Corpo-real Case-study 10.0 Hospitable Society

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Report Case Study 10.0

2021

Hospitable Society

Corpo-real/ ArtEZ Master Interior Architecture


Introduction Corpo-real focuses on researching the endlessly changing relationship between bodies and space. This is the foundation of our work with our students: the body as repository of social reality and spatial truth. In this title ‘corpo’ stands for bodies in general

ArtEZ, Zwolle location

and ‘real’ for the reality that they relate to. We live in a time of large-scale, fast and urgent transitions, perhaps even in a world of crises. The Covid-19 pandemic has an immense impact on our societies. It increases social inequality, and has changed our perspective on health care and the way we travel and live together. Digital technology has slowly entered our daily lives, and will certainly continue to do so in the future. Corpo-real has created a learning community where students and tutors develop a research-driven spatial design practice geared towards an unknown future. Corpo-real students and tutors critically examine the connection between bodies and space, while we strive to work beyond the disciplinary limits of Interior Architecture. Experimental thinking to initiate innovation and emancipation within, and for, the field of Interior Architecture. Together we ask questions regarding new theoretical constructions, re-imagine the future, and create new perspectives for the professional field. Corpo-real deepens and innovates the domain of interior architecture and considers art education a rapidly evolving domain of research and practice. Research is therefore imperative in the Corpo-real research practice: the synthesis of thinking, making and reflecting. The intertwining of theoretical research and artistic research and the importance of the role of theory in our programme is how we differ from other master’s programmes in Interior Architecture. Case In the Case-study, students work on an urgent research question which plays an important role in work commissions by institutional clients. These are challenges which do not require immediate and concrete solutions; rather, the clients are looking for unexpected new strategies and scenarios. The main teaching methods used are field work, studio days and workshops. Research methods are adopted from other disciplines such as anthropology, writing, scenography or curating. Irene Müller (tutor case-study) Ingrid van Zanten (head Corpo-real)


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Contents

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About us

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Introduction

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Hospitable Society

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Initiating Friendship

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Phases of Friendship

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Stages of the Research Method

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Research method & Observation

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• BIKE

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• PET

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• FOOD

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• KID

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Assumptions

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Make the Border Bold

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Sketching Hospitality

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Field research

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We, Others, Border

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Empathy

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Conclusions

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Colophon


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About us

Cansu is 31 years old and from Turkey. She did her bachelor’s degree in architecture and she worked as an interior designer for multiple offices before her masters. Besides her interest in yoga & meditation, she tries to embrace multi-disciplinary approaches to her designs and wishes to broaden her knowledge & practice.

Qixian is 27 years old and come from Foshan, China. His undergraduate major was Environment Design. He worked for several Design studios and engineering companies for three years after graduating from his bachelor university. His goal is to be a project manager in the interior architecture field or PhD researcher in the near future.

Eylül is 24 years old and a Turkish designer and architect based in Turkey and the Netherlands. Her projects’ find their meanings in the context of multi-sensory layered spatial bodily experiences. She creates spaces, objects, installations and digital drawings where she can collaborate with multidisciplinary artists. In her projects, Eylül values the place in between artistic research and theory.

Ting comes from China, likes reading books, nonfiction and fiction as well. She likes art and is curious about science. She enjoys classical music and animated movies. She hopes to become a spatial designer and to travel around the world.

Geralde is an architect from Indonesia. He does experiments on interconnection between human and space. Having interest in art, buildings and details, his study aim to make a space that provide comfort and wellness for mind and body. Huang has curiosity and passion in exploring how people’s thought and behavior can be influenced with spatial changes. During some of his research, he often works with other students to create experiments to test human interactions and relationships. Hung-Che is a 25 years old Taiwanese. His bachelor majored in Landscape Architecture. He enjoys art and explores every possibility within the architecture field. In the future, he wants to be a designer who can become the bridge for the public to introduce the relationship between art and space.

Xinyi is a Chinese girl. She loves art and design. She enjoys drawing and music. She studied interior architecture in China before the master and in the future she wants to be a good designer and illustrator.

Eylül Hung-Che

Ting Xinyi

Qixian

Huang

Cansu

Geralde


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Hospitable Society

Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 crises, we have witnessed many new situations which we would otherwise not expect. The worldwide pandemic has brought to us difficult circumstances that before we could only imagine as scenarios in movies. It has reshaped almost all aspects of society and, more particularly it has brought about a great impact on the relationships between us and that between us and nature. As master students of interior architecture, we contemplate the future of human society and the earth we inhabit. The theme of Case Study #10 is: Hospitable Society. In history, hospitality is one of the first human laws that shape societie and it is quite essential, and should bevalued. According to French philosopher Derrida, a home must have some kind of opening in order to be a home, meaning that the host must be hospitable to preserve his identity as a host. Derrida deconstructs the relationship between host and guest through poetic and political meanings and points out the necessity of absolute hospitality, which should be always there, no matter of circumstances. You may be in the position of host one day, but you could be in the position of guest the very next day. It is like rehearsing the possibilities shaping in time. On the other hand, neighbourhoods, where everyday life takes place, provide us a stage to observe and rehearse those relationship possibilities happening in time, in the shape of giving and receiving care and hospitality. Specifically, we were presented with the contrasted fates of two sectors: the quickly rising needs in healthcare and the depression in the industry of hospitality. At first glance, these two sectors are not quite relevant to one another: the former engages with professional practices of healthcare while the latter is mainly concerned with relaxation and pleasure in a business context. In the course of this Case Study, we were inspired to juxtapose these two sectors and think from unconventional perspectives. For example, we should not be limited by understanding “hospitality” in a commercial sense. Both sectors play the role of caregiver in our society. Departing from revisiting the root of the notion of “hospitality”, we are encouraged to reconsider the relationship between host and guest / caregivers and patients. Through a research-oriented approach, we drew upon multiple disciplines and freely explored the realities and possibilities of a hospitable society. From spatial organization to societal (in) equality, from human behaviours to human relations, we attempt to respond to the core of the topic with the potential of interior architects and designers.


Case Study 10.0 / Hospitable Society

Imaginary hospitable future drawing

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Initiating friendship

According to the Jacques Derrida, absolute hospitality allows no discrimination. Hospitality is not just about considering the newcomer, it is also embracing. Derrida defines hospitality as inviting and welcoming the stranger. A sense of welcoming and belonging are thus influential topics for hospitality.

Hospitality is always relational. It cannot be individual. “Hospitality exists within lived experience; it is a gift given by the host to the guest and then shared between them… The true gift of hospitality is an act of generosity experienced by the guest which turns a stranger into a friend for a limited period of time.” (O’Gorman 2006)


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INITIATING FRIENDSHIP

In our project, we chose a neighbourhood which can be defined as multicultural and multi-layered. When we analysed the neighbourhood, we realized that there is cultural diversity in the users of the neighbourhood. Also, there is diversity in the daily activities of the users. As a group, we are aiming to connect people and foster feelings of inclusiveness and team spirit. There are various possibilities for showing hospitality and care towards others. That’s why the group members chose different daily activities and routines for designing multiple scenarios that emphasize the different phases of friendship within hospitality and care. Our group believes in respecting the local identities and encouraging the users to take care for each other and themselves. We believe that a hospitable society must include care for each other, a sense of belonging, inclusivity for everyone, and adaptabilityin different conditions. Among those qualities mentioned above, none can be achieved individually, hence, we raised the following question focused on the relationships between individuals in daily lives of a multi-cultural neighbourhood.

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Case Study 10.0 / Hospitable Society

Through Bike-Kid-Pet-Food

1

2

3

4

Bike Care

Kid Care

observing people who are

gathering the parents

taking care of their bike

from school

Phase 1 stranger

Phase 1 stranger

encountering/running into

forming the activities

each other while caring for bike

for the group

Phase 2 familiar

Phase 2 familiar

working together and helping

creating a space

each other while caring for bike

for parents’ gathering

Phase 3 knowing-sharing

Phase 3 knowing-sharing

interacting and sharing

eventually becoming a

leisure time together

long-term relationship

Phase 4 friends

Phase 4 friends


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Phases of Friendship

Pet Care

Food Care

observing people who are taking care of their pets

attracted together

Phase 1 stranger

Phase 1 stranger

encountering/running into each other while caring for pets

experience new food

Phase 2 familiar

Phase 2 approaching

helping and playing with each other while caring for pets

have a conversation together

Phase 3 knowing-sharing

Phase 3 interacting

interacting and sharing leisure time together

learning something new

Phase 4 friends

Phase 4 threshold crossed


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Case Study 10.0 / Hospitable Society

4 Why this research method? Filming: Observing people’s behaviours in the neighbourhood during the morning and the evening Mapping: Adding our own experiences Field work/Interview: Connecting with the public

Friendship

Intervention: Observing the bodily experiences related to friendship

1 2 3

Research Question How can one initiate friendship between human and non- human agencies based on their daily lives?

BR

Research Method Phase 1

AINSTORM

Filming and Mapping as a research method


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Stages of the Research Method

OB

SERVATION

S

6 5 What do we want to learn?

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Our goal was to observe how human and non-human objects create an interaction. We wanted to learn about people behaviour in their daily lives. We wanted to compare different time slots and human/non-human behaviours.

Phase 2 Field investigations and Interventions as research method

ASSUMPTIONS

What was our goal?


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Thomas à Kempisstraat- Neighbourhood

• • •

Shops and markets Housing City voids


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Research Method & Observation

1 How can we connect our daily routines and experiences with

people whith whom share our environment?

2 How can we connect care and hospitality to our daily experiences? 3 How can we socialize with people in a neighbourhood and

care for ourselves and the others?


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RESEARCH METHOD & OBSERVATION

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Intervention / BIKE

City Void-Bike lot Bike lot design – conceptual

Caring for ourselves and others is important. Society needs people to care for each other, otherwise it will collapse. Caring for your own bike and other peoples bikes is a way of caring for yourself because you will spend time socializing with people as well as providing care without any expert help. Cycling adds to a healthier lifestyle of people in urban spaces.

What do we want to achieve with the bike lot installation? Using a bike is a common daily activity in the Netherlands. Also, people can care for their environment and themselves while using a bike in their daily routines. In this intervention, we aimed to connect cycling and socializing to increase the care aspect in the daily routines of people, which will lead them to connect with others.


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Searching for bike care processes and tools, searched for the spatial requirements for bike repairment.

Clear me

Check my wheels

Cleaning tools-water source-bike stand

Enough space

Keep my tyres inflated

Lubricate me

Bike pump-standing track

Bike specific lubricant

Check and tighten my brakes

Customize me

Specific tools

Paint-brushes-sprays-stickers-accessories

The first intervention takes its background from the theoretical research and aims to use the bike care stages as an initiator for social interaction. The boxes accommodate the different tools for bike care. Our aim was to get information from the users of the bike lot that is located in the neighbourhood.


INTERVENTION / BIKE

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Connecting cycling and socializing to increase the care aspect in the daily routines of people that will lead them to initiate friendship.


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Case Study 10.0 / Hospitable Society

1

2

3


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INTERVENTION / BIKE

4 1 Bike owner using the bike stand 2 Encountering and running into each

other while taking care of the bike. Being

an observer and a user at the same time

3 Working together and helping each

other while taking care of the bike

4 Interacting and sharing leisure time together


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“I realized that hospitable society should welcome everyone and focus more on commonalities.”


RESEARCH METHOD & OBSERVATION

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Intervention / PET

Care & Hospitality A hospitable society welcomes its users and provides them a place to be involve in. As Derrida states, ahospitable society should provide absolute care no matter what.

Derrida on Hospitality (1997) ● ● ● ●

Foreigner & not-foreigner Familiar & not-familiar Stranger & not-stranger Host & hostage

The city as a care giver The layers of a city tell us a lot about the vivid life happening there.


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Schoolstraat and Thomas à Kempisstraat

Where The neighbourhood is a busy area where shops and supermarkets are located and where daily life is vivid both during the day and evening. The flow of people and the daily activities happening in this area offer us a great potential to observe and investigate about hospitality and friendship and their relationships.


INTERVENTION / PET

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Observations & interviews

Circulation

• • • • •

Shops and markets Housing Car Bicycle Human


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Case Study 10.0 / Hospitable Society

“...and city its elements which individuals are exposed from the moment they take their first breath, can be seen as a framework or a ‘stage’ on which the everyday takes place.” Walter Benjamin 1924 The act of observation needs some measure of distance between the observer and the observed. This gap provides the observer a safety spot from which he can make an analysation. Observation is not just about gathering information. It also interprets data to create ‘meaning’. In this case, meaning comes from experience. Interventions make it visible to elaborate this connection.

Interviews What is your purpose for visiting this area? ● Walking/running/doing sports (5) ● Walking with my dog (5) What do you like the most ? ● Petting/walking my own dog (5) ● Petting/walking other dogs (3) ● Just watching other dogs (1) ● Don’t like dogs (1)

‘PETcare’ analyses Owning a pet is quite common in the Netherlands. After spending some time here, running into a pet with his owner became a regular experience for me. In the area, there is a diversity of shops and restaurants that people visit daily. Most of the pet owners leave their pets outside while they are handling their daily affairs there.

PETcare • Pet me daily food and water needs

• Teach me

46%

abundance of curiosity to explore 25%

26%

11%

7%

8%

• Walk me

daily fresh air and toilet needs

• Play with me

No pets

Dog

Cat

Pet ownership in the Netherlands

Fish

Bird

Other

abundance of energy to spend

Daily activities of pets

• Learn with me • Watch me • Heal me


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INTERVENTION / PET

Can ‘PETcare’ serve as a facilitator to ‘initiate friendship’ between human & non-humans? Possible shared activities in the area Story-line (as one of the scenarios)

Encountering / running into each other • Phase 1: Stranger (the other) Eating and drinking together • Phase 2: Familiar Walking / playing together • Phase 3: Knowing, sharing Learning and teaching together • Phase 4: Friends

Petcare provides different interaction possibilities, not only between pet owners but also with other people and pets, hence it provides us with a variety of user profiles and different levels of interaction possibilities. Therefore, possible shared activities through petcare are observed, researched and presented as a possible story line. We aimed to analyse different phases of interaction levels, from stranger to friend.

Human - non-human relationship scenarios in petcare

Profiles involved in petcare through spectators activity

PET and PET ● Encounter between different animals (birds, ducks and other?)

OBSERVER Less conscious watch one who spectate

HUMAN and PET ● Encounter between different user profiles - dog owner, walker, watcher and the animals HUMAN and HUMAN ● Encounter between different user profiles - dog owner, walker, watcherprofiles involved in petcare through a spectators activity

WATCHER More conscious watch one who actively spectate DOG OWNER/FOSTER / DOG WALKER/PETTER Can be more or less conscious


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Ideas & design

As I continue to make observations and do interviews I have realized that the majority of daily users in the area chose to observe pets from a distance first. While some people are already fine as just observers, some people enjoy daily encounters with them even by changing their route. “A PLATFORM FOR INITIATING FRIENDSHIPS”

E! M T E P E! M E R CA ! E M D ! FEE E M H T I W Y PLA

Daily activities with pets tried to be embraced through design processes.

● People tend to get shy while asking permisson to pet other people’s dogs. A space where people can leave their pets while they are busy.

● Pets tend to see their environment as a playground.


INTERVENTION / PET

Intervention

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Interview Site - Thomas à Kempisstraat

Interview Results Positive opinions on sharing food.

100%

Interview - Food Shops

Adventurousness on multi-cultural food

67%

Willingness to promote own cultural food

80%


RESEARCH METHOD & OBSERVATION

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Intervention / FOOD

Neighborhood Interview By doing interviews with the owners of three different food shop that represent three different cultural backgrounds d, we would like to learn about their ideas and opinions on food waste, expiring food, food sharing and multi-cultural interaction. The extracted information is a useful source that informs the direction of later-on physical intervention.

Question 1

Question 3

Do you throw away expiring food or donate them?

Where do you usually shop for food?

Shop 1 Throw them away or put them on sale. Shop 2 Normally, we throw them away. Shop 3 Suppliers would collect them and send them to farms.

Shop 1 If needed, also go to Dutch supermarket Shop 2 Normally they get everything from their own shop. Shop 3 Sometimes go to a different kind of asian market.

Question 2

Question 4

Are you willing to donate expiring food?

Would you like to promote your food culture to others?

Shop 1 Okay with donating. Shop 2 I would like to donate. Shop 3 Pretty willing to donate.

Shop 1 Never think about this before. Shop 2 If there’s a chance, would be happy to share their culture. Shop 3 Very willing to share different culture.


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Food Exchange The community could occasionally organizes some events in which people from different cultures place their food stand together to hand out food from their own culture backgrounds with expiring food. This could provida great chance to have multiculture interactions.

Culture B

Culture A

Culture C

A Platform for cultural exchange


INTERVENTION / FOOD

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Tea stand tryouts After the first few decision-makings, we set up a tea stand as our physical intervention nearby an elementary school campus. During the intervention, residents nearby came to talk with us over a cup of hot tea. Interestingly, we talked in different languages, the interaction was a pleasant experience, and for sure we established some sort of relationship with others via the tea stand.

Physical Interventions


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Parents’ Friendship - Friendship community Parents group In Japan, moms usually exchange their experiences or items when they are picking up their kids. For example which brand of diaper is better or sharing recepies.These activities usually happen at a park near the school. When parents are talking with each other, the children play together. During this process, the kids and parents are getting familiar with each other, and that is the moment they build the spirit of community.

Conversation to form the parents’ friendship

Exchange their experience or items

Kids naturally build their friendship


RESEARCH METHOD & OBSERVATION

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Intervention / KID

Interview 1 If there is a space for you to chat with other parents while your kids can play with each other, would you make use of it? 2 Do you like to share the experience with other parents or things that you don’t need anymore? 3 Due to the Covid-19, would you feel more comfortable to stay outside when you want to have a conversation with others?

Theoritical Research - Parenting by Father & Mother ● Men play with their children ● Father more likely do the playful activities ● Men have different ideas about raising a kid ● Women usually worry more about the kids behavior, educated, future ● Mother more likely feel the responsibility ● Working mothers tend to experience more stress.

How to form a Parents Group (Story Line) Gathering the parents from school Forming the activities for the group Creating a space for parents gathering Eventually become a long-tern relationship


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Idea for Intervention: Sharing Box During the pandemic, people are less in contact with each other physically. However, we can still take care of each other without touching. Here is one idea for the intervention to allow the parents to share the things that they think may be helpful to others. For example, people can leave toys that their children don’t play with anymore, or healthy food recepies.


INTERVENTION / KID

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Sharing Box: Scenario

Physical intervention try out


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“Architecture, as a part of the living environment to which individuals are exposed from the moment they take their first breath, can be seen as a framework or a ‘stage’” (Walter Benjamin 1924) on which the everyday takes place.


RESEARCH METHOD & OBSERVATION

Assumptions

Place- everyday actions ‘People do not merely select a place to live that matches their habitus; rather places are made through repeated everyday actions and interventions that work on both the neighbourhood and the individual.’ (Place-making and Place Maintenance, 2012) Based on our observations the relationship between human and non-human agencies can be studied in detail through the food, bike, pet, and kid aspect. While we were filming and mapping through walking, we observed that these four contexts were dominant key elements to initiate friendship in the neighbourhood.

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Make the border bold


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MAKE THE BORDER BOLD

Definition of ‘Hospitality’

Interactive

Culture exchange

Close to nature

Freedom

Share

What is Hospitality?

Stress relieved

Feel like home

Communication

Appreciation Host & guest

Clean environment


Case Study 10.0 / Hospitable Society

We started from the definition of “hospitality”. We created a scenario in which a group of people live in a big dome. They enjoy living in this lovely community. They care for each other. They feel safe living inside the dome. When we presented our concept drawings and the idea of dome to one of our guest lecturers, she shared with us her thought: a dome could be a shelter offering protection in a positive way but could also be a filter differentiating people in a controversial way. Then we decided that we could approach the topic of “hospitality” through understanding inclusion, exclusion and empathy.

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MAKE THE BORDER BOLD

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Sketching Hospitality


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Field research

We visited the refugee center in Kampen. It is located at a remote and quiet area. There are no shops nearby. We saw people cycling with big bags of groceries on the high-way from the center to next town nearby. Refugees crossed a number of borders before they arrive at the refugee center here in the Netherlands. However, here they find a new “border”. The place where they now live is isolated from society.


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MAKE THE BORDER BOLD

Exclusion ACZ Dronten

City of Kampen AZC Dronten

Remote From The City

Fence

Ditch


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Inclusion The Salvation Army Zwolle / Leger des heils

In the city of Zwolle, there are some organizations that offer consultancy and assistance to people who are in need of help. We visited some of them. Due to the situation of pandemic, only the Salvation Army (Leger des heils) was open to accept our visit. According to the staff, most of their guests are unemployed, or new arrivals or elderly people who live in the neighborhood. It is a place for people to come by and have a cup of coffee or tea. It is equipped with a lovely kitchen. A few volunteers work here as helpers. Besides this there is a second-hand clothes shop. Commodities are exchanged here.


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MAKE THE BORDER BOLD

We, Others, Border Our work was inspired by the notion of ‘habitus’ in sociology. The French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu notes that habitus refers to the way that we perceive the world around us and how we respond to it. It refers to the physical embodiment of cultural capital, to the deeply ingrained habits, skills, and dispositions that we possess due to our life experiences. The habitus not only is structured by an individual’s objective past position in the social structure but also structures the individual’s future life path. Bourdieu argued that the reproduction of the social structure results from the habitus of individuals. Border

Others

We

Accessibility = no border/free border

Refugees/migrants, disabled, homeless, etc.

We are all humans – anyone can be a refugee, homeless or disabled person

kin loc /B ing ss ce Ac

g

kin

loc

/B

ing

ss

ce

Ac

g

Space

We

Others Caring/Sharing/Empathizing

Departing from ‘habitus’, we draw the diagram in defining our research question in relation to ‘hospitality’. We draw upon three elements: ‘we’, ‘others’ and ‘space’. ‘Hospitality’ reflects the relationship between we and others. The relationship between we/others and space leads to the key word: BORDER.

We aimed to investigate how the border in space affects the relationship between we and others? We selected refugees, disabled people and homeless people as examples of ‘others’. When we think about empathy, we question: Could anyone of us become a ‘refugee’/’disabled person’/’homeless person’ in the sense that we are blocked by borders in particular situations?


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Territorial border

The Political Equator Teddy Cruz and Fonna Forman extended a line from the Tijuana-San Diego border across a world map, and discovered a corridor of global conflict that links some of the world’s most contested border zones.

1 The border between Mexico and

4 The disputed sovereignty over

United States was defined in the

Kashmir has been plaguing the

middle of 1800. Since 2017, the

local people since 1947, when the

Mexico-United States barrier (‘the

British India was partitioned into

Trump wall’) was officially built

India and Pakistan.

along the border.

2 Melilla and Ceuta are two Spanish

5 Demilitarized Zone (DMZ),

exclaves in Morocco. The border

established in 1953 as a buffer

fences in these two cities block

zone between North Korea and

flux of people from entering

South Korea.

Spain and further the European Union.

3 Palestinian territories consist of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Israel occupied them in 1967 and has since maintained control.


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MAKE THE BORDER BOLD

Blocking

Border Marker

Vehicle / Pedestrian barrier

Ditch

Fence / Wall (Barbed wires)

Watch Tower (Camera / guard)

Unblocking

Detouring

Striding

Climbing

Reflection from desk research On news and in documentaries, we see that there are many blocking measures taken by the authorities. But people who are desperately seeking for asylum overcome those imposed measures. We are impressed by refugees’ adaptability to the adverse situations they are constantly facing.

Tunnel Crawling


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Case Study 10.0 / Hospitable Society

Urban Border

Observation & documentation We walked trough the city, identifying and documenting regulated space. When we juxtapose the desk research for refugees and the documentation of our living environment, both of ‘others’ (refugees in this case) and ourselves are regulated by borders. In this way, we are aware of the connection between us and others through the border scenario. And when we have such awareness, we empathize with each other and this will help facilitate hospitability in our society.

Due to the pandemic, even how

Regulated traffic

we walk inside of our school is regulated.

Sidewalk for the blind is

Bench with bar - designed for

interrupted by a fence.

sitting but not for sleeping – excluding the use from homeless people.

Findings Borders are everywhere inside buildings and in the bigger living environment. Do we become refugees in a certain specific sense?


MAKE THE BORDER BOLD

Empathy

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How can we make people empathize with others? Does awareness of the existing borders in our society help to build a hospitable society?


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Hygiene for Homeless Intervention 1

Location 2

Location 1

Klein Grachtje 16, 8021 JC Zwolle

Ossenmarkt 25, 8011 MS Zwolle

Intervention 2


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MAKE THE BORDER BOLD

Target We take a closer look at the group of people that are excluded from society. Homeless people can be found almost everywhere in the city streets and corners. It is a situation that can happen to any of us, given different background. Because the lack of home, whichis primary need, it can cause serious change in their appearance and figure.

Approach We decided to focus on hygiene. Hygiene depends a lot on the quality of living. A lack of hygienic living environment can impact homeless people in a big way. The condition of their environment is often not clean enough and therefore they are easily exposed to diseases. They can rarely finda good public shower. Some of them are okay with not showering for a week or even a month. One way of washing up is find to a fast food restaurant and wash their face and arms there.

Hygiene kit In order to take care of homeless peoples hygiene, we included primary hygiene equipment such as ; socks, gloves, bandage, hand sanitizer, nail-clipper, and water bottle in a kit. It is placed in two easily accessable locations: the church and supermarket are public spaces with easy access.

A public seating A seating place across the city corner where everyone can sit in, homeless kit can also be found in the racks below. Provide a more hygienic space for homeless to sit on and spend their time.

Homeless Dirty Neglected

Self care Changed

Hygiene Clean New look New opportunities


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Make disabled people dis-disabled “Disability is caused by the way society is organized and not by a person’s impairment.” UNICEF Observation

Cannot take the shopping chart and basket with themselves, thus they cannot buy too many things.

Cannot reach high position.

Sometimes they cannot pass the way because of the circulation of public space and accidents may happen.

Their sight is blocked when they are looking for things at lower positions.

Sometimes the blind way leads to a dead end.

Sometimes the blind way is blocked.

To protect the privacy of disabled people, we choose to draw them down instead of taking photos.


MAKE THE BORDER BOLD

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Reading box for dyslexia We want to build a space that has a welcoming atmosphere for all people. People can play with each other, help each other. This place can call on the awareness that ‘we are all human, we are the same.’

This reading box is designed for empathizing people with dyslexia. People read texts which are put in the box through a magnifier. We aimed to encourage the public to better understand people with dyslexia in a more interactive way. Through this small intervention, we aim to build a bridge between people who need help and the public. We attempt to build a dis-disabled world: enabling the disabled group through empathizing and creating an inclusive, accessible and hospitable world.


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A Broad Border There should be a connection between a, b and c to guide and protect blind people. The site only has a short blind way next to the bus stop. There’s no blind way on the sidewalk and a bike way breaks the connection between the side walk and the bus stop. This situation is quite dangerous for blind people.

a Entrance of nursery home b Blind way next to bus stop c No blind way on the side

Sensory Pavilion The 3D guidance sensory pavilion can lead the road for blind people and without blocking the bike way. A pavilion with multi-sense transferd the blind way from 2D to 3D and combines the tactile and olfactory to lead the way.


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MAKE THE BORDER BOLD

Sharing Borderline Sharing borderline in front of the shopping center of England

• What is the sharing borderline surrounding us? • Sharing borderlines can be visible and invisible. • How can people accept this borderline in their mind?

• What can people do in corona-virus situation? • How can people pass through in this period? • How can people pass to go back to society?

Sharing borderline on the road in the USA Sharing borderlines can provide protects and cares to the people who need help.

Sharing borderline in the small community-intervention

• Sharing borderline is not merely sharing some physical things, it can be some mental things, the feeling from people, as the conceptual borderline between visible and invisible. • Bringing people back to the society • Exchange information • Social interacting • Listening to each other’s heart voice


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Case Study 10.0 / Hospitable Society

How people react when space is not accessible?

Detouring

Breaking (cyclist)

Crossing above

Detouring

Crossing beneath

Crossing through

Breaking (car)

Stepping on

Cutting off


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Group Intervention Border in Public Space

Approach We placed a border made from wooden frame, fabric, and strings. The wooden frame offers a smaller access which is why most of the pedestrians are not confident enough to enter it. The strings offers bigger access to cross over. Located in Melkmarkt Street in Zwolle city centre, which is an outdoor public market area, we observed how people react when there is something blocking their way. It elicits a reaction even though it is just a line. It reminds us of how we usually make borders, even without realising it, visibly and invisibly. Detouring and avoiding the border or stepping over it are what humans do when they encounter a border. It also represent how we make our own zone and how we differentiate one from another. Borders marking ethnicity and believes are the most common invisible border. The border allows or denies someone to cross over. As our topic is hospitable society, all groups of people should be accepted without differentiation. The aim of this intervention is to emphasize the exclusivity and inclusivity that is happening all over the world by making the border bold.


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The Hanging Shelter Inspired by our first brainstorming idea of dome and shelter, we want to make a shelter of our own that provides safety and comfort. From craft paper and combined with fabric as materials, the object is hanged using fishing line to make it look like it is a hanging shelter. The Artez’s canteen is a place with a lot of people walking around. So what if there is a safe zone in the middle of a room? Would people go there and seek shelter? In this intervention, we want to discover in which situation people need or do not need protection.


MAKE THE BORDER BOLD / GROUP INTERVENTION

Shelter for All

Shelter Umbrellas What we picture to be a hospitable society is a community where diversities are accepted. Everyone live side by side in peace. Diversities can also be represented by colours. Thus, we modify colourful umbrellas and put in the public chair to form a shelter and protection from the weather. These umbrellas are attached to public benches in parks and on the streets. We aim to provide a more comfortable bench for people.

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Conclusions

As a final step for the case study course, we as a group of student designed an interactive symposium. We are referring to it as interactive because we created an environment where the audience could interact with each other, the space and us. The workshop’s aim was to foster the relationship between human-human and human-nonhuman while guiding them to create a concept of border. The workshop focused on the concepts of friendship and border. We designed five various frames, provided multiple wooden sticks and ropes for the spectators to engage with each other while creating borders between each other. Workshop raised awareness for both the audience and designers because there was an exchange in the ideas. To conclude what we have done with our case study projects, is that we found that the relationships and bonds between, human, non-human and the environments are fluid and ever-changing. The establishment of friendship can be made possible with ordinary aspects in our daily lives, which has the potential to become mediums or stimulus that initiates the forming of a warm, hospitable community. Where we live in is not merely spaces that contains human, but a lively stage that we, as human, can build a hospitable society within it. We are different as individuals, at the same times, we are all humans. Although we cannot eliminate borders in our living environment, we care for each other and we have empathy for others. We are adaptive to the regulated space and the manipulated society. Regardless of what kind of borders we have, visible or invisible, physical or conceptual, we are able to create and maintain friendships in a hospitable society.


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Colophon 2021 Report Case-study 10.0 / Hospitable Society Corpo-real / Master Interior Architecture Tutor Irene Müller Students Benedictus Geralde Bintoro Cansu Sezer Eylül Tombakoğlu Hung-Che Cho Ting Yang Xinyi Kang Yu-Chi Huang Qixian Rong Graphic design Studio Damiaan Renkens, Arnhem Basic design Office for Design (Loek Kemming), Laag-Keppel Production Drukkerij Loor, Varsseveld ArtEZ University of the Arts Rhijnvis Feithlaan 50 8021 AM Zwolle corporeal@artez.nl www.corpo-real.artez.nl www.artez.nl


ArtEZ, Zwolle location


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