STUDIO WORKS BY
STUDIO 5A _ CHINA SUMMER STUDIO
INSTRUCTORS: NICK ROBERTS, ERIC OLSEN, JOHN SOUTHERN
Set on the Jiang Xin Zhou island of the coast of Nanjing. Rigorous analysis of the native resources of an island facing rapid growth in an e ort to foster healthy development.
STUDIO 4B _ CIRCUIT URBANISM
INSTRUCTORS: PAULETTE SINGLY, JEANINE CENTURI
Upon understanding that the shopping center has become an under-used urban artifact, this investigation attempts to push the boundaries and re-imagine the role of a suburban institution as we move into the future.
LYCEUM MINI _ PENLAND CRAFT SCHOOL INSTRUCTOR: GERRY SMULEVICH
Challenging the in uence of our heavy reliance on technology in a world of hands on craft; this project is an opportunity to understand the implications of architecture in modern pedagogy.
RHINO MINI _ FLORALBOT INSTRUCTOR: JEFFREY KIM
A excersize in formal control, this experiment demanded a negotiation between the organic and the explicitly designed allowing the in uence of both to inform an inteligent hybrid.
STUDIO 4A _ MERCEDES BENZ STUDIO INSTRUCTOR: GULIO ZAVOLTA
Acknowledging the potential of branding in architecture, this project explores the role of architecture in marketing resulting in a forward thinking marraige between the two.
STUDIO 3A _ TENPLEX HOUSING INSTRUCTOR: GLEN BUNTING
This typology was investigated to address personal relationships within the home as well as relationships between personal and communal spaces in congruence with the limitations of modular building construction.
SKETCHES AND OTHER WORK
WITH FRANCISCO OSORIO
NATIVE RESOURCE ANALYSIS Native plants found near the site have been researched to nd potential alternative uses. These resources can be used alone to produce goods that may stimulate the local economy or in conjunction with man made materials to create environmentally responsible building materials.
Set on the Jiang Xin Zhou island of the coast of Nanjing, China this project utilizes the rigorous analysis of the native resources of an island facing rapid growth in an effort to foster healthy development. These investigations yeild sustainable building materials and goods that are reinvested into the community as a local urban center that acts as a stimulator of both the local economy and community identity.
RIVER ECONOMY: EMBODIED ENERGY
Mid EE High EE
BR ICK Str uc tu ra lC om p.
TE RE NC ble te CO ga cla cy g re Re ag le bb Ru ing ap dsc Lan
sc ar de d Di + Pe ri o d Us e
ite po s Co m
ls at er ia
te ga gre ag le bb ble Ru cla cy Re
Tr an sp o
rt at io n
Filter Dev ice
at io Tr an sp or t at er ia ls se d
Pr oc es
M of rt at io
Tr an sp o
at er ia
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at er ia
Analysis of building materials commonly found on the island in addition to the potential uses of the native plants leads to the discovery of composite materials that can bolster the local economy, aiding in the preservation of a community health.
Filte r Devic e Invi sebl e di vide r able
U YO AL
rial Treated Mate
Re tain ing Orn wal l am en Re t cy cla ble ALUM INUM Recy cl ab le Fra min g Str uc tura l su pp ort
7 hours 30 min + 730 km + building materials
The dependency on imported materials due to their a ordability as opposed to utilizing recycled and native materials creates high EE on the island. As a result, local materials become increasingly unsustainable with no on site material re-usage. Ultimately, an intervention in the process must occur in order to break the dependency on high EE materials.
NANTONG 3 hours 10 min + 259 km + iron, steel, power generators NANJING MA'ANSHAN 58min + 74.0 km + steel TONGLING 2 hours 23 min + 199 km + natural minerals ING OF le RO ab cycl Re use aged Salv te raga le ag Rubb
19 hours 42 min +1850 km + heavy machinery
WUHAN 17 hours 30 min + 1639 km + iron, steel, aluminum CHONGQUING 5 hours 30 min + 545 km + organic materials HUANGGANG 19 hours 43 min + 1916 km +electronics, generators YIBIN XIANNING 20 hours 19 min + 1971 km + wood, coal EZHOU LUZHOU
1 hours 42 min + 160 km + steel and heavy machinary 6 hours 10 min + 590 km + steel
DEFINING FIELD CONDITIONS A
CODED ADJACENCIES PERMANENTE SPACE SEMI-PERMANENTE SPACE NEUTRAL SPACES
PROPOSED INTEGRATION AS PERMANENT SPACES ARE TAKEN FORM THEIR EXISTING CONDITIONS AND PLACED INTO THE GRID THEY START TO CREATE FOCAL NODES PRODUCING CONNECTIVE RELATIONSHIPS FROM ONE TO THE OTHER.
B DISTRIBUTION THE NEW AREA GIVEN TO THE EXISTING PROGRAMS ARE ESTIMATED BY THE SIZE AND FUNCTION, WHICH IS REDISTRIBUTED ON THE PROPOSED GRID.
The introduction of a new civic center on the northern part of Jiang Xin Zhou introduces an opportunity to create an identity for the local population of the island while simultaneously addressing the unhealthy dependence on outside resources. With our research of the native systems found on site we proposed a site strategy and program that exploited these local resources and outlined eld conditions that act as a catylitic gesture to be later developed by the island natives.
IS THE ALLOCATION OF THE FLANKING PROGRAMS BOTH SEMI-PERMANENTE AND NEUTRAL ZONES WHICH ARE INTRODUCED TO CREATE A CLUSTERING OF RELATIONSHIPS RATHER THAN A LINEAR PATH.
FLOWS AS THE CLUSTERING OF PROGRAM HAPPENS THE NEED FOR OFFSETS IS CREATED IN ORDER TO ACCOMMODATE THE NEED OF POROUS CONNECTIONS FROM EITHER SIDE OF THE PROGRAM.
C PART TO PART AS THE CODED ADJACENCIES CREATE NEW RELATIONSHIPS WITHIN THE CLUSTERS THE IDEA OF THE INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS BEING A PART OF A PART CAN BE ILLUSTRATED BECAUSE OF THEIR DIRECT INFLUENCE TO EACH OTHER’S LAYOUT.
PROGRAMMING MOIRE PROGRAMMING GRADIANT
EXISTING RETAIL + SMART GREEN + NEW RETAIL The insertion of new retail to the spine of the site increases the vitality of the existing retail and stimulates the pulse of the civic center.
EXISTING RETAIL + ACCESS + NEW RETAIL
This instance illustrates the reclaiming of private space. Once the retail space along the spine is introduced, the front of the homes is free to be occupied by its residents rather than used for retail.
A - PERMANENT ROOF AND PANEL SYSTEM B - PANEL SUPPORT C - ROOF STRUCTURE D - COLUMN GRID FIELD E - PERMANENT FOLLEYS F - INFRASTRUCTURE AND PROGRAM LAYER
EXISTING GREEN + SMART GREEN The new retail spine will begin and terminate with a gradiant of smart green. This green space will make use of the local plants, creating comfortable and appealing public space.
I C MIXED RETAIL USAGE
RE-PROGRAMED PRIVATE SPACE
LANDSCAPED PUBLIC SPACE
H A- In oor grate access to underground utilities B- Local composite concrete slab and bamboo ooring C- Primary lightweight steel structure D- Secondary lightweight aluminum structure E - Bamboo screened fenestration for ventilation using negative pressure F - Doors allowing for security and transparency G- Interlocking wood plastic composite siding H- Bracket mounted steel tube canopy structure I - Lightweight, exible bamboo shading panels J - Stone ground covering using local demolition debris. Used to indicate semi-permanent space
VACANCIES WITHIN THE SHOPPING CENTER
WITH VERONICA FRANCO
NUMBER OF BEDROOMS PER RESIDENCE
Pavillions, Rancho Cucamonga, 2002
Colonial, Atlanta GA, 1955
Kroger, Madison WI, 1932
REDEFINING A CULTURAL ARTIFACT
No Bedroom 5 or More Bedrooms
4 Bedrooms 3 Bedrooms
2 Bedrooms 3000
FIRST QUARTER SECOND QUARTER THIRD QUARTER FORTH QUARTER
Ralphs, San Diago CA, 1996
Albertsons, Boise ID, 1964
Alpha Beta, Anaheim CA, 1947
Safeway, Chelan WA, 1927
POPULATION BY AGE
*International Council of Shopping Centers Research Database NATIONAL STORE CLOSING ANNOUNCEMENTS
7 to 18 Years Old 65 Years Old or Over 40 to 64 Years Old
25 to 39 Years Old 25.0%
GOING OUT OF BUSINESS These locations are currently preparing to close their business. These preparations include well advertised “Going out of business” sales. VACANT RETAIL REAL ESTATE These spaces within the shopping center are vacant and have been so for varied durations. These cases are found frequently from one shopping center to the next within Sunland.
How can the ultra-banal, vestigial supermarkets of the 1940’s, be rede ned to enrich todays urban condition? By rst acknowledging the need for modi cations and interventions in the context of our urban conditions we realize the pressing desire for an answer to our urban needs, communities need not look beyond the excessive and ultra-banal shopping centers to meet this demand. These vestiges of our modern history, cultural artifacts, can become the framework for our current urban investigations and those we meet in the future. The supermarket-centric shopping center is accepted for it excessive and banal existance; the opportunity to utilize this product of the 1940’s to bracket our perceptions of urban space. Our current and speci c urban intervention is the need for the extension of Sunland’s Tierra Del Sol campus and the assertion of its role as a vital member of the community of Sunland.
19 to 24 Years Old 6 Years Old and Under
HOUSHOLD INCOME LEVELS
CHAPTER 7 CHAPTER 11 CHAPTER 13 TOTAL FILINGS
*The CSUN San Fernando Valley Economic Report SFV DIVISION SHARE OF CALIFORNIA BANKRUPTCY FILINGS 2007
$150,000 or More
Less than $30.000
$30,000 to $74,999
$75,000 to $149,999
EMPLOYMENT STATUS 8500
8000 7500 7000
6000 5500 5000 JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN
JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC JA N FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JU L AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
*Department of Finance - California Economic Indicators NEW BUSINESS INCORPORATIONS
Employed (Armed Forces)
Not in Labor Force
SUNLAND SHOPPING CENTER LOCAL SITE OF SUPERVENTION
OUT OF BUSINESS
IMPLICATIONS OF THE CATALYTIC GESTURE
The Operative Banality seeks to increase human satisfaction on two scales, the campus of Tierra del Sol as well as its urban context. Humans, regardless of age, sex, ability or class seek stimulation through activity and productivity; the urban implications of the project excite these human needs on both scales simultaneously. By carefully exploring the urban context in search of both opportunity and need speci c location have been identi ed as platforms for intervention through extension. The identi ed nodes serve as opportunities for multifaceted development. Each node is chosen rst for the prospects that it provides for the school. The nodes must contain job opportunities for the Tierra del students; this work experience acts as extended learning, allowing the students to practice the skills that they acquire on campus while expanding upon them. In addition to satellite learning facilities the nodes must also include some sort of recreational space for the students of Tierra del Sol to explore. These spaces provide both exercise and relaxation during the visit to the node. Lastly the nodes must include dining locations. The combination of places for learning, recreation and dining make the nodes ideal for the Tierra del Sol students and their extended learning.
POSSIBLE SUPERVETIONS WITHIN THE ARTIFACT
PENLAND BLACKSMITHING STUDIO
Prevailing winds utilized to maximize passive cooling in the summer
S WS W EW E IIE IEW VIEW VIEWS V
Penlandâ€™s new Blacksmithing Studio embodies the spirit of craft and blacksmithing with a studio that is honest in form and materiality. The studio tells the story of blacksmithing, encouraging students of other disciplines to observe. The techtonic roof of the studio becomes the most expressive element on site, clearly denoting the movement of hot and cool air through the space. The program of the studio is separated and arranged along the axis of primary work spaces. The progression through the forge area, delineated by the crane is bridged by an outdoor work area and culminates in the fabrication area. Integrated outdoor workspaces woven through the program serve numerous functions to the studio. The porches serve to blur programmatic boundaries while clearly linking the blacksmithing studio to a North Carolinian cultural paradigm. Protected by a deep southern roof, the linear porch acts as an outdoor workspace; allowing the forge and fabrication areas to over ow into the outdoors, taking full advantage of the proximity to the Blue Ridge Mountains.
Raised seam aluminum roo ng is sculpted to re ect and facilitate the movements within the space. The roof serves to naturally ventilate the space and collect rainwater. The forge area receives ample natural light and ventilation. ood of Skylights on the roof above the forge area allow for a natural northern light. In addition to lighing the interior, these openings invite the warm glow of the forge res to be seen from the exterior.
Glu-Lam beams serve as the primary structure for the forging studio. These beams are exposed within the building, allowing the users to understand the techtonics and materiality of the structure.
The crane structure runs throughout the entire space, uniting the forge area with the fabrication area by way of the outdoor work area. The linearity of the crane clearly dictates the form of the forging studio.
Heavy glazing on the southern facade is facilitated by the deep southern overhang of the roof. This transparency allows for uninterupted views and a seemless ow from interior to exterior workspaces.
ILLUSTRATING INFLUENTIAL CONDITIONS
The mass of the building is divided into two spaces. The forging studio and classroom make up one while the remaining program creates the other. These spaces are connected by exterior workspaces. By separating these program elements, the users are encouraged to move throught the space constantly observing the various crafts practiced within the studio.
CIRCULATION DIAGRAM BLURRING PROGRAM BOUNDARIES TO ENCOURAGE MOVEMENT BY THE STUDENTS
The porch not only provides outdoor workspace but also relates the forging studio to it context by acknowledging the tendancy of local building to be adorned with southern facing porches.
EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC ILLUSTRATING THE VARIOUS SYSTEMS USED THROUGHOUT THE FORGING STUDIO
THE NORTHERN FACADE CLAD IN HEAVY STONE FOR ACOUSTICAL PROTECTION, ALLOWS SELECTIVE VIEWS INTO THE BLACKSMITHING STUDIO. THE FULLY GLAZED CLASSROOM CREATES VIEWS INTO THE FORGE AREA.
THE SOUTHERN FACADE IS PROTECTED FROM DIRECT SUN EXPOSURE BY A DEEP SOUTHERN PORCH ALLOWING FOR FULL GLAZING. THE SPACES OPEN ONTO THE DEEP SOUTHERN PORCH ALLOWING FOR IMMERSION INTO THE OUTDOORS
FLOOR PLAN G, H - RESTROOMS I - WELDING J - IRON WORKING
K - STUDIO GALLERY L - LOADING DOCK M - SOUTHERN PORCH
D - COAL STORAGE E - CLASSROOM F - OFFICE
A - FORGE AREA B - OUTDOOR WORK SPACE C - WORK STUDIO
A SECTIONAL PERSPECTIVE ILLUSTRATES THE FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF THE TECTONIC ROOF. THE ROOF SUCCEEDS IN BLOCKING SUMMER SUN WHILE ALLOWING WINTER SUN. ADDITIONALLY, THE ROOF SERVES TO VENTILATE THE FORGE AREA.
TRADITIONAL PITCHED ROOF SYSTEM RAINWATER: The pitched roof is designed to divert water o the roof into a gutter system or onto the ground. VENTILATION: The roof system prevents air from passing through the space. Intead, air becomes stagnant within the space.
MANIPULATED PITCHED ROOF SYSTEM
VENTILATION: Openings at the source of negative pressure causes air to move through the space, passively conditioning it.
RAINWATER: The inverted pitch allows for the roof to divert water and collect it for reuse throughout the building
F loral BOT AN EXPERIMENT IN FORM CONSTRUCTION ILLUSTRATIONS The oralBot project explores the formal nuances of both an orchid ower and a Gundam robot. A excersize in formal control, this experiment demanded a negotiation between the organic and the explicitly designed allowing the in uence of both to inform a jointless, intelligent hybrid. The resulting oralBot possesses the organic lines of the orchid and the rigor of the Gundam.
ASSEMBLY OF PARTS
x2 x1 x1