INTRODUCTION • Good morning everyone. My name is María and I am a Business student in Level 2 at ADMC. • I’d like to introduce my colleagues Sandra, Elena, Lucia and Alejandra. • Our group is going to describe the Halloween Project! Today Sandra is going to talk about “The history of Halloween”, Elena is going to talk about “Traditions at Halloween”, them Lucia is going to talk about “Superstitions at Halloween” and finally Alejandra is going to talk about “Facts about Halloween”. • If you have any questions, please feel free to ask them at the end of the presentation. • If there are no more questions we say goodbye and Thankyou.
THE HISTORY OF HALLOWEEN • From the 19Th Century to just nowadays, 31st October has increasingly acquired a reputation as a special night on ghost, witches, fairies are especially alive. • The Celts believe that the evil spirits came with the winter darkness. They made bonfires to scare the spirits away. • In England the day of fires became 5th November. Halloween and Bonfire Night have a common origin, they both originated from pagan times. • Some places in the north of England, Halloween was know as Nut-Crack Night, because people roasted nuts. • Sometimes Halloween was also called Snap Apple Night in England. This game is called like this because the apples were suspended on a piece of string, and the contestant had to try to bite the apple without using their hands.
TRADITIONS AT HALLOWEEN PUMPKIN LANTERNS According to an Irish legend, jack-o-lanterns were named for a man named Jack, who could not enter heaven because he was a miser. He could not enter hell either, because he had played jokes on the devil. So instead, he had to walk the earth with his lantern until Judgment Day. FIRE Fire was very important to the Celts. In the old days people lit bonfires, to scare away evil spirits. They believed that light had power over darkness. Today, we light candles in pumpkin lanterns and then put them outside our homes to frighten away witches and ghosts DRESSING UP The tradition of dressing in costume for Halloween has both European and Celtic roots. To avoid being recognized by these ghosts, people would wear masks when they left their homes after dark so that the ghosts would mistake them for fellow spirits. TRICK OR TREAT England still recognise Halloween as Mischief Night - when children would knock on doors demanding a treat (Trick or Treat) and people would disguise themselves in order to obtain food and money.
Superstitions of Hallowe'en
• People to keep them safe, they put bread with repellent salt. • Apples, nuts and candles figured prominently in many of the superstitions.
• The girls put hazelnuts on the grid each symbolizing one of her suitors. She could then find out who her future. Husband would be by chanting, 'If you love me, pop and fly; if you hate. • People thought the devil was a nut-gatherer.
Apples: • Peel an apple without breaking the peel over the shoulder throw and shape of the shell that mimics an initial letter of your beloved.
Candles: â€˘ You take a candle to light up and look in a mirror whilst you combing your hair or eating an apple. Your future husband is peering over your shoulder.
Fascinating Facts about Halloween.
• Halloween celebrated on 31 October. • It’s one of oldest celebrations in the World. • Halloween is also know by others names: • He Feast of de Dead, the day of the Dead and some more. • In Welsh is “Nos Calan Geaft”. • When Cristianity came to England and the rest of Europe, 1 November became All Saints Day. • Orange and black are the Halloween colours because orange is associated with harvests. • About 99 % of pumpkins sold are used as Jack o’lanterns at Halloween. Halloween is a fantastic day!