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OVER 150 STUD STOCK SALES INSIDE 100 YEARS OF ANGUS AUSTRALIA Angus through the Ages pages 10 – 21




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WELCOME TO THE FOURTH EDITION OF THE BREEDERS WAY With the great success of our first three editions, we are proud to showcase this fourth edition.

online version of the magazine by simply going to

The vision behind The Breeders Way was to offer stud cattle breeders a fresh means to connect with their livestock buyers, both new and old. With lots of colour and gloss, 25 cattle breed focuses and over 70 stud breeders inside, the 2019 magazine is sure to be a greatly sought after edition for those graziers who are considering purchasing bulls and females from May through to December.

This publication showcases a diverse selection of studs over a wide number of beef cattle breeds who continue to improve our Australian beef cattle herd year after year. They do this by offering some of the world’s best genetics annually and constantly striving to improve the quality of our stud stock pool through data, means and testing.

With the printed version distributed throughout Queensland and New South Wales and the online version accessible 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, The Breeders Way is available across a wide distribution. You can view and share the

When considering improvements and additions to your breed and herd in 2019, seriously consider gaining the advice and making a purchase from the stud stock breeders found within The Breeders Way pages.

PUBLISHER INDEMNITY The Breeders Way Stud Cattle Breed Directory, is published by News Corp Australia in Chinchilla. Those who make advertising placement and/or supply copy material or editorial submissions to The Breeders Way, undertake to ensure that all such material does not infringe any copyright, trademark, defamation, libel, slander or title, breach or confidence, does not contain anything obscene or indecent, or does not infringe the trade practices act or other laws, regulations or statutes. Further to the above mentioned these persons agree to indemnify the publishers and/or its agents against any investigations, claims or judgements.

















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S OF 12 PAGE CK STO ST UD DA RS CA LEN INS IDE IRECTORY T U DY C A T T L E B R E E D D Yo u r c o m p r e h e n s i v e S our co






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ON THE COVER Black Angus Bull and Cows image proudly provided by Angus Australia 86 Glen Innes Rd, Locked Bag 11, ARMIDALE NSW 2350 Website:

Creative News Corp Australia Ad Services, Haylee Thomas

Advertising DEBBIE PHILLIPS Phone 07 4672 9915 DEBBIE GASKE Phone 07 4672 9931 JODIE WILLIAMS Phone 07 4672 9930

Editorial CARMEN MILLER Phone 07 4690 9311 SHANNON HARDY Phone 07 4672 5511

Editor JORDAN PHILP Phone 07 4120 1017

General Manager ERIKA BRAYSHAW Phone 07 4672 9921

Cover The front cover of Breeders Way was designed and created by Haylee Thomas with images supplied by Angus Australia.

Images, editorial and content Proudly contributed by: Jordan Philp; Shannon Hardy; Carmen Miller; Angus Australia; Seifert Belmont Reds; Lazy S Brangus Stud; Australian Brangus Association; Sheldara Brangus; Carrington Park Miniature Herefords; Droughtmaster Australia; Blue Dog Simmentals;;; Uandi Maine Anjous stud; Midas Gelbvieh stud; Weetalabah Hereford & Gelbvieh stud; Australian Miniature Herefords; Hazeldean Angus; Carabar Angus; Sara Park Angus; Clunie Range Angus; Australian Braford Association; Baroma Downs Braford; Lowline Cattle Association; Braford Australia;; Bauhunia Park Charolais; Murray Grey Australia; Romagnola Breeders Society Ltd; Wyoming Romagnolas; Yuligibar Santa Gertrudis; Santa Gertrudis Australia; Tim and Trina Patterson; Nioa Pastoral Company; Waratah Speckle Park;; The Australian Belgian Blue Cattle Society; Belted Galloway Australia Inc;; Texas Longhorns Australia; South Devon Cattle Society of Australia; Bonsmara Cattle Breeders Society of Australia; The Australian Senepol Breeders Association; The Grove Shorthorn Stud; Beef Shorthorn society of Australia.

CATTLE BREED INDEX Pages 10 – 21..................................​​​ANGUS Pages 22 – 23​​​............................BAZADAISE Pages 24 – 25.........​​..............​BELGIAN BLUE Pages 26 – 27.......................BELMONT RED Pages 28 – 29......​​​..........BELTED GALLOWAY Pages 30 - 31​​​............................BONSMARA Pages 32 – 33​​​...........................BOS TAURUS Pages 34 – 39​​​..............................BRAFORD Pages 40 – 43.............................BRAHMAN Pages 44 – 51.....​​​.........................BRANGUS Pages 52 – 55........​​​.....................CHARBRAY Pages 56 – 59.......​​​.....................CHAROLAIS Pages 60 – 61...................................​DEVON Pages 62 – 65........​​​.........DROUGHTMASTER Pages 66 – 67​​​..............................GELBVIEH Pages 68 – 77.............................HEREFORD Pages 78 – 79​​​..............................LIMOUSIN Pages 80 – 81.....​..........................LOWLIINE Page 82 – 83​​​.......................MAINE-ANJOUS​ Pages 84 – 85..........​​​...MINIATURE HEREFORD Pages 86 – 87​​​.......................MURRAY GREY Pages 88 – 89........​....................​​RED ANGUS Pages 90 – 91.........​​​................ROMAGNOLA Pages 92 – 95.................SANTA GERTRUDIS Pages 96 – 97...............................​​​SENEPOL Pages 98 – 99​​​........................SHORTHORNS Pages 100 – 105.............​​...........​SIMMENTAL Pages 106 – 107...................SOUTH DEVON Pages 108 – 109​​...................SPECKLE PARK Pages 110 – 111...........​​...TEXAS LONGHORN Pages 112 – 113..............................​​WAGYU Pages 114 – 121​​............STUD STOCK SALES PAGE 7

BREED TO BREED ADVERTISERS INDEX ANGUS Angus Australia..............................................................................11​​​​​​​​ Booroomooka Angus.......................................................................13 Clunie Range Angus ...................................................................... 13 Bauhinia Park Angus...................................................................... 14 Hazeldean Angus​​​​​​​​​........................................................................... 15 Bridgewater Angus.........................................................................17 Dance Angus.................................................................................18 Ben Nevis Angus............................................................................21

CHARBRAY​ ​​​​​​​​​Bunjurgen Charbray Cattle Stud.......................................................53

CHAROLAIS Bettafield Charolais & Charbray........................................................57 Bauhinia Park Charolais & Angus....................................................58

DEVONS ​​​​​​​Gowan Ross Devons ......................................................................61

BOS TAURUS Tremere Pastoral​​​​​​​............................................................................33

BRAFORD Coograli Brafords............................................................................35


HEREFORD ​​​​​​​​Hereford Society Australia...............................................................69 Bowen Downs Herefords.................................................................70 ​​​​​​​​Atmos-Vale Herefords.....................................................................72 Lotus Herefords..............................................................................73 Devon Court Stud...........................................................................75 ​​​​​​​​​Elite Poll Herefords..........................................................................76

Australian Brahman Breeders Association​​​​​​​​​........................................41



​​​​​​​​​Kurra-Wirra Pastoral Company...................................................88-89

Brangus Society Australia................................................................46


SANTA GERTRUDIS ​​​​​​​​​​Yuligbar Santa Gertrudis..................................................................93 Nioa Pastoral Santa Gertrudis Stud..................................................95

SHORTHORNS The Grove Shorthorns......................................................................98

SIMMENTAL ​​​​​​​​Blue Dog Simmental......................................................................101

TEXAS LONGHORNS ​​​​​​​​​D7 Spur Texas longhorns...............................................................111

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ANGUS ANGUS THROUGH THE AGES: PART 1 1919-1944 By Cheyne Twist The Aberdeen-Angus Herd Book Society was founded in Brisbane on the twelfth day of August 1918, by a group of Queenslanders, George Clarke from East Talgai, Macintosh Charles from the Gootchie Stud and RS Maynard. The aim penned in the society’s first meeting was ‘forming a society for the preservation of pedigrees’. It wasn’t until a second meeting on May 9, 1919 that the society formally materialised, with an aim “for the promotion of the best interests of importer, breeders and owners of Aberdeen-Angus cattle, and thereby the public generally”. The first recorded list of members of the society, as of July 1922 consisted of 14 members (or PAGE 10

families). These pioneers were: W.M Charles, John Chisolm, George Clark, Albert Cook, George Dair, Hubert Docker, Adam Elder, Norman Forster, W. Jackson, J.A McIntosh, A. Payne, S. Tulloch Scott, the White Brothers of Edinglassie (J.C White), and F.J White and Sons of Bald Blair. THE ANGUS PIONEERS Prominent pioneers of the Angus breed during the early days of the society were James Cobb White (JC) of Edinglassie, Col. Harold White from Bald Blair, Norman Forster from Abington, Hubert Docker from Bontharambo and George Clark from East Talgai. JC White was the first president of the Aberdeen-Angus Society and had an influential impact to the breed during its establishing years. It was said at the time of his death in 1827 that his governing as the leader of the society, his acquisition of cattle for the Edinglassie property, and his continued purchases and importation of high class bulls assisted in the continued growth of the Angus breed within trying times in its early breed development.

JC White’s nephew, Colonel Harold F (HF) White was instated as President of the society after the passing of his uncle. Hailing from Bald Blair, Colonel White become the longest serving President, serving in the role for a decade. In his day, Colonel White was one of the most influential breeders of Aberdeen-Angus cattle due to his show ring and performance cattle. He is also hailed as one of the leading pioneers of performance recording for Aberdeen-Angus cattle. The White Family over the course of 100 years have continued to be prominent figures within the society. Norman Forster was the society President from 1939-1941. The United Kingdom’s society had shipments of Aberdeen-Angus cattle delivered to Australia between 1927-1934., with the first shipment of five bulls in 1927, the second of nine bulls and fifteen females in 1933 and third shipment of three bulls and twelve heifers in 1934. Colonel White and Forster were some of those who purchased these cattle. During his involvement in the society Forster was approached by the Aberdeen-Angus Cattle CONTINUED ON PAGE 12


Hubert S Docker was another of the founding members of the Society. Docker was owner of Bontharambo, Wangaratta, Victoria. He started his stud after the conclusion of World War I using cattle sourced from Hayston Farms, Angus, Scotland.


Two Bulls with prized bloodlines imported by Docker were shown at the Royal Melbourne Show in 1920 and 1921, taking the champion and reserve champion both years. Docker has been attributed to assisting the popularity of the breed in the southern states due to his successes at Royal Melbourne Show, particularly the stud’s fat steers. It is recorded that by the year 1946, Bontharambo’s herd was likely the largest registered Aberdeen-Angus herd in Australia. CONTINUED FROM PAGE 10

Society of Scotland, regarding collecting Australian history of the breed. As a producer, Forster and his family were among those who invested in the inclusion of New Zealand Aberdeen-Angus cattle after World War l.

Another founding member of the society Albert Cook from Greenmount, Queensland was also buying cattle from New Zealand at this time. Based in the Mackay region in Queensland, Cook is credited to have introduced the breed to the North Queensland coastal region, establishing his stud in 1917. George Clark of East Talgai played a big part in the early establishment of the society and expanding the Angus influence in Southern Queensland. He founded his stud in 1915, buying cattle from New Zealand and Tasmania. John Chisholm of Wantalanya, Winton was another founding father of the society that hailed from the northern regions of Queensland. His large stud ran cattle bought from New Zealand, Queensland and Victoria and was a large supplier of bulls for Queensland producers, which has been credited as influential in the expansion of the breed in the state. Macintosh Charles, Gootchie, Queensland, was a fellow founding father and had five bulls and four cows registered in the first published Society herd book in 1922. He also had fifteen cows that the society deemed pure bred. He established his stud in 1914 from Balgownie cows bred by William Hogarth, who was the owner of the first stud developed in Queensland. JA. McIntosh of Yundah, Mountside via Warwick is recorded to have imported New Zealand Aberdeen-Angus for his established stud from 1916. W. Jackson, North Eton, Mackay was an original member of the Society at the publishing of the first herd book and while at this time had only one cow and two bulls registered with the Society, his involvement in the development of the breed assisted in the Society to become what it is today. It was noted by Maynard in the 1920 Aberdeen-Angus Review that “Queensland has more Aberdeen-Angus breeders than any other state, Tasmania probably coming next and New South Wales third.” George Dair of the Meadowbank Stud, Lilydale Victoria was also a founder of the Society. Dair developed his stud with the purchase of a heifer and three cows at the dispersal of the Barrowville herd in Tasmania in 1919. Meadowbank showed the only Aberdeen-Angus cattle at the Royal Melbourne Show in 1919, and was the first of the breed to be showed at the show since 1912. The females showed won all the main awards of the Royal Melbourne show in 1920 and 1921, and the stud was the solo entrants Aberdeen-Angus classes in 1922.


S. Tulloch Scott of Dunedin, Tasmania registered one bull and twenty six cows, one registered by the Society as pure bred, in the first herd book in 1922. Founding member Adam Elder was behind the first established Aberdeen-Angus stud in Western Australia, Teviotdale, Moulyinning established in 1922. Elder had been importing the breed from Scotland between 1911-1916. The first 25 years of the society was extremely important in the future development for the breed. Studs were developing, and the pure Aberdeen-Angus pedigree was blooming to fruition amongst producers. After the materialisation of the Society and the publishing of the first herd book in 1922, Australia was struck by the Depression, however it was in these years that there an influx of Aberdeen-Angus cattle within Australia. While Aberdeen-Angus cattle had a difficult start when first CONTINUED ON PAGE 13

JC White

Colonel Harold F (HF) White

First list of Angus Australia Members, Aberdeen-Angus Herd Book of Australia Volumn 1 July 1922

In the 1940s, there was a boom within the US export market for hamburger meat. This opened new potential for Aberdeen-Angus producers, as prior to this point much of all import and export had been to the United Kingdom. The first 25 years of the society are a credit to its presidents, Hon JC White (1919-1927), Col. HF White (1927-1937), Andrew Reid (1937-1939), Norman Forster (1939-1941), Lt. GT Reid (1941-1943) and Clifford Minter (1943-1944) and their committeemen during this time. The herd books published over this time are a testament to the gradual increase in the popularity of the brand over the course of the first quarter of the Angus century.


CONTINUED FROM PAGE 12 introduced to Australia, due to the prejudices they faced because of producers preference for other English breeds, it was the influences of Angus pioneers, including the founding figures of the society itself that drove the breed. Many of these founding figures have decedents that are still serving as Angus leaders in the breed today. After the end of the first World War, black polled animal numbers were on the increase. While the 1930s saw the expansion of Angus into the Northern Territory, it is recorded that due to the fact that there were a lack of meatworks or train link in or to Darwin to service in the NT that it hindered the plans of conversions of large cattle properties running other British breeds to Aberdeen-Angus and the stability of the meat industry in the state. According to Norman Forster, this was a “Truly national loss with the Aberdeen-Angus breed one of the greatest potential losers�.

Herd Book One: Published July 1922 Members: 14 Bulls: 65 Cows: 313

Herd Book Three: Published March 1928 Members: 17 Bulls: 146 Cows: 805

Herd Book Five: Published March 1934 Members: 50 Bulls: 493 Cows: 2165

Herd Book Seven: Published March 1938 Members: 79 Bulls: 875 Cows: 3701

Herd Book Nine: Published December 1942 Members: 109 Bulls: 1371 Cows: 5654

Herd Book Two: Published October 1925 Members: 13 Bulls: 95 Cows: 519

Herd Book Four: Published March 1931 Members: 27 Bulls: 295 Cows: 1332

Herd Book Six: Published March 1936 Members:67 Bulls: 686 Cows: 2891

Herd Book Eight: Published June 1940 Members: 90 Bulls: 1059 Cows: 4511

Herd Book Ten: Published August 1944 Members: 116 Bulls: 1637 Cows: 6819

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ANGUS A thriving herd of Black Angus Cattle ready for sale

ANGUS AUSTRALIA CELEBRATES ANGUS THROUGH THE AGES FOR THEIR 2019 CENTENARY! There will be celebrations galore for Angus Australia in 2019, as the society rings in 100 years. Founded in 1919, Angus Australia will host a number of massive and memorable events throughout the year for all Angus beef enthusiasts to celebrate the centenary milestone. The first event of the centenary calendar was the Thomas Foods International Angus Youth Roundup, which rolled into Armidale from the 10th to the 13th of January. Followed by the Sydney Royal Easter Angus Feature Show, being held April 8th-16th 2019. The Angus National Conference took place in Albury, New South Wales 23rd -24th of May, with the theme of “Angus through the ages - building better beef�. The program covered a wide range of topics regarding the latest information developed by Angus Australia.

“Feature Shows, the WA Spring Walk, plus events and field days around the country will give everyone an opportunity to celebrate our centenary year.� CONTINUED ON PAGE 15



The topics covered will address leaders in technology, how has Angus beef adapted to ‘meat’ consumer expectations, managing genetics and reproduction in a commercial herd, staying ahead of the game and in an ode to the 100-year history of Angus Australia, looking back at how far Angus Australia has come.

Throughout the year, the various Angus Australia state committees will be hosting state events celebrating the centenary. Angus Australia President Brad Gilmour looks forward to the centenary year and the events that will transpire.


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Angus Australia hosted a Verified Black Angus Beef BBQ Challenge in the Queen Elizabeth II Square in Albury on May 22nd, prior to the beginning of the conference. To continue the celebrations, Angus Royal Feature shows are also set for Royal Adelaide in September and Royal Melbourne in September through October.

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 14 In looking back Mr Gilmour reflected on how far the Angus breed has come in the past 100 years. “It’s remarkable to think that Angus cattle were once considered undesirable. Today, the breed influences every corner of the market – both here and increasingly overseas. There’s huge demand fuelled by a reputation for producing some of the best beef in the world.”


Feature Shows, the WA Spring Walk, plus events and field days around the country will give everyone an opportunity to celebrate our centenary year.

‘Angus have got market acceptability right across the board whether that’s through the commercial industry and processing line, seedstock breeding or live export, the demand is unsurpassed.” With the various events happening all over the country in the coming months, Angus enthusiasts are encouraged to visit the news and events section at to stay up to date with what is happening to celebrate the Angus breed close to you. For further information, please contact Angus Australia Communications Officer Cheyne Twist at or on (02) 67734635.

Hazeldean Northern Performance Bull Sale 120 Angus Bulls Thursday August 15th, Jackson, QLD Featuring sons of: Hazeldean F1023 - Australia’s highest marbling sire at +6.2 for IMF Hazeldean Katzen K416 - Top 1% for all indexes, low birth, high growth Hazeldean Jaipur J140 - the “foot fixer“, balanced EBV’s, quiet temperament

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ANGUS Black Angus stud cows and calves

A DECADE OF THE ANGUS SIRE BENCHMARKING PROGRAM From a humble beginning of 906 Angus calves from 35 Angus sires bred in 2010, to now having more than 8,500 calves from 299 sires, the Angus Sire Benchmarking Program (ASBP) has come a long way in its 10 years. More importantly, vital data has been collected on the ASBP animals which is giving cattle breeders using Angus genetics higher accuracy Estimated Breeding Values for commercially relevant traits. The ASBP is the flagship research and development initiative undertaken by Angus Australia with the main aim of building a highly effective reference population of genotypes and phenotypes on contemporary Australian Angus cattle. Angus Australia’s Strategic Project Manager, Mr Christian Duff explained, “This was particularly valuable for hard-to-measure traits collected on ASBP animals in areas such as beef quality and quantity, female reproduction and immune response. The project data also enables effective utilisation of genomic based technologies.”Mr Duff added, “The program allows cattle breeders using Angus genetics to stay at the cutting edge of breeding technologies and rates of genetic gain for commercial production and profit.” The 10-year milestone also coincides with the recent decision to extend the program to include Cohort 9 (2019 born calves), Cohort 10 (2020 born calves) and Cohort 11 (2021 born calves). Combined with previous Cohorts (1 to 8), this will produce a reference population of over 12,000 Angus animals from 400 Angus sires. Importantly, the progeny are genotyped and their phenotypes comprehensively measured from birth to slaughter for steers, and from birth to first parity for heifers.


As the program outcomes flow on to the commercial beef industry, the ASBP attracts co-funding support through the MLA Donor Company scheme. Research and supply chain partnerships are also important for a program of this scale and complexity. “Partnerships are critical to ASBP. This includes valued support from Angus Australia members nominating bulls, co-operator cow herd owners, supply chain partners such as Rangers Valley feedlot, Vetoquinol for artificial reproduction advice and genotyping companies. Without their support the ASBP would basically not happen.” Mr Duff said.

Stud breeders are now also achieving good success in breeding desirable but antagonistic traits into Angus animals, which is amazing!

immune competency, retail beef yield, feed efficiency, emissions, structure and other added extras.” “As members we get to use the wealth of information gained through the ASBP to make more informed breeding decisions. Any sire that has gone through the program gains in accuracy of his EBVs, with benefits through his pedigree, DNA profile and progeny as well.” “The ASBP has been a great tool to benchmark my stud and commercial herds. As a bull owner it has allowed me great linkages and therefore increased the usefulness of data submitted from my stud herd.” “The measurements and studies going on within the program are always improving, always adapting, and all that information and knowledge goes directly to improving data collection methods, data analysis and EBVs for the whole Australian Angus breed.” Cow Herd Representative on the ASBP Consultative Committee Richard Puddicombe of Burindi Station, Paraway Pastoral Company, said the following,“The ASBP provides good analysis of local and overseas sires and compares their genetic worth on a level playing field. Not only does this provide good information for commercial and stud breeders, researchers are able to gather and interpret valuable information that is collected as well.” “Validation of genetic traits provided in this programme has helped make Angus BREEDPLAN EBV’s very reliable This means you can set and reach breeding targets and outcomes in a far more reliable way.” “This history of ASBP data gathered has really moved the needle on genetic gain to a stage where bulls we can buy this year, simply weren’t available 10 years ago. Stud breeders are now

“Collaboration with research organisations are also vital and involves groups such as the University of New England, CSIRO, NSW DPI and ALMTech.” Chair of the ASBP Consultative Committee, Stephen Chase, Waitara Angus, highlights the benefits of being involved in the program,“The ASBP has benefited the industry in many ways, helping to ensure that BREEDPLAN is a tool breeders can trust. It has provided a quality reference population that has phenotypes for many traits. It has provided a population to study new, harder to measure traits including CONTINUED ON PAGE 17

also achieving good success in breeding desirable but antagonistic traits into Angus animals, which is amazing.” For Rangers Valley Livestock Procurement Manager and ASBP Consultative Committee member, Andrew Malloy, the ASBP platform provides a great opportunity to be at the forefront of the best available and evolving genetics within the industry. As a premium branded beef company, Rangers Valley aims to be an industry leader and the ASBP is providing the industry with insights into cutting edge research specifically in the areas of genomics, immune competence, beef quality and nutrition’. “Rangers Valley has been involved with this program since its inception and aims to provide a consistent platform to advance or prove these commercial outcomes. This in turn allows stud breeders and commercial producers to make more informed decisions when purchasing or breeding bulls.”

Sire nominations for Cohort 10 of the program are now open Bulls nominations are open for the next joining round of the Angus Sire Benchmarking program (ASBP) to produce the Cohort 10 progeny. This joining program will take place in September to November of 2019. 40 Angus bulls are expected to be selected for the 2019 joining team with the aim to join each bull to at least 50 Angus cows by fixed time AI. The bull selection criteria will be based on genetic diversity, breeding values/indexes and their relationship to sires already used in previous Cohorts of the ASBP. Preference will also be given to early nominations.

will be stored for current use (e.g. sire verifications, single-step BREEDPLAN analysis) and future research. • Receive high accuracy EBVs, particularly for hard to measure traits such as net feed intake, abattoir carcase data and female reproduction. • Receive progeny average values and sire ranking from within the ASBP, including traits such as MSA Index and MSA Marble Score. Involvement in Australia’s largest beef cattle progeny test program including large contemporary groups.



For further information regarding the key steps of the bull nomination process, costs Benefits of Bulls Entering the ASBP and other considerations please visit www. • Close genetic linkage to the To complete step ASBP reference population ensures 1 of the nomination process please visit research outcomes, particularly in the genomics area, will have high relevance to your herd. If you have any questions in relation to the • Be involved in cutting edge nomination process or the ASBP in general Angus research in areas such as please contact Christian Duff, Angus genomics, eating quality image technology Australia Strategic Projects Manager and testing for immune competence. M: 0457 457 141 or email: christian@ • High density DNA profiles


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ANGUS Black Angus Stud Cow and young Black Angus Heifer

Having led the Australian beef industry with the adoption of various reproductive and genetic technologies, Angus breeders across Australia are continuing to embrace, genomics, or DNA testing, in increasing numbers. Over 17,500 animals were genomically tested through Angus Australia during 2018, with over 50,000 Australian Angus animals now having genomic information analysed within the Angus BREEDPLAN genetic evaluation.

animals having been genotyped”, said Mr Byrne. The widespread investment in genomic testing is a major point of difference for the Angus breed and highlights the commitment of Angus Australia members to utilising the latest technology within their breeding programs.

“Importantly, the genomic information being gathered, in association with the ongoing commitment of Australian Angus seedstock producers to collecting pedigree and performance information, is enabling Angus Angus Australia’s Breed Development & animals with superior genetic merit to be Extension Manager, Mr Andrew Byrne, said that identified and used widely in Angus breeding “Of the 2017 born animals recorded with Angus programs”, explained My Byrne. Australia, 17% have been genomically tested, and this number is expected to further increase The adoption of genomics by Angus breeders when more bulls are genotyped in the lead up is not limited to the seedstock industry, with to the spring bull selling season”. an increasing number of producers running commercial Angus breeding operations opting “The proportion of Angus animals being to genomically test their replacement females genomically tested has more than doubled in with the Angus HeiferSELECT product. the last two years, with only 8% of 2015 born

Angus HeiferSELECT is a genomic selection tool to help inform the selection of Angus replacement females in a commercial beef breeding operation who have been sired by registered Angus bulls. “Over 4,000 commercial Angus females have been genomically tested with Angus HeiferSELECT since the product was launched in late 2017”, said Mr Byrne. With Angus animals already well regarded for superior performance and productivity, the investment of Australian Angus breeders in making genetic improvement will ensure Angus genetics continue to deliver improved profitability and remain in high demand within the Australian beef industry.

For further information, please contact Andrew Byrne at or the Angus Australia office on (02) 6773 4600.

SPRING SALE Friday 2nd August 2019, 1pm


on property “Caribber”, Shannon Vale Road, Glen Innes


David 0407 889 125, Christine 0437 340 110

RELAUNCH OF ANGUS BRAND VERIFICATION With the transition phase of services provided by CAG Pty Ltd over to Angus Australia complete, I am excited to share Angus Australia’s new Angus Brand Verification Program. This program consists of 2 levels of verification, Verified Black Angus Beef and Verified Angus Beef. Both programs are utilised by many well-known Angus brands as a clear show of support for and protection of the Angus brand and Angus Australia. Why are there two programs? I’m glad you asked. Throughout the supply chain there are numerous brands that suit specific markets. With that

being the case, what can these brands do to stand out from the crowd. By utilising the Angus Brand Verification that best describes their brand, differentiation is achieved and a genuine marketing advantage over their competitors. Let’s get into the nitty gritty of these two programs; Both programs have a minimum standard of specification, of which all must be met.


Liz Pearson, Commercial Supply Chain Manager

VERIFIED ANGUS BEEF: • Sire: Angus • No white legs and feet • Dam: Angus or Angus cross • No horns • Small amount of white underline • Approx. 90% black or red hide • Representing Angus phenotype • Whole or broken white face • Must contain a minimum of 75% Angus breed content • Scurs are acceptable, however they must not be fixed to the skull • No Bos Indicus or dairy characteristics such as loose sheath, Bos Indicus ears or hump

These sets of assessment guidelines have been developed collaboratively with the brands Angus Australia verifies to meet customer specification and demand. The Verified Black Angus Beef verification is our top level of verification and demonstrates to the market that they can purchase product carrying this stamp with confidence they are buying quality black Angus beef. Verified Angus Beef is our second-tier verification with the key difference of parentage with the dam able to be a minimum 50% Angus animal. Consumers still know they are buying Angus product, however this product may contain a maximum of 25% from another breed. The list of brands utilising Angus Brand Verification is continuing to grow, with increased interest from more brands from across the country coming on board. A key significance of Angus Brand Verification is the commitment by these verified brands and the companies who own them to the protection of the “Angus’ brand. This commitment shows a genuine interest to work with Angus Australia to the advantage of its members.

With Angus Australia’s brand verification being completely independent of the brand owner, the confidence of the customers of these brands that it truly is Angus, is at an all-time high. Couple that with the consumers awareness that the verification is independently conducted by the body representing Australian Angus producers who raised the animals and the story doesn’t get much better. Angus Australia is working collaboratively with these brand owners to build recognition and awareness of the Verified Black Angus Beef and Verified Angus Beef stamp throughout domestic and international markets. It’s exciting to share that Angus Australia will be supporting these brands in their key international marketing activities in Asia in the coming months. Also, an innovative campaign will run in a large supermarket business in Australia. I look forward to sharing more about these activities in our next Angus Bulletin. For more information on Angus Brand Verification please visit the Supply Chain tab on our website or contact Liz Pearson, Commercial Supply Chain Manager, 0488 758 360 or

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VERIFIED BLACK ANGUS BEEF: • Sire: Angus • No white legs and feet • Dam: Angus • No horns • Straight black and representing Angus phenotype • Small amount of white underline (no more than 10% of the hide) • Scurs are acceptable, however they must not be fixed to the skull • No Bos Indicus or dairy characteristics such as loose sheath, Bos Indicus ears or hump

Cnr Raglan & Linton Sts, Roma

Ph: 07 4578 8000 Email: PAGE 19



1. MARKET DEMAND Angus and Angus cross cattle receive price premiums due to consistent performance in a range of markets. Angus beef is widely used for the domestic retail and quality food service markets and is preferred by many export markets. Angus females are strongly sought after by re–stockers, producers entering the industry and live export orders for breeding cattle. Angus weaners (steers and heifers) are also in high demand by producers for pasture and feedlot finishing programs, targeting a wide range of markets from domestic steers to heavy grass-fed export bullocks. 2. MARKET VERSATILITY Angus are well known for their tremendous market Herd of young Black Angus Bulls versatility. They have the ability to grow to heavy market weights quickly without becoming over fat. They also have the ability to finish at lighter weights, if desired. Angus have excellent carcase quality, high muscling and moderate maturity patterns providing maximum market versatility. 3. SUPERIOR FERTILITY AND MATERNAL ABILITY Angus females reach puberty early, go in calf quickly and continue to breed regularly to a late age. Angus have a reputation for maintaining high fertility even under difficult seasonal conditions. Angus cows are excellent mothers with good milking ability. They are Black Angus Stud Bull easy calving, easy care cattle. 4. MEAT QUALITY Angus are known throughout the world for their ability to consistently produce the finest high quality beef. Straightbred and crossbred Angus steers are keenly sought after for pasture and feedlot finishing programs to target high quality beef markets. The superior meat quality of Angus cattle comes from their ability to lay down intra-muscular marbling (taste) fat during the finishing phase, together with excellent tenderness, texture, flavour, meat colour and fat colour. 5. HARDINESS AND EFFICIENCY Angus are found in all areas of Australia from the high altitudes of the Monaro, with cold temperatures and variable seasons to the boggy conditions experienced during wet winters in Gippsland, Victoria. Angus and Angus cross cattle are also found in hot, dry conditions of central and Northern Australia. Angus cows are hardy enough to look after their calves and still go back in calf in dry, tough years.


6. BEST ALL ROUND BALANCE One of the most important attributes of Angus is the tremendous balance of highly fertile, productive females and high quality carcases suited to a wide range of markets. Angus are used in crossbreeding programs for their maternal ability, market value, carcase quality and for their growth and hardiness. 7. LARGE DOCUMENTED GENE POOL Angus cattle are bred on every continent in the world. The large number of Angus animals provides an immense pool of available genetics that allows the breed to respond to new challenges and commercial demands. Australian Angus breeders have successfully utilised bloodlines from many countries. Performance recording identifies high performing animals in Australian production systems that are then used widely through artificial breeding providing commercial breeders with bulls to meet market demand. 8. COMMITTED SERVICE BACKUP Angus Australia provides a wide range of educational, recording, and promotional services to members and their clients. These include the provision of up to date technical information, the promotion of Angus to feedlots, processors and retailers and the development of branded beef products such as Certified Australian Angus Beef (CAABÂŽ) and Angus Pure to increase the demand for commercial Angus cattle.

Angus Youth is pleased to announce that the 2020 National Roundup will be held in Toowoomba, Queensland, on the 16-19 of January! The 2020 Roundup Coordinator will be Stephanie Frankham. Steph has long history with the Angus Youth program and Roundup itself, competing for a number of years and taking part in the Roundup Committee. Most recently she was awarded the Trans-Tasman Exchange Scholarship at the 2018 Roundup, which saw her travel to New Zealand in 2019.



The 2020 Roundup committee is full and are already making strides to put on an excellent and exciting Roundup for young Angus enthusiasts.

Black Angus stud cow and calf

There will be a number of sponsorship opportunities available the 2020 Roundup. Without the support of generous sponsors, the Roundup event would not be possible. If you and your business is interested in supporting the event, please contact Candice Liddle at or on (02) 6773 4622.


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BAZADAISE Young Bazadaise stud bull


When it comes to a breed of cattle that is as hardy as it is gentle and adaptable as it is fertile, you would struggle to match the much-loved Bazadaise breed. Originating from France and named after a town near the area the breed comes from, Bazas, Bazadaise hail from the south west region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine .

Increasing profitability and productivity is always front of mine for producers and with this thinking in mind, breeding Bazadaise cattle is a wise decision. They are a hardy lot, with the ability to thrive in Australia’s varying conditions. From the chilly frosts of Tasmania, to the arid plains of the Northern Territory, Bazadaise can endure it all.

In recent years there has been a strong surge in interest for the breed, which can be attributed to the increase in health and wellness advocacy amongst the general community and a greater awareness amongst consumers about what it is that they are eating. This coupled with the many exemplary characteristics of the breed, such as its great carcass yield, high-quality, tasty meat with good marbling and their general gentle and quiet temperament, has seen breed numbers continue to grow.

Adaptability is a key strength of this breed, with the cattle able to adapt to various types of feed from the soft, lush pastures of Southern Australia to harsh Mitchell grass plains.When it comes to feedlot rations, once again this breed adapts well, with their above average growth rates in feedlots the nation over testament to this. Colouring in the cattle can range from charcoal or dark grey, to light great with a short, fine coat. The calves are born a wheaten colour which gradually gives way to a light or dark charcoal colour just before weaning. The eye, muzzle and mucous membranes are pigmented terracotta while the hoof is small. The calves generally have a high growth rate soon after birth. Bazadaise are renowned for their exceptional length, well developed hindquarter and large eye muscle area.When it comes to selecting a beef breed, you cannot go past the many superior qualities of the Bazadaise breed. Offering so much value and quality to breeders, Bazadaise’s key superiorities are in the areas of: • Younger turn off age • Higher growth rates and feed efficiency • High dressing percentages

Hardy, gentle and fertile, there has been an increased interest in the Bazadaise breed over the past few years




CONTINUED FROM PAGE 22 AS any butcher will tell you, The Bazadaise’s consistent balance of outstanding meat quality and quantity make it the perfect carcass. It also helps that consumers find it incredibly tasty and high-quality meat. For a butcher’s perspective, the key stand-out characteristics of this fantastic breed include: • • • • •

Very high yielding carcases Good proportion of marbling Even fat layer Large eye muscle area Exceptional tenderness and flavour

Along with the aforementioned characteristics, Bazadaise also encompass another key feature Australian producers are looking for in stud cattle, or to infuse with a commercial herd. The Bazadaise breed are easy calving which is understandable because the mothers have a good broad pelvis and a low birth weight for the calves. In addition to this, Bazadaise bulls are extremely fertile and the cows are excellent mothers with great milking ability.

Bazadaise cows and calves



A. The Bazadaise breed has the qualities necessary to produce one calf per year. They are easy calving which is understandable because the mothers have a good broad pelvis and a low birth weight for the calves. Bazadaise bulls are extremely fertile and the cows are excellent mothers with great milking ability.

A. Bazadaise are an extremely intelligent breed of cattle and are very easy to handle. They have been used for many years as draught animals. Up to the end of the 1950’s they were used for working in the vineyards, hauling wood and all work involving animal traction. Q. CAN BAZADAISE CATTLE ADAPT TO ALL TYPES OF CONDITIONS?

Q. BAZADAISE CATTLE SEEM TO BE A VERY MUSCLED BREED, ARE THEY DOUBLE MUSCLED? A. Bazadaise cattle are not double muscled animals, calves have a low birth rate and start to develop their characteristics within a few weeks.

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A. Bazadaise cattle can be found right through out Australia, from the Northern Territory down to Tasmania where their hardiness, excellent feed conversion ability and resistance to extreme conditions are stand out features.

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BELGIAN BLUE Belgian Blue stud Cow


One of the most striking features of the Belgian Blue cattle breed is their rounded outline and extremely prominent muscles. And while the breed is not born with that extreme muscle, it begins to develop from around 4 to 6 weeks of age in calves.

These large animals possess what is known as “double-muscling” and also boast well-defined back and loins, with strong-looking legs, and bulls can often reach a weight of 1250kg, while cows weigh about 900kg. Belgian Blue cattle originated from northern and central Belgium on mainland Europe, possibly from a mix of Shorthorn and Charolais however, it wasn’t until the 1960’s that the characteristic definitions of this breed became properly established and hence noticeable. Their colour can range from white, blue roan, black or a combination of them and the colour red is present in some genotypes. Belgian Blue Stud Bull While the Belgian Blue breed is extremely imposing in size, they are considered to be quite a docile animal. Gentle in nature, the Belgian Blue breed is well-known for its quiet temperament and overall compliancy. PAGE 24

However, it is important to remember that while they possess this nature, the cattle do require a lot of management from skilled farmers and are not best suited to beginners. The weight of an adult bull ranges from 1100 and 1250kg for a height at the withers of 1.45m to 1.50m. It is by no means rare to see animals of more than 1300kg. Cows can reach a weight of 850 to 900kg and can exceed 1.40m. Another extremely appealing characteristic to this breed is that they are a sturdy animal. While they do fare well in most climates, prolonged cold environments are not ideal for them due to their thin skin and lack of deposited fat.

When it comes to breeding Belgian Blue’s, crossbreeding offers the best results as complications can arise with purebred Blues and often mean that caesarean section is the only option for delivery in a lot of cases. Purebred calves birthing weight can be extremely high and as a result, further medical intervention is needed to ensure the healthiest result for cow and calf. CONTINUED ON PAGE 25

BELGIAN BLUE CONTINUED FROM PAGE 24 However, when crossbred, farmers note the calving process a resounding success. When considering the Belgian Blue breed, a huge drawcard is their ability to be used in dairy as well as beef production. The average lactation for this breed yields 4,000kg at 3.23% protein and 3.48% fat. High food efficiency for fattening also has to be a stand-out distinction of this breed. Blue’s are excellent converters of food to weight however, need large volumes of concentrated high energy feeds during the finishing stage. Belgian Blue meat is tender and possesses the same flavour-level quality as Angus with 16% less marbling than other similar breeds. An exceptional carcass yield of 80% is possible thanks to their thin skin and abundance of lean muscle.

Belgian Blue stud Bull

The Belgian Blue breed is wellknown for its quiet temperament and overall compliancy

Belgian Blue calf



BELMONT RED BELMONTS are a tropically adapted Bos Taurus. They were developed at CSIRO ‘s Belmont Research Station, Rockhampton, following cross breeding trials commenced in 1954 to increase productivity (in particular fertility ) in the Northern herds. The original breed composition of the Belmont was ½ Africander/1/4 Shorthorn/1/4 Hereford.

In Australia, Belmonts are the only composite breed that has been developed from crossing the Africander breed with British breeds. The Africander genetic component makes the Belmont uniquely different from Brahman composites (eg Santa Gertrudis, Droughtmaster, Braford, Brangus, Charbray etc.) Belmonts have undergone extensive objective commercial and scientific comparative evaluations against most other breeds in a wide range of environments domestically and overseas. Belmonts have proven high fertility, high weight gain, high yielding carcases, MSA meat quality, exceptional temperaments, and are extremely drought and tick resistant. Belmonts are easy to manage, low cost cattle that are ideal from the hobby farmer to the large commercial operation. They are an ideal cross breeding sire to improve calving ease and survivability in British and Euros and fertility, temperament and meat quality in Bos Indicus.

Fertility is the biggest profit driver of any cattle breeding operation – big or small. Belmonts ‘tick all the boxes’ for fertility, as well as the other productive traits of economic importance. Belmont bulls and females breed earlier, breed longer and breed every year. Sexual maturity in Belmont females occurs at 10 - 14mths or 250kg ie up to one year and 100kg earlier than their Bos Indicus or Euro counterparts. Likewise, Belmont males reach puberty between 10 and 14mths and are successfully used with up to 40 females as yearling bulls. CONTINUED ON PAGE 27

Belmonts ‘tick all the boxes’ for fertility, as well as the other productive traits of economic importance.

Belmont Red Stud Bull


• Red and sleek coated • Short sheath and low neck hump in bulls/ ‘flat back’ steers • Very docile and easy to handle • Proven high fertility • Proven high growth, high yield and MSA meat quality.

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 26 Belmont bulls 2yrs and over are joined to 50 and up to 75 females. Bulls have extremely high libido and will not “sit under trees when it’s hot” where females are available. Structurally they have a short sheath which ensures long term serving soundness. Small birth weight calves, averaging 34kg, and rare incidence of dystocia guarantees live calves and mothers. Unlike Bos Indicus, the tropically adapted Bos Taurus Belmont female does not suffer lactational anoestrus and therefore reconceives quickly post calving. In addition, the moderate framed, drought tolerant, Belmont cow remains fertile during poor seasons and in harsh environments. Belmont cows have a strong maternal instinct which is reflected in high weaning rates. They enjoy long breeding histories and continue to produce good calves well into their second decade.



A herd of Belmont Red cattle from Seifert Belmont Red Stud Jandowae

THE BELMONT BREED SOCIETY REGULATIONS SPECIFY THE FOLLOWING BREED (GENETIC) CONTENT: •African Sanga breeds (Africander or similar) – max.1/2, min 1/4. •Temperate breeds (British or European) – max. 1/2,min. 1/2. •Indicus breeds (Brahman or similar) – max 1/4.


BELTED GALLOWAY A herd of Belted Galloways including calf, bull and cow

BELTED GALLOWAY AS THE name suggests, The Belted Galloway began in the austere hill country in the Galloway area of south-west Scotland.

“Judged live they came 48th and 49th — second-last and last — but on-the-hook they came second and third,” Rod said.

It is believed that this breed originated more than 300 years ago through the crossing of the Galloway with the Dutch Lakenvelder. Affectionally known as the “Beltie,” these animals are naturally polled and have striking colourings of black, red or dun, with a white belt – hence the name.

“They exceeded my expectations in the on-the-hook carcass competition, so I gave them a go.”

They have a “double coat” of hair, consisting of a long, shaggy overcoat and a soft, thick undercoat, providing excellent insulation in cold, bleak weather and reducing the amount of feed intake required to maintain body weight. Resistant to disease, the Belted Galloway can be a great return on investment for graziers. Often with an ability to fight off pink eye and congenital problems like dwarfism, this breed is incredibly reliable. When it comes to taking on Belted Galloway cattle, there are many key and beneficial characteristics of this breed which make them a truly great choice for landowners looking to expand their range of beef offerings or for hobby graziers. When times can be tough, the Belted Galloway can still produce amazing meat and milk, this adaptable breed can forage and continue to thrive in low-quality and sometimes harsh pastures. With large sections of Queensland facing drought, this distinct breed of cow is resilient. Tasmanian livestock buyer Rod Summers had rave reviews of Belted Galloways. Rod said he started with two Belted Galloway steers he purchased from the saleyards, which he grew to bullocks and entered them in a carcass competition. The Tasmanian livestock buyer for one of the major supermarkets for 37 years, has a significant amount of experience in the red meat industry.

EXTREMELY FERTILE The Belted Galloway is an extremely fertile breed; the cows are long lived, regular breeders and are noted for their ability to produce a healthy, well-nourished calf at weaning, even in the harshest of conditions. Some Belted Galloways have had two separate calves in one year. One cow in Australia has even produced three lots of twins in a row. ADAPTABLE ANIMALS With the ability to shed their coat in hot weather “Belties” are able to adapt to a variety of climatic conditions. LONGEVITY With many recorded Belted Galloways living until 17-20 years of age, this breed has a reputation for longevity. HARDY CATTLE The Belted Galloway’s heavy, double hair coat means that heat loss is reduced, winter feed costs are significantly less and rain hardly penetrates in cold, wet weather. The Belted Galloway cow has about 4000 hairs to the square inch making the coat resistant to severe cold. “Belties” have, in fact, been used on stations with an annual rainfall as low as 150 mm and with their superior foraging ability, have thrived in these harsh, pastoral areas. CONTINUED ON PAGE 29



CONTINUED FROM PAGE 28 EASY TO HANDLE Calm, docile and “fairly friendly” is how the Belted Galloway is often described. For beginner farmers, handling this breed is extremely easy. DISEASE RESISTANT The breed was evolved in a harsh environment, resulting in high disease resistance and the ability to survive in the toughest of conditions. Belted Galloway breeders find that their cattle are more resistant to pink eye, insects and foot problems than many other breeds. This kind of durability with a high immune system is a desirable trait for farmers wishing to keep a healthy and sturdy herd. EASY CALVING When it comes to easy calving, the Belted Galloway are a standout and known for producing a live calf every year. The “Beltie” Breed is naturally polled and when crossed with another breed it will prevent the growth of horns in virtually all cases. BELTED GALLOWAYS MAKE EXCELLENT MOTHERS Weaning large and healthy calves is always the goal with mothers and Belted Galloway cows are renowned for their mothering ability, producing a great amount of rich milk. FEED CONVERSION EFFICIENCY Tests have shown that the Galloway requires the least amount of feed per kilogram of weight gain making the cattle efficient converters. Belted Galloways consume more varieties of flora than any other breed on tests conducted in Germany. TEMPERAMENT Belted Galloway breeders find that Belted Galloway possess a quiet disposition and are easily handled when managed properly. HIGH QUALITY BEEF When it comes to the quality of Belted Galloway Beef research has shown it to have a total fat content of about 2%. Studies have also found that the Belted Galloway Beef tested only contained about 1% saturated fat.

A young curious Belted Galloway heifer

In addition, it showed that Belted Galloway beef had the same fat content as chicken and fish so fits in well with a healthy diet. Belted Galloway beef is exceptionally tender, full of flavour and incredibly juicy.

Belted Galloways have several traits which will fit in with just about any crossbreeding program...

Leroy. 1 year old mini Belted Galloway, cooling off with a hose down and drink.



BONSMARA When it comes to breeding Bonsmara cattle, the benefits are wide-ranging and incredibly advantageous from a producer’s perspective. Bonsmara are hardy cattle, able to withstand heat and boast a great resistance to parasites. Thanks to high fertility, early maturing, easy calving and a low birth weight – Bonsmara are a great choice for breeders and producers alike. When it comes to raising their calves, Bonsmara are known for their good udders and adequate milk supply. This particular breed of cattle boast a good feed conversion ratio and as far as costs go, are very low maintenance. And while all of these benefits are incredibly advantageous, it is the high quality Bonsmara beef which is tasty, tender and succulent that is a real standout of the breed. Having been scientifically bred and strictly selected for economic production in sub-tropical climates, Bonsmara cattle are a testament to Professor Jan Bonsma who played a major role in the development of the breed.

The crossbreeding involved the native Afrikaner/Sanga breed and European breeds. At the conclusion of the research program the best performing cross was 5/8 Afrikaner and 3/8 Hereford/ Shorthorn. This was judged to optimally combine the best attributes of all three – the adaptability of the Afrikaner, the meat production of the Hereford and the milk production of the Shorthorn. The name "Bonsmara" was derived from "Bonsma", the man who


The Bonsmara was bred at the Mara and Messina Research Stations under the guidance of Prof Jan Bonsma, who wanted to develop a cattle breed that was better adapted to South Africa’s Bonsmara are a great choice for breeders thanks to high fertility, subtropical climate. early maturing, easy calving and a low birth weight

An impressive Bonsmara Stud Bull


BELMONT BONSMARA RED The Bonsmara has become so popular that it has grown to be numerically the strongest beef breed in South Africa in less than 25 years.

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 30 played a major role in the development of the breed, and "Mara", the farm on which the animals were bred. Through strict selection of breeding animals, rapid progress was made. Within 20 years after the initial cross-breeding trials, a superior cattle breed, performing better than other breeds in the bushveld of the Northern Transvaal, had been established.  The resulting Bonsmara breed, which was first released to producers in the 1950s, has succeeded to the extent that some 70 per cent of South Africa’s beef herds are now either pure Bonsmara or Bonsmara-infused.

WHAT IS IT THAT MAKES BONSMARA SO SPECIAL? NATURE DOES IT ALL! • High fertility and early maturing • Easy calving • Low birth weight • Good udders with adequate milk • Good feed conversion ratio • Low maintenance costs • Heat tolerance • High resistance to parasites • Scientific and purposeful selection and breeding procedures • Growth Ability – Pasture or feedlot, Bonsmara perform. • Meat Quality – Scientifically proven high quality beef – tasty, tender and succulent

Interestingly, Bonsma had a unique method of scale photography, so Bonsmara is the only breed in the world that can boast a pictorial genealogy from the very beginning of the breeding work until the new breed was established. The Bonsmara has become so popular that it has grown to be numerically the strongest beef breed in South Africa in less than 25 years. Bonsmara are medium framed animals with a smooth coat. Their coat colours can range from deep red to light brown and the animals exhibit a small hump forward of the shoulder with a neat underline. Since the first Bonsmara embryos were imported into Australia in the 1980’s, the Bonsmara breed has gone from strength to strength here and there are now over 3000 Bonsmara infused cattle in the country.


Bonsmara are a tropically adapted Bos taurus breed. Performance recording is the cornerstone of their development. They are the dominant breed in South Africa, where some 60,000 registered females are currently being performance recorded with the commercial and seedstock herds, adding to around 4 million head. Some 400 Bonsmara embryos were first imported into Australia in 1998 from the Republic of South Africa, followed by semen from the USA. The Bonsmara Cattle Breeders Society of Australia (BCBS of A) was formed in 2000, and there are now over 3000 Bonsmara infused cattle in the country.




Swin and Kathy Hudson are at the forefront of implementing new technologies for measuring genetic gain on property, on a commercial basis.

EUROPEANS HERITAGE Bos Taurus cattle are beef breeds that have usually originated in Europe and thrive in temperate climates. They are known to reach maturity quickly and develop muscle bulk rapidly. This as opposed to the Bos Indicus breeds that originate in southern Asia and are often distinguishable by their musculo-fatty hump. Breeds that come under Bos Taurus include Angus, Hereford, Charolais, Murray Grey, Shorthorn, Simmental . ANGUS Angus cattle were introduced to Australia around 1840 and originated in Scotland. They are a polled breed that generally come in black but have a recessive red gene. Angus are suited to a maternal or rotational place in crossbreeding or for vealer, bullock and steer production. HEREFORD Coming to Australia in 1862, Hereford cattle are an English breed identified by their red coat and white face and underline. This horned breed is suited to vealer, steer and bullock production and has been used for a maternal or rotation place in cross breeding situations. A polled breed of Hereford was also introduced to Australia in the 1920s from the United States. Swin Hudson, Tremere, Moura and Joe Johnston, CanBerra, Banana.


MURRAY GREY Murray Grey cattle were developed in Victoria from Angus Shorthorn. The breed, which boasts a grey coat that can range from silver to dark grey, came about in 1905. A polled breed, Murray Grey are suitable for vealer, steer and bullock production or maternal and rotational places in crossbreeding programs.

Gertrudis, Belmont Red, Droughtmaster and Murray Grey. These cattle come in both polled and horned lines and are suitable for vealer, steer and bullock production and to maternal and rotational places in crossbreeding programs. SIMMENTAL Simmental originated in western Europe, specifically Switzerland, but were also found in Germany, Austria and France. These red cattle who feature broken white markings and white faces come in both polled and horned strains. Suited to vealer, steer and bullock production and to maternal, rotational or terminal places in crossbreeding programs, Simmental were introduced to Australia in the 1970s.

SHORTHORN Coming with red, roan or white coats, Shorthorns were introduced to Australian from England in 1825. This breed has contributed to other now established breeds including Santa


CHAROLAIS The French breed were brought into Australia in 1969. Identified by their white or cream coat, Charolais come in both horned or polled and are suited bullock production or as a sire in crossbreeding.

Swin Hudson from Tremere Pastoral with 2 of their impressive bulls 6974009aa

Tremere Pastoral

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A true-blue Australian breed, Braford cattle originated in central Queensland in 1946. The breed came about from a Hereford herd that Brahman genetics were introduced to battle losses due to ticks and eye cancer. The Australian Braford Society was formed after a group of cattlemen met in Rockhampton on 1962. They continue to champion their Australian created breed bother here and worldwide. Braford were designed to suit Australian conditions and continue to be a good choice for producers either as purebred stock or in cross breeding programs. APPEARANCE Braford cattle hold the distinct red or brown colouring and white faces and underline of Hereford but display distinctly Brahman traits. They have loose and pliable skin and the Australian

Braford Society lists the presence of a hump as a desirable feature in their standard of excellence. Both polled and horned genetics can be found among the Braford breed. Mature Braford bull weigh between 900kg and 1000kg on average with mature females averaging between 550kg and 750kg. BREEDING Easy calving and strong mothering instincts are notable traits for Braford animals. The calves usually weigh between 25kg and 30kg at birth. Using Braford bulls in a crossbreeding program will help produce smaller calves with hybrid vigour and higher than average growth rates. The easy birthing of the smaller calves works well for commercial enterprises and the offspring will meet the requirements of numerous markets. CONTINUED ON PAGE 36

STANDARD OF EXCELLENCE Braford cattle should have Brahman inheritance evident in their apparance, indicative of 1/4 – 3/4 Brahman characteristics. Brafords are docile but alert with males appearing masculine and females feminine. COLOUR AND MARKINGS Braford colour with Hereford markings, brindling and excessive freckling are a disqualification. DEVELOPMENT SIZE AND WEIGHT Better than average ‘weight for age’ essential. MUSCLING To be heavy and smooth, double muscling a disqualification. BONE Bone structure sound and free of hereditary defect including twisted

nose and jaw, undershot twisted nose and jaw, undershot or overshot jaw crooked front legs, post hock or sickly hocks. Long sprung pasterns and cramped hocks undesirable ACTION Free and straight. COAT Short and sleek. SKIN Loose and pliable.

Bennett Family from Little Valley Brafords with their All Breeds Champion Breeders Group at the 2017 Casino Show. They have been exhibiting Brafords since 1969 and have not missed a Casino Show.



Mature Braford bulls weigh between 900kg and 1000kg on average with mature females averaging between 550kg and 750kg.

Grassfed Brafords

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Peter Parnell | Brandenburg Rd, Maleny QLD | Ph: (07) 5494 1368 | Mob: 0418 711 408 |



Carinya Sterling (P) was the top selling bull at the New Dimension Braford Sale in 2017 at $18,000. He was bought by Jack Meek, Cargara Cattle Company, Augathella and Ashley Loveday, Elders, Dalby. The Meek family also purchased Carinya Turvey (S) for $18,000



Braford females have strong reputations for fertility and producing top vealer. Bulls have been reported to still be viable breeders up to 10 or 12 years of age with females still producing quality calves at 12 or 13 years old. ADAPTABILITY Braford are designed for Australia’s climate. There are Braford producers all across Australia and the breed has proven itself in the varying climates over the past seven decades. Their coats will thicken some when they are in cooler climates. They are a heat tolerant breed and also have a good tick resistance thanks to the Brahman side of their design. They have also been proven to finish well on grass alone or in feedlot conditions. Brafords have been noted to excel in feedlots with an 18 to 20 month old steer able gain an average on 2.45kg per day with a feed efficiency of 5.3 to 1 over the course of 100 days. The carcases of these steers have an even distribution of white fat and a desirable bright red colour to the meat. PROFITABILITY Braford cattle that are later in their maturity and boast larger sizes tend to produce well-muscled carcases and carcases from yearlings and steers compose of a minimum amount of waste. CONTINUED ON PAGE 37

Braford cows at a dam on the Rea's Hillview property at Kunwarara QLD.

A herd of grass fed Braford cattle


BRAFORD Sunny Lawn Females from New Dimension Braford.

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 36 STANDARD OF EXCELLENCE For Braford cattle to meet the Australian Braford Society’s Standard of Excellence there are some very clear markers they must possess. As per the Australian Braford Society Website:

ACTION: Free and straight. COAT: Short and sleek. SKIN: Loose and pliable. EARS: Medium to large size, either straight or drooped EYES: Eyes well shielded, red pigmentation highly desirable. NOSTRILS: Nostrils large, black nose undesirable. DEWLAP: Loose. NECK: In proportion to size of body. HUMP: Desirable. SHOULDER BLADE: Blades covered, evenly set to ribs ensuring free action.

COLOUR AND MARKINGS: Braford colour with Hereford markings, brindling and excessive freckling are a disqualification. Development size and weight: Better than average ‘weight for age’ essential. MUSCLING: To be heavy and smooth, double muscling a disqualification. BONE: Bone structure sound and free of hereditary defect including twisted nose and jaw, undershot twisted nose and jaw, undershot or overshot jaw crooked front legs, post hock or sickly hocks. Long sprung CONTINUED ON PAGE 38 pasterns and cramped hocks undesirable.

Braford Stud cows and calf


BRAFORD Pen-leigh Sebastian; 24 months, 4 shows South East Queensland. Supreme Tropical Breed Champion Bull and Grand Champion Braford Bull at Allora, Bell and Pittsworth in 2017.

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 37 SHOULDERS: Smooth and not prominent. FOREARM: Strong and meaty, elbows straight and not tucked in. LEGS: Legs of good bone and in proportion to the size of the beast, light bone undesirable, hind legs should be squarely placed. Feet: Must stand up well on their feet to reflect good balance and correct bone structure. HEART GIRTH: Full and deep.

BACKLINE: Strong and wide. RIB CAGE: Wide and well sprung from backbone, full behind the shoulders, deeply and smoothly covered with flesh. LOIN: Broad and strong back line. Hip moderately wide, not prominent, all well covered. FLANK: Deep and not wasteful. CONTINUED ON PAGE 39

BRAFORDS – TICKING ALL THE BOXES What is the average weight range for bulls? The average mature weight for bulls is 750kg – 900kg. What is the average weight range for females? The average weight for mature females is 500kg – 650kg. What is the average birth weight for calves? The average birth weight for calves is 25kg – 30kg. What is the average price range for bulls and females? Average price for bulls is $5500.00. Average price for females is $1000.00 Do Braford Bulls make good terminal sires for crossbreeding programs? Yes and we encourage these programs. Are Braford cattle suited to all Australian climates and conditions? We have members in all States of Australia and hoping to have some new members from New Zealand. Braford cattle have proved over the years they are adaptable to all climates from the heat in the Western Queensland and Central Northern Territory to the cold in


southern New South Wales and Victoria. These cattle can live and not only that but thrive in almost any climate. Do pure breed and cross breed steers and heifers finish well on grass and grain feeding? Given the right conditions Braford cattle will finish well on grass alone. They also have proven time and time again in feedlot competitions that they finish extremely well on grain. Are Braford cattle polled / horned or both? Braford cattle are both. Are there any restrictions on the use of AI and ET work and programs in the breed? All AI and ET programs must be approved by Management and the current owners of the donor cattle. However we do encourage these programs. Are there any restrictions on the amount of Brahman and Hereford content in the breed? Braham inheritance in the Braford cattle to be evident in their appearance, indicative of ¼ – ¾ Brahman Characteristics.


CONTINUED FROM PAGE 38 SHEATH AND NAVEL: Bulls to be moderate in the sheath. Females to be large and roomy and show feminine characteristics and mothering ability. Excessive navel development is not acceptable. Sheath on bulls to be of moderate development, pendulous or excessive tightness a disqualification. SCROTUM: Neat testicles, well proportioned. Red pigmentation is desirable. HINDQUATERS: Rump, long and full, with length between hip and pin bones, pin bones wide apart, quarters long, deep, full muscular and slightly sloping. THIGHS: Lower thighs well developed, twist full. TAIL: Tail set neatly between pin bones (high tail setting undesirable). TAIL BRUSH: To be white. This hair type indicates coat type.

Herd of grass fed Braford Bulls

Nutritional Supplements for all Beef Programs For profitable beef production, timing is important. Efficient supplementation means getting the right nutrient to the right animal at the right time.


BRAHMAN A herd of impressive, iconic Brahman Bulls


Brahman cattle are well-known for their ability to adapt to harsh conditions and tropical climates.

Within the last 30 years, the Brahman bloodlines have alleviated the continual struggle for economic survival of many graziers.

The Brahman roots in Australia lay in Queensland however today, this fast-growing breed covers all of Australia, once again reiterating their hardiness and adaptability based on climatic and environmental conditions. First originating in the United States of America in the early 1900s where it was developed from progeny of four Indian cattle breeds with some infusion of British-bred cattle, early Australian importation can be can be traced back to the turn of the century.

The growth and development of the Australian Brahman has been described as the greatest livestock revolution in history. It has transformed the northern beef industry from near bankruptcy to an efficient and highly profitable enterprise which contributes millions of dollars annually towards domestic and export income. Vast areas of previously unproductive land have been pioneered and developed into profitable beef enterprises using Brahman cattle.

However, it was not until 1933 that significant numbers were imported by a syndicate of Queensland cattlemen in conjunction with the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, later to become the CSIRO. Further imports of US bloodline Brahmans recommenced in 1982 with the opening of the Australian Government’s Cocos Island Quarantine Station facility. Our Australian Brahman breeders have welcomed this new genetic material.

KEY ATTRIBUTES It has long been a popular catch cry of Brahman breeders that Brahmans continue to record performance you can bank on, when you need it most. And this is due to a number of factors which allow Brahman cattle to stand out from a productivity and efficiency perspective.

To early 1987, US and Brazilian blood Brahman imports through Cocos Island have topped 300 head with further shipments in the pipeline. When it came to the conditions experienced by cattle in Queensland, practical cattlemen realised that traditional British breeds were unable to withstand the ravages of north Australia’s cattle ticks and drought.

EFFICIENCY When it comes to being efficient and cost-effective from a breeding and commercial perspective, Brahman Cattle are experts. Thanks to the unique make-up of their digestive system, Brahman cattle have an advantage which sees them stand out. • The ability to recycle nutrients through the blood stream and saliva promotes digestion. CONTINUED ON PAGE 41


As far as tropical beef production goes, a high tolerance to heat is an absolute must.


CONTINUED FROM PAGE 40 • Low maintenance requirement • Reduced water intake means reduced urination resulting in less nitrogen loss and higher blood nitrogen levels. • Maintenance of higher intake levels of low quality feed. • Slower rate of protein turnover enables muscle and body tissue development to continue on low feed intake. • Brahmans remain productive longer. • Reduced sulphur demand for hair growth means more available for amino acids associated with growth and production. • Lower rumen liquid volume and higher rumen bacterial fat results in higher levels of energy rich compounds in the blood stream. HEAT TOLERANCE AS far as tropical beef production goes, a high tolerance to heat is an absolute must. Along with the longevity and health of the animal, tolerance to heat is also a major economic factor. When the body temperature rises cattle become stressed, resulting in reduced feeding time and feed intake, increased water consumption, wasted energy panting, poor quality meat and even death. Brahman’s have a great heat tolerance due to a number of factors. The first being their dark pigmented skin which reflects sun. They also possess looser skin which aids in the heat tolerance levels and have large sweat glands, a sleek coat and a slower metabolic rate which all bodes well for resisting heat or generating less heat in general. CONTINUED ON PAGE 42

A herd of Brahman Stud Cattle at sale yards




BRAHMAN • • • •

Studies have also demonstrated that Brahmans have a greater reproductive response to improved levels of nutrition than other breeds because of their ability to close down their reproductive system as a survival mechanism when under stress. Under adequate levels of nutrition, Brahman's fertility will equal that of other breeds. PARASITE RESISTANT The Brahman's resistance to cattle tick is of major economic importance because of less chemical use and increased weight gain. The Australian Brahman's resistance to cattle tick is related to:

Immune response prevents ticks developing reduced tick burden on pasture and on animals sleek coat does not favour attachment of tick larvae chemicals in sweat gland act as repellent.

HIGH GROWTH RATE Brahman’s have been recorded as achieving high growth rates and excellent feed conversions, whether that’s on the grass or on grain in feedlots. Thanks to the very low maintenance requirements and nature of the breed, there is a greater proportion of intake available for growth and their efficient digestive system means they can maintain higher levels of low-quality intake. HIGH YIELDING CARCASE The Australian Brahman's impressive production performance on the hoof is backed up by an equally impressive performance as a carcase. Superior yield of saleable meat is a result of: • Lower rumen content means higher dressing percentages • Excellent muscle development • Uniform even fat cover • Less intramuscular fat which means less waste Grey Brahman Cow with calves.

A mob of Red Brahman Cows with their calves.


Two young Brahman calves

Therefore, taking science and research into account is an absolute must, with a variety of sources and information available thanks to various studies that have been conducted. And when analysing such studies, research clearly indicates that the commercially acceptable on the hoof advantages of Brahman and Brahman cross cattle are carried through to the carcase.

Research by Dr Ray Johnson of the University of Queensland Vet School indicates that the amount and distribution of fat are the most important factors in determining carcase yield. An explanation for the Brahmans superior performance lies in the intra muscular fat deposits in relation to the sub cutaneous fat thickness. A Brahman with the same sub cutaneous fat thickness as a British breed has significantly less inter muscular fat. At the meatworks there is less trim from a Brahman which boosts the level of saleable beef. Whereas additional fat deposits fell to the knife on British breeds' fat distribution benefiting the Brahman cattle. This difference in fat distribution gives the Brahman and Brahman cross cattle an important commercial advantage in the heavyweight export market and a smaller, but significant yield advantage in the lighter local trade markets.


AS a commercial operator, ensuring you make the right decision when it comes to choosing a breed is paramount to your success and your overall livelihood.

A Commercial Livestock and Meat Authority of Queensland study of Japanese grassfed chilled beef encompassing bullocks and females of British breeds and Brahmans clearly showed that Brahmans yielded more than the British breeds for both steers and females. In the initial study it was a yield difference of 1.5 to 2 percent and in subsequent studies it rose to 3 to 4 percent. Backing up such claims was a commercial study undertaken by the University of Queensland which found that there was a breed effect on overall yield and that Brahman and Brahman cross cattle definitely displayed a yield advantage in their favour in terms of cattle suitable for local trade.

BEEF 2018 Champion Male Grain Fed Pen.

A mob of Grey Brahman cows

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BRANGUS Brangus herd


BREEDING BRANGUS FOR THE FUTURE The future of the Brangus breed is in safe hands – and is going from strength to strength. Brangus cattle were first introduced to Australia from the USA in the 1950s. Many of the foundation Brangus stud cattle breeders were based in the heart of Queensland cattle country. The drought resilience of Brangus combined with superb calving and growth weights meant Brangus cattle were an excellent fit for the Australian beef industry.

“The variance in the Brahman content of the Australian breed is one of the reasons Brangus cattle are growing in popularity across Australia,” Ms Fawcett said. While genetic variance to suit local conditions is one drawcard of the Brangus breed, the cattle also possess a number of fundamental qualities producers are looking for, especially across the eastern states of Australia.

The functionality of the breed is key for me – they are good mothers with plenty of milk and ease of calving....

Since then the Brangus breed has naturally progressed to adapt to the diverse Australian environment. The Australian Brangus Cattle Association (ABCA) allows domestic Brangus to contain up to 75% Brahman blood content, an increase from the standard 3/8 Brahman combined with 5/8 Angus. This gives local Brangus cattle a uniquely Australian stamp. This diversity in genetics has allowed breeders from far northern Queensland down to Tasmania to acquire Brangus cattle best suited to local climates without compromising on the fundamental qualities of the breed. Sue Fawcett of Lazy S Brangus Stud, Condamine agrees that this may be one reason people are noticing more Brangus purebred or cross cattle in the paddocks than in previous years.

The fundamental qualities of the Brangus breed include, but are not limited to: • Climate suitability – Adept at foraging especially when necessitated in drought affected areas; reliability in hot and humid weather. • Females – Possess excellent maternal qualities including consistent fertility and reliable milk supplies. • Males – Bulls sire high weight-for-age weaners, docile temperament for ease of handling. • Genetics – Impressive weight gain and growth rates; strong resilience against ticks and bloating. • Beef – Carcases without an excess of fat; highly marketable, quality and consumer trusted beef product. This enviable combination of traits is the reason Ms Fawcett has invested in the Brangus breed. CONTINUED ON PAGE 45


BRANGUS Brangus Bull

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 44 “The functionality of the breed is key for me – they are good mothers with plenty of milk and ease of calving,” Ms Fawcett said. “They’re also resilient in dry times, with the ability to adapt to Australia's harsh climate conditions,” she added. Ms Fawcett, has bred Brangus cattle for over 30 years. Her parents John and Wendy Fawcett registered stud number 150, Coreen Brangus Stud in 1971. As a family, they have seen the Brangus breed go from strength to strength.

“Although marketing of the beef at the consumer end has made the Brangus grow in popularity, the cattle have to be able to stand up and perform in the paddock and they do. This is what makes them an attractive and profitable breed for producers,” Ms Fawcett said. In the twelve months to November 2017 the ABCA recorded twentythree new registrations for Brangus operations throughout the country. With a mix of both stud and commercial Brangus operations recorded, the majority of the operations are based in Queensland but also included registrations from New South Wales, Victoria and Western Australia.


Valuable marketing options. ROMA BRANGUS SALE Friday 6th September 2019 • Roma Saleyards ROCKHAMPTON BRANGUS SALE Monday 14th & Tuesday 15th October 2019 • CQLX Gracemere


Consistently topping cattle markets and performing strongly in carcase competitions, steer trials, feedlots and breeding paddocks across Australia.

02 6773 3373 PAGE 46

Brangus cows are well-known for their calving abilities and high fertility

Nev Hansen from Oaklands Brangus and his Brangus bull

AUSTRALIAN Brangus have the flexibility Brangus cows adapted to the mulga to be used as a maternal base, a terminal country when they moved from the sire line or as a pure self-replacing herd. Brisbane Valley to Charleville. “The decider came when drought hit,” However you choose to incorporate Mr Summerville said. Brangus genetics into your program, the “Where the other breeds’ calving attributes of the breed will ensure your percentages decreased, the Brangus are taking a step in the right direction. cows calved every year without fail, Brangus females are well-known producing strong-boned and wellfor their mothering ability. Excellent muscled calves. temperaments, calving ease and high ”They also proved to be good walkers fertility ensure that Brangus females in the paddocks are sought-after by progressive cattle – a necessity here where the distances breeders. between waters are substantial,” he said. Many breeders are using terminal European sires over their Brangus female herd. These calves have the best of both worlds, with the increased muscle pattern and growth from the sire. Bob Summerville from Glenbrook, Charleville, said he was amazed at how easily the



The decider came when drought hit... -Bob Summerville from Glenbrook, Charleville

MAGIC MATERNAL MOTHERS Brangus females are well known for their mothering ability. Excellent temperaments, calving ease and high fertility ensure that Brangus females are sought after by progressive cattle breeders. High reproduction rates, calving ease and strong mothering instinct aid calf survival. Excellent milking ability from sound functional udders give calves a strong start to life. Many breeders are using terminal European sires over their Brangus female herd. These calves have the best of both worlds with the increased muscle pattern and growth from the sire. The Brangus female contributes a live calf and a milk supply to take advantage of the growth potential of these calves’ genetics.

Bob Summerville, Glenbrook Charleville reported “ When we moved from the Brisbane Valley to Charleville we were amazed at how easily the Brangus cows adapted to the mulga country. The decider came when drought hit. Where the other breeds calving percentages decreased, the Brangus cows calved every year without fail, producing strong boned and well-muscled calves. They also proved to be good walkers in the paddocks a necessity here where the distances between waters are substantial.”


BRANGUS Brangus Cows



• Commercial Brangus cattle can only be bred from the Angus and Brahman breeds of cattle. The Association allows the level of Bos Indicus blood in Brangus to vary to suit breeder’s different environmental requirements. Brahman Blood percentage is required to be within 25% to 75% for all registration levels with the exception of the Commercial and Enrolment levels.

• Enrolment • Foundation • Registered

Oaklands Brangus Calf



BEEFING UP WITH SIRES Brangus bulls will produce above-average weight advantage in calves HERE ARE many advantages in crossbreeding with Brangus sires, no matter what breed of female you have. Brangus bulls are renowned for producing light birth-weight calves, and the calving ease advantage of the breed means you can use Brangus bulls over heifers with confidence. F1 heifers, sired by Brangus bulls, carry high maternal value, fertility, milking ability and hybrid vigour, and are valuable heifer replacements to retain in your program. Brangus bulls sire carcasses of high quality that will finish extremely well at any age for your targeted market –be it grain crop or grass fed. Brangus steers are noted for their high quality carcase which has been proven by many successes achieved in carcase competitions and feed back trials all over Australia. John and Jo Searle from West Point Gulargambone, NSW, crossed a Brangus bull over their Hereford Brangus Bull herd they had developed over twenty years. “By using Brangus bulls over our Hereford cows, we achieved a 15 per cent weight advantage at weaning,” Mr Searle said. “All the Brangus-sired “Super Baldies” have excellent eye pigmentation and superb temperament,” he said.

“All the Brangus-sired “Super Baldies” have excellent eye pigmentation and superb temperament,”


-John Searle

Enrolment, Calf Register or Herd Book upon satisfaction of the recording conditions as detailed for each of those Books.

Brangus cattle can only be bred from the Angus and Brahman breeds of cattle. The Association allows the level of Bos Indicus blood in Brangus to vary to suit breeder’s different environmental requirements. Brahman Blood percentage is required to be within 25% to 75% for all registration levels with the exception of the Commercial and Enrolment levels.

ENROLMENT REGISTER This is the entry level for the breed. Cattle that are acceptable for this level are: • Registered Angus • Registered Brahman cattle • Commercial Brangus cattle that have been inspected for suitable type by an ABCA appointed inspector

The levels that cattle can be recorded at are: • Commercial • Enrolment • Foundation • Registered

FOUNDATION LEVEL Foundation level cattle are required to be between 25% and 75% Bos Indicus blood with the balance being Angus. All progeny of Enrolment level cattle with the required Bos Indicus content will be recorded as Foundation level

COMMERCIAL REGISTER Any animal of any breed composition and age shall be eligible for entry into the Commercial Book. All calves recorded in the Commercial Book will be individually identified with an ear tag and/or tattoo, and brand. Animals recorded in the Commercial Book may be upgraded into the

REGISTERED BRANGUS Animals whose parents are at least recorded in the Foundation level and whose Bos Indicus percentage falls between 25% and 75% are eligible for the Registered level. Registered Brangus is the highest level in the Brangus Herdbook.



BRANGUS PRIZE WINNER: Owners Ed and Kara Quinn with Grand Champion Brangus Bull, Law Firm at 2018 Brisbane Exhibition with Fitter (handler) Tania Sainsbury.

AUSSIE BRANGUS RESILIENCE Explore more benefits of Australian Brangus cattle IN ADDITION to their fertility and adaptability, the benefits of Australian Brangus cattle include a unique resilience. Heat and parasite tolerance, and the ability to walk and forage, gives Brangus cattle the ability to handle the toughest grazing conditions. Australian Brangus can be bred with varying Bos Indicus content so breeders from Tasmania to the Queensland gulf country can confidently select a Brangus for their conditions. The marbling and tenderness qualities of the Angus breed are present in the Brangus carcase.

Brangus has proved to be a force to be reckoned with.... Sue Fawcett with Lazy S Mr Bojangles, Rockhampton Brangus Sale 2018.

The powerful combination with excellent growth rates affords producer’s turnoff versatility with their calf drop. Brangus has proved to be a force to be reckoned with in carcase and prime cattle competitions Australia-wide, where their high-yielding carcases with minimum fat and maximum quality have consistently produced awards.


BRANGUS Brangus cow


They’re renowned for excellent fertility, adaptability and profitability BRANGUS cattle have been making a name for themselves in Australia for more than 50 years. They are bred on commercially applicable criteria – no fads, no frills. How many other breeds can effectively be used as a purebred, maternal and terminal breeding programme without compromising performance? Renowned for their fertility and easy calving qualities, adaptability and profitability, the performance of Brangus cattle in the workplace has ensured their justifiable prominence. Brangus cattle excel in all drivers of profitability.

Being naturally polled Brangus eliminate the requirement to dehorn calves. The cowherd is easier to handle and hide damage is minimised. Brangus are solid coloured and either black or red. Choose the colour to suit your environment and breeding programme and still access the renowned Brangus traits. The easy calving qualities of the Brangus breed, combined with its milking ability, fertility and mothering ability, combine to produce a calving percentage that is rarely equalled or bettered.




Experienced cattle men and women will be the first to tell you that versatility is imperative when it comes to good stock.

Calling on stand-out characteristic traits from both the Brahman and the Charolais, the Charbray breed well and truly fits this bill. Combining the hardiness and tick resistance of the Brahman with the lean beef characteristics and docile temperament of the Charolais, Charbray cattle are true standouts. Thanks to the breed’s low-birth weight calving is not a problem. The hybrid vigour comes through in relation to rapid post-birth growth and thanks to an outstanding feed-converting ability, the Charbray breed thrives. From an economic perspective, Charbray cattle return premium prices whether fed on grain or grass and possess an ideal carcase. In high demand from feed lotters, processors and the live cattle trade, Charbray cattle truly are top performers. The Charbray female has the ability to get in calf under stress conditions while still rearing a calf with high carcase quality. When it comes to durviving in tropical climates, Charbray’s once again perform.

Thanks to the breed’s ability to tolerate heat, drought and parasites, they are able to boost carcase quality and continue an upward trajectory for growth rate of their progeny, regardless of conditions. Calves reach slaughter weights at roughly 12 to 15 months of age. Charbray meat is incredibly lean and is usually Yield Grade 1 and 2 carcasses.


The Charbray animal is a highly sought after product because of the extra cents per kilogram it achieves, which puts more dollars in your pocket..

Young Charbray Bull flourishing and showing resilience in harsh Western Queensland Environments.


CHARBRAY The breeders group was won the Greg and Tracey Lee (centre) of Diamond L Charbray Stud at the Biggenden Show May 2018.

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 52 Fetching a premium price, and in high demand, Charbray cattle are a high performing breed who appeal to feedlots, processors and the live cattle trade. Proof of the incredible interest in the breed is proudly on display at the Annual National Charbray Bull Sale each year. According to Charbray Society of Australia president Les Marshall, it isn’t any wonder there is such a keen interest in the breed given their resilience and ability to survive any conditions which nature produces.

“Another trait the Charbray are well-known for is their fertility. This is essential in today's cattle industry as the more calves we have on the ground the more financially viable we remain. “The breed punches well above its weight, ticking the boxes for survivability, marketability and profitability. “The Charbray animal is a highly sought after product because of the extra cents per kilogram it achieves, which puts more dollars in your pocket, and for their ability to fit into any market a beef producer is trying to target.”

BUNJURGEN Charbray Cattle Stud. Our cattle are DNA tested Polled Charbray with a quiet disposition. We breed bulls that will add value to your herd. CONTACT: Graham and Jeanette Neilsen

•EST 1998 •Generation bred •Whole life history •J-BAS 6 •Clearance and delivery available

Property Location: 105 Behrendorff Road, Bunjurgen Qld 4310

Phone: 0418 732 767 Email: admin@bunjurgencharbray. Website: 6984309aa


CHARBRAY Herd of Charbray heifers and steers

CONSIDER GENE SELECTION WHEN CROSSBREEDING CHARBRAY The selection of top genetics has long been recognised as a vital ingredient in any beef operation. There are a growing number of producers who are undecided in which direction their breeding program should take after the initial stages of a cross breeding program. When it comes to stabilising a crossbred herd there is no consideration more important than bull selection. After successive generations, herd bulls account for a large percentage of genetic variation in the herd. The selection of the right type of Charbray bull is extremely important in this situation as it will allow you to stabilise your herd and produce a more even line of progeny.

The Charbray bull is structurally sound and have the ability to travel the distances required of bulls, even in hot, humid environments. They have been hand selected for clean, tight sheaths, fertility and early testicular development. The Charbray female is fertile and early maturing. They normally reach puberty at 14-17 months and calve around two years of age with rapid rebreeding and good milk production.

If you are careful about the genetics you are using and select bulls that compliment your female herd while maintaining extra muscle and thickness, then you won’t compromise any of the initial genetic gains you have made. PHYSICALITY OF THE BREED Charbray are a large, very rugged breed that is heavily muscled through the loin and quarters. At birth, calves are generally light tan but usually lighten to a creamy white in a few weeks. Charbray Bull


CHARBRAY Trevor Ford with Wattlebray Charbray bulls pictured in February 2019.

INTERESTING FACTS ON CHARBRAY • In the 1930s, the Charbray breed originated in Texas when Charolais bulls from Mexico were crossed with Brahman cows.

• Statistical data shows that Charbray cattle on grass alone can put on between .8 – 1 kilo+ per day (subject to grass quality.)

• Charbray are 5/8 Charolais and 3/8 Brahman.

• Generation bred Charbrays are now graded as high as a C6 which was recently introduced from a C5 to emphasise that the Charbray is a breed on its own now and this gives consistency to the progeny of cattle producers.

• The Charbray breeding plan is flexible and modern. Charbray cattle consist of animals bred approximately between the limits of three-quarter (75%) Brahman (bos indicus) and one-quarter (25%) Charolais on the one hand, and three-quarter (75%) Charolais and one- quarter (25%) Brahman (bos indicus) on the other hand, and any combination in between. • The colour of Charbray cattle ranges from white through to red and these colours are all acceptable.

For more information on the Charbray breed go to:

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Two pasture fed Charolais Bulls

CHAROLAIS: SO MUCH TO LOVE When it comes to listing the benefits of the Charolais breed, the advantages are numbered. First and foremost, there is no getting around the key advantage of the Charolais breed; the excellent quality beef they produce. Often used to improve herds or other cattle breeds, Charolais are larg-framed animals with long bodies which are heavily muscled. Most Charolais are horned, though some polled animals are now being bred. Steers produced on good pasture yield heavy, well-muscled, finetextured, though lean, carcases. Crossbred calves from good milking mothers can yield excellent carcases at 9 to 10 months of age. CHARACTERISTICS Charolais cattle are either white or a creamy-white color; some breeders today are breeding red and black Charolais. They may have horns, but polled Charolais are preferred, especially among animals intended for PAGE 56

feedlots, where horns can be dangerous to other cattle or people. Those with pedigrees containing more French-bred Charolais tend to have horns. The coat is long and slightly wavy during the winter, but sheds in the spring to reveal a short, smooth coat for the warmer months. They have a deep chest, broad body and strong, muscled hindquarters. Bulls can weigh up to 2,500 pounds and cows up to 2,000 pounds. TEMPERAMENT AND HEALTH Charolais tend to be hardy animals, able to withstand cold winters and warm summers. They can graze on pasture that many other breeds cannot use as efficiently, and gain weight and muscle rapidly. They have rugged hooves and also are able to walk over rough terrain. Cows calve easily, a trait prized among farmers and ranchers. Calves are born at a heavier weight than other breeds.

• Charolais are quite large anials wighing an average of 900kg for cows and 1,100 kg for bulls. • It is rumoured that a Charolais bull reached the incredible weight of 2 tonne. • The animals are naturally horned but recently, polled Charolais have emerged as an important part of the breed. This is an important thing to consider for farmers if dehorning is the way they wish to go. • Charolais cattle aren’t known to be particularly docile in temperament. And while many feel the cattle calm a lot under the right kind of management, it is important to remember that they do require that extra attention. • Calves are hardy when born however, the calving process is simple and often without complications. • Due to the incredible size of the cattle, cross-breeding with smaller cows is to be avoided. • Charolais cattle from an economic perspective are fantastic. They are praised for their high carcase yield and good quality meat. Their intermuscular fat also contributes to excellent edible quality in their beef cuts. • Charolais cattle grow quickly and are excellent at fast weight gain. • They posess a great appetite however, have the ability to graze efficiently on most pastures with ease.



Milan Glisovic of Gilletts Ridge was selected as the 'vendor of the week' with these Charolais X steers, at the Grafton prime cattle sale held Nov 2018.

Bettafield Charbray Selling 30 Charbrays

including 18 Polls. 5 Registered Sires including 2 Poll Red Factor Bulls

•O p •P •I

Bettafield 14th Annual Bull Sale Friday 7th September 2018 - 10.30am • Aggrow Bull Sale Complex

• Bred in Central Queensland to travel and work across Australia. • One of the largest offering of polled bulls bred in the ticks. • Paddock bulls available • Inspections always welcome Bettafield 15th Annual Bull Sale Friday 6th September 2019 - 10.30am • Aggrow Bull Sale Complex

• Bred in Central QueenslandStephen to travel and and Alison Kajewski work across Australia. | Phone 07 4982 3605 | • One of the largest offering of polled bulls bred in the ticks. • Paddock bulls available • Inspections always welcome Bred to go the distance: Any Country, Any Market.

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CHAROLAIS Winners of the Champion Pen and the Charolais class Alan and Neil Goodland, Clare Grazing, Theodore, with sponsor Peter Ramsey, Elanco

HISTORY OF THE CHAROLAIS Taking its name from its origins in Charolles in Central France, Charolais first became established after achieving considerable regard as a producer of highly rated meat in the markets at Lyon and Villefranche in the 16th and 17th centuries.  The cattle were generally confined to that area until after the French Revolution. However, in 1773, Claude Mathieu, a farmer and cattle breeder from the Charolles region, moved to the Nievre province, taking with him his herd of Charolais.   The breed flourished there, so much so that the improved cattle were known more widely as Nivernais cattle for a time than by their original name of Charolais.

Judge Damien McMahon with Murray Nicholls leading Lightweight Champion Led Steer Tookawhile Charolais' Red, and Lachlan Young with Reserve Lightweight Champion Steer, Snoop Dog.




Annual Bull Sale 21st August 2019




RNJ's Rod & Janelle Freeman with Lot 2 - Moonshine purchased for $10,000 at the 17th annual Lilydale Charolais Sale on Saturday June 21, 2018.

Bulls with excellent constitution to withstand Central & Western Queensland Weather Conditions

One of the early influential herds in the region was started in 1840 by the Count Charles de Bouile. His selective breeding led him to set up a herd book in 1864 for the breed at his stable at Villars near the village of Magny-Cours. Breeders in the Charolles vicinity established a herd book in 1882. The two societies merged in 1919, with the older organisation taking the records of the later group into their headquarters at Nevers, the capital of the Nievre province.Â



Charolais are the dominant beef breed in France with some 1.5 million breeding females.

John Chapman Thangool with his Charolais x steers that sold for $1500.00 at Toogoolawah cattle sale of December 7, 2018.

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DEVON Devon Stud Bull


OLD AND STRONG LINES Said to be one of the oldest cattle breeds in the world, Devon is thought to be descendant from the original cattle in Britain and was developed in the south-western English region of Devonshire. Devon cattle have proven their track record in Australia by producing both top quality straight and cross bred beef cattle. Being a foundation breed in Droughtmaster, Santa Gertrudis and Wagyu breeds, their benefits in the gene pool include high fertility, exceptional foraging abilities, good temperaments and easy-care traits with high feed conversion rates. Consistently meeting high Meat Standards Australia grades with a less than one per cent failure rate compared to an industry standard of 10 per cent, Devon boast an even fat coverage and marbling.

Devon Stud Bulls shading under a tree

BREEDING The Devon Cattle Breeders’ Society of Australia credit the breed as being one of the most fertile cattle breeds with a calving rate as high as 90 per cent in good conditions. Bulls have large testicles and produce high quality semen with section of Devon bulls from Australia measured to have an average testicular size of 38.6cm. Devon cattle usually calve unassisted and produce small, vigorous offspring. Because of this they are a breed well suited to unsupervised ranging conditions. The females yield a plentiful supply of high component milk and are able to nourish their calves to heavy weaning weights. CONTINUED ON PAGE 61 PAGE 60

Young Devon Stud Bull

Devon cows are also know for their protective instincts when it comes to their calves. Mothers are very defensive of their offspring against predators which leads the breed to having a 96 to 98 per cent survival rate of calves to weaning. Longer life spans for Devon mean that they can often be left with the herd for longer than most breeds. This breed are also generally docile and easy to handle.



PROFITABILITY North American grass-fed producers pick Devon as their animal of choice as the breed is consistently ranked among the best when it comes to feed conversion. This gives them the ability to withstand extreme conditions such as those often experienced in Australia. Devon crossbreeding trials have shown the breed can still flourish in low conditions and even grow as fast as other breeds on high nutrition. Devon have the ability to fatten early on and rapidly, to produce satisfactory muscle and carcase characteristics. This breed produce high quality meat in varying productions systems, from feedlots, to grass finishing, to pastoral runs.

A reliable beef breed with robust constitution proven to handle and flourish in diverse Australian environments... Devon stud bull, cows and calves


The Devon Cattle Breeders' Society of Australia

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HIGHEST SELLER: The top bid at the 28th Highland Droughtmaster sale was Lot 17, Wajatryn 2499, selling for $18,000. He is a polled son of Wajatryn T-Rex. Wajatryn Droughtmaster stud operates in the Central Burnett.

DROUGHTMASTER was the name originally coined by a group of astute cattlemen in North Queensland for the breed of cattle which they developed through crossing Bos Taurus and Bos Indicus breeds to overcome the perennial problems of drought, cattle tick, heat, eye cancer and many other problems that reduce production and profitability. These pioneer Australian cattlemen created an adaptable, fertile and easy-care breed, of great benefit to all sections of the beef industry, the DROUGHTMASTER. Calling this breed efficient is a gross understatement. These pioneers developed a breed which could perform by consistently producing and reproducing despite parasites and adverse environments, while economically producing high yielding carcases of quality beef.   Performing well in harsh conditions is important, but performance in all links of the beef production chain is more important. ADAPTABILITY Excellent walking and foraging abilities coupled with lower nutritional requirements give Droughtmasters the ability to retain condition and keep cycling and breeding, irrespective of the prevailing conditions.


GROWTH Excellent milking ability, digestive efficiency, low nutritional requirements, feed conversion efficiency, walking ability and foraging ability combine to make the Droughtmaster an out-standing performer. Consistently outgrowing most other breeds when nutrition is restricted, they perform as well as most breeds in feedlots or on high quality pasture. FEED EFFICIENCY A low maintenance digestive system, unique to Bos Indicus derived breeds, contributes to the Droughtmaster's reputation for highly efficient feed conversion, which provides a large economic advantage.

CALVING EASE The inherited Bos Indicus traits of pelvic structure, calf shape and low birth weight make for very easy calving, which can be used to great advantage in crossbreeding programs using high growth sires.


MOTHERING ABILITY The maternal instincts are strong, with cows extremely possessive of their young, and willing to defend them against predators and care for them when faced with adverse conditions. ​ MILKING ABILITY The Shorthorn reputation for high milk production has been passed on down to the Droughtmaster, helping to produce heavy weaners, despite low birth weights.   LONGEVITY Droughtmaster females mature quite early and it is not uncommon to see them joined at 14 months of age. This early start to breeding, plus

their ability to adapt to the environment, give them an enviable reputation for longevity. FERTILITY Consistent high fertility is of the greatest economic advantage of this breed. The outstanding reproductive performance of Droughtmasters is highlighted by their performance in a genotype trial being conducted by Northern Territory DPI & F.   CONTINUED ON PAGE 64



PROVIDING MAJOR BENEFITS WITHOUT CHANGING YOUR BREED COMPLETELY In the temperate regions of Australia, traditionally the home of the British breeds, the low maintenance Droughtmaster breed is being used increasingly in crossbreeding programs to produce easy care productive cattle. ​ They are also used in tropical areas to improve carcase qualities and performance. The progeny resulting from this crossbreeding, have a significant economic advantage through their inheritance of Droughtmaster traits (in addition to the expected heterosis) : • Calving Ease • Adaptation • Longevity • Reduced Eye Problems • Bloat Resistance • Mothering Ability • Milking Ability

High growth sires can be used successfully over Droughtmaster females, due to generations of Droughtmaster breeders constantly selecting for: • Low Birth Weight • Calf Shape • Pelvic Structure The Droughtmaster bull passes on these dominant traits to his progeny in a crossbreeding program. Consequently, the F1 Droughtmaster female is renowned as a very efficient dam, and most effective when used with high growth sires. This combination fits the axiom 'cows for your country - bulls for your market'. With equal parts of Bos taurus and Bos indicus blood, the Droughtmaster provides the opportunity to crossbreed without causing a dramatic change to either the visual appearance (phenotype) or to the genotype of the progeny

Droughtmaster Bull and Cow



CONTINUED FROM PAGE 63 Four herds, each consisting of 130 cows and 6 bulls have been running under the Best Bet Management System at Kidman Springs Research Station in the Victoria River District of the Northern Territory, since 1995.   Weaning percentages demonstrate the ability of a cow to go in-calf, have a live calf and successfully rear her calf to weaning. 

CARCASE Well muscled carcases with optimum fat cover, give Droughtmasters excellent dressing percentages and high saleable meat yields. Recent trial results produced dressing percentages of 58% and saleable meat yields of 76%. Being a "middle of the road breed", fat cover is at optimum levels.

Well muscled carcases with optimum fat cover, give Droughtmasters excellent dressing percentages and high saleable meat yields.

With Shorthorn in its background, marbling performance is among the highest of the Bos indicus derived breeds. Their outstanding docility keeps meat colour and pH at acceptable levels. By achieving suitability for a range of market specifications, at a reasonably young age, Droughtmasters produce high quality, tender beef. Under the current MSA Cuts Based Grading System, Droughtmaster carcases can grade EQS 3 and 4 star under a standard production system. High growth performance and extended ageing of cuts, can produce EQS 5 star grading. Numerous wins in carcase competitions across Australia confirm this performance.

3 Sisters Droughtmaster Stud team Gerladine and Zoe Bayliss, Seb King and Jeremiah Lander

Droughtmaster Stud Bull



DROUGHTMASTER FAST FACTS 1. The Droughtmaster is a low-maintenance breed, and has been increasingly used in cross-breeding programs 2. Droughtmasters are suited to tropical climatic conditions to improve carcass qualities and performance 3. Well-muscled carcases with optimum fat-cover give Droughtmasters excellent dressing percentages and highsaleable meat yields 4. This animal is traditionally red in colour, with variations from a honey to dark red. The Droughtmaster may be polled or horned 5. Cows naturally have a good ease-of-calving and good mothering abilities under harsh conditions 6. The Droughtmasters are a medium to large breed that have a quiet temperament, are good foragers and have a high resistance to heat and ticks Young Droughtmaster Bulls


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A herd of Gelbvieh bulls

It is now being realised by astute breeders that incorporating the Gelbvieh genetics into their herd can help contribute to an extremely profitable beef enterprise.

Gelbvieh cross equally as well with the temperate climate breeds as they do with those in the tropics. The added benefits of hybrid vigour ensure that profits are maximised.

A quiet and inquisitive temperament make Gelbvieh cattle well-known and very easy to manage. From high fertility and strong maternal instincts, through to lower birth weights and well-muscled progeny – the benefits of the Gelbvieh Breed are strong and numbered.

The development of the Balancer Registry (Gelbvieh x Angus genetics) has made a huge impact on the industry in the USA and Canada and is quickly becoming popular in Australia. Gelbvieh are easy fleshing, with strong maternal qualities that produce an exceptional supply from females with sound udders.

GELBVIEH TRAITS QUIET TEMPERAMENT Gelbvieh’s quiet nature is a highly sought after trait, with it being passed onto their young. A quiet nature is being demanded by producers and processors and is required in workplace safety, bruising and the meat quality areas. PUBERTY Gelbvieh have the earliest puberty of any beef breed, so under normal conditions Gelbvieh can be joined as early as 13 months to calve at 22 months - instead of at 24-30 months like most of the other larger breeds. This gives the first calf Gelbvieh heifer 15 months before she has to calve again as a 3 year old. This extra 3 months provides an extremely valuable managment advantage for the sensitive first calf heifer, which has to suckle its calf and return to service for its next pregnancy, while still growing. MATERNAL Gelbvieh breed’s puberty, fertility and milk production is also superior over other European cross females. This has been confirmed at extensive cross breeding trials such as Clay Centre, Nebraska, USA. A herd of Gelbvieh bulls on improved pasture


FERTILITY Gelbvieh had the largest testicles of all breeds in the Clay Centre research and since testicular size is related to the fertility of daughters. Taking into account the breeds early puberty this  could explain why the females are most fertile and even precocious.   MILKING ABILITY  Originally Gelbvieh where bred for milk production as well as beef, they have sound, compact udders with smallish well placed teats. The exceptional milking ability of the Gelbvieh compliments the growth trait of the breed and results in a young sappy calf that reaches weaning age at a suitable marketing weight.

tick control. These very important features of Gelbvieh will be further researched in Queensland. THE BALANCER BREED Gelbvieh cattle crossed with Angus (red & black) produce a 'balancer'. Balancers utilise the advantages of hybrid vigour and increased production to produce high growth and well-muscled progeny with added fat cover and easy calving traits. Balancers can be either red or black and are equally suited to grass finishing or sought after by feedlot operators where they can be short fed for local trade or grown out to heavier weights for export markets.



GROWTH Gelbvieh cows have a lower mature weight and are therefore more efficient than most other European breed females. They produce a lower birthweight calf which is born easily and almost immediatly starts to exhibit a tremendous growth pattern. CARCASE QUALITY  Studies carried out at the Clay Centre, Nebraska USA, confirmed that Gelbvieh had the largest ribeye muscle area per 100kg of all breeds, hence they have high cutout yields.  Gelbvieh are a lean breed with a fast growth rate with the ability to fatten at a younger age and given their marketability as yearlings, they are a source of high cutout yields. Both purebred and crossbred Gelbvieh cattle have demonstrated their excellent market suitability by winning beef carcase championship all around the country. HEAT TOLERANCE AND TICK RESISTANCE Gelbvieh bulls stand in the sun quite contentedly while British and most other European breeds seek the shade. Gelbvieh have a short coat and smooth skin which aids in heat tolerance and Biran Kaddatz, Julie Nixon, and Lisa Hedges with the Grand Champion Gelbvieh bull Mickey Mouse Neptune at the 2018 Ekka


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Hereford Stud Bull

OLD LINES FOR GOOD QUALITY Coming a long way from their origins in Hereford Shire in England, the distinct white faced and red bodied Hereford cattle have spread across the globe. One of the oldest British breeds, Hereford cattle were among the first cattle type to be systematically bred to improve or upgrade select qualities. They were traditionally used for farm labour for between six or seven years before being fattened and sold for meat. The purebred lines were established in the early 18th century and the first Hereford cattle were imported to Hobart in 1826 and came across to mainland Australia in 1827. Further imports of the breed followed in the 1840s. Strong populations of the breed can now be found in north and south America, South Africa, Europe, New Zealand and Australia. Hereford cattle provide a range of traits providing long-term viability for beef operations and they consistently out perform other British breed counterparts. APPEARANCE Hereford cattle have rather distinct colouring. Their coats range from rust browns through to deep rich reds. This colour is broken up by white markings across their face, dewlap, underline, legs below the hock and switch. The white face markings are often a dominant gene when Herefords genetics are used in crossbreeding. PAGE 68

The white face markings are often a dominant gene when Herefords genetics are used in crossbreeding. Herefords Australia moved to a SNP based DNA test in mid-2016 which has allowed Australian breeders to more accurately find out if their cattle carry the polled or horned gene. A full list of the possible test results are available on the Herefords Australia website but the three main gene types and their impact on calves are: HOMOZYGOUS POLLED: A true polled animal that will only produce polled calves. HETEROZYGOUS POLLED: An animal that is polled but carries both polled and horned genes. This animal can produce either polled or horned offspring. HOMOZYGOUS HORNED: A horned animal that can produce either polled or horned calves. CONTINUED ON PAGE 70




BREEDING A high fertility rate in heifers means good breeding numbers in Hereford herds. Females will reliably produce and wean a calf annually, not affected by good or bad years. The breed’s high fertility rates allow producers to increase or maintain numbers regardless of the seasonal conditions. Herefords are often used in cross breeding programs where Hereford sires produce progeny marked with the unmistakable white face stamp. This distinct marking has built a reputation among graziers for its consistent and proven performance in both commercial and stud sectors of the Australian beef industry. DOCILITY The docile temperaments of Hereford breeds have a positive impact on heard growth rates, fertility, carcase, meat quality, stress levels and manageability. Cattle with good temperament or slow flight times have the ability to reach final weights quicker, have heavier carcase weights and experience better ratios of feed conversion. CONTINUED ON PAGE 71

Hereford Stud Bull

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PROFITABILITY Hereford and Hereford cross cattle are consistent in their high sale prices across Australian cattle yards. The high-income prices are bolstered by the low productions costs to make the breed even more attractive to graziers. Hereford cattle are Australia’s most feed efficient British breed and they have the genetic potential to improve the intake and utilisation of a herd’s feed and restructure your sustainability and profitability. Hereford cattle can also reach target weights faster with less feed than their competitors. Less feed required to meet target weights means more money in the pocket of the producer. Whiteface cattle breeds like Hereford consume on average 1.2kg/day less feed than Angus cattle, that equates to 6% less feed for whiteface cattle to maintain the same gain as Angus.


Whiteface cattle breeds like Hereford consume on average 1.2kg/day less feed than Angus cattle.

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Another way to look at that is in terms of herd size. A producer can have 106 polled Hereford cattle on the same ground and feed supply as they could 100 Angus cattle. That all adds up to an extra 61 tonnes of feed annually to support a 100 strong Angus herd than would be required for the same sized Hereford herd. All of this translates to one main point. Less money spent of feed means more profit in your pocket. ADAPTABILITY The ability of Hereford cattle to adapt to a range of climates, environments and management systems makes them ideal for Australian graziers. This adaptability means that Herefords are found throughout Australia in all environmental extremes. Most predominantly however, Hereford cattle are sound in the southern regions. CONTINUED ON PAGE 73

Hereford Cow and Calf

Emily Rabone and judge Kirrili Johnson-Iseppi with Grand Champion Hereford Bull Creewah Puzzler, in March 2019.

AMOS-VALE HErEfOrdS Open day 1st July 2019

25th July 2019

Visitors are always welcome CONTACT: Mark & Wendy Campion “BROOKINGTON� Pinkett, via Glen Innes NSW 2370 PAGE 72 P: 02 6733 4626 M: 0428 334 626 E:


Bull Sale

Hereford cattle’s high feed efficiency also help make them a viable breed in much of Australian harsh environment. VERSATILITY Hereford cattle can reach a variety of market requirements including domestic lightweight trade and heavy export trade. They are consistently sought after for their high quality on the high value European Union market. The management of Hereford cattle can also determine the traits the meat has. Depending on nutrient levels and management

styles, Hereford can either produce carcases heavy in weight with good marbling or smaller, leaner and more lightly finished carcases. This versatility mean that producers are not always stuck in the same market space. Depending on their ability to alter stock management, Hereford producers can change to find the best and most profitable fit between themselves and the available markets. CONTINUED ON PAGE 74



A herd of young Hereford Stud Cattle

LOTUS HEREFORDS Sale Day Thursday 25th July 2019, 11am Open Day Monday 1st July 2019

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Sale stock Breedplan recorded - Semen tested - Sire verified - Select number Genomic tested




LONGEVITY Herefords are well-known for their longevity. From a producer’s perspective, this is incredibly advantageous as it means an investment in a Hereford is long-term and makes clear economic sense. The Hereford’s vigour and foraging ability are some reasons for this incredible longevity however, it is truly the hardiness of this cattle which sees them produce for many years. It is reported that many females live and produce calves beyond the age of 15 years. Bulls are capable of remaining profitable to a breeding outfit to the age of 12 or more and it is noted that many breeders keep their elderly Hereford cattle until they pass away from natural causes. MSA COMPLIANCE Hereford cattle and cross breeds can supply traits to assist with Meat Standards Australia grading. The grading program was developed in Australia to identify the best eating beef. Beef that meets MSA standards has been graded to meet a strict criterion of tenderness, juiciness and flavour to ensure it meets consumer expectations. All aspects of the supply chain are taken into account when earning MSA compliance from cuts, aging process and cooking methods all the way back to stock management practices. With all factors considered, it is easy to see why the Hereford breed now boast strong populations in north and south America, South Africa, Europe, New Zealand and Australia. Australia in particular has benefited greatly from a breed of cattle that is highly fertile and incredibly adaptable. Thanks to Hereford cattle’s high feed efficiency and hardiness, they have been able to withstand the harsh Australian environment and not only survive, but truly thrive, and ultimately stamp their mark on our nation’s agricultural landscape.

A herd of Hereford Cattle drinking at a fresh water hole



CROSS BREEDING INTO PROFIT WITH HEREFORDS A boost of up to nine per cent in weaning weights can be achieved in steers out of Angus females simply by switching to a Hereford bull. The advantages of heterosis, or hybrid vigour, in black baldy progeny has been quantified with the release of preliminary calving and weaning results from the Herefords Australia Black Baldy trial. The crossbreeding trial is generating controlled, accurate data on the commercial value of crossbred beef genetics using Hereford sires over Angus females. The cattle are being grazed at Cape Portland and Nabowla in Tasmania under the management of Musselroe Beef. CONTINUED ON PAGE 76

Hereford cows and calves




TOM NIXON Mobile: 0427 276 182 Email:



CONTINUED FROM PAGE 75 The crossbreeding trial is a partnership between Herefords Australia, Adelaide University, Meat and Livestock Australia and Musselroe Beef. About 600 commercial Angus females were artificially joined to 11 industry leading Hereford sires, along with Angus as a comparison. The trial began in spring, 2014 and is due to conclude in December, 2019 with the last cohort of steers to be grass finished and processed in July in Tasmania.

Preliminary results showed Hereford sired steer calves from maiden cows were three per cent heavier at weaning than Angus sired calves, providing a value add to young females in the herd. In the mature cows, Hereford sired steers were nine per cent heavier at weaning over their straight Angus siblings. Herefords Australia general manager Andrew Donoghue said it was tremendous to see findings of the much-publicised trials conducted in the USA held true under Australian conditions.

A herd of Hereford cattle


A crossbreeding cycle involving Angus females and Hereford Sires began in Spring 2014 and will conclude in December 2019.

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“The Hereford breed has experienced a significant resurgence throughout North America as an asset in crossbreeding programs of any colour, in fact, more cows will be bred to a Hereford bull in the USA this year than ever before,’’ Mr Donoghue said. “We are excited for this trend to be established in Australia.

More cows will be bred to a Hereford bull in the USA this year than ever before..

“To date, added weaning weights have proven the worth of a Hereford sire in a terminal breeding program. A full report containing all results from the Black Baldy project is planned to be released in the second half of 2019.



A mob of Hereford Cattle at a recent Hereford sale

HEREFORDS AUSTRALIA BREED FORUM “Breeding Into Profit With a Whiteface” 11th & 12th June 2019 Hamilton, Victoria The Herefords Australia Breed Forum ‘Breeding into Profit With The Dinner Function on Tuesday 11th June will provide a Whiteface’ will be a two day event held in Hamilton Victoria on attendees with the opportunity to network and socialise with 11th & 12th June 2019. one another while being treated to the incredible taste Hereford beef has to offer. Get in touch with Herefords Australia today to This not to be missed event combines a mixture of presentations put yourself in a prime position to network and strengthen your targeted to both stud and commercial producers along with the brand recognition with the progressive beef breeders of today. Herefords Australia AGM and a Breed Dinner. Attendees will For more information go to be treated to cutting edge information outlining how whiteface genetics can improve profit in both purebred and crossbreeding operations.


LIMOUSIN Herd of Limousin Cows and Calves grazing


AS any producer will tell you, hardy cattle that can withstand a variety of trying conditions are paramount to a successful commercial operation.

Having originated in France in rugged granite country which experience hot summers and severe winters, the Limousin breed goes back more than 15,000 years to an area surrounding the French city of Limoges where rough cave paintings showing the characteristics of the breed have been discovered carbon dated.

Producers report Limousin cattle to be extremely efficient, with a moderate mature size and excellent foragers who are able to walk long distances for food. In addition to this, the Limousin breed boast above average feed conversion rates. When crossbreeding, Limousin cattle stamp their characteristics on other breeds, most notably in the vase of their superior carcase characteristics.

Today, the breed can be found in a staggering 70 countries. Limousin cattle can be horned or polled however, most horned Limousins’ are dehorned at a young age. Boasting an incredible adaptability, the cattle are a hardy lot and can cope with a variety of climate and management systems from the arid plains of the Northern Territory through to the cold central highlands of Tasmania. A key benefit of the breed is their great meat to bone ratio which allows outstanding yields of saleable meat from Limousin cross carcases. Yields of up to 80% are not unheard of. Finely textured, tender and low in saturated fats and cholesterol, this genetically trimmed beef is as tasty as it is healthy. Low birth weights means minimum calving problems.


Mr Glen Argent (Wattle Creek Limousins), Imogen Hunt (Yarraman P-9 SS student) and Rosie

that the measurements provided on the bulls fit his requirements. “When we purchase bulls, regardless of breed, first and foremost is to buy the best quality bulls we can afford.” “The bulls set the quality standard for the entire herd. Buying inferior quality bulls simply leads to a reduction in production over time,” Geoff said. Alongside an increase in carcase yield, the Pedersens are also aiming to lift the fertility of their females.

Impressive Limousin Bull

Running 1,400 breeders across 20,000 hectares (50,000 acres), Geoff Pedersen is a cattle producer that understands the economies of scale and what it takes to survive on what are typically slim margins. Geoff, together with his parents Robert and Maureen, operate “Wyseby” at Rolleston, together with “Ranchlands” at nearby Injune in Central Queensland. “We turn off approximately 1,200 EU cattle per year at a target carcase weight of between 370-400kg,” Geoff said. This is typically achieved between 2 and 2.5 years of age with all cattle being finished on the 800 hectares (2,000 acres) of oats the family grows each year. “We try and finish everything in the paddock and only feed grain when it is absolutely necessary,” Geoff said. The Pedersens run a predominantly Santa Gertrudis herd and over recent years have been sourcing Limousin bulls to use over some of their cows. “We’d used Limousin previously back in the 1980’s to square up the carcase and we knew that they could also help us improve other characteristics we were looking at changing in the herd.” “The key trait we were looking to improve was to reduce the level of fat in our cattle at the carcase weights we are turning them off at. The straight Santa Gertrudis cattle often fall outside the grid with too much fat, whereas the Limousin cross cattle hit the grid every time,” Geoff said. The Pedersens also have seen a big difference in carcase yield between the Limousin cross cattle and the straight Santa Gertrudis. “The Limousin cross bullocks always yield 3-4% better than the straight Santa Gertrudis bred bullocks. At an average live weight of 750kg going onto the truck, that can mean an additional 30kg of yield for the Limousin cross cattle.”



“By introducing Limousin genetics into at least some of the cows we expect to see calving rates increase,” Geoff said. And whilst not all Limousin cross heifers are kept as replacements, the best of them are. “Most of the crossbred heifers end up going with the steers as they yield well and are a profitable article over the hook.” “However we do keep the top quality Limousin cross heifers as replacements and we expect their fertility will be better than the Santa Gertrudis females.” “We do need to be careful though that we don’t end up with too much European content in the cattle we are turning off. 50% is just about perfect,” Geoff said. The third trait that the Pedersens are trying to improve by introducing Limousin genetics is calving ease. “We were having some problems calving out our heifers. We believe that by using Limousin bulls, that are known to produce calves of smaller birth weight, calving problems will be reduced.” “Most of our heifers are now joined to Limousin bulls,” Geoff said. When asked about the temperament of his Limousin cattle, Geoff thinks his Limousin bulls are the quietest he has. “Across the board the Limousin cattle, either the bulls or their crossbred progeny, are extremely quiet.” “Limousin cattle tend to stand up and look at you. That’s just their way of taking you in. Some people think that is a temperament issue, but it’s definitely not,” Geoff said. “Some people also tend to rush cattle, which exposes poor temperament. Everything we do here is about keeping the cattle calm. Which in the end is better for the cattle, the producer, the processor and ultimately the consumer.”

“Even at average prices, that’s at least $120 per head additional income from the Limousin cross cattle with no extra feed or management costs, with the added benefit of being very unlikely to be discounted for excess fat,” Geoff said. In order to ensure they are buying the right Limousin genetics for their operation, Geoff focuses on fat and eye muscle depth measurements as part of his balanced selection process. Whilst Geoff considers the Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) for these traits, he mainly ensures Limousin Cow



LOWLINE If looking for a breed of cattle that is specifically suited to Australia’s sustainable and lifestyle properties, look no further than the Australian Lowline . Bred pure from Aberdeen Angus genetics originating from Scotland and Canada, Lowline cattle were introduced into the Trangie Research Centre by the NSW Agricultural Department in 1929. According to breeders and producers, the benefits of this breed are numbered. Thanks to their compact frames, approximately 60 percent the size of larger breeds, excellent feed efficiency is achieved amongst the breed. Their small frame also means you have the ability to run a larger head of animals, thus equating to more profit per hectare. Smaller farms can greatly benefit from the Lowline breed, with less space needed given their feed efficiency and size. CONTINUED ON PAGE 81

Gorgeous Lowline Calf

Weaner steers in the finishing paddock at Cloudbreak Lowlines


Lowline cattle boast a low impact on paddocks and fences, making them not only an environemtally friendly decision but also an economically sound one. Lowlines are naturally polled, have great temperaments and are easy to manage.

The breed also enjoys shorter gestation period (+/- 270 days) than other breeds – by using a Lowline bull your dairy heifers could calve 10 to 15 days earlier than other cows – and then advance into milk production earlier. In the case of commercial beef production, Lowline beef is well-marbled, tender and flavoursome with a beautiful texture.

When it comes to birthing, the low birth-weight in calves allowes for stress-free calving and therefore, heifers start producing milk rapidly after calving.


CONTINUED FROM PAGE 80 Sustainable farming practices sit high on the list when ti comes to a key benefit of the breed.

The morning frosts, captured by Cloudbreak Lowlines Cattle and Eungella Beef.

GRAND FUTURE AHEAD Lowline bulls are here to stay at Coonong Station, New South Wales COONONG Station, a large NSW Riverina sheep and beef farming operation of 27,000 hectares between Urana and Jerilderie, purchased their first Lowline bulls in 2007. They had calving troubles with their Hereford heifers and had tried using bulls from other breeds over the years but were still pulling calves or losing heifers calving. It was suggested by another beef producer that they try using Lowline bulls so they purchased three two-year-old bulls from Elandra Park and Wanamara studs. Coonong Station is vast so the bulls work in large paddocks and sometimes harsh conditions. It goes to show that structurally good bulls will have a long

working life and the Lowline bulls are proving their longevity. Sophie Holt, Coonong Station, maintains the use of Lowline bulls for a heifer’s first calf is a sensible option. By getting 100 per cent of live calves and having 100 per cent to wean is the best outcome for any producer. Sophie said she likes that all the calves are consistent of type no matter what bulls are used. They are quick growing, black baldy calves that are weaned at six months old, around 200kg, and sold as grass-finished yearlings , preferably over the hooks, fetching good prices. Last season, Sophie said they had joined the Lowline bulls with some of their older Hereford cows and all the cows were in calf.

By getting 100 per cent of live calves and having 100 per cent to wean is the best outcome for any producer. PAGE 81



Maine-Anjou Cow and Calf

Founded in 1839, the Maine-Anjou is a French breed of domestic cattle that has a strong combination of characteristics that make it a highly sought-after commodity in Australia’s cattle market. Its origins are from the cross breeding of the French Mancelle and the Durham in 1908, all in an attempt to improve beef production. In that same year the success of the breed was assured so the Breeders formed a Society and named the breed Maine-Anjou. The name was derived from the region where the breed was started, which was where the Mayenne and Loire rivers meet in the Anjou Valley in France. Since 1908, the Maine-Anjou breed had made its way to Canada, United States, New Zealand and finally to Australia in 1973. Because of its adaptability to Australia’s harsh weather conditions it can now be found in all States and Territories of our vast country.

the most genetically sound of tested breeds in the process. Having also been the one of the first cattle association’s to implement compulsory performance recording for milk and growth rates in cattle, the French Maine-Anjou Society’s practices has been nothing short of pioneering. These records are closely linked with an animal classification system, whereby animals are scored out of 100 points against the ideal standard. These standards are under the supervision of the French government and continue today. Because of a shortage of purebred Maine-Anjou cattle in Australia, the demand for both pure and part breed are forever growing.

Since its inception into Australia, Maine-Anjou has made a significant mark on the country’s beef industry achieving records in carcase evaluation tests, steer competitions, Ausmeat Beef Trials and the like. Consisting of an appealing skin colour, the contribution of maternal and growth traits, as well as a desirable level of docility, there is no doubting the enormous benefits the Maine-Anjou has to offer Australian cattle breeders. Added to that, their well-muscled frames coupled with a minimum layer of evenly distributed fat makes them a popular choice amongst butchers for their high yield as well as gourmets for their tenderness and flavour. The average weight of Maine-Anjou cattle is 1400kg for males and 800kg for females, with all those exported from France undergoing a genetic screening (karotyped), garnering a reputation as being one of PAGE 82

Maine-Anjou Cow and Half


Maine-Anjou has made a significant mark on the country’s beef industry achieving records.... Maine-Anjou Cows

THE BENEFITS OF A MAINE-ANJOU: 1. Does not alter base herd colour 2. Efficiently increase weight gain 3. Excellent milking ability 4. Increase the salvage price of surplus stock 5. Early maturing

6. Adaptable to climatic conditions 7. Produce a quality carcass, with an even and desirable fat cover, that suits the modern day consumer These results combine to make the Maine-Anjou a very enticing prospect for cattle breeders all over the nation.


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MINIATURE HEREFORD Miniature Herefords possess a docile and sweet temperament. This disposition makes them easy to work with and care for. Hardy and adaptable to a wide variety of environments, these animals are as cute as they are versatile. The Mini-Hereford breed is known to be very fertile and breed back in a timely manner.

Heifers can be bred at 2 to 3 years, while bulls can start earlier, around 1 ½ years of age. Once a calf is born the mother is very nurturing and also provides plenty of milk for its calf. The average weight of a newborn mini calf is 35 to 60 pounds. Due to their compact size, less pasture space is needed for the miniature Herefords, with these animals easier on pastures and fences.

FAST FACTS The origin of Miniature Hereford cattle has its roots in Herefordshire, England. The Miniature Hereford we know today are descendants of pure Hereford stock selectively bred since the 1970’s. With the trend at that time being “bigger is better” one particular breeder went against the trend and selectively bred for temperament, hardiness, meat quality and feed conversion. Miniature Herefords are full blooded Herefords and are registered through Herefords Australia (they are just a line of Herefords).

Miniature Hereford Stud Bull on lead for showing

Like other Herefords, they are primarily used as a beef animal. Miniature Herefords are about 30-50% the size of traditional Herefords. The ideal conformation and breeding characteristics of a miniature Hereford are the same as traditional Herefords. The  primary difference  being height – an adult Miniature Hereford Cow can not be taller than 114 cm (45”) at the hip, while a Bull can not be taller than 119 cm (47”) at the hip. In Australia, Herefords are classed as  miniature Herefords  if the animal is registered with Herefords Australia (HAL) and has the MH or MP indicator on their registration certificate (meaning that they have miniature Hereford bloodlines)  and  their frame score is one or less at age 2 years. Miniature Hereford Bull


MINIATURE HEREFORD Miniature Hereford Cow and Calf

HISTORY OF THE BREED 2017 marked the 20th anniversary since the first live shipment and frozen genetics of miniature herefords. The minis trace their foundation to the US, where R. Rust Largent Jr bucked the US fad of breeding cattle with extreme frame scores, and made the decision in 1970 to continue with the stocky, easydoing small herefords. His son Roy diversified into miniatures to cater for the rising popularity of small acreage farms. The first true miniature hereford was born in 1981, LS Real MT 3, with most modern cattle able to trace their lineage back to this bull. Worldwide interest quickly grew once the first private treaty sale of miniature herefords was held in 1989.

Hereford Cattle Association. Australian Miniature Hereford Breeders Network president Julie Stott said registered cattle numbered about 300 in 2017, with most herds ranging from a few head to 20–30. “It has been a bumpy ride with growth in the early years followed by a plateau, and national herd reduction during the drought,’’ Ms Stott said. But, numbers are rebuilding with a growing interest from periurban and small lot farmers, especially the baby boomer generation retiring onto acreage. Poll genetics are favoured by the small lot farmers for ease of management “Generally, mature cows are around 39 inches (97.5cm),” she said.

Miniature Hereford Calf

Today, miniature herefords are full blood herefords and are registered through Herefords Australia. They are about 30–50% of the size of traditional cattle, with conformation and breed characteristics being the same. Stud breeders can belong to two national associations, the Australian Miniature Hereford Breeders Network or the Australian Miniature

Ms Stott, who was among the first to import frozen embryos from the US in 1997, said stud heifers generally sold for $1500–$2000 and bulls from $3500. “Weaning weights of steers is around 150kg live,” she said. To cater for buyers with little or no background in livestock production, the network provides a comprehensive information pack on cattle and pasture management.

The first true miniature hereford was born in 1981, LS Real MT 3, with most modern cattle able to trace their lineage back to this bull.


MURRAY GREY Curious herd of Murray Grey Heifers


Originating in the upper Murray River region of Australia, Murray Grey cattle first came about from the mating of an Angus bull and a roan Shorthorn cow, 13 such calves of the same colour being kept originally as curiosities. It was found that two or three crosses of the greys produced a very high percentage of grey cattle, combining features of the Beef Shorthorn and Angus breeds. They were kept separate from the other herd and a distinct breed was gradually established. Commercial cattlemen became interested in the breed’s rapid growth and high carcase yield, and several developed grey herds.

MURRAY GREY CATTLE BOAST MANY GREAT CHARACTERISTICS: CALVING EASE & MOTHERING ABILITY Murray Greys are renowned for their ease of calving and make great mothers and their ability to produce milk is second to none. COAT COLOUR Light coated Murray Greys are more suited to hot environments, where studies have shown that under hot climatic conditions, dark coated animals absorb more heat than light coated animals and it alters the metabolic heat production of the animal. Consequently dark coated animals showed more seasonal differences in growth performance compared to light coated animals. CONTINUED ON PAGE 87

In recent years, the development and popularity of the breed has been outstanding. A breed society was formed in 1962 and now over 1000 studs are to be found throughout Australia. Cattle and semen have been exported to New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Canada, USA and China. Murray Grey cattle perform extremely well in high rainfall areas such as Victoria and Southern NSW


A breed society was formed in 1962 and now over 1000 studs are to be found throughout Australia.

Impressive Herd of Murray Grey Bulls



TEMPERAMENT Murray Greys are quiet, easily handled cattle. They readily adapt to new environments and settle well. GROWTH RATE – FEED CONVERSION Murray Greys are efficient producers of quality beef both from feedlots and pasture. DRESSING AND YIELD Abattoirs, butchers and carcase competition results all point towards Murray Greys having exceptional dressing percentages and even more remarkable yields of saleable beef. FINISHING While many breeds have extreme difficulty finishing within certain weight ranges, especially in adverse seasonal conditions, Murray Greys can be brought to prime level at any range. MEAT QUALITY Murray Greys are proven for marbling and tenderness where they are leaders in producing high quality beef. VERSATILITY Murray Greys are an Australian breed bred for Australian conditions. Murray Greys thrive in any environment and have the ability to finish well on grain or grass.

Murray Grey Cows and Calves

Murray Greys are quiet, easily handled cattle. They readily adapt to new environments and settle well.

Shell-Dee Rolling Thunder, Senior and Grand Champion Murray Grey Bull at Beef Expo 2018.

GREYMAN BEEF CATTLE Murray Grey cattle are an Australian breed suited for our conditions Developed in Queensland in the 1970s, specifically to suit the Queensland environment, the Greyman breed was the result of combining the outstanding genetic characteristics of both the Murray Grey and Brahman breeds. Greyman cattle carry between 25%and 75% of Murray Grey blood, with the remainder made up of Brahman. This allows breeders the option of being able to tailor-make genetic blends, selected for optimal performance specific to the region and environmental conditions. More simply, Greymans can be bred with a greater emphasis on Brahman content in the north or in tick country, or with a higher percentage of Murray Grey blood to suit softer, southern pastures.

Cross-breeding with Murray Grey cattle has long been on the horizons of many a cattle producer due to the advantages of heterosis or hybrid vigour, whereby the progeny of the cross-bred parents offer superiority in performance. Murray Greys are used Australia-wide in cross-breeding programs over European, Bos Indicus and other British breeds of cattle.Murray Grey cattle worldwide are increasingly chosen to be used in cross-breeding programs because they reduce calving problems, have improved temperament, widen the range of marketing options, are adaptable, increase yield and improve meat quality and milk ability. PAGE 87



When it comes to finding cattle that are gentle in temperament, boast great carcase qualities and are exceptional breeders, look no further than the muchloved Red Angus. Displaying a solid red colouring and being both pigmented and polled, Red Angus cattle are renowned worldwide for their efficiency in beef production and docile disposition. Thanks to easy calving, wonderful maternal disposition and an exceptional high quality of carcase, Red Angus can drive profit potential. Red Angus thrive in the Australian environment and are strongly favoured in composite breeding and equally impressive in a self-replacing herd.

Red Angus cattle have all the attributes of Angus with the addition of the homozygous red coat colour. Add to this the breed’s ability to adapt to a vast range of the climatic conditions to be encountered across Australia and you have yourself a truly superior animal. CONTINUED ON PAGE 89

Red Angus grand champion bull, K5X Monaro, with Elders representative Lisa Hedges and handler Stephen Hawyward at the 2018 Ekka.

Ebony Kelly leading a Rosewood Red Angus cow. A breed with good temperament was vital to the Kelly family.


Owners: Robert & Bernadette Close Ph: (03) 5570 4238 Mobile: 0413 285 860 Email:

Sale Information:

• Bull contracts avaliable over a 3-year period at $4,000 to $6,000 • Grass Fed Bulls available all year round • Kurra-Wirra is represented in the Australian Top Stock Barcaldine Bull Sale held annually on the 3rd Friday of Febuary with 40 – 60 bulls • For any information regarding sales, please contact James Lilburne or the Kurra-Wirra team Owners Marketing – NSW, QLD, NT James Lilburne Ph: 02 6928 5561 Mobile: 0417 333 737 Email:

Website: Kurra-Wirra Pastoral Company 770 Mooree-Culla Road, Culla, 3315


HOMOZYGOUS RED COLOUR Red Angus when crossed with other red breeds will produce red-coated calves.While the red coat offers a wonderful aesthetic to this breed of cattle, it is not just for appearance-sake and can work to reflect the sunlight better, making this breed ideal for tropical based systems.

CARCASE QUALITY There is no questioning the correlation between Angus cattle and high quality beef. In line with this, Red Angus beef is highly desired thanks to its incredible quality and like all Angus, boasts intra muscular marbling, which assists in the eating quality of the meat.

In addition to this, Red Angus cattle have an advantage in buffalo fly areas as the fly is more attracted to black-hided cattle. The lighter Red colour also assists in handling heat conditions better than black hided cattle.



FERTILITY & MATERNAL Red Angus females are keenly sought after thanks to their incredible maternal qualities such as excellent milk production and general disposition. Females reach puberty at a young age, are highly fertile and are renowned for their longevity in the herd. Add to this easy calving and it is easy to see why Red Angus females are keenly sought after. ADAPTABILITY Red Angus cattle have the inherent ability to range for feed and water in our diverse Australian climates. These red-coated Angus cattle are well designed to cope with drought and heat stress. Angus cattle do not suffer from eye cancer and Bos indicus crosses are tick resistant. Red Angus crosses are capable of fast turnoff on native and improved pastures and are highly suited to lotfeeding. A young Red Angus Bull

TEMPERAMENT Another standout of the breed is their general quiet temperament as reported by breeders. Australian research conducted by CSIRO Livestock Industries (CLI) and the Co-operative Research Centre for Beef and Cattle Quality (Beef CRC) at Rockhampton have found a positive relationship between ‘good’ cattle temperament, improved productivity levels and overall meat quality whereas cattle with poorer temperaments have comparatively lower average daily weight gains and reduced carcase weights.

A herd of Red Angus heifers and steers


Red Angus/Senepol Cattle excel for temperament, maternal qualities and carcase Angus females reach puberty at a young age are highly fertile and are renowned for their longevity in the herd. Red Angus females have excellent milk production and have a strong maternal instinct, combined with easy calving attributes. Red bulls do better in the heat – Red coated bulls are cooler and more heat tolerant resulting in higher fertility which results in more calves. Fertility - Cattlemen are using KW Bulls for their proven higher fertility resulting in more calves for more dollars. More Weight - Calves have more weight at a younger age and as one client’s manager quoted “They look like steers but weight like bullocks” They are 100% Bos Taurus polled cattle that are great cross breeding option with hybrid vigor. More Markets - KW Red Angus and Senegus genetics are ‘slick coated’ and ‘Flat Backed’ that are suitable for the northern exports, as well as southern store markets with the bonus of providing a diverse range of premium options for more dollars in the bank.



Sale Bulls


ROMAGNOLA SMALL SIZE, BIG QUALITY Traditionally used for farm labour, the first herd of Romagnola was bred specifically for meat purposes in the mid 1800s. By the start of the 20th century the breed had progressed enough that it was awarded first place as a beef breed at the Paris International Agricultural Fair. The breed has been traced back to the Bos primigenius podolicus and Bos primigenius nomadicus; a breed of wild ox from Italy and an EuroAsian cattle breed that arrived in Italy in the fourth century.

Early maturity and good maternal instincts are associated with Romagnola

Romagnola cattle range from ivory to light grey in colour which assists them in warmer climates. They have black pigment in areas including their muzzles, hooves, tail switch and horn tips. The calves are born a wheat colour but grow into ivory coats as they age. Bulls average a weight of 1090kg and a height of 158cm while the cows weigh in at 635kg on average and are 145cm tall. BREEDING Early maturity and good maternal instincts are associated with Romagnola. The cows birth easily and produce plenty of milk for their calves. Generally, the calves are small in size and are up and nursing soon after birth. ATTRIBUTES The Romagnola Breeders Society describes the breed as having a compact structure because of the balanced development of the breed’s trunk, well expressed muscle development and good leg structure. CONTINUED ON PAGE 91

Romagnola originated from a breed of wild ox from Italy and an European cattle breed that arrived in Italy in the fourth century.

A young Romagnola Bull


Bulls average a weight of 1090kg and a height of 158cm


CONTINUED FROM PAGE 90 Romagnola cattle are adaptable to varying regions with good tolerance of both heat and cold. Their coats tend to grow thicker and darker in colour during the cooler months and return to the light colour and lose much of the thickness during summer. This makes them well suited to the varying weather conditions in Australia. CROSSBREEDING Crossbreeding Romagnola cattle with British breeds allows producers to benefit from maximised growth rates and high carcase yields without sacrificing the quality of marbling in the meat. These qualities are prized in a changing market where buyers are increasingly interested in the quality of their beef. There are some crossbreeds that are more common than others with the Romagnola Breeders Association highlighting both Romangus and Brahmagnola crossbreeds on thewir website. The RBA allows crossbreeds between registered Romagnola and identified Angus cattle to be recorded at Romangus in the Society database. RBA describes the Brahmagnola as a breed developed to meet the demand for cattle with the muscularity, fertility and constitution of Romagnola but the adaptation of Brahman.

Romagnola cattle are adaptable to varying regions with good tolerance of both heat and cold.

Romagnola cattle raised by Matt Black of Jiggi.

PJH Livestock and Property continuing to achieve outstanding results for commercial and stud clients.

116 McDowall St, Roma 4455 PO BOX 1107


Steven Goodhew | 0428 305 810 Admin | 07 4622 2622


SANTA GERTRUDIS Nioa Stud won Junior Champion and Grand Champion Santa Gertrudis Bull at the 2018 Sydney Royal Show with Nioa Marksman M06(P).

SANTA GERTRUDIS BRED FOR EXCELLENCE Santa Gertrudis originated in Texas, USA in the early 20th century from a breeding program between Shorthorns and Brahmans. By 1940 the King Ranch was producing Santa Gertrudis cattle true to type in their breeding program and the United States Department of Agriculture recognised purebred Santa Gertrudis. In 1952 Santa Gertrudis were introduced to Australia with the import of 200 heifers and 75 bulls by King Ranch and an Australian headquarters was established in Warwick. Bulls in this breed weigh in from 900kg and cows average from 630kg725kg when they reach maturity. BREEDING Santa Gertrudis produce calves with a low birthweight but the ability to gain weight quickly to reach good weaning weights. They calve easily and produce above average amounts of high butter fat content milk to nourish their young. The cows have a strong nurturing nature and it is not uncommon for one cow to be responsible for multiple calves while the other mothers look for food. CONTINUED ON PAGE 94

Herd of Santa Gertrudis Heifers


Selling :

100 Santa Gertrudis Bulls (80 poll) 6 Sangus Bulls (poll) 5 led Poll Stud Santa Gertrudis Females (ptic) 150 Sangus females (poll) (ptic)


Annual Production Sale –Friday 6th September 2019


SANTA GERTRUDIS Herd of Santa Gertrudis cattle at a Queensland feedlot

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 92 ADAPTABILITY Santa Gertrudis cattle are suited to a wide range of climates and can be found in the colder regions of Tasmania and Victoria, as well as thriving in the heat of northern Australia. The breed has the ability to walk long distances and forage for food and water. With high resistances to bloat and a hereditary resistance to ticks, Santa Gertrudis are a hardy cattle breed. Due to their well hooded eyes, Santa Gertrudis have been known to be resistant to eye cancer and pink eye problems.

PROFITABILITY Efficient weight gain without gaining excess fat is a well-developed trait in Santa Gertrudis. They are competent when it comes to feed conversion and gain weight quickly either in feedlots or pastures. Quality is something that Santa Gertrudis breeders pride themselves on and that is carried over by the Santa Gertrudis Breeders’ (Australia) Association. The Association’s website states that they are the only beef society in Australia to maintain a strict Herd Classification System. By purchasing cattle from the association’s herd book, producers can expect a certain level of quality and will see improvements from their first round of breeding. All animals in the herd book meet a strict set of minimum standards. CONTINUED ON PAGE 95

BEEFING UP AUSTRALIA There are plenty of reasons to choose the exceptional Santa Gertrudis IT WAS desirable in the eyes of those at the King Ranch, Texas, USA where the breed was developed, that other cattlemen should enjoy the benefits of increased production, even in harsh conditions that could be obtained by these cattle. Since arriving in Australia Santa Gertrudis have gone on to become one of the leading breeds of beef cattle excelling in the areas of cross-breeding, weight for age, food conversion efficiency and daily weight gain. There are plenty of reasons why you should choose to breed Santa Gertrudis cattle. Santa cattle adapt easily and quickly to a wide range of climatic conditions and can be seen flourishing across most of Australia. PAGE 94

This breed is known for being exceptionally good foragers; due to their excellent walking ability they can travel long distances for food and water. With exceptional longevity, bulls have been known to work until 14-15 years of age and regularly females of 13-15 years or more have been recorded as producers of top calves. Santa Gertrudis cattle maintain high buyer demand because of their reputation for high yielding carcass with the ability to produce ideal fat coverage for the market.

SANTA GERTRUDIS HEFTY: 2018 Grand Champion Beast of the Gayndah Show 2018, Lance Baker's 692kg two tooth Santa Gertrudis steer

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 94 MAINTAINING THE STANDARD The Santa Gertrudis Breeders’ (Australia) Association class cattle across four traits to ensure the breed maintains its status • Breed character • Functional efficiency • Conformation • Colour These four points and the associations’ focus on highlighting the best of the breed ensure that producers will get the best quality cattle when they purchase graded and certified Santa Gertrudis.

A herd of grass fed Santa Gertrudis cattle

Wave Hill Jager J14 (PS) Senior & Grand Champion RNA Brisbane Exhibition 2015 1st Place - Sire Progeny Group Sydney Royal Easter Show 2018

NIOA PASTORAL COMPANY NIOA Marksman M06 (P) Junior Bull Champion North Coast National 2017 Junior & Grand Champion Sydney Royal Easter Show 2018



SANTA GERTRUDIS Progeny & Semen Package Sales Available Contact Shannon: 0418 797 050 NIOA HEAVEN SENT N09 (P) Sire, Wave Hill Jager J14 Supreme Exhibit, Warwick Show 2019 PAGE 95

SENEPOL Impressive Senepol Bull


Senepol has been a recognised breed for close to a century after its inception on the Caribbean island of St Croix.

The following year the AACo imported Senepol embryos from the USA and the breed took a proper foothold in the Australian cattle market.

Originating from British Red Poll and north west African N’Dama, the Senepol embodies the high fertility, feed efficiency and carcase quality of the Red Poll with the hardy heat and insect resistance and ability to flourish on poor forage qualities of the N’Dama.

Senepol export began in 2005 with the export of semen to Papua New Guinea. Since then, further exports of semen, embryos and live exports have occurred to other locations including Vanuatu and New Caledonia. BREEDING Senepol cattle mature early and the females can generally calve as early as two years old. They will also remain fertile and able to breed into their teens. Average calf weight for Senepol is 34kg with vigorous characteristics.

The Australian Senepol Cattle Breeders Association credits the island environment that Senepol cattle were developed for their attributes. They thrive under harsh conditions but are still able to maintain those high fertility rates and carcase qualities. The result was a robust, quiet natured breed with celebrated maternal skills.

Introducing Senepol genetics into a herd has been noted to improve udder quality in females. Bulls are also fertile and active breeders with high libido that mature early, much like the heifers. Mature females weigh between 550kg and 650 kg at pasture and bulls average 930kg.

Senopol genetics were imported to Australian from North America in 1996 and was used in large part by the Australian Agricultural Company to cross with Red Angus and Charolais x Brahman heifers. Herd of Senepol cattle





CROSSBREEDING The use of Senepol in crossbreeding has yielded many favourable results for producers. Producers in the hotter regions of norther Australia have found the dominant ‘slick-coat’ gene present in Senepol improves heat tolerance in their herds. Common crossed include Senepol x Angus and Senepol x Charolais. Senepol crossbreeds produce many other favourable traits including early maturity, insect and disease resistance and docile temperaments. They give producers in need of tropically hardy livestock an additional and attractive option to the traditional practice of crossing with Bos Indicus breeds. Other traits gained through Senepol crossbreeding include being strongly polled, solid red colouring ranging from a light honey colour to a dark red, and good eye and skin pigmentation.

Senepol cows and calves

Young Senepol Bulls

Matured Senepol Bull







1800 666 333






Herd of pasture fed Shorthorn cattle

A STRONG BASE FOR MANY BREEDS With the oldest breed register in the world, Shorthorn cattle have been designed to embody traits that suit their producers needs. Shorthorn came to Australian in the early 19th century and were well established by the end of the century, accounting for 50 per cent of cattle in Australia’s temperate zone and 100 per cent of cattle in the harsh northern regions of the country. The Shorthorn community is one that strives in innovation and they backed that with the creation of one of Australia’s first large scale progeny test programs. The Durham Research and Development program was designed to drive genetic gain and progress within the Shorthorn breed.

crossbreeding programs. Bred to solve problems, the introducing this breed into a herd can help improve marbling quality in meat and increase your cattle’s feed conversion rate. They have already proven to be a complimentary breed, forming the basis for over 40 breeds across the globe. CONTINUED ON PAGE 99

BREEDING Shorthorn cattle are recognised for having strong maternal instincts and good temperaments. Heifers will also maintain their fertility while adapting to a wide variety of environments which is a desirable trait in a country like Australia. This maternal efficiency provides great productivity for producers and is a profit driver. CROSSBREEDING The ability to improve multiple traits at a time is something any cattle producer will look for. Shorthorn cattle can do just that when used in

Shorthorn calf

Australia’s Premier Performance Shorthorn Herd 36th ANNUAL BULL SALE

thURSDAY 19th SEPtEMBER 2019

100 ShORthORN BULLS 20 DURhAM BULLS CONTACT: Spencer 0427 277 262 Godfrey 0427 277 151 PAGE 98



PROFITABILITY The benefits and increased profit from the Shorthorn’s breeding is only the start. This breed are also efficient at feed conversion which allows them to maintain good production rates in the harsher Australian climates. Shorthorn cattle deliver high and consistent performance across a variety of market specifications; and they require less feed to do it. Excellent marbling traits and high carcase yields are just two of the favourable points Shorthorn producers experience.



Adding Shorthorn genetic to a herd will not diminish the value to performance of stock but will provide numerous benefits to help a producer along in the ever-changing market. It is a way to increase production without sacrificing quality and will benefit producers in the market place by helping deliver higher margins. Shorthorns cattle will compliment existing programs well as has been proven time and again with the breed being a basis for so many others around the world.

Impressive Shorthorn stud bull


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Simmental cattle are well known for their beefy hind quarters


Simmental are the 2nd most popular breed of cattle world wide


Improving genetics in a herd has proven to be a strong option for increasing productivity and profitability for graziers and something that is well within their control. Simmental genes can be brought into a heard to improve fertility, growth, weight for age, heat and parasite tolerance and more. It can also improve an animal’s ability to walk and forage and the quality of milk, marbling and tenderness. Originating in Switzerland’s Simmen Valley, Simmental cattle were first brought into Australia in 1972 from Swiss and German lines. Later access to semen from New Zealand and North America has allowed the gene pool to expand. PAGE 100

Currently there are over 50 million Simmentals worldwide, making it the second most popular cattle breed. Along with traditional Simmentals breeds also include SimAngus, Black Simmental, Red Simmental and Simbrah. Simental Australia list six key factors as far as the advantages of Simmental go for Australian producers: • More saleable weight…10 to 15% or 25 to 60kg • Trimmer carcases – less waste fat • More muscle CONTINUED ON PAGE 102


Maternal • Fertile • Tender • Palatable • Longevity • Temperament Serving Capacity • Structural Correctness


When only the best will do.


Sale Date 14TH September 2019. At 11 AM. Selling 40 Bulls

For more information contact: Jan and Doug Bradshaw Or Selling Agents 07 4627 8133 | 0438 278 106 Elders Stud Stock & GDL. Dalby Stud Stock

Bulls available by this Sire and other new Sires

Selling 40 Bulls

Justified •


Jan & Doug Bradshaw, Wandoan Qld • 07 4627 8133 • 0438 278 106

PAGE 101



• Higher yields of saleable beef • More productive F1 females • Earlier turnoff at desired market weight APPEARANCE Simmental cattle come in a range of colours ranging from cherry red and chestnut to blonde. White markings colour the breed’s face, belly and the underside of the brisket with white marking on the legs, tail switch and body also normal. Simmental cattle also tend to have dark pigmentation around their eyes and large eye patches. The breed is naturally horned but polled strains of Simmental cattle are available. The Simental Australia website also states that dehorning is a requirement of registration for the breed. Simmental cattle come in a range of colours ranging from cherry red and chestnut to blonde.

Mature heifers average weights between 550kg and 800kg while mature bulls weigh in between 100kg and 1200kg. BREEDING Breeders who use Simmental have found that the strength lies in having a strong female line, if you get that side right the rest will follow. Females with Simmental genes reach puberty early allowing for a longer reproductive life. Quiet temperaments and excellent maternal qualities are important traits for breeding cattle and are very prominent in Simmental. The females are easy and early calvers with good milking and mothering abilities, allowing them to boost the weight of weaner progeny. CONTINUED ON PAGE 103

Silver Linings Simmentals' Jessica Beddows with Murgon Show's reserve champion Nangur Lilly and her calf Silver Linings Queenie on March 16, 2019.


Simmentals Black Simmentals Red Simmentals SimBrah SimAngus

Registration in the Simmental, Black Simmental and Red Simmental registers requires both parents to be registered and for the stud member to have an ownership interest in the parents. Each registered animal is issued with a Registration Certificate and is eligible for genetic evaluation in Simmental Breedplan.

The Australian Simmental Breeders Association maintains a In these three registers, a Purebred results from a Purebred breed register for each of the Simmental, Black Simmental, Red mated to a Purebred or Grade 3. A Grading Up Register enables Simmental, Simbrah and SimAngus breeds. Simmentals to be progressively graded up from registered First Cross (Grade 1) to Purebred status. Each Stud Member is issued with a unique Herd Designation (a three character code) and a Registered Stud Prefix which together form part of the registered identification for each animal bred by the stud. PAGE 102

SIMMENTAL Simmental Cow


High fertility rates in Simmental bulls due to their large scrotal size and high libido mean that they are well equipped to handle high mating loads. CROSSBREEDING Crossbreeding is a huge part of what Simmental are used for and crossing with the breed can produce offspring with hybrid vigour. This can lead to significant productivity gains within the cattle.

Mature heifers average weights between 550kg and 800kg while mature bulls weigh in between 100kg and 1200kg.

Cattle with at least 25 per cent Simmental genetics are referred to as Simbeef. First time crosses can produce 10 to 20 per cent productivity boosts in cattle and crosses with Simbeef F1 females used as the breeder can experience boosts between 20 and 25 per cent. Simmental cattle can be used in both terminal and rotational breeding programs. THE BREEDS SIMANGUS: As the name suggests, SimAngus is a Simmental Angus crossbreed. Created in the late 20th century, it combines the greater qualities of Simmental with Angus or Red Angus cattle. They are a polled breed either red or black in colour. CONTINUED ON PAGE 104

Simmental Heifer

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CONTINUED FROM PAGE 103 Cows weigh in between 500kg and 700 kg at maturity and bulls between 1000kg and 1300kg. BLACK SIMMENTAL: A polled breed created in the US during the 1990s, Black Simmental include the Simmental growth, yield and maternal traits and the eating quality, early maturity, calving ease and eye health of Angus. RED SIMMENTAL: This breed are predominantly a solid red colour and polled. They posses excellent weight gain abilities and carcase yield in addition to strong maternal characteristics such as high milk production and fertility.

Simbrah: A cross between Simmental and Brahman, this breed has the former’s superior weight gain, carcase yield, fertility and temperament and the latter’s hardiness towards heat, ticks and disease in hot northern environments. DURABILITY Simmental deal well with the tough environments in Australia and are very resilient. Graziers have noted that the breed handles well in both high rainfall and marginal rainfall areas and that they will do well whether you have top scrub soil or marginal soil types including mulga country. The Australian Simmental website describes the breed as having allround superior performance, be they as purebred animals or cross breeds. Simmental have been used a beef and milk cattle as well as CONTINUED ON PAGE 105

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SIMMENTAL Kim Groner and Lauren Berecry showing their Black Simmental cattle at the Bell Show Queensland March 2019.

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 104 draught animals in their long history. The breed is hardy and shows great levels of adaptability to the various different geographical and climatic conditions it can now be found in.

BLACK SIMMENTAL: A polled breed created in the US during the 1990s, Black Simmental include the Simmental growth, yield and maternal traits and the eating quality, early maturity, calving ease and eye health of Angus.

PROFITABILITY A higher carcass yield makes Simmental a popular buy with the highly muscled animals producing less wasted fat and more saleable beef. The rapid weight gain experienced by first cross Simmental and British or Bos Indicus cattle can be between 10 and 20 per cent faster, allowing the animals to reach market weight at earlier ages and reducing producers annual restocking pressure. For a breed that has been well tested in numerous Australian environments and includes various advantages, look for Simmental.


It doesn’t matter what your breed or colour preference is – cross with a Simmental to gain the advantages of hybrid vigour to boost your performance and profitability. Add Growth, Carcass and Fertility to your herd with Australian Simmentals. The advantages of hybrid vigour include: · ·

· · · ·

More muscle Higher yields of saleable beef More productive F1 females Earlier turnoff at desired market weight

To get the advantages of hybrid vigour from “SIMMENTAL” you can use our Traditional, Red, Black, or SimAngus. In the North use the Simbrah for better performance in the tropics.

More saleable weight…10 to 15% or 25 to 60kg Trimmer carcases – less waste fat

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Picturesque herd of South Devon cattle grazing


summer. South Devon have fine and sometimes curly coats that range in colour.

South Devons Australia state that colours ranging from varying shades of golden red As the name would suggest, South Devon cattle colour to black, sometimes paler on the are a British breed that originated in the area underline or legs is normal but broken colour is of South Devon. The breed had originally been not acceptable in this breed. called South Hams but the name was changed in 1891 when a breed society was formed. They are the largest of the British breeds with Originally a triple purpose breed, South Devon were used to produce milk, butter fat and beef with the high quality of milk being a feature highly prized by the owners of smaller herds in Devon or Cornwall.

large frames and become more muscular as they mature. Bulls have the ability to meet weights of 1000kg or more when mature, with strong male characteristics including testes that are pendulous and large in size.

The females tend to be lighter and finer muscled The breed has adapted to a variety of climates than the bulls with medium sized udders and with herds thriving in temperatures as low even sized, well placed teats. as -18 degrees Celsius to 45 degrees in the South Devon cow and calf grazing CONTINUED ON PAGE 107 PAGE 106

Originally a triple purpose breed, South Devon were used to produce milk, butter fat and beef

BREEDING Unlike many other breeds of larger sizes, South Devon mature early. Combine this with their longevity and easy calving, many cows still producing quality calves at 15 years of age, and producers have a good breeding base. Some South Devon have even been recorded having a calf every year from the age of two up to the age of 20. South Devon also poses strong maternal instincts and produce high quantities of milk for their calves. Their docile nature is also a benefit in this area. These traits and more make South Devon a popular option for crossbreeding.

PROFITABILITY South Devon are a breed highly efficient in their feed conversion. Regular wins at competitions such as the Lardner Park grass fed trials in Gippsland also highlights the breed’s excellent weight gain abilities. The breed is traditionally horned with some lines of polled South Devon. South Devon cattle and genetics have been sold nationally and internationally to introduce the polled gene to other herds. The breed also has the ability to put on lean meat without accruing excess fat deposits, together with high carcase quality and marbling ability.



Promoting the south devon breed at 2017 CRT FarmFest are Leonie Daley (left) and Heather Lindsay of the Dalby Athlone South Devon Stud and stud bull Torr Down Merlin.

CAN YOU AFFORD TO IGNORE VERSATILITY AND PERFORMANCE? • FERTILITY: Unlike many large breeds, South Devons exhibit early puberty, suiting any joining program. Combined with longevity, it is common for 15 year cows to still be producing top calves. • TEMPERAMENT: Known world wide as the gentle breed, South Devons quiet disposition is a real plus, from small holdings to station country. We all appreciate less stress & bruising, to both man and beast! • PERFORMANCE: Outstanding results in carcase competitions and productivity trials have been achieved Australia wide, and overseas. • CARCASE QUALITY: Local and International research clearly shows that South Devons have very desirable carcase qualities. The ability to combine British quality with muscle and yield is unique. • F1 FEMALES: Hybrid vigor with added frame, muscle and milk, the South Devon F1 is a valuable addition to your herd, and much sought after at the saleyard.

• VERSATILITY: Progressive commercial cattlemen currently use South Devons to produce vealers to bullocks, in both pure and cross breeding programs. Marketing flexibility is a real plus. • MARBLING: Local and international results confirm South Devons marble well, allowing access to the lucrative Japanese market. • FEED: Whether grain or grass orientated, South Devons feed conversion ability will add profit to your operation. • Terminal Sires: Yes, but why waste a great F1 female, you don’t often get muscle and maternal qualities in the one package. • CROSS BREEDS: South Devons are an ideal choice for cross breeders. Their suitability is proven in British, Bos Indicus and European based herdsAustralia wide.

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SPECKLE PARK Tracey Nuttridge and judge Kirrili Johnson-Iseppi with Grand Champion Speckle Park Bull Roscrea Maverick exhibited by G and S Boon.


Speckle Park is a new breed in the cattle ring having only earned it ‘purebred’ status in 2006. They had been labelled an emerging breed by Agriculture Canada in 1993 but Canada's Minister of Agricultural and the Animal Pedigree Act have a stricter set of protocols for a breed to be declared than most other countries. Originating in Saskatchewan, Canada, from Shorthorn and cattle that had the park colour pattern. Mary Lindsay first gathered animals with the traits together in 1953 and sold some to Bill and Eileen Lamont in 1958. It was Lamont who gave the breed the name Speckled Park for their colouring and pattern. They grew in popularity as other producers saw the speckled cattle bringing in premium prices at market.

• Consistent High Quality Carcass • Distinctive colour pattern • Calving ease • Vigorous calves • Maternal • Generally calm disposition • Polled • Hardy and healthy • Hybrid vigour • Feed efficiency CONTINUED ON PAGE 109

The breed was introduced to Australia and New Zealand in 2007 and has been steadily growing in popularity since. This moderate sized animal produce cows that range from 600kg to 850kg when fully mature and bulls weighing from 1000kg at maturity. The breed comes in a number of colour patterns but are most commonly black with white top and underlines. They display their speckled design on their hips and sometimes shoulders and usually have a black or black roan face. The Canadian Speckled Park Association lists a set of desirable traits connected with this breed: PAGE 108

Braylen Harvey with his Speckle Park cow, Valentine.


CONTINUED FROM PAGE 108 BREEDING Being a British breed, Speckle Park mature early meaning they are able to start breeding from an earlier age. Combined with easy calving, strong maternal skills and docile natures, the Speckle Park make a good choice to expand a herd. Speckle Park calves weigh between 30kg and 40kg on average and have weaning weights between 230kg and 370kg. ADAPTABILITY AND PROFITABILITY Speckled Park have adapted well to Canadian summers and winters by having a fine coast in the warmer months and developing a thicker coat for the winters. This is a trait that has transferred well to Australian climates. A feed efficient breed, Speckle Park can be finished on grass with minimal grain input, if any.

Five-month-old Speckle Park bull

Consistently high quality can be expected from Speckle Park cattle when it comes to carcase attributed. They have built a reputation for producing moderate sized carcases with good marbling a fat coverage. Corndale Speckled Park cattle relaxing ahead of judging at the Ekka 2018.


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PAGE 109

TEXAS LONGHORN Impressive Texas Longhorn Bull

TEXAS LONGHORN BUILT OFF NATURAL SELECTION The cattle that would become Texas Longhorn left Spain with Christopher Columbus in 1493. Their journey took them to Santa Domingo and through to Mexico. It wasn’t until 1690 that the Longhorn were herded across the Rio Grand into Texas.

and from here the species was able to grow again. Groups like the Texas Longhorn Breeders Association of America, International Texas Longhorn Association and Texas Longhorns Australia Inc. have since strived to maintain certain standards in the breed.

With the unstable style of life in those days, the Longhorn herd wound up scattered and abandoned. They spread and mixed with cattle of other breeds lost by other settlers. Without the help of graziers, these cattle developed a set of hardy traits including disease resistance, longevity and fertility. Texas Longhorn Cow grazing

Texas Longhorn cow and calf

PAGE 110

BREEDING Texas Longhorn are great when it comes to breeding. According to the Texas Longhorns Australia website the breed has an unassisted birth-rate of 99.7 percent and low birth weights. These two factors mean extra profits for producers thanks to lower calving It was after the Civil War that these stress and high production of vigorous cattle were really put to use again calves. with an estimated 10 million head of Longhorn taken to the northern Natural selection during the Longhorns markets by 1895. As the Longhorns’ long period of wild existence has vast free-range areas were fenced strengthened the fertility of the breed. for the use of cattle producers their Both bulls and heifers mature early numbers dwindled to a point where it with bulls able to be used for breeding was feared they would go extinct. from as early as 12 or 13 months and heifers ready to calf as early as The US government stepped in and created a foundation stock CONTINUED ON PAGE 111 of Texas Longhorn in the Wichita Mountains National Wildlife refuge

TEXAS LONGHORN They also adapt well to a range of environments from snow to semi-arid 2 years. Longhorns live well into their regions and can process many grass teens and sometimes even their early products that other breeds won’t touch. 20s, meaning the breed has a long Combine this with their strong foraging breeding lifespan. ability and Longhorn make for a very versatile cattle breed. ADAPTABILITY AND PROFITABILITY Longhorn are naturally resistant to Texas Longhorn beef is also an attractive many diseases and parasites which can product in todays market for healthhelp reduce production costs with less conscious buyers due to it being a leaner chemicals needed. meat and lower in saturated fats.


Texas Longhorn are great when it comes to breeding. According to the Texas Longhorns Australia website the breed has an unassisted birth-rate of 99.7

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PAGE 111

WAGYU Grass fed Wagyu cattle from SUMO Wagyu in Grafton NSW.


WAGYU first came to Australia with the import of a female in 1990 followed by the importation of frozen semen and embryos in 1991. The process of importing the breed to Australia has been long and costly, largely due to that lack of trading protocol with Japan for direct imports. The Australian Wagyu Association champions the breed for its “unsurpassed marbling and ability to improve meat quality in cross breeding programs.” Between 80 and 90 percent of Australia’s Wagyu is exported to the global market with the remaining 10-20 percent remaining in domestic markets.

In Australia, Wagyu herds consist of either 100 percent fullblood Wagyu, purebred Wagyu F4 93+% and crossbred animals. There are a number of ways to develop a Wagyu herd including starting with crossbred Wagyu and breeding up, purchasing registered full blood or F4 Wagyu, using Wagyu embryos or using Wagyu semen to cross breed. When grading up cross bred bulls are produced for slaughter and females can be used for either slaughter or further cross breeding. Starting the breeding up process from an F1 50% mark is something for the long term.

Strengths of the breed as per the AWA include: • Outstanding beef eating quality • High marbling, delivering beef tenderness, juiciness and flavour • Softer fat composition: higher ratio of unsaturated fats – providing a healthier beef product • Finer meat texture • Strong dressing percentage and high retail beef yield • Not excessive back fat • Calving ease • Fertility and virility • Quiet temperament • Versatile adaptation to environments • Early female maturity • Strong foragers • Transport well over long distances • Resilient in the feedlot, including resistance to Bovine Respiratory Disease • Strong demand from high value markets including Japan Feed time at Hamilton Park Wagyu.

PAGE 112


Starting a herd with fullblood or purebred Wagyu is obviously going to be a faster option. When purchasing Wagyu to breed, consideration should be given to animals who are registered with the AWA and have full pedigree records. When Wagyu genetics are brought into a herd, improvements can be seen from the first round of calves. Marbling can also increase while the carcase weights remain high. It has been found that as more Wagyu genetics are added to crossbreeding, carcase weight and milk can decrease. To maintain both the increased marbiling and the better carcase weights, many producers choose to remain at the F1 or F2 stages and send both male and female offspring to feedlots, instead of using the females to grade up their herd.

Wagyu Bull

Between 80 and 90 percent of Australia’s Wagyu is exported to the global market with the remaining 10-20 percent remaining in domestic markets. Herd of Wagyu Cows and Calves

OBJECTIVE CARCASE MEASUREMENT Wagyu is renowned for its exceptional eating experience and is due principally to its unique intramuscular fat characteristics. The degree and quality of the fat distribution is what determines the quality of Wagyu and its demand by consumers. For Wagyu beef, brand promise is everything. For brand owners, brand recognition represents a known quality, and part of the key to that story is the level of marbling. Therefore, accurate grading of marbling gives consumers and brand owners clarity and confidence in the brand and the eating experience. Currently, qualified meat graders assess beef carcases parameters including carcase weight, P8 fat depth, dentition, ossification, pH, intramuscular fat content (marble score), meat colour, fat colour and eye muscle area. Voluntary additional values can also be included to define the eating quality under Meat Standards Australia.

For Wagyu, those grading levels may fall short of the true levels that can be achieved with high-quality Wagyu beef. Employment of the MIJ objective carcase camera enhances the accuracy of marbling and ribeye area measurements to provide the supply chain with greater confidence in meat quality for Australian Wagyu.

Wagyu meat is renowned for it’s marbling

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• Excavators • Dozers • Graders • Scrapers • Rollers • Float Hire • 4-in-1 Skid Steer • Prime Movers • Body Tippers • Water Trucks • Loader with Stick Rake

Safety & Environmental Compliant Communication is the Essence of Production

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Civil construction services • General earthworks Re-growth control • Blade Ploughing • Fire Breaks 12 hours a day, 7 days Stick Raking • Dam Construction & Desilting a week, with Heavy Haulage fully trained, experienced staff Brothers Tim & Wayne Collie established the business in 2000. They have built up their business employing local staff, supporting community events and using local businesses. Their Head office is in Condamine Qld and now expanding with a new Industrial yard in Roma Qld. From Condamine to Surat to Roma to Wallumbilla, we can meet your earthmoving needs. p: (07) 4627 7115 14 Wambo St, Condamine, QLD 4416




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Roma Saleyards overview

A FLASHBACK IN TIME FOR AUSTRALIA’S LARGEST CATTLE SELLING CENTRE – THE ROMA SALEYARDS In 1967 the Roma Bungil Showgrounds and Saleyards Board was formed, consisting of delegates from both Roma Town Council and Bungil Shire Council. This is where the first ideas for a Roma Saleyards were introduced.

These tours attract a large number of visitors wanting to witness a sale in action and to also learn more about the industry. Recently, the Roma Saleyards received an impressive 4.5 star rating from TripAdvisor for the free guided tours.

The Roma Saleyards were officially opened on 7 October 1969 by the honorable W.E Knox, MLA – Minister for Transport, with a sale to follow. The first sale held a total of 3,260 head of cattle. In its first financial year of operation the Roma Saleyards saw a total throughput of 56,251 head of cattle. Since then, the largest throughput for a financial year was in 2008/09 with a total of 415,221 head of cattle. The largest one day sale was held in March 2013 where just under 13,000 head of cattle were yarded. Over the years, Roma Bungil Showgrounds and Saleyards Board and then Maranoa Regional Council have progressively made improvements to the facility as throughput numbers have grown.

In 2019, Roma Saleyards is celebrating its 50th year of operation, a huge milestone for the region.

Improvements and upgrades the Roma Saleyards has seen include: • Installation of additional loading ramps; • Introduction of a second weighbridge; • Roof over the weighbridge viewing area; • Additional selling pens, drafts and holding yards; • A new 3 bay Truckwash facility and upgraded Seedwash facility; and • United truck stop; The Roma Saleyards Multi-Purpose Facility, currently under construction, will consist of a new canteen, administration office, agents’ area, meeting room and an interpretive centre showcasing the beef industry. For many years, the Roma Saleyards has conducted free weekly Saleyards’ tours which are run by local volunteers from the industry. Friday, October 17, 1969

Roma Saleyards Special Hereford Store Cattle Sale 1992

Roma Saleyards Perspective - South West

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Premier Stud Stock Selling Facility Australia’s largest cattle selling complex, the Roma Saleyards, provides stud stock selling facilities. Centrally located in Western Queensland, the facility attracts stud stock vendors from far and wide. The complex features: • A bull selling arena with a seating capacity of up to 225 people • Stud stock wash facilities • 3 bay truckwash facility • Ramp facilities for body trucks and road trains • Canteen. Private weighing and scanning services are available.


New Stud Stock Selling Facility opens in 2020!

Contact your preferred selling agent today to book in your stud stock.

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Breeders Way 2019  

Breeders Way 2019