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February March 2002

An Inside Look at

Arnold Schwarzenegger’s New Action Thriller!

Exclusive Jay Cutler: “I did not fail the diuretic test!”

Anabolics

Estrogen and Muscle Growth, Veterinary Drug Scam

Plus:

Supplement Research Fortress’ Powerlifting Debut Pat Arnold’s Latest!

And More!! Feb./Mar. 2002

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magazine

Schwarzenegger Schwarzenegger

Page 26

Contents   Letter from the Editor...........................................6 The Fortress..........................................................9 by Robert Fortney fortney@musclemonthly.com

Exclusive Interview: Jay Cutler Speaks Out!........................15 Interviewed by Bryan Baisden bryan@musclemonthly.com

Supplement Science...............................20 by Bryan haycock MSc., CSCS haycock@musclemonthly.com

Women & Fitness.....................................32 by Chris Lydon, M.D. chris@musclemonthly.com

Über Steroiden (Yet Another Steroid Article)...40 by Pat Arnold pat@musclemonthly.com

Anabolics: Estrogen and Muscle Growth.....46 by William Llewellyn william@musclemonthly.com

©2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry 4 ~ Muscle Monthly

Muscle Monthly’s Advertiser Directory............49


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Letter from the Editor

Arnold is . H

ere at Muscle Arnold has starred Monthly, in more than his fair we set our stanshare of blockbustdards high. That ers, including “Conan is why we are the Barbarian,” two very pleased to “Terminator” movies, offer you this “True Lies,” and a special issue of host of others. Never Muscle Monthly, one to be satisfied featuring Arnold with his previous Schwarzenegachievements, Arger, and his new nold is slated to star movie. Unless you in “Terminator 3” and have been living “True Lies 2” in 2003. MM Editor Bryan Baisden and on another planet, Arnold Schwarzenegger at the Arnold Classic No other bodybuilder, you probably know past or present, has that prior to launchattracted more attening his film career, the Austrian native tion from the bodybuilding and fitness was a competitive bodybuilder, earncommunity, as well as the attention of ing an unprecedented 13 world titles. the rest of the world. For this reason, In 1970 he landed a small part in the it is our pleasure to give you a sneak aptly titled “Hercules in New York,” peak into Arnold’s latest movie project and followed with a role that many “Collateral Damage,” on page 26. of you are probably unaware of in a Now that we have the attention of movie called “Stay Hungry,” for which moviegoers everywhere, we figured he earned a Golden Globe Award it only fair to provide information for for Best Newcomer. However, it’s those looking to build a physique like the 1977 feature documentary about Arnold. You will find this type of inbodybuilding, “Pumping Iron,” which formation in articles like “Supplement I’m sure most of you are aware of, Science,” on page 20. In addition, we that marked Arnold Schwarzeneghave an exclusive interview with Mr. ger’s move into acting as a full time Olympia runner-up, Jay Cutler. Jay career.

©2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry 6 ~ Muscle Monthly


. . Back!

Editor-in-Chief

Bryan Baisden

Contributing Writers Bryan Haycock Pat Arnold Chris Lydon Robert Fortney William Llewellyn

Production Design Artist For Hire www.artforhire.com

discusses the reports of his failed drug test, his controversial loss to Ronnie Coleman, long-term health concerns, drug testing hypocrisy, as well as a number of other topics that we are sure you will find interesting, in a Muscle Monthly “Exclusive Interview: Jay Cutler Speaks Out!,” on page 15. Of course, we never forget about our loyal female readership. Dr. Chris Lydon answers your questions on a variety of topics related to “Women & Fitness,” including balancing diet and exercise, fat burners, and the safety of using protein supplements while pregnant, on page 32. At this point you are probably thinking: “how in the world can they get this much information in one issue? It is going to take forever to absorb all of this!” Well actually, there is more, Pat Arnold writes “Yuber Steroiden Yet Another Steroid Article,” on page 40. Muscle Monthly’s “Anabolics” expert, William Llewelyn, shares some of his vast knowledge that he used to author the best anabolic reference manual ever written, “Anabolics 2002.” William discusses the demonizing of estrogen that will make us all take another look at “Estrogen and Muscle Growth,” on page 46. Finally, Robert Fortney has something heavy that he needs to get off of his chest. As usual we get things started with “The Fortress,” on page 9. We hope that you have as much fun reading Issue #2 as we had preparing it for you! Best Regards,

Editor-in-Chief

Contributing Photographers & Artists Irving J. Gleb Ralph Dehaan Kristen Baisden Scott A. Perry

Cover Credits

Arnold Schwarzenegger © Nigel Parry / CPi Grooming: Victor Vidal Fassion Stylist: Linda Medvene / Asst. Evet Sanchez / Nicole Ferreira Black Shirt by Giorgio Armani available @ Giorgio Armino Beverly Hills: Black Pants by Prada available @ Prada Beverly Hills

Advertising Director Ty Baisden

(916) 630-5449 supplementmarketing@yahoo.com

Disclaimer Muscle Monthly does not assume liability for any information contained herein. The editorials and advertising in this magazine does not provide medical advice, and its contents are not intended to treat, cure or prevent any disease.  Specific medical advice should be obtained from a licensed healthcare practitioner.  All articles related to the use of illegal performance enhancing drugs are for informational purposes only and are the sole expressions of the authors opinion.  We do not promote the use of these substances and the information contained within this publication is not intended to persuade or encourage the use or possession of illegal substances.  These substances should be used only under the advice and supervision of a qualified, licensed physician. All material is copyright protected.  Reproduction or use of any of this publication is strictly forbidden without the written permission of Muscle Monthly.

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To order additional or future copies of Muscle Monthly Magazine, please visit musclemonthly.com or call (916) 630-5449

Muscle Monthly ~ 7


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The Fortress

by Robert Fortney fortney@musclemonthly.com

Fortress’ Powerlifting Debut

O

n November 11 Fortress competed in his first powerlifting meet. Considering all the technical errors I made and my lack of experience with support gear, I think I did quite well. I won my class (which isn’t such a big deal since I was the only guy in it), had the heaviest squat of the day (665) and took third, overall. Actually, I would have probably squatted 700 – or close to it – if first meet / lift jitters hadn’t caused me to miss my opener. I lost my balance with a measly 625! Never lose my balance. My mind was everywhere but underneath the bar. Let me tell you, it’s a whole different ballgame when you’re lifting in competition. In fact, I only found my groove on my third and final attempt! I succeeded on my first and second bench press efforts (425 and 440), but made a massive technical error with 450. Everyone kept telling me how blast shirts “pull” the bar back towards your neck. Having only worn the shirt for two reps prior to the meet it was almost inevitable that I wouldn’t have the experience to use the equipment properly. I tried to bench 450 like I had no shirt on and…whoops…the bar came back over my neck. Groove gone. Recently I switched my deadlift technique from traditional to Sumo. Big mistake. My opener, 570, came up without a hitch, but I can’t say the same for 610. Hell, I failed twice with it! What was I thinking? Even my coach, Harvey, told

©2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry

me the day after the meet that I should have reverted back to my old style for the third attempt. I probably would have deadlifted about 650 if I had just pulled the bar like I always do. No excuses, however. The mistakes were mine and next year it will be a different story. Getting back to what I was saying a couple paragraphs ago, lifting in a meet is far different than hitting personal bests in the gym. For one thing, you’re attempting to hit Personal Bests in all three power lifts on the same day. And lifting maximum poundage on demand is a whole new ball of wax. Once the bar is loaded you have one minute to make your attempt. Actually, the whole day was one big stress-fest. Thank goodness Harvey – a champion powerlifter – was there with me. Knowing when to warm up and when to put on your gear and when to wrap and when you’re going and…well, you get the idea. Everything moves so bloody fast! I had no time to even think.

Despite what may sound like bitching, however, I actually had a wonderful time. I’m very much looking forward to next year and plan to make big strides in performance. My feet are now wet and it’s on to bigger and better things. Wish me luck.

A Short Note From The Author In a display of brutal strength and power, powerlifter Brad Gillingham pulled 850 at the Olympia Expo in demonstration of the deadlift. No power suit. S@$*ty environment. An audience of (mostly) wanna’ bees. Do the math. Brad is a frickin’ monster. Continued on Page 12 Muscle Monthly ~ 9


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Xenadrine increased their rate of total weight-loss by an unprecedented 423% (compared to non-users) in just 14 days! Even more amazing is the fact that they achieved this rapid weight-loss without dieting or doing any exercise. Most importantly, this exhaustive study revealed that subjects experienced this weight-

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Continued From Page 9

What Makes a Gym a Good Gym? What is it that makes a gym a good gym? Being around the subculture of iron for approaching 20 years I know that most haven’t a clue. Just look at popular establishments that have several brands of exercise machines, wall-to-wall mirrors, fancy change rooms, and even daycare! Why do you think they’re popular? These “attractions” actually matter to the average person. Most folks don’t know any better. They think a gym’s spankin’ new standing single-limb leg curl with an ergonomically designed upper body pad designed by NASA will help them achieve their fitness goals quicker. I’ve belonged to many gyms and now find myself at a small and privately owned lifting den free of the latest chrome exercise contraptions and a “comfortable” atmosphere. Hell, Bodybuilders Inc. in Akron, Ohio doesn’t even allow women as members! How un-PC is this? (For the record, I have nothing against women. My girlfriend is one.) Of course, this doesn’t mean all the patrons at my gym are as hardcoreminded. Walk into the place at any time and you’ll notice very few – if any – in the back room squatting, deadlifting or performing rows. But I’ll tell you, the small percentage of serious and enlightened trainers at Bodybuilders Inc. know what they have in the place– all anyone could ever need to get strong and huge. No, my gym isn’t set up to be attractive or relaxing. Pep, the owner, set this place up to promote hard work and intensity and provide the necessary tools to get the job done. And in my time there I’ve fully come to realize how unnecessary 90 percent of apparatus is. Some leg-training equipment is absolutely ridiculous. At another club only miles away is a piece of junk that requires the user climb several feet into a chair perched among more steel than is required to build a car. Levers here. Rock arms there. What is it all for? Get under a loaded barbell, I say.

©2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry

12 ~ Muscle Monthly

When today’s top amateur and professional bodybuilders say they are of a higher standard compared to their predecessors because of advances in exercise equipment, I say, horses@$*!. A small fraction of this “betterment” could be attributed to dietary supplements, but let’s be serious. The clear and away number-one factor is the variety of growth drugs available and the actual amounts being taken. But, then again, are the physiques really better? Sure, today’s competitors are heavier and more ripped, but I actually think a majority of the bodies on bodybuilding stages these days are lacking what heavy and brutal work with barbells and dumbells provide. Thickness and density in the “power centers” of the body aren’t as common as they were in Sergio Oliva’s day, that’s for sure. Modern bodybuilders and strength athletes have it easy. Believe it or not, there was a time when lifters had to clean the barbell onto their backs to perform squats. Either that or build a makeshift stand to place it on. Now even a gym’s leg press is often vacant. Why? Everyone’s doing flyes and EZ-bar curls. What a joke. Isn’t it interesting how in over 100 years of physique culture nothing has replaced good ol’ barbells and dumbells? Oh, you could use neither in some contemporary clubs and develop quite a good body. But you wouldn’t build a truly Herculean body that is functional. Recently I spoke with a retired powerlifter who had made incredible lifts as a competitor. The veteran told me something that made a lot of sense. “Before doing any exercise,” he explained, “I would always ask myself what practical application the movement had outside the gym. If I couldn’t think of one, I wouldn’t do it.” And I know what some of you bodybuilders are thinking: But I’m not a bodybuilder and don’t care what I can lift. If this is you, you have no idea what you’re talking about. A functionally strong torso looks a hell of a lot better then one built exclusively with machines. Further, there are many men who

can move mountains of weight on a shoulder-press machine, but relatively few who can push a free bar loaded with 250-plus pounds over their heads. And I’m sure you have several dudes in your gym who can leg press well over 600 pounds. But how many guys in your gym can bury 315 in the squat? Think about it. Bottom line: We’ve become a weak and soft society. Most want the easy way out. I’m aware of our inherent laziness as a species, but we desperately need to reconnect with how our ancestors worked and played. As folks dedicated to building and improving our bodies and getting strong, we need to realize that the old ways are the best ways. We need to stop perpetuating the myth that the latest pieces of exercise machinery are better and more efficient ways to become physically superior. I don’t want to give the impression that all apparatus other than dumbells and barbells is completely useless. Quite the contrary. Cables have become almost a necessary element in proper back training. The lying leg-curl machine has helped bodybuilders develop incredible hamstrings. And exercise machines, in general, are a huge benefit to those unable – because of physical limitations – to perform freeweight exercise. The list goes on. But we can’t lose sight of the superiority of barbells and dumbells in helping one build themselves into a strong – and visually attractive – specimen. Looking at your gym objectively, does it provide what the hard-worker inside you needs, or does it cater to the slacker? Are you prepared to forgo the spankin’ new standing single-limb leg curl with an ergonomically designed upper body pad designed by NASA? Do you know what makes a gym a good gym? For more Fortress visit “Enter The Fortress” column at www.virtualmuscle.com.


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Exclusive Interview: Jay Cutler Speaks Out!

Interviewed by Bryan Baisden bryan@musclemonthly.com Every so often a bodybuilder will make dramatic improvements and instantly launch themselves to the top of the class. This was the case in 2001 with Jay Cutler. Jay shocked the bodybuilding community by giving Ronnie Coleman all that he could handle in the 2001 Mr. Olympia. In fact, many feel that Jay should have beat the big ‘Texan’. But as reports that Jay may have failed the show’s drug test began to surface a dark cloud was beginning to form, putting in jeopardy the light of bodybuilding’s brightest new star. With a reputation for asking the tough questions we approached this interview no differently. Jay addresses the reports of his failed drug test, his controversial loss to Ronnie Coleman, long-term health concerns, drug testing hypocrisy, as well as a host of other topics we are sure that you will find interesting. MM: Jay, how has your sudden rise to the top of the professional ranks changed your life, both personally and professionally? JC: I am still the same person even though I have risen to the top in bodybuilding. My goals professionally have been to present a better package every time I compete, and I feel I have been able to meet this goal. I try to better myself for myself. I am not trying to beat anyone. It is all about setting goals and working hard to attain those goals. Personally, I just want to create the best life for my wife, Kerry and myself. We both work hard professionally. We work as a team, and this has paid off to get me where I am today. I could not do this without her.

©2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry Photo: Ralph Dehaan

MM: Can you address the reports about you and Markus Ruhl failing the Olympia drug test? It has been reported that the International Olympic Committee (IOC) no longer accredits the lab used and therefore IFBB rules dictate the results cannot be upheld. Continued on Page 16 Muscle Monthly ~ 15


Continued from Page 15

JC: I did not fail the diuretic test. The outcome speaks for itself. MM: So should we assume that the lab responsible for these test results made an error? JC: The lab that was used was not an accredited IOC lab.

MM: The Olympia score card had you winning rounds one and two by a score of 6 to 9 and Ronnie winning rounds three and four by a score of 5 to 10 respectively. Ronnie beat you by a total of four points 28 to 32. Can you give us a little insight as to how the judging works? What is judged each round and why does the lowest score win?

JC: Ronnie Coleman and Lee Haney were both non-Weider athletes at the time of winning their Olympia titles. The idea that a non-Weider athlete cannot win the Olympia is just in the minds of the critics. MM: You were originally signed with Weider what made you sign on with ISS Research? Did they make you an offer you couldn’t refuse? JC: ISS Research products are the absolute best. I also have a part in developing the products. I was also looking for a company that used me as the sole athlete with opportunities to grow with the company. ISS is on its way to the top! MM: Your only 28 years old, however you have been seriously training for the better part of 11 years. How is it that you have made such huge strides over the last two years (15th place at the 99’ Mr. Olympia vs. 2nd place in 2001’)?

Photo: Ralph Dehaan

Photo: Ralph Dehaan

Jay Cutler and Ronnie Colman at the 2001 Mr. Olympia. Ronnie edged out Jay by 4 points in a controversial decision that upset many in the crowd. MM: Obviously, the IFBB is trying to eliminate diuretics, which are generally regarded as the most dangerous of the bodybuilding drugs. Do you think that it is hypocritical to expect athletes to continue to come in bigger and harder, while simultaneously trying to limit their use of substances necessary to achieve such condition? JC: No, I do not think it is hypocritical because not all professionals use diuretics. I cannot speak for everyone else though on this issue. MM: A lot of people feel that you should have beat Ronnie Coleman at the 2001 Mr. Olympia. What do you think? JC: I feel the way the show was scored, that yes I should have beaten Ronnie, but it could have gone either way.

©2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry

16 ~ Muscle Monthly

JC: Judging is done in two rounds (1) muscularity and (2) symmetry (the best body). The bodybuilder with the lowest points will win these rounds, and usually the show. The bodybuilder with the lowest point total for all four rounds will win the overall. The evening rounds are more for the fans, but this time the tables were turned in Ronnie’s favor. MM: What is judged during the two evening rounds (rounds three and four)? JC: Round three is the posing round and round four is the posedown. MM: You are not under contract with Weider (ISS Research). Do you feel that this had anything to do with the outcome? Has a non-Weider bodybuilder ever won the Olympia?

JC: I take my career very seriously. Bodybuilding is my job. I am very dedicated and hard working. I think being consistent off-season and in-season makes a difference. The results show it: 99’-15th, 2000’-8th, 2001’-2nd. MM: Would you say that your recent high placing is due more to the fact that you have finally paid your dues as a professional, improved condition, or a little of both? JC: I do feel that I was overlooked in the past years, but my body is finally coming into its own now. I plan on continuing to improve with each show. MM: Most of us are aware of the sacrifices that bodybuilders make in regards to their health to compete at the professional level. You have been paying the price for quit a while, however you are still a very young man. With the current regimens being used are the possible long-term health risks a concern for you and your family?

Continued on Page 18


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Continued from Page 16

JC: Of course I am concerned with the possible health risks. I do have a physician who I visit routinely for physical exams and blood tests. My wife is in the medical field and stays on me to get checked on a regular basis. MM: Have you encountered any health problems along the way? JC: I have been very fortunate to not have any health problems or injuries. I try to take care of myself the best I can. I have neuromuscular therapy (nmt) once a week. I feel that has a lot to do with keeping me injury free. Nmt really has allowed me to improve my flexibility. I stretch for 20-30 minutes with each workout. I really believe in supplementation to stay healthy in this sport. I use upwards to 50+ vitamins and minerals a day. I am also a strong believer in glutamine. I also eat healthy. I don’t feast on Burger King or fast foods on a daily basis. My biggest cheat is probably sushi and occasionally carrot cake.

JC: I would want to change the stereotypes that people have about bodybuilders. People feel that it is a no brainer sport and all drugs. People just do not realize what goes into being the best bodybuilder. It is a job, and one that you cannot leave behind and go home for the weekend. It is a 24 hour a day, 7 days a week job to be the best. MM: Twenty years from now how would you like to be remembered by the bodybuilding community?

Photo: Ralph Dehaan

JC: I want to be remembered as being a positive influence for the sport, as well as successful, and driven to be the best. MM: Thanks for taking the time out of your busy schedule to give us this interview! We wish you the best of luck in the upcoming Arnold Classic! JC: No problem. Thank you!

JC: Yes, I still work with Chris Aceto. He has been the backbone of my career. Without him, I would not be where I am today. He is one of my closest friends. MM: How do people that you don’t know respond to your physical presence?

MM: If you could change one thing about the bodybuilding profession what would it be?

©2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry 18 ~ Muscle Monthly

28 years old, August 3, 1973 5’9” 260 contest weight 300 off season 22 ½” arms 30” thighs 20” calves 34” waist 19 ½” neck

Contest History:

MM: Are you still utilizing the services of your ‘diet mentor’, Chris Aceto? If so, how much has his knowledge helped you along the way?

JC: People either laugh at my size or they appreciate all the hard work that goes into being this size. I get a lot of recognition from the public because of the magazines. Bodybuilding is such a small community, so it amazes me when an ordinary person recognizes me on the streets.

Jay Cutler Stats:

Anyone interested in Jay Cutler merchandise can visit www.jaycut-

ler.com or send checks, cash or money orders to:

104 Breakers Lane Aliso Viejo, CA 92656. Fax credit card orders to: 949-215-3475 or Email: cuts280@aol.com Jay’s new video can be purchased for $39.95 + $3.50 S/H.

2001 Night of Champions Winner 2001 Mr. Olympia 2nd place 2000 English Grand Prix 2nd place 2000 Mr. Olympia Rome 2nd place 2000 Mr. Olympia 8th place 1999 Mr. Olympia 14th place 1999 Arnold Schwarzenegger Classic 4th place 1999 Ironman Pro Invitational 3rd place 1998 Night of Champions 11th place 1996 NPC U.S. Men’s National Bodybuilding Championship Dallas, TX 1st place Men’s heavy weight 1995 NPC U.S. Tournament of Champions Redondo Beach, CA 1st place Men’s heavy weight and overall 1993 NPC Teen National Bodybuilding Championship Raleigh-Durham, NY 1st place teenage heavy weight 1993 NPC Iron Bodies Invitational, Schenecty, NY 1st place teenage 1st place Men’s heavy weight 1992 Gold Gym Worcester Bodybuilding Championships Worcester, MA 2nd place Men’s Division


Š2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry


Supplement Science

by Bryan haycock MSc., CSCS haycock@musclemonthly.com potassium to be extremely anabolic.) Who knows? Maybe it’s the potassium that’s doing everything! Nobody really knows for sure why Kyno works, it just does! Kyno animal is available in Paris, Kyno for humans is available right here!”

Veterinary Drug Knock-Off Hey Bryan, What’s up with this new supplement that is supposedly based on an injectable veterinary drug from France called Kynoselen? It is supposed to be “anabolic/anti-catabolic/insulin mimicker/fatburner/ATP producer”...etc.? However, all it appears to be is a vitamin supplement! The claims they make are listed below. It is kind of long so please bear with me:

So if I got this straight the product contains nothing more than some B vitamins, potassium, magnesium, selenium, adenosine monophosphate and a plant extract called 3-0 methyl-chiroinositol (3-0 mc). They are making it sound like a wonderful new version of a popular injectable veterinary bodybuilding drug. What are your thoughts? Have you ever even heard of an injectable veterinary drug from France called Kynoselen? It seems to me like they might be trying to take advantage of uninformed bodybuildsupplement ers!

Description: “It’s the belief by some in the scientific community that one of Kyno’s key ingredients, adenosine monophosphate (AMP) is the main “The knock-off culprit for its phenomenal raise to stardom with bodybuilders. They also believe that does NOT contain AMP acts as a signaling compound that Heptaminol. In fact, I was instructs the muscle cell to initiate protein synthesis.  This makes a lot of sense browsing the sites selling because increased AMP levels have been the knock-off and I saw shown to dramatically increase a master enzyme that controls virtually, all cellular that they claimed it had activity. Its actual ingredients are potas“all” the same ingredients sium, magnesium, selenium, AMP and B-12.  I know, it doesn’t sound to sexy does as Kynosolene. They are it?  But man, does Kyno work...especially lying. If it doesn’t have with its fat burning capabilities.   Again, the culprit is thought to be AMP and its heptaminol in it, it won’t do ability to fire-up cellular activity through squat! Without heptaminol increased oxygen transfer. Average price is about $250 - $325 per 100 cc bottle!” 

it is a total rip-off!”

More Description: “However, if you don’t know anybody in France and want to try Kyno right away, there’s a new American version that’s now available in oral form.  It has all the same compounds as Kyno animal...with a twist to enhance its effects in humans, plus a specially added compound! The twist is (and this is crucial) that it has a higher concentration of AMP, and the added ingredient is a little known compound called 3-0 methyl-chiroinositol (3-0 mc).  A plant extract, 3-0 mc works synergistically with AMP to induce further insulin sensitivity, which further increases its capacity to flood the muscle cells with amino acids and glycogen! So, you’ve got an anabolic/anticatabolic/insulin mimicker/fat-burner/ATP producer...and not to mention all the important things potassium, selenium, B-12 and magnesium do!  (By the way, Russian scientists have shown

©2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry

20 ~ Muscle Monthly

Yes, Kynoselen is a banned drug used in horse racing and probably dog racing as well. It’s active ingredient however is not AMP, but rather “Heptaminol” (6-Amino-2-methyl-2-heptanol chlorhydrate). It was first introduced in 1951 with touted inotropic effects. Inotropic means that the substance is able to influence the force of muscle contraction. Caffeine is an example of an inotropic drug. Heptmainol blocks the reuptake of noradrenalin leading to increase noradrenalin levels. This of course is why ephedrine and caffeine are banned substances in human athletic organizations. They are stimulants. Kynoselen is used in racing because of its stimulant properties. The knock-off supplement does NOT contain Heptaminol. In fact, I was browsing the sites selling the knock-off and I saw that they claimed it had “all” the same ingredients as Kynosolene. They are lying. If it doesn’t have heptaminol in it, it won’t do Continued on Page 22


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Continued from Page 20

squat! Without heptaminol it is a total rip-off! Now the sellers of this product claim it has this special added ingredient called 3-0 methyl-chiroinositol. 3-0 methyl-chiroinositol is simply D-pinotol. Pinotol is the active compound of the “traditionally used” antidiabetic plant “Bougainvillea spectabilis”, and is claimed to exert insulinlike effects. Pinotol will do no more for gains than alpha lipoic acid or vanadyl. The people selling this product are using terribly misleading tactics to get people to pay over $100 per bottle for vitamins.

Anti-Inflammatory Drugs & Muscle Growth Bryan, I know that this is really not a supplement question but I was wondering if the regular use of over the counter antiinflammatory drugs like Ibuprofen and Tylenol, or antiinflammatory herbs for that matter, can impede muscle growth by preventing the necessary muscle trauma that is required to stimulate growth, or if they can impede growth by some other mechanism as well? You are absolutely right. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs inhibit the production of critical prostaglandins involved in the adaptive processes of muscle growth. Recent research in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism has shown both ibuprofen and acetaminophen inhibit the rise in PGF2-alpha levels in skeletal muscle after training (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2001 Oct;86(10):5067-70).

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22 ~ Muscle Monthly

As you may already know PGF2-alpha is a critical player in the acute effects of exercise on protein synthesis. PGs are known to be regulators of protein synthesis in skeletal muscle, PGE2 and PGF2a being involved in protein breakdown and protein synthesis rates respectively. Exercise induced hypertrophy of skeletal muscle is in part regulated by these prostaglandins. The most probable role of PGs in muscle growth after resistance training is through modulation of eukaryotic initiation factors (eIFs). Anyway, this same group of researchers have also demonstrated that NSAIDs also inhibit protein synthesis after training. Most likely this is because of their effects on PGF2-alpha. There may be other mechanisms involved but for now just know that it is better to put up with the soreness than downing a bunch of Motrin.

Estrogen & Libido Hello Bryan, It is my understanding that a healthy male libido requires both testosterone and estrogen. You stated in the July Supplement Science that: “When the supplement Tribestan® was given to healthy men (Milanov, 1981) in a dose of 750 milligrams per day for five days, LH and testosterone were elevated 72% and 40% respectively. As you might expect, estradiol was also elevated. In fact estradiol was elevated by 81%! The increase in testosterone is what gets

everybody so excited about tribulus. To put these changes in hormone levels into perspective, the reference range for testosterone in men is between 300 - 1,000 ng/dL. The subjects in this study started out with an average of 600 ng/dL and ended up with about 850 ng/dL. This is still well within the “normal” range for men. Estradiol on the other hand went from normal levels of about 76 pg/ml to significantly elevated levels of 137.5 pg/ml. This is well above normal levels, which range from about 20-80 pg/ml in men.” Could it be that the modest increase in testosterone accompanied by the large increase in estradiol is responsible for the dramatic increase in libido that so many people talk about, knowing that estrogen plays an important role in a healthy libido? After all, HCG is used to increase testosterone and sex drive during steroid use. Considering that HCG increases both testosterone and estrogen could it be possible that HCG and tribulus have similar mode of action on libido due to their estrogen and testosterone boosting capabilities? Ok, first let me clear a few things up about the role estrogen plays in “libido”. Research has shown that dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is probably the primary determinant of libido in men (BMJ 1995;310:1289-1291). Of course, normal levels of testosterone are important as well, but primarily because of the turnover to DHT. Es-

trogen on the other hand has not been shown “independently” to increase libido. If you look at estrogen as a function of the amount of testosterone that is floating around you will see a correlation simply beContinued on Page 24


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Continued From Page 22

cause the more testosterone you have floating around the more estrogen you will have as well due to aromatization. Taking Propecia is a good way to absolutely kill your libido. Even though Propecia (A.K.A.Proscar) actually leads to an increase in testosterone levels it dramatically lowers DHT levels. This is why the commercials for Propecia mention “some sexual side effects”. What they mean is say good by to your libido. There is no reason for any guy to want higher than normal estrogen levels. It will not enhance libido. At the same time you do not want to block aromatization completely. A lot of guys taking the aromatase inhibitor Arimidex have found they are unable to gain weight, even on high testosterone regimens. Aromatization appears to be necessary not for libido, but for sperm count. So, if you want to father a baby than you will need to stay away from Arimidex.

Supplements for Skin Conditions Mr. Haycock, I’m a 22 year old female bodybuilder and it seems that I am constantly battling some kind of skin condition. It really seems to run in my family. Do you know of any natural products that may be helpful in the treatment of skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, etc.? I have heard that products like Flax oil can be helpful. I guess that a lot of skin conditions originate in the liver and are part of an autoimmune disorder. There has been a bit of research looking into the use of fatty acids to treat skin conditions. Some of this research looks at the effect of evening primrose oil and others looking at using fish

©2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry

24 ~ Muscle Monthly

oils. The idea behind using fatty acids to treat skin conditions is that certain fatty acids can alter the immune response as well as alter the fatty acid composition of cell membranes. Fatty acids play a structural role, in that they affect the fluidity, flexibility, and functionality of cell membranes. They are also necessary for the biosynthesis of intercellular lipids in the skin. In addition, they play a regulatory role—as precursors of eicosanoids (prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and leukotrienes). Atopic dermatitis is a complex condition characterized by excessive inflammation. This condition has been suggested to involve a deficiency of anti-inflammatory prostaglandin “PGE1” and defects in T cell function. An excess in linoleic acid with a reduction in its metabolites often accompanies dermatitis. Psoriasis is also a common skin disorder, characterized by flaking and inflammation of the skin. Several metabolites of arachidonic acid, such as PGE2, 12-hydroxytetraenoic acid, and LTB4, were reported to be increased and may be involved in the pathogenesis of these diseases through their inflammatory effects. The idea behind using evening primrose oil is that it is thought that subjects with atopic dermatitis cannot form adequate amounts of linolenic acid. The research has not been very consistent however. Some studies have found a beneficial effect with anywhere from 180-1,080mgs dietary linolenic acid (Br J Dermatol 1987;117:11–9.) ( Drugs Exp Clin Res 1987;14:291–7.)( Drugs Exp Clin Res 1988;14:285–

90.)( J Nutr Med 1991;2:9–15). While others have not (J Am Acad Dermatol 1985;13:959–65). Fish oils have also been used. Because of the effects of omega-3s on immunologic and inflammatory diseases, an increased consumption of these fatty aids is believed to lead to a suppression of immune and inflammatory responses. Fish oils have been shown to produce improvements in psoriasis (Arch Dermatol 1986;122:1277–81) (Adv Prostaglandin Thromboxane Leukot Res 1987;17B:647–50) (Br J Dermatol 1987;117:463–9) However, like the evening primrose studies, some studies using fish oil have not shown much benefit (Br J Dermatol 1988;118:77–83) This could have been due to a lower dose of omega-3s. After sifting through the research and adding a little bit of experience, here’s what I would recommend. Start by lowering the carbs in your diet to around 25-30%. If you can stand to go even lower you might find additional benefit. Lowering the carbs tends to decrease inflammation as insulin levels decrease. Then add about 3-4 grams high potency fish oils per day. This too will begin to decrease the inflammatory response after about 3-4 weeks of supplementation. Your results will depend somewhat on the severity of your condition as well as the exact cause, which may vary.


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About The Film n one fleeting moment, L.A. firefighter Gordy Brewer (ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER) loses everything that he had ever cared about. Running late to meet his wife and young son at a downtown high-rise, he witnesses a catastrophic bomb blast kill his family before his eyes. The explosion is credited to “The Wolf,” an infamous rebel leader in Colombia’s decades-long civil war. The intended targets were members of the Colombian consulate and American intelligence agents. Gordy’s wife and child are considered “collateral damage,” innocent people who lost their lives for being in the wrong place at the wrong time. Gordy’s only consolation is the hope that justice will prevail for the loss of his family.  

I

When the official U.S. investigation into the Wolf’s whereabouts stalls, Gordy realizes that bringing the terrorist to justice is no longer a priority to anyone but himself. Against the advice of friends and pointed warnings from the CIA and the FBI, Gordy heads to war-torn Promotional Photo from the movie: Colombia to track him down Collateral Damage alone. He puts his life on the line to bring “The Wolf” to justice but at this point he has nothing left to lose. Gordy’s relentless pursuit leads him from the jungles of Colombia back to the streets of Washington where the bomber is preparing to strike again.

About The Story “Gordy is an everyman,” says producer Steven Reuther. “As such, he takes into the jungle not only his own innocence but our own. We see through his eyes the things he’s seeing for the first time and maybe ask some of the same questions he’s asking.“Since September 11th,” Reuther continues, “’Collateral Damage’ has become a term that we’ve all had to digest. The journey that Gordon Brewer takes in this film has become more understandable for everyone.”

©2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry

The character Gordy also reflects strong feelings stirred in producer David Foster as far back as 1988 when view26 ~ Muscle Monthly

ing a “Nightline” special about the TWA flight brought down by terrorists over Lockerbie, Scotland, killing 270 innocent people – feelings that are just as relevant today. “As I watched their loved ones arrive in Lockerbie,” Foster recalls, “I was devastated. I put myself in the position of the survivors and considered how their lives would be forever changed. How would I personally respond in such a situation? That’s what originally hooked me on this story several years ago – it brings these questions into sharp focus.” In particular, as Arnold Schwarzenegger explains, having a child involved influences his character’s actions and reactions. “It’s because of young Mauro,” he says, “that Gordy is sometimes not as successful as he would be if completely alone. There is a natural impulse to shield and protect the boy even while Gordy is busy setting up explosives around the guerilla camp. Mauro, too, is in the middle of all this so there’s a conflict. The child is a very important part of the movie.” Prior to production, the filmmakers studied documentary footage of the ongoing conflict in Colombia, which served as the inspiration for a particularly compelling scene that director Andrew Davis describes. “There is a very scary sequence involving a paramilitary roadblock,” he says, “which was conceived based upon the documentary footage. We tried to create the fear and drama as people traveling on that road were forced to decide whether to run away or subject themselves to questioning. Most of them head into the jungle, which prompts immediate gunfire. The scene is one of Gordy’s early experiences of being thrust into the insanity of the situation, as he attempts to save some of his traveling companions from being massacred.” By the time that his relentless pursuit leads him from the jungles of Colombia back to the streets of Washington, D.C., where the bomber is preparing to strike again, Gordy is a changed man. Continued on Page 28


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Continued From Page 26

About The Production

Bringing the Talent Together Arnold Schwarzenegger was the first to sign on after hearing about the project, which was brought to his attention on a chair lift by Steven Reuther while the two were skiing together in Sun Valley. “This is how I always get projects from Warner Bros. Pictures,” Schwarzenegger quips, “this is the same way I found out about ‘Eraser’ and ‘Batman & Robin’ – someone is always pulling out a script on the chair lift and saying, ‘Look at this!’”“I liked the action of the story,” Schwarzenegger says, “as well as the drama and frustration

Promotional Photo from the movie: Collateral Damage

Gordy experiences, all the emotional elements and the realism.” Being a family man himself, the actor felt an immediate empathy with his character. “When you love your family you can’t imagine what it would be like to see them get killed right in front of your eyes so it’s easy to get the emotional element of the story. All you have to do is imagine what it must be like and you feel it immediately. This is what drives Gordy.” He was also pleased at the opportunity to portray a firefighter. “I can be a hero on the screen, but the real heroes are these guys who are out there every day, bravely doing their jobs,” Schwarzenegger readily acknowledges. “This was dramatically demonstrated after the terrorist attacks on September 11th, when we saw so many firefighters, along with police and rescue workers, risking their lives – and in some cases, losing their lives – in order to save others.

©2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry

“I have always had the utmost respect for firefighters,” he continues,” and 28 ~ Muscle Monthly

now my respect has been heightened tenfold. I believe there is a whole new appreciation now for firefighters in this country and around the world.”For Arnold Schwarzenegger, who has become an international cultural icon portraying characters that are absolutely in control of every situation, the role of Gordy Brewer adds a degree of depth. Although Gordy is a man of action, capable of great stamina and purpose, he is also a man making his way through unknown terrain, consumed by grief, discouragement and frustration. “Arnold’s performance is compelling,” states director Davis. “He did a fabulous job with this role. His Gordy is believable, compassionate, smart and driven. In looking at Arnold’s body of work, he has never had an opportunity before to play a real character in a reality-based drama.”“Arnold Schwarzenegger surprised some people when he did ‘Twins,’” producer David Foster recalls, “because no one thought of him then as a comic actor. And it turns out he has a great gift for comedy. Now everyone takes that for granted. In ‘Collateral Damage,’ he reveals another facet of his talent by presenting himself as an ordinary working man who’s got himself deep in dangerous territory and is going to tough it out. It’s more than the confident, indestructible Arnold character we’re used to seeing. He’s stunning. He really delivers.”“This is a significantly different Arnold we’re seeing here,” producer Steven Reuther concurs. “Rather than the invincible hero role that he’s known for, he’s an average man who had a job and a family and is suddenly way out of his depth and thrust into heroism. He draws his strength from deep inside this time. You want to say ‘hey, where’s his machine gun?’ but that’s not what this character is all about.”Schwarzenegger has similar praise for the director. “Davis brings as much realism as possible to a film,” he says, “so that when audiences leave the theater they’re not only feeling that they got great entertainment but they also learned something about a specific and complex subject – in this case, the situation in Colombia. Davis is very good at that, and at directing action and creating suspense – he’s an expert. I loved working with him.”

Promotional Photo from the movie: Collateral Damage

On Location In “Collateral Damage” Gordy Brewer’s search for “The Wolf” takes him deep into the jungles of Colombia. For practical reasons shooting in Colombia was not an option for the filmmakers. Needing a location that could realistically represent this remote area, they settled on the state of Veracruz in Mexico. A geographically diverse area located on Mexico’s Gulf Coast, this area is a topographical wonder with lush jungles, dramatic waterfalls, incredible coastal plains, white sandy beaches and an 18,000ft. volcano. The cities of Veracruz, Xalapa and surrounding towns and villages provided the perfect backdrop for Gordy’s venture into the unknown. The setting alone helps to sustain a certain level of suspense, Schwarzenegger explains. “Just being in the jungle is dangerous in and of itself because of the snakes, animals, poisonous insects, the rivers and the fear of losing direction and getting lost. It’s easy to feel that Gordy would be scared just because of where he is, even without the added threat of armed enemies around. The setting adds intensity to the film.” “The area around Xalapa is wonderfully lush,” recalls director Andrew Davis. “It provided us with the atmosphere we needed to create the reality of Colombia.” Principal photography commenced on September 26, 2000 in Veracruz, a bustling seaport located on the Gulf of Mexico. From Veracruz the company moved to the river town of Alvarado and the fishing village of Antigua before heading into the mountains. Xalapa, nestled in the lush coffee-growing hills halfway between the mountains and the ocean, became home to the cast and crew for the remainder of the production in Mexico. Continued on Page 29


Continued From Page 28

Waterfalls and Explosions “Collateral Damage” showcases a number of complex and large-scale stunts from the opening scene to the astonishing finale – some involving fire, some involving water, and all of them designed to take your breath away.

Promotional Photo from the movie: Collateral Damage

Schwarzenegger, of course, was ready for anything. “Even though it was a hard shoot and a great challenge,” he says about the physical demands of the action sequences. “I train every day — cardiovascular and weight training, stunts, running, climbing — so I was well-prepared. It was kind of like being a kid again, playing and having a good time.” Without standard weapons at his disposal in the jungle, Gordy gets by on his wits, his skill and his firefighter’s knowledge of pyrotechnics. At one point he makes a frantic escape from his pursuers by leaping into a raging waterfall, falling hundreds of feet in seconds, a mere speck on the water. Executive producer Hawk Koch, who was on the set throughout production, describes the preparation for one key scene. “I’ve been prepping for this since last June and we are now in the middle of January,” he says with a smile. “On the day of the shoot we had 15 cameras going, hundreds of extras and over 30 stuntmen. Cars exploding. And it’s all one shot – we don’t get a second chance so it had to be right.”

©2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry

Turning Arnold Schwarzenegger into a Firefighter

“Collateral Damage” begins full-blast, so to speak, with an intense fire scene featuring everything from meticulously choreographed fire-fighting and rescue operations to collapsing floors. To ensure the safety of the actors and the authenticity of the scene, the filmmakers hired Captain Stephen Ruda of the Los Angeles Fire Department to serve as technical advisor. One of Captain Ruda’s primary functions was to teach Schwarzenegger and the other actors the fundamentals of fire-fighting strategies and tactics, and how to properly handle their gear. He showed them how to “suit up” and taught them techniques that firefighters use to make a forcible entry. It was also his job to make sure the actors’ uniforms and equipment was as realistic as possible. Schwarzenegger was impressed with both the mental and the physical demands of the job. “Fully suited up and with approximately 100 pounds of gear on my body – the belts, the oxygen tank, the mask and all the equipment,” he says, “it’s easy to see that these guys have to be in incredible shape just to move around, let alone run up and down stairs. I walked through fires in the film that were safe because it was a controlled atmosphere. It makes you think about the kind of character a person must have, as well as the physical stamina, to do that kind of thing in reality, in out-ofcontrol situations that firefighters deal with all the time.” In return, Captain Ruda commends the actor for his commitment to authenticity. “Arnold was very open to listening and learning everything he could in order to portray his character

in a proper manner,” he said. “I think the fire service will be very proud of his portrayal of Captain Gordy Brewer.”

The Cast Well, there you have it one of the most successful entertainers in box-office history, Arnold Schwarzenegger (Gordy Brewer) teams up with Elias Koteas, Francesca Neri and Cliff Curtis, with John Leguizamo and John Turturro, to bring you “Collateral Damage”. Muscle Monthly would like to thank Arnold Schwarzenegger for giving us the opportunity to take a sneak peak into what promises to be one biggest blockbusters of the year!

Muscle Monthly’s Top 10 Arnold Movies: 1. Terminator 2 2. Predator 3. True Lies 4. Conan The Barbarian 5. The Terminator 6. Pumping Iron 7. Commando 8. Total Recall 9. The Running Man 10. Twins

NOW IN THEATERS! Muscle Monthly ~ 29


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Women & Fitness

by Chris Lydon, M.D. chris@musclemonthly.com

Breaking Through a Plateau Dear Dr. Lydon, I am a 35-year-old woman, 5’5”tall, and I currently weigh 145 pounds. About six months ago, I started training with weights three times a week. Every day that I do weights, I also do cardio on the stairmaster or treadmill for 30 minutes. Since I started this new regimen, I’ve lost almost 25 pounds, but in the last month, my weight has hardly budged. My diet is healthy, with plenty of protein and fresh produce and very little in the way of processed carbohydrates and sugar. How can I get off this weight plateau? I hope that I don’t have to stop training with weights.

by climbing a flight of stairs. On the other hand, someone who jogs for 45 minutes four or five times a week will hardly notice an increase in their heart rate climbing the same flight of stairs. This is not to say that you must perpetually increase the intensity of your workouts as you become fitter in order to enjoy the same results. The routine which allows you to reach your goals in terms of weight loss and body composition will be more than sufficient for the purposes of maintenance. I bet if you start doing cardio four or five times a week and increase the duration of each session to 45 minutes, you will launch you right off that plateau.

Maintaining Bodyweight Hi Chris,

A given volume of muscle weighs roughly three times as much as the identical volume of fat. It sounds to me like you’ve reached the point where you are adding muscle mass at roughly the same rate as you are losing fat. If one of your goals is fat loss, the additional muscle mass is highly desirable and I don’t advise that you stop your weight training. Muscle is an extremely metabolically Photo: Ralph Dehaan active tissue, consuming calories even when your just sitting around doing nothing. Adipose tissue, on the other hand, requires virtually no energy expenditure to survive. In essence, your muscle will help eat your fat! If anything, you might want to consider increasing the frequency, duration, and/or intensity of the cardiovascular component of your workout. As you lose weight, your body requires less energy to complete the same amount of work you will burn less calories. Think of it this way: a 200-pound woman who walks a mile must expend a lot more energy than a 100-pound woman who walks the same distance. Moreover, as you become fitter, the effort you must put into reaching your target heart rate increases. For example, a sedentary individual may get winded and attain their target heart rate (220 minus current age x 60-80%) simply

©2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry

32 ~ Muscle Monthly

I am 19 years old, 5’0” tall. Over the last year my weight fell from 115 to 90 pounds. I’ve been active my whole life, but I’ve always maintained a body weight of between 112 and 118 pounds. I visited my doctor and was told there was nothing wrong with me. I even contacted the local hospital and although they advised me to come in for tests, I was too embarrassed. After a pharmacist suggested I drink Ensure twice a day, my weight crept up to 100 pounds but I have to struggle to keep it from falling. Recently I began taking pills to increase my appetite but I don’ feel any hungrier. I have even stopped exercising, but I miss it tremendously. Every day I am terrified to step on the scale for fear that I’ve lost weight. I don’t do drugs, or drink alcohol, nor am I anorexic. I eat three meals a day as I’ve done my whole life. I don’t understand what is happening to me! Everyone tells me not to worry about it, that it’s just stress. I know this is not the case. I feel so bad about myself! Every time I think about it I just want to cry. . . . Please respond to my letter as soon as possible! For a 19-year-old woman of your height, a body weight of 90 pounds is not dangerously low. However, a rapid, inexplicable, 25-pound weight loss is NOT normal and in my opinion should be evaluated by an endocrinologist. The good news is that your doctor apparently finds you to be in otherwise good health. Assuming that he/she has already investigated your complaint with a thorough physical examination and blood work up, ask him/her to refer you to a specialist. Many health conditions from thyroid dysfunction, to infection, to malignancy can result in weight loss and should not be ruled out. If your internist is not sympathetic, Continued on Page 34


Š2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry


Continued from Page 32

seek medical attention on your own. There is absolutely nothing to be embarrassed about! Please write and let me know how you are doing.

Muscle Wasting Chris, When I do a hard aerobic work out, my sweat smells like ammonia. I’ve read that this means my protein intake is too high. I am 5’6” tall and weight 120-122 pounds. My diet consists of between 1500 and 1800 calories per day and includes 200 grams of protein. Do I need to “detoxify” and go on a low protein diet? I am very lean, with a measured body fat of 9%. Because I ran in high school, my legs are “bigger” and I would like to improve my proportions while maintaining my low body fat. Any suggestions? Does your breath also smell fruity? From what you describe, I am inclined to think that you are experiencing starvation ketosis and protein wasting. The liver overproduces ketone bodies during severe carbohydrate deficiency. Glycogen, stored within liver and muscle tissue, is consumed rapidly during exercise. Once these carbohydrate stores are depleted, the body will derive freePhoto: Ralph Dehaan fatty acids (FFA’s) from adipose tissue, converting the FFA’s to blood glucose to be used as fuel. When there are insufficient carbohydrate and fat stores to sustain our body’s energy requirements, we catabolize muscle tissue, liberating amino acids which are in turn converted to blood glucose. By-products of this protein break down include ammonia. I generally recommend about a gram of protein per pound of body weight for highly active individuals, especially those engaged in resistance train-

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34 ~ Muscle Monthly

ing where muscle tissue is in a state of perpetual turnover. Although your protein consumption is on the high side, I believe that your problem stems from a combination of low body fat, inadequate carbohydrate intake, and strenuous cardiovascular activities of extended duration. According to current thinking, glycogen stores are rapidly depleted following about 20 minutes of intense aerobic exercise. After this time, if your body lacks sufficient adipose tissue to supply FFA’s as your sole fuel source, you will experience muscle break down. If you maintain a high level of activity, I would advise limiting your protein intake to between 120 and 150 grams per day, while increasing your starchy carbohydrate intake to at least 200 grams per day. By “starchy carbohydrates” I am not referring to green leafy vegetables. These are considered to be “fibrous carbohydrates” which do not contribute much in the way of usable calories. I would also recommend consuming a high carb meal an hour or so prior to your aerobic marathons to help prevent muscle loss. In terms of improving your proportions, use common sense: lay off the resistance training for your legs until your upper body catches up. My guess is that your cardiovascular training is providing your legs with more than adequate muscle stimulation.

Balancing Diet and Exercise Hello Chris, I have recently been diagnosed with low blood sugar. Prior to the diagnosis, I lost 40 lbs. on liquid meals. My question is, how do I safely balance diet and exercise? I am relatively new at this and I find that I don’t always have enough en-

ergy to complete my workouts. I want to lose another 25 lbs. but maintain health and tone in the process. Please help me! As someone predisposed to hypoglycemia, you should pay extra attention to the frequency and content of your meals. Several physiological events accompany the consumption of food. Because your metabolism is temporary boosted, eating five 300-calorie meals is preferable to three 500-calorie meals. You will not only store less fat, but also enjoy better sustained energy levels if you make a habit of eating frequent, small meals. The body handles foods differently depending on the proportions of protein, fat, and carbohydrate they contain. In general, foods that are high in protein and fat are not processed as rapidly as carbohydrate foods Because carbohydrates directly enter the bloodstream in the form of glucose, their consumption provides your body with immediate fuel. The glycemic index of specific carbohydrates also plays a role. Carbs with high glycemic indices, including sugary foods, rice cakes, and most breads, flood your system with glucose and induce the pancreas to release a large bolus of insulin. This “insulin spike” acts to rapidly clear the bloodstream of the sugar onslaught and can leave you in a hypoglycemic state. Low-index carbs such as fructose (the sugar found in fruit) and most unprocessed complex carbohydrates enter the bloodstream more gradually to provide a sustained energy supply. The consumption of fat will also retard the absorption of carbohydrates and help prevent an insulin spike. Prior to your work out, keep hypoglycemia at bay with a snack consisting of low-glycemic index carbohydrates and a small amount of fat. For example, you might try a piece of fruit and a hand-full of peanuts. In general, active individuals have higher protein requirements than inactive individuals because they are constantly tearing down and rebuilding their muscle tissue. Be sure that your diet contains no less than a gram of Continued on Page 36


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protein per pound of ideal body weight per day, especially if you are training with weights three times a week or more. And finally, be patient! If you are new to physical activity, you probably won’t

Photo: Ralph Dehaan

be scaling Mount Everest right away. It may take several weeks before your cardiovascular system is at a level where you can complete a strenuous session of aerobics and/or weight training. By acting sensibly about your diet and exercise regimen, you are increasing your likelihood of success. Enjoy the process of adopting your new, healthy, lifestyle.

Fat Burners Hi Chris, I have a question about fat burners. I know that most fat burners are ephedra/ caffeine based to burn the most fat. I know you recommend these products, but how can they be safe? When I tried fat burners, I experienced a rapid pulse and was very jittery and nervous throughout the day. To top it all off, I was unable to sleep at night! I was also wondering how these fat burners affect other bodily functions. Please shed some light on this issue because it is one I have been trying to understand for months. Thanks very much for your time.

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36 ~ Muscle Monthly

Speaking as a physique model with a medical degree, I believe that I have a unique perspective on the supplement industry: my opinions are based on a combination of aesthetic principals and health concerns. There is no doubt about it, the most effective thermogenics contain a synergistic blend of ephedrine and caffeine. Caffeine is probably the most widely consumed ergogenic, or performance enhancing substance known to man. Several mechanisms contribute to caffeine’s effects. In the central nervous system, caffeine acts as a stimulant by virtue of the fact that it blocks adenosine, a naturally occurring depressant. Caffeine, an adenosine antagonist., resembles adenosine closely enough to fit into the specific cellular receptors which normally accommodate adenosine. By occupying these sites in the brain, caffeine prevents adenosine from mediating its depressant effects. Moreover, various studies have demonstrated that caffeine significantly enhances the strength of skeletal muscle and delays the onset of fatigue during endurance exercise. Caffeine also has mild bronchodilatory effects and is a natural diuretic, helping to eliminate subcutaneous water retention. Not only does caffeine permit longer, more intense workouts, it has a direct effect on blood lipid levels. By causing a transient increase in circulating free fatty acids, caffeine increases lipolysis (fat burning) and indirectly spares muscle glycogen. In addition, it’s stimulatory effects on metabolism make caffeine mildly thermogenic. Hence, caffeine consumption causes an incremental rise in the core body temperature, a reflection of increased heat production and caloric expenditure. Ephedrine can be synthesized artificially in a laboratory or found naturally in flora of the genus ephedra. The Chinese plant Ma Huang is only about 6% ephedrine by dry weight, though

herbal extracts may contain far greater concentrations. First used to treat asthma nearly 2000 years ago, ephedra is classified as a sympathomimetic agent because it mimics the effects of the sympathetic nervous system. Ephedra works primarily through the release of excitatory chemicals called catecholamines. The catecholamines, which include adrenaline, act on cellular receptors found in numerous body tissues and are responsible for stimulating lipolysis, increasing heart rate, dilating bronchioles, decreasing appetite, and increasing alertness. Because it stimulates metabolic rate, ephedrine is said to be thermogenic, causing a rise in core body temperature and an increase in caloric expenditure. When caffeine and ephedrine are stacked, the desired effects tend to be more than additive. The combined effects of caffeine and ephedrine not only make for a powerful appetite suppressant, but their pooled influences on metabolism increase overall thermogenesis, burning more calories than either compound alone. Numerous studies have examined the safety and efficacy of a 20 mg dose of ephedrine taken with 200 mg of caffeine. The trials yielded excellent results in terms of safe, rapid, weight loss. The general consensus throughout the scientific literature and the medical community is that the components of the ephedrine/caffeine stack, when taken as directed by most healthy individuals, are both safe, and extremely effective at promoting fat loss. However, the ephedrine/caffeine stack is not for everyone! While ephedrine clearly has the capacity to be a useful adjunct to both performance enhancing and fat burning regimens, it does demonstrate a low incidence of potentially dangerous side-effects. Ephedrine may cause nervousness, irritability, and even panic attacks in susceptible individuals. If you experience any of these symptoms, you are advised Continued on Page 38


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to discontinue the product. Likewise, you should not use any ephedrinecontaining compounds if you suffer from cardiac abnormalities, thyroid disease, hypertension, psychiatric disorders, or while pregnant or nursing. If you are currently being treated for any other medical condition, consult your health care provider before using ephedrine-containing compounds. Use these products only as directed, in conjunction with a healthy diet and regular exercise program.

Protein Supplements and Pregnancy Hey Chris, I have a question about taking protein supplements while pregnant. I don’t like meat and usually use soy protein or whey supplements in order to be certain that I’m getting adequate protein in my diet. Can I continue to use these products while pregnant?

Pregnant and nursing women should adhere to a diet plan recommended by their obstetrician. Your doctor will likely recommend one, which is likely comprised of natural, whole foods. If you have an engineered product that you would like to add to your diet, first check with your health care provider. During pregnancy and while nursing, I would advise that you avoid aspartame-containing products. A structure consisting of highly specialized vasculature known as the “blood-brain barrier” normally acts to protect the human central nervous system from many potentially harmful compounds. However, during gestation and for the first three years of life, this anatomical wonder is immature and “leaky,” and as a result, many chemicals gain ac-

cess to the infant’s central nervous system in especially high concentrations. Hence, young children may be particularly susceptible to serious reactions to certain compounds, including the artificial sweetener aspartame. Aspartame is found in numerous protein supplements and meal replacements in limited concentrations that are generally deemed safe for adults. However, because aspartame has been shown to pass through the placenta as well as into breast milk, pregnant women and nursing mothers are advised to eliminate the sweetener from their diet.

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Now available at:

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Über Steroiden Yet another steroid article

by Pat Arnold pat@musclemonthly.com I am told that articles on steroids are very popular. I guess there is some mystique surrounding chemicals that have the ability to dramatically transform one’s physique in a short period of time under the right conditions. You would think that people would get bored with this stuff after a while though, right? Well, apparently they don’t.

some serious picking and choosing has to go on. The result is many very potent and promising drugs – anabolic steroids in this instance – falling through the cracks and never seeing the pharmacy shelves.

Research and Development of Anabolic Steroids

For you to fully appreciate the things I am going to Anyway, here is yet another steroid article. But what am I to discuss in this article you have to have a background on write about? I had to think about this for a while and finally I how anabolic steroids are screened for activity. As you decided to talk about the development of some steroids that know, anabolic steroids are derivayou never heard of because they never tives of testosterone, which share made it to the market. I guess that by “With the cost of getting a two types of activity – muscle builddiscussing this subject I can make a ing (deemed anabolic) and nondrug approved by the FDA point about drug development in general muscle male sex hormone related that many people do not understand. for sale in the millions of activity (deemed androgenic).

dollars, as well as the high You see, most people assume that all The goal of researchers in the the great drugs developed by pharmacost of drug marketing, you golden age of anabolic steroid receutical companies must have ended up search (1935-1965) was to synthecan see that some serious being sold to the public. If you develop size a compound, which retained picking and choosing a potent drug that has a good safety a high degree of anabolic activity profile than naturally you gotta sell it, has to go on. The result coupled with a vastly diminished right? Well, that is not quite right at androgenic activity. This property is many very potent and all. In fact, if you talk to pharmaceutical was quantified using what is known researchers they will tell you that only promising drugs – anabolic as the Anabolic / Androgenic ratio a very minor percentage of drugs that steroids in this instance – (A/A ratio). The goal was not so show great promise in the lab and/or much to produce a compound that falling through the cracks clinical setting ever make it to market. was strongly anabolic, but rather The reasons for this can be many fold – and never seeing the the goal was to produce a coma crowded market place, patent protecpound with the highest possible A/A pharmacy shelves.” tion issues, prohibitively high cost of ratio. You must understand that the production, or lack of categorical sales market for anabolic steroids was not can be a few. With the cost of getting a bodybuilders / athletes but geriatric drug approved by the FDA for sale in the millions of dollars, patients, patients recovering from surgery or injury, or as well as the high cost of drug marketing, you can see that those suffering from weakness or catabolism secondary to some other disease. These can include men and women, and even children. It was therefore paramount to avoid any virilizing (masculinizing) effects when providing such people anabolic treatment, and so an anabolic agent with a very low A/A ratio was needed.

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To determine the A/A ratio, scientists utilized a test called the Rat Levator Ani Assay. In this test, scientists use Continued on Page 42


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two groups of castrated rats. The rats are castrated to remove any interfering influence from fluctuating natural androgen levels. The first group of rats are a control group that receives a placebo, while the second group receives the steroid (either by injection or orally). After a period of time (several days to weeks) the rats are sacrificed. Researchers then isolate three organs from each of the rats – the seminal vesicles, ventral prostate, and levator ani muscle. These organs are all weighed and a comparison of the active group to the placebo groups is made. The differences in weights for the seminal vesicles and ventral prostate represent androgenic activity, while the difference in the weight of the levator ani muscles in the control and active group represent anabolic activity. To give a landmark against which to gauge the relative activities of each steroid in this assay, a standard is used in some of the rats in the active group. This standard is usually testosterone, testosterone propionate, or 17alpha-methyltestosterone (MT) and the results obtained from the rats given this standard are designated an arbitrary number of 1 for anabolic activity and 1 for androgenic activity. Therefore these standard androgens are said to have an A/A ratio of 1. Make sense? To tell you the truth I understood this before but I think in the process of writing it down I just confused myself. Anyway, lets look at some steroids.

Some Steroids Of course out of all the work done during the 30 year heyday of anabolic steroid research came many wonderful compounds. Nandrolone was

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found to be a steroid with anabolic potency comparable to testosterone but with substantially diminished androgenic activity. Stanozolol (Winstrol) was found to be an orally active androgen with enhanced anabolic activity and reduced androgenic activity relative to MT. Methenolone (Primobolan) on the other hand had slightly diminished anabolic activity compared to testosterone, but due to its ultra-low androgenic activity possessed a very favorable A/A ratio. It also was found to be orally active. As I said before there are many great drugs that never made it to market and there are several possible reasons why these fell through the cracks. In the case of anabolic steroids specifically there are many powerful anabolics that simply did not have a favorable enough A/A ratio. In other words, they were too androgenic. This obviously is of little concern to male bodybuilders and athletes, but for doctors and patients in the clinical settings for which they were developed too much androgenic activity is a definite no-no. The following are several “lost” steroids. Some of them are very powerful anabolics with bad A/A ratios, but some of them are actually both very potent and have very good ratios. The toxicity of these are unfortunately largely unknown, but a good rule of thumb is the more androgenic and anabolic the more liver toxic.

This is a steroid developed by Germans (I assume the infamous East German pharmaceutical company Jenapharm). There has to be something wrong with the numbers in the research because this purportedly has an A/A ratio of something like 121!! The specific numbers say that it has anabolic activity 7.3 times that of methandrostenolone (dianabol) while maintaining a seminal vesicle androgenic reading of 0.06 times that of methandrostenolone. I dunno…….

You steroid chemists out there will notice that this odd steroid is a sort of hybrid between trenbolone acetate and oxandrolone (anavar). The result is that it shares the same low A/A ratio of nandrolone while being 5 times as potent. This one is probably very expensive to manufacture though.

The Big Following are some compounds, which have anabolic activity that rival many of the most potent anabolic compounds available in pharmacies across the world.

This orally active compound is a nandrolone derived compound with an 11beta-hydroxyl functional group. This functional group is usually not found on androgens but rather is a

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key characterisitic of glucocorticoids. In this case it does not seem to hurt the activity of this compound as it measures out with an anabolic activity 8.00 times and an androgenic activity of 2.60 that of MT. The A/A ratio is therefore a fair 3.07

The Bad These bad boys are at least as strong if not stronger than anything you could ever get your hands on.

Look familiar? Its almost the same as the previous compound except there is an ethyl group coming off of carbon 13 in the steroid nucleus instead of the normal methyl group. This class of steroids is known as 13beta-ethyl gonanes. The 17alpha methyl is also replaced by an ethyl. The result of these alterations is a significant increase of the anabolic activity. The activity of this compound was compared to 17alpha-ethyl nortestosterone (a strange choice for a standard) and its anabolic potency was 14.5 times this standard. The androgenic activity was reduced to 0.86 the standard.

Some sick scientist from Ciba thought that the preceding compound was not strong enough so he slapped a 7alpha-methyl group on it and came up with this monstrosity. Depending on the source it is either 100 times as anabolic as MT or – according to Ciba - 1000 times as anabolic as methandrostenolone (dianabol). You have to laugh I guess.

The Ugly These compounds serve no practical purpose other than to strike fear into your liver.

You 1-AD aficionados may find this compound vaguely familiar. It is basically a methylated version of 1-testosterone. No, it is not legal for sale as a supplement. Yes, it is very potent - 9.1 to 16.0 times as anabolic as MT. It is mildly androgenic too – 1.0 to 2.2 times MT.

This compound was shown to be 10 times as anabolic as MT orally. By injection however it was only 1.3 times as anabolic. Don’t ask me to explain why. It is also somewhat androgenic – around 3 times as much as MT.

Also from Ciba comes this megamonster steroid. The only data I have on it is that it is 1000 times as potent as MT. I don’t know why Ciba thought it necessary to synthesize things like this because they obviously have no market potential. Just looking at the structure makes my liver ache.

Summary This compound actually was sold as a drug at one time and is still used as a standard in in-vitro assays of androgens. It is an oral form of trenbolone basically and it was removed from the market because it had an unacceptable risk of hepatotoxicity. It is extremely anabolic – 120 to 300 times as anabolic compared to MT. It is also very androgenic – around 75 times that of MT. This is obviously not something that you should take without knowing what you are doing. On second thought, this is probably something you should not take at all.

You just looked at some pretty potent anabolic steroids but don’t get the wrong idea. Just because something is 1000 times as potent as d-bol does not mean that it will get you 1000 times as big as d-bol at the same dose. No, what it means is that it takes a dose 1/1000th that of a given dose dbol to get the same result. In fact, if you took d-bol like doses of one of those monster steroids in the ‘Ugly’ section you probably would not get any gains. You would probably just end up sick.

©2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry Muscle Monthly ~ 43


Dear Friend, Thought you knew everything about creatine . . . didn’t you? After all, it’s been “front page news” for almost ten years now, and no doubt you’ve read numerous articles about it, and have tried numerous types. Micronized creatine, creatine serum, effervescent creatine, grape juice creatine, candy creatine, and good old fashioned powdered creatine. But amazingly, there’s still one thing about creatine nearly a million bodybuilders don’t know . . . the real secret to making it work. Hi, my name is Rob Crandall, head chemist for Health Science Technology in San Clemente, CA. and in a minute I’m going to reveal “this one thing” almost all bodybuilders fail to consider before buying creatine. But first, I must tell you about a very special property of a particular anabolic steroid called Anavar, (chemically known as Oxandrolone) and when you understand how it works . . . you’ll clearly see why so many bodybuilders are completely missing the boat when it comes to choosing which creatine to use! Invented by Searle Pharmaceutical in 1964, Anavar was, and still is one of the most popular steroids ever invented. However, today, real Anavar is extremely difficult to get and is often counterfeited. Anavar has all the properties of other steroids, like causing increased protein synthesis, and nitrogen retention . . . but it has one very special property in

©2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry

particular that really separates it from all other steroids . . . it’s extraordinary ability to stimulate massive creatine phosphate synthesis in the muscle cell. Creatine phosphate is very crucial because it helps in the formation of ATP (adenosine tri-phosphate). ATP is the actual chemical your muscles use for energy! Obviously this is extremely important so you’ll have enough energy to train intensely. But high ATP levels also serve another vital function . . . greatly increased protein synthesis! In fact, after training, when your ATP levels are depleted, protein synthesis is reduced by a staggering 50%, you’re literally shrinking! But this rarely happened to anyone taking Anavar because their muscle cells were cranking out so much of the ATP precursor, creatine phosphate! And this is exactly why scientists at Searle made Anavar . . .to cause creatine phosphate synthesis, not creatine monohydrate synthesis. Because it’s really creatine phosphate that’s doing all the work and building all the muscle, not creatine monohydrate like every body takes! Look it up in any chemistry book at the library!


Your next question is only logical . . . “Then why do people still get significant results from creatine monohydrate? Simply because some of the creatine monohydrate does get converted by the body to creatine phosphate . . . but not nearly as much as it should. So you see, although fancy delivery systems are crucial to first getting more creatine monohydrate into your blood stream . . . the factor that’s much, much more important is converting all this successfully delivered creatine monohydrate into creatine phosphate! But here’s what nobody’s told you yet about creatine monohydrate. In order for it to be successfully converted to creatine phosphate, a highly bio-available form of branch chain amino acids must be present to facilitate this extremely crucial process!! Synthetic BCAA’s will not work! A natural source derived from beets is the only type of BCAA’s with the correct amino acid sequence to adequately do this. This is the real secret, the “missing link” so to speak, that separates Creatine Resum from all other creatines. The only other hurdle to clear is the proper delivery of Creatine Resum into the muscle cell. So what I did was add MSM (methyl sulfonylmethane) and PG (potassium glycero-phosphate) to the formulation. I did this because these two compounds have the unique ability to open-up and expand cellular membranes, which makes them more permeable to water and other nutrients. Basically, your muscles will now “swell up” like a wet sponge . . . literally sucking in creatine phosphate for massive ATP production and dramatically increased protein synthesis! So you see, it’s the combination of first getting creatine monohydrate into your blood stream . . . then converting it to creatine phosphate . . . then jamming it into your “opened up” muscle cells. You must have all three links to connect the complete creatine chain. This is the real secret to making creatine work like you never thought possible.

Here’s Risk FREE Proof!

And I’ll prove it AT NO RISK to you. Simply try Creatine Resum for just 21 days and see for yourself just how powerful it is! Immediate size increases! Immediate strength increases! Faster recovery! Awesome, awesome pumps, GUARANTEED, or you will get a prompt and courteous refund of your entire purchase! So call now and ask about the guaranteed Creatine Resum offer. Risk Free. Please hurry.

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Ingestion of a single dose of the “leading liquid creatine” claimed to contain 2.5g creating monohydrate, did not result in any change in the plasma creatine concentration and was indistiguishable to the ingenstion of plain water. This result is consistent with extensive chemical analysis of the product (creatine and total nitrogen) by numerous university laboratories showing Creatine Serum to contain physiologically insignificant amounts of creatine (less than 0.5% of manufacture’s claims). In contrast ingestion of a single dose of Creatine Resum which was confirmed by chemical analysis to contain 5g creatine monohydrate per 10ml and to be stable over several months, resulted in a plasma concentration time curve idential to the ingestion of a standard dose of 5g creatine monohydrate in solution. Professor Roger Harris Exercise Physiology and Human Nutrition School of Sport, Excercise and Health University College Chichester Chichester PO194PE West Sussex, England rharris@ucc.ac.uk


Estrogen and Muscle Growth

by William Llewellyn william@musclemonthly.com It is the primary sex steroid in women. To men, the word age on par with males. Giving estrogen usually conjures up panicked thoughts of gynecoestrogen to this same group mastia, fat retention and water bloat. In the eyes of most restored the original discrepancy. of the male population it is truly a demonized hormone, The suggested explanation for the gender differences in believed to be an unwanted byproduct of many anabolic/ muscle response is that estrogen helps to maintain the androgenic steroids and something we have little or no use stability of the cell membrane, protectfor. But estrogen does occur naturally ing lipids and low-density lipoproteins in men as it does in women, albeit in from breakdown and limiting leakage much smaller amounts, which raises from damaged cells. the question of what this hormone actually does for us. Is it something that Estrogen and Glucose serves us some benefit, or simply an Utilization insidious hormone lurking in the backThe protective effects of estrogen ground just waiting for a boost to come may be due to this hormone playing to the surface and wreak havoc on the a direct role in glucose utilization male physique? What we find when in muscle tissue. For example, it we look a little closer is that estrogen has been shown that our female sex does actually serve several important To men, the word estrogen hormone is directly tied to the level of functions in both the male and female usually conjures up glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase body, and more to the point can even panicked thoughts of enzyme in muscle tissue. This enzyme be thought of as an anabolic hormone gynecomastia, fat retention is very important to anabolism, as it in many regards. and water bloat. In the plays an important part in the process in which glucose is utilized for tissue eyes of most of the male Men Women and Muscle growth and repair . More specifically, population it is truly a Damage G6PD is an integral part of what is demonized hormone, A good way to open this discussion is known as the pentose phosphate to note that studies have shown that believed to be an unwanted pathway. After skeletal muscle damthere are gender differences in the way byproduct of many anabolic/ age, levels of G6PD rise markedly, that skeletal muscle responds to damandrogenic steroids and which is believed to enhance the aging exercise. More specifically, fesomething we have little or pentose phosphate pathway involved males seem to note less post-exercise no use for. process in which nucleic acids and damage than males for similar levels lipids are synthesized of exercise. The striking thing is that for tissue (memit appears that this difference can be brane) repair. Studies have also shown directly attributed to the effects of estrogen. Strong support that levels of glucose 6-phosphate for this is found in a 1997 study published in Contraception, dehydrogenase rise after administration which noted that women who take oral contraceptives (in of testosterone propionate, but that the the form of estrogen) reported significantly less post-exeraromatization of testosterone to estracise muscle soreness than women not taking these medicadiol is responsible for this increase, and tions. In animal models, we also see that manipulating the not the action of this androgen itself. As level of estrogen in both genders will clearly affect the level the study explains, the non-aromatizing of post-exercise muscle damage. Male rats that were given steroids dihydrotestosterone and fluestrogen for example showed less post-exercise damage, oxymesterone could not mimic the affect and females that were given an ovariectomy (to remove of testosterone propionate on levels of endogenous estradiol) demonstrated post-exercise dam-

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G6PD, and the rise associated with testosterone is diminished with the addition of an aromatase inhibitor. Estrogen itself was also shown to cause a similar increase, and an antiandrogen did nothing to prevent the rise due to testosterone administration. Clearly our female sex hormone is doing more in our muscle cells than we originally thought.

Estrogen and GH/IGF-1 Estrogen also plays an important role in the production of growth hormone and IGF-1. IGF-1 (insulin like growth factor) is an anabolic hormone released primarily in the liver via the stimulus of growth hormone, and is ultimately responsible for the anabolic effects we often attribute to growth hormone

therapy. Studies have suggested that estrogen itself is involved with the release of GH and IGF-1, even in men where the aromatization of androgens to estrogens in believed to be crucial to maintaining optimal levels. This is supported by studies comparing the effects of testosterone replacement therapy on GH and IGF-1 levels, both with and without the addition of the anti-estrogen tamoxifen. GH and IGF-1 levels were notably suppressed with the co-administration of tamoxifen, while levels were elevated when testosterone was given alone. Another study has shown 300mg of testosterone enanthate weekly (which elevated estradiol levels) to produce an increased in IGF-1 levels while the same dose of nandrolone decanoate (which actually lowered estradiol Continued on Page 48

WWW.PROGRYP.COM Dealer/Distributor Inquiries Welcome For More Information Or To Order Online Call

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levels) would not. Although the overall relationship between GH/IGF-1 levels and skeletal muscle growth may remain a subject of debate, the finding that there is a direct link between GH and IGF-1 production in men appears quite solid.

Estrogen and the Androgen Receptor More recently, it has even been suggested that estrogen may play a role in the proliferation of androgen receptors in various tissues of the body. This of course would be an extremely important effect, as it represents a means in which estrogen might indirectly foster an anabolic state by supporting the activities of circulating androgens. Studies done on rats for example, noted that androgen receptor binding of methyltrienolone, a potent androgen receptor agonist, to be increased dramatically after administration of estradiol. This occurred to a profound degree in the levator ani, a sex-organ muscle often used to investigate the anabolic potency of various steroid compounds. Specifically, androgen receptor binding in this tissue was increased 480% in rats that were given estrogen after castration (removal of the testes is often conducted to diminish endogenous sex steroid levels). Possible explanations include both an estrogen-induced enhancement of androgen receptor production, or possible the ability of this hormone to diminish the level of susceptibility that the receptor has to degradation. Although the results of this study did not report this same in-

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crease in skeletal muscle, the fact that a link between estrogen and androgen receptor concentrations exists in any tissue remains an extremely significant finding.

Anti-Estrogens and the Athlete Clearly estrogen is involved, at least at some level, directly and indirectly, with the metabolic processes involved in the promotion of muscle growth. Likewise, we should certainly no longer look at this hormone as simply a nuisance side effect of certain steroids that needs to be dealt with. With the current findings on estrogen I believe the stance on estrogen maintenance should be similar to that suggested by the anecdotal reports of many. Athletes have long known that strongly estrogenic steroids such as testosterone, Dianabol and Anadrol are the most powerful musclebuilding agents, and have further suggested that if optimal muscle growth is desired one should refrain from using anti-estrogens with these compounds unless it is clear that they are neces-

sary because of side effects or cutting/ fat loss issues. Although most often this had been attributed to the simple size, weight and strength gains that estrogen-related water retention might cause, we find now that there appears to be a much deeper explanation involved. There is more to estrogen than bloat, and no longer can we justifiably look at this hormone as simply an enemy of the male physique.

About William Llewellyn William Llewellyn is the author of the steroid book Anabolics 2000, widely regarded as the most detailed and accurate reference manual written on the subject to date. Bill’s material is heavily focused on the use of performance enhancing pharmaceuticals, particularly the physiological and pharmacological properties of the various compounds and their practical applications. He is also heavily involved in the sports supplement industry, where he runs Molecular Nutrition and holds patent (with patents pending) on several new prohormone compounds.

References: 1 The effects of oral contraceptives on delayed onset muscle soreness following exercise. Contraception. 1997 Aug;56(2):59-65. 2 Prevention of exercise-induced muscle membrane damage by oestradiol. Life Sci. 1988;42(26):2677-81. 3 Can estrogens diminish exercise induced muscle damage? Can J Appl Physiol. 1995 Mar;20(1):26-38. Review 4 Pentose Cycle Activity in Muscle from Fetal, Neonatal and Infant Rhesus Monkeys. Arch Biochem Biophys 117:275-81 1966 5 The pentose phosphate pathway in regenerating skeletal muscle. Biochem J 170: 17 1978 6 Aromatization of androgens to estrogens mediates increased activity of glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase in rat levator ani muscle. Endocrinol 106(2):440-43 1980 7 Activation of the somatotropic axis by testosterone in adult males: Evidence for the role of aromatization. J Clin. Endocrinol Metab 76:1407-12 1993 8 Testosterone administration increases insulin-like growth factor-I levels in normal men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 77(3):776-9 1993 9 Modulation of the cytosolic androgen receptor in striated muscle by sex steroids. Endocrinology. 1984 Sep;115(3):862-6.


Advertiser Directory FEBRUARY/MARCH 2002 MUSCLE MONTHLY magazine

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AccuFitness 1-800-866-2727 www.accufitness.com

Pinnacle 1-800-899-2749 www.pinnaclebody.com

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Power Nutrition powernutrition@yahoo.com

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Arnold Classic 1-614-431-3600 www.arnoldclassic.com Artist For Hire 1-916-422-9092 www.artforhire.com

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R B Bioplex 1-888-345-7539 www.bioplexnutrition.com

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S C Cytodyne 1-888-298-6396 www.xenadrine.com Cytosport 1-888-298-6629 www.cytosport.com

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Molecular Nutrition 1-888-655-5536 www.molecularnutrition.net MuscleMonthly.com 1-916-361-3090 www.musclemonthly.com

SuperTech 1-888-329-8844 www.supertechusa.com page 14, 21, 50, 51

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page 17

VyoTech 1-800-811-5631 www.vyotech.com

page 44, 45

Nutrition Distributors

If you own a retail nutrition store, gym or health club, call Muscle Monthly’s preferred wholesale nutrition distributors:

M MLO Products 1-800-228-4656 www.mloproducts.com

page 25, 30

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F Flora 1-800-446-2110 www.florahealth.com

Sportpharma 1-800-654-4246 www.sportpharma.com

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Protech Distributing 1-800-200-8789 Select Nutrition Distributors East 1-800-777-8844

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Select Nutrition Distributors West 1-888-903-3311 Super Natural Distributors 1-800-888-4008

Š2013 Artist For HireFor Advertising Information Please call (916) 630-5449 Muscle Monthly would like to thank all of our advertisers Scott A. Perry Muscle Monthly ~ 49


Š2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry

† These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

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Š2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry


Š2013 Artist For Hire Scott A. Perry


Muscle Monthly Magazine 1