Page 1



Dairy Focus JUNE 2017


ITS FINEST Leading the way for our GenY

Pages 8-10


House of Hearing 31 July 2017.



Ashburton 03 307 8949 Fendalton 03 351 3535 Halswell 03 322 4326



Rangiora 03 310 7355 Blenheim 03 579 5353 Greymouth 03 768 5528

Farming Dairy Focus


Dairy Focus




Dairy Focus is proudly published by the Ashburton Guardian Limited

Enjoy reading Dairy Focus? You may also enjoy

Linda Clarke


Read the latest Guardian Farming online at guardianonline.co.nz We appreciate your feedback. Editorial Email your comments to Linda linda.c@theguardian.co.nz or phone 03 307 7957. Advertising For advertising enquiries email penny.s@theguardian.co.nz or phone 03 307 7973.


Post Ashburton Guardian, PO Box 77, Ashburton.



There’s a bit of everything in this issue. Professional drug and alcohol testers TDDA provided some data for farmers to consider recently, along with advice about specific policy designed to make sure drugs and alcohol don’t become health and safety issues that could cost thousands in the event of an accident or injury. People who are stoned or under the influence of alcohol don’t work in the same way as others, they are more likely to be involved in a crash or damage property. No farmer can afford that. But what happens to the excellent worker who fails a test? That’s also up to farmers - some may be dismissed

on the spot, others offered rehabilitation and a chance to clean up their act. For the drug naïve, there are also courses that can teach you what to look out for if you think drugs or alcohol are a workplace issue. Millennium Farming proposes a change in established thinking if dairy farmers want to attract and keep young staff to the industry. GenYs want variety and training as well as cash. DairyNZ outlined its action plan to deal with climate change at the Fieldays and says by November next year it will undertake a Greenhouse Gas onfarm recording pilot involving up to 100 Fonterra suppliers – it will include a methane report as part of environmental performance reporting. The majority of dairy farmers are doing their utmost to make sure their businesses are not harming the environment but it only takes one bad egg to take the shine off their good work. Calving is around the corner and they have a further opportunity to prove animal welfare is also a priority.

We offer:

Lack of literacy is a health and safety issue! a second Learn English as cost to language at no ents. permanent resid

• English classes for migrant workers specifically tailored to the farm environment they work in including common kiwi slang. • Assistance gaining on farm qualifications. • Classes catering to understand the new health and safety laws for both employees and employers.

• It’s not just your livestock that need to be in good condition • Banish the aches, itching or restless legs associated with your varicose veins • Treatment options include injections, laser or minimally invasive surgery


arge for non-res

There is a small ch

Corner Park & Havelock Street, Ashburton Phone 308 5322 | adult.literacy@xtra.co.nz


Was $1641

Now $985

N.Z. Pine Queen Bed & Mattress

Was $544

Now $354

N.Z. Pine Coffee Table with shelf 1.1m long

103 SOUTH STREET, ASHBURTON - 03 308 0417

Custom Made Furniture is our specialty.

We can make to your design in American Oak, Pine, Macrocarpa and N.Z Oregon

Was $1,576

Now $899

N.Z. Pine Dining Table +4 Chairs 1m x 750

Mon – Fri 8am-5pm | Sat 10-3pm

Was $914

Now $566

Macrocarpa 1.8m Bookcase 4 Shelf




Drug, alcohol abuse agrowing concern A Federated Farmers workshop in Ashburton looking at drug and alcohol problems on-farm attracted plenty of interest, as Linda Clarke reports.

A urine cup commonly used in the drug-testing process.

Linda Clarke


Farmers are turning to professional drug-testers to help them identify drugimpaired workers. The insurance industry says employees under the influence of drugs and alcohol cause farm accidents and push claims and premiums up by crashing vehicles, dropping things or leaving equipment behind. They can also cause a serious injury or death, and cost their bosses hundreds of thousands of dollars. The Drug Detection Agency (TDDA) runs a busy service drug and alcohol testing for business owners and Government departments. Farming is a major growth



area and the company is now providing educational courses that teach drug-naive employers what to look out for in their workplace. They even supply a handy app that has

Methamphetamine, or P, can cause pupils to constrict to pinpoints for up to 26 hours after a person uses. continued over page

Nutrition advice? Listen to the experts.

Nobody is closer to your animals than you – and nobody understands their unique nutrition needs more than our qualified NRM nutritionists. It’s their expertise that make our range of feeds some of the most scientifically advanced in the market. Plus having nationwide access to their in-depth knowledge will support your understanding of animal nutrition to improve the productivity and profitability of your farming operation. To arrange an on-farm visit, contact your local nutrition specialist or call 0800 800 380.

0800 800 380

a checklist for the signs of a drug-impaired worker. Eye pupils heavily dilated? The person is most likely to be stoned or under the influence of THC (found in cannabis).

www.nrm.co.nz Dr. Rob Derrick, Nutritionist

4 2

Farming Dairy Focus

www.guardianonline.co.nz From P3 TDDA’s general manager for the Canterbury, Otago and Southland area, Therese Gibbens, says THC was the most common cause of failed tests on farms, but methamphetamine fails were on the rise because workers reasoned they were better to smoke the drug and have it out of their system in a few days rather than smoke cannabis and have it able to be detected for up to 30 days afterwards. The fail rate is about 5 per cent when workers are tested pre-employment, randomly or after an accident or incident. Workers tested for reasonable cause failed about 30 per cent of testing. Gibbens said some workers who failed a test opted to quit their jobs rather than give up their drug of choice, while others used it as an opportunity to clean up their act. TDDA conducted 140,000 drug tests last year, 90 per cent by urine testing. The company has mobile vans and testers that travel to work sites around the South Island; test subjects must provide a urine sample in the presence of the tester who is trained to

NICK’S PETFOOD LIMITED “We’ve been in the industry for the past 15 years.”

Nick’s Pet Food Ltd buy unwanted animals • Cattle • Goats • Calves • Horses • Other farm animals Please call Nick for more information 027 210 1621/03 348 9439 or send us an email nick.pacey@hotmail.com



FEEDER ON SKIDS Steel trough with drainage holes drilled in each corner. Pre-galvanised sheet metal trough with feed barrier surround and fulllength skids for ease of movement. One side panel drops down for loading. Another feeder ideal for winter strip grazing. 26 feed spaces 3050mm (L), 1360mm (H), 1370 (W)



UK manufactured hot dip galvanising.



The squeeze panels operate quickly and quietly giving variable internal dimensions from 790mm down to 275mm. With squeeze and release controls on both sides of the crush letting the operator to perform tasks whilst keeping the animal calm and safe.






*All prices are GST exclusive

Give Riverdown Steel a call on 0211 433 469. Email - riverdownsteel@gmail.com NEW WEBSITE: www.riverdownsteel.co.nz



spot those hoping to cheat the test by secreting clean urine samples on their bodies. The cheaters and liars are obvious. Gibbens said farmers needed standalone drug and alcohol policies that should also detail the consequences of a failed test, which could include dismissal or rehabilitation. The policy should also include what happened to employees caught cheating or refusing a test. She said drugs and alcohol had been identified as contributors in some workplace deaths or serious injuries and farmers needed to make sure they met new health and safety regulations that say workplace hazards must be identified and mitigated. A worker impaired by drugs or alcohol is clearly a hazard on any farm. TDDA tests urine at $77.50 a pop for THC, opiates, overthe-counter benzodiazepines, cocaine, methamphetamine and amphetamine. They can also do a separate test for synthetic cannabis and use police-like breath-testers to identify the presence of alcohol. Failed tests, referred to as non-negatives, are sent to a laboratory to confirm the findings.

Gibbens said the testing thresholds were designed to catch regular users, passive smoking should not trigger a fail. Statistics for Canterbury last year showed 80.1 per cent of failed tests were for cannabis, 16 per cent for opiates, 11.2 per cent for amphetamine, 7.6 per cent for methamphetamine and 2.3 per cent for benzodiazepines. Testing farm houses for the manufacture or use of methamphetamine, also referred to as P, is also on


the rise, with swab tests able to indicate the toxicity of individual rooms. A telltale sign of manufacturing was the smell that accompanied the cooking process, which involves a cocktail of chemicals including drain clearer; a black tar-like substance that was a residue of the process was often found tipped out on gardens or into sealed containers for disposal. Gibbens said farmers could prevent drug or alcohol

impaired workers causing problems by testing and learning more themselves about the signs and behaviour of people using drugs. FMG rural manager Nick Macklin said drugs on farms caused accidents and were a health and safety issue that could cause a lot of headaches for farmers if was an incident. “It makes sense to try and manage it as best you can. We know that drugs and alcohol are an issue here in Ashburton and there are things we can do

to avoid them. We can provide advice and what can work on farms. We try to stop issues from happening at the get-go.” He said by instigating standalone drug and alcohol policies farmers protect their assets, reduce claims and premiums. “Often people have no idea drugs and alcohol are an issue on their farm. Dealing with that can significantly reduce claims.” Farmers as landlords of farm houses and cottages should also check references of prospective tenants using the www.tenancy.govt.nz website and make regular inspections. Electronic devices that detected drug odours could also be fitted to ceilings and information relayed to landlords. Farmers are clearly worried about the effect of drugs and alcohol on their operations with more than 40 people attending a workshop run by Federated Farmers in Ashburton recently. Federated Farmers Mid Canterbury president Mike Salvesen said it was a highly complex issue and farmers needed to make sure they protected themselves.


Visit us at Instore Days and you could win one of

5 x $1,000 plant vouchers*

Covering all your concrete needs. Working with Ruralco to help farmers grow their business At Meridian, we’re much more than just a power company. We are the onfarm electricity experts where you get:  A dedicated account management team who will look after all your electricity needs

For high quality concrete placing, contact Tony Worsfold on 027 450 8191 today.

13 Robinson Street, Riverside Industrial Estate, Ashburton Phone 03 307 6466 – www.paveco.co.nz

 Energy efficiency advice which can help you save money  Extra benefits for paying your electricity bill through Ruralco We’re in the neighbourhood and will be at the Ruralco Instore days, so get your latest bill for a “health check” and let us take care of the rest.

For a no obligation price comparison give us a call on 0800 496 444 or visit meridian.co.nz/ruralco

*Terms and conditions apply – visit meridian.co.nz/tandc

0305A-2_Ruralco_Instore_ad.indd 1


* Dairy yards * Wintering barns * Silage/feed pads * Driveways * Floor slabs * Paths/patios

 Pricing that suits your farm including seasonal or year round rates

6/06/17 10:19 AM

6 2

Farming Dairy Focus


The insidious side of twitter Craig Hickman

ELBOW DEEP @dairymanNZ

I enjoy being on Twitter, by and large it’s a fun place to share my experiences and learn from other farmers. I get to answer questions from people who want to learn, I get to hear other people’s perspectives and I’m often challenged by opposing viewpoints. The disagreements are honest and open; sometimes I can find no common ground with the person I’m talking to, but that’s okay, we each know where the other stands and we go our separate ways. There’s a more insidious side though, the troll who tries to undermine your position by claiming to be something they’re not. The first instance I came across was a person

claiming to be a dairy farmer with the delightful handle of @TownieHater. The persona they created was as thoroughly unpleasant as the name suggests, and that was the point; they wanted to portray dairy farmers as boorish, arrogant, self-centred narcissists who believed they could do no wrong.

Ironically many would say those are exactly the traits the creator of the account exhibits herself. It had some small success, mainly amongst people who wanted to believe that sort of thing, but by and large it was soon seen for what it was and, when it became apparent people were ignoring the

account, the creator claimed it was satire all along. A more recent example is @pureNZdairy, an account purporting to be from a dairy industry PR person. They went out of their way to bait anyone who wasn’t a dairy farmer and the account really took off with this gem: “Get real – who actually swims in

rivers anyway?? That’s just romantic idealism from the Greenies. People swim in chlorinated swimming pools”. Farmers were horrified and blocked the account, urban users of Twitter were horrified and took the tweets at face value. No matter how often I pointed out the account had to be a very bad parody, people were more than willing to believe a dairy industry representative was saying those things. Who was the genius behind @pureNZdairy? Who would want to portray dairying advocates as offensive trolls while in fact being offensive trolls themselves? GreenpeaceNZ of course! Fortunately their supporters don’t like being taken for fools, so a campaign that was largely ignored by farmers, while annoying potential allies, probably wasn’t the smartest move. Since they’ve owned up and put the obligatory “parody” line in the account’s bio I’ve seen nothing but scorn for the attempt and dismay from


Bulk Grain Storage Container Cartage Firewood Supplies Hay & Straw Cartage

• Agricultural Spraying • Lime & Super Spreading • Precision Nitrogen

Sowing • Log Cartage • Shingle Supplies • Swinglifting

• • • •

Grain Cartage Silo Storage Cool Storage Stock Cartage

Methven - Christchurch - Daily Freight Supplies Methven - Ashburton - Daily Freight Supplies ISO Accredited PO Box 28 Line Road, Methven

We’ve teamed up with Ruralco!

Ph 302 8616 - Fax 302 9657

Take advantage of this exclusive offer from Johnson Gluyas Tractors for Ruralco Cardholders ...

Have your service and repair work carried out now! Use your Ruralco Card and have your invoice split over 3 months, 3 equal payments with our progress payment option*. Don’t put your next service off, at Johnson Gluyas Tractors we know downtime can be costly, Get ahead of the field now and contact us today to ensure you get through your next season trouble free.

There’s nothing to it with Johnson Gluyas on your Farm! * Minimum spend $3,000+GST *Maximum Machinery purchase $20,000+GST ** Payment plan to be confirmed before purchase or before service work is commenced. *** Not to be used in conjunction with any other discount, special or promotion.


Ashburton: 225 Alford Forest Road, Ph 03 307 8330

Timaru: 252 Hilton Highway, Ph 03 688 1133

Buy now, Pay over 90 days! or

Take advantage of this progress payment option to purchase your New Machinery. 3 months, 3 equal payments, Interest Free! Payment by installment on your Ruralco Card makes buying your machine easier!

Ph 0800 58 28 28 Oamaru: 1 Karora Road, Ph 03 437 2007


people who have donated to them in the past. Greenpeace of course are claiming it as a brilliant success, cutting satire that was easily discerned by all but rural folk. The important thing here though isn’t the attempts to subvert rather than have an honest discussion, it’s the fact that people are so willing to believe the worst of us and how difficult that impression is to shake. You’ll have seen the furore around advertisements in the Timaru Herald; situations vacant looking for workers with three years’ experience on minimum wage and live in a rodent-infested Portacom. My Twitter feed blew up with indignation over poor working conditions, substandard housing and arrogant farmers. What’s the truth behind those ads? The most likely answer is the farmer in question had happy staff who wanted to stay but needed to renew their work permits. Renewal of those permits requires you to try and recruit


local staff, so the ads were designed to discourage applicants while fulfilling immigration formalities. Of course that’s not how the public sees it, and the headline from the very paper the ad was placed in screams Canterbury dairy farm reveals grim details of working conditions! Of course the ads weren’t proof of poor working conditions, they were a sign of frustration at what people need to go through to retain good staff. The ads were ill conceived and blew up far beyond what was intended, but we can’t rely on people to look beyond face value and see that. We can’t even rely on the media to dig deeper and report that, so we’ve got to be very careful what we put out there. Greenpeace don’t need to launch co-ordinated stealth campaigns when we so often inadvertently shoot ourselves in the foot.

So advanced, you can increase productivity by just lifting a finger.

Considering Selling? Call Mike who has proven rural expertise and the marketing reach to achieve the best result for your property. Mike Preston M 027 430 7041 | B 03 307 2400 mike.preston@bayleys.co.nz | www.mikepreston.co.nz WHALAN AND PARTNERS LTD, BAYLEYS, LICENSED UNDER THE REA ACT 2008.

When it comes to achieving maximum efficiency, higher yields and bigger profits, information is power. John Deere’s Precision Ag Technology provides a range of fully integrated products that maximise the performance of your machines and your business. Visit us today for an exceptional deal.


% P.A





0800 432 633 | www.dne.co.nz

Farming Dairy Focus

8 2



Millenials - change for good What is the inspiration behind the group?

Stu Taylor


Stu Taylor’s Kellogg Rural Leadership project “The dream that made us” is the concept behind Millennium Farming.

What is Millennium Farming? Who started it? Millennium Farming is a whole group of people who see the need for change to make dairy farming a lifestyle choice. I noticed the way I was running farms was no longer successful, made changes and want to share the solutions that have worked. People leadership needs to be a priority within the dairy industry.

To drive a culture shift trying to make farming fit the modern world, economically and socially. To make room for the next generation to innovate, be involved and provide solutions to the changing world.

What sort of feedback have you had since starting the group? We have received messages of positive change. Young blokes and women speaking about their goals and how they’ve had to change them as they’ve progressed. They’ve usually been told it’s a lot harder nowadays to get into farming. I’ve had people expressing how they’ve battled depression and opened up about how the lifestyle changes have helped them get through. We’ve also had feedback from farmers taking on in-laws’ or parents’ farms and trying to come up

with sustainable and efficient solutions together.

What is your farming background? I grew up on a Whangarei dairy farm milking 100 cows and am a fifth generation dairy farmer. I now run a farming operation in the lower North Island.

What are the biggest challenges for dairy farmers? Having high-powered people accept that the world has changed from that of their parents and adjusting their views of millennials to promote a change in mindset and culture. We need to shift from a “we’ve always done it this way” attitude to one which promotes a healthy working environment and personal lifestyle.

What does it need the most? I’m a dairy farmer, I know everything has changed and

From left - Mark, Stu and James.

I’ve found some solutions that have had positive feedback and that we find effective. I’ve provided techniques for our people around the need for change to ensure the sustainable future of our industry. We move our team around to increase skill levels, so every four to six weeks responsibilities are shifted. They might be doing pasture for a month, then tractors and maintenance the next month. We’ve found it helps team dynamics because they understand each other’s roles.


It provides training and when someone is away it means there is immediate cover. The team enjoys it because they get to try something different and find out where their passion lies. It allows people to be innovative. We’ve found millennials in particular want to try different things and need flexibility. Given the opportunity, they’ll come up with a better way of doing things that we can all use. It motivates them and it’s important for people to come through and learn for themselves.

Need ultra-Fast Rural Broadband? HOUSE | SHED | FARM

Dairy Track Cleaning Ltd Mid Canterbury wide dairy track cleaning and grading of shingle roads




TV on demand

Request a FREE site assessment

0800 000 945 www.ultimatebroadband.co.nz

A well maintained track will: • Decrease maintenance costs • Improve cow flow and increase work efficiency • Decrease the incidences of lameness




GenYs want to work

Where do you see the industry in 20 years? Forward thinking and proud of cutting-edge technology and innovation. Providing a high quality food product with goals to be environmentally sustainable. Farmers need to take care of themselves, maintaining health and wellbeing, while reinforcing animal health and respect towards stock. We will become an industry of choice for the next generation.

Amy Charman is a young woman working her way into the dairy industry. One day she would like to manage a farm but right now she measures success in cash, training and support from her farming family at Kintore Farm in Mid Canterbury. She is learning on the job and loving it. Charman, 18, belongs to Generation Y, a body of young people born from 2000 on, which Millennium Farming says must be attracted to the industry for the same reason other young people choose jobs – money, regular working hours, support and training. It is a culture shift for many dairy farmers, who know a lot about milking cows and growing grass, but less about managing people. Charman started working on Kintore Farm last December after leaving Rangiora High School. She had wanted to be a veterinarian since the age of five, but was persuaded to give the dairy industry a go after a period of relief milking. She has already spotted the

opportunities on farm and how technology is making life easier. She is not made to feel uncomfortable when she makes a mistake and when she needs time off for important events, it is always taken into consideration with a positive outcome. She sees not a ladder but a web of job opportunities, not necessarily ending in farm ownership. “We need more farmers willing to do that. It keeps us younger people thinking about things and wanting to keep on in the industry.” Charman says dairy farming was not promoted at her high school as a career. The industry has a reputation for attracting those already passionate about dairy farming or those desperate for a job. She has found dairying is not just about milking cows and feeding them. “So many times I have to tell people that. There is a bigger picture that people don’t get, you have to understand soil nutrients and animal health.

Amy Charman a passionate millennial.

There are so many areas that are part of it.” GenYs want to work alongside experienced dairy farmers and learn, but they didn’t want to be slaves to entrenched practices and long hours that make the lifestyle hard on family life or friendships. Charman said she often



hears from her peers on other farms that employers complain about staff coming and going, but GenYs needed opportunities to grow and learn, or just simply a better lifestyle to make them stay. As farmers we need to wake up, it’s not just about us, it’s about all people in the farming family.


With fast productivity & firsthand knowledge, we can keep all types of slurry systems working efficiently No nutrient overloading like Umbilical Systems 3 Joskin tankers can empty over 1000m3 in a day Apply slurry anywhere on the farm - no limitations Joskin 26000ltr tanker disc injector Injecting into the ground where plants need it the most

M: 027 281 2089 P: 307 2124 SLURRY AND MUCK SPREADING

W: mattlovett.co.nz

10 2

Farming Dairy Focus



Find your team’s key drivers How do you drive innovation within your team? Millennium Farming has a belief that innovation starts and ends with great people and requires great leadership to make this cultural shift that we aim for within our industry. It’s amazing how many farms do not find out what drives people, for me it is about first and foremost being a team member and included in what the farm overall targets are. It’s about socialising with like-minded people and sharing our achievements and lessons we’ve learned from what works and what doesn’t work, no one ever farms the same and no way is the right or the wrong way. It’s about what suits different cost structures and farm systems. With the new season, in sight, do you want to drive your team or do you need some spare hands to help make your day easier? DairyNZ helps your team climb that ladder thrown free community events that are locally organised.

Trudy Bensted


I believe we are all chasing sustainability and long term goals for an effective lifestyle. Thankfully in New Zealand there is a career path within the dairy industry. However, structures have changed from the family farm to the more corporatised farm which makes it seemingly more challenging to progress but with the right support and determination it’s still achievable. Personally, I’m very ambitious within the industry so I’ve found there are a lot of people who have a wealth of knowledge and it really broadens your views. DairyNZ work with councils, farmers and authorities to help ensure

sound policy development when tackling environmental issues head on. Three years of a low payout created a lot of discussion for the industry on trying to find the silver lining. During the low payout, topics were interesting, getting that wider view from neighbouring farms all wearing the same gloomy hat. It may not have been relevant to me at the time, but it’s given me a realistic view of how we can work our way around these dairy hurdles. It’s also a great way of discussing environmental changes and keeping up to date with all those rules and regulations. There’s all sorts of eyeopening discussions and the people aspect of it all is great. You actually can regain your social sanity again thanks to the like-minded farmers in your area. You will all experience similar struggles at the same time during unpredictable seasons, resparking your feed management strategies.

Dairy is always somewhat challenging and for us as younger staff trying to progress we thrive on these struggles and take note for what may cross our paths in years to come. I believe DairyNZ’s

discussion groups are a great network and we need to remind farm owners, who want to see their staff progress, of that. Even if you have progressed, it doesn’t mean you have to stop.




PMR are able to supply total feed delivery systems through our supplier GSI into both rotary and herringbone dairy complexes. PMR offer

• Site Consultation

• Supply

• Design

• Installation and Repairs WAKELY ROLLER MILLS Suitable for processing a wide range of crops. From 1.5tph through to 30tph plus.


SILO LADDER SAFETY CAGE Cages, platforms and handrails can be ordered to meet AS/NZ Standards. Can be designed to suit seed cleaning equipment, breweries and all manner of on farm or factory sites.

Dairy Feed and Crop Storage Specialists

The all round mill for the grinding of grain and crops. Low power consumption, quiet operation and minimum dust levels. Superior to mill grain.

Dairy Feed and Crop Storage Specialists

TEL 03 303 7266 MOBILE 0275 146 607 EMAIL steve@pmr.co.nz MOBILE 0274 151 390 EMAIL paul@pmr.co.nz www.pmr.co.nz


Free use of pond stirrer.

Line spreading boom is very interesting as it makes it possible to lay slurry at the foot of the plants without slowing down the growth of the vegetation and with no slurry residue in the forage (essential for grass and maize silage). The working principle of the Penditwist boom is very simple. Coming from the tank, the slurry goes through one (two) macerator(s) before flowing in the pipes and being softly laid down on the ground. Call today to book your pond or tank!


Articulated fill arms to reach in any pond.



Touch Screen Control

Effluent Traffic Lights

cnr Montreal & St Asaph Streets, Christchurch www.christchurchmitsubishi.co.nz

Sales, Service & Parts:

03 379 0588

SCOOP PURCHASE 2016 - 4WD 2.4L Diesel


SAVE $13,000

Christchurch Mitsubishi have a LIMITED NUMBER of Short-term lease returned Pajero Sports VRX available for $53,990 drive away (7 seat RRP $66,990+orc), most having travelled under 15,000kms available for immediate delivery. Includes balance manufacturers warranty.


The Ultimate Driving Machine

THE NEW LIFESTYLE EDITION BMW X3 xDRIVE28i. It’s the perfect combination of luxury, style and raw power that earns the new Lifestyle Edition BMW X3 xDrive28i its place in the BMW X Range. Get the ultimate driving experience from $97,500. Plus for a limited time, enjoy $10,500 worth of additional premium features for no extra cost.* With limited availability, now’s the time to book a test drive at Christchurch BMW.



20" M Light Alloy Wheels

Panoramic Glass Sunroof

Head-Up Display

• • • • • • •


Christchurch BMW 30 Manchester Street, Christchurch. 03 363 7240 ChristchurchBMW.co.nz *Price excludes on-road costs. Includes 5 year warrant/roadside assist and 3 years’ service inclusive. Offer based on BMW X3 xDrive28i Lifestyle Edition. Lifestyle edition includes $10,500 worth of additional feature specification. Limited stock available. Not to be combined with any other offers. For full car specification see www.bmw.co.nz



Farmer’s focus on nitrogen loss a winner The dairy industry’s action plan for climate change is being aided by the work of Canterbury dairy farmer Tony Coltman, who has been focusing on nitrogen loss. The plan is spearheaded by DairyNZ, in partnership with Fonterra, and was revealed at the national fieldays earlier this month. DairyNZ chief executive Tim Mackle said modern, science-based farming was the way to achieve a future for New Zealand where dairy farming had a lower environmental footprint. Coltman has been focusing on farm efficiency and using fine-tuned environmental management to do it. His 1400-cow, 335ha (effective) farm uses technologies designed to improve its sustainability and will ultimately also reduce the farm’s carbon footprint. Coltman is a monitor farmer for the DairyNZ-led Forages for Reduced Nitrate Leaching programme, which aims to reduce nitrate leaching losses by 20 per cent by delivering proven, adaptable, and profit-

Tony Coltman and Dana Carver have been focusing on nitrogen loss.

able pasture and forage crop options for dairy, arable and mixed livestock farms. “We joined the project to

understand the environmental footprint of our business better and to contribute to the industry’s understanding of


whole environment issues at a practical farming level, with real numbers,” he says. The farm has a range of

environmental initiatives in place, particularly focused on reducing nitrate leaching. “Ultimately the environment drives efficiency, which is what our business is about. “There are both financial and environmental benefits. We want to look after our environment.” To reduce nitrate leaching, the farm has reduced nitrogen use from 290kg N/ha to 240kg N/ha, has changed supplementary feed from high protein to low protein/high starch to reduce urinary nitrogen levels and introduced diverse pastures (plantain). Fodder beet is also fed to milking cows. Other initiatives include increasing the farm area receiving dairy effluent, utilising a feed pad, variable rate irrigation, soil moisture monitoring and computer modelling to look at improvement opportunities. Coltman’s efforts to optimise the farm’s environmental management will contribute to a lower carbon footprint by the industry. “We all play a part in this and we all need to contribute. We need to understand it better.”

Get the right advice when buying and selling your livestock



Ashburton: 25 McNally, Ashburton 7700. Phone (03) 307-2027 Ashburton: 25 McNally, Ashburton 7700. Phone (03) 307-2027 Timaru: 81 Hilton Highway, Washdyke 7910. Phone (03) 688-7042 Cromwell: 9 Rogers St, Cromwell 9310. Phone (03) 445 4200 Timaru: 81 Hilton Highway, Washdyke 7910. Phone (03) 688-7042

With over 30 years in the farming industry and three years as an agent, we pride ourselves on providing the right knowledge and options to help make the best decisions when buying or selling your livestock.

Contact Paul Bailey on 027 229 9774 paul@canterburylivestock.co.nz www.canterburylivestock.co.nz

14 2

Farming Dairy Focus


A healthy soil is key to healthy crops High performance agriculture is defined as allowing plants to express in full, their inherent genetic potential by providing nutrition and the environment they need in a sustainable way. To achieve high performance a soil should be composed of 45 per cent minerals, 5 per cent humus, 25 per cent water and 25 per cent air. This is achieved by a balanced mineral application determined by a soil audit for each particular soil. It’s the chemical make-up of that soil which determines the physical structure, the correct physical structure provides an environment for the biology. It’s the biology that provides the foundation for soil health by having adequate mineral nutrition, in a form readily available to plants, supplied by an active soil microbial community. The key to plant production and the concept to grasp is when we provide a plant with greater levels of nutrition, the performance of these plants is greatly increased. It all starts with photosynthesis, absorbing

water from the soil, CO2 from the air and through a catabolic process with sunlight energy forms carbohydrates (sugars) inside the leaves of green plants. The Australian soil ecologist Dr Christine Jones termed this the liquid carbon pathway, (liquid carbon is basically dissolved sugars. Sugars are formed in plant chloroplasts during photosynthesis. Some of the sugars are used for growth and some are exuded into soil by plant roots to support the microbes involved in nutrient acquisition). This microbial support is also required to improve soil structure, increase macro and micronutrient availabilities and enhance soil waterholding capacity. Anything we can do to increase the plants’ photosynthesis capacity will increase the plants’ energy. Photosynthetic capacity is derived relative to (A) balanced mineral nutrition and (B) the micro-biology content, in the soil. Nitrogen fixation depends on energy efficiency.

It takes a lot of energy and requires a lot of sugars from photosynthesis and minerals, which means tuning the entire system by improving first sulphur, boron, silicon then calcium, magnesium and phosphorus, as well as enzymatic co-factors – zinc, manganese, copper, iron, molybdenum and cobalt. Many of these elements are essential for resistance to pest and diseases and the resilience to climatic extremes such as drought or frosts. A lot of chemicals and fertilisers are counterproductive to producing humus. The application of large quantities of inorganic N, as found in urea, MAP and DAP, can compromise the effective system of producing N in the soil. In addition, large quantities of water-soluble P, such as that found in superphosphate, MAP and DAP, compromises the symbiotic relationship with mycorrhizal fungi, which are essential for maximising the ability of plants to obtain water nitrogen and minerals

from the soil. We must comprehend two important facts, (A) that the activity of the microbial life in the soil along with the process of photosynthesis in plants is solely responsible for directly or indirectly supplying the world food supply (B) that many of the traditional farming practises (that formerly were called best managements practices) are

detrimental to that biology. Tillage, glyphosate, chemicals, synthetic fertilisers, seed treatments, mono pasture species, are all contributing too most of the issues and problems that’s facing agriculture environmental and sustainability today. The greatest road block in solving a problem is the human mind. Many conventional farmers are

Charlies Takeaways Charlies Takeaways rAKAIA

A Division of Robsons Canterbury A Division of Robsons Canterbury





intaining, pumps supplied and fitted

ALL ANIMAL EFFLUENT EMPTIED AND SPREAD - IF ThE POO IS WET OR DRY, WE’LL REMOvE AND MAKE FLY MuckIT spreader, 14 Vacuum Trucks Water Tankers Water Jetters 20,000 Litre Tractordrawn Tanker Dry Muck Spreaders Front End Loader Port-a-loos

a new addition to our fleet

POTABLE WATER DELIVERIES • PORT-A-LOO HIRE ANDEMPTIED SERVICING • WATER JETTER WITH DRAIN CAMERA ALL ANIMAL EFFLUENT AND SPREAD Rakaia 0800 372 004 Contact us for free advice and quotationsVisit our website for Rakaia: 0800 372003 004 Christchurch: 372 003 more0800 information Christchurch 0800 372 Email: robsonenviro@xtra.co.nz Website:www.robsonenvironmental.co.nz www.robsonenvironmental.co.nz robsonenviro@xtra.co.nz


100% Canterbury family owned operated | Inin the business years 100% Canterbury family ownedand & operated • Been thewaste business for overfor 4040 years


making really significant strides in sustainability, but many farmers are persisting with a farming system that’s failing them. A system approach to problem solving in agriculture. I have mentioned a lot about changing farming systems, what do I mean? We have to shift from a farming system focusing on


only production and yield to a farming system focusing on quality, protein and stewardship, benefitting the environment and sustainability by apply systems thinking to what you are doing. Our food systems are complex, how I farm and what I produce doesn’t just affect us personally but effects our environment and human health, political stability and

a problem and its cause. Asking why, instead of how, makes us really think about what we are doing, and it’s that thinking that can lead to long-term sustainable solutions with minimal unintended consequences. Animal health issues and deficiencies therefore are a reflection on the mineral content of the soil. And if minerals are needed to be added to supplemental feed to keep animals alive and to support and maintain production, then it’s a direct indication of mineral or microbial deficiencies in the soil.

ultimately the stabilisation of our planet is important. The quality of food that we are producing is having a dramatic effect on the health of the nation and its repercussion on the economy from both medical and economic measure are reaching epidemic proportions, and will continue unless we change. Taking a system approach for problem solving is a valuable tool of how to make our farming more resilient and profitable. System thinking makes us think about what we are doing, which is not always pleasant. Most of us have been raised as linear thinkers, we have been taught to see a direct absolute relationship between cause and effect. An example of linear thinking, for lack of grass, is applying more urea, or spraying a weed or pest rather than understanding and changing the environment which created the problem in the first place. A system thinking approach takes the relationship between

is that environment which determines genetic expression (Epigenetics). What we are demonstrating is that there are soil fertility systems, able to reduce the artificial nitrogen application on traditional dairy farms by up to 200 per cent without compromising yield and profitability. On one farm trial over several years we have produced more kgs of milk solids and kgs of DM per ha with half the nitrogen application, and a greater gross margin than a conventional fertiliser system. On cropping farms, produce record yields, decrease the amount of chemicals, pesticides, weeds and diseases. All this with added benefit of being profitable, truly sustainable and meeting environmental goals within the 20 kgs /N leaching limit. So, let the results speak for themselves. In the end, it’s common sense with good science. D L Hart, Top Soils, Biological Farming and Soil Fertility Consultant.

Future: On being a plant

“For me, it is far better to grasp the universe as it really is than to persist in delusion, however satisfying and reassuring.” - Carl Sagan Until we change the human mind we are not going to change anything. Healthy soil produces healthy plants but the reverse is also true, healthy plants build healthy soils and it

The Answer, Truly Lies in The Soil




Don Hart 027 432 0187 or 03 302 8191 Lydia-Beth Gundry 027 698 9907

Duncan Humm 027 228 1073 Henry Wardell 027 212 0737 Rangiora



















To o s




The added benets: Protability Sustainability Meet environmental goals


H P.

No compromises: Produce record yields Reduce chemical and pesticide use Decrease weeds and diseases



Top Soils are demonstrating, by xing soils using the Kinsey-Albrecht system of soil fertility, it is possible to reduce articial Nitrogen applications up to 200%.


16 2

Farming Dairy Focus


Trans-Tasman battle of the farmers For the first time in the 49year history of the FMG Young Farmer of the Year, a Trans-Tasman Olympic Ag battle will take place between New Zealand and Australia. Current champion and dairy farmer, Athol New, will take on Australian winner Marty McConnon in what is promising to be the most anticipated agricultural event of the year at the Grand Final of the FMG Young Farmer of the Year on July 7 at Feilding. The fierce rivalry of both nations will see New and McConnon stretched to the limits of endurance as they race off beside each other in a number of physical challenges. Fresh off winning the 2016 FMG Young Farmer of the Year, Athol is an emerging talented leader in the food sector and has recently been sharing his journey from small -town Northland to a manager of five dairy farms. He will go into the transTasman battle as the hot favourite after his outstanding performance in all areas of

last year’s contest where he finished high up the ladders in all aspects of the contest including the agri-sports. His cool head under pressure will mean McConnon will have a difficult time on his hands when he attempts to take the Trans-Tasman Olympic Ag trophy back over the ditch.The 27-year-old has a wide variety of skills and works for leading Tasmanian harvest contractor C and J Spencer Agriculture in combine operations. His role in the company managing day-to-day running of combine operations sees him managing staff, maintaining machinery and handling field and workshop maintenance. Like many grand final winners, McConnon took the Tasmanian Rural Youth title home last year after many years of dedication and perseverance and is looking forward to utilising his experience in New Zealand to learn from NZ Young Farmers. FMG Young Farmer of


Athol New will put Kiwi pride on the line in a Trans-Tasman challenge.

the Year Contest chairman Dean Rabbidge said the shared history between the two nations means the TransTasman Olympic Ag battle will be fiercely fought over. “It’s the pride of New Zealand and Australia at stake and just like with any sporting

rivalry between both nations, both will be desperate to take the inaugural trophy home. “This will be a must-see event and we are expecting large crowds to view the battle.” NZ Young Farmers CEO Terry Copeland welcomed the

new event and said it would further celebrate excellence in agriculture. “We are delighted to be able to showcase the skills of our Young Farmers in such a way and look forward to seeing the pair battle it out for the pride of their country.”

Benefits of our feeders

Curved Bale Bale Tine Tine

Square Feeders

Hay Feeders

Quality hay feeders from Palmer Agri Parts Direct are what your cows need!

Silage Tines

Give your cows the best... They will give it back to you! • Various sizes and types available • Safe feeding while eliminating as much wasted hay as possible • Longevity of the feeder maximised • Competitive prices • Deer and sheep feeders also available

Round Feeders

Cradle Feeders

0800 4 PALMERS - 0800 472 563 - 34 Robinson St, Riverside Industrial Estate, Ashburton




Giving calves the best possible start Hinds dairy farmer Jo Moore has Enerpro Feeds on her speed dial. She’ll be using their calf meal this year to give her new calves the best start possible in life. Moore and her calf rearer Rana Broomhall used Enerpro’s high-protein calf blends last year and she said the calves were well fed, content and happy with excellent rumen development. “We had 200 calves as replacements last year and they are the best calves we have ever had. We are stoked.” She said the benefits were obvious in weights recorded at six and nine month milestones and when the young heifers went to the run-off block in May, the grazier reported they had transitioned more easily to winterfeed and fodderbeet crops. Enerpro Feeds makes the calf meal in muesli form and in two protein levels; Enerpro20 can be introduced to calves from day two following colostrum feeding, while Enerpro16 is suitable for feeding through to optimum weight.

Both supplements are designed to be fed in conjunction with a quality calf milk. Moore said she committed to trialling the feed initially but kept placing more orders when she and Broomhall saw the calves were thriving. She said the fresh mix, which includes rolled grains, canola meal, soya meal, soya hull and DDGS as well as molasses, bovatec and other vitamins and minerals, ticked all the boxes and the calves quickly adapted to the solids after milk. Enerpro Feeds is owned by Christchurch couple Nikki and Noel Dew, who have been specialising in blended feed for dairy cows for four years. They added the calf meal to their range last year and were blown away by its popularity, selling three times more than they had initially anticipated. Nikki Dew said the calf meal was highly palat-

able and excellent value for money. The meal did not deteriorate in the wet, unlike pellets, and there was no waste. She said the blend was designed to help calves put on healthy weight and enable their bodies to grow in the same way young athletes needed a well-balanced diet. Its success was in the recipe and the fact it was freshly-made. The higher protein Enerpro20 costs $675 per M.T, plus GST, and the Enerpro16 $645 per M.T, plus GST, and is available throughout the South Island, ex Ashburton (Rural Transport). To see a sample, or for any other blended feed or palm kernel requirements, please don’t hesitate to call Nikki or Noel at Enerpro Feeds. Advertising feature

Happy calves on Enerpro20.


Calf rearing feeds for maximum growth NUTRITIONAL BENEFITS Highly Palatable encouraging early feed intake which is essential for early calf development and growth. Digestible Grains & Proteins facilitating better utilization by the calf. Balanced Specifications providing an optimum ratio of Protein & Energy. Contains Calcium promoting early bone development. Essential Vitamins & Minerals absolutely necessary of tissue and cell development. Contains Bovatec to help control and prevent Conccidiosis.

FEEDING GUIDE Enerpro 20 can be offered to calves ad-lib after 4 days of age following sufficient colostrum intake. From $675 per M.T* Enerpro 16 can be offered to weaned calves or from 4-6 weeks of age, until the desired weights are achieved. From $645 per M.T* Both calf supplements should be fed in conjunction with a suitable calf Milk Replacer with clean hay and water available at all times. *ex GST and delivery costs

INGREDIENTS Ingredients for both Enerpro 20 and Enerpro 16 are selected from:

PHONE 03 352 0301 | www.enerpro.co.nz

Wheat, Barley, Soyameal, Canola Meal, Corn DDGS, Soyabean Hulls, Lime Flour, Salt, Molasses, Soya Oil, Vitamins & Minerals, Bovatec No PKE is included in either Enerpro 20 or Enerpro 16. Both calf supplements contain essential Vitamins & Minerals along with Bovatec to help control Coccidiosis.

ENERPRO Calf Feed Analysis ENERPRO 20 Typical Analysis: Protein 20% min Energy 12.7MJ/KgDM Starch 24% NDF 25%

ENERPRO 16 Typical Analysis: Protein 16% min Energy 12.3MJ/KgDM Starch 20% NDF 35%

18 2

Farming Dairy Focus



Helping to kick lameness headache When he managed a large herd in Canterbury Mike Luke came to dread wet weather in autumn and the headache it would inevitably bring. Accompanying welcome autumn rains would be an outbreak of lameness through the 950 head herd that could strike as many as 200 cows over a period. “I would find that if I did not get stuck in and deal with it quickly things would snowball over the wet period, and before you knew it you would have more cows than you could manage struck with it.” In sheer frustration he spent a full day researching the disease, its causes and possible solutions. “From there I got in touch with Peter Anderson in Marlborough who created Vet LSD.” Discussing the herd’s diet with Peter, they determined the cows were probably only getting half the vitamins needed, given their diet comprised 50 per cent pasture and 50 per cent supplements including barley and grass silage.

HIGH on performance, survivability and profit!

“And when the sun was gone thanks to rain, that was likely to have a link to vitamin production too.” Vitamin D is one vitamin requiring the presence of sunshine to be produced in grass. With a formulation that includes vitamin A, D, E, selenium, chromium and iodine, Vet LSD has a proven track record in improving ewe health and lamb survivability. Backed by his boss, Mike decided to try a course of treatment with Vet LSD on the dairy herd. “I treated the herd through the water troughs over April, May, June and July the following season. When the herd returned from winter grazing they were incredibly quiet and settled, it was hard to believe they were the same herd.” Over calving Mike found his instances of down cows were fewer, and the occasional down cow when treated with a dose of Vet LSD would get up, in one case after being down for four days. He also noticed significantly fewer cows

Ex-Canterbury dairy manager, turned Northland sharemilker Mike Luke is more than happy with PHOTOSUPPLIED the results of Vet LSD.

affected with sore feet. 2015 the Northland herd had rather than incurring the soul “We used to get white line also experienced lameness. destroying expenses and time disease in spring too, and Dosing the troughs with it in dealing with lameness. spring lameness after the Vet last autumn resulted in much “I used to dread having LSD dosing was negligible.” fewer lameness problems. to deal with the lameness Now Mike has moved to “I have been dairying for problem, but since using Vet Northland to share-milk a almost 40 years, and to me LSD, it’s far more manageable, 350 head herd, and he has this product is as big as when the cows are quieter and less continued to administer Vet Gladys Reid discovered the stressed. I think on farms LSD. benefits of zinc for facial ® where supplement is used a Mikeeczema Luke on Vet LSD “I have noticed the prevention.” lot cows are not getting the Mike Luke on Vetforward LSD®to350 temperament change here He is looking an cows) vitamins they need, Vet LSD (Mangapai – Northland, too.” animal health bill that includes (Mangapai – Northland, 350 cows) really does have a role to play.” When Mike arrived in• June Vetmade LSD Vet as a LSD preventative, Advertising feature Mike has his drench of choice to • Mikeboost has made Vet LSD his drench of spring choice period. to his herd’s health over the GET THE FACTS: VET LSD® contains ® boost hisMike herd’s health over the spring period. on Vet LSDthe ® • Vet LSD hasLuke helped Mike lower GET THE FACTS: VET LSDessential containsfor minerals and vitamins (Mangapai – Northland, • Vet LSD has helped Mike lower lameness incidence in his the350 cows) minerals andperformance vitamins essential for dairy cow – including lameness incidence in his herd significantly. • Mike has made Vet LSD his drench of choice to dairy cow performance – including Vitamins A, D and E, Selenium, herd significantly. boost his herd’s health over the spring period. Vitamins A, D Chromium. and E, Selenium, Iodine and GET THE FACTS: VET LSD® contains • Vet LSD has resulted in fewer • Vet LSD has resulted in fewer • Vet LSD has helped Mikeand lower the Iodine and Chromium. down cow incidences, minerals and vitamins essential for ® lameness incidence in his down cow incidences, and delivers a high VET LSD dairy cow performance – including fewer calving problems. VET LSD® delivers a high herd significantly. fewer calving problems. quality boost to dairy Vitamins A, D and E, Selenium, quality boost to dairy “To me this product isfewer as • Vet LSD has resulted in Iodine and Chromium. cows’ immune system at “To medown this product is as and cow incidences, cows’ immune system ®at big as when Gladys Reid critical timesVET of LSD the year. delivers a high big asfewer when Gladys Reid calving problems. critical times ofquality the year. discovered the benefits of boost to dairy discovered the benefits of “To me this product is as zinc for facial eczema cows’ immune system at zinc forbig facial eczema as when Gladys Reid prevention.” critical times of the year. prevention.” discovered the benefits of zinc for facial eczema prevention.”

® please contact your local vet clinic or visit us online www.vetlsd.co.nz ® please Formore moreinformation informationoror purchase Vet LSD For toto purchase Vet LSD contact your local vet clinic or visit us online www.vetlsd.co.nz

For more information or to purchase Vet LSD® please contact your local vet clinic or visit us online www.vetlsd.co.nz


Innovative Instigator

THE MAINTENANCE MASTER Removing the build up on the edge of Dairy Lanes, allowing stock to move easier, faster & lanes no longer contribute to health & feet issues. Fill can be used for: • Around water troughs • Farm track & driveway ruts • Filling trenches • Erosion around irrigation ponds

RUT MASTER | INSTIGATOR P: 03 302 3888 M: 0274 803 380 E: b.jwhittaker@xtra.co.nz

Digger also available


20 2

Farming Dairy Focus


Cows need to rest too! Fred Hoekstra


We are now in the dry period. Another season has gone by and it is time to refresh and take life a little easier. Some of you may even go away on a holiday. Cows are gone for the winter or, if we have them on the run-off, we only must feed them and leave them to it till tomorrow when we must feed them again. We don’t have to get up so early in the morning for milking and apart from the air temperatures life is good. We all need breaks and time away to refresh. It is the same for a cow. They need a dry period. They need a time of rest. They need to be able to lay down in a dry comfortable place, out of the rain and the wind. I have said in previous articles that cows

are lacking resting time under normal circumstances during the milking season. Even on the best farms, cows are being deprived of resting time because there simply isn’t enough time in a day for a cow. I know it sounds silly but our dairy cows are over-worked during the milking season. That means that the rest during the dry period is even more important. However, when I drive through the countryside during winter I see many cows on winter crops - the management of which is critical for the cows’ wellbeing considering the cows that have died because of mismanagement with fodder beet. But, apart from the potential nutrition problems there is also a problem due to the lack of proper resting facilities. You may think that this just doesn’t make sense because the cows don’t do anything other than eating and resting, but look at cow behaviour in the paddock. We all know that a well-

Much more research needs to be done in this area to get a better understanding of the true cost

fed cow’s normal behaviour during the day is grazing, drinking, laying down and resting. Cows don’t normally spend a lot of time standing. If they do there is a problem. The cow may be sick or it is raining or it is too hot and the cow is under heat stress. Now, when we look at cows on winter crops we see them spending a lot of time standing. This is not necessarily because they are sick or because it is raining. It is because there is

nowhere for them to lay down and be comfortable especially when it gets muddy. Even in those muddy conditions, cows will lay down but only if they just can’t stand any longer. Why is this important? Because tired cows don’t perform. Tired cows are under severe stress. Tired, stressed cows are much more susceptible to lameness. Sometimes the difference in numbers of lame cows from one season to the next is due to the wintering conditions.

I know that cost needs to be kept to a minimum to run a profitable farming operation but if you want to calculate the true cost of the different farming systems you need to include the lameness cost during the upcoming milking season as well as the empty rate and mastitis cost. Much more research needs to be done in this area to get a better understanding of the true cost. It is quite likely that the cheapest system may be the costliest.



Strong demand for Clarence bulls Bulls from the Matariki Hereford and Woodbank Angus studs were in hot demand last week, with buyers flown in by helicopter to the Clarence Valley, where access is still restricted following last November’s 7.8 earthquakes. John and Robyn Murray run Woodbank while John’s cousin James and his wife Becky run Matariki. Woodbank, the original farm, has been in the Murray family since 1900. The two studs run an onfarm bull sale together and this year’s was their 48th joint sale. It is the biggest combined Angus and Hereford sale in New Zealand with 102 bulls offered, and sold. The top price for Matariki was $15,000 while Woodbank’s top price was $15,500. John Murray said it was good to see buyers returning, despite the road south being closed, and to be able to offer quality bulls, especially after a difficult two-year drought. “Now we are focusing on our yearling bulls who are progressing well for our spring sale in early October.”

Above - Jimmy and Johnny Murray look across the Clarence Valley. Left - Lucy, Sam and Jack Murray of Matariki prepare a bull for sale. PHOTOS SUPPLIED

About 30 bulls will be offered then and the Murrays will again be organising helicopter rides in for buyers. Bull buyer Rex Evans, who runs Mt Peel near Gore, has been buying bulls from Matariki for the past nine years. “Buying a bull is a major

thing for our operation as we are a breeding and finishing unit, so if we get it wrong it is an expensive mistake. “We buy some of our bulls from Matariki because they are good bulls. James Murray is passionate about his cattle and that shows through in the high quality bulls that are

presented year after year.” He said the two bulls he bought would have a long trip home, via Blenheim. PGG Wrightson auctioneer John McKone said both studs presented consistent, top quality bulls this year, despite the challenges presented by

Your accurate solution for managing water use: Take the guesswork out of water usage while saving time, water, energy & money


Backflow prevention: installation, testing and compliance


Full electrical servicing and repairs



Full range of flow meters and backflow prevention options for every application Accredited water measurement service provider



the earthquake. He said it had been a busy time for the company’s sales team, with 600 bulls sold in a busy week of sales last week. “Beef prices are at historical highs, Canterbury has finally got grass and the mood is buoyant.”

22 2

Farming Dairy Focus



Minimising stress leading to calving As dairy cows transition from dry to milking animals, they undergo physiological changes that leave them susceptible to many health conditions. It’s vital that cows are properly managed during this time because diseases can have far-reaching effects on their reproductive performance, production, and survival in the herd. Katie Denholm from Anexa FVC Gordonton says it’s so important to give your cows extra care in the months before and after calving and to watch for things like higher levels of cows needing handson assistance to calve and more lame cows and cases of mastitis after calving. During calving, a cow’s immune function is compromised, its teat canals open and unfavourable ground conditions are common. These risk factors can lead to an increase in mastitis rates. Many of the clinical mastitis cases seen in the first two weeks after calving, when the cow comes into milk, are actually contracted in the late dry period.

Another physiological change at calving is that the cow’s pelvic tendons and ligaments will relax so it can calve easily. This affects all the tendons and ligaments in the cow’s body and can lead to a less stable foot that’s more prone to damage. Despite the challenges a cow faces around calving, there are strategies you can employ to protect her. Although it was recommended for years,

springer cows should not be over-fed. We can determine how much they should eat by estimating their liveweight at calving: 450kg cows should consume 90 megajoules of metabolisable energy per day (MJ ME/day), 500kg cows 100MJ ME/day, and 550kg cows 110MJ ME/ day. Remember to allow for wastage. A cow immediately pre-calving is ‘full of calf ’ and it takes her longer to consume what she is offered.

It is best to run these animals separately if possible. Check your cows at least twice a day around calving and intervene early if you see any calving issues. Magnesium for springers is important to prevent milk fever at calving and for lactating cows to prevent grass staggers after calving. Aim to supplement cows and heifers for two to four weeks before calving and for up to four months post-calving.

Colostrum cows should be offered calcium, usually in the form of limeflour at 150g/ cow/day (may need to be doubled if dusting). Springers should not be offered calcium. Supplement cows with minerals such as selenium, copper and iodine as these are critical for general immune function around calving and reproduction. As cows have ‘fragile’ feet at this time, be patient with them to prevent lameness. It’s crucial that you don’t rush stock on the races and that you never see ‘heads up’ in the yard. Practise good hygiene during milking, as this will help prevent infection from entering cows’ glands. Wear gloves when you’re milking cows, pay attention to muddy areas in the raceways, and avoid putting calving cows in soggy paddocks. To control rates of clinical mastitis in early lactation, use an approved teat spray that keep teats soft and disinfected. Ensure cows have access to clean drinking water at all times.

INNOVATIVE APPROACH FARM GUARD’S UNIQUE DOSING SYSTEM ENSURES THAT EXACTLY THE RIGHT AMOUNT OF PRODUCT IS DISPENSED EVERY TIME. YOU ONLY USE WHAT YOU NEED REDUCING COST, RISK AND CREATING A SAFER WORK ENVIRONMENT. Ixom are working with Plucks Engineering on a simple system to greatly improve the waste treatment performance of current dairy shed installations.

This system is based on an add-on to existing systems that easily removes >50% of the nitrogen load and >95% of the solids load to the irrigated areas.

A full-flow pilot scheme ran very successfully and results proved to be very good and repeatable.

Reduced nitrogen will assist compliance and reduced solids greatly reduces irrigation equipment maintenance caused by





blockages. The treated water is of excellent quality and suitable for reuse for yard washing. Progress is now being made to run a full scale farm trial to obtain further data and prove the ease of the operation. Watch this space!

Teat Care

Premium Health

• OTAGO : 021 614 901 • MID/STH CANTERBURY : 021 948 440 • CANTERBURY : 021 221 8939 • W. COAST/N. CANT : 021 924 253 • SOUTHLAND : 021 220 5783 • CORPORATE ENQUIRIES: 021 225




Making your well an asset to your farm After many years working in Australia, contracting to mining giants like Rio Tinto and BHP Billiton, the Barber Well Drilling team have quickly become leaders in dual-rotary drilling in the South Island, answering the call for straight wells that provide a long well life. Established in 2001 and based in Geraldine. Bruce and Wayne lead an exceptional drilling team who, with a wealth of drilling experience, bring an abundance of skills and expertise to South Island farmers. Demand for well maintenance and old well redevelopment is increasing as regulatory costs increase to control demand. Barber Drilling can video and test existing wells, and find ways to help farmers bring old wells back into use again. These services include: down hole video, well monitoring and flow testing equipment for ECan consents, well redevelopment, advice and problem solving. Barber Well Drilling pride

Drilling in South Canterbury.

themselves on their very high standard of efficiency, meaning less breakdowns and inconveniences for the farmer.


test developing pumping and confirmation of water volume being accessed. “Our method of testing is to the highest

to maintain reliability and productivity,” says Wayne. “It’s our ability to provide advice and be involved in

Our method of testing is to the highest standard to ensure customer satisfaction, and we specialise in test pumping and well performance in older bores to maintain reliability and productivity

Barber Well Drilling operates three rigs for drilling and screening bores and another rig specialises in

standard to ensure customer satisfaction, and we specialise in test pumping and well performance in older bores

problem solving onsite with our clients that sees us currently booked three months in advance.”

“Our dual-rotary drilling rig is designed to prevent sticking or breaking in your well. We can drill to a depth of 300m with well diameters from 150mm to 400mm.” says managing director Wayne O’Donnell. Barber Drilling uses only thick-wall steel which doesn’t buckle, so your well stays straighter, giving you a better quality long-life well. While much of their work involves 300 mm bores and big pumps that drive huge pivot irrigators they also do a lot of 150 mm bores for stock, domestic lifestyle blocks, and dairy sheds. Barber Well Drilling has also been involved in the drilling of monitoring wells for ECan during the past 12 years. When you use Barber Drilling to drill your water well, you can be reassured that you have chosen Canterbury’s most experienced, well trained team of professional drillers, whose knowledge of local conditions will ensure that your new water well is an asset to your farm. Advertising feature


• Latest Well Drilling Equipment • Licensed owner operators • Generator for hire service

34 High Street, Geraldine | Freephone 0508 227 237 Phone (03) 693 1403 | Wayne 027 221 1467



24 2

Farming Dairy Focus



Healthy soils critical to farm operation About 200 farmers are expected to attend the third World Wide Agriculture (WWAG) conference at Lincoln University next month. Organiser Bruce Hore says WWAG is about farming with a greater awareness of the whole-farm system – livestock, soils, pasture, crops, water – and how each element impacts on the others. “Each year, we are seeing more top-end, mainstream farmers attending – people who recognise that simply throwing ‘more’ at agriculture is not the way forward. Instead, they look at how to use their existing inputs and tools more strategically. The days of a ‘blanket’ approach across the whole farm are gone.” The conference runs July 5-6 and has attracted registrations from Australia, USA and Nigeria, as well as New Zealand. On July 7, the popular WWAG farm tour will take farmers around the Webster family’s Mid Canterbury properties –

Herstall Ulrich (left) began using the Kinsey-Albrecht soil management programme back in the 1980s and is speaking at next month’s World Wide Agriculture Conference. He is pictured with son PHOTO SUPPLIED Alex, who also believes healthy soils are critical for the whole farm system.

Rhodes Hills and Belmont farms – which incorporate dairy, mixed cropping and fattening operations.

This year’s presenters include Stephanie Howard from the Sustainability Council of New Zealand

discussing market issues around genetic modification (GM) agriculture; US consultant Neal Kinsey

WWAG is about farming with a greater awareness of the wholefarm system

talking about nutrient-dense crops and foods and the role of sulphur; Canadian farmer Peter Eggers discussing why his yields exceed both GM and conventional crops; Dutch consultant Joan Timmermans talking about sap testing – how and why; and Tim Reinbott from the University of Missouri outlining his work with the Albrecht programme and its effects on soil health. The farmer speakers include South Canterbury sheep and dairy farmer Herstall Ulrich, Fairlie dairy farmer Nathan Lamborn and Australian cropping, sheep and beef farmer Rob Sutherland. Advertising feature

WORLD WIDE AGRICULTURE CONFERENCE DICK TAYLER - Guest Speaker STEPHANIE HOWARD - NEW ZEALAND Will disucss market issues around genetic modification


AGRICULTURE Lincoln University Lincoln, July 5 - 7 Registrations close before 29 June

NEAL KINSEY - USA Discussing how to achieve nutrient dense crops and the role of sulphur PETER EGGERS - CANADA How and why his yields are better than both GMO and conventional crops DR DALE BLEVINS - USA Discussing the role of nutrients in the plant and how they protect it from specific diseases

DR DON HUBER Will talk on the role nutrients have on plants and how these protect it from specific diseases BOB PERRY - USA Will provide an overview of peer reviewed papers investigating Albrecht and testing methods JOAN TIMMERMANS - NETHERLANDS Will speak on use of plant sap analysis PETER NORWOOD - AUSTRALIA Peter will be discussing human and animal nutrition

TIM REINBOTT Will discuss his work using the Albrecht programme specifically on corn and forage crops and the effects this programme has on soil health.

Farmer speakers from Australia and New Zealand To register visit www.wwag.co.nz or email bruce@wwag.co.nz 051724C3798


Single and Tandem Axle


Different size options as well as extras available

12 months warranty and WOF supplied

• Concrete Water/Feed Troughs • Precast Panels • Silage Pits • Water Tanks/ Effluent Tanks • Concrete Bunkers • Weeping Walls • Killing Sheds • Cattle Stops

Call Allan on 308 4867 today for more information 92 Dobson Street, Ashburton Phone 308 4867 Mon-Fri 7am-5pm; Sat 8am-12pm




Simple, practical and economical The team at Containers & more have been leaders in the manufacture and design of chemical storage solutions using shipping containers for over 15 years. Our Chemtainer range provides simple, practical and economical options to meet the high standards demanded by the New Zealand Health and Safety at work Act. Bunded floor, shelving, secure locking system and good ventilation are key requirements for best practice chemical storage and as we are local manufacturers our range is diverse and flexible so besides our standard chemical store range we manufacture to our clients requirements, which may include higher bunded capacity, extra doors, shelving options and many other client specific requests. We supply many industries with our Chemtainer chemical storage range including government departments, local bodies, construction firms, agriculture, viticulture,

automotive, marine and engineering and many small firms wanting a competitive New Zealand made option.

Why do we need one? • You are required under the Health & Safety at Work Act to have storage of chemicals and dangerous goods in a secure, ventilated building that provides a form of secondary containment such as a bund to hold any spillage. • It will be a requirement from your insurer to have flammables and chemicals in appropriate storage.

Who is at risk of prosecution? • In short everyone • The business itself • Officers which includes Directors, trustees and other people who make Governance decisions • Managers and staff Advertising feature

20ft Chemical store.


0800 326 001


• • • • •


Housing Worker accommodation Holiday units Sleep outs Student rooms

(Workshop) Yard 350 Wilsons Road, Waltham P.O.Box 100-19, Phillipstown, Christchurch 8145

• • • • • • •


Offices Chemical storage Site huts Industrial storage solutions Walkways Showrooms Cool rooms

P: +64 3 420 1157 M: +64 27 2913831

• • • • • • •


Cafes Bars Craft Rooms Games rooms Gazebos Event hire containers Wine cellars

E: info@containersmore.co.nz www.containersmore.co.nz

Growing 25% more grass using 50% less Nitrogen? Now that would be something. Warren stopped using Urea The results were so conclusive, Warren decided to cut Urea out of his system completely, replacing it with SOA. He also agreed to go on a fertiliser plan that would bring the 16 soil nutrients to their proper levels in relation to each other.

The unknown upsides In November 2016, David Law of Forward Farming was asked to visit a farmer who was pulling his hair out. The farmer (we’ll call him Warren) had started the season with 500 cows to calve and now had a little over 460 with which to complete the season. 22 cows died from metabolic problems, 63 had clinical milk fever, and some had aborted.

David’s first question to Warren

I challenge you to a test!

“How much Nitrogen are you using?” “I use 806kgUrea/ha” “That’s your problem right there. You’re using way too much Nitrogen. Halve it!”

That’s when David issued him an unusual challenge: “I can grow you more grass with far less Nitrogen and I can prove it. So, let’s do a test. You carry on with your Urea system for half the farm, and I’ll treat the other half with my system, using less N. We’ll see who grows more grass.”

As radical as that sounded, David had already proven his Nitrogen ideas during 35 years of farming. His own testing started in 2002, when he began running his farm on biological principles. David was told: It won’t work. It’s airy-fairy. That’s not how we do it. David recalls: “They were right. Feeding the soil biology was not how we were taught to grow grass. We all believed that Superphosphate and Urea were the products we needed. “I believed it as well.”

36% more grass using 80% less nitrogen Even so, David decided to test other ideas and to challenge the belief that good production was determined by a high use of nitrogen. In the space of two years, David took his farm from growing • 14 tonne dm/ha/yr using 150kg of N/ha/yr • to 19 tonne dm/ha/yr by only using 30kg of N/ha/yr. That’s 36% more grass using 80% less nitrogen.

Warren was not buying it. But to Warren, the idea of halving his N was a shock. “I don’t want to grow less grass!” was his response. His reaction was understandable: Like most farmers, Warren held a belief that using Superphosphate and Urea is the way to grow grass. In other words, Nitrogen is the grass-grower and the more you use the better.

The trial took place from December to February, in conditions when Urea is at its best. To begin the trial, David insisted on carrying out a soil test and that his recommendation of fertiliser blend be applied. But that came with a warning: “You’ll be tempted to change my recommendation to create your own brew. Don’t. You’ve asked me to solve a problem, so do exactly what I say or you won’t get the results you’re after.”

According to David, many farmers don’t realise that Nitrogen grows bulk feed, but not quality feed. “From my time in farming, I discovered incredible upsides to properly feeding the soil and soil micro-biology. “Yes, I grew more grass, but it was better grass. It was nutrient-dense feed that was far more palatable, the type that can be allowed to grow longer and can be grazed clean by cows at 3300kg/ha. “The roots of that grass measured 800mm. That in itself mitigated leaching and grew better grass. “Also by properly feeding the soil, I was helping good soil organisms suppress the activity of soil pathogens. That caused a drop in Mastitis , Facial eczema, Foot Rot and Milk Fever. “As farmers, we’ve been brainwashed into thinking that Urea is the go-to product for grass growth. We’re afraid that using less Nitrogen will result in less grass. But as Warren found out, that’s not true. And now that we’re properly balancing the 16 nutrients of his soil, his animals will come right. They won’t get sick like they did before and his milk production will go up.”

Warren agreed.

Just what the South needs?

Who did what?

Farmers in the South Island have to contend with colder weather. That’s where Sulphate of Ammonia come into its own. Below 10 degrees, Urea does not grow grass. In fact, Urea itself has a cooling affect on the soil.

During the 84 days, Warren applied 60kg Urea/ha/rotation = 28kg N/ha every 20 days. David applied 150kg Sulphate of Ammonia/ ha/every 2nd rotation = 16kg N/ha every 40 days, with nothing in between. During the trial, a strict regime of grassmeasuring included measuring pre-grazing levels + post-grazing levels. This would give a true indication of each system’s effectiveness.

The result: Who won? After four rotations, David’s half of the farm had yielded 8kg/ha more grass using 46kg N/ha less in total.

But SOA actually warms the soil and can grow grass even at 6 degrees soil temperature. SOA also has a slower release, which means it lasts longer in the soil. To learn more about issues raised in this article, contact David Law on 027 490 9896 or visit his website: www.forwardfarming.co.nz

My cows are sick and I’m coming into milking. What should I do? Your farm is a Bio-Circle


Starting with 500 cows to calve, and with milking soon to begin, one South Island farmer now had a little over 460 with which to complete the season. 22 cows had died from metabolic problems, 63 had clinical milk fever, and some had aborted. He was losing milking profit and spending more on medical bills.

The farmer’s Profit Window

July to December is the period where milk production is at its maximum. It’s when most of the money is made. Because of this, farmers should be gearing up to take maximum advantage of it.

The milking target

Ideally, a farmer wants each of his cows to be producing 2.2kgms/day from July to December. But getting an animal to hit the magical 2.2kgms/ day depends entirely on the condition they arrive in at the time of milking. That means preparing cows to be in peak health at the start so they can maintain good condition throughout the calving, milking and mating periods.


Preconditioning is the transitioning period of four weeks prior to calving. The goal is to bring animals up to a 5.0 level of conditioning and this is achieved through a careful combination of diet, trace elements, and supplements. Will a farmer need to spend money to get animals up to a 5.0 condition? Yes, but spending here will be rewarded in two ways: 1. With increased milk production 2. With reduced health problems Think of pre-conditioning as an investment: you spend money to make more money.

Poor pre-conditioning

If a cow comes into calving with an average-low condition level, she will calve in a tired state. This state will drop further as she expends energy and resources to cope with calving. In her tired state, she may have difficulty pushing out her calf due to low muscle strength. With her immunity levels compromised, she is more susceptible to metabolic sicknesses. But even if the cow avoids illness, her reduced conditioning means she has less energy to give to milk production. The farmer may even have to

To contact David Law: 027 490 9896

David’s way of describing the interconnectedness of a farm system is his concept called the Bio-Circle.TM It describes how each key area flows into and out of other key areas. What’s in the soil goes into the grass. What’s in the grass goes into the cow. What’s in the cow goes into the effluent pond.

milk her less to avoid making her weaker. In the case of our South Island farmer, that scenario was true of all 500 cows. None had a hope of reaching 2.2kgms/day.

Good pre-conditioning

If a cow comes into calving with an elevated level of conditioning (5.0), she will be able to calve with relative ease. With strong muscles and high energy levels, she can push out the calf without comprising her own health. That means she can immediately produce 2.2kgms/day straight after calving. Being healthy, the cow also possesses a strong appetite. Her desire to continually feed enables her to maintain good conditioning throughout the Profit Window and beyond. And she is far less susceptible to sickness.

What was the problem with our South Island farmer? When David Law of Forward Farming was called in to help, he went through the key areas, looking for causes for the herd’s poor health. The Management Plan was sound. The Feed Balance was good. He found the problem in the feed quality, or more precisely, the soil from where the feed came. David’s soil test revealed several key problems that accounted for the poor animal health: 1. N levels were far too high. One effect would have been the suppression of Ca in the soil. 2. Mg was too high = out of balance with Ca 3. Na was also too high in relation to K David’s assessment: “If I had seen these soil readings without first knowing the herd’s condition, I would have deduced that their health was compromised. This soil/feed nutritional imbalance was only ever going to hurt these cows!”

Feed the soil, fix the cows

Correct the soil nutrition and you correct the feed. Correct the feed nutrition and you heal the herd. To fix the Mg/Ca imbalance, David recommended that 1.1 tonnes lime/ha be applied to increase Ca levels. This would simultaneously bring Mg levels down since Ca and Mg respond to each other. 300kg/ha Potassium Sulphate was also applied to balance out the Na (too high in relation to K).

What had the farmer’s Fertiliser Consultant suggested?

This farmer’s regular fertiliser consultant had recommended 500kg/ha of Superphosphate + 800kg/ha Urea for the grass. Not only would these measures have failed to address the soil’s nutrient imbalances, the heavy NPK would have escalated the existing problems! Why such a recommendation? “These consultants only assess whether there is enough of a nutrient. They don’t have a system that enables them to evaluate the relationship between the nutrients. It’s a very big blind-spot!”

To read more: fowardfarming.co.nz

Farming Dairy Focus

28 2


Are you a listening post for There are two characters from my childhood that have grown to become great, iconic New Zealanders – Fred Dagg and Wal Footrot. The men behind these characters, John Clarke and Murray Ball, understood rural New Zealand and the people who lived there. They created lovable, flawed characters that we could all relate to – back then, all New Zealanders were a little bit country. Now, there’s a chasm between urban and rural, a growing divide that both Fred and Wal would struggle to bridge. Instead of cartoons on the antics of Dog, and the Pongo and Footrot communities, the media today serves up an almost-daily dose of farmer bashing. No longer do you need science, facts, data or history to understand why New Zealand’s fresh water resources are under pressure. You just need an opinion, a keyboard and/or a very loud voice. Take former TV presenter, Nadine Higgins. She wrote in the Sunday

Nicky Hyslop


paper about how unfair it was that she can’t take her dog for a swim in any of the Hawke’s Bay rivers because a dog died in one of them recently. She went on to suggest it was because of farmers. (Alternative facts suggest that it was actually because of a blue-green algal bloom unrelated to farming, but let’s not let science get in the way of a good opinion.) It’s not just a national shame, said Higgins (about the dog dying and water quality), but a “National” shame. You see what she did there – shifted the blame from farmers to politicians. “National”, she shouted, have created a freshwater CRISIS because they let in too many cows. I’m not one to be nit-picky but

history doesn’t agree with you, Nadine. The biggest increase in dairy cow numbers was under the last Labour Government’s stewardship, when cow numbers went from 3.2 million in 1998 to 4.3 million in 2008. The numbers peaked at just over 5 million and are now tracking back down again. Not content with knowing very little about water quality or cow numbers, Higgins went on to say that the Land and Water Forum (LAWF) – set up to advise government on freshwater management – is “bleeding members who say their advice is being ignored”. She is correct in that three of its members have resigned because no one was getting alarmed enough about their alarmist, activist agendas. Calling the departure of three from a forum of almost 70 a blood-bath might be overstating it a bit. The forum still retains a number of very knowledgeable, capable members and organisations, including IrrigationNZ,

making a tangible and positive contribution to the development of good policy. Higgins’ baseless blaming has become, sadly, the norm in the ongoing debate over water quality and management. During our recent visit to Wellington, the Greens’ Catherine Delahunty talked about her ‘distrust of the collaborative process’

in relation to resource management, stating that it had been hijacked by people with an agenda and was now the realm of a ‘privileged few’. She too was referencing the LAWF, but also the Canterbury Water Management Strategy and the Zone Committees which are centred around the principles of collaboration. To hear a ‘green’ advocate






Hay feeder – 18 positions 2.7m x 18.3m







Feeders - 2.0m and 2.5m.








Buhler 7’- 2 Ram Grader Blade to suit 80HP tractors



Buhler 8’ – 3 Ram Grader Blade to suit 80 HP tractors

Buhler Grader Blades 9’ to suit 150 HP tractors

126 Dobson Street, Ashburton - Phone: 03 308 2059 | Mobile: 0274 326 847 mcmullanent@xtra.co.nz - www.mcmullanenterprises.com


Dairy Saucer/Wedge/Sump and Drain Clearing.

Allen’s Ashburton offer a great service

All prices exclude G.S.T


Does your Septic Tank need to be emptied?


Locally owned and operated

Phone Darryl Burrowes on 03 308 5293 or 0274 333 563



your community

dismissing a style of governance that is central to their own ethos struck me as almost oxymoronic. And as I sat there trying to reason with her and defend collective governance, I had a light bulb moment. I realised why we have such a problem with having a rational debate and finding, if not solutions, at least common ground: it’s

because we’ve stopped listening to each other. In the mad rush to get our opinion across or defend our position, we’ve created a bias filter. We no longer listen to people or organisations with whom we disagree. People aren’t leaving the LAWF or splintering away from Zone Committees because

they’re being ignored, they’re doing it because they refuse to listen to, or accept, other people’s or groups’ opinions and positions. How can this be healthy? Do we teach our kids to throw a tantrum when they don’t get their own way? Or do we teach them to be tolerant; to be quiet when others are talking and to accept the opinions of others,

even though they might be quite different to theirs? Recently I was driving with one of the iwi reps on a zone committee and they spoke of their frustration at the ‘hijacking’ of the meetings by certain factions. It was really disheartening to listen to – here we have a group of people dedicated to, and passionate about,

managing their catchment, people who have accepted the call to action – but who are being increasingly thwarted by activism. I welcome the recent call to action from Federated Farmers President, Dr William Rolleston. He has challenged the primary sector to get together and present a ‘united front’ to address the antifarming rhetoric. Instead of attacking critics, the primary sector should instead tell their stories about how they care for water and land, their animals and their communities. Scientists then need to back them up – revealing the issues that need addressing and how the industry is responding to them. Human beings like being connected in a positive way – that’s why so many of us get involved in zone committees, regulatory processes, as representatives on councils, user and care groups. We are not ‘the privileged few’ as Catherine Delahunty called us, we are the listening posts for our communities.

Our new clinic is NOW OPEN MAY - JULY

Our new purpose-built clinic is NOW OPEN, offering the latest options in LASIK eye surgery and treatment. Call us now to arrange a FREE ASSESSMENT



269 Papanui Rd Christchurch. Ph 0800 527371 laservision.co.nz

Irrigation Pump Sheds/Storage

These sheds are made to be easy to install with the middle piece of roof iron having been left off for easy Hiab onto your concrete pad. A 50mm overhang has been allowed to fit over your concrete pad so that you have no leaks. There is hex bird netting over the ventilation gap across the front. Made from quality H3 90x45 framing timber and finished with either zincalume or your choice of colorsteel. Sheds can be made standard or to your individual requirements.







All sheds are made to order and individually priced - large & small we make them all!

Adams Sawmilling Co Ltd ISPM 15 accredited for Export Pallets

Malcolm McDowell Drive, Ashburton Ph (03) 308 3595 Fax (03) 308 5649

68 Cass Street, Ashburton | Phone 308 0266 | sales@skip2it.co.nz | www.flooringxtra.co.nz * Free underlay and promotional pricing offer available on selected flooring only, expires 31 July 2017 or until stocks are sold and can’t be used in conjunction with any other offers. *^Terms and conditions apply.

*Free underlay and promotional pricing offer available on selected flooring only, expires 31 July 2017 or until stocks are sold and can’t be used in conjunction with any other offers. *^Terms and conditions apply.

Winter is here...

and it’s wet Mt Somers Rock is the ideal aggregate for dairy lanes, silage bases, feed pads and gateways. It’s an economic choice, long-lasting and less slippery than lime or clay-based lanes.

Prepare for winter now. Contact Victory Lime to place an order. 0800 303 980 • www.vlime.co.nz



Off-season refrigeration shut-down In this editorial we will look at the correct shutting down of refrigeration and heat recovery equipment. There are several dos and don’ts and this can have a dramatic affect on the lifespan of the refrigeration units.

Milk silo refrigeration units These are best to be switched off at the milk silo controls only and it is important the main power is left on the refrigeration units over the winter period. Keeping the power on the refrigeration unit will allow it to start for a short time periodically and maintain the refrigerant in the high side of the system and out of the milk silo and compressor. Also, a small heater on the compressor crankcase will stop refrigerant migrating to the compressor sump over time. Serious damage can result by simply switching on a compressor with liquid refrigerant in the crankcase and also doing a hot silo wash with refrigerant in the

“ Murray Hollings


silo refrigeration pad causes extremely high pressures, possibly causing serious damage to the milk silo.

Water chilling systems Generally water chillers are okay to be switched off at the unit as the system design is somewhat different; although some later chillers have a frost circuit built into them to start the water circulating pump when the temperature of the water at the unit is below 2°C. The pump runs for a short time until the higher temperature tank water reaches the chiller and this temperature is again above 3°C. This system is not foolproof however, as it


If you have any questions give your refrigeration company a call

relies on the power being on and we recommend where possible to drain the water from the water chiller circuit during the coldest two to three months of the winter. Water chillers will handle fairly good frosts although if they do get damaged the result can be expensive. All Plug and Play systems should be drained.

Glycol chillers These are the most robust of fluid chillers as the glycol solution will generally handle a 12 to 15°C frost before it will start to solidify. In our climate, it is best to leave the chiller on and it will look after itself. Be careful if it has a desuperheater heat exchanger fitted to heat hot water as this will be a weakness and should be drained over the winter period.

Hot water heating systems 1. Mahana Blue The Mahana Blue has proven to be the more robust of heat recovery hot water heating systems, although they are still capable of being frost damaged. Generally this damage has been limited to a water valve requiring replacement and is noticeable as water will weep from the valve after a severe frost and most systems have an automatic drain emptying the heat exchanger of water when the system is not in use. It is, however, a good idea to switch the Mahana off on the main unit isolating switch and drain the water from the hot and cold connecting pipework over the winter period.

2. Desuperheater (Heat exchanger) The desuperheater heat exchanger is quite sensitive to frost and, while light frosts are unlikely to cause any problems, a series of severe frosts will put strain on the heat exchanger and, in some cases, may actually split allowing water to enter the refrigeration system. The likely result of a large quantity of water entering the refrigeration system is severe damage to the refrigeration unit, normally requiring a new refrigeration unit to be installed and some down time to rid the milk silo refrigeration circuit of water. Our recommendation is to drain all water-based chillers and heat-recovery systems over the coldest three months of the season. If you have any questions give your refrigeration company a call, they will be only too happy to advise you on the best procedure for your own refrigeration equipment. Murray Hollings is the owner of Dairycool


• 24/7 prompt service • Competitive rates • Innovative products • Latest technologies • 50 years combined experience

Talk to us about a free on-site cooling and energy savings appraisal.


www.dairycool.co.nz 03 307 8903 • 0274 748 489 enquiries@dairycool.co.nz


• Wheelie Bins - General Waste • Skips • Recycling & Organic Matter • Frontload Bins General Waste & Recyling

General Waste • Builders Waste • Recycling & Hardfill

Call us today on 0800 240 120 | www.envirowaste.co.nz | Email: christchurch@envirowaste.co.nz

patented intelligent feed & management system

Mixes different feeds and minerals

Upgradable to EID cows - with many more features

Why spend millions on a rotary shed? Install a PPP Experto Feeder in your HB.

Call PPP now 0800 901 902 Innovative Agriculture Equipment


P O BOX 73 - TUAKAU 2342 sales@pppindustries.co.nz

Profile for Ashburton Guardian

Dairy Focus - June 2017  

Dairy Focus - June 2017