90 tons of carbon

dioxide out of the environment, not to mention the heavy metals and air pollution emitted when coal is mined and

In a process called carbon

sequestering, a single tree can absorb 48 pounds of carbon

tons of carbon over the course of a 100-year life span. In

addition to the carbon that’s pulled from the air by our

leafy friends, trees also vacuum up ozone, nitrogen oxide, sulfur dioxide, and other nasty particulates. Those little

leaves clean up somewhere around 60 percent of all air

pollution globally. At the same time their massive roots stabilize soil and filter out contaminates from water.


Unfortunately, there’s no clear method for comparing the

However, we can’t forget to factor in the industrial

denominator is the ability of each to negate carbon in the

processes of making the silicon and aluminum utilized in manufacturing the PV panels, inverters, wiring

and installation. According to a study conducted by the Engineering Department at Australian National

environmental benefits of trees versus PVs. The common environment. Using PVs prevents massive amounts of carbon dioxide from being pumped into the atmosphere via coal energy. One oak tree can sequester 2.4 tons of carbon over its lifetime.

Comparing carbon negation

PVs are a very real tool in the search for cleaner methods of generating energy. But should they be employed at the expense of trees? 10

SCAPE spring 09


800 and 1,050 grams of carbon dioxide, which ultimately

alone, a fully functioning residential PV system can offset

roof. The angle is important for two reasons: to allow the

of use.

and also to keep snow from covering the panels, which

about 35 oak trees-worth of carbon dioxide in just 25 years

Does this mean that I advise my clients to cut down 35 trees

PVs to function in winter as the sun gets lower in the sky, would render them useless for large parts of the year.

to allow for PVs? Definitely not. The carbon comparison

Two beneficial effects of trees should be taken into

trees. It does, however, illustrate that both trees and

evapotranspiration. Summer sun heats up the ground

does not factor in any of the other benefits derived from

PVs are powerful components in creating a solarscape

for a sustainable home. Each project should attempt to

account when designing a solarscape: shading and and pavement around buildings. This radiation slowly

builds up and warms the air traveling through windows

Both trees and PVs are powerful components in creating a solarscape for a sustainable home. Each project should attempt to incorporate both resources, taking into consideration the design requirements for achieving maximum solar benefit.

and air intakes. By creating shade




building area, we can maximize passive cooling and limit the

need for air conditioning on cooler summer days. Designs that locate deciduous trees with

tall, large crowns to the south

side of buildings maximize the summertime



the solar rays are at their most

intense. Similarly, blocking the

western rays can be achieved by

incorporate both resources, taking into consideration

selecting trees and vegetation that are lower to the ground


canopies provide solar umbrellas that greatly reduce

the design requirements for achieving maximum solar


hen designing for PVs, two major considerations come into play: shade and positioning. The panel’s true enemy is shade. It’s important

to have a clear understanding of how the area containing

panels will be shaded throughout all four seasons. It is also important to consider how tree growth will affect the area for the next thirty years. Alleviating shade problems is sometimes as simple as

performing selective pruning, although it’s best to start with an area that is in full sun and

then design the landscape to maintain this

solar clarity. This should include considering

how the neighbors’ buildings and trees could affect your installation, as these issues can

become so heated that disputes can quickly

escalate to litigation. In fact, California has

and shade against low afternoon sun angles. Summer cooling loads in the hottest of muggy Minnesota summers by as much as 30 percent, ultimately reducing the need for energy from fossil fuels. By selecting the appropriate

deciduous tree types and placement, a client can achieve

cooling effects in the summer, while still benefiting from solar heat gain in the winter months when the additional heat is welcome to cold feet and toes.

In the end, the ultimate goal of designers should be to find new ways to design that incorporate the best of both worlds. Inspiring models are beginning to emerge.

recently passed the ‘Solar Rights Act’ to

preserve people’s right to solar access on their property.

As far as positioning is concerned, solar panels need to be installed at a vertical angle of 14 to 45 degrees. This is

an important consideration when designing the structure

the panels will be mounted upon, be it a trellis, pergola, or issue #11

Evapotranspiration, which occurs when water vapor is released by trees, goes hand in hand with shading.

According to studies conducted by the Department of Energy, evapotranspiration can reduce air temperatures

by nearly 10 degrees, resulting in cooling the ground


topic: nature

Parc del Forum Solar Pergola. area on dark-colored pavement by up to 25 degrees. This

towards the south, and serves as equal parts sculpture,

carefully in the landscape can produce the equivalent

seamlessly interweaves mass plantings, rolling landscape

cooling effect as 10 window unit air conditioners running constantly.


n the end, the ultimate goal of designers should be

community gathering space, and urban beach. The design features and energetic plazas, showcasing landscape architecture’s ability to address numerous sustainability problems with style.

to find new ways to design that incorporate the best

Although this example is very urban in character, it

emerge. For example, the Parc del Forum in Barcelona is

spaces here in Minnesota. Perhaps the next playground

of both worlds. Inspiring models are beginning to

an excellent urban design that utilizes solar technologies as structural sculpture inserted into an urban park. The

design integrates a sewage treatment plant and Europe’s

largest single PV installation into a successful urban plaza.

The Solar Pergola stands facing the sea, tilted 35 degrees


expresses the spirit in which we can start redefining our

design can help power the school, or the next backyard installation can reduce the footprint of a suburban

home, all the while generating inspiring new forms and structures. “Trees versus PVs” isn’t an either-or question -- it’s about considering a design’s entire solarscape.

SCAPE spring 09


effect, along with shading, means that a single tree placed

Perhaps the next playground design can help power the school, or the next backyard installation can reduce the footprint of a suburban home, all the while generating inspiring new forms and structures. Colin Oglesbay is a landscape & architectural designer with Shelter Architecture. His design work, research, and writing is based on finding new and interesting intersections between science and design. He has written about these ideas and issues for T/here Journal of Architecture + Landscape at the University of Minnesota and the Threshold Blog for AIA Minnesota. Colin has worked in the field of sustainable design for 12 years on projects ranging from campus planning to sustainable outhouses.

RESOURCES To learn more about solar incentives in Minnesota: Rebate_Program_110802025911_RebateInstructions.pdf A great guide for small scale solar installations in Minnesota: Solar_Electric_Systems_A_MN_Guide_032103025940_ GuidetoSolarElectric.pdf

Parc del Forum community gathering space and urban beach. issue #11


topic: business

At the Edge by Carrie Ann Christensen

How can landscape architects help communities marginalized by immigration, disaster, or economic downturn? Two Twin Cities projects provide examples. The West Broadway Gateway Sculpture Garden design catches the eyes of many along the busy West Broadway corridor.


SCAPE spring 09


he face of landscape architecture as a profession

time work in the non-profit industry. Two local projects,

100 plus years. From the rise of the city parks

help implement change in their communities.

has shifted greatly over the course of the past

movement to the depression, when we focused more on


private estate design, as a profession we have weathered

in particular, stand out as models for how designers can

several economic downturns and shifts in identity. Now

Lao America Community Center

economic situation and the new administration’s focus

after the Vietnam War, has found a home in the Twin Cities

again we are entering a new phase, driven by the current

The Lao community, a refugee group that settled in the U.S.

on everyone doing their part for the good of the nation.

over the last few decades. As they established themselves

As the private development industry slows, we must increasingly look for opportunities in unconventional places. We have seen and will continue to see increased support

as a vibrant part of the Twin Cities community, the Lao

in our client base. As the private development industry

center. After purchasing a building in North Minneapolis,

for sustainable design, but we may also see other changes slows, we must increasingly look for opportunities in unconventional places for projects, partnerships, and inspiration.

Here in the Twin Cities there are some excellent examples

of how landscape architects are working outside the

typical paying-client box. There are firms and individ-

uals offering their services to marginalized communities through pro-bono work, volunteer opportunities, and fullArchitecture for Humanity’s site master plan for the Lao America Community Center in North Minneapolis, below, is an example of a local project where landscape architects played a significant role.

issue #11

people were finding themselves in need of a community

they joined forces with the non-profit Architecture for Humanity (AFH) to come up with some ideas for how to update and reinvest in the building. AFH is active both

internationally and locally, using the power of design to help marginalized or disaster-ravaged communities build

a more sustainable future. The Lao America Community

Center project brought together the professional design community with a client that was truly in need.

The first step in the project was a charette in 2006 with community members, design professionals and students.

A variety of design disciplines were present, including


topic: business

Hands-on construction activity is a key component of these community projects. Professionals, students, and community members volunteered their time in 2008 to install a much-needed patio for the Lao America Community Center, above left and right. Juxtaposition Arts and Tree Trust students came together to install the West Broadway Gateway Sculpture Garden, left, on an abandoned lot in North Minneapolis.

Working pro bono with clients has such a variety of

benefits (including a delicious lunch), according to Rich Koechlein, a landscape architect with ATS&R. “It is great

to work with community organizations like the Lao

Community Center group,” he says, “because, as a client, they truly appreciate your work.” Koechlein has a wealth

of insight about doing pro-bono work and working with

marginalized communities thanks to his years of experi-

ence working with AFH and other humanitarian-focused design efforts. “You get a lot more than you put in,” he

says. “It was a great outlet when I was not satisfied with

plans were developed to implement some of the proposed designs, which ended up being a very meaningful part

of the experience for the professionals and community members alike. A kitchen courtyard design was finalized by a small group of professionals and students lead by Jim

Hagstrom, ASLA, of Savanna Designs. Materials leftover

It gets you Continuing Education Units

(CEUs) [necessary to maintain landscape architecture

registration]. It is a great way to network with other design professionals. If you work internationally, you get to learn about different countries’ construction techniques.

And most of all, you get to connect with people you would not have met otherwise.”

from the 2006 ASLA Expo in Minneapolis were donated

Koechlein notes, however, that landscape architects are

help with the installation, including MASLA members,

group of designers working towards solutions for the

for the courtyard, and other key partners volunteered to

University of Minnesota landscape architecture students,

and the Minnesota Nursery & Landscape Association. On

the day of the hardscape installation in the Fall of 2008, there were also some Lao community members present

to help with the labor and generously cook lunch for the volunteers.

often in the minority on such projects. “There is a strong global community on different issues,” he says, “but

landscape architects are under-utilized and under-represented.” He feels that landscape architects bring a unique

sensitivity to the context of a space that is highly valuable

in a concentrated design effort like a charette. But he wishes more of them got involved.

There is a strong group of designers working towards solutions for the global community...but landscape architects are under-utilized and under-represented. 16

SCAPE spring 09


landscape architects. In the months following the charette,

my day job.

Juxtaposition Arts Another example of landscape architecture playing a powerful yet

non-traditional role in an organization is at Juxtaposition Arts in North Minneapolis. Juxtaposition is a non-profit youth-focused visual arts




audiences through its community collaborations, studio arts

workshops, public mural programs, and special festivals and art exhibitions.

Juxtaposition has four

full-time staff people, including

Satoko Muratake, who has a Masters degree in landscape architecture. Muratake incorporates her landscape archi-

tectural skills into her work at Juxtaposition on a daily basis and has had a profound effect on the organization’s visibility and its understanding of the community.

The neighborhood that Juxtaposition calls home recently completed a master plan, in collaboration with the City of Minneapolis, called West Broadway Alive. Muratake says that for years there have been many forces working

for change along the West Broadway corridor, including the redevelopment of city-owned properties, private redevelopment projects, and plans for transit and retail

plazas along the street. “West Broadway Alive has provided a way to connect the various West Broadway

dots together,” she says. “Broadway has the potential to

be a great street.” Muratake is constantly wearing two hats: that of a landscape architect and that of a community organizer and non-profit manager. Her role can be a

challenge, but it has also been the foundation for some very exciting projects along the West Broadway corridor. One

such hands-on endeavor is the West Broadway Gateway

Sculpture Garden, a project that has had a positive effect on Juxtaposition youth, furthered Muratake’s own experience with design, and engaged the greater community.

The West Broadway Gateway Sculpture Garden design, below, was inspired by river imagery to link the nearby Mississippi River to the neighborhood.

issue #11


topic: business

With the help of Juxtaposition youth from the community and a local mosaic artist, Mercury Mosaics, Muratake

designed a sculpture garden for an abandoned privatelyowned lot on West Broadway just blocks from the

Mississippi River. It will serve as a much needed public pocket park. In 2006 the garden, which is sponsored by

the Hawthorne Area Community Council and the West

Broadway Business and Area Coalition, was installed by Juxtaposition and another local youth organization, Tree Trust.

Just as with the Lao America Community Center, the installation of the project proved to be a vital element in

the success of the project. “The good thing about this kind of direct engagement,” says Muratake, “is that the community sees that the community itself is working on this, and

the place gets more respect as a result. That dialogue would be lost with a professional design and install.” From the

youth involved in the design to individual community

The good thing about this kind of direct engagement is that the community sees that the community itself is working on this, and the place gets more respect as a result.

members walking down the sidewalk during the installation, dozens of people became engaged throughout the course of the project. “People want to be part of the

solution,” Muratake stresses. “It is so important to create these opportunities for them.”

From the professional

development point of view, working on the installation of

a design also presents a great opportunity for practicing

landscape architects to get off the computer and out of meetings to fine tune an understanding of construction techniques.


he Lao America Community Center project and the West Broadway Gateway Sculpture Garden

are two very different yet inspiring stories of

how non-profit and pro-bono landscape architecture has

touched the local Twin Cities’ community. This kind of work can be beneficial on a professional and personal scale whether it be a portfolio or skill building experience, a chance to establish partnerships with other industries,

or an opportunity to gain visibility in the community. If

you are one of the many who has been affected by the recent downturn in the economy, perhaps consider your extra free time as an opportunity to get out of the office,

build new alliances in the community, and provide the service of landscape architecture to those who truly are in need.

Carrie Ann Christensen is a Minneapolis resident and recent graduate from the University of Minnesota MLA program. She has a background in non-profit management.

Resources If you would like to get involved in the Lao America Community Center project, there will be another install day this Spring. Visit for details. Juxtaposition Arts is at Architecture for Humanity’s Minnesota chapter is at

For more on how to get hooked up with pro-bono opportunities, try “The 1%,” reviewed in this issue on page 5. The sculpture garden was a true community collaboration, including mosaic work, left, by Mercury Mosaics of North Minneapolis.



Another AFH project involving local landscape architects was covered in our Fall 05 and Spring 08 issues. To read those on line, visit and click _SCAPE.

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designed by Robert Chipman

try “The 1%,” reviewed in this issue on page 5.

Eric Swanson – Minneapolis Sales Office 888.374.2792 952.368.2951 952.368.9351 fax

issue #11

MASLA _Scape 09 outl.indd 1


3/31/2009 11:14:05 AM

Honor Award - Private Landscape Design

Harley-Davidson Museum Milwaukee, WI


The design vision is that the Museum, right and below, will draw visitors locally and from throughout the world to experience the people, products, culture, and history of Harley-Davidson.

The rivet, above and right, a key part in the construction of a motorcycle and present in




designs, is abstracted

2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

as a site component.


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One of the unique elements in this process was that from the beginning the entire site was considered as the “Museum�, not just the building complex.

The Harley-Davidson Museum site has several unique

factors that make it award-worthy: It brought much needed and loved public open space back to what was an indifferent and unused parcel of land in the downtown The




Museum and its site incorporates


urban design elements and


core of Milwaukee; it is a sustainable and active re-use of an historic brownfield site; and it uses sustainable

technologies and site design components, native species, and stormwater-focused planting strategies.


surrounding water and

The landscape architect played a crucial role in crafting engaging,

green spaces, left.

customized site elements, below and opposite bottom, through the design of custom I-beam benches, lighting, planters, the railing that edges the seawall, and the unique memorial rivets.


2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

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Merit Award - Private Landscape Design

Westminster Presbyterian Church Fellowship Courtyard and Memorial Columbarium Minneapolis, MN

Coen + Partners

The Fellowship Courtyard (near), and Memorial Columbarium (far) above, make deft use of very little space. The tight spatial parameters dictate an innovative occupation of urban land left.

The screen pattern of the The Fellowship Courtyard, below and opposite bottom, utilizes a

2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

simple palette of masonry, steel, wood, water, trees, and groundcover to encourage flexible use. Materials were selected to highlight and defer to the century-old church while embodying a contemporary





abstracted religious iconography taken directly from Westminster’s stained glass windows.



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The new columbarium wall reflects the traditional materials of the church in a contemporary form.

The Memorial Columbarium and Fellowship Courtyard

The key design element is a perforated metal fence that

context and encourage a shift in public thought as it

a permeable membrane between the private memorial

are spaces of quiet beauty which embrace the urban

relates to the death and burial ritual in American society.

spaces and the public realm.


2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

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abstracts the iconography of the church while acting as

Honor Award - Planning and Research

City of Saint Paul Parks and Recreation Vision Plan

Saint Paul, MN

Hoisington Koegler Group, Inc. Treeline


Saint Paul’s park system is threatened with aging infrastructure, changing recreation needs, and finite

funding. Put simply, it is overbuilt. Through extensive research, detailed planning, and creative communication methods, the Saint Paul Parks and Recreation Vision

Plan gives the city the tools to remake the park system for its current users. It helps the city make the tough

decisions that will enrich the system in the long term, and

it communicates those decisions in plain English, through quantifiable initiatives and a series of public information PARKCARDS. The Vision Plan entwines communications

2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

and planning to re-envision Saint Paul’s park system.

The foundation of the Vision Plan is its six goals, which are communicated in simple language and with distinct colors and memorable icons, left. Through the addition of just a few connecting words, they become a combination mission/vision statement for the department. Initiatives, above, are quantifiable and are organized by goal.


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The design team created a variety of tools to assist with implementation of the plan, including a Decision Principles Checklist, which lets the Department ask key questions to determine whether a decision is in line with the Vision Plan, and an Initiatives Matrix, right, which lists the 38 initiatives relative to the six overarching goals.

Initiatives are illustrated with maps, like the one above that illustrates the existing trail corridors and outlines recommended trail corridors that would allow for a more connected city. The design team performed GIS analysis of the existing levels of recreation service, above. Light brown indicates areas with lower quality service. Darker brown indicates areas the highest level of in yellow, left, represent locations that are over-served due to the quantity and quality of recreation centers that exist in those neighborhoods.

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2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

service. The three areas that are circled

Honor Award - Planning and Research

UMore Park: A University Founded Community

City of Rosemount & Empire Township, MN

Hoisington Koegler Group, Inc. The University of Minnesota is currently undertaking the largest new community development in Minnesota history

on the UMore Park property, a 5,000-acre site located 25

miles southeast of the Twin Cities. With declining state

funding, universities are turning to the monetization of their land assets to fund their mission. This master plan

transforms a Brownfield site and mining operation into

a sustainable community. The plan goes beyond LEED-

ND速 to become the first of its kind to be based upon comprehensive budgets for water, energy, carbon, and

wildlife, as well as metrics for community, economics, and cultural factors.

The landscape architects worked with the University, below left, to envision the new community as a living laboratory and create an ongoing research agenda to measure the success of the community against established metrics in the areas of economics, environment, community and art. The community is organized into several interconnected, walkable

2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

neighborhoods, above.

The plan uses metrics, above, to allow for future testing of the sustainability of the community, ensuring accountability over time.


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The development plan provides the first known example of a new community that has established a comprehensive water budget and the concept of water balance, above. The master plan establishes an urban wildlife plan, below, with specific measurable targets for increasing the presence of native species.

The Community Arts and Culture Plan, above, includes the identification of locations for significant concentrations of artwork and cultural facilities and describes the envisioned community’s physical beauty expressed through the built environment and nature.

At build-out, the new community will generate overall carbon emissions, below, representing only three percent of the emissions levels produced using traditional development and


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2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture


Merit Award - Planning and Research

Cold Spring Granite Redevelopment Framework Cold Spring, MN

Bonestroo As the Cold Spring Granite Company relocates from

within the City of Cold Spring to a new campus west of

downtown, five sites in and near downtown will open for redevelopment. The landscape architect created an overall plan to guide future development.

The Framework Plan envisions a diverse, mixed use downtown that supports a variety of activities along a dynamic waterfront. The two downtown properties, which occupy nearly 30 acres along the river, are integrated into

the fabric of the existing city with a circulation network linking a hierarchy of open spaces, current business

2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

districts, and new development areas.


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As shown in the downtown analysis, opposite bottom, the integration

The downtown concept plan, above, shows a diverse and compact mix

of pedestrian and vehicular circulation into the existing City framework

of office, retail, and civic uses with residential primarily located north of

is a vital concern.

Main St. A new entrance is framed on Hwy 23 and primary connections created to Main St. and the river. The network and hierarchy of streets accommodate many forms of transportation.


2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

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Merit Award - Planning and Research

Highway 20/26 Corridor Enhancement Study Plan

Casper, WY

SEH, Inc. U.S. Highway 20/26 is a principal arterial

serving as the main east/west access road in Casper’s metropolitan area. Development

pressure is growing and it is the Casper

Area Metropolitan Planning Organization’s hope to enhance the existing corridor’s open,

unadorned nature and Casper’s unique high

desert eco-climate, and to establish a framework to improve the corridor’s visual character and functionality. The visual quality analysis of this corridor reveals three distinct districts: urban

transition, urban, and rural. This enhancement plan proposes a high quality, aesthetically

A design workshop, steering committee,

pleasing and economically phased set of

business luncheon, and public meetings

landscape enhancements and traffic safety

built public support and commitment for the


project. This understanding and support serves as the basis for creating a holistic vision for enhancing the corridor.

Pedestrian amenities,

2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

safety considerations and


left, were a few of the early issues raised by residents of the Town of Mills. The Town of Mills defines the urban district, below and right. A mixture of decorative lighting, benches, overstory trees, shrubs, and perennial plantings will enhance the public realm creating a comfortable experience for pedestrians.


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The urban transition district, above and below, connects Casper to the small town of Mills. This district strengthens the community character of the rural heritage on a prairie landscape.

Prototypical access management plans, center right, were designed for busy intersections along






landscaping opportunities.

Northwest of Mills, the rural district opens up into the Wyoming countryside. Large scale native plantings and snow fences are planned, below and right. These plantings are meant to provide visual interest and signal the crossing of traffic at key intersections.

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2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

the corridor.

Merit Award - Planning and Research

MacArthur Park Master Plan Little Rock, AR


2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

The historic front entry to the 1840 Arsenal Building, below, is renovated to provide direct pedestrian access through a brick paver walk. The gently sloped lawn, renovated fountain, and crescent of Shumard Oaks heighten the formal quality of this valued park amenity.


SCAPE spring 09

A 9,000 sq.ft. pier at the south end of the pond supports fishing, as well as educational and leisure activities. The pier links the proposed MacArthur Lane to intersecting loop paths surrounding the pond and the Observation Bridge.

The MacArthur Park Master Plan is unique because it

project is that the renovated park will “grow neighboring

landscape but as the anchor for a larger urban landscape

connected to the city by linking the actions of recreation,

describes a vision of the park not as an autonomous network. The planning strategy extends sustainable

landscape design practices used in the park into local

districts.” The result of this vision is an outdoor public room transit, commerce, entertainment, and everyday life.

neighborhoods and surrounding districts. The goal of the

Visitors entering through the western threshold of the park pass through a tree-lined sculpture garden bordering Commerce Street and linking the Arts Center to the Firehouse Hostel. This new element extends the presence and program offerings of the Arts Center into the park landscape.

primary pedestrian park connector and direct water to the park’s catchment pond. issue #11


2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

Filtering gardens collect runoff from the

Merit Award - Planning and Research

Minnesota Ballpark Streetscape Planning

Minneapolis, MN

SRF Consulting Group, Inc. The ballpark is being built within the context of a residential and cultural revitalization of downtown Minneapolis.

The Minnesota Ballpark Streetscape Planning Study is

and district plans, the guidelines identify streetscape

streetscape improvements around the new Minnesota

and illustrative examples. Final recommendations provide

a forward-looking framework for pedestrian-focused Twins ballpark in Minneapolis. Its guidelines establish principles for streetscape amenities that will accommodate

2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

both baseball fans and pedestrians and create a distinct

identity for the district. Building upon other neighborhood

design needs and potential improvements, with mapping illustrations and practical cost analysis that will assist stakeholders in prioritizing streetscape improvements for future development.

4th Street North could be enhanced with street trees, wayfinding, and enhanced paving.


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Defined pedestrian areas and streetscape humanize this 1st Avenue sidewalk.

A fan’s game-day experience should be enhanced by the procession to the park, heightening anticipation before the game and prolonging Public art locations, above, were specifically

satisfaction afterward. The greater public should also benefit from the

chosen based on anticipated high pedestrian

substantial infrastructure investment by connecting it to the adjacent

activity and focal points. The study allowed

neighborhoods, below.

opportunities for public art that could be integrated into infrastructure, such as transit stations or the Ballpark itself. A prioritized list of actual potential



identified to guide phased implementation, left.

revitalize the public realm and foster a sense of community by creating gathering places.

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2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

Improvements to 2nd Avenue could

Merit Award - Public Landscape Design

Raspberry Island Regional Park Saint Paul, MN

City of Saint Paul Parks and Recreation Department,

Design Section




Regional Park’s unique aspect within the Mississippi River and

downtown St. Paul, the landscape architect provided the City of St. Paul with an arresting focal point

and an unparalleled waterfront

experience. The coherent design interlaces forms borrowed from surrounding



materials which reflect the heritage

of the river and the island. The strong rhythm of the pedestrian path is punctuated with seating

areas which align views of the river, downtown and the rest of the park. Public use of the island

has been greatly enhanced while respecting the current private

ownership of the adjacent boat club property.

Limestone riprap, left and above, provides erosion protection. The plantings and the limestone together forbid physical access to the river at points where there are stronger

2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

currents, while the walk and the seating encourage visual access.


SCAPE spring 09




arch above,

further calls attention to the contextual clues surrounding the site.



right, is utilized in the parking stalls.

Granite cobbles from nearby road projects were set through the walkways, above, to guide the eyes along the path to seating areas. Local limestone and red granite chips complete the framing of the planting beds. The plantings were designed to enhance the river bottom right.






reconstruction of the stone shoreline protection, a public restroom, an open space for concerts and events, seating areas for a variety of group sizes, strolling paths, access to the water for fishing, visitor and vendor drop off and parking, and access for emergency vehicles. issue #11


2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

experience through the seasons and to reinforce the arcs in the design,

Merit Award - Public Landscape Design

Two Rivers Overlook Park Saint Paul, MN

City of Saint Paul Parks and Recreation Department,

Design Section

decorative panels,




creates windows to both literal





the temporal, ethereal and


between geology, history,

Named for it’s location at the confluence of the Minnesota

topography, and sociology. The result is a site that relays

quiet stop, rich with interpretive opportunities. Through

as a destination for neighbors and a rest stop for walkers,

River and the Mississippi River, Two Rivers Overlook is a

2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture


the use of sculptural elements, paving patterns and


and secures the many stories of this place while serving bikers, and joggers using the adjacent regional trail.

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Analysis, left, shows the location of the overlook at the confluence the Minnesota and Mississippi Rivers, above.

The concept plan, opposite bottom, illustrates the intent to celebrate the confluence of the rivers and the birthplace of Saint Paul throug the layout, paving, sculpture, and plantings.

Interpretive panels, above, right, and left, describe the history of the site through different lenses. Shadows cast by and through the panels illustrate the temporal value of the design and of the story of place. The effect of the varied light in the panels through the day and the season demonstrate the relationship between natural processes and that which humans create. Whether playing on and around the stones, below, or looking at the panels, visitors connect with the history of the site.


2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

issue #11

Merit Award - Residential Design

Speckman House Landscape Saint Paul, MN

Coen + Partners This landscape is a comprehensive site redesign for an existing modernist house, designed in 1956 by a University of Minnesota architecture professor. The residence has had few modifications, and is largely faithful to the original architectural vision. The landscape intent is to create a series of linked site interventions respecting the architecture and embracing the modernist ethos in a manner that is functional and responsive to 21st century needs and environmental sensibilities.

2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

Site Plan


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The south facing upper terrace, above, takes advantage of borrowed views of the Mississippi River Valley. Constructed of white concrete Framing the front entry lawn, opposite bottom, are two low, board-

pavers with recycled glass aggregate, the terrace is sited at the same

formed concrete walls. One affords privacy to the interior living space

level as the home’s main level.

and the private landscape, the other mitigates elevation change between lawn and driveway. Plantation-grown ipe wood-clad concrete stairs, left, provide transition between the upper and lower terrace adjacent to the Cor-Ten wall. A 12� wide strip of Mexican beach pebbles separates terrace and stair from the wall.

context, while the minimally textured surface treatments emphasize sun patterns.

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2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

The Cor-Ten wall provides contrast, below, with the oak forest

Merit Award - Unbuilt Works

B.F. Nelson Park Minneapolis, MN

2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

URS Corporation

The B.F. Nelson Park site was a highly degraded landscape

preserved whenever possible. The landscape architect

edge was built of debris of all kinds, including concrete,

and the neighborhood to successfully design a park that

due to intense previous industrial uses.

The river’s

shingles, glass, and steel. A landscape of cottonwoods, locust, elm, and box elder had established on the site,

and it was the desire of the neighborhood that trees be


worked with the Minneapolis Park and Recreation Board fulfilled the program needs of the regional park while respecting the wishes of the stakeholders for a sustainable, naturalistic environment.

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The final master plan, opposite bottom, routes the multi-use regional trail along the top of the bluff on the outside edge of the park. New trails connect the upper park with existing overlooks and an upgraded river’s edge trail.

bottom right, demonstrate the stakeholders’ desire for a variety of art display and activity spaces. These concept plans also illustrate the desire to connect the B.F. Nelson Park with the neighborhood and with Boom Island Park. issue #11


2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

The concept plans, top right, center right, and

Merit Award - Unbuilt Works

University of Minnesota Presidents Club Garden Minneapolis, MN

HGA, Inc.

recognition plaques, so the client asked the landscape architect to design a recognition wall

outdoors on the adjacent Alumni Center Plaza.

Several locations on the plaza

were explored and conceptual designs




invite discussion and determine preferences

The Presidents Club Garden is designed to recognize

individuals who have made significant monetary donations to the University of Minnesota.



political entities. Eventually a single location was chosen and a preferred design option was further developed.

donors are recognized by a display of names engraved on

The project stopped when it was decided to instead build

Building. The wall has become too small to include more

to the Alumni Center Building.

small brass plaques on a wall inside the Alumni Center

2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture



the recognition wall indoors within a proposed addition

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The layout plan, left, illustrates the relationships between the defining elements of the garden. The aerial photo, above, shows the site plan within the context of the entire Alumni Center Plaza.

The section through the glass recognition walls and plinth, opposite top, shows the footings and subdrainage concepts. The CAD model looking southwest, opposite bottom, shows ornamental grasses and the Table of Inspiration (Cornu copiae). The CAD model, right, looks northeast, showing the Alumni Center in the background. The formal approach is from the north edge of the plaza, below, closest to west doors of the

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2009 MASLA Awards for Landscape Architecture

Alumni Center Building.

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1:34 PM

Page 1

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P.O. Box 332 • 11555 205th Avenue NW • Elk River, MN 55330 U.S.A. • Tel 763.441.1100 or 1.877.564.8013 • Fax 763.441.7782 issue #11 47

Two Rivers Overlook Park was designed by the City of Saint Paul’s Department of Parks and Recreation Design Section. It is one of thirteen landscape architecture award winners profiled in this issue, beginning on page 20. Photograph courtesy City of Saint Paul.


4HE-INNESOTA#HAPTEROFTHE !MERICAN3OCIETYOF,ANDSCAPE!RCHITECTS for a calendar of events, chapter newsleďż˝er, board members, award winning projects, membership information, and more, visit the oďŹƒcial website:


_SCAPE 2009 Spring  
_SCAPE 2009 Spring