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Arta Abdyli M.A SZIU -Department of Landscape Architecture and Urbanism Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Mezősné Szilágyi Kinga PhD candidate Orsoyla Fekete

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE AND CINEMATOGRAPHY A CASE STUDY ON BUDAPEST

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TICS

“Film is an architectural manifestation of social texture.Film's undoubted ancestor [is] architecture. ” - SERGEI M. EISENSTEIN


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1 2 3 4 5

ABSTRACT

GOALS OF THE DIPLOMA PHASES OF THE RESEARCH RESEARCH TOOLS

CONCLUSIONS

AN AMERICAN RHAPSODY Director: Éva Gárdos Director of Photography: Elemér Ragályi


1

ABSTRACT

This thesis interrogates the relation between Landscape architecture and Cinema to understand the representative power of the cities. The architectural image is intended to be interpreted through the concept of city and architectural components in cinema. The Hungarian capital city ­ Budapest ­ is selected as the case study subject; that the research is developed upon. Initially the study is based on the discussion of the relationship between cinema and urbanism from a landscape architect’s point of view. Subsequently urban image in architecture and cinema is studied under several categories. Eighteen movies with various plots are chosen where all the movies are located in Budapest, or most of them do not represent Budapest but are films which have disguised Budapest as other cities like: Paris, London, Berlin, Moscow etc. By analyzing these movies through architectural concepts it is aimed to gain understanding to key points in urban design. Cinema contributes to our understanding of cities to address two key issues: How do filmmakers make use of urban spaces, and how do urban spaces make use of cinema? Merging the disciplines of architecture, landscape design, and urban planning with film studies is my main idea for the thesis. Keywords: Cinema, Landscape Architecture, Representation, City Image.

MUNICH 2005 Director: Steven Spielberg Director of Photography: Janusz Kaminski


Atmospheres Site selection Furniture

2

GOALS OF THE DIPLOMA

Plantation Enviroments

GE

GE SP1

SP2

SP3

To understand the Landscape Architecture notion and show the relation of Landscape Architecture and Cinematography, How do filmmakers make use of urban spaces, and how do urban spaces could make use of cinema?

SP1

THE NEW ROLE OF THE LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT IN THE FILM INDUSTRY

To define the landscape architecture tools and find out their role on film industry

To understand the current competences of the Landscape Architects in the film industry and to propose an expansion of their competences in the future.

To create a touristic route linking the film locations (including the world heritage sites). Identifying the world heritage sites , which are used as site locations of the chosen movies. This route can also work as a green network , which can modify the landscape of Budapest. The route it will be based on the aspects mentioned in the readings according to Lynch, Gehl, Jacobs.. To create documents which can be consulted for future researchs about Landscape and Cinema in diferent contexts ( Paris, NYC, Berlin)

SP2

THE CINEMA ROAD A green Network


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PHASES OF THE RESEARCH

DESCRIPTIVE

ANALYTICAL

Case Study

Theoretical approach

As the thesis consists of two different fields, I will start with the main concepts of cities, analyzing them in architectural elements according to my readings through these months like Jan Gehl, Kevin Lynch, Jane Jacobs, Gordon Cullen and Colin Rowe. I will write about City Scale, Landmarks, Edges, Bridges etc. as elements of architecture ­ in general without getting deep in details. Then I will create a theoretical frame to define both topics of the research ­ Landscape architecture and Cinematography. This theoretical frame will provide the concepts of the cinematography as moving image, space, atmosphere etc. according to readings of Lefebre

Practical approach

CONCLUSIVE

Conclusions & Proposals


4

RESEARCH TOOLS

TF

TF

IV

SP

Theoretical Frame

Scene Analysis Format

Interviews

Spatial proportions and perspective relations

LA

Landscape Architecture

CM

Cinematography

L&C

Dualistic: Landscape and Cinema

DB

Data-Base

LT

Landscape Tools

FE

Film Elements

HL

Heritage location

CS

Current Situation

CP

Color Palettes

LM

Location manager/ PEJKÓ TAMÁS

LA

Landscape Architect /MARK MATYASSY

LA

Cross sections

A GOOD DAY TO DIE HARD / 2013 Director: John Moore Director of Photography: Jonathan Sela


TF

Theoretical Frame LA

Landscape Architecture

CM

Which Landscape Architecture elements can be used by cinema?

City scape

Urban open space

JAN GEHL kEVIN LYNCH GORDON CULLEN COLLIN ROWE

L&C

Dualistic: Landscape and Cinema

Cinematography

How does cinema make use of urban spaces?


DB

Database

Landscape Architecture Aspects

Cinematography Aspects Infographics


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DB

Database - List of the movies MISSION IMPOSSIBLE – GHOST PROTOCOL Director: Brad Bird Director of Photography: Robert Elswit Release date: 2011 Represented date: 2011 Country represented: Hungary BEL AMI Director: Declan Donnellan Director of Photography: Stefano Falivene Release date: 2012 Represented date: 1890 Country represented: France I SPY Director: Betty Thomas Director of Photography: Oliver Wood Release date: 2002 Represented date: 2002 Country represented: Hungary SPY Director: Paul Feig Director of Photography: Robert Yoeman Release date: 2015 Represented date: 2015 Country represented: Hungary , Italy GLOOMY SUNDAY Director: Rolf Schubel Director of Photography: Edward Klosinski Release date: 1999 Represented date: 1940 Country represented: Hungary CHILDREN OF GLORY Director: Krisztina Goda Director of Photography: Buda Gulyás Release date: 2006 Represented date: 1956 Country represented: Hungary RED HEAT Director: Walter Hill Director of Photography: Matthew Leonetti Release date: 1988 Represented date: 1988 Country represented: Russia RED SPARROW Director: Francis Lawrence Director of Photography: Jo Willems Release date: 2018 Represented date: 2018


DB

Database MUNICH Director: Steven Spielberg Director of Photography: Janusz Kaminski Release date: 2005 Represented date: 1972 Country represented: Germany EVITA Director: Alan Parker Director of Photography: David Appleby Release date: 1996 Represented date: 1952 Country represented: Argentina THE BOY IN STRIPPED PYJAMAS Director: Mark Herman Director of Photography: BenoĂŽt Delhomme Release date: 2008 Represented date: 1943 Country represented: Germany INFERNO Director: Ron Howard Director of Photography: Salvatore Totino Release date: 2016 Represented date: 2016 Country represented: Italy THE RAVEN Director: James McTeigue Director of Photography: Danny Ruhlmann Release date: 2012 Represented date: 1849 Country represented: Maryland THE MAN WITH THE IRON HEART Director: Cedric Jimenez Director of Photography: Laurent Tangy Release date: 2017 Represented date: 1943 Country represented: Czech Republic ATOMIC BLONDE Director: David Leitch Director of Photography: Jonathan Sela Release date: 2017 Represented date: 1989 Country represented: Germany A GOOD DAY TO DIE HARD Director: John Moore Director of Photography: Jonathan Sela Release date: 2013


TF

Scene Analysis Format THE CITY SCALE

87´ MÜNICH. Director: Steven Spielberg Director of Photography: Janusz Kaminski Release date: 2005 Represented date: 1972 Country represented: Germany. SP

In this captured frame the whole image shows different elements of Landscape and Film.It shows these elements arranged in a way that on the first plane it is seen the personal scale of friends sitting in a bench in the Island.It is defined by the bridge as a frame, looking towards the Danube and in the back it’s visible a park and the Parliament as a vanishing point.

Edge Background

(Monumental scale)

Edge 1.2 m Personal Scale

THE IMAGE OF THE CITY

Landscape Elements

Facades and Vertical Architectural elements known as Landmarks cannot be ignored in Budapest. The Parliament in the scene is not only a physical feature, but it creates the identity of the city and Budapest is mostly known by this landmark ,and it is contradictory due to the fact that Budapest in this movie is disguised as Munich. However in this scene it can be seen how the details of the facades, the ironwork of the bridge create a strong landscape and a background scenery.

Landmark

( Margaret Bridge )

Landmark

( Margaret Bridge )

FR

Facades

Man-Made Edge ( Margit Krt )

BG

In the city scale are different elements to study.It’s the humans (scale) , - architectural elements; buildings,landmarks (statues,bridges),and geographical elements; earth, water, hills – and the mobile existences – automobiles, planes, , all kinds of machines, commercial signs, vending machines, traffic lights – The relations between different formations have to be taken into consideration. In the chosen scene it can be analysed the human scale(personal) , the edge(river) which divides the city in two and the landmark in the background.

Edge

Natural Edge ( Danube )

Landmark ( Parliament )

Hetirage sites ( Unesco)

1stP

WATER & ATMOSPHERES

Film Elements SP

Shooting Point (Margaret Island)

Visual Cone 1stP

Generality Distance

First plane (Personal scale)

FR

Frame

BG

Background

(Iron works, details)

(Monumental scale)

Water (Danube)

Singularity

Proximity

In urban situations the water is a crucial element. It can provide three sensual opportunities - sight, sound and touch. The water in this scene is one of the most important elements , because of the sight and sound , but the protagonists of the movie are not in a close distance , the touch feeling is lacking. But it accomplishes the intention of the filmmaker to have the effect on the audience , due to it’s arrangement of the scene


IV

Interviews

THREE TEAMS

The Architects ( Art team)

Location manager/ PEJKÓ TAMÁS

The Landscape Architects ( Green team) The Location manager

Landscape Architect /MARK MATYASSY

Our profession's competencies don’t range as wide as we are supposed to. Mainly is just about the plantation and choosing the correct species/ bushes/ hedges No access to the pavement, furniture, landmarks etc. Most of the scenes are shot in locations but some parts are added by 3D effects and visualizations


SP

Spatial Proportions and Perspective Relations

CS BUDA

DANUBE

PEST

cross section A-A

0.00m

AA 0.00m

SP

MUNICH 2005 Director: Steven Spielberg Director of Photography: Janusz Kaminski

0.00m

0.00m

SP

SP

AA

0.00m

AN AMERICAN RHAPSODY Director: Éva Gárdos Director of Photography: Elemér Ragályi

0.00m

SP

Shooting Point

(Margaret Island)

Visual Cone

Landmark

AA RED SPARROW Director: Francis Lawrence Director of Photography: Jo Willems


CP

Color Palette


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Urban Cinematics  
Urban Cinematics  
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