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In drawing attention to the edges of objects or forms and their peripheral spaces, these artists permeate the boundaries between dimensions. In Pent Up House Karen Schifano uses tape to extend the lines of a form directly onto the wall next to the work, creating an ambiguous spatial depth that disorients the viewer. Drawing directly on the wall, Iemke van Dijk achieves the illusion of a floating object that casts a shadowy halo. For the viewer, this work presents perhaps the most dramatic opportunity to perceive something that is not really there. A spectator in motion may find dynamic visual possibilities in two-dimensional works. Walking past van Dijk’s wall drawing, the viewer will witness its metamorphosis from an oval to a circle and back. New patterns emerge on Rob de Oude’s Proximities and Parameters when the painting is viewed obliquely, and this same angled point of view transforms Guido Winkler’s painting from a rectangle to a trapezoid, distorting its interior rhomboid shapes. (The title of the work is an open invitation to active viewing: One of the endless possibilities of seeing a particular rectangle a little different XII.) With many of the two-dimensional works, the viewer’s perception shifts with durational looking. Lines, colors, and forms may appear to flicker and move across the flat surfaces, or seem to advance and recede. Painters Rob de Oude, Gabriele Evertz, Gilbert Hsiao, and Mel Prest explore the optical effects that occur through the interaction of color and line. For Hsiao, the viewer’s active contemplation is crucial; his monumental mural dazzles the eye with its seemingly endless columns. Both de Oude and Prest approach color intuitively and allow elements of spontaneity and chance to enter their work.

above: Guido Winkler, One of the endless possibilities of seeing a particular rectangle a little different XII (multiple views), 2011

Doppler Shift  
Doppler Shift  

Twenty seven artists from the US and Europe use geometry and color to explore the illusion of difference between two- and three-dimensional...