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May 31, 2019 26 Iyar 5779 Volume 75, Issue 11

S O U T H E R N A R I Z O N A ’ S A WA R D - W I N N I N G J E W I S H N E W S PA P E R S I N C E 1 9 4 6

Home & Garden ....... 12-16 Sizzling Gourmet ..........10-11 Classifieds ...............................8 Commentary ...................... 6,8 Community Calendar.......... 20 In Focus.................................22 Local .................... 2, 3, 4, 5, 13 Obituaries ........................18, 19 Our Town ..............................23 P.S. .........................................17 Synagogue Directory...........23

SUMMER SCHEDULE The last print edition for the summer will be July 12, 2019. Look for our next print edition on Aug. 16, 2019. GOING AWAY? Remember to stop delivery of the AJP at least a week before you leave town.

#MeToo event encourages community-wide conversation MAYA S. HOROWITZ Jewish Community Foundation of Southern Arizona


t is our collective responsibility as members of this community to examine the part that we play in these frameworks,” Graham Hoffman, president and CEO of the Jewish Community Foundation of Southern Arizona, told the audience at a recent community event addressing sexual harassment in the Jewish communal world. “Rabbinic wisdom teaches us the principal of B’tselem Elohim, that each human contains a spark of the Divine. In every interaction, we should strive to treat those around us with the safety, respect, and equity that we would afford to the Divine. The #MeToo movement is about not only addressing explicitly inappropriate behavior, but also confronting institutional frameworks of power.” Thanks to the visionary leadership of the late Saul Tobin and the Saul Tobin Fund for Jewish Continuity at the Jewish Community Foundation of Southern Arizona, volunteers, board members, and staff of Jewish agencies from across Tucson, as well as Tucson Jewish Community Center camp counselors, gathered at the Tucson J on May 21 to participate in the “From #MeToo to #WeToo: Uplifting Safety, Respect, and Equity in Our Tucson Jewish Community” event hosted by the local Jewish professionals network. The event aimed to examine issues of sexual harassment, privilege, power inequity, and discrimination against women in the Jewish community, and discuss constructive solutions to these complex problems. Increasingly,

Photos: Maya S. Horowitz/JCF


w w w. a z j e w i s h p o s t . c o m

During an exercise at the Jewish community’s “From #MeToo to #WeToo” event May 21, audience members wrote reflections on banners marked “I Learned,” “I Feel,” and “I Commit to.” Colored stickers indicate “likes” from other attendees.

Community leader Anne Hameroff, left, moderated a panel at the Jewish community’s “From #MeToo to #WeToo” event May 21 with (L-R) Graham Hoffman, Jewish Community Foundation president and CEO; Melissa Zimmerman, Jewish Family & Children’s Services vice president of clinical services; and Guila Benchimol, a consultant from the SafetyRespectEquity Coalition.

communities are being confronted with these questions and asked to self-reflect and grapple with what it means to consciously ensure existing structures of privilege no longer negatively influence how community business is done. Michelle Blumenberg, executive director of the University of Arizona Hillel Foundation, brought the idea for “From #MeToo to #WeToo” to Tucson after she attended a similar presentation at the Hillel International Global Assembly in December 2018 in Denver. When she proposed a version of the presentation to agency executives in

our community, they immediately agreed to begin planning. “Like most other problems and challenges in our wider community, whether it’s alcoholism, drug abuse, or sexual harassment, people tend to think that this doesn’t happen with the Jews,” said Blumenberg. “Tucson tends to be at the forefront of addressing issues of concern in our community … I am delighted that we are doing this. I think it really says something about who we are.” Todd Rockoff, president and CEO of the JCC, also spearheaded the planning of the event, and

encouraged the inclusion of the J’s camp staff so that they could learn to be positive role models for the next generation. The evening began with an emotional presentation of anonymous victim stories from Jewish communities around North America. Due to the nature of some of the narratives and the possibility that the evening’s discussion might trigger difficult emotions, two volunteer therapists from Jewish Family & Children Services of Southern Arizona were on hand to speak to event participants. Following the victim stories, there was a panel discussion moderated by community leader Anne Hameroff and featuring Guila Benchimol, a consultant from the SafetyRespectEquity Coalition; Melissa Zimmerman, vice president of clinical services at JFCS, and Hoffman. Among other topics, the panel addressed how Jewish values can be applied in tackling these issues, how donor-staff relationships can be fraught at times, what men can do to be more aware and empathetic, and how best to move forward to address and curtail these issues in our community. “I hope first and foremost that this event will cause everyone to pay more attention to interactions where inappropriate behavior could occur and be more thoughtful about how we speak to each other,” said Hameroff. “Obviously we want to stop ‘extreme’ behavior, but I tend to believe that subtle, innocuous behavior that many people aren’t even aware they are doing has a negative impact in a much broader way. And I want to believe that if people are just made aware of it, they will be thoughtful enough to rethink how they See #MeToo, page 2

CANDLELIGHTING TIMES: May 31 ... 7:07 p.m • June 7 ... 7:11 p.m. • June 8 (Eve of Shavuot) ... 8:12 p.m. June 9 (Shavuot) ... 8:12 p.m. • June 14 ... 7:14 p.m.

LOCAL Southern Arizona racer to vie for gold at Maccabi Pan Am Games in Mexico

mit, and I have a newfound appreciation for the skill involved in mountain bike racing. My focus was exclusively road racing, and primarily time trials (a race against the clock.)” At the games in Mexico, he will have three races: a time trial, 20 to 25 kilometers (12.5 to 15.5 miles) on a Formula 1 racetrack in the city at 7,200 feet; then two

mountain road races, each 80 to 100 kilometers (50 to 62 miles) starting at about 9,000 feet and going as high as 11,600 feet. “The two road races, two days apart, will be hard. I think the Mexican hosts of the Maccabi Games did this to play to their strengths, and to disadvantage everyone else.” Now 58, Tannenbaum began bike racing as a student at Rensselaer Polytechnic in New York from 1979 to 1983. Work, life, travels, and back injuries interrupted his racing habit for nearly a quarter of a century. During that time, he spent 13 years overseas as his wife was posted to six countries with the United Nations. He traveled to some 45 countries on five continents, and only bicycled recreationally. Since returning to the states in 2014, he has been a foreign cultures and languages teacher at Fort Huachuca, outside Sierra Vista, Arizona. By 2016, he was in two events in one day — a 20- and a 40-kilometer (12.5 to 25 miles) race with only 10 minutes between. He won the first by 28 seconds and handily took first in his age division in the second race. That same afternoon, he caught an 18-hour flight to Italy.

Since then, he placed third in state individual time trials in his age group in 2017; first in a two-man time trial team in his age group last year, and started participating in Senior Olympics locally and at the state level. Last year, he medaled in every Senior Olympics event he entered, taking five gold medals this winter at state and qualifying for nationals. Besides bike racing in Mexico, he also will participate in power lifting and track and field. Recently taking up velodrome racing, on a banked oval bike track, he won three silver medals at state. The Pan American Maccabi Games are a high-level athletic competition for Jewish athletes all over the world, aimed at connecting Jews from the Diaspora. The games require master athletes like Tannenbaum to pay their own way, some $6,000, to the events. He was able to fundraise about 20 percent of that burden. Taking two racing bikes to the game as oversized luggage — a 2014 Cervelo P3 for time trials and a 2014 Bianchi Infinito CV for off the road — “will cost as much to get there and back as it will cost for me,” he adds.

unteers, and professional/agency staff. Each group was asked to write down their thoughts on a banner with sections marked “I Learned,” “I Feel,” and “I Commit to.” Audience members were then asked to walk around the room and place colored “like” stickers on the commitments they felt most strongly about on each of the three banners. Benchimol closed the

event by asking everyone to reflect on what they had heard and to spend the summer thinking about ways their takeaways could be applied to the Jewish organizations in which they participate. Funding for this event was provided by the Saul Tobin Fund for Jewish Continuity. A variety of organizations in the community co-sponsored the evening, including congregations Anshei Is-

rael, Bet Shalom, Chaverim, and M’Kor Hayim; the UA Hillel Foundation; the J; JCF; JCFS; the Jewish History Museum; Handmaker Jewish Services for the Aging; Tucson Hebrew Academy; the Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona; and the Jewish Women’s Foundation of New York.

DEBE CAMPBELL AJP Assistant Editor

#METOO continued from page 1

communicate with each other.” After the panel discussion and a brief question and answer session, audience members broke out into three groups based on their affiliations — the J’s summer camp staff, board members/vol-

Photo: Sam Almesfer


avid Tannenbaum has proven that riding a bicycle is indeed “like riding a bicycle.” After 23 years out of the saddle, Tannenbaum entered the 2014 annual Cochise County Cycling Classic in Douglas, Arizona, and pedaled 27 miles to second place in one hour and 20 minutes. He’s been riding high in the saddle since. In April, he completed his longest offroad mountain bike race, in preparation for riding for Team USA in the Maccabi Pan American Games in Mexico City, July 5-15. “It was the longest and highest I ever rode in North America,” he says of the mountain climb in Cananea, Sonora. The location is about an hour across the Mexican border from his Southern Arizona home in Hereford. “I’m not terribly interested in off-road racing, but this was an opportunity to ride to 8,000 feet,” says Tannenbaum. “I needed to ride as high as I can to prepare for Mexico City. I was darn near the last man to finish, but 24 men didn’t finish. I was proud to have won a medal for reaching the sum-

David Tannenbaum at the 2018 Three Bears time trial in Eloy, Arizona.

A evening of music, comedy, and poetry spotlighting local Jewish performers. Admission by donation. All proceeds will go to local migrant shelters. Performers will include: SINGER SONGWRITERS Joyce Luna Trio Eric Schaffer Bat Florence Portugal POETRY Mayor Jonathan Rothschild COMEDY Roxy Merrari Gordy Spike Rutman Jews of Tucson Improv Movement EMCEES-STATE REPS Alma and Daniel Hernandez


For more info contact Tony at

June 15th at 7:30 at the Jewish History Museum Sponsored by Tucson Jews For Justice



Maya S. Horowitz is project manager at the Jewish Community Foundation of Southern Arizona.

CAROLE L. LEVI “Your Real Estate Connection” (520) 241-2021

Explore our website News and views from the Jewish world from Tucson to Israel — Iceland to Tunisia. For advertising opportunities, call 319-1112.


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CAI to energize youth, family education program DEBE CAMPBELL AJP Assistant Editor


Photo courtesy Congregation Anshei Israel


ongregation Anshei Israel is revamping its youth and family education models, tearing down silos, and merging them into a new program, aptly called B’Yachad (together). This new name builds on the synagogue’s tagline and vision: “Living Y/Our Judaism Together.” Religious school programs evolved post-World War II in America’s suburban sprawl, explains CAI’s Rabbi Robert Eisen, “for families to give children a Jewish education. It’s time to reexamine the goal and use the time to experience Jewish life.” After many months of research and study of best practices, Eisen says that he, Cantorial Soloist Nichole Chorny, and Rabbi Ruven Barkan, education and youth director, envision a broader framework to “experience things the way we live them,” to best serve the community. Kerri Haeflinger, the parent havurah chair, was instrumental in providing feedback from parents and support for these changes, Chorny adds. “It is a more organic approach to Jewish life and Jewish education,” Eisen continues, explaining that as life has changed, new approaches to finding Jewish life adapt. “We move from ‘We’re going to teach you,’ to ‘We’re here to help you toward the things you need for spirituality.’ We’ve changed the way we develop initiatives, and holiday observances are more fluid. We recognize the fragmentation of the congregation and work to provide more gateways for access. We picked the outcome we want; we have a picture of what the graduate of this program will have completed. We’ve put the pieces into place to make that happen — by responding, not reacting. The goal is to bring people to the experience and the community.” The model integrates the synagogue’s programs for youth and families throughout the congregation: USY (youth group), Mishpaha (family education), and Shabbat and holiday programs, Chorny explains. “This shift toward the experiential brings together families throughout our congregation, those whose children are in religious school or attending the Tucson Hebrew Academy,” she says. B’Yachad programming will include a new spiraled curriculum, Barkan adds, that

Mazel Tov

Congregation Anshei Israel’s B’Yachad students participate in experiential activities with Nichole Chorny, cantorial soloist.

is more flexible. “It cumulatively builds, so it’s not, for example, the same holiday lesson every year. It builds on a foundation.” Experiential learning, community building, and individualized attention for each student will continue with Tuesday afternoon and Sunday morning supplemental school every week and “Shabbat’s Cool” monthly. The program will include periodic experiential days designed for CAI’s THA students to join in community building, learning, and fun. The program further empowers madrichim (teen leaders) to take on increased leadership roles throughout the synagogue and serve as role models for living Judaism, says Chorny. “Younger students look up to them as b’nai mitzvah tutors and leaders of services on Shabbat mornings, empowering the madrichim to teach and create community.” “It is learning from a different direction,” Eisen adds. “If the madrichim have to teach it, they have to know it. It becomes an opportunity for them to reflect, in a safe environment, and choose how to live.” The program will launch on Sunday, Aug. 18 with a kick-off event for all youth and their families. Information and registration will be available at, or from Barkan at 745-5550.

Marks Family On The Sale Of Your Home MADELINE FRIEDMAN Vice President, ABR, CRS, GRI






Concert to honor Temple Emanu-El’s Hochberg

emple Emanu-El will present a conby composer Lewis Saul and by Temple cert, “Celebrating 20 Years of Song,” on Emanu-El Music Director Robert LopezThursday, June 13, in honor of CantoriHanshaw. al Soloist Marjorie Hochberg’s 20 years of serThe synagogue’s previous music director, vice to the synagogue community. Hochberg pianist Chris Tackett, also will perform. will sing some of her favorite theater and opera Tickets are $10, and donations in Hochsolos, and musical guests will present Jewish berg’s honor will be recognized at the event. favorites as well as world premieres. For more information on donations, conFeatured musical guests will include Rachel tact Jill Rich at 349-0174. For more inforMarjorie Hochberg Saul, a violinist with the Hawaii Symphony mation on the concert, call the Temple ofOrchestra, who is one of Hochberg’s former students. fice at 327-4501 or register online at Saul will play two new pieces, written for the occasion event/celebrating-20.

Please thank our advertisers for supporting our Jewish community May 31, 2019, ARIZONA JEWISH POST


LOCAL Lovingkindness-driven initiatives established by JCF/JFSA joint grants Arizona and around the world to carry out initiatives that support, sustain, enhance, and encourage positive change in their communities. In 2019, the aligned JCF and JFSA grants committee reviewed 44 proposals, ultimately choosing 28 and distributing $355,197. • $167,438 was allocated in the Tucson Jewish category to support seven grants for core human services and increased Jewish engagement. • $10,000 was provided in the Tucson Synagogue category for two small capital projects. • $99,000 in Partnership2Gether Israel awards were allocated to assist eight programs that focus on youth and young families. • $38,000 in Israel-wide grants were awarded to four recipients to enhance and encourage an integrated Israeli society, specifically secular education of haredi youth and opportunities that go beyond dialogue to bring Israelis and Palestinians together. • $40,759 in Tucson general funding went to support the data gathering and analysis of Cradle to Career, a nationwide initiative to improve education and workforce outcomes, and programs that focus on at-risk youth. For more information about projects the JCF/JFSA grants process has funded, visit



ara’s options began to feel limited when, at the age of 72, she met with a series of major life obstacles. Beset with memory challenges, a recent cancer diagnosis, and an urgent need to move out of her apartment due to repairs, she didn’t know where she could turn. That’s when Jewish Family & Children’s Services of Southern Arizona stepped in with their Trusted Advisors Project. TAP helped Sara apply for low-income housing, coordinate her medical care, and connect to the JCFS Chai Circle for cancer survivors. Although they could not change her life circumstances, they were able to ease some of her burden and help her navigate through this difficult period. TAP was established in July 2018 thanks, in part, to a $30,000 grant from the Jewish Community Foundation of Southern Arizona and the Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona. Since its inception, the project has provided services to 47 low-income Jewish individuals and families who have found themselves in crises or facing life challenges that seriously impacted their well-being, safety, and/ or independence. JFCS professionals provide individual assessment, care, and referrals at no cost to the most vulnerable members

of the Jewish community, people who are often not visible because they are unable or embarrassed to ask for help. Services offered include budgeting, housing, coordinating medical care, reducing isolation, building coping skills and support mechanisms, navigating guardianship issues and power of attorney, and assistance making life-planning decisions. The lovingkindness inherent in projects such as TAP embodies the spirit of the aligned JCF and JFSA competitive grants process. This annual grants process seeks to empower organizations and individuals in Southern

Maya S. Horowitz is project manager at the Jewish Community Foundation of Southern Arizona.

Tucson J’s Elder Camp proves summer fun isn’t just for the grandkids anymore

eniors who look back fondly on summer camp fun and frolic can now relive those golden days of yore. Following a banner first-year experiment, the Tucson Jewish Community Center is announcing open registration for its second season of Elder Camp. Camp will take place on four consecutive Sunday afternoons, June 16, 23, and 30, and July 7, from 2-5 p.m. Each session will feature an hour of arts and crafts, Zumba (modified, with chairs for seated participation), and either a nature program presented by Sabino Canyon Volunteer Naturalists, interactive bingo, carnival games, or a singalong with piano accompaniment and lyrics projected on a screen. Snacks and beverages will be served. “Participants must be ambulatory (cane or walker is OK) and continent of bowel (Depends are OK),” says Sharon Arkin, Psy.D., who runs the Elder Camp as well as the Elder Rehab program, which helps people with memory loss stay physically and mentally active. The next semester of Elder Rehab will start in September. Memory-challenged participants accompanied by a

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Jewish Family & Children’s Services Program Manager Elise Bajohr, left, demonstrates home-based assessment of an individual’s needs.


Sylvia Levkovitz takes part in a cup stacking challenge at the Tucson Jewish Community Center’s Elder Camp 2018.

helper are welcome at Elder Camp, and helpers will not have to register or pay. The cost of the series is $150. Individual sessions are $40. To register, call the Tucson J at 299-3000. Specify whether a helper will accompany the registrant.

Photos courtesy Sharon Arkin


Photo courtesy Jewish Community Foundation

Jewish Community Foundation of Southern Arizona

Dave and Adriana Stephens work on an art project at the Tucson Jewish Community Center’s Elder Camp 2018.

For more information, contact Arkin at 603-2912 or

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June 14 June 28 July 12 Aug. 16

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LOCAL Outstanding community volunteers recognized Susan Garber, Jewish Family & Children’s Services of Southern Arizona

DEBE CAMPBELL AJP Assistant Editor


his is part one of a series on the Jewish agency volunteers who received 2019 Special Recognition Awards at the Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona’s Jewish Community Awards celebration held May 9 at the Tucson Jewish Community Center.

Neil Markowitz

Neil Markowitz, Jewish Community Foundation of Southern Arizona

The Jewish Community Foundation honored Neil Markowitz as a vital part of its grants committee for more than a decade. “As co-founder and executive director of the Environmental Education Exchange, Neil does not have a shortage of things to do in his professional life. Yet he has never said ‘no’ when asked to take on additional responsibilities at the foundation,” said JFCF’s executive director and president Graham Hoffman, in presenting the award. Markowitz served on the foundation’s executive committee last year and will remain on the board as an officer for the coming year. He also previously served on the board of Tucson Audubon society. “Neil has served our community well, adding an extra level of thoughtfulness and insight to committee and board discussions,” Hoffman added. For two years in the mid-1980s, Markowitz lived in Australia while on the faculty at Deakin University in the College of Education. He has been a professional environmental educator for over 25 years. With an undergraduate degree from Rutgers University and a master of science from the University of Michigan, he has taught graduate level coursework and managed educational projects for a wide range of agencies and organizations. Since 1991, his company has promoted environmental education development in the United States and Mexico.

Susan Garber has served as a Jewish Family & Children’s Services board member and chair of the marketing and development committee since 2016 and has been a principal at Garber Marketing & Susan Garber Strategic Planning for 22 years. “With expertise as a nationallyrecognized marketing professional, Susan has helped insure powerful impact, good marketing, and branding for the organization,” said Ken Goodman, incoming JFCS board chair. “Thank you, Susan, for encouraging and inspiring us, willingly and sometimes unwillingly, to redefine our organization’s image and branding for greater impact and support from not only the Jewish community but also from the greater Tucson metropolitan area.” Garber has an extensive background in traditional and digital business strategy, branding, marketing, and advertising, providing strategic planning for established businesses and start-ups. She says it all began with a “KISS,” so to speak, when she helped create the enduring rock and roll brand for the band KISS. Being part of their “start-up” days and working with other artists like Paul McCartney and Eric Clapton showed Garber how to create identities, products, and companies. Previously, Garber was a senior vice president at Launch Media and held senior account management positions at iconic advertising agencies in New York, San Francisco, and Los Angeles. She is a guest lecturer at University of Southern California Annenberg School for Communication & Journalism, Otis College of Art & Design in Los Angeles, and University of Arizona McGuire Center for Entrepreneurship, and a mentor at Arizona Center for Innovation. Her bachelor’s degree in communications is from Occidental College.

Jews for Justice plan summer community concert


ucson Jews for like a community conJustice will prescert,” she suggested. ent a “Tucson The concert will Jewish Summer Arts feature local Jewish Festival — A Night performers, including of Music, Laughs and singer/songwriters PorLight” on Saturday, June tugal, the Joyce Luna 15 at 7:30 p.m. at the Trio, and Eric Schaffer. Jewish History MuseThere will be poetry Bat Florence Portugal Joyce Luna Trio Eric Schaffer um, 564 S. Stone Ave. from Mayor Jonathan Tony Zinman, a TucRothschild and comedy son Jews for Justice co-founder, explains that the evening from Roxy Merrari, Gordy Spike Rutman, and the Jews of was inspired by the gathering at Chabad Tucson on May 1, Tucson Improv Movement. Emcees will be Arizona State held in solidarity with Chabad of Poway, California, where Reps. Alma Hernandez (Tucson Jews for Justice co-founda deadly shooting took place April 27. Leaving that gather- er) and Daniel Hernandez. ing, his friend Bat Florence Portugal noted that the JewAdmission will be by donation, with proceeds going ish community seems to come together for sad events. “It to local migrant shelters. Contact Zinman at 390-5794 or would be great to have a positive reason to get together,

Remember to recycle this paper when you finish enjoying it. May 31, 2019, ARIZONA JEWISH POST


COMMENTARY What Jewish law says about abortion — why we can’t stay on the sidelines EPHRAIM SHERMAN JTA

Photo: Mark Wilson/Getty Images


labama and Georgia have passed laws recently that limit or forbid abortions in unprecedented ways, joining a growing number of states that are attempting to dramatically restrict abortion access. During these charged times, it is appropriate for the Jewish community to remind ourselves that halacha (Jewish law) has a nuanced view of abortion. It seems that many in the Orthodox Jewish community have not been overly worried by these and other efforts to curtail legal abortion. Ben Shapiro, a conservative commentator who identifies as an Orthodox Jew, has long been a loud voice in favor of governmentimposed restrictions on abortion. He has cheered the recent state level bans in print, on social media, and in his podcasts. He argues that Judaism is in the “pro-life” political camp, as opposed to “pro-choice.” But in America, the pro-life narrative is largely articulated by the Christian right, and there are important differences between how Judaism and Christianity view the span of time between conception and birth. Earlier this year, New York state significantly eased its restrictions on abortions after 24 weeks (often called “late term abortion,” which carries ideological baggage and is preferred on the right). This makes it far more feasible for a woman to have a life-saving abortion, or an abortion of a genetically anomalous fetus, later in pregnancy. Importantly,

Protesters on both sides of the abortion issue gather in front of the U.S. Supreme Court building during the Right To Life March in Washington, Jan. 18, 2019.

the law does not allow for abortions after 24 weeks without a medical justification. Many of these abortions are fully in line with Jewish law but previously had been more legally questionable. Both the Rabbinical Council of America and Agudath Israel, large organizations that represent Orthodox Jewish communities, condemned the decision because it allowed for “abortion on demand,” in the RCA’s words, before 24 weeks. However, both organizations also

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Arizona Jewish Post Advisory Board Damion Alexander, Myles Beck, Barbara Befferman Danes, Bruce Beyer (chairman), Roberta Elliott, Cathy Karson, Steve Weintraub Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona Stuart Mellan, President • Fran Katz, Senior Vice President • Deborah Oseran, Chairman of the Board



support, as the RCA explained, “the part of the law that permits abortion, even at a late stage, when the mother’s life is at risk.” Agudath Israel similarly wrote that it “opposes initiatives that would make abortion unlawful even in situations where termination of pregnancy is mandated by religious law … However, it is not necessary to make all abortions permissible in order to protect the rare instance when abortion is truly indicated.” “Late term” abortion is not a medical term, but rather the political designation used by abortion opponents for cases where the procedure is done after 24 weeks — the point in pregnancy when a generic fetus is potentially capable of life outside the womb (assuming available high-level neonatology care). Once the fetus can survive outside the womb, the cases in which abortion are necessary to save the mother’s life drop dramatically. However, in the very rare and terrible scenarios where it is necessary, New York state has made it easier to have these abortion procedures. The responses by these two Orthodox groups underline at least two significant differences when it comes to abortion between Jewish law, on the one hand, and Catholic law and the hard-line prolife narrative: Jewish law does not consider the fetus to be a being with a soul until it is born. It does not have personhood. Furthermore, before 40 days, some poskim,

or deciders of Jewish law, have a low bar for allowing an abortion. The Talmud, in Yevamos 69b, cites the view of Rav Hisda that “until forty days from conception the fetus is merely water. It is not yet considered a living being.” If there is a threat to a woman’s life, the safety of the mother takes precedence over continuing the pregnancy at any stage. Many sources illustrate this graphically and rather unambiguously, and all modern poskim agree on this. In fact, in certain circumstances, a fetus that endangers the life of the mother is legally considered a “murderer” in active pursuit. For example, in a case of maternal danger, we find in Sanhedrin 72b (further clarified with Rashi’s commentary) that “a midwife may insert her hand into the womb and kill the fetus … [the reason is] for as long as the fetus has not emerged into the world, it is not a nefesh [a being with a soul]; one is therefore allowed to kill it and save the mother …” According to Mishna Oholos 7:3, “If a woman is having trouble giving birth, they cut up the child in her womb and bring it forth limb by limb, because her life comes before the life of [the child].” Jewish law prohibits killing in all cases — except if one person is trying to murder another. If an individual is trying to end someone’s life, killing that person is actually a requirement. How much more so, a fetus (not yet a full person) who threatens the mother’s life may be aborted. In his Mishneh Torah, Maimonides writes the following: “The sages ruled that when complications arise and a pregnant woman cannot give birth, it is permitted to abort the fetus in her womb, whether with a knife or drugs, for the fetus is considered a rodef [a murderer in pursuit] of its mother … If the head of the fetus emerges, it should not be touched, because one life should not be sacrificed for another. Although the mother may die, this is the nature of the world.” In other words, when a fetus endangers the life of the mother, unless it is in the process of being born, abortion is a halachic requirement. Rabbi Moshe Feinstein, a revered modern posek with one of the most rigid modern positions on abortion, considers a fetus to have near-personhood status and abortion to be similar to murder in most cases. In his view, there must be clear evidence that the mother’s death is close to certain if an abortion is to be permitted (Igros Moshe, Choshen

Mishpat II: 69B). But even Feinstein concurs that if a mother’s life is in danger, abortion is a halachic necessity. Most other authorities, notably Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Aurbach and Eliezer Waldenberg, who are among the most trusted modern poskim for medical questions, require there to be reasonable risk but err on the side of caution for the mother’s life. These and other poskim recognize that in the words of Rabbi Aharon Meir Goldstein, “Jewish law does not afford a fetus full status as a person.” As with all of Jewish law, rabbinical scholars wrestle with how to apply these directives in individual cases. Poskim with expertise in this specific area keep abreast of updates in medical diagnostics and technology, and decide on a case-by-case basis which women should be encouraged to have an abortion and which should not be. But critically, the new restrictive abortion laws do not allow a woman and her rabbi to reach that decision on her own. In the Georgia law, abortion is strictly banned and criminalized after approximately six weeks. The law includes a provision that seems to allow for abortion in the case of imminent maternal danger. But it states that before a legal abortion can proceed, a physician must determine “that a medical emergency exists.” Put in clinical terms, this means that a woman would need to be actively in danger at the time abortion began, along the lines of what Feinstein requires. Another complication: If a woman is diagnosed with cancer during her pregnancy and needs to receive chemotherapy and/or radiation in order to survive, abortion is often needed, and is halachically warranted, prior to these treatments. None of these state level bans seem to allow for this, as the mother is not inherently in a state of medical emergency. Would these states argue that chemotherapy and radiation could be given while she is pregnant, and the fetus may or may not survive this noxious assault? Or perhaps they would argue that these treatments cannot be given, as they might cause a spontaneous abortion? In other cases the law is explicit that intentionally triggering a spontaneous abortion would be grounds for prosecution of the mother and doctor. There are other nuances in Jewish law that depart from the Christian pro-life narrative: Jewish law takes psychological and emotional distress into consideration. The Georgia law specifically states that psychological and emotional distress will not be deemed a danger to the mother, or as a factor contributing to the danger. This view is contrary to the beliefs of many Orthodox poskim. Waldenberg, considered to be one of the foremost modern scholars of Jewish law in medicine, writes that severe psychological distress is as much of a legitimate reason for an abortion as severe physical distress (Tzitz Eliezer 13:102; 14:101). He also writes in reference to abortions for fetuses that are physically or genetically ill, and are only likely to have a short and painful life: “It is clear that in Jewish law an Israelite is not liable to capital punishment for feticide … An Israelite woman was permitted to undergo a therapeutic abortion, even though her life was not at stake … This permissive ruling applies even when there is no direct threat to the life

of the mother, but merely a need to save her from great pain, which falls within the rubric of ‘great need.’ Now, is it possible to imagine a case in which there is more need, pain, and distress, than the present one, in which the mother is confronted by the [prospect of a] suffering child whose certain death is only a few years away and nothing can be done to save it?” (Responsa Tzitz Eliezer 13:102) In Georgia and Alabama, even if a Jewish woman’s obstetrician and psychiatrist encouraged her to terminate a pregnancy due to her psychiatric state or the health status of the fetus, and even if her rabbi told her that Jewish law fully allows her to terminate, she would be forced by law to carry the baby. It would not matter what that means for her safety or the status of the fetus — nor that it violates her religious beliefs. Strict abortion laws impinge on the religious freedom of observant Jews. The laws that multiple states are now passing, or attempting to pass, make clear that a physician who participates in an abortion will be vigorously prosecuted. In Georgia, it also criminalizes traveling outside of the state to have an abortion. Abortions, especially later in pregnancy when many of the dangers that necessitate one become apparent, require expertise and practice to perform safely. It is no exaggeration to say that this law will make even legal abortions for clear maternal physical danger much more difficult to access in these states, as research shows that laws passed to limit abortion correlate with decreases in the number of facilities providing them. Also, what physician wants to learn how to do a procedure that could land them in prison for decades if a court finds retroactively that the mother was not in enough danger to necessitate it? Or that the danger was not imminent enough? A reasonable Jewish observer might worry that the loosening of laws that regulate abortion would lead to an increase in abortions for halachically unjustifiable scenarios. A woman who decides that she would rather be pregnant during fall instead of summer, or after a given life event or financial achievement, would not find rabbinic support for such an abortion. Perhaps, the observer wonders, it is better to have strict laws to prevent such abortions. But as I have expanded upon above, it is nearly impossible to create a law that limits abortion and does not put a secular legal ban on some halachically permissible abortions. What Jewish community would want to continue to live in a place where they are potentially barred from following halacha? Is a community even allowed by halacha to continue living in such a place, if they have the option of leaving? It appears to me that the Jewish community cannot justify staying on the sidelines of this national American issue. We need to take the side of allowing for safe, legal, available abortions. Jewish law does not align with the Christian right on this issue, and neither should Orthodox Jews.

In Jewish law, the safety of the mother takes precedence over continuing the pregnancy at any stage.

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Ephraim Sherman, DNP, RN, AGPCNP-BC, is a nurse practitioner and healthcare researcher, focused on the intersection of culture and healthcare. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the AJP or its publisher, the Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona.




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We Orthodox Jews desperately need gay rabbis RABBI DANIEL LANDES JTA JERUSALEM


n May 24, the Jewish Telegraphic Agency reported that I would be ordaining a gay Orthodox rabbinical student who was denied the opportunity to receive smicha from his own Orthodox yeshiva. On May 26, I did so, ordaining Rabbi Daniel Atwood during a ceremony attended by more than 200 guests. I have been an Orthodox rabbi for a long time, and I know my decision will be met with shock and exasperation by many members of the Orthodox community. But I also know that our community desperately needs gay Orthodox rabbis, and we ignore that communal need at our own peril. Leviticus 18:22, which states that “thou shalt not lie with a man as one lies with a woman; it is an abomination,” has not been erased from the Torah. But that biblical commandment does not give us license to ignore or abuse the significant number of carefully observant Jews who are LGBTQ. Unfortunately, that has often been the reality. The contemporary Orthodox approach to these individuals, with a few notable exceptions, has proven worthless or even dangerous. Orthodox yeshivot will tell you that they simply don’t have such students. For gay students to survive in such an environment, they must not give any hint to their orientation, which in the hot-house of yeshiva life soon becomes a radical form of self-denial. When this tension cannot be sustained, their rabbis, parents, charlatans, and quack “healers” often prescribe “conversion therapies” that not only don’t “cure,” but actually damage both the body and soul. Conversion therapies typically utilize repeated inducements of shame and pain, and most often lead to a breakdown rather than a successful modern-day exorcism. Nobody gets cured; plenty of people get hurt. These interventions feed an even more toxic and powerful denial: “Maybe we do have gay individuals in our school, family, or community — but they can be fixed.” Another popular solution has been to advocate celibacy. But “just don’t do it” is not as simple as it sounds. We do not have any support system in Judaism for such a course. Judaism is so nuclear-family oriented that being single is considered a sin, or a waste, or at best a misfortune. Our one controlled study of enforced celibacy, the Roman Catholic Church, has seen what can happen when you deny the basic human need for intimacy. The worst, albeit most traditional “solution,” is to marry the boys off so they can “learn” to be heterosexual. When I was a Modern Orthodox rabbi near Beverly Hills, young and very frum (observant) newlywed women often came to me for halachic, or Jewish legal, advice. A number would recount sexual difficulties, sometimes with the news that their husbands were homosexually inclined and that they went out to gay bars. Some wives even “caught something” from their husbands. It was a mess. Learning to be a heterosexual is a ridiculous proposition causing much harm to all. These ill-advised approaches have led many LGBTQ Jews to abandon Orthodox life altogether. If gay Jews leave the religious path, they disappear from our

communities — and the theological conflicts also vanish with them. Just as these renegades eat shellfish, we might say, so too the men sleep with other men. This is not a real solution, but it has been the unspoken modus operandi for as long as I can remember. But many other LGBTQ Jews wish to, and do remain, observant. What do we do when LGBTQ Jews are frum, punctilious and even learned or learning? During my rabbinic career, I thought I treated gay Jews in my congregation and yeshiva no differently than straight ones. I am now not so confident. I chose to ignore the fact that gay halachic Jews exist. My form of denial was hoping that maybe they would just go away — maybe to another congregation, or anywhere else. Because of my commitment to Orthodox Judaism, I can no longer do this or justify the approach, either from a halachic or meta-halachic point of view. Those who are committed to the dignity of both individual Jews and our communities will find that they cannot in good conscience, either. The halachic reason is that gay Jews are asked to meet a virtually impossible standard of behavior. If they violate that standard, they are either censured or thrown out of the Orthodox community. The enforcers of this contract — rabbis, parents, educators and fellow adult students — know deep down that this agreement will never work. The stipulations, such as remaining in the closet or being celibate for life, are fanciful rejections of reality. This contract, simply, is neither good nor workable. The individual bound by it lacks any real gemirat da’at, complete acceptance, to fulfill or not violate the stipulations, for doing so would go against his or her own identity. This leads to a meta-halachic point, which distinguishes Judaism from Christianity. Paul saw the Law as creating sin, for the Law is impossible to fulfill. Salvation, therefore, must be found outside the Law, in Christ. Orthodox and classical Judaism, in contrast, affirms that the Law indeed can and therefore must be fulfilled. Salvation is to be found within the Law. But by having a group of people — gay Jews — who cannot keep the laws surrounding homosexuality, Orthodoxy drives itself to an untenable reality.

The need for a new category

Is there a way out of this impasse? The law of Leviticus is in full effect, and we Orthodox Jews must live by the words of the Sages and all of the early authorities. But adherence to halacha must be read with halachic eyes, addressing reality as it is, not how we wish it to be. And the reality is that LGBTQ Jews exist and many wish to be and are halachically observant. No denial nor delusion will change this. Purported “medical” cures are quackery, and parallel social ones lead to terrible results. Bearing this reality in mind, some halachic eyes have read the situation as one of ohnes — duress, a force that compels one to do something even if one ostensibly does not want to. When that force is completely external halacha exempts the person from punishment — Ahnus rachmana patrei (if one acts under duress, the Merciful One exempts him). The classic case is the raped woman who must have “cried out but there was no one to save her” (Deuteronomy 22:6-7). Clearly, no hint of wrongdoing is to be ascribed to her; she is completely innocent. Maimonides makes it clear that one is considered

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innocent in a rape even when she dismisses rescuers as she is being attacked, for the yeitzer (the [evil] impulse — that is, sexual desire) has overwhelmed her” (Laws of Sanhedrin 20:3). Maimonides rules that even in cases where a person commits a cardinal sin under duress, he is “not to suffer stripes, much less the death penalty, for it was not his free will” (Principles of Faith 5:4). Such “duress” includes not just the threat of death, but physical suffering (Ketubot 23b). When those sufferings are unrelenting, they are worse than death itself. The plight of LGBTQ Jews has several similarities. The desire of sexual need is overwhelming. For heterosexual Orthodox Jews, we temporarily sublimate that desire — and accept that it is best expressed only within the confines of a heterosexual marriage. Thus the full force of halacha continues to apply. Homosexuality, viewed through halachic eyes, is fundamentally different. It does not have any release, substitute or “cure” other than a homosexual relationship. A few LGBTQ Jews might aspire and accomplish true lifelong celibacy, but the homosexual’s constant state of ohnes clearly needs another category or description: It is complete in both duration and intensity. When duress is complete and permanent, it takes on a different form entirely. This halachic concept, proposed by some early authorities, is known as Nishtano HaTeva — Nature Change. Its biggest proponent was the Tosafist School, the grandchildren and students of the medieval French sage Rashi. An adherence to observable facts — and elimination of the tension between halacha and reality – was literally lifesaving: Maimonides extended Nishtano HaTeva to Talmudic medicine, which he no longer considered effective or even safe. In the Mishneh Torah, Maimonides does not prescribe any Talmudic medical practice that does not concur with his scientific judgment. The famed 20thcentury Lithuanian sage, the Hazon Ish, explains that Maimonides was simply allowing halacha to reflect the fact that scientific discoveries, as well as human bodies, had evolved. As elusive as this explanation may be, it nonetheless affirms that certain things in the human makeup may indeed change — ­ and that our moral vision of halacha must keep up. Homosexual life may indeed be a candidate for that rubric of Nishtano HaTeva as well. As we have seen, the old societal “cures” just do not work. Would thus the laws of Leviticus be voided? No. But to what degree and in what manner would LGBTQ Jews be obligated to follow them? Does the specific proscription of Leviticus have a special status that must remain? In the meantime, how should gay Jews who wish to be fully halachically observant raise their children? How do the laws of modesty, mechitza (the separation of men and women in prayer), shomer negiah (restrictions on

Israelis participate in the Gay Pride Parade on July 30, 2015 in Jerusalem, Israel. The Hebrew signs read, “Come out from the closet, the closet is death.”

physical contact between genders), and yichud (prohibitions on unmarried men and women being alone together) apply to them?

A shared experience and language

I don’t have the answers to many of these questions. But I do know that empathy for Orthodox LGBTQ Jews is insufficient: They need their own rabbis who are “licensed” to offer interpretations on texts, engage in legal debate, and render legal decisions. To put it simply: We need to ordain gay Orthodox rabbis. In the same way that Sephardim rely on Sephardic sages, Litvaks on their Rosh Yeshiva, Hasidim flock to their rebbe, and women have begun to ask ritual purity questions to female authorities, LGBTQ Jews should be able to turn to halachic decisors who truly understand their needs and perspective. Gay Orthodox rabbis will be able to ask more from their “congregants” than straight ones in all sorts of religious and communal areas, for they possess a shared experience and language — and thus credibility. A gay Orthodox rabbi presents a role model for young people who report that they are sorely alone in deciding the course of their lives. A gay Orthodox rabbi will be someone to emulate, to debate, and to confide in as they mature. The potential of gay Orthodox rabbis reflects the situation of Orthodox women decades ago. When I opened the first Talmud learning program for women in Los Angeles, (the only one outside of the East Coast), many were skeptical that women had the acumen or persistence required to master advanced rabbinic texts. Many students themselves were shocked by the intellectual demands placed upon them. But in the decades

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since, women throughout the world in isolation and then in greater numbers have taken to learning and have or are achieving higher levels of mastery. Today, women are doing what most could not have imagined that they could do: running communities with a focus on learning, religious practice, and social commitment. They lead, decide halacha, offer religious guidance, and end the day exhausted like any other rabbi who has to get up for the 6:30 a.m. minyan the next morning. I see a parallel trajectory for gay Orthodox rabbis. Orthodoxy presently can’t see LGBTQ Jews as capable of the sanctified living that a rabbi must be dedicated toward. Gay Orthodox Jews are not seen as serious or committed enough to be true rabbinic scholars. And how can they relate to the dominant straight Orthodox population? But as with women, person by person, the situation will change incrementally and then dramatically. Scholars will grow, communities will develop around them, and ways of holy living will emerge. I don’t know what the road ahead will look like. I do know that learned gay rabbis of outstanding character have much to offer. We need them. Rabbi Daniel Landes is founder and director of Yashrut, building civil discourse through a theology of integrity, justice, and tolerance. Yashrut includes a semicha (ordination) initiative as well as programs for rabbinic leaders. Previously, Landes was Rosh HaYeshiva of the Pardes Institute of Jewish Studies in Jerusalem. Before making aliyah from Los Angeles, he was a founding faculty member of both the Simon Wiesenthal Center and of Yeshiva University in Los Angeles. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the AJP or its publisher, the Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona.


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Sizzling Gourmet 5,000-year-old yeast used by Israeli scientists to brew a pretty good beer MARCY OSTER JTA JERUSALEM sraeli scientists are using ancient yeast to brew a beer fit for a pharaoh. The researchers have isolated yeast from ancient pottery used to brew beer and used it to create the same libation that was presumably drunk by the Egyptian pharaohs, Iron Age rulers, and ancient Jewish leaders. The discovery of the yeast and re-creation of the ancient beer was announced May 22 by researchers from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, the Israel Antiquities Authority, Tel Aviv University, and Bar-Ilan University. The jars from which the yeast was recovered date back to the reign of the Pharaoh Narmer, circa 3000 BCE, to the Aramean King Hazael, 800 BCE and the Prophet Nehemiah, 400 BCE. The researchers cleaned and sequenced the full genome of each yeast



Photo: Yaniv Berman, courtesy of the Israel Antiquities Authority


Beer cruse from Tel Tzafit/Gath archaeological digs, from which Philistine beer was produced.

specimen and discovered that they were similar to those used in traditional Afri-

can brews — and to modern beer yeast. An Israeli beer expert, Itai Gutman,

helped the scientists make the beer. The brew was sampled by Ariel University’s Elyashiv Drori, an agronomist, winemaker, and international wine judge, as well as by certified tasters from the International Beer Judge Certification Program under the direction of brewer Shmuel Nakai. The testers determined the brew was high quality and safe for consumption. One brew was said to be similar in color, aroma, and flavor to one from a wellknown English ale yeast. “This ancient yeast allowed us to create beer that lets us know what ancient Philistine and Egyptian beer tasted like,” Ronen Hazan, a microbiologist from the School of Dental Medicine at Hebrew University and one of the lead researchers in the project, said in a statement. “By the way, the beer isn’t bad. Aside from the gimmick of drinking beer from the time of King Pharaoh, this research is extremely important to the field of experimental archaeology — a field that seeks to reconstruct the past. Our research offers new

Sizzling Gourmet tools to examine ancient methods, and enables us to taste the flavors of the past.” Joining Hazan in the research were Michael Klutstein, also a microbiologist from Hebrew University, and archaeologist Yitzhak Paz of the Israel Antiquities Authority. They were later joined by archaeologists Aren Maeir of Bar-Ilan and

Yuval Gadot and Oded Lipschits from Tel Aviv University. “These findings paint a portrait that supports the biblical image of drunken Philistines,” Maeir said. The findings were published in the journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

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With just the right ‘Goldilocks situation,’ herbs can thrive indoors




ull disclosure: you can grow herbs indoors, but it is not easy. There are two “Goldilocks situations” that must be dealt with. These two situations are water and light. Too much or too little of either is bad — you need to get it just right. To add another throwback to parables of our youth — if at first you don’t succeed — do try again! After all, the herbs you buy at the supermarket cost the same in a pot with roots as they do cut into twigs in little plastic trays. With this warning and encouragement, are you ready to enter the bears’ home and look for “just right”?

Harvest your fresh herbs with kitchen shears or pinch off sprigs with your fingernails.

This pot in a pot is a disaster waiting to happen. Excess water sits in the lower pot, leading to root rot.


Overwatering kills most herbs. So first thing — take off the plastic sleeve. Put the plant in a saucer to catch water. You will water only, and I do mean only, when the soil is dry when you touch it with a finger. If bits of soil cling to your finger, then the soil is still wet and the plant is not ready for more water. Goldilocks zone: when you do water, water until it runs out the bottom, then empty the saucer. Don’t let your herb with soil stand in water. Roots plus wet soil equals rotten roots and then you get fungus gnats. Too little water: if you forget to check your herb for about a week, it may overdry. The soil shrinks away from the side of the pot and water does not soak in. Let

Choosing your indoor herbs

Herbs absorb moisture at different rates. While these combinations look pretty, it is best to give each herb their own space to grow in.

the plant sit in a saucer of water until it is rehydrated. This is the only time you should do this.


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I said “all” windowsills. Goldilocks zone: north or east facing windowsills are fine, it’s the south and west facing windowsills in summer that can be killers. If you have a counter a few feet from a bright window, that can be fine too. Every home is different. In my kitchen space, the air vent blows right onto the north windowsill (poor design that is on the fix-it list). This meant that my north facing windowsill plants were overly stressed and did not survive. Your home may have quirks as well. You will need to find the Goldilocks zones in your home. Bear in mind that you are not breaking the bank by buying a few plants. I do urge you to get a few of those cute plants at the supermarket and try growing them. As Ms. Frizzle of “The Magic School Bus” taught us, “Take chances, make mistakes, get messy!”

homes, even in the Southwest, have less light than the outdoors. That said, all windowsills are NOT ideal. Summer light, shining onto a plant on a windowsill can be too much for most herbs. Note

Everybody has different plants that resonate with them. Some people can grow African violets, some people kill them. Here is my list of herbs that might work for you. Please let me know (via my website) if you found some to add to this list. Relatively easy herbs for indoor growing: Basil, oregano, marjoram, thyme, chives, catnip, garlic chives, lemon balm, and mint. You could even keep mint in water, not soil. Herbs that live less than a year: Cilantro, parsley, dill, fennel, and anise. See Herbs, page 13


Started from seed, pomegranate bears fruit

Photo: Debe Campbell/AJP


Celebrating the Tucson Jewish Community Center’s pomegranate tree, now bearing fruit on its first anniversary, are Early Childhood Education students with (L-R): ECE teacher Kristina Li, Dale Green and Tammy Lewis from the J’s building services department, Lipowich, and Adi Olshansky, Weintraub Israel Center P2G school twinning coordinator. WIC is a joint project of the Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona and the J, dedicated to bringing the cultural richness of Israel to Tucson.


he pomegranate, said to have 613 seeds corresponding to the 613 mitzvot (commandments) in the Torah, frequently is a symbol of Israel. It is one of the seven species of Israel listed in the Torah, along with wheat, barley, grapes, figs, olives, and dates. As part of building living bridges through the Weintraub Israel Center’s Partnership2Gether school twinning

program, volunteer teacher Shelley Ann Lipowich brought the symbol to life. Last May, Lipowich taught 63 pre-kindergarten students in the Tucson Jewish Community Center’s Early Childhood Education program about plants and helped them plant a pomegranate seedling in front of the J, commemorating their friendships with children in their partner school in Israel.


Jacqueline A. Soule, Ph.D., is a local author with a number of books about gardening in the Southwest. Her latest — Butterfly Gardening for Southern Arizona, is available in local gardens and nurseries. You can read more about growing and using plants on three local websites she writes for:,, and

continued from page 12

Not for the beginner: Sage, rosemary, angelica, costmary, and santolina.




Cactus king that boosts landscaping takes centuries to mature

DEBE CAMPBELL AJP Assistant Editor



Photo: National Park Service


sage survivor in the Sonoran desert, the stately saguaro cactus (Carnegiea gigantea) reins over Tucson’s Southwestern landscape. The largest known cactus is symbolic of Arizona (the state flower) and iconic in classic Western films. Casting eerie, humanlike shadows across the desert floor, they evoke images of solitude, expansive flatlands, shimmering heatwaves, and cowpokes. Saguaro cacti are coveted in local xeriscape desert landscaping. While landscaping may not factor into a professional home appraisal valuation, “there’s a big argument to make about the overall feeling you get when you walk onto a property that has established and beautiful landscaping,” says Todd Helmick, a local realtor with Tierra Antigua Realty. Landscaping can bring up to a 200 percent return at home selling time, according to Money Magazine. Lo-

Once in about 50,000 plants, a saguaro grows an odd cristate crown. No one knows what causes this fascinating deformity.

cal landscaper Patrick Vanoni’s estimate is more conservative, from 5 to 13 per-

cent, depending on the type of landscape and the home’s original value.

“A well landscaped home can have a significant price advantage over a home with no landscaping,” says Vanoni of Santa Rita Landscaping. “Mature cacti, like saguaros, can help create a sustainable landscape which can positively affect the desirability and value of a home.” “Having mature plants of any kind gives a home buyer a subconscious feeling that ‘this house has been well maintained for a long time and the owners really cared for it,’” says Helmick, “evidenced by how established the plants are. Because landscaping is not a ‘functional’ or ‘essential’ item of a home, it may never be of high value to everyone. While great landscaping may not necessarily add value for everyone, a messy landscaped yard certainly will turn pretty much everyone off.” If you are blessed with a saguaro in your current landscaping or if you are considering a new addition, here are a few thoughts to ponder. Keep in mind that unlike most other

Photos: National Park Service


Saguaro flowers, open after sundown, are visited by nectar feeding bats by night and birds by day.

At more than 300 years, Old Granddaddy was the world’s oldest known cactus, at more than 40 feet tall and with 52 arms. It died of bacterial necrosis, which typically affects older cacti, in the 1990s. It was one of the most visited and photographed cacti at Saguaro National Park.

succulent cacti, saguaros take a few decades to mature. While tall, mature saguaro specimens abound, it’s hard to spot a young saguaro in the wild. They grow only from seeds under a palo verde, ironwood or mesquite “nurse tree” for protection, usually surviving long after the nurse tree dies. Studies at Saguaro National Park outside Tucson indicate that the saguaro grows slowly, only 1.5 inches in its first decade of life. As a saguaro begins to age, growth rates vary depending on climate, precipitation, heat, and location, with the greatest period of growth from unbranched to branched adult. Branches begin to appear between 50 to 70 years of age. In drier areas, it may take up to 100 years before arms sprout. Some may have up to two dozen arms, increasing the plant’s reproductive capability with more flowers and fruit. Others, known as “spears,” never produce a single branch. By age 95 to 100 years in age, a saguaro can stand 15 to 16 feet, reaching its full height, upward of 45 feet, in its second century. Each saguaro’s shape is as individual

as a fingerprint. They rarely grow symmetrically and even more rarely take on misshapen crested or cristate form with tips that have a flattened, fan-like or a cauliflower shape. Some believe these forms come from genetics, freeze damage, or lightning strikes. Masters of desert life, saguaros adapt to change and adversity — fortunate skills in these times of environmental change. Their roots are shallow, only about 6 inches deep, but extend as wide as the plant is tall, with one taproot extended to about 2 feet deep. Freezing weather can interfere with the blooming season, which is now in full swing (typically April through June). In wetter years, bulbous knobs form in the spring. From them sprout flat, saucersize, waxy white flowers that only bloom after sundown. The flora emits a melonlike fragrance that attracts pollinators, mainly long-nosed bats, hummingbirds, doves, orioles, woodpeckers, flickers. and finches. By mid-afternoon, the blossom is spent. A single saguaro can produce up to 100 blooms over four weeks. “Mature saguaros create habitat opportunities and attract birds,” Vanoni says. The Tohono O’odham people prize the ruby-red, sweet, edible flesh produced after flowering. It is harvested using a long pole with a smaller cross member attached at the tip, to knock the fruit off the cactus. The harvest marks the beginning of the summer growing season, celebrated by making wine from the saguaro fruit. When the juice is fermented, the villagers dance to music and rattles, calling on the wind to bring clouds and the clouds to bring rain. As with the cactus itself, fruit harvesting requires written permission under See Cactus, page 16

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the Arizona Native Plant Law. Saguaros are classified as highly safeguarded, threatened for survival or in danger of extinction. Protection includes not only the plants themselves but their plant parts such as fruits, seeds, and cuttings. Today, saguaros are abundant in their native territory (the Sonoran desert in Arizona and Mexico, extending to the Whipple Mountains and Imperial Valley, California). While they are far from endangered, their biggest threat is the rapidly expanding human population. The development of new homes in the Tucson area resulted in a loss of saguaro habitat and saguaros are frequently victims of vandals. When purchased from a nursery or landscaper — and they must be legally purchased — the smaller the saguaro, the less it will cost, generally about $100 per foot if a spear, and upward of $200 per foot for a specimen with arms. Spears are not only a great landscape feature, according to Garden Gate Design Center, but also an investment, as they will continue to grow and mature for many more years. “Larger and more mature saguaros

with arms can be expensive and a true home investment,” says Vanoni. The larger the saguaro, the more expensive it also will be to move and plant, considering the destination and equipment needed to move them. “Homeowners must be aware of markups and taxes accrued on such an investment, as it is no easy task to acquire and move these old giants.” Saguaro spears under 5 feet can be moved with a dolly and two people, Vanoni notes, while larger ones require heavier equipment, starting with a skidsteer, to a tractor, a crane, and sometimes even a helicopter. Make sure any purchased saguaro has a permit and tag issued by the state of Arizona. Even if you sell or give away a saguaro from your own property, a state permit and tag are required to move it or you risk a fine. Cutting down a Saguaro cactus on your personal property also requires notification first to the Arizona Department of Agriculture for a permit and tag for removal. The best times to transplant a saguaro are spring and fall. Saguaros should be oriented to the sun in the same way as removed, to prevent sunburn, and watered once every three weeks for the first year after transplantation, especially the first summer, according to the ArizonaSonora Desert Museum.

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P.S. Seniors celebrate a century and intergenerational friendships SHARON KLEIN Special to the AJP

Centenarians unite

On Friday, May 3, the Pima Council on Aging and Tucson Medical Center sponsored the 32nd annual Salute to Centenarians event at TMC’s Marshall Conference Center. This gathering, the largest known convergence of centenarians in the United States, attracted close to 50 attendees, ages 99+, accompanied by their families and/or caregivers. This year’s theme for the luncheon program was: Connect, Create, Contribute. Here are two of the honorees: Ruth C. Goodman, 99, was born in New York City, the fourth of five children of Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe. She loved to sing, dance, and teach the new dances to the other kids in the neighborhood. One of Ruth’s earliest memories was as a 5-year-old in 1925, observing a total solar eclipse over the city. She remembers being in the street with others, holding a special filmstrip over her eyes to protect them.

Ruth C. Goodman with her son, Roy Goodman

After high school graduation and working as a secretary and then buyer for a few years, in 1948, Ruth flew to Southern California. Loving the region, she relocated. There she met her late husband, Lester, of 62 years. In 2015, she moved to Tucson to be close to her son, Roy Goodman.

Remember to recycle this paper when you finish enjoying it.

Judy Weitzner Gamboa with her mother, Mollie Weitzner

Ruth and Lester’s late daughter, Susan, was born with Down syndrome; Ruth worked with the Exceptional Children’s Foundation in Los Angeles to help establish school programs and facilities for special-needs students at a time when nothing of the sort existed. Due to her efforts, Susan and others were able to go to school and also learn household skills. Along with being a wife and mother, Ruth was active in various charities, fundraisers, and amateur theater groups. Over the years, she has taken classes in sewing, yoga, tai chi, Feldenkrais, belly dancing, creative writing, tennis, bridge, and cosmetology. In her senior community, she is a regular at twice-weekly chair Zumba classes and riding the stationary bike in the gym. ... Mollie Weitzner, 99, also was born in New York City. She has one daughter, Judy Weitzner Gamboa, and a grandchild. She was an office manager and has traveled to Alaska, Hawaii, Canada, Europe, China, and Israel. Mollie attends theater and opera. Our honoree goes to book clubs, and although she cannot see, she listens to CDs. She is a member of Hadassah and enjoys going to lunch with friends. Celebrating holidays with family and going to the gym have been a part of her life for the past 36 years. ...

Tracing Roots 2.0

Hot off the press! The newly printed book, “Stories and Sechel (wisdom) from our Elders” records the biographies of Handmaker residents as written by their Tracing Roots 2.0 teen partners. The Tracing Roots in-

tergenerational program, now in its third year, is a collaboration between Tucson Hebrew High and Handmaker Jewish Services for the Aging. Erika Spivack, a recent University High School graduate and program participant for all three years, wrote the book’s introduction. “This program has not only taught me about interacting with the elderly, but I learned a lot about myself in the process. I hope that Tracing Roots continues to teach teens in Tucson and bring smiles to the residents’ faces for generations to come!” she said. Nanci Levy, Handmaker’s community outreach coordinator, added, “Tracing Roots has had a profound impact on the teens and residents. We have several teen participants from past years who still come back and visit their Handmaker resident partners. One took his partner out to lunch last week while on college break.” The book is dedicated to late Handmaker resident Brian Litwak, who died in December 2018, as this year’s program was getting started. The 10 elder/student partners are Ruth Cooper/Gianna Lampert; Mort Edberg/Sam Goldfinger; Betty Light/Lulu Youngerman; Elaine McLain/Sophie Silverman; Dottie Rivers/Maya Levy; Sarah Segal/Paige Feldman; Marcie Sutland/Sophie Bergantino; Lee Waldman/Rachel Rudner; Lois Waldman/Brenna Yalen; and Ethel Weissman/Yuval Barel. To purchase the $10 book or for information on next year’s program, contact Nanci Levy at nlevy@handmaker. org, or Rabbi Ruven Barkan, Tucson Hebrew High principal, at

Time to share

It’s the end of May and time for summer hiatus. Keep me posted at the Post — 319-1112. The next P.S. column will appear in the Sept. 27 Rosh Hashanah issue and cover Israel summer travel. Stay cool and happy adventures. L’shalom.

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OBITUARIES Joan Schwartz

Betsy Tanzer

Joan Schwartz died April 26, 2019. Joan was a beloved wife to David B. Waine; also a beloved mother to Ariel Jason Schwartz, Rayna Leora Schwartz, and Danielle Tamar Schwartz; and Janae Adele Newhouse-Waine. Joan was originally from Long Island, New York, but spent much of her career in Tucson. Joan earned a B.S. in chemical engineering in 1984 and an M.S in optical engineering in 1989 from the University of Rochester. She later took graduate courses in optics at the University of Arizona. She served in the optics industry for 17 years. Joan was a valuable contributor to the fields of engineering and optics throughout her stellar career. In 2006, Joan joined 4D Technology Corporation (now part of Nanometrics) as a manufacturing engineer, where she helped to create and test state-of-the-art interferometry systems. More recently, Joan served as senior service manager there. She was recognized for her inventiveness, technical insight, and thoroughness. When Joan took on a challenge, she dove into it whole-heartedly and with immense commitment. With her realistic optimism, blended with courage and empathy, she stood out as a friend and positive influence in the community at large. She always gave more than was expected and was an archetype who demonstrated that love always wins in this world. A scholarship endowment in her name has been established by her friends and family at the University of Arizona James C. Wyant College of Optical Sciences. Contributions to the Joan Schwartz Graduate Student Scholarship in Optical Sciences may be made at

Betsy Chernoff Tanzer, 84, died May 12, 2019. Mrs. Tanzer was born on Nov. 18, 1934, in Middletown, Connecticut, to Phillip M. and Pauline S. Chernoff. She grew up in Middletown with two brothers and a twin sister. She attended Brandeis University, University of Michigan, and graduated from the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, with a major in ceramics. She married Marvin L. Tanzer in 1954, with whom she raised four children. Mrs. Tanzer pursued a career in art, becoming a world-renowned ceramist. She was an acclaimed clay art teacher, providing advanced classes from Connecticut to California, Alaska, and many places in between. Over the course of her 60-year career, she won numerous awards and fellowships, and participated in many juried exhibitions around the country. She and Marvin moved to Tucson in 2003, where she founded the Tucson Clay Art Center. Mrs. Tanzer was predeceased by her brothers, Donald Chernoff and Gerald Chernoff, and her twin sister, Nancy Chernoff Wetstone. She is survived by her husband of 64 years, Marvin, and her children, Laura of Tucson, Andrew of Pennsylviania, Matthew of New Jersey and Jennifer of Virginia; and five grandchildren. Arrangements were made by Angel Valley Funeral Home. Memorial contributions may be made to the Tucson Clay Art Center Student Scholarship Fund, 1703 E. Ft. Lowell Road, Tucson, AZ 85719.

Berthold Lippel Berthold (“Bert”) Lippel, 87, died May 5, 2019. Mr. Lippel was born in Dusseldorf, Germany. He and his family experienced the growing hostility of the Nazi regime, including witnessing the infamous Kristallnacht. They fled to Belgium, occupied by Germany, and spent the next years in hiding. Berthold and his sister Barbara were “Hidden Children,” separated from their parents until the liberation by the Allies in 1944. The family immigrated to the United States in 1949, settling on the Lower East Side of Manhattan. After graduating from the RCA Institutes as an electronic technician, Mr. Lippel began work for RCA on the development of BIZMAC, the first large commercial computer. He then attended MIT, graduating in 1956 with a B.S. in economics and electrical engineering, and joining IBM for a 33-year career. He married Beatrice (Cohen) Lippel in 1959 and they had four daughters. In 1978, the family moved from Denver, Colorado, to Tucson, where Mr. Lippel was one of the founding members of Congregation Chofetz Chayim. After taking early retirement in 1989, he trained as clinical hypnotherapist and conducted a private practice until 2002, specializing in stage fright, pain management, and cancer therapy symptoms. He next devoted himself to portrait photography. An exhibit of his portraits of the elderly is on permanent view in the lobby of Handmaker Jewish Services for the Aging and his portraits of children and families grace many local homes. He also published several collections of poetry. Mr. Lippel was a volunteer for many local causes. Twice the recipient of IBM’s prestigious Social Service Award, he was able to take two sabbaticals devoted to social service. The first project, in Denver, was with Project Atlantis—a pioneering effort to empower severely disabled young people to live independently in the community. In the second project he worked with the Cerebral Palsy Foundation in Tucson, helping patients find more freedom to write and speak by applying computer technology. Mr. Lippel was also one of the early hospice volunteers in Tucson, and worked with the Giving Tree shelter as staff photographer, documenting the plight of homeless mothers and children. Survivors include his children, Miriam Lippel-Blum and husband Bennett, Naomi Lippel, and Ellie Lippel, all of Tucson, and Rebecca Lockhart and husband Robin of San Francisco; his sister Barbara Schulman of Los Angeles; and two grandsons. Services were held at Evergreen Mortuary with Rabbi Robert Eisen of Congregation Anshei Israel officiating, followed by interment in the Congregation Anshei Israel section at Evergreen Cemetery. Memorial contributions may be made to the American Diabetes Association,



Barry Lee Sack, M.D.

June 29, 1949 - May 16, 2019 Barry was born in Cleveland, Ohio, to Sam and Francis (Botnick) Sack, who were children to Russian immigrants. Barry was very close to his maternal grandparents, who shared their home. Barry’s early jobs included working at a drugstore, an ice cream store, an ice cream plant and he drove an ice cream truck. An advocate for social justice, Barry participated in anti-war protests. This included a march in Washington, DC in 1969, which was also a march for civil rights and women’s rights. After graduating from Ohio State University with a degree in psychology, Barry earned his M.D. from the Medical College of Ohio at Toledo. He did his internship at Rutgers University and his residency in psychiatry at the University of Arizona. He completed an additional residency in physical medicine and rehabilitation (physiatry) in Cleveland, Ohio, at Metro General Hospital. Barry relocated to Tucson with his family in 1986, where he would practice psychiatry for 15 years, guided by the Oath of Maimonides in the treatment of patients from all walks of life. Barry leaves behind his wife of 46 years, Carol; his twin daughters Julie and Naomi (Steve); brothers Paul (Joy) and Mark (Aviv, of blessed memory); sister Gwen; cousins Lippy (Marcie) Mazur, Ken (Rhea) Sack; many nieces and nephews; and family friends, Steven Fox and David Rapkin. Barry will be remembered as a loving father, caring and compassionate physician, a gifted teacher, good listener, and a music lover with a wonderful sense of humor. Intelligent and witty, Barry was a sweet, gentle dreamer guided by Jewish values and the belief in equal rights. A determined and principled person with a rebel spirit, Barry could also be stubborn: his mother called him “Barry, Barry, quite contrary.” Dedicated to his family, who loved him dearly, Barry will be greatly missed. As he liked to say, “I did it my way.” At the family’s request, in lieu of flowers, please make a donation to NAMI (National Alliance on Mental Illness Southern Arizona)

Obituaries are printed free of charge. There is a nominal fee for photographs. Paid obituaries appear in boxes.


Adele Borin

Harlan M. Capin, 89, died May 17, 2019. Mr. Capin was born March 10, 1930, to Sam and Lillian Capin. The Capin family were long-time Nogales merchants. He attended Fishburne Military School in Virginia and the University of Southern California in Los Angeles. He returned to Nogales and spent the next four decades helping to build the family business. Mr. Capin’s philanthropy included founding a scholarship fund for Nogales High School graduates, and involvement in the Nogales Santa Cruz County Chamber of Commerce, the Economic Development Foundation, a founder of the Nogales Community Development, co-founder of the Nogales Alliance: the Port of the Future, currently the Greater Nogales Santa Cruz County Port Authority, and the Arizona Mexico Commission. In 2010, he received the Commission’s Lifetime Achievement Award. In 2016, the Community Foundation for Southern Arizona recognized him for his lifetime of philanthropy. Survivors include his wife, Felice; sisters, Bette Cooper and Debbie Rosenberg (Irving Rosenberg); children, Sharon Urman (Nils Urman), Roni Capin RiveraAshford (Danny Ashford), Wendy Capin, Beth Beckmann (Gabe Beckmann), Sandra Capin-Kauffman (Rick Kauffman) and Fredric Capin (Perla Capin); and 14 grandchildren. Services were held at the Tucson Jewish Community Center with Rabbi Thomas Louchheim of Congregation Or Chadash officiating, followed by interment in the Nogales Jewish Cemetery. Arrangements were made by Adair Funeral Homes, Dodge Chapel. Memorial donations may be made to the Mark Ross Capin Endowment Fund or Capin Scholarship Fund, both c/o the Community Foundation for Southern Arizona, 5049 E. Broadway Blvd., Ste. 201, Tucson, AZ 85711,

Adele Borin, 95, died May 18, 2019. Mrs. Borin was born in Detroit and moved to Tucson in 1993. She was an accomplished artist and yoga master who instructed at The Forum, where she was a resident in her later years. Mrs. Borin was pre-deceased by her husband of 59 years, Morris. Survivors include her children, Tom (Sara) Borin of Tucson, Laurie (Ray) Scott of Sedona, Arizona, and Kenny Borin of Detroit; three grandchildren; and five greatgrandchildren. Services were held at Evergreen Cemetery, with Rabbi Robert Eisen of Congregation Anshei Israel officiating. Memorial donations may be made to the Arizona Center for Judaic Studies at the University of Arizona,

Richard Marimow Richard (Rick) Marimow, 66, died May 17, 2019. Mr. Marimow was born in Flushing, New York. He earned a B.A. in political science and an MBA at the University of Arizona. He was involved in the medical imaging field for over 30 years and served as district president and state vice president of the Arizona State Society of Radiologic Technologists. He was president of the Congregation Or Chadash Brotherhood. Survivors include his wife, Terry Marimow, and daughters, Brittney Marimow of Phoenix and Danielle Marimow of Tucson. Graveside services were held at Evergreen Cemetery with Rabbi Thomas Louchheim and Cantor Janece Cohen officiating.

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COMMUNITY CALENDAR The calendar deadline is Tuesday, 10 days before the issue date. Our next issue will be published June 14, 2019. Events may be emailed to, faxed to 319-1118, or mailed to the AJP at 3718 E. River Road, #272, Tucson, AZ 85718. For more information, call 319-1112. See Area Congregations on page 23 for additional synagogue events. Men’s Mishnah club with Rabbi Israel Becker at Cong. Chofetz Chayim. Sundays, 7:15 a.m.; Monday-Friday, 6:15 a.m.; Saturdays, 8:15 a.m. 747-7780 or Chabad of Sierra Vista men’s tefillin club with Rabbi Benzion Shemtov, first Sundays, 9 a.m., at 401 Suffolk Drive. 820-6256 or www. “Too Jewish” radio show with Rabbi Samuel M. Cohon on KVOI 1030 AM (also KAPR and KJAA), Sundays at 9 a.m. June 2, Michael David Lukas, author of “The Last Watchmen of Old Cairo,” winner of the Rohr Jewish Literature Prize. Beth Shalom Temple Center of Green Valley bagel breakfast and Yiddish club, first Sundays, 9:30 a.m. Members, $7; nonmembers, $10. 648-6690 or 399-3474. Southern Arizona Jewish Genealogy Society. No meetings in June. Mentoring sessions second Sundays, 1-3 p.m., July and August at the Tucson J. Contact Barbara Stern Mannlein at 731-0300 or the J at 299-3000. Tucson J Israeli Dance, taught by Brandi Hawkins, 2nd and 4th Sundays, partners, 4:45-6 p.m.; open circle, 6-7 p.m. Members, $8; nonmembers, $10. 299-3000.

ONGOING 10 a.m. 327-4501.

Shalom. Free.

Cong. Anshei Israel mah jongg, Mondays, 10 a.m.-noon. All levels, men and women. Contact Evelyn at 885-4102 or

Tucson J social bridge, Tuesdays and Thursdays, noon-3 p.m., year round. Drop-ins welcome. Meets in library on second floor. 299-3000.

Tucson J current events discussion, Mondays, noon-1:30 p.m. Members, $1; nonmembers, $2. Bring or buy lunch, 11:30 a.m. 2993000, ext. 147.

Tucson J canasta group, Tuesdays and Thursdays, noon. Instruction available and a beginners’ table every week. Call or text Lisa at 977-4054.

Cong. Bet Shalom yoga, Mondays, 4:30-5:30 p.m. $5. 577-1171. Jewish 12-step sobriety support group meets Mondays, 6:30-8 p.m. at Cong. Bet Shalom.

Weintraub Israel Center Shirat HaShirim Hebrew choir, Tuesdays, 7 p.m. Learn to sing in Hebrew. Contact Rina Paz at 304-7943 or

Spouse Bereavement Group, cosponsored by Widowed to Widowed, Inc. at the Tucson J, Tuesdays, 10 a.m. Contact Marvin at 885-2005 or Tanya at 299-3000, ext. 147.

Tucson J Israeli dance classes, Tuesdays. Beginners, 7:30 p.m.; intermediate, 8:15 p.m.; advanced, 9 p.m. Taught by Lisa Goldberg. Members, $8; nonmembers, $10. 299-3000.

JFCS Holocaust Survivors group meets Tuesdays, 10 a.m.-noon. Contact Raisa Moroz at 795-0300.

Cong. Anshei Israel gentle chair yoga with Lois Graham, Wednesdays, 9:30-10:30 a.m. Members of Women’s League, $6 per class; nonmembers, $8 per class. Contact Evelyn at 8854102 or

Temple Emanu-El mah jongg, Mondays,

Awakening Through Jewish Meditation — Discover Freedom, with Reb Brian Yosef, Tuesdays/Sundays at 10:30 a.m., at Cong. Bet

Friday / May 31

ney to Jerusalem.” Free. 745-5550.

11 AM: Jewish History Museum/Holocaust History Center gallery chat, “Jewishness & Latinidad at the Border,” presented by Maxwell Greenberg, doctoral candidate at César E. Chávez Department of Chicana/o Studies, and Skirball Fellow in Modern Jewish Culture through the Alan D. Leve Center for Jewish Studies at UCLA. Free. 564 S. Stone Ave. 670-9073 or www.

Saturday / June 1

9 AM: Cong. Or Chadash Torah Cantillation class, with Cantor Janece Cohen, Saturdays for eight weeks. Basic Hebrew reading skills required. Members, free; nonmembers, $36. Register with Sarah at 900-7027 or NOON: Cong. Or Chadash Adult Beginning Hebrew Part II, with Cantor Janece Cohen, Saturdays for eight weeks. Members, $36; nonmembers, $50. Register with Sarah at 900-7027 or

Sunday / June 2

9 AM – 2 PM: Cong. Anshei Israel and American Red Cross blood donor drive. Age 16+. To reserve a time or volunteer, contact Fran Stoler at

Monday/ June 3

9 AM: Cong. Anshei Israel summer camp begins for ages 2-6. Visit or call Nancy Auslander at 745-5550, ext. 240.

Saturday / June 8

12:30 PM: Cong. Anshei Israel Erev Shavuot Mincha service. 745-5550. 7:30 PM: Cong. Or Chadash Tikkun Leil Shavuot, Stand Up and Be Counted! Study session with Rabbi Thomas Louchheim and Cantor Janece Cohen. RSVP with Sarah at 900-7027 or 7:45 PM: Cong. Anshei Israel Tikkun Leil Shavuot: A Guide to the Evening of Shavuot. Includes service 7:45 p.m., dairy dinner, 8 p.m. “Revelation Boot Camp ... a Review of The Ten Commandments: What are they? What do they mean?” 8:45 p.m., dessert, 10:30 p.m., reading of the Book of Ruth, 11 p.m. Dinner, $8 per person. Service, study sessions and dessert, free. RSVP required for any portion of the evening by June 4 at 745-5550.

9:30 AM-3 PM: Tucson J One Day Adult Summer Camp — Color War Edition. Includes lunch. $40 per person/$75 per couple. Childcare available for $15 per child. Register at 299-3000.

8-11 PM: Temple Emanu-El Tikkun Leil Shavuot Service, “All-Night” Torah study, “Black Fire on White Fire: Guarding the Eternal Flame of Torah,” with Rabbi Batsheva Appel and Cantorial Soloist Marjorie Hochberg. Free, followed by ice cream social, bring other dairy dessert to share. RSVP at 327-4501.

3:45 PM: Cong. Anshei Israel Yom Yerushalayim program, showing film, “James’ Jour-

8-11:55 PM: Cong. Beit Simcha Leil Shavuot service, study sessions and cheesecake



Cong. Anshei Israel Talmud on Tuesday with Rabbi Robert Eisen. Meets 6 p.m. 745-5550.

Temple Emanu-El Talmud study, Wednes-

celebration, “What is Truth?” with Rabbi Samuel M. Cohon. Bring cheesecake to share. 276-5675 or

Sunday / June 9

9 AM: Cong. Anshei Israel Shavuot service; Mincha and Evening service 5:30 p.m. 7455550. 9:30 AM: Temple Emanu-El Shavuot Festival and Yizkor Service, followed by a dairy potluck lunch. Call with what you are bringing. 327-4501. 10 AM: Cong. Or Chadash Shavuot Yizkor Service. 900-7027.

Monday / June 10

9 AM: Cong. Anshei Israel Shavuot and Yizkor service; Mincha and Maariv service 7:45 p.m. 745-5550.

Wednesday / June 12

8-9:30 AM: Jewish Business Coffee Group meeting. At Tucson J. 299-3000, ext. 241, or 6:45 PM: Cong. Chaverim book club, A Century of Jewish Books. Contact Cory Eisenberg at 773-401-9199 or

Thursday / June 13

7:30 PM: Temple Emanu-El presents “Celebrating 20 Years of Song,” a concert in honor of Marjorie Hochberg’s 20 years as Cantorial Soloist. $10. For donations honoring Hochberg, contact Jill Rich at 349-0174.

days, 10-11:30 a.m. Text required, call 327-4501. Next session is Sept. 4. Cong. Anshei Israel weekday Torah study group with Rabbi Robert Eisen. Wednesdays, 11:00 a.m. 745-5550. Chabad Tucson lunch and learn with Rabbi Yehuda Ceitlin, Wednesdays, 12:15 p.m. 2443 E. 4th St. Lunch available to purchase; email info@ Chabad of Sierra Vista women’s class with Rabbi Benzion Shemtov, last Wednesdays, 2 p.m., 401 Suffolk Drive. 820-6256 or Jewish mothers/grandmothers special needs support group for those with children/ grandchildren, youth or adult, with special needs, third Wednesdays, 7-8:30 p.m. at Tucson J. Contact Joyce Stuehringer at 299-5920. “Biblical Breakthroughs with Rabbi Becker” at the Southwest Torah Institute. Fridays, noon, for men and women. 747-7780 or Jewish History Museum core exhibition, “Meanings Not Yet Imagined.” Holocaust History Center, “Call Me Rohingya,” photographs by Andrew Stanbridge, through May 31. 564 S. Stone Ave. 670-9073.

Friday / June 14

5:30 PM: Temple Emanu-El Seeking Shabbat service in honor of Marjorie Hochberg, followed by Shabbat dinner at 6:30 p.m. 327-4501.

Saturday / June 15

7:30 PM: Tucson Jews for Justice presents Tucson Jewish Summer Arts Festival — A Night of Music, Laughs, and Light. Local Jewish performers. Admission by donation; proceeds will go to local migrant shelters. At Jewish History Museum, 564 S. Stone Ave. Contact Tony Zinman at 390-5794 or

Sunday / June 16

10 AM-NOON: JFCS CHAI Circle meeting. Free. At the Tucson J. RSVP to Irene Gefter at or 795-0300, ext. 2271. 2-4 PM: Tucson J Guitar Jam, be a mentor or a student, with instructor George Rowe and members of the Tucson Kitchen Musician Association. $5. Contact Jeremy Thompson at jthompson@

Wednesday / June 19 6:30-7:15 PM: Tucson J class, Introduction to Ballroom Dance, with instructors from Fred Astaire Dance Studios. Designed for any level dancer. Segments include Waltz-Rumba, TangoCha-Cha and Foxtrot-Swing. Continues Wednesdays through July 24. Members, $54; nonmembers, $65. To register, visit or call 299-3000.



JFSA NW Division Ruth and Irving Olson Center for Jewish Life chair yoga with a Jewish flair taught by Bonnie Golden. 190 N. Magee Road, #162. Mondays, 10-11 a.m. $7 per class or $25 for four. 505-4161 or Northwest Needlers create hand-stitched items for donation in the Jewish community. Meets at JFSA NW Division Ruth and Irving Olson Center for Jewish Life, Tuesdays, 1-3 p.m. RSVP to or 505-4161. JFSA NW Division Ruth and Irving Olson Center for Jewish Life mah jongg, meets Wednesdays, 12:30 to 3:30 p.m., 505-4161. Chabad of Oro Valley adult education class, Jewish learning with Rabbi Ephraim Zimmer-

man. Wednesdays at 7 p.m., at 1217 W. Faldo Drive. 477-8672 or

Sunday / June 9

10 AM: Chabad of Oro Valley Shavuot services and lunch, services, 10 a.m., reading of Ten Commandments, noon, followed by lunch. 1217 W. Faldo Drive. RSVP to office@jewish

Monday / June 24

5-6:30 PM: Hadassah Southern Arizona/ JFSA NW Division Ruth and Irving Olson Center for Jewish Life book club discusses “The Great Alone” by Kristin Hannah. July 22, “Eternal Life” by Dara Horn. At JFSA NW Division Ruth & Irving Olson Center for Jewish Life, 190 W. Magee Road, #162. RSVP: 505-4161 or


JOIN THE NEWEST CHAPTER OF PJ LIBRARY FOR KIDS AGE 9-11 Choose a free book each month, create and share reviews, watch videos and book trailers! Signing up is easy: Visit

The Arizona Jewish Post has an immediate opening for an Advertising Sales Representative.

The Advertising Sales Representative will identify, qualify and solicit prospective advertisers for this niche publication. Sales experience necessary, preferably with non-tangibles. Outside sales/prospecting skills a plus. Bachelor’s degree preferred. Generous commissionbased compensation, flexible schedule, training provided.

Please send resume to Advertising Sales Manager Bertí S. Brodsky at



IN FOCUS PJ Library kids learn value of helping others

Goldie Goldstein and her daughter share a loving moment while preparing a thank you letter to PJ Library founder Harold Grinspoon.

Photo: Martha Lochert

Photo: Mary Ellen Loebl

Young leaders apply philanthropic savvy at JFSA annual meeting

JFSA Young Leadership Campaign volunteer Sarah Singer (left) presents a check to Tucson Hebrew Academy Head of School Laurence Kutler (center) and outgoing THA Board Chair Neil Kleinman.

Two Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona Young Leadership special teams received funds to disburse in the community, which they presented at the JFSA Annual Meeting and Community Awards Celebration on Thursday, May 9 at the Tucson Jewish Community Center. Recipient agencies included the University of Arizona Hillel Foundation, Jewish Family & Children’s Services, and Tucson Hebrew Academy.

PJ Library hosted a “Kids Helping Kids” afternoon May 19 at Jewish Family & Children’s Services. Children and families gathered to learn about the mitzvah of helping others. Sharon Glassberg shared an educational presentation, reading from the book “Mitzvah Pizza.” Participants expressed their gratitude in drawings and letters to Harold Grinspoon, founder of the PJ Library program, which provides free books monthly to families raising Jewish children. The children, assisted by parents and grandparents, packed 36 lunch boxes with food supplies for families with children who come to JFCS for assistance, and created thoughtful posters about how they plan to help others in the future. PJ Library, serving children up to age 8, is a program of Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona’s Community Engagement Department.

Israeli fallen soldiers mourned in song for Yom Hazikaron The Weintraub Israel Center organized a musical tribute to Israel’s fallen soldiers and victims of terror for a local commemoration of Yom Hazikaron, Israel’s Memorial Day, on Tuesday, May 7 at the Tucson Jewish Community Center.

Photos: Marty Johnston

Israeli racer makes Tucson stop on way to victory

Photo: Damion Alexander

Holocaust survivors lit memorial candles at the 2019 Yom Hazikaron event at the Tucson Jewish Community Center. (L-R): Dov Marhoffer, Wanda Wolosky, Walter Feiger, Pawel Lichter, and Wolfgang Hellpap.

Chanoch Redlich on the trail in Tucson on April 26.

Israeli elite mountain bike racer Chanoch Redlich won the 750-mile Arizona Trail Race, a self-supported ride that stretches from Mexico to Utah. Redlich won this year’s ride in just over eight days, riding in 20-22 hour stretches with two to four hours of sleep before the next stretch. Redlich stayed at the home of local bike enthusiast Damion Alexander for a few days before the race. They were introduced by Matt Landau, Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona director of leadership development.



The musical performances at the local Yom Hazikaron event on May 7 included the Tucson Hebrew Academy choir.

OUR TOWN People in the news Former Tucsonan Jacob S. Louchheim is appearing in the musical “Ragtime” at the Serenbe Playhouse in Atlanta through June 9. Louchheim, who plays Tateh, is one of three actors named as particularly outstanding in Atlanta InTown’s review.

Business briefs Melissa Landau was honored with Tucson Hebrew Academy’s 2019 Teacher Excellence Award at the THA annual meeting on May 15. Two THA parents, Robyn Kessler and Martha Sampson, established the award at the Jewish Community Foundation of Southern Arizona. First presented in 2005, the award includes $1,500 for the winner to use in the following year in their classroom for educational experiences and classroom materials. Casas Alitas received the Jewish Federation of Southern Arizona 2019 Meyer and Libby Marmis Humanitarian Award for its aid to migrants released into the Tucson community. The award was presented at the Jewish History Museum annual meeting on May 16. At the meeting, JHM inaugurated the Ray Davies Educator of the Year Award, presented to Ellen Saltonstall, and honored Phillip Neuman with the Dr. Barry A. Friedman Volunteer of the Year Award. Gerald N. Goldberg, M.D., a laser surgeon, dermatologist, and founder of Pima Dermatology, received the 2019 Ellet H. Drake Memorial Award, a lifetime achievement award, at the 39th Annual Conference of the American Society for Laser Medicine & Surgery. The conference was held in March in Denver. Goldberg won the society’s Leon Goldman Award in 2017. He also is a clinical professor of dermatology and pediatrics at the University of Arizona. Anne Y. Thwaits has been named director of marketing and communications at the Tucson Museum of Art and Historic Block. Thwaits holds a Ph.D. in museum studies with a minor in contemporary art history, a master’s degree in media arts, and a bachelor’s degree in fine arts studies, all from the University of Arizona. Most recently, she was the director of marketing, communications and events for the management informations systems department at the UA Eller College of Management. From 2013 to 2015, she served as director of marketing, communications, and outreach for UA Presents.

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5550 E. Fifth St., Tucson, AZ 85711 • (520) 745-5550 Rabbi Robert Eisen, Cantorial Soloist Nichole Chorny • Daily minyan: Mon.-Thurs., 7:30 a.m. and 5:30 p.m.; Fri., 7:30 a.m.; Sun. and legal holidays, 8 a.m. & 5:30 p.m. / Mincha: Fri., 5:45 p.m. / Shabbat services: Sat., 9 a.m., followed by Kiddush; Tot Shabbat, 1st Fri., 5:45 p.m.; Family Service, 3rd Friday, 5:45 p.m.; Holiday services may differ, call or visit website. / Torah study: every Shabbat one hour before Mincha (call or visit website for times) / Talmud on Tuesday, 6 p.m. / Weekday Torah study group, Wed., 11 a.m. beverages and dessert provided.

Congregation Bet shalom 3881 E. River Road, Tucson, AZ 85718 • (520) 577-1171 Rabbi Hazzan Avraham Alpert • Shabbat services: Fri., 5:30 p.m. (followed by monthly dinners — call for info); Sat. 9:30 a.m., Camp Shabbat (ages 6-10) 10 a.m.-noon, followed by Kiddush lunch; 12:30-2 p.m. CBS Think Tank discussion led by Rabbi Dr. Howard Schwartz and Prof. David Graizbord; monthly Tot Shabbat (call for dates) / Weekday services: Wed. 8:15 a.m. / Hagim 9:30 a.m.

5150 E. Fifth St., Tucson, AZ 85711 • (520) 747-7780 Rabbi Israel Becker • Shabbat services: Fri., Kabbalat Shabbat 15 minutes before sunset; Sat. 9 a.m. followed by Kiddush. / Mincha: Fri., 1 p.m.; Sat., 25 minutes before sunset, followed by Shalosh Seudas, Maariv, and Havdallah. Services: Sun., 8 a.m.; Mon. and Thurs., 6:50 a.m.; Tues., Wed., Fri., 7 a.m.; daily, 15 minutes before sunset. / Weekday Rosh Chodesh services: 6:45 a.m.

Congregation young israel/ChaBad oF tuCson 2443 E. Fourth St., Tucson, AZ 85719 • (520) 881-7956 Rabbi Yossie Shemtov, Rabbi Yudi Ceitlin • Daily minyan: Sun. and legal holidays, 8:30 a.m.; Mon. and Thurs., 6:30 p.m.; Tues., Wed., Fri., 6:45 a.m. / Mincha and Maariv, 5:15 p.m. / Shabbat services: Fri. at candlelighting; Sat. 9:30 a.m. followed by Kiddush. Mincha, Maariv, and Havdallah TBA.

ChaBad on river 3916 E. Ft. Lowell Road • (520) 661-9350 Rabbi Ram Bigelman • Shabbat services: Fri., Mincha at candlelighting time, followed by Maariv. / Sat., Shacharit service, 9:30 a.m. / Torah study: women, Wed., 2 p.m.; men, Tues. and Thurs., 7 p.m. Call to confirm. 1217 W. Faldo Drive, Oro Valley, AZ 85755 • (520) 477-8672 Rabbi Ephraim Zimmerman • Shabbat services: 3rd Fri., 5 p.m. Oct.-Feb., 6 p.m. March-Sept., all followed by dinner / Sat., 10 a.m. study session followed by service.

ChaBad sierra vista 401 Suffolk Drive, Sierra Vista, AZ 85635 • (520) 820-6256 Rabbi Benzion Shemtov • Shabbat services: Sat., 10:30 a.m., bimonthly, followed by class explaining prayers. Visit website or call for dates.

3001 E. Skyline Drive, Suite 117, Tucson, AZ 85718 • (520) 276-5675 Rabbi Samuel M. Cohon • Shabbat services: Fri., 6:30 p.m.; Sat., 10 a.m., with Torah study at 9 a.m; monthly Shabbat morning hikes.

Congregation Chaverim 5901 E. Second St., Tucson, AZ 85711 • (520) 320-1015 Rabbi Stephanie Aaron • Shabbat services: Fri., 7 p.m. (no service on 5th Fri.); Family Shabbat, 1st Fri., 6 p.m. / Torah study: 2nd Sat., 9 a.m., followed by contemplative service,10 a.m.

Congregation Kol simChah

(Renewal) 4625 E. River Road, Tucson, AZ 85718 • (520) 296-0818 Mailing Address: 6628 E. Calle Dened, Tucson, AZ 85710, Shabbat services: 1st and 3rd Fri., 7:15 p.m.

Congregation m’Kor hayim

ORTHODOX Congregation ChoFetz Chayim/southwest torah institute

ChaBad oro valley

REFORM Congregation Beit simCha

3888 E. River Road, Tucson, AZ 85718 (Tucson Hebrew Academy) Mailing Address: P.O. Box 31806, Tucson, AZ 85751 • (520) 904-1881 Rabbi Helen Cohn • Shabbat services: 2nd and 4th Fri., 7 p.m. / Torah study, 2nd and 4th Sat., 9:30 a.m.

Congregation or Chadash 3939 N. Alvernon Way, Tucson, AZ 85718 • (520) 512-8500 Rabbi Thomas Louchheim, Cantor Janece Cohen Shabbat services: Fri., 6:30 p.m.; 1st Fri., Friday Night LIVE (Sept.-May); 2nd Friday, Tot Shabbat (Sept.-May), 6 p.m.; Sat., 10 a.m. / Torah study: Sat., 8:30 a.m.

the institute For JudaiC serviCes and studies Mailing Address: 36789 S. Golf Course Drive, Saddlebrooke, AZ 85739 Rabbi Sanford Seltzer • (520) 825-8175 Shabbat services: Oct.-April, third Friday of the month at 7 p.m. — call for details.

temple emanu-el 225 N. Country Club Road, Tucson, AZ 85716 • (520) 327-4501 Rabbi Batsheva Appel • Shabbat services: Fri., 7:30 p.m.; Sat., 10 a.m./ Torah study: Sat., 8:30 a.m. except when there is a Rabbi’s Tish.

temple Kol hamidBar 228 N. Canyon Drive, Sierra Vista • (520) 458-8637 Mailing address: P.O. Box 908, Sierra Vista, AZ 85636, Friday night Torah study group: 6 - 7:15 p.m. / Shabbat services: Fri., 7:30 p.m.


Beth shalom temple Center

seCular humanist Jewish CirCle

handmaKer resident synagogue

university oF arizona hillel Foundation

1751 N. Rio Mayo (P.O. Box 884), Green Valley, AZ 85622 (520) 648-6690 • Shabbat services: 1st and 3rd Fri., 7 p.m. / Torah study: Sat., 10 a.m. 2221 N. Rosemont Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85712 • (520) 881-2323 Shabbat services: Fri., 4:30 p.m., led by Lindsey O’Shea, followed by Shabbat dinner; Sat., 9:30 a.m., led by Mel Cohen and Dan Asia, followed by light Kiddush lunch. Call Cathleen at (520) 730-0401 for meeting or other information.

1245 E. 2nd St. Tucson, AZ 85719 • (520) 624-6561 • Shabbat services: Reform, Conservative, Orthodox, and alternative services two Fridays each month when school is in session. Dinner follows (guests, $8; RSVP by preceding Thurs.). Call for dates/times.





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Arizona Jewish Post May 31, 2019  

Arizona Jewish Post May 31, 2019