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Monthly Newsletter issued by Dubai Civil Aviation Authority

Volume 1 Issue 7 December 2013

Inside DCAA DCAA,MBRSG signs deal for leadership development


German envoy calls on DCAA DG


DCAA observes Flag Day


3 DCAA, DM signs MoU to make Dubai skies safer, quieter

UAE in Focus Abu Dhabi Airports launches graduate training programme


Al Maktoum International to help Jazeera offset Syria, 14 Egypt impacts Emirates builds its own aircraft


Blockbuster Dubai Airshow Dubai reaffirmed its strong emergence as the new aviation center by successfully organizing a blockbuster airshow. Its


Middle East

Iraqi Airways wants French alliance


Qatar Airways joins Oneworld


Open your skies and merge to fly profitably

Mohammed Lengawi 16


year history. The show was an ‘overwhelming’ success drawing 60,692 trade visitors from around the world. 10 & 13

Special Report

Aviation security in Dubai is superior

15 UAE to tap renewable energy by 2030

Hussein Dabbas

Social and economic development through civil aviation



Flashback Born a giant

organisers, F&E Aerospace, say the 13th edition of the Dubai Airshow ended as the ‘biggest’ event in the show’s 26

From Service to Value: A customer-driven transformation 18


Tony Tyler

In Focus

Smart airports need smart travellers

Managing Middle East aviation in turbulent times 18


Mohamed R. M. Khonji


Cargo & Logistics

Dieter A Heinz


Advances in propulsion technology driving aviation’s future 19


David P. Hess


Message from the President In 2007, the functions of the Department of Civil Aviation were restructured. Accordingly, the Dubai Civil Aviation Authority (DCAA) was established as a regulatory body, by a decree of H.H. Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid AlMaktoum, Ruler of Dubai, on proclamation of law No. 21 of 2007, as amended by law No. 19 of 2010, to undertake development of Air Transport Industry in the Emirate of Dubai and to oversee all aviation-related activities.

Via Dubai is the official bilingual monthly newsletter of DCAA, designed to highlight the initiatives and developments in the aviation industry and act as a knowledge-sharing platform for all the stakeholders and aviation professionals.

General Supervision Mohammed Abdulla Ahli Coordinator Hanan Al Mazimi Executive Editor Mohammed Abdul Mannan Creative Manager Mohamad Abdulrahman E-mail:

Legal Disclaimer The views expressed in the articles are of the writers and not necessarily belong to DCAA. We take all reasonable steps to keep the information current and accurate, but errors can occur. The information is therefore provided as is, with no guarantee of accuracy, completeness or timeliness. The DCAA or Via Dubai does not warrant or assume any legal liability or responsibility for the quality, accuracy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of any information. Via Dubai does not endorse or recommend any article, product, service or information mentioned in the newsletter. Any perceived slight of any person or organisation is completely unintentional.

Editorial, Production, PR & Marketing Nadd AlShiba PR and Event Management

Tel +971 4 25 66 707 Fax +971 4 25 66 704

Number One Airshow Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum


nce again, the UAE has astonished the world through the spectacular success of the Dubai Airshow in terms of the volume of deals signed, number of exhibitors and visitors. The 13th edition of the biennial expo witnessed deals worth over US$206 billion - the biggest in any airshow history. This landmark achievement cogently highlights the ability of the UAE not only in organising mega events but also remaining in the forefront in various domains and making the dreams and aspirations of its visionary leadership of a bright future a reality. We have proved to the world, once again, our abilities and vision of being a positive gamechanger on the international stage, especially in the civil aviation domain that has a pride of place in our economic expansion plans. A significant aspect of the deals signed by the Emirates Airlines, flydubai and Etihad Airways is their fleet expansion plans to enhance their route networks capacity by inducting the best, biggest and most-advanced aircrafts to serve an increasing number of passengers. This accelerating growth in connectivity and fleet expansion by the national carriers will bring about a dramatic transformation in the coming years in the global travel industry and an unprecedented growth in the Middle East region in addition to enhancing the strategic importance of the UAE as a key player on

the world aviation map. The UAE is investing massively in the expansion of airports and enhancing the facilities to provide the best travel experiences to the passengers. The wise decisions taken by our legendary and visionary leadership is shoring up the contribution of the aviation sector to the country’s GDP. Aviation already accounts for a substantial chunk of the UAE’s expanding and diversified economy. This accelerating growth clearly reflects the strong confidence that has been placed on the aviation sector and the anticipated strategic role carved out for the national carriers. In the words of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of UAE and Ruler of Dubai, the national carriers are leading a new era in the global aviation industry and acts as the peace messengers between the people of the UAE and the rest of the world. Dubai Airshow 2013 has written a new page in the history of the aviation industry and pumped in fresh blood in the veins of the vital industry which plays an important and growing role in the world economy. The airshow further enables the world to pursue the policy of openness and fair competition and also helped drive a strong message to the world at large that Dubai was and is still a big global player for the best interest of the entire humanity.

Printed by Printwell Dubai

Our Vision Dubai Civil Aviation Authority is driven by the vision of Dubai to become the global Aviation Capital contributing to prosperity and enabling growth for Dubai.

Our Mission Dubai Civil Aviation Authority is committed to support the aviation sector in:

E-mail: Website: Tel: (971) 4 216 2009 Fax: (971) 4 224 4502 P.O.BOX 49888 Dubai, United Arab Emirates

u Capturing the full value potential as a global passenger, tourism, trade, cargo and logistic hub u Providing the capacity, connectivity and leveraging existing assets to meet the aviation sector and economic growth plans of Dubai u Ensuring sustainable and responsible growth committed to safety, health, environment and security u Providing and creating customer-focused services to gain competitive advantage from innovation, knowledge and efficiency u Building and retaining capabilities, for the aviation sector, while offering career opportunities for Nationals u Ensuring a transparent, effective and commercially balanced regulatory framework that reflects the interests of the aviation industry, Dubai and the UAE u Providing efficient and cost-effective services to the aviation sector


from the Director General

Mohammed Abdulla Ahli

Dubai ahead in civil aviation development


he global aviation industry continues to focus on Dubai, especially after we staged the biggest-ever airshow in 26 years. The total value of deals inked broke all the previous records at any airshow. This achievement came just before we celebrated the UAE National Day with renewed enthusiasm and commitment to overall development of the country. Earlier in November, we observed Flag Day in line with the directives of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of UAE and Ruler of Dubai. Our continuous support for the airshow is the outcome of the vision and directives of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of UAE and Ruler of Dubai, for maintaining Dubai’s strategic role in the global aviation industry and ensuring the overall development of the UAE and region. There is unlimited support and cooperation at all levels in the government and private sectors for the show, the success of which lies in his visionary leadership. The event also facilitates cooperation among the key players of the civil aviation industry in areas of mutual importance. Air Transport in Dubai is the fastest growing aviation industry in the world that contributes 32 per cent to the GDP of the Emirate. It is experiencing year-on-year growth in passenger numbers and is the strongest performer among other airports. Dubai Aviation is the foremost driver for global aviation. Dubai Airshow mirrors the success of the Aviation Industry in the Emirate . 


December 2013

DCAA,MBRSG signs deal for leadership development


he Dubai Civil Aviation Authority (DCAA) has signed an agreement with the Mohammed Bin Rashid School of Government (MBRSG) to conduct a leadership development programme for its senior management cadres. The agreement was signed by Mohammed Abdulla Ahli, Director General, DCAA and Dr Ali bin Sebaa Al Marri, Executive President, MBRSG. The agreement stipulates that MBRSG will develop leadership skills of the second rung of the administration team of DCAA (Heads of Departments and Office Managers) to train them for frontline leadership roles in the future. For this purpose, an integrated programme will be introduced to enhance leadership and managerial skills. The advanced educational programme will cover subjects, such as, strategic planning, risk and crisis management and organisational excellence. Mohammed Ahli said the DCAA accords highest priority to training of its employees in order to hone their professional skills to enhance professional excellence. He said further that, the task of developing employee skills is a social responsibility and the agreement is yet another step by the DCAA to support the national cadre through training programmes. The agreement is in line with the vision and directives of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice-President and Prime Minister of UAE and Ruler of Dubai, on leadership and human resources development, institutional performance and government excellence. The leadership development plays an important role in building best practices in the government sector to serve the public and also to achieve the emirate’s visionary goals. 

Mohammed Ahli and Dr Ali bin Sebaa Al Marri

Inside DCAA

German envoy calls on DCAA DG

DCAA observes Flag Day



ohammed Abdullah Ahli, Director General of Dubai Civil Aviation Authority (DCAA), welcomed at his office in DCAA Headquarters, a delegation from the Consulate General of Germany which included Klaus Ranner, Consul General, and Bernard Kaiser, Deputy Consul General. The two sides discussed opportunities to

strengthen the friendly relations between the UAE and Germany in the field of civil aviation and the potential for strengthening flight connections between Dubai and Germany, and praised the great development witnessed by the air traffic between the two countries. 

is Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of UAE and Ruler of Dubai launched a nation-wide campaign to celebrate Flag Day, an occasion that coincides with the day His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan became President of the UAE. Marking this occasion, Sheikh Moham-

med gave directives that all federal and local government entities across the country raise the flag on Wednesday 6 November at 12:00 noon as a show of unity under one banner. The Dubai Civil Aviation Authority (DCAA) in cooperation with the National Identity Team of Dubai Airports raised the UAE Flag. 

DCAA, DM signs MoU to make Dubai skies safer, quieter


ubai authorities are taking steps to make the Dubai skies safer for aeroplanes and free from noise pollution, and to ensure that the increasing number of projects do not interfere with the emirate’s airspace. The Dubai Civil Aviation Authority (DCAA) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Dubai Municipality to revise its regulations with the civic body. The current rules were last updated in 2007. The DCAA Director General, Mohammed Ahli, said: “DCAA is obliged to apply rules and regulations, along with the municipality’s environmental standards, to ensure that various factors do not contribute to the city’s environmental pollution, such as carbon emissions and noise pollution.”

As per the new agreement, the municipality will have to inform DCAA about any new highrise buildings that are above 90 metres that will be built in the new airport’s vicinity and we will carry out an aviation study report for any buildings above 150 metres. Applicants would not be issued certificates for new building projects unless they met the requirements of DCAA. In the previous agreement, the DCAA was informed of skyscraper projects if they were above 50 metres. The municipality will also have to get DCAA approval if it intends to carry out any fireworks, balloons, laser light shows and any other aerial related activities that may hinder aviation at Dubai’s airports.

In reciprocation, the DCAA is responsible for providing Dubai Municipality with maps that clearly mark the areas where flights cause noise and working together to reduce the impact of such noise pollution in the city. The Authority will also provide reports on developers that want to construct high

rise buildings and the necessary warning lights for flights. Once the new MoU comes into effect soon, it will identify the roles of both parties and procedures that have to be followed up regarding approvals for buildings and other facilities, including tower cranes, antennas, lakes, canals and waste dumping sites.  December 2013



Aviation security in Dubai is superior to international standards Chances of an aviation accident one in 1.4 million take offs and landings


ecurity in Dubai airports is something you feel, but don’t see with your eyes.

It is the Aviation Security and Accident Investigation Department at Dubai Civil Aviation Authority (DCAA), which ensures the safety of every passenger, piece of cargo and aircraft that operates in Dubai airspace and at Dubai’s airports. It is an extensive operation that employs a security standard higher than the international norm – every security check point at Dubai’s airports deploys seven security personnel instead of five elsewhere in the world. Three sections within the department work in tandem to cover every aspect – from accident investigations to transport of dangerous goods – all the time ensuring that the flow of passengers and airlines is never disrupted. In an exclusive interview with Via Dubai, Mohammed Abdullah Lengawi, Director of Aviation Security and Accident Investigation Department at DCAA, shares his insights into aviation security and the role the DCAA has been playing in this domain.

Can you share with us the role and responsibilities of the Aviation Security and Accident Investigations Department? The Aviation Security and Accident Investigation Department is divided in three sections. The Aviation Security Section assists in the security procedures applied at the Dubai airports, for aircraft and heliports. We are also tasked with developing our own standards that are not in conflict with the international and federal standards. Additionally, we approve the security programmes for the airlines which request to operate from Dubai airports.


December 2013

This programme covers procedures that should be taken in case of an aircraft hijacking, sabotage, explosives or troublesome passengers. In other words, aviation security is concerned with auditing the security procedures at Dubai airports regarding cargo and passengers, ensuring adequate training for personnel and availability of equipment and systems and compliance with international standards and auditing the security process, whether international or federal. The Accidents and Incidents Investigation Section deals with investigations into aviation accidents that occur outside the jurisdiction specified in the ICAO Annexe 13.

Aviation accidents that are not covered by Annexe 13 and which occur inside Dubai are handled by the GCAA in co-operation and coordination with the DCAA based on an MoU signed between the two sides in 2012 which stipulates provision of technical support and advice. The Aviation Investigations Section is concerned with investigations into aviation accidents which occur in Dubai and only incur damages to the aircraft with a certain value and which do not affect the safety of the journey or the airplane itself. The Dangerous Goods Section is tasked with ensuring the safe transport of dangerous goods by air. It handles approval and issuance of

NOCs to transport dangerous goods on commercial planes. It also audits cargo warehouses to ensure complete compliance by airlines and cargo companies with the international standards regarding dangerous goods. In periodic notifications, ICAO determines which dangerous goods need to be prohibited, quantities of dangerous goods to be allowed and labels that should be attached to each shipment. The importance of this section has increased tremendously in the past few years due to the substantial expansion of the cargo and logistics industry. This is reflected in the number of approvals given. In the first six months of 2013, the section has issued 5,403


approvals to transport dangerous goods, compared to a total of 8,149 approvals issued in 2012. It rejected 230 applications for dangerous goods’ shipments during the first six months of 2013 compared with 733 during the entire 2012.

How do aviation security standards in Dubai compare with international standards? Security in Dubai airports is something you feel, but don’t see with your eyes. We do not only apply international standards, but also create our own aviation security standards. What really sets Dubai apart from other destinations is the way we implement the security standards. For example, while international standards stipulate that five security personnel should be stationed at each security check point, we often deploy seven security personnel. We apply aviation security rules efficiently and firmly. We are doing this skillfully and in a flexible way, thereby not hindering the flow of passenger movement and causing them to stand in long queues. For example, while training courses for screeners and inspectors at most international airports do not exceed one or two weeks, maximum, we

came up with an advanced training programme based on the MoU signed with the Dubai Police in 2012 to train personnel who handle scanners for passengers and cargo. Since October 2012, we have trained more than 898 inspectors. Those who passed the programme gets a license valid for one year and it stipulates whether one is qualified to handle passengers, or cargo, or both.

How do you implement recommendations practically in the civil aviation domain after an accident investigation? Recommendations that are made in the final reports of investigations into aviation accidents are discussed thoroughly with the different parties and agreed upon by all. These recommendations should be practical and measurable to be applied and should have a definite mechanism of application. We have a set of priorities in our mind when carrying out the investigations. The most important is to protect the accident site and protect all evidence and proof from manipulation or tampering, and to document thoroughly what happened through photographs, personal interviews with witnesses and with all the parties involved in the accident.

We have at least one investigator on duty 24/7 who will coordinate with the representatives of our strategic partners - police, ambulances, hospitals and civil defence.

Taking into account investigations conducted in the past, what are the main reasons for most aviation accidents? There are a number of reasons for aviation accidents. Human error represents 70 per cent of the causes for all the aviation accidents, followed by technical reasons with a 15 per cent share and climate and weather-related causes represents the remaining 15 per cent. We put greater emphasis on looking into human errors in the aviation accident investigations. According to the jurisdictional powers given to Aviation Security investigators, and in coordination with the Dubai Police, we carry out tests on pilots and aviation personnel if there are doubts about they being under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol.

Does the DCAA have qualified cadres to carry out these investigations? The authority has a well-qualified cadre of experts to handle all aspects of

aviation accidents investigation. They are periodically sent to training programmes, conferences, workshops and seminars across the world in order to be in good knowledge of the latest trends and technology about aviation accident investigations Also, we coordinate with the General Civil Aviation Authority (GCAA) to benefit from the highly-advanced facilities available at their laboratories which we need to conduct investigations such as Black Box data analysis.

Do you consider aviation a safe means of travel? Aviation is safest way of transport in the world. According to IATA figures, one can have a daily flight continuously for 4,000 years without a single aviation accident. In other words, the probabilities of an aviation accident is one in 1.4 million take-offs and landings. Similarly, the Arab world statistics suggest that the number of victims in traffic accidents in a year is much higher than the total number of victims in aviation accidents since the launch of commercial aviation. ď‚ƒ December 2013


Special Report

International Civil Aviation Day

Social and economic development of States through international civil aviation Mohammed Abdulla Ahli Director General Dubai Civil Aviation Authority (DCAA)


December 2013


he International Civil Aviation Day was established by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in 1994 by the Assembly Resolution 29-1 to mark the 50th Anniversary of signing of the Convention on International Civil Aviation in Chicago on 7th December 1944 (Chicago Convention). The Assembly considered, inter-alia that the future development of international civil aviation can greatly help to create and preserve friendship and understanding amongst the nations and the peoples of the world. It considered that the ICAO should develop the principles and techniques of international air navigation and to foster the planning and development of international air transport so as

to meet the needs of the peoples of the world for safe, regular, efficient and economical air transport. It also considered that the ICAO has successfully met the above aims and objectives and that it is desirable that the significant contribution of civil aviation to the social and economic well-being of the peoples of the world be fully recognized. The Assembly also considered that ICAO continues to work with States and through their regional and international organizations to ensure that the growth of international civil aviation continues to contribute to international peace and development. It also urged Member States to establish a national focal point and to launch a programme of

activities at the national level, financed by local resources, to celebrate the anniversary in an appropriate way and also to cooperate with the Regional Offices of ICAO to develop a programme of activities for which funding could be found within the Region. The assembly also declared the 7th of December of every year, commencing in 1994, as the International Civil Aviation Day. On December 6, 1996, the United Nations General Assembly, through Assembly Resolution 51/33 titled Proclamation of 7 December as International Civil Aviation Day, officially recognised 7th December as International Civil Aviation Day and listed it as an official United Nations day.

Special Report

ICAN 2008

Innovative ICAO Conference facilitates Air Services Negotiations between States to enhance efficiency The first ICAO Air Services Negotiation Conference (ICAN 2008), held in Dubai from November 24-27 2008, brought together air service negotiators representing 27 States from the African, Asia-Pacific, European, Middle Eastern and North American Regions for bilateral talks relating to their respective air service agreements. The event, which also attracted two international organizations, was hosted by the Dubai Civil Aviation Authority with the support of the Federal Government of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This was the first such event to be organized by ICAO and it was designed to provide a central meeting or “marketplace” where government negotiators could meet and hold separate bilateral air service talks in a multilateral setting. Traditionally, each State would have to travel to each of its bilateral partner States to conduct such meetings. By enabling each participating State to hold multiple negotiations at the same location, the Conference greatly improved the efficiency and effectiveness of the overall negotiation process. The ICAO Secretariat first put forward the “marketplace” concept during the Fifth Worldwide Air Transport Conference (ATConf/5) in 2003—as a means to assist States with the liberalization process. The Conference’s results clearly demonstrate that it has achieved its objectives.

38th Assembly of the ICAO. The ICAO Air Services Negotiation Conference will be held “This is an historic event in that it is the first time since the introduction December of the bilateral system for air during ininternational Durban, transport regulation that these many States have gathered South Africa. in one place to conduct their respective bilateral air service negotiations,” stated the President of the ICAO Council, The 6th Air Transport ConferRoberto Kobeh González. “ICAO is best positioned to facilitateconvened this process, and is after proud to have brought this ence, every ten event to fruition. The Organization will continue to serve our Contracting States in a practical, effective, efficient and years, was attended by the Offiinnovative way, as exemplified by ICAN2008.” cials of 131 Member States and the three days of ICAN2008, more than 100 formal 39During International Organizations. and informal bilateral meetings were held (an average of 5 meetings for each delegation),made and over 20 recombilateral air The Conference service agreements or arrangements were concluded or mendations on several topics signed. While some negotiations have yielded agreements, considered under the themes “Global overview of trends and

The UAE's Director General for Dubai's Civil Aviation Authority, Mohammed Ahli (left), seen here with ICAO Air Transport Bureau Director, Folasade Odutola. Al Mansoori congratulated Ms. Odutola's Bureau for developing the concept of the ICAN Conference and helping to make it such a successful reality.

many other talks have helped open future opportunities for developing better aviation relations and air links between States.

development” and “Key issues The Conference also provided a forum, through its seminar and related framesession, for participants toregulatory exchange information and views on current trends and issues in liberalization and learn about work on international air transrelated ICAO guidance. The delegates highly commended ICAO for this innovative initiative and indicated their strong port”. support for future events of this kind. The successful completion of “ICAO’s efforts have provided a convenient platform to the ATConf/6 gives us hope for facilitate countries like Singapore in pursuing for the of air services,” noted Lim Kim Choon, Director aliberalization way forward towards achievGeneral and CEO of the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore. His country signed two separate open skies agreements ing a greater liberalization withof Romania and Zambia at the ICAN event. the air transport industry and Lim’s remarks were echoed by UAE Minister of the Economy, harmonization amongst States, Sultan bin Saeed Al Mansoori. “This has truly been a conference with a difference,” Al Mansoori commented. to whilst safeguarding the “I wish Concongratulate the ICAO Air Transport Bureau for developing this sumers. idea and helping to make it such a successful reality.” The 38th Assembly, besides, administrative matters, dis-

ICAO Journal – Issue 01 – 2009

The UN General Assembly also urged the Governments as well as relevant national, regional, international and intergovernmental organizations to take appropriate steps to observe International Civil Aviation Day. The objective of the International Civil Aviation Day is intended to generate and reinforce worldwide awareness of the importance of international civil aviation in the social and economic development of States, and of the role of ICAO in promoting the safety, efficiency and regularity of international air transport. Accordingly, this day has been observed worldwide based on a theme approved by the ICAO Council. The theme approved for 2013 is Evolving to Meet the Challenges of 21st Century Air Transport. Recalling the events concluded under the leadership of the ICAO in 2013, this year can be considered as an eventful year for the ICAO, in particular, the successful conclusion of the Sixth Worldwide Air Transport Conference (ATConf/6) and the

cussed several important issues relating to international air transport and adopted many resolutions related to international air transport. These far reaching recommendations and/or resolutions will certainly address the challenges of the international air transport in the 21st Century. In order to meet the challenges ahead of us, we shall join hands together with the ICAO to establish a far reaching strategic plan. The outcome of the ATConf/6 and the ICAO’s 38th Assembly will certainly give the necessary directions towards reaching the anticipated goals. The ICAN had introduced methodology to facilitate the States to meet, negotiate and conclude air service agreements or arrangements amongst them. Since its first meeting in Dubai, UAE, in 2008, the participants have been increasing. The International Civil Aviation Day in 2012 was observed in the presence of representatives of many Member States during the ICAN 2012 conference held in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The observations of the International Civil Aviation Day could be used in many ways to generate awareness of the importance of the international civil aviation for the social and economic development of States and also the people around the world. Educational programmes and discussions on appropriate topics will also bring awareness amongst travelling public and facilitate them to reap the benefits of international civil aviation, whilst bridging the gaps between the industry and its customers. The International Civil Aviation Day 2013 will be preceded by the ICAN 2013 in Durban, South Africa. This event could be used as an appropriate beginning to evolve a framework to meet the Challenges of 21st Century Air Transport. The Emirate of Dubai, together with the Federal Authorities, will continue with its work with the ICAO, Member States and the International Organizations to meet these challenges for the benefit of the peoples of the 21 world.  December 2013


Special Report

UAE’s path-breaking aviation contributions cement global role at ICAO


he year 2013 has seen the United Arab Emirates (UAE) cement its influence, position and contribution to global civil aviation via its role at the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO). ICAO is the UN’s specialised aviation agency and is made up of 191 states. In 2006, the UAE established a Permanent Diplomatic Mission at ICAO. In 2007, the UAE was elected, for the first time ever, as one of the 36 States of the ICAO Council. Later, in 2010 and 2013, at the 37thand 38th sessions of the ICAO Assembly, respectively, the UAE was re-elected to the ICAO Council with the most votes in Category III. This is a true testimony and recognition of UAE’s remarkable contribution to the advancement of international civil aviation. During the last Assembly Session, which took place from September 24 to October 4, 2013, the UAE exercised an active and constructive role presenting an unprecedented number of working papers and participating in all the major sensitive policy issues. The Assembly chose the UAE to chair the credentials committee. At present, the UAE is a member of several ICAO Council Committees including the Air Transport Committee, the Committee on Unlawful Interference, the Human Resources Committee, and the Committee on Relations with the


December 2013

Host Country. In November 2012, the UAE was appointed as one of the 15 States to the High-Level Group on International Aviation and Climate Change (HGCC). Yet this recognition is not new at all. In 2012, the UAE Minister of Economy, Sultan bin Saeed Al Mansouri, was unanimously elected as Chairperson of the High Level Conference on Aviation Security – ICAO’s premier event in the field in the last 10 years. This marked the first time an Emirati was chosen to head a highlevel ICAO conference. His leadership and chairmanship style were highly praised by all attendees. In October 2013, at the first meeting of its 200th Session, the ICAO Council chose the UAE Permanent Representative, Captain Aysha Al Hamili, as Chairperson of the Human Resources Committee (HRC) for 2013. In the past, Capt Al Hamili has also served as chairperson of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Market-based measures (MBMs) – a policy group tasked with advancing recommendations to the council on measures for a global scheme and elements for a framework on MBMs. Capt Al Hamili has also acted as Vice-Chairperson of the Unlawful Interference Committee and for more than three years served as coordinator of the Arab Civil Aviation Commission (ACAC) at

ICAO. Capt Al Hamili has served as Vice-President of the Council and member of the Human Resources Committee, apart from chairing various other committees and working groups. Capt Al Hamili and other UAE senior officers are regular speakers at ICAO and other civil aviationrelated conferences. The UAE is relentlessly committed to further strengthening ICAO’s effective role in ensuring the highest standards of safety and security of aviation operations worldwide while observing careful stewardship of the global environment. To foster this role, the UAE has provided several voluntary contributions to ICAO.UAE experts also actively participate in a number of advisory groups, such as: the HighLevel Policy Group on Aviation and Climate Change, AFI Comprehensive Implementation Plan (ACIP) Steering Committee, Filing of Differences Task Force, Safety Information Protection Task Force, AVSEC Panel, Dangerous Goods Panel and Air Transport Regulation Panel (ATRP). The UAE is also member of the Commission of Experts of the Supervisory Authority of the International Registry (CESAIR), Communication Failure Coordinating Group (CFCG), Safety Management Panel, Legal Committee, Separation and Airspace Safety Panel (SASP), Instrument Flight

Procedure Panel (IFPP), Air Cargo Security Working Group and Lithium Batteries Working Group, Aviation Security Strategy Working Group, Dangerous Goods Joint Task Force. The UAE experts have recently served as rapporteur of ICAO’s Legal Sub-Committee on the modernisation of the Tokyo Convention of 1963. In 2013, the UAE obtained membership to the Facilitation Panel (FALP) and was elected Vice-Chair of the Legal Committee. In addition, members of the GCAA have recently joined the Wake Vortex Turbulence Task Force. Also, UAE aviation security experts have been actively engaged in the USAP. In partnership with ICAO, the UAE has hosted a variety of civil aviation events, such as the Search and Rescue Conference, the State Action Plan Middle East Workshop, and the Regional Aviation Security Conference. More recently, along with France, the UAE organised a workshop on Performance Management for Council Members, ANC Commissioners and Senior Staff of ICAO. The UAE team at ICAO continuously strives to raise the profile of the country at this esteemed organisation and at the same time work hand-in-hand to advance the role of ICAO for the betterment of civil aviation. 

Special Report

ICAN - an innovative ICAO facility that facilitates air service negotiations between States By Wang Yuanzheng Manager of ICAO Air Service Negotiation Conference (ICAN)


he operation and expansion of international air services around the world are governed by a web of over 4000 bilateral air transport agreements. These agreements are negotiated and concluded between countries which determine essential rights and operational elements such as the cities to be served, the number of flights to be flown and the type of traffic to be carried. Traditionally, each country would have to travel to each of its bilateral partner States to conduct negotiations in order to conclude such agreements, a process that is time consuming and expensive. In playing its role to facilitate air transport liberalization as recommended by the 2003 ICAO air transport conference (ATConf/5), ICAO Secretariat developed an innovative concept of ICAO Air Services Negotiations Conferences (ICAN), a meeting facility aimed at facilitating the air service negotiation between States. This facility provides a central meeting place where States can gather and conduct multiple numbers of bilateral negotiations in a single location, greatly improving the efficiency of the negotiation process. It also permits countries to engage in regional, plurilateral or multilateral negotiations on a onestop basis if so desired. Turning the concept into reality was a challenge. The Dubai Civil Aviation Authority (DCAA), a strong supporter of ICAO’s work and backed by the UAE Government, came to the fore in 2008 to become the first host of

ICAN. ICAN2008, the first such event held in Dubai from 24 to 27 November 2008, brought together air service negotiators representing 27 States from the African, Asia-Pacific, European, Middle Eastern and North American Regions. Within a short span of three negotiating days, more than 100 formal and informal bilateral meetings were conducted, which led to the conclusion or signing of over 20 bilateral air service agreements or arrangements. While some negotiations yielded agreements, many other talks helped open future opportunities for developing better aviation relations and air links between States. Taking advantage of the gathering of air service negotiators from around the world, ICAN2008 also included a seminar session which provided a forum for participants to learn about current trends and developments and discuss topical issues of interest to them. Networking opportunities at the ICAN event is also proven a much welcomed feature of the event. The successful ICAN2008 in Dubai has convinced many more ICAO member states to use this efficient platform. Building on the success, ICAO held subsequently ICAN2009 in Istanbul, Turkey, ICAN2010 in Montego Bay, Jamaica, ICAN2011 in Mumbai, India and ICAN2012 in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Since its inception, the number of countries that utilizes

this facility has continued to grow. ICAN has now become a popular annual event which draws large number aviation negotiators around the world to conduct their air service negotiations. ICAN also becomes an important tool that facilitates liberalization of international air transport, where many liberalized arrangements including open skies agreements have been concluded. As put it by Roberto Kobeh González, President of the ICAO Council, “These agreements help improve the economic environment of the airline industry, which in turn leads to more and better air services for the travelling public and better commercial opportunities for shippers and forwarders.” Participating States have high regard for the value of ICAN and commended ICAO for this innovative facility. Many consider the ICAN process a very cost-effective means of conducting their air service negotiations or consultations, bringing tangible results and benefits. “ICAN provides a very convenient and essential platform. It allows a large number of States to negotiate these bilateral agreements quickly, efficiently and with significant savings in time and expenditure,” concluded India’s first woman President, Pratibha Patil, at ICAN2011. Echoing this was Lt. Col. Derby, Director General of Jamaican Civil Aviation Authority and host of ICAN2010, “ICAN brings tremendous cost sav-

ing to States. From our own experience, the cost of hosting the ICAN in Jamaica was approximately the same amount as would be required for our delegation to do one trip to Asia for bilateral negotiations. ” Speaking of ICAN’s success, tribute must be paid to all the hosting States of ICAN, without whose generous support and contribution the ICAN events would not have been possible. Recognizing the success and benefits of ICAN, the ICAO Assembly adopted Resolution A37-20 in 2010, which in part encourages States to make use of and benefit from this unique ICAO innovation in international affairs. The ICAO Secretariat is also exploring ways to further improve the facility to serve not only ICAO member States for their air service negotiations but also the larger aviation community to foster the sustainable development of air transport. This year’s ICAN event comes to Africa for the first time. ICAN2013 will be held in Durban, South Africa, from 9 to 13 December, hosted by the Department of Transport of South Africa. Nearly 80 countries and international organizations are expected to attend, a truly record breaking event. ICAO and the ICAN host are opening their arms in welcoming all participants to ICAN2013 in Durban.  This article has been contributed in his personal capacity. December 2013


Cover Story

Blockbuster Dubai Airshow All-time record-breaking over US$206 billion deals inked, making it the biggest edition in the show’s 26 year history


ubai reaffirmed its strong emergence as the new aviation center by successfully organizing a blockbuster airshow in 26 years. Its organisers, F&E Aerospace, say the 13th edition of the Dubai Airshow ended as the ‘biggest’ event in the show’s 26 year history. The show was an ‘overwhelming’ success drawing 60,692 trade visitors from around the world, along with 1,046 exhibitors from 60 countries and 1,735 representatives of international and regional media organisations. “Yet again, the event proved to be one where deals are made with the total order book for the Dubai Airshow breaking all previous records with US$206.1 billion worth of orders – the largest in any airshow history,” the organisers claimed on the show’s official website. The muchawaited event, from November 17 to


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21, was held for the first time at a purpose-built site in Jebel Ali, close to the newly-opened Al Maktoum International Airport. The new sprawling venue for the biennial show, constructed at an estimated cost of AED480 million, enabled the organisers and exhibitors with more space. The exhibitor hall was the size of seven American football fields and the outdoor capacity was 32 per cent larger than the 2011 event. The new permanent home also increased the airspace capacity for the flying shows by the UAE’s Al Fursan and United Kingdom’s Red Arrows. His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of UAE and Ruler of Dubai, accompanied by His Highness Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Crown Prince of Dubai, and His

Highness Sheikh Maktoum bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Deputy Ruler of Dubai, formally opened the airshow. The event played a host to up to 60,000 trade visitors and over 1,000 exhibitors – which included over 220 business aviation-focused companies. The show site offered a larger static park where over 50 business aircraft were on display, including family fleets from all the major OEMs including Gulfstream and Dassault Aviation. The Dubai Airshow was organised under the patronage of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai, and in co-operation with Dubai Civil Aviation Authority (DCAA), Dubai Airports, Dubai World Central (DWC) and the UAE Armed Forces. Mohammed Ahli, Director General of

DCAA, said: “The continuous support of DCAA for the airshow since its inception is the outcome of the vision and directives of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of UAE and Ruler of Dubai, of maintaining Dubai’s strategic role in the global aviation industry and ensuring the overall development of the UAE and the Middle East in this domain” He attributed the grand success of Dubai Airshow all through the history to the unlimited support and cooperation by all levels in the government and private sectors and the visionary leadership of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed. The event, he added, also facilitates cooperation among the key players of the civil aviation industry from across the world and the show was helping the global aviation industry to benefit

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from Dubai’s strategic location. Dubai Airshow 2013 welcomed over 210 first time exhibitors in addition to many local exhibitors such as Tawazun, Global Aerospace Logistics (GAL), UAE and Airfreight Aviation Limited (AAL) from UAE increasing their exhibition space to optimise their presence at the show. The UAE exhibitors were the number-one origin represented at the show, followed by Saudi Arabia, US, UK and France. Canadian exhibitors increased to 23 reflecting a huge 100 per cent growth, while the US exhibitors numbering 145 reflected an increase of 10 per cent and China with 15 new companies posting a growth of 10 per cent. The show hosted 11 country pavilions from Russia, Ukraine, France, Germany, Turkey, Australia, Canada, Netherlands, UK, and the US in addition to the state of Florida. The new country pavilion was that of Sweden. The new venue offered a larger static park where up to 150 aircraft were displayed. The static also featured fighter jets and UAV’s plus. There was a debut of the Sudanese SAFAT 03 a basic fixed-wing trainer along with Italian company Tecnam, which brought two new to show air-

craft the P2002JF and P2006T.

Purpose- built venue The new venue had a total exhibition space of 645,000 square metres, more than double the size of the old show site at the Airport Expo. The new venue has been built in a more environmentally-friendly way as the same permanent structures formerly located at Airport Expo were deconstructed, moved and reconstructed at DWC. The new airshow site is part of an AED120 billion investment in the Dubai World Central (DWC) aerotropolis - which is spread across 140 square kilometres of landmass in Jebel Ali.

Big deals, bigger ambitions The Dubai Airshow is traditionally a platform for big announcement on aircraft orders by airlines and aviation industry stakeholders and this year’s show was not different. In fact, with such a massive order book announced by aircraft manufacturers, it was broken all the previous records and that of Paris Airshow, thereby becoming the number one airshow in the world. December 2013


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Sheikh Mohammed attended the signing ceremony of a new deal for Emirates Airline for 150 Boeing 777X aircraft worth AED280 billion, which was signed by His Highness Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum, Chairman of Dubai Civil Aviation Authority, Chairman of Dubai Airports and Chairman and Chief Executive of Emirates Airline and Group, and Jim McNerney, CEO of Boeing. During the ceremony, a further agreement to supply 111 aircraft worth US$11 billion to flydubai was also signed. Sheikh Mohammed congratulated all on the signing of the two deals, expressing his confidence that Emirates Airline will be among the largest companies with this transaction. Sheikh Mohammed also commended the growing fleet of flydubai and its destination network across the world. "I don't have my calculator," Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed al Maktoum joked when asked to estimate the value of deals being unveiled during the show. “We have to accept competition and never fear it," he said. "People have the right to expand, grow their business and prepare for newcomers to the market." Boeing’s participation was marked by the launch of the innovative 777X – the world’s largest and most-effi-


December 2013

cient twin-engine jetliner– and the announcement of historic orders and new strategic agreements signed with key partners in the Middle East and around the world.

More business for Boeing than Airbus American aircraft manufacturer Boeing bagged orders and commitments (excluding options and purchase rights) for 342 airplanes valued at US$101.5 billion, while its European competitor Airbus won a

total of 160 orders and commitments worth US$44 billion. Bombardier Aerospace received firm orders and commitments for up to 38 aircraft valued at up to US$2.01 billion. Boeing Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, Jim McNerney, launched the 777X with 259 orders and commitments from Emirates (150), Qatar Airways (50), Etihad Airways (25) and a previously announced order from Lufthansa (34). The combined value of the agreements is more than US$95 billion at list prices, placing the 777X

as the largest product launch in commercial jetliner history by value. “Dubai 2013 has been a truly historic and record-breaking air show for The Boeing Company,” said Charlie Miller, vice president, International Corporate Communications at Boeing. “We would like to thank our hosts for the organization of such a momentous event at the stunning new air show venue.

Largest order by Emirates

Emirates has confirmed orders for 150 Boeing 777-X and 50

Cover Story

Airbus A380s. The order for 150 777-X aircraft is worth US$76 billion, with purchase rights for another 50 777-X aircraft. This is Boeing’s largest ever single aircraft order by value, and the largest in the history of US commercial aviation. The airline has also ordered an additional 50 Airbus A380 aircraft worth US$23 billion at list prices, adding to the 39 in its current fleet, and 51 on order. Boeing and flydubai announced another historic agreement for up to 100 737 MAX 8s and 11 Next-Generation 737-800s, the largest ever Boeing single-aisle airplane purchase in the Middle East. Already a market success, the 737 MAX has accumulated more than 1,600 orders to date. By value, Emirates placed the single largest order for 50 additional A380s, worth US$20 billion, commending its efficiency and passenger appeal and confirming the A380 flagship status within their fleet. By numbers, Etihad Airways placed the single largest firm order for Airbus at the airshow with 87 aircraft (40 A350-900, 10 A350-1000, 26 A321neo, 10 A320neo and one A330-200F) worth US$19 billion at list prices.

Region investing in modern and efficient aircraft John Leahy, Airbus Chief Operating Officer-Customers, commented: “The order intake at the airshow, by value our biggest ever, Dubai is a clear evidence that the Middle East region is investing in the most modern and efficient aircraft to capture this growth.” Sheikh Ahmed announced order for Boeing 150 777Xs plus 50 purchase rights. flydubai announced buying 100 737-MAXs, while Emirates order was worth US$76 billion, including GE engines. Qatar Airways announced a Letter of Intent for 50 777Xs worth US$19 billion. Sheikh Ahmed also announced orders for 50 Airbus A380s worth US$23 billion. Emirates has 39 A380s in operation and 101 now on order. Boeing and Mubadala announced a new strategic agreement that will increase the long-term role of Mubadala as a Tier 1 supplier to Boeing. Through their agreement, Mubadala has the opportunity to supply as much as $2.5 billion in advanced composites and machined metals to Boeing commercial programs, including the 787 and 777X. Airbus has made further commitments to awarding work packages

to Strata, Mubadala’s composite aerostructures manufacturing plant. This agreement builds upon the ones already signed by Strata to provide flap track fairings for the manufacturer’s fleet of A330, A340, A350 XWB and A380 aircraft.

Mubadala deals Mubadala signed a technology transfer agreement with Rolls-Royce. The engine maker will help Mubadala become an approved Trent XWB engine MRO provider, as part of its global Engine MRO network. RollsRoyce will also source up to US$500 million of engine components over a ten year period from Mubadala, once engine component manufacturing capabilities have been established in Abu Dhabi. Mubadala also signed an agreement with GE Aviation to establish a regional GEnx logistics centre in Abu Dhabi and a direct investment by GE in the existing GEnx engine shop. GE Aviation will work with Mubadala to develop engine component manufacturing capabilities in AUH, with the aim of positioning Mubadala as a Tier1 engine supplier in the next decade. ExecuJet Middle East announced that it is extending the company’s

line maintenance capabilities to provide additional support during Dubai International Airport’s runway closures in 2014. A Line Station has been established at Al Maktoum International and has been granted GCAA Approval to support Bombardier, Embraer and Hawker products that are currently supported by the Dubai International Airport MRO.

GATE, Futures Day This year’s Dubai Airshow saw the return of the Middle East’s dedicated training event for the aviation industry the Gulf Aviation Training Event (GATE) and Futures Day – an initiative that aims to inspire young people to join the aerospace industry in the future. The airshow organisers, F&E Aerospace, also focused on developing new innovations to the show. This year, it brought the UN World Food Programme (WFP) and Care by Air together in a new humanitarian pavilion which in turn showcased more than 15 charitable organisations, air operators and supporters in order to encourage more key players to join the efforts such as Rus Aviation, UAE, Agusta Westland, Italy, Med Airways, Lebanon and Royal Air Maroc, Morocco.  December 2013


UAE in Focus

flydubai Cargo goes paperless


ubai-based flydubai’s Cargo division has begun implementing electronic airway bills (eAWB) throughout its operations. The new initiative aims to reduce the amount of paperwork needed for cargo deliveries, while streamlining the process between different entities. flydubai’s Vice-President, Cargo, Mohamed Hassan explained, “Switching to electronic airway bills is an important milestone in the his-

tory of flydubai’s Cargo operations. “With cargo deliveries often requiring 20 or more paper documents each, the new initiative keeps our costs at a minimum, allowing us to be more productive, more reliable and deliver orders with greater accuracy.” “90 per cent of all airway bills issued by flydubai are electronic, significantly higher than the current industry average of 29.5 per cent emphasising flydubai’s support

of this IATA’s initiative. “We look forward to continuing to provide a simpler, accessible and efficient operation for our customers in previously underserved markets,” Hassan added. flydubai Cargo, which began operations in 2012, transports a range of goods including perishable items, textiles, electronics, courier items, pharmaceuticals and general cargo. The Cargo Division has been suc-

Al Maktoum International to help Jazeera offset Syria, Egypt impacts

Abu Dhabi Airports launches graduate training programme


s part of the Absher government initiative for training and employing UAE Nationals, Abu Dhabi Airports has rolled out the ‘Al Eqla’a’ train-to-hire programme through Abu Dhabi Airports’ training arm, the Gulf Centre for Aviation Studies (GCAS). The core focus of ‘Al Eqla’a’ is to develop Emirati college and university graduates as airport professionals, providing them with key skills and the ability to work in critical roles at Abu Dhabi Airports. This initiative will play a vital part in ensuring that Abu Dhabi Airports sup-

ports Abu Dhabi Vision 2030 by not just being the key gateway to Abu Dhabi, but by ensuring the focus is on attracting and developing Emirati talent in the aviation sector. This comprehensive training programme, which is the first of its kind in the region, will be delivered over an 18-24 month period in two stages consisting of an airport foundation programme and an airport specialisation training programme. Upon completion of the programme, students will be offered a full-time paid position within Abu Dhabi Airports. 


azeera Airways is set to benefit majorly from its operations to Dubai World Central’s Al Maktoum International Airport. A host of factors, including conditions in Egypt and Syria have affected Jazeera operations with Al Jazeera Chairman Marwan Boudai telling Kuwait news agency Kuna that the Syrian crisis also affected its operations to Beirut. Dubai now offer the airline the chance to offset these impacts. The company views as significant strategic location of the new UAE airport, close to tourist sites and resorts. Boudai indicated that

Emirates builds its own aircraft E

mirates, which normally makes the headlines for buying aircraft, has decided to build one and today unveiled the light sport aircraft to the world. The two-seater RV 12 is six metres long and is the result of thousands of hours of dedication by a group of Emirates’ engineering trainees, working in their spare time. Over a two year period, the group of 40 trainees rose to the challenge of assembling 11,000 parts of the aircraft. “The trainees’ first task was to unpack the crates, check the components against the inventory and create a storage system where items could be easily retrieved,” said Adel Al Redha, Emirates Executive Vice President and Chief Operations Officer.


December 2013

The build process started with the aircraft’s tailfin and rudder. Along the way, students learnt about the alignment of different sections, anticorrosive treatments, painting, drilling, wiring, testing and approval processes. The canopy and rear window proved to be a huge challenge as the thermoplastic glass had to be drilled without cracking. This required extreme patience and was fortunately completed without any mishaps. Not surprisingly, the project has already drawn quite a bit of attention and visitors to Emirates Engineering Centre in Dubai.The propeller-driven aircraft, weighing in at 335 kilogrammes and with a wingspan of 8.1 metres, is a far cry from its larger relatives in the Emirates’ fleet. 

cessful in its first year of operations with an average of 3,200 tonnes of cargo transported each month, a considerable increase on predicted figures. flydubai’s services have also provided a much needed Cargo option for underserved markets. flydubai Cargo services operate to more than 68 stations across its network, while offering more than 150 stations through its interline agreements with other airlines. 

Al Jazeera is planning daily flights to Al Maktoum Airport in April 2014 and two per day by the middle of next year. The company, aware of the high demand of flying to the UAE, with flight booking soaring to 90 per cent during peak seasons, and is expanding its capacities and planning more flights to the Gulf country. Boodai confirmed that Al Jazeera has planned to hold negotiations with major aircraft manufacturers to buy new planes, as prelude to delivery, effective start of 2017. 

Middle East in Focus

UAE to tap renewable energy by 2030


he UAE has set a target of achieving five per cent of its energy mix from renewable energy by 2030 while also seeking to reduce energy intensity by 30 per cent. This is according to the 2014 State of Energy Report launched under a joint initiative by UNDP and Dubai. The Dubai Supreme Council of Energy (DSCE) unveiled the first-ever edition of its new State of the Energy Report for Dubai. Developed in partnership with the United

Nations Development Programme and the Dubai Carbon Centre for Excellence, the State of the Energy Report highlights the drive by Dubai to emerge as a centre of innovation, investment and technology in the Arab region. As noted by Sheikh Ahmed Bin Saeed Al Maktoum, Chairman of DSCE, the partnership between the Government and UNDP is “a matter of pride for the Emirate of Dubai but also an enabler to share and improve the

Sudanese airline serving South Sudan, Middle East has suspended operations


arsland Aviation, a Sudanese airline serving South Sudan and the Middle East has suspended operations, blaming American sanctions. "As from today, it was the last flight from Marsland," Rashid Ortashi, chairman of Marsland Aviation, told AFP in an interview. The private airline, which he founded in 2001, flew to the South Sudanese capital Juba, two destinations in Su-

relevance of energy within sustainable development.” To assess trends towards sustainable energy goals, the report brings together 50 leading thinkers on sustainable energy solutions to highlight specific trends and challenges. The UNDP is currently working with countries across the Arab region, from Palestine and Iraq, to Egypt, Tunisia and Sudan, to expand the use of renewable energy as a source of social, economic and environmental triple-wins in development. 

Iraqi Airways wants French alliance


raqi Airways has begun a special study to open an airline with France to strengthen the transformation its network. Majjed Al Amirt, Deputy of the head of Iraqi Airlines, stated that the this procedure is an important step in opening many relations with many countries

The Iraqi airlines company has appealed for work after its air fleet was destroyed in 2003, forcing a shutdown for 10 years. Earlier, the company has rented airplanes to make flights and since contracts have been signed with Airbus and Boeing. 

dan's Darfur region as well as Jeddah and Cairo. "We are really begging, begging the USA to lift the sanctions on the private companies in Sudan. They are dying," Ortashi said. A document confirmed German carrier Lufthansa will also end flights to Sudan. An industry source, speaking on condition of anonymity, said "the station is not doing well," and that 12 staff will lose their jobs. 

Qatar Airways joins Oneworld


atar Airways is now part of the Oneworld airline alliance, with a Qatar Airways 777 being the first aircraft in the Oneworld livery to land at Doha’s new Hamad Airport. Qatar joins Oneworld just one year after receiving its invitation to join, which makes its induction into oneworld one of

the fastest in the alliance’s history. A more typical timeline for an airline to comply with the many membership requirements of oneworld is 18-24 months. Becoming part of oneworld, is seen as strengthening Qatar Airways’ competitiveness.  December 2013


Via Dubai Exclusive

Open your skies and merge to fly profitably

Protectionist policies doomed for the future; United body to control GCC air traffic needed


he pace of growth for aviation in the Middle East in general and the GCC in particular is the fastest in the world today. This throws up some unique challenges that require immediate planning and open to the door for revolutionary new ideas. In his role as Regional Vice-President for MENA at the International Air Transport Association (IATA), Hussein Dabbas, has a bird’s eye view of the region’s air-scape from a global perspective. In this exclusive interview with Via Dubai, Hussein Dabbas, tempers the marking of a ‘fabulous decade of aviation growth’ in the Middle East, with sharp insights and realistic evaluations of the Open Skies policy gaining momentum, growth of LCCs and technological advancements at airports. Is the Middle East the number one player in the aviation industry today? The Middle East is number one in terms of growth, not in size. Dubai International Airport handles 65 million passengers today and is aiming at welcoming 90 million by 2020. This is not the biggest region but is undoubtedly the fastest growing, considering the 15 per cent growth in a year compared to a world average of six per cent. Europe and the US are still not seeing a total recovery from the global financial crisis. Aviation is extremely related to the overall economic well-being. When people have money they travel. Companies when doing well send people on business trips. The MENA region has spent over $100 billion in aviation and infrastructure development in the last one decade. Here new airports and terminals come up every other year compared to Europe. Doha is to have a new airport soon while Abu Dhabi is going ahead with new airport terminal complex. Saudi Arabia is also developing airports to meet the demand. Dubai International has so much more to offer. There is considerable infrastructure investment in the region. Governments have realised the value and benefit of aviation in the economy as an engine of growth.


December 2013

About 12 to 15 per cent of the GDP in the UAE is from aviation which is huge – if you are lucky you might see a 2.5 to three per cent contribution anywhere else in the world. Dubai would not have been on the aviation map what it is but for Emirates Airlines. The same is true for Singapore and the Netherlands which were shaped as they are by the success of Singapore Airlines and KLM.

What are the obvious fallouts and challenges of such massive growth? The region has invested heavily in infrastructure and airlines, but unfortunately several countries are lagging behind on air traffic control management. The number of people working on the movement of airplanes is not enough. There is not enough coordination between countries in the Gulf. There should be a united front or body that controls this kind of air traffic. Also, investments in resources to overcome the problem of ATCs and congestion are not sufficient. Oman, for instance, does not have the infrastructure and control to handle the huge traffic coming out of Abu Dhabi and Dubai, resulting in flight delays. About 50 per cent of the air space in the UAE is closed for military purposes.

Via Dubai Exclusive We, at IATA, are trying to help, especially along the over-congested East route, and trying to improve the communication. There are not enough routes and the distance between the planes is too large - 40 miles where it should be 20 miles as is the case in Europe and the US. This is a matter of investment in manpower, resources and technology – you have to have the technology to allow planes to fly near each other so that you can protect aircraft. The governments are investing, but not at the same pace as the growth of the airports. When finalising the air corridors, you need to involve everybody, unlike with individual airports. This is an international problem; even the EU faces it, despite having a centre in Brussels which supposedly controls all such traffic. Every flight out of London departs late because of the Air Traffic congestion. We are prioritising it here as we are pushing for growth – growth should be matched in all areas.

Do you think a uniform ‘Open Skies’ policy in the GCC region is ever going to happen? It is happening now between the GCC countries. In the UAE, there are open skies agreements with almost 87 countries. IATA believes in liberalisation, but there are countries that want to protect their own turf; certain countries like Germany want to promote growth of other German airlines, so they do not offer enough landing rights to Emirates Airlines, for instance. Canada is doing the same thing. This is part of the protectionist policy of many governments. It will not last very long, but it is there for the present. As IATA, we can only advise governments and Air Traffic Providers, and it is up to them to implement.

To what extent can IATA enforce liberalisation? We don’t enforce, we suggest, we ask and we advise. At the end of the day, it is a government and national interest issue. If India wants to open their skies, for instance, we would applaud the

same. But we cannot tell them to open up their skies. Every country has its own security issues.

commercial basis. What is your view of the future of Low Cost Carriers (LCCs)?

Will creating a union of GCC airlines be a good idea to make them more profitable?

Low cost carriers (LCCs) are here to stay as people are travelling much more than ever before. For threeand-a-half to four hours, people don’t mind foregoing that hot meal, luxury of a movie, etc. Short routes, weekend getaways are hugely popular. Today, it is possible to fly out for the weekend with AED200 to AED300 – everybody can afford it, hence the growth of Air Arabia, flydubai and Jazeera, while earlier 20 per cent people were travelling – today everybody is travelling.

We look at consolidation as an important route for many airlines. Look at the examples of Europe and the US. We are seeing more consolidation/ code sharing – some examples include North West and Delta, Continental and United, American Airlines and US Air. Europe too has such collaborations between BA and Iberia, KLM and Air France, Lufthansa is being looked at. We need to do this in the GCC region - some airlines are too small to survive. Governments cannot keep supporting airlines that are weak. They need to build schools, hospitals, build roads. We need to forget pride and nationalism. Look at BA and Iberian. Separate entities, but they are supporting each other. While serving as CEO of Royal Jordanian, I tried to bring in this spirit of working together, aiming at creating two or three hubs in the region. As Arab airlines, we are losing out. Airlines have to be run on a

How does Information and Communication Technology (ICT) shore up passenger experience? IATA has started the process of simplifying the business. Today we are hearing of the e-Ticket, the electronic boarding pass, the e-Gate, the Checkpoint of the Future – passengers can be identified without a full body check. We believe people should spend time at airports buying goods from Duty Free and eating in restaurants rather than waiting

in queues. By 2020, 80 per cent of the passengers will go through the airports without having to talk to anybody - people will check in on machines, get boarding cards, get luggage wrapped up.Passengers will go through e-Gates, the security check points of the future, and have their boarding passes on their mobiles. A survey last year we did showed that 50 per cent people said they prefer to deal with a machine – not just Europe, even in the Middle East. In the US – to go to a counter you pay $20 extra. For instance, do you go to the bank or to the ATM? Which is more convenient? A visit to bank or ATM?

What kind of airports do airlines choose in today’s highspeed growth environment? Airlines would like to go to airports which don’t charge too much of a tax; where the handling is efficient, price equivalent to the value of service, and passengers are happy. Today’s reality is that airports are like shopping malls with airplanes coming by. People prefer Hub Airports. Dubai is a major hub, considering that 80 per cent of traffic coming to Dubai is transit.  December 2013



From Service to Value: A customer-driven transformation

Tony Tyler Director General and CEO International Air Transport Association (IATA)


ext month, we will celebrate the 100th anniversary of scheduled commercial aviation service. Today, the industry offers closer to one flight every second; and this year, the world’s airlines are expected to carry more than three billion passengers—equivalent to around 44 per cent of the Earth’s popula-

tion. By the end of 2017, that number could be closer to four billion. Aviation makes possible $2.2 trillion worth of economic activity and supports some 57 million jobs around the globe. We have become the mass transit system for the global economy. For this transformation, we must credit the enormous advances in aviation safety that changed air travel from a highrisk adventure to a routine part of daily life. We must acknowledge the impact of efficiency gains and market competition that helped to bring the price of air travel within reach of much of the population. Airfares are one third lower - in real terms - than 20 years ago. IATA is working with our travel agent and travel technol-

ogy partners through the New Distribution Capability (NDC). We expect the pilot phase will last through 2014. In 2015, the initiative should move into a deployment phase, in which a number of airlines will have adopted the initial version of NDC. A global roll-out is expected to begin in 2016. A similar vision is driving our approach to bringing value to the airport experience. Working with our airport and technology partners, we want to deliver a smooth and hassle-free journey by 2020. We are in the mass implementation phase of the Fast Travel programme, which gives customers more control over processes such as check-in, bag-check, self-boarding and document check. By the end of 2015, we expect Fast Travel

penetration will cover airports serving 45 per cent of eligible passengers. The value of a hassle-free trip is supported by the Checkpoint of the Future that will improve security while creating a smoother and less stressful checkpoint experience. Trials of important Checkpoint of the Future components with airport partners are continuing. Next year we expect to deploy first generation checkpoints in at least two airports. The demand for aviation remains strong, with a 33 per cent increase in passengers expected by the end of 2017. Meeting that demand will require new investment.  Excerpts from presentation at the World Passenger Symposium, Dublin

Managing Middle East aviation in turbulent times

Mohamed R. M. Khonji Regional Director ICAO Middle East Office


n the Middle East region, air traffic of some states is increasing rapidly, while for some it is declining due to political unrest. The International Civil Aviation Organisation’s (ICAO) Middle East (MID) Office balances its assistance and guidance according to states’ needs by coordinating and harmonising between them, and proposing solutions to differences between states. The political instability in some states in the region resulted in major


December 2013

challenges to our activities and resulted in disruption of traffic flow. The region has become the fastest growing in air transport, achieving an average 12.4 per cent annual growth rate in the last five years in total scheduled services in terms of Revenue Passenger Kilometres (RPKs). There is a need to highlight the importance of realising the full potential of the global ATM system and the need to encourage developments which help regulatory authorities become more responsive with respect to required safety assessments and operational approvals for new technologies and procedures, with better airspace utilisation and civil-military coordination. ICAO will use the Global Air Navigation Plan (GANP) to establish a framework for incremental implementation based on the specific operational profiles and traffic densities of the region.

The region has initiated surveys to collect data that will lead to the identification of opportunities for operational performance improvement. Modules will be evaluated to identify which of these best provides the needed operational improvements for the region. The regional plans will be developed for the deployment of modules by drawing on supporting technology requirements. This planning methodology requires full involvement of states, service providers, airspace users, and other stakeholders, thus ensuring the commitment of all for implementation. This approach will facilitate states to finalise the alignment of regional air navigation plans with the Fourth Edition of the Global Air Navigation Plan (GANP) by May 2014. The office has established a Regional Aviation Safety Group (RASG-MID) to serve as a regional cooperative forum integrating global, national

and industry efforts. The launch of RASG-MID resulted in the publication of the first annual Middle East Safety Report, which made several recommendations regarding raising the present safety level and upholding the safety standards in the region. The ICAO has chosen to focus the collective regional aviation security effort on supporting the establishment of a Civil Aviation Security Programme for the Middle East Region (CASP-MID). The ICAO member-states, regional organisations and partners will need to assume an active role in order to enhance global civil aviation safety, increase capacity and improve efficiency, improve aviation security and facilitation and foster the development of a sound and economically viable civil aviation system.  Edited excerpts from The ICAO Journal


Smart airports need smart travellers

Dieter A Heinz President German Association for Airport Technology and Equipment (GATE)


few weeks ago the 19th International Exhibition for Airport Equipment, Technology, Design and Services, InterAirport Europe, concluded in Munich, Germany. It was the largest-ever gathering of airport professionals; the atmosphere was very positive amongst exhibitors and visitors –like we have seen at the Airport Show in Dubai in May this year. What were the trends and highlights

noticed here? Advanced baggage handling systems, drop-in luggage, remote check-in, complex but efficient IT solutions, elegant displays, terminal design and furniture and next generation of screening systems were in focus. The conference in Munich was on Smart Airports – a kind of a derivate from smart phones. The time when airports concentrated only on terminal buildings and the handling of aircraft is history – or past perfect. Airports now realise that they have to care about the customers (so far they have been only considered as passengers) in the new world of airport competition. There were times when it seemed airports were built only for well-trained mid-age business people with an IQ beyond 130, travelling alone and carrying not more luggage than an Admirals Club Card. The profile of passengers has changed dramatically in numbers

and characters – families, back-packers and elderly people, workers and managers, business and pleasure mingle. Airports are only successful if they make all of them content, if not happy, but the stress-free airport remains unattainable. The overall growth of aviation and the increasing number of passengers, routes and low-airline fares as well as intense competition are forcing airports to expand. In many destinations, there is an uncertainty of mass transportation and lack of infrastructure and consequently the prolonged time of stay at airport facilities. And all of them want to be treated nicely! Does this come with more automation? With more IT check-in and drop in luggage? With more displays, queues, checks, security measures? Nobody around to help, to smile, to handle my case, help me with my ticket? Meet my friends? Tell me the time and distance to my gate? Make me confident of my

moves and time? Do all the smart machines, displays and frequent travelers ignore my presence and uncertainty? So, smart airports need smart travellers! Are we back to zero, to the preferred passenger, the multilingual guy with no family but a golden credit card, are we? And from where do we get the relaxed passengers to fill our aircraft, to eat all the hamburgers and shop the goods from duty free? I am convinced that the industry will continue to grow – I only listed this scenario to make all who are concerned aware not to throw all apples in one basket. I am very much in favour of advanced, helpful and convenient developments of airports towards a more stressless situation for all and I am more than prepared to enjoy it – but it must be of quality and convenience, it must have the image of a friendly smile and not replace it. 

Advances in propulsion technology driving aviation’s future

David P. Hess President Pratt & Whitney


he Bombardier CSeries aircraft had its maiden flight in Quebec recently. This aircrafts innovative propulsion system is a true game-changer in terms of fuel efficiency, emissions, noise reduction and lower operating costs. The Leap engine by CFM and our PurePower

engine are examples of how the industry continues to innovate. Additive manufacturing, also known as 3D printing, is being transformed by the aviation industry. Additive manufacturing dramatically reduces time from design to finished product, saving up to 15 months in lead time compared to conventional manufacturing. It decreases waste and consumption of raw materials, and can account for a 50 percent weight reduction in a new part. The second way is through propulsion technology. Today, the average jetliner uses 70 percent less fuel per passenger since its introduction. The 787 Dreamliner is so efficient that it uses 20 percent less fuel than other aircraft

of the same size. The Airbus A350 should yield similar savings when it goes into service. The new engine – PurePower – offers a 15 to 20 percent improvement in efficiency over the engines it replaces. These engines will cut carrier operating costs by 20 percent – or about $1.5 million dollars per plane per year – dampen noise levels by half and cut CO2 emissions by 3,600 metric tons a year. Five manufacturers – including Embraer, Airbus, Bombardier and Irkut – have placed orders for more than 4,700 PurePower engines. Because of demands for competitiveness, efficiency and profitability within the slimmest of margins, our technology has set the pace for ad-

dressing the most serious concerns of our policy, customer and community stakeholders. These issues – CO2 emissions, fuel efficiency and noise – are top priorities for us as well, and we continue to play a leadership role. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has developed environmental standards for the certification of aircraft and market-based measures to reduce aviation’s impact on the environment. When we work together toward the goal of “less”, we burn less fuel, produce fewer emissions and create less noise. We all benefit from the result.  Excerpts from the keynote speech at the Aero Club of Washington

December 2013


Airlines flying into ‘perfect storm’ Airlines across the world will require about half a million new commercial pilots, including 40,000 pilots in Middle East, by 2032


irlines across the globe are flying into a headwind that may see many of them grounded. The problem this time is from within the cockpit – a drastic shortage of pilots in the near future. A host of factors have contributed to what will make for the gathering of a perfect storm for the aviation industry as far as access to trained and capable pilots goes. Structural trends, regulatory changes, economic recovery of the industry, consolidation of major airlines, mandatory retirement age for pilots and an ageing workforce are all affecting the flow of the required number of pilots to keep the industry on its current growth trajectory. According to some officials, this worldwide shortage of pilots is putting less-experienced fliers at the controls of passenger jets and is already forcing some airlines to cancel flights for lack of crew.

Vicious cycle

“There is no substitute for experience, particularly in a cockpit,” says Jim Hall, former head of the US National Transportation Safety Board. Until the recent past, most of the airlines required applicants to have 1,500 hours of total flying time and 500 of those hours in multiengine airplanes -a level typically reached after several years of work as a flight instructor, freight hauler or corporate-jet pilot. Now some airlines are cutting the required hours down to 500, with as little as 50 of those in multiengine airplanes, according to Kit Darby, President, Aviation Information Resources, an Atlanta-based career resource company for pilots. Newly minted pilots now start as co-pilots.

Currently, a vicious cycle is in play in the industry, causing the supply of pilots to drastically drop, while demand continues to steadily rise.

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) requirements to fly as a captain include at least 1,500 hours - typically, at least two years of airline experience.

Airline attrition rate is increasing due to an ageing generation of top guns.

Pilot training goes hi-tech

The global economic slowdown has made it difficult for a budding pilot to get the necessarily flight time required to make it into the airline job market.

However, airlines say training of new pilots has improved thanks to better technology, from full-motion cockpit simulators to computer-based ground schools, and today’s regional airline pilots are just as safe if not safer than previous generations.

This has forced the current generation of pilots to keep

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flying when they might have already retired. Regulations have now been adapted to accommodate a higher retirement age because there is simply not enough new supply coming in.

December 2013 2013 December

Modern jets are filled with safety enhancements, too, making emergencies easier to handle safely. Airlines also point to military training programmes that have pilots landing high-performance jets on aircraft carriers within one year, with 200 to 300 flying hours. The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) has developed a ‘multi-crew pilot licence’ (MPL) that targets training directly to co-pilot duties. The programme requires 240 hours of flying or simulator time and takes about a year, if students pass competency tests, to place someone in an airline job. Europe has adopted MPL, and Australia and China are moving ahead with implementation, according to the International Air Transport Association (IATA).

Half a million pilots needed by 2032 Airlines will need nearly half a million new commercial pilots worldwide by 2032 as they expand their fleets. Boeing says that airlines will have to hire 498,000 pilots - about 25,000 each year - to support all the new aircraft they are expected to add to their fleets over the next two decades. They also will need 556,000 new maintenance technicians, or about 28,000 a year. “The urgent demand for competent aviation personnel is a global issue that is here now

and is very real,” says Sherry Carbary, Vice-President of Flight Services at Boeing. “The key to closing the pilot and technician gap in our industry is enhancing our training with the latest, cuttingedge technologies to attract and retain young people interested in careers in aviation.” Boeing says the largest projected growth in pilot demand is in the Asia Pacific region, with a requirement for 192,300 new pilots over the next 20 years. China will generate the largest share of the region’s demand, with a need for 77,400 pilots. Europe will require 99,700 pilots, North America 85,700, Latin America 48,600, the Middle East 40,000, Africa

In Focus

due to pilot shortage 5,000 new jobs as they prepare for new airline entries and an increase in passengers. Air Asia, Jet Airways and IndiGo all claim to be increasing their hiring initiatives. And at the Paris Airshow 2013, Boeing and Airbus both came away with numerous orders for new aircraft, supporting the fact that the airline and cargo industries are maturing globally.

Pilot career losing its appeal In May 2013, a new survey by the University of North Dakota Aviation Department suggests that young people are being turned off by the prospect of a career as an airline pilot.

16,500, and the Commonwealth of Independent States 15,200.

The Emirates solution In the Middle East, regional airlines would be requiring 40,000 new pilots taking into account the massive fleet and route network expansions, especially by Emirates, Etihad, Qatar Airways, flydubai, Air Arabia and Saudi Arabian Airlines. Emirates Airline is in the final stages of completing its own answer to the pilot shortage – a home-grown Cadet Pilot Academy – to be located at the new Al Maktoum International Airport in Dubai World Central (DWC). Captain Alan Stealey, Executive Vice-Pres-

ident, Flight Operations for Emirates Airlines, remarked: “Emirates is set to ensure a reliable supply of highly-trained and professional air crew over the long term expansion plan of the airline. Emirates is committed to producing a growing portion of our pilot need internally as we recognise that the increasingly competitive pilot marketplace over the next 10 years is significantly under-supplied”.

China and India While China is training more local crews, pilots still need roughly a decade of experience before they can be promoted to captain. Today, nearly all Chinese airlines employ foreign crews. Americans represent the largest proportion.

Chinese carriers started hiring foreign pilots in 2003. They now account for roughly six per cent of the commercialpilot workforce, with 1,778 foreign-pilot licenses issued as of 2012, according to China’s aviation regulator. Chinese airlines are willing to pay salaries as high as $270,000 per year to lure pilots from the US –almost double the average salary for a captain of an aircraft in the US. Boeing reports that nearly half the world’s aviation growth will be fueled by China and India markets over the next 20 years. Specifically, Asia Pacific Airlines will nearly triple its fleet by 2032, with an expected growth of 12,820 new aircraft over this time period. Air carriers in India plan on adding

When asked what the industry would have to do to convince them to consider an airline career, 35 per cent cited salary increases, 20 per cent called for a more family-friendly lifestyle and 13 per cent highlighted improved work schedules. At the Dubai Airshow 2013, the industry stakeholders debated the shortage of pilots in the region. In a statement, its organisers said with pilot age-related retirements increasing due to airline mergers and consolidation occurring in the North American market and significant expansion continuing in the Middle East and Asian markets the supply of air transport qualified pilots will be under continuing pressure. In addition the recent imposition by the US aviation regulator, the FAA, of significantly increased hours requirements for airline co-pilot candidates is likely to add further pressure.  December2013 2013 December

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Cargo & Logistics

DWC announces key partnerships with MRO companies


empus Jet & Rotocraft Service Group to open facilities at the Aviation District Dubai World Central (DWC), the world’s first purpose-built aerotropolis, has announced a series of strategic partnerships with leading global maintenance, repair and operation (MRO) companies, who will open new facilities at the Aviation District. At the Dubai Airshow 2013, Tempus Jet, VVIP interior completion centre and Rotocraft Service Group, Inc. (RSG), a leading provider of rotor and fixed wings aircraft custom interior, air conditioning and engineering solutions have entered into strategic partnerships with DWC to open MRO facilities at the Aviation District. Rashed Buqara’a, Chief Operating Officer, Dubai

Aviation City Corporation, said: “Aviation District is being developed as a one-stop center for all aviation- related operations. We are pleased to partner with leading MRO companies of the world in line with the vision of the Dubai Government to develop and upgrade world-class facilities that can cater to the growing demand of the aviation sector. The partnerships with Tempus Jet and RSG are major steps in reinforcing DWC’s status as the next generation aviation district.” Tempus Jet has planned to open a 24,279 sq m VVIP aircraft engineering and interior design center at the Aviation District. The company operates an expansive aircraft maintenance, modification and interior completion facility at Brunswick in Maine, US.

Rashed Buqara’a

Scott Terry, Chief Executive Officer, Tempus Jet, said: “The establishment of a center in Dubai forms a vital part of our expansion policy of maintaining a strong international presence and preserving the relationship

with our customers who represent the largest concentration of VVIP aircraft in the world. The Aviation District at DWC is an ideal location, as it will offer us an opportunity to explore the Middle Eastern, African and Indian subcontinents.” As part of DWC’s strategy to establish a helicopter modification & maintenance hub, RSG is planning a rotorcraft modification and completion center – the first in the MENA region – at the Aviation District. The 5,000 sq.m facility will be a regional base for RSG to provide helicopter MRO, completions, design and engineering solutions and products. It will support the UAE’s rotor wing market by providing product and service linkages with the Middle East, North Africa, India, and surrounding regions. 

Altran confirms support to DWC’s Aviation District


ltran is supporting Dubai World Central (DWC) in designing a new global offer on MRO cutting-edge services. At the 2013 Paris Air Show, DWC appointed Altran “exclusive advisor and services designer” for the development of its Aviation District, the first, innovative Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul (MRO) services centre dedicated to private business jets and helicopters. The Aviation District at DWC covers 6.7 sq km of land adjacent to the Al Maktoum International Airport. The DWC Aviation District is an integrated industry cluster that has been strategically envisioned that meets the needs of modern aviation businesses. The Altran Group is responsible for defining some high-level solutions, representing DWC


December 2013

in all tenant-contact matters and supervising the pool of international training institutes for qualified engineers, technicians and managers in the different areas involved. To satisfy the constant demand in the private aviation sector for qualified skills, reduced AOG (Aircrafts On Ground) time, cutting-edge maintenance expertise

and non-stop innovation, the DWC Aviation District will be a platform to deliver the most innovative MRO services in the world. Underpinned by environmental, technological, and educational excellence, the DWC Aviation District has been founded with three fundamental priorities in mind: to deliver excellence regarding the knowledge of aeronautical activities

provided through an Engineering/ Diagnostic Centre, to provide the dematerialisation of aircraft data, as well as content access and sharing via the interactive iKnowledge Centre platform and to offer educational and continuing training programmes for technicians and engineers and pilots within the Dubai Aerospace Institute of Technologies (DAIT). 


Airports IT investments set to reach US$6 billion


irports cross the world are increasing their investment in information technology (IT) to approximately US$6 billion in 2013, according to SITA/ACI/Airline Business Airport IT Trends Survey released at ACI-Airport Exchange in Doha. Approximately 90 per cent of airports expect their IT spending to either increase or remain stable in 2014, with a key focus on improving the passenger experience. This follows a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12 per cent in IT investment over the past three years, which outpaced airports’ 2.83 per cent CAGR in revenue. The 10th annual SITA survey, produced in association with Airports Council International (ACI) and Airline Business, reported that passenger processing technology is the top priority

for airports globally. However, airports are also investing in technology to improve passenger services and information. Francesco Violante, Chief Executive Officer, SITA, said: “Airports continue to invest in information technology to improve their operations and services. Our survey this year clearly shows that passengers are at the heart of this investment. As passenger traffic grows and airports aim to improve the passenger experience, technology is providing essential solutions, despite fluctuations in airport revenues.” By 2016, approximately 95 per cent of airports plan to invest in mobile apps to provide status information on flights and the airport, and to help passengers navigate through the airport. In addition, 75 per cent of airports will offer passenger services

via social media by 2016, up from 56 per cent today. And by 2016, passengers can expect to see baggage self-service go mainstream, with more than 80 per cent of airports around the world providing bag tag printing and assisted bag drop. The survey also highlighted the growing importance of business intelligence (BI) which transforms data into useful and actionable information. Some 80 per cent of airports plan to invest in new BI solutions for revenue optimization and management by 2016. Airport operations, passenger flow monitoring and airport resource management represent other priorities for BI investment. This is consistent with airports’ declared focus to use BI to improve operational awareness and the passenger experience. However, there is still a long way to go before

airports reach their BI aspirations, according to the survey. Today, only eight per cent of airports surveyed have fully achieved the data quality requirements for their current BI initiatives. Data access and integration will continue to present challenges for airports as they implement BI solutions. The tenth edition of the SITA Airport IT Trends Survey is based on responses from participants representing more than 255 airports globally. The survey covers airports from all major regions of the world and represents 54 per cent of global passenger traffic. Set up in 1949 with 11 member airlines, SITA is the world’s leading specialist in air transport communications and IT solutions with services for around 450 air transport industry members and 2,800 customers in over 200 countries and territories. 

Wipro, Qatar Airways JV for aviation IT solutions

I First aerospace surface treatment facility


oeing will partner with Tawazun Precision Industries (TPI), a Tawazun Holding subsidiary, to establish a production aerospace surface treatment facility in the UAE. Dennis Muilenburg, president and chief executive officer of Boeing Defense, Space & Security, said: “This endeavor reaffirms our commitment to support the UAE aerospace industry. Investing in the development of key capabilities through partnerships such as this is of mutual benefit to Boeing and the UAE, and advances opportunities for the UAE around the world.” The project, made possible by the Tawazun Economic Council, is

scheduled to be commissioned in 2016 in Tawazun Industrial Park in Abu Dhabi. Expanding on TPI’s existing manufacturing base, Boeing will provide manufacturing and technology expertise as well as program management best practices to support the new facility as it applies for the required aerospace certifications. Saif Al Hajeri, CEO of Tawazun, said: “We are pleased to be part of this unique project that will introduce new and innovative initiatives at different levels of precision manufacturing and further foster UAE’s regional leadership.”

ndian IT major Wipro, in partnership with Qatar Airways, has announced the launch of a range of information technology products for the aviation industry. The two companies had entered into a partnership in 2012 to research and develop the product suite. According to a statement from the Bangalore-based Wipro, the IT

portfolio comprises two solution categories: Enterprise and Mobility. Enterprise solutions include products for crew management, route profitability analysis, loyalty management, in-flight catering, aircraft maintenance planning and crisis management; while mobility solutions include products for pilots, cabin crew and flight dispatchers. 

Panasonic offers real-time aviation weather data


anasonic’s April 2013 acquisition of AirDat has now put the tech giant in the market for offering real-time aviation weather data and forecasting. Panasonic Avionics’ core technology is a Tropospheric Airborne Meteorological Data Reporting (TAMDAR) sensor: a patented device designed to collect, in situ, weather

data from the atmosphere. Data is transmitted in real time - via Panasonic’s Ku-band aeronautical network and the Iridium satellite network - for analysis, distribution and assimilation into highresolution weather forecast models out to 72 hours. AirDat operates a data processing centre in Orlando, Florida.  December 2013


Flashback Flashback

Born a giant

Starting with two leased aircraft in 1985, Emirates Airlines has grown into a global behemoth


heikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum, the late ruler and founder of modern Dubai, saw the benefits of establishing an airline following the opening of the first airport in Dubai in 1960. In the mid-1980s, Gulf Air management sought to impose royalties on other international carriers in its capacity as the emirate’s national carrier against the benefits these carriers made in passenger transportation through the Dubai Airport. These steps were in diametrical opposition to Dubai’s ‘Open Skies’ policy. The Department of Civil Aviation (DCA) – forerunner to DCAA - rejected this move. Gulf Air stopped most of its flights through Dubai, more than 100 a week at the time. The airline abruptly cancelled interline agreements with Singapore Airlines and KLM. Gulf Air was asked to close down its offices in the emirate. At the time, His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice-President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai, made a decision to establish an airline and Sir Maurice Flanagan was asked to chalk out a plan. Sheikh Mohammed allocated $10 million to start the project. Sir Maurice says: “Sheikh Mohammed told me, ‘Don’t come to me to ask for more money. Don’t ask me for competition protection. Dubai’s Open Skies policy will remain, and don’t expect any support of any sort from me’.” Sheikh Mohammed chose Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum as Emirates’ Chairman. As preparations were underway, Sheikh Mohammed met the late Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan. He said: “Today, Emirates airline is born with the blessings of Sheikh Zayed.” Negotiations with PIA resulted in getting two leased aircraft, an Airbus A300 B4 and a Boeing 737, with pilots and crew. The inaugural Emirates flight was to Karachi, Pakistan, on October 25, 1985. It was then followed by a flight to Mumbai. The inaugural flight to Karachi carried 6.5 tonnes of cargo and 20 passengers, in addition to its crew, made up mainly of Pakistanis and Britons. In 1986, Sheikh Mohammed gifted his own private plane, a Boeing 727, to Emirates. A leased plane, also a Boeing 727, was obtained to boost passenger capacity. In the same year, Emirates returned the initial two leased aircraft to PIA and purchased its first Airbus. In the following year, it purchased its second aircraft. In 1986, four new destinations were added to Emirates’ network: Colombo, Cairo, Amman and Dhaka. In 1987, it purchased the first Airbus A300-310. Emirates expanded to four new destinations; Male, Gatwick London, Istanbul and Frankfurt. In 1988, Emirates opened a new route to Damascus. In 1989, routes were opened to Singapore, Manila and Bangkok. With the end of the Iran-Iraq war,

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December 2013 2013 ‫ديسمبر‬

Emirates opened another three routes - Tehran, Riyadh and Manchester. In 1991, London Heathrow, Hong Kong and Beirut were added. Emirates signed an order to purchase seven Boeing 777 aircraft with an option to buy seven others. Emirates convinced the French authorities to allow it to operate flights to Paris and also opened three other routes during the same year: Rome, Zurich and Jakarta. Emirates opened two more regional routes: Dammam and Muscat. More destinations followed: Larnaca, Doha and Nice. On its tenth anniversary in 1995, Emirates added two more destinations: Johannesburg and Nairobi, bringing the number of its destinations to 34. In 1996, the airline took delivery of the world’s first Boeing 777-200. Its network expanded further to include four more destinations: Athens, Melbourne, Kuala Lumpur and Sanaa. That year also witnessed the signing of a deal to purchase 16 new Airbus A330-200s. One more destination was added: Dar Es Salaam. In 1998, Emirates bought a 40 per cent stake in Air Lanka for $70 million which was later increased to 43.63 per cent and the airline was renamed as SriLankan. Under Emirates management, SriLankan became consistently profitable and modernised its fleet and operations. In 2008, Emirates sold its entire stake to Sri Lankan government for $53 million. In that year, Emirates opened routes to Lahore, Islamabad and Munich. In 2000, Sydney was added along with Manama, Entebbe, Milan, Chennai and Birmingham. Emirates, at Farnborough Air Show 2000, became the world’s first airline to order seven Airbus A380s with the option to purchase five additional aircraft. The airline also purchased six Boeing 777300s. Emirates was able to secure Boeing and Airbus deals at preferential conditions, reinvigorating hopes through deal announcements worth $15 billion. In the same year, Tripoli, Dusseldorf and Hyderabad were brought on the route network.In 2002, Emirates announced a $275 million investment in a new hangar complex and also opened six new routes: Casablanca, Khartoum, Perth, Port Louis, Osaka and Cochin. Bengaluru, Moscow, Auckland, Gothenburg and Brisbane were added the following year. Emirates dazzled the world at the Paris Air Show in 2003 with its $19 billion deal to purchase 71 aircraft, the biggest in civil aviation history at the time. At the 2004 Farnborough Air Show, Emirates ordered four more Boeing 777-300ERs, with an option to purchase nine others, at a cost of $2.96 billion. The same year also saw the addition of seven more cities to the airline’s network: Lagos, Accra, Glasgow, Shanghai, Vienna, New York and Christchurch. During the Dubai Airshow 2005, Emirates signed

Via Dubai brings exclusive excerpts from Ghassan Amhaz’s authoritative book, From the Creek to the Skies – History and Future of Civil Aviation in Dubai

to purchase 42 Boeing 777s worth $9.7 billion. The airline also opened service to Mahé and Seoul. In 2006, Abidjan, Thiruvananthapuram, Hamburg, Kolkata, Addis Ababa, Beijing and Tunis joined the network. Emirates dazzled the world in 2007 when it signed contracts worth $34.9 billion to purchase 120 Airbus A350s, 11 A380s and 12 Boeing 777-300ERs. In the same year, Emirates launched a second nonstop flight to New York and added Venice, Zaragoza, Newcastle, Sao Paulo, Ahmedabad, Toronto and Houston. Emirates moved to its new global headquarters overlooking Dubai Airport in 2008 and moved operations to Terminal 3, dedicated solely for it. It also inaugurated services to Cape Town, Kozhikode, Guangzhou, Los Angeles and San Francesco. In 2009, Durban and Luanda were added. In 2010, amidst the global financial crisis, Emirates placed an order for 32 Airbus A380s worth $42.2 billion, adding to its firm order of 58 others. In the same year, Emirates also ordered 30 Boeing 777-300ERs worth $33.4 billion, adding to previous orders of 71 aircraft of the same type, of which Emirates took delivery of 53. Today, it is among the world’s biggest airlines and it plans to carry 70 million passengers in 2020. 

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