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Russell Westbrook has the triple-double down Wednesday

November 30, 2016 T: 582-7800 | F: 582-7044 www.arubatoday.com Page 17

Tragedy in Colombia

Brazilian Soccer Team’s Plane Crashes; 71 Dead Rescue workers load the bodies of victims of an airplane crash into a helicopter, in La Union, near Medellin, Colombia, Tuesday, Nov. 29, 2016. The chartered plane was carrying a Brazilian soccer team to the biggest match of its history when it crashed into a Colombian hillside and broke into pieces, Colombian officials said Tuesday. (AP Photo/Fernando Vergara) Page 2


A2 UP

Wednesday 30 November

FRONT

Brazilian soccer team’s plane crashes in Colombia; 71 dead LUIS BENAVIDES, JOSHUA GOODMAN Associated Press LA UNION, Colombia (AP) — Colombian authorities searched for answers Tuesday into the crash of a chartered airliner that slammed into the Andes mountains while transporting a Brazilian soccer team whose Cinderella story had won it a spot in the finals of one of South America’s most prestigious regional tournaments. All but six of the 77 people on board were killed. The British Aerospace 146 short-haul plane declared an emergency and lost radar contact just before 10 p.m. Monday (0300 GMT Tuesday), according to Colombia’s aviation agency. It said the plane’s black boxes had been recovered and were being analyzed. The aircraft, which departed from Santa Cruz, Bolivia, was carrying the Chapecoense soccer team from southern Brazil for Wednesday’s first leg of the two-game Copa Sudamericana final against Atletico Nacional of Medellin. Twenty-one Brazilian journalists were also on board the flight. Colombian officials initially said the plane suffered an electrical failure but there was also heavy rainfall at the time of the crash. Authorities also said they were not ruling out the possibility, relayed to rescuers by a surviving flight attendant, that the plane ran out of fuel minutes before its scheduled landing at Jose Maria Cordova airport outside Medellin. Whatever the cause, the emotional pain of Colombia’s deadliest air tragedy in two decades was felt across the soccer world. Expressions of grief poured in as South America’s federation canceled all scheduled matches in a show of solidarity, Real Madrid’s squad interrupted its training for a minute of silence and Argentine legend Diego Maradona sent his condolences to the victims’ families over Facebook. Brazil’s top teams offered to loan the small

club players next season so they can rebuild following the sudden end to a fairy tale season that saw Chapecoense reach the

stormy weather grounded helicopters and slowed efforts to reach the crash site. At daybreak, dozens of bodies scattered across a

ers and connected to IVs arriving at a hospital in ambulances. Chapecoense defender Alan Ruschel was in the most serious

(Above) Rescue teams work at the site of a chartered airplane that crashed in La Union, a mountainous area outside Medellin, Colombia, Tuesday, Nov. 29, 2016. The plane was carrying the Brazilian first division soccer club Chapecoense team that was on it’s way for a Copa Sudamericana final match against Colombia’s Atletico Nacional. (Left) Fans of Brazil’s soccer team Chapecoense mourn outside the Arena Conda stadium in Chapeco, Brazil, Tuesday, Nov. 29, 2016. (Colombia National Police via AP/Andre Penner)

tournament final just two years after making it into the first division for the first time since the 1970s. “It is the minimum gesture of solidarity that is within our reach,” the teams said in a statement. Sportsmanship also prevailed, with Atletico Nacional asking that the championship title be given to its rival, whose upstart run had electrified soccercrazed Brazil. Rescuers working through the night were initially heartened after pulling three people alive from the wreckage. But as the hours passed, heavy fog and

muddy mountainside were collected into white bags. They were then loaded onto several Black Hawk helicopters that had to perform a tricky maneuver to land on the crest of the Andes mountains. The plane’s fuselage appeared to have broken into two, with the nose facing downward into a steep valley. Officials initially reported 81 people were on board the flight, but later revised that to 77, saying four people on the flight manifest did not get on the plane. Images broadcast on local television showed three of the six survivors on stretch-

condition, and was later transported to another facility to undergo surgery for a spinal fracture. Teammates Helio Zampier and Jakson Follmann also suffered multiple trauma injuries, with doctors having to amputate the goalkeeper Follmann’s right leg. A journalist traveling with the team was recovering from surgery and two Bolivian crew members were in stable condition, hospital officials said. The aircraft is owned by LaMia, a charter company that started off in Venezuela but later relocated to Bolivia, where it was certified

to operate last January. Despite such apparently limited experience the airline has a close relationship with several premier South American squads. Earlier this month, the plane involved in Monday’s crash transported Barcelona forward Lionel Messi and the Argentina national team from Brazil following a World Cup qualifier match. The airliner also appears to have transported the national squads of Brazil, Bolivia and Venezuela over the last three months, according to a log of recent activity provided by Flightradar24.com. Moments before the flight departed, the team’s coaching staff gave an interview to a Bolivian television station in which they praised the airline, saying it brought them good fortune when it flew them to Colombia last month for the championship’s quarterfinals, which they won. “Now we’re going to do this new trip and we hope they bring us good luck like they did the first time,” athletic director Mauro Stumpf told the Gigavision TV network. The team won over fans across Brazil with its spectacular run to the finals, with some even taking up a campaign online to move the final match to Rio de Janeiro’s iconic Maracana stadium, where the 2014 World Cup finals were played. The tragedy of so many young and talented players’ lives and dreams cut short brought an outpouring of support far beyond Brazil’s borders. Atletico Nacional said in a statement it was offering its title to the team, saying the accident “leaves an indelible mark on the history of Latin American and world soccer.” Closer to home, fans mourned the terrible loss. “This morning I said goodbye to them and they told me they were going after the dream, turning that dream into reality,” Chapecoense board member Plinio De Nes told Brazil’s TV Globo. “The dream was over early this morning.”q


U.S. NEWS A3

Wednesday 30 November

Trump tapping Washington, Wall Street veterans for top jobs

Steven Mnuchin, national finance chairman of President-elect Donald Trump’s campaign, walks to lunch at Trump Tower, Tuesday, Nov. 29, 2016, in New York. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

STEVE PEOPLES RICARDO ZALDIVAR JULIE PACE Associated PressWASHINGTON (AP) — President-elect Donald Trump is tapping a trio of nominees with deep ties to Washington and Wall Street to fill out his Cabinet, including former Goldman Sachs executive Steven Mnuchin as treasury secretary. On Tuesday, Trump also chose Georgia Rep. Tom Price to oversee the nation’s health care system, picking a fierce “Obamacare” critic who has championed efforts to privatize Medicare. And he selected another veteran Republican, Elaine Chao, to lead the Department of Transportation. Mnuchin’s official announcement was expected as early as Wednesday, according to a person familiar with the decision who insisted on anonymity in order to confirm the pick ahead of time. Mnuchin, 53, led Trump’s finance operations during the presidential campaign and become close with the president-elect and his family. But he has no government experience, which could prove a hurdle in navigating the tricky politics of Washington. Price, picked to lead the Department of Health and

Human Services after more than a decade in Congress, helped craft House Speaker Paul Ryan’s plan to privatize Medicare — a position Trump opposed in the campaign. Chao, who was the first Asian-American woman to serve in a president’s Cabinet — she served under George W. Bush — is married to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell. The selections came as Trump spent Tuesday with advisers in his Manhattan skyscraper, racing through meetings with prospective administration hires as highprofile vacancies loom — none bigger than secretary of State. Former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney, on the shortlist for the nation’s chief diplomat, was to have a private dinner with the incoming president. At the same time, Green Party presidential candidate Jill Stein delivered $3.5 million to the state of Wisconsin to guarantee a recount in one of the states that fueled Trump’s unexpected victory. Stein, who is also pursuing recounts in Pennsylvania and Michigan, has raised concerns that the results may have been hacked. Trump has assailed the Green Party effort as a scam and separately has made unsupported claims

of voter fraud in other states. Meanwhile, Price’s selection raised questions about the incoming president’s commitment to Medicare, among other popular entitlement programs he repeatedly vowed to preserve before the election. The Georgia congressman led GOP efforts on Capitol Hill to transform Medicare into a voucher-like system, a change that if enacted, would likely dramatically reduce government spending on the health care program that serves an estimated 57 million people. Trump did not address Price’s position on Medicare in a statement released by his transition team. The team did not re-

spond to subsequent questions about it. “Chairman Price, a renowned physician, has earned a reputation for being a tireless problem solver and the go-to expert on health care policy, making him the ideal choice to serve in this capacity,” Trump said. “He is exceptionally qualified to shepherd our commitment to repeal and replace Obamacare and bring affordable and accessible health care to every American.” Trump, in a 2015 interview promoted on his campaign website, pledged not to cut expensive entitlement programs that Republicans have fought for years to cut to help reduce the federal deficit.q


A4 U.S.

Wednesday 30 November

NEWS LOCATED ACROSS FROM THE OCCIDIENTAL HOTEL ON PALM BEACH

Ohio State attacker stewed over treatment of fellow Muslims Associated Press COLUMBUS, Ohio (AP) — A Somali-born student who carried out a car-andknife attack at Ohio State University stewed over the treatment of Muslims while apparently staying under the radar of federal law enforcement, underscoring the difficulty authorities face in identifying and stopping lone wolves bent on violence. Abdul Razak Ali Artan was not known to FBI counterterrorism authorities before Monday’s rampage, which ended with him shot to death by police and 11 people injured, a law enforcement official told The Associated Press.

This August 2016 file photo provided by TheLantern.com shows Abdul Razak Ali Artan in Columbus, Ohio. Authorities identified Artan as the Somali-born Ohio State University student who plowed his car into a group of pedestrians on campus and then got out and began stabbing people with a knife Monday, Nov. 28, 2016, before he was shot to death by an officer. (Kevin Stankiewicz/TheLantern.com via AP)

That’s in contrast to several other recent attacks, including those in New York City; Orlando, Florida; and Garland, Texas, in which those blamed for the bloodshed had previously come to the attention of federal agents. Law enforcement officials have not identified a motive for the Ohio State violence but have suggested terrorism as a possibility. FBI agents continued to search Artan’s apartment for clues, but California U.S. Rep. Adam Schiff, the top Democrat on the House Intelligence Committee, said he had seen no evidence Artan was directed by or was in communication with any overseas terror organization. The mode of attack — plowing a car into civilians, then slashing victims with a butcher knife — was in keeping with the recommended tactics of jihadist propaganda. And Facebook posts that were apparently written shortly before the attack and came to light afterward show Artan nursed grievances against the U.S. He railed against U.S. intervention in Muslim lands and warned, “If you want us Muslims to stop carrying lone wolf attacks, then make peace” with the Islamic State group. “America! Stop interfering with other countries, especially the Muslim Ummah. We are not weak. We are not weak, remember that,” he wrote, using the Arabic term for the world’s Muslim community. He also warned that other Muslims are in sleeper cells, “waiting for a signal. I am warning you Oh America!” The posts were recounted

by a law enforcement official who was briefed on the investigation but wasn’t authorized to discuss it publicly and spoke on the condition of anonymity. On Tuesday, a self-described Islamic State news agency called Artan “a soldier of the Islamic State” who “carried out the operation in response to calls to target citizens of international coalition countries.” The Islamic State group has described other attackers around the world as its “soldiers” without specifically claiming to have organized the acts of violence. Artan’s social media rants seemed at odds with the portrait of the young man painted by neighbors and acquaintances. Jack Ouham, owner of a market near the home on the outskirts of Columbus where Artan lived with his parents and siblings, saw him almost every day when he stopped in for snacks but never alcohol or cigarettes. He was never angry, Ouham said. “Very nice guy,” he said. Artan graduated with honors from Columbus State Community College last May, earning an associate of arts degree. A video of his graduation ceremony shows him jumping and spinning on stage and smiling broadly, drawing laughs, cheers and smiles from graduates and faculty members. The school said he had no behavioral or disciplinary problems while he was there from the fall of 2014 until this past summer. He started at Ohio State in August as a business student studying logistics management.q


U.S. NEWS A5

Wednesday 30 November

Escaping fires meant fleeing through hell-like landscape

Fire erupts on both side of Highway 441 between Gatlinburg and Pigeon Forge, Tenn., Monday, Nov. 28, 2016. In Gatlinburg, smoke and fire caused the mandatory evacuation of downtown and surrounding areas, according to the Tennessee Emergency Management Agency. (Jessica Tezak/Knoxville News Sentinel via AP)

S. MEGARGEE J. MATTISE Associated Press GATLINBURG, Tenn. (AP) -With flames dripping from tree branches and the air filled with embers, thousands of people raced through a hellish landscape as they fled wildfires that killed three people and destroyed hundreds of homes and a resort in the Great Smoky Mountains. Fanned by hurricaneforce winds, the flames reached the doorstep of Dollywood, the theme park named after country music legend and local hero Dolly Parton. But the attraction was spared significant damage. The fires spread quickly on Monday night, when winds topping 87 mph whipped up the flames, catching residents and tourists in the Gatlinburg area by surprise. Police banged on front doors and told people to get out immediately. Some trekked 20 minutes to catch lifesaving rides on trolleys usually reserved for tours and wedding parties. “There was fire everywhere. It was like we were in hell,” said Linda Monholland, who was working at Park View Inn in Gatlinburg when she and five other people fled on foot. “Walking through hell, that’s what it was. I can’t believe it. I never want to see something like that again in my life, ever.” “Hell opened up,” her coworker Sissy Stinnett said. In all, more than 14,000 residents and tourists were

forced to evacuate the tourist city in the mountains, where some hotspots persisted and a curfew in place Tuesday night. No details on the deaths were immediately available. More than a dozen people were injured. The extent of the damage began to emerge even as smoke from the wildfires lingered late Tuesday afternoon. The Castle, perhaps the largest and most iconic home in Gatlinburg, was destroyed. So was Cupid’s Chapel of Love, a wedding venue. Entire churches were gone. Scorched cars parked outside set on their rims after their tires had melted away. The only sound came from the eerie screech of hotel fire alarms echoing through the empty streets. Some Christmas decorations on lampposts and utility poles were on fire. Marci Claude, a spokeswoman for both the city and the Gatlinburg Convention and Visitors Bureau, choked up as she surveyed the damage for the first time on a media tour. “I’m just astonished this is my town,” she said. On an aerial and driving tour of the damage in and around Gatlinburg, Gov. Bill Haslam said he was struck by the seemingly random nature of the fire that destroyed some structures and left others untouched. Noting that much of the downtown entertainment district was undamaged, Haslam said

“it just could have been so much worse.” As darkness fell on the area near the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, open flames could still be seen burning near razed homes. A line of strong to marginally severe storms was expected in east Tennessee on Tuesday night and into early Wednesday morning, with damaging straight-line winds of up to 60 mph and lightning possible. Gatlinburg Fire Chief Greg Miller said officials were still conducting search-andrescue missions. “We have not been able to get in all of the areas,” Miller said. “We pray that we don’t experience any more fatalities, but there are still areas that we are trying to get to” because

of downed trees and power lines. Though wildfires have been burning for several weeks across the drought-stricken South, with rainfall 10 to 15 inches below normal over the past three months in many parts, Monday marked the first time any homes and businesses were destroyed on a large scale.The fire that roared through Gatlinburg actually began last week in the national park, and fierce winds carried burning embers into the city, park officials said. That original fire is believed to have been caused by people, national fire managers said in a report. Whether it was intentionally set or an accident hasn’t been explained by authorities.q


A6 U.S.

Wednesday 30 November

NEWS

GOP prepares for house vote on medical research bill ALAN FRAM Associated Press WASHINGTON (AP) -- Republicans and Democrats put finishing touches Tuesday on a $6.3 billion medical research bill as GOP leaders prepared to try pushing the measure through the lame-duck Congress by next week. The White House said it backs the measure, all but ensuring its approval. While Democrats and consumer groups were unhappy with parts of the legislation, it contained enough accomplishments for both sides. Government drug approvals would be accelerated, there would be more money for biomedical research - including on cancer, a priority for the White House and Vice President Joe Biden - and there would be added funds for battling abuse of addictive drugs like opioids, a growing problem that plagues red and blue states alike. In a letter to lawmakers, White House officials said the administration strongly supports the legislation and praised almost every aspect of it. It cited some problems, such as a need for more money to implement some of its requirements, but said, “This legislation offers advances in health that far outweigh these concerns.” The House was planning to consider the 996-page package Wednesday, with Senate action expected next week. “It’s a very important and attractive piece of legislation. I anticipate a big vote,” said Sen. Lamar Alexander, R-

Sen. Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass. speaks in Manchester, N.H. Warren says a bill providing extra money for medical research is “extortion” and a giveaway to big biomedical companies. She also said the bill benefits a Republican donor who backs controversial therapies that are supposed to regenerate cells. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Tenn., who chairs the Senate Health Committee. In eleventh-hour talks, both sides said they had agreed to remove language that would have exempted companies from publicly reporting education-related gifts to doctors, such as

textbooks. Firms must report many payments they give physicians, which critics say encourage doctors to prescribe products made by those companies. Democrats had wanted stronger language to assure that the money the

legislation makes available would actually be provided by future Congresses. They were also unhappy with provisions making it easier to get government approval to prescribe existing drugs for new uses, and with the measure’s cuts in

President Barack Obama’s health care law and other programs, which would take effect immediately. But with Donald Trump replacing a more supportive Obama in the White House in just two months, Democratic leverage to demand changes was limited. In remarks Tuesday to the Senate, Minority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., said there is “some angst” among Democrats about the bill and said he was expecting it to be changed, but was not specific. The bill was drawing populist attacks from two of the Senate’s most liberal members, Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass., and Bernie Sanders, I-Vt. Sanders said Congress must “stand up to the world’s biggest pharmaceutical companies, not give them more handouts.” In a fierce Senate speech Monday, Warren called the bill “corrupt” and “very, very dangerous.” The bill would let the Food and Drug Administration approve drugs and medical devices more quickly - which consumer groups say is dangerous.q

Officials: at least 17 sickened from Thanksgiving meals JOCELYN GECKER Associated Press AN FRANCISCO (AP) -- San Francisco Bay Area health officials warned the public Tuesday to throw out any leftovers from a community Thanksgiving meal they suspect killed three people and sickened at least 14 people. Officials are still trying to determine what specifically caused the ill-

nesses, but they appear to have narrowed the source to a church-sponsored meal held at the American Legion hall in Antioch, California. The free, community meal is an annual event that this year turned tragic. Thursday’s feast hosted by the Golden Hills Community Church served 835 people, including residents of assisted living facilities,

homeless people and anyone who wanted a holiday meal, health officials said. All those who got sick ate food from the event and most became ill within 24 hours, said Dr. Louise McNitt, deputy health officer for Contra Costa County. The three people who died were admitted to the hospital on Friday and Saturday. More details about

their deaths were not immediately available. As of Tuesday, one person remained hospitalized and the rest were recovering at home. Those who got sick ranged in age from teenagers to their 70s. “Anyone with food from this event should not eat it, and should throw it away,” McNitt told a news conference Tuesday.q


U.S. NEWS A7

Wednesday 30 November

Canada PM approves controversial pipeline to Pacific Coast By ROB GILLIES Associated Press TORONTO (AP) — Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau on Tuesday approved one controversial pipeline from the Alberta oil sands to the Pacific Coast, but rejected another. He approved Kinder Morgan’s Trans Mountain pipeline to the Vancouver suburb of Burnaby, British Columbia , but rejected Enbridge’s Northern Gateway pipeline to Kitimat, B.C. These are the first major pipeline decisions for Trudeau, whose Liberal government is trying to balance the oil industry’s desire to tap new markets in Asia with environmentalists’ concerns. “The project will triple our capacity to get Canadian energy resources to international markets beyond the United States,” Trudeau said at an Ottawa news conference. “We took this decision today because we believe it is in the best interests of Canada.” Alberta, which has the world’s third largest oil reserves, needs infrastructure in place to export its growing oil sands production. Approving Trans Mountain helps diversify Canada’s oil exports. Ninety-seven percent of Canadian oil exports now go to the U.S. “We are getting a chance to sell to China and other new markets at better prices,” Alberta Premier Rachel Notley said. “And we’re getting a chance to reduce our dependence on one market and therefore be more economically independent.” Houston-based Kinder Morgan’s Trans Mountain pipeline expansion to Vancouver Harbour in Burnaby will increase the capacity of an existing pipeline from 300,000 to 890,000 barrels per day. But there remains opposition to the Trans Mountain pipeline in British Columbia, the birthplace of the Greenpeace environmental movement. There is no guarantee it will get built despite Trudeau’s approv-

al as it faces strong opposition from environmentalists and indigenous leaders. Vancouver, B.C. Mayor Gregor Robertson said he was profoundly disappointed by Trudeau’s decision and said it would bring seven times the number of oil tankers to Vancouver’s waters. Interim federal opposition Conservative leader Rona Ambrose said she supports the Kinder Morgan pipeline expansion, but doubts it will be built because of the opposition. Trudeau rejected the Northern Gateway project to northwest British Columbia which passes through the Great Bear Rainforest. Northern Gateway would have transported 525,000 barrels of oil a day from Alberta’s oil sands to the Pacific to deliver oil to Asia, mainly energy-hungry China. About 220 large oil tankers a year would have visited the Pacific coast town of Kitimat. The fear of oil spills is especially acute in the pristine corner of northwest British Columbia, with its snowcapped mountains and deep ocean inlets. Canadians living there still remember the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill off an Alaska export hub. 1989. Trudeau also promised to introduce legislation for a moratorium on crude oil tanker shipping on B.C.’s north coast. “The Great Bear Rainforest is no place for a pipeline and the Douglas Channel is no place for oil tanker traffic,” Trudeau said. Northern Gateway was approved by the previous Conservative government but a federal appeals court blocked it, ruling that aboriginal communities had not been adequately consulted. That put the decision on Northern Gateway in Trudeau’s hands. Trudeau also approved a lesser known Enbridge pipeline replacement called Line 3 that will carry oil from Alberta to the U.S. Midwest. That pipeline will carry oil from Alberta, through northern Minne-

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau speaks in Ottawa, Ontario. Trudeau on Tuesday approved one controversial pipeline from the Alberta oil sands to the Pacific Coast, but rejected another. (Adrian Wyld/ AP)

sota to Superior, Wisconsin. The Line 3 project would nearly double the existing pipeline’s volume to 760,000 barrels a day. Notley said Trans Mountain and Line 3 are critical to the oil-rich province’s economic future. The importance of Trudeau’s decisions on

pipelines only grew after the Obama administration turned down TransCanada’s Keystone XL pipeline that would have taken Alberta oil to the U.S. Gulf Coast. President-elect Donald Trump has expressed support for Keystone XL. Trudeau noted that more oil would end up being

transported by rail if more pipelines are not built. There have been a number of accidents involving oil trains during the past decade in the U.S. and Canada. The worst occurred in 2013 when a runaway train derailed and set off fires that killed 47 people in LacMegantic, Quebec.q


A8

Wednesday 30 November

WORLD NEWS

UK denies ‘have cake and eat it’ note is Brexit policy

JILL LAWLESS Associated Press LONDON (AP) — The British government denied Tuesday that its strategy for exiting the European Union had been leaked through a set of handwritten notes suggesting that the U.K.’s aim is to “have cake and eat it.” Despite its lofty ambition, the same document appears to concede that the U.K. will have to quit the EU’s single market of 500 million people once it leaves the 28-nation bloc. The British government has consistently refused to disclose details of what kind of deal it will seek with the EUafter Brexit, saying that would weaken its negotiating hand. EU  leaders have filled the vacuum by heaping pressure on Britain, warning that the U.K. it will have to leave the tariff-free single market if it seeks to limit immigration from  EU  countries, since the free movement of citizens is a fundamental principle of the bloc. The sheet of paper captured by a news photographer was being carried by an aide to senior Conser-

British Prime Minister Theresa May’s hair is blown in the wind as she greets Polish Prime Minister Beata Szydlo after disembarking from a plane to begin her visit as part of the UK-Poland InterGovernmental Consultations at RAF Northolt in London, Monday, Nov. 28, 2016. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham, Pool)

vative lawmaker Mark Field outside the Department for Exiting the EU  on London’s Downing Street. The paper says: “What’s the model? Have cake and eat it.” The densely written notes also list anticipated problems with the upcoming negotiating process, noting “we think it’s unlikely

we’ll be offered Single Market.” Prime Minister Theresa May plans to start the formal divorce process with the EU  by the end of March, triggering two years of discussions before Britain’s  EU  exit.  EU  leaders say there can be no substantive discussions on Britain’s leaving before then. European Council President Donald Tusk struck an

exasperated note Tuesday in a reply to British lawmakers, whom he said had accused EU  officials of “attempting to prevent negotiations, thereby creating ‘anxiety and uncertainty for the U.K. and EU citizens living in one another’s territories.’” “It is a very interesting argument, the only problem being that it has nothing to do with reality,” Tusk said

in a letter. He said EU  officials were ready to start exit talks as soon as Britain triggered Article 50 of the bloc’s Lisbon Treaty. “The decision about triggering Article 50 belongs only to the U.K.,” Tusk said. Dutch Finance Minister Jeroen Dijsselbloem warned Tuesday that Brexit is “going to be a tough ride” for Britain’s economy, as investors rethink their investments amid the uncertainty. Dijsselbloem, who also heads the group of 19 countries who use the common euro currency, said London could not be allowed to remain the EU’s financial capital after Britain leaves. “We cannot allow the financial service center for Europe and the eurozone to be outside Europe and the eurozone, and to go its own way in terms of rules and regulations,” he told European lawmakers in Brussels. The leaked British notes include the phrases “Canada-plus” — likely a reference to a free-trade deal with the EU based on Canada’s recently concluded arrangement — and “French likely to be most difficult.” q

Talks on Ukraine produce no visible results YURAS KARMANAU Associated Press MINSK, Belarus (AP) — A meeting of foreign ministers of Russia, Ukraine, France and Germany intended to shore up a shaky peace process in eastern Ukraine ended Tuesday without any visible progress. Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov told reporters after the talks that “there were no breakthroughs,” adding that sharp disagreements on security and other issues remain. The ministers’ talks follow last month’s meeting of the four nations’ leaders, who agreed to work out a “road map” on implementing the February 2015 Minsk agreement sponsored by France and Germany. The deal has helped reduce fighting between Ukrainian troops and pro-Russia separatists, but clashes have

continued and the hopedfor political settlement has stalled. Russia and Ukraine have blamed each other for the lack of progress in settling the conflict that has killed more than 9,600 since April 2014. The Minsk deal envisaged that Ukraine regains control of the rebellious region’s border with Russia after granting a special status, holding local elections there and offering amnesty to the rebels. That provision of the Minsk deal has drawn strong criticism from Ukrainian nationalists, and President Petro Poroshenko has been reluctant to push it through parliament, fearing public anger. Ukraine has accused Russia of failing to withdraw its troops and weapons from the east, but Moscow has

denied having any presence there. The Kremlin, in turn, has argued that Ukraine has failed to meet its end of the Minsk deal by not providing autonomy for the eastern regions and calling elections there. Lavrov on Tuesday pointed at the lack of progress on political reform, while his Ukrainian counterpart Pavlo Klimkin again accused Moscow of failing to withdraw its troops from the east. “There is no accord on all key aspects of the road map,” Klimkin said. While Poroshenko said last month that an agreement was reached on the deployment of an armed police mission in the areas held by pro-Russian separatists, Lavrov told reporters Tuesday that the issue wasn’t on the agenda. “No one is even thinking about it,” he said.q


WORLD NEWS A9

Wednesday 30 November

Iraqi forces assault villages outside Mosul, face IS bombers BRIAN ROHAN Associated Press HAJ ALI, Iraq (AP) Iraqi forces assaulted Islamic State-held villages across dusty fields south of Mosul on Tuesday, where suicide car bombers and snipers caused some two dozen casualties in a blatant reminder that militants still hold ground far from the main battlefield. Several hundred fighters from the army and statesanctioned Shiite militias massed in the nearby village of Haj Ali for the assault, firing mortars at IS positions in the rural villages of Shayala Abali and Shayala Ayma, 90 kilometers (56 miles) from Iraq’s second largest city. Columns of Humvees drove across open plain while firing heavy machine guns and kicking up thick clouds of dust. Suicide car bombers detonated charges that shook the ground a kilometer (0.60 miles) away, killing at least two soldiers and wounding at least 20 who were taken to an aid station, many in shock and with shrapnel wounds. “Their frontline has been fully destroyed, we’re only suffering from one sniper and we’re dealing with him,” said Sgt. Mohammed, who rushed off to transport wounded before giving his last name. “There were explosive devices and car bombs, but they are finished.” Behind the army troops, dozens of civilian pickup trucks loaded with armed militiamen sped off toward the villages while some of damaged Humvees returned with cracked bulletproof windshields. The government last month launched a massive campaign to retake Mosul, captured by IS in 2014 and its last major urban center

Iraqi Army soldiers celebrate as they hold a flag of the Islamic State group they captured during a military operation to regain control of a village outside Mosul, Iraq, Tuesday, Nov. 29, 2016. Iraqi forces are assaulting villages far south of Mosul in the Nineveh province, attempting to clear rural areas of Islamic State fighters who stayed behind to hinder their advance. (AP Photo/Hadi Mizban)

in Iraq. Advances have slowed after some swift initial gains in the extreme east, mostly because some 1 million civilians remain in the city, preventing the Iraqi forces and their allies in a U.S.-held coalition from using overwhelming firepower. Heavy IS resistance

inside Mosul has also contributed to the campaign’s slow pace. Progress has been slower elsewhere, with militarized federal police troops at the southern approach still fighting some 25 kilometers from the city center, although other units are with-

in sight of the city’s airport. A day earlier, Iraqi army troops took a mostly abandoned village, al-Qasar, seven kilometers to Mosul’s west. Inside Mosul Tuesday, special forces fighting in the eastern side of the city conducted house-to-house

searches in a contested neighborhood, looking for car bombs, explosive devices and snipers, who have been shooting at troops from roofs, according to Lt. Col. Muhanad alTimimi. He said the special forces were now in control of about 80 percent of the Zohour neighborhood, a large and densely populated district that is also the site of a major food market. The troops began their assault there a week ago, but have since met stiff resistance. “They’ve been putting the IEDs in houses and kicking the people out of their homes,” he said, adding that IS militants were “smashing holes between buildings” to move unseen by troops and reconnaissance drones. To the west of Mosul near the town of Tal Afar, a spokesman for one of the larger Shiite militias said their positions came under heavy IS shelling Tuesday for the third consecutive day. IS has been firing an average of 100 mortars daily on their positions, said Jaafar al-Husseini the militia’s spokesman.q

Thousands flee as Syrian army pushes into east Aleppo SARAH EL DEEB Associated Press BEIRUT (AP) Renewed airstrikes killed at least 20 civilians as they fled government advances in Syria’s besieged eastern part of Aleppo Tuesday, opposition groups reported as troops continued to target the enclave controlled by rebel groups. The United Nations said up to 16,000 people have already been displaced in recent days of fighting. A senior military official in Damascus put the number of people fleeing the opposition-controlled area Tuesday alone at

around 20,000, saying his government has put security measures in place to vet those leaving to ensure no fighters are among them and no violence takes place. The official, speaking to The Associated Press on condition of anonymity in line with regulations, denied any arbitrary detentions or revenge attacks took place during the influx of displaced, dismissing such reports as a distraction from his troops’ swift success in penetrating rebel defenses. The U.N. estimates that 275,000 residents are

trapped in the area that has been under tight siege and heavy bombardment since July. Many residents and rights groups have expressed fear of revenge or retaliation attacks during the dramatic government advances that have cleaved the territory held by opposition fighters since 2012. France called for an urgent Security Council meeting to discuss the situation in Aleppo, where ferocious fighting continued as government forces closed in and sought to break down rebel defenses in the deep-

ly divided city, once Syria’s thriving commercial center. Government forces pushed their way into a new neighborhood on the edge of the rebel-held areas to the east, near the Aleppo airport road, according to the opposition Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. The Britain-based Observatory and government allied media reported pro-government troops were also battling opposition fighters on the western edge of government-controlled Aleppo, seeking to secure the areas and repel opposition fighters from them.q


A10 WORLD

Wednesday 30 November

NEWS

S. Korean leader offers conditional resignation amid scandal FOSTER KLUG KIM HYUNG Associated Press SEOUL, South Korea  (AP) — South Korean President Park Geun-hye said Tuesday that she’ll resign — if parliament arranges the technical details — in her latest attempt to fend off impeachment efforts and massive street protests amid prosecution claims that a corrupt confidante wielded government power from the shadows. Opponents immediately called Park’s conditional resignation offer a stalling tactic, and analysts said her steadfast denial that she has done anything wrong could embolden her enemies. The country’s largest opposition party, the Minjoo Party, said it would not let Park’s “ploy to avoid impeachment” interfere with a planned vote on impeachment that could take place this Friday or the next. Park, who did not take questions from reporters after her live address to the nation, said she will “leave the matters about my fate, including the shortening of my presidential term, to be decided by the National

South Korean President Park Geun-hye makes a live televised address in Seoul, South Korea, Tuesday, Nov. 29, 2016. The embattled president said Tuesday that she will resign her office once parliament develops a plan for a safe transfer of power. (Pool Photo via AP)

Assembly,” referring to parliament. “If the ruling and opposition parties discuss and come up with a plan to reduce the confusion in state affairs and ensure a safe transfer of governments, I will step down from the presidential position under that schedule and by processes stat-

ed in law,” she said. How exactly this might play out is still unclear. But some saw Park’s speech as a clear effort to avoid leaving office, despite the resignation language. One clue that she was trying to buy time, said Yul Shin, a politics professor at Seoul’s Myongji Univer-

sity, was her comment on “shortening” the presidential term, which he said would require a timeconsuming constitutional amendment. Park is to end her single five-year term in early 2018. “There is no possibility that the opposition parties will accept her offer; not when

the public is this angry,” Shin said. “She apparently wanted to buy more time, but in the end she might have hastened the end of her presidency.” Others said lawmakers could shorten Park’s term just by securing a vote of two-thirds of the 300-member parliament — the same number of ballots needed to get Park’s impeachment motion passed. Park’s speech came as opposition parties were closing in on an impeachment motion. Even some of her allies have called on her to “honorably” step down rather than face impeachment. Meanwhile, hundreds of thousands of people have rallied in Seoul each Saturday to demand her ouster. The country’s two largest opposition parties said they will propose to the presidential office two former senior prosecutors as candidates for a special prosecutor to independently investigate the scandal. Under a law passed by parliament earlier this month, Park has three days to pick a special prosecutor among the two candidates.q

Russia eyes supplying military hardware to the Philippines MANILA, Philippines (AP) — Russia’s ambassador to the Philippines said Tuesday that Moscow is not discussing a military alliance with Manila, but rather a partnership and friendship that would see Russia supply arms and transfer technology to the long-standing U.S. ally. Ambassador Igor Khovaev told a media forum that the

two countries’ economic and trade commission will start work soon to identify specific areas of cooperation. The commission’s Russian co-chair will be visiting Manila soon, he added, without giving a date. Khovaev said Russia is open to all options for bilateral cooperation, including the long-term supply of military hardware “without political

conditionality” like adherence to human rights. He was apparently alluding to the U.S. Congress’ conditions for release of military assistance. Since becoming the Philippines’ president in June, Rodrigo Duterte has had an uneasy relationship with the U.S. He has declared his intentions to bolster relations with China  and Russia —

whose leaders he has met recently — as he revamps Philippine foreign policy, which has long leaned on Washington. Khovaev said Duterte is also expected to pay an official visit to Russia next year. Russia is “interested in longterm cooperation” that is comprehensive and includes “all forms — supply of arms and weapons, staff

training, maintenance, transfer of technology,” he added. Aside from supplying arms and weapons, Russia is also open to cooperation in all areas, including building infrastructure like railroads, supplying electric equipment, oil and gas ventures, increasing tourism, trade and people-to-people contacts, he said.q


WORLD NEWS A11

Wednesday 30 November

2nd day of homage to Fidel Castro to end with mammoth rally

FABIOLA SANCHEZ JUAN ZAMORANO Associated Press HAVANA (AP) — Schools and government offices were closed Tuesday for a second day of homage to Fidel Castro, with the day ending in a rally on the wide plaza where the Cuban leader delivered fiery speeches to mammoth crowds in the years after he seized power. Hundreds of thousands of Cubans have been bidding farewell to Castro, pledging allegiance to his socialist ideology and paying tribute before images of the leader as a young guerrilla gazing out over the country he would come to rule for nearly a half century. On Tuesday they were joined by two of Castro’s firmest ideological allies, presidents Nicolas Maduro of Venezuela and Evo Morales of Bolivia, who spent several moments paying their respects before a picture of Castro as a young, bearded rebel. “Cuba is going through a moment of profound shock,” Morales said when he arrived the previous evening. “I came to be present during a moment of pain from the loss of my brother, my friend.” Cuban state media reported that an urn containing

Castro’s ashes was being kept in a room at the Defense Ministry where his younger brother and successor, Raul Castro, and top Communist Party officials paid tribute the previous evening. Lines stretched for hours outside Havana’s Plaza of the Revolution, the heart of government power. In Havana and across the island, people signed condolence books and an oath of loyalty to Castro’s sweeping May 2000 proclamation of the Cuban revolution as an unending battle for socialism, nationalism and an outsize role for the island on the world stage. “I feel a deep sadness, but immense pride in having had him near,” said Ana Beatriz Perez, a 50-year-old medical researcher who was advancing in the slowmoving line with the help of crutches. “His physical departure gives us strength to continue advancing in his ideology. This isn’t going away, because we are millions.” “His death is another revolution,” said her husband, Fidel Diaz, who predicted that it will prompt many to “rediscover the ideas of the commander for the new generations.” Tribute sites were set up in hundreds of places across

Participants hold Cuban flags as they arrive to attend a rally at the Revolution Plaza in Havana, Cuba, Tuesday, Nov. 29, 2016. Schools and government offices were closed Tuesday for a second day of homage to Fidel Castro, with the day ending in a rally on the wide plaza where the Cuban leader delivered fiery speeches to mammoth crowds in the years after he seized power. (AP Photo/Natacha Pisarenko)

the island as the government urged Cubans to reaffirm their belief in a socialist, single-party system that in recent years has struggled to maintain the fervor that was widespread at the triumph of the 1959 revolution. Many mourners came on their own accord, but thousands were sent in groups by the communist government, which still employs about 80 percent of the working people in Cuba despite the growth of the

private sector under Raul. Inside the memorial, thousands walked through three rooms with nearidentical displays featuring the 1962 Alberto Korda photograph of the young Castro in the Sierra Maestra mountains, bouquets of white flowers and an array of Castro’s medals against a black backdrop, framed by honor guards of soldiers and children in school uniforms. The ashes of the 90-year-old former president did not appear to be

on display. Signs read: “The Cuban Communist Party is the only legitimate heir of the legacy and authority of the commander in chief of the Cuban Revolution, comrade Fidel Castro.” “Goodbye commander. Your ideas remain here with us,” 64-year-old retiree Etelbina Perez said between sobs, dabbing at her eyes with a brown handkerchief. “I feel great pain over his death. I owe my entire life to him. q

Havana tries to get its chaotic commercial areas in order A. RODRIGUEZ Associated Press HAVANA (AP) — Known for chaotic avenues filled with car-dodging pedestrians, balconies that discharge waterfalls onto sidewalks and reggaeton played at deafening volume, Havana wants to clean up its streets. Havana authorities have passed new city codes

meant to make streets around nearly three dozen commercial shopping zones more pleasant both for Cubans and the surging number of foreign tourists. “You really see the deterioration,” said Mileidis Garcia, who sells pinatas and decorations for birthday parties around one of the capital’s busiest markets, one of the areas targeted

by the new regulations. “The streets are filthy too,” she said, motioning to discarded scraps of paper, cookie wrappers, white plastic bags, soda cans and cigarette butts piled alongside her sidewalk. She echoes a worry expressed by Cuban officials that such carelessness could indicate a lack of civic culture.

“It’s like there is no sense of ownership, it’s not your house, it’s the street,” Garcia said. “But the city is your home too.” The new rules call for the including the installation of garbage cans, face-lifts for bus stops, thrice-daily sidewalk sweeping and the planting of trees along streets, according to Isabel

Hamze, vice president of Havana’s city government. She said the city also plans improved street lighting, inspections of places selling food and a ban on the unusual Cuban practice of selling beer directly from the taps of tanker trucks. Storefronts will be spruced up and unsightly street vendors will be run off. q


A12 WORLD

Wednesday 30 November

NEWS

Count shows Moise winning Haiti vote; challengers protest DAVID McFADDEN Associated Press PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti (AP) — A political newcomer backed by Haiti’s previous elected leader easily won a presidential election redo against 26 rivals, according to preliminary results that were quickly questioned Tuesday by several losing factions. Haiti’s Provisional Electoral Council said Jovenel Moise won 55.6 percent of the votes in the Nov. 20 election, apparently avoiding a runoff. Turnout was just 21 percent. Moise had been the leading vote-getter in the firstround of presidential balloting last year, but the official results were annulled after a Haitian commission called for the election to start over from scratch amid widespread fraud allegations. This time, Moise, an agricultural entrepreneur and candidate of former President Michel Martelly’s Tet Kale party, led his nearest competitor by over 35 percentage points. Moise was surrounded by jubilant, cheering supporters at a Petionville hotel after results were announced late Monday. With his wife, Martine, at his side, he thanked Haiti’s citizens and all his political competitors in the deeply polarized country. “It’s together we will change Haiti,” said Moise, who was tapped by Martelly in 2015 to be his successor.

Supporters of presidential candidate Maryse Narcisse, from Fanmi Lavalas political party, chant victory slogans during a protest in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Before election results were announced, supporters of Narcisse assert their candidate has won, and that only electoral fraud would keep her from office. (AP Photo/Dieu Nalio Chery)

Supporters of at least two other presidential candidates took to the streets in pockets of Haiti’s capital to protest the results, burning tires and throwing rocks at riot police who dispersed them with tear gas. But there were no reports of serious violence. Second-place presidential candidate Jude Celestin of the Lapeh political party had 19.5 percent in the preliminary count, trailing Moise by over 385,000 votes. He led an opposition alliance and boycotted campaigning for a runoff after coming in second to Moise in last year’s scrapped results. Celestin and the third and fourth finishers quickly re-

jected the preliminary tally and said they would file challenges. “We’re going to fight this. We’re asking the population to stay mobilized while we conduct the fight through the law,” Celestin said on a local radio station. Political parties can challenge the results before Haiti’s electoral tribunal before winners are certified Dec. 29. The election redo was needed to restore constitutional order in Haiti, which has been led by a provisional government for nearly a year because Martelly’s mandate expired before elections could be completed.

The recent balloting will also complete Parliament as voters picked a third of the Senate and the 25 remaining members of the Chamber of Deputies. The results of those races were not immediately clear. Former Sen. Moise Jean Charles had 11 percent of the Nov. 20 vote, and the leader of the Lavalas Family party, Marysse Narcisse, had 8.9 percent. Though his political enemies tried to discredit him as a puppet of Martelly, Moise campaigned vigorously and his support appeared to span the political spectrum among the sliver of Haitians who cast votes. Even before the results

rector Egbert Field says no passengers or crew members were injured in the Tuesday accident at the Cheddi Jagan International Airport. Field said the Caribbean Airlines jet

had just arrived from New York when its wing clipped a Fly Jamaica Boeing 767 waiting to leave for Toronto, Canada. Field said the impact dislodged the tail cone of the Fly Jamaica

jet. The 737 appeared to sustain less damage but was still being evaluated. Both jets were grounded while authorities investigated what happened and inspected both planes.

Jet clips another on Guyana runway; no injuries GEORGETOWN, Guyana (AP) — A Caribbean Airlines Boeing 737 that was landing in Guyana has clipped a stationary jet waiting to take off. Civil Aviation authority di-

were announced, flaming street barricades were set up in a section of Port-auPrince and some car windows were smashed by supporters of the Lavalas Family party, which was founded by twice-elected, twice-ousted ex-President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. For days, Lavalas partisans have insisted that only “massive fraud” would keep Narcisse from the presidency and they have repeatedly demonstrated in the streets of Port-auPrince despite a decree saying there could be no demonstrations until after the results were issued. Tuesday was no different as Lavalas partisans again marched through a patchwork of downtown slums where there is a well-worn street protest circuit. Celestin backers also burned tire barricades in the Portau-Prince neighborhood of Delmas 60. Pouchon Jean-Louis, a laborer in the Solino slum, watched a Lavalas rally snake past his family’s concrete shack and sucked his teeth in frustration. “These last elections seemed to go well and now these people are screaming fraud again. I want a new Haiti. After the preliminary results were reported, gunshots rang out in a number of districts either in celebration or warning. But the capital was relatively calm overall Tuesday, though there was a heavy police presence in spots and traffic was light. Seven senators from the Lavalas party and sympathetic factions sent a letter to the electoral commission alleging excessive irregularities during the Nov. 20 vote, including voters unable to cast ballots due to the relocation of some polling centers.


LOCAL A13

Wednesday 30 November

Coming to Aruba in December:

Anandita Basu to Headline Caribbean Festival of Inner Peace practiced daily for 15 minutes and helps them stay focused and in a witness state so they can watch the problems or challenges in their life in a balanced and detached way, without getting emotionally involved and overly distressed. This is just an intro to the technique – those who are interested in learning the technique can sign up for Free Workshops at the beginning or end of the programs. Please visit our Facebook Pages for more information on the programs & meditation workshops: Free Meditation Workshops & Caribbean Festival of Inner Peace. Program Schedule : Monday December 5th, at 07:30pm in Cas di Cultura. Saturday December 10th, at 07:30pm at International School of Aruba. Wednesday, December 21st, at 07:30pm at Teresita Center, San Nicolas. Tickets: Awg. 5.00 Tickets for December 5th & 10th programs are available at: Valero (Citgo) Boulevard, Plaza Book Shop Dakota, Taj Mahal Restaurant Oranjestad, Valero Essoville San Nicolas and Keke Store San Nicolas.

with her guru Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi (the biggest master of peace) and has been under her spiritual guidance since then. She has toured the world since 2007 to bring self-realization to mankind through her music, called Sahaja sufi music, the music of realized souls. Currently she is professor of Indian music and dance at Javeriana University in ORANJESTAD - The lead singer at the Festival, Anandita Basu, a recognized name in Sahaja Sufi and qawwali music from Kolkata, India, started to learn Indian Classical music at the age of 4 with her mother and Guru, Professor Anjana Basu. Anandita has learned various art forms from great masters of dance, music and percussion. She holds a degree in sociolology, and has received many prestigious awards and degrees in Music and Indian drums. Upon completing her degrees she started working for different international institutions and organizations with the purpose of promoting Indian music and culture all over the world. Her performances and recordings have been featured in many media and concerts, receiving great recognition for the uniqueness with which the complete peace and joy of self-connection is expressed while she sings. She has performed in Canada, EEUU, Suriname, Colombia, Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, France, Switzerland, Austria, Germany, Italy, Poland, Romania, Czech Republic, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, South Africa

and Finland among other countries. She has also performed in many festivals like Culture Spirit Festival in Italy, Helsinki Festival in Finland, Festival de Música Sacra de Bogotá. Wherever she performs, audiences are touched by her unique way of singing Sufi and qawwali, as she is probably the only female qawwali singer in the world who has earned a special place in the hearts of people. She has also worked in Fusion music with artists like Juan Sebastián Monsalve, Miguel Czachowski, Kavita Krishnamurti and others, and recorded with very renowned bands like Indialucia, Curupira Trio, Soplo de Vida amongst others. Anandita received her inner self realization in 1989

Bogotá, Colombia, and founder and director of Foundation Kalakendra of India to promote Indian culture in Colombia. In addition to Anandita’s powerful singing, the audience will be treated to Indian folk dances and flute recital at the program. Folk dances from different

regions in India, are very captivating and colorful. Anandita will also present a 15 minute introduction to an age old meditation technique which can be practiced by everyone of all ages & from all walks of life. This technique helps the practitioner to achieve a sense of peace easily if

Tickets for the December 21st program will be available at Valero Essoville and Keke Store San Nicolas. Join us at Paseo Herencia for a Flash Mob on the evening of December 7th. Please check our facebook page closer to the date for timings. Curacao: The group will also perform in Curaçao at Landhuis Zeelandia on December 17th and 18th. Please check our Facebook Pages!q


A14 LOCAL

Wednesday 30 November

Happiness Index Study Identifies Aruba as Happiest Island In The World

ORANJESTAD - New research suggests the “One happy island” of Aruba is the happiest island in the world, relative to size. Following a 5-year Happiness Index study conducted in partnership between Aruba Tourism Authority and the Rosen College of Hospitality Management at the University of Central Florida – results confirm 78 percent of the Aruban population is happy, while 76 percent also express longer-term satisfaction with life. When compared to the 2016 World Happiness Report, commissioned by the United Nations to measure the happiness index of 157 larger countries, Aruba’s results rank higher than No. 1 Denmark at approximately 75.3 percent. “It’s important to note that while other Caribbean islands are included in the World Happiness Report, Aruba is the first and only Caribbean island to ever measure its own happiness index,” said Dr. Robertico Croes of UCF. “Over the past five years, we’ve collected a significant 2,000 surveys, stratified across four core groups in Aruba, and have seen the desired stability in the island’s happiness levels.” Aruba’s famous brand – One happy island – has been around, with some interruptions, for nearly 40 years. But for Aruba, happiness is more than a trendy subject or tagline; it’s an inherit part of the island’s DNA that Aruba has committed to studying since 2011. “As the No. 2 most tourismreliant nation in the world,

Aruba greatly values the happiness of our local people – they are the heart and soul of Aruba and ensure the quality tourism experience that has defined our destination,” said Ronella Tjin Asjoe-Croes, CEO of Aruba Tourism Authority. “We evaluate the success of our tourism not only by its tangible benefits, but also by intangible benefits including local happiness and life satisfaction, as that directly impacts visitor happiness.” While the study reveals Aruba’s tourism is not the main driver of happiness, the successful industry brings satisfaction

to the local people and yields material benefits/

resources the government and Aruba Tourism Authority use to perpetuate local happiness. Island-wide wellness initiatives and downtown developments including the Linear Park, for instance, inspire quality time with loved ones and personal fulfillment, which locals value most.

ness index, Aruba encourages nations of all sizes to follow suit. “It is important to measure the success of a country beyond economic indicators and to make happiness and well-being an integral part of our national dialogue and intent,” said Otmar Oduber, Aruba

“Among all the destination research projects our university has conducted around the world, Aruba has been one of the most compelling islands to make inquiries about quality of life and happiness,” said Dr. Manuel Rivera of UCF. “Throughout the course of our studies we’ve confirmed Aruba’s people are generally happy with their quality of life as well as with the imperative connection between the destination and tourism. Happiness in Aruba can be seen as a self-fulfilling cycle, tourism development drives happiness for the residents which in turn results in happy tourists.” As the exclusive Caribbean island to measure its happi-

Minister of Tourism, Transportation, Primary Sector and Culture. “We would also like to see prestigious World Ranking Reports to incorporate ‘small island development states’ such as our One happy island, in its studies.” Aruba’s approach to happiness already has caught the attention and support of The United Nations World Tourism Organization. “We’ve reviewed the results of the study, which is in line with our methodology, and believe it merits attention on a worldwide level,” said UNWTO Secretary-General, Taleb Rifai. “We would like to see this model applied across other Caribbean islands and worldwide.”q


LOCAL A15

Wednesday 30 November

Cuba’s Cookin’ Brings the Salsa to the Dinner Table! ORANJESTAD - It’s been 16 years since Cuba’s Cookin’ opened its doors here in Aruba and we feel it has always been our mission to bring Cuban hospitality, art, music and dance to Aruba. The history of the compatibility of these two island cultures goes way back to the turn of the century when many Arubans went to Cuba in search of opportunities. What many of them found was backbreaking work in the sugarcane fields. Many of those Arubans also married and returned to their homeland with Cuban wives, strengthening those deep ties between the big and the small islands. In our years as proprietors of Cuba’s Cookin’ we have had a great time meeting so many of you and sharing our love of

this rich culture: a love for dance, traditional Cuban music – salsa, bolero, cha-

cha-cha – and, of course, the great food and art! Come and join Cuba’s

Cookin’ tonight at 7:00pm for a special Salsa performance, enjoy dinner and

some truly thrilling moments that only this culture has to offer. q


A16 LOCAL

Wednesday 30 November

Family Manganelli Honored at the Costa Linda Beach Resort

EAGLE BEACH - Recently the Aruba Tourism Authority had the great pleasure of honoring a very nice couple whom are loyal and friendly Visitor of Aruba, at the Costa Linda Beach Resort, as Distinguished Visitors. The symbolic honorary title is presented in the name of the Minister of Tourism as a token of appreciation to guests who visit Aruba for 10-to-19 consecutive years. The honorees were Mr. Felice and Mrs. Maria Manganelli from Yorktown Heights, New York. Felice and Maria are loyal mem-

bers of the Costa Linda and they love Aruba very much because of the friendly people, the climate, beaches, restaurants, and Aruba feels like a second home, the people are like a family to them and Costa Linda is their home away from home. Â The certificates were presented by Mr. Ernest Giel representing the Aruba Tourism Authority together with Annie de Windt and Miriam Rodriquez representing the Costa Linda Beach Resort and family members of the Manganelli couple. q


SPORTS A17

Wednesday 30 November

AP source:

Cespedes, Mets agree to $110M, 4-year contract

RONALD BLUM AP Baseball Writer NEW YORK (AP) — Yoenis Cespedes is staying with the New York Mets — again. After testing free agency for the second straight offseason, the slugging outfielder agreed to a $110 million, four-year contract with New York, a person familiar with the deal told The Associated Press on Tuesday. The person spoke to the AP on condition of anonymity because the agreement is subject to Cespedes successfully completing a physical. A two-time AllStar, Cespedes gets $22.5 million in 2017, $29 million in each of the following two seasons and $29.5 million in 2020. The 31-year-old receives a full no-trade provision as part of the agreement, the largest for a free agent thus far this offseason. The deal’s $27.5 million average annual value ties former Yankees third baseman Alex Rodriguez for the second-highest among position players, trailing only Miguel Cabrera’s $29.2 million with Detroit. Acquired by the Mets from the Tigers at the July 31 trade deadline in 2015, Cespedes had 17 home runs and 44 RBIs in 57 games with the Mets down the stretch, helping them reach the World Series for the first time since 2000. After finding a slow market in a free-agent class that also included Jason Heyward, Alex Gordon and Justin Upton, Cespedes made a surprise return to the Mets when New York agreed in January to a $75 million, three-year contract that allowed him to opt out after one season and $27.5 million.

Continued on page 19

THUNDERSTRUCK

Knicks’ six-game winning streak snapped Oklahoma City Thunder guard Russell Westbrook (0) shoots as New York Knicks guard Derrick Rose (25) defends in the second half of an NBA basketball game in New York, Monday, Nov. 28, 2016. Westbrook tallied his sixth triple double as the Thunder defeated the Knicks 112-103. Associated Press Page19


A18 SPORTS

Wednesday 30 November

Tiger Woods counts it a success that he’s playing golf again DOUG FERGUSON AP Golf Writer NASSAU, Bahamas (AP) — This might be one time that Tiger Woods doesn’t measure success on the golf course by the score on his card. He measured it with three words Tuesday: “I’m playing again.” There were times during his 15 months away from golf that Woods wasn’t entirely sure that would be the case. He said that when he was at the Hero World Challenge last year, he needed help just to climb out of bed. At an outdoor party at Albany Golf Club, he would mingle for a few minutes and then sit on a stone bench. He spent more time looking back than looking forward, saying at one point that anything else he achieved in golf would be “gravy.” And now he can’t wait to get started on Thursday. The 15-month break to heal following back surgeries is the longest he has been away from golf. Woods was a mixture of optimism and reality about his return. He talked about having all the shots he needs to compete against a field that includes 17 players from the top 40 and Woods, the tournament host who is at a career-low No. 898. He is playing, so he said he wants to win. The outlook is no different. He also noted that Bubba

Tiger Woods speaks at a press conference for the Hero World Challenge golf tournament in Nassau, Bahamas, Tuesday, Nov. 29, 2016. Associated Press

Watson won last year at 25-under par, and it probably will take something around that to win. “I know that’s a tall order since I’ve been away from the game for so long and I’ve made a lot of different changes in my game,” he said. “Physically and also equipment, practice schedules, training, all that has evolved. The mindset of competing hasn’t. That is to go out there and try to beat these guys.” He still is working with swing coach Chris Como, whom he brought on two years ago. Now that Nike is out of the equipment business, Woods is using a Taylor-

Made driver and fairway metals, a Bridgestone golf ball and his old Scotty Cameron putter that he used to win all but one of his 14 majors. But it starts with playing. “Put it this way: It’s a lot better situation this year than last,” Woods said. “I just couldn’t get out of bed. I needed help. It was a tough, tough time. You asked me then, ‘Could I play?’ No. I can’t even get out of bed. How am I supposed to swing a club at 120 miles an hour? That’s just two different worlds.” The Hero World Challenge, which he started in 1999 to benefit the Tiger Woods

Foundation, is effectively a holiday tournament for golf’s elite that has no cut and pays $1 million to the winner. It feels so much bigger this year because of Woods. Over the last year, he played five holes to open his new golf course, Bluejack National, outside Houston. And he took three swings with a wedge on the par-3 10th hole at Congressional during a day to promote the Quicken Loans National. All three went in the water. Everyone is curious to see how he plays. That includes Woods. His biggest concern is how far his shots will go because he hasn’t played with any adrenaline since the final round of the Wyndham Championship on Aug. 23, 2015. He doesn’t know how his game will stack up against players he watched at Hazeltine when he was an assistant captain at the Ryder Cup. His previous long break from golf was eight months

when he had reconstructive surgery on his left knee after winning the 2008 U.S. Open at Torrey Pines, the last of his 14 major titles. He won his opening match in the Match Play Championship and won two tournaments later at Bay Hill. That was a knee. This is a back. He was 33, not a month away from turning 41. And that was long before any chaos in his personal life. Asked what he would expect to feel Thursday at Albany Golf Club, Woods said, “I’ll let you know then, because I don’t know right now.” “Yeah, there’s nerves, of course, because I care. I care about what I do out there,” he said. “I want to win, and I want to place the ball in the correct spots, give myself the best angles and bury these putts. Trying to figure that out, yeah, there’s nerves.” Woods often talks about the “process” when he’s changing his swing. This was a different kind of process. It starts with hitting golf balls at home, then playing a practice round at home, and then bringing that game out to a tournament, competing and eventually getting into contention. “Right now, I haven’t even competed yet, so I’m at the beginning stages of that,” he said. Jack Nicklaus spoke Tuesday morning at the HSBC Business Forum in Florida and talked about how golf wasn’t nearly as important to him as competing. That’s something to which Woods can relate. What he said he missed was the competition, whether on tour or at home with friends. “But the bigger the stage,” Woods said, “the more fun for me.”q


SPORTS A19

Wednesday 30 November

NFL Roundup

Rodgers tosses 2 TDs, Packers beat Eagles 27-13

PHILADELPHIA (AP) — Green Bay ended a fourgame losing sequence with a 27-13 victory at Philadelphia on Monday, with Aaron Rodgers throwing two touchdown passes to Davante Adams. Rodgers had 313 yards passing and Adams had 113 yards receiving to help send Philadelphia (5-6) to its first home loss this season. The Packers (5-6) kept their sinking playoff hopes alive but they’re still two games behind Detroit (7-4) in the NFC North. Eagles quarterback Carson Wentz had 254 yards passing, ran for a score and threw an interception. Philadelphia started the season 3-0 but has lost six of the past eight. Rodgers came out firing and led the Packers on consecutive touchdown drives to start the game. Rodgers extended the opening drive by running

Cespedes

Continued from page 17 Cespedes had 31 homers and 86 RBIs in 132 games this year, slowed after injuring his right quadriceps on July 8. He hit one home run after Sept. 11. Other outfielders on the free-agent market include

Philadelphia Eagles’ Carson Wentz (11) dives for a touchdown past Green Bay Packers’ Micah Hyde (33) during the first half of an NFL football game against the Green Bay Packers, Monday, Nov. 28, 2016, in Philadelphia. Associated Press

twice for 25 yards and tossed a 12-yard TD pass to Adams for a 7-0 lead.

After the Eagles answered on Wentz’s 1-yard TD run , Rodgers led another 75-

yard scoring drive. He threw a perfect 20-yard TD pass to Adams to give the

Packers a 14-7 lead early in the second quarter. Nolan Carroll had excellent coverage on the play, but Rodgers put the ball in a tight spot and hit Adams in stride in the back of the end zone. Aaron Ripkowski’s 1-yard TD run early in the fourth quarter extended Green Bay’s lead to 24-13. The Eagles had allowed only three touchdowns at home while outscoring opponents 108-38 in their first four games at Lincoln Financial Field. Green Bay gave up at least 30 points in each of its previous four games, including 89 in the last two. But the defense harassed Wentz and shut down the Eagles’ inconsistent offense. Philadelphia’s Caleb Sturgis kicked field goals of 48 and 50 yards while Green Bay’s Mason Crosby connected from 33 and 32 yards.q

major league home run leader Mark Trumbo, Jose Bautista, Carlos Beltran, Dexter Fowler, Josh Reddick and Matt Holliday. Mets general manager Sandy Alderson said he wanted a resolution to Cespedes’ negotiations with the team by the end of the winter meetings, which run from Dec. 5-8.q

In this April 29, 2016, file photo, New York Mets’ Yoenis Cespedes (52) reacts after hitting a grand slam home run against the San Francisco Giants during the third inning of a baseball game, in New York.  Associated Press


A20 SPORTS

Wednesday 30 November

Westbrook gets another triple-double as Thunder stop Knicks NEW YORK (AP) — Russell Westbrook got his third straight triple-double and nearly did it by halftime, finishing with 27 points, 18 rebounds and 14 assists for his NBA-leading eighth of the season as the Oklahoma City Thunder beat the New York Knicks 112-103 on Monday night. Westbrook had 14 points, 10 rebounds and nine assists at the break and is now averaging a triple-double for the season, raising his averages to 30.9 points, 11.3 assists and 10.3 rebounds through more than a month of the season. Enes Kanter added a season-high 27 points and grabbed 10 rebounds, while Steven Adams had 14 points and 10 boards in the Thunder’s third straight victory. Derrick Rose scored a season-best 30 points, but the Knicks had their sixgame home winning streak snapped. Kristaps Porzingis added 21 points and Carmelo Anthony had 18, but shot just 4 for 19. WARRIORS 105, HAWKS 100 OAKLAND, Calif. (AP) — Kevin Durant had 25 points and 14 rebounds, Draymond Green blocked two shots in the final 43.4 seconds and Golden State held off Atlanta and its strong bench for a 12th straight victory. Stephen Curry scored 25 points with four 3-pointers, and Klay Thompson added 20 points as Golden State’s Big Three each reached 20 points for the second consecutive game. The Warriors won their seventh straight home game and fifth in a row against Atlanta at Oracle Arena while welcoming back Green from a one-game absence while injured. Dennis Schroder scored 24 points for the Hawks. Dwight Howard added 14 points and 16 rebounds, and Paul Millsap had 14 points and 14 boards. CELTICS 112, HEAT 104 MIAMI (AP) — Isaiah Thomas had 25 points and eight assists, Avery Bradley added 18 points and Boston beat Miami. Jae Crowder scored 17

points and Kelly Olynyk had 14 for the Celtics, who beat Miami for the fourth consecutive time. The 112 points were the most scored against the Heat this season. Goran Dragic had 27 points and 17 assists for the Heat, setting season bests in both categories. Hassan Whiteside added 25 points and 17 rebounds, and Josh Richardson scored 12. The Heat tied a season low for a quarter with 12 points in the second, going into halftime down 48-31. They established a season best with 42 points in the third, yet Boston maintained a double-digit lead. JAZZ 112, TIMBERWOLVES 103 MINNEAPOLIS (AP) — George Hill had 24 points, eight rebounds and four assists, and Rudy Gobert had 16 points and 17 rebounds to lead Utah over Minnesota for its third straight win. Gordon Hayward scored 24 points and Utah’s topranked defense put the clamps on young Timberwolves stars Andrew Wiggins and Karl-Anthony Towns. Towns had 19 points and 12 rebounds but shot 8 of 18 and struggled with foul trouble. Wiggins scored 13 points on 6-for-16 shooting. All five Wolves starters were in double figures, including Zach LaVine with 28 points. RAPTORS 122, 76ERS 95 TORONTO (AP) — Kyle Lowry scored 24 points and set a team record by hitting all six of his 3-pointers, and Toronto extended its winning streak over Philadelphia to 13 games. Lowry added eight assists and four rebounds. He topped the 5-for-5 mark on 3s set by several other Raptors throughout the years. Six players scored in double figures for the Raptors (116), who won their third in a row. Terrence Ross added a season-high 22 points for Toronto, including a trio of 3s, as the Raptors went 13 for 19 (69 percent) from beyond the arc. Robert Covington led the 76ers with 20 points, going

Oklahoma City Thunder guard Russell Westbrook (0) shoots between New York Knicks’ guard Courtney Lee (5) and Knicks’ forward Kristaps Porzingis (6) in the first half of an NBA basketball game in New York, Monday, Nov. 28, 2016. Associated Press

6 for 9 from 3-point range. Jahlil Okafor had 15 points for the Sixers (4-14), who lost their fourth straight. Philadelphia has dropped all six road games this season. The team’s losing streak away from home is at 22 games dating to last season. WIZARDS 101, KINGS 95, OT WASHINGTON (AP) — Bradley Beal made a careerhigh seven 3-pointers and finished with 31 points as Washington recovered after giving up a late lead and beat Sacramento in overtime. John Wall had 19 points

and 11 assists for the Wizards, but committed a career-high 11 turnovers. Washington had a seasonhigh 24 giveaways, but held the Kings to three points in overtime after seeing an eight-point lead evaporate over the final 5:12 of regulation. DeMarcus Cousins had 36 points and a season-high 20 rebounds for Sacramento, which also committed its most turnovers of the season with 20. HORNETS 104, GRIZZLIES 85 MEMPHIS, Tenn. (AP) — Kemba Walker and Jeremy Lamb scored 21 points apiece, and Charlotte built

an early lead on the way to beating Memphis. Walker and Lamb were a combined 14 of 25 from the field, including 7 for 13 on 3-point attempts. The rest of the Hornets were 2 of 13 from outside the arc. Michael Kidd-Gilchrist had 14 points and Frank Kaminsky added 12 for the Hornets, who won their second straight after a fourgame losing streak. Lamb grabbed nine rebounds. Marc Gasol led the Grizzlies with 19 points and eight rebounds. Mike Conley had 15 points before leaving in the third quarter with a lower back injury.q


SPORTS A21

Wednesday 30 November

Ennis-Hill to get 3rd world title after Russian loses gold LAUSANNE, Switzerland (AP) — British heptathlete Jessica Ennis-Hill is in line to receive a third world championship gold medal after Russia’s Tatyana Chernova was stripped of the 2011 title on Tuesday for a doping violation. The Court of Arbitration for  Sport  also stripped Chernova of her bronze medal from the 2012 London Olympics and announced a new suspension for a separate blood doping offense. Two other female Russian runners — Yekaterina Sharmina and Kristina Ugarova — also received suspensions for biological passport violations. The IAAF referred the three cases to the arbitration court in February after Russia’s track and field federation was suspended for

widespread doping in the country. CAS ruled Tuesday that all of Chernova’s results between Aug. 15, 2011, and July 22, 2013, are annulled — meaning she loses her gold from the 2011 world championships in Daegu, South Korea, and bronze from the 2012 London Olympics. Ennis-Hill, who finished second behind Chernova in Daegu, is now expected to inherit a third world title to go with her championships in 2009 and 2015. Ennis-Hill said the picture of Chernova beating her in 2011 was “forever imprinted in my mind.” “However much it drove me on for what I was about to achieve at my first Olympics in London, in my heart I just knew it was wrong,” En-

nis-Hill wrote on Instagram after the CAS ruling. “So happy to finally be receiving my gold medal. Triple World Champion WOW.” Ennis-Hill also won the Olympic gold medal in London and took silver at this year’s games in Rio de Janeiro. Chernova had previously been given a two-year ban backdated to 2013 after testing positive for a steroid when a sample from the 2009 world championships was reanalyzed. In position to receive Chernova’s London bronze medal is the original fourth-place finisher, Lyudmila Yospenko of Ukraine. Russia had previously annulled Chernova’s results between August 2009 and August 2011 — dates which protected her Daegu gold and London bronze.

In this Tuesday, Aug. 30, 2011 file photo, Russia’s Tatyana Chernova, left, embraces silver medalist Jessica Ennis of Britain after winning gold in the Heptathlon following the 800m at the World Athletics Championships in Daegu, South Korea. Associated Press

Ennis-Hill had filed a complaint over the Daegu results with the IAAF, seeking to claim the gold. CAS said Tuesday that Chernova, Sharmina and Ugarova had all been

found guilty of blood doping based on analysis of their biological passports, a system that tracks an athlete’s blood profile over time to detect signs of cheating.q

Tarasenko scores at 3:24 of OT to lift Blues past Stars BY WARREN MAYES ASSOCIATED PRESS ST. LOUIS (AP) -- Giving up a lead late before going on to win two straight games is not St. Louis coach Ken Hitchcock’s idea of good hockey. Vladimir Tarasenko scored at 3:24 of overtime to lift the Blues to a 4-3 victory over the Dallas Stars on Monday night. Tarasenko took a pass from Jori Lehtera and fired a wrist shot past Stars goalie Antti Niemi for 10th of the season and team-leading 23rd point. The Stars had tied it with 50 seconds left in the third period on defenseman Jamie Oleksiak’s second

goal of the game. “There’s a real concern about the leads,” Hitchcock said. “There’s a real concern about what we gave up and how we did it. We played terrific and had full control of the hockey game. We got careless on our checking and our puck management.” The Blues also gave up a late third-period goal in Saturday’s shootout win over Minnesota. “There’s a lot of good things to like with what’s going on right now,” Hitchcock said. “You like our spirit and our ability to come back but there’s genuine concerns on my part about elements

of our game that don’t hurt you at home but will kill you on the road. We have to get that cleaned up.” On the tying goal, Dallas had an extra skater with Niemi pulled and Oleksiak sent the puck at the net from the left point and it got past Blues goalie Jake Allen for his fourth career goal - third against St. Louis. “I don’t come into games thinking (anything) but I was fortunate to get a couple of bounces here and I think I just do what I can,” Oleksiak said. “Obviously I have some familiarity with this team. We play them a lot and played them in the playoffs last year and you kind of learn some

St. Louis Blues’ Vladimir Tarasenko (91), of Russia, celebrates after scoring a goal past Dallas Stars goalie Antti Niemi, left, of Finland, during overtime of an NHL hockey game Monday, Nov. 28, 2016, in St. Louis. The Blues won 4-3 in overtime.  Associated Press

tendencies and you kind of learn where to be in certain situations.” Robby Fabbri, Alex Pietrangelo and David Perron also scored for St. Louis, and Allen finished with 18 saves.

Jamie Benn had the Stars’ other goal and Niemi stopped 27 shots. St. Louis improved to 3-3 in games beyond regulation - including 2-2 in overtime and Dallas fell to 1-6 - all in OT.q


A22 HEALTH

Wednesday 30 November

Blue-Grey (SAD)

By: Dr Carlos Viana

We are blessed to live in the land of endless sunshine. There’s nothing “SAD” about being able to go barefoot and enjoy blue skies every day. This time of year though, we do have rain and life on our tiny island can seem, tiny. Phyllis’ antidote to “tiny” is to vacation in the big city. New York City, especially during the holidays energizes her. But after a week of nothing but grey skies, Phyllis begins to feel what our friends up north call the winter blue’s or Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). Luckily, even with the rain, it is warm and our sun does shine bright between showers and locals and tourists run for some beach time even in winter. However, for those of you who have had too much cold, snow or rain it can cause more than a passing moment of “sad” feelings. Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is a type of depression that often occurs in winter throughout the Northern and Southern Hemispheres due to lack of light and sunshine. It is rare in people living near the equator, where daylight hours are long. In individuals affected by this disorder, the symptoms usually recur each winter, starting between September and November and continuing until March or April; and although SAD may begin at any age, the typical age of onset is between eighteen and thirty. In addition to symptoms of depression, most sufferers show signs of a weakened immune system during the winter

and are more vulnerable to infections and other illnesses, while in spring and autumn they may have extreme mood changes and short periods of hypomania (overactivity). For some people, SAD produces symptoms severe enough to cause considerable stress and disrupt their lives. SAD symptoms usually disappear automatically in spring or when affected individuals travel to sunnier climates. A diagnosis of SAD can be made after three or more consecutive winters of symptoms, which include the following: • Desire to oversleep and difficulty staying awake • Disturbed sleep • Feelings of fatigue and inability to handle daily routine • Craving carbohydrates and sweets • Feelings of misery, guilt, apathy or loss of feelings • Irritability • Reduced self-esteem • Desire to avoid social contact • Tension and inability to tolerate stress • Decreased interest in sex and physical contact If relocating to a sunnier location is not possible, SAD can be treated in several ways. First, individuals can buy lightbulbs labeled, “full-spectrum”. Full-spectrum bulbs are similar to natural daylight because the light is perceived to have the color and brightness of daylight. Daylight is a form of energy that travels in various wavelengths. Daylight, because

it includes all wavelengths that are visible to the human eye, is considered full spectrum.When SAD leads to depression, it can be treated with standard antidepressant drugs, or if these are ineffective, natural relief may be found in 5HTP (hydroxytryptophan), the precursor to serotonin, which plays an important role in regulating mood, sleep, sexuality, appetite, and vomiting. The benefits of 5HTP, which, unlike other antidepressants, affects only the brain, are very similar to those of L-tryptophan, such as aiding sleep, alleviating age-related depression, and minimizing effects of alcohol withdrawal. But 5HTP must not be taken with other serotonin-enhancing drugs, such as L-tryptophan or Prozac, without the guidance of a physician since this may cause severe side effects, including mania, anxiety, and dermatitis. In addition, depression caused by SAD can be treated with acupuncture. Traditional Chinese medicine, believes that heat, cold, wind, dampness, dryness, and summer heat are six external climatic forces that can invade the human organism and create disharmony in body, mind, and spirit. Acupuncture can help people who suffer from SAD achieve a more balanced state. The effects of SAD can be prevented or minimized by remaining physically active during the fall and winter months. Try winter outdoor activities such as skating, skiing. Jogging, walking the dog or playing

outside with the kids can still be enjoyed in winter, but the right clothing and warming up is essential. Make sure you start earlier to catch the shorter daylight hours for safety and enjoyment. If you can’t take the cold, switch to indoor stretches and exercises such as working out at a gym, yoga, or try salsa lessons. These are excellent ways to maintain a healthy mind and body. Getting enough quality rest and staying connected with friends and family or getting professional help is important for emotional support. As a clinical nutritionist, I can never say enough about eating healthy and staying hydrated. In the cold you may not sweat and therefore not realize you are dehydrated. However many indoor heating systems are drying, get a home humidifier if necessary. Including immune supporting supplements like vitamin C, Zinc, Cats claw, Reishi, Shiitake and Maitake Mushrooms can make a difference. Add B complex to your program, to support strength and energy and 5HTP for “blue” feelings. Get the Point. Don’t spend another winter being SAD. With a little effort, you can adjust your lifestyle to the seasons.

Plan and shop ahead for healthy meals. Stock up on immune system and mood supporting supplements. Schedule time and find new ways to exercise, with a friend if possible. Invest in full spectrum lightbulbs. Try acupuncture; stay active physically, mentally and emotionally with supportive friends, family and professionals. Of course, a winter getaway to a warm, sunny place could help you turn your grey skies to a brighter shade of blue. If you’re visiting our island and would like more information, call us for an appointment. CARLOS VIANA, Ph. D. is an Oriental Medical Doctor (O.M.D.) having studied in Shanghai, China; a Board Cert. Clinical Nutritionist (C.C.N.), a fellow member of the Board Certified Association of Addiction Professionals (C.Ad.), the Chairperson of the Latin American Committee of the International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology (IAOMT), a Rejuvenating Cell Therapist and specializes in Anti-Aging Medicine, has a weekly radio program, writes and lectures extensively. For information: VIANA NATURAL HEALING CENTER NV, Kibaima 7, Aruba, TEL: 585-1270 FAX: 585-4789, Web Sight: www.vianaheal.com GIVE THE GIFT OF HEALTH THIS HOLIDAY SEASON! *Gift Certificates & Health Products Available * Dr. Viana’s AWARD WINNING BOOK: Prescriptions from Paradise, Introduction to Biocompatible Medicine – Available at local Bookstores, Hotel Gift shops. Signed copies at Viana Healing Center, EBook Holiday Special at www.amazon.com, check for Events at: facebook. com/vianahealingcenter


TECHNOLOGY A23

Wednesday 30 November

Tech solutions to tackle overfishing, labor abuse at sea MARTHA MENDOZA Associated Press BANGKOK (AP) — Fishing boats used high-tech systems to find vast schools of fish for decades, depleting stocks of some species and leading to the complete collapse of others. Now more than a dozen apps, devices and monitoring systems aimed at tracking unscrupulous vessels and the seafood they catch are being rolled out — high-tech solutions some say could also help prevent labor abuse at sea. Illegal fishing, which includes catching undersized fish, exceeding quotas and casting nets in protected areas, leads to an estimated $23 billion in annual losses, according to the United Nations. Meanwhile, overfishing close to shore has pushed boats farther out, where there are few laws and even less enforcement to protect workers from

In this Wednesday, Sep. 9, 2015 photo, workers weigh newly landed tuna before they are given barcodes a port facility in Benoa, Bali, Indonesia. Associated Press

“there is not one square mile of ocean where we cannot prosecute and hold people accountable...”

In this Sept. 29, 2016, photo released by the Nature Conservancy, a close up look inside a Satlink high definition electronic monitoring camera before it was installed on a longline tuna boat in Palau. Associated Press

abuse. Slavery has been documented in the fishing sectors of more than 50 countries, according to U.S. State Department reports. Earlier this year, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said using technology at sea could eventually mean

However, Phil Robertson, deputy Asia director of Human Rights Watch, cautions that catching human traffickers goes beyond finding boats. “Technology is all about knowing where the fishing boats are on the ocean,

but that does precious little for crews being physically abused and worked to the bone on those vessels,” he said. Here are some emerging tech solutions: ___ APP FOR WORKERS Nonprofit anti-trafficking organization Project Issara is tapping into nearubiquitous smartphones with an app that allows Burmese and Cambodian migrant workers around the world to share information about their working conditions. Their reviews reach nonprofits, governments and businesses which can monitor and learn from the feedback. Combined with a new multilingual hotline, victims of labor abuses have a safer, discreet way of seeking help. ___ BAR CODES A worker runs a gadget over a fish just after it’s pulled from the boat, giving it a bar code that creates a permanent record of where it was caught. It’s

a simple swipe with profound potential. Thomas Kraft at Norpac Fisheries Export established one of the industry’s first bar-code systems that give each fish a tag that can provide details about location, boat, species, and weight. He’s been using the technology in locations worldwide and says it could easily be expanded to include crews on individual boats to help fight against labor abuse. ___

EYES ON THE SEAS Eyes on the Seas uses satellite trackers, radar signals, drone images, even radio signals to create a dynamic world map. Analysts using algorithms and observations can identify boats that appear to be illegally fishing in protected areas or pulling near each other to offload illicitly caught seafood. They can then contact national authorities with detailed evidence about where a boat is and what it appears to be doing. Eyes on the Seas can spot boats even if they turn off their basic safety satellite trackers, which may be a deterrent for would-be bad actors, but confidential data used in the system means it cannot be publicly available. Built by the Pew Charitable Trusts and a U.K. government satellite start-up initiative, the system is still being fine-tuned. ___ GLOBAL FISHING WATCH Like Eyes on the Seas, this tool provides a nearly-live view of fishing boats at sea around the world. But the data it uses to identify boats comes almost exclusively from Automatic Identification Systems, satellite trackers used in large vessels that are easily switched on and off. q

In this Wednesday, Sep. 9, 2015 photo, a workers runs a scanner on a barcoded fish at a port facility in Benoa, Bali, Indonesia. Associated Press


A24 BUSINESS

Wednesday 30 November

Tiffany’s 3Q profit unexpectedly rises on sales in Asia

A. D’INNOCENZIO AP Business Writer NEW YORK (AP) — Shares of Tiffany & Co. got a nice lift after the luxury jewelry retailer reported an unexpected sales increase in its third quarter, marking the first gain in eight quarters. The results, announced Tuesday, came as stronger business  in Asia offset declines in the U.S. and Europe. Still, the luxury retailer also noted in its release that the

increased security and protests near the home and office on Manhattan’s Fifth Avenue of President-elect Donald Trump has had “some adverse effect” on customer traffic at its flagship. And Tiffany says it doesn’t know when the situation will improve. The store represents less than 10 percent of worldwide net sales for the latest period. “We are encouraged by

some early signs of improvement in sales trends, but we clearly need more positive data over time before this can be considered an inflection point,” said Frederic Cumenal, CEO of Tiffany in a statement. The luxury jeweler’s profit rose to $95.1 million, or 76 cents per share. Sales rose 1.2 percent to $949.3 million. The average estimate of 10 analysts surveyed by Zacks Investment Research was

for earnings of 67 cents per share and six analysts expected revenue of $923.2 million. In the Americas region, total sales fell 2 percent to $417 million on softness in spending by U.S. customers while same-store sales also fell 2 percent. Total sales in the Asia-Pacific region rose 4 percent to $247 million with strong growth in China. Still, samestore sales in the region fell 7 percent.

Sales in Europe fell 10 percent to $104 million, with same-store sales falling 14 percent. Other sales rose 18 percent to $31 million. Looking ahead, the New York-based company continues to expect a full-year drop in sales and profit as it continues facing a tough market. Tiffany shares rose $5.42, or 6.9 percent, to $83.56 in morning trading. Its shares are up more than 4 percent in the last 12 months. q

Stocks close higher, helped by health care companies KEN SWEET AP Business Writer NEW YORK (AP) — Stocks closed slightly higher on Tuesday, boosted by health-care companies like UnitedHealth Group, which helped outweigh steep declines in energy companies. Tiffany jumped after it reported better quarterly results than analysts expected. The Dow Jones industrial average rose 23.70 points, or 0.1 percent, to 19,121.60. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index rose 2.94 points, or 0.1 percent, to 2,204.66 and the Nasdaq composite rose 11.11 points, or 0.2 percent, to 5,379.92. Stocks started the day slightly lower but posted slight gains by late-morning and stayed higher throughout the afternoon. Health care stocks were a primary driver of the market’s upward turn. UnitedHealth, the largest U.S. health insurer, backed its forecast for this year and said it expects its earnings

Traders Richard Newman, center, and Robert Charmak, right, work on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange. Stocks closed slightly higher on Tuesday, boosted by health-care companies like UnitedHealth Group, which helped outweigh steep declines in energy companies. (AP Photo/Richard Drew)

to grow in 2017. That’s because of stable medical costs, less exposure to Affordable Care Act health care exchanges, and growth for Optum, a business  that manages pharmacy benefits, runs clinics and doctors’ offices and

provides technology services. The Dow component closed up $5.48, or 3.6 percent, to $157.59. Other health care stocks also rallied. Alexion Pharmaceuticals rose $6.21, or 5 percent, to $125.59, drug-

maker AbbVie rose $2.13, or 3.6 percent, to $61.59. Other insurance companies also posted gains. Aetna rose $3.64, or 2.8 percent, to $132.03. Cigna, Humana and Anthem all closed up more than 1 percent. Health care stocks also rose

following the announcement of President-elect Donald Trump’s nominee for Secretary of Health and Human Services, Georgia Congressman Tom Price, who is an adamant opponent of the Affordable Care Act and is likely to head up the Trump’s administration’s rollback of the law. Analysts at Jeffreys and Morgan Stanley both said this week the Trump administration would be positive for the industry. After taking a pause on Monday, stocks remain in rally mode since the election. However the gains have slowed down in the last week. “We’re seeing a lot of consolidation after the market’s big run,” said Karen Hiatt, a senior portfolio manager at Allianz Global Investors. In energy, oil prices fell sharply after it seemed like a deal to reduce oil production among OPEC nations was starting to fall apart ahead of their meeting Wednesday. q

Plane maker Airbus plans 1,100 job cuts as it consolidates PARIS (AP) — Airbus wants to cut more than 1,100 jobs across Europe as it consolidates its activities and seeks to better compete with U.S. rival Boeing and others amid growing global demand for planes. Airbus Group, parent of the plane maker, faces months of negotiations with unions after presenting a reorganization plan to the works council Tuesday in

Toulouse, France. The cuts will be spread across four countries, with 640 jobs cut in France, 429 in Germany, 54 in Britain and 39 in Spain, Airbus spokesman Jacques Rocca said. Airbus, which has about 136,000 employees worldwide, hopes to make the cuts through voluntary departures, early retirement and relocating positions — but might resort to layoffs if

necessary. Yvonnick Dreno of the Workers Force union suggested workers could stage strikes if they can’t agree with management on conditions for the cuts. “We have said we will not accept layoffs,” he said on BFM television. “If there is a need to have labor action, there will be action.” Discussions are under way for the next six months, and the job cuts are meant to

be finalized by the end of 2018. Airbus Group says the cuts are needed as it merges the plane maker with the parent company and invests in digital projects. Airbus Group CEO Tom Enders stressed the need for lifelong learning for employees in a fast-changing job market, and said the integration is aimed at ensuring “future competitiveness.”

The announcement came the day after the latest World Trade Organization ruling in a long-running dispute between Airbus and Boeing over government subsidies. Airbus has had a challenging year, suffering losses linked to its troubled A400M military transporter and the A350 passenger jet, its longdelayed rival to Boeing’s popular 787.q


BUSINESS A25 American bank earnings up nearly 13 percent in 3Q Wednesday 30 November

MARCY GORDON AP Business Writer WASHINGTON (AP) — U.S. banks’ earnings in the JulySeptember period jumped nearly 13 percent from a year earlier as continued growth in lending fueled interest income. The data issued Tuesday by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. showed strength in the banking industry more than eight years after the financial crisis struck. However, the impact of low oil prices on energy companies led banks to continue to post bigger losses on commercial and industrial loans. Some energy companies have struggled to repay loans, causing distress for banks in oil and gas producing regions. The FDIC reported that U.S. banks earned $45.6 billion in the third quarter, up from $40.4 billion a year earlier. Almost 61 percent of banks reported an increase in profit from a year earlier. Only 4.6 percent of banks were unprofitable, down from 5.2 percent in the third quarter of 2015 and the lowest percentage since the third quarter of 1997. As a sign of a healthy banking industry, the interest income earnings were boosted by a $112 billion, or 1.2 percent, increase in lending in the third quarter. The largest increases came in mortgage lending and credit cards. The volume of commercial and industrial loans that were written off in the third quarter jumped by $946 million, or 82.7 percent. Despite the relatively strong quarter, the banking industry “faces continued challenges,” FDIC Chairman Martin Gruenberg said at a news conference. He noted the sustained period of low interest rates in recent years which has crimped banks’ profit margins on loans. Gruenberg added that “banks must position themselves for rising interest rates going forward.” Since the surprise election of Donald Trump, long-term interest rates have climbed, propelled largely by investors’ belief that his plan to

A customer uses an ATM at a branch of Chase Bank in New York. U.S. banks’ earnings in the JulySeptember period jumped nearly 13 percent from a year earlier as continued growth in lending fueled interest income. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan)

cut taxes and spend massively on roads, bridges, airports and other infrastructure could ignite inflation. When they foresee rising inflation, bond investors demand higher long-term rates and pay lower prices for bonds. Banks could earn more interest on loans. On Wall Street, the anticipation of higher rates has helped push up prices of bank stocks — in some cases, to their loftiest levels in years. Also stoking the rise are expectations that regulations affecting the banking industry will be eased in a Trump administration. More immediately, Federal

Reserve policymakers are expected to raise the central bank’s benchmark rate at their Dec. 13-14 meeting for the first time in nearly a year. Fed Chair Janet Yellen recently told Congress that the case for a rate boost has “continued to strengthen.” She also indicated that the election of Trump hasn’t changed Fed thinking on the timing of the next rate increase. Gruenberg has said that higher interest rates could be “a double-edged sword” for the banking industry. While bringing in more interest on loans, it also could increase the cost for banks to borrow to

fund the loans they make. The number of banks on the FDIC’s confidential “problem list” fell to 132 from 147 in the second quarter. The 132 banks requiring special monitoring by the agency’s

examiners is the smallest number in more than seven years and is down sharply from the peak of 888 problem banks in the first quarter of 2011. The number of bank failures continues to slow. So far this year, five banks have failed. Eight had been shuttered by this time last year. Failures declined from 24 in 2013 to 18 in 2014 and only eight last year. They are down sharply from 157 in 2010 — the most in one year since the height of the savings and loan crisis in 1992. Normally in a strong economy, an average of four or five banks closes annually. The decline in bank failures has allowed the deposit insurance fund to strengthen. The fund, which turned from deficit to positive in the second quarter of 2011, had an $80.7 billion balance at the end of September, according to the FDIC. That was up from $77.9 billion at the end of June.q


A26 COMICS

Wednesday 30 November

Mutts

Conceptis Sudoku

6 Chix

Blondie

Mother Goose & Grimm

Baby Blues

Zits

Yesterday’s puzzle answer

Sudoku is a number-placing puzzle based on a 9x9 grid with several given numbers. The object is to place the numbers 1 to 9 in the empty squares so that each row, each column and each 3x3 box contains the same number only once. The difficulty level of the Conceptis Sudoku increases from Monday to Sunday.


CLASSIFIED A27

Wednesday 30 November

Carrier says it has deal with Trump to keep jobs in Indiana

Associated Press JULIE PACE Associated Press WASHINGTON (AP) — Air conditioning company Carrier said Tuesday that it had reached a deal with President-elect Donald Trump to keep nearly 1,000 jobs in Indiana. Trump and Vice President-elect Mike Pence planned to travel to the state Thursday to unveil the agreement alongside company officials. Trump spent much of his campaign pledging to keep companies like Carrier from moving jobs overseas. His focus on manufacturing jobs contributed to his unexpected appeal with working-class voters in states like Michigan, which has long voted for Democrats in presidential elections. The details of the agreement were unclear. Carrier tweeted that the company was “pleased to have reached a deal” with Trump and Pence to keep the jobs in Indianapolis. A transition official confirmed that the presidentelect and Pence, who is ending his tenure as Indiana governor, would appear with Carrier officials Thursday. The official insisted on anonymity because the official was not authorized to discuss the trip ahead of an official announcement. Trump said last week that he was “making progress” on trying to get Carrier to stay in Indiana. In a September debate against Democratic rival Hillary Clinton, he railed against Carrier’s decision to move hundreds of airconditioner manufacturing jobs from Indianapolis to Mexico.q

dOCTOR ON DUTY Oranjestad

Dr. De Cuba Tel. 583 9195

San Nicolas

FOR SALE Townhouse 2014 Ciudad Medica Lake Nona 32827 Orlando Florida or in exchange a piecer of land 1862 sq.ft. E-mail: gustavorf28@gmail.com

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A28 SCIENCE

Wednesday 30 November

Great Barrier Reef sees record coral deaths this year ROD McGUIRK Associated Press CANBERRA, Australia (AP) — Warming oceans this year have caused the largest die-off of corals ever recorded on Australia’s Great Barrier Reef, scientists said Tuesday. The worst-affected area is a 700-kilometer (400mile) swath in the north of the World Heritage-listed 2,300-kilometer (1,400-mile) chain of reefs off Australia’s northeast coast, said the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies. The center, based at James Cook University in Queensland state, found during dive surveys in October and November that the swath north of Port Douglas had lost an average of 67 percent of its shallow-water corals in the past nine months. Farther south, over the vast central and southern regions that cover most of the reef, scientists found a much lower death toll. The central region lost 6 percent of bleached coral

In this Friday Nov. 25, 2016, photo Australian senator Pauline Hanson listens to marine scientist Alison Jones, left, as she displays a piece of coral on the Great Barrier Reef off Great Keppel Island, Queensland, Australia. Associated Press

and the southern region only 1 percent. “The mortality we’ve measured along the length of the Great Barrier Reef is incredibly patchy,” the center’s director, Terry Hughes, told reporters. “There’s very severe damage in

the northern section of the reef.” “The good news is that south of Port Douglas, including the major tourist areas around Cairns and the Whitsundays (Whitsunday Islands), have had relatively low levels of mortality,” he added. The governments of Australia and Queensland will update the UNESCO World Heritage Center this week on progress being made to protect and improve the reef, including their response to coral bleaching. Providing a status update to the World Heritage Committee was required as part

of its decision in June last year not to list the reef as “in danger.” Federal Minister for the Environment and Energy Josh Frydenberg said Tuesday that the reef’s coral cover had increased by 19 percent in recent years before it suffered a “significant bleaching event” this year, caused by the El Nino weather effect and climate change. “What that shows is that the Great Barrier Reef is very resilient and quite strong,” Frydenberg’s office said in a statement. The governments plan to spend 2 billion Australian

dollars ($1.5 billion) over the next decade on improving the reef’s health. Hughes said the coral death rates in the north would likely make the task of keeping the reef off the “in danger” list much harder. “In its ongoing dialogue with UNESCO, Australia has said the outstanding universal values of reef are in tact because of the pristine condition of the northern reef. That’s simply no longer the case,” Hughes said. Researcher Andrew Baird said the 2016 coral die-off was “substantially worse” than the previous worstever event in 1998. “The proportion of reefs that were severely affected was much, much higher,” Baird said, adding that he did not have precise figures immediately available. The 1998 event was restricted to in-shore reefs around the Queensland coastal city of Townsville, while the 2016 destruction affected a much larger area, he said. Scientists expect that the northern region will take at least 10 to 15 years to regain the lost corals. They are concerned that another bleaching event could interrupt that recovery. There have been three extreme mass bleaching events in 18 years on the reef.q


PEOPLE & ARTS A29

Wednesday 30 November

Dictionary.com’s word of the year is ‘xenophobia’  LEANNE ITALIE Associated Press NEW YORK (AP) — You might have thought about it, heard it. A lot. You might have even felt it: Dictionary.com’s word of the year is “xenophobia.” While it’s difficult to get at exactly why people look up words in dictionaries, online or on paper, it’s clear that in contentious 2016, fear of “otherness” bruised the collective consciousness around the globe. The Brexit vote, police violence against people of color, Syria’s refugee crisis, transsexual rights and the U.S. presidential race were among prominent developments that drove debate — and spikes in lookups of the word, said Jane Solomon, one of the dictionary site’s lexicographers. The 21-year-old site defines xenophobia as “fear or hatred of foreigners, people from different cultures, or strangers.” And it plans to expand its entry to include fear or dislike of “customs, dress and cultures of people with backgrounds different from our own,” Solomon said in a recent interview. The word didn’t enter the English language until the late 1800s, she said. Its roots are in two Greek words — “xenos,” meaning “stranger or guest,” and “phobos,” meaning “fear

or panic,” Solomon added. The interest was clear June 24, within a period that represents the largest spike in lookups of xenophobia so far this year. That was the day of Brexit, when the UK voted to leave the European Union. Searches for xenophobia on the site increased by 938 percent from June 22 to June 24, Solomon said. Lookups spiked again that month after President Obama’s June 29 speech in which he insisted that Donald Trump’s campaign rhetoric was not a measure of “populism,” but rather “nativism, or xenophobia, or worse.” Solomon added that chatter about xenophobia goes well beyond the spikes. “It has been significant throughout the year,” she said. “But after the EU referendum, hundreds and hundreds of users were looking up the term every hour.” Robert Reich, who served in the administrations of Presidents Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter and was President Clinton’s labor secretary, felt so strongly about xenophobia’s prominence today that he appears in a video for Dictionary.com discussing its ramifications. “I don’t think most people even know what xenophobia is,” Reich, who teaches public policy at the University of California, Berkeley,

This screen image released by Dictionary.com shows the definition of xenophobia, named as word of the year. Associated Press

said in an interview. “It’s a word not to be celebrated but to be deeply concerned about.” Solomon’s site, based in Oakland, California, started choosing a word of the year in 2010, based on search data and agreement of in-house ex-

perts that include a broad swath of the company, from lexicographers to the marketing and product teams to the CEO, Liz McMillan. The word and the sentiment reflect a broader mournful tone to 2016, with Oxford dictionary editors

choosing “post-truth” as their word of the year, often described in terms of politics as belonging to a time in which truth has become irrelevant. “I wish,” Solomon said, “we could have chosen a word like unicorns.”q

Dolly Parton heartbroken by wildfires torching her hometown JEFF MARTIN Associated Press ATLANTA (AP) — Country music icon Dolly Parton says she’s heartbroken about wildfires that tore through the Tennessee county where she grew up but spared the Dollywood theme park that bears her name. In a statement released Tuesday by her publicists, Parton said she’s been watching the “terrible fires” in the Great Smoky Mountains. At least 14,000 people have been forced to evacuate the tourist area of Gatlinburg, Tennessee. Three people were killed in the wildfires, and more than a

dozen others were injured, authorities said. “I am praying for all the families affected by the fire and the firefighters who are working so hard to keep everyone safe,” she said. In a video released just hours before the wildfires engulfed Gatlinburg and areas around Pigeon Forge, Parton urged people to prevent forest fires. Parton appears with Smokey Bear in the 30-second video released Sunday by Great Smoky Mountains National Park. She tells people to avoid burning leaves and parking vehicles on dry grass, and warns that even a campfire can spark a wildfire.

Dollywood officials said the theme park itself wasn’t damaged but more than a dozen cabins operated by the park were damaged or destroyed by the wildfires. Parton is scheduled to appear on NBC’s “The Voice” on Tuesday night, her representatives had previously announced. She will perform her 1973 hit song “Jolene” with Miley Cyrus and Pentatonix. Parton is a native of Sevier County, Tennessee, which includes both Gatlinburg and nearby Pigeon Forge, according to historical documents on the park’s website. In the mid-1980s, Parton partnered with the Herschend family who ran

In this Nov. 2, 2016 file photo, Dolly Parton poses in the press room with the Willie Nelson Lifetime Achievement Award during the 50th annual CMA Awards in Nashville, Tenn.  Associated Press

the park, then known as Silver Dollar City. It opened

under the new name of Dollywood in 1986.q


A30 PEOPLE

Wednesday 30 November

& ARTS

‘Moonlight’ shines brightest at Trump-focused Gotham Awards JAKE COYLE AP Film Writer NEW YORK (AP) — At a Gotham Independent Film Awards overshadowed by the election of Donald Trump, Barry Jenkins’ coming-of-age drama “Moonlight” shined brightest. A celebrated film about a boy growing up gay, black and poor in Miami, “Moonlight,” virtually swept the night, taking best feature, best screenplay, a

special jury award for best ensemble and the audience award. The Gothams, which honor independent film, are essentially the kickoff to Hollywood’s long awards season. Monday night’s ceremony, hosted in Manhattan by Keegan-Michael Key, also served as the first opportunity for the film industry — or at least a sizable chunk of its more East Coast, indie contingent — to formally

Casey Affleck poses with his Best Actor award at the IFP Gotham Independent Film Awards, Monday, Nov. 28, 2016, at Cipriani Wall Street in New York.  Associated Press

gather since the election. It gave much of Hollywood (which overwhelmingly backed Hilary Clinton) a chance to commiserate over drinks, try out punchlines and make a rallying cry for art’s political power. Key, half of the former Comedy Central duo “Key and Peele,” opened, with deadpan sarcasm, with what he said was a 4-weekold monologue. “Ladies and gentlemen, we are so grateful that we live in a country that celebrates diversity,” said Key. Later, he gave up the guise and spoke earnestly. “Our voices need to be heard now,” he said. It was fitting then that “Moonlight” dominated the evening. The string of awards had the cast — which features newcomers Trevante Rhodes, Ashton Sanders and Alex R. Hibbert playing the young protagonist in three chapters — frequently dancing armin-arm while the Gotham crowd stood to applaud. Though “Moonlight,” based on Tarell Alvin McCraney’s play, has some big-name backers (Brad Pitt’s Plan B produced it), Jenkins played the role of the underdog. “When I made this film, I thought five people would watch it,” Jenkins said. In limited release, the low-budged “Moonlight”

has already made $8.5 million, making it one of the year’s biggest indie hits. Other top awards went to Casey Affleck, who won best actor for his performance in Kenneth Lonergan’s “Manchester by the Sea,” and Isabelle Huppert, whose turn in Paul Verhoeven’s “Elle” took best actress over favorites such as Natalie Portman (“Jackie”) and Annette Bening (“20th Century Women”). The French actress, visibly shocked, said she had been told the Gothams were very American in outlook, and so her chances were slim. “I feel so American tonight,” chuckled Huppert. “I feel good. I feel really good.” Others sounded less enthused about their country and the president-elect who resides about 70 blocks to the north of Monday’s awards. Oliver Stone, one of the night’s four tribute honorees (the others were Amy Adams, Ethan Hawke and producer Arnon Milchan), gave a relatively muted speech, but told filmmakers in attendance: “You can be critical of your government. We’ve forgotten that.” Damian Lewis, the British actor, presented the audience award with a tweak for the electoral college. “The film that receives the

most votes ... is the winner,” said Lewis with arch emphasis. “It’s a brilliant idea.” A number of expected Oscar contenders weren’t nominated by the Gothams, which select their indie-centric nominees from small panels of industry figures and critics. Absent were late arriving studio releases like Denzel Washington’s “Fences” and, most conspicuous of all, Damien Chazelle’s Los Angeles musical “La La Land.” That $30 million production (perhaps a bit too pricey for indie qualification), is seen by many as the best picture front-runner. But Oscar season is just getting started. A string of critics groups will announce their picks this week. And the biggest jolt to the race may have already come via the election. How Trump’s victory will affect the mood of Hollywood — will academy members lean toward sunny escapism or more timely social dramas? — has already been one of the season’s biggest questions. The Gothams, presented by the Independent Filmmaker Project, aren’t historically a good Oscar predictor. But their last two top film picks, “Spotlight” and “Birdman,” did go on to triumph at the Academy Awards.q


PEOPLE & ARTS A31 Next stop: New novel coming from ‘Girl on the Train’ author

Wednesday 30 November

Book Review: ‘Moonglow’ by Michael Chabon JONATHAN ELDERFIELD Associated Press In his latest novel, “Moonglow,” author and Pulitzer Prize winner Michael Chabon aims for the moon and successfully touches down on the lunar surface after a journey that leaps across the decades, the story spanning South Philadelphia in the 1930s, Europe ravaged by World War II and the post-war America of the space program before retirement to South Florida. The story is told through memories passed down to Mike, the narrator, by his mother’s father. Suffering from bone cancer and high on painkillers, Mike’s grandfather reveals “a record of his misadventures, his ambiguous luck, his feats and failures of timing and nerve.” Crossing continents and time itself, the story arcs from the search for the scientist who led the Nazi program to build the V-2 rockets that terrorized Britain during the war. At the center of the story is the loving but tortured relationship between the narrator’s grandparents. They met in postwar Baltimore and their marriage bonds suffer from the wife’s traumatic war-time experiences in German-occupied France in the form of hallucinations and acting out. However, the grandfather prepared for her bouts of madness: “She was always threatening rain; he had been born with an umbrel-

This book cover image released by Harper shows, “Moonglow,” a novel by Michael Chabon. Associated Press

la.” The emotional connection between the three generations is told, as we learn of Mike’s relationship with his mother and hers in turn with her parents. The grandmother’s psychotic episodes — involving fires and fantasy; disappearances and delusions — push Mike’s grandfather to the limit as he struggles to keep the family intact. “The Yiddish Policemen’s Union” remains my favorite, but with “Moonglow” you get what you expect from Chabon: an emotional tale of love and loss; fabulous, at times magical, writing; and a story rooted in real-world events told from a unique perspective. “Moonglow” floats through time and space and fires its rockets when required; to blast from Earth’s gravity, to maintain course, to traverse the universe, to carry the reader to a fascinating new world.q

HILLEL ITALIE AP National Writer NEW YORK (AP) - The British author of “The Girl on the Train” will next tell a tale of murder in a riverside town. Riverhead Books told The Associated Press on Tuesday that Paula Hawkins’ “Into the Water” is a suspense novel about family secrets and “the slipperiness of truth” that will be published May 2. The plot centers on the discovery of the bodies of a mother and teenage girl at the bottom of a river and the investigation that follows. “This story has been brewing for a good while,” Hawkins said in a statement. “For me there is something irresistible about the stories we tell ourselves, the way voices and truths can be hidden consciously or unconsciously, memories can be washed away and whole histories submerged.” Sarah McGrath, Hawkins’ editor in the U.S., said in a statement: “Just as ‘The Girl

In this Thursday, Feb. 19, 2015, file photo, Paula Hawkins, author of “The Girl on the Train,” poses for a portrait in London. Associated Press

on the Train’ explored voyeurism and self-perception, so does ‘Into the Water’ interrogate the deceitfulness of memory and all the dangerous ways that the past can reach a long arm into the present and future.” The novel is Hawkins’ first since “The Girl on the Train,” her sensational 2015 release that sold more than 18 million copies worldwide

and was adapted into a film of the same name starring Emily Blunt. The 44-year-old author is a former financial journalist who had written romantic fiction under the pen name Amy Silver. “I find writing the darker side, writing tragedy, a lot easier than writing happiness,” she told the AP in 2015.q

Neil Young wants Obama to end ‘violence’ at pipeline protest BISMARCK, N.D. (AP) — Neil Young is calling on President Barack Obama “to step in and end” what he calls the “violence” against protesters demonstrating against an oil pipeline being built in North Dakota near an Indian reservation. In an open letter on Facebook  posted Monday, the 71-year-old rock star calls the protest at the Standing Rock Indian Reservation “an awakening.” He says demonstrators are “standing strong in the face of outrageous, unnecessary and violent aggression.” He says law enforcement agencies and the National Guard are “seemingly acting to protect the interests of the Dakota Access Pipeline profiteers” with taxpayer money. Young also chided Presi-

In this May 18, 2016, file photo, Neil Young poses for a portrait in Calabasas, Calif., to promote his new album, “Earth.” Associated Press

dent-elect Donald Trump, labeling him the “surprise president.” The letter is signed by Young and his girlfriend,

actress Daryl Hannah. Young included a video of him singing against the backdrop of the protest camp.q


A32 FEATURE

Wednesday 30 November

Learn to love a long, slow braise to make tough meat awesome SARA MOULTON Associated Press How do you transform a tough, less expensive cut of meat into something tender and delicious? You braise it! Braising is a wonderful and basic cooking technique that uses a slow, wet heat in a covered pot. It’s great for cuts such as chuck, flank, brisket, rump and round. In fact, cooked properly, these cuts can be more delicious than more tender cuts. I’m using short ribs in this recipe, but the method can be used to wonderful effect on any other tough cut of meat. Short ribs can be butchered three ways: English, flanken or boneless. In English style, the ribs are cut parallel to the bone, with one bone per cut. In flanken style — which originated with the Jews of Eastern Europe — the ribs are cut across the bone. With English style, you get relatively uniform chunks of beef. With flanken style, you get a sauce with more body and flavor because the cut bones enrich it. You also can get boneless, which we used in this recipe. They cook a little faster than ribs with bones, and you get more meat for your money (you’re not paying for the bone weight). We start by browning the ribs in a pan. During browning, the meat will give off juices that form tasty little brown bits on the bottom of the pan. Reconstituted with wine once the meat has finished browning, these bits end up enriching the sauce. I also brown the vegetables, which amps up their natural sweetness. This recipe requires two bottles of beer, though you also could use a full bottle of red wine. But whether beer or wine, please choose bottles for which you feel some real affection. It doesn’t have to be expensive, but it also shouldn’t be the dollar special. You won’t end up tasting the beer or wine, but you will be astonished by and grateful for the soulful taste of the ribs, which

This Feb. 16, 2015, file photo, shows short ribs being braised in Concord, N.H. Braising is a wonderful and basic cooking technique that uses a slow, wet heat in a covered pot. It’s great for cuts such as chuck, flank, brisket, rump and round.  Associated Press. 

will boast an acidity and depth they’d otherwise lack. Combine the browned meat, vegetables, beer and chicken broth in a Dutch oven, covered tightly. I place a piece of kitchen parchment right on top of the meat to make sure no liquid escapes. Then it is cooked low and slow. You’ll know you’re done when the tip of a knife slides into the meat with no resistance. If you became antsy and try to speed up the process by boiling the meat, you’ll end up with hockey pucks for dinner. Assuming you have the

time, try to prepare this dish a day ahead, then allow it to cool off and chill overnight. It also freezes beautifully. Not only will the ribs taste better the next day, but by then the fat will have solidified at the top of the pan, allowing you to scoop it off with ease. Then you can warm up the contents and proceed with the recipe. ___ BEER BRAISED BEEF SHORT RIBS If you use bone-in short ribs, check the meat after 3 hours of braising. They likely will need an extra hour of braising. Start to finish: 4 hours (1 hour active) Servings: 8 2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil, divided 5 pounds boneless beef short ribs Kosher salt and ground black pepper 2 cups thinly sliced yellow onions 2 medium carrots, coarsely chopped 1 1/2 tablespoons minced garlic 2 tablespoons tomato paste 1 sprig fresh thyme (or 1 teaspoon dried thyme) 1 bay leaf Two 12-ounce bottles beer 4 cups low-sodium chicken broth 1/4 cup plus 1 tablespoon all-purpose flour 1 1/2 tablespoons Dijon mustard 1/2 cup water 2 teaspoons lemon juice Heat the oven to 325 F. In a large Dutch oven over medium-high, heat 1 tablespoon of the oil. Use paper towels to pat the ribs dry, then season them on all sides with salt and pepper. Reduce the heat to medium, add a quarter of the ribs to the pot and brown on all sides, about 10 minutes. Transfer them to a large platter or bowl. Repeat with the remaining oil and short ribs, transferring them to the platter or bowl when finished. Return the pot to the heat and add the onions and the carrots. Cook, stirring occasionally, until golden brown, 10 to 15 minutes. Add the garlic and cook for 1 minute. Add the tomato paste, thyme and bay leaf, then saute for 2 minutes. Transfer the vegetable mixture to the bowl with the ribs. Return the pot to the heat and add the beer. Bring to

a boil and simmer until the beer is reduced by about three-quarters. When the beer is reduced, add the chicken broth and bring to a boil. Return the meat and vegetables to the pot and cover with a piece of kitchen parchment. Put the lid on the pot and set in the oven on the lower shelf and cook until the meat is very tender, 4 to 5 hours. Use tongs to transfer the ribs to a platter. Let them stand until cool enough to be handled. Meanwhile, strain liquid in the pan into a bowl. Discard the solids and return the liquid to the pot. Let stand for several minutes, then skim off any fat that floats to the surface (or use a fat separator). In a small bowl, whisk together the flour and water. Set the pot over mediumhigh heat and bring the cooking liquid to a boil. Add half of the flour mixture in a steady stream, whisking. Bring the sauce to a boil, check the consistency and if you would like it thicker, whisk in more of the flour-water mixture. Simmer for 8 minutes. Whisk in the mustard and lemon juice, then season with salt and pepper. Add the meat to the pot along with any juices from the platter. Cook gently, just until heated through. To serve, arrange some rib meat on each plate and spoon some of the sauce over each portion. Nutrition information per serving: 620 calories; 290 calories from fat (47 percent of total calories); 32 g fat (13 g saturated; 0 g trans fats); 170 mg cholesterol; 15 g carbohydrate; 2 g fiber; 3 g sugar; 57 g protein; 820 mg sodium. ___ Sara Moulton is host of public television’s “Sara’s Weeknight Meals.” She was executive chef at Gourmet magazine for nearly 25 years and spent a decade hosting several Food Network shows, including “Cooking Live.” Her latest cookbook is “Home Cooking 101.”q

November 30, 2016