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JOURNAL 05 | AN

PUBLICATION

FREE COPY

Even hardworkers must chill

I

ts Mayday! With a good number of holidays lined up in our Kenyan calendar, this additional one really doesn’t hurt. As someone once said, “for a cleaning cloth to be effective, one must wash it and the same applies to our minds”. Message we must rest to be productive - so take time off. In this issue, we are excited to celebrate the spirit of creation - entrepreneurship. While we are on our course of showcasing tireless ambition and venture, do take time and let your mother know that she is important - she is an entrepreneur in her own right in managing and keeping home - home. Mother’s day is fabulous, but we also have an entire year to show our appreciation. Share the love on life@artlife.co.ke

HOT from the oven

Yeast Free Onion Bread BOOKS, MUSIC

Cartola’s musical poetry stops time...

MAY

Easy does it

Two recipes in here, a ravishing chilli shrimp and the delicious, no-brainer classic linguini with cherry tomatoes and rocket leaves

art

dead or alive?

As the Pruitt–Igoe housing project was blown to pieces, Charles Jencks declared the end of an era ... “of architects with hazardous intentions”. Charles officially declared the end of modernism. Modernism was an art movement that defined a specific style in painting, theatre, fashion but lived at its best in architecture. Its key principles were based on simplicity/form and functionally, but it took a new turning when it sought to manage and restore morality through architecture. There existed the belief that an organised building or city, would in turn organise its people. The movement emerged as a response to previous movements and styles, breaking away clutter ridden and highly ornamental design and even thinking. The Bauhaus (a school and part of the modernist movement) curriculum did not include history of any kind because Modernism “sought newness, originality, technical innovation that spoke of the present and the future”.

The style was defined by clean lines, shape and form - without the clutter of ornament, pretty much what we see today in furniture stores - the clean-line kitchens, stackable furniture and un-fussy sofas, are all an output of the movement. Monumental evidence of modernism is seen in Brasilia - an entire city constructed at once, within a span of 5 years. The city takes the shape of an aeroplane to symbolise the progress its architects were all geared up for. In Kenya, many of the building put up in the early 60’s and late 70 were modernist in style such as our council flats. According to Charles, the movement was a failure because it did not take into account issues such as relevant time and people’s motivations. Modernism was about right angles and did not account for the fluidity of the mind, body and spirit. In 1972, the movement was declared dead, but evidence has it that it is alive and well, playing up less of its moral and social intentions and working up more of its design and aesthetic appeal.


2

switch

business

turning ONTO ITS HEAD

manufacturer for as long as they are using the printer, and each cartridge costs almost as much as the printer itself. In the service industry, telecom companies have also leapt into bait and hook business, selling phones at a discount if customers sign multiyear contracts to pay monthly fees for mobile phone services - with often hefty termination penalties. The discounted phones are additionally often programmed to operate only within the operator’s network. Although this kind of cell phone deal has not taken root in Kenya, satellite TV providers have moved substantially to hook-and-bait in the local market. A full installation package from one of the leading satellite TV providers, including a satellite dish and decoder, costs only around Sh5000. But by buying the decoder, the client has in effect committed to paying the monthly service charge for receiving signal, and these range from Sh850 to over Sh6000 a month. It is a model Kenyans will see more of, as producers seek to get ahead in an increasingly competitive consumer market, where many may be grateful for the bait, but far fewer are likely to laud the hook.

The upside down model, as we call it, has become one serious way entrepreneurs have chosen to drive demand.

When Oil mogul John D Rockefeller of Standard Oil wanted to venture into the Chinese market in the late 1800’s, he employed an ingenious way of creating demand for his product. His company dished out kerosene lamps to the population for free and to others for a very low price, securing a continuous demand for kerosene.

Welcome to the world of bait-and-hook business, otherwise called freebie marketing or the razor-and-blades business – following from the model popularized by King Camp Gillette of the Gillette Company, who came up with the idea of selling razors at an artificially low price so as to generate a stream of sales of blades. Big businesses have since engineered entire product ranges around the concept of selling an initial product extremely low price so as to hook consumers to ‘top-ups’. Typical has been the development of computer printers, which has seen unique ink cartridges designed for each specific model of printer. By buying the printer, the customer is hooked to buying the cartridges from the same

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3

provoke

One of the movies we saw and talked about last year, Eat, Pray and Love, may have given us all

a jog when it came to the ‘BEAUTY OF DOING NOTHING’. For the truth is that in modern society, time is a beauty that has been lost by many. Since the late 1980s, there has been a 28 per cent drop in the number of American families taking vacations. And it isn’t only holidays that have gone. The University of Michigan’s Survey Research Centre reports that since the late 1970s children in America have lost 12 hours a week in free time. USA considered, one of the most developed countries in the world, is dominated by consumerism and immersed in time-saving technolog y, which should have resulted in more free time, less stress and fewer working hours. Instead, technolog y and modernity

have accelerated the pace at which people live and created a vicious cycle of efficiency. Access to high-speed computers, e-mail and mobile phones mean individuals can be contacted almost anywhere at any time, and the ownership of more ‘things’ has itself eaten into time. The price of consumerism, it seems, is populations that are now emerging as ‘moneyrich, time-poor’, suffering a phenomena some commentators are even describing as ‘time poverty’. Marketing consultant Bill Geist lays out the issue as a problem of over-scheduling. “Despite being part of the most productive, most efficient workforce that has ever inhabited the planet,

with technolog y at our fingertips, instant meals, entertainment in our living room, and 24-hour access to the world via the World Wide Web, we over-schedule our lives and the lives of our children”, he argues. As a result, we reach the end of each day exhausted and stressed out. According to Dr. Bill Quain, being so busy staying busy, is not translating to a better lifestyle, with the chronic shortage of time now a plague of industrialised, prosperous societies. The acceleration of activities in all facets of life has created a ‘time famine’ that is attacking physical health, causing an array of acute and chronic illnesses including gastric ulcers, headache and cancers.

inspiration

Every story has its beginning... Commercials circulate widely now on the world wide web more than ever; absurd ones, hilarious ones, memory lane types and really persuasuve ones. Out of these are some gems that are truly inspirational. We’ve picked two not very new, but very moving campaigns delivering powerful messages for entrepreneurial types.

STARTING WITH NOTHING: Kihachiro Onitsuka, tells his story from the beginning. Check it out on: http://www.youtube.

com/watch?v=8f WhYOt57i8

ENTEPRENUERS CAN CHANGE THE WORLD: While American based, this advert is one any entrepreneurial mind can identify with. Check it out on: http://www.youtube.com/

watch?v=T6MhAwQ64c0


4

horse riding, boat trips across the lake, bird viewing, and a GreenHouse Discotheque.

travel

crescent island

camping

East African stars

the

UNDER

Across sand dunes, cascading waterfalls, volcanic craters, pink lakes, tropical forest, and glowing sunsets – camping

under the stars must surely be the most magical way to embrace Kenya’s natural beauty, surrounded

by the sounds of birds singing and giraffes roaming... Larisa Brown samples..

lake naivasha

Kenya’s second largest freshwater lake and part of the Great Rift Valley, is a perfect place to start. Home to a wealth of hippos and pelicans, the Lake is fringed with land roamed by zebra and antelope and provides an atmospheric lovers’ spot, as well as picnic luxury for the family.

crayfish camp

Located along Moi South Lake Road, found 18km from Naivasha town, is set in natural Acacia woodland within one of the largest flower farms. The views from the camp site are spectacular across the Aberdares mountains to the east and Eburu Hills to the north west. As well as open beer gardens and a swimming pool, the camp site offers bike riding,

Formed by a protruding rim of a collapsed volcanic crater, is a gentle boat ride away on the eastern side of Lake Naivasha. Home to a wildlife sanctuary, visitors can walk beneath yellow barked acacias (known as yellow fever tress) and see waterbucks, gazelles, giraffes and even pythons. Uganda, just a bus ride away from Kenyan capital Nairobi, is likewise a haven for clear night-time skies, tranquil wanderings and breathtaking African scenery.

Murchison falls national park

The largest national park in Uganda, offers an unrivalled experience of chimpanzee tracking, the river Nile, ‘game’ viewing opportunities and rushing waterfalls. Red Chilli Rest Camp is superbly located to explore Murchison, at Paraa on the southern banks of the River Nile in the heart of the park. The camp is 500 metres from the Paraa ferry, where vehicles cross the Nile for game drives around the Nile Delta, and where boats can be hired for game viewing and sport fishing.

mikadi beach campsite

For a different type of star-gazing and picnic experience, visit the beaches of Kigamboni, Tanzania. You can pitch tent or rent a beach banda. Other facilities include a pool, bar and cushions to lie down and soak up the sun’s rays, or midnight twinkle of stars. The sum for the happy campers is that moment to watch the sun set over golden sands.


5

thought

do we still have the happy bug

Kenyans derive their happiness from the simple things in life, according to a recent survey carried out by soft drink giant Coca-Cola. The ‘Coca-Cola Happiness Barometer’ sought to investigate and identify what happiness meant to different nationalities all over the world. For Kenyans, happiness meant food, family, friends and watching TV. Dr Lukoye Atwoli, a psychiatrist and lecturer at Moi University’s School of Medicine defines happiness as a state in which an individual is in a state of well being and contentment. “There is really no objective measure to happiness; we have no machine or a scan to measure happiness, so we have to use subjective parameters. The only way to find out how happy a person is, you have to ask them and you will have to take their word for it,” Dr. Atwoli said. Though the happiness barometer points to food, family, friends and watching TV as the major things that bring joy to most Kenyans, there are differences in what makes people happy according to sex, age and geographical location. Indeed, the happiness barometer gave credence to some societal stereotypes. Men for instance confirmed that food, security and work, are the top sources of their pleasure, while women cited the need for spiritual intervention when it comes to finding happiness. For women, prayer and good health received more mentions as a source of happiness. Females are also more than three times more likely than males to shop when they need some happiness – searching out the uplift from what is sometimes termed ‘retail therapy’. Kenyan teenagers, meanwhile, find their happiest moments online as they ‘hook up’ and chat with their friends on social networking sites

For Kenyans, “being with each other that makes us happy”

Men for instance confirmed that food, security and work, are the top sources of their pleasure, while women cited the need for spiritual intervention when it comes to finding happiness. like Facebook and Twitter. There are also variations by social status. People in higher income brackets draw more happiness from friends in their social circle, while middle class people get more from television and the Internet, and the lower classes derive their happiness from a good meal. Geographically, the differences are even more pronounced. People who live in Nairobi revealed they draw most happiness from their

work and money, where their counterparts from Kisumu were found to be the most social people in the country, getting their happiness from chatting and catching up with friends. “The twist about happiness is that most of the time it is relative to those around you. If you seem better off than those around you, then chances are you will be happy. But if you are worse off than those around you happiness becomes elusive for you,” Dr Atwoli said. The survey also painted a picture of Kenyan values - defined as broad preferences concerning appropriate courses of action or outcomes. The happiness barometer showed that Kenyans value human contact more than anything else, with 95% of Kenyans voting family or a partner as the biggest source of happiness. “What we value as human beings is greatly determined by our historical background, our upbringing, our socialization and our culture. If one grows up in a community that holds animals in high esteem, then you will value animals. You will not be fulfilled until you own animals,” said Dr Atwoli. Hence, according to Dr. Atwoli’s premise, what Kenyans value is as a result of our upbringing. Subliminally, Kenyans have been socialized to value certain things and draw contentment and a sense of well being from them. However, the Coca Cola survey was carried out before the recent economic issues caused by rising global oil prices. Food prices as well as the overall cost of living have escalated, robbing Kenyans of a great deal of the happiness, reported a Gallup poll last month.


Photo and image elements by Babasteve : //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en

6

travel

places

designing for confidence

monumental architecture on many occasions has been purposefully built to restore or develop confidence in a people’s ability to achieve WORDS Larisa Brown

monumental

psychology One day in 1956, architect Oscar Niemeyer went riding with his old friend, former Brazilian President Juscelion Kuditsche, who told him of a dream to build an entire capital of Brazil from scratch, in the middle of nowhere. “I want you to design it”, said the former President to the Brazilian architect. Over 60 years later Brasilia, the capital of Brazil, is monumentally magnificent, taken on by Niemeyer as the world’s most exciting assignment in art. He designed the palaces, public buildings, courthouses, churches of a whole new city that is now home to nearly three million people. The idea for the new capital was to alter colonial mentality, and put an end to the inertia that kept Brazilians clinging to their lands near the coast. Brasilia became a beacon of hope, instilling in the people a common feeling of modernity. From the heirs of European colonialists to the descendants of Africa slaves, the new capital, built and designed by Brazilians for Brazilians, uplifted the national psyche. It was a national masterpiece Brazilians could truly be proud of. The city, which resembles the shape of an aeroplane, is the only city built in the 20th century to be awarded the status of Historical and Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO, and also holds the distinction of waiting the shortest amount of time to be designated a World Heritage Site, just 27 years after its completion. The Sydney Opera House is another extraordinary expression of an architect’s vision, a government’s will, engineering and public hopes. The iconic structure is a vibrant expression of the Australian psyche – a ref lection of what the nation is, and what is aspires to be. Set in a stunning harbour, it has captured the imagination of people all over the world, by unifying landscape and

architecture in one monument. Designed by JornUtzon, a Danish architect who had been an avid sailor and understood the sea, the massive concrete sculptural shells that form the roof appear like billowing sails filled by the sea winds, with the sunlight and cloud shadows playing across their shining white surfaces. The structural engineering stretches the boundaries of the possible in forms that raise the human spirit, and serve as a worldclass performing arts centre, a great urban sculpture, and a public venue for community activities and tourism. A much earlier bid for monumental status and psycholog y, was New York ’s Empire State Building, which became the world’s tallest building when it was opened on May 1st 1931. At the time, the American Society of Civil Engineers claimed it was one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World. Its construction was part of an intense competition in New York for the title of ‘world’s tallest building’ – making it a symbol of America’s dominance and power. For many, the Empire State Building embodies all that is New York – from its industrial beginnings, in its excitement and romance, and through its depiction in all manner of American popular culture. It was voted America’s favourite building in a poll conducted by the American Institute of Architects, and its sheer height has been credited with inspiring hope and pride in the American people, who see the building as an icon for American resilience and defence

Brasilia became a beacon of hope, instilling in the people a common feeling of modernity. From the heirs of European colonialists to the descendants of Africa slaves, the new capital, built and designed by Brazilians for Brazilians, uplifted the national psyche. against terrorism. At its highest point, the building, which cost something over $40m to build, measures 1,453 ft and houses 85 stories of commercial and office space. Every year the building is struck at least 100 times by lightening. More than 3,000 workers were employed in its construction, which provided jobs during the Great Depression. Fourteen immigrant workers were killed during the operation. The building then went on to form the iconic centrepiece of the 1933 King Kong film.


7

entrepreneurial spirit

Start up mythology Behind many of the Greatest Success stories in business, there often lie tales of discouragement, as business leaders overturned prevailing ideas in pursuit of their Dreams. Collins Baswony shares 5 myths...

WE LOOK AT A FEW of the myths of business start-up that have been dramatically defied by some of the world’s most prominent entrepreneurs.

myth 1

myth 3

“The idea is not

“You don’t know

feasible”

When he was a student at Yale University, the founder of Federal Express, FREDERICK W SMITH wrote a paper outlining an overnight delivery service in a computer information age. Folklore has it that his professor told him that in order for him to get a C for his paper, the idea would have to at least be feasible, which his was not. The paper was the concept which Smith implemented in 1973 to create Federal Express, now known as FEDEX, the world’s first overnight courier company.

One of the greatest achievements in life, is to achieve what people said you couldn’t.

what you are talking about”

myth 4

“It doesn’t work that way”

TITUS MUYA, the founder of Family Bank started the bank in 1984 as a building society in a period when the only banks that existed in Kenya were either multinational banks or run by prominent Kenyans. Muya once described how officers at the Treasury ruled out the viability of his operation because it was an idea that had never been tried in Kenya, as the microfinance model targeting the poorer sections of society, and particularly from him, because he was ‘not even a banker’.

SOICHIRO HONDA started out as an apprentice for

a small company in Tokyo and went on to make a scooter by adding a small motor to a bicycle. He started making scooters out of his own at home, and went on to create automobile giant, Honda, by breaking all the rules of Japan’s highly structured and traditional society, where firms promoted executives on the basis of age. At Honda, he promoted executives by performance, in a departure that saw him overtake the very firms who at the start claimed it could never work.

myth 2

“You’re past it”

myth 5 Ray Kroc was a kitchen wares salesman who in 1954, at age 52 and in poor health, saw a way to create a new kind of business from a family-run restaurant in the desert outside Los Angeles. He bought out the McDonald brothers, and proceeded to take their concept of a limited menu, fast service and low prices and expand it nationally, in the process creating the fast-food industry.

“You don’t have

what it takes”

Before his successful business empire came into existence, WALT DISNEY, the founder of the company, had a career as a news editor, but was fired because ‘he lacked imagination and had no good ideas.’ He tried different business ideas, and failed with some, before launching Walt Disney, which is today the world’s largest media conglomerate company in revenue with interests in movie production, TV and radio, online media, merchandising, video games, resorts and theme parks around the world. The whole Walt Disney Empire is founded on creativity, imagination and good ideas.


8

wellbeing

cure a toothache with Cloves

make muscle pain a memory with Ginger

In a recommended dose of at least one teaspoon of dried (or 2 teaspoons of chopped) ginger in a meal daily could rid you of muscle pain, joint pain and stiffness according to Danish researchers. According to their findings, these aches were reduced up to 63 per cent over 2 months. The experts credit ginger’s potent compounds (gingerols) said to prevent the production of pain-triggering hormones.

Tooth aches have a knack for finding you when you cannot rush to see a dentist - right in the middle of the night, on holiday or just simply far from a single urban centre. The clove is your saviour - just gently chew a clove for two hours straight and you’ll be smiling. Cloves have a natural compound called eugenol, a powerful anaesthetic that brings down pain and gum inflammation. Cloves have an extra bonus to your clock when you sprinkle 1/4 of ground cloves to your meals daily. This is said to stabilize blood and plus dampen production of artery-clogging cholesterol in as little as three weeks.

6

pain

cures find YOU CAN

in Your Kitchen

tame chronic pain with Turmeric

Tumeric, the rich coloured Indian spice is a powerhouse of remedies. For one, it is said to act 3 times more effectively than asprin, ibuprofen according to Cornell researchers. Tumeric contains active ingredients - curcumin which naturally shuts down cyclooxygenase 2, an enzyme that streams out pain-producing hormones. The recommended dose for this problem - Sprinkle 1/4 teaspoon of tumeric powder onto any dish daily. Tumeric also carries a long number of properties, namely analgesic, antibacterial, antiinflammatory, anti-tumor, antiallergic, antioxidant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, appetizer, astringent, cardiovascular, carminative, digestive amongst many others. As if this isn’t enough, burning the spice repels mosquitoes.

heal mouth sores with Honey

According to the Dubai Specialised Medical centre in United Arab Emirates, unpasteurized honey can heal mouth sores 43 percent faster than prescribed creams. Raw honey contains natural enzymes which zap inflammation, destroy invading viruses and speed damaging tissues, say the study authors. By dabbing honey onto a painful canker or cold sore, four times daily, will get your lips back in form.

give your back some TLC with Grapes

An aching back can limit the things you can do in a single day and for those with a damaged back, the condition can affect life quality. One booster in healing the damaged back - Grapes. Recent studies at Ohio State University suggest eating almost two handfuls of grapes can relax tight blood vessels. Your back’s vertebrae and shock absorbing disks are fully dependent on nearby blood vessels that bring them healing nutrients. By relaxing these blood vessels, oxygen and healing nutrients can reach your back’s damaged tissue efficiently.


9


10

places

green homing IN THE CITY

-

While going green may seem like a foreign approach, its here and its real. Factored in some of the upcoming developments, these homes are set to get you on the right green footing as you save pocket. How nice! James Karuga gives us the show..

For some developers, the benefits of making resources go further has seen them moving early to manage their local eco-systems, even ahead of regulation, and perhaps foremost among them is Migaa, the golf estate development now under construction in Kiambu. Migaa is now developing a state-of the-art waste water treatment and recycling plant that recycles water and turns solid waste into manure and biomass energy; harvesting rainwater from roofs and open space into the development’s own reservoirs; and constructing a unique dual water system, in order to achieve water self-sufficiency for the green estate. The development has a built-up area of 50 per cent with 50 per cent left as natural open space promoting an acre of green for every acre of build - and includes an 18-hole golf course, recreational lakes, maintained coffee plantations, parks and gardens, setting up additional needs for irrigation.

t

Migaa has two rivers running along its northern and southern boundaries. It also has an underground stream that crops up four times in the development in the form of small lakes. The underground system will serve as the main source of water for the site, removing the need to draw water from the two rivers, which are also used and needed downstream. “There are five existing boreholes at the site, all of which we’re rehabilitating. We have done the first, which is yielding 34m3/Hr. We expect all the boreholes to have much the same yields,” said Ray Kanno, the project manager. Migaa will be pumping from the boreholes and collecting the water in a central reservoir, from where the water will be treated and supplied to each household. The water supplies to the homes are being built as two systems, one taking in fresh, treated water for drinking and cooking, and the other supplying recycled water for irrigating the golf course and gardens, flushing toilets, washing clothes and cars, and general outdoor use. Installed underground so as to be out of sight, Migaa’s BioMicrobics recycling plant represents leading technology in its

compact size and odorless waste water treatment and recycling plant. The new plant will discharge un-usable and non toxic/harmless substances and deliver clear and clean water to be used as fresh water. With low maintenance costs, the plant also enables the collection of solid waste for manure, further driving down the operational costs of the development. “It is essential to the driving Migaa vision, as an environmentally geared project, that we should be having a net positive impact, living on our own water, used with utmost care, and leading the way among developers in delivering a development with absolute water sustainability,” said Ray. Elsewhere, developers and even individual householders are adopting recycle technologies like Biobox, to purify septic waste, with systems that can recycle from 2000 to 320,000 litres of sewage daily, can be incorporated into existing sewage systems, and which last for some 20 years. City residents are also turning to green energy, including solar panels, with the demand for panels now running at 15,000 to 25,000, according to consultancy Renewable Energy, and local vendors like Climancento Green Tech selling panels to heat water and run electronics Climancento say their solar technology can power an average home (of one to three rooms) with enough energy for 8 hours daily, if there is no fridge, with a panel of size 1m by ½m. If a fridge is factored in the home would need 150watts of energy provided by 3 extra uncovered solar panels to power it for 24 hours. Back at Migaa, homes are being built with huge glass windows, some more than a metre long, to bring maximum natural sunlight into the home during the day, to help save electricity. The development is also incorporating a garbage collection system separating non biodegradable waste, green waste, plastics and metals, with an estate incinerator burning unusable wastes and the remainder being recycled.

Editor Jebet Ahluwalia

is created and published by GreyOwl &

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11


12

enterprise

one

generation

EMPIRES

..of empires built in a single lifetime There is a certain aura of respect given to people who have built BUSINESS EMPIRES from nothing, even within their own circles, most often for their sheer hard work, persistence and vision in being able to create wealth many times over within a relatively short period. WORDS: Ken Macharia

Perhaps Kenya’s most industrious family is the Chandaria family, headed by the self-effacing philanthropist, Dr. Manu Chandaria. As the Chairman of the Comcraft Group of Companies, Dr. Chandaria oversees an industrial empire with interests in consumer products, aluminum, and steel and with offices in over 45 countries worldwide. Started in 1915 by Chandaria’s fatherin-law, the industrial conglomerate has blossomed tremendously under Dr. Chandaria’s leadership over the last 50 years. Like most Kenyan-Asians, Dr.

Chandaria spent the better part of his childhood behind the desk in class, or behind the counter in his father’s provisions store in Nairobi. Later, his future father-in-law and his father partnered with other businessmen to buy out Kenya Aluminum and this is the outfit Chandaria joined after returning from the USA having completed his Masters in Engineering. But while it took the Dr. Chandaria half a century to build the industrial empire from the ground up, it took Nigerian AlikoDangote

just 34 years to build an empire that has made him the world’s 51st richest billionaires and the richest man in Africa, according to Forbes billionaires list, 2011. Dangote, 54, has

made his wealth mainly through food processing, cement manufacturing, freight, oil, gas, banking and sugar refinery. His cement manufacturing plant, Dangote Cement, makes him the single biggest producer of cement in Africa, and one of the biggest

in the world. Dangote Sugar refinery is the biggest supplier of sugar to soft drink makers and breweries in West Africa. Dangote, whose net worth rose from $2.1bn to $13.8bn in one year, mainly through consolidation, acquisitions and listing, started off as a small commodities trader from a loan his uncle gave him. His take off came when he bought the loss making state-owned Benue Cement Company and turned it around by injecting capital, a change of management and improving efficiency.

Further south, Patrice Motsepe, rose from the sprawling black township of Soweto to become South Africa’s first black billionaire valued at $3.3bn. Trained as a lawyer, Patrice bought low-producing mine shafts and made them profitable. His African Rainbow Minerals (ARM) has interbusiness has been largely a male preserve. Out of 1,210 women billionaires, only 14 are self made. Top on the

list is Wu Yajun from China valued at $5.5 billion. A former journalist, Wu’s Hong Kong-listed real estate company, Longfor Properties, almost doubled its sales in 2010 to $5bn by

expanding in relatively prime areas in first-growing cities. Stateside, TV celebrity, Oprah Winfrey has built massive fame and fortune from her TV hit show, Oprah Winfrey show, which debuted in 1986. In the West, technology has been the driver for most of the one-generation business empires, with the internet revolution turning a row of young innovators into overnight billionaires. Facebook alone contributed seven billionaires to the Forbes List, including founder and CEO, Mark Zuckerberg, whose net worth is estimated at $13.4bn. Zuckerberg’s

counterpart in Japan, Yoshikazu Tanaka, built Gree - the largest social network in Japan, earning him $2.2bn. Google co-founders, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, have also created a technology company that has grown from a couple of employees to 20,000 in 12 years. But it’s not only the very young that have made their wealth through technology. Microsoft

co-founder, Bill Gates, until recently occupied the top spot as world’s richest man, and his contemporaries such as Michael Dell of Dell computers, Larry Ellison of Oracle and Steve Jobs of Apple continue to dominate their respective sectors.

However, a common thread that runs through all of these successful entrepreneurs has been innovation, hard work and a clear vision by the founders.


13

on the shelf music

cartola A story of music Cartola was born as Angenor de Oliveira on 11th October 1908 in Rio de Janeiro. Cartola is a monumental figure in the development of samba (Brazilian style of music and dance) and was also responsible for creating Brazil’s most famous samba schools, Escola de Samba Estácio Primeira de Mangueira, (Samba School of Mangueira). Cartola’s life was that of artist in poverty and his genius recognised late in life and then in death. He disappeared in the 1940’s and little was known about his whereabouts until a journalist found him working as a car washer. Cartola got his name from the bowling top hat he wore, and despite his humble existence, his work is nothing but unpretentious elegance. To describe Cartola’s music is to describe dusk and a beautiful afternoon wrapped into one.

Its not just about the melody in sound, his lyrical

taste Start up something

To describe Cartola’s music is to describe dusk and a beautiful afternoon wrapped into one.

spicy prawns on baguette (starter)

poetry can be can be felt as a sound in itself. Cartola’s music is

for those, good of listening – not hearing, and you do not have to understand his language to savour the sweetness of his music. Even after his death, his fans live on, rising from various parts of the world, though mostly in Brazil…“I once produced works listening to him, he inspired me, and my work brought one of my peers to tears. This is his strength! ” expresses one contemporary fan. Cartola has produced more than 500 songs with loved tracks such as "O Sol Nascerá", "O Mundo é Um Moinho", "Corra e Olhe o Céu", "Quem me vê Sorrindo" and "Senhora Tentação", with support from singers Elizeth Cardoso, Clara Nunes, Paulinho da Viola and especially Beth Carvalho and has had 10 albums made in his tribute.

INGREDIENTS: 1 baguette from Artcaffe (in won’t work with any other!) 1/4 glass of extra virgin olive oil Fresh ginger peeled and chopped 2 cloves of garlic peeled and sliced 2 fresh red chillies - take out the seeds and chop 16 prawns peeled but with the tail 1-2 fresh yellow lemons Fresh flat parsley roughly chopped HOW TO MAKE: Slice and toast the baguette Arrange it on a large a bit deep plate Pour almost all the olive oil into a warmed up large pan Add the ginger, garlic, chilli and prawns Cook for about 3 minutes (prawns fastcooking, so be careful, you don’t want to over cook them) Lower the flame and squeeze 1 lemon Add a 2 pinches of salt, parsley and the rest of the olive oil Mix and remove from the fire. Pour them onto the baguette and serve immediately....

make any selection off the take away menu and we’ll deliver!

To order call 020 3743244


14

wine

wine notes

on the shelf books

04

Tasting Notes

Your nose tells the story, your tongue experiences the journey

forth. When tasting wine, as general rule, swirl it in your glass gently and take a long, steady gentle Here’s a brief take on aroma inhalation. You first check for the presence of oak There is so much to say about the right or even some (or not), then search for fruit smells, then spice or might add, the best wine – but is down to one simple any earthy overtones and any other aromas that come to mind. You may also measure the fruit thing – you. Like clothes, there is a wide variety of style and its all up to personal preferences; the same intensity behind the aroma as this could be a guide to quality or climate before harvest. Get your glass goes for wine. You will find wines that get the most ready, there’s alot to discover in just the aroma. applause, then you will get particular ones that appeal to you specifically. Wine happens to be one Visit the nairobi wine gallery to begin your of the edible elements that hits almost every sensory exploration! nerve of your tongue and of your nose, which gives life to mind boggling expressions such as leather, To book for a wine tasting or wine appreciation classes email - wine@nairobiwinegallery.co.ke blackberry, nut, grassy, flowers, cough syrup and so

May’s diary Every Friday

Taverna where you can eat, drink, laugh and enjoy at by ArtCaffe at the Village Market. RESERVATIONS: 020 7120654

Every Sunday

JAZZ with a live band every Sunday at by ArtCaffe at the Village Market. RESERVATIONS: 020 7120654

Every Tuesday

Cocktails; a warm and vibrant evening out with margaritas and tonnes of other cocktails at Grill & Sushi Bar at Westgate. RESERVATIONS: 020 3743244

Every Wednesday

Jazz at in westgate. A fine night with great music and great food. RESERVATIONS: 020 3741197

Every Thursday

Its Spanish nite with Mojitos, Salsa and Tapas. Get your dancing shoes on, its salsa all the way with LIVE BAND rithmo combina at Grill & Sushi Bar at Westgate. RESERVATIONS: 020 3743244

Nassim Nicholas Taleb’s Undoing of Logic

The belief that logic rules where proven is wonderfully challenged in “The Black Swan”. First published in 2007, Nassim put to paper a theory that unravels what we believe is logical. White swans were known to be white, based on the knowledge and experience that no record had been made of any other type of swan. And then… the black one turned up. With sound and proven accounts on record, a black swan was impossible! So what then? The twist of events, changing from what is known to be a fact and proven wrong is what Nassim refered to as a black swan - the phenomenon of the unexpected despite all proof. He studies that when such an incident occurs, humans set themselves back and come up with a justification in line with their own understandable set frame of logic. The black swan investigates our flow in thought of what we believe should be, and our response in attempting to re-affirm what we know. The book challenges our expectations of life and as the author aptly quotes, his book concerns human blindness to randomness, with a whole chapter dedicated to the fact that life is actually very unusual. It toys with our spheres of “what we believe we know” and what actually may be. In the end, this is mind jolting read.


15

ArtLife’s kitchen MUSIC Sanaa Fusion: Dass Restaurant May 4th,

incredible line-up of new and established

Sh300, 0725 816126. A medley of music,

talent from Kenya’s fashion world.

dance and poetry. Presented by Mambo

The 2nd Annual Ethiopian Lifestyle Show:

Artssy & Ogutu J. Muraya

Village Market May 12th-22nd, 020 7122021,

Smooth Urban- Atemi Live! Kifaru Gardens

7122488. The Ethiopian Inspiration Week

May 7th, 0726 545429. An early evening of

is back and will showcase various artifacts,

a live performance from Atemi’s debut album

crafts and traditional aspects of the Ethiopian

“Hatimaye” as well as new stuff from her

culture.

upcoming album.

Lake Turkana Festival 2011: Loiyangalani

ART Lake Basins Artists Exhibition: Village Market May 5th-16th, 020 7122488-90, 0720

linguine with cherry tomatoes and rocket leaves INGREDIENTS : 1 packet of Divella linguini (available in Nakumatt) any other will do if not available 1/4 glass of olive oil 2 garlic cloves roughly chopped Sea salt and fresh ground black pepper 1/2 kilo of ripe cherry tomatoes A handful of fresh rocket leaves 100 gm ricotta cheese

of Lake Turkana - May 13th-15th. The main purpose is to overcome tribalism in the region

783 632, 0732 372 422. Witness a collection

and to promote peace and reconciliation

of unique paintings by artists from Kisumu,

among the local communities around Lake

Kakamega, Mombasa and Nairobi. Exhibition

Turkana.

organized by the Museums of Kenya.

WALKS

SPORTS Braeburn GP Karting Race Day: GP Karting

Overcomers by Grace charity walk Disability is not inability and we raising funds

Race Track Mombasa Road, May 2nd, andy.

towards a wheelchair accessible van that

hill@braeburn.ac.ke . Each team will comprise

will get us moving. When: 21st May Where:

5 persons, and a minimum sponsorship of Sh5

Braeside School Lavington Time: 7am -12

000 is required to enter. The funds collected

noon. For more info contact Shafkat, Ravinder

will go towards Team 4’s sponsorship entry in

on obgboard@gmail.com, shafkat@ncfnairobi.

the 2011 Rhino Charge.

org, ravinderpaulsingh@gmail.com Tel:

TALK Strategy Execution – Your competitive advantage for surviving into the future: Safari Park Hotel & Casino May 7th, sh69

0722694489/ 0737903305, 0722734914 THEATRE Take away the lady: Alliance Française May 6th-8th, Students: Sh400, Adults: Sh500,

000 plus VAT. Join the renowned executive

0726524124 (MPESA) or 020 2025811/ 0734

Guru Ram Charan who will be speaking on

524124 (ZAP). Intriguing glimpses into a

strategy execution.

cupboard full of family skeletons, together

KIDS EVENT 3rd Annual Waldorf EcoFair: Nairobi Waldorf School May 14th-15th, Sh100

HOW TO MAKE: Cook the pasta according to the instructions on the packet Warm a big pan (the pan you used earlier is good, and some of the lovely prawn flavours will rub on) Pour in a good swig of pure olive oil Add the garlic, a good pinch of salt and freshly ground black pepper As soon as the garlic gets a nice golden colour, add cherry tomatoes whole Add the pasta Add another pinch of salt and black pepper Cook for 2 more minutes Add the rocket leaves and the ricotta Mix and serve immediately

- a small town located southeastern coast

with detective work, combined in this unusual suspense play. A Murder Mystery Night – The Murder of

Entrance for adults, kids 12 and under free,

Senator Pesa: The Lord Eroll Gourmet

0722 823 463. The Waldorf EcoFair consists

Restaurant Runda, May 7th, Sh5, 000

of over 100 stalls, offering among others the

per person, 0735 800097. Proceeds from

following: Creative children’s activities in the

this event go towards the Patient Welfare

Steiner-Waldorf Tradition.

Programme - Make Every Life Count.

2011 Camp BlueSky Sessions: Camp Bluesky at Lukenya Getaway Athi River

The Speaking Club: Southern Sun Mayfair Nairobi , May 10th, sh2 950, coach@

May 29th-June 4th, Sh18 000/- or $250

carolinenderitu.com. For expert advice on how

USD per child per session, 0733 610 278.

to manage your nerves and answers to your

Just outside of Nairobi, Camp BlueSky is a

questions, join Caroline Nderitu-Benjamin at

Christian, sports, and adventure, American

the Speaking Club talk.

summer camp for boys and girls ages 7 – 18

My wedding is in Two Weeks Time -

years.

Remember! Professional centre May 10th,

SPECIAL EVENTS Tribal Chic: Tribe Hotel May 7th, 020

sh400 0728713708/072033549. Maramba accidentally falls in love with Munyaka. When

720 0000. After the huge success of Tribal

he sets his eyes on her two younger sisters,

Chic 2009 & 2010, Tribe presents another

he realizes that he needs them all.


16

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