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LIVEABILITY TOOLBOX L I V E A B I L I T Y A N D B U S I N E S S AT T R A C T I V E N E S S I N U R B A N T R A N S F O R M AT I O N N O V E M B E R 2019 A R K I T E M A & E V E R Y D AY S T U D I O & F R U A N D E R S E N


CONTENT

I N T R O D U C I O N P.3

P H A S E 1 - A N A LY S I S P.1 5

Introduction p.4 Aprroach and advice p.5

Introduction p.16 Exercise -Liveability & anti-lievability mapping p.17 Exercise - Liveability Focus s.18Sum up - Liveability Focus p.30

L I V E A B I L I T Y I N D E X P.6

P H A S E 2 - V I S I O N P.3 2

What is liveability in a Nordic context p.7 Examples of liveability themes and topics p. 8

Introduction p.33 Exercise - Vision questionaire p.34 Sum up - Vision formulation p.35

P H A S E 3 - I N I T I AT I V E S P.3 6

T O O L B O X P.9

Introduction p.37 Exercise - Define initiatives p.38 Sum up - Describe initiatives p.39

Introduction to the toolbox p.10

P H A S E 4 - I M P L E M E N TAT I O N P.4 0

D I A L O G U E P L A N P.11 LIVEABILITY TOOLBOX Liveability and Business Attractiveness in Urban Transformation

Introduction p.41 Exercise - Implementation matrix p.42 Sum up - Implementation plan p.43

Introduction p.12 Exercise - Stakeholder- and dialoguemapping p.13 Sum up - dialogueplan p.14

P H A S E 5 - E VA L U AT I O N P.4 4

The Liveability Toolbox is created for: The Nordic Minister of Councils

Introduction p.45 Exercise - Indicators of liveability p.46 Sum up - Measurements of liveability p.47

Municipality of Salo, Finland Municipality of Akranes, Iceland Municipality of Middelfart, Denmark Municipality of Växjö, Sweden

S I T E S , T O W N S A N D C H A L L E N G E S P.4 8 Participating towns in the project p. 49 Middelfart - Denmark p.50 Salo - Finland p.52 Växjö - Sweden p.54 Akranes - iceland p.56

The toolbox is created by: Arkitema Architects in collaboration with Everyday Studio and Fru Andersen

All diagrams are made by Arkitema and Everyday Studio. All photomaterial is provided by the municipalities.

E P I L O G U E P.5 8

The material, exept from the portraitphotos on page 59, can be quoted and used freely whithout limitations - but it’s gives you good karma to mention the creators. The work was finished in november 2019 2


INTRODUCTION 3


INTRODUCTION

THE TOOLBOX This toolbox is aimed at municipalities that want to improve liveability in small and medium-sized towns through urban transformations. It introduces planning and dialogue tools that promote a focus on liveability, urban life and business attractiveness throughout the process. The work is based on local identity and conditions, and helps to keep both the municipality and the developer focused on liveability from the early planning phase to the implementation and evaluation of a given project.

PARTICIPANTS The toolbox is a part of the larger project, Attractive Nordic Towns, which was launched in 2017 during Norway’s presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers. The Attractive Nordic Towns project focuses on small and medium-sized towns and is one of several initiatives promoting Nordic competitiveness, green redevelopment, transition to a low-emission society, integration, and environments that promote public health. It, among other initiatives, focuses on urbanization as one of the key challenges that the Nordic region faces in its transition to a green economy.

Various challenges and structural problems have affected numerous small and medium-sized towns outside major cities and metropolises in past years. From industrial businesses moving or shutting down and leaving behind large factory areas and ports, to commercial and residential decline in urban centers leaving behind vacant shops and housing, etc. The migration to big cities and intercity competition challenges the conditions for a number of smaller urban communities in the Nordic countries.

A network of small and medium-sized Nordic towns – consisting of 18 Nordic municipalities – has participated in the project in the period of 2017-2019. They worked in four (thematic) groups – focused on different parts of the project. This project, the toolbox, focuses on how LIVEABILITY can become an important development factor at all levels - for the benefit of cities, their residents and stakeholders. The municipalities of Middelfart, Salo, Arkanes and Växjö have identified a shared challenge; how to connect future transformation areas to the town centre, and how to make these areas accommodate the high quality of life associated with small and medium sized Nordic towns. This shared challenge is the foundation of the project, and through the development of the toolbox, the four municipalities have tested the tools in the ongoing development processes of their individual transformation sites.

The presidency project has developed a joint Nordic strategy for how towns and their surrounding areas can become more attractive through the development of vibrant and inclusive urban environments that are economically, environmentally and socially sustainable. The Nordic Council of Ministers wants to develop methods and tools that can help small and medium-sized towns strengthen their work in urban area transformations with an aim to counteract further emigration to larger cities and contribute to how municipalities develop smaller and medium-sized urban communities.

Read more on the Attractive Nordic Towns project here: https://www.regjeringen.no/no/tema/kommuner-og-regioner/ by--og-stedsutvikling/attraktive-nordiske-byer-

VALUE TO OTHER TOWNS The toolbox has a generic design, which makes it usable for

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other small and medium sized Nordic towns to transform their own vacant commerical or industrial areas into new attractive urban areas and thus create added value to the town. Many Nordic cities need to reinvent themselves in order to retain or attract younger demographics and new businesses. However, towns must find ways to change without weakening their existing qualities. There’s no need to change something that is already working, or change without improvement at the same time. To map out and focus on existing and future qualities will become more important. This is why the focus on liveability is so commendable. Urban planners and urbanists need to develop a shared language with policy makers around the theme of liveability. Current indicators for town development often focus on quantifiable factors outside the scope of liveability, and there is a general lack of social indicators that can help define and measure the liveability and urban qualities of towns. The toolbox can change this by ensuring a continuing focus on liveability – based on the local identity, premises and conditions.


APPROACH This toolbox will lead you through the process of securing liveability in your town. A liveability index with 9 themes is introduced first. The themes are chosen by the 4 participating municipalities as the most relevant themes representing liveability in small and medium sized cities in the nordic region. You will be guided through a series of exercises that will help to organize your development process, and aid with mapping, analysing, making visions, putting together a list of initiatives, creating an implementation plan, and ultimately evaluating the result. In short, the approach is like this: • Spend the right amount of time analysing and understanding the specific towns and regions and their situations in a globalised and competitive world. Uncover and map the challenges and opportunities. • Understand the specific project in the globalised context and clarify what challenges city is facing.

TIPS & TRICKS

• Maps the relevant decision makers and actors that should be involved in the transformation project and process. • Consider which organization will be working on the transformation project. Organize the upcoming process and decide who will be the key actors and who is mandated to make the final decisions • Use the tools in the toolbox for the upcoming process and adapt them to your specific situation and needs. • The primary focus is at first to create a unified overall vision for the project, and then produce subvisions that unfold in the different parts. Create the vision together! • Create your own definition of the term LIVEABILITY, and what it means for your town and culture, and by that, the demands and requirements to be obtained in the transformation process. • Establish a productive dialogue with all actors along the way, and continuously align the process and results with decision makers. • Make a concrete and financially realistic plan for project implementation. • Evaluate the project along the way and make a plan for when it is to be evaluated.

The tools in the toolbox, templates, the recommendations and guiding questions is not meant as a fact list or a manual that is to be followed from a-z. Every city’s situation is different. This applies to geography, culture, context, needs, etc. Therefore, use the toolbox as inspiration and customize and hack the tools, so they will fit the needs of your process, specific town and context. Urban development is a living process. Barriers will appear along the way and will require the ability and willingness to adjust the project and reconsider decisions to overcome them. During the development and realisation of the transformation project, it is very important to ensure the necessary mandates from the decision makers. This applies to both the individual phases of the project and dialogue with stakeholders.

the way. It can be useful to use a cash flow model to calculate the project’s finances throughout the project period. It is our hope that this advice, together with the toolbox, will add value in the Nordic urban development.

THE TOOL’S 5 PHASES: 1. Analysis | Mapping liveability opportunities and challenges within the town and site. 2. Vision | Formulation of a liveability vision for the site. 3. Initiatives | Definition of liveability initiatives needed to realize the vision. 4. Implementation | Development and implementation of a plan to realise the liveability initiatives. 5. Evaluation | Evaluation methods of the liveability initiatives.

Costs associated with a transformation project are often difficult to get an overview of and often become a barrier to realisation. It is therefore recommended to link competencies that can assess concrete costs and possible revenue along

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Besides the 5 phases, the toolbox introduces an ongoing dialogue and reality check.


LIVEABILITY INDEX 6


Intro

  

THE LIVEABILITY INDEX

WHAT IS LIVEABILITY IN A NORDIC CONTEXT? According to the Cambridge Dictionary, liveability refers to ‘The degree to which a place is suitable or good for living in’. What does that mean in a Nordic context? A prudent suggestion of some general characteristic of the Nordic lifestyle could be a certain degree of equality, accesibility to nature and urban experiences, bikes, boats and pedestrians, long summernights in contrast to more indoor activities during the winter, being part of a community, access to high quality schools, daycare and sparetime activities, well paid jobs, and all of the above in a safe and clean enviroment. What the correct answer is for your town and your specific transformation site is up to you to figure out - with help from this toolbox.

FROM EASY FIXES TO TOWN AND SITE SPECIFIC SOLUTIONS The way towns are planned, designed, built and managed can enhance liveability or act to limit it. The physical characteristics that contribute to the liveability of towns include land use, built form, quality and conservation of public spaces and natural environments, efficiency and attractiveness of transport networks and through that: accessibility to work, education, health and community services, and social and recreational opportunities etc. There is no generic list of liveability ensuring initiatives or components that fit all nordic countries, towns or sites. The right initiatives and components is deeply depended on the local prerequisites, and by searching for the local potentials and challenges, the longtime sustainable solutions can be made.

THE NINE LIVEABILITY THEMES These nine following themes have been chosen through the development of the toolbox as focus areas to create liveability in small and medium sized towns in the nordic countries. They are supplemented with extra alternative themes and topics, and more can be added that might be more suitable for the specific circumstances of your town or at your site.

All themes include an indication of the part of the United Nations Sustainable Developmemnt Goals they address and suggestions for additional topics that unfold the meaning and underlying perspectives of the theme. The themes and topics are to be seen as qualified suggestions for the work with transformation sites, but can of course be changed or added upon with other themes and topics that might fit a specific site better.

  

 

  

  

 







  

 





THE NINE THEMES SPORT & CULTURE is important for the liveability of Nordic towns because it is part of everyday life experiences and special occasions, brings people together in team oriented ways, attracts visitors, and gives pride to the inhabitants. Good URBAN LIFE & SPACE gives the experience of a lively and attractive town. It attracts people, brings them together and can foster the feeling of community and the feeling of being alive. EDUCATION & LEARNING is important throughout life because it helps inhabitants adapt to the challenges of the future. It strengthens the personal development of the individual, the employment and the active participation in society. SAFETY & HEALTH is key for an attractive town. A safe enviroment increases the towns liveability, and healthy inhabitants increase resources for other tasks and investments. A clear IDENTITY is becoming still more important in a globalised world, where possibilites and choices are many and communication is fast. Furthermore, it strengthens the common understanding of a town’s potential and make it easier to choose the right solutions for future development.

BUILT FORM & STRUCTURE is the physical enviroment that life evolves in, it shapes the lives of the inhabitants and creates and limits possibilities, and is therefore inextricably linked with the other subjects.

BUSINESS ATTRACTIVENESS is vital to ensure growth, to make the town attractive for the younger generations to stay or return to the town after education.

NATURE is the foundation of life on earth. Our nature creates fresh air and water, supplies us with food and materials, and is a key factor in the fight against global warming, climate  change, as well as enhancing the quality of life for many.

Good MOBILITY is essential for a well functioning town. If the mobility is good, the inhabitants spend less of their life in traffic jams and more time on activities that give everyday life quality. In the next page, there are suggestions for topics and alternative themes.

 

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Examples of topics under the 9 liveability themes:   



    



 Music, art, theatres,   restaurants, 

 cafĂŠs, heritage sites, playgrounds,    sports teams and facilities, cultural     centers, incubators and exchanges    

between cities, cultural diversity and   dissemination etc. 

   Diverse urban life, local engage   ment, diversity in public spaces,   



 hierarchy in public spaces, events    and activities for all-year urban life,   retail

and services, parks, squares,



   attractive streets, edgezone policies,   clear public, private and semiprivate design etc.





  

    

  Colleges and universities, schools,  



daycare and afterschool activities,    libraries, crafts, learning networks,   urban spaces designed for learning,



lifelong learning, knowledge centers, 

  Ideas for extra themes:     

     





  

Physically coherent town, inclusive housing policy, mixed forms of housing ownership, typologies and func

 tions, knowledge exchange among

   districts, attractive neighborhoods,   attractive schools, good rolemodels, good accesibility to jobs etc.

  

 

       

    

Strong community, good urban narrative, unique architecture and   landscape, sustainability based  

identity, clear resident identity, historical  pride, preservation of historical    traces, strong neighborhood feeling,  local amenity use, strong business 



community, attractive built enviroment etc.



  



     

    

    

  

  



   

CO2 reduction in new construction, upcycling, green transformation, permeable green streets, separated sewer systems, rainwater retention and reuse, Flashflood, cloudburst and stormflood protection etc.

  

Climate regulation, waste treatment and disease regulation, green buffer zones, marine products, fresh water, raw materials, waste treatment and disease regulation, biochemical and genetic resources, inspirational, recreation and tourism, science and education, nutrient cycling, biologically mediated habitats, primary production

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Mixed landuse and attractions, open facades, human scale, well adapted density, good microclimate, inclusive housing policy, quality architecture and   unique architectural form, well designed urban fabric, sunexposed urban spaces,  wind protected urban spaces etc.  

Habitat diversity, biodiversity, nature accessibility, visual contact to nature, urban nature, climate adaptive  solutions, ecosystem services, green streets, nature reserves, destination development, natureguides, schools and kindergartens in nature etc.

  

Investors, business strategies,    resources and infrastructure, skilled workforce, clusters, entrepreneur  ial culture, specialised knowledge,  business incubators, municipality support, gentrification prevention strategies etc.



Old historical traces, new historical traces, landscape traces, industrial traces, historical events, living history etc. 

    



    

Traffic safety, crime prevention, ex-

 treme weather protection, strong local community, eyes on the street, easy   exercise access, local health care,   well  lit public spaces, nice sensory



  enviroment, low air, soil, and water    pollution, local food supply etc.   



     

intergenerational transmission etc.

  

   

  

Smooth traffic flow, walkability, bikeability, green parking strategy, intermodality, public transport, accessibility for everyone, recreational routes, well integrated freight routes, mobility sharing economy etc.


LIVEABILITY TOOLBOX 9


2.

1.

PHASE

PHASE

VISION

ANALYSIS

GOAL:

GOAL:

Formulation of the liveability vision for the site

Mapping the liveability potentials and challenges within the town and site

3.

PHASE

INITIATIVES GOAL:

Definition of the liveability initiatives

4.

PHASE

IMPLEMENTATION GOAL:

Plan for the implementation of the liveability initiatives

5.

PHASE

EVALUATION GOAL:

Evaluation methods of the liveability initiatives

Intro

THE TOOLBOX

TOOLS:

TOOLS:

Vision questionaire Vision formulation

Liveability mapping Anti-liveability mapping Liveability analysis Liveability focus

OUTPUT:

OUTPUT:

Formulated vision

Prioritized liveability focus and topics

DIALOGUE & REALITY CHECK

Phase 2 | Vision

It is important to develop towns and designated transformation areas together with citiziens and local stakeholders. Communal decision-making and co-creation is essential when creating a liveable town. Today’s society demands a greater influence on how to live a good life and involvement in the process, and there is a lot of knowledge to gain from that. Choosing the right time and method are important to fully capitalize on this wide net of communal creation.

After mapping and analysing, the task is to formulate a liveability vision for the site. This is formed through discussing and prioritizing knowledge collected throughout the two first phases.

This exercise consists of a stakeholder-mapping, dialogue plan and reality check. It should be conducted before the 6 phases, and also on an ongoing basis throughout the process.

THE PROCESS TOOL The process tool consists of 5 phases with a variety of exercises to lead you through the development process. The exercises contain questions, guidelines and investigations that focus on establishing significant opportunities and challenges, and also define a clear vision for the liveability of the new development.

Phase 1 | Analysis Phase 1 is designed to identify a common understanding of the liveability (and conversely ‘anti-liveability’) of the site and nearby surroundings. In addition, important themes and topics to focus on in the development of the site are designated.

TOOLS:

Define initiatives Descripe initiatives

OUTPUT:

List of inititives

TOOLS:

Implementation matrix Implementation plan

OUTPUT:

Implementation plan

TOOLS:

Indicators of liveability Meassurements of liveability

OUTPUT:

Messurements of liveability

DIALOGUE & REALITY CHECK GOAL:

Enriching the project, ensuring a broad foundation and realistic expectations

Phase 3 | Initiatives

TOOLS:

Stakeholder and dialogue mapping Dialogue plan

Based on the knowledge and vision for the site, Phase 3 focuses on defining the efforts and initiatives that need to be launched to achieve liveable development.

OUTPUT:

Dialogue plan

Phase 4 | Implementation To ensure a successful launch of the initiatives, Phase 4 will guide you through developing a plan for the implementation of the chosen liveability initiatives.

2.

1.

Phase 5 | Evaluation

PHASE

PHASE

VISION

ANALYSIS

Phase 5 contains methods of evaluation of liveability initiatives, asking: did we reach our goals?

GOAL:

GOAL:

Formulation of the liveability vision for the site

Mapping the liveability potentials and challenges within the town and site

Each phase rounds off with a review of the most important points and discoveries made during the phase that need prioritisation. The summary will be brought to the next phase to ensure continuity in the process.

TOOLS:

TOOLS:

Vision questionaire Vision formulation

Liveability mapping Anti-liveability mapping Liveability analysis Liveability focus

OUTPUT:

OUTPUT:

Formulated vision

Prioritized liveability focus and topics

DIALOGUE & REALITY CHECK GOAL:

Enriching the project, ensuring a broad foundation and realistic expectations

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TOOLS:

Stakeholder and dialogue mapping Dialogue plan

3.

PHASE

INITIATIVES GOAL:

Definition of the liveability initiatives

TOOLS:

Define initiatives Descripe initiatives

OUTPUT:

List of inititives

4.

PHASE

IMPLEMENTATION GOAL:

Plan for the implementation of the liveability initiatives

TOOLS:

Implementation matrix Implementation plan

OUTPUT:

Implementation plan

5.

PHASE

EVALUATION GOAL:

Evaluation methods of the liveability initiatives

TOOLS:

Indicators of liveability Meassurements of liveability

OUTPUT:

Messurements of liveability


DIALOGUEPLAN 11


Exercise 1 - filled in

Introuction

DIALOGUEPLAN 1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

VISION

INITIATIVES

IMPLEMENTATION

EVALUATION

Throughout the process of creating a vision for liveability and the accompanying initiatives, this exercise is made for recognising the who, when, why and how different stakeholders will be involved. Decisions must be made on what kind of information, feedback and co-creation is needed in the process of finding the best answers to liveability.

ANALYSIS

WHY

HOW The tool consist of two exercises: A stakeholder and dialogue mapping, and a dialogue plan. These both contain a reality check. The project group plans the overall communication for the whole process with e.g. a professional workshop planner, to gain a perspective on how to involve stakeholders and citizens in a productive way. They also receive feedback on the dicussion process from local politicians and businesses. There is also a tickbox for marking the different stakeholders’ financial resources that could open the possibility of financing parts of a project through operating budgets, public funds, as part of reshearch projects, land sales etc.

DIALOGUE & REALITY CHECK

Exercise 2 - filled in

WHEN These exercises should be performed before the 6 phases, as well as on an ongoing basis throughout the process.

WHO Planning Department Politicians Landowners Citizens

REALITY CHECK - Does the discussion process involve the right stakeholders? - Are there dialogues that can involve more conflict than others? Reconsider the prerequisites and time planned for the dialogue. - Is there room for tackling unforseen issues? - Are the various initiatives planned with timely care? - Are there other possible stakeholders that can bring important knowledge to the project?

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Exercise

S TA K E H O L D E R A N D D I A L O G U E M A P P I N G Knowledge

Exercise Delegation of responsibility to a board of stakeholders who are selected as individuals instead of through party affiliation. Conduct a deciding vote to delegate decision-making to residents.

CO-DECISION

CONSULTATION

INFORMATION

Degree of influence and involvement

?

Stakeholders + their financial resources:

Stakeholders/residents can be involved for a longer period of time within an overall theme or topic. Identify needs, develop alternatives, and select schemes, solutions and proposals for implementation. This forms a basis for political decisions.

INFLUENCE

DIALOGUE

Name of phase:..................................................................................................................... Form:

LANDOWNERS

$

S

M

PROTOTYPING

L

RESIDENTS

Stakeholders are given the opportunity to meet others and engage in dialogue on issues such as concerns over societal development. There is a possibility to present their opinions, argue, ask, develop and share understandings, to ensure that the stakeholders/ citizens’ perspective is considered and understood.

$

S

M

Methods:

TEST RUN

L

NEIGHBORS

$

S

M

INTERVIEWS

L

CO-DECISION

Collect responses and feedback from stakeholders e.g. residents, in regards to analysis, suggestions, alternatives etc. Get an overview of the public’s views, questions and complaints.

CITIZENS

$

S

M

L

LOCAL HEARING

LOCAL TASK GROUPS

$

Easily accessible, balanced, objective information that helps create understanding of problems, alternatives, opportunities and solutions is required to ensure that all stakeholders can be involved.

S

M

L

CITY CHARRETTE

LOCAL LEADERS

$

S

M

L

INFLUENCE

ROUND TABLE

DEVELOPERS

$

S

M

L

MEETINGS POLITICIANS

$

S

M

L

WALK N’ TALK MUNICIPALITY

$

S

M

L

DIALOGUE

QUESTIONNAIRES

INTEREST GROUPS

$

S

M

L

? CHAT FORUM

ASSOCIATIONS

$

S

M

L

CONSULTATION

WHY:

HOW:

TIME:

The goal is to get an overview of who to involve, when, where and how in the process.

First, discuss who to involve in which phase, which communication method should be used with them and their financial resources. Then, draw lines between them. Repeat for every phase on a new sheet.

00:30 hours

COMPANIES

$

S

M

INFO STANDS

L

EXPERTS

$

S

M

NEWSPAPERS

L

CONSULTANTS

$

TOOL

S

M

L

*Stakeholders financial resources 13

INFORMATION

...............................


Summary:

DIALOGUEPLAN

Exercise

Name of dialogue:

Name of dialogue:

Name of dialogue:

Name of dialogue:

Name of dialogue:

Purpose:

Purpose:

Purpose:

Purpose:

Purpose:

Stakeholders:

Stakeholders:

Stakeholders:

Stakeholders:

Stakeholders:

Method:

Method:

Method:

Method:

Method:

When:

When:

When:

When:

When:

Where:

Where:

Where:

Where:

Where:

Name of dialogue:

Name of dialogue:

Name of dialogue:

Name of dialogue:

Name of dialogue:

Purpose:

Purpose:

Purpose:

Purpose:

Purpose:

Stakeholders:

Stakeholders:

Stakeholders:

Stakeholders:

Stakeholders:

Method:

Method:

Method:

Method:

Method:

When:

When:

When:

When:

When:

Where:

Where:

Where:

Where:

Where:

PHASE

PHASE

PHASE

IMPLEMENTATION

PROJECT

VISION

ANALYSIS

5.

4.

3.

1.

PHASE

WHY:

HOW:

TIME:

The goal is to get the dialogue activities in the right order, to know who to talk to and why.

Write above the process line, name and form of the dialogue, its purpose, stakeholders, communication method, when and where it will take place. Describe as many dialogues as needed for every phase.

00:30 hours

TOOL 14

6.

PHASE

EVALUATION


A N A LY S I S 1. P H A S E 15


Analysis - Introduction

LIVEABILITY MAPPING WHY

DURING THE EXERCISE

Mapping the site and nearby surroundings is essential to understanding and devoloping a site. The focus is on the opportunities and challengex of the site and town in terms of liveability. This mapping exercise has two focus areas: the liveability values and the ‘anti-liveability’ issues. We recommend that the exercise is done with a group of specialists from the municipality, e.g. the planning department, who have knowledge about the town within areas such as geotechnical engineering, water and pollution management, cultural history, traffic planning, green urbanism, town life, etc. Visiting the site together is an important aspect of forging a common understanding of the site.

Sit in groups of 3-6

HOW - Find relevant participants - Invite them to a workshop for 2 hours. - Print an A2, A1 or A0 map of the site and nearby surroundings or the whole town (dependent upon the scale of the town, and how relevant it is for site development), on something that is easy to draw on. - Print the exercise and bring extra paper to write notes on - Visit the site as a prelude to the exercise, or do the exercise at the site.

The first part of the exercise is focused on liveability. Use about 45 minutes. Map the site and the nearby surroundings/ town by answering the questions in the exercise and drawing the findings on the A2 map. 10 minute break. The next part of the exercise is focused on the ‘anti-liveability’ in the town. Spend about 45 minutes mapping the site and the nearby surroundings/town by answering the questions in the exercise and drawing the findings on the same A2 map, but with different colours. Hang the A2 map on a wall and use the last 20 minutes to discuss the opportunities and challenges in the town in comparison to the developing site, and write notes/bullet points on the findings for later use.

REALITYCHECK

1.

2.

3.

4.

5. EVALUATION

Revisit and reconsider the dialogueplan.

IMPLEMENTATION

In this preliminary phase, the project is characterised by many uncertainties which can be difficult to communicate. We therefore recommend that this exercise is done within the planning department and among people with relevant knowledge from the municipality. It is also recommended that information from e.g. geotechnical and water management experts, cultural historians etc.(revisit the dialogueplan) is obtained to help inform participants. This exercise is also relevant to do as an introduction for other stakeholders later in the proces.

INITIATIVES

DIALOGUE

VISION

WHO

ANALYSIS

Phase 1

Check up on the potential players and developers, and on-going projects that could positively influence the site. Check up on land prices in the area, conditions related to pollution, noise, infrastructure, soil structure, legal frameworks and other possible impediments.

WHEN

Exercise - filled in

DIALOGUE & REALITY CHECK

16


Analysis - Exercise

LIVEABILITY & ANTI-LIVEABILITY MAPPING Liveability mapping - Guiding questions

Anti liveability mapping - Guiding questions

- Where are the important attractions? - Where are the economic assets for the site/town? - Where are the cultural assets? - Where are the natural assets? - Where are the enviromental assets e.g. sun, water etc.? - Where are the good views? - Where are the important places and connections?

- What are the physical challenges of the site/town? - What are the legal challenges? - Where are the less attractive areas for housing, specific user groups, developers etc.? - Where are the real estate prices lower and why? - Are there environmental challenges e.g. wind, stormwater, cloudbursts, high groundwater level, pollution, noise etc., and where do they occur? - Are there areas that are bad for outdoor activities, and where are they? - Are there areas with windtunnels or heat island effects, and where are they?

- What defines the character of the site? - What defines the character of the adjacent sites? Map of site, context and/or town

- Where are the buildings with permanent functions? - Where are the buildings with transformation potential?

- Are there areas with empty or dilapidated buildings? - Are there areas with high crime, and where are they? - Are there unsafe places, and where are they? - Are there areas with garbage in the street? - Are there areas with traffic accidents, and where are they? - Are there places impaired by traffic jams?

- Where are the infrastructure connections for pedestrians, bikes, cars, trains, light rails, sharing facilities etc. - Where are intermodal platforms and infrastructural hubs? - Who are the existing users? - Who owns what?

WHY:

HOW:

TIME:

The mapping tool’s purpose is to give the team a common understanding of the site, its attractive and unattractive qualities, opportunities, limitations, challenges etc.

Draw and write on the map as you go through the guiding questions. Take additional notes on the next page.

2 x 00:45 min.

- Are there neighborhoods lacking green areas? - Are there places that are hard to reach by foot, bike, public transport, car, freight? - Are there areas with long distances to shopping, education, culture, recreational areas, playgrounds, sports facilities etc.?

PHASE 1

17

Exercise

Notes: ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................ .......................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... ...........................................................................................................


Analysis - Introuction

LIVEABILITY FOCUS WHY

DURING THE EXERCISE

This exercise aims to reveal the condition of the nine liveability themes within the town and site. The focus is on quantity and quality. How much, how many, and how well - today and in the future? Each theme has seven suggested topics, a list of alternative topics and room for you to define your own topics.

Sit in groups of 3-6

HOW

This exercise focuses on the conditions of liveability within the site, context or town. For some themes and sites, it’s relevant to focus the analysis on the site, and for other themes and sites, i’s relevant to include the context or entire town in the analysis. Mark the focus area in the diagram.

- Define relevant participants. - Invite them for a workshop of 2,5 hours. - Consider which themes to use for the analysis, the nine selected themes, some of the alternative suggestions or others you define yourself. The themes are tagged with the relevant SDG (https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/). - If you choose all nine themes, you might want to break the workshop in two. - Print each theme circle with space for notes on a A3. - Print the summary pages. - Bring your liveability-mappings and ‘anti-liveability’ mappings. - Decide the scale of the analysis. The right scale differs from area to area: Focus on the site itself, the near context, the whole town, or choose two scales and compare them.

Divide the themes between the groups e.g. one group discusses Built form & Structure, another looks at Education & Learning etc.

Exercise - filled in

Use the guiding questions to initiate the discussion. If some of the given topics are irrelevant to your site, then replace them with more relevant topics. Go through all Liveability themes and fill out the circles, scoring from 1-5, depending on how well your focus area performs on the topic. Mark the the performance of today with solid black and the ambition / future desire in a single line. Identify the 1st, 2nd and 3rd most important topics within each theme.

WHEN Phase 1

10 minute break.

WHO The planning department and other people with relevant knowledge from the municipality. (revisit the dialogueplan)

Present the liveability circles for each other, discuss the results, and readjust them.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

ANALYSIS

VISION

INITIATIVES

IMPLEMENTATION

EVALUATION

REALITYCHECK

DIALOGUE & REALITY CHECK

- Are necessary skillsets present in the group, or should the group expand to include other people with relevant knowledge? - Consider doing the exercise with different groups. It will propably come out with different results. - Reconsider if the chosen themes and topics are the most relevant ones, or if they should be changed. - Another way to use the liveability circles is through mapping the desired future conditions of the site. That can give another shared understanding of the site’s potential.

DIALOGUE Revisit and reconsider the dialogueplan.

18


Analysis - Overview

9 THEMES

 



 

 

 



 

       

 

  



    



  





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EDUCATION & LEARNING











 

 

MOBILITY





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19

BUSINESS ATTRACTIVENESS



NATURE













SAFETY & HEALTH

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IDENTITY








Analysis - Exercise 3

S P O R T & C U LT U R E Guiding questions    

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Which groups are overrepresented in activities? Which groups are the least locally active? What is the nature of the activities? Which activities have a regional, national or global potential? Does the site contain existing structures, buildings etc. that can be used for sport and culture, permanently or   temporarily?     

  







   

 



   



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SPORT & CULTURE

This exercise aims to reveal the liveability conditions in relation to sports and culture within the town and site. What is strongly represented in the site/town, what is missing and what needs to be improved?

HOW:

TIME:

Discuss the topics and look at the guiding questions to initiate discussion. Write notes on the right. Fill out the circle, ranking your areas performance from 1-5 (with 5 as the best score) today and in the future. Select 3 important topics.

00:20 min. + : 00:05 min. to prioritize the topics.

What are the 3 most important topics? Prioritize from 1 to 3: • •

PHASE 1

Exercise

WHY:



Alternative topics: - Cultural centers - Cultural exchange between cities - Cultural diversity - Culture dissemination

20

•


Analysis - Exercise 4

MOBILITY Guiding questions

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to reflect

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filling

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MOBILITY





WHY:

HOW:

TIME:

This exercise aims to reveal the liveability conditions in relation to mobility within the town and site. What is strongly represented in the site/town, what is missing and what needs to be improved?

Discuss the topics and look at the guiding questions to initiate discussion. Write notes on the right. Fill out the circle, ranking your areas performance from 1-5 (with 5 as the best score) today and in the future. Select 3 important topics.

00:20 min. + : 00:05 min. to prioritize the topics.

What are the 3 most important topics? Prioritize from 1 to 3: • •

PHASE 1

Exercise

 



Alternative topics: - Recreational routes - Well integrated freight routes - Sharing economy

21

   

   

  

  

How are bikes and pedestrians accommodated in the site/town? How is public transportation accommodated in the site/town? How well connected is the site in general to all modes of transportation? Is site adjacent infrastructure designed for the human scale? How does the town support the growth of a mobility sharing economy, carpooling, rentable bikes, electric scoot     ers etc?     



4



   

•


   

   

   

   

Analysis - Exercise 5

   

   

   

   the in 

   

E D U C AT I O N & L E A R N I N G Guiding questions

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What are the typical obstacles to higher education? What initiatives can respond to the demands for knowledge in the future? Does the town specialize in certain knowledge-based sectors? What kind of informal learning enviroment does the site/town potentially contain? Is a wide range of nature and urban-based experiences accessible?



















   

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 scale Mark    analysis 

 

 



 





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Notes:









  



   



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EDUCATION & LEARNING

This exercise aims to reveal the liveability conditions in relation to education and learning within the town and site. What is strongly represented in the site/town, what is missing and what needs to be improved?

HOW:

TIME:

Discuss the topics and look at the guiding questions to initiate discussion. Write notes on the right. Fill out the circle, ranking your areas performance from 1-5 (with 5 as the best score) today and in the future. Select 3 important topics.

00:20 min. + : 00:05 min. to prioritize the topics.

What are the 3 most important topics? Prioritize from 1 to 3: • •

PHASE 1

Exercise

WHY:

Alternative topics: - Lifelong learning - Knowledge centers - Intergenerational transmission

22

•


Analysis - Exercise 6

U R B A N L I F E & S PA C E Guiding questions    

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   Questions 

to reflect on when filling in the form

What kinds of activities take place in the urban spaces of the town/site? (retail, relaxation, transportation etc.) Which groups are over/underrepresented in the activities? Is there diversity? How does the site/town work as a frame for the everyday life? (shopping, commuting, play, exercise etc.) How does the site/town work as a frame for special events? How does the site/town encourage ownership among it’s users/citizens?  Howdoes the site/town support multifunctional use of urban space(s)?   How does the site/town support informal and formal meetings among users/citizens?  How is the site/town designed in relation to the human scale?







   



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URBAN LIFE AND SPACE

This exercise aims to reveal the liveability conditions in relation to urban life and space within the town and site. What is strongly represented in the site/town, what is missing and what needs to be improved?

HOW:

TIME:

Discuss the topics and look at the guiding questions to initiate discussion. Write notes on the right. Fill out the circle, ranking your areas performance from 1-5 (with 5 as the best score) today and in the future. Select 3 important topics.

00:20 min. + : 00:05 min. to prioritize the topics.

What are the 3 most important topics? Prioritize from 1 to 3: • •

PHASE 1

Exercise

WHY:



Alternative topics: - Parcs - Squares - Attractive streets - Edgezone policy - Clear public-, private- and semiprivate zoning - Spaces and activities for all ages and genders

23

•


Analysis - Exercise 7

B U I LT F O R M & S T R U C T U R E Guiding questions

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What defines the atmosphere of the site? What physical characteristics should be preserved/transformed/interpreted into a future identity for the site? How can existing structures on the site/in the town be reused? How does the built structure correspond with the human scale? Which user groups does the built structure deter or attract?    Whatkind of retail and service areas doesthe site contain or relate to? And how could that look in the future?       What kind  of housing does  the town lack?  What is the quality of the built form and structure of the site compared to the town in general?



 



   



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BUILT FORM & STRUCTURE

This exercise aims to reveal the liveability conditions in relation to built form & structure within the town and site. What is strongly represented in the site/town, what is missing and what needs to be improved?

HOW:

TIME:

Discuss the topics and look at the guiding questions to initiate discussion. Write notes on the right. Fill out the circle, ranking your areas performance from 1-5 (with 5 as the best score) today and in the future. Select 3 important topics.

00:20 min. + : 00:05 min. to prioritize the topics.

What are the 3 most important topics? Prioritize from 1 to 3: • •

PHASE 1

Exercise

WHY:

Alternative topics: - Quality in architecture - Significant architectural form - Significant urban fabric - Sunexposed urban spaces - Wind protected urban spaces - Affordable housing

24

•


Analysis - Exercise 8

IDENTITY Guiding questions    

   

   

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What is the common saying/motto about the site/town? How is the site/town different from surrounding areas? What is the primary attractiveness of the site/town? Which demographic groups does the site/town attract? What are the historical layers of the site/town? Who are the existing and future users of the site? How can you avoid strong gentrification from the site transformation?







   

2 1

  

       

Questions to reflect on when filling in the form



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 scale Mark  analysis  

   





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Notes:



 











IDENTITY



 WHY:

HOW:

TIME:

This exercise aims to reveal the liveability conditions in relation to identity within the town and site. What is strongly represented in the site/town, what is missing and what needs to be improved?

Discuss the topics and look at the guiding questions to initiate discussion. Write notes on the right. Fill out the circle, ranking your areas performance from 1-5 (with 5 as the best score) today and in the future. Select 3 important topics.

00:20 min. + : 00:05 min. to prioritize the topics.

What are the 3 most important topics? Prioritize from 1 to 3: • •

PHASE 1

Exercise



 

Alternative topics: - Strong neighborhood feeling - Use of local amenities - Historical traces - Preservation of historical traces - Strong business community - Attractive urban enviroment

25

•


   

   

   

Analysis - Exercise 9

   

   

   

   

   

   

S A F E T Y & H E A LT H Guiding questions

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filling

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3

to reflect

   onwhen 

Which demographic groups are most exposed to health threats? Which safety problems can affect the site? How can the site/town help to improve quality of life and prevent stress-related illnesses for its users/citizens? Are there health threats related to the design of the physical surroundings? Are social communities present at the site/in the town? How can the site/town support the shaping of social communities? Which functions will reduce air pollution?







 



    

   



 

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Mark scale of analysis









SAFETY & HEALTH

This exercise aims to reveal the liveability conditions in relation to safety and health within the town and site. What is strongly represented in the site/town, what is missing and what needs to be improved?

HOW:

TIME:

Discuss the topics and look at the guiding questions to initiate discussion. Write notes on the right. Fill out the circle, ranking your areas performance from 1-5 (with 5 as the best score) today and in the future. Select 3 important topics.

00:20 min. + : 00:05 min. to prioritize the topics.

What are the 3 most important topics? Prioritize from 1 to 3: • •

PHASE 1

Exercise

WHY:

Alternative topics: - Well lit public spaces - Nice sensoric enviroment - Clean and renewable energyresources - Low air pollution - Low soil pollution - Low water pollution - Local food supply

26

•


Analysis - Exercise 10

N AT U R E Guiding questions

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4



 

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to reflect

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filling

   in the  form

   

What kind of animal life or habitats are dominating? What kind of animal life is threatened? How does the site/town connect to surrounding blue and green structures? How can the site/town support widespread knowledge of environmental resources? Which areas are exposed to noise, wind, sun?

   

   

   

   

   

 







   



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Notes:

 

 

    

          

1





   





 

NATURE





 WHY:

HOW:

This exercise aims to reveal the liveability conditions in relation to nature within the town and site. What is strongly represented in the site/town, what is missing and what needs to be improved?

Discuss the topics and look at the guiding questions to initiate discussion. Write notes on the right. Fill out the circle, ranking your areas performance from 1-5 (with 5 as the best score) today and in the future. Select 3 important topics.

TIME: What are the 3 most important topics? Prioritize from 1 to 3:

00:20 min. + : 00:05 min. to prioritize the topics.

• •

PHASE 1

Exercise



 

 

Alternative topics: - Ecosystem services - Green streets - Nature reserves - Destination development - Natureguides - Schools and kindergardens in the nature - Local foodsupply

27

•


Analysis - Exercise 11

B U S I N E S S AT T R A C T I V E N E S S Guiding questions    

   

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Questions to reflect on when filling in the form What special competitative advantage does your town have? What does your town specialize in? What kind of workforce does your town attract and why? Does your town contain untapped resources and business talent? What kind of clusters can strengthen the business attractiveness? What kind of downstream effects can the clusters provide? What initiatives can respond to future demands and technologies? Is there suitable land and buildings available of for different kinds of business, retail, industry, knowledge etc.?



   

   

   

   













   

 

   

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 scale Mark   analysis 



   



 



   

   





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Notes:

 

  

       

    

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Alternative topics: - Incubator enviroments - Supportunit in the municipality - Strategy to prevent gentrification

BUSINESS ATTRACTIVENESS HOW:

TIME:

This exercise aims to reveal the liveability conditions in relation to business attractiveness within the town and site. What is strongly represented in the site/town, what is missing and what needs to be improved?

Discuss the topics and look at the guiding questions to initiate discussion. Write notes on the right. Fill out the circle, ranking your areas performance from 1-5 (with 5 as the best score) today and in the future. Select 3 important topics.

00:20 min. + : 00:05 min. to prioritize the topics.

What are the 3 most important topics? Prioritize from 1 to 3: • •

PHASE 1

Exercise

WHY:

28

•


   

   

   

   

   

Analysis - Exercise X

   

   

   

   

EXTRA THEMES Guiding questions



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3 2





1



Notes:









............................

This exercise aims to reveal the liveability conditions of extra themes within the town and site. What is strongly represented in the site/town, what is missing and what needs to be improved?

HOW:

TIME:

Discuss the topics and look at the guiding questions to initiate discussion. Write notes on the right. Fill out the circle, ranking your areas performance from 1-5 (with 5 as the best score) today and in the future. Select 3 important topics.

00:20 min. + : 00:05 min. to prioritize the topics.

What are the 3 most important topics? Prioritize from 1 to 3: • •

PHASE 1

Exercise

WHY:

29

•


Analysis - Summary Part 1

LIVEABILITY FOCUS

Exercise

WHY The purpose of this summary is to identify the most important themes and topics for the future development of the town or site.

Use 40 minutes to redo the priority by selecting the 4 most important topics, and filling out the summary scheme. Consider which priority the topics removed from 1st priority should have.

1. priority

10 minute break.

Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... .......................................................... ..........................................................

Use the remaining 30 minutes to describe the reason for selecting the four 1. priority topics.

Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... .......................................................... ..........................................................

REALITY CHECK

Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... .......................................................... ..........................................................

WHEN End of Phase 1.

WHO Planning department (revisit the dialogueplan) These recap exercises can be done by the project group in the planning department together with any relevant experts, depending on the size and complexity of the site and development project.

- Present and discuss the result of the prioritised liveability focus exercise for different stakeholder groups. - Make shure to confirm the final result with the decision makers.

DIALOGUE

2. priority

Revisit and reconsider the dialogueplan.

Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... .......................................................... ..........................................................

HOW - Define the relevant participants. - Invite them for a workshop of 1.5 hours. - Fill out the theme circles and prioritised topics - Fill out the overview of the prioritised topics. - Print each exercise sheet on A3.

Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... .......................................................... .......................................................... Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... .......................................................... ..........................................................

DURING THE RECAP Depending upon the number of participants, divide in groups of 2-6. Revisit the completed theme circles and put the prioritised topics in the scheme. Use about 10 minutes.

3. priority

WHY:

HOW:

TIME:

To create an overview of the selected preliminary liveability focal points of the town or site.

Go through the completed liveability circles and write your 1st, 2nd and 3rd. priority topics from each theme into the scheme on the right.

00:10 min.

Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... .......................................................... .......................................................... Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... .......................................................... .......................................................... Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... .......................................................... ..........................................................

PHASE 1

30


Analysis - Summary Part 2

LIVEABILITY FOCUS

Exercise

Guiding questions

1. priority The following questions can be used to evaluate the previously identified and prioritised themes and topics. Revisit the topics one at a time, and allocate them to the boxes on the right.

1. Does the topic play an essential role in the future development and use of the town or site?

6. Does the topic require a quick fix or a long term high-resource fix?

2. Are any of the topics or themes a prerequisite for any of the other identified topics?

7. Can the topic reinforce the liveability of the town?

3. Does the topic play an identity-building role?

8. Will the topic have a high impact on the liveability of the town or site?

4. Is the topic or theme connected to or supporting other municipal or political strategies? 5. Is the topic relevant compared to the size of the town?

Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... .......................................................... .......................................................... Reasons: .......................................... Reasons: .......................................... Reasons: .......................................... .......................................................... .......................................................... .......................................................... ........................................................... ........................................................... ...........................................................

2. priority Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... .......................................................... .......................................................... Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... .......................................................... ..........................................................

9. Is the topic present at other places in the town or neighboring towns, and can it add new possibilities to these?

Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... .......................................................... ..........................................................

10. Can the topic reinforce an existing culture? 3. priority Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... .......................................................... .......................................................... Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... .......................................................... ..........................................................

WHY:

HOW:

TIME:

To sum up the high priority topics that are essential in creating a transformation of your site/town with high liveability. This is what you will base your vision on.

Evaluate your previously selected topics by considering the questions above. Do yet a priority to select the first, second and tertiary priorities.

00:40 min. + 00:30 min.

Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... .......................................................... .......................................................... Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... .......................................................... .......................................................... Topic: ................................................ Topic: ................................................ .......................................................... ..........................................................

PHASE 1

31


VISION 2. P H A S E 32


Vision - Introduction:

VISION QUESTIONNAIRE WHY

DURING THE EXERCISE

The purpose of this exercise and summary is to formulate a common vision for the development of the site, based on your knowledge from the liveability mapping and the liveability focus.

Depending on the number of participants, divide into groups of 4-6.

Exercise

Revisit the summary Part 2 from the liveability focus. Use about 10 minutes.

- filled in

WHEN Go through the questionnaire and discuss possible answers. Write your answers in the scheme. Use about 1 hour.

Phase 2.

WHO 10 minute break.

Planning department Politicians Landowners Other stakeholders Citizens (revisit the dialogueplan)

Present and discuss the answers with the entire group. Use about 30 minutes.

DURING THE RECAP

This exercise and recap should be done with input from a larger group of stakeholders and knowledgeable persons, and then finished in a smaller group. Groups who need to take ownership of the development of the site, must have the opportunity to influence the vision.

Divide into small groups again and do a fast draft for the vision formulation. Use about 30 minutes. Present and discuss the answers with the entire group. Use about 30 minutes. 10 minute break.

HOW

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

ANALYSIS

VISION

INITIATIVES

IMPLEMENTATION

EVALUATION

- Define the relevant participants - Invite them to a workshop of 3 hours. - Print X numbers of the vision exercise and sum up. - Print part 2 of the liveability focus summary. - Bring extra paper or post-it notes to write down notes during the discussions. - You can formulate the vision in single words (easy and fast), whole sentences (exact) or as picture collages (fabulating).

Sum up - fi

lled in

A single smaller group of participants, or the core project group, writes a final preliminary version of the vision, based on different drafts and dicussions.

REALITY CHECK - Test the vision on users and stakeholders. - The vision must be discussed, adjusted and approved in the right forums, depending on the democratic procedures of the municipality. - Go through the politics and visions for the municipality to check for overlaps and contradictions. - Invite stakeholders to a vision-workshop. - Do an event and vision workshop for citizens at the site.

DIALOGUE Revisit and reconsider the dialogueplan.

DIALOGUE & REALITY CHECK

33


Vision - Exercise:

VISION QUESTIONAIRE Guiding questions

Exercise

The following general questions can be used to uncover thoughts and provide input for the formulation of a main vision and a number of sub-visions for the site/town. When answering each question, a vision and sub-visions are formulated by looking across the answers.

1. What role do you want the transformation area to play in the rest of your municipality/ town? 2. Can the development of the site be used for the municipality’s overall strategic development and regional position, and/or in competition with other cities? 3. How would you like the area to evolve? (Housing, culture, education, occupation, living life, etc.) 4. Do you have pictures of how you envision the area in the future? (Balance between new and old, identity, architecture)

5. Do you have opinions about what WILL become part of the site in the future? 6. What would be the most important outcome for the site/town in a 5 to 50 years perspective?

Answer 1. ................................................................................................................................................................................

Answer 2. ................................................................................................................................................................................

Answer 3. ................................................................................................................................................................................

7. Which 5 words should characterize the area once the development is well-realized? Answer 4. ..................................................................................................................................................................................

8. What do you want to avoid in our future development of the site? 9. Others? Answer 5. ..................................................................................................................................................................................

Answer 6. ..................................................................................................................................................................................

Answer 7. ..................................................................................................................................................................................

Answer 8. ..................................................................................................................................................................................

WHY:

HOW:

Time:

The purpose of this excercise is to start discussions that will help to identify visionary aspects and potentials of the development of the site.

Go through the questionnaire and discuss possible answers. Write your answers on the scheme. Use your shared knowledge from the prioritised topics from summary 2.

1 hour

Answer 9. ..................................................................................................................................................................................

PHASE 2


Vision - Summary:

V I S I O N F O R M U L AT I O N Exercise

Title: ...............................................................................................................................................

1. subvision: .....................................................................................................................................

General vision: .................................................................................................................................

2. subvision: .....................................................................................................................................

3. subvision: .....................................................................................................................................

4. subvision: ..................................................................................................................................... WHY:

HOW:

Time:

This excercise will encourage you to formulate a structured vision, divided into a general vision that is supported by up to four subvisions, that encapsulate different parts of the general vision.

Formulate the overall vision based on your answers on the previous page. Give it a working title based on the keywords in the vision. Prioritise the elements of the vision in subvisions.

00:30 mins.

PHASE 2

35


I N I T I AT I V E S 3. P H A S E 36


Initiatives - introduction:

D E F I N E I N I T I AT I V E S WHY

DURING THE EXERCISE

The purpose of this exercise is to find and describe the initiatives that are needed to realize the vision for the development of the site.

Revisit the vision and subvisions. Use about 10 min.

WHEN

Exercise - filled in

Go though the approved vision and subvisions, one by one, and discuss which initiatives are needed to realize the goal. Write all ideas down and place the initiatives on the map.

Phase 3. Go through the guiding questions to initiate the discussion. Use about 1 hour.

WHO Planning department Experts on specific subjects, e.g. pollution, land development, ecology, housing, law etc. (revisit the dialogueplan) This exercise and recap can be done with different expert and stakeholder groups. A final sorting and prioritising of the initiatives should be done in the core project group.

10 minute break.

DURING THE RECAP Point out the most important and powerful initiatives and write their titles on the summary page. Use about 15 minutes. Go through each initiative on the summary page and describe it. Use about 5 minutes per initiative.

HOW

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

ANALYSIS

VISION

INITIATIVES

IMPLEMENTATION

EVALUATION

- Define the relevant participants - Invite them to a workshop of 2.5 hours. - Print plenty of the initiative exercises and summaries. - Print the vision formulation. - Print an A2 map of the site and nearby surroundings or the whole town (depending on the scale of the town, and how relevant it is for development of the site), on something that is easy to draw on. - Bring extra paper or post-it notes to write down notes during the discussions.

Repeat the exercise and summary as many times as you need, to define and organize the essential initiatives that are needed to realize the vision.

REALITYCHECK

Sum up - filled in

- Go through the exercise with people from different knowledge backgrounds and groups to ensure a comprehensive view on the matter. - Have an economist identify overall economic considerations on the different initiatives and their impact. - Consider that design decisions are not made too early and that initiatives are kept on a proper level of abstraction.

DIALOGUE Revisit and reconsider the dialogueplan.

DIALOGUE & REALITY CHECK

37


Initiatives - Exercise:

D E F I N E I N I T I AT I V E S Exercise

General vision - Initiatives needed for realising the general vision: ...............................................

Subvision 2 - Initiatives needed for realising the subvision: ............................................................ ...........................................................................................................................................................

• •

Subvision 3 - Initiatives needed for realising the subvision: ............................................................ ...........................................................................................................................................................

• •

Subvision 1 - Initiatives needed for realising the subvision: ............................................................ ...........................................................................................................................................................

Subvision 4 - Initiatives needed for realising the subvision: ............................................................ ...........................................................................................................................................................

Guiding questions

WHY:

HOW:

TIME:

To do a overall list of initiatives that are needed to realise the vision and subvisions.

Go through the vision and subvisions, one by one, and discuss which initiatives are needed to realise the goal. Write all ideas down. Go through the guiding questions to initiate the discussion.

1 hour

- What is needed to create public attention and support for the vision? - Which initiatives and legal frameworks are necessary to prepare the site for development? - Which initiatives will ensure a positive sensory experience and human scale for the future site? - Which initiatives can kickstart the future cultural attractions of the site? - Which initiatives can preserve and develop the characteristics, identity and history of the site? - What is needed for improving the ‘anti-liveability’, and reinforcing the liveability aspects of the site? - Which initiatives are important for mapping the site’s prerequisites? - Which initiatives will ensure a sound and stable economy for the project?

PHASE 3

38


Initiatives - Summary:

D E S C R I B E I N I T I AT I V E S Exercise

Name of initiative:...............................................................................................................................

Name of initiative:...............................................................................................................................

Purpose of the initiative:......................................................................................................................

Purpose of the initiative:......................................................................................................................

Possible stakeholders: .......................................................................................................................

Possible stakeholders: .......................................................................................................................

How will the initiative help to realise the vision?..................................................................................

How will the initiative help to realise the vision?..................................................................................

Name of initiative:...............................................................................................................................

Purpose of the initiative:......................................................................................................................

Possible stakeholders: ....................................................................................................................... Map of site, context and/or town

How will the initiative help to realise the vision?..................................................................................

Name of initiative:...............................................................................................................................

Purpose of the initiative:...................................................................................................................... WHY:

HOW:

TIME:

Choose the essential initiatives and describe them.

Point out the most important and powerful initiatives and write their titles on the summary page. Place them on the map. Go through each initiative on the summary page and describe it.

1-1.5 hours depending on the amount of initiatives.

Possible stakeholders: .......................................................................................................................

How will the initiative help to realise the vision?..................................................................................

PHASE 3

39


I M P L E M E N TAT I O N 4. P H A S E 40


Implementation - Introduction:

I M P L E M E N TAT I O N WHY The aim of this exercise is to figure out the order in which initiatives should be applied so that the maximum value is extracted through development of the site. A description of the criterias for success should be defined here as well as possible stakeholders within each initiative.

Go through each initiative and place them in the matrix with an X and their title. Go through the guiding questions to initiate the discussion. Use about 30 minutes.

Exercise - filled in 10 minute break.

DURING THE RECAP Go through the guiding questions and the implementation matrix and organize the initiatives in the order you suggest to launch them. Connect them to the timeline. Use about 20 minutes.

WHO Planning department Landowners and important stakeholders Economists (revisit the dialogueplan)

Describe the criteria for success and possible stakeholders in all initiatives. Use about 40 minutes.

HOW - Find the relevant participants - Invite them to a workshop of 2 hours. - Print X numbers of the implementation exercise and summary. - Print the vision and the initiatives summary. - Bring extra paper or post-it notes to write down notes during the discussions.

REALITYCHECK

Phase 4.

- Check the results with other expert groups. - Go through the exercise and recap as many times as you need, to ensure a good foundation for the implementation of the vision. - It is highly recommended to do a cashflow model, that follows the development of the project and is be used for showing the economical consequences of different possible choices in the development of the project.

DURING THE EXERCISE

DIALOGUE

Revisit the vision and initiatives summary. Use about 10 minutes.

Revisit and reconsider the dialogueplan.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

ANALYSIS

VISION

INITIATIVES

IMPLEMENTATION

EVALUATION

WHEN

Sum up - filled in

DIALOGUE & REALITY CHECK

41


Implementation - Exercise:

I M P L E M E N TAT I O N M AT R I X High-cost

Exercise

High liveability impact

Low-cost

Low liveability impact

Guiding questions

WHY:

HOW:

TIME:

To map the cost and impact of the different initiatives, as preparation to describe the right order in which to launch them.

Go through each initiative and place them in the matrix with an X and their title. Go through the guiding questions to initiate the discussion.

00:30 mins.

- Which initiatives will have a high liveability impact on the site during or after the development? - Which initiatives will have a low liveability impact, but are still necessary? - Which initiatives can be based on voluntary work, take place in existing structures and buildings, or established for a smaller amount of money? - Which high-cost initiatives are more or less important to realize the vision? - Which initiatives will have a huge impact on the sensory experience and human scale of the site in the future?

PHASE 4

42


Implementation - Summary:

I M P L E M E N TAT I O N P L A N Stakeholders:.........................................................................

Criteria for success:..............................................................

Name of initiative:

Stakeholders:.........................................................................

Criteria for success:..............................................................

Name of initiative:

Stakeholders:.........................................................................

Criteria for success:..............................................................

Name of initiative:

Stakeholders:.........................................................................

Criteria for success:..............................................................

Name of initiative:

Stakeholders:.........................................................................

Criteria for success:..............................................................

Name of initiative:

Exercise

Exercise

Timeline

Guiding questions

WHY:

HOW:

TIME:

The aim of this exercise is to figure out in which order the initiatives should be applied, in order to bring the most value to the development of the site.

Go through the guiding questions and the implementation matrix to organize the initiatives in the order you suggest to launch them. Connect them to the timeline. Describe the criteria for success and possible stakeholders of all initiatives.

00:20 mins. + 00:40 mins.

- Which initiatives must be launched as preperation for transforming the site? - Which low-cost/high-impact initiatives could be used to attract new user groups early in the process? - Which low-cost/high-impact initiatives could be used to change the site identity early in the process? - Which high-cost/high-impact initiatives will play an important cultural role on the site, and might therefore be applied early in the process? - Which initiatives need large funding measures, and might therefore be applied later in the process? - Which initiatives are interdependent, and in which order? - Do these questions give new initiaitve ideas, that should be included in the plan?

PHASE 4

43


E VA L U AT I O N 5. P H A S E 44


Introduction:

E VA L U AT I O N WHY

HOW

This exercise and summary’s purpose is to form a preliminary plan on how to evaluate different initiatives and their liveablility performance, and to cultivate a long term perspective that ensures the direction of the development process.

- Decide which initiatives the exercise should focus on. - Define the relevant participants - Invite them to a workshop of 1-3 hours. - Print X numbers of the implementation exercise and summary. - Print the vision and the initiatives summary. - Bring extra paper or post-it notes to write down notes during the discussions.

How will the different initiatives progress, how do they function under construction and after completion, and how do they perform liveability-wise in the long run?

Exercise - filled in

WHEN Taking a holistic approach to the assessment of community and livability is important, because every place has unique strengths, and the experience of liveability is subjective. It is also important to define the most accurate indicators for the different initiatives needed to realize the vision. It is expected that the initiatives will be of varying character, complexity and time frame. Doing this exercise in advance will support an ongoing evaluation of the initiatives as they are realized, and maintain the focus on liveability.

Phase 5.

DURING THE EXERCISE Brainstorm which indicators are suitable for measuring how you experience liveability as a resident or visitor in the town. Write an overall list of possible indicators of liveability for each initiative. Go through the guiding questions to initiate the discussion. Use 10 minutes per initiative.

Sum up - filled

WHO The planning department Project groups - if established Data expert from the municipality (revisit the dialogueplan)

DURING THE SUM UP

This exercise can be used on all initiatives at the same time, the first ones to be launched, the most important ones, or the ones that will gain the most attention with the public.

Look at the box with examples of quality measurements and quantity measurements.

Go through each initiative and discuss the most relevant indicators that can and should be measured to evaluate the effects of the initiative.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

ANALYSIS

VISION

INITIATIVES

IMPLEMENTATION

EVALUATION

Go through the guiding questions to initiate the discussion. Use 10 minutes per initiative.

DIALOGUE & REALITY CHECK

REALITYCHECK - Discuss the suggestions with data experts from the municipality to check up on the possibilities for collecting the desired data. - Find inspiration for indicators in the project “Suggested Indicators & Toolbox”: https://www.regjeringen.no/contentassets/ df4aafdce9664bc0a93cf6f78fc64fcf/indicators_toolbox_attractive_nordic_towns_sweco.pdf

DIALOGUE Revisit and reconsider the dialogueplan.

45

in


Exercise:

I N D I C AT O R S O F L I V E A B I L I T Y Exercise

Name of initiative:........................................ .......................................................................

Name of initiative:........................................ .......................................................................

Name of initiative:........................................ .......................................................................

Name of initiative:........................................ .......................................................................

Criteria for success:..................................... .......................................................................

Criteria for success:..................................... .......................................................................

Criteria for success:..................................... .......................................................................

Criteria for success:..................................... .......................................................................

Liveability indicators:

Liveability indicators:

Liveability indicators:

Liveability indicators:

Guiding questions

WHY:

HOW:

TIME:

To describe the liveability indicators for each initiative.

Brainstorm which indicators are suitable for measuring how you experience liveability. Write an overall list of possible indicators for liveability on each initiative. Go through the guiding questions to initiate the discussion.

00:10 per. initiative.

- Which themes and topics on liveability did we aim to strengthen? - Did the initiative evolve during the process? - What is the most important indicator of liveability? - Are there indicators that will be experienced by the citizens? - What kind of indicators are perceived at eye level or at walking speed? - What kind of indicators are easy to communicate? - Should the indicators be given equal weight?

PHASE 5

46


Summary

MEASUREMENTS OF LIVEABILITY Exercise

Name of initiative:.......................................... ........................................................................

Name of initiative:.......................................... ........................................................................

Name of initiative:.......................................... ........................................................................

Name of initiative:.......................................... ........................................................................

What do we want to measure? ...................... ........................................................................

What do we want to measure? ...................... ........................................................................

What do we want to measure? ...................... ........................................................................

What do we want to measure? ...................... ........................................................................

How can it be measured? .............................. ........................................................................

How can it be measured? .............................. ........................................................................

How can it be measured? .............................. ........................................................................

How can it be measured? .............................. ........................................................................

Is quality or quantity the best measurement? ........................................................................

Is quality or quantity the best measurement? ........................................................................

Is quality or quantity the best measurement? ........................................................................

Is quality or quantity the best measurement? ........................................................................

Can existing data collections be used? ......... ........................................................................

Can existing data collections be used? ......... ........................................................................

Can existing data collections be used? ......... ........................................................................

Can existing data collections be used? ......... ........................................................................

Are there any uncertainties in the measurement?.............................................................. ........................................................................

Are there any uncertainties in the measurement?.............................................................. ........................................................................

Are there any uncertainties in the measurement?.............................................................. ........................................................................

Are there any uncertainties in the measurement?.............................................................. ........................................................................

Who can measure it? ..................................... ........................................................................

Who can measure it? ..................................... ........................................................................

Who can measure it? ..................................... ........................................................................

Who can measure it? ..................................... ........................................................................

When should it be measured? ....................... ........................................................................

When should it be measured? ....................... ........................................................................

When should it be measured? ....................... ........................................................................

When should it be measured? ....................... ........................................................................

Examples of quality measures

WHY:

HOW:

TIME:

To select and describe the best liveability measurement for each initiative, in order to evaluate on the success of the initiative and the realisation of the vision during or after the development proces.

Go through each initiative and discuss the most relevant indicators of the effects of the initiative. Check the examples of quality- and quantity measurements. Go through the guiding questions to initiate the discussion.

00:10 mins. per initiative.

- Media coverage - Various chart rankings - Vox pop - Interviews - Polls etc.

PHASE 5

47

Examples of quatity measures

- Measurements of e.g. air quality, water quality - Number of e.g. people in one place - Occurrence of wildlife - Distribution of bicycles and cars - Use of sports and cultural facilities - Green factor/Biofactor etc.


SITES, TOWNS AND CHALLENGES 48


Participating towns in the project:

TOWNS, SITES AND CHALLENGES TOWNS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THIS PROJECT

TYPES OF TOWNS

TYPES OF SITES

Four towns from the Nordic region, Akranes (Iceland), Middelfart (Denmark), Salo (Finland) and Växjö (Sweden), have participated in the project with their own development sites during the making of this toolbox.

The towns differ widly in types: Akranes, which used to be a picturesque fishing village with new expected growth, to Salo, which used to be one of the cornerstones of global tech industries before Nokia pulled out a decade ago setting off a crisis. Salo and Akranes are fairly recent towns, whereas Växjö and Middelfart have more urban, older historical roots through the Viking and Middle Ages. Växjö is the city with the most economic growth in its part of Sweden, and covers a large area with its 32 km2. The town is a regional growth engine. Middelfart is centrally placed in Denmark, and experiences a low rate of unemployment and a growing number of inhabitants. Within mobility, Salo, Middelfat and Växjö are all well connected to their countries main infrastructure by car and train. Salo is currently investigating the potential in a new hyperloop that will have a high speed connection to Helsinki in 10 minutes.

All the sites are transformation sites. The site in Akranes is an old habour, Salo’s site is a former marshalling yard centrally located in the town, and the last two are larger industrial areas, Middelfart’s site located close to the coastline and Växjö site surrounded by urban development.

ISLAND - AKRANES

DENMARK - MIDDELFART

FINLAND - SALO

SWEDEN - VÄXJÖ

TOWN LOCATION

TOWN LOCATION

TOWN LOCATION

TOWN LOCATION

Akranes lies in the outskirts of the metropolitan area, in West Iceland. The town is a the biggest one in West Iceland.

Middelfart is centrally located in the middle of Denmark on the Island Funen. The city is placed on the Peninsula and surrounded by the Sea Little Belt and connected to Jutland by two bridges.

The town is in the southern part of Finland, location between the two larger cities, Turku and Helsinki.

Växjö is the only regional core in the inlands of southeast Sweden. The neighboring city Alvesta in the west, located on the national railway network, is the closest collaborator.

PORTRAITS OF THE TOWNS The towns share their geographical distance from the capital region. They are all situated within close proximity to nature and greenery. They are all small and medium sized towns, but within the group there is a fairly big scale difference, from Akranes, the smallest with 7.400 inhabitants, to Växjö the largest with 66.275 inhabitants.

SITE

AKRANES

TYPES OF CHALLENGES Most of the towns lack young people and see a growing number of elderly. The towns struggle with car-based urban fabrics, and attemptat at getting a larger share of green mobility all year around. New human scaled development and development projects that reflect the identity and the context of the towns they are based in were some of the key discussions during the project.

S ALO

VÄXJÖ MIDDELFART

SITE Transport node transformation

Harbor transformation

SITE Brown field and big-box transformation

SITE Brown field transformation

49


Portrait:

M I D D E L FA R T

“This is where the Bridges begins�



INFO Inhabitants: 15.540 Distances: 209 km (by road) to the capital Copenhagen Approx: 1.75 hours by train Approx: 2.25 hours by car

TRANSFORMATION SITE

  

  

 







  

 





Size: Approx: 7 km2 Origin: 13th century

1:5000

CHALLENGES

POSSIBILITIES

TOOLS, VISIONPAPERS AND PROCESSES

- Demographic change in Middelfart Municipality showed a decrease in the younger population in Middelfart Municipality as they move to larger cities with facilities for higher education. The population is getting increasingly older.

- Green and blue solutions – the Climate City, the most beautiful climate adaptation in Denmark and Climate Laboratory, showroom for climate projects 1:1.

- The town council´s Visionpaper - “This is where the Bridges begins�

- It is a challenge to shift from individual projects to a holistic development model for the city. - The changing structure of the core of the city.

- The overall Plan of the Municipality – “KommunePlan� - There is a long tradition of co-creation in the town council but also with the citizens and the businesses. Focus on concrete results – short way from thought to action.

- Developmentplan for the citycenter – “Mulighedernes Middelfart�

- Middelfart is centrally located in the middle of the country, surrounded by forests and the Sea Little Belt.

- Planning process including dialogues with different stakeholders.

50


Portrait:

T R A N S F O R M AT I O N S I T E M I D D E L FA R T TRANSFORMATION SITE The new development plan for Middelfart central city included an expanded urban area in a former industrial site which we wished to transform into a mix of residential and commercial. The transformations area is located in the north-east part of the city in one of the centrallly located industrial areas. The site seems empty and abandoned with many solid surfaces and outdoor storage of materials.

SIZE:

1000 M

The area is about 33 ha

500 M

VISION

TRANSFORMATION SITE

MIDDELFART TOWN CENTER

N

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

IMPLEMENTATION

EVALUATION

Support the city life and quality of Middelfart through creation of new connections that knit the existing city and its functions together and create new ones to the city center, the waterfront and the belt. Also develop a very special urban neighborhood in Middelfart where community and sustainability are primary turning points.

INITIATIVES

500 m

VISION

Our goal is to transform the old business area into a new, attractive and sustainable urban neighborhood - close to both the water and the center. The area has huge potential, among other things, based on its location at the nexus of city and nature. We want to bring that into play in the development of a dense and sustainable neighborhood that places community and diversity as the focal point with room for many different types of ownership, housing typologies and residents.

ANALYSIS

Falstersvej / Fynsvej district is one of Middelfart’s oldest business areas, but is being phased out as a industrial area. The site has been designated in the municipal plan as a transformation area and is located in an isolated commercial area in the eastern part of the city, with a view to the center, the belt and the bridges. The area northeast of the Falstervej / Fynsvej neighborhood has been planned for residential buildings with the initial housing already established.

33 HA

1:1000

Support Middelfart as Climate Laboratory by transforming the existing business area to Middelfart’s Climate Quarter 2.0.

DIALOGUE & REALITY CHECK

USE OF THE TOOLBOX The work with the site has not begun yet, but the toolbox has been tested with a group of members from different departments in the municipality administration. This “testing test” has been usefull, and we feel more prepared. We tested the liveability and anti-liveability mapping, and the liveability focus with the circles.

51


Portrait:

“In Finnish salo means woodland, backwoods but also a wooded island�

SALO



INFO Inhabitants: 52.312 Distances: 116 km (by road) to the capital Helsinki Approx: 1.5 hours by train (future 1 hour) Approx: 1.5 hours by car

TRANSFORMATION SITE

  

  

 







  

 





Size: Approx: 8 km2 Origin: Town status: 1960

1:5000

CHALLENGES

POSSIBILITIES

TOOLS, VISIONPAPERS AND PROCESES

- Population loss, number of elderly rising and birth rate declining.

- Location at the heart of the most active region in Finland.

- Strategy of the city - Strategies key projects - Business policy - The annual city planning program - Province plan, urban development plan and city plans - Reports - City center development plans - Planning processes - Dialogues and engagement of all partners

- Warm and welcoming small-town atmosphere. - Unemployment rate. - Availability of skilled labor.

- Salo is a vibrant hub of commercial activity and well known for its ICT business.

52


Portrait:

T R A N S F O R M AT I O N S I T E S A L O TRANSFORMATION SITE Location: The site is northwest of the Salo city center. The area is bordered to the west by Turku-Helsinki railway. Meriniitty business area is situated on the west side of the railway as the Salo IOT Campus (the former Nokia area).

11 HA

Characteristics: Part of the site is a former industrial and railway area which lies vacant as undeveloped brown field. On the other hand, Salo art museum is situated on the site. History: The area has mainly been used for railways or railsway related functions.

SIZE:

11 HA

About 11 hectare

1000 M

TRANSFORMATION SITE

Challenges: City center is disconnected visually to the transformation area. The gateway to the city from the train station doesen’t work and passangers don’t reconize the city center’s location. The industrial land use is finished and there is no alternative or additional use nowadays. The safe and direct traffic connection over or under the railway is missing between Meriniitty industrial area and Salo city center. The railway traffic can make noise and tremors.

500 M

SALO TOWN CENTER

700 m

© 2018 Google

3.

4.

5.

IMPLEMENTATION

EVALUATION

The high-speed rail link- called the One Hour Train- between Helsinki and Turku is under planning. A reduced travel time would, through improved accessibility, expand employment and labour market options. Moreover, this would widen the business areas of companies, promote tourism and enhance the attractiveness and competitiveness of the Salo city. So our goal is to to utilize the potential of developing high-speed rail link and transform the station area into attractive, versatile and liveability urban environment.

2.

INITIATIVES

VISION

1.

VISION

Possibilities: The development of the area improves the attractiviness and liveability in Salo city center as well as the wider cityscape. It is possible to build a new travel center near the railway and connect both bus and railway traffic. New traffic connections over or under the railway brings flexibility and improves movement between the city center and Meriniitty.

ANALYSIS

© 2018 Google

1:1000

USE OF THE TOOLBOX DIALOGUE & REALITY CHECK The toolbox was piloted in another project. Toolbox will be very useful in future.

53


Portrait:

VĂ„XJĂ–

“The regional city – a core in a cooperative region�



INFO Inhabitants: 66.275 Distances: 420 km (by road) to the capital Helsinki Approx: 3.5 hours by train Approx: 4.75 hours by car

  

  

 

 



  

 





TRANSFORMATION SITE

Size: Approx: 32 km2 Origin: Town status: 1342

1:5000

CHALLENGES

POSSIBILITIES

TOOLS, VISIONPAPERS AND PROCESES

VäxjÜ has positive demographic growth in both younger and older inhabitants. Although VäxjÜ has a university that attracts students from all over Sweden, the town struggles to keep the students living in VäxjÜ after they are finished with their education.

VäxjÜ has had unemployment decreases over the last years. The municipality’s financial situation is relatively good compared to other municipalities in Sweden. VäxjÜ is the city with the most economic growth in this part of Sweden and there are no obvious competitors in the region. Regional GDP growht is more than the national GDP.

The town’s vision and goals are formulated in the master plan for VäxjÜ and are as following: - The regional city – a core in a cooperative region - The city of lakes and parks with nature just around the corner - A dense and mixed-use city with passenger traffic by foot, bicycle or public transport - A city for all that promotes, safety, security and health - A polycentric city where the center has kept its small-scale charm - Bold new architecture with respect for history The master plan for the city of VäxjÜ also contains three guiding principles for planning the city to fulfill the goals: - Develop four city cores/centres - A dense, mixed-use radial city - Green & blue wedges inbetween A new and updated master plan is in the works and is expected to be ready in 2020. 54


Portrait:

T R A N S F O R M AT I O N S I T E V Ä X J Ö LOCATION AND ROLE IN THE REGION

VISION

The transformation site is located between a 1950’s housing area to the east, Växjö’s sports and arena area to the west and an industrial area to the north. The site contains businesses that are of some importance to the city but not much in a regional aspect.

The outlines of the vison have been formulated but not completely finished yet. The general vision is so far: A living and sustainable area that knits together different parts of the city. The vision was then broken down into four subvisions that so far only consist of headlines that need full explanations. The four headlines are: renew, mix, open up and connect.

CHARACTERISTICS

1000 M

1:1000

SIZE

We think the toolbox has provided us the tools to plan for an attractive and sustainable area in a structured and efficient way.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5. EVALUATION

Possibilities: The possibilities of the area are not as evident as the challenges and are a bit harder to identify. The area’s location close to the city centre and the proximity to Växjö’s sports and arena area, but also to two external shopping areas is the transformation area’s strongest potential. The location gives the area good connections and short distances to move by bike, bus and car.

500 M

VÄXJÖ TOWN CENTER

IMPLEMENTATION

The transformation site has quite a lot of challenges to deal with. The largest one is probably that there is virtually no greenery at all. The area is also at a natural low point in the landscape which makes it very vulnerable to flooding in the storm water system. Other challenges are high amounts of traffic that cause noise and congestion, the lack of residents that leaves the area empty after closing hours and also ground pollution from heavy industrial use.

TRANSFORMATION SITE

INITIATIVES

CHALLENGES

The whole toolbox has come to good use, not only in this development project, but also in other planning projects in Växjö. The dialogueplan was used and discussed early in the planning process. We decided to focus om the property owners in the area, with whom we had both individual meetings and common meetings throughout the process. The property owners are still involved with the planning process. When the planning suggestion is ready there will be dialogue meetings with the politicians and the public according to the Swedish building legislation. The livability mapping/anti livability mapping, livability focus and vision parts of the toolbox were all used during a one-day workshop with the project group containing planners and different experts. It worked really well using the toolbox for one workshop. We made the mapping shorter in time, just to understand the area and we let the livability focus take most of the time. The discussions during the workshop were rewarding. We also interviewed the property owners about what they think is important considering the livability focus and their vision for the area. The workshop resulted in the formulation of three guidelines that make out the foundation for the initiatives which we continue to work on and of the planning suggestion for the development area.

VISION

History: The development area is Växjö’s oldest dedicated industrial area. The planning began in the 1930-40’s when the need for industrial facilities grew. The first buildings were erected in the beginning of the 1950’s in the southern parts of the area and then grew north.

USE OF THE TOOLBOX

ANALYSIS

The transformation site consists of five huge blocks. The size of the blocks vary, but all of them are much larger than the traditional city block. Although the buildings vary in terms of style and expression, they still seem cohesive because of their similar low height and large-scale length. The spaces between the buildings are paved and dominated by parking spaces and loading areas. The area has no residents.

34 HA

The area is approx. 34 acres big. It’s 1000 meters long and approx. 300 meters wide.

DIALOGUE & REALITY CHECK

Image © 2019 Maxar Technologies © 2018 Google Image © 2019 Maxar Technologies © 2018 Google

55

700 m


“A fishing village, but has seen a boom in residency in the past few years�

Portrait:

AKRANES

 

INFO Inhabitants: 7.411 Distances: 20 km to the capital Reykjavik Approx: 1.5 hours by bus Approx: 0.75 hours by car Size: 3,1 km²

1:5000

AKRANES LOCATION

POSSIBILITIES

Akranes is located in the outskirts of the ReykjavĂ­k metropolitan area in West Iceland. The municipality has 7400 inhabitants and is around 20 km north of the capital ReykjavĂ­k though almost 50 km by driving. It is the the largest town in West Iceland.

Akranes has various opportunities and excellent qualities to attract the value of knowledge, experience, and creativity. Its attraction lies particularly in proximity to the country’s largest growth area in the capital of Reykjavik as well as in lower real estate prices. There is also a lot of attraction in the origin and location of the town and a unique opportunity in an industrial renovation where the old cement factory served. All in all, the industrial area of the town can serve as an important role in urban renewal, where diverse and vibrant conditions can be created for facilities with sustainable and creative activities and good connections with the surrounding area, as well as improved public transportation to the metropolitan center.

The potential growth of Akranes will depend on the increased role of sustainable and creative activities in a modern economy. There has been a lack of diversity in the business sector, but today the inhabitants are looking towards increased development of the food and tourism industry, among other things. Akranes could become a “bedroom-communityâ€? on the outskirts of ReykjavĂ­k with a monotonous economy.

  

 

 



  

 





TRANSFORMATION AREA

Origin: Akranes was settled in the 9th century. Town status: 1942

CHALLENGES

  

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Portrait:

PROJECT SITE AKRANES TRANSFORMATION SITE The site covers a former industrial area in the heart of town. The organization of the area is a major and important task that plays a key role in the urban renewal of the municipality. There is also a good supply of housing in Akranes, which is cheaper than the capital. The industrial area of the town can serve an important role in urban renewal, where diverse and vibrant conditions can be created for facilities with sustainable and creative activities and good connections to the surrounding area, city center, the harbor and Langisandur beach, as well as an improved public transportation to the metropolitan center.

9 HA

1000 M

SIZE: About 9 ha

500 M VISION

TRANSFORMATION AREA

TOWN CENTER

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

INITIATIVES

IMPLEMENTATION

EVALUATION

Image © 2019 CNES / Airbus

VISION

N Image © 2019 CNES / Airbus

ANALYSIS

The goal is to transform the old cement factory site into a new, attractive and sustainable urban area. The area has large potential - based on its location between the coastline and center. It is close to the harbor, Langisandur beach and the city center. A mixed-use of housing and different types of ownership working within the sustainable goals create a special urban site.

1:1000 DIALOGUE & REALITY CHECK

USE OF THE TOOLBOX The work with the site has not begun yet and the toolbox hasn’t been used at all, neither in the planning process nor the discussion with stakeholders. However, it will hopefully be used in the future.

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600 m


EPILOGUE 58


EPILOGUE

We hope you find the toolbox inspirational and useful for structuring the proces, the dialogue with the actors, the creation of a vision and implementation of it at your urban transformationsite. Feel free to contact any of us for tips, tricks and 1:1 experience with using the toolbox and work with urban transformation projects. Kind regards, The workgroup and consultants

GROUP COORDINATOR:

CONSULTANTS TEAM PROJECTLEADER:

Kristin Omholt-Jensen Senior advisor The Norwegian Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation Kristin.Omholt-Jensen@kmd.dep.no

Sofie Yde Creative director at Arkitema Architects, Urban planning info-danmark@arkitema.dk sofy@arkitema.dk

GROUPLEADER:

CONSULTANTS TEAM EXPERT:

Mika Mannervesi Director, City Development Services kirjaamo​@​salo.​fi Mika.Mannervesi@salo.fi

Lin Skaufel Urban planner and founding partner at Everyday Studio lin@skaufel.dk

CONSULTANTS TEAM EXPERT: Mette Lis Andersen Director at Fru Andersen Former CEO at Realdania mettelis.andersen@gmail.com

GROUPMEMBER: VÄXJÖ Rebecca Martinsson Head of planning info@vaxjo.se rebecca.Martinsson@vaxjo.se

GROUPMEMBER: MIDDELFART Kirsten Bruun Plougmand Urban planner middelfart@middelfart.dk kirstenbruun.plougmand@middelfart.dk

GROUPMEMBER: AKRANES Helena Guttormsdóttir Lector M.Art.Ed. https://www.akranes.is/ helena@lbhi.is

GROUPMEMBER: SALO Riikka Nurmi Special Advisor, City Development kirjaamo​@​salo.​fi riikka.Nurmi@salo.fi

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LIVEABILITY TOOLBOX - LIVEABILITY AND BUSINESS ATTRACTIVENESS IN URBAN TRANSFORMATION - NOVEMBER 2019 - ARKITEMA & EVERYDAY STUDIO & FRU ANDERSEN

Profile for Arkitema Architects

Livability Toolbox  

Livability and business attractiveness in urban transformation.

Livability Toolbox  

Livability and business attractiveness in urban transformation.

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