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ARRAY Magazine April 2020

COVID-19 Issue


A Variety of Local Experiences

ARRAY Magazine

Table of Contents Publisher AnneMarie Ziegler Creative Director Anissa Short Administrative Angie Lyle, COO Marketing Alex Miller Sales Info@ARRAYNC.Com Graphic Design Kylen Dooley

5 6 8 13 22 30 38 46

Letter From Senator deViere Publisher’s Note Elderberries - Boost Your Immune System Are Packages Safe? Fit to a “TEA” COVID-19 - What it is and What to do What are the Symptoms? Hip-Hip-Array Kid’s Page

Disclaimer Please note that the inclusion of stories and articles in any publication owned by ARRAY Publishing & Marketing, LLC does not imply endorsement of products or people. The views of the authors are presented for information and entertainment only, and may not necessarily reflect the views of ARRAY Publishing & Marketing, LLC. Specifically, ARRAY Publishing & Marketing, LLC in no way endorses any claim associated with health and/or well-being with respect to any particular person. We disclaim all warranties, express or implied, including, but not limited to, implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. We will not be held responsible or liable directly or indirectly for any loss or damage that is caused or alleged to have been caused in connection with the use of, or reliance on, any content in this magazine. ARRAY Publishing & Marketing, LLC reserves the right to deny any advertisement or listing that does not meet ARRAY Publishing & Marketing, LLC standards. Submissions are welcome, but unsolicited materials are not guaranteed to be returned. ARRAY Publishing & Marketing, LLC assumes no responsibility for information, products, services or statements made by advertisers or editorial contributors. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission from the publisher is prohibited.


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H P Se n ior L iv in

Letter From the Senator During these difficult times I want to reassure Cumberland County that North Carolina is coordinating a statewide response to Covid-19. Governor Roy Cooper, North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services Secretary Mandy Cohen, and Director of Emergency Management Mike Sprayberry have done a tremendous job acting early and aggressively. While I proudly represent you in the North Carolina Senate, I am also a father and small business owner. I’ve seen this pandemic hit on multiple fronts. I’ve heard from many of you directly and I appreciate your thoughts, opinions, and concerns. We have helped people register for unemployment, spent time talking to small businesses across our community and state, ensured that the at-risk populations’ voices are heard, worked with senate colleagues on both sides of the aisle to draft specific COVID-19 legislation, and stayed in constant contact with our local elected officials to ensure we are supporting them at the state level. Please know that I am listening and acting on solutions. We will get through this together. During this crisis I am reminded of the resiliency that our community displays time and time again. Community members and organizations are rallying to support our children in need, our small businesses, and our at-risk demographics. One thing is clear - social distancing works. The latest data models show that North Carolina has significantly slowed the spread of Covid-19, but we still have a lot of work to do. We must continue to take precaution to flatten the curve. As soon as we let up, we risk our collective progress. My wife Jenny and I are also taking precautions such as working remotely, social distancing, washing our hands and frequently disinfecting common surfaces. We are encouraging others to do the same. Staying home really can save lives. Please help me make sure we’re all doing our part to help prevent the spread of Covid-19. Jenny and I keep our community in our prayers and ask you to keep us in yours. My staff and I are working overtime to handle any and all constituent concerns. I encourage anyone who is in need of resources to visit, contact my office at (919) 733-5776 or via email Stay Safe. In This Together. Senator Kirk deViere North Carolina Senate, District 19

Publisher's Note

Nothing is permanent. Don’t stress yourself too much because no matter how bad the situation, it will change. A lot has changed in the past month with everyone’s life. Right before the shelter in place order was put in effect ARRAY Publishing & Marketing, LLC moved our office to a new location! We moved to 221 Hay Street. We now have lots of room to grow, with a beautiful view onto Hay Street, and we are in a Registered Historic Landmark. We are excited to be able to finish decorating our space and inviting everyone to come and see us sometime soon! We believe this to be a new beginning for all of us, present and future, at ARRAY! We are in a state of shelter in place, and a curfew with

businesses closed, or the few open are working to the max! Hand sanitizer, face masks and toilet paper are on the list of things to look for no matter where you are. We are changing the way we look at everything. This has given us time to spend with family, reading books we kept saying we would read, cleaning out closets, organizing and decluttering. We’ve gotten back outside and are working in our yards, planting and caring for our lawns. Just getting outside in the yard, to enjoy the sunshine and fresh air is a great way to rejuvenate mind, body and spirit. Pollution has decreased all over the world and some of our natural and man-made treasures are able to be seen again. We are taking the time to rethink the vision of our business and new plans we will be implementing. People are taking the time to stop and smell the roses, so to speak. Things will get back to normal soon, although it will be a NEW normal, but we are in this together, and I believe we will all be better for this. My belief is that things happen for a reason, whether we know what it is or why, but it is what is best for us in the long run. We must embrace our new normal. Maybe we all needed to take time to take a step back, stop, take a deep breath and look at our lives and our world in a different light. We will come out stronger, better, and hopefully more loving, forgiving, and considerate of others, their beliefs and visions. A huge thanks to all of those on the front lines helping to keep us safe, make deliveries and be sure we can pick up food and supplies. Special prayers to all that are suffering from COVID19 and its effects, as well as those that have lost people in their lives during this time. Check on family members and your neighbors. Stay safe and remember we are all in this together! AnneMarie 6

s e i r r e b r e Eld


Elderberries are a prolific species of plant that can be found all across the Northern Hemisphere. Along with their broad geographical reach, they also have deep roots in European and Native American Folklore. Elderberries belong to the honeysuckle family and have long been used as a food and medicinal source. When ripe, the elderberry plants’ white flowers manifest as tiny, black, bead-like berries, making it the ideal, ornamental plant. From the berries to the flowers and leaves, many parts of the elderberry plant can be consumed; however, the berries should be ripe and cooked to avoid the toxic effects of some compounds. Today, common preparations of elderberry include an extract or syrup that can be taken by the spoonful or used in food preparation. While the sweet flavor may be enough on its own, there are other benefits that encourage elderberry intake as a daily practice. Throughout history, elderberry has been touted as the cure-all, from skin issues to influenza (flu). Many of these claims have been verified with anecdotal evidence, some of which has been substantiated by science. The elderberry’s amazing effect on the immune system is contributed to extremely high levels of vitamin C, which is 87% of the daily value. While there will always be a need to continue research, the plants’ long history of protective effects should be enough to encourage regular usage, especially during allergy, cold and flu seasons.


IMMUNE BOOSTING JUICE RECIPE 1-cup kale 1 peeled orange 4-5 strawberries 1 chunk ginger 1 red bell pepper 1 tsp elderberry syrup ½ cup coconut water Directions: Add fruits and veggies to juicer. Add syrup and coconut water directly to your glass of juice.

Throughout his tory, elderberry has been touted as an immune boosting ingre dient.

* This is not promoted as a cure for COVID-19, if you suspect you have COVID-19 symptoms, contact your doctor.

HANDY ADVICE -an Easy, Effective Way to Kill Germs



oor knobs, stair rails, and various other surfaces you touch throughout the day are likely lurking with cold germs. When someone is sick, it is passed to others through respiratory droplets via coughs and sneezes. When we unknowingly touch these microscopic droplets of germs on surfaces and then touch our mouth, nose, or eyes, we leave ourselves susceptible to getting a cold. Some viruses and bacteria can live several hours on hard surfaces like cell phones, computer keyboards, and doorknobs. Preventative hand washing is an important thing that can protect your health. Since hand washing is so critical, it’s important to do it right. It’s generally best to wash your hands with plain soap and warm water. When it comes to hand washing, don’t cut any corners. Once soap is applied, rub hands vigorously for a minimum of 20 seconds. Scrub the entire surface


of your hands, including the backs of your hands, wrists, between your fingers and under your fingernails. Rinse your hands and then dry them with a disposable towel or let air dry. Use the towel to turn the faucet off. Studies show that regular soap has proved very effective, and purchasing special antibacterial soaps may not be necessary. Recently an advisory panel reporting to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration concluded that plain soap and water work just as well to prevent the spread of germs as costlier antibacterial products. Whichever the case, remember to take time to lather up throughout the day to avoid spreading germs.


If you have a hard time getting young ones to wash their hands for more than three lighting fast seconds Make hand washing fun by having your kiddies sing their entire alphabet while thoroughly lathering their hands. If they do this, it should take the recommended 20 seconds for them to sing and soap.

Staying Healthy During a Pandemic HANDY ADVICE An Easy, Effective Way to Kill Germs

If you are keeping your distance from others and staying home, you’re doing your part to flatten the curve in this COVID-19 pandemic. The second step is to take measures to keep yourself and your family healthy and active. Going out for a walk or bike ride can do wonders for your mind and body if it is allowed in your community. If not, try a YouTube video of an exercise class for a short workout at home. Try starting your day with the 20, 20, 20 method. Spend the first 20 minutes doing light exercise, with the second 20 minutes working on mindfulness exercises. The last 20 minutes should be devoted to finances or business, so everything continues going as smoothly as possible. We've included some of our favorite ideas for boosting your immune system and helping you overcome anxiety. Stay safe in both body and mind!



During the COVID-19 Pandemic FO O D DEL IV ERY AN D TAK EO U T

THE MOST IMPACTFUL precaution you can take when ordering food delivery, including grocery and liquor deliveries, is to avoid direct contact with couriers. Where possible, choose services that offer contactless delivery; many delivery apps have contactless delivery options that also allow you to tip delivery workers. (Please tip delivery workers well! While cash is usually the best way to tip service workers, card or touch-free tipping might make more sense for now.) When placing orders by telephone, you can request that the delivery be left on the steps, porch or driveway outside your home or in the lobby of multi-unit buildings. Either include a tip when you’re paying by phone or leave an envelope with cash and give instructions on where to retrieve it— placing the envelope under a doormat is a

WHILE THE RISK of transmitting the coronavirus via packaging like paper bags, plastic bags or cardboard boxes is low, you should wash and/or sanitize your hands after handling delivery bags or containers. If you are concerned about contamination on takeout bags or containers, there are some steps you can take to mitigate the risk. PLACE DELIVERY BAGS and containers in the sink rather than on a table orcountertops. TRANSFER FOOD from takeout containers to a plate. DISCARD ALL DELIVERY BAGS, boxes and takeout containers in the trash or recycling. IF THE FOOD IS COOKED, as a precautionary measure, place it in the microwave for 30 seconds. There are no studies that show coronavirus living on food, but microwaving it would kill any bacteria.

good option.

WASH YOUR HANDS before eating.

IF YOU’RE PICKING UP your takeout at a restaurant, practice appropriate social distancing with restaurant personnel and other customers. Although the risk of transmission from payment systems is believed to be significantly lower than from people, if possible, use touch-free payment systems rather than cash or credit cards to avoid crosscontamination.

LEFTOVERS SHOULD BE put in your own food storage containers rather than in takeout containers.


CLEAN AND SANITIZE the sink after your meal using a product from the EPA’s list of Disinfectants for Use Against SARS-CoV-2.

Are Packages Safe? Just as with food packaging and delivery items, mail and packages pose a low risk of transmitting the coronavirus. Also, like food packaging and delivery items, you should avoidcontact with the delivery person. Dave Partenheimer, a spokesman for the United States Postal Service (USPS), said “The CDC, the World Health Organization (WHO), as well as the Surgeon General, have indicated that there is currently no evidence that COVID-19 is being spread through the mail.” According to the WHO, “the likelihood of an infected person contaminating commercial goods is low and the risk of catching the virus that causes COVID-19 from a package that has been moved, traveled, and been exposed to different conditions and temperature is also low.” The CDC is in alignment with the WHO in stating that the transmission risk via mail and packages is low, “in general, because of poor survivability of these coronaviruses on surfaces, there is likely very low risk of spread from products or packaging that are shipped over a period of days or weeks at ambient temperatures. Coronaviruses are generally thought to be spread most often by respiratory droplets. Currently there is no evidence to support transmission of COVID-19 associated

with imported goods and there have not been any cases of COVID-19 in the United States associated with imported goods.” According to the experts, there is no need to disinfect mail or packages, however, you should wash your hands thoroughly after handling them.


IS A POWERFUL WEAPON An Update from the CDC The CDC has been pretty quiet lately, while the President and his health advisors have been keeping the country informed. CDC director, Dr. Robert Redfield, and the agency, based in Atlanta, has not held a media briefing since March 9.

Those individuals that get symptomatic are shedding significant virus in their oropharyngeal compartment, probably up to 48 hours

Sam Whitehead, the health reporter at WABE in Atlanta managed an interview with Dr. Redfield on Monday, March 30th. Here’s what Redfield claims the CDC has learned new about the virus in recent weeks. According to Redfield, the virus has the ability to transmit far easier than flu. It’s probably now about three times as infectious as flu. A significant number of individuals that are infected actually remain asymptomatic. That can be as many as 25%, which is important because now you have individuals that may not have any symptoms that can contribute to transmission, and in fact, they do contribute to transmission.


before they show symptoms. This helps explain how rapidly the virus continues to spread across the country, because there are asymptomatic transmitters and individuals who are transmitting 48 hours before they become symptomatic.

This proves that social distancing is a powerful weapon. “I’d like to thank Americans who have taken that to heart and practice aggressive social distancing, said Redfield. “For those that are still on the sidelines, I’d like to tell them that now’s the time to embrace this. This virus cannot go from person to person that easily. It needs us to be within 6 feet. If we distance ourselves, this virus can’t sustain itself and it will go out.”

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n a flash, the crisp season of Spring is moving behind us, and our senses connect with the warm weather, fresh aromas, bright colors and lush greenery of Summertime. Summer’s heat brings with it a wealth of delicious ripe produce that can also help your body stay energized and hydrated. Our sense of taste is heightened, and we naturally crave colorful, fleshy fruits. Fleshy fruits are commonly referred to as “simple” fruits; however, these delicacies of nature are far from simple. Not only are fleshy fruits delicious, but they also fill our bodies with substantial amounts of healthy antioxidants, vitamins, and nutrients. What fruits are categorized as “fleshy?” Many of your favorite fruits fall into this category, including apples, pears, peaches, papaya, quince, mango and even avocado.

busy lifestyles have created eating habits packed with preservatives and processed foods devoid of essential nutrients. Daily consumption of fresh, natural, raw, fleshy fruits will boost your immune system and keep you feeling energized. It’s a good idea to choose to reconnect with the natural benefits of eating simple fleshy fruit.

As the mature ovary of one or more flowers, simple fleshy fruits can have up to three identifying characteristics: (1) outer skins, (2) a single seed or seeds or (3) a stone. Between the skin and the seed is edible, nutrient-dense flesh or tissue. Vitamins and nutrients found in the flesh (and sometimes the skin) have substantial health benefits including cancer prevention and weight loss as well as increased digestive health, skin health, immunity and circulation and decreased cholesterol, blood pressure and inflammation. To reap the full health benefits, remember it’s always better to consume fruit in its raw, natural state rather than cooking or processing it in any way. For optimal functioning of the human body, you need ample amounts of nutrients that are supplied by fruits in a natural or raw form. Our




eipler, a vice president of a technology company at the time, was logging over 150 nights in hotel rooms when the idea came to him. He called the front desk to find out what happened to all of their discarded soap only to discover it was unceremoniously thrown away. That’s when Seipler, along with a few close friends and family members, saw an opportunity to change the world. “The real aha moment at that time came when we realized 9,000 children under the age of five were dying every single day from pneumonia and diarrheal disease—the number one and number two leading cause of death among children worldwide. Yet all these deaths could be prevented if we give them soap and teach them how and when to wash their hands,” said Seipler, a father of four. Today, Clean the World has saved countless lives, distributing over 41 million bars of soap in 118 countries, and they won’t stop there. In 2017, the organization


donated 60,000 hygiene kits to Hurricane Harvey victims in Houston, 50,000 kits to Hurricane Maria survivors in Puerto Rico and 75,000 kits locally to those affected by Hurricane Irma in Florida. Unsurprisingly, the organization has become a global leader in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), a model for social entrepreneurship and is now reshaping social entrepreneurial education across the country. But Clean the World is far from an overnight success. “When we started, we would daydream about how big it could get; how impactful it could be globally. But you’re still sitting in a single-car garage scraping soap, and you’re so far away from that goal. We would talk to continue the hope, but we didn’t necessarily think in our hearts that it would happen. I sit here today amazed and grateful.” Seipler said. Initially, the passion project took a backseat to his full-time global sales position, but Seipler was quickly forced to make a choice between his financial security and his responsibility

to change the world. “Once the cat got out of the bag, leadership did not view [Clean the World] as a charitable thing, rather, they saw it as me starting my own company. It happened earlier than I thought it would. I left within a few months of that career, and we struggled financially for some years. Seipler and friend, Paul Till, emptied their 401(k)s, life savings, kid’s college funds and pursued their initiative with everything they had—literally. Luckily for millions of families around the globe, Shawn Seipler and company didn’t give up hope. When asked about failure, Seipler says, “Failure is a subjective word. What one person considers failure, another may not. People might think, ‘Shawn is this awesome, successful guy,’ but I have had thousands and thousands of failures; it’s a

step on the road to success. But what is most important are our families, friends, community and the way we can help others. Treat people with love, respect and dignity; those are the things that are most important.” Despite Clean the World’s enormous global impact, Seipler feels they are capable of doing more and continues to set new goals for the

company. “What keeps me going are the 5,000 children dying every single day, and the two billion across the planet without access to water or a toilet. Though we’ve seen an awesome reduction in dying children since we started, there is still so much opportunity and so much need,” he said. Based on U.S. market statistics, Clean the World estimates 200 million metric tons of solid waste are produced each year by the combined hospitality segment, making hospitality one of the largest producers of waste. Only a dismal 30 percent of that waste is recycled and processed. For those that want to change the world, Seipler recommends volunteering for causes you love. This will help you figure out how to solve problems, make connections to those who share the same passion and give back to your community. How can people get involved with CTW? Go to and donate. 94 percent of every dollar is put directly into the mission.




Fit to a “TEA”: The Best Teas for Healing and Wellness By Michael Kabel




strong but not overpowering or bitter, so it’s a great complement to breakfast toast or fruit. In most cases, chamomile is available in either German or Roman (also called English) varieties. It’s sold as crushed flowers or as a tea infusion, and one tablespoon is enough for one cup. When used over several months, it can even help chronic sleep and stomach issues. Thyme - While the sharp taste and distinct aroma might challenge some tea drinkers, the herb thyme can help reduce coughing, alleviate painful bronchitis symptoms, and relieve common sinus pressure. It works to cleanse the organs of the body, boosting the immune system and also helping in urination and menstruation. When making tea, thyme takes a little time. Use two teaspoons of the dried herb per cup, and steep for ten minutes. For the best results, drink one cup three times a day.

Have you hit a hard patch? It happens to all of us. Don’t get overly stressed. Cradle your hands around a sweet cup of hot tea and just relax your soul by listening to Serenity Relaxing Spa Music 101 from iTunes. Our favorite melody on this album is “Song of the Sea.”


ow modern wellness experts recognize that besides the emotional balm a tea break can provide, some teas can heal everything from an upset stomach, to sleeplessness, to depression. Here are the best three teas to help you get through the symptoms of day-to-day anxiety: Rosemary – Spicy and fragrant, this pert-tasting herbal tea offers relief from headaches and anxiety. Its high doses of calcium and iron make it a great source of minerals, and studies even show it’s rich in antioxidants. In parts of Europe, rosemary is often used to fight indigestion. Some herbal tea users also say it helps improve blood circulation and enhances memory and concentration. Medical studies indicate it can also do much to prevent macular (optical) decay, prevent brain aging, and relieve indigestion. Rosemary tea is a simple recipe – just use one tablespoon of dried rosemary leaves for one cup of tea. Chamomile – One of the most famous teas, the oils of this gentle-tasting brew provide relief from stomach and digestive problems, including colitis. It’s used as a relaxer to aid in a good night’s sleep.The fresh taste, not unlike apples, is

How to GREEN Your Clean


By Christina Leidenheimer


First things first, you will need to stock up on a few eco-friendly products. You can either buy pre-made products that are made by green companies, or you can simply make them yourself—don’t worry, you do not have to be a chemist to whip these up. Here is how to formulate your own green cleaning products: • pickling vinegar (more concentrated than white vinegar) • baking soda • borax powder • lemons • a few essential oils • mild dish soap • a couple of spray bottles.

These simple ingredients are very effective, inexpensive, and, above all, non-hazardous. Both vinegar and borax powder are commonly used in cleaning because they contain natural disinfecting properties. Baking soda can safely mix with other products, and its mildly abrasive nature makes it very effective for scrubbing surfaces and removing tough stains. Essential oils are used for their amazing aromatic and therapeutic qualities, while certain potent oils, like tea tree oil, effectively kill germs and control mold and mildew.


Vinegar is excellent for use in your dishwasher too. Add a cup of vinegar to your dishwasher to remove any stagnant odors; it will leave the interior shiny and squeaky clean.

Vinegar; edible and non-toxic is the perfect natural all-purpose cleaner for the kitchen.

KITCHEN: Use vinegar to create a natural allpurpose cleaner for the kitchen. Vinegar itself is edible; it contains no toxic chemicals that would be harmful if ingested, so it is a perfect cleaning product to use around food. D.I.Y. all-purpose cleaner - using an empty spray bottle, combine a solution of half pickling vinegar, half warm water and one tablespoon of dish washing liquid. This solution can be used to clean the counter top, stovetop, refrigerator and microwave. Vinegar is excellent for use in your dishwasher too. Add a cup of vinegar to your machine to remove any stagnant odors; it will leave the interior shiny and squeaky clean. You can also add it to your water when washing dishes by hand, the disinfecting power is sure to kill any bacteria and germs on your dinnerware. Vinegar has a distinct odor, but don’t worry; the smell will dissipate once it dries. Caution! Some surfaces,


like marble, tarnish when treated with vinegar & other acidic substances. As with any product, it’s best to test a small area to make sure it is safe to proceed. BATHROOM: Bathroom cleaners are among some of the harshest chemical cleaners. You can make your own bathroom scrubbing solution to clean toilets, counter tops, fixtures and tubs/ shower without the offensive fumes. D.I.Y. tub and shower scrubbing solution – combine half a cup of vinegar, three fourths a cup of baking soda and one tablespoon of lemon juice, mix together to form a thick paste (add more or less baking soda until desired consistency is achieved). Using a sponge, apply the solution on sinks, tubs, showers and fixtures in small circular motions. Let it sit for 20-30 minutes, scrub with a sponge and rinse with warm water. To clean bathroom counter tops, use the all-purpose solution created for the kitchen. Knock out

toilet stains and odors with one cup of undiluted vinegar. Before pouring the vinegar in the toilet, it is best to flush the toilet and allow the water to go down, the water descends, pour the vinegar around the inner rim then scrub the bowl with a toilet brush.  WINDOWS AND MIRRORS: The kitchen solution works here too. Simply spray and wipe for squeaky clean windows. Save paper towels and instead use old newspapers; they won’t leave behind any lint.

WOOD AND TILE FLOORS: Nothing spreads chemicals in the air faster than mopping the whole house with a toxic chemical cleaner. You can easily make your own mopping solution that will clean and disinfect your floors safely. D.I.Y. floor cleaner: In your mop bucket mix one cup of pickled vinegar, one gallon of water, one tablespoon of mild dish soap and the desired amount of your favorite scented oil. Your house will smell so fresh, and the best part is, your home will be thoroughly sanitized and chemical free.

HGDecorator book pick

Salt, Lemons, Vinegar, and Baking Soda by Shea Zukowski

The Fab Four: Salt, lemons, vinegar and baking soda, the all-you-need cleaning all-stars for the home. From personal hygiene and grooming to household cleaning and gardening, this powerful quartet has a long history of usefulness that is modern, green, cheap and effective. This book gives a brief introduction to each of these amazing essentials along with household hints (indoor and out; for people and pets) and hundreds of smart solutions for better living.

CARPETS: Many carpet fresheners have a fruity or floral scent bearing the disguise of toxic fumes that can potentially be harmful to your health. It is very simple to make your own fresh smelling carpet deodorizer, and it will be safe for the family and pets too. D.I.Y. carpet deodorizer: Combine one cup of baking soda with one cup of borax in a plastic bag, add the desired amount of your favorite essential oil, and then mix together. Sprinkle the powder solution on carpets, let stand for 20 minutes, then vacuum. Your house and carpet will smell delightful.


AROMATHERAPY for Stress Relief


By Tami Charbonnet

tress can affect immunity and cause the digestive, excretory, and reproductive systems to stop working normally. Even worse, chronic stress puts our bodies into survival mode, causing a run-down of our overall body systems. Demetria Clark, author of Aromatherapy and Herbal Remedies for Pregnancy, Birth, and Breastfeeding, recommends aromatherapy for stress relief. “Aromatherapy is known to encourage deep breathing and we know that deep breathing is a tool widely used to reduce stress”, she explained. Because there are so many topical applications for aromatherapy, such as body sprays, compresses, creams, liniments and massage oils, it is easy to use at home and practical to use daily. HOW DOES AROMATHERAPY WORK? The aroma from essential oils is believed to stimulate brain function by immediately penetrating cell membranes and crossing the brain-blood barriers to reach the emotional center of the brain at a rapid speed. “Essential oils have many constituents that promote relaxation, calm and


feelings of well-being,” Clark said. One of the simplest and most effective ways to benefit from essential oils is to first sample smelling them. “Just because an essential oil is listed as good for de-stressing, doesn’t mean it will work for you”, she said. Everyone is different so if you feel agitated or don’t like a particular aroma, listen to your own instincts. Once you find the right essential oils for you, you can use them anytime. Just put a few drops on a handkerchief so you can carry it with you. It is also important to know that not all essential oils are alike. Make sure you purchase the therapeutic grade oils as some oils may contain harmful chemicals.



Echinacea contains ingredients that exert an overall stimulating effect on the immune system, thus helping to combat coughs, sneezing, sore throats, and sinus infections.* But that’s not all! This magnificent flower has also been shown to activate the liver, mucous membranes, and lymph nodes. Echinacea is also widely used as a blood purifier helping to mitigate infections in the blood stream while reducing inflammation. When applied topically, Echinacea goes to work to help heal minor wounds. It’s clear to see why Echinacea makes an excellent winter time supplement. Drinking Echinacea tea or using it in pill form can help build your immune system enabling you to combat the common ailments that come with cooler weather.

* This is not promoted as a cure for COVID-19, if you suspect you have COVID-19 symptoms, contact your doctor.

BLAST FEVER BLISTERS! As soon as your lip starts to itch or tingle, place a few drops of Echinacea juice on a cotton ball and apply to the area. It will help halt the progression of the lesions that occur from fever blisters.



What It Is and What To Do


The Centers for Disease Control is responding to an outbreak of respiratory disease caused by a novel (new) coronavirus that was first detected in China and which has now been detected in more than 100 locations internationally, including in the United States. The virus has been named “SARS-CoV-2” and the disease it causes has been named “coronavirus disease 2019” (abbreviated “COVID-19”).


On January 30, 2020, the International Health Regulations Emergency Committee of the

World Health Organization (WHO) declared the outbreak a “a public health emergency of international concern”. On January 31, Health and Human Services Secretary Alex M. Azar II declared a public health emergency for the United States to aid the nation’s healthcare community in responding to COVID-19. On March 11, the World Health Organization characterized COVID-19 as a pandemic. On March 13, the President of the United States declared the COVID-19 outbreak a national emergency.


Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common in people and many different species of animals, including camels, cattle, cats, and bats. Rarely, animal coronaviruses can infect people and then spread between people such as with MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV, and now with this new virus (named SARS-CoV-2). The SARS-CoV-2 virus is a betacoronavirus, like MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV. All three of these viruses have their origins in bats. The sequences from U.S. patients are similar to the one that China initially posted, suggesting a likely single, recent emergence of this virus from an animal reservoir. Early on, many of the patients at the epicenter of the outbreak in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China had some link to a large seafood and live animal market, suggesting animal-to-person spread. Later, a growing number of patients reportedly did not have exposure to animal markets, indicating person-to-person spread. Person-to-person spread was subsequently reported outside Hubei and in countries outside China, including in the United States.


The complete clinical picture with regard to COVID-19 is not fully known. Reported illnesses have ranged from very mild (including some with no reported symptoms) to severe, including illness resulting in death. While information so far suggests that most

COVID-19 illness is mild, out of China suggests serious illness occurs in 16% of cases. Older people and people of all ages with severe chronic medical conditions — like heart disease, lung disease and diabetes, for example — seem to be at higher riskof developing serious illness.


A pandemic is a global outbreak of disease. Pandemics happen when a new virus emerges to infect people and can spread between people sustainably. Because there is little to no pre-existing immunity against the new virus, it spreads worldwide. The virus that causes COVID-19 is infecting people and spreading easily from person-toperson. Cases have been detected in most countries worldwide and community spread is being detected in a growing number of countries. This is the first pandemic known to be caused by the emergence of a new coronavirus. In the past century, there have been four pandemics caused by the emergence of novel influenza viruses. As a result, most research and guidance around pandemics is specific to influenza, but the same premises can be applied to the current COVID-19 pandemic. Pandemics of respiratory disease follow a certain progression. Pandemics begin with an investigation phase, followed by recognition, initiation, and acceleration phases. The peak of illnesses occurs at the end of the acceleration phase, which is followed by a deceleration phase, during which there is a decrease in illnesses. Different countries can be in different phases of the pandemic at any point in time and different parts of the same country can also be in different phases of a pandemic. There are ongoing investigations to learn more. This is a rapidly evolving situation and information will be updated on the CDC website as it becomes available.



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Different parts of the country are seeing different levels of COVID-19 activity. The United States nationally is currently in the initiation phases, but states where community spread is occurring are in the acceleration phase. The duration and severity of each phase can vary depending on the characteristics of the virus and the public health response.

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Risk depends on characteristics of the virus, including how well it spreads between people; the severity of resulting illness; and the medical or other measures available to control the impact of the virus (for example, vaccines or medications that can treat the illness) and the relative success of these. In the absence of vaccine or treatment medications, nonpharmaceutical interventions become the most important response strategy. These are community interventions that can reduce the impact of disease. The risk from COVID-19 to Americans can be broken down into risk of exposure versus risk of serious illness and death.



• Cases of COVID-19 and instances of community spread are being reported in a growing number of states. • People in places where ongoing community spread of the virus that causes COVID-19 has been reported are at elevated risk of exposure, with the level of risk dependent on the location. • Healthcare workers caring for patients with COVID-19 are at elevated risk of exposure. • Close contacts of persons with COVID-19 alsoare at elevated risk of exposure. • Travelers returning from affected international locations where community spread is occurring also are at elevated risk of exposure, with level of risk dependent on where they traveled.


Early information out of China, where COVID-19 first started, shows that some people are at higher risk of getting very sick from this illness. This includes: • Older adults, with risk increasing by age. • People who have serious chronic medical conditions like: • Heart disease • Diabetes • Lung disease CDC has developed guidance to help in the risk assessment and management of people

with potential exposures to COVID-19.


More cases of COVID-19 are likely to be identified in the United States in the coming days, including more instances of community spread. CDC expects that widespread transmission of COVID-19 in the United States will occur. In the coming months, most of the U.S. population will be exposed to this virus. Widespread transmission of COVID-19 could translate into large numbers of people needing medical care at the same time. Public health and healthcare systems may become overloaded, with elevated rates of hospitalizations and deaths. Other critical infrastructure, such as law enforcement, emergency medical services, and sectors of the transportation industry may also be affected. Healthcare providers and hospitals may be overwhelmed. At this time, there is no vaccine to protect against COVID-19 and no medications approved to treat it. Nonpharmaceutical interventions will be the most important response strategy to try to delay the spread of the virus and reduce the impact of disease.


Global efforts at this time are focused concurrently on lessening the spread and impact of this virus. The federal government is working closely with state, local, tribal, and


territorial partners, as well as public health partners, to respond to this public health threat. Everyone can do their part to help us respond to this emerging public health threat. The following pages are guidelines and safety measures suggested by the CDC to keep you and your family safe.

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HOW TO PREPARE Here is what you can do to prepare your family in case COVID-19 spreads in your community.


Create a household plan of action in case of illness in the household or disruption of daily FIND LOCAL INFORMATION activities due to COVID-19 in the community. Know where to find local information on • Consider 2-week supply of prescription and COVID-19 and local trends of COVID-19 cases. over the counter medications, food and other essentials. Know how to get food delivered KNOW THE SIGNS & SYMPTOMS if possible. Know the signs and symptoms of COVID-19 • Establish ways to communicate with others and what to do if symptomatic: (e.g., family, friends, • Stay home when you are sick co-workers). • Call your health care provider’s office in • Establish plans to telework, what to do about advance of a visit childcare needs, how to adapt to cancellation • Limit movement in the community of events. • Limit visitors


Know what additional measures those at higher risk and who are vulnerable should take.


Know about emergency operations plans for schools/workplaces of household members.


Implement steps to prevent illness (e.g., stay home when sick, handwashing, respiratory etiquette, clean frequently touched surfaces daily).


HOW TO PROTECT YOURSELF Older adults and people who have severe underlying chronic medical conditions like heart or lung disease or diabetes seem to be at higher risk for developing more serious complications from COVID-19 illness. Please consult with your health care provider about additional steps you may be able to take to protect yourself. There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). • The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus. • The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person. • Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet). • Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs TAKE STEPS TO PROTECT YOURSELF Clean your hands often • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing


your nose, coughing, or sneezing. • If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry. • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands. AVOID CLOSE CONTACT • Avoid close contact with people who are sick • Put distance between yourself and other people if COVID-19 is spreading in your community. This is especially important for people who are at higher risk of getting very sick. TAKE STEPS TO PROTECT OTHERS Stay home if you’re sick • Stay home if you are sick, except to get medical care. Learn what to do if you are sick. Cover coughs and sneezes • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the inside of your elbow. • Throw used tissues in the trash. • Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and

water are not readily available, clean your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. WEAR A FACE MASK IF YOU ARE SICK • If you are sick:You should wear a facemask when you are around other people (e.g., sharing a room or vehicle) and before you enter a healthcare provider’s office. If you are not able to wear a facemask (for example, because it causes trouble breathing), then you should do your best to cover your coughs and sneezes, and people who are caring for you should wear a facemask if they enter your room. Learn what to do if you are sick. • If you are NOT sick:You do not need to wear a facemask unless you are caring for someone who is sick (and they are not able to wear a facemask). Facemasks may be in short supply and they should be saved for caregivers.

detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.

CLEAN AND DISINFECT • Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks. • If surfaces are dirty, clean them: Use



If you think you have been exposed to COVID-19 and develop a fever and symptoms, such as cough or difficulty breathing, call your healthcare provider for medical advice.


Reported illnesses have ranged from mild symptoms to severe illness and death for confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases. The following symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure.* • Fever • Cough • Shortness of breath *This is based on what has been seen previously as the incubation period of MERSCoV viruses. If you develop emergency warning signs for COVID-19 get medical attention immediately.



• Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest • New confusion or inability to arouse • Bluish lips or face

*This list is not all inclusive. Please consult your medical provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning


WHO IS AT HIGHER RISK? Early information out of China, where COVID-19 first started, shows that some people are at higher risk of getting very sick from this illness. This includes: • Older adults • People who have serious chronic medical conditions like: • Heart disease • Diabetes • Lung disease

hightouch surfaces in public places – elevator buttons, door handles, handrails, handshaking with people, etc. Use a tissue or your sleeve to cover your hand or finger if you must touch something. • Wash your hands after touching surfaces in public places. • Avoid touching your face, nose, eyes, etc. • Clean and disinfect your home to remove germs: practice routine cleaning of frequently touched surfaces (for example: tables, doorknobs, light switches, handles, desks, toilets, faucets, sinks & cell phones) • Avoid crowds, especially in poorly ventilated spaces.Your risk of exposure to respiratory viruses like COVID-19 may increase in crowded, closed-in settings with little air circulation if there are people in the crowd who are sick. Avoid all non-essential travel including plane trips, and especially avoid embarking on cruise ships. • During a COVID-19 outbreak in your community, stay home as much as possible to further reduce your risk of being exposed.

GET READY FOR COVID-19 NOW Take actions to reduce your risk of getting sick If you are at higher risk for serious illness from COVID-19 because of your age or because you have a serious long-term health problem, it is extra important for you to take actions to reduce your risk of getting sick with the disease. • Stock up on supplies. • Take everyday precautions to keep space between yourself and others. • When you go out in public, keep away from others who are sick, limit close contact and HAVE SUPPLIES ON HAND wash your hands often. • Contact your healthcare provider to ask • Avoid crowds as much as possible. about obtaining extra necessary medications • Avoid cruise travel and non-essential air travel. to have on hand in case there is an outbreak having been in a public place. of COVID-19 in your community and you • If soap and water are not available, use a need to stay home for a prolonged period hand sanitizer that contains at least of time. 60% alcohol. • If you cannot get extra medications, consider • To the extent possible, avoid touching


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using mail-order for medications. • Be sure you have over-the-counter medicines and medical supplies (tissues, etc.) to treat fever and other symptoms. Most people will be able to recover from COVID-19 at home. • Have enough household items and groceries on hand so that you will be prepared to stay at home for a period of time. TAKE EVERYDAY PRECAUTIONS

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• Clean your hands often • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing, or having been in a public place. • If soap and water are not available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. • To the extent possible, avoid touching hightouch surfaces in public places – elevator buttons, door handles, handrails, handshaking with people, etc. Use a tissue or your sleeve to cover your hand or finger if you must touch something. • Wash your hands after touching surfaces in public places. • Avoid touching your face, nose, eyes, etc. • Clean and disinfect your home to remove germs: practice routine cleaning of frequently touched surfaces (for example: tables, doorknobs, light switches, handles, desks, toilets, faucets, sinks & cell phones) • Avoid crowds, especially in poorly ventilated spaces.Your risk of exposure to respiratory viruses like COVID-19 may increase in crowded, closed-in settings with little air circulation if there are people in the crowd who are sick. Avoid all non-essential travel including plane trips, and especially avoid embarking on cruise ships.

DISINFECTING YOUR HOME IF SOMEONE IS SICK As part of your everyday prevention actions clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces and objects. For example: tables, counter tops, light switches, doorknobs, and cabinet handles. Wear disposable gloves to clean and disinfect. CLEAN • Clean surfaces using soap and water. Practice routine cleaning of frequently touched surfaces. High touch surfaces include: Tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, sinks, etc. DISINFECT • Use diluted household bleach solutions if appropriate for the surface. Check to ensure the product is not past its expiration date. Unexpired household bleach will be effective against coraonviruses when properly diluted. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for application and proper ventilation. Never mix household bleach with ammonia or any other cleanser. To make a bleach solution, mix: • 5 tablespoons (1/3rd cup) bleach per gallon of water OR • 4 teaspoons bleach per quart of water • Alcohol solutions with at least 70% alcohol. • Household cleaners and disinfectants: Clean the area or item with soap and water or another detergent if it is dirty. Then, use a household disinfectant. Follow the instructions on the label to ensure safe and effective use of the product. Many products recommend: • Keeping the surface wet for several minutes to ensure germs are killed. • Precautions such as wearing gloves and making sure you have good ventilation during use of the product. • Most EPA-registered household disinfectants should be effective.

SOFT SURFACES For soft surfaces such as carpeted floor, rugs, and drapes • Clean the surface using soap and water or withcleaners appropriate for use on these surfaces. • Launder items (if possible) according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Use the warmest appropriate water setting and dry items completely. OR • Disinfect with an EPA-registered household disinfectant. These disinfectants meet EPA’s criteria for use against COVID-19. LAUNDRY For clothing, towels, linens and other items • Wear disposable gloves. • Wash hands with soap and water as soon as you remove the gloves. • Do not shake dirty laundry. • Launder items according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Use the warmest appropriate water setting and dry items completely. • Dirty laundry from an ill person can be washed with other people’s items. • Clean and disinfect clothes hampers according to guidance above for surfaces. CLEAN HANDS OFTEN • Wash your hands often with soap and water for 20 seconds. • Always wash immediately after removing gloves and after contact with an ill person. • Hand sanitizer: If soap and water are not readily available and hands are not visibly dirty, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.


However, if hands are visibly dirty, always wash hands with soap and water. Additional key times to clean hands include: • After blowing one’s nose, coughing, or sneezing • After using the restroom • Before eating or preparing food • After contact with animals or pets • Before and after providing routine care for another person who needs assistance (e.g. a child) • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands. FOOD • Stay separated: The ill person should eat (or be fed) in their room if possible. • Wash dishes and utensils using gloves and hot water: Handle any non-disposable used food service items with gloves and wash with hot water or in a dishwasher. • Clean hands after handling used food service items. TRASH • Dedicated, lined trash can: If possible, dedicate a lined trash can for the ill person. Use gloves when removing garbage bags, and handling and disposing of trash. Wash hands afterwards. FOR MORE INFORMATION: WWW.CDC.GOV



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