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EXTRAORDINARY DESIGNS Discover the world of famous architecture China

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December 2012

France

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Malaysia

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Australia

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India

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United States

Glass Building Knoxville, Tennessee


Petronas Tower Kuala Lumbur, Malaysia


Birds Nest Stadium Beijing, China

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Burj Al Arab

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Sidney Opera House Sidny, Australia

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Eiffel Tower Paris, France

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Taj Mahal Agra, India

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Petronas Tower Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

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Si-o-Se Pol Bridge Isfahan, Iran

CONTENTS

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Dubai, United Arab Emirates

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“Architecture is a visual art, and the buildings speak for themselves.� Julia Morgan

Gateway Arch Saint Louis, Missouri


A LETTER FROM EDITOR

Dear Readers, This one and only “THE ARCH” magazine is full of amazing architectures all over the world. From time to time, architecture had been growing and expanding from ancient to modern. Architecture surrounds us every single day. People travel to sight see other countries’ landscapes but never knew how it came about and where the idea comes from. This magazine is perfect for traveling use and architectural lovers. Explore the world of famous architectures. The photos of the architectures would amaze you! The intention of this magazine is not to just show you some extraordinary architectures, but also want you as readers to be familiar with these amazing architectures, which are standing right now at every corner of the world. If photos don’t satisfy your urge, it would be a great idea to plan a visit someday when you have the chance. I promise you will never regret it. Be amazed by the structure, how it could stand tall on its feet for many, many years. I believe architecture is one of the most amazing development human had ever created since hundreds and thousands of years ago. This magazine will guide you to the world of modern architecture. I hope you, as a reader, will enjoy it to the fullest.

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hina’s National Stadium, or the Bird’s Nest, as it has become known, is the world’s largest steel structure and the most complex stadium ever constructed. Its design had to be inspiring and be able to withstand an earthquake. So ‘light weight’ was combined with strength in 110 000 tons of a new grade of steel, the purest ever developed in China, including 36km of steel struts. It is “one of the key engineering marvels in the world today.” China’s National Stadium is located on the Olympic Green about 8km from the center of Beijing. As a testament to its significance, it’s on the city’s north-south axis, which also includes the Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square and the Temple of Heaven, travelling south. The Bird’s Nest was the main venue of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, when it had a capacity of 91 000 spectators. The stadium now has a capacity of 80 000, as temporary Olympic seating has been removed. It was designed by Swiss Architects, Herzog & de Meuron, and Chinese Architect, Li Xinggang, and is shaped like a cradle, but its interlocking steel members, like a latticework of twigs, make the name Bird’s Nest an obvious alias. The design came from the idea of a single thread wrapped round a ball. Layers of logical geometry give the ceremonies from September 6 to appearance of randomness and the September 17, 2008. The stadium organic shape of the structure. will continue to host international The Bird’s Nest hosted the and domestic sporting events, such opening ceremony, athletic events, as football matches. Piles 37m below ground level the football final and the closing were required to bear the weight ceremony of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, which took place and horizontal forces generated by from August 8 to August 24, 2008. the structure. Grouting techniques It was also the venue for the 2008 were used to strengthen the ground Beijing Paralympics athletics and around the piles, pumping concrete

Bird’s Nest

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down through the pile cores, making the piles like giant bulbs of reinforced concrete in the ground. Then the functional inner body of the stadium was put in place. 14700 precast concrete slabs all formed within 2mm tolerance to hold the seating were slotted together. Then followed the 24 anchor points for the columns, 100 tons each. Each column is 1000 tons with no lifting


BEIJING, CHINA equipment able to lift it. An international steel shortage meant that the idea for a retractable roof was scrapped, saving 50M USD. A new grade of steel had to be produced to withstand pulling forces within the structure without the addition of extra columns, which would block spectators’ views. The purest steel ever developed in China allowed the designers of

the Bird’s Nest to combine light weight with strength to provide maximum resistance to seismic forces. Because of Beijing’s location, the stadium had be able to withstand an earthquake. Its low sensitivity to welding, however, meant that welders had to be specially trained to join the interlocking steel sections together, with some welds having to be repeated a number of times

to achieved specification strength. The 11200 ton roof was supported by temporary columns until the moment of truth when the jacks were released and the web of the Bird’s Nest held its own weight. Lots of pentagrams discernable in the interlocking fabric of the structure, like the stars of the Chinese flag. It was a demonstration that China is a world class economic power. 06

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THE ARCH  

Discover the world of famous architecture.

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