the digital art of
(ISI)DORE KOLIAVRAS 2008-2010
the digital art of
(ISI)DORE KOLIAVRAS Hello out there....My name is Isidore Koliavras and i’m a visual designer. I always had a passion for painting comic book heroes. Finally I made my childhood dream come true, by creating this book...
I was not a very good student rather by choice than by incapability...i always had my mind drawing than reading...i always knew what I wanted to do in life...well I felt closed enough...
In this publication, (actually not a real one, rather than a collectors book) you will discover how I see comic book heroes from a different perspective than the one that you used to watch. I fully manipulate my figures through a 100% digitally manner. My tools of trade are my hardcore (eight core really) Personal Computer, my wacom intuos 3 tamplet, Poser 8 and Photoshop CS3!
I have a creative office of my own and my area of expertise is applied arts, in the modern advertising world... What I have made in this book is just for fun...never meant to publish any of these... just spending some free time, doing what I always liked.... So whats the reason for printing this?
Now this is a story I have to share...Its a story of a small boy whose destiny changed in one single morning... At the age of five I had a trip with my parents for summer vacations...At this age you dont do or think much...While we were waiting at the airport I saw a 2color character with a mask leaping off a building trying to catch a woman who was falling...It was one of the first ever comic books featuring Spiderman published in Greece... At this point I have to thank my parents for letting me buy that book... Since then I was trying to recreate Spiderman ,in every pose I could possibly imagine...
you can contact me at: email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
The problem was that I used my school books as my sketchbook...My teachers didn’t liked that, my parents didn’t liked that...to be honest.. noοne seemed to like that...
To be honest I want my kids to be proud of having a dad that he will always have a child’s heart in some things anyway... My other secret hope is that someday someone who’s working for Dc comics will see my work and he’ll propose to me to work for them! Paying me 3000$ for every page I make...(laughing). In the years to come, I hope I’ll be getting better and better to what im doing... At this point I would like to thank two people from the bottom of my heart...Alex Ross and Daniel Scott Gabriel Murray. These two great masters have been a great inspiration to me...
uperman is a fictional character, a comic book superhero widely considered to be an American cultural icon. Created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian-born artist Joe Shuster in 1932 while both were living in Cleveland, Ohio, and sold to Detective Comics, Inc. in 1938, the character first appeared in Action Comics #1 (June 30, 1938) and subsequently appeared in various radio serials, television programs, films, newspaper strips, and video games. With the success of his adventures, Superman helped to create the superhero genre and establish its primacy within the American comic book. The character’s appearance is distinctive and iconic: a blue, red and yellow costume, complete with cape, with a stylized “S” shield on his chest. This shield is now typically used across media to symbolize the character. The original story of Superman relates that he was born Kal-El on the planet Krypton, before being rocketed to Earth as an infant by his scientist father Jor-El, moments before Krypton’s destruction. Discovered and adopted by a Kansas farmer and his wife, the child is raised as Clark Kent and imbued with a strong moral compass. Very early he started to display superhuman abilities, which upon reaching maturity he resolved to use for the benefit of humanity.
“You will be different, sometimes you’ll feel like an outcast, but you’ll never be alone. You will make my strength your own. You will see my life through your eyes, as your life will be seen through mine. The son becomes the father and the father becomes the son.”
Live as one of them, Kal-El, to discover where your strength and your power are needed. Always hold in your heart the pride of your special heritage. They can be a great people, Kal-El, they wish to be. They only lack the light to show the way. For this reason above all, their capacity for good, I have sent them you... my only son.
â€œAt December 2008 i decided to create a color comic book on my own, based on Superman. It has 96 pages and at this time 76 pages are ready. It was a painfull procedure. I got a spine problem because of the endless time rendering and Photoshoping...â€? -----------------------------------------------* this is not the final coner
DECEMBER 2008 - 2010....
“Some pages i made for my upcoming comic book “Salvation upleft: The justice League has a meeting discusting about how to handle the crisis upright: Some action Right: Superman confronting one of the bad guys”
One of my earliest renderings , feauturing Lois Lane
SUPERMAN OVER EGYPT Giza is the location of the Pyramid of Khufu (also known as the “Great Pyramid” and the “Pyramid of Cheops”); the somewhat smaller Pyramid of Khafre (or Kephren); the relatively modest-sized Pyramid of Menkaure (or Mykerinus), along with a number of smaller satellite edifices known as “Queen’s pyramids”; and the Great Sphinx. Of the three, only Khafre’s pyramid retains part of its original polished limestone casing, near its apex. This pyramid appears larger than the adjacent Khufu pyramid by virtue of its more elevated location, and the steeper angle of inclination of its construction — it is, in fact, smaller in both height and volume. The Giza Necropolis has been a popular tourist destination since antiquity, and was popularized in Hellenistic times when the Great Pyramid was listed by Antipater of Sidon as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Today it is the only one of those wonders still in existence.
CORCOVADO Corcovado, meaning “hunchback” in Portuguese, is a mountain in central Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The 710-metre (2,329 ft) granite peak is located in the Tijuca Forest, a national park. Corcovado hill lies just west of the city center but is wholly within the city limits and visible from great distances. It is known worldwide for the 38-meter (125 ft) statue of Jesus atop its peak, entitled Cristo Redentor or “Christ the Redeemer”.
SUPERMAN - THERE IS A CRISIS OUT THERE
EARTHQUAKE IN ITALY The body of a 28-year-old Greek student, Vassilis Koufolias, was pulled from the rubble of his apartment in Lâ€™Aquila, the central Italian town razed by a 6.3-magnitude earthquake that struck on Aprill 2009, killing more than 200 people. ---------------------------------------------this is deticated to the Greek student the kid was alive but noone was able to save him on time...Goodbye Vasili.
PISA - ITALY Pisa is known worldwide for its Leaning Tower (the bell tower of the city’s cathedral) The decline began on August 6, 1284, when the numerically superior fleet of Pisa, under the command of Albertino Morosini, was defeated by the brilliant tactics of the Genoese fleet, under the command of Benedetto Zaccaria and Oberto Doria, in the dramatic naval Battle of Meloria. This defeat ended the maritime power of Pisa and the town never fully recovered: in 1290 the Genoese destroyed forever the Porto Pisano (Pisa’s Port), and covered with salt like Carthage at Scipio’s times. The region around Pisa did not permit the city to recover from the loss of thousands of sailors from the Meloria, while Liguria guaranteed enough sailors to Genoa. Goods continued to be traded, albeit in reduced quantity, but the end came when the Arno started to change course, preventing the galleys from reaching the city’s port up the river. It seems also that nearby area became infested with malaria. Within 1324 also Sardinia was entirely lost in favour of the Aragonese.
POWERS AND ABILITIES As an influential archetype of the superhero genre, Superman possesses extraordinary powers, with the character traditionally described as “faster than a speeding bullet, more powerful than a locomotive, and able to leap tall buildings in a single bound”, a phrase coined by Jay Morton and first used in the Superman radio serials and Max Fleischer animated shorts of the 1940s as well as the TV series of the 1950s. For most of his existence, Superman’s famous arsenal of powers has included flight, super-strength, invulnerability to non-magical attacks, super-speed, vision powers (including x-ray, heat-emitting, telescopic, infra-red, and microscopic vision), super-hearing, and superbreath, which enables him to blow out air at freezing temperatures, as well as exert the propulsive force of high-speed winds. As originally conceived and presented in his early stories, Superman’s powers were relatively limited, consisting of superhuman strength that allowed him to lift a car over his head, run at amazing speeds and leap one-eighth of a mile, as well as incredibly tough skin that could be pierced by nothing less than an exploding artillery shell.Siegel and Shuster compared his strength and leaping abilities to an ant and a grasshopper.When making the cartoons, the Fleischer Brothers found it difficult to keep animating him leaping and requested to DC to change his ability to flying.Writers gradually increased his powers to larger extents during the Silver Age, in which Superman could fly to other worlds and galaxies and even across universes with relative ease. He would often fly across the solar system to stop meteors from hitting the Earth, or sometimes just to clear his head. Writers found it increasingly difficult to write Superman stories in which the character was believably challenged so DC made a series of attempts to rein the character in. The most significant attempt, John Byrne’s 1986 rewrite, established several hard limits on his abilities: He barely survives a nuclear blast, and his space flights are limited by how long he can hold his breath.Superman’s power levels have again increased since then, with Superman currently possessing enough strength to hurl mountains, withstand nuclear blasts with ease, fly into the sun unharmed, and survive in the vacuum of outer space without oxygen.
The source of Superman’s powers has changed subtly over the course of his history. It was originally stated that Superman’s abilities derived from his Kryptonian heritage, which made him eons more evolved than humans.This was soon amended, with the source for the powers now based upon the establishment of Krypton’s gravity as having been stronger than that of the Earth. This situation mirrors that of Edgar Rice Burroughs’ John Carter. As Superman’s powers increased, the implication that all Kryptonians had possessed the same abilities became problematic for writers, making it doubtful that a race of such beings could have been wiped out by something as trifling as an exploding planet. In part to counter this, the Superman writers established that Kryptonians, whose native star Rao had been red, only possessed superpowers under the light of a yellow sun. More recent stories have attempted to find a balance between the two explanations. Superman is most vulnerable to green Kryptonite, mineral debris from Krypton transformed into radioactive material by the forces that destroyed the planet. Exposure to green Kryptonite radiation nullifies Superman’s powers and immobilizes him with pain and nausea; prolonged exposure will eventually kill him. The only mineral on Earth that can protect him from Kryptonite is lead, which blocks the radiation. Lead is also the only known substance that Superman cannot see through with his x-ray vision. Kryptonite was first introduced to the public in 1943 as a plot device to allow the radio serial voice actor, Bud Collyer, to take some time off. Although green Kryptonite is the most commonly seen form writers have introduced other forms over the years: such as red, gold, blue, white, and black, each with its own effect.
dedicated to the people who died at 9/11 at the WORLD TRADE CENTER
SUPERGIRL â€?Iridescent beams of copper gleam across this golden chasm, I stand in reverence, awed, by this magnificent landscape. Variegated light, sparked by clouds, mix up the tints eyes looking front ~ hope floats through my consciousness ~ like the emerald ribbon below. Opposites attracted ~ this gorge of ambition versus the progress of mankind complementing each other ~ in everlasting graciousness interdependencies apparent ~ gazing beyond this chasm. Ravens fly, deer roam, free, in the winter sun. Quietly, a rare occurrence, in this commercialized world. Yet, despite the confines of culture nature conquers ~ this commercialism refusing to be, limited by manâ€™s devices. â€œ
You can tell by the way She walks that she’s my girl You can tell by the way she talks she rules the world You can see in her eyes that no one is her Chi She’s my girl my Supergirl And then she’d say it’s OK I got lost on the way But I’m a Supergirl and Supergirls don’t cry And she’d say it’s allright I got home late last night But I’m a Supergirl and Supergirls just fly And then she’d say that nothing can go wrong When you’re in love what can go wrong And then she’d laugh the night time into the day Pushing her fears further along
And then she’d say it’s OK I got lost on the way But I’m a Supergirl and Supergirls don’t cry And she’d say it’s allright I got home late last night But I’m a Supergirl and Supergirls just fly Then she’d shout down the line tell me she’s got no more time Cause she’s a Supergirl and Supergirls don’t cry Then she’d scream in my face tell me to leave leave this place Cause she’s a Supergirl and Supergirls just fly She’s a Supergirl a Supergirl She’s sewing seeds she’s burning tree She’s sewing seeds she’s burning tree She’s a Supergirl a Supergirl A Supergirl my Supergirl
The Flash is a name shared by several fictional comic book superheroes from the DC Comics universe. Created by writer Gardner Fox and artist Harry Lampert, the original Flash first appeared in Flash Comics #1 (January 1940). Nicknamed the Scarlet Speedster, all incarnations of the Flash possess “super-speed”, which includes the ability to run and move extremely fast, use superhuman reflexes and seemingly violate certain laws of physics. Thus far, four different characters, each of whom somehow gained the power of “super-speed”, have assumed the identity of the Flash: Jay Garrick (1940— ), Barry Allen (1956– 1985, 2008— ), Wally West (1986–2006, 2007— ), and Bart Allen (2006–2007). Before Wally and Bart’s ascension to the mantle of the Flash, they were both Flash proteges under the same name: Kid Flash. The second incarnation of the Flash, Barry Allen, is generally considered the first hero of the Silver Age of comic books and the superhero has remained one of DC‘s most popular ever since. Each version of the Flash has been a key member of at least one of DC’s three premier teams: the Justice Society of America, the Justice League, and the Teen Titans. Wally West has recently rejoined the Justice League, and Barry Allen recently returned to life in the pages of Final Crisis.
Green Lantern is the name of several fictional characters, superheroes appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. The first (Alan Scott) was created by writer Bill Finger and artist Martin Nodell in All-American Comics #16 (July 1940). Each Green Lantern possesses a power ring that gives the user great control over the physical world as long as the wielder has sufficient willpower and strength to wield it. While the ring of the Golden Age Green Lantern (Alan Scott) was magically powered, the rings worn by all subsequent Lanterns were technological creations of the Guardians of the Universe, who granted such rings to worthy candidates. These individuals made up the intergalactic police force known as the Green Lantern Corps.
Each of the Earth’s Green Lanterns has been a member of either the Justice Society of America or the Justice League of America, and John Stewart was featured as one of the main characters in both the Justice League and the Justice League Unlimited animated series. The Green Lanterns are often depicted as being close friends of the various men who have been the Flash, the most notable friendships having been between Alan Scott and Jay Garrick (the Golden Age Green Lantern and Flash), Hal Jordan and Barry Allen (the Silver Age Green Lantern and Flash), and Kyle Rayner and Wally West (the modern age Green Lantern and Flash), as well as Jordan being friends with West.
“In brightest day, in blackest night, No evil shall escape my sight Let those who worship evil’s might, Beware my power... Green Lantern’s light!”
WONDER WOMAN Wonder Woman is a DC Comics superhero created by William Moulton Marston. First appearing in All Star Comics #8 (December 1941), she is one of three characters to have been continuously published by DC Comics since the company’s 1944 inception (except for a brief hiatus in 1986). Wonder Woman is a member of an all-female tribe of Amazons (based on the Amazons of Greek mythology) who was created by Marston as a “distinctly feminist role model whose mission was to bring the Amazon ideals of love, peace, and sexual equality to ‘a world torn by the hatred of men.’”Her powers include super strength, super speed, stamina, and flight. She is highly proficient in hand-to-hand combat and in the art of tactical warfare. She also possesses an animal-like cunning and a natural rapport with animals, which has in the past been presented as an actual ability to communicate with the animal kingdom. She uses her Lasso of Truth (which forces those bound by it to tell the truth), a pair of indestructible bracelets, and an invisible plane. Created during World War II, the character was initially depicted fighting the Axis military forces, as well as an assortment of supervillains and supervillainesses. In later decades, the World War II setting was often maintained, while other writers
updated the series to reflect an ongoing “present day.” Wonder Woman has also regularly appeared in the team books Justice Society (from 1941) and Justice League (from 1960). Arguably the most popular and iconic female superhero in comic Wonder Woman is also considered a feminist icon and is informally grouped with Superman and Batman as one of a “Trinity” of DC characters, regarded as especially important. Diana is regarded as extremely physically attractive even by the standards of the superheroine. She was named the twentieth greatest comic book character by Empire magazine. In addition to the comics, the character has appeared in other media—most notably the 1975-1979 Wonder Woman TV series starring Lynda Carter, but also in cartoons such as the Super Friends and Justice League. Although a number of attempts have been made to adapt the character to live-action film, none have yet emerged from “development hell.” An animated film was released in 2009, with Keri Russell doing voice acting on the title role.
AQUAMAN Aquaman is a fictional comic book superhero who appears in DC Comics. Created by Paul Norris and Mort Weisinger, the character debuted in More Fun Comics #73 (Nov. 1941). Initially a backup feature in DCâ€™s anthology titles, Aquaman later starred in several volumes of a solo title. During the late-1950s and 1960s superhero-revival period known as the Silver Age of Comic Books, he was a founding member of the team the Justice League of America. In the 1990s-present Modern Age of Comic Books, Aquamanâ€™s character became more serious than in most previous interpretations, with storylines depicting the weight of his role as king of Atlantis.
Aquaman has also appeared in animated and live-action television programs. In pop culture, Aquaman has frequently been the subject of mockery for his distinctive powers, which are often comically portrayed as useless in comparison to those of other superheroes.
SILVER SURFER The Silver Surfer (or Norrin Radd) is a Marvel Comics superhero created by Jack Kirby. The character first appears in Fantastic Four #48 (March 1966), the first of a three-issue arc that fans and historians call “The Galactus Trilogy”. Originally a young astronomer of the planet Zenn-La, Norrin Radd made a bargain with the cosmic entity Galactus, pledging to serve as his herald in order to save his homeworld from destruction. Imbued in return with a tiny portion of Galactus’ Power Cosmic, Radd acquired great powers and a new version of his original appearance. Galactus also created for Radd a surfboard-like craft — modeled after a childhood fantasy of his — on which he would travel at speeds beyond that of light. Known from then on as the Silver Surfer, Radd began to roam the cosmos searching for new planets for Galactus to consume. When his travels finally took him to Earth, the Surfer came face-to-face with the Fantastic Four, a team of powerful superheroes that helped him to rediscover his nobility of spirit. Betraying Galactus, the Surfer saved Earth but was punished in return by being exiled there.
Powers The Silver Surfer wields “the power cosmic”, absorbing and manipulating the universe’s ambient cosmic energies. He can augment his strength to incalculable levels, and is almost totally indestructible. He can navigate space, hyperspace and dimensional barriers, and can fly at near-limitless speeds on his board, entering hyperspace when he exceeds light speed. He has even proven capable of time travel on occasion. The Surfer does not require food, drink, air or sleep, sustained entirely by converting matter into energy. He is immune to temperature extremes and most radiation, and can survive in vacuum environments such as outer space and hyperspace. He can analyze and manipulate matter and energy, and restructure or animate matter at will, even transmuting elements. He can heal living beings (though he cannot raise the dead), and has proven capable of revitalizing or evolving organic life on a planet wide scale. He can alter the size of himself or of other matter, cast illusions, fire energy blasts, form and manipulate energy constructs, manipulate gravity, absorb and discharge most forms of energy, and phase through solid matter. His senses enable him to detect objects and energies light years away, and to perceive matter and energy in subatomic detail; he can even see through time, and with concentration can achieve limited perception of past and future events in his general vicinity. The Surfer has demonstrated limited telepathic ability on occasion, and has proven able to influence human emotion and sensation.
Paraphernalia The Surfer’s board is composed of the same impervious, cosmic-powered silvery material as its master’s skin, and is mentally linked to the Surfer; it moves in response to his thoughts, even when he is not in physical contact with it. The board is almost totally indestructible, but on those rare occasions where it has been damaged or destroyed, the Surfer has been able to repair or even re-create it. The Surfer can attack opponents remotely by directing the board against them, and the board is capable of absorbing and imprisoning other beings, at least temporarily.
Born Anthony Edward “Tony” Stark, he is an industrialist playboy and genius engineer who suffers a severe heart injury during a kidnapping and is forced to build a destructive weapon. He instead creates a powered suit of armor to save his life and escape captivity. He later decides to use the suit to protect the world as Iron Man. Through his multinational corporation, Stark Industries, Tony created military weapons and his own metal suit is laden with technological devices that enable him to fight crime. Initially, Iron Man was a vehicle for Stan Lee to explore Cold War themes, particularly the role of American technology and business in the fight against communism. Subsequent re-imaginings of Iron Man have gradually removed the Cold War themes, replacing them with more contemporary concerns such as corporate crime and terrorism. Throughout most of the comic’s history, Iron Man has been a member of the superhero team the Avengers and has been featured in several incarnations of his own various comic book series. The character has been adapted for several animated TV shows and films. The character is portrayed by Robert Downey, Jr. in the live action film Iron Man and features briefly in The Incredible Hulk; Downey will reprise the role in the upcoming sequel, Iron Man 2.
Iron Man is a fictional character, a superhero that appears in comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character first appeared in Tales of Suspense #39 (March 1963), and was created by writer-editor Stan Lee, scripter Larry Lieber, and artists Don Heck and Jack Kirby.
WOLVERINE - XMEN Wolverine is a fictional superhero who appears in comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character first appeared in Incredible Hulk #180 (October 1974) and was created by writer Len Wein and Marvel art director John Romita Sr., who designed the character, and was first drawn for publication by Herb Trimpe.Wolverine later joined the X-Men’s “All New, All Different” roster in Giant-Size X-Men #1 (May 1975). X-Men writer Chris Claremont played a significant role in the character’s subsequent development as well as artist/writer John Byrne, who insisted on making the character older than the other X-Men. Artist Frank Miller collaborated with Claremont and helped to revise the character with a fourpart eponymous limited series from September to December 1982 in which Wolverine’s catch phrase,
“I’m the best there is at what I do, but what I do isn’t very nice,” debuted. Born James Howlett and commonly known as Logan, Wolverine is a mutant, possessing animal-keen senses, enhanced physical capabilities, retracting bone claws, and a healing factor that allows him to quickly recover from virtually any wound, disease or toxin, also enabling him to live beyond a normal human lifespan. This healing ability enabled the supersoldier program Weapon X to bond the near indestructible metal alloy adamantium to his skeleton and claws without killing him. Wolverine was typical of the many tough anti-authority anti-heroes that emerged in American popular culture after the Vietnam War; his willingness to use deadly force and his
brooding nature became standard characteristics for comic book anti-heroes by the end of the 1980s. As a result, the character became the clear favorite for fans of the increasingly popular X-Men franchise. Wolverine has been featured in his own solo comic since 1988 and has been a central character in every X-Men adaptation, including animated television series, video games, and the live-action 20th Century Fox X-Men film series, in which he is portrayed by Hugh Jackman. In May 2008, Wolverine was ranked #1 out of “Wizard Magazine’s Top 200 Comic Book Characters of All Time” and was ranked #4 of “The 50 Greatest Comic Book Characters” by Empire Magazine in July 2008.
THE HULK The Hulk is a fictional character, a superhero appearing in comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby, the character first appeared in The Incredible Hulk #1 (May 1962). In 2008, the hobbyist magazine Wizard named the Hulk the seventh-greatest Marvel Comics character. Empire Magazine named him the fourteenth greatest comic book character overall, and the fifth highest ranked in the Marvel stable. The Hulk is cast as the emotional and impulsive alter ego of the withdrawn and reserved physicist Dr. Bruce Banner. The Hulk appears shortly after Banner is accidentally exposed to the blast of a test detonation of a gamma bomb he invented. Subsequently, Banner will involuntarily transform into the Hulk, depicted as a giant, raging, humanoid monster, leading to extreme complications in Banner’s life. Lee said the Hulk’s creation was inspired by a combination of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and Frankenstein. Although the Hulk’s coloration has varied throughout the character’s publication history, the most consistent shade is green. As the Hulk, Banner is capable of significant feats of strength, which increases in direct proportion to the character’s anger. Strong emotions such as anger, terror and grief are also triggers for forcing Banner’s transformation into the Hulk. A common storyline is the pursuit of both Banner and the Hulk by the police or the armed forces, due to the destruction he causes. The character has since been depicted in various other media, most notably by Lou Ferrigno in two television series, six television movies, and an animated series; through the use of CGI in Hulk (2003) and The Incredible Hulk (2008), as well as in three animated series and various video games.
“Tell me.... Have you ever danced with the devil in the pale blue moonlight “ Batman
Batman, originally referred to as the BatMan and still referred to at times as the Batman, is a fictional character, a comic book superhero co-created by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger (although only Kane receives official credit), appearing in publications by DC Comics. The character first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939.
acters’ roots in film and pulp magazines. Unlike most superheroes, he does not possess any superpowers; he makes use of intellect, detective skills, science and technology, wealth, physical prowess, and intimidation in his war on crime. In 2009, following Wayne’s apparent death, the role of Batman has been taken up by his former ward and the first Robin, Dick Grayson.
Additionally known as the Caped Crusader, the Dark Knight, the Dark Knight Detective, and the World’s Greatest Detective; in the original version of the story and the vast majority of subsequent retellings, Batman’s secret identity is Bruce Wayne, a billionaire playboy, industrialist, and philanthropist. Having witnessed the murder of his parents as a child, he swore revenge on crime, an oath tempered with the greater ideal of justice. Bruce trains himself both physically and intellectually and dons a batthemed costume in order to fight crime. Batman operates in the fictional American Gotham City, assisted by various supporting characters including his main sidekick Robin, his butler Alfred Pennyworth, the police commissioner Jim Gordon, occasional assistance from the heroine Batgirl as well as the hero Nightwing. He fights an assortment of villains influenced by the char-
Batman became a popular character soon after his introduction and gained his own comic book title, Batman, in 1940. As the decades wore on, differing interpretations of the character emerged. The late 1960s Batman television series used a camp aesthetic which continued to be associated with the character for years after the show ended. Various creators worked to return the character to his dark roots, culminating in the 1986 miniseries Batman: The Dark Knight Returns, by writer-artist Frank Miller, while the success of film director Tim Burton’s 1989 film Batman helped to reignite popular interest in the character. A cultural icon, Batman has been licensed and adapted into a variety of media, from radio to television and film, and appears on a variety of merchandise sold all over the world.
Itchy Bitchy Spider went up the water spout Down came the rain and washed the spider out Out came the sun and dry up all the rain And Itchy Bitchy Spider went up the spout again
This book is dedicated with love and appreciation to Christopher Reeve (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004)
“He made us believe a man can fly...”