Page 1

Dairy Focus JANUARY, 2015

The certainty of stored water Pages 3-5

Photo Michelle Nelson

The newly-commissioned Carew Storage Farm.

Phone: 027 255 8501 Scott


Farming Dairy Focus




Carew Water Farm – stored water offers certainty


IrrigationNZ CEO Andrew Curtis on alpine-fed water storage


Management in the big dry


Efficient irrigation practices


Fred Hoekstra talks about BDD


Low flows impact on water quality


Minister visits Mid Canterbury


A Broker’s View with Grant Davies 


Cooling off with Murray Hollings


Synlait leads with pride


Update on the dairy industry awards


Staff Matters with Matt Jones


With irrigation restrictions in place and no end in sight to what has already been called the driest Canterbury summer in a decade, farmers are keeping cool heads. This is possibly because most of them have been here before. Not so long ago this would have been deemed a “typical” summer and contingency plans would always have been in place to manage. It was probably in just such conditions that our early irrigation pioneers looked at the water flowing down the Rangitata River and set out to devise a plan to get it out on to the district’s parched but fertile soils. Construction of the district’s first large-scale scheme – the Rangitata Diversion Race (RDR), began in the depression years of the 1930s and for the first two years construction was carried out by unemployed work gangs, using picks, shovels and wheelbarrows. Over the years border-dyking has been replaced by spray systems, giving rise to centre pivots. In recent years talk has turned to the need to store alpine water and in

Michelle Nelson


this month’s edition of Dairy Focus, and we take a look at the recently completed Carew Water Storage Farm. It will be another year before it comes into its own, but shareholders on the Mayfield Hinds Irrigation Scheme will be hoping it will help drought-proof their businesses next summer. In the interim, concern has been raised about the impact of what has been dubbed the “big dry” on farmers who are unfamiliar with Canterbury’s extreme weather pattern, in particular dairy farmers already dealing with a lower payout forecast. If you, or someone you know needs support, get in touch with your local rural support trust, or talk to your GP.

CONTACTS We appreciate your feedback. Editor Email your comments to michelle.n@theguardian.co.nz or phone 03 307 7971.

Advertising Email eden.k@theguardian.co.nz or phone 03 307 7963. Post Ashburton Guardian, PO Box 77, Ashburton.

The recently completed Carew Water Storage Farm. PHOTO MICHELLE NELSON 090115-MN-043

It’s all made by La-z-boy ... and it’s right here in Ashburton Come instore today to see our great La-z-boy Furniture Gallery FURNISHINGS | FLOORING | BEDS | CURTAINS







Power Swivel Recliner

Swivel Recliner

East to Burnett Street, Ashburton Phone (03) 308 5269 www.redmonds.co.nz



Stored water offers certainty RURAL EDITOR

In the midst of the driest summer in a decade, work has been completed on a multimillion dollar water storage farm in Mid Canterbury. Now all that is needed is rain in the back country, to fill it up. The $14 million Carew Storage Farm, built for shareholders of the Mayfield Hinds Irrigation Ltd (MHIL) scheme, covers 150ha and has the capacity to store 6.1 million cubic metres of water, which shareholders hope will help “drought proof ” their businesses in seasons like this. The company’s 150 shareholders have been involved from the onset of the project in 2006, from the purchase of the farm to the consenting process.

Mayfield Hinds Irrigation director David Mavor (left) and general manager Hamish Tait at the newly commissioned Carew Storage PHOTO MICHELLE NELSON 090115-MN-046 Farm.

“It needed to be financially viable,” MHIL general manager Hamish Tait said. Rooney Earthmoving was given the job of designing and building the three-pond system, and work got under way in October 2012.

“Without Rooney’s innovation it would never have happened,” Mr Tait said. The project was funded through an equity and bank loan, to be paid off over 30 years. At the height of the



• Reduces losses of volatile nutrients • Save time and money • Storth Mega Mix pump

• Pumps up to 250m³ an hour • Continuous application • All year round application possible


Contact Matt today for the best price and the best advice


Litres ahead of the rest!

M 027 281 2089 P: 307 2124 www.mattlovett.co.nz

Boost your soil and stock health! Try West Coast Humates • Boost your soil and stock health • Increase production and quality in yields • Get longer life out of your urea and slow leaching • Boost copper, sulphur, carbon and magnesium plus add many other trace elements to your soil

and-fill construction project. Each pond was then lined with doubled-seam welded HDPE plastic. Purpose-built machines were used to lay the eight by 140 metre rolls of plastic. continued over page


DARE TO COMPARE Delivery Mid Canterbury

Bird proof

Our every day price for kitset Shed illustration only

SHED 1 - 10.8X6M


SHED 2 - 13.5X6M


plus nne, o per t eight fr plus

FEEL GOOD ABOUT YOUR FERTILISER... Phone Roger now: 03 429 1106 or 027 433 6017

• 2.4M Back Height • 3.0M Front Height • 3.6M Bays • 6M Deep • H5 Hi Strength Poles • 0.9 kpa Snow Load • High Wind • 0.4 Zincalume Steel





Plans for Council Consent








construction project the site was a hive of activity, with numerous scrapers, bulldozers, diggers and dump trucks, vibration rollers and water trucks at work. About 1,150,000m3 of material was moved in the cut-


Michelle Nelson


• 3M Back Height • 3.6M Front Height • 4.5M Bays • 6M Deep (Clear span) • H5 Hi Strength Poles • 0.9 kpa Snow Load • High Wind • 0.4 Zincalume Steel

SHED 3 - 13.5X9M




• 3M Back Height • 3.6M Front Height • 4.5M Bays • 9M Deep (Clear span) • H5 Hi Strength Poles • 0.9 kpa Snow Load • High Wind • 0.4 Zincalume Steel

Call Helmack ITM today on 307 0412 or email helmack.itm@xtra.co.nz 92 Dobson Street, Ashburton Phone 307 0412 Hours: Mon - Fri 7am - 5.30pm; Sat 8am - 12noon

Farming Dairy Focus

2 4





1: An aerial view of the Carew Storage Farm area, parallel to Withnells Road, before the ambitious storage area was formed. 2: Water in the recently commissioned ponds shows the full extent of the three-pond project. 3: Culverts are laid to connect a water race to the pond. 6: The geomembrane lining is lowered into place, stretched and secured to the walls and (6) laid along the base of the ponds.


from page 3 Mr Tait said this was the most time consuming part of the project. “Rooney’s brought in overseas experts – it was one of the biggest, if not the biggest, lining projects in the world at the time,” he said. The decision to line the ponds was made early on, to get the increased depth necessary to store more water. “The deeper you go the more water is lost through the shingle, we want to use it on






Square bale feeder, 1.8m and 2.5 in stock now.

We stock tines to suit Bamford, Teage, Claas, Lely, Sitrex, Vicon, Fella, Pz Haybobs, Kuhn, Pottinger which is a sample of what we carry.

M FRO 0 .5

“When we know the water is there, we only irrigate when we need to,” he said. “We can hold the water in the (plant) root zone, so there is no leaching.” Water is diverted into the ponds from the existing main supply race when flow levels in the Rangitata River reach a specified level. It will then be gravity-fed into the shareholders network on an equal equity basis when river restrictions come into play.




We have a large range of cultivator points for Clough, Duncan, Sunflower, Salford, Yeoman, Berends, also 25mm 32mm vertical coil tines.

farms, not watch it leak away,” MHIL director and farmer shareholder David Mavor said. No leakage was also a condition of the project’s resource consent. The storage farm will provide a reliable water supply for the 150 farmers on the scheme, irrigating some 32,000 hectares, when the Rangitata River is on summer restrictions. Mr Mavor said reliability was the key to increased efficiency in water use, and improved environmental performance.

Bale Forks - 8pt, SHW and Kverneland in multiple sizes.


We carry good stocks of P.T.O. shafts, and tools.

45x12 heavy maxi till tine $30 Bags of 50 Lynch pins $30.44 All prices plus G.S.T

126 Dobson Street, Ashburton Phone: 03 308 2059 | Mobile: 0274 326 847 mcmullanent@xtra.co.nz www.mcmullanenterprises.com

SOMETHING SEPTIC? Well, if it’s not your wife we can help. We provide a fast and efficient service to Mid Canterbury • • • • • • •

Septic tank cleaning all systems Portaloos Dairy saucers and sumps Grease traps Swimming pools Drain cleaning truck 24 hours a day 7 days a week - on call Locally owned and operated

Phone Darryl Burrowes on 03 308 5293 or 0274 333 563





4: The pond is shaped and compacted before the lining is laid in what was one of the biggest lining projects in the world at the time. 5, 7: The geomembrane lining is lowered into place, stretched and secured to the walls andlaid along the base of the ponds while other sections are shaped and prepared (7).


The ponds hold sufficient water to offset a 20 per cent river restriction for 21 days. Inflow, inter-pond flow, and an outlet culvert – which lets water back into the race, can be remotely controlled by way of automated hydraulic gates. Mr Tait said water could be diverted back into the Rangitata River in an emergency, however, as the farm was not a natural water storage area it was an unlikely scenario. While construction ran

slightly over time, it came in on budget, which Mr Tait said was a non-contestable point from the get go. “We hoped to have been ready to catch the spring flushes in the river, but luckily we had a couple of later flushes which helped,” Mr Tait said. “Now it’s there it will be there for a hundred years – it’s a win:win for everybody. “Reliable irrigation uses less water, as it’s only used when required.” In future years the storage

ponds will come into their own when the Rangitata River goes onto restrictions, usually in January or February. In the interim, plans are in place to landscape the area and grass down the embankments, which will also act to stabilise the dams. While the public won’t have open access, provisions have been made for a platform, where stunning views of Mt Peel reflecting in the top pond can be enjoyed, and the enormity of the project appreciated.


“The best selling the best”


Open: Mon to Fri 9am-5pm, Sat & Sun 10am-4pm 1004 Ferry Road, Ferrymead, Christchurch Ph 03 384 4089 or 0800 80 1004


Benefi ts are: Benefits are: No spreading costs No spreading costs Reducing soil compaction, Precision control over where and when www.guardianonline.co.nz Reducing soil compaction, nutrients are applied Precision control over where and w 0800 337 840 - 0 graeme@fertigatio nutrients are applied

pasture educe Dairy Farming Focus carbon ver where d; and is ents.

nd nutrient plans to improve pasture ward and grazing residuals; reduce oil compaction; increase soils carbon 2 6 vels; provide more control over where nd when nutrients are applied; and is n efficient way to apply nutrients.

0800 337 840 276 246 750 graeme@fertigation.co 20 Hoskyns road, 1375 Springs Road, Linc

Alpine-fed water storage needed

0800 080

IrrigationNZ, the national production so guaranteed water 276 2 organisation representing supply is essential. irrigating farmers and Importantly, alpine storage grae irrigation service companies, also creates wins for our under has been advocating for alpinepressure hill-fed and lowland 1375 fed water storage systems for streams. Moving irrigators off well over a decade. these water sources; providing This summer, as we hover on them with alpine water the cusp of another drought, instead will allow natural flow we’re asking national and conditions to resume during regional governments to summer. In some instances partner with irrigators to plan stored water may also be used and then co-invest in alpine to top up summer flows or water storage. New Zealand replenish groundwater that has abundant water resources, feeds lowland streams. which could easily meet current Alpine water can also future and projected demand but only proof domestic and industrial if we develop large scale alpine water supply. Reliable water water storage. for Oamaru is supplied from Fertigation Pump specials for the next 6 weeks – call us Harnessing the potential of the Lower Waitaki Irrigation Fertigation alpine systems will generate Company and many other Fertigation Pump Pump specials specials for for the the next next 6 6 weeks weeks – – call call us us to to find find considerable economic and towns also rely on alpine-fed Fertigation is an efficient method to social benefits for all New supply. Alpine water storage is Fertigation Pump specials for the next 6 weeks – call us to find Fertigation is efficient method to Zealanders and build resilience therefore an investment in New Fertigation is an an efficient method to money fertilise crops, saving time and fertilise crops, saving time and money within both provincial regions Zealand’s future environmental Fertigation is an efficient and effective fertilise crops, saving time and money Fertigation is effective while improving yields. Fertigation is an an efficient and effective and urban areas where crops are efficient sustainability.and The flipside is the while improving yields. while improving yields. Fertigation isworks an efficient method toirrigation wayprocessed to fertilise crops, saving time and and farm machinery status quo. Do nothing and we way to fertilise crops, saving time and Fertigation with existing Fertigation works with existing irrigation way to fertilise crops, saving time and Fertigation works with existing irrigation fertilise crops, saving time and money and products manufactured. continue to suffer dry spells and systems. systems. Fertigation is an efficient and effective money while improving yields. Fertigation money while improving yields. Fertigation systems. money while improving yields. Fertigation A reliable drought-proof droughts which wreck havoc on while improving yields. water supply means we can the economy and the viability way to fertilise crops, saving time and Systems works with existing irrigation Fertigation works with existing irrigation Systems works with existing irrigation Systems works with existing irrigation Benefi ts diversify agriculture into higher of farming. Our hill-fed streams – commercial use versus have limited reach and more rain that falls on New Zealand’s Benefi ts are: Benefi ts are: are: systems. money while improving yields. Fertigation and nutrient to improve pasture and nutrient plans toand improve pasture crops generating more rivers lowland streams will environment protection. and value nutrient plans toplans improve pasture critically offer less reliable plains and foothills regions, it No spreading costs No spreading spreading costs No costs return per drop of water. High also continue to be the subject While on-farm storage and supply than alpine-fed storage. provides a more sustainable Systems works with existing irrigation sward and grazing residuals; reduce Reducing soil compaction, sward and grazing residuals; reduce Reducing soil compaction, sward grazing reduce Benefi ts alpine are: valueand horticulture requires residuals; of yet more unproductive soil compaction, foothills-fed storage dams like Reducing Because rainfall is more supply. Precision control over where and and nutrient planslitigation to improve lunch those who bring this advert inwhen with them soil compaction; increase soils carbon Precision control over where andZealand when soil compaction; increase soilspasture carbon significant investment during over access to water the Opuha are Free essential, they for consistent and plentiful than New currently No spreading costs Precision control over where and when

Do you want your nitrogen spreading to look like this

gra 20

Do you want your nitrog Fertigation Profit from Sustainability Fertigation spreading to look like th Profit from Sustainability Or this

Profit from SustainabilityFertigation

Fertigat m Sustainability Best under Or this Visit us at Site 441 to find out more

soil compaction; increase soils carbon sward grazing residuals; reduce levels; provide more control where levels; and provide more control over over where evels; provide more control over where soil compaction; increase soils carbon and when nutrients are applied; and and when nutrients are applied; and is is and when nutrients are applied; and is levels; provide more control over where an efficient way to apply nutrients. an efficient way to apply nutrients. andway whentonutrients are applied; and is an efficient apply nutrients.


nutrients nutrients are are applied applied

Reducing soil compaction, are Going tonutrients Southerncontrol Fieldapplied days 12-14 Feb –0800 site 441840 -- 0276 337 840 Precision over where and0800 when 0800 337337 840 840 0800 337 0276 nutrients are applied

Fertigation Pump specials for the next 6

an efficient way to apply nutrients.

For all your hydraulic requirements you can trust Hydraulink Mid Canterbury Ltd. 24hr, 7 days a week

276 246 750 276 2460800 750 337 840 graeme@fertigation.co.n 0800 337 840 graeme@fertigation.co.n graeme@fertigation.co.nz graeme@fertigation.co.nz 276 246 750Lincoln, 20 Hoskyns road, Rolles 1375 Springs Road, Ca 20 337 Hoskyns road, Rolles 1375 Springs Lincoln, Ca2 0800 840 Road, graeme@fertiga 0800 337 840 - 0276 graeme@fertigation 276 246 750 graeme@fertigation.co.n 20 Hoskyns roaL 1375 Springs Road, graeme@fertigation.co.nz 20 Hoskyns road, Rollest 1375 Springs Road, Lincoln, Can

0800 337 840 • 0276 246 750 • www.fertigation.co.nz graeme@fertigation.co.nz 20 Hoskyns Road, Rolleston

Do you want nitrogen Fertigation is anyour efficient method t spreading to look like this Do you want your nitrogen fertilise crops, saving time and mo spreading to look like this while improving yields. Fertigation works with existing irri systems.

effective ime and Agents for Lincoln Lubrication Systems s. Fertigation Fertigation gation Or this Fertigation Benefi ts are: Visit us at Site 441 to find out m e pasture Fertigation is an efficient method to Oriscosts this Fertigation an efficient method to No spreading fertilise crops, saving time fertilise crops, saving time and and money money Fertigation is an efficient and effective Fertigation is an efficient and effective while improving yields. reduceway whilesoil improving Reducing Fertigation iscompaction, an yields. efficient method to and Fertigation works with existing irrigation way to to fertilise fertilise crops, crops, saving saving time time andlunch for those Free who bring advert in wit Fertigation works withthis existing irrigation fertilise crops, saving time and money systems. Fertigation is an efficient and effective money while improving yields. Fertigation systems. money while improving yields. Fertigation Precision control over where and while improving yields. ls carbon way to fertilise savingirrigation time and Systems works crops, with existing existing irrigation Fertigation works with existing irrigation Systems works with Benefi ts nutrients are applied Benefi ts are: are: Visit us at spreading Site 441 to find out more systems. money while plans improving yields. Fertigation and to pasture and nutrient nutrient plans to improve improve pasture Going to Southern Field days 12-14 Feb – site over where No No spreading costs costs Systems works with existing irrigation sward and grazing residuals; reduce Reducing soil compaction, sward and grazing residuals; reduce Reducing soilbring compaction, Free for those who this advert in them Benefi ts are: Free lunch lunch for those who bring this advert in with with them Visit us at Site 441 to find out more 08 Precision control over and nutrient plans to improve pasture soil compaction; increase soils carbon 0 Precision control over where where and and when when ed; and is soil compaction; increase soils carbon No spreading costs nutrients are applied Call Hydraulink Mid Canterbury Ltd nutrients are applied sward and grazing residuals; reduce 27 Going to Southern Field days 12-14 Feb – site 441 levels; provide more control over where Reducing soil compaction, Southern Field days 12-14 Febin – site levels; provide more control over where FreeGoing lunchtofor those who bring this advert with441 them g today with all your enquiries. Precision control over where and when soil compaction; increase soils carbon and when nutrients are applied; and is gr rients. and when nutrients are applied; and is nutrients are applied

Profit from Sustainability Profit from Sustainability Installation and servicing of automatic and manual greasing systems now available.

Fertigation Fertigation Pump Pump specials specials for for the the next next 6 6 weeks weeks – – call call us us to to fin fin

Fertigation Pump specials for the next 6 weeks – call us to fin

levels; provide control overAshburton where an way to nutrients. 39more Robinson Street, an efficient efficient way to apply apply nutrients. and when nutrients are applied; and is Phone 308 8848 an efficient way to apply nutrients. 0800 33 email: pfergus@xtra.co.nz

0800 337 840 0800 0800 337337 840 840 0800 337 840 -- 027 027 276 246 750 276 246 750 graeme@fertigation.co graeme@fertigation.co Going to Southern Field days 12-14 Feb – site 441 graeme@fertigation.co.nz graeme@fertigation.co.nz 20 Hoskyns road, Roll 1375 Springs Road, Lincoln, 20 337 Hoskyns road, Roll 1375 Springs Lincoln, 0800 840 Road, 0800 337 840 - 0276 276 246 750 0800 337 840 • 0276 246 750 • www.fertigation.co.nz graeme@fertigation.co 0800 337 840 • 0276 246 750 • www.fertigation.co.nz graeme@fertigation.co.nz graeme@fertigation.co.nz 620 B Hoskyns Kidman Street, 20 Hoskyns road, Rolle 1375 Springs Road, Lincoln, C graeme@fertigation.co.nz Road, Rolleston Rolleston

2 13

tion graeme@fertigation.co.nz 20• www.fertigation.co.nz Hoskyns Road, Ro 0800 337 840 • 0276 246 750 graeme@fertigation.co.nz 20 Hoskyns Road, Rolleston




Lake Opuha is at record low levels.

has relatively few examples of alpine-fed water storage systems and most were built for hydro-generation – the Waitaki and Clutha Rivers for example.


But we have plenty of river and lake systems which could provide the basis for new water storage. Several years ago, the

Canterbury Water Management Strategy (CWMS) looked at potential water storage sites coming up with 20 options for the region based on 12 storage reservoirs. The CWMS Stage 3 final report concluded large scale water storage, with the community’s backing following consultation, was necessary for Canterbury’s future. “Current approaches to river management do not adequately protect flow variability and the water storage options proposed would lead to substantially reduced flow variability in some rivers at, or near, minimum low-flow for much of January through March.” South Canterbury’s current dire situation was predicted with chilling accuracy. “The South Canterbury evaluation confirmed how ‘water short’ the area is unless it can access water from alpine rivers (Waitaki and Rangitata Rivers). The current Opuha scheme is unlikely to meet demand from its existing irrigators in all years. In very dry years, like 1988, the lake may not refill in autumn/winter

leading to irrigation restrictions of three months or more.” Tony McCormick, CEO of Opuha Water Ltd, is at the forefront of the fight to ensure irrigation water can be eked out this season. Farmers irrigating from Opuha have just been placed on 50 per cent water restrictions and warned to prepare for tighter limits. He says alpine water fed into the Opuha system is the only way to guarantee a high reliability of supply year in and year out. “We must look to accessing alpine water if we are to realise the full potential of reliable irrigation in our region.” For IrrigationNZ, this summer highlights again the need to move on alpine-fed water storage infrastructure. Despite the focus upon irrigation development over the past five years New Zealand has made very limited progress on storage. We have invested heavily in modernising and developing our irrigation distribution systems but have failed to invest in alpine water storage to our detriment. It’s almost as if we’ve lost sight of the prize that reliable alpine-fed

irrigation water storage could bring to both the environment and economy. Certainty of water supply allows investment in SMART irrigation technologies that greatly improve nutrient management and production. There are also direct benefits from storage including the augmentation of summer river flows or being able to release flushing flows that cleanse rivers of summer algal growth. The investment hurdle, a small group of progressive irrigators being expected to fix today’s environmental issues which are largely the result of yesterday’s decisions, whilst providing for future generations, just doesn’t stack up. The only way we’re going to realise New Zealand’s water potential is through the community co-investing alongside irrigating farmers. Irrigators need to pay their way but the community also needs to be making an investment in its future resilience. Column from Irrigation New Zealand CEO Andrew Curtis


Planning to Accepting Planning to Accepting build for orders NOW Planning to Accepting build forNOW orders for next build for Next Season? orders NOW for next Next Season? for next Next Season? season • Dairy Shed season

• Dairy Shed season Feed Pad •••Dairy Dairy Shed Sheds/Feed Pads Feed Pad Dairy Sheds/Feed Pads ••Dairy Pad •Feed CowSheds/Feed barn Pads Cow barn Cow Barns Cow Barns •••Cow barn Cow Barns Meal Feeding Meal Feeding Meal Feeding Systems Meal Feeding Systems •Meal Meal Feeding Feeding Systems System System System Wewelcome welcome to our team We to our team Now’s the time to start the process! We welcome to our team Dr Blair Miller Now’s the time to start the process! Now’sIndependent theTalk time to start the process! Dr Blair Miller Effluent Discharge Consultant to us today! Dr Blair Miller

Talk to us today!

Independent Discharge Consultant Independent Effluent Discharge Consultant TalkEffluent to us today!

From consents to turn-key completion From consents to turn-keycompletion completion From consents tocomplete turn-key REL offers the package REL offers the complete package REL offers package Contact us today to seethe whatcomplete we can offer to grow your business Contact us today to see what we can offer to grow your business sales@relgroup.co.nz Southland Representative Contact us today to 567 see what we can(03) offer302 to grow your business 0800 474 Phone 7305 Phone (03) 302 7305 Richard Erwood sales@relgroup.co.nz Southland Representative 0800 474 567 Phone (03) 302 7305 www.relgroup.co.nz sales@relgroup.co.nz www.relgroup.co.nz sales@relgroup.co.nz Southland Representative Phone (03) 302567 7305 567 Richard Erwood 0800 474 Phone (03) 302 7305 0800 474 0272 415 921 www.relgroup.co.nz Phone (03) 302 7305 Richard Erwood sales@relgroup.co.nz www.relgroup.co.nz

0800 474 567 0272 415 921 www.relgroup.co.nz sales@relgroup.co.nz www.relgroup.co.nz 0800 474 567 0272 415 921

*Offer ends 31/03/15 or while stocks last. Offer only available at participating Polaris Dealers. Not valid with any other offer. Excludess fleet clients. This accessory offer is only valid for genuine Polaris nly. Accessories on the purchase of a new Polaris Ranger ETX model only.












Subject to credit approval, fees, terms and conditions apply. Based on a 24 month Hire Purchase Contract. To approved Registered GST No Holders for business purposes only on applications for Polaris Ranger 570 H.D. and Ranger XP 900 models. Offer expires 31/3/2015. Polaris Finance is a program operated by De Lage Landen Ltd Company No: 135515.

CHRISTCHURCH - 799 JONES RD, ROLLESTON. 03 349 4883 STEVE JOHNSON 027 486 7726 www.dne.co.nz 0800 432 633

ASHBURTON - 832 EAST ST. 03 307 9911 DANNY KING 027 535 3538

www.polaris.co.nz |


Farming Dairy Focus

2 8


Plenty of feed around – McBeth Soils are drying out fast around the country, but above the ground it’s a different story, with grass and feed supplies looking good in many parts of the country, says industry body DairyNZ. General manager of extension, Craig McBeth, says DairyNZ is closely monitoring the soil moisture and feed levels in all regions in case it needs to quickly ramp up support for farmers having a dry summer coming on top of a low seasonal milk price. “It is already severely dry in parts of Canterbury and North Otago and farmers there are facing serious measures with some irrigation restrictions now in place. “The south of the Wairarapa is also very dry. The soil moisture data is also showing us that the rest of the country is on the brink of heading into dryer than average soil moisture conditions. We need to see some rain soon to reduce the risk of a normal dry summer turning into something more serious,” he says. “While we know it could

Craig McBeth

get very dry, very fast, it’s a positive story in terms of feed supply. “It’s pretty green out there on many farms because we had great grass growth in November and December and into January in some parts. Recently, it’s also been great growing conditions for maize.

“In most regions farmers have already made and stored a lot of supplementary feed like hay, grass silage and baleage. “There’s no shortage of feed around at present on-farm or in storage, in most parts of the country. In Taranaki there’s probably a surplus of

We are the experts in:

Underpasses Laneways Effluent Ponds

Phone Dave Rowlands 027 484 1114 Diesel Workshop direct line: 308 7400

supplementary feed. “On the other hand Southland farmers have struggled to grow and harvest surplus feed due to an extended period of very wet conditions through late winter and spring. “The good news is there will be plenty of feed to get farmers through dry conditions if we don’t get rain. However, the issue may be a lack of cash around to pay for it if farmers have to buy it in or cover the cost of transporting the feed to where it is most needed,” he says. “The low forecast milk price is already putting pressure on farmers’ budgets for this season.” Mr McBeth says farmers have learnt a lot through past droughts and have plenty of techniques for managing the supply of feed to their cows to keep up with the demands of keeping them in good condition. “Keeping your cows in good condition isn’t just for milk production. It is also vital for ensuring they calve without any difficulty later in the



Three convenient sizes: • Standard 3.6m x 2.4m • Large 4.2m x 2.4m • Xtra-large 4.8m x 2.4m Fully insulated with lockable ranchslider, large window, power, security lights, curtains, carpet, smoke alarm & even a small deck. Minimum 3 month rental period.



Ashburton Contracting Limited

P 03 308 4039 A 48 South Street, Ashburton W www.ashcon.co.nz

year and have every chance of getting back in-calf next spring. Our dairy cows are incalf now as well as milking,” he says. He says DairyNZ is using its regional staff to monitor farming conditions, provide support and advice, and ensure experienced farmers can pass on advice and tips to others who may be new to farming or to a region. Farm system specialists are also monitoring conditions closely to help inform farmers. “There is plenty of industry and farmer support out there to help everyone. It’s important farmers know that – and where to go for advice. Our ‘Tactics for Tight Times’ campaign to help farmers cope with a low payout is also going to be focused on all the issues that farmers might have to deal with including summer dry conditions and extra feed costs.” DairyNZ advice and guidance on summer management is available on www.dairynz.co.nz including a dry summer management guide that can be downloaded.

Visit our website to locate your closest display cabin or call for a free brochure.



Looking back to improve future BY DAIRY BUSINESS CENTRE (NZ) LIMITED Cows have been evaluated a lot over the years on their performance and fertility, with the focus being mostly on productivity without looking at the long-term effects. Key performance indicators are general health, fertility, production and age. If, or when, a dairy cow is not conforming to the standard set by the farmer she is sold, or quickly culled, and forgotten. However long-term thinking is important on a dairy farm. When focusing on performance we should not only focus on what is happening now, we need to know what is going to happen in the future and, more importantly, what has happened in the past. Many models can predict productivity and profitability in the future, however that is still an estimate. What we know and what in fact happened in the past is now history. We need to learn from the past and evaluate the information to improve ourselves and the farming operation for the future. That is why it is important to monitor and record all relevant information and use this during weekly, monthly, bi-annual and annual evaluations.

Body condition scoring is important to dairy farmers for any breed of dairy cow. Recording the condition score of the individual cow bi-monthly will show the progress that specific cow has made over her lactation. Used in conjunction with her production and overall health, paints a clearer picture of her long-term performance. This method is preferable rather than whole herd scoring, which is useful but

Increase Production & Profitability…

…Through Improved Knowledge and Education

Ruminant Nutrition Training Course A 2-day course focused on up-skilling farmers and dairy staff on: ● Cow nutrition ● Ration balancing ● Animal health ● Pasture management ● Milk production management

Next Ashburton course dates: Tuesday 24th and Wednesday 25th February 2015 Visit www.dairymasters.co.nz to register your interest

Developing future dairy leaders  03 308 0094  03 308 0089

 dairymasters@dairybusiness.co.nz  www.dairymasters.co.nz

A division of Dairy Business Centre (NZ) Ltd

provides fewer details. Whole herd scoring could be done monthly to track trends between individual scoring periods. The benefits of having a good condition at calving, of between 5.0 and 5.5 points, are generally known to all in the industry. We know that cows perform better earlier in the season when calving at optimum body condition. We also recognise that there is a difference between gaining body condition, quickly over a short time during the dry period only, or slower over the longer period during the lactation. It is quite common to see a fast decline in body condition after calving, before gaining again slowly before the start of mating and then finding a decline in December (when the pasture quality is reduced) after which condition increases again in February. These fluctuations are not the optimal or advised curves for a dairy cow, especially due to the negative effect on fertility, milk production and general wellbeing. We know that when a cow eats more energy than she needs, she can either not use this energy or deposit it in her body reserves, which in this case are shown by the increase in body condition. That means we can use the body condition as an indicator to determine if the cow is receiving enough energy in her feed for her requirements or if she is getting too much energy. If a cow is gaining condition too fast, save cost by reducing the energy intake and if the cow is not gaining enough condition or is losing condition, feed her more energy by either increasing the energy density of the ration or increasing the quantity of feed in general, ensuring a healthy body condition gain. From the moment the cow is gaining condition before mating, she needs to gain condition slowly and steadily until the cow is dried off at the optimal score of between 5.0 and 5.5 points. This results in the cow being less stressed, fed adequately and able to perform to the best of her ability. That is why a regularly scheduled individual condition scoring over the whole herd is advised, with no more

than two months in between each evaluation. We also know that when a cow is fluctuating in condition score, she will be holding back milk production in preference to her maintenance. Although breeding has reduced this urge of self-preservation, it is our experience that we can achieve the best productivity and profitability of the cow when the stress of the cow is minimised by having an even gain in body condition score. Over the dry period the condition score gain should not exceed 0.10 points per month. This is to ensure the cows don’t get too fat at calving, preventing health problems like dystocia, ketosis and or milk fever. When cows are at optimal condition at drying off we only need to feed the required maintenance to the dry cows. The conditioned cows are well insulated against the weather, while feeding to hold condition minimises the cost of the dry period and provides easy management with less total feed required. After calving we expect a slow condition loss over several weeks, which is providing extra energy to the animal. If the cow is losing condition too fast, it increases the risk of milk fever, ketosis, fatty-liver and in severe cases death. It is very costly to feed the cow during the lactation, look after her over the dry period and then have her not performing after calving due to health issues or death - we did the hard yards and got no rewards. For example when we look at the individual cow, we want her to calf down at a score of 5.0. Weight loss will occur over the next two months, with the body condition score not going below 4.0 points. Then for the following eight months we like to see her gain about 0.1 of a point per month, which will work out between 150-200 grams of body weight per day until she reaches the score of 5.0 points at drying off. If your weight loss post-calving exceeds 1.0 points in condition score, serious evaluation of your spring management is required. Dairy Business Centre (NZ) Limited recommend that you score cows individually (rather than a ‘whole herd score’) every two months and track the information to assess the trend and correct your pasture and feeding management accordingly. This will ensure the cows are dried off at the optimal condition score of between 5.0 and 5.5 points. If you haven’t yet condition scored this season, score the cows now to plan ahead until drying off, determine where the monthly targets need to be and how to achieve this. For more information on the benefits of lead feeding and preparing your herd for calving, either talk to your nutritional advisor or contact the Ruminant Nutrition Consultancy team at Dairy Business Centre (NZ) Limited on 03 308 0094, email office@dairybusiness.co.nz. Advertising feature

Dairy Focus



Farmers reminded to irrigate At a time of increasingly dry weather and low river flows, Environment Canterbury is reminding farmers to make sure they irrigate efficiently when they are permitted to do so. Environment Canterbury regional manager RMA monitoring and compliance Marty Mortiaux, said irrigation consent holders were responsible for the use of water applied to their properties. “Beyond this, it makes good business sense to do the right thing for their communities and the region as a whole,” Mr Mortiaux said. “All irrigators should make sure their water allocations are used carefully and not wasted, especially in a dry season.” There are a number of steps farmers can take to make the most of potentially limited irrigation opportunities: Plan ahead for possible water restrictions - if you depend on irrigation, decide on your priorities (for example, crops vs pastures or good pastures vs poor pastures) and develop a plan to minimise the

impacts of water restrictions Make sure you understand the different soils on your property and their waterholding capacities Understand how to successfully operate and maintain your irrigation system and calibrate your irrigators regularly Schedule irrigation responsibly – for example, consider the probability of any forecast rain and either hold off or adjust the depth applied Meet compliance requirements – make sure your water meter is operating at all times and check that your use is within consented rates and volumes (water meter information will also help you work out how much your irrigation is costing you) Avoid irrigating non-target areas – particularly roads, waterways and boundaries. “Check the weather forecast before irrigating. If rain is forecast hold off or adjust the amount of water you apply to take advantage of it,” Mr Mortiaux said. “And if possible also avoid irrigating

in strong winds because this affects uniformity and can make scheduling your next irrigation challenging. “Check weather forecasts regularly to confirm the daily potential evapotranspiration figures for your area. This

‘And much more from the company that understands meal feeding.’ • • • • • • • • • •

Rotary & Herringbone & Robotic Sheds Feed Systems Molasses Systems PKE & Pellet Systems Silos Augers Mills – New Generation Mineral Dispensers Dust kits Air Fluidizer Kits

Contact STEVE WATERS 027 640 1333 EMAIL steve@permbrand.co.nz


information, together with soil moisture levels, will guide your decision on when to irrigate next and how much water to apply. “Check your irrigator to make sure it is operating at correct pressure. This is

an easy way to confirm it is operating as it should be. Also cross check your expected flow rate with the rate displayed on your flow meter and make sure sprinklers are not blocked or missing. “Carry out regular



PHONE PETE 0210 498 657 EMAIL treeservices@clear.net.nz WEBSITE www.treeservicesltd.co.nz



efficiently All irrigators should make sure their water allocations are used carefully and not wasted, especially in a dry season, says Environment Canterbury regional manager RMA monitoring and PHOTO ASHBURTON GUARDIAN compliance Marty Mortiaux.

maintenance on your irrigation system to minimise wastage and leakage. If you see someone else wasting water or not complying with the rules, let them know. “Set up and run your system to ensure that all

water abstracted is within the limits set out by your resource consent or scheme entitlement. This may include your instantaneous abstraction rate and daily, weekly, monthly or seasonal volume. “Finally, have your water

meter verified to make sure what is being recorded is what you are actually using. And critically in the current conditions, if your consent is tied to a low flow restriction check the Environment Canterbury irrigation

restriction web page daily when you are planning to irrigate to see whether your consent is on restriction.” IrrigationNZ says there is plenty of technology to help refine irrigation application and the industry body can help irrigators wishing to check their current system’s performance. “Farmers can sign up to our SMART Irrigation programme which sets out the framework for responsible and efficient irrigation practice,” IrrigationNZ chief executive Andrew Curtis said. “In a summer like this,


From Plucks Effluent Division (since the 1980s)

ADR 500 Effluent Screening Plant COVERED BY N.Z. PATENT APPLICATION No. 591985

more than ever the acid is on irrigating farmers to operate at peak performance,” he said. “If you have any doubts, ask for help to make sure your staff, systems and infrastructure are up to scratch. IrrigationNZ has a range of free and low-cost downloadable resources on our website to guide irrigators and our regular training workshops start again in February.” More information appears on these websites: www.irrigationnz.co.nz www.smartirrigation.co.nz www.dairynz.co.nz/ environment/water-use/ irrigation-efficiency

2015 S

TRAILED LOG SPLITTERS Mention this advert and receive

r Very low kW at 0.4kW r Self cleaning screen, built-in auto wash r Effluent is clean enough to be pumped into a pivot system if required r Screens out everything bigger than 1 mm r Once per year maintenance of a quick look over and wash down

$1500 OFF *

Pluck’s latest model Pond Stirrer


r Only 1.1kW driving a 1.0 M Ø blade r Two year warranty on the new type of motor and planetary gear box r New to the world of agriculture – the latest in five-lip sealed bearings

r No greasing required – ever! r All bearings and seals above the water line r Huge 1.0 M Ø blade, moving 44,000 litres per minute r Good range of sizes for any pond type whether lined or earth, clay or concrete—big or small Call us now to find a distributor and installer in your area

0800 PLUCKS 0












Main South Road, Rakaia 7710, Mid Canterbury

CALL NOW: 0800 641 146 ICS FARM MACHINERY 303 Flaxton Road Rangiora E: sales@icsman.co.nz *$1500 including GST off the full retail price. Offer ends 31st January 2015. Conditions apply.

2 12

Farming Dairy Focus


BDD needs to be taken seriously Fred Hoekstra


You may have heard of Bovine Digital Dermatitis (BDD) and how it is a major problem overseas. You also may have heard that we now have BDD in New Zealand. Unfortunately, that is true. We have certainly seen an increase of BDD in the last six years or so. Most of it, so far, seems to occur in the North Island and in Southland. There are still a lot of unknowns about the disease, but we do know that we need to minimise or eliminate it if we can. Over in Europe, and especially in the UK, it is a significant problem causing a large percentage of lameness in the herd. The picture shows what the disease looks like in a non-

Do you have any BDD in your herd? PHOTO SUPPLIED

contagious stage, however there are different stages to the disease. At this stage the treponemen (bacteria) are deep in the skin where disinfectant can’t get to it from the outside and antibiotics can’t get to it from the inside, which in itself is not a problem until it reappears. This reappearance is a different stage. There are four different stages to the disease,

with another stage that is made up of two of these stages together, which makes it four stages in all. I can’t do justice to this problem in a short article, so please feel free to call me if you want to know more about BDD. What I do want to mention in this article though, are a couple of things that you should do when you do find it in your herd. 1-Check the rest of the herd

as soon as possible by having a designated person look for it very closely at milking time. You need to clean the skin in that area of the foot and each case you find needs to be individually treated with Tetra-Vet. 2-Possibly use a foot bath as a preventative. This can also be done with a backpack sprayer and using some product that is specially made for it. You can use

formalin if you have a foot bath installed, but formalin is quite aggressive and is not conducive to staff well-being. 3- You could also consider culling the cow that has the disease. Once a cow has contracted BDD, she will not get rid of it even if the foot looks perfectly healthy. The treponemes remain in the skin and this cow becomes a threat to the rest of your herd. This would essentially work if you only have one or two cases on the farm. However, if you have larger numbers then it would be too late anyway, and culling the diseased cows may only be the tip of the iceberg. The disease is mainly spread through manure and transporting animals. This in itself is quite a challenge in NZ as most young stock are taken off farm and farmers who are buying in animals are more vulnerable as well. If you have any questions or would like a brochure with full information on the disease, please give us a call on 0800 833-463, as this is a disease that needs to be taken seriously!



Accurate refrigeration data helps farmers Thorough audits of dairy refrigeration systems are needed now says Brian Skiffington, R&D and Technical Manager for Tru-Test. Brian, who works within Tru-Test’s DTS Milk Cooling and Tank Solutions category, urges farmers to heed any refrigeration system issues in their dairy shed. “At this time of year, with high peak milk flows, summer temperatures and warmer ground water, farmers across the region find their on-farm refrigeration systems put to the test.” “Any difficulties meeting current milk temperature requirements this season should signal concern around their capability to meet the tighter regulations for temperature falls and holding temperatures under the new code NZCP1 Code of Practice for milk pre-cooling and storage coming into force next year.” Compliance rules initially apply to new sheds, major upgrades, and those which are regularly non-compliant. Industry estimations suggest nearly one-third of farmers may be noncompliant. The latter will be under the spotlight with some dairy companies intending to impose a schedule of fines and refusal to pick up. Rather than risk financial disadvantage, Brian recommends farmers get accurate farm-specific data to pinpoint if and where cooling issues

occur and focus what work needs to be completed before the regulations take effect. Brian points to the experience from DTS milk cooling audits undertaken across dairy farms since the beginning of the 2014-15 season. The news is ultimately good. “In many instances, accurate and continuous data-tracking highlights unnoticed system issues. Results can surprise some farmers. Nevertheless, while the scale of upgrade work varies between farms, often one small timely change in the right place can make a big difference.” “Several options are available for pre-cooling and storage solutions and there is no ‘one-system-fits-all’. The key is talk to a reputable refrigeration provider and invest wisely,” he says. Farmers installing new or upgraded systems can also make simple additions so refrigeration systems run more efficiently and recoup energy costs. Fitting a good-quality hot water recovery system to the refrigeration unit can save more than 50 per cent of water heating costs and a goodquality insulated polar wrap can reduce long-term operating costs, shortening the running time for chiller units and maximising hot water temperatures for the CIP wash and vat cleaning. Advertising feature

Brian Skiffington from Tru-Test.

Milk exposed to the elements? Cover up and insulate.


Reduce chiller running costs by


DTS Polar Wraps Reduce refrigeration unit running time and unnecessary power costs Help eliminate bacterial-related grades by reducing temperature fluctuations Prevent in-vat milk temperature increases


Prevent heat loss during your CIP wash. * Based on regular product trials

Tru-Test – Your Dairy Intelligence Partner.

How are you tracking? Let’s talk. www.tru-test.com/dairy

0800 500 387

Farming Dairy Focus

2 14


From dual purpose to multi-purpose Dairy farmers throughout New Zealand will benefit from recent research undertaken by Dr (Paul) Long Cheng and Dr Jeffery McCormick from the Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Lincoln University. Dr Cheng and Dr McCormick found that dairy replacement heifers grazed on dual purpose cereal and brassica crops such as wheat and canola achieved higher weight gains and caused less environmental pollution through reduced urinary nitrogen excretion than heifers grazed on conventional pasture. “Every year farmers needed to rear dairy heifers as replacements for their milking herds as part of their farm management routines,” says Dr Cheng. “Providing adequate high quality feed for these heifers is crucial, so they can reach their target live weights at critical stages of their growth and development. Their ability to reach these target live weights has significant implications for their successful mating and milk production

in the subsequent lactation. We also know that rearing dairy heifers contributes to the environmental impact of dairy production, particularly nitrogen leaching, through the excretion of urinary nitrogen.” To find the solutions to these challenges, Dr Cheng and Dr McCormick, and their team undertook a trial to examine if feeding the heifers different types of forages such as dualpurpose crops, like cereals and brassicas, would increase their live weight gains and reduce urinary nitrogen excretion. A dual purpose crop is one that is grown in summer/ autumn to be grazed as forage before continuing to grow before being harvested for grain production. Dr Cheng’s trial involved using three groups of dairy heifers that were equally matched for live weight and their genetic ability as breeding cows (breeding worth based on the records of their relatives). Each group was randomly allocated and fed a different type of forage – a pasture (perennial ryegrass/white clover), a cereal (wheat) and a

brassica (canola). “At the end of the trial, and once we had done the analyses, we were delighted to discover that heifers grazing on either wheat or canola showed increased live weight gains and lower urinary nitrogen excretion to the environment in comparison to the pasture-feed animals,” says Dr Cheng. During the four-week trial regular measurements were taken from the three forages (for quality analysis) and the uptake of the forages by the heifers themselves (shown by increased live weights and reduced urinary nitrogen excretion).  “This type of regime had been used in Australia for over 20 years on mixed cropping farms, but this is the first time it has been used for dairy replacement stock in New Zealand. Australian farmers have found that the timing and intensity of grazing is important because if the animals graze for too long the plants’ reproductive growing tips can be damaged resulting in a loss of grain production,” says Dr McCormick.

“That these dual purpose crops haves been shown to have an additional environmental benefit is an exciting discovery and will benefit dairy farmers throughout New Zealand. Local farmers are already interested in trialling these

crops with their heifers,” says Dr Cheng and Dr McCormick. The scientific team includes Dr Cheng, Dr McCormick, Professor Grant Edwards and Chris Logan, from Lincoln’s Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences. In addition, scholars

Mount Alford Lime - Canterbury

Ag Lime - LimeMag - 40mm & 80mm Track Rock - Mixes - Agriblend To learn more about Rorisons RMD and its quality products, please visit our website at:

0800 40 10 40



“Make your house an energy efficient home”





• • • • • •

Only the best Monocrystalline Panels Commercial & farm systems Many happy customers Nationwide Authorised LG Dealer Residential systems Over 1000 Installs


P: 0800 287 423 M: 0274 333 615 www.auricenergy.co.nz




e: A win-win for dairy farmers

from France and Thailand were involved in crop management and sample collection. This research has been presented at the 2014 Australasian Dairy Science Symposium and was well received.


Grazing heifers on canola (above) and wheat (left) was found to achieve higher weight gains and caused less environmental pollution.

2 16

Farming Dairy Focus


Low flows lead to bacteria warnings While river flows around the region remain low, cyanobacteria warnings will remain in place at a number of Canterbury swimming sites. Surface Water Science manager Tim Davie said there had not been sufficient rain to alleviate the problems, brought about by the prolonged dry spell. “The long dry period has meant many rivers have irrigation restrictions in place, and has also led to problems with cyanobacteria at several popular swimming spots. Warnings are in place at 11 swimming sites, eight of which are in South Canterbury,” Dr Davie said. “Cyanobacteria such as phormidium grow well during long dry periods where there are low flows and warm temperatures.  Unfortunately this growth can proliferate into toxic mats that detach.” Environment Canterbury works closely with the Canterbury District Health Board and territorial authorities to make sure warnings are in place at popular swimming sites. 

However, phormidium is also likely to be present elsewhere. Canterbury Medical Officer of Health Dr Alistair Humphrey said the algae look like dark brown to black mats and can produce toxins harmful to people and animals. “Exposure may cause skin

rashes, nausea, stomach cramps, tingling and numbness around the mouth and fingertips,” Dr Humphrey said. “If you experience any of these symptoms, visit your doctor immediately; also let your doctor know if you’ve had contact with dark brown/

black algal mats or water in affected areas. Pets should be taken to a vet immediately if they show signs of illness after coming into contact with algal mats.” Reticulated town water supplies are safe but people should not drink water from

rivers with phormidium present. “Even boiling river water does not remove the toxin, so it should not be consumed,” Dr Humphrey said.  Benthic cyanobacteria such as phormidium are naturally occurring throughout New Zealand.  When they proliferate they are cleared out by flushing flows from high flows (from small to larger floods). A lack of flushing flows and sustained warm weather means ideal growing conditions for phormidium. There is information on toxic cyanobacteria on the Environment Canterbury website, including a list of river sites where there are warnings in place. For information on cyanobacteria in rivers go to http://ecan.govt.nz/services/ online-services/monitoring/ swimming-water-quality/ Pages/Potentially-ToxicCyanobacteria.aspx For current river flow information go to www.ecan. govt.nz/services/onlineservices/monitoring/riverflows/Pages/River-flowssouth.aspx



GaininG StrenGth

Facts are stubborn things. Math never lies, and high-strength steel combined with superior engineering has created irrigation systems that are lightweight and uncompromisingly durable at the same time. DoeSn’t mean aDDinG weiGht. Yes, our pivots look different, but you’ll understand the difference once the performance starts doing the talking. Contact us today to find out why more New Zealand agribusinesses are choosing Reinke irrigation systems.



13 Range Street, Riverside Industrial Park

PO Box 247 Ashburton 7740

P +64 3 308 6022 E office@raymayne.co.nz



Maintaining productivity in hot weather Hot and humid weather affects the dry matter intake of lactating dairy cows. The combined effects of elevated ambient temperatures and humidity can make for an uncomfortable environment, particularly for high producing dairy cows. These higher producing dairy cows have greater metabolic heat production – the heat energy that is produced from digestion than lower producing cows. BY SEALESWINSLOW Heat stress occurs when the cow’s ability to dissipate excess body heat is compromised because the environmental temperature is high. Humidity further impacts this by affecting the cow’s ability to cool herself by sweating and panting.

The three signs of heat stress in lactating cows are obvious: • lethargic behaviour • reduced feed intakes • reduced milk production The primary reason for the drop in milk production during hot and humid weather is that the cows eat less. Minimising the environmental effects on dry matter intake (DMI) is critical to maintaining productivity in times of heat stress. This response is thought to be a survival mechanism as digesting and processing nutrients generates further heat. Ensuring cows have ready access to fresh, clean water and lots of it is paramount. Since cows will be consuming less as temperatures rise, increasing the energy density of the diet can in part compensate for the decreased DMI. To increase the energy density of the diet, consider providing a suitable fat source, eg a coated or bypass fat and/or offer feeds, such as

SealesWinslow Maxi Pro 20%, that produce less heat from digestion. Heat production increases following a meal. This is a result of the heat energy from fermentation and heat of nutrient metabolism. Different types of feeds produce varying levels of heat from their digestion, largely because of the efficiency of utilisation. Fibre produces more heat in the rumen than other

(RUDP) - which passes through the rumen and digested in the lower intestine, require less energy for digestion and hence produces less heat.

Alastair (Snow) Piece South Canterbury

027 439 3384

How to beat the heat this summer:

• keep cows cool by providing shade • have a plentiful supply of cool, clean, fresh water • increase the energy density of the diet

To increase the energy density of the diet, consider providing a suitable fat source

carbohydrate feed sources. Feeds that have high oil content also require more energy to digest and reduce the efficiency nutrient metabolism. Low fibre feed sources usually result in less heat of digestion than feeds that are higher in fibre. The quantity of quality protein over the summer months becomes important, particularly as pasture quality drops. Protein in the diet not only supports milk production and milk protein content but protein also plays a hand in stimulating intakes or hunger. Protein sources, like SealesWinslow Maxi Pro 20%, that are higher in bypass protein or rumen undergradable dietary protein

Call your local SealesWinslow sales rep

A feed option like Maxi Pro 20% helps compensate for the difficulties of achieving target intakes on pasture alone. There are obvious advantage to including a protected fat in the diet over this period to improve the efficiency of energy use and the greater energy density (2.25 times greater) when compared with carbohydrates (not exceeding five to seven per cent total fat in the diet). Whether cows exhibit the signs of heat stress or not, cows will benefit from greater energy density during periods of depressed intake. SealesWinslow dairy blends and pellets are manufactured at our Ashburton mill, using local grains and formulated to meet your herd’s nutritional requirements. Advertising feature

Chris Tibbotts West Coast and Upper South Island

027 807 0216

Jacqui Aitken Otago

027 836 2801

Louise Robson Southland

021 996 816


Innovative Instigator

THE MAINTENANCE MASTER Removing the build up on the edge of Dairy Lanes, allowing stock to move easier, faster & lanes no longer contribute to health & feet issues. Fill can be used for: • Around water troughs • Farm track & driveway ruts • Filling trenches • Erosion around irrigation ponds

RUT MASTER | INSTIGATOR | HEDGE CUTTING P: 03 302 3888 M: 0274 803 380 E: b.jwhittaker@xtra.co.nz

Digger also available

2 18

Farming Dairy Focus


Be pro-active and stock up on winter Mid Canterbury farmers are being urged by Federated Farmers to do the numbers and stock up on necessary feed supplies to get through winter. The call comes as dry weather around the country continues with limited relief in sight. Federated Farmers South Island vice chairman arable, and Mid Canterbury farmer, David Clark urged farmers to do their sums and stock up on necessary feed. “We are in a bit of a dry spell, which is not unusual for Canterbury, we just haven’t seen if for a while.” “How long it lasts will decide whether it becomes a significant drought or not,” he said. He recommended farmers did their feed budget, worked out the amount they needed to get livestock through to September and then secured the feed. There was no point waiting until May or winter for spring feed supplies. “If you need it, secure it.” He said there was plenty of feed to go around with harvest rye grass and barley grass

available. “It’s never better than when it is on the ground in behind the compost … just grab it.” Federated Farmers Mid Canterbury grain and seed chairperson Joanne Burke agreed. She said there were indications of a looming feed crisis and people should be out there now trying to secure feed. The dryland yields were expected to be down four tonne a hectare, she said. DairyNZ general manager of extension Craig McBeth said their organisation was closely monitoring soil moisture and feed levels in all regions in case it needed to offer support for farmers having a dry summer, on top of a low seasonal milk price. “It is already severely dry in parts of Canterbury and North Otago and farmers there are facing serious measures with some irrigation restrictions now in place. The south of the Wairarapa is also very dry. The soil moisture data is also showing us that the rest of the country is on the brink of heading into dryer-

Lack of rain is starting to tell on this Mid Canterbury farm.

than-average soil moisture conditions. We need to see some rain soon to reduce the risk of a normal dry summer turning into something more serious,” he said. It was a similar sentiment in Mid Canterbury and Mrs Burke said those in the farming community could not keep

WHERE FARMERS TRADE DIRECT. Created by farmers, for farmers

handling any ongoing dry conditions as irrigation was being done to its limits. “They are trying to push the irrigating as hard as they can,” she said. DairyNZ consulting officer Erin Sinclair said that in Canterbury some people looked great but others were in tough situations.

She reminded dairy farmers to get in touch with contractors expected to take young stock for winter grazing just to check on the condition of their properties. And suggested farmers remained pro-active to the conditions, either reducing demand and culling cows early or drying off animals


We have 20 years of it, so let us work for you.

Farmlinks is the site where the agri-community can come together to buy, sell and trade, source contractors, locate services and get better value for money.


Cairnbrae Seed Cleaning has been operating for 20 years just outside of Methven. We clean and dress Ryegrass, Brassica, Carrot, radish, clover, peas and much more. With access to quality growers as well as a spraying company that has been operating for 20 years plus. We strive to minimize dressing losses while maximizing the purity of the seed.


116 Cairnbrae Rd, Rakaia

Phone: 03 302 9231 Email: cairnbraeseed@xtra.co.nz




with a better body score condition. It was also important to keep in touch with others, especially within the community. “You might be good but your neighbour 10km up the road might not be, give them a bell,” she said. Overall, the dry conditions were seen as positive for feed

supply around the country but it was likely to be the cost of cartage that became an issue. “It’s pretty green out there on many farms because we had great grass growth in November and December and into January in some parts. Recently, it’s also been great growing conditions for maize,” Mr McBeth said.

Most farmers had already made and stored a lot of supplementary feed like hay, grass silage and baleage. “There’s no shortage of feed around at present on-farm or in storage, in most parts of the country.” In Taranaki there’s probably a surplus of supplementary feed. On the other hand

Southland farmers have struggled to grow and harvest surplus feed due to an extended period of very wet conditions through late winter and spring,” he said. The issue might be a lack of cash around to pay for cartage if farmers have to buy it in or cover the cost of transporting the feed to where it is most needed, he said. “The low forecast milk price is already putting pressure on farmers’ budgets for this season.” Past experience had taught farmers plenty of techniques to manage the supply of feed to their cows and keep them in good condition. “Keeping your cows in good condition isn’t just for milk production. It is also vital for ensuring they calve without any difficulty later in the year and have every chance of getting back in-calf next spring. “Our dairy cows are in-calf now as well as milking,” he said. DairyNZ was using regional staff to monitor farming conditions, provide support and

advice, and ensure experienced farmers could pass on advice and tips to others who may be new to farming or to a region. Farm system specialists were also monitoring conditions closely to help inform farmers. “There is plenty of industry and farmer support out there to help everyone. “It’s important farmers know that – and where to go for advice. Our Tactics for Tight Times campaign to help farmers cope with a low pay-out is also going to be focused on all the issues that farmers might have to deal with, including summer dry conditions and extra feed costs.” DairyNZ offered advice and guidance on summer management on their website at www.dairynz.co.nz In Mid Canterbury, Mr Clark – with his arable hat on – hoped it stayed mostly dry for another month. However, a bit of rain would not go amiss. “I’d be jolly grumpy if I had to dry my grain,” he said. Advertising feature

Stockfood Manufacturers Calf Meals / Nuts High-Low Protein All Purpose Meal eg. Hen, Pig, Goat Sheep Nuts Milk Powder Rolled Barley with Molasses Grain / PKE Blend Dairy Meals Feed Grain eg Barley Wheat Peas

FREEPHONE 0800 615 7913 OR 0274 499 062

Dairy meals customised to your needs. No quantity is too big nor too small when it comes to supporting our clients

Balance your Dairy Feed with a Blend or Pellets from Advanced Feed PRODUCT


DAIRY BLENDS . . . . . . from $335.00 per tonne DAIRY PELLETS . . . . . . from $455.00 per tonne • Contract pricing available



0800 33 33 48 (0800 FEED 4U) or 03 302 8211 360 Barkers Rd, Methven, Mid Canterbury E-mail: admin@advancedfeed.co.nz or peter@advancedfeed.co.nz


2 20

Farming Dairy Focus


Reduce feed waste There are many advantages to using a baleage or hay feeder. In these dry times in Canterbury and beyond it is even more important to manage feed effectively and minimise waste. In the colder months of the year, stock will always be on the look out for a warm dry place to lay. If feed is turned out onto the ground that’s where they will usually head, making it dirty and unpalatable. Using a feeder not only stops this but can reduce feed wastage to as little as 5%. Not to mention the huge advantage in the spring when it comes to clean up and prep of paddocks before reseeding. No lines of baleage across the paddocks to clean up or clog up machinery which in turn reduces labour. Reducing waste by using our feeders also means reducing time feeding out and in turn feeding less often. We provide a wide range of feeders in all shapes and sizes for every budget. Made from 3mm premium mild UK and European steel, you can be assured you are

getting the best quality for your dollar. Riverdown Steel is a family owned business run from a working farm so we are always using our own products and can help advise which

NGE VISIT www.riverdownsteel.com

products will work best for each individual. We know that every farm is different and can range from the coldest wettest conditions in one season to the driest and harshest in the next so try to provide products

that can be used in both circumstances. For a look at our products please visit www. riverdownsteel.com or call Lucy for a viewing or quote on 0211433469 or 033186934.

We have some excellent summer specials and there is always discount on multiple orders. FREE DELIVERY in Canterbury is also offered! Advertising feature


Saracen side drafting crush

bale feeder

3mm hot dip galvanized steel 2815mm long 200mm high 838mm wide 738mm internal width

Sheep or yearlings feeder Ideal for hay or baleage Portable Supplied flat packed Weight limit of 450kg



Hot dip galvanized steel. 75mm x 75mm weldmesh Sheet metal end panels 400mm wide x 420mm h 3ft or 6ft options

$100 3ft size

Super Circle feeder


Multi-purpose feed trailer

Heavy duty Bolts together 2135mm (7’0’’) diameter 1450mm h x 670mm d 20 feed spaces

$695 Lucy Baker Mobile - 021 1433 469 Office - 03 318 6934 Email - riverdownsteel@gmail.com



Our heavy duty feed trailer combines a unique, practical design with exceptional build quality. In addition our feed trailer has a number of useful features integrated into the design including a fully hot dip galvanised feeding trough with centre ridge and angle sides to assist feeding. Hot-dip galvanized 4 tonne capacity Heavy Duty Wheels and Pickup Hitch

Retractable Drawbar Capable of holding; P.K.E, Balage, fine chop or maize All prices are GST exclusive



New Zealand’s newest PKE importer ADM the world’s largest supplier of Palm Kernel Expeller (PKE) is now entering into the second year of business selling direct to New Zealand farmers. ADM New Zealand is a fully owned subsidiary of one of the world’s largest agriculture processors Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM). For more than a century ADM has transformed crops into products that serve vital needs of a growing world and has grown to more than 33,000 employees serving customers in more than 140 countries on six continents. With a global value chain that includes more than 470 crop procurement locations, 285 ingredient manufacturing facilities, 40 innovation centers and the world’s premier crop transportation network, we connect the harvest to the home, making products for food, animal feed, chemical and energy uses. While PKE is ADM New Zealand’s largest product by volume, the company also imports other products


often directly from their own manufacturing facilities including Distiller’s Dried Grain with Soluble (DDGS) and Corn Gluten Feed Pellets (CGFP). Other products available are Tapioca and Canola Meal. ADM New Zealand currently has PKE available ex-Timaru, with other product availability subject to level of demand. ADM New Zealand’s

business is built around this direct sourcing of products from origin, as it gives the company a cost competitive supply chain and the most transparent market information. This unfiltered market information allows ADM customers to make the best informed purchasing decisions. General Manager ADM New Zealand Ross Bowmar says “this approach has been welcomed by NZ

farmers to date as illustrated by the significant number of new customers in the first year of farmer direct business”. ADM can be contacted on the easy to remember number 0800-123-PKE. You will connect with Ashburtonbased contact Sid Russell, ADM’s South Island Manager, who has been with the company since its inception. Alternatively for more

information you can email nz@adm.com. All ADM New Zealand asks for is that when you are next making a feed purchasing decision you call ADM to ensure that you are obtaining competitive prices with the best service by dialing 0800123-PKE. Alternatively, both Sid and Ross will be on site at the South Island Fieldays in late March. Advertising feature

One of the world’s largest stockfeed suppliers with an extensive global network Reliable supply direct to farmers. Unrivalled access to grain and feedstuffs. Competitive pricing.

North Island Kevin Mayall 027-52-88-528 South Island S Sid Russell 027-52-88-529

Ph 0800 123 PKE


2 22

Farming Dairy Focus


Big dry begins to make its presence While there are no immediate plans to declare drought in Canterbury, parts of the region are certainly in the grips of a “big dry”. However, officials are keeping close tabs on the situation, Primary Industries Minister Nathan Guy said, following a meeting with affected farmers in Mid Canterbury last week. High temperatures and a lack of rainfall in recent months have caused an early dry patch. Federated Farmers’ national president William Rolleston said Canterbury farmers were well positioned to cope with dry weather and drought, but this year it had hit earlier than usual. Dr Rolleston, who farms inland from St Andrews, said farmers were shifting stock off properties and hunkering down to survive the next few weeks. Mid Canterbury farmer Chris Allen, on whose farm the meeting took place, talked about the contingency plans he has put in place to weather the big dry. He said the situation was compounded by a very wet autumn, which severely impacted on last year’s harvest. In many instances the ground

Michelle Nelson


was too wet to sow autumn cereal crops, which didn’t go in until spring. These crops had now been stunted by the hot, dry weather. Due to restrictions on irrigation water, Mr Allen was only able to operate one of the four irrigators usually at work on his Ashburton Forks property. The next problem would be re-sowing after harvest. “There’s no point putting seeds in when it is this dry,” he said. Most farmers are already facing irrigation restrictions as water levels drop. Farmers are de-stocking and using feed supplies. In the Fairlie district there are reports that dairy herds have already been dried off. continued next page

From left: Mid Canterbury farmer Chris Allen, Primary Industries Minister Nathan Guy and Federated Far Rolleston discuss the tactics necessary to survive a drought.

Need irrigation? Want efficiency?

Irrigation Pump Sheds/Storage

These sheds are made to be easy to install with the middle piece of roof iron having been left off for easy Hiab onto your concrete pad. A 50mm overhang has been allowed to fit over your concrete pad so that you have no leaks. There is hex bird netting over the ventilation gap across the front. Made from quality H3 94x47 framing timber and finished with either zincalume or your choice of colorsteel. Sheds can be made standard or to your individual requirements. All sheds are made to order and individually priced - large & small we make them all!

Adams Sawmilling Co Ltd - Your local timber and firewood merchants -

Malcolm McDowell Drive, Ashburton Ph (03) 308 3595 Fax (03) 308 5649

Call the only irrigation company that is design accredited. Cnr Robinson & McNally Streets Phone 03 307 9049 Email rainer@ashburton.co.nz www.rainer.co.nz



felt on Mid Canty farms

rmers’ national president William PHOTO DONNA WYLIE 200115-DW-040

from page 22 Mr Guy said the conditions were of concern, but at this point farmers were coping. “At this stage the Government is not planning to classify this event as a medium-scale adverse event, but we will continue to keep a close watch,” Mr Guy said following his visit. “District or regional groups need to make a formal request for any such a declaration and at this stage this hasn’t been deemed necessary. “This threshold would be reached when the lack of rainfall has an economic, environmental and social impact on farming businesses and the wider community.” However, some in the industry were ready to call a spade a spade. Most farmers are already facing irrigation restrictions as water levels drop. Farmers are de-stocking and using feed supplies. In the Fairlie district there are reports that dairy herds have already been dried off. The Opuha Lake has only enough water to support irrigation for about another


month and other schemes are operating on 50 per cent restrictions. Opuha Water Partnership CEO Tony McCormick said water storage was of concern early in the season. “There has been no significant rain since July/August, and a lack of snow,” Mr McCormick said. “From early September we made decisions to be very conservative about how we ran the scheme, keeping the lake as full as we could at the end of December. “Opuha is a river augmentation scheme – we maintain a river supply, and off the top of that supply irrigation. “From the outset we have maintained the required river flows, but from October/ November we’ve used over 30 per cent of the stored water. “The irrigation season started early. Since Christmas it’s turned into what I would describe as a drought situation. The irrigation demand has soared which is a reflection of the lack of rainfall. The lake is at its lowest level since it was built 17 years ago – this is an unprecedented situation.

“It has been nearly empty before but that was at the end of the season – and we’ve still got a fair way to go until the end of this season.” While farmers were hoping for rain soon, Mr Guy reminded rural communities that support was available through Government agencies, including the Inland Revenue Department. “I would urge farmers to make use of the good advice and support available from their local rural support trusts. They are doing a great job of coordinating farming communities and providing information,” Mr Guy said. “Unfortunately droughts are nothing new for farmers. Two summers ago we suffered through the worst drought in 70 years and last year we had severe dry spells in parts of Northland and Waikato. “It is a tough situation for many with this coming on top of a lower dairy payout. However, I know that farmers are resilient and have come through many challenges like snowstorms, earthquakes and commodity price fluctuations before.”

Meanwhile, ANZ Bank announced an assistance package for farmers affected by the extreme dry conditions. “The ‘big dry’ is affecting areas which haven’t experienced extreme conditions like these for many years, so for a lot of farmers this is new territory,” the bank’s commercial and agricultural managing director, Graham Turley, said. “We recognise the challenges and anxiety this is creating for farmers, which have been exacerbated by forecast low dairy payouts. We’re offering targeted assistance, recognising that the situation may require more complex solutions for some. “The impacts of serious weather events like this don’t just affect the farmers and their local area but will be felt right through the economy.” He advised farmers to contact their local ANZ adviser for details on the assistance package, which includes suspending loan repayments, waiving fees and interest rate reductions on certain products, and providing access to discounted short-term funding.

High quality 25x4m, 25x8m Made to measure


Single and Tandem Axle


Different size options as well as extras available

12 months warranty and WOF supplied

Call Allan on 308 4867 today for more information

Ph 03 307 2354 tincanup@xtra.co.nz www.tinwaldcanvas.co.nz 115 Archibald Street, Tinwald, Ashburton

24 hours a day 7 days a week

You can ALWAYS get hold of us Free on site quote

Ashburton Crane Hire

Phone: 0274 192 554 Contact Warren and Gerard to know more! Bremners Road, Ashburton Phone: 0274 192 554 Email: ashburtoncranehire@xtra.co.nz

92 Dobson Street, Ashburton Phone 308 4867 Mon-Fri 8am-5pm; Sat 8am-12noon

The New Year is a great time to get your eyesight sorted and now Laservision has the South Island’s latest precision ZEISS equipment, we can offer even more options to correct your vision, including

Farming Dairy Focus

2 24


A big thumbs up for Heartland Heartland Bank received a big tick from the Reserve Bank of New Zealand this week. Although Heartland received bank registration in December of 2012, the Reserve Bank imposed conditions requiring Heartland to maintain higher levels of regulatory capital than their peers. These conditions were lifted this week, putting Heartland on equal footing with other New Zealand banks. The inference we can take of this decision is that the Reserve Bank has been pleased with Heartland’s progress since gaining their banking licence. Heartland, which grew out of the merger of finance companies in 2011, has successfully managed to grow margins and earnings over its short life. We’ve also seen a consistent reduction in their legacy Non-Core Property portfolio. The Reserve Bank would have been particularly interested in Heartland management of its capital ratios, all of which were maintained in excess of

Grant Davies


regulatory minimums over the probationary period, suggesting sound and conservative management. Heartland notes that they have no intention of reducing the amount of capital currently held. This reluctance to stretch their capital too far is prudent, and will ensure Heartland maintains its BBB credit rating. Heartland’s rating agency, Fitch, requires Heartland maintain higher capital ratios than the Reserve Bank. This is another reason Heartland is in no rush to utilise its new freedom, as it would risk losing its BBB credit rating. The capital adequacy ratios required by the Reserve Bank are part of a wave of new regulations introduced around

Heartland Bank’s Ashburton branch. PHOTO ASHBURTON GUARDIAN

the world in the wake of the Global Financial Crisis. These are designed to limit the chances of banks defaulting by requiring them to keep certain levels of equity and reserves. Along with capital adequacy regulations, many regulatory authorities are requiring banks make term deposits “stickier”.

This has seen many major banks announce higher break fees and introduce 30-day notice periods before term deposit funds are made available. Heartland currently does not have an explicit notice period, but if the company does agree to early repayment the interest rate payable in

respect of your term deposit may be reduced by up to 3 per cent per annum. Considering Heartland’s relative reliance on term deposits for funding, this changing term deposit dynamic could impact demand for term deposits and therefore increase Heartland’s cost of funding. With growing earnings and an attractive dividend Heartland is still looking reasonably attractive, particularly given the low interest rate environment. The company has not put a foot wrong recently, so is gaining respect in the market, which is now being reflected in the appreciating share price. Written by Grant Davies, Authorised Financial Advisor at Hamilton Hindin Greene Limited. This article represents general information provided by Hamilton Hindin Greene, who may hold an interest in the security. It does not constitute investment advice. Disclosure documents are available by request and free of charge through www. hhg.co.nz.

FinD out how to eARn A higheR RetuRn thAn BAnK DePoSitS GROW YOUR INVESTMENT PORTFOLIO CONFIDENCE John Moore of WITH Hamilton Hindin Greene is running a

seminar fixed interest returns high yielding shares. Hamiltonon Hindin Greene has a proud historyand of providing quality investment 10am tuesday August 24, 2010 at the hotel Ashburton advice to Kiwis for over 100 years. As one of the few remaining wholly NZ ownedby andMonday operated broking firms,23, HHG2010. is committed to providing their RSVP August Phone 307 7127. best investment advice. Bookclients nowwith tothe avoid disappointment! Call Grant Davies today to find out how he can help you grow your investment portfolio

Phone 307 7127, www.hhg.co.nz email:john@hhg.co.nz Telephone: 0800 10 40 50 Email: gdavies@hhg.co.nz 214 Burnett Street, Ashburton

A Disclosure Statement is available on Request and Free of Charge

Your Rural / Farming and Business Accounting Specialists Contact John or Aaron for • • •

GST return preparation and filing Financial statement preperation Taxation advice

• • •

Tax return preparation and filing Succession planning Dairybase accredited

208 Havelock Street, Ashburton Ph (03) 308 9194 Fax (03) 308 3519 www.falloons.co.nz



Maintaining reliable refrigeration Hot weather adversely affects refrigeration in several ways and it can be difficult to maintain reliable refrigeration operation during hot dry spells of weather. Excessive load is applied to refrigeration systems whenever high milk entry temperature to the milk silo or high ambient temperature conditions are present and where both are present the effect is compounded. High milk entry temperature was discussed in our last editorial and we won’t cover it again, suffice to say it is particularly important during high ambient temperature conditions to ensure the milk is cooled as much as possible prior to entering the milk silo. This will reduce the load on the refrigeration system. High ambient temperatures as we are experiencing recently cause the following effects: ■■ ■■ ■■ ■■

High condenser pressures Increased energy use Lower efficiency Longer running times

Murray Hollings


■■ Accelerated failure of developing faults

It is logical therefore to minimise these effects and we can do this by taking some precautions:

■■ Ensure the refrigeration system has free access to fresh air and there is at least 1m of clear space in front of the condenser (do not stack drums etc in this space or anywhere where it may cause the exhausted air to be recirculated back through the condenser). ■■ Keep the condenser free of dust by running a soft brush down over the fins periodically (be careful not to bend the fins when doing this) ■■ Ensure the condenser fins are kept straight and in

Heatcraft refrigeration units. effect of creating very high pressures and is normally noticed as repeated cutting out on high pressure overload. Short term you may be able to run or spray cold water on the condenser fins until normal conditions are returned. Be careful not to allow water to wet the fan motors as this may cause failure. ■■ If you need any advice ring

undamaged condition ■■ Ensure your refrigeration system(s) are professionally serviced, preferably twice annually ■■ Where very high temperatures are being experienced, refrigeration systems are often attempting to run outside of their design conditions, particularly where primary cooling is compromised. This has the

your refrigeration company who will be only too happy to help.

Refrigeration units running in extreme conditions or badly maintained are less reliable, cost more to run, slow to cool and are several times more likely to break down. Murray Hollings is the managing director of Dairycool Ltd

PROFESSIONAL CONTRACTING MADE EASY helping our clients achieve EXCELLENT results


C O R E S E RCONTRACTING V I C E S MADE EASY PROFESSIONAL PHILOSOPHY “Grant Hood Contracting Ltd’s philosophy is to provide our clients with superior value and a solution to their contracting needs. Environmental Award winners

our clients achieve EXCELLENT results The core services we offer toPhelping our clients are: H I L O S O P HP Y H I L O S O P H Y

5 EASY5 PROFESSIONAL CONTRACTING MADE and Construction “Grant Hood Contracting Ltd’s philosophy is to provide our clientsphilosophy is to provide our clients

 DairyNZ accredited Effluent Pond Design

with superior value and a solutionwith to superior value and a solution to








their contracting needs. YEARS helping our clients achieve EXCELLENT results$ FINANCE 500 RATE  Pond Construction and Irrigation Development  Hedge & Stump Removal REFERENCE FOR DROPPING SHADOW  Farm Conversions CORE SERVICES Thecore services Tracks we offer to our clients are: Dairy - Lime or Gravel  Pump HireEffluent Pond Design and Construction Pump Hire DairyNZ accredited  Wells & Galleries Wells & Galleries Pond Construction and Irrigation Development  Bulk Earthworks R ERemoval SERVICES Bulk Earthworks HedgeC&O Stump BUY A HILUX 4x4 DOUBLE CAB MANUAL NOW R 2 012 R 2 013 The core services we offer to our clients are:  Sub Divisions NE NE Sub Divisions Farm Conversions $ $ ental  Site Works ental OR irNoEWRnAm iroWnAmRD Dairy Tracks - Lime or Gravel Effluent 2 0R1D - and Site vWorks R 2 01Pond n Pump Hire DairyNZ accredited Construction EnvDesign E 2 3 NE A -A  Tree Shear W W IN NER 2 IN NER 2 Transportation DDR R A A Wells & Galleries Pond Construction and Irrigation Development YEARS YEARS - AW - AW  Transportation PER MONTH* W W IN IN WARRANTY SERVICING R2 R2 their contracting needs.

192 Racecourse Rd, Ashburton 03 308 0287 or 0274 832 712







Member of


Member of


01 3













the 2nd year in a row Toforachieve this we will always provide “We consider the excellence service, environmentin for all works we undertake workmanship in and are proud our NE NE Environmental Award a professional peers have recognisedwinners Hedge & Stump Removal 192 Racecourse Rd, Ashburton for thefact2nd for year the in a row this manner from our second year in a row.” 03 308 0287 or 0274 832 712 Farm Conversions highly experienced www.granthoodcontracting.co.nz Dairy Tracks - Lime or Gravel R 2 012 R 2 013 “We consider dedicated team the NE NE environment for all of operators and 832 works we undertake 192 Racecourse Rd, Ashburton 03 308- 0287 RD - or 0274WA RD - 712 AWA -A W W management” www.granthoodcontracting.co.nz IN NER 2 IN NER 2 and are proud our

peers have recognised this fact for the second year in a row.”


“Grant Hood Contracting Ltd’s

Member of


Bulk Earthworks Sub Divisions Site Works











Phone 307-5830 - Cnr East St & Walnut Ave, Ashburton

TransportationA/H Gavin Johnston 027 450 7544 – Richard Burns 027 486 7546

www.ashburton.toyota.co.nz OR


2 26

Farming Dairy Focus


Dairy farming best practice up for Synlait Milk hosted its second Lead With Pride Focus Day at a local supplier’s farm near Rakaia. The event was attended by more than 60 Synlait suppliers and rural professionals who were eager to hear about dairy farming best practice. Many of the suppliers are working through their Lead With Pride certification and found the range of information, tips and insights on offer valuable. “We want to support our suppliers who are keen to demonstrate best practice on their dairy farm,” Synlait Milk supply manager David Williams said. “This focus day is a chance for them to hear from certified suppliers and professionals about aspects of the programme that will help them on their farm.” Attendees heard from a range of speakers and rotated around four stations with a focus on each pillar of the Lead With Pride programme. John Saunders, Research Officer at Lincoln University’s Agribusiness and Economics

Unit, kicked the day off with a presentation on market place demand for best practice programmes like Lead With Pride. He reinforced that quality and farm assurances are front of mind for customers, especially in developing countries. Richard Nortje, from Rangiora Vets, oversaw the animal health and welfare station with a focus on the assessment of lameness in dairy herds and the cost to farmers. Synlait suppliers Lance and Wendy Main supported Richard by sharing their experience of lameness, including the need to maintain records and focus on identification, treatment and prevention. People Mad’s Sarah Watson discussed performance management of farm staff at the social responsibility station. Synlait supplier Wim Verberne’s experience of putting performance management measures in place provided attendees with a useful case study around implementing initiatives on farm. Maintaining top milk quality

was the focus of Synlait Farms’ Andy Millar and Athol New, on the milk quality station. They highlighted key aspects that contribute to milk quality, including the challenges of achieving a grade-free season, the benefits of excellent farm dairy and animal health practices as well as the importance of

setting goals and measuring performance against them. Synlait environmental advisor Jeremy Burgess, oversaw the environment station. Effluent system implementation was discussed in front of the farm’s above-ground effluent storage facility. Using the operational facility as a case study, Mr Burgess told attendees about

the management of the implementation process from concept to completion. “We’re happy to talk with any dairy farmers who want to lead the way in terms of best practice. It takes a lot of commitment but the benefits of becoming a certified Lead With Pride supplier are clear – you get more out of your farm and





r discussion


A long lasting product


you become a leader who sets the bar for others,” Mr Williams said. The Lead With Pride programme is Australasia’s first internationally accredited ISO/IEC 17065 dairy farm assurance system, recognising suppliers who demonstrate industry leadership by certifying them against dairy farming best practice. Certification is independently audited by AsureQuality.

• Entire Auger Constructed with 12ga Tube • Powder Coat Plus™ • Entire Auger made with Iron Edge™ Flighting • Up to 50% Thicker than Regular Flighting • Overflow Protection • Available in 10” and 13”

Above – Richard Nortje, from Rangiora Vets, talks about the cost of lameness. Above left – Sarah Watson, from People Mad, talks about performance management. PHOTOS SUPPLIED

H Series

Hydraulic Scissory Lift

FEED SYSTEMS NOW AVAILABLE THROUGH PMR PMR are pleased to announce that they are now able to supply total dairy feed systems through our supplier GSI into both rotary and herringbone dairy complexes. PMR offer

• Site Consultation

• Supply

• Design

• Installation and Repairs

The range of products include bulk storage silos, hopper bottom silos, roller mills, flex flo coreless augers and grain augers. WAKELY ROLLER MILLS From 1.5tph through to 30tph plus.

GSI SILOS Flat bottomed or hopper. 5 tonnes to 10,000 tonnes. Can be fitted with stirrers and unload systems. Dairy Feed Systems now available.




Ashburton: 25 McNally, Ashburton 7700. Phone (03) 307-2027 Timaru: 81 Hilton Highway, Washdyke 7910. Phone (03) 688-7042 Ashburton: 25 McNally, Ashburton 7700. Phone (03) 307-2027 Timaru: 81 Hilton Highway, Washdyke 7910. Phone (03) 688-7042

Dairy Feed and Crop Storage Specialists


Dairy Feed and Crop Storage Specialists

03 303 7266 | Web: www.pmr.co.nz Email: paul@pmr.co.nz Mobile: 0274 151 390 Email: dave@pmr.co.nz Mobile: 0275 146 609

2 28

Farming Dairy Focus


Industry awards’ popularity continues The 2015 New Zealand Dairy Industry Awards has continued to attract large numbers of first-time entrants to the awards programme, which aims to help people progress their career in the dairy industry. Of the 532 entries received across the Sharemilker/Equity Farmer of the Year, Farm Manager of the Year and the Dairy Trainee of the Year categories, 338 have entered one of the contests for the first time, national convener Chris Keeping said. The Sharemilker/Equity Farmer contest attracted 114

entries, of which 69 are new entrants. In the farm manager competition there are 94 firsttime entrants from a total of 160, and 175 entrants in the dairy trainee contest are firsttimers from the 258 entrants. “The sharemilker contest is the country’s longest running dairy farming competition and hundreds, actually more likely thousands, of sharemilkers have participated over the years. So we are rapt that the awards programme has remained relevant and attractive to new entrants each year.” continued next page

Vacuum Tankers – In Stock Now

Best spec’d tanker we could find... 1600 Slurry Tanker

2050G Slurry Tanker




• 6000L (9000L/PM pump) • Hydraulic Jack • 550/60R 22.5 tyres Standard: • Mudguards • Wide angle PTO shaft • 20” suction hose • Sprung Draw Bar • Brakes



• 7200L (9000L/PM pump) • Self fill ready • 550/60R 22.5 tyres Standard: • Mudguards • Wide angle PTO shaft • 20” suction hose • Sprung Draw Bar • Brakes



• 7200L (9000L/PM pump) • 6” self fill • 23.1 x 26 tyres Standard: • Mudguards • Wide angle PTO shaft • 20” suction hose • Sprung Draw Bar • Brakes



• • • •

8100L (9000L/PM pump) 6” self fill ready Paddle stirrer Made to suit AgQuip trailing shoe • Pipe down inside • 550/60 x 22.5 tyres • Hydraulic jack Standard: • Mudguards • Wide angle PTO shaft • 20” suction hose • Sprung Draw Bar • Brakes


All pricing plus GST

Ashburton: 225 Alford Forest Road, PH 03 307 8330 Timaru: 252 Hilton Highway, PH 03 688 1133 Oamaru: Karora Road, PH 03 437 2007


• 8100L (9000L/PM pump) • 6” self fill ready • Hydraulic jack • Spare 4 bolt flange plate • 550/60 x 22.5 tyres Standard: • Mudguards • Wide angle PTO shaft • 20” suction hose • Sprung Draw Bar • Brakes


Michael Gallagher (Ashburton)

$34,400 Greg Risk (Ashburton)



• 9200L (11,000L/PM pump) • 6” self fill boom and pot • Hydraulic jack • 28.1 x 26 tyres • Recessed tank • Spare 4 bolt flange plate Standard: • Mudguards • Wide angle PTO shaft • 20” suction hose • Sprung Draw Bar • Brakes

• 9200L (11,000L/PM pump) • 6’’ self fill ready • Made to suit Agquip Trailing Shoe • Pipe down inside • Low spreader plates • Spare 4 bolt flange plate • 30.5 x 32 tyres Standard: • Mudguards • Wide angle PTO shaft • 20” suction hose • Sprung Draw Bar • Brakes

Dallys O’Neill (Timaru)


Graham Pooke (Timaru)

Nathan Bagrie (Timaru)


Graeme Denize (Oamaru)

0274 430 453 0274 410 025 027 688 3312 0274 847 217 0274 986 524 0274 326 111



from page 28 Jeremy Duckmanton, who manages the contest’s Canterbury North Otago region with his wife Stacey, said there were 17 entries in the regional sharemilker context, 22 in the farm manager competition and 34 in the dairy trainee category. “We are really happy with the entries this year and a lot of the credit has to go our committee and sponsors that have helped encourage and support people to enter, and we have a very strong bunch of entrants with a good mix of past entrants through all competitions,” Mr Duckmanton said. “They will be busy getting their presentations prepared for the judging process which begins in February. It’s exciting and nervous times for all, but the hard work put in now reaps many rewards later.” Entrants met with sponsors earlier this month to learn more about how the competition is run and pick up some tips on how to run a

presentation. “They also met fellow entrants and the very important sponsors of the competition, it was a great chance to network with other people involved in our great industry. “There are exciting times ahead and there is a real buzz about the competition this year as demonstrated by our entrant numbers and we have

reviewing the awards programme and structure to ensure we embrace the variety of employment arrangements and trends being taken on farms,” Mrs Keeping said. “It’s also incredibly important to us that all entrants have a positive experience from entering the competitions. This may be learning some new ideas

There are exciting times ahead and there is a real buzz about the competition this year ...

the most entries in each of the three competitions throughout all 11 regions nationally.” With a theme of Passion for Progression, the awards programme has developed to assist people as they progress through the varying steps in the industry – from farm assistant to farm manager and on to sharemilking and farm ownership. “We are continually

or skills, making friends or having some fun as at the end of the day all entrants need to have gained some value from the process and we hope they will want to experience that again either in the same competition or another as they progress.” Visit www. dairyindustryawards.co.nz for more information on the awards programme.

Left – Dairy Industry Award’s Canterbury North Otago regional manager Jeremy Duckmanton. PHOTO ASHBURTON GUARDIAN 

We build for industries. Starting with the primary ones. At Calder Stewart we’ve never forgotten where we

build - matched to your exact farming needs.

started, building quality farm buildings for the Kiwi

We pride ourselves at being a Rural Design &

farm industry. And over the course of the last 55

Build specialist and have gained a considerable

years of involvement, we’ve developed something

reputation in meeting the needs of many a farmer

of a knack for it. Our dedicated team’s expertise

over the years. Let us put our expertise to work for

in constructing custom woolsheds, covered yards,

you; call your nearest Calder Stewart Construction

wintering sheds and state-of-the-art dairy sheds

Representative today and see how we can deliver

ensures practicality, quality and a professional

a farm building that suits.

Over 55 Years Farm Building Experience A Rural Design and Build Specialist Premium Grade Construction Materials Used Durable & Rugged Design is Standard Best Value-for-Money in the Industry

Donald Sutton 211 Alford Forest Road, Ashburton

(03) 307 6130

To learn more visit our website:



2 30

Farming Dairy Focus


Are you ready for new safety act? As you’ll now be aware the Health and Safety Reform Bill has been introduced to Parliament, with the new act coming into force from midyear. Is your farm ready for the new changes? If not, you could get slapped with a big fine, or worse your staff could lose life or limb! The new bill represents a welcome shake-up to New Zealand’s health and safety landscape and this may have repercussions for farmers who are complacent when it comes to the safe use of machinery in the workplace. The H&S blueprint is set out to reduce our workplace injury and death toll by a lofty 25 per cent by 2020 and the agricultural industry with its inherent risks involving dangerous machinery and irrigation equipment can only benefit from this.

Get specialist assistance The new reform bill will create the new Health and Safety at Work Act, replacing

Matt Jones


the Health and Safety in Employment Act 1992. Are you an expert on every facet of this bill? We strongly suggest that farmers stay legal by consulting with their local health and safety compliance partner. They make this hassle free for you by setting up, maintaining and monitoring a fully customisable system for your farm. This is truly a minimal investment for a priceless return plus you have the peace of mind that your workplace is a safe one. Having a great health and safety system in place also positions you as an employer of choice, keeps the inspectors away from your gate and makes it easier for you to attract top farm talent

Is your farm ready for the new changes? If not, you could get slapped with a big fine, or worse your staff could lose life or limb! to take all practicable steps to ensure the safety of an employee. Aside from the repercussions to the employer, even more devastating is that this particular employee now suffers ongoing pain and acute carpal tunnel syndrome which one could argue is more detrimental than being out of pocket from a fine. Agstaff is aware of some close calls that could have been much worse, and more disturbingly, easily prevented.

in the long term. While it seems a bit redundant to remind you of this again, needless accidents still happen on our farms – let’s make 2015 safer for all of us!

A recent case study You are most likely aware of this story that garnered quite a bit of press, where Riverlands Eltham Ltd was fined nearly $58,000 and ordered to pay reparations of $15,000 after a meatworker’s hand was caught and trapped in a hoof machine. He was inexperienced, unsupervised and wasn’t properly trained to operate the equipment. They were recently sentenced under the Health and Safety in Employment Act for failing

Farm machinery – an accident waiting to happen? Employers are responsible for the health and safety of their employees and any other

people who can be harmed by the actions or inactions of their employees. Employers must, as far as practicable: ■■ Never let anyone under 15 operate machinery. ■■ Keep workers safe from hazards at work by identifying and managing hazards. ■■ Make sure work is done safely. ■■ Provide protective clothing and equipment. ■■ Train and supervise workers so they can work safely, ensuring proper training is given for each piece of equipment. ■■ Provide an accident reporting system and follow up on any accidents, injuries or near misses. ■■ Develop procedures for dealing with emergencies. ■■ Always heed manufacturers’ instructions.

If an employer can only minimise a hazard, they must monitor the environment and the health of employees at all times. Matt Jones is managing director of Agstaff

Nils Macfarlane New Zealand Immigration Adviser IAA License No 201401035

Servicing the South Island Farming Community

For all of your farming immigration queries please phone:

Working with you for a greener tomorrow Specialists in all types of waste removal Frontload bins for General Waste Gantry Skips for Building sites or a home clean up

Call us today on 0800 240 120 | www.envirowaste.co.nz Email: christchurch@envirowaste.co.nz



Understanding phosphorus usability Lincoln University is joining forces with a prominent Chilean university research institute to address pressing issues involving the essential role of phosphorus in global food production. Professor Leo Condron, of Lincoln University’s Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences, recently spent six weeks at the Scientific and Technological Bioresources Nucleus (BIOREN) of the Universidad de La Frontera in Temuco, Chile, as part of a Biological Resource Management Fellowship funded by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). “The fellowship involved bringing together the complementary skills of Lincoln University and Universidad de La Frontera to investigate ways of improving the usability of phosphorus in agricultural systems,” said Professor Condron. The productivity of ecosystems is largely determined by the presence of phosphorus in soil. However, the world’s known phosphorus

reserves are steadily being depleted and demand is expected to exceed supply within 100 years. Most phosphorus applied as fertiliser is retained in soil and these reserves can be used to assist with future requirements, but a large amount of this residual phosphorus is not readily available to plants. A major reason for residual phosphorus being inaccessible involves the presence of certain minerals in acid soils, particularly a clay mineral called allophane, which is volcanic in origin. Researchers from Chile and New Zealand are well-placed to investigate the issue, as volcanic soils make up about 40 per cent of agricultural land in Chile, while acidity severely limits the productivity of hill and high country soils in New Zealand, which account for 75 per cent of agricultural land. “The main objective of the fellowship was to establish a series of experiments that would investigate the use of biotechnology tools to

enhance the availability of phosphorus in a range of acid soils from Chile and New Zealand,” Professor Condron said. Following his visit to Chile from November to December last year, Professor Condron has proposed a number of formal agreements between the two universities, including a joint graduation for PhD students at Lincoln and the Universidad de la Frontera. “This will formalise research links between the institutions by allowing students to graduate from both universities if they have spent at least six months at the secondary institution,” he said. Professor Condron is now formally involved in supervising several PhD students at the Universidad de la Frontera. First year Chilean PhD students Patricia Poblete Grant and Nicole Montablan Torres will spend three months at Lincoln University from April this year, and hope to be able to return for

a further three months to be eligible for double graduation.

Lincoln University’s Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences Professor PHOTO SUPPLIED Leo Condron.

Rural monthly publications IRRIGATION & DOMESTIC WATER WELLS


Guardian Farming



Lowlines pack a punch

Pages 3-5

President of the Australian Lowline Association Gordon Guthrie.


Need energy help?

• GPS/Mobiles (farm technology) • On farm storage • Cartage Transport • Business Profile • Seed feature

ATS is the only rural supplies co-operative providing farmers with free independent energy advice. Our partners offer a variety of pricing for both electricity and LPG with great discounts for our members.

Discuss your energy needs today, call Tracey Gordon on

0800 BUY ATS (289 287)

• Latest Well Drilling Equipment • Licenced owner operators • Generator for hire service

PUBLICATION Tuesday, February 10

ADVERT BOOKING Wednesday, January 28


ATS Energy_250x88mm_1114.indd 1

24/11/14 11:21 pm

Dairy Focus NOVEMBER, 2014

Dairy Focus • Dairy Industry Awards • Business profile

PUBLICATION Tuesday, February 24

The balancing act Pages 3-5 Staveley dairy farmer Carl Shannon with the faithful Meg


ADVERT BOOKING Monday, February 16

Phone: 027 255 8501 Scott

Farming Guardian Farming GUARDIAN


• • • •

Farming is cyclical – Leadley Page 18

Monthly columnist John Leadly shares his knowledge of how farming is a cyclical industry

Kirkwee SIFD CRT pages Business profile Education feature

PUBLICATION Tuesday, March 10


ADVERT BOOKING Monday, February 23

34 High Street, Geraldine Freephone 0508 227 237 Phone (03) 693 1403 Wayne 027 221 1467 Nigel 0274 822 315 www.barberdrilling.com


Dairy Focus

Dairy Focus


Gloomy forecast

Pages 3-4

Dairy farmers are tightening their belts in view of a revised downward payout this season.

Phone: 027 255 8501 Scott

Photo Eden Kirk- Williams

• Pasture management/ nutrients • Dairy conversions • Earthmoving and contracting • Business profile

PUBLICATION Tuesday, March 24

ADVERT BOOKING Monday, March 9


2016 Buy now. Start paying next year. That’s right. Take delivery of a brand new Deutz-Fahr tractor today, and make no repayments till February next year. No repayments, No interest, No worries at all. Pay only a pittance as a deposit (or provide a trade) on any of our full range of Deutz-Fahr tractors, and we’ll take care of your repayments this year. We’ll also ensure that when you start paying in 2016 it’ll be at highly-competitive rates and super-favourable terms. Let us help you through 2015. Contact your local Power Farming dealer to talk over the details. www.powerfarming.co.nz









Brian Miller Truck & Tractor

03 544 5723


Power Farming Timaru

03 687 4127


Marlborough Tractor Services

03 572 8787


Power Farming Otago

03 489 3489


Power Farming West Coast

03 768 4370


Power Farming Otago

03 418 3393


Power Farming Canterbury

03 349 5975


Power Farming Gore

03 208 9395


Power Farming Ashburton

03 307 7153


Power Farming Invercargill

03 215 9039

* 0% interest on finance until Feb 2016. Terms & conditions apply. Minimum of 10% deposit required (or trade). Total GST to be paid in month 3. Consult your Power Farming dealer for specific terms & conditions.

Profile for Ashburton Guardian

Dairy Focus January  

Ashburton Guardian Dairy Focus January

Dairy Focus January  

Ashburton Guardian Dairy Focus January