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Table of contents 06 Armenia

Tourist information

22 celebrities Jivan Gasparyan: “Good music purifies the soul!”

28 Museums Dolls’ Gallery: Handmade world in the center of Yerevan

50 Exhibition

“Chaos”: creation of the world’ by the master of brush: exhibition of Aivazovsky’s paintings in Yerevan?

58 Art

Nur: “Only those who do not lie have my jewellery”»

64 journey

Yaroslav Solovyev: “Armenia: ancient, sincere, interesting...”

76 SIGHTS OF INTEREST Katoghike Holy Mother of God, Monastery Dadivank

88 Traditions 98 RATING

Armenian Wedding Traditions

Church of Saint Zoravor, Church of the Holy Mother of God (Our Lady of Seven Wounds) in Gyumri

107 HOTELS 112 yerevan

Abovyan Street: the history of ties between Yerevan and Moscow

116 culinary guide

dolma “udoli”

Executive director Georgy Khachatryan Deputy executive director Yelena Markosyan Editor in Chief Ruben Pashinyan + (374 77) 39 13 69 Project idea David Khachatryan Layout, design Margarita Babajanyan Advertising director Director of the Yerevan office Anahit Gevorgyan +(374 91) 05 05 08 Lilit Hovhannisyan +(374 77) 09 51 03 Advertising manager Advertising manager Lia Kocharyan +(374 91) 35 78 53 Sargis mughumyan +(374 99) 55 54 32 Translator Margarit beglaryan The photo on the cover by “Marashlyan” studio – an invariable and indispensable partner of “Armenia Tourism” magazine. Photographs: Hayk Melkonyan, Mesrop Mesropyan, Vahag Grigoryan, Artem Martirosyan, Robert Asatryan, David Nalchajyan, Arutyun Stepanyan, Tigran Madoyan, Ruben Pashinyan, Photo Atelier Marashlyan, Gasparyan family archive, Tourism Department of Yerevan Municipality, Mezzo Production, the archive of the Theatre of Opera and Ballet after A. Spendiaryan, Yerevan History Museum, “Nur” Art Gallery, Dolls’ Gallery of Yerevan, Dilijan City Hall. Editorial Staff: Ruben Pashinyan, Anton Yevstratov, Lilit Hovhannisyan, Margarita Babajanyan, Anahit Gevorgyan, Liya Kocharyan, Nora Oleynik, Armen Harutyunyan, Narine Sargsyan, Anna Sahakyan, Hmayak Manukyan, Elena Shuvaeva-Petrosyan, Gevorg Khachatryan, Azat Adamyan, Elena Kozhemyakina, Elena Kolomoytseva, Yuri Navin , Artak Markosyan, Denis Aldokhin, Elena Filatova, Elena Khachatryan, Emma Harutyunyan. News from с,, Layout and prepress:

Printed in: “AST-Moscow Polygraphic House” OJSC 56 str. 22, Shosse Entuziastov, Moscow, RF Tel.: +(495) 748 67 20 “Tigran Mets” LLC 2, Arshakunyats Ave., Yerevan, RA Tel.: +(374 10) 52 70 56 The magazine is published every three months with a total circulation of 18.000 copies (in Russian) and 2.000 copies (in English): 8.000 copies in Armenia, 10.000 copies in Russia. The magazine is distributed free of charge in Russia and in Armenia: in tour agencies, restaurants, hotels, advertising agencies, embassies, ministries, libraries, companies, on board the trains of SCR. The magazine is available at “Armpress” kiosks (Armenia), in the supermarket chain “SAS” (in Armenia), at bookstores “Armenian book” Exhibition Hall "Armenia" at the VDNH Exhibition Centre), in the "Armenian Book" stores (Exhibition Hall "Armenia" at VDNH and “Armenia” store (in Moscow). The price is open.

Magazine “Armenia Tourism”: Mass media certificate of registration ПИ № ФС77-58404 as of June 25, 2014 issued by Federal Service for monitoring compliance with mass communications and cultural heritage protection law of RF. The publisher is not responsible for the content of advertising materials. The publisher doesn't accept any submissions. No part of this magazine may be reproduced without the prior written consent of the publisher. If you are interested in distribution of the magazine in your city please contact us at: Publisher: Baghramian Str., Building 1, 0019, Yerevan, Armenia Tel./Fax: + (374 60) 75 75 90 16c9, 2nd Yuzhnoportovy passage, 115088 Moscow, Russia Tel./Fax: +7 (495) 788 83 89

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Editor’s note

Editor in Chief Ruben Pashinyan


Dear Reader! There is nothing better than a joyful hot summer, when there seem to be no worries, but fun and adventure - nothing. This is a common misconception. Summer is summer, but still better than summer can be autumn. Not the autumn in France, or Tahiti, or even the famous Boldino autumn. There is something in them of course, but they cannot equal to the one in Armenia. Our autumn is not only the time of abundance of fruits, fantastic weather and full harmony with nature, but also a thermonuclear explosion of creative energy. The velvet season in Yerevan begins and continues with the succession of festivals: the mega-popular international jazz festival, the famous High Fest for theatregoers, “ReAnimania” for cinephiles and many others. Therefore, the best time to visit Armenia is in autumn and for the whole season. It is, of course, a tourist's big dream! A dream that is sure to become a reality. We will do our utmost to make it come true anyway. This issue, you now hold in your hands, includes the best articles of our authors and covers topics related not only to tourism. Here you will find many interesting facts, stories about the country and Armenian heroes. Responsibility for selecting materials now lies at and is shouldered by yours truly - journalist, writer and actor Ruben Pashinyan. I do not know on what points I suit this position, but I know there are two I definitely meet: first, I am an Armenian and second, I am an insider in tourism. Both of these parameters are irreversible: the Armenian is forever, and the tourist is forever. To conclude, I would like to wish good autumn and rest to all the guests who plan to visit Armenia in autumn, and to express gratitude to all our colleagues on tourism, partners and participants, who are granted with awards by “Armenia Tourism” magazine for already four years.

5 Northern Avenue, Yerevan, Armenia +374 11 850950


8 Abovyan str., Yerevan, Armenia +374 11 48 00 00

Armenia Area The total area is 29, 743 km2, which is one-tenth the size of the historical Armenia. It is located in the South Caucasus, in the northeast of the Armenian Highland. The country is landlocked. It borders Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkey and Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.

Coat of arms On April 19, 1992, the coat of arms of the First Republic of Armenia (1918-1920) was restored. The authors were Alexander Tamanyan, an architect and an academic of Russian Academy of Arts and Hakob Kojoyan, an artist.

Flag The national flag of Armenia consists of three horizontal bands of equal width, red on the top, blue in the middle and orange on the bottom.

Language The national language of Armenia is Armenian. However, the majority of the population also speaks Russian. You may occasionally have language barrier in remote countryside. In Yerevan English and French are often the command of the younger generation; the older generation is more conservative in regard to foreign languages. In any case, if a foreigner approaches them they are sure to understand and tell the right direction. Those who speak Russian will not have any language barrier in Armenia.


Capital city Yerevan

Safety Yerevan can easily be considered as one of the safest cities in the world. You can have a night walk around the city without any fear; not every European city boasts the same thing. If you are in Yerevan for the first time, you should not worry about not having a map or anyone to help you. The city is not too big if suburbs and further out districts are not considered. The city center is surrounded by an amphitheater of hills, and the streets mainly start from Republic Square and run across the outer circular boulevard. There are many options for transportation, such as mini-buses, buses and taxies, all of which work non-stop. But the beauty of Yerevan is such that it is well worth taking a walk to see. And if you get lost, the passers-by will help you find the right direction and even accompany you to the destination.

Government Politics of Armenia takes place in the framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic whereby the president is the head of state – and of the multi-party system. The government exercises the executive power. President Serzh Sargsyan (born June 30, 1954 ) Prime Minister Karen Karapetyan (born August 14, 1963) Population According to various sources, the number of Armenians throughout the world is from 6.5 to 11 million people, of which only one-third live in the Republic of Armenia (about 3 million people).


192 Antarayin str., Yerevan, Armenia Теl.:+(374 11) 440 144

Armenia Currency Armenian Dram (AMD). The subsidiary coin is called “luma”, but it is not used any more. One Russian ruble equals about 8 Armenian drams. Coins in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and banknotes in denominations of 1000, 5.000, 20.000, 50.000 and 100.000 drams are in circulation.

Currency exchange One may exchange currency in numerous exchange offices around the city. Trade in stores and in other points of sales is done only in dram, the national currency. In case you are out of drams and you need to buy something urgently, you can offer dollars or rubles. You will not have any problems with currency exchange as everywhere in the most of stores and supermarkets there are exchange offices where you can exchange currency without presenting your passport. To avoid additional exchange, you had better take Russian rubles. Almost all hotels, many stores and restaurants accept credit cards (Visa, Master Card, American Express) often charging a commission fee for banking operation. Working hours of the banks: 9.00-17.30, Monday to Friday. Foreign exchange offices are open on weekends and holidays, until midnight.

Electricity Voltage - 220 Volt, frequency - 50 Hertz.


Internet domain



The terrain is mountainous; more than 90% of the territory is located at an altitude of more than 1000m above the sea level. The average height above the sea level is 1800 meters, the highest point is Mount Aragats (4095 m) and the lowest is the gorge of the river Debet (380 m). The greatest distance from the northwest to the southeast is 360 km, and from the west to the east - 200 km. The highest point of the region and the historical symbol of Armenia is Mount Ararat (5165 meters), which is in territory of Turkey since 1920s.

Major cities

Yerevan, Gyumri, Vanadzor Climate The climate of Armenia is very diverse. Despite the fact that Armenia is located at the latitude of the subtropics, a subtropical climate is observed only in the southern and northeastern parts of Armenia. In the rest of the regions, the climate is continental – the summer is hot, and the winter is cold; and temperate - a temperate winter and a temperate summer. On the flatlands the average temperature in January is -5°C, in July +25°C, in the middle mountains (1000-1500 meters above sea level) - 10°C and +20°C, at heights from 1500 to 2000 meters - 14°C and +16°C respectively.

Visa In accordance with the intergovernmental agreement on mutual visa-free travel, citizens of the Russian Federation do not need a visa to visit Armenia. It is only necessary to have the passport of the citizenship of the Russian Federation with you.

Time zone

GMT +4 Religion The predominant religion in Armenia is Christianity- 94%. The majority of the population are followers of the Armenian Apostolic Church. Armenia was the first nation to adopt Christianity as a state religion in 301 AD. In 2001, the country celebrated the 1700th anniversary of Christianity in Armenia.

Dialling code




30/3 Tumanyan str., Yerevan 0001, Armenia Tel.: +(374 10) 600 007, +(374 91) 660 007

Armenia Children



When traveling with a child, you will need: - the birth certificate of the child; - the passport of the child, or the child must be inscribed in the passport of the parent; - a power of attorney on behalf of the parent, if he/ she is absent.

In Yerevan you can stop a taxi in the street but better preference for taxi services. Taxies in Yerevan are available and quite inexpensive. The fare around the city center can vary from 500 to 1000 drams (from 65 to 130 rubles). Mini-buses operate nonstop, one after another. The fare is 100 drams (about 13 rubles). Tourists usually mention one shortcoming of Yerevan - the bad traffic. The city was not initially designed for so many transportation means that is why the streets are often overloaded. However, traffic congestions in Yerevan are far from being as tough as the ones in Moscow.

Stores in Armenia offer a wide range of various souvenirs and gifts including the famous Armenian cognac. The favorite place of guests interested in buying Armenian souvenirs is the open-air fair called Vernissage. Souvenir shops like “Dalan”, “Aghaksak”, Vernissage etc., offering a wider range of souvenirs, authorial works, and handmade carpets, enjoy more and more popularity.

Food You can eat anywhere. In every part of the city, you are sure to find a fast food place, a cafe or a restaurant within 100 meters. In the center, the radius narrows even up to 10 meters. You can find virtually any cuisine of the world: Armenian, Arabic, Georgian, European, Chinese, etc. The prices may vary significantly. In most cases, having a good and tasty meal in Yerevan costs less than in Moscow.


Water You can drink tap water in your hotel room, apartment and in the street out of small fountains (Arm. ‘tsaytaghbyur’). These are unique stone memorials, usually one meter high, running pure, tasty Armenian water. Just walk right up and have a refreshing drink. You can buy bottled water in any grocery store. All brands are Armenian.


Dates Independence Day of Armenia


sep tem ber Musa Dagh

Resistance anniversary

Every year on the third Sunday of September, at the memorial of Musa Ler, in the village of the same name, the descendants of Musa Dagh (Mount Musa) defenders, rescued from the Turkish chasteners in 1915, honor the gest of their ancestors. In 40 cauldrons, symbolizing 40 days of resistance, they cook hreessey - wheat porridge with beef, a traditional dish of Musadaghians. Only 14 families have the right to make hreessey, but still many people participate in the event. On this day, there are fires, drums, traditional songs and dances. This was how the defenders of Musa Dagh encouraged themselves in 1915 being short of food and weapons, and having bad weather conditions while waiting for the French ships. Sailors transported the heroes and their families to Egypt. Later Musalerians returned to their homeland, but their wanderings resumed when the French government handed over Alexandretta district, where the village was located, to Turkey. Now the descendants of the defenders of Mount Musa live throughout the world, including a small Armenian village in Armavir Province, where the above-mentioned events take place.


On September 21, 1991, in a nationwide referendum, 99% of the population of the Armenian SSR voted to proclaim independence from Soviet Union. Two days later, on September 23, Armenia became an independent state on the decision of the Supreme Council. However, formally the independence of the republic was gained on December 26, after the collapse of the USSR. The Independence Day of Armenia is one of the main state holidays of the country, which is celebrated brightly, widely and colorfully.

ber m e sept


The Day of the City of Vanadzor Vanadzor, formerly known as Gharakilisa (Karakilisa) and Kirovakan, is the third largest city in Armenia. Its population exceeds 90 000 people. In the number of population, the city is in the third place after Yerevan and Gyumri. Vanadzor is the administrative center of Lori Province, a large industrial and educational center.


b octo



sep tem ber The Day of Saint

Gregory, the Armenian Enlightener

St. Gregory the Enlightener (252 - 326) was the first Catholicos of Armenia, its baptizer. The son of Anak, the murderer of the Armenian king Khosrov, he was the only one of his family who escaped retribution and was taken to Caesarea in Cappadocia by the nurse. Here, the boy was baptized; the baptismal name given to him was Gregory, he got education, was married for some period. On moving to Rome, he was admitted to the service for the future Armenian king Tiridates III, the son of Khosrov, and accompanied him until his accession to the throne. The reason for his fidelity was the wish of Gregory to atone for his father’s dishonor- the notorious regicide. In Armenia, conquered with the help of the Roman legions, Tiridates learned that Gregory was Christian and subjected him to torture and imprisoned him. The Armenian enlightener was kept imprisoned in a pit at Khor Virap (translated as “deep hole�). The Lord punished the king; affected with insanity he had to release the prisoner. In 301, Tiridates III was baptized, Christianity was proclaimed as the state religion of Armenia, and Gregory - the Catholicos. He founded a dynasty of priests of the Armenian Apostolic Church and gave it the second name Gregorian.


14 Abovyan str., 0001 Yerevan Тоl.: +(374 10) 59 16 00 Fax: +(374 10) 59 16 66

Dates Harvest Festival


A national holiday of wine

The harvest festival in Armenia is celebrated every second Sunday in October. On this day, the villagers present their products - vegetables, fruits, meat, fish, bakery and dairy products, as well as beverages. The harvest festival is the key feature of any agricultural country, and Armenia is not an exception. The authorities are generally present at the celebrations. The harvest festival is held in many cities of the country and is becoming more and more popular among local people and tourists.



Every year on the first Saturday of October, a national wine festival is celebrated in Areni a village in the Vayots Dzor Province of Armenia. The celebration is accompanied by dancing, music, tasting goods and a fair. Winemaking in Armenia was spread since the 9th century BC - in the fortress Teishebaini the archaeologists discovered a wine cellar of this period. Due to the unique natural conditions of the country and ancient winemaking traditions, Armenian wines many times were considered among the best wines in the world and won at international competitions.


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to call to

235 234 238 236

Aragatsotn region Ashtarak Talin Aparan Tsakhkahovit

232 249 0 252 257 0

Armavir region Armavir Echmiadzin Zvartnots Baghramyan Vache Norakert Jrarat Khoronk Hoktember Metsamor Baghramian Myasnikyan Qarakert Dalarik


237 231 231 231 90 231 91 231 95 231 98 231 99 237 237 233 233 74 233 75 233 76

Vayots Dzor Eghegnadzor Jermuk Khachik Arpi Aghavnadzor Areni Malishka Yelpin Rind Shatin Vayk

281 287 281 51 281 91 281 93 281 94 281 95 281 97 281 98 281 99 282

Tavush region Ijevan Berd Noyemberian Koghb Dilijan

263 267 266 266 268 0

Gegharkunik region Gavar Sevan Martuni Sarukhan Vardenis Chambarak

264 261 262 264 269 265

Syunik region Kapan Sisian Goris Verishen Khndzoresk Kajaran Meghri Agarak

285 283 2 284 284 284 94 285 286 0 286

Shirak region Gyumri Akhuryan Arapi Kamo Ashotsk Amasia Maralik Sarnakhbyur Shirakavan Ani Kayaran Artik Pemzashen Panik Arevshat Mets Mantash

The Day of Yerevan


The modern capital of Armenia, the city of Yerevan, was founded in 782 BC by king Argishti I of Urartu as the fortress of Erebuni. The fortress was proper not only for military purposes, but also was economically advantageous, as several trade routes were passing nearby. In the history of Yerevan, there were periods of welfare and prosperity, and times of decline, plunder and ruin. In May 1918, Yerevan became the capital of the independent Republic of Armenia (the first republic). The same status was preserved during the second (Soviet Armenia) and the third (modern Armenia) republics. The Day of Yerevan is celebrated every year on the second Saturday of October.


For fixed lines: 8 – dial tone - 10 - 374 - (destination code) - (subscriber’s number) For mobile phones: + 374 - (destinations code) - (subscriber’s number) Ararat region Artashat Vedi Ararat Masis

14 be


312 243 00 243 00 243 00 245 246 242 242 91 42 93 242 97 244 244 244 92 244 95 244 96

Viva-Cell MTS - 93, 94, 98, 77 Beeline - 43, 91, 96, 99 Ucom - 55, 95, 41 Kotayk region Hrazdan 223 Abovyan 222 Mayakovski 222 90 Kamaris 222 91 Balahovit 222 91 Aramus 222 93 Arzni 222 94 Ptghni 222 96 Geghashen 222 97 Kotayk 222 99 Tsaghkadzor 223 Lernanist 223 91 Bjni 223 98 Charentsavan 226 Alapars 226 75 Arzakan 222 72 Eghvard 224 Nor Hachn 224 Nor Geghi 224 Zovuni 224 52 Proshyan 224 53 Argel 224 54

Lori region Vanadzor Lernapat Margahovit Pambak Yeghegnut Dzoraget Lermontovo Vahagni Spitak Alaverdi Tashir Stepanavan

322 322 94 322 96 322 93 322 95 322 97 322 98 322 99 255 253 254 256

Nagorno Karabakh Stepanakert Martakert Hadrut Askeran Shushi Kashatagh Martuni

471 474 475 476 477 477 32 478

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GIFTS FROM ARMENIA E veryone tries to bring a souvenir from

a trip-something that will awaken the warmest memories, recollections about the trip and the beauty of the country. The path of the rich Armenian culture may lead to the modern cultural center “Ardean” located at Abovyan St., 2/5, a place we would like to tell about.

“Ardean” means “modern”. The word represents exactly what the cultural center does. Its purpose consists in preservation of the Armenian culture and its introduction to the public in a new way. The intelligence, the energetic youth and the infinite culture of Armenia all came to form the center. It started its activity in the center of creative technologies of TUMO. “ArGATE GATE16 8

dean” has already moved to the next stage of production and now creates various products for women, like shawls, scarves, kerchiefs, etc., as well as exclusive plates and dishes, home accessories and works of art. Every work of Ardean represents the love of roots, culture and history. One of the goals of the cultural center is the development of the sphere of design in Armenia and the achievement of recognition in the international market. This will reduce youth unemployment rate and will provide an opportunity to implement all the creative ideas of the young people in their country. While choosing a gift, we very often focus on the history and meaning of the object. If you like giving exclusive gifts, then “Ardean” is a great find for you. (









2/5 Abovyan, Yerevan, Armenia

Welcome, autumn jan!

T he velvet season in Armenia is a long-awaited

holiday after a hot summer. An indispensable peace and tranquility come to replace the summer fervor of the sunrays, and the burning breath of the previous season. Autumn here is not a “wilting in nature� of Central Russia glorified by the classic, but a whole world rich and astoundingly bright in its own way. In autumn, it is still warm in Armenia; the sun as if tired of summer becomes milder making it possible to travel around the country with great comfort. The Armenian autumn is the time of ripe quince, pomegranates, grapes, nuts and other fruits and vegetables, the time for rich harvests and joyous holidays! Again, the time of the wine festival, held annually in Armenia!


Armenian autumn is rich in great dates always celebrated nationwide. On September 21, the country celebrates Independence Day. Every year on the third Sunday of September, at the memorial of Musa Ler, the descendants of the brave sons of Armenian nation rescued in 1915 on the homonymous mountain, honor the gest of their ancestors. During the whole day and night at the memorial, located not far from Yerevan, in 40 cauldrons, a traditional dish of Musadaghians, hreessey - wheat porridge with beef, is cooked. The 40 cauldrons symbolize 40 days of successful Armenian resistance against the Turkish punishers. Musaler Monument is on the way to Saint Etchmiadzin, which is hardly possible to



bypass, while visiting Armenia. The same road leads to the ruins of the ancient Cathedral of Zvartnots. Only in autumn, the guests not only have the opportunity to relate to the ancient


shrines, but also to feel involved in the feat of the Armenian people. Again, the autumn landscapes of the Ararat valley will spice the journey with unforgettable aesthetics. Yerevan also changes in autumn - red and yellow leaves on its streets make walks in the Armenian capital resemble scenes from the kind, pleasant films of our childhood. The rustling of this natural “carpet” of autumn fills the soul with warmth and fondness, bringing back the melodies of well-loved Arno Babajanyan, so acceptable to the mood of the Yerevan autumn. The time of love and inspiration throughout the world is spring, while in Armenia it is difficult not to fall in love in golden autumn. This is a wonderful time of the year duly received with the words of the poet Hayrapet Hayrapetyan: “Welcome, autumn jan!”





Jivan Gasparyan,

“Good music

purifies the soul!”

Jivan Gasparyan is a unique figure in the world of music; a musician, composer, scientist and, of course, the most famous master of duduk. He performed with such stars as Peter Gabriel, Lionel Richie, Serj Tankian, and many others. Maestro graciously agreed to talk with the correspondent of “Armenia Tourism” magazine.


celebrities Jivan Aramaisovich, straight off the bat: why exactly duduk? I was fascinated by the sound of duduk from the very childhood. What is, in your view, the role of duduk in the development of Armenian music? Armenians always expressed their sorrow and joy by playing the duduk. Duduk is the soul of Armenian music.

Whom do you consider the best duduk makers? In Armenia, the best was master Karlen – I ordered my instruments from him. Now I make duduks for me. I have many duduks for the pupils of my school, which is under construction. For this, I am grateful to the sponsorship provided by Maecenas Gagik Zakaryan.

At what age did you start to study duduk and when did you feel like an accomplished musician? For the first time I played the duduk when I was 6-7 years old, just from a great love for this instrument, not as a musician. Gradually, I improved my skills. Moreover, in 1947 I already performed for Stalin himself... Can you name any of the teachers? Who influenced your creative development? I learned a lot by listening to the play of such masters as Margar Margaryan (he gave me my first duduk), Levon Madoyan and Vache Hovsepyan. I did not have teachers as such. I am a selftaught musician.

You have performed a lot, participated in various competitions and projects ... Which of them are the most significant for you? I have 21 prizes, and each of them is dear to me in its own way. Still I would like to single out my first award, and WOOMEX 2002, which is dear to me, since I was the only awardee. You are not only a musician, but also an acknowledged teacher. Which of the students do you consider your successors? I have many students, but I would like to designate as my successor Jivan Gasparyan Jr. Jivan Gasparyan is a unique figure in the con-

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temporary world of music. He continues the ancient musical traditions, while making his own contribution to the history of duduk. His sound and timbre are very similar to mine, but he does not imitate me, he has his own style. Jivan received a special UNESCO prize during the international contest in Tashkent. His first solo concert will take place in the Yerevan State GATE 24

Philharmonic on September 7. Thus, you will have the opportunity to form your view of the musician. What does it mean for you to be an Armenian? I am proud that I am Armenian. Armenians are the first Christians, one of the most ancient civilized nations in the world. Being an Armenian for me means loving humanity, being loyal to one’s family, friends and the Motherland, fighting for peace still not forgeting to protect it. Armenians, wherever they are, always succeed because of their intelligence and diligence. A real nation of creators! Can we consider duduk as an ‘injection for Armenian culture’ or is it an organic part of the world music? I devoted my life to the development and improvement of duduk music. It sounded in symphonies and Hollywood films, got the status of a classical instrument. All this, I think,



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made the duduk very popular. My dream was to make it an instrument of world significance, and this dream came true. You performed with many world stars. How is duduk perceived abroad? Wherever my duduk sounded, it was accepted with warmth and reverence. However, the duduk is only an instrument, and the most important thing is to give this wooden object a soul. There are no magic instruments - there are masters of music who create miracles with their help. You were awarded the title of National Artist of Armenia quite a long time ago. Do you feel like obligated? In my opinion, the titles and awards do not make the musician better or put him under obligation. The musician, above all, must be devoted to his work. It is just nice when your art is appreciated. What kind of music do you prefer? Different - traditional, jazz, classical music... Any anticipated creative projects? In autumn, I will have concerts in Moscow and France. I am working on my own pieces, songs that I want to be released with lyrics, in order to make them available to everyone. What is the topicality of duduk in the contemporary musical art? And what about its prospects? Today everyone wants to play the duduk. I think the duduk has already achieved signifiGATE GATE26 8

cant success. We just need to preserve its high status and play our Armenian melodies, perhaps in a new way, with new approaches and vision. Improvisations and different genres are also interesting - the main thing is not to turn the performance into a meaningless combination of sounds. Any advice for your listeners in Armenia and abroad? They say my music is wise and kind. It floats and purifies the souls of people ... So I would advise them to listen to good music - regardless of genre.



Dolls’ Gallery: Handmade world in

the center of Yerevan The Dolls’ Gallery is located at Abovyan str., 1/1. Phone: +374 10 54 24 44. We work every day from 11:00 a.m. to 20:00 p.m., with no days off.

The dolls’ gallery of yerevan is one of the most unusual museums of armenia. The exhibited works are real masterpieces. The dolls represent the different corners of the world; they have “professions” and history. This is a handmade world, which is very much the same as our real world.

March 21, 2017, the World Puppetry

Day, was marked by the opening of the first Dolls’ gallery of Armenia. The gallery is located at 1/1 Abovyan Street, Yerevan, in the building, which is one of the most beautiful and significant architectural monuments of the city. The building was built in 1914; it belonged to the well-known aristocratic Ter-Avetikyans family. The noble title descended to the brothers Ter-Avetikyan from their father, who received it by the decree of Tsar as a reward for the assistance rendered to the Russian troops during the RussoPersian war. The great Armenian poet Hovhannes Tumanyan also lived in this house, March-April 1921. Now the dolls have settled here.


Armenia The Dolls’ Gallery is a unique phenomenon in the cultural life of Armenia. A universal cultural mediator, the doll is first presented as a multifaceted social and cultural-historical phenomenon. As a piece of art, the doll combines the basics of sculpture, painting and design. The exposition consists of two halls with a different principle of display. In the first hall, the ancient village utensils restore the atmosphere of peasant life. Armenian ceremonial, ritual dolls, which transmit information about the holidays, traditions and customs of our people, as well as

dolls in traditional costumes of different regions of historical Armenia are exhibited here. The second hall represents window displays of portrait, character, fantasy and costume dolls, made in a variety of techniques: from papier-mâchÊ to plastic. The puppets exhibited here are suspended on the threads behind the curtain to create an imitation of a theatrical scene. The exposition is especially singled out by the dolls from the private collecFind us online at:


Museums dolls as a separate direction of the decorative and applied art of Armenia, regularly hosts thematic exhibitions of doll masters and collectors, and holds cultural and educational and leisure programs, master classes. The Gallery has an interactive studio for children. Dear friends! Apart from the opportunity of learning about the wonderful world of dolls, you can acquire a unique author's work and make an individual order. Our masters are ready to make dolls especially for you!

tion of our compatriot Alis Navasargian, USA. Her collection, compiled for almost 40 years (about 200 dolls), was dedicated to the Gallery. Thanks to it, visitors have the opportunity to learn about the art of the famous English dollmaker Peggy Nisbet; dolls with limited edition represent members of the British royal family, famous political and public figures, actors. The Gallery, which, in fact, is an art space designed to promote the development of authorial GATE GATE30 8


What's so great about



Yerevan is an amazing city. Its beauty and attractions are widely known. Tourists from all over the world come to Yerevan constantly, and some visitors fall so much in love with it that they stay here forever. What is then so great about Yerevan for those who are experienced in traveling around the world and have the opportunity to compare the capital of Armenia with other places? Our editor-inchief, as a person who has stayed and is permanently living in this city, presents the list of its advantages.

Safety. Compared to many places in Europe or to the post-Soviet space, there is no domestic crime in Armenia at all. You can easily go out late at night without fear for your health, life or financial well-being.

Water. Incredibly tasty, clean and available everywhere from the city's water fountains. Moreover, here you can drink from the tap, which in the modern post-industrial world is an infrequent phenomenon.

Climate. A warm, sunny summer and a fairly warm winter. For any northern guest, any further comments are superfluous, I suppose.

Stomatology. A good quality and incredibly low prices by Russian or European standards.


Scenes. These are the well-known panoramas on the Yerevan Cascade or Victory Park, and the landscapes that open, sometimes from the most unexpected places, for example, from a car window in a traffic jam in Zeytun or from a skyscraper in the 1st Massiv.

Pubs. A drink in Yerevan can be stylish, fun and inexpensive.

Wi-Fi. It is of good quality and is free of charge in almost every establishment, as well as in a number of parks and squares. Passenger fares for public transport and taxis. These are very low, in comparison with Russian or European indicators.

Historical and cultural monuments. There are so many of them that even if you live in Yerevan for years, you can always discover something new for yourself. Not only is the capital of Armenia itself a real treasury in terms of diverse cultural and historical material (from the National Museum of History and the repository of the ancient manuscripts Matenadaran, up to the galleries of contemporary art), a multitude of interesting objects are located quite close to it. The Mithraic temple of the 1st century AD In Garni, the monastery complex Geghard, carved out in the rock, Khor Virap, where Gregory the Illuminator was imprisoned for 15 years, the monastery of Noravank of the 13th century, with its striking architecture, and the world's largest high-mountain lake Sevan can be visited at your pleasure, setting off in the morning and returning to Yerevan in the evening.

Affordable cafes, restaurants and food in general. In Yerevan it is easy to keep both the stomach and the wallet full at the same time.

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Regions Мода

Dilijan: a city of better

future of Armenia

Touristic, cultural, educational cen-

ter of Armenia. The largest reserve of Transcaucasia. National Park. All this is about a small town of Dilijan, which received the corresponding status only in 1924. This unique locality, at 100 kilometers to the northeast of Yerevan, in the territory of Tavush Province, is a real miracle. In Dilijan guests can admire the works of outstanding painters in the Art Museum, take photos at the monument to the famous movie heroes “Mimino”, visit the Ethnographic Museum, and this will be only one part of Dilijan cultural euphoria. The monastic complexes of Haghartsin and Goshavank are just a short drive from the town. On the territory of the Dilijan Reserve, an unusual beauty, Lake Parz stretches. Dilijan is known as a health resort not only of pan-Armenian, but also of worldwide importance. Since the earliest times the brisk mountain air and mineral springs attracted people who wanted to improve their health. The first Armenian tuberculosis dispensary was established in Dilijan, in 1921, later it was expanded and modernized, and then sanatoriums also began to appear in the city. Today one can both have a cultural rest and undergo medical treatment in Dilijan. However, the list of amazing things does not end there. GATE GATE34 8

It is stunningly beautiful, indeed. It seems that the mountains envelop and protect this valley with love and affection. M. Gorky

Dilijan is a unique international educational center. The International School, with pupils from more than 80 countries is also situated here. Studies there are in English, and teachers are from Germany, Great Britain, Russia, India and other countries. Thanks to various scholarships and grants, education for 70% of students in Dilijan is available free of charge. Based on the International School of Dilijan there are a number of separate educational projects: teaching foreign languages, art, dancing, theater studio, various trainings, etc., available for both children and adults. For the latter, special attention is paid to retraining and professional orientation, which is topical for modern Armenia in general and Dilijan in particular.



This tiny city, with a population that barely exceeds 20,000 people, has become a real beacon of progressive Armenia. Rapidly developing in every conceivable aspect, Dilijan attracts musicians, artists, scientists who settle there and create a unique intellectual atmosphere. The innovative educational projects, targeting young people are a sine qua non for the prosperity of any country. All this makes Dilijan a real hope for Armenia, a city of its better future that is forged right now. GATE 38



best traditions of winemaking

Painted photography

F ine

art photography with the use of costume should contain thought, idea, message that the author wants to convey to the onlooker, and the expression of intersection of tastes of creative people through photography ‒ to paint an image using state-of-the-art technologies. Hakob Hovnatanyan, one of the most renowned Armenian portrait painters, served as an inspiration for the new project of “Marashlyan” studio. Having founded his school of portraiture, the artist tried to recreate the epoch through paintings and to impart the character of the representatives of the Armenian aristocracy who lived in Georgia in the second half of the XIX century. The flashback to the work of Hovnatanyan is a historical curtsy to the era of the Armenian nobility, who lived in Tiflis and who lost interest in the artistʼs work, with the popularization of the art of photography. Thus portrait photography resulted in oblivion. The new studio project, according to Emma Marashlyanʼs plan, allows to unite the efforts of three artists: to use the inspiration of the famous oeuvres of Hakob Hovnatanyan, Nata Brettellʼs design plan for recreating the costumes of a past era, and to apply the photographer's skill in creating a genre portrait. According to the photographer, it is difficult not only to attune the emphases on photographs, but also to be scrupulous to details. The task is not to revive the picture through the photo, but to attach new meaning to the forgotten art of the costume genre portrait. While working with the models, Emma Marashlyan marks that everyone, wearing a suit based on the pictures of the great artist, assumes special responsibility, because Hovnatanyan painted portraits exclusively of the Armenian nobility. Gestures, head tilt, half-smile, strain in the eyes – a moment for Emma Marashlyan to capture the unique image that takes in the work of an artist, a designer and a photographer. This project is another opportunity to draw the attention of residents and guests of Armenia to the richness of our culture, the depth of images, the consistency of style and the versatility of art. GATE 40

Architecture Мода

Medieval fortress-castle

Amberd The historic complex of Amberd consists of

the castle of VII century, built by the Kamsarakanprinces, and of Vahramashen Church of the XI century. It is located at an altitude of 2300 meters above sea level. In X-XIII centuries Amberd fortress was the ancestral house of the Pahlavuni princes. Armenian builders approached the task rationally and wisely, using the existing protection factors, provided by nature, so the majority of castles and churches were built on inaccessible cliffs, rocky lands; it took the enemy a great difficulty to reach those places. Meanwhile, the underground passages of the fortress could lead to a valley, a forest, a village, a temple... Amberd Fortress was built out of large basalt rocks on cliffs,bounded by deep gorges, at the bottom of which there run two mountain rivers Arkashen and Amberd. The fortress walls are reinforced by semicircular towers. Inside, the castle is divided by a longitudinal wall into two halves – one adjacent to the

tower, served as a corridor, the other had five rooms arranged in a row. This layout was probably the same on all of the three floors. The ceilings of the castle were flat, made of wooden beams; from the side of the settlements, there was a door, locked with a stone slab, which was protected from onslaughts by thick beams. Gratings made out of iron bars protect the few windows from uninvited guests. Above the entrance, in the thickness of the walls, slots were made, out of which they showered the attackers with a hail of arrows and stone balls. GATE GATE42 8

The Armenian land is rich in ancient and medieval churches and cathedrals, but there are not so many extant fortresses, which, of course, used to be numerous, because Armenia had to defend itself against the Romans and the Parthians, then the Byzantines, Persians, Tatar-Mongols, and Turks. One of them is the castle-fortress of Amberd, towering over the gorge on the southern slope of Mount Aragats, impressing with its grandeur and history.

Water supply was carefully thought out and quite reliably arranged. Water came into the fortress from the mountain springs that were higher up the slope of the mountains. Nearby there is the ring of overflow dams that used to hold water after the snow melted, and supplied the fortress with it. Considering possible sieges, they built two reservoirs in the fortress. And in extreme cases, the inhabitants of Amberd could use the underground passage down to the river Amberd. During excavations, bronze lamps were found here, as well as incense burners and

mortars, fragments of earthenware, perfume bottles out of painted Egyptian glass, and other artefacts of the era. In 1026, at the command of the famous prince Vahram Pahlavuni, the church Vahramashen was erected in the fortress. Probably dating from the same time is the small bathhouse, which was preserved in the ruins near the castle and was discovered by archaeologists in 1929. It consisted of two small rooms, topped with domes without a drum, with light holes in the upper parts. From the side of the furnace, the bath was adjoined

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Architecture by a two-storey building, destroyed by fire –the dwelling of the bath attendant. In thed welling of the bathhouse attendant,weapons and tools of his craft were found. History gave archaeologists in Amberd bath yet another remarkable discovery. With furtuher excavations below the floor boards,


in the room with the pond, there was found the burial of one of the clowns who were to entertain Prince Pahlavuni while he was relaxing in the bath. Next to him the bones of a rooster were found – an inseparable companion of jesters in both the East and the West. Amberd withstood many sieges before it was captured and destroyed by the Seljuk hordes in XI century. On how Armenians defended their fortress, you can read in the novel “Gevorg Marzpetuni” by Muratsan. Men, women and children, regardless of their status and rank, took part in the defense. And the command was often taken by the priests who went into battle with a prayer. “In the castle, meanwhile, they prepared for defense, wrote Muratsan. First of all fuel reserve was increased. Passages were made under the walls through which it was possible to burn the turtle and destroy the mobile tower. Blacksmiths started forging iron hooks. Women prepared rag balls and dipped them in boiling fat and resin. The soldiers dragged all of it onto the walls and towers.” At the end of XIV century Amberd was finally devastated by the troops of Tamerlane and until 1936 it remained in an abandoned state, after which restoration work began.

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The fascinating world

of colours of Minas

Minas Avetisyan - one of the outstanding representatives of the Armenian fine arts of the second half of the 20th century - was born on July 20, 1928 in the village of Jajur (Shirak Province). He studied at Yerevan College after P. Terlemezyan, Yerevan Fine Arts and Theatre Institute and Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture after I. Repin, where one of his main teachers was B. Ioganson. GATE 46



he first exhibition of Minas was held in 1960, but he was acknowledged only after the exhibition “Five Artists” held in Yerevan in 1962. The accomplished artist with a bright personality and his pieces were accepted and appreciated by numerous specialists and visitors of the exposition. In the same year, Minas Avetisyan became a member of the Artists’ Union of the Armenian SSR. In 1968, he was awarded the title of Honorary Artist. Minas Avetisyan is a multi-genre artist. His art gained an honorable place in the history of world art. The art of the Master is characterized by a combination of bright and restrained colours, a picturesque expression of the characteristics of his native nature. He created many landscapes, portraits and still lifes reflecting the rural life. During 1960 and 1975, more than 500 paintings (“Jajur”, “Shemkin”, “Khnotsi”, etc.), graphic works (“My Mom”, “On the Balcony,” “A Conversation,” etc.) and 20 large frescoes (“In the Mountains”, “The Birth of Toros Roslin”, “Yerkank”, “At a Khachkar”,

etc.) were created. Minas successfully performed as a theatrical artist (the scenography of the ballet “Gayane”, the opera “Almast” and other productions at the Opera and Ballet Theatre named after A. Spendiarov) and a painter-monumentalist (the paintings in the factory interiors in Leninakan (Gyumri)). He also worked as a scenic artist for the film “This green, red world” by Yuri Yerznkyan and Ernest Martirosyan). Unfortunately, many of his works were destroyed in a fire, in 1972. On the night of January 1,

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when Minas was in Jajur with his family, his Yerevan studio with most of his best works was burnt out. This was a severe blow to him ... However, the Master found the inner strength to continue his work, and created new masterpieces. Minas Avetisyan died in 1975 in Yerevan. Although the mature creative life of the artist lasted only 15 years, he had a marked impact in the history of Armenian painting. In 1982, the Home Museum of Minas Avetisyan was opened in his homeland, in the village of Jajur. The Spitak earthquake of 1988 destroyed a part of his frescoes in Gyumri and the museum. It was reopened in 2003 after the restoration, including the collection of the Yerevan workshop, which was the branch of the National Gallery since 1979. The pieces of Minas Avetisyan found their worthy place in the National Gallery of Armenia and the Museum of Modern Art of Yerevan. Many of the artistĘźs works are included in private collections. GATE 48


2/5 Abovyan str.,





UNESCO declared 2017 the year of Ivan Aivazovsky. July 29 was marked by the worldwide celebration of 200th anniversary of the birth of the great seascape painter of Armenian origin. The National Gallery of Armenia has also organized a major international exhibition “Hovhannes Aivazovsky ‘Chaos: Creation of the Worldʼ,” which will be held from September 15, 2017 to January 15, 2018. Our interview with the director of the National Gallery Arman Tsaturyan dwells on what we can anticipate from the exhibition and tells about the art of Ivan Aivazovsky and its value. AIVAZOVSKY, UNDOUBTEDLY, IS ONE OF THE MOST RENOWNED ARTISTS OF ARMENIAN ORIGIN OF THE XIX CENTURY. WHAT IS YOUR OPINION ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF HIS ART FOR ARMENIAN CULTURE? Aivazovsky opened a whole school, became the inspiration for illustrious group of artists, such as Makhokhyan, Shahbanian and other Armenian masters. We are just preparing an exhibition of Armenian seascapes to show their inspirer and his followers in comparison. Meanwhile, each of the artists has his own style, his own special, original prism of perception.

director of the National Gallery

Arman Tsaturyan GATE 50

WHAT MAKES THE UPCOMING EXHIBITION EXCLUSIVE? UNESCO declared this year the year of Aivazovsky, last year the exhibition of artist's pieces was held in the Tretyakov Gallery. The exhibition was wonderful, nonetheless we presented only 12 paintings on it. However, it is important to know that the National Art Gallery of Armenia has more than 80 pieces by Aivazovsky, half of which are graphic works. Our collection is the second in the world, after the one in the museum of Theodosia. And we are very proud of this. IS THERE ANYTHING SPECIAL IN THIS EXHIBITION?

Firstly, we present graphic works by Aivazovsky, which were not exhibited before. This task is really difficult. Graphic works cannot be exposed to light for more than five months. Most of the pictures that we plan to exhibit were presented only 30-40 years ago. Our contemporaries haven’t seen them. We exhibit both graphic works and wonderful paintings, and the key to the whole concept is the picture “Chaos: Creation of the World”, which will be brought to Armenia for the first time from the Mekhitarists Congregation. This is one of the greatest works of Aivazovsky. Besides, we are preparing a catalogue, which includes articles of such famous art historians as the director of the museum of Theodosia Galina Churak, Ivan Samarin and others. In addition to

the exhibition, a scientific conference on Ivan Aivazovskyʼs art will be held on September 15 and 16, in which a large number of dignitaries and participants from different countries will take part. The main post office of Armenia will issue a special stamp, the Central Bank will issue new commemorative combined banknotes in honor of Aivazovsky. We will also have screenings of films about the artist. So, we prepared thoroughly for the 200th anniversary of Aivazovsky. WILL THE SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE BE MERELY CULTUROLOGICAL OR OTHER DISCIPLINES WILL ALSO BE COVERED? It will be dedicated to the power of the sea. All that can be compared with the work of Aivazovsky.

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Do you plan to publish a compendium of the results of the forum? Certainly - a compendium and, as I said, a catalogue. As for the exhibition of Aivazovsky's paintings in the Tretyakov Gallery, a year ago ... What will be the main differences in Yerevan event? In the Tretyakov Gallery Aivazovsky was presented more widely. The fact is that the organizers of the exhibition had the collection of the museum of Theodosia, which is not available now. Given the political situation, these works are not taken out of Russia. This determined the advantage of Moscow exhibition in documentary aspect - there were presented a lot of facts, photos, personal belongings of Aivazovsky. However, we will also have a documentary part. As for those paintings that have not been exhibited before; I wonder if there are any reasons apart from those mentioned, why they were hidden for such a long time from the eyes of the lovers of art? Nothing appears out of nowhere. To have something exhibited, you need a concept. Everything must be correlated, reasoned. The curator of the exhibition may want to display only the graphic works of Aivazovsky or just his paintings. Maybe only landscapes; Aivazovsky has


many landscapes, and all this is a different view of the great artist. After all, he is mostly known as a great seascape painter, while he is both a portraitist and a landscape painter. This is a creative work with much of subjectivity. It is up to the curator. Aivazovsky was not born in Armenia; he lived all his life outside of it; the major part of his paintings also do not refer to the country. Not for nothing, you mentioned that he was a Russian artist, not an Armenian. However, in your opinion, where is the bridge? What else, but blood, allows us now to talk about the master and in the Armenian context? Hovhannes Ayvazyan - Ivan Aivazovsky never ceased to be Armenian, even for a second. And this is not an exaggeration. There are facts, notes of his friends that he spoke Russian with a strong accent. This the peculiarity of those, who communicate in their native language whether at home or within their close circle. On the tombstone of Aivazovsky the inscription is in two languages: Armenian and Russian. During the massacres of Armenians of the Ottoman Empire the artist hired dozens of longboats that transported the refugees, he did a lot. Apparently, Sultan Abdul-Hamid appreciated Aivazovsky’s art very much (nowadays also, he is much appreciated in

Exhibition Turkey); he bought his paintings, gave him many awards. When the master learned about the repressions against Armenians, he threw them all into the sea - and this is a fact. Aivazovsky often visited his brother in the Congregation of Mekhitarists, where he painted the above-mentioned work “Chaos: Creation of the World” and presented it to the Congregation, where the picture is now stored. THE MASTER ALSO HAD WORKS ABOUT ARMENIANS... Yes, he painted Armenian elite, who with he communicated both during the trips outside Russia, and in his native Theodosia; there are even some letters of Aivazovsky to the representatives of the Armenian elite to prove this. WHY DID AIVAZOVSKY LIVE IN THEODOSIA? THIS CAUSED SEVERAL PROBLEMS, INCLUDING PERSONAL ONES - FOR EXAMPLE, DIVORCING HIS FIRST WIFE... A difficult question ... But where do seascape painters live? By the sea. In this respect, the sights of Theodosia surpass any other place on the territory of Russia. WHAT WOULD YOU PARTICULARLY MENTION ABOUT THE UPCOMING EXHIBITION, IN ADDITION TO THE AFOREMENTIONED? WHAT IS YOUR ADVICE BOTH TO THE SPECIALISTS AND SIMPLY TO THE LOVERS OF ART?

The main attraction is “Chaos: Creation of the World”. I do not want to single out the other works - they are all good. We carefully selected from our collection, chose the best pictures, and restored some of them. By the way, the exhibition also includes an interactive part - to get the most out of the exposed works. I do not want to disclose anything more – I will leave a space for intrigue. TO CONCLUDE I WOULD LIKE TO ASK A QUESTION THAT IS TOPICAL FOR ANY POTENTIAL VISITOR OF THE EXHIBITION: ABOUT THE PRICE. In Armenia, ticket prices are more than affordable. The tickets for the exhibition of the great artist Ivan Aivazovsky are at the regular cost of a cinema ticket, i.e. 1500 AMD.

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Yerevan celebrates its anniversary - a holiday that once became a link between the historical past of the city and today. This event occupies a special place in the life of the citizens.

The first official celebration of the City Day “Ere-

buni-Yerevan” was held in October 1968, when the Armenian people celebrated the 2750th anniversary of their dear Yerevan. During the weeklong holiday, multiple events were held, books were published on the history of Yerevan, films were shot about the capital, exhibitions were organized, many songs were written about the city, souvenirs were produced to remind about this wonderful holiday. Many of today's dwellers of Yerevan remember those unforgettable days, GATE 54

Our capital

Square) was opened, 2750 trees were planted at the foot of the Arin-Berd hill and a gala event was held at the Republican Stadium. On the stages of the city squares, avenues, parks and streets, concerts continued for several days. This event was becoming more and more diverse and popular. It is worth mentioning, that in addition to traditional celebrations, new ones also appeared: the Holiday of the Newlyweds, the Festival of Poetry, the Feast of the

the Festival of Flowers and the Song Festival, during which the choir of 2750 singers performed the song of the renowned Armenian composer Edgar Oganesyan “Erebuni-Yerevan�, which later became the anthem of the city. Within the framework of these events, the Museum of the history of establishment of Yerevan was founded at the foot of the Arin Berd hill, and the neighboring street was named Erebuni Street. A park with 2750 fountains was founded, the fountain at Lenin Square (now Republic Find us online at:


Our capital

Young dwellers of Yerevan, as well as masquerades, national games, sports competitions, the annual “Golden Autumn”... The title “Honorary Resident of Yerevan” was awarded to the dis-


tinguished employees, outstanding scientists and cultural figures. Every year “Erebuni-Yerevan” is held under a certain slogan. For example, in 2009 the slogan “Yerevan is us” was suggested, and it remained the same in 2010, in 2012 - “The Capital of My Heart”, in 2013 - “The Companion of My Heart”, in 2014 - “Yerevan is my home”, in 2015 - “My warm and good city”, and in 2016 - “Yerevan: City of the sun”. This year on October 14, Yerevan will celebrate its 2799th anniversary. And again there will be concerts, exhibitions, flash mobs and other celebrations in different parts of the city. Welcome to Yerevan!


“Only those who

do not lie have

my jewellery”

As a four-year old boy, Arman role-played a pomegranate and since then he was called Nur. This is a fait accompli and ... not only. So what does “NUR” mean for him? What meaning does he ascribe to that peculiar and already famous world brand? Maybe it is an abbreviation and stands for three words. So on this and many other things the “AT” guest – an artist, a jeweller and a designer Arman (Nur) dwells in this interview.


Art To be honest, I opposed this nickname for a long time. However, later I realized that it made sense for people and accepted it. Moreover, now this is my and my family’s official surname. I somewhat fortuitously began to perceive “Nur” as a symbol of life, but ... not as a fruit. I will say even more – I have no gastronomic passion for it. The only analogy between a pomegranate and me is probably the number of seeds, known to be 365, and my working days per year. I really enjoy my work. I am addicted to it - I work 18 hours a day. In other words, Nur feels sick when he does not work!

they do their job no worse. For me, the ability to communicate is a very important and indispensable part of my work. Skills required to get in touch with a person and to obtain the necessary information for using it later to create a piece for that person are very important for my work. This is a sine qua non condition: I have to communicate with a person, understand his inner world, his weak and strong points, etc. Today, in the heart of Yerevan, on the Republic Square, there is “Nur” gallery, where my works are exhibited. Painting,

THREE DEGREES OF HIGHER EDUCATION: ART INSTITUTE OF APPLIED ART “ROSLIN”, “ELABORATION OF METAL” FACULTY, INSTITUTE OF GEMMOLOGY IN MOSCOW AND THE COLLEGE OF ARTS IN THE USA (MIAMI)... There are art historians who cannot communicate at all. Moreover, it does not hinder them - professionals in their field,

graphics, sculpture, jewellery are all the areas in which I work and express my feelings and thoughts. All the works are in a single copy and dedicated to those people for whom I would like to create something, but did not have a possibility to meet; people who weren’t my contemporaries. This is the continuation of the concept to create after personal communication.

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IN 1994 NUR FOUNDED HIS OWN ART STUDIO “NUR DESIGN”, WHICH IS STILL FUNCTIONING. I WONDER, WHAT SKILLS OR ABILITIES SHOULD THE PERSON WHO HAS DECIDED TO STUDY AT ART STUDIO AND DEVOTE HIMSELF/ HERSELF TO THIS PROFESSION HAVE? Desire. A great desire to learn! Of course, it would be nice if one could also paint. However, even a professed pencil does not outweigh the lack of passion, desire and belief in oneself. It goes without saying that if a person really wants something he will definitely achieve it. In my studio people learn to be masters, and maybe creators, although I strongly believe that, the creativity is given at birth; my task here is to be able to reveal it in everyone... Many people perceive my education as “an access to an easy life”. Alas, this is not so. My trainings do not always translate into higher earnings. Only a few, after studying here and having found their own style, their own image, make their way and become recognized masters in this field. Everything depends on the person himself - I only impart my knowledge... I initially try to develop in a person creative thinking, to reveal his/her individuality, his/her style and not let the person dissolve in a very natural and inevitable desire to imitate the master’s style. Unfortunately, this is not always possible. Only 10-15 out of more than 100 students of my studio can really be called masGATE 60

Welcome to "Valmar Art Gallery"

"Valmar Art Gallery" was founded in April 2004. The gallery presents paintings and graphic works of People's Artist of Armenia Valmar and his daughter, Hripsime Margaryan. Every year a new thematic show is organized, through which Armenian and foreign visitors can get acquainted with the creative development of the artist Valmar.


ters. Many of them have achieved great success; they work as chief designers in large companies and teach. It is wonderful, and I am very proud of my students. I wish only that they all worked and created for our country, and were not scattered around the world. ABOUT THE WORLD! YOU MADE 20 GOLD BROOCHES WITH EMERALDS, DIAMONDS, SAPPHIRES FOR MADELEINE ALBRIGHT, “DAGDAGAN” FOR ANDRE AGASSI, A LARGE NECKLACE WITH 1700 SMALL GEMSTONES IN HONOR OF THE 1700TH ANNIVERSARY OF ADOPTION OF CHRISTIANITY IN ARMENIA - FOR SHER; MANY OTHER WORLD-FAMOUS CELEBRITIES ALSO HAVE PIECES OF JEWELLERY CREATED BY YOU. WHAT ABOUT ARMENIANS? ARE THERE ANY POLITICIANS OR LOCAL ARTISTS WHO WEAR YOUR JEWELLERY? I would not like to disclose those names that were not previously indicated by the owners themselves. I am sure they believe it is something special, something of their own, and it would not be appropriate for me to intervene. I can only say that I am very proud that my works are in the collections of Maya Plisetskaya and Al Jarreau. People, who I adore and who have been my idols since childhood. I am gratified that Nino Katamadze, Shushan Petrosyan, Avet Barseghyan, Tigran Petrosyan and many others wear pieces of jewellery form Nur. Only those who really deserve to be called a singer, an author, an actor, etc. have my jewellery, those who are real representatives of art, and do not do, whether literally or figuratively, a ‘lip-sync’. In a word, my jewellery is for those who do not lie: real stars and true friends! TO CONCLUDE: HOW TO BE HAPPY? YOUR FORMULA OF HAPPINESS. There is a very banal cliché - not a new one, not even a well-forgotten old, but extremely precise, optimal and effective. It sounds like “If you want to be happy, be!” Iʼm sure that happiness can be the usual state of any person, whatever philosophers’, poets’ and others’ suggestions could be.

53-55 B. Buzand str., Yerevan, Armenia Теl.: +(37410) 580 769, +(374 10) 568 081 Моb.: +(374 91) 456 059


Yerevan Jazz Fest 2017 “bass” and “piano” come

to Yerevan!

For the third time, the Armenian Jazz Association organizes Yerevan Jazz Fest, the annual international festival, within the framework of which many famous musicians from the USA, France, Georgia, Russia, Great Britain and other countries visit Armenia.

This year Yerevan Jazz Fest will be held from

October 26 to November 3 and will be dedicated to the author of the Zildjian brand, Avedis Zildjian - the founder of the world-famous manufacturer of plates and percussion instruments.


Yerevan Jazz Fest 2017 headliner will be a two-time Grammy winner, composer and producer of successful solo and collaborative albums, talented multi-instrumentalist Marcus Miller. He will perform a solo concert at the opening ceremony of the festival on October 26 at K. Demirchyan SCC. The organizers of the festival are more than sure that the musician who worked with Miles Davis, Eric Clapton, Luther Vandross, David Sanborn and others, will love Armenia and the music of Komitas as much as bassist Richard Bona, the headliner of the festival in 2015. The closing of the festival will be marked by the performance of a unique Cuban jazz pianist and composer, four-time Grammy winner Gonzalo Rubalcaba. He will be the second headliner of the current Yerevan Jazz Fest. Gonzalo Rubalcaba performed and had recordings with almost all jazz stars. Herbie Hancock calls Gonzalo the jazz pianist of all times and generations. This is not of course the full list of participants of Yerevan Jazz Fest - the organizers assure that the festival will be bright, rich and will surprise Armenian jazz music lovers!


We welcome you to one of the finest corners on earth - our Artsakh. Our hotel is ideal for individual tourists, as well as for families and tourist groups. There are 16 comfortable and different types of rooms each of them furnished with air conditioner, phone, LCD TV, mini-bar, heating, bathroom with a shower. Also, the hotel has free wireless internet.

50 Tumanyan str., Stepanakert, Artsakh Tel.: +(374 47) 977 888 Fax: +(374 47) 977 881


“Armenia: ancient, sincere, interesting” Recently, a four-time participant of “ParisDakar” rally, bronze medalist Yaroslav SOLOVYEV visited Armenia. His tour in Transcaucasia began in Azerbaijan, continued in Georgia and ended in Armenia. We met him in Bagratashen, and during four days of communication with this interesting person and his wonderful wife, Maria we managed to visit the Haghpat Monastery, Sanahin, Dilijan, Sevan, Garni, Geghard and, of course, walk around the capital, participate in a culinary master class of Armenian national dishes, enjoy “singing fountains”... Since the tour program was rather packed, the interview also took place in a somewhat “racing” spirit. So, our guest is the professional racer Yaroslav SOLOVYEV. What do you think about our roads? Jaroslav, why did you decide to drive The roads in Yerevan are fine, but not in the through Transcaucasia? Sheer curiosity. Iʼve never been here countryside. before. Do you think Armenia could be included in the number of countries where race Well, in which of the countries the speed competitions are held? of life coincides with your winner’s Sure, but still most of the routes would be speed? None of them and it’s good! Rest, beautiful very dangerous. Extremely dangerous. views and hospitality are preferable. What are your impressions of Armenia?


What did you like or did not? I will only mention what I liked: people's attitude, interesting excursions, beautiful views ... What was your view of Armenia before visiting it, and what it would be like in recollections? Before only the wonderful and talented actor Frunzik Mkrtchyan and, of course, the famous cognac “Ararat” reminded me about the country! And now I am leaving with the wonderful image of stairway with a cascade of fountains leading to the heart of Yerevan, Armenian hospitality and good people! And the places of interest that impressed you much? Mount Ararat and old churches. Did you reveal something new in Armenia? Mulberry vodka... and the way of calculating the age of the cognac while blending. In which of the countries of the Transcaucasian region would you like to settle (to purchase real estate)? I do not like being tied to any place. My house is in Moscow, I am just a tourist in other places. Your itinerary was Azerbaijan - Georgia Armenia, but what exactly impressed you in Armenia? ... What is the comparative analysis? It is impossible to compare these countries! Nature, people, cuisine ... everything is completely different! Can you describe each of the countries seen in Transcaucasia in three adjectives? Azerbaijan: soviet, oil, stable. Georgia: conflicting, beautiful, kind. Armenia: ancient, sincere, interesting. I really liked it, so see you soon in Yerevan!

You will find a proof of the warmth of the Armenian hearth and hospitality in the guest house “Tsaghkunk” in the village of the same name in Gegharkunik region. The guests of “Tsaghkunk” guest house find themselves in a big family, where they are welcomed by the founders Yura and Ani Sargsyans. “I always wanted to have a big house like the one in my childhood - says the hospitable owner. – I wanted it to be bright and cozy, filled with warmth: there I could receive a lot of guests and see them off with a smile.”


"Tsaghkunk" is a realization of that dream!

Tsaghkunk village, Sevan town, RA Теl.: +(374 93) 991 888, +(374 94) 991 888, +(374 91) 981 888 e-mail:

One year in the sky.

“Armenia” Aircompany

celebrated its anniversary by the

presentation of the flight book

T he only Armenian aircompany “Armenia” celebrated the anniversary of one-year flight. During this period, the company managed to expand the geography of flights and to achieve the highest level of quality of services provided. By means of charter flights tens of thousands passengers were transported to Rome, Venice, Barcelona, Heraklion, Araxos, Baghdad, Erbil, Resht, Sharm El Sheikh, Podgorica, Tehran, Thessaloniki, Shiraz, Rhodes, Tivat, Saint Petersburg, etc. There are regular direct flights to Tbilisi, Voronezh, Beirut, Mineralnye Vody and Tel Aviv. GATE 66

“Pursuant to our slogan ‘Realizing our dream’ we achieved considerable success. We transported over 65,000 passengers in one year. Vocational training courses were organized to improve the qualification of pilots and flight attendants. All the passengers are served with high-quality hot meals, drinks,

Armenia The passengers of the aircompany are representatives of both middle and upper classes, including businesspersons from different countries. The magazine provides its partners with an unprecedented opportunity to attract new customers, establish new business connections, and advertise products in the sky. It is not fortuitous that more than 15 large companies, the number of which is gradually growing, trust the publication. Passengers love the magazine and the evidence of this is the high print run. By the way, every passenger has his or her own copy of the magazine, which, after the flight, will replenish his or her library. including Armenian wine and beer,” mentioned Robert Oganesyan, general director of “Armenia”. He also expressed hope that the presence of the company on the world map would expand and the planes with the Armenian flag would fly to other countries. Within the framework of this event, the flight book was also presented. The trilingual edition is published every three months and is always on board. On the pages of the publication, Armenia is represented in all facets; one can read articles about Armenian cuisine, culture, sport, the sights of the country and many other things. Here one can also find interviews with celebrities like actor Narek Duryan, singer Iveta Mukuchyan, authors and presenters of ArmComedy Narek Margaryan and Sergey Sargsyan, Greco-Roman wrestler Arsen Julfalakyan, actor Mkrtich Arzumanyan and others. “It’s hard for a modern type person to imagine a close space and several hours without the Internet and television. Our solution is the interesting magazine. The purpose of the publication is to make the flight more comfortable and to present Armenia in all its beauty. Looking through the magazine, foreigners discover an interesting country that is worth visiting, and Armenians begin to look at it in a new way,” mentioned Gevorg Khachatryan, the editor-in-chief of the journal. Find us online at:


The book

“Yerevan. XX century” is awaiting its readers New edition of the book “Yerevan. XX century”, depicting the flavour and history of the capital, is already on the tables of readers. The book tells the most beloved stories of the townspeople, about the authors of historical monuments, architects and contains interviews with famous citizens of Yerevan. The publication of historical photographs was carried out with the help of Mediamax and with the support of Yeremyan Project. “Every corner, park, yard, street and house is the history and memory of the inhabitants of the city, within the younger generation those memories and stories start to live afresh. The book contains unique memories that need to be preserved and passed on through generations, ” said David Yeremyan the founder of Yeremyan Project. July 11th was marked by the presentation of the book; among the visitors of the event were RA Minister of Culture, architects and famous personalities. All interested can buy the book in the restaurant “Lavash” and online in “Bukinist” bookstore.



Create memories for a lifetime in “Panorama Resort” – the first “de luxe” grand resort in Yerevan. We invite all those who like comfort, warmth and elegance. Relax and enjoy your stay in the hotel spa, which offers an impressive selection of all kinds of services and facilities. It offers 2-3-4-room suites, a restaurant, bar, lounge, conference room, swimming pool, tennis court, gym and free WiFi. Truly royal facilities at amazing rates!

G.Hovsepyan 24/3 Str., Nork-Marash, Yerevan, Armenia, Теl.: +(374 60) 275 737,

Opera Мода

Jubilee 85th season

Today “Anush”, “Almast”, “Arshak II” operas, “Spartacus” and “Masquerade” balat the main theatre “Gayane”, lets of the renowned composer Aram Khachaturian, works of Verdi, Puccini, Tchaikovsky, Bizet, Donizetti, Bellini are the pride of the theatre ... The works of both Armenian and foreign outational Academic Theatre of Opera and Balstanding directors, choreographers and artists th let after A. Spendiaryan launches the jubilee 85 were presented at the theatre. World-famous season. conductors and choreographers, who visited Let us look through the pages of the history of Yerevan, as well as singing and dancing stars the National Academic Theatre of Opera and Balworked with the permanent troupe. Today the let in Armenia. For over 85 years, the Armenian Opera and Ballet Theatre after A. Spendiaryan Opera House has been the sacred abode of feelis empowered to develop and glorify Armenian ings, thoughts, cherished desires of every Armeopera and ballet culture. nian, the pride of our music culture. Jubilee year includes a number of jubilee celThe first performance on the stage of the ebrations, premieres, festivals and concerts. CurOpera Theatre of Armenia was held on January rently, the director and artistic director of the Na20, 1933. The opera “Almast” by A. Spendiaryan tional Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre after A. was presented. After the “Swan Lake” ballet by Spendiaryan is the outstanding musician, worldP.I. Tchaikovsky was staged at the theatre, it was famous cultural figure, Honored Artist of Russia called Opera and Ballet Theatre, and in 1939 it Konstantin Orbelyan. was renamed the State Opera and Ballet Theatre after A. Spendiaryan. In 1956 the theatre acquired the status Academic, and in 1994 - National Academic. During all these years, not only national works, but also dozens of modern and classical pearls of opera and ballet were represented at the Opera and Ballet Theatre of Armenia.

of Armenia



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Katoghike Holy Mother of God

Monastery Dadivank


Đ?rmenia & Artsakh SIGHTS OF INTEREST 1. Katoghike Holy Mother of God .................. page 76 2. Monastery Dadivank ................................. page 78

Two churches merged into one T

he church of St. Katoghike was built after a strong earthquake in 1693-1695 from the famous Armenian tuff and lime and did not have a dome. According to its size and adjacent areas, the church was the most capacious in Yerevan. No complex architectural patterns but several khachkars (cross-stones) stood out on the walls. However, if it were not for a lucky chance, this beautiful church could be just one of many other, undoubtedly beautiful religious buildings of Yerevan and Armenia as a whole. Nevertheless, man proposes, God disposes‌ In 1925, when the church property was transferred to the Soviet Union, 25 precious manuscripts were transferred to the Matenadaran Museum, which quantitatively exceeded the property of all other functioning churches. In December 1936, the dismantling of the church of Katoghike began and lasted several months. As works were carried out, scientists discovered an ancient church of Yerevan - the Holy Mother of God that was of great historical value. LXXVI76 GATE

It is impossible to stay at home during the velvet season in Yerevan. The warm weather and bright colors outside the window call for a stroll round the Armenian capital. Once in the center of Yerevan, at the crossroads of Abovyan and Sayat-Nova Streets, one can see the outstanding church complex of Katoghike of the Holy Mother of God.

The Church of the Holy Mother of God became an important discovery being the only medieval church that survived the earthquake in Yerevan. It was this fact that saved the religious complex from dismantling. Moreover, the Scientific Council of the Institute of History and Literature decided to restore the Church of Katoghike. Several years ago, the construction work was finally completed. The church owes its unusual architecture not only to the ideas of the architects of the first and second buildings, but also to the occasion that made them unite into one exclusive and unique complex. In the church of the Katoghike of the Holy Mother of God, there are several eras, several views on architecture, beauty, art, and life on the whole. Today, the doors of two churches, merged into one, are again open to the community.

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Dadivank Monastery –

symbol of the revival of Artsakh T he first mention about one of the most interesting monuments of Artsakh, and Armenia as a whole, Dadivank Monastery (Khutavank), was in the IX century. It appeared at the point where the Karabakh and the Murovdag ridges meet to form a small mountain valley. Legend has it that the construction of the monastery is connected with a disciple of Apostle Thaddeus (Tadevos) Dadi, who was martyred for preaching Christianity. The monastic complex includes the ancient Cathedral (single-nave basilica), the Church of Hasan the Great, the vestibule-chapel of Bishop Grigor, the Memorial Bell-Tower, and a refectory. Around the monastery, there are secular and auxiliary buildings – guesthouses, workshops, a book depository, oil and wine press houses, monastic cells; there were also monastery gardens covering the territory at the Tartar River. The compositional center of the whole complex is the Memorial Cathedral of Arzou-Khatuon. This famous monument of Armenian architecture of the XIII century was founded in 1214 by the wife of Prince Haterk Vakhtang Arzou-Khatoun, who wrote that she had built a holy cathedral on the site of the grave of her husband and children. The walls of the Cathedral were covered with frescoes; the fragLXXVIII

To visit Dadivank is to discover the heart of the Caucasus. Dadivank fascinates with the unbroken silence of its virgin nature. Dadivank is the center of traditions: cultural and religious maintained for centuries.

Simone Zoppellaro, Italian journalist

ments that survived to us vividly testify that not only skilled craftsmen worked in Artsakh, but also talented artists who skillfully mastered the technique of fresco painting. The cross-stones of the monastery are of great value. Opulent botanical and geometric motives, fine elegant carving make one forget about the stone base, as if having a piece of jewelry or embroidery in front. Supposedly, their motives were taken from embroideries of Arzou-Khatoun. Persians, Arabs, Seljuk Turks, and Ottomans plundered Dadivank Monastery many times. In the middle of the XIX century, its territory became a pasture for cattle. Restoration works on the site of this remarkable monastic complex began in 1997 later Italian specialists were included. As a result, the inner walls of many buildings, from the dome to the floor, were cleaned of a thick layer of soot and dust, which covered the amazing frescoes of the 13th century. In May 2, 2015 in Dadivank the bells were ringing again. Restoration was carried out according to the project of the architect Samvel Ayvazyan “by all Armenian world�. Today, Dadivank, which could always recover after the ravages, once again becomes a symbol of the revival of Artsakh. Find us online at:


Festivals in



september/ october/ november Yerevan lives an active festival life from early spring until late autumn. Film, theater, literary, musical, gastronomic festivals... In a word, to cater to every taste! Since most of the festivals take place in autumn - we will tell about them in this issue.


the village of Khachik, province - Vayots Dzor The villagers of Khachik represent harvested fruits. Visitors and guests witn the ess preparation of gata and other traditional the dishes of this region, and have an opportunity to taste the largest gata in the world - 3 meters diam eter. Performances of national music and various dance groups are held during the festi val. event is aimed at preserving the Arm The enian national spirit.



Dilijan Within the framework of this festival, some exclusive museum samples of carpets, arts and crafts, products of wood, clay and metal are exhibited and national cuisine is represented. Elements of folklore from the regions of Armenia and Artsakh - songs, dances, folk instruments are also represented. A special image and content carries the fashion show of the folk costumes and accessories designed in a new, modern style. The festival makes it possible to learn about the thousand-year heritage of Armenian culture and the peculiarities of national cuisine.





Gyumri, Byurakan, Ashtarak, Yerevan Every year in September folklore groups from all over the world come together in Armenia and create a peculiar atmosphere of contemplation and kindness by presenting the traditional culture of their countries. It is a holiday of peace indeed; it represents colorful processions, folk food, elite performances in museums and concert halls. The organizers of the festival are the “Tonatsuyts” Center and the NGO “Revival of traditional festivals”.






High Fest


Geghard, Tatev The goal of the festival is to preserve the cultural heritage and boost the development of Armenian sacred music.


Yerevan The festival represents the most recent trends in the development of modern theatrical art, develops creative cooperation between theatrical performers of different countries. While having open-air performances the capital of Armenia is turning into one big stage.

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villages of Rind and Areni The grand opening of the festival will take place on October 6 in the village of Rind. At the end of the day, the jury will select the best homemade wine by secret voting and decide the winner, but the awarding ceremo ny will be held on October 7 in the village of Areni. More than 150 wine-makers from all ove r Vayots Dzor Province, as well as representa tives of more than 15 wine factories of Arm enia and Artsakh, will present their wines at the festival in the village of Areni. The progra m of the festival includes national dances, son gs, traditional games, theatrical performances, show programs. Guests may taste wines, trad itional dishes of the region and enjoy a merry day.


Yerevan For many years, since 1968, the most beloved and most anticipated citywide event is without any doubt the celebration on the foundation of the city – “Erebuni-Yerevan”, held on the second Saturday and Sunday of October. It is a merry holiday with national music, performances, exhibitions and open-air concerts. Participants of the festival can witness the historical reconstruction of events on the founding of the city. The holiday is held directly in front of the City Hall. Dwellers of Yerevan and the guests of the capital celebrate the Day of the City with great joy.

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“All men have the stars,” wrote Antoine de Saint-Exupéry in “The Little Prince”. The outstanding Armenian astrophysicist, one of the founders of theoretical astrophysics, the National Hero of Armenia Victor Hambardzumyan had the whole sky. His scientific discoveries helped make the sky closer to us. Victor Hambardzumyan was born on September 18, 1908 in an Armenian family in Tiflis. In 1924, he entered the Physico-Mathematical Department of the Leningrad State Pedagogical Institute. In 1926, already at the Leningrad University, Hambardzumyan published his first scientific work on solar faculae. In his student years, he was among the correspondents-observers of the Russian Society of Amateurs in the Natural Sciences, which he never joined as an official member. After graduation, he continued


his postgraduate studies at Pulkovo Observatory, under the guidance of A. Belopolsky from 1928 to 1931. In 1930, Hambardzumyan married Vera Klochikhina, the adopted daughter of astronomers Grigory and Pelageya Shajn. As a professor at the Leningrad University in 1934, Hambardzumyan founded and headed the first chair of astrophysics in the USSR; he held the position until 1947. At the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, the important scientific laboratories of the university were evacuated to Elabuga. Here Hambardzumyan worked on a new theory of light diffusion in turbid medium, based on the principle of invariance proposed by him. This principle is now widely used in other sections of mathematical physics and geophysics. In 1943, the Academy of Sciences was established in Armenia, and in 1947, Victor Hamazaspovich was elected as its president (and was invariably re-elected to this post until 1993). In 1944, he founded the chair of Astrophysics at the Yerevan University, and two years later, he headed the newly founded Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory and presided over it for over 40 years. Victor Hamazaspovich’s scientific activity always paralleled the pedagogical one. He is the author of the first manual “Theoretical astrophysics” in the USSR and co-author of the

course “Theoretical Astrophysics”, translated into many languages, as well as the author of works on philosophical questions of astronomy and a number of books and articles on various problems of astrophysics. Hambardzumyan founded scientific schools in Leningrad and Byurakan, educated several generations of astrophysicists. He was a member of presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences, the president of the International Astronomical Union, was a member of many foreign academies of science, scientific societies, etc. Hambardzumyan is a laureate of two Stalin Prizes and the Russian Federation State Award; he received the title of a Hero of Socialist Labor twice, and many orders and medals, both in Russia and in other countries. Hambardzumyan’s scientific horizon was immensely wide, and his contribution to astronomical science is simply invaluable. His scientific works covered many areas of astronomy: in particular, the physics of stellar shells and gas nebulae, statistical mechanics of the stellar systems, extra-galactic astronomy and cosmogony, nuclear physics. A large number of scientist’s works is dedicated to the evolution of galaxies. In these works, a new proposed concept substantiated, that the presence of numerous dust nebulae - absorbing clouds, in the interstellar space caused the phenomenon of light absorption in the Galaxy. Based on this concept of patchy structure of the interstellar absorbing medium, a theory of fluctuations was developed thus setting out a basis for a new direction in astronomy. “If our nation manages to advance in the field of science and technology, then this will create a persistent and immortal national in-

dependence,” said Victor Hambardzumyan, in favour of his people. The President of the European Astronomical Society Joachim Krautter mentioned, “With their discoveries, Armenian scientists have made an invaluable contribution to the development of astrophysics. Armenians were the first to initiate the work on the activity in galactic nuclei.” Victor Hamazaspovich died on August 12, 1996 in Byurakan, was buried near the Grand Telescope Tower in the territory of Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory named after him. A minor planet, discovered in 1972 by the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, was named after Hambardzumyan. Its name is 1905 Hambardzumyan. The Armenian government announced the scientist's birthday, September 18, as the Day of Astronomy. In 2010, the International Scientific Prize named after Hambardzumyan was founded. Armenian schoolchildren and students often visit the Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory in order to watch the starry sky. One can often meet tourist groups and scientists from different countries there. “This is the peculiarity of the starry sky: when looking at it some sweet uneasiness creeps. Perhaps, we come from somewhere, indeed,” said the writer Boris Akunin. Nobody knew about this better than Victor Hambardzumyan did…

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Salt Cave The essence of the cave treatment consists in inhaling the healing salty air, on the depth of 235 meters. Different respiratory and lung diseases, such as asthma, bronchitis, recurrent respiratory infections etc. are treated here. Positive results are achieved in the treatment of allergy and skin diseases of various origin. The treatment lasts usually twenty-eight days. One can sleep, read, dream, play billiards and table tennis here. The most important point in the cave treatment is the long-stay in the unique microclimate. After twenty days of rest, the problems left outside, are suredly viewed differently. Medico-biological technology of Speleotherapy is not an alternative to speleotherapy other methods of treatment. The method: The cave-health resort of speleotherapeutic recreation is intended for complementary treatThe nature of therapeutic recreation of people ment, prevention and rehabilitation of patients at risk of bronchial asthma. with bronchial asthma and other immunogenic, Rehabilitation and convalescence of acute chronic lung diseases. Cardiology. respiratory infections and emaciated people. Prevention of bronchial asthma and other The stages of complementary respiratory allergies, neurodermatitis, allergies. therapy Recovery and improving the quality of life of Relief of asthma exacerbation by classical adults, children and pregnant women, including methods of drug treatment. the fetus. Extracorporeal detoxification or the removal Physiological recreation, skin rejuvenation, of free radicals from the body. removal of stretch marks and burn scars. Speleotherapeutic recreation of hormonal Correction of immune defense and and immune status and rehabilitation. enhancement of hormonal status. Recovery of lung function, after smoking cessation as well. Rules of speleotherapy: Speleotherapy is allowed for persons who have undergone a medical examination to determine indication for speleotherapy and the absence of contraindications for descending to the underground health resort.



tourism News

Armenia aims at visa liberalization

Armenia is developing adventure tourism

As was stated by Prime Minister Karen Karapetyan Armenia aims at liberalization of visa regime. The Prime Minister views this measure as an important factor in attracting tourists to the country. The Chairperson of the State Tourism Committee is already tasked to study the possibilities of additional liberalization of entry rules for foreigners. The Head of the Main Department of Civil Aviation under the Government of Armenia was also instructed to submit proposals for expanding the geography of air transportation and reducing the prices for them. In the first half of this year, 1.3 million foreign tourists visited Armenia. Most of them are citizens of Russia, Georgia and Iran.

The corresponding statement was made by the Chairperson of the State Tourism Committee of the Ministry of Economic Development and Investments of the Republic of Armenia Zarmine Zeytuntsyan. Mrs. Zeytuntsyan emphasized that Armenia has a huge unrealized tourism potential, and promised to learn more about it and to represent it. To her, primarily, in the country there is the development of cultural-cognitive tourism. This type of tourism, also known as adventure tourism, is becoming more and more popular in the world. According to Zarmine Zeytuntsyan, 263 billion dollars are spent annually on this sector throughout the world.

The Days of Yerevan held in St. Petersburg

Regular journeys to places of interest In Artsakh

From September 6 to September 8, the Days of Yerevan will be held in St. Petersburg. The framework of the event consists of roundtables on tourism, education and healthcare, as well as an extensive cultural program. The Mayor of Yerevan, Taron Margaryan, has already given instructions to the relevant departments on proper preparations for the Days of Yerevan in St. Petersburg.

Now tourists can visit Gandzasar monastery and the waterpark "Nor Kyanq" on transit buses departing from the capital of the republic, Stepanakert. Stepanakert-Gandzasar itinerary includes an excursion to Nikol Duman's house museum; those wishing to enter the waterpark will have the opportunity to see the Tnjri tree and the Meliks’ Palace in the village of Togh. The minimum price per ticket is 250 AMD




Wedding Traditions Autumn in Armenia is rich not only in the harvest, but also weddings. Armenian weddings have always been famous for their large scale and a variety of traditions that are observed up to the present days.



In the past the traditional way of marriage for the

Armenians was the arranged marriage based on paying a certain amount of ransom by the groom to the bride’s family which is preserved up to the present in the form of the tradition to shower the bride with gifts. Here, of course, it is preferable to give gold jewelry which the bride should put around her neck, wrists or fingers. If the groom was not able to pay “the tribute to the bride’s parents”, he could marry the bride by kidnapping her generally upon the consent of the bride, but against the will of her parents. In the past there was also another wide-spread custom of “engagement in cots” when infants or small children were engaged. According to an ancient Armenian custom, the bride was chosen by the groom’s parents, and, moreover, the initiative came from the mother.

For centuries Armenian weddings were organized in two houses. In the morning the bull sacrificing ritual was performed outside the groom’s house which was accompanied by dances and songs. The groom was supposed to keep the knife with which the animal’s throat was cut. Kavor smeared some

Nowadays, young people get married for love but they get the approval of their parents. The Armenian wedding cycle consists of a preliminary stage (matchmaking, betrothal and engagement), wedding (wedding ceremony and moving of the bride into her husband’s house) and post-marriage ceremonies. Kavor (godfather) is the central figure during all the stages who often acts as the wedding toastmaster. Find us online at:


blood on his forehead. All of those rituals, according to the beliefs of the Armenians, would bring many children and prosperity to the house. After the traditional rituals the groom’s delegation headed to the bride’s house with numerous presents. The bride’s kinswomen dressed her up. When the young lady appeared in front of the guests, the bride and groom danced “Uzundar” (“uzin taran” – betrothed and took away) during which they were showered with money. Then, the bride’s father blessed the couple. The wedding couple used to go to the church together, tied up together by a kerchief so that no evil could pass between them and the groom’s man power was not taken away. During the wedding ceremony kavor used to hold knives and sward above the heads of the bride and groom. The priest bound the newlyweds with a specially twisted cord made from green threads, thus, giving permission for the wedding night. When meeting the newlyweds, the mother-in-law cast a lavash (thin bread in the form of a sheet) over the shoulGATE GATE90 8

ders of the bride and groom, sprinkling raisins, nuts, candies and grains over their heads. Sometimes the groom’s mother offered them each a spoon of honey or a piece of chocolate, and put at their feet two plates brought from her daughter-in-law’s house on the doorstep of her house. According to the tradition, the husband should be the first to break the plate. Great importance was attributed to the chastity of the bride. In order to make sure that the bride was chaste, the close kinswomen visited their house in the morning and checked the blankets after the wedding night. Congratulating the bride, they presented her an apple with silver coins stuck into it, whereas a sliced chicken, red apples and a bottle of red wine or cognac tied with a red ribbon were sent to her mother. Nowadays, only a basket of red apples is sent to the bride’s mother, confirming the bride’s chastity. The feast lasts from one day up to three days. They make various dishes from the slaughtered bull for the banquet. There are plenty of dishes on the tables during an







53 B Aygedzor, Yerevan, Armenia, Теl.: +(374 10) 277 878, +(374 55) 27 78 78, Fax: (+374) 10 27 78 78,


Traditions Armenian wedding. Fresh greens: coriander, basil, tarragon, fresh vegetables, lavash, various types of caviar, cheese and fruits are always present on the wedding tables. Over hundreds of years, barbeque (khorovats) has been the main dish, before the serving of which the specially trained waiters perform a traditional dance, holding in their hands the skewers with this delicacy. The variety of drinks is as abundant as the dishes: different types of local wine, the famous cognac, as well as mineral water, homemade lemonades and compotes. The feast starts with toasts in memory of the deceased relatives after which toasts are offered for the newlyweds, their parents and relatives. The banquet is necessarily accompanied by songs and dances. Wishing to present a gift to the groom, as well as make an unforgettable impression on the future relatives, the Armenian bride learns to dance “Harsi Par” which means “bride’s dance”. It is performed to the national music, and the movements resemble an incredibly graceful floating swan. In general, the music during Armenian weddings is long-lasting and rousing: usually, the guests dance off their heads. They dance the traditional “Kochari” and “Shalakho”, as well as many other dances. The Armenian dances are divided into male, female, single and paired types of performance. Female dances are distinguished by modesty, gracefulness, elegance and


smoothness of movements. Whereas the men are warriors, creators, thus, male dances are very spirited. Up to now in Armenia there exists the tradition of “darts” (“veradarts”) which means the young daughter-in-law’s return to her parents’ house some time after the marriage formerly for a period of forty days, whereas now it is only 15-20 days. In the past the tradition of “returning home” coincided with the birth of a child, whereas now “darts” is more intended to coincide with some holiday. Nowadays weddings in Armenia are celebrated all the year round. But in the past people got married exceptionally in autumn or early winter when field work was over, the granaries were full of all kinds of goods, and the karases (clay jugs for storing wine) were full of young wine. Moreover, some ancient Armenian medical treatises are preserved stating the benefits of getting married exactly in autumn or early winter when the body is full of vital force. Wedding in Armenia is a large family celebration. In the course of the historical events, the Armenians were urged to resettle in various territories, and up to the present day many of them live in diasporas throughout the world, that is why they like to gather their entire family. Armenian marriages are incredibly strong as everyone has his family standing behind him ready to support at any moment.





On September 23 a big solo concert of Sevak Khanagyan, the winner of the seventh season of “X-Factor” will be held at Karen Demirchyan SCC. As is known, he participated with the band Detach at the final of the show, and the audience, taken with the unusual voice of the singer and the passionate performance of the song “I'm falling into the sky,” made their choice in favor of Sevak. “I confess, I still do not believe that I won,” he will say the next morning. “I think I'm still in some unusual fairy tale ...” Todayʼs guest of “AT” is Sevak Khanagyan.

Let us start from the very beginning. Where are you from? How did you get to moscow, and then - to kharkov? I was born in a small village of Metsavan, Tashir region. Its name tells nothing to many people, but it is a beautiful and wonderful place. When my father went to


Moscow for work, we also moved there soon. Thus, I went into the 8th grade already in Moscow. I lived for several years in Kursk, where I studied at college, then again returned to Moscow, entered the State Classical Academy, Pop and Jazz Vocal Department. Actually, Moscow has already become a comfortable city for me; I do not feel like a stranger there. This is not my first participation in the television singing competitions, but only at the “X-factor”, I managed to reach the final and win. This time things somehow worked out successfully and properly... I showed only the seventy percent of what I was truly capable of and was allowed to perform my authorial work. In fact, this is


the decisive point for the viewer to love an artist ... or not. You often come to armenia. What has brought you here this time? Fortunately, it has become possible to come to Armenia more often. One always feels grateful to come to homeland: there are recollections and nostalgia there... This time we came only for four days to perform at a small club concert. Alas, the schedule was very tight, the days were fully loaded with interviews, meetings, business... Imagine my excitement when I managed to get out one evening and stroll in Yerevan. I adore Yerevan at night! Everything around is so beautiful, fabulous, there is some kind of unidentified magnetism, and the flavour of the city - beyond description and comparison... How were you received here? Wonderful, it was warm, even hot! Big mistake not to have a walk in this weather. Of course, it is very pleasant when people recognize and approach you in the street and then come to your concerts ... I already had five club concerts -three big and two small in Armenia this year. In addition, a big concert is planned to be held at Karen Demirchyan SCC, in September. ...Anyone telling that the attitude of the audience is not of great significance to him, it seems to me, is being dishonest. It is impossible! We are working for the viewer! It is another thing to be honest and pursue high-quality work. If you are lying to yourself - it GATE 96

turns out that you are lying to the viewer and he can tell it right away. Therefore, when a spectator treats you warmly, is following your work, you realize that everything is right, you are moving in the right direction. On 9th may a concert was held in stepanakert, in which you also participated. Do you plan to go there again? This was the first time I visited Artsakh, and I really liked everything there: the nature, the air, and Stepanakert itself - a clean, bright city, I advise everyone to go there. The most important thing is that the people there are special - benevolent, with wise eyes. It was such a warm welcome, such happiness, everyone approached, thanked for something. I said, “I should thank you, you live here, you protect this land, you have seen and experienced much more. I owe to you the right to be called the son of this great nation. Whatever I do today and however I represent Armenia, is only the minimum of what I can and must do for my Motherland. But, as the saying goes, success comes with tenacity!� To conclude, what are your wishes to your compatriots, the guests of the capital and the readers of our magazine...? I always wish the same thing, not only to Armenia, but to all countries and all people - a peaceful sky above and no war. And, of course, I wish prosperity, progress and new achievements to our native country to make us proud!

We would like to introduce you to an unusual restaurant – Florence Garden. The paradoxical, impressive, bright restaurant – suited to all cultures – is located in a country with a wonderful nature and the most genial Armenian hospitality.


57 Tumanyan str., Stepanakert, Artsakh


+ (374 47) 966666, +(374 97) 220284










The statement that Armenia is a very attractive country for tourists is not unfounded: every year the interest towards the country grows attracting more and more visitors to both Yerevan and most remote parts of the country, famous for its numerous attractions. It’s interesting, but the first time tourists come to Armenia with caution, falling for the popular belief that it’s not safe in the country due to the long lasting Karabakh conflict, which of course, is not true. However, they come here for the second time answering the call of the heart, and the third time they make sure to visit Artsakh (Nagorno Karabakh Republic), which is no less famous for its rich history, attractions and hospitality. Right before the opening of the tourist season, we decided to present the 15 most popular tourist destinations in Armenia and Karabakh. 1 Yerevan – the capital and the largest city of Armenia both by its size and by population. It is one of the ancient cities of the world, as old as Rome and Babylon, Cartage and Nineveh. Until 1936 Yerevan was known as Erivan in the Russian transcription. The popular destinations in Yerevan include The Cascade, History Museum of the city of Yerevan, Art Gallery, the Republic Square, Matenadaran named after Mesrop Mashtots, Tsitsernakaberd, Theatre of Opera and Ballet, Sergey Parajanov House Museum, Aram Khachatryan House Museum, Erebuni Fortress, Saint Sargis Church, Saint Zoravor Church, Saint Astvatsatsin Church, Saint Katoghike Church, etc. 2 Garni temple is a pagan temple of I c. A.D. in Armenia: it is dedicated to Mihr, the ancient Armenian god of the Sun, celestial light and justice. Garni castle is mentioned by Tacitus in connection with the events of the first half of I c. A.D. in Armenia. It was built by the Armenian king Trdat I (66-88) in 76 A.D., as testified by the Greek inscription found in the same place. Garni is one of the clearest pieces of evidence to the centuries-old culture of the pre-Christian period of Armenia. They began to build the castle in the II century B.C. and continued to build it up during the ancient times, and partly in the Middle Ages. It is located in 28 km from Yerevan in the Kotayk region, near the village of Garni. 3 Zvartnots (the church of celestial angels) – a church of early medieval Armenian architecture ‒ is located not far from Yerevan and Vagharshapat (Echmiadzin). According to the Armenian historian Sebeos, Zvartnots was built by the order of Catholicos Nerses III the Builder (641/642 ‒ 661/662), who was planning to move his residence from Dvin to Vagharshapat. In his book “Armenian Studies” Kamsar Avetisyan writes: “Zvartnots is dedicated to celestial angels, because in Armenian “zvartun” previously meant also “an angel”. So Zvartnots means “Temple of the Angels.” In 2000, the ruins of the church and the surrounding archeological territory were included in the list of the UNESCO World Heritage.



4/6 Amiryan str., Yerevan, 0010 +(374 60) 56 00 00







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4 Geghard, Geghardavank (Armenian: “Monastery of a spear”), also the old name Ayrivank is used (“Cave Monastery”) — a monastery complex, a unique architectural construction. The monastery is located approximately 40 km northeast from Yerevan. The monastery was founded in the 4 th century at the place of a sacred spring arising in a cave. It is listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site. The name of the monastery complex comes from the Longinus spear, which was the lance that pierced the side of Jesus Christ as he hung on the Cross, allegedly brought to Armenia by Apostle Thaddeus amongst many other relics. Now it is displayed in the Echmiadzin treasury. 5 Etchmiadzin Cathedral (Armenian: “The coming of the only-begotten”) ‒ the mother church of the Armenian Apostolic Church and the Pontifical Residence of the Supreme Patriarch and Catholicos of All Armenians between 303 ‒ 484 and since 1441. The Cathedral is listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Educational institutions of the Armenian Church are also located there. The original wooden cathedral was built in 303 (soon after Armenia adopted Christianity as a state religion) and then rebuilt in stone between the 5-7th centuries. The belfry was built between 1653 ‒ 1658 and the sacristy in 1869. 6 Jermuk - a spa town in the Vayots Dzor Province of Armenia. It is located on the Arpa River to the north of the Kechut Reservoir on a plateau to the west of the Zangezur Ridge. The distance from Yerevan is 175 km. Jermuk is a balneological and climatic high altitude resort. In Soviet times, the town was a popular holiday destination. It produces the famous mineral table water “Jermuk”. The waterfall of Jermuk is also here. There are medieval cave complexes near the town. The climate is moderately continental. Average February temperature is 7 °C, and July - +19°C. 7 Khor Virap (Armenian: “deep cell”) ‒ a monastery of the Armenian Apostolic Church located in Armenia close to the Turkish border at the foothill of Ararat Mountain. The monastery is famous for its location, as right from here one of the magnificent views to biblical Mount Ararat opens up. The monastery is built on the underground prison where the Armenian King Trdat III kept St. Gregory the Illuminator incarcerated for about 13 years before he (Trdat III) turned to Christianity (in 301). The hill of Khor Virap is located on the place of the ancient Armenian capital Artashat built by King Artashes I (circa 180 B.C.). GATE 100

The entertainment center “Arena” is situated in the heart of the city. Here you can play bowling, billiards, as well as enjoy the famous Tifosi pizza and other dishes, test your accuracy in the shooting gallery and just have a good time. We will arrange an unforgettable evening for any event. 8 Mashtots ave., Yerevan, Теl.: +(37410) 53 61 01, +(37495) 53 61 01,








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Noravank (Armenian:“New Monastery”) – a monastery complex, built in the 13th century 122 km far from Yerevan on the step of a narrow curving gorge of the Arpa River not far from the Armenian city of Yeghegnadzor. The gorge is famous for its hanging red rocks, towering behind the monastery on the territory of which the two-storey church of Surb Astvatsatsin (Holy Virgin) is located with narrow cantilever stairs. Sometimes the monastery is called Amagu Noravank to distinguish it from Bkheno Noravank a monastery located near the city of Goris. Amagu is the name of a small settlement, which used to stand over the gorge. During 13-14th centuries the monastery became the residence of Syunik bishops.

9 Tatev, ropeway called “Wings of Tatev”. Tatev (Armenian: “give wings”) – is an Armenian monastery complex dating back to the 9-13th centuries, situated in Syunik region 20 km far from the city of Goris. It is a part of a huge tourist complex, which also features the hermitage called Tatevi Anapat, Tatev ropeway, the natural bridge called Satani Kamurj and many other sights. It was established in 895 ‒ 906 and has been the religious center of Syunik since the 19th century. Tatev ropeway called “Wings of Tatev” is the longest two-way ropeway in the world stretching 5,7 kilometers. The highest elevation point of the ropeway is 320 meters over the river Vorotan. 10 Tsaghkadzor is a modern ski resort located in a picturesque valley at an altitude of 1845m above sea level, 50km north-east from Yerevan. In Soviet times, Tsaghkadzor was recognized as one of the best resort places in the country. Lots of sanatoriums, hotels, sports grounds were built here. Soviet national teams trained in Tsaghkadzor before international competitions in various types of sports. Tsaghkadzor is a popular place for both winter and summer tourism. The main attraction of the city is the ancient monastery Kecharis, built in the 11th century.

11 Sevan is the largest of the lakes of the Caucasus: a picturesque resort with a huge number of hotels, tourist centers,

boarding houses and restaurants at an altitude of about 1900m. This lake is the only guaranteed major source of fresh water in Armenia. The most famous of the historical monuments is the monastery of Sevanavank, located on a peninsula near the city of Sevan. Another monastery is located on the western slope of Ayrivank. In the village of Artsvanist on the shore of the lake, there is a monastery of the 10th century - Vanevan. And again on the shore of the lake, there is the village of Noraduz, famous for the largest khachkar (cross-stone) cemetery.

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The best apreciation of our work is the guest who comes back

80 Burnazyan str., 0008 Yerevan Тоl.: +374 (10) 456213, +374 (77) 567439 E-mail:,







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Dilijan ‒ a spa city in the Tavush Province of Armenia known as a mountain climatic and balneological resort. It is located on the river Aghstev (the right tributary of the Kura River). The city is famous for traditional Armenian architecture. From almost all sides it is surrounded by the territory of Dilijan Reserve – one of the richest ones in all South Caucasus. Dilijan has always been home to numerous Armenian artists, composers, scientists and directors. Today the city stands as one of the most intellectual centers of Armenia. The city is especially proud of its musical school and musical college. The city and its surrounding areas feature many rest houses such as the Composers’ House after E. Mirzoyan, Cinematographers’ House, etc.


Tigranakert – an ancient city in Artsakh province of Greater Armenia, one of the four ancient Armenian cities with the same name supposedly established by Tigran II in the 1st century B.C. and named after him. The excavations of the city are carried out by Artsakh archeological expedition of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia led by Hamlet Petrosyan, Doctor of Historical Sciences. The place is known among the locals as “Tkrakert” or “Tarnakert” (local pronunciation of “Tigranakert”). In December 2008 at the government session of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, it was decided to recognize Tigranakert as a State Reserve.

14 Shushi – a city in Nagorno-Karabakh. It is situated in the Karabakh Mountains at an altitude of 1368 above sea level, on

Stepanakert-Goris highway, 11 km south from Stepanakert. The ancient fortress-city of Shushi has been the administrative, religious, cultural and educational center for several thousands of years. The settlement Shusho/Shushu in NagornoKarabakh is mentioned in Armenian manuscripts to exist since the 15th century. According to the Great Encyclopedic Dictionary and the Institute of Geography RAS, Shushi was founded in 1752. As stated in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, the city was founded in the middle of the 18th century as a fortress to protect the Karabakh khanate.

15 Gandzasar (Armenian: “Mountain treasure”), Gandzasar Monastery — an Armenian monastery, a significant statue

of the Armenian culture, an acting monastery of the Armenian Apostolic Church. The Monastery got its name from the mountain that the locals used to call Gandzasar due to its silver mines (Arm., “gandz”-treasure, “sar”-mountain). It is situated on the left bank of the river Khachen, not far from village Vank in Nagorno-Karabakh. According to a legend, in the burial vault of the temple the head of John the Baptist severed by Herod is buried, brought here from Cilician Armenia during the Crusades. Thus the church was named as St. Hovhannes Mkrtich (St. John the Baptist).

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Hotel Grand Hotel Yerevan Standard Single Standard Double Deluxe Double /Single Junior Suite Senior Suite Junior Presidential Suite Senior Presidential Suite Breakfast

24 rooms 48 rooms 11 rooms 11 rooms 7 rooms 1 room 1 room Smorgasbord

Address: 14 Abovyan str., 0001 Yerevan Теl.: +(374 10) 59 16 00, Fax: +(374 10) 59 16 66,, Restaurant Bar Disco Indoor swimming pool Outdoor swimming pool

Conference hall (80) Gym Cinema hall Safe Car rent

Laptop rental Free Wi-Fi Internet-café Billiard Playground

Sauna Massage Exchange Laundry Valet service

Tufenkian Historic Yerevan Hotel Standard Executive Suite Junior Suite Breakfast

72 rooms 9 rooms 5 rooms Smorgasbord

Address: 48 Hanrapetutyan str., Yerevan 0001 Теl.: +(374 60) 50 10 30, +(374 60) 50 10 10,, Restaurant Bar Disco Indoor swimming pool Outdoor swimming pool

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Conference hall (50) Gym Cinema hall Safe Car rent

Laptop rental Free Wi-Fi Internet-café Billiard Playground

Sauna Massage Exchange Laundry Valet service

Amber hotel


Do you want to live comfortably in Yerevan? Hotel Amber is located in the center of the capital of Armenia, within a five minutes’ drive from the Republic Square! We offer our customers comfortable rooms with air conditioning, refrigerator, TV and other indispensable attributes of a normal holiday! In the territory of the hotel there is a restaurant and free Wi Fi. The ratio of prices for our services and their quality can do nothing but bring you to the hotel Amber. 1 Myasnikyan str., Yerevan, Armenia +(374 11) 374 004 +(374 95) 374 004 +(374 96) 374 004

14th Floor Family Suite Deluxe Double/Twin Standard Double/Twin Breakfast


1 room 5 rooms 16 rooms Smorgasbord

Address: 4/6 Amiryan str., Yerevan 0010


Теl.: +(374 60) 56 00 00, Fax: +(374 60) 56 00 09,, Restaurant Bar Disco Indoor swimming pool Outdoor swimming pool

Conference hall (40) Gym Cinema hall Safe Car rent

Laptop rental Free Wi-Fi Internet-café Billiard Playground

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Sauna Massage Exchange Laundry Valet service




Surrounded by Tsaghkunyats Mountains the “Crystal Resort” is located in the picturesque of Aghveran, at 45 km from Yerevan. The complex recommends spending your holiday on the bosom of fabulous nature, enjoying fresh air and cold water. The spacious hotel rooms offer wonderful scenes from the windows. Antarain str., 41, Arzakan village, Kotayk Province I Теl.: + (374 77) 49 47 77, + (374 99) 49 47 77,

Crystal Resort Aghveran Single Double Superior Deluxe Executive Deluxe Junior Suites Breakfast

4 rooms 21 rooms 12 rooms 1 room 1 room Smorgasbord

Address: Antarain str., 41, Arzakan village, Kotayk Province Теl.: +(374 99) 49 47 77,,, Sauna Conference hall (65) Laptop rental Restaurant Massage Gym Free Wi-Fi Bar Exchange Cinema hall Internet-café Disco Laundry Safe Billiard Indoor swimming pool Valet service Car rent Playground Outdoor swimming pool



Abovyan Street: the history of ties between


If the Republic Square is the heart of Yerevan,

then Abovyan Street is certainly its main artery. Moreover, the “artery” had been there long before the first heartbeat was heard... The beginning of its construction by Alexander Tamanyan actually dates back to 1926. Abovyan Street received its status of the main street since its opening in 1863. However, at that time the street was called Astafyan, named after the Russian General Mikhail Ivanovich Astafyev, who was the governor of Erivan during 1860 - 1866. The street was the economic, cultural and political center of the GATE 112

city. Such famous hotels as “France”, “Oriant” and “Grand Hotel”, as well as medical centers and city clubs were located there. Before the revolution the street was inhabited by the most intellectual and wealthy people of the city and along the entire length of the street there were shops both in Eastern and European styles; many houses were built in the popular architectural style of the time, the so-called “Belle Epoque”. The street had its own park, called the English Park. The fact is that the principle of “controlled chaos” was implied that at the beginning of the

18th century was introduced by an eminent English landscape architect William Kent, who brought a more open Mediterranean sensibility to the traditional English garden, seeing it as something that should honor nature more than the hand of man. The English Park has survived to the present day; however, it has significantly been “humanized” in the recent decades by the official authorities of the city thus occupying a small area between Khorenatsi and Grigor Lusavorich streets... and today it has absolutely nothing to do with Abovyan Street. Many of the buildings on the former Astafyan Street have had a remarkable historical destiny. For example, at one end of the street the seat of government of the country was located since Armenia became independent in 1918. The building in front of it where now the Concert Hall named after Arno Babajanyan is, the Male Grammar School was built which was a rectangular complex with a patio. However, today only the façade wall reminds of its initial form, preserved from the side of Abovyan Street. During the genocide the building was serving as an orphanage for girls

which after was remade into the State Public Library, the House of Writers of Armenia, the House of Culture of Yerevan, the Small Philharmonic Hall of Armenia... At the intersection of Abovyan and Pushkin streets one can admire one of the most beautiful buildings of old Yerevan. It’s been several decades that the Armenian Society for Friendship and Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries has been located there. There was a private clinic there before the revolution where the wounded soldiers were recovering after Sardarapat battle. On the right side of the street, the elegant hotel “Yerevan”, The House of Artists’ Union and “Moscow” cinema are situated in a cozy semicircle. The place where the cinema building is located today has had an interesting historical destiny. Once there stood side by side the Armenian church of Poghos-Petros, the Russian church and the Persian mosque. Thus, the area of “Moscow” cinema was a symbol of Friendship of Peoples of its kind. Today neither the churches nor the mosque are there: no matter how hard Alexander Ta-

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manyan fought for the preservation of the church Poghos-Petros, the Soviet government didn’t compromise. 4 years ago the Armenian Apostolic Church decided to restore the church, however, this time the younger generation revolted. It turned out that they intended to build the church in the place of the summer hall of “Moscow” cinema. It seems that the young people have won the fight: the topic of the summer cinema hall has not been discussed lately. In front of the cinema on the former Astafyan Street, the famous Russian Drama Theater named after K.S. Stanislavsky is located, that was opened in 1937. “I work for two countries”, says Alexander Grigoryan, the current art director of the Russian Theatre of Yerevan. The actors of the theater are not allowed to speak any other language but Russian. This does not exist anywhere in the former Soviet countries. Astafyan Street was renamed 20 years after its founding to Aleksandrovskaya in the honor of GATE 114

Alexander III, and a couple of dozen years later it was renamed after the iconic writer for Armenians Khachatur Abovyan. And this is the name of the street up to this day...

Dream in the motion

PASSENGER-TRANSPORT SERVICE Armenia, Nagorno-Karabakh, Georgia, Russia The transportation company “ELITEBUS” is one of the leading companies in the consumer market in the sphere of services in Armenia. Transportation is carried out by high-class experienced drivers. “ELITEBUS” has at its disposal a varied selection of modern means of transport (3 to 58 seats). “ELITEBUS” offers: • Individual and group transfers • Individual and group trips • VIP services • Services for various events (corporate, excursions, weddings) • Provision of cargo transportation

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Our culinary guide, anna mazmanyan, decided to refer to the history of the armenian cuisine, introduce the readers of “armenia tourism” magazine to the peculiarities of preparing an ancient, but very popular in armenia dish – “udoli” dolma.

HISTORY Matenadaran is a depository of ancient Armenian manuscripts, books, histories and works, here in this place you want to read, learn and understand everything our ancestors wrote. Within its walls, one can find exclusive manuscripts, like oldest cookbooks. Enclosed in one of them remained a recipe of our todayʼs dish -“Udoli”. The recipe is more than 1000 years old, and when in 2009 the restaurant “Charles” was opened in Yerevan, the founders decided to include the find in their menu. The recipe was translated, adapted, and now for already 6 years, this wonderful dish graces the menus of the restaurant “Charles” and “Salon Armenian”.

PRODUCTS REQUIRED The preparation of udoli, like many other Armenian dishes, is quite labourintensive. You need to start the process 2-3 days earlier. On how to prepare this unusual dish will dwell Karo Guyumjian -the Chef of the restaurant “Salon Armenian”. The main ingredient is the lamb ribs. The Chef has his own meat suppliers. Karo Guyumjyan prefers the mutton from Syunik as it is tender and does not smell. Another important ingredient is cabbage-young, big, with even fresh leaves. After choosing the products, we go to the restaurant and start preparing a long-awaited meal.

INTERNATIONAL RECOGNITION Recently, at the first forum on gastronomic tourism in Astrakhan “Gastronomic Routes of the Great Silk Road” held with the support of the UN World Tourism Organization, the chef Karapet Gyumjyan and the dish won the first place. Representatives of Spain, Kazakhstan, Iran, Uzbekistan, Indonesia, China, Greece and several regions of Russia, attended the forum.

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RECIPE Number of products per serving: 3 ribs of lamb, 20 g of dried apricots, 100 g of bulgur, 200 g of cabbage, 20 g of oil, parsley, basil, dill, 10 g of tomato paste. Meat processing. The upper part of the bone is left completely bare and a small piece of flesh is cut very carefully so that it does not separate from the bone. The ribs are marinated for at least 24 hours, in spices, greens and coarse salt. The filling is prepared from bulgur (crushed wheat), bell pepper, onion and greens. We need to chop the onions finely and soften in a large amount of oil, add finely chopped bell peppers, preferably red, cook until the pepper begins to change its color then add bulgur at the very end. The filling is rolled in meat. The rolls are put in the freezer for 24 hours to give the ingredients a time to mix up. On the next day, we carefully separate the cabbage leaves, blanch them for 1 minute and gently wrap the roll with bulgur in the cabbage leaf, leaving the part of the bone uncovered. We put the rolls carefully into a pot, add a small amount of tomato paste, diluted with water, and what is the most important – add a large amount of dried apricots (preferably dried without sugar)- approximately 1-2 pieces of dried apricots for each udoli. They are cooked at low heat for 1,5 - 2 hours. The dish is served in the shape of a pyramid, decorated with dried apricots and prunes.

Restaurant Charles Tamanyan str., 3 Restaurant Salon Abovyan str., 8

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The attitude towards clients is worthy of special mention

ur trip to Armenia with “Yerevan Travel” was wonderful! While pre-booking the tour in Moscow, we were already sure that we were in safe hands. Arthur Levonyan, an employee of the Moscow office, considered all our wishes and preferences carefully and made an excellent tour program for us. The attitude towards clients is worthy of special mention; Arthur received us at the office at our convenience, despite the fact that it was a non-working day (May holidays), kept us informed about the stages of the booking and answered online all our questions (and there were many of them) on the upcoming trip. We are so grateful to him for this. So, we chose a private tour for two and really enjoyed it! “Yerevan Travel” organized everything to the highest standard: good hotels in all places where we stayed for the night, excellent lunches during the excursion program, a comfortable car, an excellent escort. Moreover, the prices were not at all high. Still what is more important- the country itself with its people. Armenia is a sunny country with a rich history, kind, hospitable people and delicious cuisine. During the four packed days of the excursion part of our tour, we visited many interesting places that fascinated with their beauty: Echmiadzin, the Temple of Garni, the monasteries of Geghard, Khor Virap, Noravank and Tatev, we admired Mount Ararat, Lake Sevan, wineries in Areni, Jermuk town and, of course , wonderful Yerevan with its wide streets, a weekend fair, “singing fountains” and creative people who sing, play musical instruments, draw or make different bright things with their own hands. Beauty was everywhere! We enjoyed every single place. Mountains and caves deserve special mention. One can talk about them endlessly, we were really impressed. And the mountain landscapes with ancient monasteries... We could not but agree that the mountains were the best for sacred places. Silence, expanse, unity with nature... The wonderful picture would be incomplete without the interesting story of our GATE 118

guide Gayane Petrosyan and the jokes of the driver Arthur (unfortunately we do not know his surname). We express our huge gratitude to these amazing people for our unforgettable journey through Armenia. For quite a short period of our stay in this sunny country thanks to Gayane and Arthur we had the feeling that we were at home. It was as if we had come to our relatives on a vacation, and they showed us their country and surrounded us with warmth and care. Gayane and Arthur tried to show us the most interesting things, and if there were amazing places or historical monuments that were not included in our tour program, they always stopped for taking photos and told us interesting facts about the place. In the end, it was even sad to leave. Thank you, “Yerevan Travel”! We will definitely come to Armenia again and drive with you to the places where we have not been yet! Your tourists Anna and Alexander (Moscow)


Make-up school and studio

Tumanyan 23 (Van Business Center) +374 77 903 901 @makeupnatale Natalie Tonoyan


Armenia Tourism Magazine №19, 2017  
Armenia Tourism Magazine №19, 2017