ADROIT Expert in the use of hand and body
Understand the process of Elizabeth Simon
Includes works from: Photoshop Illustrator 3ds Max Oil Painting Pastel Watercolor
Self Portrait By: Elizabeth Simon My name is Elizabeth Simon and I am a junior at Saint Xavier. I am so excited to finally decide on where to go for my bachelor degree. I am hoping to complete the Graphic Design program within two years. It might be really ambitious but I think I can do it. I got my associates degree from Moraine Valley and a certificate in computer animation. I am hoping to get my certificate in website design and development while going to Saint Xavier. I will be a challenge. I might have to put it to the side until I graduate. My goal is to after college is to get a job in graphic design or animation. I have always wanted to be an animator since I was young. Now that I know more about the industry of animation it seems that you need to know everything. From creating a website, graphics, and animations, it encompasses everything. What I feel would be a great job for me is being a college teacher. I love to show people how to do things and that is what a teacher does. For me it has to be college teaching, I feel that I would not be the best for grammar and high school. I couldnâ€™t handle that type of mind.
Table of Contents Photoshop Collective Collage 26 Galaxy Gateway 28 Illustrator Lotta Lines 10 Lovely Logos 12 Color Contrast 4 Black & White 14 Trendy Text 8 Golden Rules 18 Grinding Gears 16 Photography Moon Bubble 30 Light Around 32 Traditional Medium Precision Painting 24 Watercolor Ways 34 The Library 38 Multimedia Video By Frames 20 Chess Field 38
Analogus Study By: Elizabeth Simon
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â€œThe purest and most thoughtful minds are those which love color the most.â€? - John Ruskin, The Stones of Venice Color is a great way to show an emotion or to draw your eye to one thing or another. There are two types of color wheels: additive and subtractive. Additive color wheel has the primary colors or red, green, and blue. The additive color wheel is used for light, so your eyes deal with this type of spectrum. The other color wheel is the subtractive one. This one has the primary colors of cyan, magenta, and yellow. This color wheel is mainly used for printing. Here we have three different pictures. Each dealing with a different principle of color. The first one is monochromatic. This deals with the value of a color, from the lightest to the darkest of that color. The next one is analogous. This is when you use one color and go to its neighbor on the wheel. Getting all of the different hues in between the two colors. The final one here is the complementary colors. Complementary colors happen when you take a color and go across the color wheel. So reds complementary is purple.
All of the drawings here were done with Illustrator’s brush tool. With the brush tool I used a horizontal, vertical, and any other way to get the volume of the shapes.
“The other color wheel is the subtractive one. This one has the primary colors of cyan, magenta, and yellow. This color
The backgrounds of each are suppose to be a table that the objects sit on. Each one was sitting on a flat object. Originally they just had one color behind them but my teacher suggested that I make the background into something so it feels more in a space, so I put them on a table. In each picture I adjusted it to match the shadows.
wheel is mainly used for printing.”
Some are better than others but I would say that they were all a success in the realm of studies.
Monochromatic Study By: Elizabeth Simon
Complementary Study By: Elizabeth Simon
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For this class we dealt with creating shapes using the pen tool in Illustrator. Illustrator is a program that is vector based. There are two ways of dealing with drawing on the computer, either pixel or vector. I understand that the screen you are looking at has pixels in it but when I talk about pixels I mean that you can draw with them. You can draw fuzzy or hard lines with a pixel based system but the issue comes with when you try to make the picture bigger. When you scale pixel art to make it bigger it distorts and looks very grainy, this is where vector excels. Vector art can be scaled very big and it won’t lose any of the resolution of the picture. Vector art more deals with the coordinates within the document and screen but that is getting too inwto detail. Lets talk about how these were made. The first set were made with the pen tool. The pen tool allowed me to give the shape a curve within the shape. At first it was very complicated to use but as you got use to using the tool it became a lot easier. I also used the grid within the software to give the straight lines that you see. Some of the weights of the lines are off but that doesn’t bother me very much. The second set of shapes were made using a shape to build them up. Building the characters seemed more difficult because I didn’t use the pen tool. The curve that pen tool was easy but getting the angle just right was very difficult. The guides and grid did not help in this instance when it came to the angles. Through all of this I am happy with the way it came out. This exercise made me understand a little bit more about topography. I hope to figure out how to make them into workable fonts, as in the way you would use a font in Word.
Video Games Font By: Elizabeth Simon
Straight Edge Font By: Elizabeth Simon
Lotta Lines This week we had to do a five one hundred line drawing. A one hundred line drawing is one that you make with no more than a hundred lines. The lines are to be stacked up on each other either horizontally or vertically. The only thing that you couldnâ€™t do was to use the lines to make an outline at the beginning. The whole point of not drawing the outline at first was to allow the person to get the idea of volume of the object. The assignment wasnâ€™t very hard but it was very tedious. It made sense to do these drawings. These drawings get you acclimated to the program and the way it works in the simplest sense. The medium that we used was digital using Adobe Illustrator CC. This is Adobeâ€™s newest version of their creative suite. Within Illustrator we used either the brush tool or the pencil tool. I chose to use the brush tool because of the line it gave for the drawing. The line is varies between 1pt stroke and .25pt stroke. The structures are built with horizontal and vertical lines. First started out with horizontal lines, building from the bottom to the top. From there I built over the horizontal lines with vertical lines that begin to shape the containers to the way that they looked. These drawings are just studies so they are more to try something new rather than having a composition or concept. So with these studies I do feel more confident with the program in using it in the most basic form.
100 Line Study By: Elizabeth Simon Abroit
This project is for a logo contest that my college is offering. The main requirements for the logo was that it have the school colors and have the initials CBL in there. The logo may be also be used as a twitter avatar so I keep that in mind when making the logo. As you can see for the most part these all these logos fit into the requirements. Each one uses the same basic structure of a square border for exterior. That is not to say that you couldnâ€™t use a circle or another shape but this one seemed the best for this project, plus a square is also used for twitter. All of the logos were made using different tools in Illustrator.
CBL Logos By: Elizabeth Simon
The first logo was to try to figure out how to use the colors of the school and to represent the school. The font for this logo was nice for looking at on the screen but didnâ€™t seem right for the theme. The stroke around the font is a shade darker and that is allow to font to hold up on its own. The second logo was just on text. I wanted to still highlight the initials of the department but tell the audience what each letter means. Making the letters white causes your eyes to focus on the letters more. Just the letters in the logo is more interesting but still not good enough. With the third logo I wanted to make it more picture heavy. Since CBL stands for community based learning I wanted the logo to have something to do with the community and the students teaching the children. This logo seems the most successful of them all. It is legible as a small icon and looks good as a big one. All of the logos really succeeded as a small one. Abroit
Tea Pot By: Elizabeth Simon 14 Abroit
For this week we had to do a value drawing with grays. Value is when you take a color, lets say black, and go to another color, in this case white, and use some of the colors in between. So if you mix the same amount of black and white you would get grey. Add more black and you get a darker grey, add more white and you get a lighter grey. The requirements were that there had to be five digitally drawn pictures with backgrounds. Each one was different, like: 1. One done in class 2. Had to be your cell phone 3. Had to be from a picture 4. Had to be something you drank from 5. Do whatever Snake Sculpture By: Elizabeth Simon
Cell Phone By: Elizabeth Simon
Each one was started with a one hundred line drawing. After getting the general shape of the object you moved on to a middle grey and drew over certain parts of the object. At this point we are trying to get the object to pop out of the scene. We are trying to make a two dimensional thing look three dimensional, so how do we do this? By looking at the object and finding the highlights and shadows. This will give the object volume. So as this point in the drawing you look for the lightest lights and the darkest dark. I approach it by finding those shadows on the object and start to block that out with that middle grey then going a step up and a step down from there to get the darker shadows and the lighter ones. Slowly the pictures came together Iâ€™ll be it some are not correctly proportional with the actually object but again this is giving us the understanding of value and how it works. Four of these are drawn from real life and I actually prefer to draw from real life. The only one that was drawn from a picture is the snake. All of the pictures here are in the center. The reason for this is because they are studies. They are to understand how the light hits an object and how to render it to look three dimensional.
Coffee Cup By: Elizabeth Simon
Gears Grinding In the fall of 2013 I decided that I needed to take a portfolio class. The reason for the portfolio class was because I had no clue where to start or how they should be laid out. It confused me and stressed me out because I didn’t know how to do companies wanted portfolios.
This piece was done for the cover of the portfolio magazine. My whole theme for the portfolio magazine was a steam punk kind of feel. Steam punk is the idea of what if we went the route with tesla rather than combustible engines. Most of the steam punk culture uses brass and copper colors. The culture also uses the motif of gears and other mechanical pieces. I wanted the gears to feel like they were piled up on each other.
“Most of the steam punk culture Throughout the portfolio uses brass and copper colors.” class I began to look at pieces with a different eye. What could be improved? Are the proportions correct for the piece? Do those colors work for the subject? These questions helped me to analyze how my piece is coming along. In the class the pieces also had three rules that followed throughout the class. Now these rules could be changed throughout but they all had to follow three rules. So the concept of these three rules can be applied to making a set for a gallery showing.
It works with what I wanted. It gives it that feel that I wanted, that mechanical old look. This picture was done in Adobe Illustrator CS4. I created the gears from scratch and it was a pain. The soul reason why it was a pain was because of the teeth of the gears. The whole experience of making this piece was hard but very satisfying.
Gears By: Elizabeth Simon Abroit
Golden Rules During my time at Moraine Valley I was working on two certificates for website design and development. For the website design certificate you needed to take an Illustrator and Photoshop class. Illustrator is a program by Adobe that allows you to create vector artwork. This type of digital art is very crisp and can be scaled without the risk of the picture being grainy. Since a picture made in Illustrator is so crisp it is the perfect type of art to put as a background of a website. There are a few role playing games out there. To name a few of these role playing there is Vampire, Abberant, Dungeon and Dragon, and Pathfinder. Within Dungeon and Dragons there is a little joke, at least with the group that I play with. 1. 2. 3.
Always stay with the group Never stay with the group Always go left because the Lyche is to the right
I thought these were kind of funny within the context of the game because these rules contradicted each other. So I decided for my final project in this Illustrator class we had three different choices. Unfortunately I do not remember the other three choices but I chose to do a comic. Each shape is an individual shape that has been grouped together with other lines. This piece was very tedious but by the time I was done with the piece I was quite happy with it. I was so happy with it that I showed it to so many people and they all said it was great.
Still Life Video By. Elizabeth Simon
Video by Frames Abroit
Still Life Video By. Elizabeth Simon
During Monday’s class period we tried something new to the department. It was the cart of ipads that had arrived Within the ipad there was an app called Procreate. This app worked very similar to photoshop or illustrator but with a little difference. This app records your strokes and allows you to export your drawings as a video and a PNG. This technology allows you to travel around and work digitally in any place, as long as the battery last.
“Within the ipad there was an app called Procreate.”
The still life was supplied by the teacher. The teacher added objects as we went along. So the first object we drew was the oak colored table. From there we worked on the box and then the bottles. The bottles though were not added all at once; they were added in gradually. First the tall one then the rest around it. The composition is interesting but how it was pulled off didn’t work well. Some of the proportions are wrong, especially the box. The table doesn’t work with the rest of the drawing because of how it looks like cross hatching while the rest looks a little more colored in. One of the moments in this composition that I do like is the reflection of the wicker off of the clear bottle onto the green bottle. It just seems to work well giving the idea of the surface being reflective. The learning experience was really quite fun. It made me want to buy an ipad but unfortunately I do not have that type of money right now. So that will have to be set on the back burner to purchase at a later date.
Colorful Objects By: Elizabeth Simon
For the longest time I wanted to learn how to paint but I didn’t know where to start. Do I start with acrylic or oil? Since I didn’t know where to start I decided to ask the person that I would have this answer, my drawing teacher. I asked him this question and he answered that oil is the way to go. Why? The reason for oil paint is that it is easier to blend, richer color, and the paint stays wet longer. Acrylic paint dries faster and when the paint does dry it is usually darker than the when it comes out of the tube. So I decided that I would take a painting class and lucky for me they offered a choice between oil or acrylic paint. I tried to take it during the summer at my community college but it didn’t work out. At Saint Xavier I decided to take a painting class with Ms. Calobris because I needed to understand color theory better. In the class we started out with understanding light and shadows and how they work with subjects. Most of these studies with light and shadow were done on gesso cardboard to show that most materials can be used if prepared properly. At first I was afraid that I would use up all of the paint that was given before the term was up. As the term went on we learned about color theory and how to mix them to make different hues, saturation, and vibrancy of color. It was at this point in the term that we began to use canvas board. Canvas board seemed much easier to work with because the surface had a tooth to it. I would compare canvas board to charcoal paper, the rough surface gives the medium something to grab on. With the canvas board and the further understanding of color I just kept getting better and better with my paintings. These two painting were done with oil on canvas board. At the time they didn’t offer acrylic, only oil, but I was okay with this. What I wasn’t okay with was the solvent that is used with oil painting. To clean your brush and to do an underpainting you add the solvent of either turpentine or with mineral spirits. These two solvents are very toxic, flammable, and to use them you need good ventilation. So having these solvents are very hazardous, I mean that if enough of the rags are piled on each other they could combust due to the heat they generate.
The first piece is called “Colorful Object” was the final project in the color theory part of the course. This was a set up done by the teacher for us to see the relationship of one color object to another. During this color study I began to understand how great oil was as a medium. Working on canvas board rather than on cardboard was much easier for the medium because of the rough surface. The canvas also allowed me to understand how to blend paint together on the surface to get the colors that I saw. The second piece is called “Memories”. The prompt for this final project was to create a still life that had meaning to it. So we had to get three objects that held meaning to us. The objects that I chose for mine were a pocket watch, a rosary, and a Super Nintendo cartridge of Math Blaster. The rosary was from my grandfather’s wake, the pocket watch shows my love for the old ways, and the cartridge is something that I played. The cartridge is also a learning tool that was very helpful with me learning math. It also made math kind of fun to learn. The red background is a velvet style fabric that I had around. The red fabric is to give depth and a texture to the painting.
Object Meaning By: Elizabeth Simon
Time Collage By: Elizabeth Simon 26 Abroit
Collective Collage This picture was done for the class Digital Imagery. The prompt was to get some objects and scan them into the computer. From the scans we were to make a collage in Photoshop and make it interesting. The original things I scanned were dice, a flower clip, and some pocket watches. The way you scan items can be done two different ways. Either you can scan the items with a cloth behind them, which will give the item more light, or no cloth. I tried both ways just so I had the option on which way looked better for the objects. My objects that I chose were better with a cloth over them because they looked better with it on. The only object that didn’t really worked in either scan was the dice After scanning the objects I brought the picture into Photoshop to start breaking it down. All of my objects were scanned at once so I had to break down the one pictures into pieces. One of the hardest parts of breaking down these objects was getting them selected. Some parts of the objects blended too well with the background that there had to be some compromise to give me the best picture. This selection process was the main reason why I did not use the dice because they were so hard to select.
“The original things I scanned were dice, a flower clip, and some pocket watches.” So the two objects that were used in this final picture is the flower clip and pocket watches. The flower is mainly used for a texture in the background. I wanted the pocket watches to be the focal point. The whole idea for the pocket watches was to give it a steam punk feel. Steam punk is the idea of what if the world went the way of tesla rather than with the combustible engine. The look of the copper and brass in steam punk really appeal to me and these were the perfect things to show that theme.
Galaxy Spheres By: Elizabeth Simon
Galaxy Gateway This was one of the first projects we did in Digital Imagery for Monte Gerlach. Monte Gerlach is the photography teacher here at Saint Xavier. The whole premise for this project was to teach us how to use a mask and the selection tools. For this project we were allowed to use photos supplied by Monte Gerlach. He took some of the pictures in the field while others were stock photos from another source. So from these photos we were to make our own art pieces. This is one of three pieces that I made for this project. Prior to Digital Imagery I had a class dedicated to Photoshop at Moraine Valley. In that previous class she taught us how to manipulate photos to use in magazines. The trade secrets to manipulation, this class taught me so much that I didn’t know about Photoshop. If I had the chance I would take that class with her all over again because what she taught was so valuable.
“Monte Gerlach is the photography teacher here at Saint Xavier.” This picture is called “Galaxy Spheres”. This picture was to make the consumer think about how the universe really is that small. The two pictures that were involved in this piece was a bowl filled with eggs and globes with galaxy looking designs on them. It was the hardest piece of the three because of selecting the different eggs in the bowl. Some of the eggs were very similar in the vibrancy of the bowl. It was very hard to get the correct edge of the eggs so the easiest way to select them was to use the pen tool. The pen tool allows you to make a path around an object to make a better selection. After making the selection I then dragged the galaxy orbs into the picture to make a mask from the selection. Finally, I changed the filter and opacity of the galaxy orb to blend them into the picture.
Bulb Sculpture in Lexington, KY Picture Taken By: Elizabeth Simon 30 Abroit
Moon Bubble “This bulb sculpture was pretty cool and I would recommend anyone to go to Lexington, KY.” This is a sculpture piece right outside of the Lexington, KY convention center in 2014. We were staying at the convention center hotel which was convenient. We came upon this piece of art by exploring the town trying to find interesting food, unfortunately we only found pizza. It seemed that the town was really small and had a lot of school spirit. University of Kentucky wasn’t that far away and I believed that it was a college town. The only issue with the town was that everything closed around eight, except this one pizza joint. On the way back from getting the pizza we came upon this sculpture. What this sculpture was was a sphere made out of different light bulbs, some were clear while others were opaque. On the inside of the sculpture there was a huge light source that lite up half of the sphere. The sculpture was in the air supported by wires connected to poles that you would use in parks. Right underneath the sculpture there is a wheel that you push to spin it. At first we thought this wheel was to change the direction for the light source but when we did start to spin it nothing happened. This sculpture piece seemed really interesting and very photogenic. So I took a couple shots of the sculpture. This picture was a half view of the sculpture so the picture would seem heavier on one end. It also gave the feeling that there was more outside of the frame. After taking the picture I looked at it and it really looked like the moon since when you first look at it you don’t see the bulbs. This bulb sculpture was pretty cool and I would recommend anyone to go to Lexington, KY.
Paper Clips Picture Taken By: Elizabeth Simon
Light Around This is a picture taken at in Milwaukee, WI on a skyway between a hotel and the convention center. It was late in the evening and the convention was winding down. I had caught a break in the sea of people and I noticed so many lights outside of the window ranging from street lights to the lights of stores. I knew I had a project that was to do light painting. At the time I didn’t really understand what light painting was as I got to know it I loved the idea. Light painting is when you leave the camera at a low shutter speed and long exposure. The issue doesn’t come with the shutter but with the exposure. For many point and shoot cameras you cannot keep the shutter open for a really long time so you need to trick to pull it off. So to trick the camera you can either put it on either firework or nighttime setting or change the ISO to a low number. This picture is done with a low ISO. With an ISO of about two hundred I took the picture and while the shutter was still open I began to move the camera on a circle. This picture is what happened when I did this. The picture kind of has a flow going from bottom left to right. The eye also focuses on the whites parts of the picture, which is kind of annoying. The whole picture is really interesting and granted they didn’t turn out like circles it looks pretty cool
Watercolor Ways Watercolor is said to one of the hardest traditional mediums to work with, though it didn’t seem that hard to me. Maybe what makes it hard is that the color may look different when it dries or that it may take a while to blend colors with each other. So when you mix colors together it may look brighter when wet but when it dries the color will look different. When you lay down the paint color it is possible to get a hard edge or a soft edge. If two areas are wet and they are next to each other that is when you could blend. Otherwise you may need to scrub the area to diffuse the line and that can be difficult. The paper that you use can deteriorate with scrubbing that can be frustrating. I like to use the paper my teacher recommended, the brand name is Arches. Arches is a French art pad of cotton paper that has been in business for at least seventy five years so the quality is great. This pad though comes with a price but trust me, it is well worth the cost that you will be paying. The other equipment you will need to work with is sable brushes (or something similar to that), a rag, spray bottle, and few other things.
“Arches is a French art pad of cotton paper that has been in business for at least seventy five years so the quality is great.”
To start a watercolor painting you first either stretch the piece of paper so it won’t curl when you paint on it or use a pad with wax on the edge. After stretching the piece you begin with a base color. With a watercolor you want to start light and work your way to dark, you build color on top of other colors. You can always go darker but to go back to light is near impossible. It is recommended that after each pass you wait until the paper is dry, if it is not you may have a run that you do not want. Try watercolor out and see how it works, I can just give an outline of how I had been taught how to do that. This piece was inspired by a band called Steam Powered Giraffe. Every performance this band would put on makeup to make them look like a robot. So I wanted to make a picture that would give that look of a robot. At first I wanted to make her face all plated but I also wanted to incorporate gears into it. Someone suggested that maybe the gears were the mind. This suggestion helped with solving the dilemma with the gears and actually made the picture so much better. Without this person’s suggestion this picture would have turned out very differently.
Beautiful Mind By: Elizabeth Simon Abroit
The Library By: Elizabeth Simon
The Library To make a perspective drawing you need to first decide to on where your horizon line is. The horizon line is where the ground meets the sky. Now the horizon line does not need to be in the middle of the page but it does need to be a straight line going left to right. Once you establish the horizon line then you figure out where to put your vanishing point[s]. As with the horizon line the vanishing point can be in the center of the line or you it can be placed somewhere else on this line. If dealing with two point you first decide on where the original vanishing point then figure out how far you are from that point. Once you decide on the distance then Drawing was a summer class that was three “The Library started out you make two points the same distance from weeks long. So for the first three weeks of as an idea of what if a the original point. Now the distance needs to be summer vacation I woke up at 9am til 3pm scaled down for the surface so ten feet may be church was remodeled in class during those weekdays. Each day scaled down to ten inches for the surface. The during class we had a new subject and a into a library.” rule of thumb that I follow is one inch equal one project starting with the basics of shapes foot. After deciding all of these things you make and light to creating own worlds. There were a total of five either a shape or a line somewhere on the surface and using a projects for the class and I believe that they are all great works. very light line you draw from your vanishing point[s] to the ends of the shape. Then sky is the limit on what you can do This is one of the projects from this class. For this project we with perspective with these basic directions. had to make a picture with perspective. Perspective is how you draw an object on a two dimensional surface to give the The Library started out as an idea of what if a church was illusion of depth to the scene. There are three different types remodeled into a library. So all that gothic architecture would of perspective: one point, two point, and three point perspecgive the library a different flavor from what is around today. tive. One point perspective is used when you want to draw a There is two floors to this library. One floor would have all the simple shape or a simple room. Two point perspective is used stacks of books while the other would be a place for a person when you are doing a view that is not straight on. An example to sit and read. The Library was the project where we had to of this type of perspective is if you needed to draw something use perspective and color. This picture was made on charcoal at a three quarter view. The final type of perspective is three toned paper with pastels but I first laid it out with pencil to get point and this is used that mainly to in making either a bird’s the base lines. The perspective that was used in this picture eye or worm’s eye view. was both one and two point. Two point gave me the items on During the summer of 2012 I took Drawing 1 at Moraine Valley to reaffirm my ability to draw objects. Prior to this class I took Drawing 2. See I took drawing 1 at yet another college before but that was the first time traditionally drawing so many of my drawings were rough. The first drawing teacher stated that because I zoomed in on my drawings it reminded him of another artist. A few years later I retook Drawing 1 to reaffirm my skills and to get the credit for when I transfer out of Moraine Valley.
the floor like the bookshelves and the one point was used to get the balcony part of the picture.
At Moraine Valley they have a certificate for 3D Animation. Within this program I met an amazing teacher by the name of Richard Lapidus. Richard Lapidus is the head of the animation department at Moraine Valley Community College and has been certified as a 3ds Max instructor. 3ds Max is an Autodesk program that allows you to model and animate in a three-dimension area. This 3d program is one of many programs out there that allows you to work in XYZ axis. Amazing artist and great teacher with 3ds Max because Mr. Lapidus understands that life gets in the way. He makes you feel that if you make a mistake it’s okay, just try it again.
“3ds Max is an Autodesk program that allows you to model and animate in a three-dimension area.”
The class that this was made in was the basic one that a person should take when they first start the program. This basic class shows you how to familiarize a person with the 3d program as well as Photoshop and Illustrator. The issue with the class though was that I took this basic class toward the middle of the program. So all of the basic things that Mr. Lapidus was teaching for 3d I already knew in detail. What I didn’t really know as well was Illustrator and Photoshop. These two softwares are a very important to understand since they can do so much, like texturing the skin for a beautiful three dimensional model. This basic class allowed me to explore these softwares and get me familiar with them. This piece was done with a tutorial found on Autodesk. All these pieces taught different ways to model objects. It was a way to better my modelling abilities in 3ds Max. I also thought it would be pretty fun to make an animation of them playing the chess. This piece was really to further myself in all the aspects from modelling, materials, and even the correct type of lighting for the scene. Tutorials are a great way to learn how to do things with the assistant of someone
Chess Field By: Elizabeth Simon Abroit