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More than 280 people, many of them students from the same high school, were missing after a ferry capsized off South Korea on Wednesday, in what could be the country's biggest maritime disaster in over 20 years. The ferry was carrying 462 people coastguard officials said. 14 people were confirmed dead, but as frantic rescue operations continued late into the night under light from flares after the first day, hopes were fading for the 282 unaccounted for. It was not immediately clear why the Sewol ferry listed heavily on to its side and capsized in apparently calm conditions off South Korea's southwest coast, but some survivors spoke of a loud noise prior to the disaster. “It was fine. Then the ship went 'boom' and there was a noise of cargo falling,” said Cha Eun-ok, who was on the deck of the ferry taking photographs at the time. “The on-board announcement told people to stay put ... people who stayed are trapped,” she said in Jindo, the nearest town to the scene of the accident.

Malala art to fetch thousands

A painting of Malala Yousafzai, the schoolgirl shot in the head by the Taliban for campaigning for education for girls, is set to fetch up to £47,000 when it goes up for auction next month. The portrait of the 16-year-old was created by Jonathan Yeo and is being sold to raise money for the Malala Fund, a charity she set up to support the fight for girls' right to education. The piece, entitled Girl Reading, will go on sale at Christie's in New York and is estimated to fetch 60,000-80,000 US dollars (£35,000-£47,000). It follows the recent Jonathan Yeo Portraits exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery in London. The exhibition, which ran from September 2013 to January 2014, featured portraits of diverse subjects including Rupert Murdoch, Kevin Spacey in his role as Richard III, Idris Elba and Michael Parkinson.

Modi dismisses ‘nuclear’ claims

Prime ministerial frontrunner Narendra Modi ruled out the first use of nuclear weapons on Wednesday, seeking to calm concerns after his Hindu nationalist party vowed to revise arms strategy if elected. Modi told the ANI television service the nuclear arms were defensive weapons. India and its rival neighbour Pakistan are both nuclear powers that have been building up their nuclear arms stockpiles and testing long range missiles. In the 70-minute interview, conducted in Gujarat capital Gandhinagar, Modi predicted a record result for his Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and said the ruling Congress party would crash to its worst-ever electoral showing. He also accused journalists of attempting to smear him over sectarian rioting in his home state in 2002 in which more than 1,000 people, mostly Muslims, were killed. Modi said Indian's nuclear arms arsenal "is necessary to be powerful not to suppress anyone, but for our own protection."

April 2014 - 1st Edition

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Tributes for two British doctors who drowned whilst trying to rescue kids By Anush Ansari

Two British tourists have drowned in the sea off Tenerife after reportedly trying to rescue their children. The female victims, 42-year-old Uma Ramalingam and her relative Barathi Ravikumar, 39, went to help the youngsters after they were swept away by a wave. But the women - both doctors got into difficulties themselves near the resort of Playa Paraiso in the southwest of the island on April 6th. The youngsters, aged 10 and 14, were rescued by tourists and hotel workers while an emergency services helicopter pulled a third woman, 38, out of the water. She and the two children survived but the two other women each suffered a cardiac arrest and attempts to revive them were unsuccessful. A spokeswoman for Canary Islands emergency services said: "At just after 6pm yesterday afternoon we received several calls alerting us to two people who were in difficulties in the sea. "Witnesses rescued two women and two children from the sea. An emergency helicopter located a fifth person in the sea, a woman, and one of the respondents dangled out of the craft and pulled her out. "Staff from the Canaries health service, a doctor from a nearby health centre and another doctor who was at the scene found that two women were in cardiac arrest and tried to give them advanced CPR without success. "They later certified the death of both women. They also helped

stabilise the other people, taking a woman and a child to hospital." The 10-year-old child was reportedly taken to hospital with hypothermia while the 14-year-old was treated for minor bruises at the scene. The third woman was in cardiac arrest when she was rescued but survived after receiving CPR. A Guardia Civil spokeswoman confirmed the two women who died were British and relatives of the children, but said it had not been ascertained how they were related. An investigation is now under way. Dr Ramalingam was a consultant obstetrician at the Royal Oldham Hospital. Mr Olubusola Amu, from the Pennine Acute Hospitals NHS Trust, said: "We are greatly saddened to hear the death of Uma who had been working for the Trust for about six years. "She was a fantastic doctor who brought a lot of hope to the high risk women attending the Women and Children's Unit at The Royal Oldham Hospital. "This is a terrible shock to everyone who knew Uma. Our thoughts are with her family at this sad time. She will be sorely missed." Dr Ravikumar was a partner at a health surgery in Bracebridge Heath, Lincoln and has been described as "a hard-working and dedicated GP" who "always worked in the best interests of patients". A statement on her surgery's website said: "During her short time with the practice she was passionate about making a difference to healthcare in Lincolnshire and specialised in working with Looked After

TRAGIC: The two British doctors Bharathi Ravikumar (above) and Uma Ramalingam (right) drowned in Tenerife whilst attempting to rescue their children who had drifted away by a wave

Children. "Dr Ravikumar will be sorely missed and leaves behind a husband and two children." In a joint statement, Dr Mohammed Zubair Qureshi, Dr Ashfaq Qureshi and Dr Rama

Srinivasan, partners at the Heath Practice, added: "It is with great sadness and shock that our practice has learned of the tragic death of Dr Barathi Ravikumar, a hardworking and dedicated GP.

SALT: THE SILENT KILLER Alarmingly, almost everyone in the UK eats too much salt. Currently, the daily recommended amount of salt in the UK is no more than 6 grams (just a teaspoon!) – the current average salt intake in 8.6g (with many consuming more than this). Despite the recommended amount of salt being 6 grams, those with high blood pressure should be actively eating less than the specified amount. Excessive salt consumption is one of the largest factors contributing towards high blood pressure; though high blood pressure may not seem as serious as other illnesses, it can be a root cause of heart attacks, strokes, heart failure, stomach cancer, osteoporosis and renal failure. Genetics can cause us to be particularly sensitive to too much salt and this is most definitely the case with South Asians. Various studies into South Asian health have determined that those of Indian / Pakistani / Bengali descent are at a

higher risk of high blood pressure and coronary heart disease. Shockingly, South Asians are 30-40% more likely to die prematurely from heart disease in comparison to the rest of the UK population and they are six times more likely to have diabetes than the average UK population. In spite of these worrying statistics, reduction of salt in the diets of South Asians is very limited. Whilst the majority of the UK consume (and exceed) their recommended daily amount of salt from processed foods, in the South Asian population, almost all of the salt consumed is added during cooking or at the table. The astronomical amounts of salt that the community have unwittingly incorporated into their diet is masked by the variety of spices that also go into the common curry / fried snack.

What can you do to reduce your salt intake? It is not necessary to completely eradicate salt from your diet – but by cutting the amount down you will be decreasing your risk of a whole load of health complications. Small changes can give you big results: Quite obviously, don’t add salt to your food and cut down the amount used when cooking Choose low-salt versions of popular table sauces (tomato ketchup, soy sauce, chilli sauces and mayonnaise can sometimes contain the same amount of salt as sea water!) Pepper, herbs, fresh chillis and other spices can be used as salt replacements to enhance the flavour of food Look out for 'green' on the traffic light label on product packaging for salt content Cut down on crisps, salted nuts and Bombay mix Just because something costs more

does not mean it is better for you! Rock salt and sea salt are just as damaging to health as the common table salt Do not be fooled when companies list ‘sodium’ rather than salt – it is a part of salt! If just sodium levels are listed, multiply it by 2.5 to get the salt level (1g of sodium equates to 2.5g salt, 2g of sodium equates to 5g salt etc.) Remember – a low salt food has less than 0.3g or less of salt per 100g By incorporating the above into your day to day lifestyle, positive changes will most definitely be observed. While food may begin to taste slightly bland when you first decrease salt levels, tastebuds will gradually get used to this change (this can take up to three weeks) – so perseverance is key.

Asian Express National - April Edition 2014  
Asian Express National - April Edition 2014