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June 14, 2019 11 Sivan 5779 Volume 75, Issue 12

S O U T H E R N A R I Z O N A ’ S A WA R D - W I N N I N G J E W I S H N E W S PA P E R S I N C E 1 9 4 6

Classifieds ..............................11 Commentary ..........................6 Community Calendar........... 21 Israel ..................................... 19 Local .........................3, 5, 8, 9, ...............10, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18 News Briefs ..........................24 Obituary................................22 Our Town ..............................23 Synagogue Directory...........22 World .....................................11 SUMMER SCHEDULE The last print edition for the summer will be July 12, 2019. Look for our next print edition on Aug. 16, 2019. GOING AWAY? Remember to stop delivery of the AJP at least a week before you leave town.

PHYLLIS BRAUN AJP Executive Editor


ast month, Tucson Hebrew Academy graduate Davis Yalen had the kind of Israel experience every Jewish parent and educator dreams of. He enjoyed floating in the Dead Sea: “It was such a cool experience, because I’ve heard about it, and learned about it in school.” Riding on the world’s second longest zipline, in Gush Etzion, was “super fun.” And visiting the valley where David fought Goliath, he says, “I really felt the connection to what actually happened there. “But I think my favorite part of the trip was the Western Wall,” Davis says. “When I put on tefillin, and I went close to the wall, and I said Sh’ma, it was such a different experience. I felt my Jewish identity instantly become stronger.” Davis traveled to Israel May 1223 with 12 eighth-grade classmates and two teachers from THA. It was THA’s 18th Israel trip,

Photo courtesy Tucson Hebrew Academy

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Long-awaited Israel trip is ‘amazing’ for THA eighth-graders

Participants on Tucson Hebrew Academy’s 18th annual eighth grade Israel trip and their Partnership2Gether school twinning counterparts on Zikim Beach in southern Israel, May 2019. Standing, from left: Adi Shacham, Hodaya Shoshani, Yuval Cohen, Carly Wright, Ziv Yona, Lily Goldberg, Robin Garcia, Yoni Green, Yuval Nir, Gaya Benaim, Lila Season, Adamari ‘Mari’ Pasillas, Ben O., and Ziv Gibli; seated: Noam Amitay, Avia Gez, Talya Fleisher, Isabella ‘Izzy’ Garcia, Rylee Herman, Dahlia Tolby, Hadlie Polonski, Orli Levy, Eitan Otmasgin, Shahar Kahana, Davis Yalen, Bodhi Teufel, and Eli Kahana

says Rabbi Billy Lewkowicz, the school’s director of Judaics and Hebrew. Although Lewkowicz did not serve as a chaperone this year, he notes that the kids had the benefit of being accompanied by Yoni Green, an Israeli native who taught at THA the past two years,

and first-grade teacher Robin Garcia. Their group also included a tour guide and two Israelis in their 20s from the tour company. One big thrill for the students, says Lewkowicz, was meeting their friends from Tucson’s Partnership2Gether region of Kiryat

Malachi and Hof Ashkelon face to face, after a year of texting and Skyping with them as part of the Weintraub Israel Center’s school twinning program. After looking forward to the trip through all their years at See THA, page 2

Tucson interfaith rally draws support for activist Warren migrants taking refuge there also were arrested.

DEBE CAMPBELL AJP Assistant Editor


ozens of faith leaders from across Southwestern borderlands, including two local rabbis, rallied June 5 in front of the U.S. District Courthouse in downtown Tucson in solidarity with Arizona State University geography instructor and activist Scott Warren, Ph.D. A volunteer with the Tucson-based aid group No More Deaths, Warren was arrested Jan. 18, 2018, in Ajo, Arizona, a town about 40 miles north of the border, at a house used by

With the jury deadlocked 8-4 on all three charges after three days of deliberation, U.S. District Court Judge Raner C. Collins declared a hung jury Tuesday, setting a July 2 hearing on the possibility of a retrial.

Photo: Debe Campbell/AJP


w w w. a z j e w i s h p o s t . c o m

Rabbi Stephanie Aaron, far right, is flanked by other local faith leaders as she addresses a crowd in front of the U.S. District Court in downtown Tucson on June 5.

aid and rescue groups to stage work in the surrounding Sonoran

Desert, including providing food and water on migrant routes. Two

No More Deaths is a humanitarian organization under the auspices of the Unitarian Universalist Church of Tucson with a mission to end death and suffering of migrants in the U.S.-Mexico borderlands. Warren, whose trial began May 30,

CANDLELIGHTING TIMES: June 14 ... 7:14 p.m • June 21 ... 7:16 p.m. • June 28 ... 7:17 p.m.

See Rally, page 4

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During Tucson Hebrew Academy’s eighth-grade trip in May 2019, THA graduates join men praying at the Western Wall. From left, Ben O., Davis Yalen, Bodhi Teufel, and Eli Kahana

Tucson Hebrew Academy students visit the ancient village of Tzipori, where the Talmud was written, as part of the THA eighth-grade trip in May 2019. (L-R): Lily Goldberg, Lila Dessen, Eli Kahana, Bodhi Teufel, Adamari Pasillas, and Isabella Garcia

THA continued from page 1

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THA, says Green, the students “expect a lot, but when they started to feel it and get into it, it was much more than they expected.” At one point, he heard one of the kids say, “We have a home in Arizona and another home here.” Perhaps the most special moment for the students, he says, was when they saw the Western Wall for the first time. “It was at night, and I had them cover their eyes, and then when they walked in front of the wall and uncovered their eyes … it was a very emotional moment for them and for us.” For Green, the trip was eye-opening. “I was in all these places before, but it was very unique to see it through the kids’ eyes,” he says. Hadlie Polonski, who attended THA

from first through eighth grades, says the trip was “amazing.” Kayaking on the Jordan River was “a major highlight” for her. “It was a lot of fun, and it was really great to bond in a different way,” she says. She also got a charge out of the zip-line adventure. Shabbat at the Western Wall was another favorite moment. “It was a different experience than anything we’ve had in Tucson,” she says. “We were split up, but on the girls’ side, we were dancing and singing and praying. It was a lot of fun.” Although the THA classmates were close before the trip, Hadlie says, “it was completely different living with them for 10 days — but it was really great.” Funding for the trip included grants from the Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona and Jewish Community Foundation of Southern Arizona, which supplemented fundraising by students and parents.

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Shinshiniyot b’not mitzvah to precede farewell

Rotem Rapaport (L) and Ron Benacot cherish their year as Israeli emissaries to Tucson.

DEBE CAMPBELL AJP Assistant Editor


eintraub Israel Center’s shinshiniyot (Israeli teen emissaries), Ron Benacot and Rotem Rapaport, will be called to the Torah as b’not mitzvah Saturday, June 15 at Temple Emanu-El. “I had my bat mitzvah when I was 12,” said Benacot, “but where I grew up in Israel, it’s not common for girls to read the Torah, only boys.” “The boys would’ve read the Torah at the age of 13 and have a party, and the girls would’ve only had the party at the age of 12,” said Rapaport. “I made the decision together with Ron,” said Rapaport of the ceremony, “because we thought it will be a good experience to have before going back to Israel. When we had the opportunity I thought it will be a once-in-a-life-time chance and that I should take it.” “Rabbi (Batsheva) Appel explained the process and we thought it could be a cool thing to do and to experience before going back to Israel,” Benacot added. The girls’ parents will not be present for the event. “But I hope a lot of my ‘Tucson family’ will come and my parents will get a video or watch live on FaceTime,” Benacot says. “I got very close to my Jewish identity this year and I know having a bat mitzvah here will be something I will never forget.” “For me, this opportunity symbolizes the journey I’ve been through this entire year, opening up to new experiences, learning about the Jewish life from people that I love, and getting love and support from this amazing community,” says Rappaport. “This chance is a great way to summarize the year for me, and I couldn’t be more grateful for getting it. My parents fully support me from Israel, and they are proud of me for making this step. And I feel their love and support all the way

from Israel to here.” The shinshinim program brings Israeli spirit to people in Tucson and provides informal programming to build Jewish identity and educate children and adults about the land of Israel. The emissaries work with various agencies and synagogues during their year of service. After nearly a year in Tucson, Rapaport returns to Israel on June 30 and Benacot July 10. Following their year abroad, they begin military service in Israel. There also is a farewell party for them on Tuesday, June 25, at the Tucson Jewish Community Center pool. “When I leave I will miss a lot of things but mostly the people here,” Benacot says. “The community here is amazing. People are nice and welcoming and I made friends for life. I hope a lot of them will come to Israel to visit me!” Rappaport agrees. “Although there are a lot of great things that I love about Tucson, I think the thing I will miss the most is the people and the feeling of community. Every person I met is so welcoming and loving. Going through this year amongst these amazing people was the thing that I will miss and cherish the most, and it will be forever a piece in my heart.” “I think that one of the moments that will always be in my heart is our last day at Tucson Hebrew Academy,” says Benacot. “The kids gave us notes that they made for us, the school and the teachers thanked us, and we got to thank them back. It was very sad and emotional, just like every last day I had in the different organizations around the Jewish community.” The Shabbat morning service at Temple Emanu-El is at 10 a.m. All are welcome to join in celebrating with the shinshinyot, and stay for the kiddush lunch afterward. For more information, or to contribute to the dairy/vegetarian lunch, call 327-4501. The farewell pool party also is free, from 5:30 to 7 p.m. at the J, 299-3000. June 14, 2019, ARIZONA JEWISH POST


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compassion are on trial. And, there are more people dying in the desert right now.” continued from page 1 Buddhist monk Ajahn Sarayut Arnanta of Wat Buddhametta in Tucson concurred. “It is our right by the pleaded not guilty to three felony charges: one count of constitution to practice what we believe. The practice of conspiracy to transport and harbor, and two counts of compassion and loving-kindness in this crisis are under harboring undocumented immigrants. This is the first attack. Acts of compassion and loving-kindness should time in more than a decade that a Southern Arizona never be a crime.” “Dr. Warren provided humanitarian aid to those in border-aid volunteer has been charged with smuggling need. Islam commands and humans. Warren faced up to supports taking in the op20 years in prison. pressed, those escaping conSpanning 120,000 square flict and feeding the hungry,” miles along the U.S.-Mexico said Imam Watheq Alobaidi border, the Sonoran Desert of the Tucson Muslim Comis a sparsely populated, harsh — Rabbi Hazzan Avraham Alpert munity Center. “May God environment without water. bless our refugees and those The desert south and west of Tucson, 70 miles north of the border, is among the who assist them,” he added, noting that Adam was the busiest and deadliest crossing points from Mexico. Tuc- first refugee on earth. “The Torah demands you must know the heart of the son-based Humane Borders data counts 3,339 migrant deaths across southern Arizona between 1999 and 2018. stranger,” said Rabbi Stephanie Aaron of Congregation U.S. Code 1324 on bringing in and harboring certain Chaverim in Tucson. “We will act so any stranger will aliens, applies criminal penalties, in section A-iii, to any find our open hearts and hands to love, cherish, give person who “knowing or in reckless disregard of the food and water. We laud the actions taken by Dr. Warfact that an alien has come to, entered, or remains in the ren and link our souls to him in unity.” “Locking someone up doesn’t fix what they did,” United States in violation of law, conceals, harbors, or shields from detection, or attempts to conceal, harbor, Rabbi Hazzan Avraham Alpert of Tucson’s Congregaor shield from detection, such alien in any place, includ- tion Bet Shalom told the AJP, noting that the Torah calls for repairing the harm done. “But the idea that someone ing any building or any means of transportation.” Rev. Alison Harrington of Tucson’s Southside Presby- shouldn’t give essential help to someone in need is abterian Church emceed the 8 a. m. interfaith rally, saying, surd. All people need to wonder what are the core values “They may call this a crime of harboring, but we call it that our teachings show us and realize that human isacting on the principles of our faith. If they are hell-bent sues transcend boundaries. Who comes in the country on criminalizing kindness and compassion, then charge is a separate issue from whether we can give people humanitarian aid.” me. I am guilty.” Rev. Bruce Reyes-Chow, a descendant of Filipino and “Laws are meant to protect the vulnerable,” said Verlon Jose, vice-chairman of the Tohono O’odham Nation, Chinese immigrants and pastor of First Presbyterian a reservation that is surrounded by the Sonoran Desert. Church, Palo Alto, California, called for repentance for “If someone shows up at your door, you give them food “Those who choose to criminalize the honor of saving the life of a stranger.” and water.” “These migrants striving for a better life are not difMoving across Congress Avenue to the steps of the ferent than us,” said Rev. Madison T. Shockley II of Pil- courthouse, the group of about 100 participated in a grim United Church of Christ in Carlsbad, California. water litany, chanting “water is life.” Water was blessed, “They are the same as us. Every human, not every citi- and a prayer said over Warren, who joined the rally bezen, has the inalienable right to freedom and pursuit of fore entering the courthouse for the day’s trial. Rev. Bart happiness. The question is, are they human? But the real Smith of St. Mark’s Presbyterian Church, Tucson, and question being decided today, is not are they humans, Rt. Rev. Bob Jones, retired Episcopal Bishop of Wyobut are we humans?” ming, blessed the crowd with sprinkled water. Rev. Dot“We cannot pretend everything is okay,” said Rev. tie Escobedo-Frank of Catalina Methodist Church in Matthew Funke Crary of Borderlands Unitarian Uni- Tucson gave a closing prayer and Rev. Neal Anderson versalist Church in Amado, Arizona, halfway between of Mt. Diablo Unitarian Universalist Church in Walnut Tucson and the Mexican border. “Today, kindness and Creek, California, gave a closing benediction.


“Who comes in the country is a separate issue from humanitarian aid.”

LOCAL Community volunteers recognized for outstanding work DEBE CAMPBELL AJP Assistant Editor


his is part two of a series on the Jewish agency volunteers who received 2019 Special Recognition Awards at the Jewish Community Awards celebration held May 9 at the Tucson Jewish Community Center. The evening also included the Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona’s annual meeting. Ellen Saltonstall, Jewish History Museum/Holocaust History Center A middle school, elementary and special education teacher for 42 years in rural Vermont, Ellen Saltonstall pioneered Holocaust studies in her school district. When she and her husband, Stephen, reEllen Saltonstall located to Tucson, she headed to the Jewish History Museum to volunteer as a docent. “I really think it is an important part of the community,” she says. Still focusing on students, Saltonstall works with classrooms to pre-teach vocabulary and help plan curriculum before a visit to the museum and follows up with the class after a visit. “I taught the Holocaust for so many years,” she says, her box is still full of tools. Her docent role also helps her learn more about local history. “It has broadened my understanding of the Southwest and my perspective of history. It also has connected me more to my own Jewish identity,” says Saltonstall. “That’s my temple …. that’s where I go.” Saltonstall also was recognized by the museum this year as the Ray Davies Educator of the Year, notes Hedy Feuer, board president of the museum board. Saltonstall is active in Brandeis National Committee Tucson Chapter and with Stephen, participates in the Jaguar Club of Southern Arizona and supports the Arizona Theatre Company. Mary Cochran Wolk, Tucson Jewish Community Center Mary Cochran Wolk finds work as a pediatrician “far more rewarding than any other work I can imagine doing.” Yet she juggles work at the Mesquite Pediatrics clinic she founded in 2005 and her love of the outdoors with a deep commitment to commuMary Cochran Wolk

nity activism. If she and husband Robert are not out hiking, kayaking or swimming, you may find them volunteering at the Festival of Books, Be Safe Saturday, or El Tour de Tucson. “We live in the community, and if everyone gives a little bit to the community, the entire city will be a better place,” she says. “The more everybody steps out of their box and does something for someone else, the more you’re going to learn and probably the more fun you’re going to have.” “No one better honors and lives the values and mission of the J,” said Isaac Rothschild, the J’s board chair, in presenting the award. Cochran Wolk is extremely active in health programs, Rothschild noted. “She has endless energy focused on the big issues — literacy, health, and those that are most in need, such as refugees. All of the J’s programs became richer through her guidance. And she is the best mentor for those of us lucky enough to serve on the board.” She is the immediate past chair of the J’s board of directors and chaired the J and JFSA’s Weintraub Israel Center second multi-faith mission to Israel in 2018. She has served on the boards of Catholic Community Services of Southern Arizona, the Sickle Cell Foundation of Arizona, Tucson Medical Center, TMC Pediatric Hospice, and Tu Nidito, among others. Dana Narter, University of Arizona Hillel Foundation Dana Narter, Ph.D., is an associate professor in the psychology department at the University of Arizona College of Science. “Despite her workload at the university, she always has managed to find the energy to devote time to Dana Narter UA Hillel Foundation as a volunteer,” said Thomas Sayler-Brown, board chair. Narter joined the UA Hillel board in 2014, serving on the board development and strategic planning committees. “It has truly been a privilege to have had Dana’s support, counsel, and friendship before and during my tenure as board chair,” said Sayler-Brown. Narter chaired or cochaired the foundation’s fundraiser for the past three years, “driving the biggest event we hold annually, helping to fundraise for all of Hillel’s programs,” said Michelle Blumenberg, Hillel’s executive director. Narter’s activity within Tucson’s Jewish community also has included serving on JFSA’s board and Congregation Or Chadash’s accreditation committee.




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COMMENTARY What the biblical Boaz can teach men in power in the age of #MeToo RABBI DONNA KIRSHBAUM and RABBI RICHARD HIRSH JTA

Photo: Wikimedia Commons


have ordered the men not to molest you.” (Ruth 2:9) With these words, Boaz, the wealthy landowner, tells Ruth, the destitute Moabite, a stranger in Bethlehem, that she is not only free to glean in his fields and to gather what the reapers may drop, but that she will be safe while doing so. Although Ruth does not work for Boaz, her situation is not unlike that of women today who depend for their livelihoods on men with power. As such, the Book of Ruth — which is read on Shavuot, the Jewish festival we celebrated earlier this week — offers some valuable insights about correcting for these imbalances of power. Ruth’s story offers a narrative example of a Torah law about gleaning. The Torah teaches that “when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap all the way to

‘Ruth in Boaz’s Field’ by Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, 1828.

the edges of your field, or gather the gleanings of your harvest. You shall not pick your vineyard bare, or gather the fallen fruit of your vineyard; you shall leave them for the poor and the stranger.” (Leviticus 19:9-10) While this imperative allows the vul-

nerable and needy to reap a modicum of sustenance, the Torah gives no indication of whether such an act should be done graciously or grudgingly — or even if it matters. We can well imagine that the owner of a field might allow gleaning and gathering, but still harass — or allow his workers to

harass — the poor who appear on its edges during harvest. Rules and laws alone do not necessarily change attitudes among those forced to comply. Perhaps that is why “when [Ruth] got up again to glean, Boaz gave orders to his workers, ‘You are not only to let her glean among the sheaves, without interference, but you must also pull some [stalks] out of the heaps and leave them for her to glean, and not harass her.’” (Ruth 2:15) In reminding his (male) fieldworkers not to harass Ruth, Boaz hints at the tenacity with which entrenched behaviors persist. He also models the attitudinal shift that strengthens the action he takes. He offers respect, generosity and kindness to Ruth — well beyond the equivalent of minimal compliance with a nonharassment policy. The Book of Ruth can also open a discussion about a particularly egregious form of contemporary workplace See Boaz, page 7

In Judaism, abortion is not a right — and pregnancy is a responsibility RABBI AVI SHAFRAN JTA NEW YORK Editor’s note: This article is a response to an article published in the May 31 issue of the AJP, “What Jewish law says about abortion — why we can’t stay on the sidelines.” s in all life matters, when it comes to abortion, Judaism doesn’t speak of rights but of responsibilities and obligations. Seeing things through that lens can be a real eye opener.


The concept of “rights” is deeply ingrained in our Western minds. We rarely stop to question it. But the idea, as wonderful as it is and as helpful as it has been to humanity, doesn’t coexist very cozily with a fundamental Jewish truth: Everything benefiting us isn’t due us, but is rather a gift that we are charged to use responsibly in the service of something higher than ourselves. We have no legal or moral claim on financial success, happy marriages, health or good fortune — no “right” to any of those

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things — in Jewish law or in the Bill of Rights. In addition to having no right to such things, Judaism also teaches that we have a fundamental obligation to act responsibly toward others. While the much-invoked aphorism “the right to swing my fist ends where the other man’s nose begins” may well reflect the American legal approach, Judaism sees the assailant who doesn’t stop at a nose not as having violated the nose-owner’s rights, per se, but as having incurred a responsibility — an obligation to pay for the damage, pain, medical bills, missed work and embarrassment that the fist owner has wrought. It’s a subtle but important distinction. Which brings us to Jewish religious law’s stance on abortion. As in many areas of halacha, it is complex: There are a variety of approaches, situations and opinions. A good overview of the halacha of abortion was written recently for JTA by nurse practitioner Ephraim Sherman. But a compendium of sources and applications cannot touch the core issue, the one that should be a game changer for Jewish-minded Jews: responsibility. Abortion, in Jewish law, is not a right. In the vast majority of cases it’s actually a wrong. But even in cases where it is permitted or required, as when a Jewish mother’s life is endangered, even indirectly (or, although the matter is hardly free of controversy, according to some respected rabbinic opinions when the pregnancy seriously jeopardizes the mother’s health), the deci-

sion to terminate a pregnancy is not a question of a woman’s right to choose but of her responsibility to choose correctly, her obligation to do what halacha counsels in her particular case, whatever that may be. And so, from a Jewish perspective, all the constitutional, judicial and philosophical issues whacked back and forth across the tennis court of public discourse are beside the main point. It’s not the stage of pregnancy that ultimately matters and not the “status of a fetus.” Not “ensoulment” and not the specter of looming back-alley abortionists. What counts alone in Judaism is the responsibility to do what Jewish law requires in any particular case. Most reasonable people on both sides of the perennial abortion debate would like abortion to be rare. Currently, although the abortion rate in the U.S. has dropped somewhat in recent years, it is very far from uncommon. The predominant reasons for seeking an abortion, according to a 2013 U.S. National Library of MedicineNational Institutes of Health survey, have been financial (40 percent), timing (36 percent), partner-related reasons (31 percent) and the need to focus on other children (29 percent). From a “rights” perspective, all such justifications are perfectly acceptable. From a “responsibility” perspective, though, not so much. In fact, not at all. Halacha considers a potential life to trump most other concerns. There is, of course, no reason why See Abortion, page 7

BOAZ continued from page 6

harassment: the sexual exploitation of women by men upon whom their employment often depends. In one of the more puzzling passages in the text, Naomi instructs her recently widowed and erstwhile daughterin-law to go at night to the field of Boaz: “When he lies down,” she tells Ruth, “note the place where he lies down, and go over and uncover his feet and lie down. He will tell you what you are to do.” (Ruth 3:4) Ruth does so and, when Boaz awakes, he says: “Daughter, have no fear. I will do on your behalf whatever you ask … She arose before one person could distinguish another, for [Boaz] thought, ‘Let it not be known that the woman came to the threshing floor.’” (Ruth 3:11,14) In sending Ruth to Boaz, Naomi implicitly suggests that he can be trusted not to take advantage of her. This is ostensibly proven when Boaz sends her home before sunrise lest she be seen as having come from his field — despite the fact that no sexual encounter seems to have occurred. Traditional midrash, or rabbinic commentary, considers Boaz a hero because of his sexual restraint. In contemporary terms he would be considered an ally. He is exem-

ABORTION continued from page 6

Jewish theology should be embodied in American jurisprudence. But Judaism’s stance happens to reflect the feelings of a majority of Americans. A 2018 Gallup survey found that only 29 percent of respondents believed abortion should be legal in all circumstances. Blanket bans on abortion, to be sure, would deprive Jewish women of the ability to act responsibly in cases where abortion is halachically required. And so, what Orthodox groups like Agudath Israel of America, for which I work, have long promoted is the regulation of abortion through laws that generally prohibit the unjustifiable killing of fetuses while protecting the right to abortion in ex-

plary in understanding Ruth’s vulnerability; he not only avoids exploiting it, he takes an active role in supporting her. Indeed, Naomi has told Ruth that Boaz “will tell you what to do.” But what Boaz actually says is, “I will do on your behalf whatever you ask.” Put in contemporary terms, Boaz represents the capacity to ask and to listen rather than to tell and to talk. As long as gender-dominated power differentials govern today’s workplace, having men as allies who do not take advantage of their power is still an essential element in sustaining a safe environment for all workers. The Book of Ruth could not have anticipated employee harassment as we know it, examples of which continue to unfold. But in this biblical story we see both the need for action (policy) and the importance of identifying those prepared to lead attitudinal change (allies). We are reminded that no matter how entrenched certain patterns may be, there are those willing to step outside of them and lead by example toward greater safety for all.

Rabbi Donna Kirshbaum, a resident of the Negev, will be returning to the United States this summer to serve as rabbi of a congregation in northern New England. Rabbi Richard Hirsh is a past co-chair and current member of the Clergy Task Force of Jewish Women International. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the AJP or its publisher, the Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona.

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ceptional cases. In the end, while abortion in Judaism’s eyes may not be a matter of “rights,” it is indeed a matter of “choice,” a word much invoked in the abortion debate and central to all aspects of human life. Not “choice” in the sense of “all choices are equal,” but rather in the sense conveyed by the word as it is used in Deuteronomy. “I have placed before you,” God informs us through Moses, “life and death, the blessing and the curse.” “Choose life,” the verse continues, “so that you and your offspring will live.”

Rabbi Avi Shafran writes widely in Jewish media and serves as Agudath Israel of America’s director of public affairs. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the AJP or its publisher, the Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona.

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Nancy Rudner, left, with fellow volunteer Dr. Linn Larson, in the sanctuary of Tucson’s former Benedictine monastery, where medical intake takes place when migrants arrive from detention.

nearly a thousand Jews that was turned away from U.S. shores in 1939, and the underground railroad of the mid1800s that helped slaves escape the American South. “The Jewish connection in Tucson is a great part of the humanitarian response. It is part of who we are. We were refugees to the U.S.A. because we were Jewish. Now we help refugees in the U.S.A. because we are Jewish. In a period in which we hear a lot of hate talk, it is encouraging to see these acts of humanity.” Other nurses from previous RNRN deployments to Tucson have shared concerns about the treatment

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ancy Rudner volunteered at Tucson’s old Benedictine monastery in March, rendering medical aid to asylum-seeking migrants from Central America. It was her first stint at Casa Alitas, the shelter operated by Catholic Community Services of Southern Arizona, and as a volunteer with RNRN, the Registered Nurse Response Network, a national disaster-relief program that deploys nurses to deliver medical assistance. The experience was so rewarding that she returned in May. What she saw between her two visits stunned her. The population of migrants housed at the shelter had doubled. Rudner, Dr.P.H., M.P.H., R.N., is on the graduate nursing faculty at George Washington University in Washington, D.C. Over her career, she has focused on improving health over the human lifespan through patient care, program planning, quality improvement, and policy. She was at the monastery not only to provide handson medical treatment but also to learn. Since she speaks fluent Spanish, she was privy to intimate and sometimes painful personal stories from those fleeing the crises in their home countries. She also was struck by the outpouring of support from local volunteers — a large number of them Jewish — working with dedication, day after day, at the shelter. She lauded the “incredible response of Jews embracing their core values to help the less fortunate.” “Jewish values are so much a part of who I am — the values of taking our skills to help others are deeply embedded in me. It’s paying it forward, whatever help generations before us received, and we know it wasn’t easy, there were people to help. “Most of us who grew up hearing of the Holocaust wondered what we would have done then. Our country is not being very hospitable. History is repeating itself,” she says, mentioning the M.S. St. Louis ship carrying



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LOCAL JFSA raises $70,000+ for Central American migrants, but cash, goods still needed


hanks to community generosity between May 3-June 6, $47,000 has been donated to the Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona’s Migrant Relief Services Emergency Fund for Central American asylum seekers transiting Tucson. Combined with an initial anonymous $25,000 matching grant donation, that’s $72,000 to assist with emergency expenses. Expenditures are managed by a committee comprised of representatives from JFSA, the Jewish Community Relations Council, the office of Tucson Mayor Jonathan Rothschild, and Catholic Community Services. To date, $20,000 of the fund has been spent on new shoes, backpacks, and undergarments for the migrants housed by the Casa Alitas program, as well as replacing two 50-cup coffee makers, says Jill Rich, JCRC social action chair. The fund balance is held at JFSA to meet needs that arise as migrant arrivals continue.

Monetary donations can still be made online at www.jfsa.org/makeadonation. (Indicate “Migrant Relief” on your donation.) In addition, donations of physical items can be dropped off at the Tucson Jewish Community Center, 3800 E. River Road. Items being collected include: • Individually packaged non-perishable snacks: granola bars, apple sauce, nuts, juice boxes/pouches • Travel-size toiletries • New flipflops and/or tennis shoes in adult small and medium sizes and all children’s sizes • New or gently used backpacks and string bags • New or gently used junior/boys’ size belts (no men’s sizes — 24-30 inches only) For more details about JFSA’s Migrant Relief Services Emergency Fund, go to www.azjewishpost.com/2019/grant-boostslocal-efforts-to-aid-migrants.


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NURSE continued from page 8

in detention at the U.S.-Mexico border, noting that many reported having their medications taken from them — for seizures and diabetes, for example — and shared stories of inadequate medical care while in custody. Also taken are their hair ties, belts, shoe laces and jewelry, Rudner says. Nurses reported that many migrants show signs of trauma, post-traumatic stress syndrome, dehydration, and exhaustion, as well as cold and flu symptoms, blisters, foot fungus and rashes. Rudner told the AJP that every Guatemalan refugee arriving at the shelter is malnourished. Medical professionals routinely underestimated every child’s age by about half. “The children were so weakened [from malnutrition caused by crop failure due to climate change] before they left” that they easily fall sick with the added trauma, travel, and “release after being detained in horrible conditions. They are not allowed showers. The air-conditioning is turned really cold. They sleep on concrete floors with mylar blankets. It is inhuman. We need to respond.” She spoke of a father and daughter she treated. “The daughter, a young adolescent, sobbed uncontrollably, worried about her mother.” They left their home country as a family of four but were attacked en route. When the group was

attacked, the coyote (human smuggler) split the family. “They had no idea what happened to the mother and son, and the girl got very sick. We finally were able to locate them. These children will be traumatized forever. “The drug cartels are making more money transporting people instead of drugs. These are the gangs people have to pay to flee the gangs that are tormenting them in their home communities,” she says. Another mother fled with two children in hopes of joining her husband, who fled to South Carolina two years ago, Rudner recounts. The gangs that threatened to kill him transferred their interest to the family. So the mother’s asylum request can be considered, but she now has to prove she was in danger in a community where no one is literate, says Rudner. “It is heartbreaking … How can people forget that one or two generations ago we were immigrants and refugees?” Rudner asks. RNRN, part of the California Nurses Foundation and National Nurses United, began sending teams of nurses from across the country to Casa Alitas in February. They typically arrive on Friday and stay on campus, available for assistance, around the clock until departure at the weekend’s end. Since the first RNRN deployment to Tucson, the shelter has provided care to some 8,000 migrants through the end of May. For more information on the organization, go to www. nationalnursesunited.org/rnrn.

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Hoffman earns UA medical scholarship

acquelyn Hoffman, a medically underserved, and second-year medical stuencourages their continuing dent at the University of commitment to these values Arizona College of Medicine – throughout their medical eduTucson, has been awarded the cation and future practice of two-year, Shirley D. Curson medicine.” Medical Student Scholarship. Hoffman holds a bachelor’s The scholarship, of about degree in gender and women’s $15,000 per year in a student’s studies from the University Jacquelyn Hoffman third and fourth years of mediof California, Berkeley. As an cal school, is awarded through undergraduate, she volunthe UA Hillel Foundation. It is a merit- teered at an STD clinic in La Plata, Arbased award that recognizes Jewish stu- gentina, and implemented a local human dents with a personal history of social or papillomavirus awareness campaign to civic responsibility and involvement. ensure that women understand the im“When I received the news, I was ec- portance of regular pap smears. Hoffman static—it is a great honor,” Hoffman says. also volunteered at the San Francisco “This scholarship will enable me to con- General Hospital Infertility Clinic with tinue to pursue my dream of becoming immigrant women who were struggling an obstetrics and gynecology physician to conceive. Both experiences inspired while reducing the financial burden of Hoffman to pursue obstetrics and gynethe cost of my medical education.” cology, and serve women in low-resource The scholarship is important “not only communities where knowledge and acbecause it provides significant relief for cess to health care may be limited. awardees from medical school indebtedHoffman says she one day hopes “to ness,” says Nancy Koff, Ph.D., UA Hillel practice in a socio-culturally diverse Foundation board member and chair of clinical setting providing both surgical the scholarship committee. “It recog- and clinical care for women; I intend nizes awardees’ past demonstration of to advocate for my patients and for reoutstanding leadership and commitment productive health in the broader sense.” to Jewish life and the expression of Jew- Hoffman will earn her medical degree in ish values and to helping those who are May 2021.

Israeli teen ambassadors arrive in August


anielle Levy and Shay Friedwad will arrive in Tucson in early August as Tucson’s shinshinim (Israeli teen ambassadors) for the coming year. These 18 year-olds are emissaries through the Jewish Agency for Israel, sponsored by the Weintraub Israel Center. They will work with day schools, congregations, and Jewish organizations through August 2020. Local Jewish families can be an impor-

tant part in sharing this experience. The teens need host families for three-month segments during their stay: August to November, December-February, and March to May. A family will host only one shinshin. Hosts provide a room and board for one teen. Each will have their own car, so transportation is not required from hosts. For more information or to volunteer, contact Adi Olshansky at adio@jfsa.org or call WIC at 647-8446.

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WORLD Officials alarmed by anti-Semitic assaults in Argentina JTA STAFF BUENOS AIRES rgentinean and international Jewish organizations are demanding action from local and regional authorities amid recent violent anti-Semitic attacks in the country. The Argentinean Jewish political umbrella DAIA labeled Sunday’s attack on Rabbi Shlomo Tawil in Rosario as “brutal anti-Semitic aggression” and demanded an investigation into the climate that may have spawned such violence. The attack on Tawil is the third physical anti-Semitic assault in the last two months. There other two took place in Buenos Aires, one in April and one in May. Such assaults have been rare. “Argentina isn’t an anti-Semitic country but has anti-Semitic episodes. Now these episodes are more violent and more frequents. This ongoing new reality is very worrying,” Ariel Gelblung, the Latin America representative for the Simon Wiesenthal Center, told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Tawil, of the local Chabad-Lubavitch organization, was attacked Sunday night by three men in the city center of Rosario, located in the center of the country. The men shouted anti-Semitic epithets before removing the rabbi’s hat and trampling it on the ground, and then beating the rabbi, who was walking alone. Tawil is recovering at home with his family, according to reports. Originally from Buenos Aires, he has served as the Chabad emissary in Rosario since 1987, and is


married with eight children and two grandchildren. Local Rosario city officials, members of the national government and opposition leaders condemned the attack. Argentina is holding presidential elections in October. For the first time, there is an accused neoNazi presidential candidate. Alejandro Biondini of the Patriotic Front party already said he would expel the Israeli ambassador if elected. In launching his campaign, Biondini reiterated his promise and threatened the country’s Jewish leadership. “I said to the DAIA that this is Argentina … this is not Israel,” to applause and shouts from the crowd. Argentina has about 180,000 Jews out of a population of over 44 million. Anti-Semitic incidents in Argentina rose by 14 percent in 2017 over the previous year, according to a DAIA report, the most recent national statistics. Online anti-Semitic incidents made up 88 percent of the 2017 total, nearly double the 47 percent in 2014. The attackers, if caught, could be punished under an anti-discrimination law that Argentina has had on the books since 1988. “The violent attack and the pro-Nazi party in the election put us in alert. We are requesting Luis Almagro, secretary-general of the Organization of American States to condemn these assaults on Jews as a first step in his endorsement, last week, of the IHRA (International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance) Definition of Antisemitism,” added Gelblung. The OAS announced last week that it would adopt the IHRA working definition of anti-Semitism.

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Beat the heat with a blended fruit bowl or smoothie!

Tucson natives, plus Italian chef, make Frost gelato a hit


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Photo: courtesy Frost, A Gelato Shoppe

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Frost co-founder Jeff Kaiserman, left, enjoys a sorbettini (dairy free milkshake made with sorbet and sparkling water); Chef Nazario Melchionda, center, indulges in marble black cherry gelato, and Stephen Ochoa has a cone with stracciatella and creama di biscotti gelato, May 29.



t was a sunny afternoon this May with temps in the ’90s, a preview of this month’s triple digit coming attractions. After lunch at a local café, I craved a dessert that was at once scrumptious and refreshing and wouldn’t break the calorie bank. Light bulb moment! I hurried over to Frost, A Gelato Shoppe, at 7131 N. Oracle Rd. #101. After perusing the artfully arranged gelato/ sorbet display case, I settled on one of my faves— bagigi peanut gelato — a swoon-worthy blend of peanut butter and chocolate, with a ribbon of salted caramel and a mix-in of chocolate hazelnut crunch. While I was savoring my gelato delicacy in tiny spoonfuls to make it last longer, co-owner Jeffrey Kaiserman walked over for a little schmooze. As we chatted, he gave me the great news: Bagigi peanut, created by Frost’s gelato chef Nazario Melchionda, won the Technical Jury Award at the Gelato Festival America, held this past March in Miami. Frost’s flavor qualified for the Miami festival by winning the 2018 Gelato Festival America, held in Tucson. Gelato itself goes back hundreds of years, maybe thousands. Legend has it that Isaac from the Bible offered his father Abraham an early form of the tasty treat, made from goat’s milk and snow. Fast forward to the 21st century. Kaiserman, 39, and his co-owner, Stephen Ochoa, 38, opened the first Frost in 2005. Kaiserman calls Ochoa an honorary Jew, since Ochoa was president of Zeta Beta Tau, the inclusive Jewish fraternity, when the two were students at the University of Arizona. But the Tucson natives have actually been friends since second grade. At one time Kaiserman thought of being a sportscaster but decided he did not want to work weekends and nights. “Funny thing,” he quipped, “owning your own business requires you to work weekends and nights!” As undergrads, the two talked about opening a business together. That concept was temporarily put on hold following college graduation, as both went on to stints in other businesses.

After Ochoa returned to Tucson, the friends turned to Kaiserman’s father, Mike, a rocket scientist, for advice. “Dad suggested we start a gelato shop here in Tucson,” the savvy businessman recalls. “We had thought of opening in L.A., but my dad said we’d get lost in the hustle bustle of a big city.” Father knew best! There are presently 13 Frost venues, with three in Tucson — and two in Kuwait. Local venues are suggested by Kaiserman’s mother, Robin, who is in the real estate business. The name “Frost” was chosen by his sister, Melissa. As for the Kuwait connection, it seems that one winter day in 2013, a businessman from Kuwait was in Tucson and made a stop at the La Encantada shopping center. Passing Frost, he noticed quite a few folks inside despite the nippy weather. As Kaiserman recalls, “He stepped inside, tried his favorite flavor, pistachio, and decided it was the best pistachio gelato he’d ever had.” The rest, as they say, is history. Frost shops are filled with goodies including 26 flavors of gelato, 12 flavors of sorbet, “Frostbites” (chocolate covered gelato bites) and other treats, such as coffee drinks. All inventory is made on site daily. “Our original Italian chef, Nazario Melchionda from Bologna, Italy, is still going strong,” Kaiserman says with pride. “One year when Melchionda returned to Italy on vacation, he had a problem getting back into this country; we convinced the authorities that his gelato artistry was not replicable, i.e. no American could do what he did.” Problem solved. Kaiserman, his wife and kids, and his parents are all members of Congregation Anshei Israel. “I want to do things ethically in business as taught by my parents and religious school,” he says. Tikkun olam (repair of the world) is also very important to Kaiserman, and he’s involved in a variety of charitable events every year. As for the future, the pair plans to expand both domestically and internationally. By this time next year there will be 18 Frost locations. Kaiserman jokes, “We’d like to open a store with Chef Nazario in Italy and show the Italians how it’s really done!” Barbara Russek, a local freelance writer, welcomes comments at babette2@comcast.net.

BEAT Heat Cooling off tips from our staff and friends


he AJP asked Jeanette Dempsey: its staff and col“After we watch the sunleagues at Jewish set with our dogs, Amelia Federation of Southern and Oliver, we take cold Arizona to share their seshowers, jump on our crets for beating the heat bikes and hit The Loop in Tucson’s triple-digit for a smooth, chilled summers. ride.” Gail Barnhill: “Start Beverly Sandock: gardening at 9 p.m. under “Raspados! So refreshyard lights and jump in ing in the summer. I have the pool every 15 mina list from the Tucson utes. I swim with my five Foodie’s top 19. I work grandsons. ‘Watch me Michelle Shapiro, left, with Wil Thomas, my way through them GG … watch me GG … loves to cool off with gelato. She’s during the summer. tried every flavor at Blue Ice Gelato. Thus far, my favorite watch me GG.’” Phyllis Braun: “I like It’s the only gelateria in Arizona that cooling flavor is cocoto float in our communi- pasteurizes its milk in-house. nut.” www.tucsonfoodie. ty pool at night and look up at the stars.” com/2016/06/02/23-of-the-best-raspadoBertí Brodsky: “My best way is to have spots-in-tucson. an Eegee’s and head up to Mt. Lemmon!” Ari Slater: “We hook up misters on Debe Campbell: “Turn off the heat in our front porch … which reminds me, the hot tub, making it a cool tub for an we need to do that!” after-the-drive-home-from-work soak. Román Urias: “I’m pretty basic. I like Put a pan of ice in front of a fan for the to watch Netflix and eat food that is not dogs to lay in front of.” so good for you, LOL.”

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From fashion to decor, Tucson shops contribute to sustainability efforts SHAYNE TARQUINIO AJP Intern

Photo courtesy Laura Tanzer

Photo: Shayne Tarquinio/AJP


hen you shop local, you support your community. Your money goes into the businesses of friends and neighbors, of local artisans and designers, and is circulated here, throughout our economy. Of every $100 spent at a locally owned business, $43 remains in the local economy, vs. only $13 of $100 spent at a nonlocally owned business. When you shop local, you sustain the community, but you also sustain the environment. Local businesses are more likely to use local supplies and services, reducing transportation, waste and environmental impacts. Large corporations deliver products cheaply, but this is at the cost of high energy and resource consumption. The Jewish concept of tikkun olam means “repair of the world,” and this also translates to environmental consciousness. Laura Tanzer, a local Jewish fashion designer, integrates her background in fashion, sustainability, and business to create an award-winning brand that emphasizes quality. Her store, called simply Laura Tanzer, is located downtown at 410 N. Toole Ave., and her heritage, she says, is “always” influencing her work. “I was brought up in a liberal, intellectual, artistic, creative way. Question everything. Travel. See new and different cultures. Be inspired by the ordinary.

Tucson Thrift Shop helps consumers reduce, reuse, and recycle.

A linen pleat-front jacket from Laura Tanzer

While my family was not overtly Jewish, the underlying theme for living in the world was to preserve identity. By that I mean we have strong cultural ties but we don’t act in caricature. I always knew I was a Jew. I identify as a Jew. I also identify as an artist. And I understand the power of my identity,” she says. Her work represents a shift from fast fashion, comparable to fast food, to slow fashion, which is environmentally conscious and artisanal. Tanzer’s production process is sustainable “all the way through the waste stream,” she says. She hires local workers and uses textiles with natural fibers,

The Unexpected in Tombstone since 1978



purchased from companies that operate through need-based production. She buys only what she feels she will need, keeping in mind that her creations are high quality, limited edition garments she describes as “wearable art.” Her designs come to life though a low-energy process called “digital printing.” From the scraps of one clothing line, she creates new, one-of-a-kind pieces in another line called “Frammento,” which is the Italian word for remnant. What can’t be re-used is donated to K-12 schools for art projects. With a clientele that extends beyond Tucson, she believes that sustainability education is highly important, and that consumers can become more conscious when they ask questions about products and don’t follow fads.

“Trends are not important,” says Tanzer. Her shop is just one of the businesses across Tucson that help make shopping sustainable. Arlene Leaf, another Jewish business owner, has been in the thrift business locally for about 40 years. Her store, Tucson Thrift Shop at 319 N. 4th Ave., features costumes, accessories, and vintage clothing that has either been recycled or sourced by Leaf herself. By buying second-hand, Leaf believes that people enforce a “reuse, recycle consciousness.” And on another level: “It’s spirit.” Tucson Thrift Shop has a symbiotic relationship, Leaf says, that flows between the community and the business. Leaf believes that people can connect deeply

with her products, in a way that places a new value on each purchase. “It’s when people love finding something that’s old, it’s got a vibration, a feeling,” says Leaf. “It’s got an emotional component as well as a practical component.” People appreciate the deeper connection to community businesses, Leaf says, which is reflected throughout the businesses of the Historic Fourth Avenue district. Pop-Cycle, right across the street from Tucson Thrift Shop, is a gallery of recycled materials transformed into art by local artists. DeeDee Koenen, Shannon Riggs, and Jennifer Radler co-founded Pop-Cycle in 2008. Their art hits close to home, flourishing with symbols of the desert like cacti. The desert not only influences their art, but also their mentality of sustainability. Both artists and the desert “understand scarcity,” says manager and co-owner Libby Tobey, so Pop-Cycle has found beauty by exploring the creative values of recycling and refurbishing. “There’s an abundance of things we

don’t use just from our surrounding environment,” says Tobey. Their store is filled with handcrafted mugs, jewelry, and art prints. They sell used and vintage clothing like worn cowboy boots. Their graphic t-shirts are locally designed and printed. Pop-Cycle enriches the community, says Tobey, who has noticed a shift toward a “local first” mentality as consumers pay more attention to their surrounding world. Many sustainability efforts start with the basics: reduce, reuse, and recycle. “Reduce the landfill, reuse what you can, recycle what you don’t want,” says Ron Creson, the manager of 1st Rate 2nd Hand Thrift Store at 5851 E. Speedway Blvd. 1st Rate 2nd Hand takes in more than just unwanted fashion, including electronics, household items, and books, to help items find a new home. In addition to reducing waste, the store supports 18 local Jewish organizations including Jewish Family & Children’s Services, Hadassah, JPride, and the

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1st Rate 2nd Hand Thrift shop finds include salt and pepper shakers, left, and spice jars labeled in German.

SUSTAINABILITY continued from page 15

PJ Library, as well as the local Jewish War Veterans post and local congregations. Volunteer hours and donations can be credited to a Jewish nonprofit or synagogue. “We recycle a ridiculous amount for the size of our store,” says Creson. Last year, the store took in 50 tons of recycled items that were filtered back out to the community, which otherwise could have ended up in the landfill. Reusing what’s already there is not only affordable and convenient, it’s a way of living. “Second-hand shopping is more popular than ever,” says Jessica Pruitt, the marketing associate for Buffalo Exchange, a national thrift store chain that started in Tucson in 1974. When clothing and accessories are recycled, those items are given “a second life,” says Pruitt, which means less waste and less consumption. “It’s really important for Buffalo Exchange to have a positive impact in the community,” says Pruitt.

Their Tokens for Bags program reduces waste and supports local organizations. For every shopping bag that a customer chooses to forgo, they get a token that can be placed in one of three boxes, each one representing a local charity. Each token is five cents donated to the organization and each unused bag is one less burden on the environment. “We don’t want to waste anything because there’s already so much,” says Heather Martinez, manager at Uptown Cheapskate, another clothing reassignment store in town located at 7475 N. La Cholla Blvd. To Martinez, it’s simple: recycle. This is not to say that if you don’t buy second-hand, or reuse every piece of scrap metal, or if you forget to forgo that plastic straw every once in a while, the world is inevitably doomed, the turtles will disappear, and this scorching desert we call home will one day be unlivable. By paying attention to what and how we consume and interact with our environment, a more sustainable consciousness becomes embedded in the individuals, families, and business owners of our community. And every little change really does help repair the world.

Adopt-A-Bee program at Tohono Chul to support National Pollinator Week


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ohono Chul is holding its fourth annual Adopt-A-Bee program. The whimsical program, which allows participants to “adopt” and name a native bee, helps Tohono Chul communicate its passion for preservation and conservation. Adopt-A-Bee aims to increase awareness of the various native bee species in Southern Arizona, and to promote the importance of bees as they sustain the local and international food economy. Tohono Chul relies heavily on a plethora of bee species to facilitate plant pollination, whether for food sourcing from its ethnobotany garden, for the surrounding grounds featuring native plants, or to sustain products for its retail greenhouse. Visit www.tohonochul.org/ bee to adopt and name your bee. Bee adoptions include an exclusive invitation to Tohono Chul’s Pollinator Party on Friday, June 21, 6-8 p.m. The party will feature a regional honey bar by True Love Honey and live music with La Cerca. Guests can also enjoy molecular gastronomy with bee pollen and honey-

comb by the Garden Bistro along with bites from its newly launched Happy Hour menu. Discuss urban beekeeping with representatives of See the Bees, who are committed to raising awareness of honeybees and all that they do, and talk with local experts Stephen Buchmann and Greg Corman about attracting native bees to your yard. Guests also will have the chance to have their photo taken on a 5-foot cactus bee and check out chalk poetry art by Urban Poetry Pollinators. The party promotes National Pollinator Week, June 17-23, which highlights bats, birds, butterflies, and bees for their contributions to our ecosystems. It is estimated that 90 percent of all flowering plants depend on animal pollinators to help them reproduce, and that includes about 35 percent of the world’s food. In the United States, the pollination services provided by honeybees and other insects directly impact 150 different food crops and result in $20 billion worth of agricultural products each year.

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ocal First Arizona will celebrate its annual “Independents Week” June 29July 7. During Independents Week, LFA encourages Arizonans to “go local” by supporting as many locally owned businesses as possible. For the entire week, consumers can use LFA’s Golden Coupon for 20 percent discounts at hundreds of participating businesses across the state. Tucson businesses that will participate include Alfonso Gourmet Olive Oil & Balsamics, Arizona Wine Collective, Batch Tucson, Borderlands Brewing Company, Creatista, Essentage, It’s A Blast Gallery, Laura Tanzer, and Tucson Clay Co-op, with more businesses


to be added. As part of Independents Week, LFA’s next Southern Arizona “roadshow” will be held at Zinburger, 1865 E. River Road #101, on Wednesday, July 3, 4-7 p.m. These member gatherings are open to the public and include live music, raffle drawings, activities for all ages, food and a local beer and wine garden. LFA holds roadshows the first Wednesday of

the month. Look for the Golden Coupon in the June 28 issue of the AJP, pick one up at participating businesses or Vantage West Credit Union locations, or download a digital version at www.localfirstaz.com.

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ISRAEL Who is Avigdor Liberman, and why did he force new elections in Israel? SAM SOKOL JTA JERUSALEM o just who is Avigdor Liberman, the man who single-handedly forced Israelis to go to the polls for an unprecedented second time in a year? And is he really the champion of secular right-wing Zionism that he would have voters believe? Last month, less than two months after Israeli voters appeared to give Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu a mandate to form a new government, coalition talks collapsed after Liberman and his Yisrael Beiteinu party refused to join the government. Although Liberman’s party won only five seats in the 120-seat Knesset, that was enough to deny Netanyahu the 61-seat majority he needed to form a government. The sticking point was a draft law obligating haredi Orthodox men to participate in Israel’s mandatory military draft. Haredi Orthodox parties wanted to soften the text of the law. Liberman insisted he would not join the government unless the

Photo: Courtesy Flash90


Avigdor Liberman, center, holds a press conference following the dissolving of the Israeli parliament, in Tel Aviv, May 30, 2019.

law was passed in its current form. “To my sorrow, the state of Israel is going to elections,” Liberman told reporters, blaming the failure to form a coalition on the “complete surrender of the Likud to the haredim.” Whether this was a principled stand on behalf of Israel’s secular plurality — who have long resented the fervently Orthodox

community’s exemptions from mandatory military service — or political opportunism remains a subject of debate here. My friend, my enemy Liberman, a native of what is now Moldova, was 19 when his family immigrated to Israel in 1978. He started his political career in Netanyahu’s Likud Party, eventually serving as director-general of the

party and, later, the Prime Minister’s Office under Netanyahu during the 1990s. In 1999 he established the more hawkish Yisrael Beiteinu after splitting from Likud over what he saw as Netanyahu’s weak stance on the Palestinian issue. He has since served under Netanyahu in a variety of roles, mostly recently as minister of defense. But he resigned that position last November to protest the Netanyahu government’s acceptance of a ceasefire between Israel and Hamas. From Russia, with votes At its founding, Yisrael Beiteinu was widely perceived as less of an ideological party than as a faction representing the interests and values of Russian-speaking Israelis who emigrated from the former Soviet Union. Even at the party’s highest point, when it won 15 seats and became Israel’s third largest party in 2009, it was still seen primarily as a “Russian” organization. Since then, however, Liberman’s fortunes have flagged, as fewer Russianspeakers have felt the need to vote for a purely ethnic interest party. In April’s election, Yisrael Beiteinu only received five See Liberman, page 20



LIBERMAN continued from page 19

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seats, one less than it held previously. Such a showing didn’t bode well for the party’s, or Liberman’s, political future. “What happened is that he understood that he had reached the bottom of his ability [to mobilize] the Russianspeaking community,” explained Ksenia Svetlova, a former minister of Knesset and Moscow native who represented the left-leaning Zionist Union in the last parliament. “He was close to not crossing the electoral threshold [for winning any seat at all].” The new secular champion Secular and many religious Zionist Israelis have long resented the haredi, or “ultra-Orthodox,” exemptions from military service and their leaders’ tight control of religion and state issues in the country. But opposition to the haredim was traditionally the province of the left and center, as when Yair Lapid, head of the Yesh Atid Party, ran his 2017 election campaign with pledges to fight religious coercion. Liberman, by contrast, is combining secularism with a nationalist platform. Liberman knows “if he wants to remain a strong force in Israeli politics he needs to reinvent himself or extend his base of support and to do that he is trying to appeal to a broader base: those who identify as right-wing and secular,” said Yohanan Plesner, president of the nonpartisan Israel Democracy Institute. Many on the right are wary of the growing closeness between the Likud and the religious right, which is providing the haredim with increasing political clout, Plesner explained. “So that created (if you are cynical) a political opportunity for Liberman and (if you believe in the authenticity of Liberman) the necessity for him to do what he did,” Plesner said. Svetlova is skeptical. “Liberman is seen as trying to reinvent himself as the new defender of secularism in Israel, which is splendid because for 20 years he did nothing in this regard” in terms of taking concrete action on issues such as civil marriage or public transportation on Shabbat, she said. “It’s a very cynical move. He is counting on the public to have a short memory.” Others, especially those with ties to Liberman’s camp, tend to see things differently. One political insider familiar with Yisrael Beiteinu who spoke on condition of anonymity told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency that in recent years the haredi camp has overreached and engaged in religious coercion beyond enforcing the “status quo.” (The Times of Israel has reported that one of the haredi demands dur-

ing recent coalition negotiations was a law permitting gender segregation in public venues.) “There has been mentality in government that haredim don’t concede or compromise, everybody else does and for the first time in Israeli history somebody called them on it,” the insider said, asserting that many people are “secretly or not so secretly happy that someone finally stood up to extortion.” According to this theory, Liberman should see a boost in the polls. In fact, according to one poll released in recent days, Yisrael Beiteinu may receive nine seats in the next election, scheduled for September. The view from voters Such gains, however, may depend on how much Likud chooses to make Liberman the target of their ire, said Danny Hershtal, an American immigrant and former Yisrael Beiteinu activist. After spending their budgets on the last election many parties are broke and will rely heavily on “free attention,” he said. If Netanyahu chooses to stop mentioning Liberman (last month he called his erstwhile ally a “leftist,” which has become a slur in Israeli politics) it could negatively impact his electoral chances. So far, however, Liberman’s approach has its fans. “I’ve always voted right but never for Liberman. This time around, I am seriously considering putting his name in the ballot,” said one immigrant from the United States with a haredi background who wants to see change in the Orthodox camp. “My concern is less about drafting haredim and more about the lack of urgency with integrating the fastest-growing segment of Israel’s population into the workforce,” said the immigrant, who asked to be identified only as Yitzhak. “It’s interesting that while [the haredi parties] make demands about Shabbos, the army and gender segregation, you never hear a word from them about the most pressing issue facing their community: the crippling and growing poverty which economists consistently rank as the leading challenge facing our economy.” Added Yitzhak: “I’ve been worried about Lieberman’s populism and cynicism in the past but sadly, he is the only one on the right even claiming to have principles when it comes to haredi demands.” Batya, a college student from Jerusalem, agreed. “In my academic circle, the party is really unpopular so if anyone I know is supporting him, they’re not talking about it. But I find the party more appealing for forcing new elections,” she said. “I am considering supporting him because he combines an emphasis on traditional Israeli values with right-wing politics. Secularism plus conservatism is very appealing to me.”

COMMUNITY CALENDAR The calendar deadline is Tuesday, 10 days before the issue date. Our next issue will be published June 28, 2019. Events may be emailed to office@azjewishpost.com, faxed to 319-1118, or mailed to the AJP at 3718 E. River Road, #272, Tucson, AZ 85718. For more information, call 319-1112. See Area Congregations on page 22 for additional synagogue events. Men’s Mishnah club with Rabbi Israel Becker at Cong. Chofetz Chayim. Sundays, 7:15 a.m.; Monday-Friday, 6:15 a.m.; Saturdays, 8:15 a.m. 747-7780 or yzbecker@me.com. Chabad of Sierra Vista men’s tefillin club with Rabbi Benzion Shemtov, first Sundays, 9 a.m., at 401 Suffolk Drive. 820-6256 or www. jewishsierravista.com. “Too Jewish” radio show with Rabbi Samuel M. Cohon on KVOI 1030 AM (also KAPR and KJAA), Sundays at 9 a.m. June 16, Maxwell Greenberg, Jewish-Latino Identity in the Borderlands. Beth Shalom Temple Center of Green Valley bagel breakfast and Yiddish club, first Sundays, 9:30 a.m. Members, $7; nonmembers, $10. 648-6690 or 399-3474. Southern Arizona Jewish Genealogy Society. No meetings in June. Mentoring sessions second Sundays, 1-3 p.m., July and August at the Tucson J. Contact Barbara Stern Mannlein at 731-0300 or the J at 299-3000.

ONGOING Hawkins, 2nd and 4th Sundays, partners, 4:45-6 p.m.; open circle, 6-7 p.m. Members, $8; nonmembers, $10. 299-3000. Temple Emanu-El mah jongg, Mondays, 10 a.m. 327-4501. Cong. Anshei Israel mah jongg, Mondays, 10 a.m.-noon. All levels, men and women. Contact Evelyn at 885-4102 or esigafus@aol.com. Cong. Bet Shalom yoga, Mondays, 4:30-5:30 p.m. $5. 577-1171. Jewish 12-step sobriety support group meets Mondays, 6:30-8 p.m. at Cong. Bet Shalom. dcmack1952@gmail.com. Spouse Bereavement Group, cosponsored by Widowed to Widowed, Inc. at the Tucson J, Tuesdays, 10 a.m. Contact Marvin at 885-2005 or Tanya at 299-3000, ext. 147.

Tucson J Israeli Dance, taught by Brandi

JFCS Holocaust Survivors group meets

Friday / June 14

Hike and Shabbat morning service, at Kent Spring-Bog Springs Trail, with Rabbi Batsheva Appel. 327-4501.

5:30 PM: Temple Emanu-El Seeking Shabbat service in honor of Marjorie Hochberg, followed by Shabbat dinner at 6:30 p.m. 327-4501.

Saturday / June 15

10 AM: B’not mitzvah of Shinshiniyot Ron Benacot and Rotem Rappaport. At Temple Emanu-El. 327-4501. 7:30 PM: Tucson Jews for Justice presents Tucson Jewish Summer Arts Festival — A Night of Music, Laughs, and Light. Local Jewish performers. Admission by donation; proceeds will go to local migrant shelters. At Jewish History Museum, 564 S. Stone Ave. Contact Tony Zinman at 390-5794 or zinmanlaw@yahoo.com.

Sunday / June 16

10 AM-NOON: JFCS CHAI Circle meeting. Free. At the Tucson J. RSVP to Irene Gefter at igefter@jfcstucson.org or 795-0300, ext. 2271.

Thursday / June 20

7-9 PM: Israel Scouts Tzofim Caravan free performance at Tucson J. RSVP at israelcenter@ jfsa.org or 577-9393 ext. 8446.

Friday / June 21

5:45 PM: Cong. Anshei Israel Family Shabbat Experience service. Followed by dinner at 7 p.m.: members, $25 family of 2 adults and up to 4 children; nonmember family $30; adult (13+) $10. RSVP for dinner only by June 17 at www.caiaz.org or 745-5550. 6:30 PM: Cong. Or Chadash Shabbat service with birthday and anniversary blessings. 900-7027.

Sunday / June 22

8 AM: Temple Emanu-El Wandering Jews

5-7 PM: Secular Humanist Jewish Circle Havdalah followed by potluck supper for members, led by Rabbi Jack Silver. RSVP to Becky for directions, 296-3762, schulmb@aol.com. www.shjcaz.org.

Sunday / June 23

4 PM: Cong. Anshei Israel summer film series. “Hava Nagila: The Movie.” Popcorn and lemonade. Free. Contact Sierra at 745-5550, ext. 225 or visit www.caiaz.org.

Monday / June 24

7-9 PM: Tucson Tikkun Community presents “Update on Developments in Turkey Since Attempted 2016 Coup.” Some presenters are victims of those developments. At Tucson City Council Ward 6 office, 3202 E. First St. zaccarim@comcast.net.

Tuesday / June 25

5:30-7 PM: JFSA/Tucson J farewell party for Shinshiniyot, Ron and Rotem. At Tucson J pool. Free. Food will be served. Contact Adi Olshansky at 577-9393.

Thursday / June 27

6:15 PM: Cong. Or Chadash Brotherhood Men’s Night Out at Caruso’s, 434 N. 4th Ave. Purchase your own fare. 900-7027.

Saturday / June 29

5-7 PM: Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum Walk, Dinner and Havdallah, with Congregation Or Chadash and Temple Emanu-El. 2021 N Kinney Road. First 50 attendees get free

Members, $8; nonmembers, $10. 299-3000.

Tuesdays, 10 a.m.-noon. Contact Raisa Moroz at 795-0300. Awakening Through Jewish Meditation — Discover Freedom, with Reb Brian Yosef, Tuesdays/Sundays at 10:30 a.m., at Cong. Bet Shalom. Free. Check calendar at www.torahofawakening.com. Tucson J canasta group, Tuesdays and Thursdays, noon. Instruction available and a beginners’ table every week. Call or text Lisa at 977-4054. Cong. Anshei Israel Talmud on Tuesday with Rabbi Robert Eisen. Meets 6 p.m. 745-5550.

Cong. Anshei Israel gentle chair yoga with Lois Graham, Wednesdays, 9:30-10:30 a.m. Members of Women’s League, $6 per class; nonmembers, $8 per class. Contact Evelyn at 8854102 or esigafus@aol.com. Chabad Tucson lunch and learn with Rabbi Yehuda Ceitlin, Wednesdays, 12:15 p.m. 2443 E. 4th St. Lunch available to purchase; email info@ chabadtucson.com. Chabad of Sierra Vista women’s class with Rabbi Benzion Shemtov, last Wednesdays, 2 p.m., 401 Suffolk Drive. 820-6256 or www.jewishsierravista.com.

Weintraub Israel Center Shirat HaShirim Hebrew choir, Tuesdays, 7 p.m. Learn to sing in Hebrew. Contact Rina Paz at 304-7943 or ericashem@cox.net.

Jewish mothers/grandmothers special needs support group for those with children/ grandchildren, youth or adult, with special needs, third Wednesdays, 7-8:30 p.m. at Tucson J. Contact Joyce Stuehringer at 299-5920.

Tucson J Israeli dance classes, Tuesdays. Beginners, 7:30 p.m.; intermediate, 8:15 p.m.; advanced, 9 p.m. Taught by Lisa Goldberg.

Jewish History Museum/Holocaust History Center public hours closed for summer. Visits by appointment only; call 670-9073.

admission. To register or for more information, call 327-4501.

Sunday / June 30

11:45 AM: JFCS presents “To Tell Our Stories,” local Holocaust survivors reading from their book. At Grace St. Paul Episcopal Church, 2331 E. Adams St. 795-0300, ext. 2214 or holocaust survivors@jfcstucson.org.


Sunday / July 21

10:30 AM: Cong. Or Chadash Brotherhood Annual Baseball Trip, Diamondbacks vs. Brewers. Meet at Sam Levitz Furniture, 3750 W. Orange Grove Road. $49 includes game and bus. Contact Scott Krasner at skrasner. kmc@gmail.com.


JFSA NW Division Ruth and Irving Olson Center for Jewish Life chair yoga with a Jewish flair taught by Bonnie Golden. 190 N. Magee Road, #162. Mondays, 10-11 a.m. $7 per class or $25 for four. 505-4161 or northwest jewish@jfsa.org. Northwest Needlers create hand-stitched items for donation in the Jewish community. Meets at JFSA NW Division Ruth and Irving Olson Center for Jewish Life, Tuesdays, 1-3 p.m. RSVP to judithgfeldman@gmail.com or 5054161. JFSA NW Division Ruth and Irving Olson Center for Jewish Life mah jongg, meets Wednesdays, 12:30 to 3:30 p.m., 505-4161. Chabad of Oro Valley adult education class, Jewish learning with Rabbi Ephraim Zimmerman. Wednesdays at 7 p.m., at 1217 W. Faldo

Drive. 477-8672 or www.jewishorovalley.com.

Monday / June 24

5-6:30 PM: Hadassah Southern Arizona/ JFSA NW Division Ruth and Irving Olson Center for Jewish Life book club discusses “The Great Alone” by Kristin Hannah. July 22, “Eternal Life” by Dara Horn. At JFSA NW Division Ruth & Irving Olson Center for Jewish Life, 190 W. Magee Road, #162. RSVP: 505-4161 or northwestjewish@jfsa.org.

Thursday / July 11

6 PM: JFSA NW Division Ruth and Irving Olson Center for Jewish Life Northwest community event, Golden Oldies, a Rock & Roll Revue, at the Oro Valley Gaslight Music Hall, 13005 N. Oracle Road. $25 per person for show. Drinks and food can be purchased at venue. RSVP to 505-4161 or northwestjewish@jfsa.org.

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5550 E. Fifth St., Tucson, AZ 85711 • (520) 745-5550 Rabbi Robert Eisen, Cantorial Soloist Nichole Chorny • www.caiaz.org Daily minyan: Mon.-Thurs., 7:30 a.m. and 5:30 p.m.; Fri., 7:30 a.m.; Sun. and legal holidays, 8 a.m. & 5:30 p.m. / Mincha: Fri., 5:45 p.m. / Shabbat services: Sat., 9 a.m., followed by Kiddush; Tot Shabbat, 1st Fri., 5:45 p.m.; Family Service, 3rd Friday, 5:45 p.m.; Holiday services may differ, call or visit website. / Torah study: every Shabbat one hour before Mincha (call or visit website for times) / Talmud on Tuesday, 6 p.m. / Weekday Torah study group, Wed., 11 a.m. beverages and dessert provided.

Congregation Bet shalom 3881 E. River Road, Tucson, AZ 85718 • (520) 577-1171 Rabbi Hazzan Avraham Alpert • www.cbsaz.org Shabbat services: Fri., 5:30 p.m. (followed by monthly dinners — call for info); Sat. 9:30 a.m., Camp Shabbat (ages 6-10) 10 a.m.-noon, followed by Kiddush lunch; 12:30-2 p.m. CBS Think Tank discussion led by Rabbi Dr. Howard Schwartz and Prof. David Graizbord; monthly Tot Shabbat (call for dates) / Weekday services: Wed. 8:15 a.m. / Hagim 9:30 a.m.

5150 E. Fifth St., Tucson, AZ 85711 • (520) 747-7780 Rabbi Israel Becker • www.tucsontorah.org Shabbat services: Fri., Kabbalat Shabbat 15 minutes before sunset; Sat. 9 a.m. followed by Kiddush. / Mincha: Fri., 1 p.m.; Sat., 25 minutes before sunset, followed by Shalosh Seudas, Maariv, and Havdallah. Services: Sun., 8 a.m.; Mon. and Thurs., 6:50 a.m.; Tues., Wed., Fri., 7 a.m.; daily, 15 minutes before sunset. / Weekday Rosh Chodesh services: 6:45 a.m.

Congregation young israel/ChaBad oF tuCson 2443 E. Fourth St., Tucson, AZ 85719 • (520) 881-7956 Rabbi Yossie Shemtov, Rabbi Yudi Ceitlin • www.chabadoftucson.com Daily minyan: Sun. and legal holidays, 8:30 a.m.; Mon. and Thurs., 6:30 p.m.; Tues., Wed., Fri., 6:45 a.m. / Mincha and Maariv, 5:15 p.m. / Shabbat services: Fri. at candlelighting; Sat. 9:30 a.m. followed by Kiddush. Mincha, Maariv, and Havdallah TBA.

ChaBad on river 3916 E. Ft. Lowell Road • (520) 661-9350 Rabbi Ram Bigelman • www.chabadonriver.com Shabbat services: Fri., Mincha at candlelighting time, followed by Maariv. / Sat., Shacharit service, 9:30 a.m. / Torah study: women, Wed., 2 p.m.; men, Tues. and Thurs., 7 p.m. Call to confirm. 1217 W. Faldo Drive, Oro Valley, AZ 85755 • (520) 477-8672 Rabbi Ephraim Zimmerman • www.jewishorovalley.com Shabbat services: 3rd Fri., 5 p.m. Oct.-Feb., 6 p.m. March-Sept., all followed by dinner / Sat., 10 a.m. study session followed by service.

ChaBad sierra vista 401 Suffolk Drive, Sierra Vista, AZ 85635 • (520) 820-6256 Rabbi Benzion Shemtov • www.jewishsierravista.com Shabbat services: Sat., 10:30 a.m., bimonthly, followed by class explaining prayers. Visit website or call for dates.

3001 E. Skyline Drive, Suite 117, Tucson, AZ 85718 • (520) 276-5675 Rabbi Samuel M. Cohon • www.beitsimchatucson.org Shabbat services: Fri., 6:30 p.m.; Sat., 10 a.m., with Torah study at 9 a.m; monthly Shabbat morning hikes.

Congregation Chaverim 5901 E. Second St., Tucson, AZ 85711 • (520) 320-1015 Rabbi Stephanie Aaron • www.chaverim.net Shabbat services: Fri., 7 p.m. (no service on 5th Fri.); Family Shabbat, 1st Fri., 6 p.m. / Torah study: 2nd Sat., 9 a.m., followed by contemplative service,10 a.m. (Renewal) 4625 E. River Road, Tucson, AZ 85718 • (520) 296-0818 Mailing Address: 6628 E. Calle Dened, Tucson, AZ 85710, Shabbat services: 1st and 3rd Fri., 7:15 p.m.

3888 E. River Road, Tucson, AZ 85718 (Tucson Hebrew Academy) Mailing Address: P.O. Box 31806, Tucson, AZ 85751 • (520) 904-1881 Rabbi Helen Cohn • www.mkorhayim.org Shabbat services: 2nd and 4th Fri., 7 p.m. / Torah study, 2nd and 4th Sat., 9:30 a.m.

Congregation or Chadash 3939 N. Alvernon Way, Tucson, AZ 85718 • (520) 512-8500 Rabbi Thomas Louchheim, Cantor Janece Cohen www.orchadash-tucson.org Shabbat services: Fri., 6:30 p.m.; 1st Fri., Friday Night LIVE (Sept.-May); 2nd Friday, Tot Shabbat (Sept.-May), 6 p.m.; Sat., 10 a.m. / Torah study: Sat., 8:30 a.m.

1751 N. Rio Mayo (P.O. Box 884), Green Valley, AZ 85622 (520) 648-6690 • www.bstc.us Shabbat services: 1st and 3rd Fri., 7 p.m. / Torah study: Sat., 10 a.m.

handmaKer resident synagogue

2221 N. Rosemont Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85712 • (520) 881-2323 www.handmaker.com Shabbat services: Fri., 4:30 p.m., led by Lindsey O’Shea, followed by Shabbat dinner; Sat., 9:30 a.m., led by Mel Cohen and Dan Asia, followed by light Kiddush lunch.



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the institute For JudaiC serviCes and studies Mailing Address: 36789 S. Golf Course Drive, Saddlebrooke, AZ 85739 Rabbi Sanford Seltzer • (520) 825-8175 Shabbat services: Oct.-April, third Friday of the month at 7 p.m. — call for details.

temple emanu-el 225 N. Country Club Road, Tucson, AZ 85716 • (520) 327-4501 Rabbi Batsheva Appel • www.tetucson.org Shabbat services: Fri., 7:30 p.m.; Sat., 10 a.m./ Torah study: Sat., 8:30 a.m. except when there is a Rabbi’s Tish.

temple Kol hamidBar

David Rosenstein

228 N. Canyon Drive, Sierra Vista • (520) 458-8637 kolhamidbar.tripod.com Mailing address: P.O. Box 908, Sierra Vista, AZ 85636, Friday night Torah study group: 6 - 7:15 p.m. / Shabbat services: Fri., 7:30 p.m.

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Sonia Barr died May 17, 2019. Mrs. Barr belonged to AMIT and founded a chapter in Tucson, continuing her participation from Mizrachi Women in Brooklyn. She was president of the Ladies Auxiliary at Yeshivah Ohel Moshe in Brooklyn and ran several charity events. She was a member of an art group with whom she pushed her artistic ability. Mrs. Barr was preceded in death by her husband, Larry Barr. Survivors include her children Stefi Litvak of Sun Lakes, Arizona, and Alan (Donita) Barr of Gilbert, Arizona; sisters, Carol Spielman of Highland Park, Illinois, and Bernice Culter of Glenn Cove, New York; sisters-inlaw Sherry Tilzer and Thelma Silverstein of Florida; six grandchildren, and seven great-grandchildren. Graveside services were held at Evergreen Cemetery in the Congregation Young Israel section, with Rabbi Mendy Deitsch of Chabad of the East Valley officiating. A memorial service also was held at Chabad of the East Valley.

Congregation Kol simChah

Congregation m’Kor hayim

ORTHODOX Congregation ChoFetz Chayim/southwest torah institute

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REFORM Congregation Beit simCha

Sonia Barr

seCular humanist Jewish CirCle www.secularhumanistjewishcircle.org Call Cathleen at (520) 730-0401 for meeting or other information.

university oF arizona hillel Foundation 1245 E. 2nd St. Tucson, AZ 85719 • (520) 624-6561 • www.arizona.hillel.org Shabbat services: Reform, Conservative, Orthodox, and alternative services two Fridays each month when school is in session. Dinner follows (guests, $8; RSVP by preceding Thurs.). Call for dates/times.

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In focus

A son, Jude Valentine Hall, was born March 1, 2019 to Andrea and Jacob Hall of Sherman Oaks, California. Grandparents are Rita and Martin Hall of Tucson and Vaughn and Cathy Laganosky of Sierra Vista.

Gabrielle Erbst has been named principal at Tucson Hebrew Academy. A native Tucsonan and the first alumnus in this role, Erbst has been THA’s director of admissions and director of student support services for the past five years. She is a graduate of the University of Arizona with a bachelor’s degree in speech and hearing sciences. She earned her master’s in special education from Hunter College in New York City and worked at The Stephen Gaynor School, which specializes in techniques for children with learning disabilities. Erbst is this year’s Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona Young Woman of the Year and a member of the engagement and social action committee for the JFSA Young Leadership Team.

Photo: Pi Polletta/Jewish Family & Children’s Services

Business briefs

UA’s Ruiz speaks at Mexican Consulate

Joaquin Ruiz speaks at a Jewish Family & Children’s Services event at the Mexican Consulate June 4.

Some 60 community members gathered on Tuesday, June 4, at the Mexican Consulate to hear Joaquin Ruiz, Ph.D., dean of the College of Science at the University of Arizona, speak about his life and work, highlighting Tucson’s geology, diversity and extensive natural wonders. Ruiz is a member of both the Jewish and Hispanic communities. Jewish Family & Children’s Services of Arizona co-sponsored the event. Ruiz, who was born and raised in Mexico City, joined the UA in 1983. He has been dean of the College of Science since 2000, executive dean of the Colleges of Letters, Arts and Science 2009-2018, and vice president for innovation since 2013. He is also the Thomas R. Brown Chair and director of Biosphere 2. In 2018, the Mexican Secretary of State named him one of 40 distinguished Mexican citizens living abroad who have brought distinction to the country.

Arizona Theatre Company will hold general auditions for its 2019/2020 season on Monday, July 15. Equity actors should contact Anna Jennings to make an appointment at 884-8210, ext. 7508 or ajennings@arizonatheatre.org. Non-Equity actors are welcome to attend and wait to be seen if time permits. Information on the 2019/2020 season is available at www.arizonatheatre.org. Brian Smith, chef of Maynards Market & Kitchen and winner of the 2018 Iron Chef Tucson competition, will face off against Wendy Gauthier of Chef Chic in the 2019 Iron Chef competition, June 29 (see www.iron cheftucson.com). Mary Steiger, chef of Gourmet Girls Gluten Free Bakery/Bistro, was one of the three finalists in the competition. Smith also represented the United States at the International Food and Wine Festival, in Yantai, China, May 17-28. The festival, which featured 16 chefs from around the world, was part of the second annual World Senior Tourism Congress. Local First Arizona won two awards for its SCALE UP program that helps save local businesses money through sustainability (see www/azjewish post.com/2018/lfa-helps-local-businesses-save-moneyenergy). The program received the Go Green Business Development Partner Award from Tucson Electric Power and a Tucson 2030 Changemaker Award, awarded to Local First Arizona and Merit Foods, one of the businesses that took part in the pilot program.

Photo: Mary Ellen Loebl

Hotel Congress continues its 100th-anniversary celebration by granting $10,000 to local non-profit organizations for the third year. This year the $10,000 will be granted to one or more organizations that support food security and environmental causes. Applications are due Sept. 30. Details are at www.hotelcongress.com/ culture/community.

Volunteers from Truly Nolen filled food bags for 60 Homer Davis students to supplement their summer nutrition. (L-R) Robert Folino, Brian Harper, Joshua King, Michael Barcelo, Spain Sivley, Tracy Masterson, and Reuben Hill. Front: Jeremy Christopherson

Truly Nolen volunteers pack food for JFSA’s Homer Davis project On May 29, community volunteers from Truly Nolen Pest & Termite Control packed 240 bags of food to supplement nutrition for students at Homer Davis Elementary School over the summer break, when kids can’t Send news of your simchas to localnews@azjewishpost.com or call 319-1112


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get meals at school. The food program is part of the Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona Jewish Community Relations Council’s adopt-a school program, Making a Difference Every Day: The Homer Davis Project. Please thank our advertisers for supporting our Jewish community

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NEWS BRIEFS Thousands of Polish soccer fans attending a match in Warsaw between their national team and Israel’s applauded during the playing of the Jewish state’s anthem. “Hatikvah” was played just before “Mazurek Dąbrowskiego” on Tuesday ahead of the match, which ended with Poland winning 4-0. When some fans began whistling during the playing of the Israeli anthem, the predominantly Polish crowd responded with applause that drowned out the whistling, the Israel Football Association wrote on Twitter. “Thank you for an inspiring sporting spectacle. See you in Jerusalem,” a spokesperson for the Israeli association wrote on Twitter. The Euro qualifiers match came at a sensitive time for Polish-Israeli relations, which have suffered over the past year as politicians from both countries made provocative statements about Holocaust-era complicity and restitution. Stewards and security guards took extraordinary precautions to prevent the eruption of violence during the match, which ended without incident. On its Facebook page, the Polish Football Association, or PZPN, characterized its victory as a “pogrom,” drawing protests. The Russian-language word, which to many harks back to anti-Semitic violence but in Poland is sometimes used to describe major defeats in sports, was removed from the Polish club’s Facebook post. In Poland and elsewhere, the word is used to describe also other forms of bloodshed, including the so-called Galician Slaughter, or uprising of 1846, in which Polish peasants killed hundreds of non-Jewish noblemen. The



episode is characterized as a pogrom in the Polish Szkolnictwo learning portal, among other resources.


Ryan Braun now holds the record for most home runs by a Jewish baseball player. The 35-year-old outfielder passed Hank Greenberg on June 7 when he hit his 332nd career homer in a game against the Pittsburgh Pirates. Braun, who has spent his entire Ryan Braun at Busch career with the Milwaukee Brewers Stadium in 2014 and now also holds the team’s alltime home run record, tarnished his reputation in the baseball community in 2012. After testing positive for outlawed performance-enhancing drugs, Braun lied about his use of them and lobbied fellow players to support his false claims. Braun is the son of an Israeli father and has said he is proud of being Jewish but does not observe the faith.


Incendiary balloons ignited three fires Tuesday in the Kissufim forest on the border with the Gaza Strip. A day earlier, incendiary balloons ignited four fires — several in the same forest and another in a wheat field — that burned dozens of acres. The balloons, carrying flammable materials, are lit and sent to fly over the border fence with Gaza toward southern Israel. The arson attacks are a violation of an unofficial

cease-fire between Israel and terror groups in the strip.


Volkswagen is joining with the Anti-Defamation League to fund a Berlin-based office that will research and combat anti-Semitism in Europe. “The initiative will focus on assessing the root causes of anti-Semitism, extremism, and bigotry in society and develop programs to counter it through advocacy and education,” ADL said in a release Tuesday. A spokesman for the German car manufacturing giant told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency that the Berlin office will be the first ADL presence in Europe in more than a decade. The funding, over the three years, is set to be in the low seven figures, the official said, with an option to expand and continue the initiative thereafter. Herbert Diess, CEO of Volkswagen Group, the largest car manufacturer in the world, announced the bid Monday at the ADL’s annual Washington conference. In an interview with JTA, he said he was concerned about the recent spike in anti-Semitism in Europe, and that Volkswagen had a special obligation to combat racism because of its origins in Nazi Germany. “We have more obligation than others,” he said. “The whole company was built up by the Nazi regime.” The initiative will have four components: education in schools, education in workplaces, lobbying in European capitals and research through surveys. “The generous support of dedicated companies like Volkswagen who share our values and stand behind our mission provides added strength to our common cause,” said Jonathan Greenblatt, ADL’s national director.

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Arizona Jewish Post 6.14.19  

Arizona Jewish Post 6.14.19