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‘CONTAGION’ HOW AND WHY (BAD) IDEAS SPREAD

Aristotle Kallis 1


CONTENTS 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10

Contagion ‘Domino effect’ How (good and bad) ideas spread Speed and demand Breaking the taboo ‘Extremism’ and ‘mainstream’ The 1930s Authoritarianism Anti-Semitism Back ... to the future

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‘CONTAGION’ WHAT IS IT AND HOW USEFUL IS IT?

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‘DOMINO EFFECT’ How one thing leads to the other(s)

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‘DOMINO EFFECT’ Some examples

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HOW IDEAS SPREAD

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SPEED Physical, long-distance & virtual communication

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DEMAND Stereotypes & prejudices

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BREAKING THE TABOO Precedent & ‘cognitive liberation’

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EXTREMISM When extreme ideas become ‘mainstreamed’

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THE 1930s AUTHORITARIANISM, FASCISM, ANTISEMITISM

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AUTHORITARIANISM The failure of democracy & liberalism

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ANTISEMITISM From intimidation to law to murder

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BACK TO THE FUTURE THE ‘MAINSTREAMING’ OF THE EXTREME

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EXTREMISM? MAINSTREAM? When extreme ideas become ‘mainstreamed’

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EXTREMISM? MAINSTREAM? The rise of the far right in Europe

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CONCLUSIONS Are ideas truly ‘contagious’? What is a ‘successful’ idea? What about ‘bad’ ideas? Speed, communication, space Breaking taboos: the power of precedent The danger of complacency The insidious process of ‘mainstreaming’

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CONTAGION Can we learn anything from pandemics?

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CONTAGION The spread of a pandemic

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DOMINO EFFECTS One day in Rome...

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DOMINO EFFECTS The ‘Arab spring’

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DOMINO EFFECTS The debt crisis

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DOMINO EFFECTS The 1989 revolutions in Europe

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DOMINO EFFECTS The spread of Islam

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DOMINO EFFECTS The Anabaptists

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DOMINO EFFECTS The 1848 revolutions in Europe

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EXTREMISM The 2009 Swiss referendum on banning minarets

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ANTISEMITISM The 1935 Nuremberg Laws

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EXTREMISM (?) TODAY Banning the burqa

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EXTREMISM (?) TODAY Strong views against the Sharia law

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EXTREMISM (?) TODAY Curbing immigration

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EXTREMISM (?) TODAY ‘Fortress Europe’: an acceptable anti-immigrant platform

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