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Marking Punctuation

Good morning class Today were going to study punctuation marks I have some assistants who will be helping with todays lesson so lets start Ready Set Go Hey! Wait a minute! I forgot to put punctuation marks to what I just wrote. Well, we can correct that when we finish the lesson.

Ok. Let’s begin our lesson. While you watch the presentation take notes. You’ll be quizzed at the end.

A Period A period is used to end a sentence. It is also used after initials, after abbreviations, and as a decimal point.

To End a Sentence

Example: Computers are getting smaller.

After an Initial Example: J. K. Rowling

After Abbreviation Example: Mr. Mrs. Dr.

As a Decimal Example: Roberto is 99.9 percent sure that it costs $2.50 to get into the movies today.

Question Mark A question mark is used after a direct question (an interrogative sentence) and to show doubt about the correctness of something.

Direct Question Example: Did you go to the movies last night?

Correctness Example: You’ll se virtual reality TV shows by the year 2006 *(?) •A question mark is placed in parentheses to show that the writer isn’t sure a fact is correct.

Exclamation Point An exclamation point is used to express strong feeling. It may be placed after a word, a phrase, or a sentence.

Exclamation Point Example: Happy birthday! Excellent! Wow! That’s great! That new program is awesome!

Apostrophe An apostrophe is used to form plurals, to show that a letter or letters have been left out of a word, or to show possession.

To Form Plurals Example: A’s (letter) 8’s (number) +’s (sign)

In Contractions Contraction

Short For


do not


it is; it has


they will


they are

In Singular Possessive Example: My sister’s hobby is jazz dancing.

Comma Commas are used to keep words and ideas from running together, making your writing easier to read. Commas tell the reader where to pause.

Items in a Series Example: I know someone who likes pepperoni, pineapple, and olives on her pizza. (words)

Items in a Series (phrases) Example: In summer I like to go skateboarding, ride my bike, and play basketball. (phrases)

In Dates and Addresses Example: We are having our next reunion on July 4, 2006, at The Ritz Carlton.

In Dates and Addresses Example: His new address is 3344 South First Street , San Juan, PR 00923.

Parentheses Parentheses are used around words included in a sentence to add information.

To Add Information Example: The map (figure 2) will help you understand the explorer’s route.

Quotation Marks Quotation marks are used to enclose the exact words of the speaker and to show that words are used in a special way.

Direct Quotations Example: “Rosa Parks is a true American hero,� the teacher reminded her students.

Special Words Example: My family likes to go to Piñones to eat “alcapurrias” and “bacalaitos”.

Colon A colon is used in a sentence to introduce a list or draw attention to information that follows. Colons are also used between the numbers in time.

To Introduce a List Example: Motorcycles are used for the following reasons : transportation, recreation, and racing events.

After a Salutation Example: Dear Ms. PĂŠrez :

Between Numbers in Time Example: The race begins at 1 : 30 p.m.

Good morning class Today were going to study punctuation marks I have some assistants who will be helping with todays lesson so lets start Ready Set Go

Are you ready to correct? Begin!

Good morning class! Today we’re going to study punctuation marks. I have some assistants who will be helping with today’s lesson. So let’s start. Ready! Set! Go! These are the corrections you should have made.

Morris the Martian was flying around the Solar System one day, when he saw a strange light in front of him. What is that? he thought to himself. Morris was scared, but he flew a little bit closer so that he could see it better. "Hello," he called out. There was no reply. "Hello. Is anyone there?" he called, but again there was no reply. Suddenly a creature appeared in front of the light. "BOO!" it shouted. Poor Morris was really scared and he flew off home and hid under his bed.

1. The men in question (Harold Keene, Jim Peterson, and Gerald Greene) deserve awards. 2. Several countries participated in the airlift: Italy, Belgium, France, and Luxembourg. 3. "Only one course was open to us: surrender," said the ex-major, "and we did." 4. Judge Carswell--later to be nominated for the Supreme Court--had ruled against civil rights. 5. In last week's New Yorker, one of my favorite magazines, I enjoyed reading Leland's article "How Not to Go Camping."

6. "Yes,"Jim said, "I'll be home by ten." 7. There was only one thing to do--study till dawn. 8. Montaigne wrote the following: "A wise man never loses anything, if he has himself." 9. The following are the primary colors: red, blue, and yellow. 10. Arriving on the 8:10 plane were Liz Brooks, my old roommate; her husband; and Tim, their son.

11. When the teacher commented that her spelling was poor, Lynn replied, "All the members of my family are poor spellers. Why not me?" 12. He used the phrase "you know" so often that I finally said, "No, I don't know." 13. The automobile dealer handled three makes of cars: Volkswagens, Porsches, and Mercedes Benz. 14. Though Phil said he would arrive on the 9:19 flight, he came instead on the 10:36 flight. 15. "Whoever thought," said Helen, "that Jack would be elected class president?"

16. In baseball, a "show boat" is a man who shows off. 17. The minister quoted Isaiah 5:21 in last Sunday's sermon. 18. There was a very interesting article entitled "The New Rage for Folk Singing" in last Sunday's New York Times newspaper. 19. "Whoever is elected secretary of the club--Ashley, or Chandra, or Aisha--must be prepared to do a great deal of work," said Jumita, the previous secretary. 20. Darwin's On the Origin of Species (1859) caused a great controversy when it appeared.

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