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ARTICON ARTICON Τechnological Educational Institute of Athens Faculty of Fine Arts and Design

Laboratory of Advanced Research Technologies for Investigation & Conservation


ARTICON ARTICON Τechnological Educational Institute of Athens Faculty of Fine Arts and Design LABORATORY OF ADVANCED RESEARCH TECHNOLOGIES FOR INVESTIGATION &CONSERVATION http://articon.lab.teiath.gr articon@teiath.gr Aghiou Spiridonos 12 Egaleo12210, Athens, Greece Τel: +(30) 210 5385463│ +(30) 210 5385458


ABOUT US The interdisciplinary Laboratory Advanced Research Technologies for Investigation & Conservation “ARTICON�- TEI of Athens serves educational and research needs in the field of conservation and promotion of cultural heritage. The subject of the laboratory is focused on the application of advanced technologies in diagnosis, documentation, conservation, maintenance and restoration of objects, with an emphasis on visual artworks and book - archival material. The management of collections and sets of cultural objects as well as the development and application of modern approaches to viewing, presentation and generally highlighting cultural exhibits is also included in the main research frame of the laboratory. ARTICON is a research structure at TEI of Athens, under the Committee of Education and Research, officially founded according to the decision 2836 of the Assembly, published at the Official Goverment Gazette 515 / 03.04.2015 vol.B. The laboratory is addressed to: the academic community, private and public cultural institutions, organizations and individuals in need of modern techniques, conservation practices and promotion of cultural objects to support or strengthen their activities, research institutes and national or foreign organizations that operate in the same context and wish to work together to develop new or improve existing research methodologies and in the Greek Higher Education Institutions and Agencies to support the educational work on issues related to the science of conservation, restoration and the promotion of cultural heritage.


THE AIM the development, improvement and application of methodologies, techniques and scientific tools in the field of investigation, documentation, conservation and restoration. the support for the use of standard procedures and the provision of certified services the protection and the promotion of cultural heritage with emphasis on artworks and the book-archivalmaterial the production of modern research material to support education and learning objectives the strengthening of the cooperation of researchers and institutions working in similar fields

THE SCIENTIFIC FIELDS the implementation and the promotion of non-destructive tests (NDT) and non-invasive techniques. the application and promotion of modern digital capture technologies for documentation, restoration and reconstruction. the development of standards, experimental protocols and good practice guides. the study of the pathology, the assessment of conservation status, the conservation and the restoration of the objects the application of instrumental chemical analysis and cutting-edge technologies for the identification of materials and the construction techniques. the study of the historical-aesthetic status of cultural heritage objects and their interpretation through conservation. the development of methodologies for monitoring conservation procedures and evaluating their effectiveness. the dissemination of the results and the reinforcement of research and education links with the use of modern information and communication technologies.


ACTIVITIES The main activities of ARTICON include: Research in the fields of interest of the laboratory and Education for teaching and research needs in undergraduate and postgraduate level. Preparation, submission and implementation of national and international research projects and plans as well as advisory or development projects and technical studies aimed at meeting the needs of the scientific community and the society. Even though the laboratory has only a few months of life, the founding members have a long experience in conducting research through national and European funded projects, technical studies, Ph.D. thesis supporting and dissertation projects. The following are the most representative ones: 2015-2016:"Study of morphoplastic elements in the painting of Theophilos Hadjimichael supported by methodologies of non destructive testing." funded by ELKE TEI-A. 2015-2016:"Programming actions for safely moving of book and archival material in the National Library of Greece, from the building on Panepistimiou Street to Faliron Delta". funded by ELKE TEI-A. 2015:"Physicochemical study and documentation of the of the Winds Tower surfaces at the archaeological site of the Roman Agora of Athens for the conservation treatment and the archaeological promotion of the monument" funded by the Greek Ministry of Culture. 2012-2014: “Oil Paintings on Paper Support: Documentation of the preservation state using multispectral imaging and chemical analysis. Determination of evaluation criteria – Conservation treatment proposals” . This research has been co-funded by the European Union (European Social Fund) and Greek national resources under the framework of the “Archimedes III: Funding of Research Groups in TEI of Athens” project of the “Education & Lifelong Learning” Operational Program. Total Budget: 83.000,00 €2009: “Multispectral study of oil sketches belonging to the National Gallery and Andreas Soutzos Museum” funded by the Costopoulos Foundation.


2002–2008: “Upgrade of the education in the Dpt. of Conservation of Antiquities and Works of Art TEI of Athens through the introduction of new technologies and informatics” co-funded by the European Union (European Social Fund) and Greek national resources under the framework Operational Program “Education and Primary Vocational Training (ΕPΕΑΕΚ ΙI). 2002-2006: “Copy books: Historical, Physical Chemical Study and Documentation, Conservation proposals.” (ARCHIMIDIS I), funded by the Operational Program “Education and Primary Vocational Training (ΕPΕΑΕΚ ΙI). 2000 - 2005: “CULTURE 2000/A2/GR-96-DiARTgnosis: Study of European Religious painting” REF2000/1182, funded by EU.Coordinator Prof. AnastasssiosKoutsouris –ARTICON –TEI of Athens. The TEI research team had the resposibility for diagnosis and documentation using non-destructive testing and physical chemical microanalysis of twelve post Byzantine icons belonging to the Loverdos’ collection of Byzantine and Christian Museum. The results of this study have been presented in the CD ROM of the program and the handbook “DiARTgnosis –The Loverdos’ Collection”. 2002–2006 : “ CRAQUELURE: Methodology for the extraction of the crack patterns and specific characteristics by the use of mathematical image processing of the visible, ultraviolet and infrared recordings” funded by «ATHENS 2004» ELKE TEI-A. 2001: “SAVE ART: Art and Technologies in Conservation”. Intensive educational program funded by Erasmus-Socrates Office in collaboration with the Byzantine and Christian Museum, Greece, the Universidad del Pais Vasco, Spain, the AkademiaSztukPieknychW.Krakow, Poland, the Hogeschool Antwerp, Belgium, the Accademia di Belle Arti Aldo Galli, Italy and the VyskolaSkolaVytarnychUmeni, Slovakia. 1997-2000: “Design and Implementation of the Curriculum of the Dpt of Conservation of Works of Art and Antiquities” funded by the Operational Program “Education and Primary Vocational Training (ΕPΕΑΕΚ Ι). 1999: “Evaluation of Educational Work and Services of the Dpt of Conservation of Works of Art and Antiquities, TEI of Athens”. Educational Program funded by the Operational Program “Education and Primary Vocational Training (ΕPΕΑΕΚ Ι). 1994-1995. “Study of ageing mechanism of the organic materials of artworks”, Joint Research Program between the Photochemistry Laboratory at the Joseph Fourier University, Grenoble, France and the Laboratory of Physical Chemical Methods applied to Works of Art, TEI of Athens, funded by the GSRT.


1990: “Image processing techniques for the study of infrared images. Application to Bouzianis’ paintings”. Two years National research program funded by the GSRT elaborated in the Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, School of Chemical Engineering NTUA. 1988: “Application of image processing techniques to the study of painted artworks”, Joint Research Program ERASMUS UCP-87-0004-G1-GR elaborated in Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, School of Chemical Engineering NTUA, funded by EEC in collaboration with OpificiodellePietreDure e Laboratori di Restauro di Firenze, Italy andUniversitéScientifique et Medicale de Grenoble, CERMO France. 1984 - 1986: “Physical Chemical Study of twenty byzantine icons belonging to the Byzantine and Christian Museum”, Joint Reseach Program elaborated in the Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, School of Chemical Engineering NTUA, funded by EEC in collaboration with InstitutFrançais de Restauration des Oeuvres d’ Art (IFROA), Paris France.

Consultancy

Providing consulting services on issues concerning the described activity fields, including, state of preservation, protection, preventive conservation, first rescue measures, storage, exposure, periodic monitoring sets, etc. cultural objects sets and collections management proposals development and application of modern approaches to viewing, presentation and highlighting cultural exhibits


Services ARTICON, through the Special Account of Research Funding TEIA, can provide services to individuals, entities and organizations of all legal forms in accordance to academic ethics and by analogy with the provisions of Presidential Decree 159/1984. The services include: • Non destructive testing and instrumental chemical analysis studies using physicochemical documentation and diagnosis methods in situ or in the laboratory: hyperspectral imaging techniques in various radiations (HSI) special photographic techniques in the ultraviolet and the visible (UVF, UVFC, UVR, photomacrography) infrared reflectography (IRR) Infrared Transmition (IRT) false color infrared imaging (FCIR) thermography (IRTh) reflectance spectroscopy using optical fibers (FORS) photomicrography optical interferometry stereoscopic photography holography Visual optical and fluorescence microscopy (VLM, FLM) selective staining techniques scanning electron microscopy (SEM-EDX) X-ray diffraction (XRD) X-ray fluorescence (XRF) infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) • Informating Technology applications Developing of specialized data bases for Cultural Heritage collections and sets management as well as for scientific results. Image processing applications 3D scanning applications Digital representation and aesthetical restoration. digital documentation • Conservation/Rrestoration condition reports and conservation treatment proposals conservation /restoration treatment in situ or in the laboratory


Application of advanced conservation treatments and restoration techniques in the laboratory (disinfestations in a nitrogen environment, local cleaning using absorbent bank, reinforcing textile support using heated bank pressure, etc) in situ application of specific maintenance interventions (in case of natural disasters or moving failure) and preparation of transport - travel projects.

ΠΟΛΙΤΙΣΤΙΚΟ ΙΔΡΥΜΑ ΟΜΙΛΟΥ ΠΕΙΡΑΙΩΣ

ARTICON

Actions of diffusion of knowledge and awareness of society about the importance of protection, rescue and promotion of cultural heritage. 2015-2016: Co-organization of the Conference «Diagnostic and conservation issues of paper material» in Athens with the Piraeus Bank Cultural Foundation - Historical Archive and in Thessaloniki with the Piraeus Bank Cultural Foundation - Historical Archive and the General State Archives. The conferences made up the starting point of a collective effort to strengthen the scientific links of paper conservation laboratories under the development of an informal network. 2015: Organization of the Conference: «Oil paintings on paper support: documentation of the preservation state using multispectral imaging and chemical analysis. Determination of evaluation criteria-conservation - treatment proposals» in collaboration with National Gallery and Alexandros Soutzos Museum.


Partnerships with academic institutions and research centers in Greece or abroad and with public and private entities. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

National Gallery and Alexandros Soutzos Museum Byzantine and Christian Museum Benaki Museum Museum of Greek Folk Art Archaeological Museum of Piraeus Directorate of Conservation of Ancient and Modern Monuments, Ministry of Culture French Archaeological School American School of Classical Studies, TheGennadius Library, Centre for the Study of Modern Pottery Apostoliki Diakonia of the Church of Greece, Association of Friends of F.Kontoglou National Literary and Historical Archive Ephorate of Antiquities of Athens Ephorate of Antiquities of Achaia Ephorate of Antiquities of Heraklion Ephorate of Antiquities of Ancient Corinth Ephorate of Antiquities of Rhodes Ephorate of Antiquities of Chania Monastery of Aghia Paraskevi, Magnesia School of Chemical Engineer, National Technical University of Athens Department of Mediterranean Studies, University of Aegean-Faculty of Humanities Department of Geography, University of Athens Higher School of War Ministry of Defense Piraeus Bank Group Cultural Foundation


Publications/Conferences peer reviewed full paper of the ARTICON Scientific Team. (Selection) Α.Alexopoulou, A.-A.Kaminari, A.Kandri and D.Balafa,2016,«The study of two Marble Pyxides from the Archaeological Museum of Ancient Corinth using hyperspectral imaging» accepted at the 41rst International Symposium on Archeometry (ISA), Kalamata 25-29May 2016. Kanapitsas A. , Batrinou A., Aravantinos, A., Markaki P., C. Sflomos, “Effect of γ - radiation on the production of Ochratoxin A by Aspergillus carbonarius in raisins (Vitisvinifera L.) ”, Radiation Physics and Chemistry (to be published). A. Maltezos, C. Potiriades, A. Aravantinos. “Environmental radioactivity monitoring in Greece”. iaea.org / NCL Collection Store / Public / 20/ 045/ P.Banou, A.Alexopoulou & B.W.Singer, 2015 –“The treatment of oil paintings on paper supports—Considerations on the treatment applications used from the past until the present”, Journal of Paper Conservation, IADA, Vol.16, No.1, pp.29-36. P.Banou, A.Alexopoulou, C.Chranioti, D.Tsimogiannis, A.V.Terlixi, S.Zervos, B.W.Singer, 2015, “Investigating the effect of oil binders in paints and inks on paper supports via VOC emission analysis” in Journal of Cultural Heritage (accepted). A.Kaminari and A.Alexopoulou, “Heinrich Schliemann’s Copybooks in the Gennadius Library. A non-destructive imaging documentation for assessing the condition of the archive”, XIII IADA Congress, International Association of Book and Paper Conservators, 12-16 October 2015, Berlin, Germany. A.Kaminari, I.Sianoudis, A.Alexopoulou, “Iron Gall Inks on papers and copies: The possibility of achieving differentiation based on the use of Fibre Optics Reflectance Spectroscopy (FORS)”, 8th National Conference on NDT of HSNT, 8-9 May 2015, Athens, Greece A.Kaminari, P.Banou, A.Alexopoulou, 2015, “The application of FORS and Colourimetry for the evaluation of the optical change of the artist paper supports used for printing and oil painting techniques”, 8th National NDT Conference: The Contribution of Non-Destructive Testing for the Safety of Small and Large Works and Constructions, The Hellenic Society of Non-Desrtuctive Testing , Athens, 8-9 May 2015. E.Karantoni, L.Karambinis, A.Malea, C.N.Papaioannou, Z.Tsourti, Th.Avaritsiotis, G.Panagiaris,2015 “Design of field research for the ethical management framework of Bioart» Conservation Conference, Athens 25 -29 May 2015.


L.Karambinis, C.N.Papaioannou, Th.Avaritsiotis, 2015 “Bioart: Definitions and Boundaries.” Conference on Ethics and Aesthetics, Athens 12 -13 June 2015. L.Karambinis, C.N.Papaioannou, Th.Avaritsiotis, 2015 “Bioart: Limits and censorship.” Censorship Congress in Greece, Athens, 17-19 December 2015 A.Alexopoulou and A.Kaminari, 2014, «The evolution of imaging techniques in the study of manuscripts», Manuscript Cultures, No.7, pp.58-68.


A.Alexopoulou and I.Karamanou, 2014 “The Papyrus from the “Musician’s Tomb” in Daphne: MΠ 7449, 8517-8523 (Archaeological Museum of Piraeus)”, Greek and Roman Musical Studies (GRMS) 2 23-49. A.Moutsatsou and A.Alexopoulou, 2014 “A note on the construction of reference samples for the multispectral study of paintings” Studies in Conservation, Vol. 59 No.1 3-9. A.Alexopoulou, A.Kaminari, A.Moutsatsou, P.Banou, A.Terlixi, D.Doulgeridis, B.Singer et al 2014,“Oil paintings on paper supports: Investigating the state of preservation of the paper support using NDT and microanalysis technique”, Proceedings of Art ’14, 11th international Conference on Non Destructive testing and Microanalyis for the diagnostics and Conservation of Cultural and Environmental Heritage, 11-13 June, Madrid, 2014. P.Banou, A.Alexopoulou, Ch. Chranioti, D.Tsimogiannis, B.Singer, 2014 “Oil based media on paper: investigating the effect of oil medium on the paper supports via VOC emission analysis” , Proceedings of Art ’14 11th international Conference on Non Destructive testing and Microanalyis for the diagnostics and Conservation of Cultural and Environmental Heritage, 11-13 June, Madrid, 2014. A.Kaminari, A.Moutsatsou, P.Banou and A.Alexopoulou, 2014 “The contribution of imaging techniques to nondestructive testing of oil paintings on paper supports” Proceedings of Art ’14 11th international Conference on Non Destructive testing and Microanalyis for the diagnostics and Conservation of Cultural and Environmental Heritage, 11-13 June, Madrid, 2014. P.Banou, A.Alexopoulou, B.W.Singer, 2014, “Investigating the effect of oil medium on the paper supports of works of arts (artwork on paper support). A discussion over factors, mechanisms and effects involved”, in the post printings of the conference Men and Books: From Microorganisms to Mega-organisms, organized by European Research Centre for Book and Paper Conservation-Restoration in Horn, Austria, 23rd - 25th April 2014 (in press). P.Banou, A.Alexopoulou & B.W.Singer – “The treatment of oil paintings on paper supports—Considerations on the treatment applications used from the past until the present,” IADA ‘IF ONLY I HAD KNOWN – LOOKING BACK, MOVING FORWARD’, Amsterdam, May 14th – 16th, 2014.


FOUNDING MEMBERS

Dr Athina-Georgia Alexopoulou, Chemical Engineer, Professor, Head of the Laboratory and scientific responsible for NDT and Instumental chemical analysis Konstantinos Antoniadis, Physicist - Photographer, Professor, Scientific responsible for Photographic Documentation Dr Athanassios Aravantinos, Physicist, Professor, Scientific responsible for Technical Holography / Thermography Panagiotis Ilias, Photographer, Lecturer, Scientific responsible for Digital Documentation & Reproduction Leonidas Karambinis, Fine Arts Artist - Conservator, Lecturer Scientific responsible for Color & Digital Restoration Dr.Anastassios Koutsouris, Fine Arts Artist - Conservator, Assistant Professor, Scientific responsible for Painting conservation and Management of Collections Dr Dimitris Makris, Informating Technologies, Assistant Professor, Scientific responsible for Digital Documentation & Representation Dr Constantine Choulis, Fine Arts Artist - Conservator, Associated Professor, Scientific responsible for Conservation & Management of Book & Archival Material


ARTICON  

The interdisciplinary Laboratory Advanced Research Technologies for Investigation & Conservation "ARTICON" is a research structure at Techno...

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