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The book of

BATIK Anson Ashlee


CONTENTS HOW ITS MADE              

1-11

THE MANY USES

12-22

INTERVIEW WITH A BATIK SHOP OWNER

23-26

BATIK'S COMEBACK IN THE FASHION INDUSTRY

27-30


DEVELOPMENT OF BATIK 1.Batik started out as clothing for the ruling class. This was called Batik Kraton 2.Makers of batik started making batik for themselves .This was called Batik Petani. 3.Traders wanted to 'dagang' (trade) batik. 4.Because of the trading batik got a lot of publicity. Batik Cina and Batik Belanda was then created. 5.Batik then spread to Malaysia from Indonesia. 6. Current Malaysia batik is heavily influenced by the Javanese.Which is a native or inhabitant of Java , an Indonesian island.


BATIK IN THE PAST,PRESENT, & FUTURE. Past - Batik was only practiced in Indonesia as a form of arts and crafts. Present - Batik is practiced in many countries especially Asian countries like Malaysia. The tradition is experiencing a revival such as in the fashion industry, tourists souvenirs, and even it is even in line with the Malaysia concept, the Malaysian government is now endorsing Malaysian batik as a national dress to every level of the general population, by having local designers to create new batik designs which reflect the Malaysia idea. Future - Batik would continue to influence the fashion industry as well as uphold its strong representation of Malaysia’s arts and crafts and unique culture and practices .


HOW ITS MADE The first step to making batik is tracing your pattern on a piece of cloth. Various fabrics are used including cotton, rayon, linen, voile and silk but in this workshop we used cotton. Most professionals can do this with their free hand but beginners are advised to choose a pattern of their choice and trace it onto the cloth with a pencil.

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HOW ITS MADE

Tracing the pattern onto the cloth is a tedious process because It requires your outcome to be as accurate to the pattern as possible so your batik design would come out looking fantastic.

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HOW ITS MADE

The traced pattern should look something like this. Usually batik patterns are related to flowers or even butterflies. These are the most common batik patterns that craftsman use.

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HOW ITS MADE

Once you are done tracing you then have to use a special applicator known as the ‘tjanting’ to scoop up the hot melted wax and trace the pattern using the wax onto the cloth.

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HOW ITS MADE

The next step is applying the wax onto the drawn lines .The fabric is stretched out using a wooden frame. This process is very time consuming and requires precision and incredible patience.

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HOW ITS MADE

The wax dries up very fast and could clump up the end of the ‘tjanting’ which could prevent the wax from coming out. When this happens you can scoop up more hot wax and resume tracing. This step requires a lot of skill and steady hands because even the way you hold you ‘tjanting’ could affect the outcome of your traced pattern.

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HOW ITS MADE

This process takes a beginner around 30 minutes to do whereas a batik craftsman could have done this in under 20 minutes. Some areas of the wax have bled more than other areas which makes it inconsistent. This is why the skill factor is important. Leave the wax to dry for about 5 minutes.

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HOW ITS MADE

Once the wax has dried you can proceed to painting your design.The wax resists dyeing so the colour of your dye will stay within the confinements of the pattern.

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HOW ITS MADE

You can alternate with different brushes to be more precise with where you want a certain colour to go. The cloth absorbs the dye quickly and it spreads in a mesmerising fashion.

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HOW ITS MADE

Once you’re satisfied with the way your batik looks you are done ! You can frame your artwork, use it as decoration or even as a handkerchief.

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HOW ITS MADE There are many places that offer batik workshops to the community . This is a magnificent way to expand this tradition to many different individuals who would be able to keep this practice alive. Since batik is a significant part of Malaysia’s arts and crafts community, extending this practice to the community will allow them to become more enlightened about the process and origins of batik.

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THEMANY USES OF BATIK

Batik can be used as a form of decoration or self expression. It can be framed and hung simply anywhere . The form of batik framed in the pictures above are hand drawn batik.

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THEMANY USES OF BATIK

Batik can also be used as shirts . These garments are often used for formal events .

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THEMANY USES OF BATIK Batik can also be used as a ‘sarong’ which is a long piece of cloth that is worn and wrapped around the waist.

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THEMANY USES OF BATIK

Batik can be used to make dresses.

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THEMANY USES OF BATIK

Besides shirts and dresses batik is a multipurpose piece of cloth that can be used for many things like scarves and ‘pareos’. ’Pareo’ is a form of wrapped around skirts.

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THEMANY USES OF BATIK

Batik can be used to make scarves.Batik scarf is the ideal accessory and gift to complete any look.

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THEMANY USES OF BATIK

An entire shop dedicated to selling batik located at Central Market. Central Market has an entire floor called the Batik Emporium where batik is sold in many different ways.

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THEMANY USES OF BATIK

Batik being sold if many different forms . In this picture we can see little batik pouches,badges,and handkerchiefs. Many tourists like to purchase these to bring a little piece of Malaysia back with them as a souvenir or even as a gift.

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THEMANY USES OF BATIK

Batik being sold as a hair accessory called a ‘scrunchie’.

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THEMANY USES OF BATIK

This batik shop has found a unique way of incorporating batik into bookmarks .

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THEMANY USES OF BATIK

Batik cloth used to make ‘baju kebaya’ which is a traditional blouse-dress combination that originated from Indonesia , which is similar to the origins of batik before it came to Malaysia.

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INTERVIEW WITH A BATIK SHOP OWNER

Mrs Faruzi has been the owner of two batik shops in Central Market for over 30 years, she agreed to help me with this assignment so she could tell the youth more about batik. Her mission is to ensure that batik making never fades away and continues to be practiced in our nation.

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INTERVIEW WITH A BATIK SHOP OWNER

Mrs Faruzi explaining the process of how handmade silk scarves are made.’’ The scarves are made using silk and the patterns are done using block prints’’ Mrs Faruzi explained. Block printed batik is done using a block that is dipped into the wax and printed onto the fabric, which is then dip-dyed. Then the wax will be removed and batik with single colour is produced.

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INTERVIEW WITH A BATIK SHOP OWNER

Mrs Faruzi showing products done with block printing. ’’Natural fibre cloth is used to make these products because they absorb dyes easily and make the batik design look more pronounced’’ Mrs Faruzi further explaining about the type of material used to make these textiles.

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INTERVIEW WITH A BATIK SHOP OWNER

Mrs Faruzi showing me how to properly wear a ‘pareo’ as a fashion garment . ‘’Batik pareo is very famous among tourists who like to go to the beach or just walk around Malaysia because of the hot weather . The batik pareo is fashionable and outlines the body in a very feminine way’’ Mrs Faruzi explained .

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BATIK‘S COMEBACK IN THE FASHION INDUSTRY

A modern boutique in Hartamas ,Damansara that is solely dedicated to selling batik in the form of modern day fashion while still preserving the heritage of batik.A ‘pareo’ is seen on display at the window of the shop .

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BATIK‘S COMEBACK IN THE FASHION INDUSTRY

A rack of t-shirts that have batik designs printed on them .These shirts are often worn by people of any age range. They are worn by youngsters due to the trendy and vintage look it portrays. Batik is not only catered to the elders anymore due to the presence of batik in the fashion industry . Youngsters can easily purchase any batik themed clothing at boutiques.

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BATIK‘S COMEBACK IN THE FASHION INDUSTRY

‘Pareo’s’ on display at a boutique that are even accompanied by a guide on how to wear ‘pareos’.

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BATIK‘S COMEBACK IN THE FASHION INDUSTRY

This boutique has manufactured many modern ways of using batik in their products. On the top shelf we see a traditional Malaysian game called ‘Batu Seremban’ that has been wrapped with batik .While on the second shelf we see pouches , passport holders , and clutches that have gorgeous batik designs sewn onto them. On the third shelf there are batik printed luggage tags and pyjama pants .

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The book of Batik.  
The book of Batik.  
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